My Sources

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1. The ancient prophet Isaiah predicted the coming of a servant of the Lord, a deliverer for the nations, with graphic detail about the servant’s appearance and mortal suffering. Join Dr. Michael Rydelnik, Dr. Michael Brown, Dr. Walter Kaiser, and Dr. Darrell Bock as they engage in a captivating discussion to unlock the mysteries of one of the most fascinating passages of Scripture, Isaiah 53. You’ll gain insights from the Jewish and Christian perspectives as you examine the interpretations and implications. Discover and explore the clues that help to reveal the mystery of this passage of Scripture. The opening video discussion is an example of the expertise that is provided by the sources of information that lend support to the pages and posts that will be found in this blog.  All, of the men in the video, except Walter Kaiser, were born Jewish. However, Dr. Kaiser has long been a professor of Old Testament Studies. Consider the credentials and works of many of my sources of information, as follows.

Published on Sep 18, 2012

2. The following individuals have proven themselves to be scholars of the subjects that are addressed in this blog. Each person’s educational levels vary. However, peer respect is present for each of the people that are listed. Depending on each individual that is identified in the list of scholars, more or less amplifying information is provided. All of us have read something that someone else has written. Therefore, it is important for us to choose authors whom have proven themselves to be worthy of gaining our attention.

3. Knowledge is key to the success of any society. Today, many college students and graduates are highly ignorant of basic facts of education, especially of the founding of our country and of the government that has been commissioned by our constitution to impartially govern our country. The lack of knowledge has not “just arrived!” Consider the words of the Jewish Prophet, Hosea. Check the date of the writing.

4. “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge” (Hosea 4:6, 785 B.C., JPS Tanakh 1917, NAS 1977).

5. This page, which contains scholarly references, is under construction, and will continually have sources of information added to it.

6. Beneath this list of sources is a list of links. In the biographical listing of sources (7.), there are also links that relate to ministries, without listing all of the the names that relate to each particular ministry.

Randy Alcorn (Th.B., M.A., D.D.)
John Ankerberg (M.Div, D.Min.)
Louis A. Barbieri (Th.M., Th.D.)
Kenneth L. Barker (Th.M., Ph.D.)
Craig Blaising (Th.D., Ph.D.)
Craig Blomberg (M.A. Ph.D.)
Darrell Bock (Th.M, Ph.D.)
Michael Boyle (Th.M., D.Min.)
Michael L. Brown (B.A., M.A., Ph.D.)
F.F. Bruce (Rylands Professor.)
Kevin Clarkson (M.Div., D.Min.)
E. Ray Clendenen (Th.M., Ph.D.)
David L. Cooper (Th.M., Ph.D., Litt.D)
Bob Cornuke (Ph.D.)
William Lane Craig (B.A., M.A., Ph.D., D. Theol.)
Jimmy DeYoung (Th.D., Ph.D.)
Ian M. Duguid (Th.M, Ph.D.)
Charles H. Dyer (B.A., Th.M., Ph.D.)
Joseph S. Exell (M.A. Editor)
Charles L. Feinberg (B.A., M.A., Th.B., Th.M., Th.D., Ph.D.)
Gary Frazier (D.D., Ph.D.)
Paul David Freed (Ph.D.)
Ronald Y.K. Fung (Th.M.)
Norman Geisler (B.A.,Th.M, Ph.D.)
Gene A. Getz (B.A., M.A., Ph.D.)
John K. Goodrich (Th.M., Ph.D.)
Daniel L. Green (Th.M, D.Min.)
F.F. Grosheide (Professor.)
Michael S. Heiser (M.A., Ph. D.)
Ed Hindson (Th.D.,D.Phil.)
Mark Hitchcock (J.D.,Th.M., Ph.D.)
David Hocking (M.Div., Ph.D.)
Philip E. Hughes (DLH., Th.D.)
John Hunt (D.D.)
Thomas Ice (Th.M., Ph.D.)
Robert Jeffress (B.S., Th.M., D.Min., D.D.)
Grant Jeffrey (Th.M., Ph.D.)
John A. Jelinek (Th.M., Th.D.)
Irving L. Jensen (B.A., S.T.B., Th.D.)
David Jeremiah (Th.M, D.D.)
Walter Kaiser (Ph.D., B.D.)
George L. Klein (Th.M., Ph.D.)
John Koessler (M.Div., D.Min.)
Tim LaHaye (D.Min., Litt.D.)
F. Duane Lindsey (Th.M., Th.D.)
Hal Lindsey (Th.M., Th.D.)
John MacArthur (M.Div., Litt.D., D.D.)
John A. Martin (Th.M., Th.D.)
J. Vernon McGee (Th.D., LL.D.)
Henry M. Morris (M.S., Ph.D.)
Leon Morris (Ph.D.)
Robert M. Mounce (Th.M., Ph.D.)
J. Alec Motyer (BA, MA, and BD.)
John Murray (M.A.,TH.M.)
Orville Nave (D.D., LL.D.)
Richard Patterson (Th.M., Ph.D.)
J. Dwight Pentecost (Th.M.,Th.D.)
Gerald Peterman (M.Div., Ph.D.)
John Phillips (Th.M.)
David Reagan (Dave is a graduate of the University of Texas at Austin where he majored in History and Government. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa and was granted a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship which he used to attend a Harvard graduate school called The Fletcher School of Law And Diplomacy where he earned two Master’s degrees and a Doctorate in International Law and Politics.)
Ron Rhodes (Th.M., Th.D.)
Charles C. Ryrie (Th.D, Ph.D.)
Michael Rydelnik (Th.M., D.Miss.)
Stephen H. Sanchez (Th.M., Th.D.)
D.Brent Sandy (M.Div., Ph.D.)
Ronald Sauer (Th.M., Ph.D.)
Gary E. Schnittjer (B.S., Th.M., Ph. D.)
Thomas R. Schreiner B.S., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D.
C.I. Scofield (D.D)
Renald Showers (B.A., Th.D.)
H.D.M. Spence (D.D.)
Douglas D. Stauffer (B.S., Th.M., Ph.D.)
James Strong (D.D., LL.D)
Douglas K. Stuart (B.A., Ph.D.)
Frank Charles Thompson (D.D., Ph.D.)
Elmer L. Towns (B.S., M.A., Th.M., MRE., D.Min.)
Bill Thrasher (Th.M, Th.D.)
Merrill Unger (A.B., Th.M., Th. D., Ph.D.)
Michael G. Vanlaningham (Th.D., Ph.D.)
John F. Walvoord (Th.M., Th.D.)
John Whitcomb (B.A., B.D., Th.M, Th.D.)
Walter White, Jr. (B.A., Th.M.)
Harold L. Willmington (D.D.)
Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.)
Roy Zuck (Th.M., Th.D.)
And others

