Psalm 27

Psalm 27 The Tabernacle and The Temple. Names of God Bible (NOG). By David.

1 Yahweh is my light and my salvation. Who is there to fear? Yahweh is my life’s fortress. Who is there to be afraid of? 2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell. 3 Even though an army sets up camp against me, my heart will not be afraid. Even though a war breaks out against me, I will still have confidence in the Lord. 4 I have asked one thing from Yahweh. This I will seek: to remain in Yahweh’s house all the days of my life in order to gaze at Yahweh’s beauty and to search for an answer in his temple. 5 He hides me in his shelter when there is trouble. He keeps me hidden in his tent. He sets me high on a rock. 6 Now my head will be raised above my enemies who surround me. I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy in his tent. I will sing and make music to praise Yahweh. 7 Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry aloud. Have pity on me, and answer me. 8 When you said, “Seek my face,” my heart said to you, “O Yahweh, I will seek your face.” 9 Do not hide your face from me. Do not angrily turn me away. You have been my help. Do not leave me! Do not abandon me, O Elohim, my savior! 10 Even if my father and mother abandon me, Yahweh will take care of me. 11 Teach me your way, O Yahweh. Lead me on a level path because I have enemies who spy on me. 12 Do not surrender me to the will of my opponents. False witnesses have risen against me. They breathe out violence. 13 I believe that I will see the goodness of Yahweh in this world of the living. 14 Wait with hope for Yahweh. Be strong, and let your heart be courageous. Yes, wait with hope for Yahweh.

VERSE 4. RYRIE NOTE. His “temple:” “tabernacle,” since Solomon’s Temple had not yet been built.
Verse 5. RYRIE NOTE. His “tabernacle:” “tent, a place of shelter.”

My note, vs 4-5. Tabernacle in the desert. God told Moses to build Him a “sanctuary,” Ex 25:8 (1491 B.C.) (All dates from Scofield Study). The tabernacle in the desert was finished being built in Ex 40:2 (tent of meeting). 40:17 (tabernacle). 1491 B.C. (Sanctuary, tabernacle, tent of meeting).

My note. Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was ordained by God to build a Temple. (1 Chron 22:7-11, 1017 B.C.). Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:1, 2 Chron 3:1, 1013 B.C.). Solomon finished building the Temple (1 Kings 7:51, 2 Chron 5:1, 1004). B.C.). Solomon dedicated the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-66, 2 Chron 5:1-7:11, 1004 B.C.). God appeared to Solomon the night after the dedication (2 Chr 2:12-22), which may have been in a dream. In 7:14 a promise is made to “My people, to heal their land,” (Deu 14:2, Rev 25:40), which refers to Jews, the nation of Israel, and only to “God’s chosen people” (Ps 118:26, Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). The fulfillment of this prophecy will take place at the end of the tribulation, immediately preceding the millennium/kingdom age, when Christ rescues “God’s chosen people” from the effects of the tribulation (Matt 24:21-22, 29-30). 2 Chron 7:14 is not a promise made to the Christian Church, the USA, or to any other group of people, only to God’s chosen people. The church is not a land; only Israel is the land of 2 Chr 7:14.

Vs 9. NOG translates “Elohim,” for God. Ryrie Study Bible note, Gen 1:1, Elohim, a generic term for deity as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used as pagan gods (31:30; Ex 12:12); angels, “Ps 8:5;” men, “Ps 82:6;” judges, “Ex 21:6,” though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.

Names Of God Bible.…/Names-of-God-NOG-Bible/

Psalm 27:9. me, O God. Hebrew, אֱלֹהֵ֥י. (e·lo·hei). Strong’s 430: God, god. Origin, pl. of eloah.

Strong’s Concordance. elohim: God, god. Original Word: אֱלהִים. Part of Speech: Noun Masculine. Transliteration: elohim. Phonetic Spelling: (el-o-heem’). Definition: God, god.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Word Origin, pl. of eloah. Definition, God, god.

NASB Translation, divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

For information on “Yahweh,” check the details of the Psalm 26 study.


Psalm 26

Psalm 26. A Prayer for Vindication from David To God. Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 Judge me, O Yahweh, because I have walked in my integrity, and I have trusted Yahweh and not wavered. 2 Prove me, O Yahweh, and test me. Try my innermost being and my mind. 3 Because your loyal love is before my eyes, and I walk about in your faithfulness. 4 I do not sit with deceitful people, nor will I go about with hypocrites. 5 I hate the crowd of evildoers, and with the wicked I will not sit. 6 I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will walk about your altar, O Yahweh, 7 to declare with a voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all your wondrous deeds. 8 O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides. 9 Do not destroy me with the sinners, nor my life with men of bloodshed, 10 in whose hands is an evil plan, and whose right hand is full of bribes. 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity. Redeem me and be gracious to me. 12 My foot stands on level ground. In assemblies I will bless Yahweh.

King Lames Study Bible Note. Psalm 26. From the statements of the psalm itself we may easily deduce that David was being falsely accused. In light of this fact, his protestations of innocence are not pride, but the just complaint of a man of God (vv. 2–8). In addition to his self-defense, he petitions God for deliverance (vv. 1, 9–12a) and promises a public acknowledgment when it is accomplished (v. 12b).

Verse 1: Yahweh: LEB., NOG, WEB.…/Lexham-English-Bible-LEB/

Yahweh. יְהוָ֗ה LORD (all caps). the proper name of the God of Israel. 3068. Yhvh, Strong’s Concordance. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel. Original Word: יְהוָֹה. Part of Speech: Proper Name. Transliteration: Yhvh. Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Key verse. 8. “O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides.” [NOTE: HCSB. House is not necessarily Solomon’s temple, but it may refer to the sanctuary in general. It was the place of Yahweh’s “glory,” symbolizing God’s Presence among His people. Ex 40:34-35 (LEB) “34 And the cloud covered the tent of assembly, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was unable to go into the tent of assembly because the cloud settled on it and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.]

Revelation 16 – The Bowls Of God’s Wrath

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I. Video Data. Sep 26, 2019. Chosen People Ministries. You are invited to our 125th Anniversary Gala at the Grand Prospect Hall in Brooklyn! Learn more here:… Deuteronomy 14:2.

II. Text. Let us now consider the plight of the non-raptured Jews and Gentiles, of whom will find themselves in the tribulation. Up to this point in this study, all unbelievers that were left behind have been under the hand of persecution of the antichrist and the seal and trumpet judgments of God; the antichrist’s persecutions are included in the judgments of God. God is using the tribulation judgments to draw His chosen people, the Jews, to saving faith in Christ as Messiah. There is no such specific plan for Gentiles in the tribulation, but they also may come to saving faith in Christ. There are people who teach that the Judgments of God (seal, trumpet, bowl) took place in 70 A.D. But, as you read about the the Bowl judgments, as they are described in this 16th Chapter of Revelation, it will become very clear that none of these bowls of God’s wrath have yet been poured out on the earth. There are also people who teach that the seal, trumpet and bowl judgments will happen at the same time. But, that “opinion” of prophecy is incorrect, and can be verified by a comparison of judgments; e.g., one-fourth of mankind being killed in Rev 6:8, being killed at the same time as one-third of mankind being killed in Rev 9:15-18. The prophecies of Jeremiah, Daniel, and Christ in Matthew, clearly show that the time of tribulation relates to Israel, and not gentiles. The Ryrie Study Bible shows that Matt 24:4-14 refers to the first half of the tribulation, and 24:15-28 refers to the second half of the tribulation. The second half of the tribulation is also known as the Great Tribulation (Mt 24:21). Mt 24:29-31 refers to the second coming of Christ to earth from Heaven. Mt 24:32-25:46 refers to the judgments that will come at the hand of Christ on the survivors of the tribulation, whether for eternal death or eternal life. Unless otherwise indicated, all notes in this article come from the MacArthur Study Bible; dates come from the Scofield Study Bible. The Matthew and Revelation commentaries of Dr. John F. Walvoord shows the parallels that exist between Mt 24 and Rev 6-7.

