Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 4 – The Day Of Christ.

I. Day Of The Lord Scripture Basis. Jeremiah 30:7. The Day Of Christ. Holman Christian Standard Version.

“How awful that day will be!
There will be none like it!
It will be a time of trouble for Jacob,
but he will be delivered out of it.”

II. Discussion. Day Of Christ. 1

A. The expression, “Day Of Christ,” occurs in the following passages: 1 Cor 1:8; 2 Cor 1:14; Phil 1:6, 10; 2:16.

B. The “day of Christ” relates wholly to the reward and blessing of saints at his coming, as “day of the Lord,” is connected with judgment, e.g. Isa 2:12 and Rev 19:11-21.

C. This “Day of the Christ” must be distinguished from the “Day of the Lord,” of 1 Thes 5:2 and 2 Thes 2:2. The latter expression (“Day of the Lord”) comes from the Old Testament, and relates to Christ’s universal kingdom; but the former expression (“Day of Christ) is found in the New Testament only, and relates to His advent for the church.

D. It appears that two separate programs are in view when these two expressions (“Day of Christ” and “Day of the Lord”) are used. They can not be made to refer to the same event. In each case, in which “Day of Christ” is used, it is used specifically in reference to the expectation of the Church, her translation, glorification, and examination for reward.

E. There is thought that “the Day of the Lord” and “the Day of Christ” must come at two different periods of time, usually saying that “the Day of Christ” refers to events of the tribulation period, and “the Day of the Lord” refers to events related to the second advent and the millennium to follow. Certainly, two different programs are in view in these two events of end times teaching, but they fall within the same time areas. Thus, these two events have the same beginning, even though two different programs are in view. It may be that in 1 Cor 1:8, reference is made to “the day of the Lord Jesus Christ” to show that He is related to both events, being both “Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:36).

III. Consider Additional Discussion.

A. The day of Christ relates wholly to the reward and blessing of saints at his coming, as “day of the Lord” is connected with judgment. 2

B. the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. This refers to the coming of the Lord for His church, the Rapture. This is to be distinguished from the day of the Lord, a term referring to judgment on the ungodly. 3

C. in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. This is probably a reference to believers’ righteous standing before God. In the OT “the day of the Lord” was a time of eschatological upheaval and judgment. In the NT, it appears to follow the rapture of the church, and refers to a time from which the Church is delivered. Paul called it the day of our Lord Jesus Christ, possibly because the authority with which God will judge the world has been delegated to Jesus, and possibly because Jesus rescues His people from the tribulation period on that day. 4

IV. Footnotes.

1. “Things To Come,” A Study In Biblical Eschatology, 1958, Zondervan, pgs 231-232, J. Dwight Pentecost. Dr. Pentecost was Distinguished Professor of Bible Exposition, Emeritus, at Dallas Theological Seminary, one of only two so honored. He held a B.A. from Hampden-Sydney College (1937), in addition to Th.M. (1941) and Th.D. (1956) degrees from Dallas Theological Seminary. During his academic career he taught biblical subjects for over 60 years (Philadelphia College of Bible, 1948–55; Dallas Theological Seminary, 1955-2014). His nearly twenty books are written mostly for the general Christian reader. His pastoral career continued through this period.

2. Scofield Study Bible.

3. NKJV MacArthur Study Bible, 2nd Edition.

4. The Moody Bible Commentary, Moody Publishers, 2014, pg 1776. Michael G. Vanlaningham (B.A., M.Div., Ph.D).

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Israel In The End Times


Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 3 – Events Of The Day Of The Lord.

I. Day Of The Lord Scripture Basis. Jeremiah 30:7. English Standard Version.

Alas! That day is so great
    there is none like it;
it is a time of distress for Jacob;
    yet he shall be saved out of it.

II. Day Of The Lord Prophecies. 1

A. It will be evident that the events of the Day of the Lord are momentous. Therefore, a study of this period must include a study of a great part of the prophetic Scriptures.

B. This study will include the prophesied events of the Tribulation period. Consider the following prophesies:

1. The federation of states into a Roman Empire (Daniel 2 and 7).

2. The rise of the political ruler of the empire, who makes a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27; Rev 13:10).

3. The formulation of a false religious system under the antichrist (Rev 13:11-18).

4. The outpouring of the judgments under the seals (Rev 6).

5. The separation of the 144,000 witnesses (Rev 7).

6. The trumpet judgments (Rev 8-11).

7. The persecution of Israel (Rev 12).

8. The outpouring of the bowl judgments (Rev 16).

9. The overthrow of the false professing church (Rev 17 and 18).

10. The events of the campaign of Armageddon (Ezek 38 and 39; Rev 16:16; 19:17-21).

11. The proclamation of the gospel of the Kingdom (Matt 24:14).

C. This study will also include the prophesied events connected with the second advent, such as:

1. The return of the Lord (Matt 24:29-30).

2. The resurrection of Old Testament and Tribulation saints (John 6:39-40; Rev 20:4).

3. The destruction of the Beast and all his armies, and the False Prophet and his followers in the Beast worship (Rev 19:11-21).

4. The final judgment on the nations (Matt 25:31-46).

5. The regathering of Israel (Ezek 37:1-14).

6. The judgment on living Israel (Ezek 20:33-38).

7. The restoration of Israel to the land (Amos 9:15).

8. The binding of Satan (Rev 20:2-3).

D. Further, this study will include:

1. All of the events of the Millennial Age, with the final revolt of Satan (Rev 20:7-10).

2. The Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15).

3. The purging of the earth (2 Pet 3:10-13).

D. The above, and many related subjects, must also be studied.

III. Scripture Context.

It is important to note that none of the Scriptures in the above sections have anything to do with the time in which we are living now. The above Scriptures relate to the time that begins with the onset of the Tribulation, which will be when the Antichrist confirms a treaty with Israel. The Rapture occurs prior to the Tribulation, and is not present in any of the above Scriptures. All of the above Scriptures relate to Godly decisions and enactments, and are not the result of Satanic initiatives, except when God uses Satan for His purposes. Tribulation judgments are clearly identified as being the results of the actions of Christ and Godly angels. The Scriptures of Matthew 24-25 are those of Christ explaining to His disciples the things that will happen on earth during the Tribulation, at the return of Christ from Heaven to Earth, and at the end of the Tribulation when He will set up His earthly Kingdom (Matt 6:10). As we see in the first scripture, that is presented in this article. (Jer 30:7), the purpose of the Tribulation is to draw unsaved Jews to belief in Christ, and has no purpose for the born again believers of the Church.

