The Mother and Child of Revelation 12. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.
I. In this article, as we read of the battle in the heavens between the “good” angels and the “evil” angels, we will read of a prophecy of what will happen at the midway point of the seven-year Tribulation Period (Jimmy DeYoung’s video commentary). In chapter 12:1-6, we will discuss (1) the woman, representing Israel, (2) the dragon, representing Satan, (3) the man-child, referring to Christ (Walvoord Commentary). It is important to remember that the woman of Revelation Chapter 12 is Israel. Chapter 12 is broken down into three sections, as is shown immediately below. In this article, we will be discussing “War on earth, phase I.”
A. War on earth, phase I: Revelation 12:1-6.
B. War in heaven: Revelation 12:7-12.
C. War on earth:phase II. Revelation 12:13-17.
II. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).
III. Study Text. War On Earth: Phase I. Revelation 12:1-6. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+12%3A1-6&version=NASB
A. The Woman, Israel
1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; 2 and she was with child; and she *cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.
B. The Red Dragon, Satan
3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. 4 And his tail *swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.
C. The Male Child, Christ
5 And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. 6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she *had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.
IV. Comments. Revelation Chapter 12. MacArthur Study Bible notes.
A. 12:1. “sign.” A symbol pointing to something else. This is the first of 7 signs in the last half of Revelation. Cf. v. 3; 13:13, 14; 15:1; 16:14; 19:20. “a woman.” Not an actual woman, but a symbolic representation of Israel, pictured in the OT as the wife of God (Is. 54:5, 6; Jer. 3:6–8; 31:32; Ezek. 16:32; Hos. 2:16). Three other symbolic women appear in Revelation: 1) Jezebel, who represents paganism (2:20); 2) the scarlet woman (17:3–6), symbolizing the apostate church; and 3) the wife of the Lamb (19:7), symbolizing the true church.” That this woman does not represent the church is clear from the context. “clothed with the sun . . . moon under her feet . . . twelve stars.” Cf. Gen. 37:9–11. Being clothed with the sun speaks of the glory, dignity, and exalted status of Israel, the people of promise who will be saved and given a kingdom. The picture of the moon under her feet possibly describes God’s covenant relationship with Israel, since new moons were associated with worship (1 Chr. 23:31; 2 Chr. 2:4; 8:13; Ezra 3:5; Ps. 81:3). The 12 stars represent the 12 tribes of Israel.
B 12:2. “cried out . . . in pain.” Israel, often pictured as a mother giving birth (cf. Is. 26:17, 18; 54:1; 66:7–12; Hos. 13:13; Mic. 4:10; 5:2, 3; Matt. 24:8), had agonized and suffered for centuries, longing for the Messiah to come and destroy Satan, sin, and death, and usher in the kingdom.
C. 12:3. “great, fiery red dragon.” The woman’s mortal enemy is Satan, who appears as a dragon 13 times in this book (cf. v. 9; 20:2). Red speaks of bloodshed (cf. John 8:44). “seven heads . . . ten horns . . . seven diadems.” Figurative language depicting Satan’s domination of 7 past worldly kingdoms and 10 future kingdoms (cf. Dan. 7:7, 20, 24). See notes on 13:1; 17:9, 10. Satan has and will rule the world until the seventh trumpet blows (11:15). He has inflicted relentless pain on Israel (Dan. 8:24), desiring to kill the woman before she could bring forth the child that would destroy him (see notes on Esth. 3:6–15).
D. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” Satan’s original rebellion (cf. Is. 14:12ff.; Ezek. 28:11ff.) resulted in one-third of the angelic host joining his insurrection and becoming demons. “to devour her Child.” Unable to prevent the virgin birth of Christ, Satan tried to kill the child in a general massacre of male children commanded by Herod (Matt. 2:13–18; cf. Luke 4:28, 29).
E. 12:5. “a male Child.” Jesus Christ in His incarnation was of Jewish descent (Matt. 1:1; 2 Tim. 2:8). Despite Satan’s efforts to destroy Israel and the messianic line, Jesus’ birth took place as predicted by the prophets (cf. Is. 7:14; 9:6; Mic. 5:2). “rod of iron.” Describes Jesus’ coronation as King over the nations of the world (cf. 11:15; 19:15; Ps. 2:6–9). “her Child was caught up to God.” Christ’s ascension is in view (Acts 1:9; 2:33; Heb. 1:1–3; 12:2). (
F. 12:6. “wilderness.” God will protect Israel from Satan by hiding her in the wilderness, perhaps in the region of Moab, Ammon, and Edom, east of Israel. Interestingly, those countries will be specifically spared from the Antichrist’s attack against the Holy Land (cf. Dan. 11:41). “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” At the midpoint of the Tribulation, the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, puts a stop to temple worship, sets up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27; Matt. 24:15), and devastates Jerusalem (11:2). At that time, many Jews flee for their lives (Matt. 24:16ff.). God will preserve them during the last 1,260 days (42 months; 3 1/2 years) constituting the Great Tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1, 9.
V. Quick Review of End Times 19. The Glory of the Lord was present in the Tabernacle in the Desert and in Solomon’s Temple. The Glory of the Lord will be present in the Millennial Temple and in the Temple of God in Heaven. There will be no Temple in the eternal state:
A. Revelation 21:1-2. 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.
B. Revelation 21:22. I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
VI. God’s Promises To Israel For The Kingdom Age Of The Millennium.
A. Date 587 B.C., Scofield Study Bible, 1909.
B. Ezekiel’s Prophecy. 37:21-22. 21 Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land; 22 and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king will be king for all of them; and they will no longer be two nations and no longer be divided into two kingdoms.
VII. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”
VIII. Video Data. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung, The Mother and Child of Revelation 12, Prophecy Moment. Jimmy DeYoung. You can read the credentials of Dr. DeYoung in my page, “About Sources.”
IX. As I end this article, my friends in New Zealand are entering the Sabbath, so please let me wish those special friends, and all of you, who are also special friends, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means in Hebrew, “Sabbath of peace.”
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