A. Daniel’s prophecy of the seventy weeks (vv 24-27) provides the chronological frame for Messianic prediction from Daniel to the establishment of the kingdom on earth, and also a key to its interpretation (Scofield Study Bible, C.I. Scofield D.D. (Editorial Revision Committee 1967, Charles L. Feinberg, Th. D. Ph. D.; John F. Walvoord, Th. D., and others.).
B. The main features of the seventy weeks are provided in the verses of the Scripture text and the notes which follow (Mine).
II. Scripture Text. Daniel 9:24-27.
The Seventy Prophetic Weeks
24 “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and rebuild Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in times of distress. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are determined. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease. And upon the wing of abominations shall come the one causing desolation, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one causing desolation.” (Updated American Standard Version).
III. Verse Examination.
A. Dan 9:24. “Seventy weeks.” Lit. 70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.” This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews) and “your holy city” (Jerusalem). “to finish the transgression.” To end the apostasy of the Jews. “to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally. “to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27). “to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6). “to seal up vision and prophecy.” To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the Jewish people and Jerusalem. “to anoint the most holy place.” The anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial Temple.
B. Dan 9:25. The 70 sevens begin with “a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus (Neh 2:5). Earlier, Cyrus had authorized the rebuilding of the Temple (2 Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4). “plaza and moat.” The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time of the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed.
C. Dan 9:26. Certain important events were to happen “after” the 62 weeks (plus the seven weeks, or a total of 69 weeks): the crucifixion of “Messiah” and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 by the Romans who are “the people of the prince who is to come.” Because these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the seventieth week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth.
D. Dan 9:27. “he.” The prince of vs 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (I.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it (Re: Matt 24:15; 2 Thes 2:4). At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).
IV. Beginning And Ending Of The 69 Weeks.
Based on the study of Dr. Harold Hoehner (Th. D., Ph. D.), the dates for the sixty-nine weeks of Daniel 9:25 extended from the first of Nisan (March 5) 444 B.C. to the tenth of Nisan (March 30) A.D. 33., which is the date of Jesus the Messiah’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-40) (The Moody Bible Commentary, Michael Rydelnik, Th. M., D. Miss.).
V. The Purpose Of The Seventy Weeks.
Per Daniel 9:24, the object of the prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel is Israel. “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city.” The seventieth week, which is the period of the Tribulation, relates to God’s dealing with Israel and not with Gentiles. However, the Tribulation judgments will be poured out on the earth by Christ and His angels upon unsaved Jews, as well as unsaved Gentiles, whom will be left behind on the earth from the rapture (1 Thes 4:16-18). God’s Tribulation judgments will begin to be poured, beginning with Revelation 6:1 (Ryrie Study Bible).
A. Paragraph I. As indicated.
B. Paragraph II. Verses from the Updated American Standard Version.
C. Paragraph III. Ryrie Study Bible. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.
D. Paragraph IV. As indicated.
E. Paragraph V. As indicated.
VI. Companion Web Site.
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Israel, History And Prophecy.