IV. Footnote. 1

“Things To Come,” A Study In Biblical Eschatology, 1958, Zondervan, pgs 229-231, J. Dwight Pentecost. Dr. Pentecost was Distinguished Professor of Bible Exposition, Emeritus, at Dallas Theological Seminary, one of only two so honored. He held a B.A. from Hampden-Sydney College (1937), in addition to Th.M. (1941) and Th.D. (1956) degrees from Dallas Theological Seminary. During his academic career he taught biblical subjects for over 60 years (Philadelphia College of Bible, 1948–55; Dallas Theological Seminary, 1955-2014). His nearly twenty books are written mostly for the general Christian reader. His pastoral career continued through this period.

V. New Website.

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Israel In The End Times

Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 2 –The Time From Rapture To Tribulation


It has been my experience from watching many sermons on tv, as well as videos, that very few pastors teach on any aspect of eschatology. From those sermons, it seems that “all Christians go to heaven,” with that being the end of the sermon. The rapture, when used in sermons, is often used in relation to Scriptures that relate to the second coming of Christ. Very little is mentioned about the time gap between “going to happen,” and anything else in God’s Word. The antichrist, the Tribulation, the Kingdom on earth, the eternal state, are almost subjects of total silence. A subject that is discussed by more concerned theologians is that of how much time will be between the Rapture of the church and the beginning of the Tribulation. This last group of Bible teachers is more inclined to teach the events of the end times in proper order, and with correct scripture applications. This last group of Bible teachers has varying ideas on the length of time that will lapse between the time of the Rapture and the time that the Tribulation begins, but they are serious and honest with their findings. These particular students of critical scripture study are in a vast minority of other pastors, teachers, authors, etc., who are sold out to the teaching of that part of scripture that is often overlooked, improperly taught, and all too often ignored. Based on the study that I have made of eschatology, and of the many quality sermons of the same that I have been blessed to hear, I present this article that may be able to give serious “food for thought,” to others whom may also have a healthy appetite for a deep understanding of the last days. In this discussion, I will present scriptures that relate to the length of time that may exist between the time that believers in Christ will be Raptured and taken to Heaven, and when those whom have been left behind from the Rapture will feel the oppression of the antichrist and the Tribulation judgments of God. It should be noted that the oppression of the antichrist will be part of the Tribulation judgments of God.


I. Scripture Text: Genesis 6:11-13 (New English Translation).

11 The earth was ruined in the sight of God; the earth was filled with violence. 12 God saw the earth, and indeed it was ruined, for all living creatures on the earth were sinful. 13 So God said to Noah, “I have decided that all living creatures must die, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. Now I am about to destroy them and the earth.

II. Scripture Comments: NKJV MacArthur Study Bible, 2nd Edition.

6:11  corrupt . . . filled with violence. Cf. 6:3, 5. The seed of Satan, the fallen rejecters of God, deceitful and destructive, had dominated the world.

6:13 I will destroy them with the earth. Destroy did not mean annihilation, but rather referred to the flood judgment, both of the earth and its inhabitants.

III. Overview Of God’s Love For Mankind.

This article will show key events of God’s love for the people that occupied this earth prior to a past time of His wrath, and a future time that will precede His wrath being released on the earth. The time of God’s past wrath that will be discussed relates to the flood of Noah’s time. The future time frame that we will discuss relates to the period of time that will take place between the time of the Rapture of the Church and that of the beginning of the Tribulation, when God’s wrath will be poured out on the earth. God’s Word will show that the period of time that precedes His wrath of the Tribulation is a key indicator of His love for all who are in need of having a loving relationship with Him.

IV. The Flood. Causes.

A. Scripture Text. Genesis 6:1-4. Holman Christian Standard Bible.

1 When mankind began to multiply on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of mankind were beautiful, and they took any they chose as wives for themselves. And the Lord said, “My Spirit will not remain with mankind forever, because they are corrupt. Their days will be 120 years.” The Nephilim were on the earth both in those days and afterward, when the sons of God came to the daughters of mankind, who bore children to them. They were the powerful men of old, the famous men.

B. Consider the following comments that come from the NKJV MacArthur Study Bible, 2nd Edition, Genesis 6:1-4.

6:1-4 The account that follows records an act of degradation that reveals the end-point of God’s patience.

6:1 Such long lifespans as indicated in the record of chap. 5 caused massive increase in earth’s population.

6:2  the sons of God saw the daughters of men. The sons of God, identified elsewhere almost exclusively as angels (Job 1:6, 2:1, 38:7), saw and took wives of the human race. This produced an unnatural union which violated the God-ordained order of human marriage and procreation (Gen 2:24). Some have argued that the sons of God were the sons of Seth who cohabited with the daughters of Cain; others suggest they were perhaps human kings wanting to build harems. But the passage puts strong emphasis on the angelic vs. human contrast. The NT places this account in sequence with other Genesis events and identifies it as involving fallen angels who indwelt men . Matthew 22:30 does not necessarily negate the possibility that angels are capable of procreation, but just that they do not marry. To procreate physically, they had to possess human, male bodies.

6:3  My Spirit. Cf. Gen 1:2. The Holy Spirit played a most active role in the OT. The Spirit had been striving to call men to repentance and righteousness, especially as Scripture notes, through the preaching of Enoch and Noah (1 Pet 3:20; 2 Pet 2:5; Jude 14). one hundred and twenty. The span of time until the Flood (cf. 1 Pet 3:20), in which man was given opportunity to respond to the warning that God’s Spirit would not always be patient.

6:4 giants. The word nephilim is from a root meaning “to fall,” indicating that they were strong men who “fell” on others in the sense of overpowering them (the only other use of this term is in Num 13:33). They were already in the earth when the “mighty men” and “men of renown” were born. The fallen ones are not the offspring from the union in 6:1, 2.

C. Consider the following comment from the Expositors Bible Commentary.

Gen 6:3. The 120 years was taken by Luther and others to refer to a time of reprieve granted by God to humankind before sending the Flood. This apparently is an attempt to resolve the discrepancy between the limit of 120 years and the record of 11:10-26. The reprieve interpretation may also reflect the influence of 1 Pet 3:20, which many take to refer to the period of 120 years in Gen 6:3.

D. Consider the following comment from the Zondervan KJV Commentary.

Gen 6:3. In the Hebrew, two key phrases in this verse are obscure: strive with (which could be translated “remain in”) and is flesh (which could be translated “is corrupt”). The verse seems to announce that the period of grace between God’s declaration of judgment and its arrival would be 120 years (see 1 Pet 3:20). If “remain in” is accepted, the verse announces that man’s life span would henceforth be limited to 120 years. This interpretation is contradicted, however, by the lengthy life spans recorded in 11:10-26.

