Rev 22 – Life In The New Jerusalem

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I. Video Details.

Matt Redman – One Day (When We All Get To Heaven) (Acoustic). Oct 6, 2017. Matt Redman.
Matt Redman – Official Acoustic Video for “One Day (When We All Get To Heaven)” from Matt’s new album GLORY SONG, out now!
Subscribe to Matt Redman’s VEVO channel here: http://smarturl.it/MattRedmanVEVOsub
The new album GLORY SONG is available now here: http://capcmg.me/GlorySong?IQid=vevo.

II. Key Verses regarding the New Jerusalem and the Eternal State.

Revelation 21:1 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.

Revelation 21:2 New King James Version (NKJV)
2 Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 22:3 (NKJV)
3 And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him.

Revelation 22:4 (NKJV)
4 They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads.

III. Introduction.

A. Overview of Rev 22.

In this area of scripture we see creation as God always intended it to be (before sin entered the picture) in the new heaven and new earth. We also see the city in the eternal state, the new Jerusalem, which is the city of our citizenship (Phil 3:20), which we will inhabit one day. It is important for believers in Christ to know that our destination is not the Garden of Eden, but a city. The story of the Bible is “a garden to a city, with a cross in between.” Of significance is that in the city, there is no tree of knowledge. There is no opportunity for us to sin; we have already been put to the test, and have passed that test by coming to saving faith in Christ. We are in our permanent environment, in our eternal and perfect resurrection body (1 Cor 15:50-54). The throne of God has become the throne of the lamb; there has been a merger of the two thrones (Rev 22:1). Rev 3:21 identifies the throne of the Lamb, and the throne of “God the Father.” Rev 22:2 says that the leaves of the tree of life were for the healing of the nations; “God is bringing them (nations) back to His original design for them.” It is important to remember that anyone in the eternal state, of the Kingdom Of God, has been born again (John 3:3). Rev 22:3 states that there will no longer be a curse (Rom 8:19-22, Gen 3:14-19). The Godly throne will be present. We, who have been born again (bond servants), will serve God. Restated in this verse, are that the throne of God, and the Lamb, will be present in New Jerusalem of the eternal state. Rev 22:4 tells us that we will see the face of God, and that God’s Name will be placed on our foreheads; which will be “a new name” (Rev 2:17); and, “the Name of My God, and My New Name” Rev 3:12. Rev 19:12, “He has a Name written on “Him” which no one knows except Himself”; this is perhaps the same name which He will write on the overcomer (Ryrie, 2:17, 3:12). Rev 19:16: He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” Rev 22:5, God will be the sole provider of all light. Believers will reign with Christ forever.

B. Comparison Of Eden (Gen 1-2) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Division: light/darkness. E 1:4. No night. ES 21:25.
Division: land/sea E 1:10. No sea ES 21:1.
Sun and Moon: E 1:16. No sun and moon ES 21:23.
Garden: E 2:8-9. City ES 21:1.
River flowing out of Eden E 2:10. River flowing from throne ES 22:1.
Gold in the land: E 2:12. Gold in the city ES 21:21.
Tree of life in the middle of garden E 2:9. Tree of life throughout city ES 22:2.
Bdellium and onyx stone. E 2:12. All manner of stones ES 21:19.
God walking in the garden. E 3:8. God dwelling with His people ES 21:3.

C. Comparison of Millennium (Rev 20) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Sin restrained M. Sin removed ES.
Curse restrained M. Curse removed ES.
Death M. No Death ES.
Mortals and those resurrected M. Only those resurrected ES.
Mortals destinies undecided M. All destinies sealed ES.
Temporary M. Eternal ES.
Transitional M. Non-transitional ES.

D. Comparison of Millennium (Rev 20:1-10) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Time M Rev 20:4. ES Rev 22:5.
Luminaries M Isa 30:26. ES Rev 21:23; 22:5.
Temple M Ezek 40-48. ES Rev 21:22.
Death M Isa 65:20. ES Rev 21:4.
Satanic activity M 20:7. ES Rev 20:10.
Rebellion M 20:8-9. ES Rev 21:27.

E. Life In The Eternal City.

1. Scripture does not give details of life in the eternal Kingdom of God. However, there are glimpses in the Bible of what eternal life will be like in the Presence of God, and the Lamb (Rev 21:22), where “They share the same throne,” (Rev 22:1).

a. We are told that there will be a life of fellowship with Christ (John 14:3).
b. There will be a life of rest (Rev 14:13).
c. We will have a life of full knowledge (1 Cor 13:12).
d. There will be a life of holiness (Rev 21:27).
e. We will experience a life of joy (Rev 21:4).
f. Our eternal lives will be lives of service (Rev 22:3).
g. We will have lives of abundance (Rev 21:6).
h. Each of us will have lives of glory (Col 3:4).
i. We will have a life of worship (Rev 7:9-12).

2. Details of III., A-D, were taken from a video discussion of Dr. Andy Woods, Revelation 72. Identification Through Omission. Rev. 22:1-5 (youtube.com), and https://slbc.org/media/sermon-archives/ The credentials of Dr. Woods can be found in my About Sources Page.

