The Old Testament Told in Only 5 Minutes – Dan Hait – Published on Mar 28, 2014 – This is a brilliant and very quick review of the Old Testament. What’s most shocking (but accurate) is the depiction of the fall of Israel and its’ people due to disobedience to GOD. Thank you RiverGlen Christian Church for putting this together, and allowing me to share it.
We have just completed a timeline study of Israel, which had a beginning date of 5000 B.C.; the ending date was 1405 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).
We are now entering into another timeline study of Israel, which has a beginning date of 1406 B.C.; the ending date will be 586 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).
“For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” (Deuteronomy 14:2. NASB77).
Beginning with “1 Israel – A Pagan Breeds A Nation,” through “19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion,” we have studied the nation of Israel, going back to the time of the flood, with the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham and Japheth) leaving the ark to repopulate the earth (Genesis 9:18-19, 5000 B.C.). We followed the timeline of Shem, through whom his seed resulted in the birth of Abram (Gen 11:26). We followed Abram’s timeline until the time of God’s covenant promise with Abram, known as the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3). We saw God changing Abram’s name to Abraham (Gen 17:5). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing Isaac, not Ishmael (Gen 17:19-21). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing through Isaac’s son Jacob (Gen 28:13-14), not Esau. We saw God changing the name of Jacob, to Israel (Gen 35:10). We saw the children of Israel entering into, and leaving out of, Egypt (Gen 37:28-Exodus 14:21-22; a 430 year’s stay, Ex 12:40-41). We have studied gifts of God, only to Israel, e.g., the Sabbath and the Law. We have seen God’s presence in the Tent of Meeting (the tent of Moses, Ex 33:7-23), where He would speak with Moses, where Joshua was present too. We saw God’s command to Moses to build a Tabernacle in the desert, where God’s presence was so strong that the following experience was realized: “34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle” (Ex 40:34-35. NASB77. Note that the Tabernacle in the desert was also called the tent of meeting).
Beginning with this timeline study of Israel (21 Israel – The Promised Land – Looking Ahead), we will see God’s covenant people leaving the Sinai desert, crossing the Jordan River, and entering into the promised Land of Canaan. The Ryrie Study Bible shows the end of Israel’s wilderness wanderings as being 1405 B.C.
As the children of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2), begin another chapter of their life, other areas of dynamics will face them, and can be broken down into the following periods of time: Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile and Diaspora. Jewish prophets also enter the scene, and act as God’s spokesmen to the Jews. However, the book of Jonah shows that God also has concerns for the whole world (Ryrie Study Bible). The timeline date, of this phase of our study of God’s covenant people, begins in the year 1406 B.C. (Joshua Chapter 1), and ends in the year 586 B.C. (2 Kings Chapter 25/2 Chronicles 36) (Ryrie Study Bible dates).
The Jewish prophets spoke God’s truths to the divided kingdoms Of Israel and Judah. Israel is the name of the land where the ten northern tribes settled under the Kingship of Jeroboam in 931 B.C. Judah is the name of the land where the two southern tribes of Israel settled under the Kingship of Rehoboam in 931 B.C. (Jeroboam and Rehoboam were not related). Jewish prophets were active during the follow timeline periods of Israel and Judah:
Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile, Diaspora (described, as follows).
The Pre-Exile is a period of time that preceded the 586 B.C. expulsion of Jews from Judah/Jerusalem to Babylon.
The term “exile” is normally used in relation to the deportation of the Jewish tribes of Judah and Benjamin from the southern kingdom of Israel to Babylon. The forces of Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar used three deportations to remove the Jews of the area that was better known as Judah, which lasted from 605 B.C. to 586 B.C. (2 Kings 24:1-25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:5-20; Jeremiah 53:27-30). The period of Jewish exile was prophesied by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah to last for seventy years (2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 29:10). In 597 B.C., the prophet sent a letter to the exiled Jews in Babylon. The letter told of God’s prophecy to him of the seventy year period of exile. The exile of the Jews lasted until they were allowed to return to their home land.
The term “post-exile” relates to the decree of the Persian King Cyrus that the captive Jews should be allowed to return to their homeland. Jews began returning to Judah/Jerusalem in 538 B.C. The walls of Jerusalem, and the Temple had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:9-10). The returning Jews rebuilt the temple, finishing it in 515 B.C. under the leadership of the Jewish prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; 6:13-14). Under the leadership of Ezra, the Jewish scribe and priest, and Nehemiah, the Jewish Governor, the rebuilding of the walls of the city was finished in 445 B.C. The prophecy of the exiled prophet Daniel (Dan 9:25; appx 538-534 B.C.), to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, found beginning fulfillment in Neh 2:3-8 (444 B.C.), when Persian King Artaxerxes commissioned Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem. The prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel (Daniel 9:25) found its starting point in 444 B.C. The seventy weeks are “weeks of years.” The prophecy provides a timeline that leads to: (1) the second coming of Christ in the air, to catch up born again believers in Christ and take them to heaven. (2) the tribulation (where God deals with unbelieving Jews; and judges sin). (3) the second coming of Christ to earth for judgment of unbelievers of the tribulation. (4) the 1,000 year Kingdom Age (millennium). (5) the battle of Armageddon. (6) the great white throne judgment (for unbelievers). (7) the new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem.