7. Biographical Data On Sources.

The following scholars provide documents, videos, and other teaching aids that relate to the teaching of Israel, the end times, and the overall focus of this blog. Each contributor has been proven to be a supporter of Israel. They believe that “the church is the church,” and “Israel is Israel.” They believe that the biblical blessings and promises that are written in Scripture that relate to Israel have not been given to the church. The Church has not replaced Israel. Israel is a nation; the church is not! As a believer in Christ, I must make known the biblical truth about Israel and the Church. In this biographical listing of sources, there are also links that relate to ministries, without listing all of the the names that relate to each particular ministry.

Jan Markell https://www.olivetreeviews.org/about

Randy Alcorn https://www.rightnowmedia.org/Content/Speaker/1124

John Ankerberg https://www.jashow.org/about-the-john-ankerberg-show/

Michael L. Brown https://askdrbrown.org/biography/

Christ In Prophecy. Lamb And Lion Ministries. https://christinprophecy.org/staff/dr-david-r-reagan/

David L. Cooper http://promisestoisrael.org/category/david-l-cooper/
http://www.biblicalresearch.info/

http://www.biblicalresearch.info/Revelation.pdf


http://www.biblicalresearch.info/Messiah_His_Nature_And_Person.pdf

Bob Cornuke https://baseinstitute.org/about/bob-cornuke-biography/

William Lane Craig https://www.reasonablefaith.org/william-lane-craig/

Jimmy DeYoung http://jimmydeyoung.com/aboutdrd.shtml

Charles H. Dyer https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/d/charles-dyer/

Charles L. Feinberg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_L._Feinberg

Gary Frazier https://garyfrazier.com/about/

Paul David Freed http://mightymen.org/pdfbio.php

Gene A. Geta https://bibleprinciples.org/about-gene/

Norman L. Geisler https://www.biblegateway.com/blog/2019/07/dr-norman-geisler-1932-2019/

Al Gist http://www.maranathaevangelisticministries.com/

Michael S. Heiser https://faithlife.com/michael-heiser

Ed Hindson http://thekingiscoming.com/about-dr-ed-hindson/
Ed Hindson is the Bible Teacher on The King Is Coming telecast. He is also the Assistant Chancellor, Distinguished Professor, and Dean of the Institute of Biblical Studies and the School of Religion at Liberty University in Virginia.

Ed Hindson https://thekingiscoming.com/

Mark Hitchcock http://marklhitchcock.com/about/
Mark Hitchcock is a leading Bible prophecy expert, prolific author who has penned over 20 books on the end times, senior pastor, and adjunct faculty member of the Dallas Theological Seminary.