3. Details on, III., E., 1.a.-i., “Life In The Eternal City,” come from a larger discussion that is provided by Dr. J.Dwight Pentecost, “Things To Come,” pages 580-583. The credentials of Dr. Pentecost (deceased) can be found in my About Sources Page.

IV. Scripture Study Details.

A. Translation considerations. Revelation 22 (NASB) Text and Comments. The NASB translation was chosen for the following scriptures of this article because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Scripture notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, due to the demonstrated knowledge of scripture of Dr. Charles Ryrie (Deceased), and because of the concise way that he makes his thoughts known. The credentials of Dr. Ryrie can be found in the About Sources Page of this site. Everybody should have a Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Text. Rev 22. New American Standard Bible.

The River and the Tree of Life

1. Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; 4 they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. 5 And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will reign forever and ever.

6 And he said to me, “These words are faithful and true”; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.

7 “And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is he who heeds the words of the prophecy of this book.”

8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 But he *said to me, “Do not do that. I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book. Worship God.”

The Final Message

10 And he *said to me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and the one who is holy, still keep himself holy.”

12 “Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to render to every man according to what he has done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”

14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter by the gates into the city. 15 Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.

16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”

17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost.

18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues which are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

C. Comments. Revelation 22. Ryrie Study Bible.

22:1-2. These descriptive phrases indicate fullness of life and continuous blessing in the New Jerusalem.
22:3-5. The “curse” and all darkness will be excluded; and service, communion, and reigning will be the believers; privileges.
22:8-9. Again John is commanded not to worship angels (see 19:10).
22:11. When Christ comes, there will be no more opportunity for a man to change his destiny. What he is then will be forever.
22:12. Salvation is not of works, but rewards are.
22:14. “Blessed are those who wash their robes.” I.e., believers.
22:15. “dogs.” Not animals, but people of low character (cf. Phil. 3:2).
22:16-17. Jesus is gracious because (1) He gave the book of Revelation to the churches, (2) as the son of “David” He will fulfill Israel’s promises, (3) He is the “morning star,” the precursor of the new day, and (4) He offers the “water of life” freely.”

V. Summary.

A. Having completed this last book of God’s Holy Word, we have seen the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:3). There are highly regarded theologians who see the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant as being in the Millennium (Rev 20). There are other highly regarded theologians who see the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant as being in the Eternal State (Rev 21-22). My belief is that the Abrahamic Covenant will be fulfilled in the Millennium, per Gen 15:18, where two major rivers are described. In Rev 21:1 there is no sea.

B. The MacArthur Study Bible says that there will be no water in the Eternal State; The New American Commentary on Revelation agrees. The Walvoord Commentary on Revelation on 21:1 states that “the new earth apparently will have no bodies of water.” Walvoord states in 22:1, “this river corresponds to the present believer’s experience of the outflow of the Holy Spirit.” Walvoord, also states in 22:2, “the river is not a broad body of water, but a clear stream sufficiently narrow for all, for this arrangement (of this verse). Gen 15 cites two major rivers; Rev 22 identifies “sorts of water” but no rivers. The sources, that I have cited, confirm that the Abrahamic Covenant will be fulfilled in the Millennium, where there will be two major rivers in the promised land.

VI. Looking Ahead.

In our next series of studies, we will go back into the Old Testament. We will look at Israel, as “God’s chosen people” (Deu 14:2) continue their travel toward the promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant. We will discuss key events that take place from 1 Samuel, through the time of the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian troops. The timeline for this next study will be from 1171 B.C., (Scofield Study Bible, Copyright 1909), until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986).

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Rev 21- Heaven Or Hell – Who’s Going Where?

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I. Video Details.

David Phelps – No More Night (Live). Oct 4, 2012. Gaither Music TV. In the opening video David Phelps sings of the conditions that will be present when the thousand year Kingdom Age ends, the present world is destroyed, and the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem is revealed to the Apostle John, who was the human writer of the Book of Revelation (Rev 1:11).

II. Key Verses. The following two verses describe the New Jerusalem as it will be in the Eternal State (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased)). Dr. Walvoord’s credentials can be found in my About Sources Page of this site.

Revelation 21:2 (KJV)
2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 21:10 King (KJV)
10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, (he is an angel of vs 9, mine).

III. Introduction. Most people use the terms of “Heaven and Hell” to relate to the eternal destinations for all of humanity, as to whether they have been “good or bad”. However, the eternal home for those whom have been born again will be in the New Jerusalem; such people are Christ’s (1 Cor 15:23), and relates to Old Testament saints, New Testament saints, and martyred Tribulation saints. Those whom are not Christ’s will find their eternal destination to be the in the “Lake Of Fire” (Rev 20:15). In this twenty-first chapter of Revelation we will discuss the subject of the Eternal State of “the New Heaven and New Earth, and the New Jerusalem.” We will discuss those whom will, and will not, enter the New Jerusalem. People whom are Christ’s have been born again. People whom are not Christ’s have not been born again. Being born again means to have one’s spirit, “born from above,” which is by an act of God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:8).

