126 – Resurrection Sunday

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Passion Week has come and gone. The earth has been rotating on its axis at about 1,000 miles per hour, speeding east to west, and has brought Sunday to the areas of the Pacific Ocean that are “just west” of the international date line. Sunday’s sunrise will grace Auckland, New Zealand at 6:33 A.M., which will be about 17 hours before dawn’s first light is seen in the central time zone of the USA. In our study, which began a week ago, we saw Christ triumphantly entering Jerusalem on a donkey. This particular Sunday will dawn with a surprise for many saddened followers of Christ. The women return to his burial tomb, “at first light.” Their plan is to complete the preparation of the lifeless body of Christ for His Burial. But! Christ is not in the tomb where the women last saw Him, “dead!” Instead of seeing the dead body of Christ, they are shocked by the vision, and the statements, of two angels; “He is risen!” (Luke 24:6).

The Bible makes it clear that Jesus was resurrected on the first day of the week, Sunday (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2,9; Luke 24:1; John 20:1,19). Jesus’ resurrection is most worthy of being celebrated (see 1 Corinthians 15). While it is appropriate for Jesus’ resurrection to be celebrated on a Sunday, the day on which Jesus’ resurrection is celebrated should not be referred to as Easter. Easter has nothing to do with Jesus’ resurrection on a Sunday. (See more of this discussion by clicking onto the following link: https://www.gotquestions.org/Easter-Sunday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/ See also https://www.gotquestions.org/Easter-Sunday.html

Passion Week’s Lead Up To Resurrection Sunday

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday, The crucifixion of Christ
Luke 23:56, Saturday, Sabbath Rest

Resurrection Sunday

Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Note. Our salvation comes from the finished work of Christ on the cross.

John 19:30 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Sunday Verses

Luke 24:1-53 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+24%3A1-53&version=HCSB

Clarifying a prophecy of Christ

There has been a matter of confusion and misunderstanding, not to mention disagreement, about the day of the crucifixion of Christ. The prophecy by Christ, as related to an incident in the life of the Jewish Prophet Jonah will be discussed, thereby clearing up the matter.

Let’s consider the verse.

Jonah 1:17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

17 Now the Lord had appointed a huge fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the fish three days and three nights.

The controversy: “three days and three nights.”

Comment. MacArthur Study bible. 1:17 a great fish. The species of fish is uncertain; the Heb. word for whale is not here employed. God sovereignly prepared (lit. “appointed”) a great fish to rescue Jonah. Apparently Jonah sank into the depth of the sea before the fish swallowed him (cf. 2:3, 5, 6). three days and three nights. See note on Matt. 12:40.

Comment. Reformation Study Bible. 1:17 three days and three nights. Jesus referred to the Book of Jonah in order to communicate truths regarding His own message and mission (Matt. 12:38–41; 16:4; Luke 11:29–32). He speaks of the “sign of the prophet Jonah” not only with reference to the three days and three nights that Jonah was in the fish (Matt. 12:39, 40), but also with regard to the efficacy of Jonah’s preaching. Without benefit of a miraculous sign, the Ninevites recognized Jonah’s message as one with divine authority, and they responded in repentance.

The prophecy of Christ:

Matthew 12:40-41 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

40 For as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at Jonah’s proclamation; and look—something greater than Jonah is here!

The controversy: “three days and three nights.”

The confusion: Christ was crucified on Friday afternoon and buried prior to sunset. Christ was alive early on Sunday morning. When we consider “three days and three nights,” in today’s world we can look at our Timex, Bulova or Rolex, and come to the conclusion that “there is no way” that seventy-two hours elapsed between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning. Of course, culture enters into the conversation.

Words of Christ, “the third day,” relating to His resurrection.

Luke 9:22 New International Version (NIV)

22 And he said, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.”

In 9:22, Christ uses the words, “the third day.” Such wording removes”seventy-two hours” from the conversation. Other verses that also state, “the third day,” in the same context are: Matthew 16:21, 17:23, 20:19, 27:64. Luke 18:33, 24:7, 24:21, 24:46. Acts 10:40. 1 Corinthians 15:4.

Consider the words of the seminary instructors, concerning Matthew 12:40.

Reformation Study Bible. Matthew 12:40. three days and three nights. An emphatic way of saying “three days.”

The New American Commentary. Craig L. Blomberg, Author. Matthew 12:40. “Three days and three nights” represents a Semitic idiom for any portion of three calendar days.”

