Acts 2:41-47 – The Acts Of The Holy Spirit – The Restored Apostle And Pentecost Jews – Breaking Bread

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Unfailing Love-Holy Communion

Matthew 26:29

“But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”

Prestonwood Baptist Church He Looked Beyond My Faults

Ephesians 2:8-10

8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, 9 not of works, lest anyone should boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.

Midnight Cry

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18

16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words

Lesson Video

Disciple Foot Washing: John 13

Acts 2:41-47 – The Restored Apostle And Pentecost Jews – Breaking Bread


Key Terms. (Mine)

Unbelieving Jews. Jews who have not accepted Christ as their Lord and Savior.

Believing Jews. Jews who have accepted Christ as their Lord and Savior.

Consider the events of Pentecost, the day before, and the days following. On the day before Pentecost, the Jews who were in Jerusalem for the observance of Pentecost were what we call, “unbelieving Jews;” they had no relationship with Christ. On the day of Pentecost, 3,000 Pentecost observant Jews came to know Christ as their Savior and Lord, and were baptized as a sign of their belief in Christ, which made them to be known as “believing Jews.” Let’s consider the things that took place on the day, and days, that followed Pentecost. This post looks backward to the eve before the crucifixion of Christ, and looks forward to the day of the coming of Christ in the air to catch up His saints from our world. We will look a bit deeper into the subject of “breaking bread. “You may come away from this study with thoughts which may be different from the ones that you have had in the past.

Dates come from the Scofield Study Bible.

Lesson Series – The Acts Of The Holy Spirit

Study Text

Acts 2:41-47 – The Restored Apostle And Pentecost Jews – Breaking Bread

The Results Of Pentecost

41 Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them. 42 And they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers. 43 Then fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. 44 Now all who believed were together, and had all things in common, 45 and sold their possessions and goods, and divided them among all, as anyone had need. 46 So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, 47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.

Study Notes

vs 41. After having received the Gospel of Christ that was preached by the Apostle Peter, 3,000 Jews who were in Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost, believed that message, and were baptized/immersed as a sign of their belief in Christ. (Mine)

vs 42. These new believers in Christ were fortunate to have the Apostles teaching them the Gospel of the risen Christ (the Apostles’ doctrine). They maintained a close fellowship, as new believers in Christ. They had fellowship meals, known as the breaking of bread. They maintained a strong prayer life. (Mine)

vs 43. Consider the blessings that the early believers in Christ experienced at the hands of the apostles. (Mine)

vs 44. There was a common purpose and unity among these earliest of believers in Christ.(Mine)

vs 45. The early believers had a sharing of possessions with those who had such a need.(Mine)

vs 46. The Jews would not have shown a lack of respect for their elders, neither would they have neglected fellowship with their newfound brothers and sisters in Christ. They continued daily temple worship, and met in homes, having fellowship meals. Their experience is one that we would love to have today. “Breaking of bread” was a common term that was used prior to the day of Pentecost, and on later occasions. It is unrealistic to think that the apostles would have so quickly designed an organized church service full of “sacraments,” and other such things of modern day congregational services. These former unbelieving Jews, now Jewish believers in Christ, did not have an overnight change in their theology On one day, they were Torah observant Jews. One day later, they were still Torah following Jews, but with a belief in the Christ that had been the fulfillment of the teaching of the Law. We must be honest in thinking that these Pentecost “born again” Jewish believers in Christ had suddenly ceased from all of their former Hebraic beliefs of worship, and had acquired newfound Baptist or Pentecostal calls to worship, or other denominational liturgies. The only scripture that resembles the “Lord’s Supper” is 1 Corinthians, Chapter 11, occurred in the year 59 A.D., twenty-26 years after the day of Pentecost, per the Scofield Study Bible. Even 1 Corinthians 11, if you examine the subject, you will see a fellowship meal. In that chapter, there is not an example of a small wafer, or a sip of juice being a way of remembering our Lord’s death, burial and resurrection. No scripture shows the “wafer and sip.” (Mine)

2:46 breaking bread in their homes. This refers to the common daily meals shared in the homes. (Reformation Study Bible).

vs 47. God continued calling unbelieving Jews to a belief in Christ. Their numbers increased greatly. (Mine)

2:47 the Lord added. The church belongs to the Lord, and He is the one who sovereignly builds His church (Matt. 16:18; 1 Cor. 3:9). (Reformation Study Bible)

vs 39. For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.” (This is another topic for another day. Still, the words are true. By the way, God did not ever “uncall or unchoose” anybody. (Mine)

Note. God used the preaching of the Apostle Peter to share the message of the risen Christ to unbelieving Jews on the Day of Pentecost, and later. Peter had been called by Christ, then denied Christ, and was later restored to his position of leadership by Christ. It is important to remember the meanings of the terms, “unbelieving Jews, and believing Jews.” (Mine)

Peter called by Christ. (Matthew 10:1-2; Peter’s denial of Christ (Luke 22:54-62); Peter restored by Christ (John 21:15-17). Peter’s sermon on Pentecost (Acts 2:14-36).

The Passover Meal (An annual occurrence for Jews, given by God to Jews, Exodus 12:1-14; Leviticus 23:4-5; Numbers 28:16; 1491 B.C.-1451 B.C.(Mine)

Passover meals

Matthew 26:17-30, A.D. 33

Mark 14:12-26, A.D. 33

Luke: 22:1-38, A.D. 33

John 13:1-31, A.D. 33

John 13:1-5 (The washing of the feet of the disciples, and the eating of the Passover meal, included Judas). (Mine)

Breaking Bread (In the context of scripture, these are meals among believers in Christ.) (Mine)

Luke 24:28-35, A.D. 33 ( A meal)

Acts 2:42-46, A.D. 33 (A meal)

Acts 20:7-11, A.D. 59 (A meal)

1 Corinthians, Chapters 10 -11, A.D. 59 (A meal, with a time of remembrance of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ). Corinth was a large, worldly city, with much of that sinful influence finding its way into the church at Corinth, which consisted of Jew and Gentile believers in Christ. Key verse:

1 Corinthians 11:27, “in an unworthy manner,” vs “unworthily.” There is a great difference between the two terms (Mine).

King James Bible
Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord

New International Version
So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord.

English Standard Version
Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord.

Berean Study Bible
Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy way will be guilty of sin against the body and blood of the Lord.

International Standard Version
Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks from the cup in an unworthy manner will be held responsible for the Lord’s body and blood.

NET Bible
For this reason, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
New King James Version
Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

In the passages that show Christ in the Passover Meal, He said nothing about excluding anyone from the meal. As a matter of fact, Christ washed the feet of Judas Iscariot, who who betrayed Him, and even included Judas in the meal, along with the other disciples (Mine).

Comments related to this post (Mine).

This post is one of many others that you can find in this blog that deal with The Book Of Acts . All posts in this series can be found under the category of Acts. Please follow this blog so that you can receive updates automatically.

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The scripture text was taken from

The translation of the text is from The New King James Version.

Unless otherwise noted, scripture notes were taken from The MacArthur Study Bible notes that are contained in

Everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible.

Author: Equipping Site

Things of significance are discussed in this blog.

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