A. Let’s consider the inhabitants of the Kingdom Age of Rev 20, which is also known as the thousand year Millennium. It will be from the Kingdom Age that the occupants of the New Jerusalem will come. It will be necessary for all whom enter the New Jerusalem to have bodies and souls that are “sinless, perfect and eternal,” as a result of bodily perfection that will come from rapture or resurrection, per 1 Cor 15:50 (KJV), “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.” Additionally, all whom enter the New Jerusalem Kingdom Age must have been born again (John 3:3). In the following sub-paragraphs we will address those whom will, and will not, go from the Kingdom Age into the New Jerusalem.

1. Church age saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. Coming with Christ from Heaven to Earth for the Battle of Armageddon will be the resurrected and raptured born again believers in Christ. (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Rev 19:11-14).

2. Old Testament Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints, including those of the Gospels, will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Dan 12:1-2).

3. Tribulation Martyred Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Rev 20:4).

4. Surviving Tribulation Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. Those whom will be left behind from the rapture, and who later come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation, Jew and Gentile, will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age. (Matt 24:40-41, Jews; Matt 25:34, Gentiles). These saints will enter the Kingdom Age in imperfect bodies and souls, but having been born again. They will be given eternal and perfect resurrection bodies (body and soul) during the Kingdom, which will allow them to inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints will have children during the Kingdom Age, as is discussed in the next paragraph.

5. Those whom are born to surviving Tribulation saints during the Kingdom Age may, or may not, inhabit the New Jerusalem. No one whom is born during the Kingdom Age will have a born again spirit upon their birth; they must accept Christ as their Lord and Savior in order for them to enter the eternal state. They must have perfect eternal resurrection “bodies, souls and spirits,” which will come from their having accepted Christ as their Lord and Savior. (Rev 20:15).

6. Restated, the born again experience must take place in the life of each person before entry into the Kingdom Age and New Jerusalem are permitted. In addition to being born again, all whom enter into the New Jerusalem must have an eternal and perfect, “body, soul, and spirit,” all of which must have come from spiritual acts of God, “new-birth and resurrection.”

B. Who are the people which will not enter the Kingdom Age, “the thousand years prior to the New Jerusalem?” Such people are those whom will not have not been born again (Dan 12:1-2; John 3:3; Mt 24:40-41; Mt 25:41). These people are the unsaved dead of all times (Rev 20:11-13). The unsaved living survivors of the Tribulation will be taken in death, to be resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgement of Rev 20:15 (Matt 24:40-41; Matt 25:41).

C. Who will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age? These will be people whom have resurrection or raptured bodies.

1. Old Testament Saints (Dan 12:3; Matt 19:28.)
2. New Testament Saints (1 Cor 6:2.)
3. Tribulation Martyred Saints (Rev 20:4).

D. Who “will not” rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age?

1. All whom will be born again during the Tribulation. They will not have resurrection bodies and souls when they enter the Kingdom. Prior to the time of entering the New Jerusalem, these Tribulation saints will be given perfect and eternal, resurrection bodies and souls. During the Kingdom Age, these people will be busy being “students of Christ,” (Isa 2:1-3).
2. All children who will be born during the Kingdom Age. Upon birth, they will not have resurrection bodies, souls or spirits. If they accept Christ as Savior, they will be given “perfect, eternal, and resurrection” bodies, souls and spirits which will allow them to enter the New Jerusalem. During the Kingdom Age, these people should be busy being “students of Christ,” (Isa 2:1-3). However, they may not be as such (Zech 14:16-19, Rev 20:7-9).

E. During the time of the Kingdom Age, who will rule and reign over whom?

1. In the Abrahamic Covenant, Jews are promised the land of Gen 15:18-22, which will not occur, in full, until the Kingdom Age. Surviving, born again, Jews of the Tribulation will occupy the promised land in mortal bodies. OT saints having been resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, will have resurrection bodies, souls and spirits, and will rule and reign over the Tribulation Jews. The Abrahamic Covenant relates to Jews of all times, with details of that promise going back to the Davidic Covenant in 2 Sam 7. The promised land will extend from the River of Egypt (Wadi el-Arish) to the Euphrates River in Iraq (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Old Testament, Allen E. Poss).

2. Surviving, born again, Tribulation Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age in natural bodies, and will reside beyond the boundaries of the promised land; they will come and go, to and from, the promised land of Gen 15:18-22 (Zech 14:16-19). Born again saints of the Church Age, and the martyred and resurrected Gentiles of the Tribulation, will have resurrection bodies, souls, and spirits; they will rule and reign in the area that is beyond the promised land of Gen 15:18-22, over those Gentiles that do not have resurrected bodies, souls and spirits.

3. Resurrected and raptured saints of the church age will be caught up and taken to Heaven by Christ, never to be absent from His Presence (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17). We, “church age saints,” will travel from Heaven to Earth with Christ during the Millennium, and back to Heaven with Christ, as we rule and reign with Him….back and forth….back and forth….back and forth. We will go back and forth, from heaven to earth to heaven, for the 1000 year duration of the Kingdom Age. Because of the wording of 1 Thes 4:17, “so shall we ever be with the Lord,” church age saints will be present with Christ during the Kingdom Age, “ruling and reigning with Christ,” as He rules from Jerusalem. If Christ should leave the Promised Land, the church age saints will accompany Him.

