Matthew And Israel (Chapter 1)

I. Video. 

A. Title. Who Wrote Matthew, Mark, Luke and John?

B. Data. John Ankerberg Show. Drs. John Ankerberg  (M. Div., D. Min.), Darrell Bock (Th. M.; Ph. D.)

II. Introduction. (Mathew Chapter 1). Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002). 

A.  Matthew’s purpose obviously was to demonstrate that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah of the Old Testament, that He fulfilled the requirements of being the promised King who would be a descendant of David, and that His life and ministry fully support the conclusion that He is the prophesied Messiah of Israel.

B. The gospel of Matthew, accordingly, presents Christ’s royal genealogy and the early recognition that He was indeed the King of the Jews. These historical materials are followed by the Sermon on the Mount, stating the moral principles of the kingdom, given more extensively in Matthew than in the other gospels. The theme is continued by presenting the sayings and the miracles of Christ as His credentials prophesied in the Old Testament.C. Having laid this broad base, Matthew then proceeds to account for the fact that Christ did not bring in His prophesied kingdom at His first coming. The growing rejection of Christ, His denunciation of the unbelief of the Jews, and His revelation of truth relating to the period between the two advents  (Mt 13) serve to support this point.

III. Purposes Of Matthew. Dr. Charles L. Quarles (M. Div., Ph. D.) 

A. Matthew’s Gospel serves several purposes beyond presenting a mere biography of Jesus. One purpose is to prove to Jewish readers that Jesus is their Messiah and promised King. The genealogy in chapter 1 points to Christ as the One who inherited God’s promises to David of an eternal dynasty. Jesus’ use of a familiar messianic psalm in Matthew 22:41–44 would have clearly implied to any Jew that He was the heir of the Davidic throne. Even though many Jews of Jesus’ time were blind to Jesus’ identity, Gentiles (such as the wise men) identified Him as Israel’s promised King when He was a baby. Finally, the charge that hung above Jesus’ head on the Cross clearly highlights His royalty: THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS (27:37). But most important, the Book of Matthew proves Jesus’ legitimate authority by highlighting His wise teaching and righteous life (7:2829).

B. Another purpose of the book is to outline the characteristics of the kingdom of God for Israel. Orthodox Jews would typically scoff at any assertion that Jesus is their Messiah, let alone their King. They would retort, “If Jesus is King, where is the promised restoration of the kingdom of Israel?” Many Jews of Jesus’ day rejected Him as Messiah, even though both Jesus and John the Baptist continually preached that the kingdom was “at hand” (3:24:1710:7). This rejection of Jesus by the Jews is a dominant theme of Matthew (11:12–2412:28–4521:33–22:14). Because of this rejection, God postponed the fulfillment of His promises to Israel. 

IV. Key Verse Examination (1:1). “The Person Of The King.” Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

A. Verse. 1:1. The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

B. Note. “Jesus the Messiah.” The name “Jesus” is from the Greek (and Latin) for the Hebrew “Jeshua” (Joshua), which means “the Lord is salvation.” “Messiah” is from the Hebrew “Meshiah” (Gk. Christ), meaning “anointed one.”Son of David” was a highly popular messianic title of the times. 

V.  My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please go to the Pages of my site to find my Bucket List.

VI . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Prophecies Concerning Israel (Daniel 12)

I. Video.

A. Video Title. How is God’s prophetic plan for the end times laid out in the Book of Daniel, Chapters 6-12.

B. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.) Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

II. Introduction. The Time Of The End. Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002). 

A. Added to the previous revelation are the important disclosures (1) that the time of the end has a special relationship to “the children of thy people,” that is, Israel, (2) that Israel will experience at that time a special deliverance to be realized by those in Israel who worship God, and (3) that the doctrine of resurrection, which climaxes the time of the end, is the special hope of those who are martyred.

B. The entire section from Daniel 11:36 to 12:3 constitutes a revelation of the major factors of the time of the end which may be summarized as follows: (1) a world ruler, (2) a world religion, (3) a world war, (4) a time of great tribulation for Israel, (5) deliverance for the people of God at the end of the tribulation, (6) resurrection and judgment, and (7) reward of the righteous. All of these factors are introduced in this section. Added elsewhere in the Scriptures are the additional facts that this time of the end begins with the breaking of the covenant by “the prince that shall come” (Dan 9:26-27); that the “time of the end” will last for three and one-half years (Dan 7:25; 12:7Rev 13:5); that the time of the end is the same as the time of Jacob’s trouble and the great tribulation (Jer 30:7Mt 24:21). Many additional details are supplied in Revelation 6-19.

C. The fact that the opening section of chapter 12 is obviously eschatologically future, constitutes a major embarrassment to liberals who attempt to find Antiochus Epiphanes in 11:36-45. Chapter 12, which is naturally connected to the preceding section, clearly does not refer to Antiochus Epiphanes but to the consummation of the ages and the resurrection and reward of the saints. Nowhere does the attempt to make Daniel entirely history fail more miserably than here, as the detailed exegesis of these verses demonstrates.

III. Verse examination (Daniel 12). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

Daniel 12:1-13, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+12%3A1-13&version=NASB1995

A. 12:1. “at that time.” The time of the events 11:36-45, the Great Tribulation. “such as never occurred.” Re Matt 24:21, “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.”

B. 12:2. The verse predicts the resurrection of the righteous dead of the OT times as well as the righteous martyrs of the Tribulation  at the second coming of Christ (Rev 20:4-6). Believers of the church age will already have been changed and raised at the Rapture. (The resurrection of the wicked does not occur at the same time, but after the Millennium; Rev 20:5.)

C. 12:3. Those “who have insight” will see through Antichrist’s deception. They will also lead others to the truth during the tribulation period.

D. 12:4. “seal up the book.” Not that its meaning was to be left unexplained but that the book was to be left intact so as to help those living in the future tribulation days. “many will go back and forth.” As the end approaches, people will travel about seeking to discover what the future holds.

E. 12:5. Likely “two angels.”

F. 12:7. The events of the Tribulation will be consummated when the “time, times, and half a time” (the last 3 1/2 years  of that seven-year period) come to a close. These last 3 1/2 years  constitute the Great Tribulation (cf. Matt 24:21).

G. 12:8. Even Daniel did not understand all these prophecies.

H. 12:11. “the abomination of desolation.” At the midpoint of the tribulation “week” Antichrist will abolish the Jewish sacrifices (9:27; Matt 24:15 ; 2  Thes 2:4). From that time to the end of the 1,290 days. Normally 3 1/2 years (of 360 days per year) would include only 1,260 days. The extra 30 days mentioned here allow for the judgments that will take place after the second coming of Christ. See at Ezek 20:33-44; Joel 3:2-3; Matt 24:32).

I. 12:12. Because the one who lives 75 days after the second advent  (1335 days from the midpoint of the Tribulation) is called blessed, this must mark the beginning of the actually functioning of Christ’s millennial kingdom.

J. 12:13. “you will enter into rest.” I.e., Daniel would die but is promised that he will rise (be resurrected) and receive his inheritance (portion) in our Lord’s millennial kingdom.

IV. Summary. Holman Christian Standard Bible. Michael Rydelnik (Th. M., D. Miss).

A. Daniel wrote his book with two purposes in mind. First, he wanted to assert that the God of Israel was sovereign, even over the powerful nations that surrounded His people. God’s chosen nation had been conquered and dispersed by a mighty empire that did not acknowledge God. What would happen now? Would Babylon’s yoke remain forever on Israel’s shoulders? Would God’s people never see their homeland again? Had God forgotten His promises? Daniel’s answer was that Babylon would fall to another empire, which in turn would fall to yet another great kingdom. History would continue in this pattern until God judged all Gentile nations and established His everlasting rule. Daniel’s message was obviously meant to uplift and encourage the weary hearts of the exiled Jews.

B. Yet Daniel also looked forward to the day when God would restore and reward Israel. Israel was suffering punishment for its disobedience; but when would the punishment end? Daniel’s message was both discouraging and encouraging. He predicted trouble ahead; Israel would suffer under Gentile powers for many years. But the encouraging news was that the time of trials would also pass away. The time was coming when God would gather His children to Him again. He would establish His messianic kingdom which would last forever. The God who directs the forces of history has not deserted His people. They must continue to trust Him. His promises of preservation and ultimate restoration are sure.

V.  My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please go to the Pages of my site to find my Bucket List.

VI . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

The Seventieth Seven (Daniel 9:27)

I. Video. 

A. Video Title. What does Daniel 9:27 tell us about when the Messiah would come?

B. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min). Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).).

II. Introduction. The  Seventieth Seven. Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002)

A. Daniel 9:27 (NASB). “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”

B. It may be concluded that Daniel’s great prophecy of the seventy sevens comprehends the total history of Israel from the time of Nehemiah in 445 B.C. until the second coming of Jesus Christ. In the first period of seven sevens, the city and the streets are rebuilt. In the second period of sixty-two sevens which follows, the Messiah appears and is living at the conclusion of the period. In the parenthesis between the sixty-ninth seven and the seventieth seven, at least two major events take place: the cutting off of the Messiah (the death of Christ) and the destruction of Jerusalem in a.d. 70. Actually, the whole present age intervenes.

C. The final period of seven years begins with the introduction of a covenant relationship between the future “prince that shall come” and “the many,” the people of Israel. This covenant is observed for the first half of the future seven-year period; then the special liberties and protections granted Israel are taken away; and Israel becomes persecuted in their time of great tribulation. The beginning of the last three and one-half years of the seventy sevens of Daniel is marked by the desecration of the future temple, the stopping of the sacrifices, and the desolation of the Jewish religion. It is this period referred to by Christ as the great tribulation inMatthew 24:15-26.

D. The culmination of the entire prophecy of the seventy weeks is the second advent of Jesus Christ which closes the seventieth seventh of Israel as well as the times of the Gentiles pictured in Daniel’s prophecies of the four great world empires. For most of the period, the two great lines of prophecy relating to the Gentiles and Israel run concurrently, and both end with the same major event—the second advent of Jesus Christ, when oppressed Israel is delivered and the oppressor, the Gentile, is judged. With Israel today back in the land, the fulfillment of these prophecies may not be too long distant.

III. Verse examination (Daniel 9:27). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

A. “he.” The prince of verse 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (i.e. 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break the covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself. (See Ryrie notes on Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4. At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the Lake of Fire [Rev 19:20]).  

B. Ryrie notes Matt 24:15, 2 Thes 2:4, Rev 19:20.

1. Matt 24:15. “Abomination Of Desolation.” This is the man of sin (2 Thes 2:4), who at this midpoint in the Tribulation breaks the covenant he made with the Jewish people at the beginning of the Tribulation (Dan 9:27 ) and demands that they, and the world, worship him. Those who resist will be persecuted, and many will be martyred; that is the reason for the urgency of the instructions in vs 16-22.

2. 2 Thes 2:4. “takes his seat in the temple of God.” At the midpoint in the tribulation period the Antichrist will desecrate the rebuilt Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by placing himself there to be worshiped (Re: Matt 24:15). This is the climax of man’s great sin of self-deification, in open defiance of God.

3. Rev 19:20. The beast and his false prophet will be the first occupants of the “lake of fire;” other unbelievers, now in hades, will join them at the end of the Millennium (20:14). 

C. Other Ryrie related notes. 

1. Matt 24:3. “The Mount of Olives,” just E of Jerusalem across the Kidron Valley. “the disciples.”  Only Peter, James, John, and Andrew (Mk 13:3). Jesus answers,”what will be the sign of Your coming.” In verses 29-31, He speaks of the signs of the end of the age in verses 4-28. Verses 4-14 list the characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half.

2. Matt 24:16-22.. 

a. 24:16: those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.

b. 24:18. pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath.

c. 24:21. then, there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will. 

d. 24:22. “the elect.” Jews, Deu 7:6, 14:3; Isa 43:10;

3. God causes the Tribulation judgments to fall on the unbelievers of the earth.

a. Seal judgments. Rev 6:1; 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 8:1.

b. Trumpet judgments. Rev 8:7-13; 9:1-21; 11:15-19.

c. Bowl judgments. Rev 16:1-21.

4. My note. Notice that the time of the Tribulation is planned by God, and carried out by Jesus, God’s angels, and agents of God. By reading of the severity of the judgments, it is easy to see that the world is not in God’s tribulation now. The Tribulation will commence only upon God’s decision.

IV. Summary. Holman Christian Standard Bible. Michael Rydelnik (Th. M., D. Miss).

A. Daniel wrote his book with two purposes in mind. First, he wanted to assert that the God of Israel was sovereign, even over the powerful nations that surrounded His people. God’s chosen nation had been conquered and dispersed by a mighty empire that did not acknowledge God. What would happen now? Would Babylon’s yoke remain forever on Israel’s shoulders? Would God’s people never see their homeland again? Had God forgotten His promises? Daniel’s answer was that Babylon would fall to another empire, which in turn would fall to yet another great kingdom. History would continue in this pattern until God judged all Gentile nations and established His everlasting rule. Daniel’s message was obviously meant to uplift and encourage the weary hearts of the exiled Jews.

B. Yet Daniel also looked forward to the day when God would restore and reward Israel. Israel was suffering punishment for its disobedience; but when would the punishment end? Daniel’s message was both discouraging and encouraging. He predicted trouble ahead; Israel would suffer under Gentile powers for many years. But the encouraging news was that the time of trials would also pass away. The time was coming when God would gather His children to Him again. He would establish His messianic kingdom which would last forever. The God who directs the forces of history has not deserted His people. They must continue to trust Him. His promises of preservation and ultimate restoration are sure.

V.  My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please go to the Pages of my site to find my Bucket List.

VI . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Prophesied Events After The Sixty-Ninth Seven (Daniel 9:26)

I. Video. What does Daniel tell us about the identity of “the prince who will come?”

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.). Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Introduction. Prophesied Events After The sixty-ninth seven. Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D. 1910-2002).

A. Daniel 9:26. “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”

B. In summarizing the period of the sixty-nine sevens, the statement is made in verse 25 that the period will be “unto the Messiah the Prince.” Most conservative expositors have interpreted this as a reference to Jesus Christ. Montgomery, however, has another explanation: “‘Messiah’ is epithet of king, of priest (cf. 2 Mac. 1:10), of prophet; and in a spiritual sense of patriarch (Ps. 105:15), and even of   Cyrus, who is ‘My Anointed,’ Is. 45:1… The second term ‘prince,’ qualifying the first, is used of various officers of rank: as a chief among officials, esp. in the temple personnel, e.g. 11:22 of the high priest, q.v.; of nobles or princes, e.g., Job 29:10, 31:37; then of royalty, appearing as an early title for the king in Israel, e.g., 1 Sa. 9:16, and also of foreign kings. Hence both terms are ambiguous, and their combination does not assist identification, for which three candidates have been proposed: Cyrus, the ‘Anointed’ of Is. 45:1; Zerubbabel, the acclaimed Messiah of the Restoration; and his contemporary, the high priest Joshua b. Josedek.”

C.  It is obvious that Montgomery is straining to prove a non-Christological interpretation. By far the majority of scholars who accept Daniel as a genuine book find the reference in verse 25 to Jesus Christ. As Young expresses it, “The old evangelical interpretation is that which alone satisfies the requirements of the case. The ‘anointed one’ is Jesus Christ, who was cut off by His death upon the Cross of Calvary.” If this interpretation of verse 25 is correct, it provides the key to verse 26 which states that after “threescore and two weeks,” that is, the 7 plus 62 sevens, or after the end of the sixty-ninth seven, the Messiah shall be “cut off.” The verb rendered “to cut off” has the meaning, “to destroy, to kill,” for example, in Genesis 9:11Deuteronomy 20:20Jeremiah 11:19Psalm 37:9.

D.  The natural interpretation of verse 26 is that it refers to the death of Jesus Christ upon the cross. As this relates to the chronology of the prophecy, it makes plain that the Messiah will be living at the end of the sixty-ninth seventh and will be cut off, or die, soon after the end of it.

E. The prominence of the Messiah in Old Testament prophecy and the mention of Him in both verses 25 and 26 make the cutting off of the Messiah one of the important events in the prophetic unfoldment of God’s plan for Israel and the world. How tragic that, when the promised King came, He was “cut off.” The adulation of the crowd at the triumphal entry and the devotion of those who had been touched by His previous ministry were all to no avail. The unbelief of Israel and the calloused indifference of religious leaders when confronted with the claims of Christ combined with the hardness of heart of Gentile rulers to make this the greatest of tragedies. Christ was indeed not only “cut off” from man and from life, but in His cry on the cross indicated that He was forsaken of God. The plaintive cry “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” reveals not only the awfulness of separation from God but points also to the answer—the redemptive purpose. Although the additional explanation but not for himself is probably best translated, “There is nothing for him,” it is nevertheless true that He died for others. Nothing that rightly belonged to Him as Messiah the Prince was given to Him at that time. He had not come into His full reward nor the exercise of His regal authority. He was the sacrificial lamb of God sent to take away the sin of the world. Outwardly it appeared that evil had triumphed.