Holman New Testament Commentary. Stuart K. Weber, Author. Matthew 12:40. By Jewish reckoning, a part of a day was considered to be a whole day. And it was common Jewish idiom to refer to even a part of a day as “a day and a night.”

The Bible Knowledge Commentary. An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck, General Editors. Matthew 12:40. The Son of Man would be in the heart of the earth for “three days and three nights.”The Jews reckoned part of a day as a full day.

The Moody Bible Commentary. Matthew 12:40. The THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS causes some concern since Jesus only spent Friday and Saturday night in the tomb. But, Jewish people regarded even a part of a day as “a day and a night.” (see 1 Sam 30:12-13; 2 Chr 10:5, 12; Est 4:16; 5:1).

Ryrie Study Bible. Matthew 12:40. three days and three nights. This phrase does not necessarily require that 72 hours elapse between Christ’s death and resurrection, for the Jews reckoned part of a day to be as a whole day. Thus, this prophecy can be properly fulfilled if the crucifixion occurred on Friday. However, the statement does require an historical Jonah who was actually swallowed by a great fish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible. Matthew 12:40. Re: Jonah 1:17: His prayer compared his experience to being in a grave. Thus, Jonah’s experience was analogous to Jesus’ resurrection of being interred for three days. Since Jesus’ resurrection occurred on Sunday, some may have argued that the reference to three days and three nights requires a Thursday or Wednesday crucifixion. However, 1 Samuel 30:12-13 suggests that “three days and three nights” could be idiomatic for a span of time that covered all of one day and parts of two others. Thus, Jesus’ interment late on Friday and His resurrection early Sunday counts as three days.

MacArthur Study Bible. Matthew 12:40. three days and three nights. Quoted from Jon. 1:17. This sort of expression was a common way of underscoring the prophetic significance of a period of time. An expression like “forty days and forty nights” (see note on 4:2) may in some cases simply refer to a period of time longer than a month. “Three days and three nights” was an emphatic way of saying “three days,” and by Jewish reckoning this would be an apt way of expressing a period of time that includes parts of 3 days. Thus, if Christ was crucified on a Friday, and His resurrection occurred on the first day of the week, by Hebrew reckoning this would qualify as 3 days and 3 nights. All sorts of elaborate schemes have been devised to suggest that Christ might have died on a Wednesday or Thursday, just to accommodate the extreme literal meaning of these words. But the original meaning would not have required that sort of wooden interpretation. See note on Luke 13:32.

Luke 13:32 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

32 He said to them, “Go tell that fox, ‘Look! I’m driving out demons and performing healings today and tomorrow, and on the third day I will complete My work.’

MacArthur Study Bible. Luke 13:32 today and tomorrow, and the third day. This expression signified only that Christ was on His own divine timetable; it was not meant to lay out a literal 3-day schedule. Expressions like this were common in Semitic usage, and seldom were employed in a literal sense to specify precise intervals of time. See note on Matt. 12:40. be perfected. I.e., by death, in the finishing of His work. Cf. John 17:4, 5; 19:30; Heb. 2:10. Herod was threatening to kill Him, but no one could kill Christ before His time (John 10:17, 18).

The conclusion: When we consider the words of Luke 23:54-56, and the above discussions that show the cultural usages of “three days and three nights,” we can see that the dead body of Christ was placed in the tomb on Friday afternoon, and was raised from death on Sunday morning.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy in this study, a link has been provided to show those verses.

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Ryrie Study Bible)
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. R.C. Sproul, Drs., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Reformation Study Bible)
https://www.ligonier.org/about/rc-sproul/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._C._Sproul

About Dr. John F. MacArthur (Editor, MacArthur Study Bible)
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

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125 – Saturday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Saturday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. Luke 23:55 shows the women at the burial tomb of Christ on Friday afternoon, prior to sunset; they had planned on preparing the body of Christ for burial. But, per Luke 23:56, the women did not finish that process, because sunset would be the beginning of the Sabbath Day. Per Exodus 20:10, the women returned to their homes and rested on the Sabbath. The Sabbath would end at sunset on Saturday, while the day of Saturday would continue until midnight. It was during the time after sunset on Saturday that the women will purchase more spices for preparing the body of Christ for burial; they will return to the tomb early on Sunday morning to complete that preparation.

Saturday Of Passion Week

Luke 23:56 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

Consider the comments from the Ryrie Study Bible.

23:54 “It was about the preparation day.” Friday, the day Jesus died, was the time of preparation for the Sabbath, which began Friday at sunset. 23:56 “according to the commandment.” i.e., not to work on the Sabbath (Ex 20:10).