David Hocking https://www.davidhocking.org/aboutdavid.php

Thomas Ice http://www.bibleprophecyblog.com/p/thomas-ice.html

Terry James Prohecy Line https://terryjamesprophecyline.com/about/

Robert Jeffress https://static1.squarespace.com/static/546d1bfbe4b0f37a260be87a/t/5b44e4f988251bb11138844b/1531241733494/Robert+Jeffress+Biography.pdf
https://www.christianbook.com/Christian/Books/easy_find?Ntk=author&Ntt=Robert%20Jeffress&kw=47259373575&mt=b&dv=c&event=PPCSRC&p=1186432&gclid=EAIaIQobChMI1s7J_6Xz4QIVkeNkCh2LtQEIEAAYAyAAEgIi-fD_BwE

Grant Jeffrey http://www.raptureready.com/

David Jeremiah http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/

Nathan Jones http://christinprophecy.org/staff/nathan-e-jones/

Tim LaHaye http://leftbehind.com/
http://www.christianitytoday.com/news/2016/july/tim-lahaye-dies-left-behind-coauthor-stroke.html
https://www.levitt.t…dia/person?name=Dr.+Tim+LaHaye
http://www.pre-trib.org/

Zola Levitt https://www.levitt.com/
https://www.levitt.tv/media/series/DICF

Hal Lindsey https://www.biblio.com/hal-lindsey/author/490
Harold Lee Lindsey (born November 23, 1929) is an American evangelist and Christian writer. He is a Christian Zionist and dispensationalist author. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with a Master of Theology degree, majoring in the New Testament and early Greek literature.

John MacArthur https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/
https://www.gty.org/library/resources/sermons-library/scripture/1?book=1&chapter=0
https://www.gracechurch.org/Leader/MacArthur/John?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1

J. Dwight Pentecost https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Dwight_Pentecost

Donald Perkins https://www.according2prophecy.org/bio.html

John Phillips https://drjohnphillips.com/english/

David R. Reagan http://christinprophecy.org/staff/dr-david-r-reagan/

Dennis Pollock https://www.spiritofgrace.org/

Pre-Trib Research Center https://www.pre-trib.org/

Prophecy Line https://terryjamesprophecyline.com/about/

Rapture Ready https://www.raptureready.com/

Ron Rhodes http://ronrhodes.org/
http://ronrhodes.org/meet-ron.html
Th.D., Dallas Theological Seminary (1986). Major: Systematic Theology. Graduated with High Honors.
Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary (1983). Major: Systematic Theology. Graduated with Honors. Elected to Dean’s List.
B.A., Houston Baptist University (1979). Recipient of the Greek Excellence Award. Chief nominee for the Riverside Scholarship.

Michael Rydelnik https://michaelrydelnik.org/

Charles Ryrie Ryrie Study Bible
Charles Ryrie https://www.amazon.com/Charles-Caldwell-Ryrie/e/B001HMRTWW
Charles Ryrie https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Bill Salus http://www.prophecydepotministries.net/

Gary Schnittjer https://cairn.edu/team/gary-schnittjer/

Thomas R. Schreiner

Thomas R. Schreiner


https://www.biblicaltraining.org/speaker/thomas-schreiner/

Renald Showers http://www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?SpeakerOnly=true&currSection=sermonsspeaker&Keyword=Dr.%5ERenald%5EShowers
Renald Showers is an author and Bible teacher for The Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry, Logo-en

Renald Showers

https://voicesforchrist.org/speakers/168

Douglas K. Stuart https://christianuniversity.org/professors/douglas-k-stuart-ph-d/

Elmer L. Towns https://www.biblesprout.com/articles/bible/marriage-supper-lamb/#ts-fab-bio-below
https://www.google.com/search?q=dr.+elmer+towns&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&oq=DR.+ELMER+&aqs=chrome.1.69i57j0l5.5515j0j8&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

Jack Van Impe https://www.jvim.com/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Van_Impe

John F. Walvoord https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/
(1910-2012) long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. He is considered perhaps the world’s foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.
Bio – https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

John Whitcomb https://answersingenesis.org/bios/john-whitcomb/

Andy Woods http://andywoodsministries.org/
http://www.spiritandtruth.org/teaching/

Website Of Future Times: Articles, Recordings, Interviews, Videos

James and Strandberg on Rapture Ready Website

Introduction

Rapture Ready

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Psalm 27

Psalm 27 The Tabernacle and The Temple. Names of God Bible (NOG). By David.

