Article Title: Israel In Acts, 1:1-11, 33 A.D., Notes
What is the Kingdom?
Consider a time in the history of our created earth that there was no challenge to the rulership of God over His creation. That time was in Genesis before the fall of Adam and Eve (Gen Chapters one and two). Adam and Eve were appointed to rule over God’s creation (Gen 1:26), with Adam being given the overall charge. When Adam and Eve fell in Genesis Chapter 3, the appointment of Adam and Eve to be administrators of God’s creation was taken away. Consider the following, more in depth discussion of Dr. Andrew M. Woods, which come from his book, “The Coming Kingdom, pages 6-8. Credentials for Dr. Woods can be found in my Equipping Site page, “About Sources.” Everyone should have a copy of “The Coming Kingdom.”
[The biblical story of the kingdom begins as early as the Garden of Eden. Here God placed Adam and Eve in a position of Authority over God’s creation. (See Gen 1:26-28).
The technical term for this hierarchy, where God rules over a man who, in turn, governs creation on God’s behalf, is “the office of Theocratic Administrator.” This term simply refers to someone who governs for God. In other words, God ruled the world, indirectly through the first Adam.
However, Satan soon took the form of a serpent with the specific goal of perverting and reversing this divinely ordained hierarchy. Instead of governing the physical world for God, Adam and Eve were influenced by creation (the serpent) to rebel against God (Gen 3). Such rebellion represented a top to bottom reversal of God’s original intention of the office of Theocratic Administrator. Adam, who was supposed to be the spiritual leader of his marriage, blamed Eve for the sin. Similarly, Eve, who was supposed to be governing the animal kingdom for God, blamed the serpent for this rebellion (Gen 3:11-13). Satan’s success in inciting the rebellion against Adam and Eve removed the office of Theocratic Administrator from the earth, as Satan at that point became the ruler of the world (Luke 4:5-8; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2 Cor 4:4; Eph 2:2; 1 John 5:19). What then is the story line of the Bible? It is how this office is restored through the messianic kingdom. Just as God the Father originally intended to indirectly govern the physical world through the first Adam, He will one day govern the world through the Last Adam, or God the Son.
The restoration of the physical kingdom, or office of Theocratic Administrator as the dominant theme of the Bible, has been recognized by numerous theologians, such as the late Drs. Charles Ryrie and Harold Hoehner, both of Dallas Theological Seminary.]
Consider a key scripture passage that relates to the Kingdom, as follows:
Luke 17:20-21 (NASB) “20 Now having been questioned by the Pharisees as to when the kingdom of God was coming, He answered them and said, “The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed; 21 nor will they say, ‘Look, here it is!’ or, ‘There it is!’ For behold, the kingdom of God is in your midst.”
What is the Kingdom? The kingdom is not heaven, but is the result of a covenant between God and Israel. The kingdom will exist on earth for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4), and is also known as the “millennium.” During the kingdom age Gentiles will also be present, and will be blessed too (Gen 12:1-3; 15:18-21; 17:7-8; 2 Sam 7:8-16; Isa 2:1-4; 11:6-9; 56:3-8; 65:25; Mt 3:1-2; 4:17; 10:5-7; Lk 10:1, 11).
The Kingdom is a place, a people. and a blessing, per Gen 12:1-3, and can not be placed within us. But, we can be placed within the Kingdom, which will happen for those whom have been born again. (See Ezekiel 36:24-29, John 3:3, and 2 Cor 5:17). Please read the scripture particulars that are placed in the above paragraph. The correct translation of Luke 17:20-21 is important to understand, “The kingdom of God is in your midst” (NASB), and not “within you,” (KJV). The meaning is that the kingdom is near, but not here. If first century Israel had accepted Christ as Messiah, the Kingdom would have been present, with all of the blessings that are contained in scripture, as are stated above.
Ezekiel 36:24-29 was a prophecy to Jews of the new birth, and the blessings that will accompany those whom will be born again and reside in the Kingdom (587 B.C., NASB).
24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.
John 3:3 was a statement that Christ spoke to Jews, about the necessity of the new birth, when He was teaching them about the Kingdom (30 A.D., NASB).
3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”
2 Corinthians 5:17 was a statement that the Apostle Paul made to Christians about the benefit of being born again (60 A.D., NASB).
17 “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.”
Consider Matthew 3:2, “repent” (27 A.D., NASB), which is the same “repent” as is stated in Acts 2:38 (33 A.D.)
2 “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
Repent, “metanoeite,” 3340: means to change one’s mind or purpose,” about Christ, which is the same as in Acts 2:38, “repent.”
Consider a sermon that was preached by Dr. Andy Woods, in relation to the Kingdom, as follows:
[Youtube video,” The Coming Kingdom 08. The Kingdom Offered – Matthew 3:2; beginning at 45.00 minutes. ”
These are notes that were taken from the sermon of Dr. Woods.
The kingdom is the unchallenged rulership of God that has drawn near to man in the Person of Christ.
“The kingdom of heaven,” because of it source, originates in heaven; it comes from heaven; it is talking about the origin of the kingdom.
The words, kingdom of heaven and kingdom of God, are interchangeable. The rule of heaven, drawing near to earth, comes in the person of Christ.
The kingdom is not some mystical reign of Christ in the heart.
The Kingdom is “at hand” (Matt 3:2), does not mean “here,” but “near,” and was spoken only to national Israel (Matt 10:5-7).]
Acts 1:1-11. Verses and Notes.
Acts 1:3. “To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.”
Note. Ryrie Study Bible note.. “Forty days.” The only reference to the length of Christ’s ministry on earth between His resurrection and His ascension.
Acts 1:6. “So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?”
Ryrie note: The Messianic, Davidic, millennial kingdom on this earth. The time of its coming is unrevealed (Matt 24:36, 42.)
Acts 1:11. “.They also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”
My Note: See Zechariah 14:1-5, 9. Matthew 24:29-31. Revelation 19:11-21. The elect of Mt 24:31 relates to Israel (Deu 14:2).
Translation Considerations. . “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”
Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.
Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.
Video details. JESUS, (English), Jesus Gives Great Commission and Ascends to Heaven. Jesus Film.
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