Consider the comments from the Reformation Study Bible.

23:55, 56 There was not time on Friday to do all that Jesus’ followers would have liked for His burial. The women took note of where the body was laid, evidently to know where to come when the Sabbath was over to complete the burial. Joseph and Nicodemus placed a considerable quantity of myrrh and aloes with the body as they laid it in the tomb (John 19:38, 39), but the women wanted to make their own contribution.

Consider the comments from the MacArthur Study Bible.

23:55 observed…how His body was laid. According to John 19:39, Nicodemus brought a hundred pounds of spices and aloes (probably obtained while Joseph was negotiating with Pilate for Jesus’ body), and he and Joseph wrapped the body with linen and the spices. These women, from Galilee, were probably unfamiliar with Joseph and Nicodemus, who were Judeans. After all, both men were associated with the Jewish leaders who orchestrated the conspiracy against Jesus (v. 50; John 3:1). So the women were determined to prepare Jesus’ body for burial themselves. So they returned (i.e., went to their homes) to prepare their own spices and perfumes (v. 56). They had to have Jesus’ body placed in the tomb before sunset, when the Sabbath began, so they were not able to finish preparing the body. Mark 16:1 says they purchased more spices “when the Sabbath was past,” i.e., after sundown Saturday. Then they returned Sunday morning with the spices (24:1), expecting to finish the task that had been interrupted by the Sabbath.

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Saturday of Passion Week is the last Saturday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the seventh day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday of Holy Week.

Holy Saturday is the name given to the day between Good Friday and Easter Sunday. Some Christians recognize Holy Saturday, the seventh day of Holy Week, as the day on which Jesus “rested” from His work of providing salvation. As Jesus died, He called out, “It is finished!” There was no further price to pay; sin had been atoned for. (Per, https://www.gotquestions.org/Holy-Saturday.html)

Note. Our salvation comes from the finished work of Christ on the cross.

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.
Also, see information about Dr. R.C.Sproul (Deceased), and Dr. John MacArthur.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday, The crucifixion of Christ
Luke 23:56, Saturday, Sabbath Rest
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Consider the following verse, which is the only verse of scripture that relates to the Sabbath Day of Passion Week.

Saturday

Luke 23:56 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. To the contrary, the focus of this study will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ, ”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Ryrie Study Bible)
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. R.C. Sproul, Drs., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Reformation Study Bible)
https://www.ligonier.org/about/rc-sproul/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._C._Sproul

About Dr. John F. MacArthur (Editor, MacArthur Study Bible)
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

124 – Passover

At the equator, the earth is spinning on its axis at about 1,000 MPH, as the sunset of Friday, and the beginning of the Sabbath and Passover are approaching the international date line in the Pacific Ocean. New Zealand is in close view, and Australia is not far behind. As we see in the video, Jewish families all around the world will be celebrating the Sabbath and the beginning of the eight days of the feasts of . Passover and Unleavened Bread.

The year that the Jews began their travel out of Egypt was approximately 1445 B.C. The Passover, as shown in Luke 22, was dated 30 A.D. Jews celebrate Passover each year. Let’s consider the verses of scripture that explain the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread. But, it is important to keep in mind that the names of Passover and Unleavened Bread are often used interchangeably. Passover is probably the most commonly used name for the eight-day feast. This year, Passion Week is on the way out, and Passover is on the way in.

Leviticus 23:5-8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”

Consider some other Passover and Feast Of Unleavened Bread Scriptures

Passover, Exodus 12:1-13, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=exodus+12%3A1-13&version=NASB

Feast Of Unleavened Bread, Exodus 12:14-20, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=exodus+12%3A14-20&version=NASB

The Passover-Unleavened Bread Festival, Deuteronomy 16:1-8,
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=deu+16%3A1-8&version=NET

Passover, Matthew 26:17-20, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+26%3A17-20&version=NKJV

“Passover is found 25 times in the gospels. Matthew (5); Mark (4); Luke (7); John (9).

Passover And Passion Week

John 19:14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!”

Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “preparation for the Passover.” Friday of Passover week. In verse 31 “preparation refers to Friday as the day of preparation for the Sabbath. See Luke 23:54

Luke 23:54 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

54 It was the preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “It was the preparation day.” Friday, the day that Christ died, was the time of the preparation for the Sabbath, which began on Friday at sunset.

John 19:31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

31 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “that day was a high day.” i.e., the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread fell that year on a Sabbath, making it a “high” or “special” festival.