4. Those in the Kingdom Age, having “perfect and eternal,” resurrection bodies, souls and spirits, will rule and reign over those not having such resurrection bodies. All of those whom will be in the New Jerusalem must have resurrection bodies. Imperfection and sin will be present during the Kingdom Age, as children are born, not having come to saving faith in Christ. Sin will escalate and lead to the Battle of Gog and Magog, as the Kingdom Age comes to an end (Rev 20:7-9). No imperfection will be allowed in the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:27, Ryrie Study Bible).

IV. Scripture Study Details.

A. Introduction. Revelation 21 (NASB) Text and Comments. The NASB translation was chosen for the following scriptures of this article because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Scripture notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, due to the demonstrated knowledge of scripture of Dr. Ryrie, and because of the concise way that he makes his thoughts known. The credentials of Dr. Charles Ryrie (deceased) can be found in the About Sources Page of this site. Everybody should have a Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Text. Revelation 21 (NASB).

The New Heaven and Earth

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, 4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”

5 And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He *said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.” 6 Then He said to me, “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost. 7 He who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son. 8 But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

The New Jerusalem

10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very costly stone, as a stone of crystal-clear jasper. 12 It had a great and high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east and three gates on the north and three gates on the south and three gates on the west. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, and its gates and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, fifteen hundred miles; its length and width and height are equal. 17 And he measured its wall, seventy-two yards, according to human measurements, which are also angelic measurements. 18 The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundation stones of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. 25 In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; 26 and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; 27 and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

C. Comments. Revelation 21. Ryrie Study Bible.

21:1. “a new heaven and a new earth.” The present creation will be destroyed so that it may be cleansed from all the effects of sin (2 Peter 3:7, 10, 12). “No more sea” because climatic and human conditions will be completely different.
21:2. “new Jerusalem.” This heavenly city will be the abode of all the saints (Heb 12:22-24), the bride of Christ (vv 9-10), and the place Christ prepared for His people (John 14:2). During the Millennium the Jew Jerusalem (described in Rev 21:9-22:5) apparently will be suspended over the earth, and it will be the dwelling place of all believers during eternity (as is emphasized in 21:1-8).
21:3-4 People will enjoy a new intimacy with God and the elimination of those sorrows that sin brings.
21:8. Those whose lives can be characterized in these ways will be cast into the lake of fire, because they have shown themselves to be unbelievers. “brimstone = sulphur.
21:11. The city will shine with the “glory of God,” like “crystal-clear Jasper,” which will allow that glory to shine brilliantly.
21:12-14. Though both Jewish saints and Christian saints will inhabit the city, the names of the “twelve tribes” and the “twelve apostles” are a witness to their continued distinction.
21:16-17. Shaped foursquare like a cube, the city is 1380 mi (2,220 km) on each face, including height, with a wall 72 yd (66 m) thick. It has been calculated that even if only 25 percent of this space were used for dwellings, 20 billion people could be accommodated spaciously.
21:19-20. “chalcedony.” Probably a greenish blue agate stone. (The exact composition and color of all these precious stones is unknown.) “sardonyx.” Bright red. “chrysolite.” Golden in color. “beryl.” Sea green. “topaz.” Yellow-green. “chrysoprase.” Apple green. “jacincth.” Blue. “amethyst.” Purple.
21:24. Whether these “nations” and “kings” are millennial people or resurrected people in the eternal state is unclear. In either case, only the redeemed will be allowed to enter the city (v. 27).

V. Conclusion. Verses of judgment and condemnation. In the verses that follow, are the lifestyles of people whom have not been born again, “those whom are not Christ’s.” There are differences, however, in the verses that identify such non-believers. Those whom are alive during the time prior to the tribulation had been exposed to Christ by eyewitnesses of our Lord, and by those whom had been won to Christ by those whom had been won to Christ by converts of eyewitnesses (from the first century until now). Because only eyewitnesses of Christ had actually seen the Truth of Christ, “those whom had not/have not seen our Lord” based their decisions to accept Christ as Lord and Savior on faith, which will be the case of those which will be martyred tribulation saints. Those whom will live during the Kingdom Age as unbelievers will have the physical Presence of Christ in their lives, and will come under His teaching. In Rev 21:8 such words as “cowardly, fearful, liars,” along with the other verse qualifiers, show a lifestyle of unbelief in Christ, of not having been born again. All whom have direct access to the Person of Christ and to His teachings, should have no reason to be cowardly, fearful, or liars. But, because of their not having been born again, such Kingdom Age unbelievers will find their eternal destination to be in the Lake Of Fire (Rev 20:15), because they did not receive the Person and teaching of Christ; they were born in the Kingdom Age as unbelievers, and will exit the Kingdom Age as unbelievers. In essence, those of Rev 21:8, have not been born again (John 3:3). It is important to know that “Kingdom of God” can relate to the Millennium or to the Eternal State, depending on context. John 3:3 and 1 Cor 6:9-10 directly relate to the Millennium. However, those whom have been born again will also enter into the New Jerusalem of the Eternal State.

A. Pre-Tribulation

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (NASB)
9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (KJV)
9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

B. Post Tribulation.

Revelation 21:8 (NASB)
8 But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Revelation 21:8 (KJV)
8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

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Rev 20 – The Millennium – To Rule And Reign With Christ

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Opening Video Information.