1 Yahweh is my light and my salvation. Who is there to fear? Yahweh is my life’s fortress. Who is there to be afraid of? 2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell. 3 Even though an army sets up camp against me, my heart will not be afraid. Even though a war breaks out against me, I will still have confidence in the Lord. 4 I have asked one thing from Yahweh. This I will seek: to remain in Yahweh’s house all the days of my life in order to gaze at Yahweh’s beauty and to search for an answer in his temple. 5 He hides me in his shelter when there is trouble. He keeps me hidden in his tent. He sets me high on a rock. 6 Now my head will be raised above my enemies who surround me. I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy in his tent. I will sing and make music to praise Yahweh. 7 Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry aloud. Have pity on me, and answer me. 8 When you said, “Seek my face,” my heart said to you, “O Yahweh, I will seek your face.” 9 Do not hide your face from me. Do not angrily turn me away. You have been my help. Do not leave me! Do not abandon me, O Elohim, my savior! 10 Even if my father and mother abandon me, Yahweh will take care of me. 11 Teach me your way, O Yahweh. Lead me on a level path because I have enemies who spy on me. 12 Do not surrender me to the will of my opponents. False witnesses have risen against me. They breathe out violence. 13 I believe that I will see the goodness of Yahweh in this world of the living. 14 Wait with hope for Yahweh. Be strong, and let your heart be courageous. Yes, wait with hope for Yahweh.

VERSE 4. RYRIE NOTE. His “temple:” “tabernacle,” since Solomon’s Temple had not yet been built.
Verse 5. RYRIE NOTE. His “tabernacle:” “tent, a place of shelter.”

My note, vs 4-5. Tabernacle in the desert. God told Moses to build Him a “sanctuary,” Ex 25:8 (1491 B.C.) (All dates from Scofield Study). The tabernacle in the desert was finished being built in Ex 40:2 (tent of meeting). 40:17 (tabernacle). 1491 B.C. (Sanctuary, tabernacle, tent of meeting).

My note. Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was ordained by God to build a Temple. (1 Chron 22:7-11, 1017 B.C.). Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:1, 2 Chron 3:1, 1013 B.C.). Solomon finished building the Temple (1 Kings 7:51, 2 Chron 5:1, 1004). B.C.). Solomon dedicated the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-66, 2 Chron 5:1-7:11, 1004 B.C.). God appeared to Solomon the night after the dedication (2 Chr 2:12-22), which may have been in a dream. In 7:14 a promise is made to “My people, to heal their land,” (Deu 14:2, Rev 25:40), which refers to Jews, the nation of Israel, and only to “God’s chosen people” (Ps 118:26, Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). The fulfillment of this prophecy will take place at the end of the tribulation, immediately preceding the millennium/kingdom age, when Christ rescues “God’s chosen people” from the effects of the tribulation (Matt 24:21-22, 29-30). 2 Chron 7:14 is not a promise made to the Christian Church, the USA, or to any other group of people, only to God’s chosen people. The church is not a land; only Israel is the land of 2 Chr 7:14.

Vs 9. NOG translates “Elohim,” for God. Ryrie Study Bible note, Gen 1:1, Elohim, a generic term for deity as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used as pagan gods (31:30; Ex 12:12); angels, “Ps 8:5;” men, “Ps 82:6;” judges, “Ex 21:6,” though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.

Names Of God Bible. https://www.biblegateway.com/versio…/Names-of-God-NOG-Bible/

Psalm 27:9. me, O God. Hebrew, אֱלֹהֵ֥י. (e·lo·hei). Strong’s 430: God, god. Origin, pl. of eloah.

Strong’s Concordance. elohim: God, god. Original Word: אֱלהִים. Part of Speech: Noun Masculine. Transliteration: elohim. Phonetic Spelling: (el-o-heem’). Definition: God, god.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Word Origin, pl. of eloah. Definition, God, god.

NASB Translation, divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

For information on “Yahweh,” check the details of the Psalm 26 study.

Psalm 26

Psalm 26. A Prayer for Vindication from David To God. Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 Judge me, O Yahweh, because I have walked in my integrity, and I have trusted Yahweh and not wavered. 2 Prove me, O Yahweh, and test me. Try my innermost being and my mind. 3 Because your loyal love is before my eyes, and I walk about in your faithfulness. 4 I do not sit with deceitful people, nor will I go about with hypocrites. 5 I hate the crowd of evildoers, and with the wicked I will not sit. 6 I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will walk about your altar, O Yahweh, 7 to declare with a voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all your wondrous deeds. 8 O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides. 9 Do not destroy me with the sinners, nor my life with men of bloodshed, 10 in whose hands is an evil plan, and whose right hand is full of bribes. 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity. Redeem me and be gracious to me. 12 My foot stands on level ground. In assemblies I will bless Yahweh.

King Lames Study Bible Note. Psalm 26. From the statements of the psalm itself we may easily deduce that David was being falsely accused. In light of this fact, his protestations of innocence are not pride, but the just complaint of a man of God (vv. 2–8). In addition to his self-defense, he petitions God for deliverance (vv. 1, 9–12a) and promises a public acknowledgment when it is accomplished (v. 12b).