F. Although evangelical expositors have been agreed that the reference is to Jesus Christ, a division has occurred as to whether the event here described comes in the seventieth seventh described in the next verse, or whether it occurs in an interim or parenthetical period between the sixty-ninth seventh and the seventieth seventh. Two theories have emerged, namely, the continuous fulfillment theory which holds that the seventieth seven immediately follows the sixty-ninth, and the gap or parenthesis theory which holds that there is a period of time between the sixty-ninth seven and the seventieth seven. If fulfillment is continuous, then the seventieth week is already history. If there is a gap, there is a possibility that the seventieth week is still future. On this point, a great deal of discussion has emerged.

G.  In the interpretation of this passage and the decision on the question of the continuous fulfillment versus the gap theory, the fulfillment of the prophecy again comes to our rescue. The center part of verse 26 states “the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.” Historically the destruction of Jerusalem occurred in a.d. 70 almost forty years after the death of Christ. Although some expositors, like Young, hold that the sacrifices are caused to cease by Christ in His death which they consider fulfilled in the middle of the last seven years, it is clear that this does not provide in any way for the fulfillment of an event thirty-eight years or more after the end of the sixty-ninth seven. Young and others who follow the continuous fulfillment theory are left without any explanation adequate for interposing an event as occurring after the sixty-ninth seven by some thirty-eight years—which, in their thinking, would actually occur after the seventieth week. In a word, their theory does not provide any normal or literal interpretation of the text and its chronology.

H. The intervention of two events after the sixty-ninth seven which in their historic fulfillment occupied almost forty years makes necessary a gap between the sixty-ninth seven and the beginning of the seventieth seven of at-least this length of time. Those referred to as “the people of the prince that shall come” are obviously the Roman people and in no sense do these people belong to Messiah the Prince. Hence it follows that there are two princes: (1) the Messiah of verses 25 and 26, and (2) “the prince that shall come” who is related to the Roman people. That a second prince is required who is Roman in character and destructive to the Jewish people is confirmed in verse 27 (see following exegesis), which the New Testament declares to be fulfilled in relation to the second coming of Christ (Mt 24:15).

I. The closing portion of verse 26, although not entirely clear, indicates that the destruction of the city will be like the destruction of a flood and that desolations are sovereignly determined along with war until the end. Because of the reference to “the end” twice in verse 26, it would be contextually possible to refer this to the end of the age and to a future destruction of Jerusalem. According to Revelation 11:2, “The holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months “probably refers to the great tribulation just before the second advent. However, there is no complete destruction of Jerusalem at the end of the age as Zechariah 14:1-3 indicates that the city is in existence although overtaken by war at the very moment that Christ comes back in power and glory. Accordingly, it is probably better to consider all of verse 26 fulfilled historically.

J. The same expression of an overflowing flood is used to denote warlike hosts who annihilate their enemies in Daniel 11:10, 22, 26, 40 and in Isaiah 8:8. This seems to be a general reference to the fact that from the time of the destruction of the city of Jerusalem, trouble, war, and desolation will be the normal experience of the people of Israel and will end only at “the consummation” mentioned in verse 27, that is, the end of the seventieth seven. History has certainly corroborated this prophecy, for not only was Jerusalem destroyed but the entire civilization of the Jews in Israel ceased to exist soon after the end of the sixty-ninth seven, and that desolation continued until recent times. The prophesied events of verse 26, like those of verse 25, already have been fulfilled and constitute clear evidence of the accuracy of the prophetic word. The prophecy of verse 25 dealing as it does with the restoration of Jerusalem at the beginning of the seventy sevens, the sixty-two sevens which follow the first seven sevens culminate in the Messiah, and the prediction that the Messiah shall be cut off and Jerusalem destroyed gives the high points in Israel’s history and provides the key to understanding this difficult prophecy. In contrast to the rather clear fulfillment of verses 25-26, verse 27 is an enigma as far as history is concerned; and only futuristic interpretation allows any literal fulfillment.

K. The same expression of an overflowing flood is used to denote warlike hosts who annihilate their enemies in Daniel 11:10, 22, 26, 40 and in Isaiah 8:8. This seems to be a general reference to the fact that from the time of the destruction of the city of Jerusalem, trouble, war, and desolation will be the normal experience of the people of Israel and will end only at “the consummation” mentioned in verse 27, that is, the end of the seventieth seven. History has certainly corroborated this prophecy, for not only was Jerusalem destroyed but the entire civilization of the Jews in Israel ceased to exist soon after the end of the sixty-ninth seven, and that desolation continued until recent times. The prophesied events of verse 26, like those of verse 25, already have been fulfilled and constitute clear evidence of the accuracy of the prophetic word. The prophecy of verse 25 dealing as it does with the restoration of Jerusalem at the beginning of the seventy sevens, the sixty-two sevens which follow the first seven sevens culminate in the Messiah, and the prediction that the Messiah shall be cut off and Jerusalem destroyed gives the high points in Israel’s history and provides the key to understanding this difficult prophecy. In contrast to the rather clear fulfillment of verses 25-26, verse 27 is an enigma as far as history is concerned; and only futuristic interpretation allows any literal fulfillment.

L. The best explanation of the time when the sixty-nine sevens ended is that it occurred shortly before the death of Christ anticipated in Daniel 9:26 as following the sixty-ninth seven. Practically all expositors agree that the death of Christ occurred after the sixty-ninth seven.

IV. Verse examination (Daniel 9:26). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

A. Daniel 9:26. Certain important events to happen “after” the 62 weeks (plus the seven weeks, or a total of 69 weeks): the crucifixion of “Messiah” and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 by the Romans, who “are the people of the prince who is to come.” Because these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course, and before the seventieth week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth.

B. Ephesians 5:32, “This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church. ” The mystery illustrates that which exists between Christ (the bridegroom) and the Church (His bride).

C. Romans 16:25-26. 25 Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, 26 but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith;

1. Mystery. A definition of a scriptural mystery: something unknown in times past (OT) but revealed in the NT. See note on Eph 3:3. Here “the mystery” is the gospel of Christ. In Eph 5:32, the “mystery” was also spoken as: “32 This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.” OT prophecies of Messiah could now be understood, once the mystery was revealed (cf. Luke 24:44-45; 1 Peter 1:10-12);

2. My note: Mystery in this context does not relate to, e.g., a murder mystery, where the purpose of the book, or movie, “is to cause people to figure out who the murderer may be.” In sharp contrast, a scriptural mystery is one where God does not reveal the mystery (in any form, to anyone) until He decides to inform key players in the time of the NT of such a mystery, and its understanding. Such key players are the Apostles Paul and Peter.

B. The OT Jewish prophets knew nothing about the church, the time of the church, or the relationship that would exist between Messiah and the church. Simply stated, neither Daniel, nor any other Jewish prophet, knew anything about the the church, to include its time on earth, because God had not revealed to the prophets anything about the church, as is discussed in para V. C., below.

C. In addition to having no knowledge of the church, the OT Jewish prophets knew nothing about “rapture of the church” (1 Cor 15:50-54). vs 50 “flesh and blood can not inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable” vs 51″ I tell you a mystery, we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed” vs 52 “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.” [Ryrie note: 15:51-58. Here Paul answers the question, what happens to those who do not die? 15:51,The rapture of the church described in vs 51-58 was a “mystery” unknown in the OT, but now revealed (In the NT). “We must not all sleep.” I.e., not all die (1 Thes 4:15) Some will be alive when the Lord returns (in the air), but all will be changed. vs 53. “perishable.” that is all who are living.]

D. OT Jewish prophets knew nothing about the Church, Messiah and the church, or the rapture of the church. OT Jews knew about God being in Heaven, but not about Jews being in Heaven; (unsaved Jews do not go to Heaven). OT Jews knew only about Jews being in a physical, and earthly kingdom, where Messiah would rule and reign. OT Jews knew nothing about the Church being caught up to heaven, or the Church ruling and reigning with Christ in the earthly kingdom, after their return from Heaven with Messiah at the second coming of Messiah (Matt 24:29-30, Rev 19:11-20:4, Zech 14:1-5, 9).

E. God revealed to the OT Jewish prophets information on the last days of Israel (Isa 2:1), but not about the last days of the Church (2 Tim 3:1). The audience on the Day of Pentecost (a Jewish feast day) was Jewish; Peter spoke to those Jews about an OT prophecy about Israel (Acts 2:16-17, Joel 2:28-32). Gentiles would have known nothing about OT Jewish prophecies.

F. When the Apostles went into foreign lands (Acts 1:8), they spoke to the Gentiles and unsaved Jews about Messiah and Him crucified (Acts 2:22-28; 1 Cor 2:2; Gal 3:10-13; there is no salvation in the Law).

G. The OT Jewish prophets did not tell the OT Jews about things that were a “mystery,” which God would only reveal during the Church Age to His selected apostles.

V. Summary. Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Old Testament (Abridged Edition) Old Testament. Author,  Kenneth L. Barker (B.A., Th. M., Ph. D.).

A. The second sentence of v.26 is perhaps more accurately rendered, “The people of a prince who shall come will destroy both the city and the sanctuary.” (The reason for the ambiguity here is that the definite article is missing in front of “ruler” in the Hebrew, which would be necessary for the rendering “the people of the ruler”). Subsequent history shows this to be a clear reference to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans under Titus in A.D. 70, forty years after Calvary, or forty-three years after the end of the sixty-ninth “week”—if the 457 B.C. theory is correct for the commencement of the seventy weeks.

B. The next sentence or two indicate what is to happen after the destruction of Jerusalem: lit., “And the end of it will be in the overflowing, and unto the end there will be war, a strict determination of desolations” or “the determined amount of desolations.” The general tenor is in striking conformity with Christ’s own prediction (Mt 24:7-22). Notice that this entire intervening period is referred to before the final or seventieth week is mentioned in v.27. It is difficult to explain why this is so if the entire seventy weeks are intended to run consecutively and without interruption. It seems far more reasonable to infer that a long period of time of war and desolation is to intervene between the sixty-ninth week (when Messiah appears at his first advent) and the seventieth week, which is to usher in Christ’s second advent.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please the Pages of my site to find Bucket List.

VII . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

The Fulfillment of the Sixty-Nine Sevens (Daniel 9:25)

I. Video

What is the prophetic outline to the Book of Daniel?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min). Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-21).

III. Introduction. The Fulfillment of the Sixty-Nine Sevens. Author: Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002).

A. Daniel 9:25. “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and three score and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.”

B. At the outset of the revelation of the details of the seventy sevens, Daniel is exhorted to know and understand the main facts of the prophecy (cf. Dan 9:22). 

C. The key to the interpretation of the entire passage is found in the phrase “from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem.” The question of the terminus a quo, the date on which the seventy sevens begin, is obviously most important both in interpreting the prophecy and in finding suitable fulfillment. The date is identified as being the one in which a commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem is issued. The decree of Artaxerxes was  given to Nehemiah authorizing the rebuilding of the city (Neh 2:1-8, 536 B.C.). Implication has been drawn from Ezra 4:12-21 (534 B.C.) that the city walls were rebuilt at that time and that the reference to “a wall in Judah” in Ezra 9:9 (457 B.C.) signifies completion. 

D. In verse 25, Daniel is introduced to two periods of time which are immediately consecutive, first a period of seven sevens, or forty-nine years, and then a period of sixty-two sevens, or four hundred and thirty-four years. There is no indication clearly given as to the reason for distinguishing between the two periods except that he adds “the streets shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.”

E. That Sir Robert Anderson is right in building upon a 360-day year seems to be attested by the Scriptures. It is customary for the Jews to have twelve months of 360 days each and then to insert a thirteenth month occasionally when necessary to correct the calendar. The use of the 360-day year is confirmed by the forty-two months of the great tribulation (Rev 11:2; 13:5) being equated with 1,260 days (Rev 12:6; 11:3).

F. Accordingly, the best explanation of the time when the sixty-nine sevens ended is that it occurred shortly before the death of Christ anticipated in Daniel 9:26 as following the sixty-ninth seven. Practically all expositors agree that the death of Christ occurred after the sixty-ninth seven. 

G. The best end point for the sixty-nine sevens is shortly before Christ’s death anticipated in Daniel 9:26. Practically all expositors agree that the crucifixion occurred after the sixty-ninth seven. 

H. The dates of the sixty-nine weeks of Daniel 9:25 extended from the first of Nisan (March 5) 444 B.C., to the tenth of Nisan (March 30) A.D. 33.

IV. Verse examination (Daniel 9:25). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

The 70 sevens begin with a “decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus (Neh 2:5).  The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed. 

V. Summary. Author: Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Old Testament (Abridged Edition) Old Testament. Author,  Kenneth L. Barker (B.A., Th. M., Ph. D.).

A. Verse 25 is crucial. Only sixty-nine heptads (units of seven) are listed here, broken into two segments. The first segment of seven amounts to forty-nine years, during which the city of Jerusalem is to be “rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.”

B. Verse 26 specifies the termination of the sixty-nine heptads: the cutting off of the Messiah. After the appearance of Messiah as Ruler—483 years after the sixty-nine weeks have begun—he will be cut off. This accords very well with a three-year ministry of the Messiah prior to his crucifixion.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please the Pages of my site to find Bucket List.

VII . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

The Revelation of the Seventy Sevens of Israel (Daniel 9:24).

I. Video. How does the book of Revelation fit hand in glove with the book of revelation?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Introduction. The Revelation of the Seventy Sevens of Israel. Author: Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., D.D., Litt. D., 1910-2002).

A. Daniel 9:24. “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”

B. In the concluding four verses of Daniel 9 one of the most important prophecies of the Old Testament is contained. The prophecy as a whole is presented in verse 24. The first sixty-nine sevens is described in verse 25. The events between the sixty-ninth seventh and the seventieth seventh are detailed in verse 26. The final period of the seventieth seventh is described in verse 27.

IV. Verse examination. Author: Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

A. “seventy weeks.” Lit 70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events  of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.” 

B. This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews)

C. Your holy city “Jerusalem.” 

D. “to finish the transgression.”  To end the apostasy of the Jews.

E. “to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally.

F. “to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness  (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27).

G. “to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6).

H. “to seal up vision and prophecy.” To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the jewish people and Jerusalem.

I. “to anoint the most holy place.” the anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial temple. 

V. Summary. Author: Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Old Testament (Abridged Edition) Old Testament. Author,  Kenneth L. Barker (B.A., Th. M., Ph. D.).

A. This verse sets forth the approach of “seventy `sevens'” of years during which God would accomplish his plan of national and spiritual redemption for Israel. The seventy “weeks” or “heptads” (lit., “units of seven,” whether days or years) are 490 years (divided, as we shall see, into three sections). This was the time to elapse before the accomplishment of six great achievements for the Holy City and for God’s covenant people. The first three relate to the removal of sin; the second three to the restoration of righteousness.

B. Before the question of the seventieth week can be properly handled, the terminus ad quem of the seventy weeks must first be established. If all six goals of v 24 were attained by the crucifixion of Christ and the establishment of the early church seven years after his death, then it might be fair to assume that the entire 490 years of the seventy weeks were to be understood as running consecutively and coming to a close in A.D. 37. But since all or most of the six goals seem to be yet unfulfilled, it follows that if the seventieth week finds fulfillment at all, it must be identified as the last seven years before Christ’s return to earth as millennial King.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references that I consult, of theologians and printed resources, whenever I write an article that will be posted. Please the Pages of my site to find Bucket List.

VII . My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel’s Prophecy Of 70 Weeks.

I. Video. What happens during the 7 year tribulation or the 70th week of Daniel?

II. Video Data. The Tribulation or 70 week period of Daniel 9. Dr. Renald Showers, Th. M., Th., D. 1935-2019.

III. Introduction. The Book of Daniel is one of the most important books of the Bible. From Daniel’s ninth chapter prophecy in the Old Testament, you will find prophetic relevance to the following New Testament books and Chapters: Matt 5, 24; Mark 9, 13; Luke 1, 19, 21, 24; Acts 1; Revelation 19. You will find literal prophetic connection from Daniel’s Old Testament to its New Testament fulfillment. It is important for everyone to have a good understanding of the prophecy of Daniel’s 70 Weeks. By having such knowledge it will help us to provide Biblical answers to those who want to put the church in the Tribulation, which distorts scripture and frightens many people.

IV About my sources of information. Please note that my sources draw conclusions; I do not draw a conclusion, except to restate such a conclusion that has already been made by one of my references. 