What will Christians do during the millennial kingdom? Nov 21, 2012. John Ankerberg Show.

II. Key Verses. Joel 3:10, Micah 4:3 (All verses NASB).

A. In Rev 19 we concluded the events of the Tribulation.

B. In Rev 20 we will see the blessings of the Kingdom Age of the Millennium.

C. The following two verses focus on key features of the Tribulation and Millennium.

1. “Beat your plowshares into swords, And your pruning hooks into spears;” (Joel 3:10). This verse relates to the Tribulation, at the Battle of Armageddon (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. “Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. (Micah 4:3). This verse relates to the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Ryrie Study Bible).

D. The Tribulation must precede the Millennium (Ryrie Study Bible, note on Joel 3:9-17). We will now discuss things of the Millennium.

III. Introduction (All verses NASB).

A. The millennium, as shown in Rev 20, is a fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant, as stated in 2 Sam 7:1-17.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+sam+7%3A9-17&version=NASB

1. MacArthur Study Bible Notes. 2 Samuel 7:1–17 See 1 Chr. 17:1–15. These verses record the establishment of the Davidic Covenant, God’s unconditional promise to David and his posterity. While not called a covenant here, it is later (23:5). This promise is an important key to understanding God’s irrevocable pledge of a king from the line of David to rule forever (v. 16). It has been estimated that over 40 individual biblical passages are directly related to these verses (cf. Pss. 89; 110; 132); thus, this text is a major highlight in the OT. The ultimate fulfillment comes at Christ’s second advent when He sets up His millennial kingdom on earth (cf. Ezek. 37; Zech. 14; Rev. 19). (The following notes come from 2 Sam).

a. 7:12 your seed. According to the rest of Scripture, it was the coming Messiah who would establish David’s kingdom forever (see Is. 9:6, 7; Luke 1:32, 33).
b. 7:15 This is an expression of the unconditional character of the Davidic Covenant. The Messiah will come to His glorious, eternal Kingdom and that promise will not change.
c. 7:16 your house…your kingdom…Your throne. Luke 1:32b, 33 indicates that these 3 terms are fulfilled in Jesus, “…and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.” forever. This word conveys the idea of 1) an indeterminately long time or 2) into eternity future. It does not mean that there cannot be interruptions, but rather that the outcome is guaranteed. Christ’s Davidic reign will conclude human history.

2. The Kingdom Age is a key part of the Olivet Discourse (Mt 24-25), where Christ told His “soon to be apostles” of the events that will take place during the prophesied seven-year tribulation. “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come (Mt 24:14 NASB). It is important to know that it is the “good news” of the Kingdom that will be preached during the Tribulation, as opposed to the “good news” of 1 Cor 15:1-8 (death, burial and resurrection of Christ). It is important to understand that the Olivet Discourse was taught by Christ to Jews, about Jewish things.

3. The Kingdom Age was preached by Isaiah the prophet to Israel in 760 B.C. (Scofield) to Jews in and around Jerusalem (Isa 1:1). Details: 2:1 “It will come about in the last days; 2:3 “And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways; 2:4, “And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.” 9:6-7 ” 6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.” 11:6 “And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.

B. The Kingdom is taught in the Gospels, as related to Jews.

1. Luke 1:31-33: “31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.”

2. The Kingdom was taught by Christ and His disciples about the Kingdom to first century Jews

a. “From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (Matt 4:17).

b. “Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom….” (Matt 4:23).

c. Jesus was going through all the cities and villages…..proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, (Mt 9:35 re: Matt 24:14).

d. Christ sent His disciples to Jews to teach about the Kingdom. Mt 10:5-7 “5 These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: “Do not go in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the Samaritans; 6 but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’”

C. The Kingdom Age was taught to Jews by Christ in the Sermon On The Mount (Matt 5-7 and Luke 6:17-49).

(Mt 5-7) 5:3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” 5:10 “Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” 5:12 “…they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” 5:19 “Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” 5:20 “For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Mt 6:10 “Your kingdom come. Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven.” 6:33 “But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.” Mt 7:12 “In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” It is important to know that the Sermon on the Mount was taught by Christ to Jews about Jewish things.

D. Christ taught about the fulfillment of prophecy to Jews.

1. “I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.” (Matt 8:11)

2. “Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom.” (Luke 12:32)

E. Christ told the disciples, who would soon become apostles, of their special role in the Kingdom.

1. Mt 16:19 “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.”

2. Luke 22:29-30: “29 and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you 30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”

F. The Kingdom: Reward and Stipulation.

1. The reward that Isaiah prophesied to Jews in III. A. 3., above, was reaffirmed by Christ: Matt 6:33 “But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.”

2. The stipulation for Jews of all times is that no Jew is promised life in the Kingdom, except by John 3:3. “… unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. The stipulation, for all whom are alive during the church age, is that no one will be able to enter the Millennium to rule and reign with Christ, unless they are born again: 2 Cor 5:17, “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.” Church age saints will be caught up by Christ and taken to Heaven when He returns “in the air” (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) and will be with Him wherever He may be, and will rule and reign with Him during the Millennium (1 Cor 6:2). The dwelling place for church age saints during the Tribulation and Millennium is in Heaven (John 14:2-3). Resurrected and raptured church-age born again saints, will come to earth and return to Heaven with Christ, during the Millennium, each time that He comes to earth and returns to Heaven (1 Thes 4:18).