E. Consider the following comments from the Jeremiah Study Bible.

6:1-4. “The sons of God…the daughters of men.” Fallen angels took on the form of men and married human women (lit., “the daughters of Adam.”). This illicit marriage of spirit beings and human beings was an affront to the divine order of reproducing according to one’s kind (1:24).

6:3. “My Spirit shall not strive…forever” – speaks of destruction. Like the people of Noah’s day, those who do not respond to God’s Spirit have no guarantee that He will continue to prod, convict, and remind them of the importance of fellowship with Him. That humanity’s “days shall be 120 years” can mean either that the Flood would come after 120 years or, less likely, that the average human lifespan would be 120 years.

6:5. “every intent of every person’s heart was only evil continually.” The people of Noah’s day were exceedingly wicked – in essence, evil all the time in every thought and deed.

F. Consider the following comment from the Scofield Study Bible.

6:4. Satan attempted to so corrupt the race that the Messiah could not come to redeem mankind. But God salvaged a remnant (Gen 6:8), and a godly line was preserved.

V. The Course Of The Flood

Scripture Text: Scripture Text. Genesis 6:17-19. Holman Christian Standard Bible.

17 “Understand that I am bringing a flood—floodwaters on the earth to destroy every creature under heaven with the breath of life in it. Everything on earth will die. 18 But I will establish My covenant with you, and you will enter the ark with your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives. 19 You are also to bring into the ark two of all the living creatures, male and female, to keep them alive with you.

VI. The Deaths Of The Flood.

A. Scripture Text. Genesis 7:15-16; 20-21,23. Holman Christian Standard Bible.

15 Two of all flesh that has the breath of life in it entered the ark with Noah. 16 Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered just as God had commanded him. Then the Lord shut him in……20 The mountains were covered as the waters surged above them more than 20 feet. 21 Every creature perished—those that crawl on the earth, birds, livestock, wildlife, and those that swarm on the earth, as well as all mankind….23…. Only Noah was left, and those that were with him in the ark.

B. Consider the comments of the NKJV Study Bible.

7:15  The animals seem to have been drawn to the ark and to Noah by the compelling force of the Lord.

7:16  shut him in: The Lord who had drawn them now closed the door on them. That shut door was a symbol of closure, safety, and God’s deliverance.

7:21  Without exception, death extended to every creature—all flesh—whose home was on the land.

7:23  man: People died—old people and young; beautiful and brave along with the grisly and gray. Only Noah and those with him escaped the terrible, universal death of the wicked. Jesus affirmed the historicity of the “days of Noah” when he compared them to the end days (Mt 24:37-38; Lk 17:26-27). Peter similarly used the story of Noah and the Flood as a pattern for the final judgment (1 Pet 3:20; 2 Pet 2:5; 3:5-6).

C. Consider the comments of the Liberty Bible Commentary. Gen 7:16, “and the Lord shut him in.” ‘The shutting him’ intimated that he had become the special object of divine care and protection, and to those without , “the season of grace was over (Mt 25:10). “When they had gone to buy some, the groom arrived. Then those who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet, and the door was shut” (Holman Christian Standard Bible ).

VII. Conclusion of the teaching of the Flood.

A. The crux of the account of God’s destruction of wicked mankind is shown in the following two verses.

6:3 And the Lord said, “My Spirit will not remain with mankind forever, because they are corrupt. Their days will be 120 years.”

7:23…. Only Noah was left, and those that were with him in the ark.

B. God’s warning of imminent judgment gave a one hundred twenty year warning, of that which would fulfill His judgment.

C. There is current-day teaching that Genesis 6:3 states that the life-span of mankind is one hundred twenty years; such a teaching is wrong. All that is needed to show the incorrectness of the “120 year” life span is to look around, and notice how many people are one hundred twenty years old, and how many people have been known to live to be one hundred twenty.

D. Consider the comment of Gen 7:1 (NASB Study Bible). Noah was a preacher of righteousness. He warned his contemporaries of coming judgment (2 Peter 2:5), and testified to the vitality of his own faith (Hebrews 11:7).

E. Consider the comment of 2 Pet 3:9 (NASB Study Bible). Scoffers fail to recognize that all things have not continued without divine intervention since creation (the flood was an intervention, vv. 4-6). They misunderstand the reason for apparent divine delay (God is a long suffering God.)

F. Consider the comment of 2 Pet 3:9 (ESV Study Bible). “any should perish.” Though Christians long for Christ’s return and the defeat of all evil, as long as the present period of history lasts, an opportunity remains for people to turn to God in faith.

VII. Rapture And Tribulation.

A. The Events. “Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell upon the earth” (Rev 3:10, NASB 1977).

B. The Severity. “for then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall” (Mat 24:21, NASB 1977).

C. God’s Grace. “The Lord does not delay his promise, as some understand delay, but is patient with you, not wanting any to perish but all to come to repentance” (2 Pet 3:9, Christian Standard Bible).

VIII. Conclusions of the teaching of the Rapture and Tribulation.

A. Consider the comment of the King James Study Bible Notes., Rev 3:10:

3:10 . This verse presents a promise that Christ will rapture genuine believers out of the world before the Tribulation period begins. The hour of temptation is the period of worldwide testing (Gr. peirasmos) which has not yet occurred (cf. Dan 12:1; Mt 24:21, 29). Christ promises to keep them from (Gr. ek, “out of”) the period of the Tribulation. That is, they will not even enter into this period of history. The Tribulation is for the purpose of trying or judging them that dwell upon the earth, those who are connected to the earth and its system. Believers are not even included in this term (cf. Phil 3:18-20; 1 Pet 2:11; Rev 6:10; 11:10; 13:8, 12, 14; 17:8).

B. Consider the comment of the NRSV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Matt 24:21:

24:21 great suffering. Dan 12:1 spoke of a final tribulation greater than any that preceded it. not been from the beginning of the world.

C. Consider the comment of the NRSV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, 2 Peter 3:9

3:9 promise. Of Jesus’ coming (v. 4). he is patient. God’s patience may partly allude to the Noah analogy (vv. 5-7; cf 1 Pe 3:20; Ge 6:3). God sometimes delayed judgment to allow opportunity for the wicked to repent (cf. 2 Ki 14:26-27). Some ancient Jewish sources emphasized God’s patience regarding the day of judgment; once that day arrived, repentance was no longer possible.

D. Consider the comment of the Jeremiah Study Bible.

3:8-9. As fallen human beings, it is our nature to become impatient if our expectations are not immediately fulfilled. But, the apparent delay in Christ’s return is a gift of mercy, a sign of God’s patience. In His great love, He waits, granting people the opportunity to be saved, “not willing that any should perish.”

