Yom Kippur – Day Of Atonement (Jonathan Bernis)
The following link has information from a Jewish site that discusses The Day Of Atonement, also known as Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur begins at sundown on Tuesday 11 October, 2016, and continues until sundown on Wednesday October 12.
Consider the following verses of scripture that relate to The Day Of Atonement/Yom Kippur.
The Day of Atonement – Leviticus 23:26-32 – Observed by the Israelites – Fulfilled in Christ (Romans 11:26, see below).
26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29 For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath.”
BibleGateway.com/MacArthur Study Bible note.
23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle
The Day Of Atonement – Hebrews 9:28 – Jesus will bear the sins of those whom know Him as Lord and Savior.
Hebrews 9:28 New King James Version (NKJV)
28 so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.
BibleGateway.com/MacArthur Study Bible note:
9:28 to bear the sins of many. See note on Is. 53:12 (cf. 2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Pet. 2:24). eagerly wait. See note on Phil. 3:20. second time. On the Day of Atonement, the people eagerly waited for the High-Priest to come back out of the Holy of Holies. When he appeared, they knew that the sacrifice on their behalf had been accepted by God. In the same way, when Christ appears at His second coming, it will be confirmation that the Father has been fully satisfied with the Son’s sacrifice on behalf of believers. At that point salvation will be consummated (cf. 1 Pet. 1:3–5). apart from sin. See notes on 2:17, 18; 4:15. This phrase testifies to the completed work of Christ in removing sins by His sacrifice at His first coming. No such burden will be upon Him in His second coming.
The Day Of Atonement – Fulfilled In Christ – The Substitutionary Sacrifice By Christ – Romans 11:26
Romans 11:26 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
26 And so all Israel shall be saved, as it is written: “There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.
BibleGateway.com/MacArthur Study Bible note:
11:26 all Israel. All the elect Jewish people alive at the end of the Tribulation, not the believing remnant of Jews within the church during this church age (see notes on vv. 5, 17). Since the remnant has already embraced the truth of the gospel (see note on v. 25), it could not be in view here, since it no longer needs the salvation this verse promises. The Deliverer will come out of Zion. See Pss. 14:7; 53:6; Is. 46:13. The Lord Jesus Christ’s millennial rule will be associated with Mt. Zion (see notes on Ps. 110:2; Heb. 12:22). Zion. See note on 9:33.
Psalm 14:7 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
7 Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! When the Lord bringeth back His people from captivity, Jacob shall rejoice and Israel shall be glad.
Isaiah 46:13 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
13 I bring near My righteousness; it shall not be far off, and My salvation shall not tarry; and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel My glory.
Yom in Hebrew means “day.” Kipporah in Hebrew means “to cover.” Yom Kippur, which is also known as The Day Of Atonement, is the highest of the Jewish holy days. Ever since the beginning of Rosh Hashanah (October 2), Jews around the world have been preparing themselves for Yom Kippur. During this ten-day period of time, Jews have been involved in a practice that is known as Teshuvah, which involves repentance. Such repentance involves personal relationships, and relationships with God. Tashlich is also a matter of practice, which relates to the teaching of Micah 7:19, “He will again have compassion on us, and will subdue our iniquities. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.” Jews will say prayers and cast bread, or other items of food, upon a body of water. I think that all of us have heard of the saying, “cast you bread upon the waters.” During these “Ten Days Of Awe,” (from the beginning of Rosh Hashanah until the end of Yom Kippur) also known as “Ten Days Of Repentance,” Jews are trusting that they will be found worthy of having their names written in a “heavenly book of life,” whereby they will have one more year of life. A cordial greeting that Jews have for other Jews is, Leshanah tovah tikateiv veteichateim: (lit: “may you be inscribed and sealed for a good year”); this is a traditional greeting on the Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah).
The following article that discusses the Jewish Feast of Yom Kippur, is provided by ReformJudaism.org. This ministry is a Jewish ministry, as opposed to being a Messianic Jewish ministry.
Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement” and refers to the annual Jewish observance of fasting, prayer and repentance. Part of the High Holy Days, which also includes Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur is considered to be the holiest day on the Jewish calendar. In three separate passages in the Torah, the Jewish people are told, “the tenth day of the seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a sacred occasion for you: You shall practice self-denial.”(Leviticus 23:27). Fasting is seen as fulfilling this biblical commandment. The Yom Kippur fast also enables us to put aside our physical desires to concentrate on our spiritual needs through prayer, repentance and self-improvement.
Yom Kippur is the moment in Jewish time when we dedicate our mind, body, and soul to reconciliation with God, our fellow human beings, and ourselves. We are commanded to turn to those whom we have wronged first, acknowledging our sins and the pain we might have caused. At the same time, we must be willing to forgive and to let go of certain offenses and the feelings of resentment they provoked in us. On this journey we are both seekers and givers of pardon. Only then can we turn to God and ask for forgiveness: “And for all these, God of forgiveness, forgive us, pardon us, and grant us atonement.”
Comments by this writer:
The Day Of Atonement dealt with “covering one’s sin,” or making atonement, or covering” sin. See Leviticus 17:11.
Leviticus 17:11 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.