A. Revelation 16 (NKJV) (Written 96 A.D.)

1. The Seven Bowls.

a. 1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth.”

b. Note. 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

B. First Bowl: Loathsome Sores

a. 2 So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image.

b. Note. first…bowl…a foul and loathsome sore. The Septuagint (LXX) uses the same Gr. word to describe the boils that plagued the Egyptians (Ex. 9:9–11) and afflicted Job (Job 2:7). In the NT, it describes the open sores that covered the beggar Lazarus (Luke 16:21). All over the world, people will be afflicted with incurable, open, oozing sores. mark of the beast. Only the worshipers of Antichrist will be afflicted (see note on 13:16; cf. 14:9–11).

C. Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood

a. 3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died.

b. Note. second…bowl…every living creature in the sea died. This is reminiscent of the second trumpet (8:8, 9), and of the first plague against Egypt (Ex. 7:20–25). This plague, however, will be far more widespread. The water in the world’s oceans will become thick, dark, and coagulated, like the blood of a corpse. The death and decay of billions of sea creatures will only add to the misery of this judgment.

D. Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood

a. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

b. Note. 16:4. third…bowl…rivers and springs of water. Fresh water, already in short supply because of the prolonged drought (11:6), will now suffer the fate of the oceans (cf. Ex. 7:19ff.). In addition to suffering from thirst, the worshipers of Antichrist will have no clean water with which to wash their sores. 16:6 given them blood to drink. The thick, blood-like substance which the fresh waters have become is all that is available to drink (cf. v. 4).

E. Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched

a. 8 Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory.

b. Note. 16:8. fourth…bowl…scorch…with fire. The sun that normally provides light, warmth, and energy will become a deadly killer. With no fresh water to drink, earth’s inhabitants will face extreme heat. The scorching heat will melt the polar ice caps, which some estimate would raise the level of the world’s oceans by 200 ft., inundating many of the world’s major cities and producing further catastrophic loss of life (cf. Amos 9:5, 6). The resulting disruption of ocean transportation will make it difficult to distribute the dwindling resources of food and water. 16:9 they did not repent. Incredibly, sinners will still refuse to repent (cf. vv. 11, 21), and instead blaspheme God—the One they know has caused their afflictions.

F. Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain

a. 10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.

b. Note. 16:10. throne of the beast. This refers to either Antichrist’s actual throne, or his capital city, but extends to all his dominion. Regardless of where the darkness begins, it eventually covers Antichrist’s entire kingdom. full of darkness. Worldwide darkness is elsewhere associated with the judgment of God (cf. Is. 60:2; Joel 2:2; Mark 13:24, 25). gnawed their tongues. A futile attempt to alleviate the pain from their sores, the drought, and the fierce heat. 16:11 blasphemed the God of heaven. A sign of their continued loyalty to Antichrist and their anger at God for the cumulative miseries brought about by the first 5 bowls. “God of heaven,” a frequent OT title for God, appears in the NT only here and in 11:13. their sores. The lingering effects of the first bowl are the chief cause of their blasphemy.

G. Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up

a. 12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

b. Note. 16:12. Euphrates. With its flow already reduced by the prolonged drought and intensified heat, God supernaturally will dry it up to make way for the eastern confederacy to reach Palestine (Is. 11:15). the kings from the east. God will have to dry it up miraculously for the eastern army to get to Armageddon. God providentially draws these kings and their armies in order to destroy them in the battle of Armageddon (v. 14). 16:14. kings of the earth. No longer just the eastern confederacy, but now all the world begins to gather in Palestine for the final, climactic battle (Ps. 2:2, 3; Joel 3:2–4; Zech. 14:1–3). the battle of that great day of God Almighty. The Battle of Armageddon (v. 16). It is the great war with God and Christ (see notes on 2 Thess. 1:7–10; cf. Joel 2:11; 3:2, 4). The war will end when Christ arrives (19:17–20).

c. 15 “Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”
16 And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. 16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

d. Note. Armageddon. The Heb. name for Mt. Megiddo, 60 mi. N of Jerusalem. The battle will rage on the nearby plains, site of Barak’s victory over the Canaanites (Judg. 4), and Gideon’s victory over the Midianites (Judg. 7). Napoleon called this valley the greatest battlefield he had ever seen. But the Battle of Armageddon will not be limited to the Megiddo plains—it will encompass the length of Palestine (see note on 14:20).

H. Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken

a. 17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

b. Note. 16:17. seventh…bowl…“It is done!” This bowl will complete God’s wrath (except for final judgment on the rebellion at the end of the Millennium; 20:7–10) and immediately precedes the second coming of Christ. It will usher in the worst calamity in the history of the world. God will punctuate the completion of His wrath with a devastating earthquake—the most powerful in earth’s history (cf. vv. 19–21). 16:19 the great city. Cf. 11:13; 21:10; see notes on Zech 14:1–8. Jerusalem will be split into 3 parts (Zech. 14:4), not as a judgment (cf. 11:13), but as an improvement. The additional water supply (Zech. 14:8) and topographical changes (Zech. 14:4, 5) will prepare the city for its central place in the millennial kingdom. Jerusalem is the only city to be spared the judgment (cf. 1 Chr. 23:25; Ps. 125:1, 2; Mic. 4:7) and will be made more beautiful (Ps. 48:2), because of her repentance (see 11:13). cities of the nations. God’s purpose is very different for the rest of the world’s cities—they are to be destroyed. Babylon. The capital of the Antichrist’s empire will receive a special outpouring of God’s wrath as prophesied in Is. 13:6–13. Chapters 17, 18 give details of its destruction. 16:20 every island fled…mountains…not found. This powerful earthquake will radically alter all the earth’s topography, preparing it for the coming millennial kingdom. Cf. 6:12–14; Is. 40:4, 5; Jer. 4:23–27. 16:21 a talent. The heaviest weight a normal man could carry (about 75 lbs.). The huge size of the hailstones indicates unparalleled atmospheric convulsions. Such massive chunks of ice will cause unimaginable devastation and death.

B. Daniel 12:1 (NKJV) (534 B.C.)

a. “At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.

b. Note. that time. This points back to 11:36–45, the time of the ascendancy of Antichrist during the final tribulation period. During that period, Michael the archangel (cf. Jude 9) of 10:13, 21 ministers with special attention to protecting Israel during that Gentile time (cf. Is. 26:20, 21; Jer. 30:7; Matt. 24:21). “Your people” means Daniel’s Israelite people, who can have hope, even in the distress of an unprecedented kind set for the Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21; cf. Rev. 12:12–17; 13:7). The book is the book of the saved (Mal. 3:16—4:3; Luke 10:20; Rev. 13:8; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27).

C. Jeremiah 30:7 (NKJV) (606 B.C.)

a. 7. Alas! For that day is great, So that none is like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.

b. Note. time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 8, 9) just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1; Matt. 24:21, 22) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.

D. Matthew 24:21 (NKJV) (33 A.D.)

a. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.

b. Note. great tribulation. The words “has not been” and “nor ever shall be”—along with the description that follows—identify this as the yet-future time in which God’s wrath shall be poured out upon the earth (see note on Rev. 7:14). Jesus’ descriptions of the cataclysms that follow closely resemble the outpouring of divine wrath described in the bowl judgments of Rev. 16 and His subsequent appearing in Rev. 19 (see note on v. 30).

c. My note. Concerning those who teach that the tribulation occurred in 70 A.D., the truth of the matter is that there has not yet been such tribulation poured out on earth by God, as is described in Matt 24:21. For those who teach that all judgments will take place at the same time, the effects of Matt 24:21-31 can only take place in the last half of the tribulation, “in the great tribulation,” in the form of bowl judgments. Those bowl tribulation judgments can not be poured out on the earth concurrently with the seal and/or trumpet judgments. Go back to Dan 12:1 for Mt 24:21 parallel.

d. My note. There are those who teach that Matt 24:40-41 discusses the rapture.

(1) NKJV. “40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.”

(2) The rapture (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) teaches that “those taken” will be taken by Christ to Heaven, and that “those left” will be left on earth to endure the following tribulation. The teaching of Matt 24:40-41 is that at the second coming of Christ, “at the end of the tribulation:”

(a) those Jews that “have not accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be taken,” in death, to judgment (Great White Throne Judgment, Rev 20:10-15).