Verse 1: LORD: ESV, KJV, NASB, NIV, NKJV.
Verse 1: Yahweh: LEB., NOG, WEB.

https://www.biblegateway.com/vers…/Lexham-English-Bible-LEB/

Yahweh. יְהוָ֗ה LORD (all caps). the proper name of the God of Israel. 3068. Yhvh, Strong’s Concordance. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel. Original Word: יְהוָֹה. Part of Speech: Proper Name. Transliteration: Yhvh. Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Key verse. 8. “O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides.” [NOTE: HCSB. House is not necessarily Solomon’s temple, but it may refer to the sanctuary in general. It was the place of Yahweh’s “glory,” symbolizing God’s Presence among His people. Ex 40:34-35 (LEB) “34 And the cloud covered the tent of assembly, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was unable to go into the tent of assembly because the cloud settled on it and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.]

Revelation 16 – The Bowls Of God’s Wrath

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I. Video Data. Sep 26, 2019. Chosen People Ministries. You are invited to our 125th Anniversary Gala at the Grand Prospect Hall in Brooklyn! Learn more here: https://www.chosenpeople.com/site/ann… Deuteronomy 14:2.

II. Text. Let us now consider the plight of the non-raptured Jews and Gentiles, of whom will find themselves in the tribulation. Up to this point in this study, all unbelievers that were left behind have been under the hand of persecution of the antichrist and the seal and trumpet judgments of God; the antichrist’s persecutions are included in the judgments of God. God is using the tribulation judgments to draw His chosen people, the Jews, to saving faith in Christ as Messiah. There is no such specific plan for Gentiles in the tribulation, but they also may come to saving faith in Christ. There are people who teach that the Judgments of God (seal, trumpet, bowl) took place in 70 A.D. But, as you read about the the Bowl judgments, as they are described in this 16th Chapter of Revelation, it will become very clear that none of these bowls of God’s wrath have yet been poured out on the earth. There are also people who teach that the seal, trumpet and bowl judgments will happen at the same time. But, that “opinion” of prophecy is incorrect, and can be verified by a comparison of judgments; e.g., one-fourth of mankind being killed in Rev 6:8, being killed at the same time as one-third of mankind being killed in Rev 9:15-18. The prophecies of Jeremiah, Daniel, and Christ in Matthew, clearly show that the time of tribulation relates to Israel, and not gentiles. The Ryrie Study Bible shows that Matt 24:4-14 refers to the first half of the tribulation, and 24:15-28 refers to the second half of the tribulation. The second half of the tribulation is also known as the Great Tribulation (Mt 24:21). Mt 24:29-31 refers to the second coming of Christ to earth from Heaven. Mt 24:32-25:46 refers to the judgments that will come at the hand of Christ on the survivors of the tribulation, whether for eternal death or eternal life. Unless otherwise indicated, all notes in this article come from the MacArthur Study Bible; dates come from the Scofield Study Bible. The Matthew and Revelation commentaries of Dr. John F. Walvoord shows the parallels that exist between Mt 24 and Rev 6-7.

A. Revelation 16 (NKJV) (Written 96 A.D.)

1. The Seven Bowls.

a. 1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth.”

b. Note. 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

B. First Bowl: Loathsome Sores

a. 2 So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image.

b. Note. first…bowl…a foul and loathsome sore. The Septuagint (LXX) uses the same Gr. word to describe the boils that plagued the Egyptians (Ex. 9:9–11) and afflicted Job (Job 2:7). In the NT, it describes the open sores that covered the beggar Lazarus (Luke 16:21). All over the world, people will be afflicted with incurable, open, oozing sores. mark of the beast. Only the worshipers of Antichrist will be afflicted (see note on 13:16; cf. 14:9–11).

C. Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood

a. 3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died.

b. Note. second…bowl…every living creature in the sea died. This is reminiscent of the second trumpet (8:8, 9), and of the first plague against Egypt (Ex. 7:20–25). This plague, however, will be far more widespread. The water in the world’s oceans will become thick, dark, and coagulated, like the blood of a corpse. The death and decay of billions of sea creatures will only add to the misery of this judgment.

D. Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood

a. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

b. Note. 16:4. third…bowl…rivers and springs of water. Fresh water, already in short supply because of the prolonged drought (11:6), will now suffer the fate of the oceans (cf. Ex. 7:19ff.). In addition to suffering from thirst, the worshipers of Antichrist will have no clean water with which to wash their sores. 16:6 given them blood to drink. The thick, blood-like substance which the fresh waters have become is all that is available to drink (cf. v. 4).

E. Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched

a. 8 Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory.

b. Note. 16:8. fourth…bowl…scorch…with fire. The sun that normally provides light, warmth, and energy will become a deadly killer. With no fresh water to drink, earth’s inhabitants will face extreme heat. The scorching heat will melt the polar ice caps, which some estimate would raise the level of the world’s oceans by 200 ft., inundating many of the world’s major cities and producing further catastrophic loss of life (cf. Amos 9:5, 6). The resulting disruption of ocean transportation will make it difficult to distribute the dwindling resources of food and water. 16:9 they did not repent. Incredibly, sinners will still refuse to repent (cf. vv. 11, 21), and instead blaspheme God—the One they know has caused their afflictions.

F. Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain

a. 10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.

b. Note. 16:10. throne of the beast. This refers to either Antichrist’s actual throne, or his capital city, but extends to all his dominion. Regardless of where the darkness begins, it eventually covers Antichrist’s entire kingdom. full of darkness. Worldwide darkness is elsewhere associated with the judgment of God (cf. Is. 60:2; Joel 2:2; Mark 13:24, 25). gnawed their tongues. A futile attempt to alleviate the pain from their sores, the drought, and the fierce heat. 16:11 blasphemed the God of heaven. A sign of their continued loyalty to Antichrist and their anger at God for the cumulative miseries brought about by the first 5 bowls. “God of heaven,” a frequent OT title for God, appears in the NT only here and in 11:13. their sores. The lingering effects of the first bowl are the chief cause of their blasphemy.

G. Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up

a. 12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

b. Note. 16:12. Euphrates. With its flow already reduced by the prolonged drought and intensified heat, God supernaturally will dry it up to make way for the eastern confederacy to reach Palestine (Is. 11:15). the kings from the east. God will have to dry it up miraculously for the eastern army to get to Armageddon. God providentially draws these kings and their armies in order to destroy them in the battle of Armageddon (v. 14). 16:14. kings of the earth. No longer just the eastern confederacy, but now all the world begins to gather in Palestine for the final, climactic battle (Ps. 2:2, 3; Joel 3:2–4; Zech. 14:1–3). the battle of that great day of God Almighty. The Battle of Armageddon (v. 16). It is the great war with God and Christ (see notes on 2 Thess. 1:7–10; cf. Joel 2:11; 3:2, 4). The war will end when Christ arrives (19:17–20).

c. 15 “Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”
16 And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. 16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

d. Note. Armageddon. The Heb. name for Mt. Megiddo, 60 mi. N of Jerusalem. The battle will rage on the nearby plains, site of Barak’s victory over the Canaanites (Judg. 4), and Gideon’s victory over the Midianites (Judg. 7). Napoleon called this valley the greatest battlefield he had ever seen. But the Battle of Armageddon will not be limited to the Megiddo plains—it will encompass the length of Palestine (see note on 14:20).

H. Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken

a. 17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

b. Note. 16:17. seventh…bowl…“It is done!” This bowl will complete God’s wrath (except for final judgment on the rebellion at the end of the Millennium; 20:7–10) and immediately precedes the second coming of Christ. It will usher in the worst calamity in the history of the world. God will punctuate the completion of His wrath with a devastating earthquake—the most powerful in earth’s history (cf. vv. 19–21). 16:19 the great city. Cf. 11:13; 21:10; see notes on Zech 14:1–8. Jerusalem will be split into 3 parts (Zech. 14:4), not as a judgment (cf. 11:13), but as an improvement. The additional water supply (Zech. 14:8) and topographical changes (Zech. 14:4, 5) will prepare the city for its central place in the millennial kingdom. Jerusalem is the only city to be spared the judgment (cf. 1 Chr. 23:25; Ps. 125:1, 2; Mic. 4:7) and will be made more beautiful (Ps. 48:2), because of her repentance (see 11:13). cities of the nations. God’s purpose is very different for the rest of the world’s cities—they are to be destroyed. Babylon. The capital of the Antichrist’s empire will receive a special outpouring of God’s wrath as prophesied in Is. 13:6–13. Chapters 17, 18 give details of its destruction. 16:20 every island fled…mountains…not found. This powerful earthquake will radically alter all the earth’s topography, preparing it for the coming millennial kingdom. Cf. 6:12–14; Is. 40:4, 5; Jer. 4:23–27. 16:21 a talent. The heaviest weight a normal man could carry (about 75 lbs.). The huge size of the hailstones indicates unparalleled atmospheric convulsions. Such massive chunks of ice will cause unimaginable devastation and death.

B. Daniel 12:1 (NKJV) (534 B.C.)

a. “At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.

b. Note. that time. This points back to 11:36–45, the time of the ascendancy of Antichrist during the final tribulation period. During that period, Michael the archangel (cf. Jude 9) of 10:13, 21 ministers with special attention to protecting Israel during that Gentile time (cf. Is. 26:20, 21; Jer. 30:7; Matt. 24:21). “Your people” means Daniel’s Israelite people, who can have hope, even in the distress of an unprecedented kind set for the Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21; cf. Rev. 12:12–17; 13:7). The book is the book of the saved (Mal. 3:16—4:3; Luke 10:20; Rev. 13:8; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27).

