139 – The Jewish Prophet Zechariah (3)

Jewish Wedding Video Sample. The video of this Jewish wedding shows Jews, of whom are descendants of the people being discussed in this study of the Jewish Prophet Zechariah. Notice the nodding of the head, forward and backward. That is also observed at the wailing wall in Jerusalem. By doing so, Jews are actively engaging in worship. The following video shows Jews engaging such in prayer and worship at the Jerusalem wailing wall.

It is important for non-Jews to understand things of Judaism, especially if there is any kind of bond supporting Jew-Gentile relationships. It is the purpose of these articles to make more of Judaism understandable to Gentiles. Such, especially, is the case of the information that is contained in this article. Because there is a lot of common ground between Jews and Christians, it is very important for followers of Christ to have a good understanding of the things that are important to Jews, especially when such things apply to Christians.

There is a belief among some Christians, that is known as replacement theology, which teaches that the Church has replaced Israel for the promises that God made to Israel. Such a teaching is totally without merit. The truth is that Israel is Israel, and the Church is the Church. Both, Israel and the Church, are addressed in Scripture, and both will receive the blessings that God has promised to each of them. Israel is a nation; the church is not. Israel is a physical entity; the Church is spiritual. Israel has a territory that was given to them by God; the Church has no territory; no territory has been promised to the Church by God. As a unified kingdom, the nation of Israel had three kings (Saul, David, Solomon). As a divided kingdom, Israel had thirty-nine kings (20 in the southern kingdom and 19 in the northern kingdom); the church has never had a king. The Jewish prophets speak of a future King and Kingdom for Israel, with that king coming through the bloodline of King David (Luke 3:23, Luke 3:23-38). Consider the following link. https://jewsforjesus.org/publications/issues/issues-v05-n06/the-genealogy-of-the-messiah/

The King of “the Kingdom, Kingdom Age, and Millennium” is identified in Revelation 19:16:

“And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.”

The King of Kings of Revelation 19:16 will be “Messiah, Christ,” per scriptural prophecy and lineage.

None of the promises of God that were made to Israel have been taken away from Israel and given to the Church. The promised land of Israel is not an allegory, and is not a spiritual perception of that which God has said will be fact. Considering allegories and spiritual perceptions, no one has been identified by God to be the Chief of all “allegorical and spiritual application.”

It is clear that the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament were Jews, and that they wrote their prophecies to Jews, about Jewish things. There would be no purpose for God to speak prophecies of allegory to the prophets of Israel, for them to speak the same allegories to the Jewish people. In essence, God would not have been truthful in His prophecies, if His messages had been allegories, or spiritual representation of the promises that He made to “His chosen people,” (Deuteronomy 7:6).

Jews praying at the Wailing Wall HD


Because of the length and importance of the book of Zechariah, this prophecy is being discussed, chapter by chapter. We are now in Chapter three of this important book of prophecy. Here, we study “The Vision Of High Priest,” and “The Coming Branch.”

This study of Zechariah will now use the New King James Version for its text. The following link takes you to an explanation of the NKJV. https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-King-James-Version-NKJV-Bible/

Zechariah Chapter 3

The Vision Of The High Priest

Verse 3.1 Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him.

Comment 3:1 In this opening verse, Zechariah sees a heavenly courtroom. Joshua is seen as he represents the people of Judah. He is being accused by Satan, as he stands before the Angel of the Lord. It should be noted that this is not Moses’s successor, Joshua. Instead, he is the high priest that we are studying, who returned to Jerusalem with the exiles (See Ezra 3:2). It is important to know that “Satan,” in Hebrew, means “the Satan,” therefore, he is “the Accuser.”

Verse 3:2 And the Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?”

Comment 3:2 With the words of God, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan.” We presuppose that an earlier conversation had taken place in which Satan made other accusations against the Jews, and against their priest. It is important for us to know that Satan is not sovereign. Satan, as is all others of God’s creation, is subject to the Lord, and falls under the Sovereign hand of God. Judah is the brand that was plucked from the fire, in that the Jews of Judah were delivered from the fire of their Babylonian captivity. The nation of Israel was represented by Joshua, their priest. It is also important to remember that the nation of Israel, “was is, and always will be,” a people of God’s chosen favor.

Verse 3:3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing before the Angel.

Comment 3:3 As is recorded in Exodus 28:29 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exod%2028:29) the high priest represented the people before God. Never, was the high priest to become defiled or unclean, per Leviticus 21:10–15 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=lev+21%3A10-15&version=NKJV). Joshua’s filthy garments, being described with the most loathsome, vile term for filth, were deemed to be “befouled with excrement.” This phrase depicts the habitual condition of defilement of the priesthood and of the people of Israel per Isaiah 64:6 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isa%2064:6). Satan made that assessment of Israel the basis for his accusation that the nation of Israel was morally impure, therefore, unworthy of God’s blessing and protection.