(b) those Jews that “have accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be left,” in life, to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium on earth.

e. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 24:40-41: “The ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom.

f. My note. There are those who teach that Mat 25:31-46 discusses “Judgment Day,” where all of mankind, of all time, will face God and learn if they will go to heaven or hell.

g. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 25:32: “All the nations.” Lit., All the Gentiles. This is a judgment of those Gentiles “who survive the tribulation” and whose heart-relation to God is evidenced by their treatment of the Jews (Christ’s brethren, v 40), especially during that time. Surviving Jews will also be judged at this time. See Ezek 20:33-44. (See Mt 24:40-41, mine).

III. Summary. The rapture has not yet taken place; neither has the tribulation. The rapture will precede the tribulation. The judgments of the tribulation will not be mixed, as to their being poured out on the earth by God. Only those whom have been born again will be taken to heaven in the rapture.

IV. Closing Video. A testimony.

How I Became a Jew for Jesus!Jun 11, 2013. Jews for Jesus.

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Psalm 25 & 130

Psalms 25 & 130 (ALL KJV) “REDEEMING ISRAEL” PSALM 25:22 “Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.”… RYRIE XR PSALM 130:7-8 “7 Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with Him is plenteous redemption, 8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.”… NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 25:22. [David began the psalm with a declaration of trust in God. He concludes with a prayer for the nation of Israel, that God would make His glory known by redeeming (rescuing and protecting) them “out of all of their “troubles.” Here David implored God to “redeem Israel,” which denotes the work of complete spiritual and physical redemption that only God in His grace can supply; this anticipates the ultimate redemption of Israel by Messiah.] NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 130:7-8. [In response to the forgiveness of God, Israel is reminded to “hope in the Lord (vs 5).” This “hope” is linked to the “lovingkindness” (God’s covenant love, “chesed,” ‘Hebrew,’ 5:7 note). While this exhortation includes the general desire to see His people blessed (i.e., “saved” in the sense typically intended in the NT, as in Rom 10:9) in every age and generation, the psalmist’s primary reference in this section is to that day when God “will redeem Israel from all his iniquities,” that same day of which Zechariah and Paul wrote (Zech 12:10-13:1; Rom 11:25-29).]… RYRIE NOTE: ROM 11:28-29 [Because the promises made to the patriarchs are irrevocable, Israel must be restored.]

The Psalms are much more than writings that, “make us feel good.” The following paragraph comes from the Friends Of Israel weekly radio broadcast. As you can see, there are key components of the Psalms that are often overlooked.

But there is another layer, because the Psalms as you see them now in the Old Testament, were purposefully placed in order. In Israelite history, someone took those divinely inspired songs and ordered them into five books. And eventually, these five books came to reveal the history and the future of Israel, the bright future for Israel. And finally, there’s one more layer, and that layer is you.

The 23rd Psalm is often looked at as being a passage that is read at funerals. But the words, of the psalmist David, show that the Psalm refers to Israel in the Kingdom Age, the millennium. The comments that I placed on the 23rd Psalm post are helpful in understanding the context of David’s writing. King David’s life existed from approximately 1050-970 B.C. (HCSB). When you read the 23rd Psalm, consider David writing about his own life, and his future eternal life with God which will begin when he is resurrected at the end of the tribulation (Daniel 12:1-2). The covenant that God made with King David is discussed in 2 Samuel 7:12-16 (Ryrie Study Bible), and refers to the Kingdom Age of the millennium (The Kingdom Age and the millennium (1,000 years) are the same time period).

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Psalm 24

Psalm 24:3-4 King James Version (KJV/Ryrie note & XR). ‘3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.” NOTE: Necessary qualities for holiness in worship. “clean hands.” Right deeds. “pure heart.” Right motives. XR Ez 18:15. “He does not eat at the mountain shrines, or look to the idols of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor’s wife.” NOTE. The NIV has the most easy to understand translation of the opposite of Ps 24:4, “clean hands, and a pure heart.”

Psalm 24:5-6 Considering Jacob. (KJV/Ryrie XR ) 5 He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. Ryrie NOTE. “Jacob.” Better, like Jacob: Gen 32:30 ( KJV) And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Ryrie NOTE: “Peniel” means “the face of God.” MacArthur NOTE: from 32:24 a Man wrestled. The site name, Peniel, or “face of God,” given by Jacob (v. 30) and the commentary given by Hosea (Hos. 12:4) identifies this Man with whom Jacob wrestled as the Angel of the Lord who is also identified as God, a pre-incarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Hosea 12:4 (KJV) Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us; Ryrie NOTE: Like Jacob, Israel and Judah were deceitful but could turn to the Lord as he did at Bethel. Ryrie XR Gen 32:24-28 (NKJV) 24 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!” 27 So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.” 28 And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.”.29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. 30 So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” Ryrie NOTE: vs 24: The “man” who wrestled Jacob is called an angel in Hos 12:4 and was evidently the preincarnate Christ. Jacob’s wrestling involved agonizing prayer (Hos 12:4). vs 25-28 God allowed himself to be overcome by Jacob, though he crippled him. 32:29 Jacob’s question had already been answered in the name bestowed on him, since the “el” in Israel means “god.”

Psalm 24:7-10. (The King Of Glory And His Kingdom) “7 Lift up your heads, O you gates! And be lifted up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O you gates! Lift up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.” (All verses in this post are NKJV). Ryrie NOTE. [In David’s time, the “King of glory” was represented by the ark being brought in a triumphal procession to the sanctuary. These verses also speak prophetically to the ascension of Christ after His victory over sin and death and of His coming reign as King over all the earth.] Ryrie XR. Isaiah 26:2.(Praise In The Kingdom) “Open the gates, That the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in.” MacArthur NOTE. [Open the gates. Isaiah envisions the future Jerusalem, where only righteous Israel may enter. The redeemed remnant from other nations will come periodically to worship] MacArthur XR Zech. 14:16–19. (The Nations Worship the King) “16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.” MacArthur NOTE. [14:16–19. This very important passage reveals that some Gentiles will go into the millennial kingdom alive along with the redeemed Jews. A converted remnant from those heathen nations will make annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship the Lord and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles during the Millennium. Commemorating the time when God “tabernacled” with Israel in the wilderness, the feast represented the last of the 3 major pilgrimage festivals (Lev. 23:34–36), marked the final harvest of the year’s crops, and provided a time of rejoicing. In the Millennium, it will celebrate Messiah’s presence again dwelling among His people and the joyful restoration of Israel, including the ingathering of the nations. Those who refuse to go will experience drought and plague. Tragically, as the thousand years go on, there will be many people from all over the world who will reject Christ as Savior and King, joining in a final war against Him, only to be destroyed and cast into hell forever (cf. Rev. 20:7–15).]

Psalm 23

Psalm 23:1. The Lord, the Psalmist’s Shepherd.. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. (Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare in the coastlands afar off, And say, “He who scattered Israel will gather him And keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”) (NASB and Ryrie Study Bible cross reference).

Psalm 23:2-3 “He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.” The Restoration of Israel.(NASB and Ryrie Cross Reference. Ezek 34:11-14) “11 For thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. 13 I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.” (MacArthur Notes). 34:11 I…will search. God, the true Shepherd, would search out and find His sheep in order to restore Israel to their land for the kingdom which the Messiah leads (vv. 12–14). 34:12 a cloudy and dark day. This refers to the “day of the Lord” judgment on Israel (cf. Jer. 30:4–7). 34:12–14 Here is the promise of a literal regathering and restoration of the people of Israel to their own land from their worldwide dispersion. Since the scattering was literal, the regathering must also be literal. Once they are regathered in Messiah’s kingdom, they will no longer want (vv. 15, 16).

Psalm 23:4 (NAS 77) “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. (Ryrie XR= Mic 7:14 (NAS95) “Shepherd Your people with Your scepter, the flock of Your possession which dwells by itself in the woodland, in the midst of a fruitful field. Let them feed in Bashan and Gilead as in the days of old.”(Ryrie note Mic 7:14, Here Micah asks God to be the shepherd of His flock (Israel) in the Kingdom.) (Mine; the Kingdom Age is aka the Millennial reign of Christ).