C. Jeremiah 30:7 (NKJV) (606 B.C.)

a. 7. Alas! For that day is great, So that none is like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.

b. Note. time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 8, 9) just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1; Matt. 24:21, 22) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.

D. Matthew 24:21 (NKJV) (33 A.D.)

a. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.

b. Note. great tribulation. The words “has not been” and “nor ever shall be”—along with the description that follows—identify this as the yet-future time in which God’s wrath shall be poured out upon the earth (see note on Rev. 7:14). Jesus’ descriptions of the cataclysms that follow closely resemble the outpouring of divine wrath described in the bowl judgments of Rev. 16 and His subsequent appearing in Rev. 19 (see note on v. 30).

c. My note. Concerning those who teach that the tribulation occurred in 70 A.D., the truth of the matter is that there has not yet been such tribulation poured out on earth by God, as is described in Matt 24:21. For those who teach that all judgments will take place at the same time, the effects of Matt 24:21-31 can only take place in the last half of the tribulation, “in the great tribulation,” in the form of bowl judgments. Those bowl tribulation judgments can not be poured out on the earth concurrently with the seal and/or trumpet judgments. Go back to Dan 12:1 for Mt 24:21 parallel.

d. My note. There are those who teach that Matt 24:40-41 discusses the rapture.

(1) NKJV. “40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.”

(2) The rapture (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) teaches that “those taken” will be taken by Christ to Heaven, and that “those left” will be left on earth to endure the following tribulation. The teaching of Matt 24:40-41 is that at the second coming of Christ, “at the end of the tribulation:”

(a) those Jews that “have not accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be taken,” in death, to judgment (Great White Throne Judgment, Rev 20:10-15).

(b) those Jews that “have accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be left,” in life, to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium on earth.

e. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 24:40-41: “The ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom.

f. My note. There are those who teach that Mat 25:31-46 discusses “Judgment Day,” where all of mankind, of all time, will face God and learn if they will go to heaven or hell. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+25%3A31-46&version=NKJV

g. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 25:32: “All the nations.” Lit., All the Gentiles. This is a judgment of those Gentiles “who survive the tribulation” and whose heart-relation to God is evidenced by their treatment of the Jews (Christ’s brethren, v 40), especially during that time. Surviving Jews will also be judged at this time. See Ezek 20:33-44. (See Mt 24:40-41, mine).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ezek+20%3A33-44&version=NKJV

III. Summary. The rapture has not yet taken place; neither has the tribulation. The rapture will precede the tribulation. The judgments of the tribulation will not be mixed, as to their being poured out on the earth by God. Only those whom have been born again will be taken to heaven in the rapture.

IV. Closing Video. A testimony.

How I Became a Jew for Jesus!Jun 11, 2013. Jews for Jesus.

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Rep. Van Drew: Democrats Threatened Me to ‘OBEY’ and Vote for Impeachment — Nwo Report

Source: Sean Adl-Tabatabai Rep. Jeff Van Drew says one of the reasons he left the Democratic Party for the GOP is because he was ordered to “obey” and vote for impeachment. In an interview with Fox News, Rep. Van Drew explains how the relentless impeachment push by the Democrats has caused civil unrest among the […]

Rep. Van Drew: Democrats Threatened Me to ‘OBEY’ and Vote for Impeachment — Nwo Report

Psalm 25 & 130

Psalms 25 & 130 (ALL KJV) “REDEEMING ISRAEL” PSALM 25:22 “Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.”… RYRIE XR PSALM 130:7-8 “7 Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with Him is plenteous redemption, 8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.”… NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 25:22. [David began the psalm with a declaration of trust in God. He concludes with a prayer for the nation of Israel, that God would make His glory known by redeeming (rescuing and protecting) them “out of all of their “troubles.” Here David implored God to “redeem Israel,” which denotes the work of complete spiritual and physical redemption that only God in His grace can supply; this anticipates the ultimate redemption of Israel by Messiah.] NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 130:7-8. [In response to the forgiveness of God, Israel is reminded to “hope in the Lord (vs 5).” This “hope” is linked to the “lovingkindness” (God’s covenant love, “chesed,” ‘Hebrew,’ 5:7 note). While this exhortation includes the general desire to see His people blessed (i.e., “saved” in the sense typically intended in the NT, as in Rom 10:9) in every age and generation, the psalmist’s primary reference in this section is to that day when God “will redeem Israel from all his iniquities,” that same day of which Zechariah and Paul wrote (Zech 12:10-13:1; Rom 11:25-29).]… RYRIE NOTE: ROM 11:28-29 [Because the promises made to the patriarchs are irrevocable, Israel must be restored.]

