I. Video. How does the book of Revelation fit hand in glove with the book of revelation?
II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).
III. Introduction. The Revelation of the Seventy Sevens of Israel. Author: Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002).
A. Daniel 9:24. “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”
B. In the concluding four verses of Daniel 9 one of the most important prophecies of the Old Testament is contained. The prophecy as a whole is presented in verse 24. The first sixty-nine sevens is described in verse 25. The events between the sixty-ninth seventh and the seventieth seventh are detailed in verse 26. The final period of the seventieth seventh is described in verse 27.
IV. Verse examination. Author: Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).
A. “seventy weeks.” Lit 70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.”
B. This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews)
C. Your holy city “Jerusalem.”
D. “to finish the transgression.” To end the apostasy of the Jews.
E. “to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally.
F. “to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27).
G. “to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6).
H. “to seal up vision and prophecy.” To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the jewish people and Jerusalem.
I. “to anoint the most holy place.” the anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial temple.
V. Summary. Author: Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Old Testament (Abridged Edition) Old Testament. Author, Kenneth L. Barker (B.A., Th. M., Ph. D.).
A. This verse sets forth the approach of “seventy `sevens'” of years during which God would accomplish his plan of national and spiritual redemption for Israel. The seventy “weeks” or “heptads” (lit., “units of seven,” whether days or years) are 490 years (divided, as we shall see, into three sections). This was the time to elapse before the accomplishment of six great achievements for the Holy City and for God’s covenant people. The first three relate to the removal of sin; the second three to the restoration of righteousness.
B. Before the question of the seventieth week can be properly handled, the terminus ad quem of the seventy weeks must first be established. If all six goals of v 24 were attained by the crucifixion of Christ and the establishment of the early church seven years after his death, then it might be fair to assume that the entire 490 years of the seventy weeks were to be understood as running consecutively and coming to a close in A.D. 37. But since all or most of the six goals seem to be yet unfulfilled, it follows that if the seventieth week finds fulfillment at all, it must be identified as the last seven years before Christ’s return to earth as millennial King.
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