Psalm 23:5 “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows”… (MacArthur note: The biblical imagery of anointing is frequently associated with blessing )..(What was comforting to David was that this was in the presence of his enemies;The Bible Knowledge Commentary)… XR Eccl 9:8 “Let your clothes be white all the time, and let not oil be lacking on your head;” Ryrie note: White garments and much oil signify purity and the joy of festive occasions… XR Isa 43:2, ““When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; And through the rivers, they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, Nor will the flame burn you.” (MacArthur note: “Many perils symbolized by these words have confronted the Israelites through the centuries and will continue to do so until the nation’s final redemption, but the Lord promises the nation survival through them all.” ..(Mine: Neither David (Ps), nor Solomon (Eccl), “nor Isaiah, nor Israel” (Isa), could claim to be sinless, but God’s Words to Israel in Deu 14:2, show His unconditional love for “Israel, God’s chosen people,” and a promise of eternal, spiritual healing through the prophesied and crucified Messiah, “Christ,” …(Isa 53:5, “But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.”

Psalm 23:6 KJV Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever…Ryrie NOTE :David sees himself not merely as a guest-for-a-day, but as a recipient of God’s covenant lovingkindness ..Ryrie .XR /NOTE..Hosea 2:19 NKJV “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In lovingkindness and mercy..NOTE: “lovingkindness.” The Hebrew word is “hesed.” It means loyal, steadfast, or faithful love, and stresses the idea of a belonging together of those involved in the love relationship. Here it connotes God’s faithful love for His unfaithful people. In the OT, communion, deliverance, enabling, enlightenment, guidance, forgiveness, hope, praise, preservation are all based on God’s “hesed.” ..MacArthur NOTE: 2:19, 20: I will betroth you. Repeated 3 times, the term emphasizes the intensity of God’s restoring love for the nation. In that day, Israel will no longer be thought of as a prostitute. Israel brings nothing to the marriage; God makes all the promises and provides all the dowry. These verses are recited by every orthodox Jew as he places the phylacteries on his hand and forehead (cf. Deut. 11:18). The regeneration/conversion of the nation is much like that of an individual (cf. 2 Cor. 5:16–19)…

Psalm 22

Psalm 22:3 (KJV) ” But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.” (You remain the Holy One of Israel who has demonstrated His gracious attention time and time again to Your people.” MacArthur note). (“the praises of Israel.” A figure of speech for the sanctuary, where Israel praised the Lord. Ryrie note.)

Psalm 22:16-18/Matt 27:35. (NASB) Prophecy: crucifixion of Christ, “For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones. They look, they stare at me; They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast lots.” (18 All these details of Jesus’ crucifixion were carried out by people who had no knowledge of these predictions, Ryrie note).

Matt 27:35 (NASB) “And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves by casting lots.” (35 “divided.” (The victim’s clothes were spoils for his executioners, “Ryrie note).

Psalm 22:27-31. Millennial Blessings.

Psalm 22:27-31 (NKJV)

27 All the ends of the world
Shall remember and turn to the Lord,
And all the families of the nations
Shall worship before You.
28 For the kingdom is the Lord’s,
And He rules over the nations.

29 All the prosperous of the earth
Shall eat and worship;
All those who go down to the dust
Shall bow before Him,
Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

30 A posterity shall serve Him.
It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation,
31 They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born,
That He has done this.

The passage looks forward to the millennium. Of key interest to me is verse 31, which talks about the children that will be born during the millennium. Their parents will be those of Matt 24-25 who survived the tribulation, were born again, and allowed by Christ to enter the Kingdom in their mortal bodies. (Matt 24:40-41, Matt 25:31-34.) The Ryrie Study Bible has a comment on this passage, which Ryrie calls “a description of millennial blessings.”.

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Train Ride

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The seasonal song, “Sleigh Ride,” has a wonderful sound and message; most of us have probably listened to that memorable song many times. With, “Christmas In The Air,” another form of travel has entered into my mind, with great warmth of soul. With all of the turmoil taking place in our nation today, it seems like a good thing to do, “just take a train ride somewhere.” Can anyone imagine how nice it would be to board a train in Kankakee, Illinois, and begin a comfortable ride where you can end your journey at Memphis, New Orleans, or somewhere in between? Have you ever been to Kankakee, Memphis, New Orleans, “or somewhere in between?” You can share those thoughts.

Arlo Guthrie (born July 10, 1947, Brooklyn, New York, USA) is an American folk singer-songwriter. Father of Abe Guthrie, Annie Guthrie, Sarah Lee Guthrie and Cathy Guthrie. Son of folk singer Woody Guthrie, brother of Nora Guthrie and grandfather of Krishna Guthrie.

The song, “City of New Orleans,” was recorded by Arlo Guthrie in 1972, and is about a train, of that name, that ran from Chicago, Illinois, to Memphis, Tennessee, to New Orleans, Louisiana. The distance for the train ride is about 900 miles, and the time for that ride is about nineteen hours.

Other memorable train routes, The Orange Blossom Special, The Wabash Special and, of course, The City Of New Orleans, have a certain air of romanticism within their individual histories. The train trips that I have had in my past, have all left me with very pleasant memories. The Orange Blossom Special took me through the middle of beautiful Florida orange groves. “The Wabash Cannon Ball” was a fast express train line on the Wabash Railroad. This express train traveled throughout the middle and western United States and also, on the Great Rock Island Route in the late 1800s and into the early 1900s.

The Orange Blossom Special was a deluxe passenger train on the Seaboard Air Line Railroad and connecting railroads between New York City and Miami in the United States. It ran during the winter season only. It covered 1,327 miles (2,136 km) on the Pennsylvania Railroad from New York City to Washington, D.C., the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad from Washington to Richmond, and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad from Richmond via Raleigh, Columbia, and Savannah to Miami; I have traveled this route ($9.00 furlough fee, lol). A section also went to Tampa and St. Petersburg.

Some of my followers may have their own special memories of train trips. As a child, I can not think of any of my friends that did not want to have a Lionel Train Set. You will love this link.

Btw, my favorite train ride ended at Tampa, Florida, on my way to MacDill AFB.

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A Marriage Carol 2019

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At the time of this writing, it is four days until Christmas eve. Five years ago I wrote the following comment in an article that I had published that relates to the subject of the article that I am publishing this evening….. “Earlier today, as I was driving through a sleepy area of my city, a dreary air was cast over the town. The sky was heavily cloud covered, and dark. A light mist was falling. Very few people were seen on the streets. The day seemed to match the condition of the story that I was hearing on Moody Radio, which was a feeling of utter despair for couples experiencing struggles in their marriages.”

This is the fifth year that I have published this article. Minor changes are made each time that I update this article, but never is an update just a carbon copy of the previous article, but is due to the prompting of the Holy Spirit. Each time, before I publish this article, I watch the video, and listen to the audio of this story, “without interruption;” each time strong emotions emerge from within me, and tears begin to flow.

Please, read the entire text of this article. Please, watch the video and listen to the audio recording. Please! Understand that “which is” being said and that which is not being said in this article.

The story of Jacob and Marlee is that, just a story. But, I know that their situation is one that many married couples, “are facing, have faced, or will face,” in their marriages. Many struggling couples need to come to the truth that they need, “not to give up” on their marriages, but that they should try to make their marriages work. “Jacobs and Marlees” whom are in the process of ending their marriages today, should remember the words that Jacob said about marriage (those words are “on the way.”).

Not all marriages are dying, or are dead, but may need attention. There is a high rate of marriages that are failing because of affairs. A thought stays in my mind today, just as it has in the past; and as it relates to infidelity. That thought is very strong, and is this: “If you are in an affair, “GET OUT OF IT!” Just get out! Don’t wait! Just get out! Get your life right with God! Please understand that which I am saying, and that which I am not saying. I am saying that if you are in an affair, “GET OUT” of the affair; “JUST GET OUT!” “DON’T WAIT!” “JUST GET OUT!” “GET YOUR LIFE RIGHT WITH GOD!” The knight in shining armor, standing on a lush green field, may someday have his armor to tarnish, and the grass under his feet to turn from rich green to dirty brown. No one really can be sure if the grass is greener, unless they’re actually standing in it; and then, it may be too late to stop the damage that has already, by collateral affect, begun to harm other innocent people.

Consider a memorable story of another couple.