4. The stipulation for any Jew or Gentile, which may survive the Tribulation, is that they must be “righteous/born again” in order for them to be allowed by Christ to enter the Millennium, otherwise they will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment of Rev 20:15 (Jews, Matt 24:40-41: “the unrighteous taken to judgment; the righteous left to enter the Millennium;” Gentiles, Matt 25:31-33: “the righteous to enter the Millennium, Mt 25:34; the unrighteous to be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, Mt 25:41).

5. The stipulation for anyone, of any time, is that no one can enter the Kingdom unless they have been born again. To be born again means that a person’s spirit is as pure as the Spirit of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (2 Cor 5:21). A believer’s born-again spirit must reside within the Spirit of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (John 14:16-17, 20; 2 Cor 5:17; Col 1:27; 1 John 1:5). Those whom have a born-again spirit will be prompted by God’s Holy Spirit of the things of righteousness (John 14:26, 16:7-11). Once we have been born again, and have been given God’s indwelling Holy Spirit, we will never have God’s Holy Spirit taken away, or removed, from our spirit. God’s Holy Spirit will eternally dwell within the spirit of all whom have been born again. Once we have been born again, we can not be “unborn” (John 10:27-30).

6. Conclusion. Everyone, of all time, “must be born again” in order for them to enter the Millennium/Kingdom Age.

IV. Preview of Rev 20. (All verses NASB)

A. Rev 20 is a view of the Kingdom Age in a nutshell. The duration of the Kingdom Age is 1,000 years, and is also known as the Millennial reign of Christ.

B. MacArthur Study Bible Note. Rev 20:1—22:21. Chapter 19 ends with the Battle of Armageddon and Christ’s second coming—events that mark the close of the Tribulation. The events of chap. 20—the binding of Satan, Christ’s 1,000 year earthly kingdom, Satan’s final rebellion, and the Great White Throne Judgment—fit chronologically between the close of the Tribulation and the creation of the new heaven and the new earth described in chaps. 21, 22.

C. Inhabitants of the Kingdom/Millennium.

1. Coming with Christ from Heaven for the Battle of Armageddon. These are the resurrected and raptured born again believers in Christ. (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Rev 19:11-14).

2. Old Testament Saints resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Dan 12:1-2), which will include the OT saints of the Gospels.

3. Tribulation Martyrs (Rev 20:4). Surviving Tribulation Saints (those who came to Christ during the tribulation, Jew and Gentile). (Matt 24:40-41, Jews; Matt 25:34, Gentiles).

4. Those born to surviving Tribulation saints; these will have to accept Christ as Savior to enter the eternal state Rev 20:15)

D. Those not allowed into the Kingdom. Who are the people which will not enter the Kingdom Age? It will be those whom have not been born again. Dan 12:1-2; John 3:3; Mt 24:40-41; Mt 25:41. The unsaved dead of all times (Rev 20:11-13). The unsaved living survivors of the tribulation are put to death, to be resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgement of Rev 20:15 (Matt 24:40-41; Matt 25:41).

E. Those ruling and reigning with Christ during the Kingdom Age will be all of whom were born again prior to the Tribulation, and those whom were born again, AND MARTYRED, during the tribulation.

1. Old Testament Saints (Dan 12:1-2; Matt 19:28).
2. New Testament Saints (1 Cor 6:2).
3. Tribulation Martyred Saints (Rev 20:4).

F. Those “not” ruling and reigning with Christ during the Kingdom Age.

1. Those whom were born again during the Tribulation, but were not martyred (this will be discussed in the next Revelation article).
2. All children who will be born during the Kingdom Age have yet to be born again; if they accept Christ as Savior, they will be born again and have the influence of God’s Holy Spirit prompting them to righteousness (John 14:26, 16:7-11).

G. Who will rule and reign over whom?

1. In the Abrahamic Covenant, Jews are promised the land of Gen 15:18-22, which will not occur until the Kingdom Age. Surviving Jews of the Tribulation will occupy the promised land. Jews with resurrection bodies will rule and reign over the land of Gen 15:18-22.

2. Surviving Tribulation Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age, but will reside beyond the boundaries of the promised land. They will come and go, to and from, the promised land of Gen 15:18-22 (Zech 14:16-19). Born again saints of the Church Age, and the martyred and resurrected Gentiles of the Tribulation, will rule and reign in the area beyond the promised land of Gen 15:18-22. The church age saints may also rule and reign over the promised land (1 Thes 4:17).

3. Resurrected and raptured saints of the church age will be caught up and taken to Heaven by Christ, never to be absent from His Presence (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17). We, “church age saints,” will travel from heaven to earth with Christ during the Millennium, and back to Heaven with Christ, as we rule and reign with Him….back and forth….back and forth….back and forth. We will go back and forth, from heaven to earth to heaven, for the 1000 year duration of the Kingdom Age.