E. Consider the comment from the Scofield Study Bible.

3:9. “not wishing.” Three aspects of the will of God may be observed in Scripture: (1) the sovereign will of God (Is 46 :9-11; Dn 4:17, 35; Heb 2:4; Rev 17:17). (2) the moral will of God, that is His moral law (Mk 3:35; Eph 6:6; Heb 13:21. (3) the desires of God coming from His heart of love (Ezk 33:11; Mt 23:37; 2 Pt 3:9). God does not desire that any should perish, but it is clear that many will not be saved (Rev 21:8).

F. Those who do not have a relationship of belief in Christ will be left behind from the Rapture, and will have to endure all of the Tribulation judgments of Christ and the Angels. The Tribulation judgments begin in Revelation Chapter 6, and continue through Revelation Chapter 19. All of Revelation 6-19 is God’s wrath, just as the flood of Noah’s time was also God’s wrath.

G. The severity of the Tribulation will be greater than anything that has come upon the earth, until the time of the Tribulation. The seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments of God’s wrath begin in Revelation Chapter 6. The judgments increase in severity, and will be greater in wrath than even during the time of the flood of Noah’s time.

IX. God’s Love.

A. Whenever we consider anything of the happenings of the world, we must first of all consider God’s love. Consider the following passage of scripture that comes from the New American Standard Bible.

But when the fullness of the time came, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons and daughters” (Galatians 4:4-5).

B. Consider the comment on Galatians 4:4-5 that comes from The Moody Bible Commentary, Moody Publishers, 2014, Gerald Peterman, B. Des, M. Div., M. A., Ph. D.

1.”When the fullness of time came” (v. 4) does not speak of human events that constrained God. Rather, the Father set the time in advance. The time’s completion (fullness, v. 4) was brought about by the coming of the “Son.” His coming is the center of history. The “Son” is fully prepared to “redeem” (v. 5) because He is fully human (born) and fully Jewish (under the law is the position of a Jewish person. Rm 2:12; 1 Cor 9:20-21.)

2. Both expressions, “those…under the Law,” and “we,” refer to Jews. Adoption into God’s family was originally a uniquely Jewish blessing (Rm 9:4), which now has come to Gentiles (“you” v. 6; the pronoun is pl.). Closely related to adoption is receiving the Spirit (Rm 8:14-17).

C. When we consider the aspects of God, in Christ, we must also consider His love, and Sovereignty, in everything that we bring into our mind.

1. the first coming of Christ to the world, to bring the Messiah of Israel into the world (Galatians 4:4-5).

2. to remove from the world, those whom had come to belief in Christ, the Messiah, before the onset of the Tribulation (John 14:2-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

3. to bring judgment on those who will be present on Earth during the Tribulation, those of whom had rejected Christ as Messiah, to draw them to belief in Him as Messiah (Dan 9:27, Rev 3:10).

4. to return “to the earth,” at Christ’s second coming at the Battle of Armageddon, to save the earthbound Jews from total annihilation at the end of the Tribulation, those Jews of whom had come to belief in Christ during the Tribulation (Zech 12:2-14, 14:1-5; Rev 19:11-21; Matt 24:29-31).

D. God has a plan in which he will cause all believers in Christ to be caught up to heaven in the rapture (John 14:6; 1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:50-54), prior to the Tribulation. God’s plan for the rapture is based on the fulness of the Gentiles (Romans 11:25), which will not happen until a set number of Gentiles have come to belief in Christ. The tribulation will not occur until the antichrist confirms a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27).

E. The Rapture and Tribulation are independent of each other. God’s plan for the rapture, which will occur prior to the tribulation, will not happen until the requirements of Romans 11:25 have been fulfilled; but, the grace of 2 Peter 3:9 will not be trumped by a set number of Gentile salvations. The length of time that will transpire between the time of the Rapture and the time of the peace treaty being confirmed between the antichrist and Israel, will be based on God’s grace, and His desire for those who will have been left behind from the Rapture to come to belief in Christ; such people will be on the side of God during the Tribulation, as opposed to being on the side of the antichrist. The purpose of the Rapture is to take resurrected and born again believers in Christ to Heaven, so that God can deal with unbelieving Jews, who will be left behind from the rapture. Israel was never told that they would go to Heaven, but that they may inherit the Kingdom of God which will be present on this earth at the end of the Tribulation.

F. During the time of Noah, God gave everyone on the earth one hundred twenty years to repent prior to the flood. God will not be any less merciful toward unbelievers who will find themselves left behind on earth between the Rapture and Tribulation.

G. How much time will lapse between the Rapture and Tribulation? Nobody knows when the Rapture or Tribulation will begin. The time when the Tribulation begins may be one day after the Rapture, or it may be fifty years later. In the tabernacle in the desert, the Mercy Seat was placed “above the law.” (Exodus 25:16,21). God’s plan for His creation is based on His love (1 John 4:8, “God is love”).

X. Unlisted Study References. The following references were studied, but were not identified in any of the above comments.

A. The New American Commentary, 2 Peter, Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2003, Dr. Thomas R. Schreiner, B.S., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D.

B. The Moody Bible Commentary, Moody Publishers, 2 Peter, 2014, Louis Barbieri, B.A. , Th. M., Th. D.

C. The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Old Testament, Genesis, David C. Cook, 1985, Allen P. Ross, B.A., M.A., M. Div., Ph. D.

D. The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament, 2 Peter, David C. Cook, 1983, Kenneth O. Gangel, B.A., M.A., M. Div., S.T.M., Ph. D., Litt. D.

E. Study Bibles: Apologetics Study Bible, Ryrie Study Bible, TNIV Study Bible.

Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 1 – Day Of The Lord – Time Areas Within The Day Of The Lord

I. “Alas, what a terrible time of trouble it is! There has never been any like it. It is a time of trouble for the descendants of Jacob, but some of them will be rescued out of it.” (Jeremiah 30:7, New English Traslation).

A. The above verse forms the basis for this series of articles. The following study note on Jeremiah 30:7 comes from the translators of the New English Translation.

B. As the nations of Israel and Judah were united in their sin and suffered the same fate—that of exile and dispersion—so they will ultimately be regathered from the nations and rejoined under one king, a descendant of David; and will regain possession of their ancestral lands. The prophets of both the eighth and seventh centuries looked forward to this ideal . This has already been anticipated in Jer 3:18.

II. Consider the following comment that comes from the MacArthur Study Bible: 30:7 time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 89), just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1Matt. 24:2122) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.

III. Consider the following detail that relates to this artice, that comes from Dr. F. B. Huey. 1

A. The Lord announced to Jeremiah that “days are coming” when He would bring Israel and Judah “back from captivity.” He was going to restore them to the land that he had given to their ancestors (cf. Gen 17:8; 28:13; Exod 3:17; Josh 1:3). “Days are coming, (Jer 30:5), is an expression that may refer to events in the near future or remote future. “I will surely save…your descendants” (Jer 30:10) could not be an immediate future.