Luke 2:1-10 Christ Born of Mary

As is recorded in the above scripture, Mary and Joseph were on their way to Bethlehem, where Mary would give birth to Jesus, the Savior of the world. Consider the story of Marlee and Jacob, and their “Christmas Eve” journey; it was being made for quite a different reason. The recording of Marlee and Jacob may be difficult for some people; I understand that. I moderate all comments to this site. If anybody comments on this post, I will not publish that comment without gaining permission to do so.

If you are considering a Christmas Eve “divorce papers appointment,” please, let me ask you to listen carefully to the following audio recording of Marlee and Jacob, as they are on their way to sign their divorce papers, “on Christmas Eve.” Listen very attentively. As you listen, think about your wedding vows. Think about your marriage. Think about your children. Please understand that marriage is worth fighting for.

After you have read, listened to, and watched everything that is in this post, please ask yourself a very personal question (you can answer to yourself). Here it is. When you are having a conversation on social media with a “friend” of the opposite sex, “do you get a rush, or a spark?” If your answer is “yes,” maybe social media is not something that you should have as a part of your life.

As you have learned from the audio of Marlee and Jacob, they were married on Christmas Eve, “twenty years ago.” On this particular Christmas Eve, the couple is headed to an attorney’s office to sign divorce papers. Think about Marlee, Jacob, and your marriage situation. Do you remember the words that you and your mate said to each other as you stood before God, the minister, family and friends, and the rest of the people who were watching and listening as you professed your love for one another? If you have forgotten those special words, I have written some words from a traditional wedding vow for you to consider. Please read them now.

“To have and to hold, from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness or in health, to love and to cherish…’til death do us part.”

Please understand that I have no room for spousal abuse in a marriage.

Your particular marriage may not be failing, but there are others, of whom you know, whose marriages are falling apart. Please share this article with those people.

With Christmas being so very near, as you consider the message of this Christmas story, remember its two sets of Christmas characters, both being “J” and “M.” Joseph and Mary, two thousand years ago, were on their way to Bethlehem to bring a life into the world, with that life being Christ, the Savior of the world. In this story, Jacob and Marlee are two character types whom are present in the lives of many people all around the world today, with many being in the process of ending their marriages; such divorces will affect the lives of many others whom are part of their lives. Of the “Jacobs and Marlees” whom are in the process of ending their marriages; they should remember the words that Jacob says about marriage, “marriage is worth fighting for.”

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Hanukkah 2019

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Chanukah Candle Blessings • First Night.

Jews around the world begin celebrating Hanukkah on the evening of Sunday, December 22, 2019. Consider the love that is present in a Jewish family celebrating Hanukkah in the opening video. Consider the other videos in this article; they also provide good information on the subject of Hanukkah.

The following discussion has a lively description of Hanukkah.

Hanukkah || Mayim Bialik

Consider the following discussion on lighting Hanukkah Candles. Notice the difference between the Shamash candle, in relation to the other eight Hanukkah candles.

How to Light Chanukah Candles

The following kids video provides a good explanation on Hanukkah. The subject of Hanukkah is one that is all too often neglected in Christian churches. But, as the following information will attest, there is a great deal of information that relates to Hanukkah that also relates to Christ, our Lord and Savior.

The Story of Hanukkah

The Jewish observance of Hanukkah, beginning on sunset of Sunday, December 22, 2019, will end on the nightfall of Monday, December 30, 2019. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after a group of Jewish warriors defeated the occupying mighty Greek armies. Consider the following links.

Consider the significance of the “shamash, or servant candle.” As is shown in the video, the servant candle “gives light” to the other candles “one by one.” Consider also, the significance of the servant candle to the following verse of scripture:

John 1:9 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.

Christ is the light which brings spiritual light to a world of spiritual darkness. He gives light to all coming into the world, “one by one.” The shamash candle is prophetic of Christ, our Lord and Savior. In my home a hanukkiyah (hon ooo kee ah) has a permanent place in the living room. Notice that the shamash candle stands above all of the other candles, which shows the deity of Christ. In the kids video the example of the oil that was supposed to last for only one day, continued to burn for eight days. As in Christ, the oil of the Holy Spirit burns in the lives of believers in Christ, “forever .” Remember: “Shamash – Servant – Christ.”

The Holy Spirit Described As Oil

Isaiah 61:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Exaltation of the Afflicted

1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
Because the Lord has anointed me
To bring good news to the afflicted;
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to captives
And freedom to prisoners;
2 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord
And the day of vengeance of our God;
To comfort all who mourn,
3 To grant those who mourn in Zion,
Giving them a garland instead of ashes,
The oil of gladness instead of mourning,
The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting.
So they will be called oaks of righteousness,
The planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.

Acts 10:38 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

38 You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.

Consider the truth of the Messiah/Christ/Yeshua in the following song.

Chanukah – Marty Goetz

There is no Old Testament discussion on the celebration of Hanukkah. However, in the New Testament, there is an account of the Feast of Dedication, which is also known as the Feast Of Hanukkah and the Feast Of Lights. The following passage shows that Christ was present for Hanukkah. Below the following verse, there is a comment on Hanukkah that is provided by Dr. John MacArthur.

John 10:22-23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

22 At that time the Feast of the Dedication took place at Jerusalem; 23 it was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple in the portico of Solomon.

10:22 Feast of Dedication. The Jewish celebration of Hanukkah, which celebrates the Israelite victory over the Syrian leader Antiochus Epiphanes, who persecuted Israel. In ca. 170 B.C. he conquered Jerusalem and desecrated the Jewish temple by setting up a pagan altar to displace the altar of God. Under the leadership of an old priest named Mattathias (his family name was called the Hasmoneans), the Jews fought guerrilla warfare (known as the Maccabean Revolt—166–142 B.C.) against Syria and freed the temple and the land from Syrian dominance until 63 B.C. when Rome (Pompey) took control of Palestine. It was in 164 B.C. on 25 Chislev (Dec. approximately), that the Jews liberated the temple and rededicated it. The celebration is also known as the “Feast of Lights” because of the lighting of lamps and candles in Jewish homes to commemorate the event. it was winter. John indicated by this phrase that the cold weather drove Jesus to walk on the eastern side of the temple in the sheltered area of Solomon’s porch, which after the resurrection became the regular gathering place of Christians where they would proclaim the gospel (see Acts 3:11; 5:12).

Consider Christ, “the Light of the world.”

John 1:1-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB) The Deity of Jesus Christ

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

The Witness John

6 There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

John 8:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Jesus Is the Light of the World

12 Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

Those of us whom know Christ as our Lord and Savior, will be caught up to be with Christ, the Eternal Light, at the time of the Rapture, and will spend eternity with Him. Consider the verses; consider the song by Sandi Patty.

1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

Sandi Patty – We Shall Behold Him [Live]

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Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments

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I. Video Data. Chosen People Ministries. Dr. Mitch Glaser on how you can help us serve God through serving His Chosen People, the Jews (Deu 14:2).

II. Course. At this time, we will continue with our study of the book of Revelation. Because we have been away from the subject of Israel in the end times, it will be good to consider again why Jews and Gentiles will find themselves in the tribulation. Also, it will be good to consider the things that lie ahead for Israel at the end of the tribulation, as well as the conditions that Jews will encounter as they wake each day to the wrath of God that is present in each Bowl Judgment.

1. We have studied the seal judgments (Rev 6:1-8:6), and the trumpet judgments (Rev 8:7-9:21). We will now study in Rev 15, the prelude to the wrath of the bowl judgments of Rev 16. Once we have completed Revelation, we will go back to the Old Testament. Regardless of the book, or testament, we will study things that relate to Jews and Israel. We may study the travels of Israel, the prophets of Israel, Israel in the end times, or any other subject that relates to Israel. Through the tribulation judgments (seal, trumpet, bowl), God will be working to draw Jews in Israel, and “left behind” Jews all around the world, to saving faith in Christ, the Messiah. God’s purpose for Christians will have been completed when the born again believers in Christ (the church of Christ) are caught up to heaven in the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6) to be “forever in the Presence of Christ.” Jews, whom are born again at the time of the rapture, will also be caught up to Heaven in the same rapture. There is no particular plan for Gentiles that will be left behind from the rapture; however, these people will still have the opportunity of coming to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation. All “left-behind” Jews and Gentiles will come under the judgments of God. Those whom die during the tribulation will face an eternity that is based on whether they have come to saving faith in Christ, or have remained in their spiritual state of “unbelief.” The left-behind Jews and Gentiles that survive the tribulation will be judged as to their belief in Christ. Those in “unbelief” will be sent “in death” to the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), which occurs at the end of the Kingdom Age. Those in “belief” will be sent in life to enter the Kingdom age where they will be in the Presence of Christ, forever and ever, and will enter in life into the eternal state of the “new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem,” (Rev 21:1-3) at the end of the Kingdom Age.

