View The Video. Read The Text. ET 27. Rev 14:14-20. The Reapers.

I. Introduction. The opening video clip is from the series “35 most asked questions concerning Bible Prophecy”. This clip answers the question: “What happens during the seven year tribulation period, or the seventieth week of Daniel 9?” What happens when Jesus breaks the seven seals of the sealed scroll? It is important to understand that each of the judgments of the tribulation are caused by God, either through Christ or angels. See Rev 6:1 for seal judgments, Rev 8:1-2 for trumpet judgments, and Rev 16:1-2 for bowl judgments. A description of the 70 weeks of Daniel can be found in Daniel 9:20-30 (538 B.C.). Notice that the 70 weeks of Daniel relates to Israel (vs 20,24). Notice in Jeremiah 30:7 that the Tribulation relates to Israel. The King of the Jews is Jesus (Matthew 25:34; Rev 19:16). “The head of the Church” is Jesus (Col 1:8). In Rev 19:11-21, Christ is descending from heaven with His raptured saints to take His rightful place on His throne in Jerusalem, for the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. The Kingdom is not established until Christ takes His place on the throne, which has not yet happened. Video details are found at the bottom of this page.

A. Series Title. Israel In Revelation.

B. Video Title: The tribulation period or 70 week of Daniel 9.

C. Article Title: End Times 27, Revelation 14:14-20, The Reapers.

D. Article Focus. In this article we will consider “reaping, the reapers, and the final judgment.”

a. Reap Definition: Taken from Mirriam-Webster Dictionary. (1) To cut with a sickle, scythe, or reaping machine. (2) To clear of a crop by reaping. (3) To gather by reaping : HARVEST.

b. Reaping Definition: Taken from Unger’s Bible Dictionary. (1) The reward of wickedness. (2) The reward of righteousness. (3) The final judgment.

E. Key Thought. The Kingdoms.

1. In this article we will consider an area of Scripture that will add great understanding. Matthew Chapter 13 is discussed by Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (JDP), Th.D, in his book, “Things To Come,” pages 142-147, Copyright 1958. Credentials for Dr. Pentecost are shown in my Page, “About My Sources.”

2. “The time element in Matthew 13.” Ryrie writes to show that these parables are limited to the inter-advent period. He says: “The kingdom of the heavens has become like unto.”… The end of the time period covered by these parables is indicated by the phrase “end of the world,” or more literally “the consummation of the age.” (vs 39-40). This is the time of the Second Advent of Christ, when He shall come in power and great glory. Therefore, it is clear that these parables are concerned only with that time between the days when Christ spoke on earth, and the end of the age. This gives a clue to the meaning of the phrase “the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven.”

a. “The mystery form of the kingdom.” That God was going to establish a kingdom on the earth was no mystery. The mystery form of the kingdom has reference to the age between the two advents of Christ. The mysteries of the kingdom of heaven describe the conditions that prevail on the earth in that interim while the King is absent. These mysteries thus relate this present age to the eternal promises of God in regard to His kingdom.

b. Concerning this mystery form of the kingdom, it is observed in “the first place,” that it can not be equated with the millennial kingdom, for that kingdom was no mystery but was clearly predicted in the Old Testament. In “the second place,” it can not refer to the spiritual kingdom, for that kingdom consists only of saved people, who enter it by new birth, but this mystery form of the kingdom is composed of saved and unsaved alike (wheat and tares). It can not refer, “thirdly,” to the eternal kingdom for these mysteries are limited in time to the interadvent period. It can not be limited, “fourthly,” to the church, for this mystery form of the kingdom includes more than the church. “On the other hand,” it must be observed, this mystery form of the kingdom is limited as to time, and represents the entire sphere of profession in the present age. It is most important, eschatalogically, to keep these three usages of the term “kingdom” separate and distinct (spiritual, millennial, mystery).

c. “The Wheat And The Tares.” (Mt 13:24-30; 36-43). There will be a judgment at the end of the age to separate the good from the evil. The good will be received into “the millennial kingdom” and the evil excluded… Many feel that this parable relates to the “tribulation period.”…(1) The term “children of the kingdom” is used in Matthew to refer to Israel (Mt 8:11-12); (2) the judgment outlined relates to the time when God will again be dealing with Israel as a nation, that is at the end of the age; (3) the wheat and tares grow together until the judgment, but the church will be raptured before the Tribulation begins; (4) the judgment that falls upon the wicked comes through angels before the righteous are rewarded, so that the chronology here depicts the removal of the wicked so that only the righteous are left; (6) the church is never judged to determine who will enter into glory, and who will be excluded. This seems to indicate that this parable has primary reference to Israel during the Tribulation period. Yet, it is true that the entire age is to be characterized by a false sowing in competition with the true.

