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Part 1. Introduction.
I. Video Information. 1 Samuel -This video will provide a quick overview of the first book of Samuel. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.
II. Lesson Overview.
A. In this series of studies, we will go back into the Old Testament. We will look at Israel, as “God’s chosen people” (Deu 14:2) continue their travel toward the promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant. We will discuss key events that take place from 1 Samuel, through the time of the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian troops. The timeline for this study will be from 1171 B.C., (Scofield Study Bible, Copyright 1909), until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 1 Samuel is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.
B. Timeline of 1 Samuel. Israel judged by judges 1375 BC. Samuel born 1085 BC. Saul born 1080 BC. Saul becomes king 1050 BC. David born 1040 B.C. David becomes king of Judah 1010 BC. David becomes king over all Israel 1003 BC. Solomon born 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king 970 BC. The Part III study outline of this 1 Samuel lesson comes from the Ryrie Study Bible (Bio can be found in my About Sources page of this site.)
C. We are continuing this study from where Israel fled Egypt and crossed through the Red Sea in the topic lesson
“Israel 10 – Exodus 15-24, dated April 7, 2019.” Our last topic lesson was “Judges 10-16 , Ruth, December 6, 2019.”
D. Beginning with this article, we will continue our study of Israel. We will cover the books of 1 Samuel through 2 Chronicles, and provide the highlights of each of these six books. As I have stated before, this is not a verse by verse study of each book. Instead, the study will be based on a prophetic timeline of God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2).
E. After King Solomon’s death, the Kingdom of Israel became divided into the northern and southern kingdoms. Of the kings of the northern kingdom, all of its nineteen kings were unrighteous. Of the kings of the southern kingdom, of its twenty kings, twelve were unrighteous and only eight were righteous. http://biblesanity.org/docs/kings.pdf
Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.
I. Book Overview – 1 Samuel, by C.I. Scofield. This book represents the personal history of Samuel, last of the Judges. It records the moral failure of the priesthood under Eli, and of the Judges in Samuel’s attempt to make the office hereditary (1 Samuel 8:1). In his prophetic office Samuel was faithful, and in him begins the line of writing prophets. Henceforth the prophet, not the priest, is conspicuous in Israel. In this book the theocracy, as exercised through judges, ends (1 Samuel 8:7), and the line of kings begins with Saul.
II. Book Breakdown.
A. The story of Samuel to the death of Eli, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1:1 to 1 Samuel 4:22.
B. From the taking of the ark to the demand for a king, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 5:1 to 1 Samuel 8:22.
C. The reign of Saul to the call of David, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 9:1 to 1 Samuel 15:35.
D. From the call of David to the death of Saul, 1 Samuel 16:1 to 1 Samuel 31:13.
E. The events recorded in First Samuel cover a period of 115 years (Ussher).
Part 3. Lesson Outline.
I. Samuel, the last judge. 1:1-8:22.
A. Samuel’s early life and call. 1:1-3:21
1. His mother. 1:1-2:10.
a. Her sorrow. 1:1-8.
b. Her supplication. 1:9-18.
c. Her son (Samuel). 1:19-23.
d. Her sacrifice. 1:24-28.
e. Her song. 2:1-10.
2. Samuel’s ministry. 2:11-3:21.
a. The situation in Shiloh. 2:11-36.
b. The summons to Samuel. 3:1-21.
B. Samuel’s war with the Philistines. 4:1-7:2.
1. The capture of the ark by the Philistines. 4:1-22.
a. The defeat of Israel. 4:1-11.
b. The death of Eli. 4:12-18.
c. The departure of the Glory: Ichabod. 4:19-22.
2. The curse of the ark on the Philistines. 5:1-12.
3. The return of the ark by the Philistines. 6:1-7:1.
C. Samuel’s revival ministry to Israel. 7:2-17.
D. Samuel’s warning to Israel concerning their demand for a king. 8:1-22.
II. Saul, the first king. 9:1-31:13.
A. The rise of Saul. 9:1-11:15.
1. The choosing of Saul. 9:1-27.
2. The coronation of Saul. 10:1-27.
3. The conquest of the Ammonites. 11:1-15.
B. The reminder by Samuel. 12:1-25.
C. The rejection of Saul. 13:1-15:35.
1. His sinful offering. 13:1-22.
2. His rash vows. 13:23-14:52.
3. His partial obedience. 15:1-35.
D. The replacement of Saul by David. 16:1-23.
1. David chosen and anointed. 16:1-13.
2. David employed at Saul’s court. 16:14-23.
E. The rise of David over Saul. 17:1-18:30.
1. David’s defeat of Goliath. 17:1-58.
2. David’s friendship with Jonathan. 18:1-4.
3. David’s relations with Saul. 18:5-16.
4. David’s marriage. 18:17-30.
F. The rejection of David by Saul. 19:1-26:25.
1. David protected by Jonathan. 19:1-10.
2. David protected by Michal. 19:11-17.
3. David protected by Samuel. 19:18:24.
4. David protected by Jonathan. 20:1-42.
5. David protected by Abimelech. 21:1-9.
6. David protected by Achish. 21:10-15.
7. David and his band of men. 22:1-26:25.
a. In the cave of Adullam and in Mizpah. 22:1-5.
b. Saul slays the priests. 22:6-23.
c. At Keilah. 23:1-12.
d. In the wilderness of Ziph. 23:13-29.
e. At Engedi, David spares Saul. 24:1-22.
f. David and Abigail. 25:1-44.
g. In the wilderness of Ziph, David spares Saul again. 26:1-25.
G. The refuge of David in Philistine Territory. 27:1-31:13.
1. David becomes a Philistine servant. 27:1-28:2.
2. Saul consults the medium at En-dor. 28:3-25.
3. David dismissed by the Philistines. 29:1-11.
4. David destroys the Amalekites. 30:1-31.
5. The Philistines and the death of Saul. 31:1-13.
Part 4. Video Details.
I. Video Overview: 1 Samuel. #Samuel #BibleProject #BibleVideo. BibleProject
Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In 1 Samuel, God reluctantly raises up kings to rule the Israelites. The first is a failure, and the second, David, is a faithful replacement
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