For calendar year 2018, March 30-April 7 is listed as being the time of the Feasts of “Passover and Unleavened Bread,” (often called “Passover” for the entire period of time). Passover was observed for one day, being followed by Unleavened Bread for seven days. Passover began at sunset on Friday (March 30), and ended at sunset on Saturday (March 31), at sunset. Unleavened Bread began on last Saturday at sunset (March 31), and will be ending at sunset today, Saturday, April 7. Most of the readers of this blog will see the last day of Unleavened Bread coming to a conclusion in a few hours. There are others, whom reside near the International Time Zone, that will have already gone past the sunset of Saturday. These two feasts of God’s appointed times, per Leviticus 23:1-2, come first each calendar year. Notice in the passage that God has chosen the Jews to proclaim these Holy days.
Leviticus 23:1-2 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: These are My appointed times, the times of the Lord that you will proclaim as sacred assemblies.
The Sabbath is such a day of special gifting from God to the Jews, per Exodus 31:12-13.
Exodus 31:12-13 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Observing the Sabbath
12 The Lord said to Moses: 13 “Tell the Israelites: You must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you will know that I am Yahweh who sets you apart.
The first mention of Sabbath in God’s Word is shown in Exodus 16:23, and was given by God to the Jews. This teaching of Sabbath was made by God to Moses in the year 1491 B.C., which occurred 2513 years after God spoke the words, “seventh day,” in Genesis 2:2. In that verse, “seventh means seventh,” per Strong’s Concordance Lexicon. (Dating by Scofield Study Bible)
Exodus 16:23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
23 He told them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a day of complete rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you want to bake, and boil what you want to boil, and set aside everything left over to be kept until morning.’”
It is important to remember that the Jews are “God’s chosen people,” per Deuteronomy 7:6.
Deuteronomy 7:6 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 For you are a holy people belonging to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you to be His own possession out of all the peoples on the face of the earth.
The Jews were chosen by God to be a holy and righteous people to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world. God has also chosen a special purpose for the Jews during the end times: “the Kingdom Age, the Millennium, the thousand-year reign of Christ,” per Zechariah 8:22-23.
Zechariah 8:22-23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
22 Many peoples and strong nations will come to seek the Lord of Hosts in Jerusalem and to plead for the Lord’s favor.” 23 The Lord of Hosts says this: “In those days, 10 men from nations of every language will grab the robe of a Jewish man tightly, urging: Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.”
With all of the preceding having been said, let’s be blessed by the music of worship and praise, as is being led by Paul Wilbur.
Paul Wilbur – Hinei Ma Tov Umanaim
Paul Wilbur – Sing Hallelujah
The Shout of EL Shaddai by Paul Wilbur.wmv
The following information comes from a Jewish website, Chabad.org. It explains the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and is included in the discussion of Passover. It is important to remember that the term “Passover,” is often used to identify all of the eight days of Passover and Unleavened Bread.
Passover is divided into two parts:
The first two days and last two days (the latter commemorating the splitting of the Red Sea) are full-fledged holidays. Holiday candles are lit at night, and kiddush and sumptuous holiday meals are enjoyed on both nights and days. We don’t go to work, drive, write, or switch on or off electric devices. We are permitted to cook and to carry outdoors (click here for the details).
The middle four days are called Chol Hamoed, semi-festive “intermediate days,” when most forms of work are permitted.
The following passages of scripture explain the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The last passage will show the fulfillment of “The Feast Of Unleavened Bread.”
The Feast Of Unleavened Bread
Exodus 12:14-20 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
14 “This day is to be a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to the Lord. You are to celebrate it throughout your generations as a permanent statute. 15 You must eat unleavened bread for seven days. On the first day you must remove yeast from your houses. Whoever eats what is leavened from the first day through the seventh day must be cut off from Israel. 16 You are to hold a sacred assembly on the first day and another sacred assembly on the seventh day. No work may be done on those days except for preparing what people need to eat—you may do only that.
17 “You are to observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread because on this very day I brought your divisions out of the land of Egypt. You must observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent statute. 18 You are to eat unleavened bread in the first month, from the evening of the fourteenth day of the month until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 Yeast must not be found in your houses for seven days. If anyone eats something leavened, that person, whether a foreign resident or native of the land, must be cut off from the community of Israel. 20 Do not eat anything leavened; eat unleavened bread in all your homes.”
Note: Exodus 12:14 a memorial. The details of how this Passover Day was to be memorialized in future years were laid down (vv. 14–20), and then repeated in the instructions to the elders (vv. 21–27). Prescribing the eating of unleavened bread for 7 days, demanding a thorough house-cleaning from leaven (v. 15), issuing a stern warning of banishment for eating leaven (v. 15), and bracketing the 7 days with special holy days (v. 16), served to proclaim the high importance of the nation’s remembering this event.(MacArthur Study Bible)
Exodus 13:3-10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
3 Then Moses said to the people, “Remember this day when you came out of Egypt, out of the place of slavery, for the Lord brought you out of here by the strength of His hand. Nothing leavened may be eaten. 4 Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving. 5 When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers that He would give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you must carry out this ritual in this month.