V. Explanation of Daniel 9:1-2.


A. The Seventy Years of the Desolations of Jerusalem

9:1-2 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

1. According to the opening verse of chapter 9, the third vision of Daniel occurred “In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes.” In other words, the events of Belshazzar’s feast in chapter 5 occurred between the visions of chapters 8 and 9. It is not clear where chapter 6 fits into this order of events, but it also may well have occurred in the first year of the reign of Darius, either immediately before or immediately after the events of chapter 9. If Daniel’s experience at Belshazzar’s feast as well as his deliverance from the lions had already been experienced, these significant evidences of the sovereignty and power of God may well have constituted a divine preparation for the tremendous revelation now about to unfold.

2. The immediate occasion of this chapter, however, was the discovery by Daniel in the prophecy of Jeremiah that the desolations of Jerusalem would be fulfilled in seventy years. The expression by books may be understood to mean “in books.” Jeremiah the prophet, in addition to his oral prophetic announcements, had written his prophecies in the closing days of Jerusalem before its destruction at the hand of the Babylonians. Although the first record of Jeremiah had been destroyed (Jer 36:23), Jeremiah rewrote it, acting on instructions from the Lord (Jer 36:28) Jeremiah himself had been taken captive by Jews rebelling against Nebuchadnezzar and had been carried off to Egypt against his will to be buried in a strange land in a nameless grave, but the timeless Scriptures which he wrote found their way across desert and mountain to far away Babylon and fell into the hands of Daniel. How long Daniel had been in possession of these prophecies is not known, but the implication is that Daniel had now come into the full comprehension of Jeremiah’s prediction and realized that the seventy years prophesied had about run their course. The time of the vision recorded in Daniel 9 was 538 B.C., about 67 years after Jerusalem had first been captured and Daniel carried off to Babylon (605 B.C.).

3, Jeremiah had prophesied, “This whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the Lord, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations” (Jer 25:11-12). Later, Jeremiah added to this prophecy, “For thus saith the Lord, that after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end. Then shall ye call upon me, and ye shall go and pray unto me, and I will hearken unto you. And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart. And I will be found of you, saith the Lord: and I will turn away your captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the Lord; and I will bring you again into the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive”{Jer 29:10-14).

4. On the basis of these remarkable prophecies, Daniel was encouraged to pray for the restoration of Jerusalem and the regathering of the people of Israel. Daniel, although too old and probably too infirm to return to Jerusalem himself, lived long enough to see the first expedition of pilgrims return. This occurred in “the first year of Cyrus king of Persia”(Ezra 1:1), and Daniel lived at least until “the third year of Cyrus king of Persia”(Daniel 10:1) and probably some years longer.

5. As brought out in the earlier discussion of chapter 6 relative to Darius the Mede, Darius had been appointed by Cyrus as king of Babylon. The assertion of Daniel 9:1, that Darius “was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans,” indicates that he was invested with the kingship by some higher authority. This well agrees with the supposition that he Was installed as viceroy in Babylonia by Cyrus the Great. This appointment is confirmed by the verb “was made king” (Hebrew homlak) which does not seem a proper reference to Cyrus himself. In this connection, it is of interest that in the Behistun Inscription, Darius I refers to his father, Hystaspes, as having been made king in a similar way.

6. In studying Daniel 9:2 with its reference to “the desolations of Jerusalem,” Sir Robert Anderson distinguishes the duration of the captivity from the duration of the desolations of Jerusalem. Anderson states, “The failure to distinguish between the several judgments of the Servitude, the Captivity and the Desolations, is a fruitful source of error in the study of Daniel and the historical books of Scripture.”

7. Anderson goes on to explain that Israel’s servitude and captivity began much earlier than the destruction of the temple. Although Anderson’s dates are not according to current archeological findings (606 b.c. instead of 605 for the captivity, 589 b.c. instead of 586 for the desolation of the temple, and his date for the decree of Cyrus 536 B.C. instead of 538), in general, his approach to the fulfillment of Jeremiah’s prophecy is worthy of consideration. As previously discussed in the exposition of chapter 1, the captivity probably began in the fall of 605 B.C. at which time a few, such as Daniel and his companions and other of the royal children, were carried off to Babylon as hostages. The major deportation did not take place until about seven years later. According to Donald J. Wiseman, the exact date of the first major deportation was March 16, 597 b.c, after the fall of Jerusalem following a brief revolt against Babylonian rule. About 60,000 were carried away at that time.

8. Jerusalem itself was finally destroyed in 586 b.c, and this, according to Anderson, began the desolations of Jerusalem, the specific prophecy of Jeremiah 25:11, also mentioned in 2 Chronicles 36:21 and in Daniel 9:2.

9. The precise prophecy of Jeremiah 25:11-12 predicts that the king of Babylon would be punished at the end of seventy years. Jeremiah 29:10 predicted the return to the land after seventy years. For these reasons, it is doubtful whether Anderson’s evaluation of Daniel 9:2 as referring to the destruction of the temple itself is valid. The judgment on Babylon and the return to the land of course took place about twenty years before the temple itself was rebuilt and was approximately seventy years after captivity beginning in 605 b.c. Probably the best interpretation, accordingly, is to consider the expression the desolations of Jerusalem, in Daniel 9:2 , as referring to the period 605 B.C. to 539 B.C. for the judgment on Babylon, and the date of 538 b.c for the return to the land.

10. This definition of the expression the desolations of Jerusalem (Daniel 9:2) is supported by the word for “desolations” ( h£orbo‚t)which is a plural apparently including the environs of Jerusalem. The same expression is translated “all her waste places” in Isaiah 5:1-3(cf. 52:9). Actually the destruction of territory formerly under Jerusalem control even predated the 605 date for Jerusalem’s fall.

11. Although it is preferred to consider Daniel 9:2 as the period 605 b.c.-539 b.c, Anderson may be right in distinguishing as he does the period of Israel’s captivity from the period of Jerusalem’s destruction. Zechariah 1:12, referring to God’s destruction of the cities of Judah for three score years and ten, may extend to the time when the temple was rebuilt. This is brought out in Zechariah 1:16 where it is stated, “Therefore thus saith the Lord; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the Lord of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.” It is most significant that the return took place approximately seventy years after the capture of Jerusalem in 605 b.c, and the restoration of the temple (515 b.c) took place approximately seventy years after the destruction of the temple (586 b.c), the latter period being about twenty years later than the former. In both cases, however, the fulfillment does not have the meticulous accuracy of falling on the very day, as Anderson attempts to prove. It seems to be an approximate number as one would expect by a round number of seventy. Hence, the period between 605 b.c and 538 b.c would be approximately sixty-seven years; and the rededication of the temple in March of 515 b.c, would be less than seventy-one years from the destruction of the temple in August of 586 b.c

12. What is intended, accordingly, in the statement in Daniel 9:2is that Daniel realized that the time was approaching when the children of Israel could return. The seventy years of the captivity were about ended. Once the children of Israel were back in the land, they were providentially hindered in fulfilling the rebuilding of the temple until seventy years after the destruction of the temple had also elapsed.

13. Several principles emerge from Daniel’s reference to Jeremiah’s prophecy. First, Daniel took the seventy years literally and believed that there would be literal fulfillment. Even though Daniel was fully acquainted with the symbolic form of revelation which God sometimes used to portray panoramic prophetic events, his interpretation of Jeremiah was literal and he expected God to fulfill His word.

14. Second, Daniel realized that the Word of God would be fulfilled only on the basis of prayer, and this occasioned his fervent plea as recorded in this chapter. On the one hand, Daniel recognized the certainty of divine purposes and the sovereignty of God which will surely fulfill the prophetic word. On the other hand, he recognized human agency, the necessity of faith and prayer, and the urgency to respond to human responsibility as it relates to the divine program. His custom of praying three times a day with his windows open to Jerusalem still in desolation revealed his own heart for the things of God and his concern for the city of Jerusalem.

15. Third, he recognized the need for confession of sin as a prelude to restoration. With this rich background of the prophetic program revealed through Jeremiah, Daniel’s own prayer life, and his concern for the city of Jerusalem as the religious center of the nation of Israel, Daniel approaches the task of expressing his confession and intercession to the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

16. Because Daniel, for the first time, used the word Lord or Jehovah in Daniel 9:2, repeating the expression in verses 4, 10, 13, 14, and 20, critics have used this as an argument against the authenticity of this passage and the prayer which follows.

B. Notes come from Bible.Org., Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th.M., Th.D., D.D., Litt. D.. 1910-2002). John was a member of the Dallas Theological Seminary faculty for 50 years, from 1936 to 1986. He served as president of Dallas Seminary from 1952 to 1986, and as chancellor until 2001. He continued to teach and preach until a few weeks before his death at the age of 92.

VI. Summary. 

A. Introduction.  The “seventy weeks” prophecy is one of the most significant and detailed Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament. It is found in Daniel 9. The chapter begins with Daniel praying for Israel, acknowledging the nation’s sins against God and asking for God’s mercy. As Daniel prayed, the angel Gabriel appeared to him and gave him a vision of Israel’s future.


1. The Divisions of the 70 Weeks.


a. In verse 24, Gabriel says, “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city.” Almost all commentators agree that the seventy “sevens” should be understood as seventy “weeks” of years, in other words, a period of 490 years. These verses provide a sort of “clock” that gives an idea of when the Messiah would come and some of the events that would accompany His appearance.

b. The prophecy goes on to divide the 490 years into three smaller units: one of 49 years, one of 434 years, and one 7 years. The final “week” of 7 years is further divided in half. Verse 25 says, “From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’” Seven “sevens” is 49 years, and sixty-two “sevens” is another 434 years:

c. 49 years + 434 years = 483 years

2. The Purpose of the 70 Weeks


a. The prophecy contains a statement concerning God’s six-fold purpose in bringing these events to pass. Verse 24 says this purpose is 1) “to finish transgression,” 2) “to put an end to sin,” 3) “to atone for wickedness,” 4) “to bring in everlasting righteousness,” 5) “to seal up vision and prophecy,” and 6) “to anoint the most holy.”

b. Notice that these results concern the total eradication of sin and the establishing of righteousness. The prophecy of the 70 weeks summarizes what happens before Jesus sets up His millennial kingdom. Of special note is the third in the list of results: “to atone for wickedness.” Jesus accomplished the atonement for sin by His death on the cross (Romans 3:25Hebrews 2:17).

3. The Fulfillment of the 70 Weeks


a. Gabriel said the prophetic clock would start at the time that a decree was issued to rebuild Jerusalem. From the date of that decree to the time of the Messiah would be 483 years. We know from history that the command to “restore and rebuild Jerusalem” was given by King Artaxerxes of Persia c. 444 B.C. (see Nehemiah 2:1-8).

b. The first unit of 49 years (seven “sevens”) covers the time that it took to rebuild Jerusalem, “with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble” (Daniel 9:25). This rebuilding is chronicled in the book of Nehemiah.

c. Converting the 360-day year used by the ancient Jews, 483 years becomes 476 years on our solar calendar. Adjusting for the switch from B.C. to A.D., 476 years after 444 B.C. places us at A.D. 33, which would coincide with Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:1–9). The prophecy in Daniel 9 specifies that, after the completion of the 483 years, “the Anointed One will be cut off” (verse 26). This was fulfilled when Jesus was crucified.

d. Daniel 9:26 continues with a prediction that, after the Messiah is killed, “the people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.” This was fulfilled with the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The “ruler who will come” is a reference to the Antichrist, who, it seems, will have some connection with Rome, since it was the Romans who destroyed Jerusalem.

4. The Final Week of the 70 Weeks


a. Of the 70 “sevens,” 69 have been fulfilled in history. This leaves one more “seven” yet to be fulfilled. Most scholars believe that we are now living in a huge gap between the 69th week and the 70th week. The prophetic clock has been paused, as it were. The final “seven” of Daniel is what we usually call the tribulation period.

b. Daniel’s prophecy reveals some of the actions of the Antichrist, the “ruler who will come.” Verse 27 says, “He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’” However, “in the middle of the ‘seven,’ . . . he will set up an abomination that causes desolation” in the temple. Jesus warned of this event in Matthew 24:15. After the Antichrist breaks the covenant with Israel, a time of “great tribulation” begins (Matthew 24:21, NKJV).

c. Daniel also predicts that the Antichrist will face judgment. He only rules “until the end that is decreed is poured out on him” (Daniel 9:27). God will only allow evil to go so far, and the judgment the Antichrist will face has already been planned out.

5. Conclusion


The prophecy of the 70 weeks is complex and amazingly detailed, and much has been written about it. Of course, there are various interpretations, but what we have presented here is the dispensational, premillennial view. One thing is certain: God has a time table, and He is keeping things on schedule. He knows the end from the beginning (Isaiah 46:10), and we should always be looking for the triumphant return of our Lord (Revelation 22:7).

B. Author identity.

Got Questions (dot) Org

Daniel ‘s Prophecy Of Seventy Weeks Of Years.

I. Video. Does Prophetic Information from Daniel compare to what is happening in our world today?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Drs: John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.),  Jimmy DeYoung  (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Video Context. As is discussed in the video, things are lining up in the middle east that may relate to the events of the “yet future” tribulation. However, it is important to understand that God is not an observing deity, but it is He who makes plans for the time of “eternity to eternity.” God has made a plan for the time and events of the Tribulation; they are not things “that just happen.” Everything that is discussed in the Book of Daniel, as well as the other Old Testament books of prophecy, relate to the things that God has planned for the redemption of the nation of Israel, for the saving of a multitude of  “unsaved” Jews and Gentiles during the tribulation, for Jesus to destroy all Gentile world empires so that He might rule the nations Himself (Zech 14:1-5, 9); and for the destruction of the heavens and the earth (2:Peter 3:10-12) and the creation of the new heavens and new earth (2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1), with “the day of the Lord” beginning unexpectedly at the beginning of the Tribulation (“like a thief in the night” 1 Thes 5:2, Joel Introduction) and end at the conclusion of the Millennium with the destruction of the heavens and the earth (Rev 21:1); with the new Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God made ready as a bride adorned for her husband (Rev 21:2). (These notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016).

IV. Article Introduction. This area of the Bible is one of the most important ones that discuss God’s plan for the ages. I am planning on spending enough time on this ninth chapter of Daniel that is necessary to show the love of God for His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2), and the measures that He takes to restore their Kingdom on earth to them (2 Sam 7:10, 12, 13, 16). In this series of articles we will also discuss the differences between “antichrists” and “the antichrist.”

V. Article Details.

A. The third vision of Daniel the prophet, following the two preceding visions of chapters 7 and 8, concerns the program of God for Israel culminating in the coming of their Messiah to the earth to reign. Although other major prophets received detailed information concerning the nations and God’s program for salvation, Daniel alone was given the comprehensive program for both the Gentiles, as revealed to Daniel in preceding chapters, and for Israel, as recorded in Daniel 9:24-27. Because of the comprehensive and structural nature of Daniel’s prophecies, both for the Gentiles and for Israel, the study of Daniel, and especially this chapter, is the key to understanding the prophetic Scriptures. Of the four major programs revealed in the Bible—for the angels, the Gentiles, Israel, and the church, Daniel had the privilege of being the channel of revelation for the second and third of these programs in the Old Testament.

B. This chapter begins with Jeremiah’s prophecy of seventy years of the desolations of Jerusalem and is advanced by the intercessory prayer of Daniel. The chapter concludes with the third vision of Daniel, given through the agency of the angel Gabriel, which provides one of the most important keys to understanding the Scriptures as a whole. In many respects, this is the high point of the book of Daniel. Although previously Gentile history and prophecy recorded in Daniel was related to the people of Israel, the ninth chapter specifically takes up prophecy as it applies to the chosen people.

VI. Notes come from Bible.Org., Dr. John F. Walvoord (A.B., M.A., Th. B., Th.M., Th.D., D.D., Litt. D.. 1910-2002). John was a member of the Dallas Theological Seminary faculty for 50 years, from 1936 to 1986. He served as president of Dallas Seminary from 1952 to 1986, and as chancellor until 2001. He continued to teach and preach until a few weeks before his death at the age of 92.

Daniel Fulfillment – Daniel’s Vision Of The Ram, Goat, and Small Horn

I. Video. Will Christians be able to identify the Anti-Christ before the rapture?

II Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.),  Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min. Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J. D., Ph. D.).