H. Looking ahead. We have discussed the stipulation for those whom will gain entry into the Millennium. There is also a stipulation for those whom will gain entry into the eternal state of Rev 21-22. In our next Revelation article we will discuss that which is necessary for anyone to spend eternity with God in the eternal state.

V. Rev 19 NASB 1995 Text and Comments (MacArthur Study Bible notes, unless otherwise noted). .

Satan Bound

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; 3 and he threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

Comments 1-3 KJV Study Bible. 20:1–3. The bottomless pit is simply the Abyss (Gr. abussos), the abode of evil spirits (cf. 9:1–11; Luke 8:31). The key shows authority, and the chain depicts imprisonment and binding. Before the millennial kingdom begins, Satan (cf. 12:9) is bound in the Abyss. The seal indicates God’s authority and guarantee that Satan will not be released until a thousand years have passed. During the Millennium (Latin for “one thousand years”) Satan will not be able to tempt or deceive the nations. Any temptation to sin during the Millennium must come from within those people who are born after the kingdom begins. It must be assumed that all of Satan’s demons or fallen angels are also imprisoned at this time (cf. Is. 24:21–23). Christ will reign on earth without opposition, and His kingdom will be characterized by righteousness, peace, and love (cf. Is. 2:3, 4; 11:3–5; 35:1, 2; Dan. 7:14; Zech. 14:9). However, after the thousand years Satan will be released for a short while (vv. 7–9).

4 Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.

Comments 4 the souls of those who had been beheaded. These are tribulation martyrs (cf. 6:9; 18:24; 19:2). The Gr. word translated “beheaded” became a general term for execution, not necessarily a particular method. his mark. See note on 13:16. Tribulation martyrs will be executed for refusing the mark of the beast. reigned. Tribulation believers, along with the redeemed from both the OT and NT eras, will reign with Christ (1 Cor. 6:2; 2 Tim. 2:12) during the 1,000 year kingdom.

Comments 5 the rest of the dead. The bodies of unbelievers of all ages will not be resurrected until the Great White Throne Judgment (vv. 12, 13). first resurrection. Scripture teaches two kinds of resurrections: the “resurrection of life” and “the resurrection of condemnation” (John 5:29; cf. Dan. 12:2; Acts 24:15). The first kind of resurrection is described as “the resurrection of the just” (Luke 14:14), the resurrection of “those who are Christ’s at His coming” (1 Cor. 15:23), and the “better resurrection” (Heb. 11:35). It includes only the redeemed of the church age (1 Thess. 4:13–18), the OT (Dan. 12:2), and the Tribulation (v. 4). They will enter the kingdom in resurrection bodies, along with believers who survived the Tribulation. The second kind of resurrection, then, will be the resurrection of the unconverted who will receive their final bodies suited for torment in hell.

Comments 6. Blessed. Those who die in the Lord (14:13) are blessed with the privilege of entering His kingdom (see note on 1:3). second death. The first death is only physical, the second is spiritual and eternal in the lake of fire, the final, eternal hell (v. 14). It could exist outside the created universe as we know it, outside of space and time, and be presently unoccupied (see note on 19:20). thousand years. See note on v. 2.

Satan Freed, Doomed

7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

Comments 7 Satan…released. He is loosed to bring cohesive leadership to the world of rebels born to the believers who entered the kingdom at the beginning. He is loosed to reveal the character of Christ-rejecting sinners who are brought into judgment for the last time ever.

Comments 8 Gog and Magog. The name given to the army of rebels and its leader at the end of the Millennium. They were names of ancient enemies of the Lord. Magog was the grandson of Noah (Gen. 10:2) and founder of a kingdom located N of the Black and Caspian Seas. Gog is apparently the leader of a rebel army known collectively as Magog. The battle depicted in vv. 8, 9 is like the one in Ezek. 38, 39; it is best to see this one as taking place at the end of the Millennium. For the difference, see notes on Ezek. 38, 39.

Comments 9 beloved city. Jerusalem (cf. Pss. 78:68; 87:2), the capital city during Christ’s millennial reign (Jer. 3:17). The saints will be living around the city where Christ reigns (cf. Is. 24:23; Jer. 3:17; Zech. 14:9–11). fire. Frequently associated in Scripture with divine judgment of wicked men (Gen. 19:24; 2 Kin. 1:10, 12, 14; Luke 9:54; 17:29).

Comments 10 deceived. Just as his demons will entice the world’s armies into the Battle of Armageddon, Satan will draw them into a suicidal assault against Christ and His people (16:13, 14). lake of fire and brimstone. See note on 19:20. tormented day and night. See note on 14:11. Continuous, unrelieved torment will be the final state of Satan, fallen angels, and unredeemed men.

Judgment at the Throne of God

11 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one of them according to their deeds. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.

Comments 11 great white throne. Nearly 50 times in Revelation there is the mention of a throne. This is a judgment throne, elevated, pure, and holy. God sits on it as judge (cf. 4:2, 3, 9; 5:1, 7, 13; 6:16; 7:10, 15) in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. See 21:5, 6; John 5:22–29; Acts 17:31. earth and the heaven fled away. John saw the contaminated universe go out of existence. Peter described this moment in 2 Pet. 3:10–13 (see notes there). The universe is “uncreated,” going into non-existence (cf. Matt. 24:35).