II. Text. Revelation 14:14-20.

14 Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and sitting on the cloud was one like a son of man, having a golden crown on His head and a sharp sickle in His hand. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying out with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Put in your sickle and reap, for the hour to reap has come, because the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 Then He who sat on the cloud swung His sickle over the earth, and the earth was reaped.

17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, and he also had a sharp sickle. 18 Then another angel, the one who has power over fire, came out from the altar; and he called with a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Put in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.” 19 So the angel swung his sickle to the earth and gathered the clusters from the vine of the earth, and threw them into the great wine press of the wrath of God. 20 And the wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood came out from the wine press, up to the horses’ bridles, for a distance of two hundred miles.

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Sources of Information can be found in the following link:

V. Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

VI. Comments. Revelation 14:14-20.

A. Rev 14:14-15. The reference to the Son of Man with a golden crown on His head indicates that the figure is Jesus Christ (see Rev 1:13, and Dan 7). The Son will judge humankind. A sharp flint or iron sickle was the primary tool for an ancient grain harvest. Since the 144,000 have been received by God as the firstfruits (vs 4) of His harvest, the rest of the harvest of the earth is surely ripe for salvation (see Mt 13:37–43), as well as judgment. This judgment relates to those ungodly people which were left behind from the rapture, and are still alive at the end of the Tribulation.

1. Mt 24:29-31, at the return of Christ to Earth at the end of the Tribulation, angels will be sent forth to gather “the elect” of God (Deu 14:2, the Jews).

a. Mt 24:31 does not relate to the Rapture of the Church. “The elect of God,” relates to Jews (Deu 14:2).

b. Titus 2:13 relates to the Rapture, “looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus.” The context of this verse does not match the judgment which follows Mt 24:31.

c. Mt 24:29 begins a discussion on the judgment that will come on the earth at the time that Christ returns from Heaven (with His previously raptured saints) for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21). There will be great destruction of unsaved mankind (Rev 19:18-20). There will be great fear for those, who are unsaved on earth, who see the Lord’s appearing (Zech 12-10-12; Mk 13:24-26; Lk 21:27), and there will be widespread earthly destruction (Rev 16:17-21).

d. The rapture (harpazo) of the Church will be a time of joy, and will remove born again believers in Christ from earth to Heaven (Jn 14:2-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Thes 1:10; 1 Thes 5:9). The Noahic flood (Gen 7:23-24) was God’s wrath. The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah was God’s wrath (Gen 19:28-29). The seal, trumpet and bowl judgments of the Tribulation are all God’ wrath (Rev 6:1-16:21). The return of Christ at the Battle of Armageddon, with His saints and angels (Zech 14:1-5), is God’s wrath. God’s people have always faced the effects of perilous times, that are described in 2 Tim 3:1-13, which come as a result of the fall of Adam and Eve, and the resulting curse (Gen 3:15-19). However, Christ, who is the Bridegroom of all bridegrooms, will not subject His Bride (the born again believers; the Church; 2 Cor 11:2; Eph 5:22-32; Rev 19:7-8) to any of “His” judgments that will come upon “all that dwell on the earth” (Rev 3:10). God’s wrath is shown throughout Revelation, from 6:1 through 19:15. Additionally, the Bride of Christ will not be present on earth when any of the judgments of God’s wrath are poured out on the earth. There is no purpose for the Church being in the Tribulation. Here is a hint. The Tribulation was designed by God for the purpose of drawing unsaved Jews to saving faith in Christ. I included a discussion on Tribulation inhabitants in my previous End Times article; click onto the following link:

2. Rev 14:15. “The harvest of the earth” (in this case relates to the ungodly people of the world) “is ready” to be gathered up and judged (Jews, Mt 24:40-41, “taken to death and judgment”); (Gentiles, Mt 25:41, “taken to death and judgment”). The deaths will be immediate. The judgment will be 1,000 years later, when “the unsaved dead” are resurrected to stand at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15, for unbelievers), where they will be cast into the lake of fire.