III. Daniel Chapter 8. Verses pasted from Bible Gateway, NASB 1995. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=daniel+8&version=NASB1995

A. Date, 553 B.C. (Scofield Study Bible, 1909). 

B. Notes, from Ryrie Study Bible, 1986. (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016)

C. The Vision. 

1. Verses. Daniel 8 1-14.

2. Verses examined. 

a. 8:1. “third year.”551. B.C., two years after the vision of chap.  7, and before the fall of Babylon in 539. “a vision” concerning the second third world empires — Medo-Persia (vv. 3-4, 20) and Greece (vv. 5-7, 21). 

b. 8:2. About 250 mi (400 km) E of Babylon. 

c. 8:3. “ram.. Medo-Persia (v. 20). “the longer one coming up last. Though Persia was the younger kingdom, under Cyrus it became the dominant one in 550 B.C.

d. 8:5. “goat.” Greece. “a conspicuous horn. Alexander the Great, whose army swept through Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia from 334-331 B.C.

e. 8:8. “the large horn was broken.” The death of Alexander at age 32, after which his kingdom was divided among his four generals. Cassander took Macedonia; Thrace and much of Asia Minor went to Lysimachus; Seleucus took Syria; and Ptolemy claimed Egypt.

f. 8:9. “small horn.” Not the same as the horn of 7:8, which will arise out of the restored Roman Empire. This little horn came out of Greece and refers to Antiochus Epiphanes, who came to the throne in 175 B.C., and plundered the Temple in Jerusalem, desecrating it by offering pig’s flesh on the altar. “the Beautiful Land.” I.e., Israel.

g. 8:10-11. “the host of heaven.” God’s people, the Jews, who were terribly persecuted by Antiochus. The “Commander” is God.

h. 8:14. Antiochus’s persecution of the Jews would last for 2300 days, the period from 171 B.C.(when peaceful relations between Antiochus and the Jews came to an end) to Dec 25. 165 B.C. (when Judas Maccabeus restored the Temple for its proper worship).

D. The interpretation, 8:15-27.

1. The ram, 8:15-20. 

2. 8:16. “Gabriel.” An angel, whose name means “hero of God” and who often brought important messages to various individuals (9:21; Luke 1:19, 26). The only other good angel mentioned by name in the Bible is Michael (see 10:13; Jude 9).  

E. The goat. 8:21-22. The kingdom of Greece.

F. The small horn, 8:23-25. These verses give added details concerning Antiochus and his persecution of the Jews. 

IV. References.

A.  My Page, “About My References,” shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles. Please check my Pages and click on “About My References.”

B. My reference for this article. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie. Check his credentials on my Page, “About My References.”

C. Selections of references. Everybody reads something that someone else has written. Therefore, it is important to choose a reference who is highly regarded among other theologians. Whenever I write an article, I avoid “reinventing the wheel.” I don’t draw conclusions, other than those of which have already been drawn, by people with the reliability of Dr. Charles C. Ryrie. I always show proper credit for any material that I have gained from my references. In this article, Dr. Ryrie has done all of the “legwork” that is needed to compose and post this discussion on Daniel Chapter 8; I can gain nothing by adding to his work. I encourage you to check out Dr. Ryrie’s education and accomplishments.

Daniel Prophecy Fulfillment (Statement of Updates)

If Jesus is the “Son of Man” of Daniel 7, what does that mean for us today? John Ankerberg Show. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); and Walter Kaiser, Jr.(B.A., B.D., M.A, Ph. D.)

The book of Daniel is one of the most important books of the Bible. The prophecies of Daniel tell of the Tribulation of Matthew 24 and Rev 6-19, and of the Kingdom Age of Matthew 25 and Rev 20. Other Old Testament books of prophecy also find common ground with Daniel’s prophecies, and the fulfillment of such prophecies that are written in Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and many other prophetic books that are the inspired word of God and were written to the Jews of the nation of Israel by those Jewish prophets.

The most knowledge that is understood by most people of the Book of Daniel, relates to two key portions of the book, e.g., “the deliverance of Daniel’s three friends from the fiery furnace (Daniel 3), and Daniel’s deliverance from the lion’s den (Daniel 6). These two incidents, as important as they are in relation to God’s watch care over His people, do not make known the prophecies that relate to the end times of Israel, or of the Gentiles who will be present with the Jews in those latter days.

I once followed a Daniel teaching by a well known pastor, who has a following of “thousands of people around the world,” and has great offerings to his ministry. Yet, in that pastor’s teaching sessions, his subjects dealt only with the faithfulness of the prophet Daniel, and did not move into any direction of last days prophecy of God’s chosen people (Den 14:2).

As I have recently noticed, about my own writings of Daniel, there was needed more ease of reading, and deeper clarification in two recent articles. Therefore, I have updated part 2 of Daniel, and will update part 3 within the next few days. If you will click on the link that takes you to this website, you will find the changed part 2. I will advise you of the update of part 3 as soon as that has been completed.

I will have have to thank one of this site’s followers who brought the need for clarification to Daniel to my attention. I always appreciate constructive criticism, and am always open to it.

Daniel Fulfillment – The End Of The Gentile World. 3 (Updated)

I . Video. Why will the coalition mentioned in Ezekiel 38 come together to attack Israel?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show.    John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.),  Dr. Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J.D. Ph. D.)

III. The Vision Of The End Of The End Of The Gentile World.

A. Scripture. Daniel 7:1-22. Link Pasted From Bible Gateway.

B. Notes. Ryrie Study Bible. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; Littt. D. 1925-2016),

1. 7:1. 553 B.C., 14 years before the fall of Babylon described in Chapter 5.

2. 7:3. “four great beasts.” Representing the rulers of the four world empires previously described in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in chap 2 (cf 7:17).

3. 7:4. “like a lion … eagle.” Both symbols (of strength and speed, respectively) were used of Babylon (Jer 4:7, 13).

4. “resembling a bear.” Symbol of the Medo-Persian Empire, known for its strength and fierceness in battle (cf Isa 13:17-18). “raised up on one side” indicates the superiority of the Persians in the empire. “three ribs” may represent three major conquests : Lydia (546), Babylon (539), and Egypt (525).

5. “like a leopard.” Represents the Greek Empire under Alexander the Great. After his death the empire had “four heads;” i.e., Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Macedonia (cf 8:8). 

6. “a fourth beast.” Rome. The 10 horns are explained in verse 24, and the little horn (Antichrist) in verses 24-25.

7. 7:9. “Ancient of Days.” A reference to God as Judge (cf Isa 57:15). 

8. 7:13-14. This is the first reference to Messiah as “Son of Man,” a title our Lord used of Himself often. See note on Matt 8:20. At His second coming He will have “dominion” over this world. 

9. 7:18. These “saints” probably include believers of all ages, and possibly angels.

IV. The End Of Gentile World Power.

A. Scripture. Daniel 7:24-28. Link Pasted From Bible Gateway.

B. Notes. Ryrie Study Bible.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; Littt. D. 1925-2016),

1. 7:24-27. Antichrist will march to power by subduing thee of the 10 nations (v 24), will blaspheme God (v 25), will try in some way to change times and laws in order to promote his anti-Christian  program (v 25), and will persecute God’s saints (v 25) for the last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation. 

2. 7:24. The final form of the Roman world power will be a confederation of 10 nations, who will arise simultaneously in the tribulation days.

V. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles. Please check my Pages and click on Bucket List.


VI. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

VII. In my previous article, Daniel Fulfillment – A Vision Of The World Empires. 2, Paragraphs XV and XVI have been ADDED. It is important for you to go back to that article and read the information that was added.

Pray with me, Thursday, June 9

Please join me in prayer this Thursday (June 9) for 5, 10, or 15 minutes, in intercessory prayer, for whomever, or whatever God may put on your heart. This notice will go around the world, with international intercession taking place in various time zones, with many prayers taking place, much earlier, later, or in your time zone. This message will be shared on various social media outlets, so you may see it outside of this medium.

Daniel Fulfillment -A Vision Of The World Empires. 2 (Updated).

I. Video. What nations will be involved in the Ezekiel 38 War?

II. Video details.   John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), Dr. Ron Rhodes (Th.M., Th. D.),  Dr. Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J.D. Ph. D.)

III. Daniel 2:31-35. The Great Image/Statue. Scofield note.

A. Verses. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

B. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1.2:31-35. The dream: the great image. (Nebuchadnezzar’s dream).

2. The monarchy-vision. Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, as interpreted by Daniel, gives the course and end of “the times of the Gentiles” Luke 21:24(See Scofield “Luke 21:24- :“) that is, of Gentile world-empire. The four metals composing the image are explained as symbolizing Daniel 2:38-40 four empires, not necessarily possessing the inhabited earth, but able to do so (Daniel 2:38), and fulfilled in Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece (under Alexander), and Rome. The latter power is seen divided, first into two (the legs), fulfilled in the Eastern and Western Roman empires, and then into ten (the toes) See Scofield “Daniel 2:38- :. As a whole, the image gives the imposing outward greatness and splendor of the Gentile world-power.

3. The smiting Stone Daniel 2:34Daniel 2:35 destroys the Gentile world-system (in its final form) by a sudden and irremediable blow, not by the gradual processes of conversion and assimilation; and then, and not before, does the Stone become a mountain which fills “the whole earth.” (Cf. Daniel 7:26Daniel 7:27). Such a destruction of the Gentile monarchy-system did not occur at the first advent of Christ. On the contrary, He was put to death by the sentence of an officer of the fourth empire, which was then at the zenith of its power. Since the crucifixion the Roman empire has followed the course marked out in the vision, but Gentile world dominion still continues, and the crushing blow is still suspended. The detail of the end-time is given in Daniel 7:1-28Daniel 7:1-28 and Re 13.-19. It is important to see

a. that Gentile world-power is to end in a sudden catastrophic judgment (see “Armageddon,” Revelation 16:14Revelation 19:21).

b. that it is immediately followed by the kingdom of heaven, and that the God of the heavens does not set up His kingdom till after the destruction of the Gentile world- system. It is noteworthy that Gentile world-dominion begins and ends with a great image. Daniel 2:31Revelation 13:14Revelation 13:15.

IV. Daniel 2:36-38. The first world empire, Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar (cp. 7:4).

A. Verses. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

B. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1. The interpretation; first world empire. Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar (cp. 7:4).

2. 2:38. “wherever they dwell.” Universal dominion is indicated. It was never fully realized, but divine authority was given for it. See v 31 note (The dream: the great image, which shows the vision of the world empires).

V. Daniel 2:39. The second and third world empires.

A. Verse. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

“After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.”

B. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1. The second world empire: Medo-Persia ( cp. 7:5; 8:20).

2. The third world world empire: Greece (cp. 7:6; 8:21).

VI. Daniel 2:40-43. The fourth world empire: Rome (cp. 7:7; 9:26).

A. Verses. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

B. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1.2:41. “firmness of iron.” From the head of gold (v. 18) to the iron of the fourth kingdom (Rome) there is a deterioration in fineness, but increase in strength (v 40). Then comes the deterioration of the fourth kingdom in that very quality-strength.

a. Deterioration by division: the kingdom is divided into two, the legs (eastern and western empires), and these are again divided into kingdoms, the number of which, when the Stone strikes the image, will be ten (toes, v 42; compare 7:23-24). And,

b. “deterioration” by mixture: the iron mixed with the clay.

VII. Daniel 2:44-45. Christ’s kingdom to be established on earth (see Mt 3:2, and note).

A. Verses. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+2%3A44-45&version=NASB1995

B. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1. The Divine Kingdom.

2. 2:44. Scofield note.

a. The passage fixes authoritatively the time relative to other predicted events, when the kingdom of the heavens will be set up. It will be “in the days of those kings,” i.e. the days of the ten kings (cf. Daniel 7:24-27 symbolized by the toes of the image. That condition did not exist at the advent of Messiah, nor was it even possible until the dissolution of the Roman empire, and the rise of the present national world system. See “Kingdom (O.T.)” ; Genesis 1:26Zechariah 12:8 “Kingdom (N.T.)” ; Luke 1:31-331 Corinthians 15:281 Corinthians 15:28 (See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:28- :“) note (defining “kingdom of heaven”). Verse 45 repeats the method by which the kingdom will be set up. (Cf) See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:28- :” ; Psalms 2:5Psalms 2:6Zechariah 14:1-8Zechariah 14:9.

b. The ten toes did no exist at the advent of Messiah, nor was the federation even possible until the dissolution of the Roman Empire and the rise of the present nationalistic world system.

VIII. Matthew 3:2. The announcement of the kingdom to Israel.

A. Verse. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

B. Scripture. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

C. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1.The phrase, the kingdom of heaven (lit. of the heavens), is peculiar to Matthew and signifies the Messianic earth rule of Jesus Christ, the Son of David. It is called the kingdom of the heavens because it is the rule of the heavens over the earth Matthew 6:10 The phrase is derived from Daniel, where it is defined ; Daniel 2:34-36Daniel 2:44Daniel 7:23-27 as the kingdom which the God of heaven will set up after the destruction by “the stone cut out without hands,” of the Gentile world-system. It is the kingdom covenanted to David’s seed 2 Samuel 7:7-10 described in the prophets; (See Scofield “2 Samuel 7:7-10.7.10- :“) and confirmed to Jesus the Christ, the Son of Mary, through the angel Gabriel Luke 1:32Luke 1:33.

2. The kingdom of heaven has three aspects in Matthew:

1. “at hand” from the beginning of the ministry of John the Baptist Matthew 3:2 to the virtual rejection of the King, and the announcement of the new brotherhood Matthew 12:46-50

2. in seven “mysteries of the kingdom of heaven,” to be fulfilled during the present age Matthew 13:1-52 to which are to be added the parables of the kingdom of heaven which were spoken after those of Mt. 13., and which have to do with the sphere of Christian profession during this age;

3. the prophetic aspect–the kingdom to be set up after the return of the King in glory. Matthew 24:29-46Luke 19:12-19Acts 15:14-17 See “Kingdom (N.T.)” ; Luke 1:331 Corinthians 15:28 Cf. “Kingdom of God,” (See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:28- :“) .

IX. I Corinthians 15:28. Kingdom In The New Testament, Summary.

A. Scripture. NASB 1995, pasted from Bible Gateway.

B. Verse. When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.

C. Scripture identification; Scofield notes.

1. Kingdom (N.T.), Summary: See “Kingdom (O.T.)” Genesis 1:26-28(See Scofield “Genesis 1:26-1.1.28- :“) . Kingdom truth is developed in the N.T. in the following order:

a. The promise of the kingdom to David and his seed, and described in the prophets 2 Samuel 7:8-172 Samuel 7:8-17Zechariah 12:8 enters the N.T. absolutely unchanged. Luke 1:31-33. The King was born in Bethlehem ; Matthew 2:1Micah 5:2 of a virgin. ; Matthew 1:18-25Isaiah 7:14.

b. The kingdom announced as “at hand” (See Scofield “Isaiah 7:14- :“) , by John the Baptist, by the King, and by the Twelve, was rejected by the Jews, first morally, See Scofield “Isaiah 7:14- :“, and afterward officially Matthew 21:42Matthew 21:43 and the King, crowned with thorns, was crucified.

c. In anticipation of His official rejection and crucifixion, the King revealed the “mysteries” of the kingdom of heaven, (See Scofield “Matthew 21:43- :“) to be fulfilled in the interval between His rejection and His return in glory Matthew 13:1-50.

d. Afterward He announced His purpose to “build” His church Matthew 16:18 another “mystery” revealed through Paul which is being fulfilled contemporaneously with the mysteries of the kingdom. The “mysteries of the kingdom of heaven” and the “mystery” of the church Ephesians 3:9-11 occupy, historically, the same period, i.e, this present age.

e. The mysteries of the kingdom will be brought to an end by “the harvest” Matthew 13:39-43Matthew 13:49Matthew 13:50 at the return of the King in glory, the church having previously been caught up to meet Him in the air 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17.

f. Upon His return the King will restore the Davidic monarchy in His own person, re- gather dispersed Israel, establish His power over all the earth, and reign one thousand years Matthew 24:27-30Luke 1:31-33Acts 15:14-17Revelation 20:1-10.

g. The kingdom of heaven (See Scofield “Revelation 20:1-66.20.10- :“) thus established under David’s divine Son, has for its object the restoration of the divine authority in the earth, which may be regarded as a revolted province of the great kingdom of God See Scofield “Revelation 20:1-66.20.10- :“. When this is done (1 Corinthians 14:241 Corinthians 14:25) the Son will deliver up the kingdom (of heaven), Matthew 3:2 to “God, even the Father,” that “God” (i.e. the triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) “may be all in all” (1 Corinthians 14:28). The eternal throne is that “of God, and of the Lamb” Revelation 22:1. The kingdom-age constitutes the seventh Dispensation, See Scofield “Revelation 22:1- :“.

2. Then, finally, when he delivers up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he has done away with every rule, and every authority and power (for he must reign till he has put all enemies under his feet), the last enemy, death, is destroyed.

X. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles. Please check my Pages and click on Bucket List.