Diaspora relates to the dispersion of Jews from their Northern and Southern homelands, beginning in 733-722 B.C.
The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfutza, תְּפוּצָה) or exile (Hebrew: Galut, גָּלוּת; Yiddish: Golus) is the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and their subsequent settlement in other parts of the globe.
In terms of the Hebrew Bible, the term “Exile” denotes the fate of the Israelites who were taken into exile from the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC, and the Judahites from the Kingdom of Judah who were taken into exile during the 6th century BC. While in exile, the Judahites became known as “Jews” (יְהוּדִים, or Yehudim)—”Mordecai the Jew” from the Book of Estherbeing the first biblical mention of the term.
The first exile was the Assyrian exile, the expulsion from the Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) begun by Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria in 733 BC. This process was completed by Sargon II with the destruction of the kingdom in 722 BC, concluding a three-year siege of Samaria begun by Shalmaneser V. The next experience of exile was the Babylonian captivity, in which portions of the population of the Kingdom of Judah were deported in three stages, from 597 BC through 586 BC, by the Neo-Babylonian Empire under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar II.
While Cyrus the Persian allowed the Judaeans to return to their homeland in 538 BC, most chose to remain in Babylon.
The book of Esther discusses the plight of the exiled Jews that remained in Babylon, which was overrun by the Persians in 539 B.C. In 549 B.C. The Persian King Cyrus United Persia and Media. The Persian empire lasted from 539-331 B.C. Persia became present day Iran in 1935. In Esther 3:7 (474 B.C.), there was a plot devised by a Persian (Haman) to kill all of the Jews residing in Persia. Queen Esther, a Jewess, intervened. Haman and his family were hanged to death by the King (Esther 9:24-25). The Jews were saved by the courage of a Jew, whom God put in the position of Queen of a pagan country (Esther 2:16-17, 479 B.C.)
During this timeline study of God’s chosen people we will see that they were under constant oppression by existing world empire nations. An outline of “Israel and world empires” is provided by Dr.John Walvoord, as follows:
World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy of the Bible, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Dec), copyright 1990, 1999, Chariot Victor Publishing, formerly The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook.)
Egypt – Genesis 46 – Deuteronomy 34. Jacob and his family resided in Egypt until the Exodus
Assyria – 726 B.C.- 605 B.C. The northern ten tribes were taken into Assyrian captivity.
Babylon – 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. The two southern tribes were taken into Babylonian captivity.
Medo-Persia – 539 B.C. – 331 B.C. The captives in Babylon returned to Jerusalem and Judah. (Southern Israel) in 536 B.C.
Greece – 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel was under the control of Syria.
Rome – 63 B.C. – 70 A.D. Israel was under the control of Rome. Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome in 70 A.D. The decline of Rome occurred during the church age. Rome will be revived after the Rapture.
Consider Daniel’s teaching on the world empires of Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Consider, also, Daniel’s teaching on the Messianic Kingdom of Christ, which will consist of a thousand year Kingdom Age. Immediately following the Kingdom Age will be the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem, which will be the dwelling place of believers of all times (Daniel 2:36-45; 7:1-28; Revelation 21:1-2) (See Scofield, Ryrie and MacArthur Bible notes).
Consider the books of Jewish prophets that were active during the following world empires of: 1. Assyria 2. Babylon 3. Persia.
1. Assyrian World Empire
Jonah (790-770 B.C.)
Joel (790-770 B.C.)
Amos (780-740 B.C.)
Hosea (760-720 B.C.)
Isaiah (745-695 B.C.)
Micah (740-700 B.C.)
Zephaniah (639-608 B.C.) .
Nahum (630-610 B.C.)
2. Babylonian World Empire
Jeremiah (626-586 B.C.)
Habakkuk (606-586 B.C.)
Ezekiel (592-570 B.C.)
Obadiah (586-583 B.C.) .
Daniel (606-534 B.C.)
3. Pesian World Empire
Haggai (520-516 B.C.)
Zechariah (520-516 B.C.)
Malachi (450-400 B.C.)
A study of each Jewish prophet will be provided at an appropriate time.
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