A key to understanding the relationship of the Preparation Day to the Sabbath, is that (in yesteryear) many people would use Saturday as a day to get ready for church on Sunday. It’s the same thing with the Day of Preparation being used to get Jews ready for the Sabbath. This relationship of Preparation Day to the Sabbath shows that Christ was crucified and buried on Good Friday, prior to the sunset that brought in the Sabbath.

The fulfillment of Passover is found in 1 Corinthians 5:7,
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1+cor+5%3A7&version=NASB

The fulfillment of the Feast Of Unleavened Bread is found in 1 Corinthians 5:8
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1+cor+5%3A8&version=NASB

The following information comes from a Jewish website. It explains that the reason for the feast of Passover is to remind Jews that God delivered the Jews from their slavery in Egypt.

Passover 2018 will be celebrated from March 30 – April 7.

The first Seder will be on March 30 after nightfall, and the second Seder will be on March 31 after nightfall.

Passover is celebrated by eating matzah (unleaven bread) and maror (bitter herbs).
For the duration of the 8 (or 7 days in Israel) of Passover, chametz (leaven) is strictly avoided.

What Is Passover?

The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, March 30-April 7, 2018. Passover (Pesach) commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. Pesach is observed by avoiding leaven, and highlighted by the Seder meals that include four cups of wine, eating matzah and bitter herbs, and retelling the story of the Exodus.

In Hebrew it is known as Pesach (which means “to pass over”), because G‑d passed over the Jewish homes when killing the Egyptian firstborn on the very first Passover eve.

The above information comes from the Jewish website Chabad.ORG https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/Passover-Pesach-2018.htm

The following video uses a good technique for teaching the basics of Passover.

Passover! || Mayim Bialik

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

123 – Friday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Friday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The opening video covers all of Luke Chapter 23. Friday’s activities begin with the denial of Christ by Peter in Luke 22:54, and continue through Luke 23:55. The video ends with the women leaving the tomb on Friday afternoon (due to the approaching of sunset) for the observance of the Sabbath (Luke 23:56). The Sabbath begins on Friday at sunset, and lasts until Saturday at sunset. The women will return to the tomb early on Sunday morning.

On Friday, Christ was mocked and beaten in Luke 22:63. In verses 66, through the end of chapter 22, Christ is taken before the Sanhedrin. Friday continues with Christ being taken to Pilate in the opening verse of Chapter 23. The video stays with the events of Friday through verse 55, when the women follow the body of Christ to His burial tomb. During those fifty-five verses of Luke 23, Christ is taken before Pilate, and then before Herod. Christ appears again before Pilate. The crucifixion and burial of Christ follow. Luke 23, Verse 56, shows the women leaving the tomb because the Sabbath (Sunset on Friday) is approaching. So, it is on Friday afternoon that the crucifixion of Christ takes place. His body is taken to the tomb before sunset of Friday. Still, a very significant part of this last Friday deals with the call of the crowd in verse 18, “Away with this man (Christ), and release for us Barabbas!”; and, in verse 21, “Crucify, crucify, Him”(Christ)! So, who was Barabbas? And, why would the crowd of Jews want Barabbas to be released, instead of Christ? Let’s give this matter some serious thought. We need also to consider, “the Jews.” There were “believing Jews,” and unbelieving Jews in Jerusalem that day. “Believing Jews” were those whom had accepted Christ as Messiah; unbelieving Jews, “had not.” “Believing Jews” would not have called for Christ to be crucified.

As a nation, Israel had been under the oppression of other countries and world empires, going back to 722 B.C. Such empires were the Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek and Roman. The Jews of 30 A.D. were looking for someone to free them from the oppressive Roman government. They saw Barabbas as being a rugged Jewish freedom fighter, always riding a mighty horse, trying to rid their land of the cruel Romans. He was in jail for insurrection against the Roman government, and for the murder of Romans in the insurrection (Luke 23:21-25; Mark 15:7.)

Consider the comment of John MacArthur on Mark 15:7. {15:7 Barabbas. A robber (John 18:40) and murderer (Luke 23:18, 19) in some way involved as an anti-Roman insurrectionist. Whether his involvement was motivated by political conviction or personal greed is not known. It is impossible to identify the specific insurrection in question, but such uprisings were common in Jesus’ day and were precursors of the wholesale revolt of A.D. 66–70.}

In his commentary of Mark, Dr. R. C. Sproul (Deceased) makes the comment: “Perhaps Barabbas was a hero of the people for his opposition to Rome (the very thing they had looked for in Jesus).”