B. Rev 14:16. The power of the Son of Man (Jesus Christ) is shown in that, with one thrust of His sickle, the harvest of the earth is reaped. This pictures the events of Rev 16-19 as parts of one rapid succession of judgment. Thus this judgment is experienced by the inhabitants of the entire world.

C. Rev 14:17 “temple.” This refers to the heavenly dwelling place of God, not the Tribulation temple in Jerusalem, (Rev 11:1).

1. Rev 11:19 “temple of God was opened in heaven.” The heavenly Holy of Holies, where God dwells in His glory, already is identified as His throne. John had seen the throne (Rev 4:5), the altar (Rev 6:9; 8:3–5), and here the Holy of Holies.

2. Rev 11:1. Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. [(A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (See Dan 9:27; 12:11; Mt. 24:15; 2 Thes. 2:4)]. {The Tribulation temple will not be a dwelling place for God, as were the Tabernacle in the Desert (Ex 40:34-35); Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:11; 2 Chron 5:13-14); the Heavenly Temple during the Tribulation (Rev 15:8); the Millennial Temple (Ez 43:1-3)}. In the Eternal State there was “no Temple, for the Lord God, the Almighty and the Lamb are its Temple (Rev 21:22).

D. Rev 14:18. This angel is coming from the heavenly altar to ensure that all the prayers of all the saints for judgment, and the coming of the kingdom, are answered. He calls for judgment to start. “sickle.” See the note on Rev 14:14.

E. Rev 14:19. This verse relates to the slaughter of all the enemies of God who are still alive, who are facing destruction at Armageddon, which will be the final battle against God’s enemies. The image is that of the fresh juice of stomped grapes splattering and running down a trough from the upper vat to the lower vat of a stone winepress.

F. Rev 14:20. This is apparently a reference to Armageddon (Rev 16:16; 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles (290 kilometers) to the depth of about 4 1/2 feet (1.3 meters). The blood of horses, added to that of the large armies of human soldiers, could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.

VII. Summary. As we conclude Revelation Chapter 14, we can see that it refers to the preservation of the 144,000 through the Great Tribulation (the church is saved, “from the Tribulation,” by the Rapture). Additionally, it shows some of the terrible judgments that will be poured out on the world which will reject Christ, and will follow the substitute of Satan for our Lord.

VIII. Video details. John Ankerberg Show. May 29, 2009. Credentials for the speaker, Dr. Renald Showers (deceased), can be found in the Page, About My Sources.

IX. God’s love for Israel can not be denied. Deuteronomy 14:2. “For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.”

X. Please follow this site.


Author: Equipping

The Church is the Church, and Israel is Israel. The Church did not replace Israel, and is not spiritual Israel. In the New Testament, “church” and “Israel” are mentioned as being separate entities. In the New Testament “church” is mentioned 112 times; Israel is mentioned 79 times; both are mentioned as being separate entities The Kingdom “has not yet come,” and will not come until the Jewish bloodline of Israel accepts God’s chosen king (Deuteronomy 17:15), which will take place at the end of the Tribulation when the nation of Israel faces decimation and calls on Messiah, Christ, in faith, to save them (Zechariah 12:10). Individual salvation is of the Jews (John 4:22), and comes through Christ (John 14:6). Things are discussed in this website that relate to God’s creation, from “eternity to eternity,” and all that is addressed within those parameters. Consider Isaiah 43:13, “Even from eternity I am He, And there is no one who can rescue from My hand; I act, and who can reverse it?” The Moody Study Bible adds a comment: “God is the ruler of all, and there is nothing that can stand against Him. His will is irresistible. The Bible Knowledge Commentary adds this thought: “No one can reverse what God puts into action or thwart His plans.” The articles that are found in this site may relate to anything that is found in the Bible, from Genesis 1:1 to Revelation22.21, as well as anything else that may relate to the Bible.

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