Ascension – Sabbath – Shavuot – Pentecost – June 7-10, 2019

Day of Pentecost HD Gise Ríos Published on Sep 27, 2015 From The Bible Series

I. Introduction. The focus of this article is on the Holy times that are shown in the subject line of this article. They all relate to the plan that God has placed before his chosen people, the Jews, as well as the born again believers in Christ, the Church. Unless otherwise noted, scriptures in this article are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1995 edition.

A. The following text book definitions tell of four special times of Christians and Jews. Consider the following timeline of events, as they relate to the days of May 30 through June 10 of this year (2019). The day of the ascension of Christ occurred ten days prior to the Day of Pentecost, and was observed on Ascension Sunday (June 2), which takes place seven days prior to the Day of Pentecost. Sabbath begins on each Friday at sunset, and continues until the following Saturday at sunset. Shavuot begins on this Saturday (June 8) at sunset, and extends through Monday (June 10) at sunset. The Day of Pentecost is observed on Pentecost Sunday, which will take place on this Sunday (June 9).

1. Ascension May 30, 2019 (Midnight To Midnight)
Ascension for the year 2019 is celebrated/ observed on Thursday, May 30. Ascension Day each year is held on a Thursday 39 days after Easter Sunday. This day commemorates Jesus Christs ascension into heaven. More information on Ascension. (Dates, Customs and History for Ascension). (The Day of the Ascension of Christ was ten days before the Day of Pentecost. Some churches honor the ascension, “Ascension Sunday,” seven days prior to Pentecost Sunday (The Day Of Pentecost).

2. Sabbath June 7-8, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
Sabbath is a day set aside for rest and worship. According to the Book of Exodus the Sabbath is a day of rest on the seventh day, commanded by God to be kept as a holy day of rest, as God rested from creation. It is observed differently among the Abrahamic religions and informs a similar occasion in several other practices.

3. Shavuot June 8–10, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
The word Shavuot (or Shavuos) means “weeks.” It celebrates the completion of the seven-week Omer counting period between Passover and Shavuot.The Torah was given by G‑d to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai on Shavuot more than 3,300 years ago. Every year on the holiday of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and G‑d “re-gives” the Torah.

4. Pentecost June 9, 2019 (Midnight to midnight)
The Christian holy day of Pentecost, which is celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles. In Christian tradition, this event represents the birth of the early Church. Day of Pentecost is also known as Pentecost Sunday).

B. Discussion. In order for us to properly understand these four special days of God, we will have to go back many years in history, and many books of biblical teaching.

1. Sabbath. Consider the Holy relationship that exists between God and the Jews. Consider the Holiness of the sabbath, that exists between God and the Jews. As far as the Sabbath relationship, for Christians and God, it is a spiritual observance: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it Holy. Christians should consider how they can “keep the Sabbath Holy,” in their lives. Consider the Holiness that is foumd in each of the following verses.

a. Exodus 16:23 the sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord.
b. Exodus 16:25 the sabbath is a sabbath to the Lord;
c. Exodus 16:29 the Lord has given you the sabbath; (a gift from God to the Jews).
d. Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (a commandment to the Jews).
e. Exodus 20:10 the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God.
f. Exodus 20:11 the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.
g. Exodus 31:13 But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.” (God’s Word to Moses, to be spoken to the Jews).
9. Exodus 31:14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you (Words to Jews).
10. Exodus 31:15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord.
11. Exodus 31:16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant (spoken to Jews).
12. Exodus 35:2 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the Lord (spoken to Jews).
13. Leviticus 16:31 It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute (spoken to Jews). (I like “that you may humble your souls.”)
14. Leviticus 23:3 ‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings (spoken to Jews). (I like Holy convocation; the GNT says “gather for worship,” instead of “holy convocation.”)
15. Leviticus 23:32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.” (spoken to Jews). (notice that each day begins in the evening and ends on the following evening).