There was a movie that was made about Barabbas. In the movie, Barabbas was seen as being a very rugged man, whom had a great hatred for the Romans. You can check out the trailer video for the movie in the following link.

Needless to say, the reason that Barabbas was released for Christ is a subject that has not been given serious attention. After all, the Jews in Jerusalem saw Christ, “the King of the Jews,” riding into town on a donkey, having already said, “turn the other cheek” (Matthew 5:39).

The following link leads to a very informative article that also discusses Barabbas. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Barabbas

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Friday of Passion Week is the last Friday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the sixth day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of Holy Week.

Good Friday, also known as “Holy Friday,” is the Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday. It is celebrated traditionally as the day on which Jesus was crucified. (Per, https://www.gotquestions.org/Good-Friday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.
Also, see information about Dr. R.C.Sproul (Deceased), and Dr. John MacArthur.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday, The crucifixion of Christ
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Friday

Luke 22:54-23:55 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+22%3A54-23%3A55&version=HCSB
Matthew 26:57-68 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+26%3A57-68&version=HCSB
Matthew 27:1, 11-56 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+27%3A1%2C+11-56&version=HCSB
Mark 14:53-65; 15:1-47 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+14%3A53-65%3B+15%3A1-47+&version=HCSB
John 18:13-24; 28-40 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+18%3A13-24%3B+28-40&version=HCSB
John 19:1-42 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+19%3A1-42&version=HCSB

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. To the contrary, the focus of this study will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ, ”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. R.C. Sproul, Drs., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.ligonier.org/about/rc-sproul/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._C._Sproul

About Dr. John F. MacArthur
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

122 – Thursday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Thursday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The video covers all of Luke Chapter 22, but Thursday’s activities begin at 38 seconds into the video, immediately after Judas Iscariot consents to betray Christ. The video stays with the events of Thursday until 15:03 in the video, immediately before the denial of Christ by Peter. You may want to review the second paragraph of “Wednesday Of Passover Week” in relation to the betrayal of Christ by Judas.

During Thursday of Passover Week, the following events take place: The preparation for Passover. The Passover meal, with the washing of the feet of the disciples by Christ. Christ predicts His betrayal. A dispute among the disciples over whom would be the greatest. The Apostles’ reward during the Millennium. Christ foretells Peter’s denial. Christ warns the disciples of coming conflict. The agony of Christ in the garden. The betrayal of Christ by Judas.

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Thursday of Passion Week is the last Thursday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the fifth day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Holy Week.

Maundy Thursday, also known as “Holy Thursday,” is the Thursday of Passion Week, one day before Good Friday (the Friday before Easter). Maundy Thursday is the name given to the day on which Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples. Two important events are the focus of Maundy Thursday, which are the Passover meal, and the washing of the disciples’feet, to include Judas in both.

The word Maundy is derived from the Latin word for “command.” The “Maundy” in “Maundy Thursday” refers to the command Jesus gave to the disciples at the Last Supper, that they should love and serve one another. (Per https://www.gotquestions.org/Maundy-Thursday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Thursday

Luke 22:7-53 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+22%3A7-53&version=HCSB
Matthew 26:17-56 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+26%3A17-56&version=HCSB
Mark 14:12-50 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=mark+14%3A12-50&version=HCSB
John 13:1-14:31 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+13%3A1-14%3A31&version=HCSB
John 15:1-18:3 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+15%3A1-18%3A3&version=HCSB

Note. The day of Satan’s entering into Judas for the purpose of the betrayal of Christ is one of differences of opinion. In Charles Ryrie’s Wednesday comment on Luke 22:3, he states that Satan entered into Judas twice. Dr. Ryrie refers to John 13:27 as being the second occurrence. John 13:2 shows, at the Thursday evening Passover meal, that Satan had already entered into Judas prior to the Passover meal. In keeping with the Ryrie Study Bible outline of Passion Week, I will show Wednesday and Thursday as being the two times that Satan entered Judas.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

121 – Wednesday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Wednesday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The video sermon of John MacArthur on Luke 22:1-6 is lengthy, but contains a wealth of information that pertains to the entry of Satan into Judas Iscariot on Wednesday of Passion Week.

The aspect of “God’s Sovereign Clock” is key to understanding the two times that Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, and the subsequent betrayal of Christ by Judas. The first entry of Satan into Judas took place on Wednesday of Passion Week (Luke 22:1-6); the second entry occurred on Thursday during the Passover Meal (John 13:1-5). Notice that Christ not only included Judas when he fed the disciples (Luke 22:14-22; Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:17-26); Christ also washed the feet of Judas, along with the other disciples (John 13:5). The betrayal took place on Thursday, after the Passover Meal (Luke 22:47-48).

