Psalm 23:1. The Lord, the Psalmist’s Shepherd.. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. (Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare in the coastlands afar off, And say, “He who scattered Israel will gather him And keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”) (NASB and Ryrie Study Bible cross reference).
Psalm 23:2-3 “He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.” The Restoration of Israel.(NASB and Ryrie Cross Reference. Ezek 34:11-14) “11 For thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. 13 I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.” (MacArthur Notes). 34:11 I…will search. God, the true Shepherd, would search out and find His sheep in order to restore Israel to their land for the kingdom which the Messiah leads (vv. 12–14). 34:12 a cloudy and dark day. This refers to the “day of the Lord” judgment on Israel (cf. Jer. 30:4–7). 34:12–14 Here is the promise of a literal regathering and restoration of the people of Israel to their own land from their worldwide dispersion. Since the scattering was literal, the regathering must also be literal. Once they are regathered in Messiah’s kingdom, they will no longer want (vv. 15, 16).
Psalm 23:4 (NAS 77) “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. (Ryrie XR= Mic 7:14 (NAS95) “Shepherd Your people with Your scepter, the flock of Your possession which dwells by itself in the woodland, in the midst of a fruitful field. Let them feed in Bashan and Gilead as in the days of old.”(Ryrie note Mic 7:14, Here Micah asks God to be the shepherd of His flock (Israel) in the Kingdom.) (Mine; the Kingdom Age is aka the Millennial reign of Christ).
Psalm 23:5 “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows”… (MacArthur note: The biblical imagery of anointing is frequently associated with blessing )..(What was comforting to David was that this was in the presence of his enemies;The Bible Knowledge Commentary)… XR Eccl 9:8 “Let your clothes be white all the time, and let not oil be lacking on your head;” Ryrie note: White garments and much oil signify purity and the joy of festive occasions… XR Isa 43:2, ““When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; And through the rivers, they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, Nor will the flame burn you.” (MacArthur note: “Many perils symbolized by these words have confronted the Israelites through the centuries and will continue to do so until the nation’s final redemption, but the Lord promises the nation survival through them all.” ..(Mine: Neither David (Ps), nor Solomon (Eccl), “nor Isaiah, nor Israel” (Isa), could claim to be sinless, but God’s Words to Israel in Deu 14:2, show His unconditional love for “Israel, God’s chosen people,” and a promise of eternal, spiritual healing through the prophesied and crucified Messiah, “Christ,” …(Isa 53:5, “But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.”
Psalm 23:6 KJV Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever…Ryrie NOTE :David sees himself not merely as a guest-for-a-day, but as a recipient of God’s covenant lovingkindness ..Ryrie .XR /NOTE..Hosea 2:19 NKJV “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In lovingkindness and mercy..NOTE: “lovingkindness.” The Hebrew word is “hesed.” It means loyal, steadfast, or faithful love, and stresses the idea of a belonging together of those involved in the love relationship. Here it connotes God’s faithful love for His unfaithful people. In the OT, communion, deliverance, enabling, enlightenment, guidance, forgiveness, hope, praise, preservation are all based on God’s “hesed.” ..MacArthur NOTE: 2:19, 20: I will betroth you. Repeated 3 times, the term emphasizes the intensity of God’s restoring love for the nation. In that day, Israel will no longer be thought of as a prostitute. Israel brings nothing to the marriage; God makes all the promises and provides all the dowry. These verses are recited by every orthodox Jew as he places the phylacteries on his hand and forehead (cf. Deut. 11:18). The regeneration/conversion of the nation is much like that of an individual (cf. 2 Cor. 5:16–19)…