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We are now half-way through the series of articles on the books of Samuel through Chronicles. At this time, it will be good for us to consider the importance of the books of the Old Testament, especially how they relate to God’s plan for the ages. In the next article we will return to our previous schedule, and will study the book of Second Kings.
Part 1. Introduction.
I. Old Testament Significance. The Old Testament is much more than history; it tells us about the significance of Israel’s being a key part of God’s plans for the ages. In the Old Testament, we learn of Israel as being God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2), and of His protection over the Jews. We learn of the significance of Israel in the first and second comings of Christ, and we also learn about God’s plan for Israel in the Tribulation and the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. There are many other elements of scripture of the Old Testament that are often overlooked in sermons and lessons. As we study these articles, we will try to come to a greater understanding of God’s Word that lead to the time of the Eternal State of the New Heavens, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).
II. Two Kingdoms.
A. Theocratic Kingdom.
B. Universal Kingdom.
III. The Theocratic Kingdom.
A. We will begin using a term, “Office Of Theocratic Administrator,” which is used often in the book of Andy Woods, “The Coming Kingdom.” Many of the thoughts that support this article come from that same book.
B. God gave dominion to Adam and Eve to be rulers of the world, through Adam, whom was God’s theocratic administrator (Gen 1:26-28).
C. Adam and Eve sinned, so they were removed from the positions of leadership in which God had ordained for them (Gen 3:16-10).
D. God’s judgment on Satan for his involvement with the sin of Adam and Eve is described in Gen 3:14-15.
E. God’s judgment on Eve for her sin is described in Gen 3:16.
F. God’s judgment on Adam for his part in the sin is described in Gen 3:17-19.
G. God’s judgment on Satan involves God’s destruction of Satan is described in Gen 3:15.
H. Because of the sin of Adam and Eve, the earth, and all that was created on the earth were cursed, and is described in Gen 3:17-19. All of Genesis 1-2 was Holy. The holiness of the first two chapters of Genesis are not present from Genesis Chapter three, and forward. Holiness will return in the eternal state of the New Heavens, New Earth and New Jerusalem, “I am making all things new,” (Rev 21:5). In Genesis Chapter 3 we see death, sickness, and everything else that was not present in Chapters 1-2. The curse affected the total makeup of mankind, to include “body, soul, and spirit” (1 Thes 5:23). John 3:3 addresses the problem of the cursed spirit, “you must be born again.” Revelation 21:4 addresses the curse affects of, “death, mourning, pain.”
IV. Satan’s Rule.
A. Satan’s role in encouraging Adam and Eve to rebel against God brought about the removal of the office of Theocratic Administrator from planet earth. At that point in time, Satan became the ruler of the world, as follows:
Luke 4:5-6 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
5 And the devil, taking Him up onto a high mountain, showed unto Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 And the devil said unto Him, “All this power will I give Thee, and the glory of them; for this has been delivered unto me, and to whomsoever I will, I give it.
B. The following verses relate to the power that Satan has in our world today.
John 12:31, 14:30, 16:11 (The Prince of this world). 2 Cor 4:4 (The God of this age). Eph 2:2 ( The Prince and power of the air). Eph 6:12 (Who the believer wrestles with). 1 Pet 5:8 (A Roaring lion). 1 John 5:19 (The Whole world lies in his power).
C. In the future Kingdom Age, the world will have a Messianic Kingdom on earth, which will restore the office of Theocratic Administrator. When the office of Theocratic Administrator left our planet, there would be no theocratic administrator until the time of Moses. That office would continue through Joshua, various Judges, Saul, David and Solomon. After the Kingdom divided after the death of Solomon, the office of Theocratic Administrator continued through the kings of the southern kingdom until 586 B.C., when the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple that Solomon built; it was at that time in history that the earthly theocracy was terminated. Then, God’s Shekinah glory departed from the Temple, per Ezekiel 10:4, 18-19, and 11:23. A difficult time would come upon Israel, when there would not be a functioning Davidic king. This horrible time in the history of Israel would come to be known as the “Times Of The Gentiles,” which would last from the Babylonian Captivity until the time that a rightful king will rule, and God’s Shekinah Glory will return to the Millennial Temple (Ezekiel 43:1-5). The Times of the Gentiles will end when Christ returns to reign from the throne in Jerusalem during the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Revelation 19:11-16; 20:4; Isa 2:1-4).
V. Considering God’s Purposes.
A. The purposes of God for Israel can not be thwarted. God does not wait for any person to make a decision, in order for God to continue with His plan, which is, ultimately, for God to be glorified. Additionally, God’s plan for men and women in these “Times of the Gentiles,” will be accomplished.
B. The purpose of God is that He be glorified. Ex 9:16, Isa 43:7, Isa 43:21:
1. “But, indeed, for this reason I have allowed you to remain, in order to show you My power and in order to proclaim My name through all the earth.” (Ex 9:16).
