In The Presence Of Jehovah – Terry MacAlmon
Introduction – We now begin a series of discussions on the relationship of God and His chosen people, Israel. We will consider God’s Presence in, “The Tent Of Meeting, The Tabernacle In The Desert, Solomon’s Temple, and the Millennial Temple” (Ezekiel’s Temple is also known as the Millennial Temple). We will begin this study with an examination of the Tent Of Meeting.
Of key significance to this study is the end wording of Ezekiel 48:35.
Ezekiel 48:35 The Message (MSG) 35… “From now on the name of the city will be Yahweh-Shammah:
“God-Is-There.” The city is Jerusalem. The time is that of the thousand-year millennial reign in the Kingdom Age.
In each of the following discussions of: “Tent of meeting, Tabernacle in the desert, Solomon’s Temple, and Ezekiel’s Temple,” the Glory of God will be found to be Present in each structure . Ezekiel’s Temple is, yet future, in the Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ. For the purposes of born again believers in Christ, we know the truth of 1 Corinthians 6:19: “your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you.”
As born again believers in Christ, we worship God, whose Holy Spirit resides within our spirit. But, why do we worship and praise God? The answer to this question is simple. We worship God because He is worthy of our worship and praise.
Psalm 19 New International Version (NIV)
For the director of music. A psalm of David.
1 The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.
Consider “the Glory of God,” as we continue with this article.
Haggai 2:7: “I will fill this temple with glory.” (520 B.C.)
When we consider “the temple,” we must go back to a point in time when there was no Jewish temple; such a time is described in Exodus 33:7 (1491 B.C.). From there, we turn around and go forward as far as we possibly can go. So, hop on board! You’ll enjoy the ride!
The Tent Of Meeting – Yahweh Shammah
Exodus 33:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
7 Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, a good distance from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting. And everyone who sought the LORD would go out to the tent of meeting which was outside the camp.
Let’s say that you’re an Israelite in 1491 B.C. You have been traveling with the other Jews as you have fled the oppressive Egyptians, and have made a tent encampment in an area that has only dirt, sand and dust on the ground. You don’t know it yet, but your travel will last forty years. On this particular day, your mind and eyes are focused on “the walk of Moses,” as you have become accustomed. Freshly and deeply stored in your mind is the knowledge that God has provided for all of your needs during these recent days. You know that God took you from the oppressive hand of the Egyptians. You saw God opening the Red Sea for you to flee to safer land. You are experiencing intimacy with God through God’s gift to you of the Sabbath and the Law. You are gaining a greater understanding of the creative and sustaining power of God (Elohim, Genesis 1:1). Today, as in previous days, you are being exposed to the intimacy of the Presence of the LORD (Yahweh, Exodus 33:7, 11), as His Glory becomes visible in the pillar of cloud at the tent where God meets with Moses (Exodus 33:10).
Let’s say that it is late in the afternoon, just prior to dusk. The sun is going down, nearing the horizon. Suddenly you, and the other Israelites, go to the door of each of your tents! Why? Moses is walking in between your rows of tents on his way to the tent of meeting. All of you and your neighbors are aware that a time of Holiness is in the making. Moses is no longer a young man; being eighty years of age at this time in his life. He doesn’t move with the quickness or agility that he did as a young man; still, he makes this regular stroll; he may even walk with the aid of a cane or staff. As Moses walks past the doorway of your tent, and continues in the direction of the “Tent,” where he will experience the holiness and glory of God, the sun is staring him in the face. With each step that Moses takes, dust is kicked up behind him and finds a resting place on the lower edge of his robe. You see the evening haze, just above the horizon, with the setting sun casting various colors of red, yellow, brown. You see Moses arriving at the door of the tent; you see him entering the tent, and you know that waiting for him is, “God!” Yes! The Glory of God had also entered the Tent! You know that God and Moses are about to enter into serious conversation. You have never had such an experience of Holiness! You, and all of the others in your encampment … you stand at the doors of your tents, and … you … all of you…”worship”!
The following video will help you to understand that which I have written in the above paragraph. The scriptures are Exodus 33:7-14.
Moses and the Tent of Meeting
Exodus 33:7-11 NASB (1491 B.C.)