The Psalms are much more than writings that, “make us feel good.” The following paragraph comes from the Friends Of Israel weekly radio broadcast. As you can see, there are key components of the Psalms that are often overlooked.

But there is another layer, because the Psalms as you see them now in the Old Testament, were purposefully placed in order. In Israelite history, someone took those divinely inspired songs and ordered them into five books. And eventually, these five books came to reveal the history and the future of Israel, the bright future for Israel. And finally, there’s one more layer, and that layer is you. https://radio.foi.org/2019/10/11/october-12-2019-discovering-the-psalms-the-authors-perspective-pt-1/

The 23rd Psalm is often looked at as being a passage that is read at funerals. But the words, of the psalmist David, show that the Psalm refers to Israel in the Kingdom Age, the millennium. The comments that I placed on the 23rd Psalm post are helpful in understanding the context of David’s writing. King David’s life existed from approximately 1050-970 B.C. (HCSB). When you read the 23rd Psalm, consider David writing about his own life, and his future eternal life with God which will begin when he is resurrected at the end of the tribulation (Daniel 12:1-2). The covenant that God made with King David is discussed in 2 Samuel 7:12-16 (Ryrie Study Bible), and refers to the Kingdom Age of the millennium (The Kingdom Age and the millennium (1,000 years) are the same time period).

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Psalm 24

Psalm 24:3-4 King James Version (KJV/Ryrie note & XR). ‘3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.” NOTE: Necessary qualities for holiness in worship. “clean hands.” Right deeds. “pure heart.” Right motives. XR Ez 18:15. “He does not eat at the mountain shrines, or look to the idols of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor’s wife.” NOTE. The NIV has the most easy to understand translation of the opposite of Ps 24:4, “clean hands, and a pure heart.”

Psalm 24:5-6 Considering Jacob. (KJV/Ryrie XR ) 5 He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. Ryrie NOTE. “Jacob.” Better, like Jacob: Gen 32:30 ( KJV) And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Ryrie NOTE: “Peniel” means “the face of God.” MacArthur NOTE: from 32:24 a Man wrestled. The site name, Peniel, or “face of God,” given by Jacob (v. 30) and the commentary given by Hosea (Hos. 12:4) identifies this Man with whom Jacob wrestled as the Angel of the Lord who is also identified as God, a pre-incarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Hosea 12:4 (KJV) Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us; Ryrie NOTE: Like Jacob, Israel and Judah were deceitful but could turn to the Lord as he did at Bethel. Ryrie XR Gen 32:24-28 (NKJV) 24 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!” 27 So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.” 28 And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.”.29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. 30 So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” Ryrie NOTE: vs 24: The “man” who wrestled Jacob is called an angel in Hos 12:4 and was evidently the preincarnate Christ. Jacob’s wrestling involved agonizing prayer (Hos 12:4). vs 25-28 God allowed himself to be overcome by Jacob, though he crippled him. 32:29 Jacob’s question had already been answered in the name bestowed on him, since the “el” in Israel means “god.”

Psalm 24:7-10. (The King Of Glory And His Kingdom) “7 Lift up your heads, O you gates! And be lifted up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O you gates! Lift up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.” (All verses in this post are NKJV). Ryrie NOTE. [In David’s time, the “King of glory” was represented by the ark being brought in a triumphal procession to the sanctuary. These verses also speak prophetically to the ascension of Christ after His victory over sin and death and of His coming reign as King over all the earth.] Ryrie XR. Isaiah 26:2.(Praise In The Kingdom) “Open the gates, That the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in.” MacArthur NOTE. [Open the gates. Isaiah envisions the future Jerusalem, where only righteous Israel may enter. The redeemed remnant from other nations will come periodically to worship] MacArthur XR Zech. 14:16–19. (The Nations Worship the King) “16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.” MacArthur NOTE. [14:16–19. This very important passage reveals that some Gentiles will go into the millennial kingdom alive along with the redeemed Jews. A converted remnant from those heathen nations will make annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship the Lord and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles during the Millennium. Commemorating the time when God “tabernacled” with Israel in the wilderness, the feast represented the last of the 3 major pilgrimage festivals (Lev. 23:34–36), marked the final harvest of the year’s crops, and provided a time of rejoicing. In the Millennium, it will celebrate Messiah’s presence again dwelling among His people and the joyful restoration of Israel, including the ingathering of the nations. Those who refuse to go will experience drought and plague. Tragically, as the thousand years go on, there will be many people from all over the world who will reject Christ as Savior and King, joining in a final war against Him, only to be destroyed and cast into hell forever (cf. Rev. 20:7–15).]