2. “Everyone who is called by My name, And whom I have created for My glory, Whom I have formed, even whom I have made.” (Isa 43:7).
3. “The people whom I formed for Myself Will declare My praise” (Isa 43:21).
C. The fulfillment of God’s plan for His praise is found in 1 John 3:8:
“the one who practices sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning. The Son of God appeared for this purpose, to destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8).
D. The glorification of God reaches a high point in Heaven (Rev 4:8-11):
8 “And the four living creatures, each one of them having six wings, are full of eyes around and within; and day and night they do not cease to say, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God, the Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come.” 9 And when the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and ever, and will cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 11 “Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created” (Rev 4:8-11).
E. Notice the eternal glorification of God in Rev 4:8-11. Until Satan is destroyed by Christ, such glorification will not happen John 1:29:
“The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, ‘Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!'” (John 1:29).
F. Consider John MacArthur’s comments on 1 John 3:8, which relate to all that is attributed to Satan’s influence on mankind. Remember that until Adam and Eve sinned, there was no sin and no death.
“For this purpose…that He might destroy. Christians cannot practice sin is because Christ came to destroy the works of the arch-sinner, Satan. The devil is still operating, but he has been defeated and in Christ we escape his tyranny. The day will come when all of Satan’s activity will cease in the universe and he will be sent to hell forever (Rev. 20:10). works of the devil. This summarizes a variety of the devil’s activities: sin, rebellion, temptation, ruling the world, persecution and accusation of saints, instigation of false teachers, power of death (e.g., Luke 8:12; John 8:44; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 7:5; 2 Cor. 4:4; Eph. 6:11, 12; 1 Thess. 2:18; Heb. 2:14; Rev. 12:10).”
G. God’s plan to restore His kingdom was initiated through Abraham (Gen 12:1-4), and through the covenant seed of Isaac and Jacob. At the time that God called Abraham, Abraham was an idol worshiper (Josh 24:2). In Joshua 24 we see God’s plan being fulfilled through the seed of Jacob (Israel). Abraham’s faith was accounted as righteousness (Gen 15:6), but remember that Abraham was a pagan, and was not looking for God; God was looking for Abraham. God wasn’t waiting for Abraham to make a decision to follow Him,” so that God could continue with His plan. Faith was God’s gift to Abraham (Acts 3:16, Eph 2:8, 2 Pet 1:1). In the case of none of the men in Joshua 24, did God wait for any of them to make a decision to follow Him; He gave them faith, too. Consider God’s sovereign plan for Israel (Jer 18:6). “Can I not, O house of Israel, deal with you as this potter does?” declares the Lord. “Behold, like the clay in the potter’s hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel.” Other related verses are Rom 9:6-11, 11:1-5, 11:25-28.
H. God’s plan for the ages will not be denied, or changed. Through the covenants, God assured Israel of her honored place in the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. Through God’s Words, through the Prophet Jeremiah, we see that Israel can not pull herself from her destined place in prophetic history; neither can anyone else altar God’s plan for His Chosen People. Consider the text of Jeremiah 18:1-6.
Jeremiah 18:1-6 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying, 2 “Arise and go down to the potter’s house, and there I will cause thee to hear My words.” 3 Then I went down to the potter’s house, and behold, he wrought a work on the wheels. 4 And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter; so he made it again another vessel, as it seemed good to the potter to make it. 5 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 6 “O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter?” saith the Lord. “Behold, as the clay is in the potter’s hand, so are ye in Mine hand, O house of Israel.
I. The Apostle Paul writes in parallel to Jeremiah’s prophecy in the Book of Romans:
1. Romans 9:10-11 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
10 And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac 11 (for the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, in order that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not by works, but by Him that calleth),
2. Romans 9:21 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
21 Hath not the potter power over the clay to make from the same lump one vessel unto honor and another unto dishonor?
3. Romans 11:1-2 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
1 I ask then: Hath God cast away His people? God forbid! For I also am an Israelite of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2 God hath not cast away His people whom He foreknew….
4. Romans 11:29 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
J. The purposes of God were predestined to be fulfilled through the Prophet, Jeremiah, and were fulfilled.
Jeremiah 1:5 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
5 “Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee, and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.”
K. The purposes of God were predestined to be fulfilled through the Apostle, Paul, and were fulfilled.
Galatians 1:15 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me by His grace,
L. The purposes of God are also stated for those of us whom are living in The Times of The Gentiles.
a. Romans 8:28-30 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose. 29 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover, whom He predestined, those He also called; and whom He called, those He also justified; and whom He justified, those He also glorified.
(1) The word, “call,” refers to either, a specific, “by name call,” as was in the case of Paul, https://biblehub.com/lexicon/galatians/1-15.htm or a general call, as was in the case of the Pentecost Jewish listeners of Acts 2.
