14 – Israel – Exodus 25-40 – The Tabernacle In The Desert

We Glorify The Lamb – Terry MacAlmon – Terry MacAlmon Official.
Published on Mar 21, 2015 – Taken from “Pikes Peak Worship Festival”, a live worship DVD by Terry MacAlmon. The DVD was published in 2007.

I. Introduction.

A. In our previous study of the “Tent Of Meeting,” Israel 12 – Yahweh Shammah – The Tent Of Meeting – Exodus 33, we discussed “a certain tent” that Moses would pitch where he would go inside and meet with God. Scripture does not tell of any furnishings that may have been present in this tent, “The Tent Of Meeting.” But in, “The Tabernacle in the desert,” also known as the “Tent of Meeting,” there were furnishings, as well as other things, with each having its own spiritual purpose. In this article, we will discuss “The Tabernacle in the Desert,” and those things that were present in that tabernacle.

B. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.). The Tabernacle in the Desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.). The Glory of God was present in this tabernacle.

C. God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.). Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.). The Glory of God was present in this, “Solomon’s Temple.”

D. After Solomon’s Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C., it was rebuilt by Zerubbabel, finishing it in 515 B.C. However, the Glory of God was not present in Zerubbabel’s temple.

E. King Herod remodeled Zerubbabel’s Temple, but the Glory of God was not present in “Herod’s” temple. Herod’s temple was destroyed in 70 A.D.

F. There will be a temple that will be build during the tribulation, but it will not be one of Godly legitimacy. The Glory of God will not be present in the tribulation temple.

G. It will only be when Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom that there will be a Godly Temple in Jerusalem. During the time that Christ was in Jerusalem He never entered into the temple’s “Holy of Holies;” the reason is that He “is” the “Holy of Holies!”

H. God will build a temple in Jerusalem that will be present during the future millennium of the Kingdom Age (Ezekiel 37:25). The prophet Ezekiel saw the glory of God in a vision entering the millennial temple (Ezekiel 43:1-7, 574 B.C.), which will make the temple of the Kingdom Age a Godly occupied temple, and very legitimate.

I. It is important to understand that regarding the law, including Temple worship, Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law, with that fulfillment being finished on the cross at Calvary. It is only through the finished work of Christ on the cross that anyone can have salvation (Matthew 5:17; John 1:29; John 4:19-24; John 19:30).

J. In this series of articles on the dwelling places of God, in our next article we will study Solomon’s Temple, which will be followed by a study of the temple of the Kingdom Age (Millenium). We will not study any temple not having the indwelling Presence of God. We will conclude the dwelling places of God with a study on the indwelling presence of God’s Holy Spirit in the spirit of born again believers in Yeshua Ha’Mashiach.

K. The significance of key Tabernacle items:

1. The Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 26:33) is the seat of God’s gracious presence.
2. The Mercy Seat is a type of Christ, our Propitiation (Exodus 25:16-22). The Mercy Seat was positioned “above” the ark which held the covenant, the “law.”
3. The Table of Bread (Exodus 25:23-30; 26:35). The “Table Bread” is a type of Christ, the Bread of Life.
4. The Lampstand (Exodus 25:31). The Candlestick is a type of Christ, the Light of the World.
5. The Veil (Exodus 26:31-35). The curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.
6. The Altar of Burnt Offering (Exodus 27:1). The Bronze Altar is a type of Christ, our Substitute and Sacrifice.
7. The Bronze Laver (Exodus 30:17-20). The Laver is a type of Christ, our cleansing and regeneration.
8. The Altar of Incense (Exodus 30:1). The Incense Altar is a type of Christ, our Intercessor and Advocate.

II. The following video discusses “The Tabernacle In The Desert.”

The Ark and the Tabernacle – A Faith Kids Bible Story Video

III. Description Of The Tabernacle And Its Components.

A. God’s Order To Construct The Tabernacle In The Desert.

1. The Tabernacle To Be Constructed (Ex 25:1-9). (A Holy Place, A Sanctuary). Exodus 25:8-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB).

8 Let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them. 9 According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it.

The tent (Ex 26:36). The tent of meeting (Ex 29:42). The tabernacle of the testimony (Num 17:7).

2. The ark and the mercy seat (Ex 25:10-22).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A10-22&version=NASB

Ex 25:10-16 The ark (not Noah’s ark) that held the tables of the law (or “the testimony” vs 16), a pot of manna, and “Aaron’s rod that budded” (“Numbers 17:5-8,” Hebrews 9:4).
Ex 25:17 A mercy seat (a covering). It was not only the lid for the ark, but also the place where sins were covered, thus the place of propitiation.
Ex 25:22 Ark of testimony. So called because it contained the law (vs 16).