Verses 3:4-5 “3:4 Then He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Take away the filthy garments from him.” And to him He said, “See, I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes. 3:5 And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the Lord stood by.”

Comment 3:4-5 Joshua could not be fully cleansed without the removal of his sin-soiled garments. God’s replacement of Joshua’s dirty clothes, and His gift of clean garments to Zechariah, were gifts that represented the gift of God’s righteousness, per 2 Corinthians 5:21 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+cor+5%3A21&version=NKJV ).The fact that Joshua had no part in his cleansing indicates that this work was totally by God’s grace. Remember that this is a spiritual cleansing of Zechariah. He was totally, spiritually, filthy, and was in that spiritual state until God did His spiritual cleansing of Zechariah. It was then that Zechariah was made to be “spiritually pure.” All of us, like Zechariah, were born having a spirit and soul that needed cleansing (1 Thessalonians 5:23, spirit, soul, body). This subject of spiritual cleansing will be discussed in greater detail in a later article.

The Coming Branch

Verses 3:6-7 “3:6 Then the Angel of the Lord admonished Joshua, saying, 3:7 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:‘If you will walk in My ways, And if you will keep My command, Then you shall also judge My house, And likewise have charge of My courts; I will give you places to walk Among these who stand here.”

Comment 3:6-7 God will keep His promise to justify Israel. He will reinstate the nation as His priestly people to serve in His house. Joshua was recommissioned as the nation’s high priest. For his faithfulness, he was promised the privilege of exercising authority over God’s temple, “My house and its courts.”

Verse 3:8 ‘Hear, O Joshua, the high priest, You and your companions who sit before you, For they are a wondrous sign; For behold, I am bringing forth My Servant the BRANCH.

Comment 3:8 The coming Messiah will be God’s Servant, per Isaiah 53:11 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isa+53%3A11&version=NKJV). He is also referred to as the BRANCH. Isaiah used this word and a similar one to describe the Messiah who will grow out of the root of the family of Jesse, as a tender sprout shoots up from the ground, per Isaiah 53:2 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isa%2053:2). The Branch will also build the Temple that will be constructed during the Kingdom age, per Isaiah 6:12 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zech%206:12). God spoke through the Prophet Ezekiel that He will put His Temple in the Kingdom, per Ezekiel 37:26 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ezekiel+37%3A26&version=NKJV). Therefore, we see the connection between Isaiah 7:14 (742 B.C.), Matthew 1:23 (5 B.C.), and Ezekiel 37:26 (587 B.C.), showing that the Branch/Messiah/Christ is “God with us.” Joshua and his companions were a sign because the reinstitution of the priesthood was made public. The fact of God’s never-ending intention to fulfill His promises to His people was “set in stone.”

Verse 3:9 For behold, the stone That I have laid before Joshua: Upon the stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave its inscription, Says the Lord of hosts, And I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

Comment 1 3:9 “stone:” Like the priest Aaron, who possessed a jeweled ephod, per Exodus 25:7 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A7&version=NKJV); the new priest possessed a lustrous stone, which was a symbol of the authority of his priestly office. The eyes may be symbolic of wisdom and of the Presence of the Holy Spirit, per Isaiah 11:2 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isa%2011:2). “in one day:” The phrase looks to the future day when there will be cleansing and forgiveness for the nation of Israel, “as a nation,” per Zechariah 12:10-13:1 and Romans 11:25-27. Zechariah 12:10-13:1 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zech%2012:10-Zech%2013:1); Romans 11:25-27 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Rom%2011:25-Rom%2011:27).

Comment 2 3:9 It is important to understand the Christian perspective of “in one day.” A separate article will be written to describe “in one day.”

Verse 3:10 ‘In that day,’ says the Lord of hosts, ‘Everyone will invite his neighbor Under his vine and under his fig tree.’

Comment 3:10 “invite his neighbor under:” This phrase is a common expression in Israel meaning peace and prosperity, per Micah 4:4 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mic%204:4). The phrase here points to the peace that will be divinely mandated during the millennial rule of Messiah/Christ.

Consider the Hebrew names for “LORD” in Zechariah Chapter 3. http://biblehub.com/lexicon/zechariah/3-1.htm

LORD יְהוָ֗ה Yah·weh 3068 the proper name of the God of Israel (All verses, all capital letters) (YHWH/Yahweh)

The following video shows Christians, of whom have a love for the nation of Israel, and Jews everywhere. They are in Jerusalem for the Jewish Feast Of Tabernacles in the year 1999 (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=leviticus+23%3A33-36&version=NKJV).

These are the Days of Elijah by Paul Wilbur

Thanks for reading this article. Please follow my Equipping blog; its purpose is to provoke thought. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

Author: Equipping Site

Things of significance are discussed in this blog.

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