(2) In Romans 8:30, the meaning of “call” is that of those whom are called “by name,” (Strong’s 2564, kaleó to call). The general call of the Apostle Peter on the day of Pentecost shows that not all of those Jews responded, per Acts 2:41, “those who had received his word were baptized…” The essence of God’s calling is “His purpose,” whether by a specific “by name call,” or by “His general call to all.” Matthew 22:14, “Many are called but few are chosen,” shows that the general call of God does not result in Salvation for all whom receive the call (Walvoord Commentary on Matthew). The key to understanding God’s call is made clear in Romans 8:28, “called according to His purpose.” In Calvin’s commentary on Acts, 2:21, Calvin says, “God invites everyone to Him for salvation.”
b. Romans 1:7 21st Century King James Version (KJ21)
7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
(1) In Romans 1:7, the meaning of “call” is that of those whom have received a “general call,” (Strong’s 2822, klétos, called).
(2) In the NT, 2822 /klētós (“divinely called”) focuses on God’s general call – i.e. the call (invitation) He gives to all people, so all can receive His salvation. God desires every person to call out to Him and receive His salvation (1 Tim 2:4,5). “Unfortunately, many choose not to – but all can; all don’t but all can call out to God for His mercy (not just ‘some’)” (G. Archer). See 2821 /klēsis (“calling”). (Biblehub).
M. In the situation of Christ’s call on the disciples; “they were called by Christ and they immediately responded,” per Matthew 10:1-7. God chose them to believe in Christ for salvation, for the purposes of going to the Jews in Israel and sharing the gospel of the kingdom (Kingdom Age, Millennial reign of Christ). The disciples had to have been born again in order for them to witness to unsaved people. The gospel that was preached by the disciples to the Jews was not the Gospel of “the death, burial and resurrection of Christ,” (1 Cor 15:1-8). Rather, the disciples told of the Kingdom Age that was written in the OT scriptures, e.g., 2 Samuel 7-17, Isaiah 2:1-4. “This gospel of the kingdom” (of the Kingdom Age of the Millennium), is the gospel that is addressed in Matthew 24:14, that must be preached before the second coming of Christ to end the tribulation, to save the Jews from total annihilation (Matthew 24:22; Zech 12:10-11; 14:1-3; Rev 19:11-21). Christ would later teach the Jews of Israel about the Kingdom Age, in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:3).
N. If God calls us “by name,” we will respond to His call, per Israel in Jeremiah 18:6, and Romans 9:21. If God calls us, individually, per Paul in Gal 1:15, we will respond to God’s call. Romans 11:29 refers to Israel, and to individuals, “For the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable.” If God’s call can draw an entire nation to Him, His call can also draw an individual sinner to Him.
O. Without the call of the Holy Spirit on unsaved lives, no one would be drawn to Christ. “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day” (John 6:44).
P. In order for God to be worshiped, there must be a place of worship, and a people to worship Him. God prepared a place for Him to be worshiped (John 14:2), and a people to worship Him (John 14:3). It is only through Messiah, Christ, that people may enter the place that God has prepared for Him to be worshiped (John 14:6). The worship of God will be “forever,” (Rev 4:10).
VI. The Universal Kingdom.
A. God chose various Theocratic Administrators over the Earth. However it is God, Himself, Who is in control of the universe. Consider the following verses that relate to the universal kingdom, which also relates to all of the planets.
1. Psalm 103:19. The Lord has established His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.
2. Psalm 147:8. Who covers the heavens with clouds, Who provides rain for the earth, Who makes grass to grow on the mountains.
3. It is God who keeps “Jupiter from bumping into Mars.”
4. It is God who will unleash His universal power of wrath on His creation of earth and people, whom have been tainted by sin. The events of the following verses will occur at the end of the great tribulation, shortly preceding the return of Christ to earth at the Battle of Armageddon. The people whom have been “tainted by sin” are those that will be “left behind from the rapture of the church;” they will not have been “born again” (1 Thes 4:13-18, 1 Cor 15:50-54, John 14:2,3,6).
Revelation 16:17-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, *came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague *was extremely severe (Matt 24:21).
B. The Kingdom of God is eternal. Psalm 145:13, “Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, And Your dominion endures throughout all generations.
Part 4. Disclaimer.
This article was not written based on Calvinism, Reform Theology, Arminianism or Dispensationalism. Study, prayer, and an open mind to God’s Word is the basis for all of the articles that I write. From the content that I have provided, it is easy to see that a good working knowledge of the Old Testament provides for a better understanding of the New Testament, especially of the scriptures that relate to the end times.
Part 5. Video Information.
I. God’s Purposes Are Unstoppable!
II. Romans 8:28 reads: And we know that God causes everything to work together for the good of those who love God and are called according to His purpose for them. Kirk Cameron’s movie Unstoppable puts his belief in that to the test.
III. Unstoppable Movie. Mar 12, 2014.
Part 5. Video Details. Learn more at http://unstoppablethemovie.com/
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