The Romans destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D., which prevented future animal sacrifices from taking place. Because animal sacrifices could no longer take place, there was no way for the totality of the Law to be followed. (James 2:10).
10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law and yet offend on one point, he is guilty of all.
Leviticus 16 goes into great detail of the Day Of Atonement. vs 1-5 (Preparation of the High Priest); vs 6-10 (Identification of the Sacrifices); vs 11-14 (Atonement for the Priest); vs 15-19 (Atonement for the Tabernacle); vs 20-28 (Atonement for the People); vs 29-34 (Purpose for the Day Of Atonement).
Whereas the annual Day of Atonement showed that God would cover sins, the blood sacrifice of Jesus removes sins from those who are born again. The blood of Jesus does not cover, or remove, the sins of anyone who has not been born again. Consider the following verses that discuss the removal of sin through Christ.
John 1:29 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) – Yeshua Jesus removes sin; He does not cover it.
29 The next day John saw Jesus coming unto him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world!
John 3:16 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) – Anyone who has a belief, or trust, in Yeshua Jesus as Savior and Lord, “has” everlasting life.
16 “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:17 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) – There is no choosing of God for anyone to be condemned to Hell.
17 For God sent not His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.
John 3:18 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Belief in Yesus Jesus versus unbelief: The result is that of not being condemned to Hell, as opposed to being condemned to Hell.
18 “He that believeth in Him is not condemned; but He that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
Romans 8:1 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Those who are “in Christ” (i.e., born again) are not condemned to Hell. Their lives are influenced by the inner Presence of God’s Holy Spirit, Who dwells within the Spirit of every born again believer in Christ.
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, who walk not according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
To say that someone is “in Christ” is to say that such a person’s spirit literally dwells within the Spirit of Christ, God The Son, Yeshua Jesus. That person’s spirit also dwells within the Spirit of God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. At the same time, the Spirit of God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit, dwells within the spirits of everyone who has ever been born again. To continue that thought, every born again believer in Christ has dwelling within their spirit, the spirit of every other person, who has ever been born again.
John 14:8-11 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) (The following verses show the indwelling of God the Son in God the Father, and that Yeshua Jesus “is” God.)
8 Philip said unto Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us.”
9 Jesus said unto him, “Have I been so long a time with you, and yet hast thou not known Me, Philip? He that hath seen Me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, ‘Show us the Father’?
10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak unto you I speak not of Myself; but the Father that dwelleth in Me, He doeth the works.
11 Believe Me that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me; or else believe Me for the very works’ sake.
John 14:16-17 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) (The following verses show that “The Helper,” Who is the Holy Spirit, will come into the spirit of every born again believer in Christ, and will remain…forever.)
16 And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever”
17 even the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him. But ye know Him, for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
John 14:20 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) (The following verse shows that the Spirit of Jesus, God the Son, dwells within the Spirit of God the Father; that the spirit of the believer dwells in the Spirit of Jesus, God the Son; that the Spirit of Jesus, God the Son, dwells within the spirit of the believer in Christ.)
20 At that day ye shall know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.
John 14:26 21st Century King James Version (KJ21) (The following verse shows that the Holy Spirit, who dwells within the spirit of every born again believer, will teach born again believers the things that Jesus personally taught His disciples when He was with them.)
26 But the Comforter, who is the Holy Ghost whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
John 16:8 New King James Version (NKJV) (The following verse shows the teaching of the Holy Spirit which will flow through every born again believer in Christ to unbelievers.)
8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
John 1:9 King James 2000 Bible (This verse shows that the light of Christ calls/invites everyone to Him, through the work of the Holy Spirit.)
9 That was the true Light, that lights every man that comes into the world.
1 Corinthians 2:14 New Living Translation (NLT) (The following verse shows that anyone who has not been born again has no understanding of spiritual matters.)
14 But people who aren’t spiritual can’t receive these truths from God’s Spirit. It all sounds foolish to them and they can’t understand it, for only those who are spiritual can understand what the Spirit means.
The Day Of Atonement was fulfilled in Jesus, through His substitutionary death, per 2 Corinthians 5:21. Notice that Yeshua Jesus did not become a sinner; instead, he became “sin” so that He could pay “the sin debt” for those who would know Him as Savior and Lord. Notice that as born again believers in Christ, our spirits become as righteous as the Spirit of God.
21 “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
From BibleGateway.com/The Reformation Study Bible
5:21 An important summary of the gospel message. The verse explains how God imputed our sin to Christ. God as judge assigned the responsibility of our sin to Christ, making it possible for Him to be punished justly for that sin (Is. 53:6; 1 Pet. 2:24). The verse shows that Christ was our substitute, accepting the penalty of sin in our place. See “The Sinlessness of Jesus” at Heb. 4:15.
5:21 We might become the righteousness of God. Not only did God impute our sin to Christ, He also imputed Christ’s perfect righteousness to us (that is, He counted it as belonging to us). This imputation is the basis for the progressive realization of God’s righteousness in our moral character. Our thoughts and deeds are sanctified in increasing measure until we receive perfect righteousness in heaven.
Yom Kippur / יום כפור
Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר or יום הכיפורים), Also known as Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year for the Jews. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jews traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days (or sometimes “the Days of Awe”). The fulfillment of Yom Kippur is found in Yeshua Jesus.
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