B. Israel and Judah are linked in this passage. As they both would experience Gods judgment, also they both would experience His blessing, and together would be reunited and in their own land. “In that day,” “that day,” and similar expressions are found frequently in the OT for “the Day of the Lord,” which contains two aspects – judgment and restoration.

C. That day will be “awful,” a time of trouble for Jacob. Jacob is sometimes equated with the Northern Kingdom, but in the overall context, it may include both the Northern and Southern Kingdoms–all Israel. A transition to the main point is provided by the final clause of verse 7; in spite of approaching agony, the nation would survive.

IV. Consider the followin comment that comes from Dr. Homer Heater, Jr. Consider his comment on the Covenants of God with Israel. 2

 Jeremiah 30-33 is one of the clearest units in the book. Here the prophet has collected messages preached over some period of time containing messages of hope and consolation. They are placed here to show that in spite of the judgment of God brought upon his people, that there is still a future for Israel. The New Covenant, especially, gives great hope for the future of Israel. The context clearly calls for the seed of Abraham to be restored in the Eschaton. Chapter 32 is a historical account, but it is in the section on hope, because Jeremiah is instructed by Yahweh to buy a piece of land while the city is under siege! This teaches that the “real estate” will again prove to be valuable. Chapter 33 harks back to the Davidic Covenant and shows that the “Branch” spoken of in chapter 23 will rule and reign in equity and justice.

V. Consider the following detail that relates to the title of this article, that comes from Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost. 3

A. Day Of The Lord. One of the major lines of prophecy running throughout the Old Testament, and continuing through the New Testament, is the prophetic truth related to the Day of the Lord.

B. The Day of the Lord includes the following passages: Isaiah 2:12; 13:6, 9; Ezekiel 13:5, 30:3; Joel 1:15; 2:1, 11, 31; 3:14; Amos 5:18 (twice), 20; Obadiah 15; Zephaniah 1:7, 14 (twice); Zechariah 14:1; Malachi 4:5; Acts 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2; 2 Peter 3:10. In addition, the phrase “that day” or “the day” or ” the great day” occurs more than 75 times in the Old Testament. The frequency in which it occurs will evidence its importance in the prophetic Scriptures. These passages reveal that the idea of judgment is paramount in all of them. This is clearly brought out in Zephaniah 1:14-18. This judgment includes not only the specific judgments upon Israel and the nations at the end of the tribulation that are associated with the second advent, but, from a consideration of the passsages themselves, includes judgments that extend over a period of time prior to the second advent. Thus, it is concluded that “the Day of the Lord” will include the time of the tribulation.

C. Zephaniah 14:1-4 makes it clear that the events of the second advent are included in the program of the Day of the Lord. 2 Peter 3:10 gives authority for including the entire millennial age within this period. If the Day of the Lord did not begin until the second advent, since that event is preceded by signs, the Day of the Lord could not come as a “thief in the night,” unexpected and unhearlded, as it is said it will come in 1 Thessalonians 5:2. The only way this day could break unexpectedly upon the world is to have it begin immediately after the rapture of the church.

D. It is thus concluded that the Day of the Lord is that extended period of time beginning with God’s dealing with Israel after the rapture, at the beginning of the tribulation period. The Day Of The Lord will extend through the second advent and the millennial age, unto the creation of the new heavens and new earth after the millennium.

VI. Footnotes.

1. “The New American Commentary, 1993, B&H Publishing, pgs 260-262. Dr. F. B. Huey, B.B.A., M. Div., Ph. D; Distinguished Professor of Old Testament at Southwestern Baptist Theologial Seminary.

2. Dr. Heater taught for eight years at Dallas Theological Seminary, served on the faculty of Capital Bible Seminary for 30 years, and spent eleven years as President of the Washington Bible College and Capital Bible Seminary. Having retired in 2007, he continues to minister under the auspices of BCM International. He and Pat have been married over 60 years, and have 4 sons, 9 grandchildren and one great-grand daughter. They currently reside and minister from Kentucky.

3. “Things To Come,” A Study In Biblical Eschatology, 1958, Zondervan, pgs 229-231, J. Dwight Pentecost. Dr. Pentecost was Distinguished Professor of Bible Exposition, Emeritus, at Dallas Theological Seminary, one of only two so honored. He held a B.A. from Hampden-Sydney College (1937), in addition to Th.M. (1941) and Th.D. (1956) degrees from Dallas Theological Seminary. During his academic career he taught biblical subjects for over 60 years (Philadelphia College of Bible, 1948–55; Dallas Theological Seminary, 1955-2014). His nearly twenty books are written mostly for the general Christian reader. His pastoral career continued through this period.

Salvation In Christ (National and Personal). The Book Of John 1:29-34. 26-30 A.D.

I. Title. The Testimony Of John The Baptist. 4.

II. Text: John 1:29-34. All verses come from the Updated American Standard Version.

29 On the next day he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This one is the one about whom I said, ‘After me is coming a man who is ahead of me, because he existed before me. 31 And I did not know him, but in order that he might be manifested to Israel, because of this I came baptizing in water.” 32 And John bore witness saying, “I have seen the Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him. 33 I myself did not recognize him, but the one who sent me to baptize in water that one said to me, ‘the one upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon him, this one is the one who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I have seen, and I have borne witness that this one is the Son of God.”

III. Comments. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Abridged Edition): New Testament.

A. John 1:29.  

1. The chronological scheme of this section is indicated by the reference to successive days: the first day, when the delegation from Jerusalem questioned John (1:19-28); the “next” (second) day, when John saw Jesus approaching (1:29-34); the “next” (third) day, when John pointed out Jesus to his disciples and when they visited him (1:35-42); and the “next” (fourth) day, when Jesus “decided to leave for Galilee” (1:43-50).

2. The witness of John the Baptist was positive as well as negative and focused on Jesus rather than on himself. Verses 29-34 contain his presentation of the person of Jesus. Two aspects stand out in the titles by which he introduced Jesus. “The Lamb of God” reflects the sacrificial character of Christ’s mission, probably alluding to Isa 53:7 (cf. v.36Ac 8:321Pe 1:19). The sacrifice of a lamb as a substitute or as an atonement for sin appears frequently in the OT, beginning with Abraham in Ge 22:2-8. In Lev 14:10-25, a lamb was prescribed as a guilt offering. The book of Revelation also refers to “the Lamb” (Rev 5:6-136:1-357; et al.), though it employs this title as a triumphal title, memorializing the completion of Christ’s sacrificial work. The title “Lamb of God” here in Jn 1:29 therefore refers to the atoning work of Christ, who by one final sacrifice of himself removed the guilt of our sins and opened the way to God. John the Baptist limited his own function to introducing Jesus and declared that only the latter could take away sin.