2. God’s plan for “Israel and the tribulation” are stated in Jeremiah 30:7 and Daniel 9:20, 24-27. Christ told His “Jewish” disciples the details of the tribulation in His “Olivet Discourse” of “Matthew 24:3 through 25:46,” during which time He told of the horrors of the tribulation as they relate to the Jews (the elect) Mt 24:22/Deu 14:2.” Our Lord tells in Mt 25:31-46 of the judgment that awaits the nations/Gentiles that were indifferent to Jews during the tribulation, and the reward that He will give to the Gentiles that will have shown compassion to the Jews, “the least of these, My brethren,” (Mt 25:40/Deu 14:2).

3. It will be God whom will be the author and deliverer of the Judgments that will be poured out on the earth during the tribulation. Jews and Gentiles whom will be left behind on earth, when the rapture occurs, will be subject to the tribulation judgments, which will include the persecution by the Antichrist. Rev 6:1 shows the first seal being opened and its judgment being released on the earth by “the Lamb, Christ,” as He will repeat with the remaining seals. Rev 8:6 shows the judgment of the first trumpet being thrown down to earth at the hands of an angel, as will be the case of the remaining trumpets. The severity of the trumpet judgments are greater in severity than are those of the seal judgments. The severity of the tribulation bowl judgments will be greater than any of the preceding judgments.

4. The termination of the tribulation is based on the Words of Christ in Mt 24:14, “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come” (NAS95). “This gospel of the kingdom” relates to the Kingdom Age, for which Jews have waited ever since 2 Samuel 12:7, and of which the disciples desired in Acts 1:6, immediately prior to their seeing Christ ascending to heaven in Acts 1:9. The gospel of “the Kingdom” is different from the gospel of “the death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:3-5), and is important to drawing left behind Jews to saving faith in Christ, whom will rule and reign over the Kingdom after His second coming to earth at the end of the tribulation. The gospel of the Kingdom will definitely include the message of Christ, per Isaiah 53:5, which relates to the spiritual healing of Israel:

Isaiah 53:5 (NAS95) “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.”
5. Messiah, Christ, will teach from Jerusalem during the Kingdom Age, to all whom will have been born again during the tribulation, and will have survived the tribulation, as well as to their children, and childrens’ children (Isa 2:1-3); the truth of John 3:3 will still be truth. Jews and Gentiles, those of whom will have entered the Kingdom in mortal bodies (Matt 24-25) will receive instruction from our Lord. Old Testament born again saints will be resurrected and will Judge the 12 tribes of Israel during the Kingdom Age (Dan 12:1-2, Mt 19:28); such Jews will have translated, immortal, eternal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. Born again believers in Christ whom will have been translated at the time of “the rapture and resurrection” (Jn 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:-18), will be present during the Kingdom Age, and will enter this millennium in eternal, immortal, translated bodies, souls and spirits; they will rule and reign with Christ throughout the Kingdom Age (2 Tim 2:12). Martyred tribulation saints (Rev 20:4) will be resurrected and will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age, having been given translated, eternal, immortal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. All whom will have been translated will enter the eternal state in their translated bodies. Jews and Gentiles whom will enter the Kingdom at the end of the tribulation will have born again spirits; prior to their entry into the eternal state, God will give them immortal bodies and souls to match their eternal born again spirits. The children, and children’s children, of those whom will enter the millennium having only “born again spirits,” will come under the instruction of Christ (Isa 2:1-3) and must come to saving faith in Christ in order to be born again, and receive eternal, immortal, translated bodies and souls; otherwise, they will face the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), and receive the same fate of anyone else whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Because the promised land of Israel extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-20), it appears that the OT saints of Dan 12:1-2 and Matt 19:28, will rule and reign over Jews that enter the Kingdom age not having translated bodies and souls. Because Jews have been promised the land of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15:8-20), Gentiles not having translated bodies and souls will reside outside of the land of the Jews (Gen 15:18-20); they will be able to come and go, to and from, the Jews’ covenant land (Zech 14:16), and will be governed by NT and Tribulation translated saints (2 Tim 2:12, Rev 20:4) whom will rule and reign with Christ. Scripture shows that during the Kingdom age, those whom have been translated will rule and reign over those whom have not been translated. Raptured and resurrected born again believers in Christ will enter the Kingdom age after their descent from heaven with Christ (Rev 19:11-21) at the end of the tribulation; they will go to and from the earth, at will. Old Testament and martyred born again saints will be resurrected at the end to the tribulation and will enter the Kingdom age. Born again survivors of the tribulation will just enter a day of life, experiencing the greatness of the Kingdom age, as described in Isaiah 11:6:

Isaiah 11:6 (NAS95). And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.

III. The key to understanding God’s Word is to develop a good understanding of God’s chosen people. The purpose of the articles that are written in this Equipping Site is to develop and strengthen the knowledge of its readers of God’s Holy Word. Of key concern, as it relates to the “Revelation of Christ to the Apostle John” (Rev 1:1), are the Words of our Lord in Revelation 22:18-19:

“18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God shall add to him the plagues which are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.” (NAS95).

A. The prophecy of the Book of Revelation has been stated by our Lord and Savior, Christ; it can not be changed. Anyone whom is guilty of “adding to, or taking away” from the prophecy that our Lord spoke to John the Apostle will be someone whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Anyone whom has been “born again,” through the work of God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:8), can not be “unborn.” Anyone whom has been born again will not “add to, or take away,” from any Word of Scripture. Consider the comment that is provided in the Revelation commentary of Dr. John F. Walvoord, as follows:

B. “To use the verses Rev 22:18-19 as a proof that a child of God once saved and born into the family of God can lose his salvation is, of course, applying this passage out of context. This passage assumes that a child of God will not tamper with these scriptures. It is the contrast of unbelief with faith, the blinded, fallen intellect of man in contrast to the enlightened Spirit-taught believer. Although the true child of God may not comprehend the meaning of the entire book of Revelation, he will recognize in it a declaration of his hope and that which has been assured to him in grace by his salvation in Christ.”

IV. The Vision Of The Seven Last Plagues
Article contributed by Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased)

A. The Bowl Judgments.

Consider the introduction to the Bowl Judgments of the tribulation, as provided by Dr. John F. Walvoord. Those whom will be present on earth will be Jews and Gentiles that were left behind from the rapture of the born again believers in Christ (John 14:2,3,6). God will use every event of the tribulation to call Jews to saving faith in Christ. Gentiles will also be able to accept Christ as Savior.

B. Introduction To The Bowl Judgments

Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19:10 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19:11 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

C. Prelude to the Bowl Judgments.

1. Overview: MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1–8. Chapter 15 introduces the 7 bowls of wrath, God’s final judgments at the end of the 7 year Tribulation period. The bowl judgments come in a rapid-fire, staccato fashion, each one stronger in fury and intensity. The bowls are the last plagues that issue from the blast of the seventh trumpet, and will conclude the seventh seal (see note on 6:1).

a. Rev 15:1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1. “wrath of God.” See 11:18; 14:10; 16:19; 19:15; cf. Rom. 1:18–21.

b. Rev 15:2 And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:2. “sea of glass.” God’s heavenly throne sits on a transparent crystal platform or pavement. “victory over the beast.” All the saints from every nation, including Israel, ultimately triumph over Satan’s Antichrist and his system because of their faith in Jesus Christ. number of his name. 13:17: “buy or sell.” Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life. number of his name. The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

c. Rev 15:3-4 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! 4 Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, For Your judgments have been manifested.”