Comments 12 standing before God. In a judicial sense, as guilty, condemned prisoners before the bar of divine justice. There are no living sinners left in the destroyed universe since all sinners were killed and all believers glorified. books. These books record every thought, word, and deed of sinful men—all recorded by divine omniscience (see note on Dan. 7:9, 10, the verse that is the source of this text). They will provide the evidence for eternal condemnation. Cf. 18:6, 7. Book of Life. It contains the names of all the redeemed (Dan. 12:1; see notes on 3:5). judged according to their works. Their thoughts (Luke 8:17; Rom. 2:16), words (Matt. 12:37), and actions (Matt. 16:27) will be compared to God’s perfect, holy standard (Matt. 5:48; 1 Pet. 1:15, 16) and will be found wanting (Rom. 3:23). This also implies that there are degrees of punishment in hell (cf. Matt. 10:14, 15; 11:22; Mark 12:38–40; Luke 12:47, 48; Heb. 10:29).

Comment 13 Death and Hades. See note on 1:18. Both terms describe the state of death. All unrighteous dead will appear at the Great White Throne Judgment; none will escape. All the places that have held the bodies of the unrighteous dead will yield up new bodies suited for hell.

My Comment. 20:13. Luke 16:19-31. The rich man was dead, with his body in the grave; this man was dead, with his soul experiencing torment in Hades. Once a believer dies, the body is in the grave (so to speak) and the soul is in the Presence of God, in a state of comfort (as was Lazarus). At the time of the rapture and resurrection, the church age bodies of the “dead in Christ” will be raised to be physically in the Presence of Christ, forever (1 Thes 4:16-18). The righteous whom die prior to the church age, and in the tribulation, will have their deceased bodies raised at the end of the tribulation (Dan 12:2, Rev 20:4). As in the case of Lazarus, all deceased righteous saints, of all times, will have their souls (consciousness) in the Presence of God from the time of their death until the time of their bodily resurrection, at which time their “bodies, souls and spirits” (1 Thes 5:23) will be reunited. There is no such thing as soul sleep.

Comments 14 second death. See note on v. 6.

Comments 15 lake of fire. See note on 19:20. 19:20 beast was captured, and…the false prophet. In an instant, the world’s armies are without their leaders. The beast is Antichrist (see notes on 13:1–8); the false prophet is his religious cohort (see notes on 13:11–17). cast alive. The bodies of the beast and the false prophet will be transformed, and they will be banished directly to the lake of fire (Dan. 7:11)—the first of countless millions of unregenerate men (20:15) and fallen angels (cf. Matt. 25:41) to arrive in that dreadful place. That these two still appear there 1,000 years later (20:10) refutes the false doctrine of annihilationism (cf. 14:11; Is. 66:24; Matt. 25:41; Mark 9:48; Luke 3:17; 2 Thess. 1:9). lake of fire. The final hell, the place of eternal punishment for all unrepentant rebels, angelic or human (cf. 20:10, 15). The NT says much of eternal punishment (cf. 14:10, 11; Matt. 13:40–42; 25:41; Mark 9:43–48; Luke 3:17; 12:47, 48). fire…brimstone. See note on 9:17. These two are frequently associated with divine judgment (14:10; 20:10; 21:8; Gen. 19:24; Ps. 11:6; Is. 30:33; Ezek. 38:22; Luke 17:29).

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

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VI. Summary (All verses NASB).

A. The Kingdom of God is that, such as Isaiah prophesied, of a physical Kingdom which will be present on earth, with Christ ruling from Jerusalem (Isa 2:3, 9:6-7, etc.).

B. There is discussion today of “Kingdom Now Theology.” However, there can be no Kingdom without a King present and ruling. The King, Christ, is not presently ruling on earth, and will not be present on earth until the events of prophecy are fulfilled, such as those taken from Zech 12:9 and 14:1-4, at the end of the Tribulation, in the Battle of Armageddon:

1. “And in that day I will set about to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem” (Zech 12:9).

2. “Behold, a day is coming for the Lord…. (He) will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle…Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle….His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east;” (Zech 14:1-4).

C. Peace will not come upon the Earth until Christ returns from Heaven to Earth, and physically rules and reigns from Jerusalem.

1. “And the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one.” (Zech 14:9)

2. There will be only one religion in the entire world during the millennial reign of Christ. Ruling with a rod of iron (cf. Rev. 19:15), Christ will have done away with all false religions spawned by Satan. This will be the ultimate fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant providing a Jewish people, the nation of Israel, and the land given to Abraham; the Davidic Covenant which promised a king from the tribe of Judah and the line of David; and the New Covenant which held out the hope of spiritual redemption for Jew and Gentile. All of this will be fulfilled in and by the Lord Jesus Christ. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

D. If we were to think that we are in the Kingdom Age now, we would have to conclude that Christ is not doing a good job of ruling and reigning. Worldly peace is not present. The conditions of Isaiah 2 are nowhere to be found.

VII. Closing Video.

The closing video relates to Isaiah 2:3. “And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob.”

Up to Jerusalem – Paul Wilbur.flv. Dec 12, 2010. Juan Rodriguez.

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