Passover 2019 begins at sundown on Friday, April 19, and ends Saturday evening, April 20. At the same time that Christians around the world will be observing Good Friday, Jews will be observing Passover, and sharing a Passover meal, just as Christ and the disciples did in Luke 22:14-20 and Matthew 26:26-29. (These two passages are not Christian communion). As we see in the opening video, Jewish families all around the world will be celebrating the Sabbath and the beginning of the eight days of the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread. Many Jews often use the term,” Passover,” to relate to the total period of the two feasts, with the ending date being April 27 at sunset.
The year that the Jews began their travel out of Egypt was approximately 1447 B.C. The Passover, as shown in Luke 22, was dated 30 A.D. Jews celebrate Passover each year. Let’s consider the verses of scripture that explain the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread. But, it is important to keep in mind that the names of Passover and Unleavened Bread are often used interchangeably. Passover is probably the most commonly used name for the eight-day feast. This year, Passion Week is on the way out, and Passover is on the way in.
Leviticus 23:5-8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”
Consider some other Passover and Feast Of Unleavened Bread Scriptures
Passover, Exodus 12:1-13, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=exodus+12%3A1-13&version=NASB
Feast Of Unleavened Bread, Exodus 12:14-20, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=exodus+12%3A14-20&version=NASB
The Passover-Unleavened Bread Festival, Deuteronomy 16:1-8,
Passover, Matthew 26:17-20, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+26%3A17-20&version=NKJV
“Passover is found 25 times in the gospels. Matthew (5); Mark (4); Luke (7); John (9).
Passover And Passion Week
John 19:14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!”
Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “preparation for the Passover.” Friday of Passover week. In verse 31 “preparation refers to Friday as the day of preparation for the Sabbath. See Luke 23:54
Luke 23:54 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
54 It was the preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “It was the preparation day.” Friday, the day that Christ died, was the time of the preparation for the Sabbath, which began on Friday at sunset.
John 19:31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
31 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Note. Ryrie Study Bible. “that day was a high day.” i.e., the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread fell that year on a Sabbath, making it a “high” or “special” festival.
A key to understanding the relationship of the Preparation Day to the Sabbath, is that (in yesteryear) many people would use Saturday as a day to get ready for church on Sunday. It’s the same thing with the Day of Preparation being used to get Jews ready for the Sabbath. This relationship of Preparation Day to the Sabbath shows that Christ was crucified and buried on Good Friday, prior to the sunset that brought in the Sabbath.
The fulfillment of Passover is found in 1 Corinthians 5:7,
The fulfillment of the Feast Of Unleavened Bread is found in 1 Corinthians 5:8
The following information comes from a Jewish website. It explains that the reason for the feast of Passover is to remind Jews that God delivered the Jews from their slavery in Egypt.
Passover is celebrated by eating matzah (unleaven bread) and maror (bitter herbs).
For the duration of the 8 (or 7 days in Israel) of Passover, chametz (leaven) is strictly avoided.
What Is Passover?
The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, April 19-April 27, 2019. https://www.chabad.org/calendar/view/month.htm
All feasts begin at sundown on the evening before the date specified.
Pesach – Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread – Apr 20-21 Sa‑Su; Apr 22-25 M‑Th; Apr 26-27 F‑Sa;
The feast of Passover begins on sunset prior to April 20, and continues through sunset of April 27. The first 24 hour period is Passover. The remaining days are the Feast Of Unleavened Bread.
Passover (Pesach) commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. Pesach is observed by avoiding leaven, and highlighted by the Seder meals that include four cups of wine, eating matzah and bitter herbs, and retelling the story of the Exodus.
In Hebrew, Passover is known as Pesach (which means “to pass over”), because G‑d passed over the Jewish homes when killing the Egyptian firstborn on the very first Passover eve.
The above information comes from the Jewish website Chabad.ORG https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/Passover-Pesach-2018.htm
The following video uses a good technique for teaching the basics of Passover.
Passover! || Mayim Bialik
About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
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