Judges 10-16 , Ruth

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I. Video 1. Judges. What Is the Book of Judges All About?. Jun 27, 2017. Bible Study Tools Videos. http://www.thirdavenue.org/staff

II. Introduction. In this article we will consider two highly controversial Judges of Israel, Jephthah and Samson. We will also look forward to more of the travels of Israel, which will bring into the picture an important Gentile link that will lead to the birth of Christ. Links for John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur are posted in section IV.

A. The Prophecy And Deliverance From The Ammonites And Philistines.

1. Judges 10:13-14 Oppression of Philistines and Ammonites.

a. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because the Children of Israel forsook the Lord, God told them that He would not heed their cry. “But you have forsaken Me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble” (vv 13-14).

b. Judges 10:13-14 (NASB) 13 Yet you have forsaken Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer deliver you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress.”

2. Judges 11:1-40 Jephthah the Ninth Judge.

a. Overview. Jephthah (10:6—12:7), a social outcast from the other Joseph tribe (Manasseh, east of the Jordan) who judges at a time when Israel is being threatened by a coalition of powers under the king of Ammon.

Intro to Judges

b. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because of their willingness to come back to God, however, God allowed Jephthah to be raised up as the ninth judge of Israel, and he delivered Israel from their enemies.

c. Consider Jephthah’s place in the Hebrews Faith Hall Of Fame.

(1) Hebrews 11:1-2 (NASB) The Triumphs of Faith. 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.
(2) Hebrews 11:32 (NASB). Jephthah. By faith they overcame. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,

d. Consider Jephthah’s dilemma.

(1) Judges 11:30-31 (NASB) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and said, “If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

(a) Comment. 11:30 MacArthur Study Bible. “made a vow to the Lord.” This was a custom among generals to promise the god of their worship something of great value as a reward for that god’s giving them victory.
(b) Comment. 11:30 The Moody Bible Commentary. At the end of the daughter’s mourning period, the text says her father kept his vow and “she had no relations with a man,” not that he killed her as a human sacrifice. Therefore, it is best to assume that Jephthah did not make a burnt offering of his daughter, but instead sacrificed her to serve in the tabernacle. In any case, Jephthah’s foolish vow is emblamatic of the period and had serious implications for his family.

(2) Judges 11:34-35 (NASB) 34 When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, “Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the Lord, and I cannot take it back.”

(a) Comment. 11:34. MacArthur Study Bible. “his daughter, coming out to meet him.” She was thus to be the sacrificed pledge.
(b) Comment. 11:35. MacArthur Study Bible. “Alas.” Here is indicated the pain felt by her father in having to take the life of his only daughter to satisfy his pious, but unwise pledge.

(3) Judges 11:36-39 (NASB) 36 So she said to him, “My father, you have given your word to the Lord; do to me as you have said, since the Lord has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of Ammon.” 37 She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.” 38 Then he said, “Go.” So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. 39 At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel,

(a) Comment. Judges 11:38. Ryrie Study Bible. “wept…because of her virginity. i.e., she would never bear children.
(b) Comment. Judges 11:39. Ryrie Study Bible. Some understand that Jephthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold that she was killed according to Canaanite practices, which Jephthah had embraced. (c) Comment. Judges 11:38-39. Mine. I hold fast to the comment of The Moody Bible Commentary note in 11:30 above. Also, because of Hebrews 11:32 including Jephthah in the “Faith Hall of Fame,” it seems that the daughter of Jephthah was not given as a sacrifice which would have taken her life. It is true that Jephthah said that he would sacrifice his daughter, but there was no such Godly encouragement or approval for Jephthah to kill his daughter. Neither is there written in the Bible, a statement that Jephthah actually offered his daughter as a burnt offering.

B. Prophecy Related To Samson

1. Judges 13-16 – Samson Is Avenged.

(a) Overview. Samson is one of the most recognizable of the judges who ruled over Israel before the time of the kings. He was a Nazarite, yet broke many rules of the Nazarite vow. God gifted Samson with incredible strength, but he lost his strength when Delilah betrayed him to the Philistines, who blinded and enslaved him. At the end of his life, God restored Samson’s strength.
https://www.christianity.com/wiki/people/who-was-samson.html

(b) Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased).The story of Samson is one of the enigmatic stories of the Bible. His birth was announced by the Angel of the Lord to his father Manoah. Early feats of strength and departures from God were described (14:1-16:19). God’s promise to Samson’s mother concerning her child that “he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines” (13:15) was nevertheless fulfilled. After Samson was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and shackled to grind grain in prison, his strength returned, and in destroying the pillars on which the temple was built he was able to kill more in the death than in life (16:23-31). The books of Joshua and Judges set the stage for the coming of Samuel, the last of the judges and the first of the prophets. In contrast to the Book of Judges, which is one o moral and physical defeat, the Book of Joshua is largely one of victory.

(c) Text. Judges 16:28-31 (NASB) 28 Then Samson called to the Lord and said, “O Lord God, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once be avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left. 30 And Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” And he bent with all his might so that the house fell on the lords and all the people who were in it. So the dead whom he killed at his death were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31 Then his brothers and all his father’s household came down, took him, brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. Thus he had judged Israel twenty years.

2. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

(a) Judges 16:28. “remember me, I pray!” A prayer of repentance and trust pours from Samson.
(b) Judges 16:29-31. Some Philistine temples had roofs overlooking a courtyard, above wooden columns planted on stone foundations. The central pillars were set close to furnish extra support for the roof. Here the victory celebration and taunts flung at the prisoner below drew a big crowd. The full strength of Samson, renewed by God, enabled him to buckle the columns. As a result, the roof collapsed and the victory was Israel’s, not Philistia’s. He died for the cause of his country and his God. He was not committing suicide, but rather bringing God’s judgment on His enemies and willing to leave his own life or death to God. He was the greatest champion of all Israel, yet a man of passion capable of severe sin. Still, he is in the list of the faithful (cf. Heb. 11:32).

III. Video 2. Ruth.

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

A. Video info. Why is the Book of Ruth important? Oct 16, 2014. John Ankerberg Show. Why is the Book of Ruth important?
From Our Series “Where Do We Go From Here?” With Dr. Erwin Lutzer. Jashow.org for more information.

B. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45-46, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Nestled between Judges and 1 Samuel, however, is the Book of Ruth which, though it contains no prophecies of the future, is itself a reminder that God has the purpose of fulfilling the promise of a coming Messiah. The lovely story of Ruth is one of the links leading up to David.

IV. Links of Reference.

A. MacArthur Study Bible https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/
B. Ryrie Study Bible https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/
C. B. John Walvoord https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

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