142 – Zechariah 3.9 – Third and Fourth Covenants

At the time of the writing of this article, Jews around the world have already begun their time of honoring the Sabbath, which begins at sunset on Friday of each week, and continues through the following Saturday at sunset. Jews understand the Sabbath to be a gift from God (Elohim) to them, and that the Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews. This belief is also held as being true by many believers in Christ.

It was in the year 1491 B.C., that the Sabbath was first observed by the Jews.

Exodus 16:29-30 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

This article is a continuation of the post: “140 – The Jewish Prophet Zechariah – 3:9 – All People”

In this article we will discuss the time of Isaiah 2:4 (760 B.C.) which is known as the Kingdom Of God, and is also known as the millennium, the thousand-year reign of Messiah/Christ, and the Kingdom Age.

“You must be born again,” are words that relate to the spiritual state that anyone must have in order for them to be in the eternal Presence of God/Elohim/Yahweh/Adonai/Theos/Messiah/Christ (Ezekiel 36:24-27, John 3:3-8, 2 Corinthians 5:17, 1 John 1:5.)

In my post “139 – The Jewish Prophet Zechariah,” the words, “in one day,” are written. The wording of that verse follows:

Zechariah 3:9 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

9 For behold, the stone that I have set before Joshua; on one stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave an inscription on it,’ declares the Lord of hosts, ‘and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

The following terms are used interchangeably: Kingdom of God, Kingdom Age, Millennium, Millennial reign of Messiah/Christ.

“The Day,” in question, will be the dividing line between all that has been bad for Israel, and all that will be good for Israel, from then and forever. The Kingdom Age, which is also known as the Millennium, meaning one thousand years, dictates the length of time of the Kingdom Age, which will be a specific time for Israel to experience true peace. Following the Millennium/Kingdom Age will be the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:1-2), which will be an eternity of peace for Israel. It is important to know that Israel is the only group that is identified as a nation that will have a specific place on earth for its habitation during the millennium. Other people, not nations, will also be present on earth during this time of peace, but none of them will occupy “their own land.” During the millennium, non-Jews will reside outside of the boundaries of Israel until they also enter the eternal state. With that having been said, it must also be stated that the Messiah/Christ will rule and reign over all of the earth during the millennium (Revelation 20:4-5), and that no one will enter the Kingdom Of God, or the eternal state, without first having been born again (John 3:3).

It will be during the Kingdom Age that the purposes of God for Israel will be fully realized; the words to Israel, from each of the Jewish prophets, will be seen to have been true. Non-Jews, whom will be present on earth at that time, will also benefit from the promises that have been made to Israel by God. The promises that God made to Israel are known as covenants. It will be during the Kingdom Age that those covenants will find their fulfillment. The following are the third and fourth of God’s four covenants that He made with Israel, as they relate to the Kingdom Age. As we continue with this study of the Jewish prophets, it is important to remember that the nation of Israel, through the Law, was a chosen people/nation to be a holy and righteous people to bring a holy and righteous Messiah into the world. It will also be through the Messiah/Christ, that the Law will be fulfilled (Matthew 5:17). It will be through faith in Messiah/Christ, as Lord and Savior, that Jews will enter the Kingdom Age. No other nation has ever been blessed with such a calling. People from other nations will also have individual Kingdom Age blessings, through a belief in Christ as Lord and Savior. However, those gentile blessings will be a result of the blessings that will have been showered upon Israel.

We will discuss the remaining two covenants


3. THE THIRD COVENANT. This is the promise that the King, throne, and royal house are fulfilled by the Messiah in the Kingdom Age. The fact that Israel will have a kingdom, over which David’s Son reigns as King, is based on this covenant.

2 Samuel 7:16 New King James Version (NKJV)

16 And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.” ’ ”

Comment: NIV Quest Study Bible Notes. All the kings who ruled in Jerusalem after David (20 in all) were his descendants. No coup ever eradicated David’s line. But ultimately, the Messiah is the fulfillment of this promise. Mary was told by an angel that her son, Jesus, would someday occupy David’s throne (Lk 1:31–33).


4. THE FOURTH COVENANT. This is the promise of a new heart, the forgiveness of sin, the filling of the Spirit, all of which will take place in the converted nation of Israel in the Kingdom Age. All of the spiritual blessings that Israel receives are in fulfillment of this covenant.

Jeremiah 31:31-34 New King James Version (NKJV)

31 “Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah— 32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord. 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

Comment. NKJV Study Bible. 31:33 I will make: The new covenant would be initiated by God Himself, assuring its effectiveness. after those days: This expression looks forward to the time of fulfillment of the new covenant, which found fruition in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. put My law in their minds … write it on their hearts: Together the mind and heart describe the total inner motivations of mind, will, emotion, and spirit.

Ezekiel 37:26 New King James Version (NKJV) (As part of the New Covenant, God will place the Millennial Temple in Jerusalem. The tribulation temple, which was not of God, will be destroyed in an earthquake, that will occur “in one day,” prior to the building of the Millennial Temple, which will definitely “be of God.”)

26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them, and it shall be an everlasting covenant with them; I will establish them and multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore.

Zechariah 14:3-4 New King James Version (NKJV) (The Messiah will fight for Israel; the tribulation temple will be destroyed, “in one day.”)

3 Then the Lord will go forth And fight against those nations, As He fights in the day of battle. 4 And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 14:3, 4 His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives. To prevent the eradication of His remnant, the Lord will personally intervene to fight against the gathered nations. Just as He fought for His people in the past, so He will do in the future as the ultimate Warrior-King. Jesus will literally return to the Mt. of Olives, located E of the Kidron Valley, just as the angels announced at His ascension (cf. Acts 1:11). When He does, there will be a tremendous topographical upheaval (perhaps an earthquake), a phenomenon not uncommon when God announces His coming in judgment (cf. Mic. 1:2–4; Nah. 1:5).

The Kingdom Age finds the complete fulfillment of all that God promised to the nation of Israel.

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Author: Eternity

Things are discussed in this website that relate to God's creation, from "eternity to eternity," and all that is addressed within those paramaters. Consider Isaiah 43:13, "Even from eternity I am He, And there is no one who can rescue from My hand; I act, and who can reverse it?” The Moody Study Bible adds a comment: "God is the ruler of all, and there is nothing that can stand against Him. His will is irresistible. The Bible Knowledge Commentary adds this thought: "No one can reverse what God puts into action or thwart His plans."

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