What is Shabbat? Intro to the Jewish Sabbath – BimBam – Published on Mar 15, 2018
Lest I be misunderstood, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).
Consider the comments of the video’s author, as they relate to “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”
What is Shabbat? Shabbat (the Jewish Shabbath) is a weekly 25-hour observance that begins just before sundown each Friday and ends at nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is a dedicated time each week to stop working and focus more on the pleasures of life.
Consider my study of “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”
The Sabbath (in Hebrew, Shabbat , pronounced shah-BAHT–or in some communities, Shabbos, “SHAH-bis”) may be Judaism’s most distinctive and characteristic practice, as well as one of its most pervasive and long-lasting gifts to Western civilization. https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/shabbat-101/
IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! Read the following chronology carefully.
The reason for the following chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.
Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America. The significance of this information is that those migrates would have never been exposed to the Mosaic Law, and to its Torah requirements, to include the requirements of Sabbath rest.
The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.) and Isaac (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).
Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).
The Israelites/Jews/ of this study are the covenant Shemites, through the bloodline of Abraham, through his covenant son Isaac, and through his grandson Jacob (Gen 25:26, born 1800 B.C., who became known as Israel, Genesis 32:28, 1739 B.C.).
The reason for the above chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.
The term “Jew” is derived from the name of Jacob’s fourth son, Judah–Yehudah, in the Hebrew—
Honoring The Seventh Day
About The Complete Jewish Bible
Genesis 2 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) (4094 B.C.,and all other dates, Scofield Study Bible)
2:2 God (elohim) plural in number. divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2).
1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. 2 On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.
NKJV MacArthur Study Bible Notes
2:1–3 These words affirm that God had completed His work. Four times it is said that He finished His work, and 3 times it is said that this included all His work. Present processes in the universe reflect God sustaining that completed creation, not more creation (cf. Heb. 1:3).
2:2 ended…rested. God certainly did not rest due to weariness; rather, establishing the pattern for man’s work cycle, He only modeled the need for rest. Later, the Sabbath ordinance of Moses found its basis in the creation week (cf. Ex. 20:8–11). The Sabbath was God’s sacred ordained day in the weekly cycle. Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for man…” (Mark 2:2) and Gen. 2:3 stated that God “sanctified” or set apart the Sabbath day because He rested in it. Later, it was set aside for a day of worship in the Mosaic law (see note on Ex. 20:8). Hebrews 4:4 distinguishes between physical rest and the redemptive rest to which it pointed. Colossians 2:16 makes it clear that the Mosaic “Sabbath” has no symbolic or ritual place in the New Covenant. The church began worshiping on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection of Christ (Acts 20:7).
Consider the Law.
The Sabbath was first celebrated in scripture, in 1491 B.C., and was celebrated only by the Jews.
16:4 The LORD (Yah·weh, 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel) prepared the Jews for six days of work, then a sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath will be a holy Sabbath to the Lord, and a gift from God to the Jews. 16:12 “I am the Lord your God.” LORD (Yah·weh); God (Elohim).
Exodus 16:4-5, 22-23 (NASB)
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”…22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”
The Sabbath was announced by Moses to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath arrives, and is observed by the Jews, and only by the Jews.
Exodus 16:24-26 (NASB) 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”
The Sabbath is a gift by God to the Jews, and only to the Jews.
Exodus 16:29 (NASB) 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews, and only the Jews.
Exodus 31:16-17 (NASB) 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”
Exodus 31:18 (NASB) 18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.
The giving of the Law to the Jews, and only to the Jews (1491 B.C.).
Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:1-17).
God visits Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:18-25).
God gives the Ten Commandments to the Jews, and only to the Jews (Exodus 20:1-17).
The Law In Leviticus
The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of thee book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points out the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.
James 2:10 (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.
Leviticus 1:1-2 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them,
Leviticus 27:34 (NASB) 34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.
All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed for a Jew to be Torah compliant. The following examples of the Torah law should show that being Torah complaint can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone think that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject. Please notice that not all chapters of Leviticus are listed.
1. Leviticus 1:1-17 (NASB)
The Law of Burnt Offerings
2. Leviticus 2:1-16 (NASB)
The Law of Grain Offerings
3. Leviticus 3 (NASB)
The Law of Peace Offerings
4. Leviticus 4 (NASB)
The Law of Sin Offerings
5. Leviticus 5 (NASB)
The Law of Guilt Offerings
6. Leviticus 11 (NASB)
Laws about Animals for Food – Avoid the unclean
12. Leviticus 12 (NASB)
Laws of Motherhood
13. Leviticus 13 (NASB)
The Test for Leprosy
14. Leviticus 14 (NASB)
Law of Cleansing a Leper and a Leprous house
15. Leviticus 15 (NASB)
16. Leviticus 16 (NASB)
Law of Atonement and An Annual Atonement
17. Leviticus 17 (NASB)
Blood for Atonement
18. Leviticus 18 (NASB)
Laws on Immoral Relations
19. Leviticus 19 (NASB)
Idolatry Forbidden – Sundry Laws
20. Leviticus 20 (NASB)
On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities
23. Leviticus 23 New (NASB)
Laws of Religious Festivals – The Day Of Atonement
24. Leviticus 24 (NASB)
The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary – “An Eye For An Eye”
25. Leviticus 25 (NASB)
The Sabbatic Year – Year of Jubilee – The Law of Redemption – Of Poor Countrymen – Of Redeeming a Poor Man
26. Leviticus 26 (NASB)
Blessings of Obedience – Penalties of Disobedience
27. Leviticus 27 (NASB)
Rules concerning Valuations
613 Torah Laws
As you can determine, the Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments.
Salvation is through the Jews:
John 4:22 (NASB) 22 “…for salvation is from the Jews.”
The Jew through whom salvation is provided is Christ:
John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
Honoring the Seventh Day – My goal is to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy.”
Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly-ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week. There is no such thing as a Christian Sabbath, other than for Christians to honor the seventh day of God’s creation.
Sabbath Worship/The Law – Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law.
Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
The work of Christ for salvation for all “whom accept Him as Lord and Savior,” was completed on the cross:
John 19:30 (NASB) 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
MacArthur study note: The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion.
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