B. John 1:30. This verse is essentially a restatement of v.15, with one significant addition. John calls Jesus “a man who comes after me.” The Greek word for “man” in the verse is the word for “male.” It intimates the headship of Christ over his followers in the sense of the man-woman relationship in marriage.

C. John 1:31.  The identity of the Messiah was unknown to John the Baptist. This does not mean that John did not know Jesus personally, for, after all, they were relatives (Lk 1:36). John’s ministry was twofold: he was to lead his hearers to repentance (Mk 1:4) and to reveal the Messiah to Israel. Somehow John understood that the revelation of Messiah would take place in conjunction with his baptizing ministry; therefore, he remained faithful to his calling. However, even after Messiah had been revealed to Israel at the baptism of Jesus, John continued the other aspect of his ministry.

D. John 1:32-34. 

1. The second aspect of John’s witness to Jesus (see comment on v.29) concerned the title “Son of God.” This aspect was related to the work of the Holy Spirit, who both authenticated the mission of Jesus and was the seal of his work in individual lives. John announced that Jesus would impart the Holy Spirit to his followers. To “baptize with the Holy Spirit” means that just as the common experience of baptism in water signified repentance and confession of sin, so the indwelling of the Holy Spirit is the seal and dynamic of the new life. Repentance and confession are the conditions on which the believer receives the gift of the Spirit (cf. Ac 2:38Gal 3:25:16-25). The manifestation of the presence of the Spirit in Jesus’ case was visible (see Lk 3:21-22), though this gospel records the Baptist’s later reflection on that event.

2. John the Baptist’s solemn avowal that he had seen the descent of the Spirit on Jesus and that he is “the Son of God” is the climax of his testimony. The significance of the title can be best understood in the light of 1:18 . John’s emphatic declaration was the reason why the disciples left him to follow Jesus.

IV. Comments. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. 

A. This passage (John1:19-1250) is from “Jesus’ Manifestation To The Nation”.

B. The major part of John’s Gospel describes the public ministry of Jesus to the nation of Israel. It is a “book of signs,” a narrative of seven of Jesus’ miracles that point to Him as Messiah. Along with the signs are public discourses explaining the significance of the signs and two long private interviews (chaps. 3-4).

V. My Comments. 

A. It is important to understand that which is written in the above comment (IV.B.).

B. Consider the role of John the Baptist, who was a forerunner of Jesus. From John 1: 6-7; “6 A man was sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This one came as a witness, in order that he could bear witness about the light, so that all might believe through him.”

C. Consider the audience in the above scripture about Jesus, being the nation of Israel, with varying results. From John 1:11-12, “11 He came to his own people, and his own people did not receive him. 12 On the other hand, as many as received him, he gave authority to them to become children of God, to the ones believing in his name.” At this time in the ministry of Jesus, it was directed at the salvation of the nation of Israel, with personal salvation taking place.. 

1. Consider the words of the forerunner, John the Baptist. Notice the word in verse 2, “Repent.”

a. Matthew 3:1-3:  1Now in those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.” For this is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet when he said,

“The voice of one crying out in the wilderness,
‘Make ready the way of the Lord,
    make his paths straight.’

b. Repentance is explained in the Greek Lexicon:3340. metanoeó: to change one’s mind or purpose. UsageI repent, change my mind, change the inner man (particularly with reference to acceptance of the will of God), repent. 

c. The repentance, as spoken by John The Baptist, relates to the Jews’ acceptance of Jesus as God’s prophesied Messiah, “Israel’s Messiah.,” (Isaiah 9:6-7, 740 B.C.), (Deuteronomy 17:15, 1451 B.C.).

d. The ministry of Jesus to the Jews of Israel, in relation to national restoration, is seen in the following verses:

(1) Matthew 4:17:  From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heavens has drawn near.” The Kingdom that Jesus mentioned was the Kingdom that was prophesied in the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7:4-12, 1042 B.C.).

(2) Matthew 10:5-7: “These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them: “Do not go off into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans; but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as you go, proclaim, saying, ‘The kingdom of heavens has drawn near.'” Jesus sent His disciples to Israel, saying that the Kingdom was not “here,” but “near.” If Israel had accepted Christ as Messiah, they would have gone into the Kingdom, then.

(3) Luke 9:1-2: “1 And he called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal.” Again, Jesus sends out His twelve disciples to preach the Kingdom, and gave them supernatural powers.

(4) Luke 9:1,11: “But when the crowds found out, they followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God and cured those who had need of healing.” Jesus spoke of the Kingdom.

(5) Luke 10: 1, 9: “1 Now after these things the Lord appointed seventy others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every city and place where he himself was about to go. And heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.'” Jesus now sends seventy of His followers to teach about the kingdom. 

e. The consequence of Israel’s rejection of Christ, as Messiah, is seen in Luke 13:3. “No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.”

D. It was through belief in Christ that some Jews accepted Him as Messiah. It was due to unbelief, that other Jews did not accept Christ as Messiah. Once the ministry of Jesus turns to individual salvation, the message of “belief,” is the same.  The word, “repent,” is not spoken by Christ to individuals as a part of salvation. The opposite of belief is unbelief. Both words are mentioned in Christ’s words to individuals in the following verses.

1. John 3:16:  “For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, in order that whoever believes in him will not be destroyed but have eternal life.” In these words of Jesus, He is “to the point,” that it is due to belief in Him that one has eternal life. Eternal life begins at the time of belief. Anyone who was present in this setting, and believed in Jesus, was saved and did not have to return for sessions two, three, four, etc., and didn’t have to do anything of works to attain salvation, or to keep that salvation. No one can repent enough to attain salvation. The “growing in Christ” that occurs in a person’s life comes as a result of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit of God, with His influence on the believer. (John 14:16; 16:7-11; 1 Cor 6:14-16; 2 Cor 5:17). In 2 Cor 5:17, the “old things and new things,” are the old spirit, which needs to be regenerated through the new birth; and  the  new spirit which has been born again, having been regenerated.  

2. John 3:18: “The one who believes in him is not judged, but the one who does not believe has already been judged, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” In this verse, Jesus is very clear as to the blessings of belief, and the consequences of unbelief. The judgment of condemnation in the lake of fire (Rev 20:15) awaits anyone who does not believe in Christ. That judgment for unbelievers will change to a blessing of spending eternity with Christ, at the time that they believe in Him. John 17:3 shows belief in Christ as being intimacy. 