XI. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

XII. Scriptures are from the New American Standard Bible 1995, and are pasted from Bible Gateway.

XIII. Scofield notes come from the reference notes of Dr. C.I. Scofield, and the Scofield Study Bible.

XIV. The listed world empires are those which are mentioned in Daniel 2:36-45, and follow in succeeding order until the future time, following the Tribulation, in which Christ sets up His millennial Kingdom on earth (603 B.C., Scofield Study Bible note).

ADDED.

XV. In reference to para VIII, B, (2), (b). “The mysteries of the kingdom of heaven to be fulfilled during the present age.” The source of the following information is shown in para XVI.

A. The period of time between the rejection of Israel in Matt 12:24, and the acceptance of Jesus as King at the end of the Tribulation (Zech 12:10), is an Interim Age (due to Israel’s rejection of the kingdom offer, resulting in the messianic kingdom’s postponement, Matt 23:37-39). Christ began to explain the spiritual conditions that would prevail during the kingdom’s absence. This interim program includes Christ’s revelation of the kingdom mysteries (Matt 13) and the church (Mat 16:18). A New Testament mystery is not a matter of confusion, but information that was not revealed in the Old Testament until God revealed its understanding. In the context of the revelation coming, it came through Jesus in the Gospels, and through other New Testament writers (such as Paul, Rom 16:25). (p 78, 80).

B. Deuteronomy 17:14-15 states that Israel must accept God’s chosen king. The rejection of Jesus as God’s appointed king, resulted in the interim age of mysteries that Jesus discussed in the parables of Matthew 13, and shows what the heirs of the Kingdom will have to endure until Jesus returns from Heaven and sets up His earthly kingdom, which takes place in Matthew 24: 29-30, Zech 14:1-5, 9, and Revelation 19:11-20:5, with the redeemed of Christ coming with Him, at the end of the Tribulation (p 100).

C. Though the present, interim age, came about as a consequence of Israel’s rejection of the kingdom offer, in no way implies that it is an afterthought or less important in God’s mind in comparison to His program with national Israel. On the contrary, per Ephesians 3:11, the church was “in accordance” with God’s “eternal promise.” In other words, God always knew and purposed that He would create and work through the church. Although Israel’s program is revealed in the Old Testament, the church’s program is unrevealed. However, this distinction does not mean that God’s unrevealed program for the church is of less importance than God’s revealed program for Israel. Furthermore, although the church represents an interruption or parenthesis between God’s past and future dealings with Israel, this in no way implies that the church is of lesser importance than God’s past of future dealings with national Israel. The dictionary definition of a parenthesis simply conveys the idea of an interval rather than something of less importance. Thus, understanding that the church as a parenthetical break in this manner in no way suggests that the church represents “Plan B” in relation to God’s purpose for Israel ( p 100)

D. In summary, Israel’s rejection of the kingdom offer has led to a genuine new age of time between Christ’s two advents. This intervening age is something that was never before disclosed up until Christ’s teaching in Matthew 13. Although this new age represents an important time period when God is clearly and authentically at work, it should not be confused with the David Kingdom. Its source is Christ’s present session at the Father’s right hand where He functions in His role as Melchizedekian priest (Hebrews 7:1-3) rather than as Davidic King (p 101).

XVI. (Above ) ADDED. (per “The Coming Kingdom,” Dr. Andy Woods, Th. M.; J. D.; Ph. D.)

Introduction To Daniel’s Fulfillment -1

I. Video. Ezekiel 38 War: Nations mentioned in the Bible.

II. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 

 III. Video Comment.

God brings about the Ezekiel 38-39 Russian attack on Israel. 38:4 “I will put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out.” [Note from the 1909 Scofield Study Bible, “The northern powers have often been the persecutors of dispersed Israel, and is congruous both with divine justice and with the covenants of God that destruction should fall in connection with the attempt to exterminate the remnant of Israel in Jerusalem. The entire prophecy belongs to the yet future day of the Lord.”] [Moody Bible Commentary note,” All of the countries mentioned by Ezekiel here are today Muslim countries, including much of Russia, which will lead this Islamic invasion, with the invasion under the leadership of these Muslim governments.”]

IV. Introduction To Daniel’ Fulfillment.

A. In the previous articles of Daniel Prophecy we looked into the chapters and verses of the first twelve chapters of the prophecy. In this series of articles, we will look outward from the each chapter, and discuss how Daniel was given visions of the world system that began during the Times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:4), and will proceed through the Tribulation period (Jeremiah 30:7; Daniel 12:1), and will end at the beginning of the thousand-year millennial age of the Kingdom, which, even in today’s world, is “yet to come,” (Mattthew 24:29-30; Zechariah 14:1-21; Revelation 19:11-20;4-6; Matthew 25:31-34; 41-46 ). 

B. The Times of the Gentiles is that period of time during which Israel does not have a King on the throne. The beginning of the time follows the invasion of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzer (607-586 B.C.), and will proceed through the Tribulation and will end at the second coming of Christ, when He will return from heaven with His redeemed saints, and set up the Kingdom, which will come, then. While Christ was on earth, offering the Kingdom to Israel, he told those Jews to pray for the Kingdom to come (Matthew 6:10).There can be no kingdom when there is no King seated on the throne.  

C. During this course of study we will consider such sayings of “latter years,”  “last days” and “day of the Lord.” Of course, context must be considered as we examine such related Scriptures.

D. Ezekiel uses two expressions in chapter thirty-eight which may give an indication as to the time of this invasion. In verse eight, there appears the expression “latter years,” and in verse sixteen is the “last days” of Israel’s history. This, of course, can have no reference to the “last days” of the church age, for God is dealing with Israel in His divine economy at this time of the invasion of Israel.  (Things To Come, p 351, Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., 1915-2014).

E. Consider three verses that relate to latter years and last days (NASB 1995 translation).

1. Ezekiel 38:8. After many days you will be summoned; in the latter years you will come into the land that is restored from the sword, whose inhabitants have been gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel which had been a continual waste; but its people were brought out from the nations, and they are living securely, all of them.

2. Ezekiel 38:16.  and you will come up against My people Israel like a cloud to cover the land. It shall come about in the last days that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me when I am sanctified through you before their eyes, O Gog.”

3. 2 Timothy 3:1. But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come.

F. Consider the following introduction and verses that relate to “the Day of the Lord,” with the following explanation. (NASB 1995).

1. Joel 1:15 Alas for the day! For the day of the Lord is near, And it will come as destruction from the Almighty.

2. Note: Ryrie Study Bible. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016). 

3. Joel Introduction. The Day of the Lord, the major theme of this prophecy, involves God’s special intervention in the affairs of human history. Three facets of the Day of the Lord are discernable: (1) the historical, that is, God’s intervention in the affairs of Israel (Zeph 1:14-18; Joel 1:15) and heathen nations (Isa 13:6; Jer 46:10; Ezek 30:3); (2) the illustrative, whereby an historical incident represents a partial fulfillment of the eschatalogical Day of the Lord (Joel 2:1-11; Isa 13:6-13); (3) the eschatological. This eschatologial “day” includes the time of the Great Tribulation (Isa 2:12-19; 4:1), the second coming of Christ (Joel 2:30-32, and the Millennium (Isa 4:2; 19:23-25; Jer 30:7-9). 

4. Joel 2:1. Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, For the day of the Lord is coming; Surely it is near (Ryrie note: 2:1-11. The locust army is regarded as a foretaste of an invading army in the “day of the Lord (vs 1); i.e., in the tribulation period. The future reference may be to the demon-locusts described in Rev 9:1-12, or to the invasion of the king of the North (Ezek 38:15; Dan 11:40). Resembling the Garden of Eden before the invasion, the land of Israel will be reduced to a wilderness afterward (v 3). The same (or similar) disturbances described in verse 10 are predicted in Rev 6:12-13; 8:12. 

5. Daniel 11:40-45 note. “in the tribulation period “the king of the South and the king of the North” will attempt a pincer movement against Antichrist (v 40).  But with Israel as his base (v 41), he will first defeat Egypt, then Libya and Ethiopia (Sudan). “will follow at his heels (v 43). Shall be part of his dominion. “rumors from the East and from the North” (v 44). May relate to the armies of Rev 9:13-21; 16;12, The threat of these armies will cause Antichrist to return to Israel, making his headquarters between Jerudalem and the Mediterranean (v 45). But he will “come to his end” at the hands of the victorious, returning Christ. 

V.  Mysteries of Scripture For The New Testament.

A. It is important to understand that the Jewish Prophets of the Old Testament had been given no prophecies by God that relate to the period of the church age. Such a time period is known as a “mystery.” Such a mystery is not something that can not be understood, but revelation that comes from God only at the time that “the mystery” is received by God’s intended recipient. Notice that such “mysteries” were not known during the OT. See the Ryrie note for Romans 16:25-26.  Romans 16: 25 “…according to the revelation of “the mystery” which has been kept secret for long ages past,” 

B. Ryrie note: “the mystery” (Rom 16:25). A definition of a scriptural mystery: something unknown in times past, but revealed in the NT. See note on Eph 3:3-5. Here the mystery is the gospel of Christ. OT prophecies of Messiah could now be understood, once the mystery was revealed (Eph 5:32; 6:19; 1 Cor 15:50-51; Col 1:26-27; Rom 11:25).

C. The inter advent age of Matthew 13, Christ and the church, and the rapture, were not known during the OT. The OT prophets were given prophecies that related to the tribulation and millennium, because those time periods were pertinent to Israel, and only to Israel. Unsaved Gentiles will be left behind from the rapture (1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:50-54), and will suffer from the same tribulation judgments of God that will come upon unsaved Jews; both groups are “all who dwell upon the earth” (Rev 3:10), who will be left behind from the rapture.

D. Anyone who is left behind from the rapture will not be allowed to enter the millennium without having come to accept Jesus as God’s chosen king (Deu 17:15).  Gentiles and Jews who accept Jesus as “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS,” (Rev 19:16) during the tribulation may be martyred (Rev 7:9,15-17); they may also survive the tribulation (Jews, Matt 24:39-41…not the rapture),  and (Gentiles, Matt 25:31-33…not the rapture).

E. The key provision of the tribulation is to bring Israel to belief in Messiah/Christ (Jer 30:7). The key provision of the millennial age of the kingdom is for Israel to receive Christ as God’s chosen king (Deu 17:15), and for Christ to rule and reign from the throne of David in the physical land of Israel (2 Sam 7:8-17; Mt 24:29-30; Rev 19:11-16; 20:6).

F. As will be discussed in this study, the kingdom is not the born again experience, but is a physical blessing upon Israel (2 Samuel 7:8-17), and Gentiles who will be blessed by Israel (Gen 12:3), and will be grafted into the blessings of the Jews (Rom 11:17-24). Gentiles are a bloodline of “nations.” Jews are a bloodline of the promise of the Abrahamic covenant which runs through Isaac and Jacob, with the bloodline of Judah being the bloodline of Mary and the birth of Jesus. Gentiles will not be grafted into the Jewish bloodline, but will be grafted into the promises of the Abrahamic covenant’s blessings for Israel.

VI. A Study Of New Testament Mysteries.

A. This course of study will lead to areas of Scripture that relate to current times of pre-tribulation, which is also known as the “Times Of The Gentiles.” We will study “mystery times of Scripture,” of which OT Jewish prophets had no revelation. Such areas of “mystery” will relate to the Matthew Chapter 13 parables, which discuss a “mystery form of the kingdom,” and form an inner advent age, which covers a time period which began when Israel formally rejected the offer of the Kingdom in Matthew 12:24, and will extend until the second coming of Christ in Matthew 24:29-30.

B. Consider the exchange between Jesus and His disciples in Matthew 13:10-11,”10 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?” 11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. At the time of the rejection of Christ by Israel, Jesus began a personal ministry to his disciples for them to be prepared for the Great Commission (Matt 28:18-20).

C. As mentioned V. C., above, we will study the mysteries of Christ and the Church, to include the mystery of the rapture and resurrection of church age deceased believers. Revelation Chapters 2-3, closely parallel Chapter 13 of Matthew. Because the Church is a mystery to OT prophets, this inner advent age will also be discussed.

D. Because the prophecies of Daniel lead to the tribulation and millennial age of the Kingdom, we will study those two areas of Israel’s future, that are described in Scripture as being latter days, latter years, last days. We will also study the last days of the church age, which are also known as the last times of the church age.

E. It is important for us to not choose terms that relate to Israel in their time of tribulation and kingdom, and place the church in those same passages of Scripture, or word and time context. At the time of the rapture, the church will be caught up from the earth and will never again be mentioned as “the church.” The mission of the church will end when it is caught up and taken to heaven. Everyone who is present on earth during the Kingdom Age, including the raptured former church which returns to earth with Christ, will be expected to participate in the feasts that Jews were required to observe prior to the time of tribulation and Kingdom Age: (Passover, Ezekiel 45:21-25, Matthew 26:17, 29; Tabernacles, Zechariah 14:16). 

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.

Context In Scripture – Psalms

Paul Wilbur Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes

Psalm 147:19: “He declares His words to Jacob, His statutes and His ordinances to Israel.” (My note: Other Scriptures in the Old Testament also point to Israel, as follows. (Ryrie note: His word commands the forces of nature (vv 15-18), but particularly communicated His laws to Israel, thus distinguishing her from all other nations (vv 19-20).

Scriptural context is key to understanding God’s Word. Consider Psalm 147:19, in relation to the following discussion of God’s timeline.

There is current day teaching that physical protection is guaranteed by Scripture in our world now, in such writings as in the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms. However, the perfection and protection that are written in those psalms, and other writings, will not be present until Christ’s rule takes place during the millennial Kingdom Age. We have to be honest with our thoughts and recognize that horrible things happen to God’s people, and will continue to happen to God’s people as long as we are alive in this time of world history. If the physical protections that are addressed in the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms are available to some of God’s people, now, they must be available to all of God’s people, now, which is not the case at this time in God’s timeline.

Consider the environment of righteousness that will possess the world when Jesus sits on His throne in Jerusalem during the millennial age of the Kingdom: Isaiah 2:1-4; 11:4-9; 65:19-24; Zechariah 14:1-5, 9. It will only be when Christ rules over the world as “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Revelation 19:16) that the perfection of the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms will be provided to all of God’s people.

Psalm 23

1 The Lord is my shepherd,
I shall not want.
He makes me lie down in green pastures;
He leads me beside quiet waters.
He restores my soul;
He guides me in the paths of righteousness
For His name’s sake.

Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I fear no evil, for You are with me;
Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
You have anointed my head with oil;
My cup overflows.
Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life,
And I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.

Psalm 91

He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High
Will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.
I will say to the Lord, “My refuge and my fortress,
My God, in whom I trust!”
For it is He who delivers you from the snare of the trapper
And from the deadly pestilence.
He will cover you with His pinions,
And under His wings you may seek refuge;
His faithfulness is a shield and bulwark.

You will not be afraid of the terror by night,
Or of the arrow that flies by day;
Of the pestilence that stalks in darkness,
Or of the destruction that lays waste at noon.
A thousand may fall at your side
And ten thousand at your right hand,
But it shall not approach you.
You will only look on with your eyes
And see the recompense of the wicked.
For you have made the Lord, my refuge,
Even the Most High, your dwelling place.
10 No evil will befall you,
Nor will any plague come near your tent.

11 For He will give His angels charge concerning you,
To guard you in all your ways.
12 They will bear you up in their hands,
That you do not strike your foot against a stone.
13 You will tread upon the lion and cobra,
The young lion and the serpent you will trample down.

14 “Because he has loved Me, therefore I will deliver him;
I will set him securely on high, because he has known My name.
15 “He will call upon Me, and I will answer him;
I will be with him in trouble;
I will rescue him and honor him.
16 “With a long life I will satisfy him
And let him see My salvation.”

My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 12

I. Video. What can the book of Daniel tell us about God’s plan for our future?

II.  Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910- 2002) Daniel Commentary.


A. The material described as the fourth vision of Daniel beginning in chapter 10 has its climax in the great tribulation and the resurrection which follows, mentioned in the early verses of chapter 12. This is also the high point in the book of Daniel itself and the goal of Daniel’s prophecies relating both to the Gentiles and to Israel. It is comparable to Revelation 19, the high point of the last book of the Bible.

B. The chapter division at this point is unfortunate as the narrative of chapter 11 naturally extends through the first three verses of chapter 12. The first four verses of chapter 12 are the completion of the long section which began with chapter 10. They give in remarkably brief compass and restrained language the writer’s expectation of what the divinely appointed end would be like. It would be the climax of which Israel would be the centre, as is shown by the fact that Michael, the patron angel of Israel, is to play the decisive part on God’s behalf. The great tribulation will come to a head but Israel will escape, all those in Israel, that is to say, whose names are written in the book of life  (Phil 4:3; Rev 3:5). God already knows His own.