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 14:5. God’s holy and perfect character inevitably demands that He judge (cf. Ps. 19:9; Nah. 1:3, 6). After God’s righteous judgment is complete, He will set up Christ’s millennial kingdom on earth and the elect from every nation will come and worship Him (cf. Ps. 66:4; Is. 66:23; Phil. 2:9–11).

d. Rev 15:5 After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. “the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony.” This refers to the location of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies where God dwells (see note on 11:19; cf. Num. 10:11).

e. Rev 15:6-7 And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands. 7 Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God who lives forever and ever.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:7. “four living creatures.” See notes on 4:6–8. seven golden bowls. These are shallow saucers, familiar items often associated with various functions of the temple worship (1 Kin. 7:50; 2 Kin. 12:13; 25:15), such as wine (Amos 6:6) and blood sacrifice (Ex. 27:3). Their flat shallowness pictures how the divine judgments will be emptied instantly rather than slowly poured, drowning those who refused to drink the cup of salvation.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:7. “wrath of God.” the fury of a righteous God against the contamination of His entire creation through sin.

g. Rev 15:8 The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:8. At this point the entire temple is filled with smoke from the Glory of God, rendering it impossible for anyone to enter the temple until the seven plagues are completed. Twice before a manifestation of the “shekinah glory” of God was seen – first, upon its completion in the tabernacle and then at the dedication of the Solomonic temple. Now, the stage is set for the last plagues of the tribulation period.

V. Closing Video. A Song

Cloverton’s Christmas version of Hallelujah. Dec 22, 2016. The High Definition Lifestyle. This is a really beautiful Christmas version of the song “Hallelujah” as the lyrics have been written to honor Jesus. Telling the story of His birth, what a beautiful song to explain the real meaning of Christmas!

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Judges 10-16 , Ruth

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I. Video 1. Judges. What Is the Book of Judges All About?. Jun 27, 2017. Bible Study Tools Videos.

II. Introduction. In this article we will consider two highly controversial Judges of Israel, Jephthah and Samson. We will also look forward to more of the travels of Israel, which will bring into the picture an important Gentile link that will lead to the birth of Christ. Links for John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur are posted in section IV.

A. The Prophecy And Deliverance From The Ammonites And Philistines.

1. Judges 10:13-14 Oppression of Philistines and Ammonites.

a. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because the Children of Israel forsook the Lord, God told them that He would not heed their cry. “But you have forsaken Me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble” (vv 13-14).

b. Judges 10:13-14 (NASB) 13 Yet you have forsaken Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer deliver you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress.”

2. Judges 11:1-40 Jephthah the Ninth Judge.

a. Overview. Jephthah (10:6—12:7), a social outcast from the other Joseph tribe (Manasseh, east of the Jordan) who judges at a time when Israel is being threatened by a coalition of powers under the king of Ammon.

Intro to Judges

b. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because of their willingness to come back to God, however, God allowed Jephthah to be raised up as the ninth judge of Israel, and he delivered Israel from their enemies.

c. Consider Jephthah’s place in the Hebrews Faith Hall Of Fame.

(1) Hebrews 11:1-2 (NASB) The Triumphs of Faith. 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.
(2) Hebrews 11:32 (NASB). Jephthah. By faith they overcame. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,

d. Consider Jephthah’s dilemma.

(1) Judges 11:30-31 (NASB) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and said, “If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

(a) Comment. 11:30 MacArthur Study Bible. “made a vow to the Lord.” This was a custom among generals to promise the god of their worship something of great value as a reward for that god’s giving them victory.
(b) Comment. 11:30 The Moody Bible Commentary. At the end of the daughter’s mourning period, the text says her father kept his vow and “she had no relations with a man,” not that he killed her as a human sacrifice. Therefore, it is best to assume that Jephthah did not make a burnt offering of his daughter, but instead sacrificed her to serve in the tabernacle. In any case, Jephthah’s foolish vow is emblamatic of the period and had serious implications for his family.

(2) Judges 11:34-35 (NASB) 34 When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, “Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the Lord, and I cannot take it back.”

(a) Comment. 11:34. MacArthur Study Bible. “his daughter, coming out to meet him.” She was thus to be the sacrificed pledge.
(b) Comment. 11:35. MacArthur Study Bible. “Alas.” Here is indicated the pain felt by her father in having to take the life of his only daughter to satisfy his pious, but unwise pledge.

(3) Judges 11:36-39 (NASB) 36 So she said to him, “My father, you have given your word to the Lord; do to me as you have said, since the Lord has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of Ammon.” 37 She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.” 38 Then he said, “Go.” So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. 39 At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel,

(a) Comment. Judges 11:38. Ryrie Study Bible. “wept…because of her virginity. i.e., she would never bear children.
(b) Comment. Judges 11:39. Ryrie Study Bible. Some understand that Jephthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold that she was killed according to Canaanite practices, which Jephthah had embraced. (c) Comment. Judges 11:38-39. Mine. I hold fast to the comment of The Moody Bible Commentary note in 11:30 above. Also, because of Hebrews 11:32 including Jephthah in the “Faith Hall of Fame,” it seems that the daughter of Jephthah was not given as a sacrifice which would have taken her life. It is true that Jephthah said that he would sacrifice his daughter, but there was no such Godly encouragement or approval for Jephthah to kill his daughter. Neither is there written in the Bible, a statement that Jephthah actually offered his daughter as a burnt offering.

B. Prophecy Related To Samson

1. Judges 13-16 – Samson Is Avenged.

(a) Overview. Samson is one of the most recognizable of the judges who ruled over Israel before the time of the kings. He was a Nazarite, yet broke many rules of the Nazarite vow. God gifted Samson with incredible strength, but he lost his strength when Delilah betrayed him to the Philistines, who blinded and enslaved him. At the end of his life, God restored Samson’s strength.

(b) Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased).The story of Samson is one of the enigmatic stories of the Bible. His birth was announced by the Angel of the Lord to his father Manoah. Early feats of strength and departures from God were described (14:1-16:19). God’s promise to Samson’s mother concerning her child that “he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines” (13:15) was nevertheless fulfilled. After Samson was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and shackled to grind grain in prison, his strength returned, and in destroying the pillars on which the temple was built he was able to kill more in the death than in life (16:23-31). The books of Joshua and Judges set the stage for the coming of Samuel, the last of the judges and the first of the prophets. In contrast to the Book of Judges, which is one o moral and physical defeat, the Book of Joshua is largely one of victory.

(c) Text. Judges 16:28-31 (NASB) 28 Then Samson called to the Lord and said, “O Lord God, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once be avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left. 30 And Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” And he bent with all his might so that the house fell on the lords and all the people who were in it. So the dead whom he killed at his death were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31 Then his brothers and all his father’s household came down, took him, brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. Thus he had judged Israel twenty years.

2. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

(a) Judges 16:28. “remember me, I pray!” A prayer of repentance and trust pours from Samson.
(b) Judges 16:29-31. Some Philistine temples had roofs overlooking a courtyard, above wooden columns planted on stone foundations. The central pillars were set close to furnish extra support for the roof. Here the victory celebration and taunts flung at the prisoner below drew a big crowd. The full strength of Samson, renewed by God, enabled him to buckle the columns. As a result, the roof collapsed and the victory was Israel’s, not Philistia’s. He died for the cause of his country and his God. He was not committing suicide, but rather bringing God’s judgment on His enemies and willing to leave his own life or death to God. He was the greatest champion of all Israel, yet a man of passion capable of severe sin. Still, he is in the list of the faithful (cf. Heb. 11:32).

III. Video 2. Ruth.

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A. Video info. Why is the Book of Ruth important? Oct 16, 2014. John Ankerberg Show. Why is the Book of Ruth important?
From Our Series “Where Do We Go From Here?” With Dr. Erwin Lutzer. for more information.

B. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45-46, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Nestled between Judges and 1 Samuel, however, is the Book of Ruth which, though it contains no prophecies of the future, is itself a reminder that God has the purpose of fulfilling the promise of a coming Messiah. The lovely story of Ruth is one of the links leading up to David.

IV. Links of Reference.

A. MacArthur Study Bible
B. Ryrie Study Bible
C. B. John Walvoord

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Judges 4-7

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I. Video. Why Israel Introduction | 02 | God’s covenants with Israel. Jan 28, 2016. Christians for Israel International.