2. Pentecost. Shavuot. Harvest. Feast of Weeks.

a. Exodus 23:14–19 All male Jews were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem for the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. (MacArthur Study notes).

b. Leviticus 23:15-17 15 ‘You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the Lord. 17 You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord. 21 On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

c. Acts 2:1. When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.5 Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven.

d. Acts 1:5; 2:4. The Feast of Pentecost was fulfilled in Christ.

e. 2 Kings 17:1-6. In 722 B.C. the ten northern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Assyrians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those ten tribes into far lands.

f. 2 Kings 24:17-21. In 597-586 B.C. the two southern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Babylonians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those two tribes into far lands.

g. Acts 2:1-5. In 30 A.D. (all dates Ryrie Study Bible)
The Day of Pentecost. Because of Ex 14-19, dispersed Jews went to Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost. At that time, God chose to pour out His Holy Spirit on those Jews, per the following verses. In this context, “tongues” refers to languages. From the time of the dispersal in 722 B.C., those Jews learned and spoke the languages of the lands where they had been dispersed. So, in Acts, not all Jews in Jerusalem spoke the same language; many had forgotten how to speak Hebrew; verses 4-5 address that reality. It is amazing that the dispersed Jews had the discipline to obey the Mosaic Law to go to Jerusalem for the three required feasts. The miracle of Pentecost was that the Jews in the upper room spoke the individual languages of all of the congregated Jews, from all of the dispersed lands (vs 5), so that they could hear the gospel of “Christ and Him crucified” (Acts 2:36).

h. Leviticus 23:15-22, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, and Acts 2:1 discuss Pentecost. Other verses discuss this Holy event, as follows, and :

3. Acts 1:1-11. 30. A.D. The ascension of Christ.

a. After His resurrection, Christ appeared to people 40 days, and preached the gospel (good news) of “the kingdom of heaven” (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN). Christ told the disciples (men and women) to wait in Jerusalem for the Holy Spirit to fall on them, and empower them. The disciples still wanted to know if the Kingdom of God was going to be restored at this time (no mention of heaven). Christ then gave them their orders, per the great commission of Acts 1:8, to carry His message to the world. Then, Christ ascended upward to heaven into a cloud, and was seen no more. Angels told the disciples that Christ would return to earth in the same manner that He left.

b. The disciples went to an upper room in Jerusalem, where they waited, and prayed for ten days. This particular upper room may have been the same place where Christ observed His last Passover with the disciples. Women accompanied Christ and His disciples as they traveled (Luke 8:1-3), as He preached about THE KINGDOM OF GOD. I can not believe that Christ would have “shut the door” on the women, and prevented them from taking part in the last Passover observance. Women were waiting in the upper room for the Holy Spirit to fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 1:14). The group of 120 followers of Christ stayed in Jerusalem for 10 days, praying; then the Holy Spirit fell (Acts 2:1-6) (50 days after the resurrection of Christ; Ryrie Study Bible note).

c. The result of the Day of Pentecost miracle was that 3,000 Jews came to saving faith in Christ on that same day (Acts 2:41).

II. Conclusion. All of the events of this article have a key sharing ingredient, with that factor being the law. The Sabbath and Shavuot were key elements of the Law. The Day of Pentecost, drew Jews from many lands to Jerusalem, due to the Law. The Day of Christ’s Ascension occurred so that the Holy Spirit could fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost. I can safely say that, as a result of the law, all born again believers in Christ have come to saving faith in Christ; this was due to the discipline that the Jews, from Moses to Christ, showed toward the Law.

III. Reverence – Holiness. At the time of this writing, the earth is rotating on its axis at a speed of 1,000 miles per hour. Some people who read my articles are living where it is darkness, and others are living where it is daylight. Some are awaking from darkness, and seeing the early dawning hours. Some people are enjoying a noon time meal. Others are looking forward to having their evening meal, at about the time that sunset develops, and the Sabbath of Friday afternoon appears. The Sabbath should be “remembered, and kept holy,” for 24 hours until sunset on Saturday evening. Please let me encourage all who read my blog to “Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy.” The Sabbath, the seventh day of the week, is important, is Holy, and should not be dismissed from the “area of importance” of our mind.

Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, was fulfilled by Christ (Matthew 5:17-18). Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to another day of the week to meet their desires.

My wish for those whom will be reading this article will be to:

“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8).

Author: Eternity

Things are discussed in this website that relate to God's creation, from "eternity to eternity," and all that is addressed within those parameters. Consider Isaiah 43:13, "Even from eternity I am He, And there is no one who can rescue from My hand; I act, and who can reverse it?” The Moody Study Bible adds a comment: "God is the ruler of all, and there is nothing that can stand against Him. His will is irresistible. The Bible Knowledge Commentary adds this thought: "No one can reverse what God puts into action or thwart His plans." The articles that are found in this site may relate to anything that is found in the Bible, from Genesis 1:1 to Revelation 22.21, as well as anything that may relate to the Bible.

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