C. Added to the previous revelation are the important disclosures (1) that the time of the end has a special relationship to “the children of thy people,” that is, Israel, (2) that Israel will experience at that time a special deliverance to be realized by those in Israel who worship God, and (3) that the doctrine of resurrection which climaxes the time of the end is the special hope of those who are martyred.

D. The entire section from Daniel 11:36 to 12:3 constitutes a revelation of the major factors of the time of the end which may be summarized as follows: (1) a world ruler, (2) a world religion, (3) a world war, (4) a time of great tribulation for Israel, (5) deliverance for the people of God at the end of the tribulation, (6) resurrection and judgment, and (7) reward of the righteous. All of these factors are introduced in this section. Added elsewhere in the Scriptures are the additional facts that this time of the end begins with the breaking of the covenant by “the prince that shall come” (Daniel 9:26-27); that the “time of the end” will last for three and one-half years (Dan 7:25; 12:7; Rev 13:5); that the time of the end is the same as the time of Jacob’s trouble and the great tribulation (Jer 30:7; Mt 24:21). Many additional details are supplied in Revelation 6-19.

E. The fact that the opening section of chapter 12 is obviously eschatologically future, constitutes a major embarrassment to liberals who attempt to find Antiochus Epiphanes in 11:36-45. Chapter 12, which is naturally connected to the preceding section, clearly does not refer to Antiochus Epiphanes but to the consummation of the ages and the resurrection and reward of the saints. Nowhere does the attempt to make Daniel entirely history fail more miserably than here, as the detailed exegesis of these verses demonstrates.

F. The opening phrase of chapter 12, and at that time, makes clear that this passage is talking about the same period of time as the previous context, that is, “the time of the end” (11:40). The action here in verse 1 is not subsequent to the preceding events but coincides with them chronologically. Chapter 11 had dealt primarily with the political and religious aspects of the time of the end. Chapter 12 relates this now to the people of Israel. Here is stated in clear terms that this is the time of trouble for the people of Israel, “such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time.” To take the expression the children of thy people in any other sense than that of Israel is to ignore the uniform meaning of thy people throughout the book of Daniel. The people involved are a nation, that is, the nation Israel.

G. The unprecedented time of trouble here mentioned is a major theme of both the Old and New Testament. As early as Deuteronomy 4:30, it was predicted that “in the latter days” the children of Israel would be “in tribulation.” Jeremiah had referred to it as “the time of Jacob’s trouble,” in his lament, “Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it” (Jer 30:7).

H. Christ described the great tribulation as beginning with “the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet”(Mt 24:15), a reference to the breaking of the covenant and desecration of the temple in Daniel 9:27. Christ’s warning to the children of Israel at that time was that they should “flee into the mountains,” not taking time to secure clothes or food. Christ graphically described the period in these words, “For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened” (Mt 24:21-22). 

1. This description of the time of the end confirms Daniel’s revelation that the time of the end will be a period of trouble such as the world has never known, trouble of such character that it would result in the extermination of the human race if it were not cut short by the consummation, the second coming of Jesus Christ. This is made clear from a further study of Revelation 6-19, where the great catastrophies which overtake the world in the breaking of the seals, the blowing of the trumpets, and the emptying of the vials of divine judgment decimate the world’s population. All of these Scriptures agree that there is no precedent to this end-time trouble. 

2. Numerous other allusions in Scripture to this period indicate that it is indeed a time of supreme trial for Israel. Zehariah 13:8 declares of this period, “And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the Lord, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein.” Zechariah goes on to picture the refining process until the people of Israel acknowledge the Lord as their God. The very next verses describe the final struggle for Jerusalem and the second advent of Christ which delivers Israel. This time of trouble is parallel to the warfare described in Daniel 11:40-45.

I. In their distress, the children of Israel are especially aided by Michael, the archangel (Jude 9). As the head of the holy angels, Michael is given the special responsibility of protecting the children of Israel. Although Calvin preferred the interpretation that Michael was the person of Christ,there is no justification for confusing Michael and Christ. Earlier in Daniel itself, mention was made of Michael in Daniel 10:13-21, where Michael participated in the angelic warfare which had prevented the messenger from reaching Daniel promptly. Michael was indeed a “great prince” among the angels whose activity is especially directed to the children of Israel in their time of great trouble.

J. Because of the purpose of God and the ministry of Michael, it is revealed to Daniel that “at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.” This obviously refers to the end of the tribulation, at which time some of the children of Israel, who by miraculous divine protection had been preserved, will be delivered from their persecutors (Dan 7:18, 27). The repeated reference to “thy people,” twice in one verse, seems to limit this to the people of Israel, rather than to all the saints as Young and Leupold interpret it, after Calvin. This is in keeping with the whole tenor of Daniel which deals with Israel as Daniel’s people. The deliverance will not extend to all Israel, in that unbelieving or apostate Israel is excluded; and even here, it refers only to those actually living at the time of the return of Christ as many others may be martyred. The prophecy assures, however, that in spite of satanic efforts to exterminate the people of Israel, a godly remnant will be ready to greet their Messiah when He returns (Zee 12:10; 13:8-9). The people of Israel who have endured the times of the Gentiles ever since the days of Nebuchadnezzar will be delivered “at that time,” an expression repeated twice in this verse. (Ryrie Study Bible Luke 21:24 note: “the times of the Gentiles.” The period of Gentile domination of Jerusalem, which probably began under Nebuchadnezzar (587 B.C., was certainly in effect in A.D. 70 and continues into the Tribulation (cf Rev 11:2.)

K. The reference to “every one that shall be found written in the book” conveys the thought that those delivered have their names inscribed in the book of life (Rev 13:8; 17:8; 20:15; 21:27). At the second coming of Christ, not every individual Israelite is spiritually prepared for His return, as Ezekiel 20:33-38 makes clear, describing the purging out of the rebels in Israel at the time of the second advent. Although Israel as a nation will be delivered from their persecutors (Rom 11:26), individual Israelites will still face the searching judgment of Christ as to their spiritual preparation to enter the kingdom. For Jew as well as Gentile, the issue will be whether they have eternal life. 

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 12. Link pasted from Bible Gateway

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 12:1. “at that time.” The time of the events of 11:36-45, the Great Tribulation. “Michael.” See note on 10:13. “such as never occurred” C.f. Jesus’ words in Matt 24:21.

B. 12:2. The verse predicts the resurrection of the righteous dead of OT times, as well as the righteous martyrs of the Tribulation at the second coming of Christ (Rev 20:4-6). Believers of the church age will already have been changed and raised at the Rapture (The resurrection of the wicked does not occur at the same time, but after the Millennium (Rev 20:5). 

C. 12:3. “Those who have insight ” will see through Antichrist’s deception. They will also lead others to the truth during the tribulation period.

D. 12:4. “seal up the book.” Not that its meaning was left to be unexplained, but that the book was to be kept intact so as to help those living in the future tribulation days. “many will go back and forth.” As the end approaches, people will travel about seeking to discover what the future holds.

E. 12:5. Likely two angels.

F. 12:7. The events of the Tribulation will be consummated when the “time, times, and half a time” (the last 3 1/2 years of that 7 year period) come to a close. These last 3 1/2 years constitute the Great Tribulation (cf Mt 24:21).

G. 12:8. Even Daniel did not understand all these prophecies.

H. 12:11. “the abomination of desolation.” At the midpoint of the tribulation “week” Antichrist will abolish the Jewish sacrifices (9:27; Matt 24:15 note). From that point to the end will be 1290 days. Normally 3 1/2 years (of 360 days per year) would include only 1260 days. The extra 30 days mentioned  here allow for the judgments that will take place after the second coming of Christ (See notes at Ezek 20:33-44; Joel 3:2-3; Matt 25:32). 

I. 12:12. Because the one who lives 75 days after the second advent (1335 days from the midpoint of the Tribulation) is called blessed, this must mark the beginning of the actual functioning of Christ’s millennial kingdom.

J. 12:13. “you will enter rest.” I.e., Daniel would die but is promised that he will “rise” (be resurrected) and receive his inheritance (portion) in our Lord’s millennial kingdom.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.

VII. My Websites To Follow:

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 11

I. Video. Who Is The Son Of Man In Daniel 7?

II. Video Data. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Darrell L. Bock (Th. M., Ph. D.), Walter C. Kaiser (B.D., M.A., Ph. D.) (Bock is a Messianic Jew).

III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

The long introduction of chapter 10 to the fourth and final vision given to Daniel is followed in chapter 11 by the revelation of important events beginning with Darius the Mede (539 b.c.) and extending to the last Gentile ruler in the time of the end. Chapter 11 naturally divides into two major sections. The first, verses 1-35, describes the major rulers of the Persian Empire and then gives in great detail some of the major events of the third empire following Alexander the Great, concluding with Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 b.c. ). The entire period from the death of Antiochus Epiphanes to the time of the end is skipped over with no reference to events of the present church age, and the second section, verses 36-45, deals with the last Gentile ruler who will be in power when Christ comes in His second advent. This is followed in chapter 12 by further prophecy of the last 1335 days, a period including the great tribulation, the second advent, and the beginning of the millennial kingdom.

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 11. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+11&version=NASB

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 11:2. Here begins a remarkable section of detailed prophecy, first about Persia (v 2), followed by Alexander the Great, and others in following verses.

B. 11:3-4. “a mighty king.” Alexander the Great (see note on 8:8).

C. 11:5-20. This section traces the various struggles between the kings of the S (the Ptolemies of Egypt) and the kings of the N (the Seleucids of Syria). “The king of the South” in verse 5 is Ptolemy I (323-285 B.C.), who ruled Egypt, and “one of his princes” was Seleucus I Nicator, whose kingdom eventually stretched from Israel to India.

D. 11:6. Ptolemy II (285-246 B.C.) gave his daughter in marriage to Antiochus I, a Seleucid, but Antiochus deserted her and was later murdered.

E. 11:7-8. “one of his descendants … will come.” Ptolemy III (246-221 B.C.) invaded Syria in 246.

F.  11:9-13. A description of the seesaw struggles between the Selcucids and the Ptolemies between 223 and 200 B.C.

G. 11:15-20. Antiochus III (the Great) defeated the Egyptian army in Sidon (vv 15-16). He came to terms with Ptolemy V, and gave him his daughter in marriage (v 17). He annexed the coastlands of Asia Minor and unsuccessfully tried to invade Greece (v 18). He was defeated by the Romans at Magnesia in 190 B.C., was forced to pay tribute, and soon died (v 19). He was succeeded by his son Seleucus IV (Philopator) who heavily taxed the people of Israel (v 20).

H, 11:21-35. These verses describe the career of Antiochus IV (Epiphanes, 175-164 B,C,), who came to the throne by intrigue (v 21), made several expeditions into Egypt (vv 24-27), then turned his hatred on Israel ( v 28). The “ships of Kittim” (v 30) refer to Roman power that came from the west past Kittim (Cyprus) to defeat Antiochus in Egypt. Venting his anger on the Jews, Antiochus declared Mosaic ceremonies illegal, and erected in the Holy Place a statue of Zeus (v 31). Some Jews resisted and were martyred (vv 32-33) 

I. 11:36-45. This section gives details of Anti-christ’s future career. Though some refer the section entirely to Antiochus, the scope also requires reference to some details of Israel’s last days (10:14 and 12:1-2).

J. 11:37: “the gods of his fathers.” Antichrist will have no respect for religion or religious heritages. The phrase does not mean that Antichrist must be a Jew. He will be unkind, cruel and inhumane.

K. 11:38. Antichrist’s “god” will be military power and activity.

L. 11:40-45. In the tribulation period the “kings of the South” and “the king of the North” will attempt a pincer movement against Antichrist (v 40). But, with Israel as his base (v 41), he will first defeat Egypt, then Libya and Ethiopia (Sudan). “will follow” at his heels (v 43). Shall be part of his dominion. “rumors from the East and from the North (v 44). May relate to the armies of Rev 9:13-21; 16:12. The threat of these armies will cause Antichrist to return to Israel, making his headquarters between Jerusalem and the Mediterranean (v 45). But he will “come to his end” at the hands of the victorious, returning Christ (Rev 19:11-21). 

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can find it in my list of Pages.

VII. My Websites To Follow:

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 10

I. Video. What does Daniel 9:27 tell us about when the Messiah would come?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

The final three chapters of the book of Daniel record an extensive revelation of the prophetic future which is without parallel anywhere else in Scripture.  There is hardly anything in the Bible that is just like these chapters, especially like chapter 11. The word, the vision, and minute prediction are combined in a manner that is found nowhere else in the Scriptures.”The entire content of chapter 10, for instance, is introductory, indicating the extensive character of the prophecy to follow. The introduction actually extends through the first verse of chapter 11. The next section, 11:2-12:4, is divided into two major divisions. The first, 11:2-35, deals with the immediate future, from Darius to Antiochus; and the second, 11:36-12:4, with the far future, the end times just before the second advent of Christ. A final message and revelation is given to Daniel in 12:5-13. The last three chapters constitute the fourth vision of Daniel which gathers together the significant threads of prophecy, especially as they relate to the Holy Land and to the people of Israel.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 10. Link pasted from Bible Gateway. 

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+10&version=NASB

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 10:1. “the third year of Cyrus.” 536  B.C.

B. 10: 2. “three entire weeks.” Lit., weeks of years.

C. 10:4. Obviously Daniel was not among those who returned to build the Temple in Jerusalem in connection with Cyrys’s decree (9:25). His age (mid 80’s) and governmental duties prevented him. 

D. 10:12. Daniel’s prayer was heard on the first day of the three-week period, but the answer was delayed because of angelic warfare.

E. 10:13. “the prince of the kingdom of Persia.” A supernatural creature who tried to direct the human rulers of Persia to oppose God’s plan. Evil angels seek to influence the affairs of nations. “Michael,” which means “who is like God?” (v 21; 12:1; Jude 9; Rev 12:7), is the special guardian of the affairs of Israel (12:1) and is designated the archangel (Jude 9). “one of the chief princes” shows a hierarchy among the angels (cf Eph 1:21). “I had been left there with the kings of Persia.” The good angel (cf vv 5-6), with Michael’s help, was left in place of preeminence in influencing Persia. But the battle between good and evil angels over the control of nations continues (see v 20 and Rev 20:3).

F. 10:14. “the latter days.” Future days culminating in the events surrounding the second coming of Christ (cf 2:28; Gen 49:1).

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 9

I. Video. The Tribulation Period, or 70th Week of Daniel

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); Dr. Renald Showers (Th. M., Th. D., (1935-2019).

III. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. The third vision of Daniel the prophet, following the two preceding visions of chapters 7 and 8, concerns the program of God for Israel culminating in the coming of their Messiah to the earth to reign. Although other major prophets received detailed information concerning the nations and God’s program for salvation, Daniel alone was given the comprehensive program for both the Gentiles, as revealed to Daniel in preceding chapters, and for Israel, as recorded in Daniel 9:24-27. 

B. Because of the comprehensive and structural nature of Daniel’s prophecies, both for the Gentiles and for Israel, the study of Daniel, and especially this chapter, is the key to understanding the prophetic Scriptures. Of the four major programs revealed in the Bible—for the angels, the Gentiles, Israel, and the church, Daniel had the privilege of being the channel of revelation for the second and third of these programs in the Old Testament.

C. This chapter begins with Jeremiah’s prophecy of seventy years of the desolations of Jerusalem and is advanced by the intercessory prayer of Daniel. The chapter concludes with the third vision of Daniel, given through the agency of the angel Gabriel, which provides one of the most important keys to understanding the Scriptures as a whole. In many respects, this is the high point of the book of Daniel. Although previously Gentile history and prophecy recorded in Daniel was related to the people of Israel, the ninth chapter specifically takes up prophecy as it applies to the chosen people.III. Scripture Text. 

IV. Daniel Chapter . See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 9:1. “In the first year of Darius =  538 B.C., 67 years after Daniel had been taken from the land of Israel. This is the same Darius as in chapter 6.

B. 9:2. “in the books.” Daniel understood, from his knowledge of Jer 25:11-12, that it was about time for the “desolations of Jerusalem” to be finished.

C. 9:3-19. In this remarkable prayer of confession  (see Ezra 9 and Neh 9 for similar prayers), Daniel associated himself with the sins of his people 32 times. He approaches God on the basis of His loyal love (see note on Hos 2:19) in his covenant with Israel (v 4), confesses their sins (vv 5-10), acknowledges their deserved judgment (vv 11-14), and supplicates God for His mercy (vv 15-19).

D. 9:21. “about the time of the evening offering). About 3 PM (cf. Ex 29:39).

E. 9:24. “Seventy weeks. Lit.,70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.” 

This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews) “and your holy city” (Jerusalem), 

“to finish the transgression.” To end the apostasy of the Jews, 

“to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally. 

“to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27). 

“to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6). 