II. This article discusses three judges of Israel, whom are Deborah, Barak and Gideon. The relationship of these Judges with God is the key subject of study. This is not a church-age study, although there are principles that can be applied to the church of Christ. Contained within this article is also a study of the Names of God, to include spelling and the placement of upper and lower case letters. We will touch on Bible translations, as well as the letter “J.” It is important to have a zeal for God’s Word, however, scripture correctness should always be paramount.

III. It is easy to see that many Christians are ignorant of the facts of the Old Testament. The reason for such ignorance is simple; the Old Testament teaching is limited, and poorly taught. The subject people in this article are Jews, and the setting is Jewish. The account of the Jews (not a story) in this article is about the dealings of God with His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2). All too often, pastors and teachers make many Old Testament studies into studies of the church, and omit the detailed teachings that relate to scripture context, of which is important in understanding God’s Word. Remember that God is traveling with the Israelites, and not with anyone else. If we make a decision to understand each chapter that we read from the Old Testament, it will help us to understand the relationship of God and the Jews during the time of Tribulation, as well as that in the Kingdom age, the Millennium, and the eternal state. In regard to context, consider 2 Chronicles 7:14, which relates to God and the nation of Israel, and to no one else in our world (context, 2 Chr 7:8-18). Also Ezek 34:26, “showers of blessing,” is greatly misunderstood; we sing a song by that title, with a church inferred meaning. However, the context of “showers of blessing” is that of Israel during the Kingdom Age.

IV. As we are studying any passage of scripture, we should attempt to gain an understanding of the verses that we are reading. Should we follow cross-references that lead us elsewhere in the Bible? Most definitely, we should check out verses in the other books in the Old and New Testaments. As we pursue our study of Israel in the Old Testament scriptures, we will naturally be led to other areas of study about Jews, especially about Israel in the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State.

V. Judges 4:4-6 (NASB) Deborah and Barak.

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 4:4 Deborah, a prophetess. She was an unusual woman of wisdom and influence who did the tasks of a judge, except for military leadership…. Deborah’s rise to such a role is the exception in the book because of Barak’s failure to show the courage to lead courageously (vv. 8, 14). God rebuked his cowardice by the pledge that a woman would slay Sisera (v. 9).

B. 4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, “Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, ‘Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

C. God in the verses.

1. vs 6 “the LORD, the God of Israel.” (“LORD,” YHWH…Yah·weh, 3068). (“God,” Elohim, 430). Notice the upper and lower case of letters of “LORD and God.”

2. The KJV and NKJV state in verse 6, “the LORD God of Israel.” The NASB states “the LORD, the God of Israel.” The NASB is correct: Consider also Rev 17:5. The KJV and NKJV state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT.” NASB states, “a mystery, BABYLON THE GREAT; ” the NASB is correct

3. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

a. 1. “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible..Gen 2:4 note).

b. 2. “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

4. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Deborah and Barak, fourth and fifth judges of Israel, were promised victory over Siseria. This prophecy was fulfilled and Sisteria killed (vs 12-24).

VI. Judges 6:11-24 (NASB) The Call Of Gideon. As you red the following verses, pay close attention to the names of God.

A. Opening Comment: MacArthur Study Bible Note. 6:1 Midian. These wandering herdsmen from E of the Red Sea had been dealt a severe blow in Moses’ time (Num. 31:1–18) and still resented the Israelites. They became the worst scourge yet to afflict Israel.

1. 11 Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites. 12 The angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior.” 13 Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.” 14 The LORD looked at him and said, “Go in this your strength and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?” 15 He said to Him, “O Lord, how shall I deliver Israel? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father’s house.” 16 But the LORD said to him, “Surely I will be with you, and you shall defeat Midian as one man.” 17 So Gideon said to Him, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You who speak with me. 18 “Please do not depart from here, until I come back to You, and bring out my offering and lay it before You.” And He said, “I will remain until you return.”

2. 19 Then Gideon went in and prepared a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah of flour; he put the meat in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought them out to him under the oak and presented them. 20 The angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so. 21 Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight. 22 When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” 23 The LORD said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

B. God in the verses.

1. vs 11, 21, 22 “the angel of the LORD.” A theophany. Judges 2:1: The LORD Himself. Genesis 16:9: A self-manifestation of God. He here speaks as God, identifies Himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the LORD ceases to appear after the incarnation, it is often inferred that the angel of the LORD in the OT is a preincarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity. (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. vs 15 “O Lord: “Adonai” (Notice lower case letters) Master, lord, sovereign (Gen 15:2) and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” (Ryrie Study Bible) “Kuios:” Mt 1:22 “properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord)”:

3. vs 20 The angel of God. Angel (mal·’ach) (4397), a messenger of God (Elohim) 430.

4. vs 22 O’Lord God. Lord: Adonai (136) (See Lower case letters); God: YHWH, Yahweh

5. vs 23, 24 LORD YWHW Yahweh 3068 (See all upper case letters)

C. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Scriptures record God’s selection of Gideon as a judge over Israel. In verse 14 it was recorded, “The LORD turned to him [Gideon] and said, ‘Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian’s hand. Am I not sending you?'”

VII. Judges 7:1-25 (NASB) Gideon’s 300 Chosen Men.

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bibe. 7:2 The people…are too many. Those of faith, though inadequate by human weakness, gain victory only through God’s power (cf. 2 Cor. 3:5; 4:7; 12:7–9). Three hundred men win against an incredible Midianite host (Judg. 7:7, 16–25). God gains the glory by making the outcome conspicuously His act, and no sinful pride is cultivated.

B. 2 The LORD said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for Israel would become boastful, saying, ‘My own power has delivered me.’

C. God in the verses.

1. 2 The “LORD.” YHWH Yahweh 3068

2. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). The 300 warriors chosen by God attained a decisive victory over Midian, fulfilling the prophecy literally.

VIII. Considering: Yahweh – Jehovah – Yeshua – Jesus

A. The name of Yahweh (3068, Strong’s Concordance) is shown in reference documents as being YHWH and YHVH. There is no letter “J” in either of the Hebrew or Greek alphabets. We will consider Jehovah and Jesus.

1. Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants (YHWH) called the tetragrammaton.

2. For Jewish people YHVH is the most holy name of God, as written in the ancient Hebrew language.

3. JEHOVAH (Yahweh), in the Bible, the God of Israel. “Jehovah” is a modern mispronunciation of the Hebrew name

B. There is no ‘J’ in Hebrew. In English, the letters I and J both had the same sound for a long time, and before that, J didn’t exist.

C. Was the letter J in the Bible?

1. Gian Trissino identified the Greek “Iesus” (a translation of the Hebrew “Yeshua”) as the Modern English “Jesus”, thus the current phoneme for “J” was born. … Even in the KJV 1611 year bible, there are NO letter J’s AT ALL in that bible. 500 years ago the letter “J” did not exist in any language on this earth, so NO letter “J” 500 years ago, and NO name “Jesus” 2,000 years ago. The letter “J” is a fairly recent addition to the alphabet (around the 1500’s), and research / historical data prove it’s IMPOSSIBLE for the names JESUS or JeHoVaH to even have been on the planet back in the ancient times.

2. Our Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36) was never addressed as “Jesus” by anyone when He was on this earth. Consider the Greek and Hebrew below. Notice that there is no letter “J” written in the Name of our Lord.

3. Matthew 1:16 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)
16 Ya‘akov was the father of Yosef the husband of Miryam,
from whom was born the Yeshua who was called the Messiah.

4. Mattityahu 1:16 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)
16 Yaakov fathered Yosef, the baal (husband) of Miryam, from whom was born Yehoshua, who is called Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach. [Yochanan 1:49]

D. Strong’s Concordance

1. 2424. Iésous. Greek: Ἰησοῦς (iēsous). Jesus is the transliteration of the Hebrew term, 3091 /Lṓt (“Yehoshua”/Jehoshua, contracted to “Joshua”) which means “Yahweh saves” (or “Yahweh is salvation”). Notice that Jesus is a transliteration, and not a translation.

2. 3091. of Hebrew origin Yehoshua, “the LORD is salvation,”

3. Notice that in the Greek spelling of Iésous there is no letter J, therefore “Jesus” is not the correct spelling, or pronunciation, of our Lord’s Name.

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