3. John 11:25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The one believing in me, though he dies, yet shall he live, 26 and everyone living and believing in me shall never die. Do you believe this?” 27 She said to him, “Yes, Lord; I have believed that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.” Notice the question that Jesus spoke to Martha, “do you believe?” (the word,” this,” relates to that which Jesus told her about belief in Him.”). 

VI. John the Baptist was sent to the Jews of Israel with a message of national restoration (John 1). Isaiah 40:3-5 (712 B.C.) was a prophecy of John, “the voice of one crying in the wilderness.”  In John Chapter 3, the context shifts to personal, individual, salvation. The latter days of the ministry of John The Baptist can be seen in John 3:22-36 (30 A.D,); he was beheaded in Matthew 14:10 (32 A.D.). Christ continued His ministry to national Israel, and to individuals, within the confines of Israel. It can be seen that at the time of John 13, the message of Christ was no longer one of Israel’s restoration, but was of personal salvation. The rejection of Christ by Israel, in Matthew 23:37-39, was the turning point in the ministry of Jesus from Israel to individuals. At that time, Jesus no longer spoke publicly, and will not do so until at the time of His second coming, at which time Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zechariah 12:10, Ryrie Study Bible note, Matthew 23:39.)

VII.  Conclusion. The message of John The Baptist and Jesus, of national restoration for Israel, to the Jews of the nation of Israel, was that of repentance in receiving Jesus as the Messiah, as Jesus being God’s choice to be the King of Israel (Deuteronomy 17:15), as Jesus being “God with us,” (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23). The message of individual salvation, was that of belief in Jesus, and only belief in Jesus. Scripture shows that salvation does not come by “asking Jesus to come into your heart,” or by saying a sinner’s prayer, or by showing a life of repentance. Jesus never told anyone to repent of their sins in order to believe in Him for individual salvation. The following scriptures show “belief,” and only “belief,” as being necessary for anyone to be saved.

A. The message of Christ is spread throughout the world through God’s Holy Spirit to everyone (John 1:9).  “As many as receive Jesus, He has given authority to them to become children of God, to the ones believing in his name (John 1:12).” The purpose of the Gospel of John is  that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name (John 20:31).

B. Consider these words of scripture about the new birth (John 1:11-13): “11 He came to his own people, and his own people did not receive him. 12 On the other hand, as many as received him, he gave authority to them to become children of God, to the ones believing in his name; 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” (John 3:3) 3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly I say to you, unless someone is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (John 3:8) “The wind blows wherever it wants, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from and where it is going. So is everyone having been born from the spirit.” The truth of the new birth is that it happens by God’s Holy Spirit, “to those who believe in His Name.”

C. It is only through the new birth that God’s Holy Spirit takes up residence within each believer in Christ (John 14:16-17). Once we have been born again, we can not be unborn. We can not force God’s Holy Spirit from within our spirit. No one can remove the Holy Spirit from us; neither can we (John 10:28-30). It was not “through us” that we “walked to salvation;” and it can not be “by us” that we “walk away from salvation.”

D. While Israel’s blessings were primarily physical, earthly, and material, the church’s blessings are primarily heavenly and spiritual (The Coming Kingdom, Andrew M. Woods, Pg 152).

E. Israel will see the Kingdom restored at the time of the return of Christ at the Battle of Armageddon. (Zechariah 14:1-4; Matthew 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27; Luke 21:25-28; Revelation 19:11-21).

Road To Tribulation 14 – Terms Of Significance

Comments from video. In this captivating sequel, journalist Buck Williams and a group of survivors survivors known as the TRIBULATION FORCE know the truth about the new leader of the new Global Community, Nicholae Carpathia. He has not come to save the world, and he is most certainly not the Messiah, he is the Antichrist. But who will believe them as the world rushes toward the apocalypse. Video details. Left Behind II: Tribulation Force ~ Trailer.
Cloud10Entertainment. Oct 30, 2009.

In the opening video of the move, “Left Behind II-Tribulation Force,” we see a group of people who were left behind from the Rapture; they had not believed the message of Christ, and had not believed in Him as Lord and Savior, prior to the Rapture. Because of the information that was “also left behind,” in books, articles, videos, Bibles, and other such sources of Last Days teaching, the truth of the Anti-Christ and the Tribulation is being spread to many people who had neglected the seriousness of the warnings that predicted the circumstance that millions of people had found themselves captive throughout the world. As believers in Christ, we must consider the things that we can do to help those who will be left behind to come to saving belief in Christ, to believe in Him for salvation and to tell others, who will also have been left behind, how they can have an assurance of their own eternal life in the Presence of our Lord.

There are Biblical terms that are often read by Christians about eschatology (the science of last things), yet misunderstood. It is important for Christians of today to understand such information, so that we can leave that knowledge behind for those who will be in a world of total collapse of law and order. We will use this article, and future posts, to make known the things of the Anti-Christ and the Tribulation that await most of the world’s current and projected population.

Two terms that are important to know are “latter days,” and “last days.” Scriptures that are discussed as being “latter days,” relate to the Old Testament. Scriptures that are discussed as being “last days,” relate to the Old and New Testaments. Context is paramount in studying Scripture. The context of the “latter days” Scriptures is that of the words of Jewish Old Testament prophets, as they speak of the Word of God in relation to the seven years of the Tribulation, and the thousand years of the Kingdom Age, which is called the Millennium. The verses that we will examine will come from the New American Standard Bible 2020. Comments will come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless in noted exception.

In my previous “End Times 13” article, I made known the fact that both the Church and the Rapture were unknown to those of the Old Testament era; they were “mysteries” to the Jews of that time. Therefore the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament did not write on those two future events.

In the Ryrie Study Bible, “mystery” is described in comment to Romans 16:25-26. “the mystery.” A definition of a scriptural mystery: something unknown in times past but revealed in the NT. Here, “the mystery” is the gospel of Christ. OT prophecies of Messiah could be understood, once the mystery was revealed (cf. Luke 24:44-45; 1 Peter 1:10-12).

Dr. Ryrie explains, in his comment to Ephesians 3:3, the “mystery.” The mystery that is spoken of here is not that the Gentiles would be blessed (for that was predicted in the OT), but that Jews and Gentiles would be equal heirs in the one body of Christ (v. 6). This was unknown in OT prophecy but was revealed by the NT apostles and prophets (v. 5).

In his comment on 1 Corinthians 15:51, Dr. Ryrie discusses “the mystery” of the rapture, as follows: The rapture of the church described in verses 51-58 was a “mystery” unknown in the OT but now revealed.

The prophecies of the Old Testament Jewish prophets were those that were given by God to the prophets. Those prophets spoke the same prophecies to the Jews of Israel. Consider the following verses: Isaiah 1:1-2; 2-1 and Jeremiah 2:1-2. None of the prophecies of God to the Jews have any relevance to the church.