The Tent of Meeting 7-11 – Moses, God, Joshua
7 Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, a good distance from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting. And everyone who sought the LORD would go out to the tent of meeting which was outside the camp. 8 And it came about, whenever Moses went out to the tent, that all the people would arise and stand, each at the entrance of his tent, and gaze after Moses until he entered the tent. 9 Whenever Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the tent; and the Lord would speak with Moses. 10 When all the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, all the people would arise and worship, each at the entrance of his tent. 11 Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses returned to the camp, his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
There are two points of interest that I would like to discuss that pertain to vs 7-11.
First of all, 33:7 has a description of “tent” that needs to be investigated. Different translations say: a tent, the tent, his tent. The KJV states “the tabernacle,” which is far from the context of this passage. The NKJV uses, “his tent.” The NLT uses, “The Tent Of Meeting,” which states its purpose, but not its ownership. “A tent” is used by NIV, CSB, HCSB, KJV2000. “The tent” is used by ESV, NASB/NAS, ISV, NET, ASV. “The tabernacle” is used by KJV and KJV21. The Interlinear Hebrew uses, “his tent.” Strong’s Concordance uses “a tent” to describe the Hebrew (ha·’o·hel). All of the above descriptions of “a tent, the tent, his tent, tabernacle, tent of meeting,” will find acceptance in most conversations. However, I think that we need a more clearly defined description of that structure in which God and Moses met.
In order for me to provide a credible conclusion on the matter of “tent,” I chose a commentary on the Book of Exodus, from The New American Commentary set of individual commentaries. The writer is Dr. Douglas K. Stuart; see his bio below.
Consider the conclusion on the tent that is made by Dr. Stuart: “Starting with the timing of 33:7, Moses employed “a certain tent” (quotation marks mine) as a symbolic substitute for the actual Tent of Meeting, the tabernacle.” My conclusion is that of Dr. Stuart, “a certain tent.”
Another matter of discussion is that of 33:11: “… Moses returned to the camp, his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.”… We will stay with Dr. Stuart in his discussion on the tent of meeting. Joshua’s not leaving is not intended to imply that he lived in it – only that his own tent was nearby so that he could serve as its custodian. Joshua thus lived outside the concentrated Israelite encampment. Joshua was called Moses’ “young aide” not because he was immature but because he was so much younger than Moses, who was eighty at this point. Forty years later, Joshua may himself have been eighty years old (or more) when he led the Israelites in the conquest of Canaan (A reasonable inference from Joshua 13:1, 23:1).
BIO: Douglas K. Stuart (born February 8, 1943) is Professor of Old Testament at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, an interdenominational Evangelical Seminary. He received his B.A. magna cum laude from Harvard College in 1964, spent two years at Yale Divinity School, and in 1971 received his PhD in Near Eastern Languages and Literature from Harvard University, on meter in Hebrew Poetry. Other data on Dr. Stuart is contained in this link of information: https://christianuniversity.org/professors/douglas-k-stuart-ph-d/
Consider the purpose for a detailed examination of Bible scriptures.
Acts 17:10-11 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Paul at Berea
10 The brethren immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea, and when they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews. 11 Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.
My note. The “Jews” at Berea heard Paul’s preaching. Then, they examined the scriptures, which were Old Testament . There was no New Testament at this time (53 A.D. Scofield Study Bible).
My deep interest in 33:7 and 33:11. These two verses told me a lot about that which was going on while the Israelites were desert dwellers. But, I wanted to know more than that which just meets the eye. My mind is of an investigative nature. My twenty-eight years of military service in the radar field, involved operating radar scopes, training others to operate radar scopes, and evaluating trainee radar operators so that they could operate radar scopes while under no supervision. Also, working as a private investigator, and commercial and residential inspector, have given me “an inquiring mind” (you’ve probably heard that one before). My spiritual drive comes from Ephesians 4:12:”
Ephesians 4:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ;
Holy Are You Lord – Terry MacAlmon
Re: the two Terry MacAlmon videos: Terry MacAlmon Official – Published on Mar 21, 2015. Taken from “Pikes Peak Worship Festival”, a live worship DVD by Terry MacAlmon. The DVD was published in 2007.
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