After the verses for Wednesday of Passion week, other verses will follow that relate to “God’s Hour,” and His sovereignty. Each of the verses will point to the fact that God was in control of every aspect of the crucifixion of Christ, to include the things that led to the crucifixion, and the things which followed. The sovereignty of God rules over the things which still occur in our world (Psalm 103:19).

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Wednesday of Passion Week is the last Wednesday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the fourth day of Passion Week after Palm Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday of Holy Week.

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information. Information about John MacArthur is shown below that of Charles Ryrie. Consider the following outline.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Wednesday

Luke 22:1-6 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+22%3A1-6&version=HCSB

God’s Hour and Sovereignty

Matthew 26:45. Mark 14:35, 14:41. Luke 22:53. John 2:4, 7:30, 8:20, 12:23, 12:27, 13:1, 17:1, 11:49-52. Acts 2:22-24, 3:18, 4:27-28.

Note. The day of Satan’s entering into Judas for the purpose of the betrayal of Christ is one of differences of opinion. In Charles Ryrie’s Wednesday comment on Luke 22:3, he states that Satan entered into Judas twice. Dr. Ryrie refers to John 13:27 as being the second occurrence. John 13:2 shows, at the Thursday evening Passover meal, that Satan had already entered into Judas prior to the Passover meal. In keeping with the Ryrie Study Bible outline of Passion Week, I will show Wednesday and Thursday as being the two times that Satan entered Judas.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. John F. MacArthur
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

120 – Tuesday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Tuesday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The opening video shows a narration of the authority of Christ being raised by the chief priests, scribes and elders of the Jews (Luke 20). The following video opens with “the widow’s mite.” The Olivet Discourse continues with the teaching of Christ on the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem that would take place in the year 70 A.D. A discussion on the end times continues. The year of this prophecy of Christ was 30 A.D. (Luke 21).

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday. Also included within Passion Week are Holy Monday, Holy Tuesday, Spy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Passion Week is so named because of the passion with which Jesus willingly went to the cross in order to pay for the sins of His people. Passion Week is described in Matthew chapters 21-27; Mark chapters 11-15; Luke chapters 19-23; and John chapters 12-19. Passion Week begins with the triumphal entry on Palm Sunday on the back of a colt as prophesied in Zechariah 9:9. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Passion-Week.html)

Holy Tuesday is the last Tuesday prior to Easter Sunday; it is the third day of Holy Week after Palm Sunday and Holy Monday. Depending on the denomination, this day may or may not be celebrated at all. Those that do observe Holy Tuesday, such as Eastern Orthodox churches, typically mark it with readings of particular passages of Scriptures and the singing of relevant hymns.

According to common interpretation of the Bible, Holy Tuesday is when Jesus was issued various challenges by the Pharisees and Sadducees over subjects such as marriage in heaven, paying taxes to Caesar, and the source of His authority (Matthew 21:23—23:39; Mark 11:27—12:44; Luke 20:1—21:4). By this same interpretation, this is the day Jesus commented on the widow’s donation (Mark 12; Luke 21) and was approached by a number of God-fearing Greeks (John 12:20–36). Tuesday would also be the day Jesus spoke His eight “woes” against the Pharisees (Matthew 23:13–36) and the evening on which He delivered the Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24—25; Mark 13; Luke 21:5–36). (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Holy-Tuesday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information. Consider the following outline.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Tuesday

Luke 20:1:1-21:38 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+20%3A1-21%3A38&version=HCSB
Matthew 21:23-23:39 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+21%3A23-23%3A39&version=HCSB
Matthew 24:1-25 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+24%3A1-25&version=HCSB
Mark 11:27:12:40 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11%3A27-12%3A40&version=HCSB
Mark 13:1-37 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+13%3A1-37&version=HCSB

Note. The day of Satan’s entering into Judas for the purpose of the betrayal of Christ is one of differences of opinion. In Charles Ryrie’s Wednesday comment on Luke 22:3, he states that Satan entered into Judas twice. Dr. Ryrie refers to John 13:27 as being the second occurrence. John 13:2 shows, at the Thursday evening Passover meal, that Satan had already entered into Judas prior to the Passover meal. In keeping with the Ryrie Study Bible outline of Passion Week, I will show Wednesday and Thursday as being the two times that Satan entered Judas.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/