6 For seven days you must eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there is to be a festival to the Lord. 7 Unleavened bread is to be eaten for those seven days. Nothing leavened may be found among you, and no yeast may be found among you in all your territory. 8 On that day explain to your son, ‘This is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 Let it serve as a sign for you on your hand and as a reminder on your forehead, so that the Lord’s instruction may be in your mouth; for the Lord brought you out of Egypt with a strong hand. 10 Keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.
Note: 13:2–10 Further explanation tied their departure to the divine promise of entrance and residence in a new land where commemoration of the Exodus would occur through annual observance of this 7 day feast. Again the pedagogical opportunity afforded was not to be overlooked (vv. 8, 16). (MacArthur Study Bible)
Leviticus 23:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 The Festival of Unleavened Bread to the Lord is on the fifteenth day of the same month. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 8 You are to present a fire offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day there will be a sacred assembly; you must not do any daily work.”
Note from Leviticus: 23:6–8 Feast of Unleavened Bread. This festival connected with the Passover, commemorated Israel’s hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships (cf. Ex. 12:15–20; 13:3–10; Num. 28:17–25; Deut. 16:3–8). (Mac Arthur Study Bible)
Numbers 28:17-25 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
17 On the fifteenth day of this month there will be a festival; unleavened bread is to be eaten for seven days. 18 On the first day there is to be a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 19 Present a fire offering, a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old. Your animals are to be unblemished. 20 The grain offering with them is to be of fine flour mixed with oil; offer six quarts with each bull and four quarts with the ram. 21 Offer two quarts with each of the seven lambs 22 and one male goat for a sin offering to make atonement for yourselves. 23 Offer these with the morning burnt offering that is part of the regular burnt offering. 24 You are to offer the same food each day for seven days as a fire offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord. It is to be offered with its drink offering and the regular burnt offering. 25 On the seventh day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work.
Note: Numbers 28:16–25 See Leviticus. 23:5–8. (MacArthur Study Bible)
Deuteronomy 16:1-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
The Festival of Passover
16 “Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the Lord your God, because the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night in the month of Abib. 2 Sacrifice to Yahweh your God a Passover animal from the herd or flock in the place where the Lord chooses to have His name dwell.
The Festival Of Unleavened Bread
3 You must not eat leavened bread with it. For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread with it, the bread of hardship—because you left the land of Egypt in a hurry—so that you may remember for the rest of your life the day you left the land of Egypt. 4 No yeast is to be found anywhere in your territory for seven days, and none of the meat you sacrifice in the evening of the first day is to remain until morning. 5 You are not to sacrifice the Passover animal in any of the towns the Lord your God is giving you. 6 You must only sacrifice the Passover animal at the place where Yahweh your God chooses to have His name dwell. Do this in the evening as the sun sets at the same time of day you departed from Egypt. 7 You are to cook and eat it in the place the Lord your God chooses, and you are to return to your tents in the morning. 8 You must eat unleavened bread for six days. On the seventh day there is to be a solemn assembly to the Lord your God, and you must not do any work.
Note: Deuteronomy 16:1–8 keep the Passover. The offering of Passover itself was to be only a lamb (Ex. 12:3–11). However, additional offerings were also to be made during the Passover and the subsequent 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (cf. Ex. 12:15–20; 13:3–10; Lev. 23:6–8; Num. 28:19–25). Therefore, sacrifices from both the flock and the herd were used in keeping the Passover. (MacArthur Study Bible)
The Fulfillment Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread – The Sinlessness Of Christ (verse 8)
1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast permeates the whole batch of dough? 7 Clean out the old yeast so that you may be a new batch. You are indeed unleavened, for Christ our Passover has been sacrificed. 8 Therefore, let us observe the feast, not with old yeast or with the yeast of malice and evil but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
See the following notes from the MacArthur Study Bible.
5:6 glorying. Better, “boasting.” It was not good because their proud sense of satisfaction blinded them to their duty in regard to blatant sin that devastated the church. leaven. See note on Mark 8:15. In Scripture, it is used to represent influence, in most cases evil influence, although in Matt. 13:33 it refers to the good influence of the kingdom of heaven (cf. Ex. 13:3, 7). whole lump. When tolerated, sin will permeate and corrupt the whole local church
5:7 Christ, our Passover. Just as unleavened bread symbolized being freed from Egypt by the Passover (Ex. 12:15–17), so the church is to be unleavened, since it has been separated from the dominion of sin and death by the perfect Passover Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ. The church is, therefore, to remove everything sinful in order to be separate from the old life, including the influence of sinful church members.
5:8 keep the feast. In contrast to the OT Passover feast celebrated annually, believers constantly celebrate the “feast” of the new Passover—Jesus Christ. As the Jews who celebrate Passover do so with unleavened bread, so believers celebrate their continual Passover with unleavened lives.
Closing comment: Sin is “serious stuff.”