Avinu Malkeinu (Janowski) by Park Avenue Synagogue’s Cantors – Azi Schwartz – Published on Sep 28, 2017 – Cantors Azi Schwartz, Shira Lissek and Rachel Brook – From “Moments of Awe, Music of the High Holidays” 2017
As you view the Jews in the above video, keep this verse in mind:
Deuteronomy 14:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.
Throughout each day, keep this key verse in mind:
Psalm 122:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.
The earth is spinning on its axis at the equator at the speed of 1,000 miles per hour. As the earth is rotating, the darkened earth is being blessed by the first glimpses of the sun that will bring the dawn of Friday morning. As the earth continues with its race to sunset, turning from east to west, the Sabbath will mark its presence, and beginning, at the setting of the sun. Sabbath will continue from sunset on Friday, until sunset on Saturday. Jews will join for worship on the Sabbath. Other non-Jews will pay honor and respect to the Sabbath.
The purpose of this article is to help non-Jews to gain a better appreciation for Shabbat. There is also a goal of making known to all, Jew and Gentile alike, that there will be a thousand years of Sabbath worship in the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, that awaits those whom have been born again, of all times.
A Discussion: Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath
Shabbat (also known as “Shabbos” or the “Sabbath”) is the centerpiece of Jewish life, and has been so since the infancy of our nation. According to the Talmud, Shabbat is equal to all the other commandments. Shabbat is so central to Jewish lifeShabbat is the centerpiece of Jewish life that the term shomer Shabbat (Shabbat observer) is synonymous with “religious Jew” in common parlance. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/633659/jewish/What-Is-Shabbat.htm
We will consider the connection between the Sabbath and Holiness.
Our discussion begins in history past.
Consider the creation.
Genesis 1:1 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Genesis 1:31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
31 God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
Genesis 2:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
Consider the Sabbath in Creation.
Notice that it was the seventh day that God sanctified (6942).
sanctified: וַיְקַדֵּ֖שׁ (vay·kad·desh): 6942: to be set apart or consecrated: denominative verb from qodesh
6942. Transliteration: qadash: Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-dash’)
6942. verb denominative be set apart, consecrated
Notice that “sanctified” is tied to the following words of Holiness.
Sinai, tabernacle, tent of meeting, 7th day, feasts, Sabbath, God, His name
Notice how Sabbath and Holiness draw together in the relationship that existed between God and the Jews. As you read the following verses, consider God’s Holiness in each passage.
Exodus 16:23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”
Exodus 16:29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath;
Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exodus 20:10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God
Exodus 20:11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.
Exodus 31:13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.”
Exodus 31:14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you.
Exodus 31:15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord;
Exodus 31:16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.
Exodus 35:2 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the Lord”
Leviticus 11:44 For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy.
Leviticus 16:31 It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute.
Let’s consider worship in our current church age.
Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, were fulfilled by Christ (Matthew 5:17-18). Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to another day of the week to meet their desires.
The Sabbath begins each Friday at sunset, and ends on the next day (Saturday) at sunset. We can’t buy marking powder, “mark off the Sabbath” so that we can see its boundaries, and rent a backhoe and dig up the Sabbath and move it to a more preferred day of the week. That just won’t work! What we can do is, “remember the Sabbath and keep it Holy” (Exodus 20:8).
Let us consider future prophecy.
As we go from past to future, we will see something that probably lapses from many minds of Christians. Once the rapture has taken place (John 14:2-3,6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18), the church will “be no more.” From Revelation 4:1, through the end of the book of Revelation, there is no mention of the church, because it has been removed from the earth in the rapture. The tribulation is discussed in 4:1 through 19:21. The millennium (Kingdom Age) continues from 20:1 through 20:15. The eternal state begins in 21:1 and continues through the end of Revelation, 22:21. The church has served its purpose. Its born again believers in Christ have been taken to Heaven by Christ (John 14:2-3, 6). Notice, that in John 14:6, “Christ takes the raptured believers to heaven;” this verse relates to much more than a belief in Christ.
The church age born again believers, resurrected and raptured, will rule and reign with Christ for the thousand-year reign of Christ (Rev 20:4), which is the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (thousand years). These same raptured believers will be immortal in their heavenly bodies (1 Cor 15:50-54), and will go from, and back, to Heaven, as they serve Christ.
On earth, during the millennium, there will be people that were not taken up in the rapture; they will have accepted Christ during the Tribulation, through a relationship of belief and trust in Him, having been born again, and allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Matt 24:40-41…Jews; the one taken (unbeliever) will be taken to judgment; the one left (born again believer) will be left to enter the Kingdom Age. Matthew 25:46…Gentiles; unbelievers to be taken to eternal punishment; born again believers to enter the Kingdom Age).
Those whom will be in the Kingdom will be Jew and Gentile, but will also be “one in Christ” (Gal 3:28-29). The Jews will have been accustomed to Sabbath worship; the Gentiles may have knowledge of Sabbath worship, but may not have actually observed the Sabbath. For the Gentiles, they will come “face to face” with the reality of the following passage of scripture, Isa 66:22-23, with key focus on vs 23. The blessing of John 3:3 will be made obvious (“unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” NASB). All those whom had been born again will observe the Sabbath in the Kingdom Age. Such participants will be the Old Testament Saints; the Tribulation Saints (Jew and Gentile, deceased and living, at the end of the Tribulation); the deceased saints of the church age that are resurrected, and the saints that will be alive and caught up in the rapture of the church (John 14:2-3, 6).
Isaiah 66:22-23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
22 “For just as the new heavens and the new earth, Which I make will endure before Me,” declares the Lord, “So your offspring and your name will endure. 23 “And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says the Lord.
Note. 66:22 your descendants…remain. National Israel will have a never-ending existence through the Millennium, and on into the new heavens and the new earth throughout eternity (MacArthur study note).
Note. 66:23 All flesh…worship before Me. All humanity will participate in worshiping the Lord at stipulated times during the temporal phase of the messianic kingdom (MacArthur study note).
The Prophet, Ezekiel, also discussed the millennial Sabbath worship.
Ezekiel 46:3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
3 The people of the land shall also worship at the doorway of that gate before the Lord on the sabbaths and on the new moons.
We see the fulfillment of Isaiah 66:23 in Ezekiel 46:3. Jews and Gentiles are “the people of the land” that are present during the Millennium. Jews and Gentiles will observe the Sabbath in the Kingdom Age. There are other Jewish type observances for which those whom are “one in Christ,” will participate in the Millennium, and will be discussed in future articles.
Please let me greet all of my friends with the words that will be shared among Jews, and among some Christians and Jews. That greeting is “Shabbat Shalom,” which means, “Sabbath of Peace.”
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