“to seal up vision and prophecy.”  To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the Jewish people and Jerusalem. 

“to anoint the most holy place.” This anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial Temple. 

9:25. The 70 sevens begin with “a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus given in 445 B.C. (Neh 2:5). Earlier, Cyrus had authorized the rebuilding of the Temple (in 538 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4). “plaza and moat.” The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed. 

9:26. Certain important events were to happen “after” the 62 weeks (plus the 7 weeks, or a total of 69 weeks): the crucifixion of “Messiah” and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 by the Romans who are “the people of the prince who is to come.” Because these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the 70th week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the 69th week and the beginning of the 70th. 

9:27. “he.” The prince of v 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (i.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it. See notes on Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4. At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).

VI. The end of the 69 weeks. 

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary., p 280; ‘The dates for the 69 weeks of Daniel 9:25 extended from the first of Nisan (March 5) 444 B.C. to the tenth of Nisan (March 30) A. D. 33… p 279, 280; culminating on the very day of Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem shortly before His crucifixion. The computation is based upon the prophetic years of 360 days totaling 173,880 days. This would be exactly 483 years according to biblical chronology. 

B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. M., Th.,D., 1915-2014), The Bible Knowledge Commentary, p 1363. The first two segments of the important time period  – 7 weeks (49 years) and the 62 sevens (434 years) – ran consecutively, with no time between them. They totaled 483 years and extended from March 5, 444 B.C. to March 30 A.D. 33. Each year was 360 days. P 1364, In Jewish reckoning each month has 30 days, and each year 360 days.

C. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, Editor, C.I. Scofield. Though not month and day dated, this Scofield Study Bible shows the year of A.D. 33, as being the year of the triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem (John 12:12-19).

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 8

How is God’s prophetic outline for the end times laid out in Daniel Chapters 6-12?

I. Video Data. Video Data. I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

II. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. Two important factors mark Daniel 8 as the beginning of a new section. First, beginning with this chapter, the language returns to Hebrew instead of the Aramaic used by Daniel from 2:4 through 7:28. Second, the change of language is in keeping with the change in thought introduced by this chapter. From here to the end of Daniel, the prophecy, even though it concerns the Gentiles, is occupied with human history as it relates to Israel. Therefore, although many expositors divide the book of Daniel into two halves (1-6 and 7-12), there are also good reasons for dividing Daniel into three sections (1, 2-7, 8-12)

B. The first of Daniel’s own visions recorded in Daniel 7 is a broad summary of the times of the Gentiles, with emphasis on the climactic events culminating in the second coming of Christ to the earth. Beginning in chapter 8, Daniel’s second vision concerns the empires of Persia and Greece as they relate to Israel. Under the Persian government, Israelites went back to rebuild their land and their city, Jerusalem. Under Grecian domination, in particular under Antiochus Epiphanes, the city and the temple were again desolated. Daniel 9 presents Israel’s history from the time of Ezra and Nehemiah to the inauguration of the kingdom from heaven at the second coming of Christ immediately preceded by the time of great trouble for Israel. Chapters 10-11 reveal the events relating the Persian and Greek Empires to Israel, with emphasis on the Gentile oppression of Israel. The final section, 11:36—12:13, deals with the end of the age, the period of the revived Roman Empire, and the deliverance of Israel. It is fitting that the last five chapters of Daniel should be written in Hebrew, the language of Israel.

III. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 8. See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 8:1. “third year.” 551. B.C., two years after the vision of chap 7, and before the fall of Babylon in 539. “a vision” concerning the second and third world empires — Medo-Persia (vv 3-4, 20) and Greece (vv 5-7, 21). 

B. 8:2. “Susa.” About 250 mi (400 km) East of Babylon.

C. 8:3. “a ram.” Medo-Persia (v 20). “the longer one coming up last.” Though Persia was the younger kingdom, under Cyrus it became the dominant one in 550 B.C.

D. 8:5. “goat.” Greece. “a conspicuous horn.” Alexander the Great, whose army swept through Asia Minor, Syria, and Mesopotamia from 334-331 B.C.

E. 8:8.  “the large horn was broken.” The death of Alexander at age 32, after which his kingdom was divided among his four generals. Cassander took Macedonia; Thrace and much of Asia Minor went to Lysimachus; Selecus took Syria; and Ptolemy claimed Egypt. 

F. 8:9. “small horn.” Not the same as the horn of 7:8, which will arise out of the restored Roman Empire. This little horn came out of Greece, and refers to Antiochus Ephiphanes, who came to the throne in 175 B.C., and plundered the Temple in Jerusalem, desecrating it by offering pig’s flesh  on the altar. “the Beautiful Land.” I.e., Israel.

G. 8:10-11. “the host of heaven.” God’s people, the Jews, who were horribly persecuted by Antiochus. The “Commander” is God. 

H. 8:14. Antiochus’s persecution of the Jews would last for 2300 days, the period from 171 B.C. (when peaceful relations between Antiochus and the Jews came to an end) to Dec 25, 165 B.C. (when Judas Maccabeus restored the Temple for the proper worship). 

I. 8:16. “Gabriel.” An angel, whose name means “hero of God,” and who often brought important messages to various individuals (9:21; Luke 1:19, 26). The only other good angel mentioned in name in the Bible is Michael 9 (see 10:13; Jude 9).

J. 8:23-25. These verses give added details concerning Antiochus and his persecution of the Jews (See 1 Macc 1-6). 

V. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VI. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

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Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 7

What does the book of Daniel tell us about the Antichrist?

I. Video Data. I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

II. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. In the interpretation of biblical prophecy, the seventh chapter of Daniel occupies a unique place. As interpreted by conservative expositors, the vision of Daniel provides the most comprehensive and detailed prophecy of future events to be found anywhere in the Old Testament. Although its interpretation has varied widely, conservative scholars generally are agreed, with few exceptions, that Daniel traces the course of four great world empires, namely, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome, concluding in the climax of world history in the second coming of Jesus Christ and the inauguration of the eternal kingdom of God, represented as a fifth and final kingdom which is from heaven.

B. Interpreted in this way, the chapter forms a major outline of future events to which additional details are given later in the book of Daniel and in the New Testament, especially in the Revelation. Such a panorama of future events is of great importance to the student of prophecy, as it provides a broad outline to which all other prophetic events may be related. Conservative interpreters are agreed that this is genuine prophecy, that it is futuristic, that is, related to future events from Daniel’s point of view, and that its culmination is in the kingdom which Christ brings.

III. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 7. See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A.  7:1. “In the first year of Belshazzar = 553 B.C., that is 14 years before the fall of Babylon described in chap 5.

B. 7:3. “four great beasts.” Representing the rulers of the four world empires previously described in chap 2 (cf 7:17). 

C. 7:4. “like a lion…eagle.” Both symbols (of strength and speed, respectively) were used of Babylon (cf Jer 4:7, 13). 

D. 7:5. “resembling a bear.” A symbol of the Medo-Persian Empire, known for its strength and fierceness in battle (cf Isa 13:17-18). “raised up one on one side” indicates the superiority of the Persians in the empire. “three ribs” may represent three major conquests: Lydia (546), Babylon (539), and Egypt (525).

E. 7:6. “like a leopard.” Representing the Greek Empire under Alexander the Great. After his death the empire had “four heads,” i.e., Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Macedonia (cf 8:8.)

F. 7:7-8. “a fourth beast.” Rome. The 10 horns are explained in verse 24, and the little horn (Antichrist) in verses 24-25. 

G. 7:9. “Ancient of Days.” A reference to God as Judge (cf Isa 57 :15). 

H. 7:13-14. This is the first reference to Messiah as “Son of Man,” a title of our Lord used of  Himself often. See note on Matt 8:20 [The title “Son of God” is Jesus’s divine name (Mt 8:29). “Son of David,” His Jewish name (Mt 9:27), but “Son of Man” is the name that links Him to the earth and to His mission. It was His favorite designation to Himself (used more than 80 times) and was based on Dan 7:13-14. It emphasizes (1) His lowliness and humanity (Mt 8:20), (2) His suffering and death (Lk 19:10), and (3) His future reign as King (Mt 24:27).] At His second coming He will have “dominion” over this world.

I. 7:18. These “saints” probably include believers of all ages, and possibly angels. 

J. 7:24-27. Antichrist will march to power by subduing three of the 10 nations (v 24), will blaspheme  God (v 25), will try in some way to change times and laws in order to promote his anti-Christian program (v 25), and will persecute God’s saints (v 25) for the last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation.

K. 7:24. The final form of the Roman world power will be a confederation of 10 nations who will arise simultaneously in the tribulation days.

V. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VI. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

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Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 6

What is the prophetic outline to the Book of Daniel?

I. Video Data. I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

II. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. The account of Daniel being cast into the lions’ den is one of the most familiar stories of the Old Testament. The fact that such an event should be given the same amount of space in Scripture as the panoramic view of world history recorded in chapter 7 leads to the conclusion that, from God’s viewpoint, this was an important event not only to Daniel but to all students of Scripture. From the standpoint of biblical scholarship, more attention has been directed to Darius the Mede, the king of Babylon at this time, than to the events of the chapter itself

B. With the successful conquest of Babylon and the surrounding territory, it now is appropriate for the new kingdom to organize, both from the standpoint of law and order and from the benefit of taxation which this would allow. In such an organization, it would not be unsuitable to use qualified men who had served previously in the Babylonian kingdom. The conquerors did what they could to set up a friendly relationship with the people in their power; and, although Belshazzar was slain, his father, Nabonidus, lived for some years afterward. Even some of the gods of Babylon were honored by the conquerors.

C. The organization of the new kingdom is detailed in the opening verses of chapter 6. One hundred and twenty princes or “satraps” were appointed. The point of introducing these facts in Daniel’s narrative is to give the setting for Daniel’s place of honor. Daniel himself was named one of the three presidents who would coordinate the work of the 120 princes. Of them, it was required to give financial accounts and protect the king’s interest. In such a function, an honest and capable administrator familiar with the territory and problems of taxation would undoubtedly be of immeasurable benefit to Darius. For this reason, Daniel, according to verse 3, was preferred above the others and had such “an excellent spirit” that the king thought to put all of the princes under him. All of this makes a great deal of sense and actually sets the stage for the supreme test of Daniel which followed.

III. Scripture Text. See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 6:1. “120 satraps.” 120 assistants to Darius.

B. 6:2. “that the king might not suffer loss. I. e., have no financial loss. That is why he wanted someone trustworthy like Daniel.

C. 6:8. “The unchangeableness of Medo-Persian law is seen in Esther 1:19; 8:8. 

D. 6:10. “toward Jerusalem.” A practice suggested by David and Solomon (Ps 5:7; 1 Kings 8:33). Daniel’s example is one of legitimate disobedience to the government (cf. Acts 5:29; Rom 13:1-2). 

E. 6:16. “the lions’ den.” A large (v 24) underground cave with an opening at the top (v 23), and probably one on each side. 

F. 6:24. This cruel punishment is typically Persian.

IV.  Additional Information. Dr. Michael Rydelnik (Th. M., D. Miss.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

In one of the most well-known stories in the book, Daniel was cast into the lions’ den for his faith. Since Daniel was about 15 in 605 B. C., when the Babylonians brought him as a captive to Babylon, and since the events in Daniel 6 most likely took place in the second or third year after the Medo-Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 B. C., Daniel would have been approximately 82 years old when he was cast into the lions’ den. He was an old man, not a teenager, as is often pictured in Bible storybooks and sermons.

V. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VI. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

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Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 5

What does Daniel tell us about a coming world empire and world leader?


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I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).

VS 1-4: Belshazzar defiles the temple vessels. VS 5-9 The handwriting on the wall. VS 10-30 Daniel interprets the writing.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.  

A. Almost seventy years have passed since the events of chapter 1 of Daniel. Nebuchadnezzar himself had died in 562 B.C. Daniel does not record his immediate successors, and extra biblical literature is somewhat confused. A plausible account of Berosus, in his third book, found in a fragment preserved by Josephus summarizes the history between Nebuchadnezzar’s death in 562 B.C. and the fall of Babylon 539 B.C.

B. According to Berosus, Nebuchadnezzar died after a reign of 43 years and was followed by his son Evil-Merodach. Because his rule was arbitrary and licentious, he was assassinated by Neriglisar after he had reigned only two years. The next four years Neriglisar occupied the throne. At his death his son Laborosoarchod, who was only a child, reigned for nine months until a conspiracy resulted in his being beaten to death. The conspirators appointed Nabonidus, one of their number, who reigned for seventeen years before being defeated by Cyrus the Persian. Nabonidus fleeing Babylon went to Borsippa but was forced to surrender to Cyrus. Nabonidus was allowed to live in Carmania until the time of his death, but he was not allowed to come to Babylonia.

C. The account of Berosus preserved by Josephus is supported by other evidence such as the short fragment of Abydenus preserved by Eusebius.

IV. Scripture Text. See below. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.


https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+5&version=NASB


V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 


A. 5:1 See Walvoord overview.

B. 5:2 “vessels.” See 1:2. “father.” The term, “father,” can simply mean a predecessor on the throne, or in this case it may indicate that Belshazzar’s mother, the wife of Nabonidus, was the daughter of Nebuchadnezzar.

C. 5:4. Belshazzar was evidently trying to boost morale in the face of the Persian armies already outside the walls of Babylon.

D. 5:7. “third ruler.” After Nabonidus and Belshazzar.

E. 5:10. “the queen.”Belshazzar’s mother.

F. 5:22-23: Daniel accused Belshazzar of pride, desecrating the vessels from God’s Temple and idolatry.

G. 5:25. The writing was not in an unknown language, though possibly in an unusual script and perhaps also mixed up as anagram. In any case, the meaning was unknown until Daniel interpreted it.

H. 5:28: “PERES.” the singular of “PHARSIN” (v. 25; “U” means “and.”).

I. 5:30. Though the city had been under a long siege, the Babylonians thought they were secure, having stored 20 years of supplies, and having the Euphrates River flowing through the city. The night of the banquet the enemy had diverted the water of the Euphrates by means of a canal linked to a lake, which enabled the soldiers to enter under the gates. Both Herodotus and Xenophon describe this. The date was Oct 12, 539 B.C.

J. 5:31. “Darius.” His identity is uncertain. He may have been Gubaru, a governor under Cyrus the king of Persia or Darius may be another name of Cyrus, himself; or he may have been Cambyses, son of Cyrus, who served as ruler of Babylon.


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this chapter of Daniel we have considered: 1 Belshazzar’s feast. 5 The handwriting on the wall. 8 The king’s wise men were unable to interpret the writing. 10 Daniel is sent for. 17 He reproves the king, 25 and interprets the writing. 30 The kingdom is transferred to the Medes.


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII.. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

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NEW WEBSITE: Thy Kingdom Come. Please follow. 

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 4

What are the major prophetic divisions of Daniel?

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Thy Kingdom Come. PLEASE FOLLOW  THE NEW SITE.


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).

VS 1-3 The King’s proclamation to all nations. VS 4-18 Nebuchadnezzar’s vision of a great tree. VS 19-27 Daniel interprets the dream. VS 28-37 The dream fulfilled; the king’s restoration.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

This chapter which occupies such a large portion of the book of Daniel is more than a profound story of how God can bring a proud man low. Undoubtedly, it is the climax of Nebuchadnezzar’s spiritual biography which began with his recognition of the excellence of Daniel and his companions, continued with the interpretation of the dream of the image in chapter 2, and was advanced further by his experience with Daniel’s three companions.

In the background of this account is the obvious concern of Daniel the prophet for the man whom he had served for so many years. Daniel, a man of prayer, undoubtedly prayed for Nebuchadnezzar and eagerly sought some evidence of God’s working in his heart. While the experience of Nebuchadnezzar in chapter 4 was not what Daniel had anticipated, the outcome must have approximated Daniel’s fondest hope. IV. Scripture Text. See below. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.


https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+4&version=NASB

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 


A.  4:1 This chapter is a public decree or state paper of Nebuchadnezzar.

B. 4:6 Notice that these wise men were still in the king’s employ, though they had miserably failed him before.

C. 4:8 Daniel did not appear immediately, perhaps of his own choosing, or perhaps Nebuchadnezzar did not summon him for fear that Daniel might tell him something that he did not want to hear. “in whom is a spirit of the holy gods.” The king may only be acknowledging his own gods’ supposed work in Daniel life, or (since gods may be properly translated by the singular, God) it may indicate his recognition of the true God or Israel. 

D. 4:13 “an angelic watcher, or a holy one.” I.e., an angel (see vv 17 and 23). 

E. 4:15 “a hand of iron and bronze.” Either foe restrains (as for a madman) or for preservation to prevent the stump’s being dug up.