We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “latter days.”

Jeremiah 30:24, ” the millennial kingdom of the “latter days.” Jeremiah 48:47, “the messianic era , the latter days”). Ezekiel 38:8, “In the context of Israel’s restoration.” Daniel 2:27-35, “It is a reference to the future millennial kingdom of Christ (exception, Ryrie Study Bible note). Micah 4:4, “this phrase looks forward to greater peace and prosperity in the Millennium (cf. Zech. 3:10).”

It is clear that the prophetic scriptures of “latter days,” as was spoken by God to the Jews, relate to the time after the Rapture takes place. It is also clear that none of these “latter days” scriptures have any relation to the church.

We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “last days,” as they are written in the books of the Old Testament prophets. Notice that the prophesied times are those of the Tribulation and Kingdom Age (Millennium).

Isaiah 2:2, ” The “latter (or last) days” is a time designation looking forward to the messianic era (Ezek. 38:16Hos. 3:5Mic. 4:1). The NT applied the expression to the period beginning with the first advent of Jesus Christ (Acts 2:172 Tim. 3:1Heb. 1:2James 5:32 Pet. 3:3).Old Testament prophets, being without a clear word regarding the time between the Messiah’s two advents, linked the expression to the Messiah’s return to establish His earthly kingdom, i.e., the millennial kingdom spoken about in Rev. 20:1–10.

Jeremiah 49:39, “I will bring back. As with certain other peoples in this section of nations, God would allow Elamites to return to their homeland. In Acts 2:9, Elamites were among the group present at the Pentecost event. This has eschatological implications as well.

Ezekiel 38:16, “that the nations may know Me. The phrase, frequent in Ezekiel, is part of the theme to glorify God and show His sovereign power (cf. Introduction: Historical and Theological Themes). God is the victor, who will be “hallowed” by fire (cf. v. 19).

Hosea 3:5, “David. Cf. 1:11. This must refer to Messiah during the Millennium, as “in the latter days” specifies (cf. Is. 55:34Jer. 30:9Ezek. 34:232437:2425). The Jews did not seek after Christ at His first advent. This reference has the Davidic Covenant as its background (cf. 2 Sam. 7:12–17Pss. 39132).”

Micah 4:1, “In a reversal of 3:12, Micah shifted from impending judgment to prophecies of the future millennial kingdom (“the latter days”) in which Mt. Zion (v. 3), the center of Messiah’s coming earthly kingdom, shall be raised both spiritually and physically (cf. Zech. 14:910). This discussion continues to 5:15.”

We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “last days,” as they are written in the books of the New Testament. Notice that in the Acts and Hebrews scriptures the audience in each situation consisted of those of Jewish ancestry, and would have known of the teachings of the Old Testament Jewish prophets. In the books of the New Testament, whose audience contained those of Gentile ancestry, the Gentile members would not have known the Scriptures of the Old Testament Jewish prophets, therefore, they would not have detailed knowledge of the Tribulation or Kingdom. So, in the New Testament context, “last days” relates to the time which precedes the Rapture, except when the discussion context is that of teaching New Testament Jews about their ancestor relationship with the Old Testament Jewish prophetic scriptures.

Acts 2:17: last days 1. Notice that the occasion is that of the festival of Pentecost. Those who heard Peter’s sermon were Jews; they were aware of the prophecies of the Old Testament Jewish prophets, and of the scriptures that have been discussed up to this point. Therefore, the conversation is Jewish. In the following comment, the old and new covenants are discussed, both of which relate to God and Israel, and both of which Gentile believers will share in the millennium. Spiritual aspects of the new covenant are now being received by Christians (Exception, my comment). 2. In the last days (see Isa. 2:2Hos. 3:5Mic. 4:1Heb. 1:2; discussions on 1 Tim. 4:12 Tim. 3:11 Peter 1:201 John 2:18). In Joel 2:28, the Hebrew has “after this,” and the Septuagint has “after these things.” Peter interpreted the passage as referring specifically to the latter days of the new covenant (see Jer. 31:33-34Ezek. 36:26-2739:29) in contrast to the former days of the old covenant. The age of messianic fulfillment had arrived (Exception, Zondervan KJV Commentary).

2 Timothy 3:1,  “the last days. This phrase refers to this age, the time since the first coming of the Lord Jesus.”

Hebrews 1:2: last days. The primary group addressed were Hebrew Christians who suffered rejection and persecution by fellow Jews (10:32–34), although none as yet had been martyred (12:4).  The second group addressed were Jewish unbelievers who were convinced of the basic truths of the gospel but who had not placed their faith in Jesus Christ as their own Savior and Lord. They were intellectually persuaded but spiritually uncommitted. last days. Jews understood the “last days” to mean the time when Messiah (Christ) would come (cf. Num. 24:14Jer. 33:14–16Mic. 5:12Zech. 9:916). The fulfillment of the messianic prophecies commenced with the advent of the Messiah. Since He came, it has been the “last days” (cf. 1 Cor. 10:11James 5:31 Pet. 1:204:71 John 2:18). In the past God gave revelation through His prophets, but in these times, beginning with the Messiah’s advent, God spoke the message of redemption through the Son. (My comment. Notice that this is a Jewish audience).

James 5:3,  “last days. The period between Christ’s first and second comings.”

2 Peter 3:3, ” in the last days. This phrase refers to that entire period of time from the arrival of the Messiah to His return (cf. Acts 2:17Gal. 4:42 Tim. 3:1Heb. 1:2James 5:31 Pet. 1:201 John 2:1819Jude 18). The entire age will be marked by saboteurs of the Christian truth and especially the hope of Christ’s return.”

At the time of this writing, it is Thursday, the evening of the last Passover meal (Matthew 26:16-30). The crucifixion of Jesus will take place on the following day (Friday; the day of preparation before the Sabbath, John 19:14; Luke 23:54), in less than twenty-four hours (John 19:14-18). The women followed the body of Jesus to His burial tomb at the end of the day (Friday) before the onset of sunset and the Sabbath; they went to their homes and rested on the Sabbath, returning after the Sabbath ended to anoint the body of Christ (Luke 23:50-24:6), but announcing, “He is risen!”

Jews are still observing Passover, which will end on sunset of Sunday, April 4. Jews will begin their observance of the weekly Sabbath all around the world, beginning in just a few hours. The closing video of this article shows a Jewish family as their prepare for the Sabbath.

As you watch the video consider the great symbolism that relates to the trinity, to the woman bringing light into the world, and to “the Light” that can not be extinguished. .

Video details. How to light Shabbat candles? Yahaduton. May 27, 2013.

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