3. The table for the bread .(Exodus 25:23-30).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A23-30&version=NASB

The table held the “bread of the Presence” and certain utensils (Ex 25:29). “Bread of the Presence means bread laid before God, in His Presence. Each of the 12 tribes was equally important to God, and He was the one who met their needs (John 6:32-35).

4. The Lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A31-40&version=NASB

The gold lampstand was an upright shaft, from each side of which 3 branches extended. The lampstand provided light for the ministering priests, and typified Christ, the Light of the world.

5. The Curtains (Exodus 26:1-14)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A1-14&version=NASB

Ex 26:1-6 Curtains. The inside curtains that covered the wooden framework of the Tabernacle.
Ex 26:7-13 Curtains. These curtains covered the inner linen curtain.
Ex 26:14 Two additional coverings. Some believe that these coverings were used as a wrapper when the Tabernacle was being moved.

6. The Boards (Ex 26:15-30).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A15-30&version=NASB

The walls of the Tabernacle were apparently not solid, but of a trellis-like construction that allowed the beauty of the linen curtains to be visible from the inside.

7. The Veils (Ex 26:31-37).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A31-37&version=NASB

Ex 26:31-35 The inner veil separated the Holy Place (which contained the Altar of Incense, the lampstand, and the table for the bread) from the Most Holy Place, or Holy of Holies (which contained the ark and the mercy seat). The veil barred all but the high priest from the Presence of God, but when it was torn in two at the death of Christ (Mark 15:35), access to God was made available to all that come through Him (Heb 10:19-22).
Ex 26:36-37 The outer veil hanging at the eastern end of the Holy Place functioned as a door to the tent.

8. The Bronze Altar (Exodus 27:1-8).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A1-8&version=NASB

Ex 27:1-8 The “altar” was made of wood covered with bronze. The sacrifices were made on it. “Horns” were used to bind the sacrificial animals to the altar (Ps 118:27). “Basins” were used to catch the blood of the animals.

9. The Court (Ex 27:9-19).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A9-19&version=NASB

The court of the tabernacle was screened with linen curtains 7.5 feet high to provide privacy for the worshipers inside. The tabernacle itself took up only about 1/15 of this area.

10. The Oil (Ex 27:20-21).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A20-21&version=NASB

The “oil” obtained from olives that were beaten, rather than crushed, would be of finer quality, burning more brightly and with less smoke.

11. The Priests’ Garments (Ex 28:1-43).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+28%3A1-43&version=NASB

12. The Priests’ Consecration (Ex 29:1-46).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+29%3A1-46&version=NASB

13. The Altar Of Incense (Ex 30:1-10).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A1-10&version=NASB

The “altar of incense” stood before the curtain that shut off the Most Holy Place, or Holy of Holies. Incense was burned on it, morning and evening, when the priest tended to the lamp. (Ex 30:34-38 describes the composition of the incense).

14. The Atonement Money (Ex 30:11-16).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A11-16&version=NASB

15. The Laver (Ex 30:17-21).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A17-21&version=NASB

The “bronze laver” was made from mirrors (Ex 38:8), and stood between the altar of burnt offering and the door of the Tabernacle. The bronze laver was used for the ritual cleansing of the priests.

16. The Anointing Oil (Ex 30:22-33).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A22-33&version=NASB

The “holy anointing oil” was highly perfumed and was to be used only for the prescribed consecrations of the Tabernacle and its furnishings (vs 26-29). vs 29, The Tabernacle and its furnishings were made holy, i.e., set apart for God’s service. Holiness was transmitted to the priests who touched them. Others who touched the Holy items would die (2 Sam 6:7).

17. The incense (Ex 30:34-38).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A34-38&version=NASB

Ex 30:35. Salted to assure rapid burning of the incense, and to preserve it until used.

II. The construction of the Tabernacle completed.

Exodus 40:33 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

33 He erected the court all around the tabernacle and the altar, and hung up the veil for the gateway of the court. Thus Moses finished the work.

III. The Tabernacle Filled (indwelt) By The Glory Of The Lord.

Exodus 40:34-35 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

40:34 “the cloud covered…the glory of the Lord filled.” This was the final confirmation for Moses and the people that all the work for setting up God’s dwelling place had been properly done and all the tedious instructions obediently followed. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

35 Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

40:35 The intensity of the Presence of God is evident in that even Moses was not able to enter the Tabernacle. There are other instances of the power of God’s Presence. See 1 Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chr 5:13-14; 2 Chr 7:1-2

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Author: Equipping

Things of significance are discussed in this blog.

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