F. 4:16 “seven periods of time.” Seven years  because of the length to which his hair grew (v 33).

G. 4:19 “Daniel … was appalled.” Not because the dream was unintelligible to him but because of the reluctance to announce God’s judgment to the king, whom he apparently had grown to love.

H. 4:27 After interpreting the dream, Daniel counseled the king to abandon his despotic ways and acknowledge the rule of God.

I. 4:29 “the royal palace.” Nebuchadnezzar was admiring the great city he had helped build, possibly from the top terrace of his famous “Hanging Gardens.”

J. 4:33  “like cattle.” The king’s illness was boanthropy (imagining himself to be an animal and acting accordingly), a condition that has been observed in modern times. Probably the king was kept in one of the royal parks during his insanity.

K. 4:34-37 The king acknowledged God’s absolute sovereignty, and his kingdom was restored to him. 


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this second chapter of Daniel we have considered: 1 Nebuchadnezzar proclaims God’s dominion. 4 His dream, which the magicians could not interpret. 8 Its recital to Daniel, 19 and his interpretation thereof. 28 The fulfillment of the dream. 


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII.. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

MY NEW WEBSITE: Thy Kingdom Come. Please follow. 

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 3

What does the Book of Daniel tell us about the Revived Roman Empire?


NEW WEBSITE – THY KINGDOM COME – SEE THE LINK AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE – PLEASE FOLLOW  THE NEW SITE.


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).


VS 1-7: Nebuchadnezzar’s pride: the image of gold. VS 8-18: Daniel’s three companions refuse to worship the image. VS 19-25: Daniel’s companions protected in the fiery furnace. VS 26-28: Nebuchadnezzar recognizes the deliverance to be of God. VS 29-30: Nebuchadnezzar’s decree and the promotion of the three Hebrew young men.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.


The account of the golden image which was erected on the plain of Dura records Nebuchadnezzar’s reaction to the revelation of chapter 2 in which he was symbolized by the head of gold. The astounding courage and deliverance of Daniel’s companions, who refused to worship the image, has inspired the people of God in similar times of trial. The chapter as a whole, however, is often regarded as merely providing historical insight into the characteristics of this period. Works devoted to study of the prophecies of Daniel often omit consideration of chapter 3 entirely as do S. P. Tregelles and Robert D. Culver. Others, such as Geoffrey R. King, interpret the chapter as not only history but parable and prophecy. The introduction of the golden image of Nebuchadnezzar in chapter 3 immediately following Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the great image depicting Gentile times, even if its parabolic implications are ignored, obviously is intended to convey not only spiritual truth in general, but characteristics of the times of the Gentiles. Its study, accordingly, not only provides spiritual insights but contributes to the overall presentation of prophecy in Daniel.  


IV. Scripture Text. See below.

Daniel 3:1-30. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+3&version=NASB1995


V. Verse Examination. 


A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

https://www.amazon.com/Charles-Caldwell-Ryrie/e/B001HMRTWW


3:1: “an image of gold.” Probably the image was in human form (though not necessarily an image of Nebuchadnezzar) overlaid with gold, rather than with solid gold (Isa. 40:19). It was 90 x 9 ft (27×2.7 m), probably including a pedestal. 3:2: “satraps.” Leaders of the various provinces. 3:5: “horn.” A wind instrument. “trigon.” A triangular instrument with four strings that played high notes. “psaltery.” Another triangular instrument whose strings were beneath the sounding board. 3:6: The command to “worship” shows that this act had not only a political significance but a religious one as well, requiring the recognition of Nebuchadnezzar’ gods (v. 12). 3:12: “they do not serve your gods or worship the golden image.” Strictly forbidden by the law (Ex. 20:3-5). 3:17-18: They do not make any conditions with God; deliverance or martyrdom were equally possible in His plan. 3:25: The fourth form Nebuchadnezzar saw in the furnace was like a divine being. It may have been an angel or possibly a pre-incarnate appearance of Christ, though the king would not have known who He was. But, Nebuchadnezzar realized that this being was mightier than his gods, who would never have delivered men. 3:27-30: There can be no natural explanation for such complete deliverance (cf. v. 22). Their faith brought deliverance, protection, reward, and glory to God (cf. 1 Peter 4:14). 


B. Dr. Ron Rhodes  (Th.M., Th.D.) 40 Days Through

Daniel. http://www.ronrhodesresources.com/About_Me.html


Daniel 3:6. But whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be cast into the midst of a furnace of blazing fire.”


The penalty for refusing to bow down and worship the image was incineration in what was apparently an industrial-sized oven used for smelting metals and baking bricks. This is punishment that Nebuchadnezzar had elsewhere used for two Judean false prophets, Zedekiah and Ahab (Jer 29:22). The code of Hammurabi (section 25, 110, and 157 ) indicates that this may have been a common Babylonian means of execution.


C. Dr. Charles H. Dyer (Th.M., Ph. D.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/d/charles-dyer/


Jeremiah 29:22.  Because of them a curse will be used by all the exiles from Judah who are in Babylon, saying, “May the Lord make you like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire, 
Jeremiah singled out two of the false prophets in Babylon, “Ahab the son of Koliah,” and “Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah” who were “prophesying”….falsely and committing “adultery with their neighbors’ wives.” The Lord would judge them by delivering “them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.” For rebellion against Babylon, they would be publicly executed, “roasted in the fire,”  a form of execution often used in Babylon (cf. Dn 3:6, 11, 15, 17, 19-23). Their death by fire would give rise to a “curse” the captives would use. These false prophets had said Nebuchadnezzar would not capture the city; when Babylon captured Jerusalem they were among the first to die for their insolence against mighty Babylon.


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this third chapter of Daniel we have considered: 1-3 Nebuchadnezzar dedicates a golden image, 4-12 and commands all to worship it. 13-18 Their declaration before the king. 19-23 They are cast into the fiery furnace. 24-25 Their miraculous preservation. 26-30 The king thereupon acknowledges the God of Israel.


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

NJ Abortions Legal Up To Birth.

New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy has signed a bill into law that will legalize abortions up to birth, even though he claims to be a practicing Catholic.

As LifeNews reported, the bill will legalize abortions up to birth and allowing non-doctors to kill babies in abortions. The legislation guarantees “the fundamental right of reproductive autonomy,” even though women already have reproductive autonomy and choice prior to the decision to end a baby’s life in an abortion as reproduction has already taken place.

The radical measure also could lead to forcing New Jersey residents to fund abortions with their tax dollars. If the state Department of Banking and Insurance deems abortion funding necessary, then state residents could be compelled to pay for killing unborn children in abortions with their tax funds.

The bill also allows “all qualified health care professionals,” to conduct abortions. Although abortion advocates have said for decades that abortions should be “between a woman and her doctor,” the legislation now allows non-doctors to do abortions — putting the life and heath of women at risk.

Earlier this week, Murphy said he will sign the bill this week, calling the need for killing more babies in abortions “more urgent than ever.”

Please follow LifeNews.com on Gab for the latest pro-life news and info, free from social media censorship.

Marie Tasy, the director of New Jersey Right to Life, told LifeNews this is a “shameful legacy” for a supposedly Catholic governor to leave.

“By signing a bill that enshrines abortion into law with no gestational limits, Governor Murphy signed the death warrant for thousands of innocent children. The heavy handed abuse of the legislative process and backroom deals that were employed to get this bill passed display arrogance, disrespect for the public, and will carry a shameful legacy for this Governor and the politicians that sponsored and voted for this egregious bill,” she said.

The state’s Catholic bishops are also critical. They expressed “profound disappointment and deep concern” about the legislation.

“We have failed as a society when a response to any pregnancy is fear rather than joy,” the seven New Jersey prelates said in a joint statement. “Sadly, too often this fear is born out of the mother’s uncertainty that she will not be able to provide for herself and her child the resources necessary to live a flourishing life.”

“We must do better,” the statement continued. “Therefore, we urge all Catholics and people of good will to actively participate in breaking down the economic, employment, social, racial, and emotional barriers that lead mothers into thinking abortion is a better option than life.”

The seven bishops of New Jersey are Cardinal Joseph Tobin of Newark, Bishop Kevin Sweeney of Paterson, Bishop David O’Connell of Trenton, Bishop James Checchio of Metuchen, Bishop Dennis Sullivan of Camden, Bishop Kurt Burnette of the Eparchy of Passaic, and Bishop Yousif Habash of Our Lady of Deliverance of Syriac Catholic Diocese.

The prelates charge that the New Jersey lawmakers who voted for the bill “rushed through this Act in the waning moments of their terms” because they “did not want citizens to understand fully its inhuman and lethal consequences.”

They also re-emphasized the Church’s commitment to helping pregnant women.

“The Catholic Church is committed to broadening and increasing awareness about the abundant resources and programs we offer that include life-affirming health and prenatal care, emotional support, assistance in bearing and raising her child, and basic needs such as housing, food, and clothing to pregnant mothers seeking or considering alternatives to abortion,” the bishops’ said.

ACTION ALERT: Send your complaints to Governor Murphy by going here.

The pro-life group American Life League says Murphy is violating the pro-life teachings of the Catholic Church.

New Jersey governor Phil Murphy defines himself as a person who “grew up in a family that was middle class on a good day.” According to his website, he was “the youngest of four children with only one parent who graduated high school. His upbringing—where religion, a strong work ethic, education, and civic awareness were pillars of family life—shaped his values, his priorities, and the leader he is today.”

The governor does not state in his biographical data that he is Catholic, but according to him his parents were “strict Roman Catholics and big fans of politics.”

So we did a little digging to discover whether or not Catholic principles affected this man in any way given the fact that he is a strong, public supporter of assisted suicide and Planned Parenthood, among other things. Lo and behold, Murphy claimed his Catholic identity in a tribute he and his wife wrote upon the death of Monsignor Philip Lowery, who was a pastor, a mentor, and head of chaplains for the New Jersey State Police.

So yes, even as a professed Catholic, Murphy seems to have separated himself from the teachings of the Catholic Church. This is tragic for his soul, sends a false message to the people of New Jersey, and must not go unnoticed by the bishops of the state whose flock depends on them for leadership in times such as this.

It called on the Catholic leaders in New Jersey to deny him communion.

“We prayerfully call upon the bishops of New Jersey to enforce Canon 915. We respectfully ask them to join together in a statement advising Governor Murphy that, if he does currently receive the body and blood of Christ in the Holy Eucharist, he may no longer receive Him until such time as he repents of his public support for the killing of the innocent and the vulnerable,” ALL said.

Murphy has been rebuked before by a Catholic bishop, when he signed a bill legalizing assisted suicide.

Bishop James Checchio of New Jersey’s Diocese of Metuchen was quick to condemn the governor’s action. Checchio described the new law as part of a “dangerous and frightening trend” and “a brazen attack against the sanctity of human life.”

Speaking before the vote, Marie Tasy, executive director of New Jersey Right to Life, asked why lawmakers want to expand abortions when New Jersey already has the highest abortion rate in the U.S., according to the report.

“Why do we want to have more?” Tasy asked, pointing to the nearly 50,000 abortions that occur in the state every year. This is a “really radical bill,” she said.

According to New Jersey Right to Life, the original bill would invalidate all current and future laws that restrict abortions and allow nurse practitioners and midwives to abort unborn babies. The pro-life organization warned that the legislation also would get rid of the 1974 state conscience clause that protects pro-life medical workers from being forced to help abort unborn babies.

New Jersey Right to Life pointed to a recent USA Today editorial by the governor and Lt. Gov. Sheila Oliver in which they admit the bill “expressly allows late term abortions” and keeps parents from being informed if their underage daughter has an abortion.

“They don’t care that the people of NJ don’t support such an extreme edict!” the pro-life organization responded.

According to NJ Advance Media, several Republicans tried to amend the bill in committee to include parental consent for minors but Democrats blocked the action.

New Jersey already has the highest abortion rate in the country and some of the most permissive pro-abortion laws.

Through a new coalition, Working Together for NJ, pro-lifers in the state have been working hard to stop the radical pro-abortion expansion, warning that it could lead to more human trafficking as well as more abortions.

It’s “a human trafficker’s best friend. Sex slaves get pregnant. Human traffickers have to pay for the abortions as a result. But this legislation will require all New Jersey taxpayers to pay for the abortions of sex trafficking victims,” said the Rev. Gregory Quinlan of Center for Garden State Families, last year.

Polls consistently show that most Americans oppose late-term abortions and taxpayer-funded abortionsA 2020 Gallup poll found that 55 percent of Americans think all or almost all abortions should be illegal, while just 29 percent think abortions should be legal under any circumstances.

ACTION ALERT: Send your complaints to Governor Murphy by going here.

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Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 2


What are the major prophetic passages in Daniel?


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).


“Nebuchadnezzar’s Vision of the Statue.” VS 1-13: The forgotten dream. VS 14-18: Daniel requests time; seeks mercy from God. VS 19-30: The mystery revealed to Daniel. VS 31-35: The dream: the great image. VS 36-38: The interpretation: first world empire, Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar (cp. 7:4). VS 39: Second and this world empires: Medo-Persia (cp. 7:5: 8:20) and Greece (cp. 7:6; 8:21). VS 40-43: Fourth world empire: Rome (cp. 7:7; 9:26). VS 44-45: Christ’s kingdom to be established on earth (see Mt. 3:2 note). VS 46-49: Daniel promoted.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.


Beginning with the second chapter of Daniel, the grand outline of the program of God for the period of Gentile supremacy and chastisement of Israel is presented for the first time. Tregelles, in his introduction to chapter 2 of Daniel, observes, “The book of Daniel is that part of Scripture which especially treats of the power of the world during the time of its committal into the hands of the Gentiles, whilst the ancient people of God, the children of Israel, are under chastisement on account of their sin.

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 2.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+2&version=NASB1995

V. Verse Examination. Daniel 2:1-49. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible).


2:2: “magicians.” Textual scribes of the religious ritual. “conjurers.” Enchanters. “sorcerers.” Those who deal in magic potions ; also enchanters. “Chaldeans.” Not all the Babylonians (as in 1:4) but a class of wise men priests. 

2:4: “Aramaic” was the common language of the Assyrian Empire, and was used in both the neo-Babylonian and Persian empires as a diplomatic and commercial language. It is used appropriately in the Gentile-related portion of the book (2:4-7:28).

2:5: “The command from me is firm,” or the thing is gone, or the dream is certain to me. It is uncertain whether or not the king had forgotten the dream. If not, he was putting the wise men to the ultimate test, asking them to recall the past in order to give credence to their predictions about the future. 

2:10-11: In effect, the wise men admitted that their previous interpretations were inaccurate and deceptive. 

2:14-15: Apparently Daniel, keeping himself untainted by the heathen magic, had not gone to the king with the Babylonian wise men.

2:18: “mystery.” Something unknown (the dream and its interpretation in this instance) but later revealed and containing higher or deeper information. See note on Eph 3:3.2:27-30: Daniel disclaimed any natural or magical ability but credited the Lord with the revelation of the dream.

2:35: “the stone…filled the whole earth.” To refer this to the first coming of Christ and the victory of the gospel in the whole world is contrary to such verses as Matt:13:24-30, 36-43 and 2 Tim 3:1-13. It is a reference to the future millennial kingdom of Christ.

2:37-38: ‘The gold head of the image (v. 32) is interpreted as representing Babylon.

2:39: “The “beast and … arms of silver” v. 32) represented the kingdom that followed Babylon, i.e., the kingdom of the Medes and Persians (538-333 B.C.). The “belly and … thighs of bronze” (v. 32) stood for Greece (333-63 B.C.; cf. 8:20-21). 

2:40: The “fourth kingdom (legs and feet, v. 33) was Rome.

2:41: “divided.” Better, composite, for it was composed of strong peoples (iron) and weak ones (clay).

2:42: “the toes.” Explained in verse 44 as 10 kings (or kingdoms) that will exist concurrently at the time God sets up His kingdom at the second coming of Christ (7:24). The present age of the church is omitted in the vision (not an unusual phenomenon; cf. Isa. 6:1-2). 

2:44: This does not refer to the first coming of Christ (which would make the kingdom = the church), since Christ did not destroy the Roman Empire at His first coming, nor were there 10 kings ruling at the same time.

2:49: “the king’s court.” The royal offices, the chancellery. 


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this second chapter of Daniel we have considered: 


VS 1-9: Nebuchadnezzar, forgetting his dream, requires his wise men to show it. VS 10-13: They (wise men) being unable are condemned to die. VS 14-18: Daniel obtains some respite. VS 19: The dream is revealed to him (Daniel).VS 20-23: His (Daniel’s) thanksgiving. VS 24-30: He (Daniel) is brought before the king. VS 31-35: The dream. VS 36:-45: Its (the dream’s)  interpretation. VS 46-49: Daniel’s promotion. 


VII. Parting Thought. 


A. Daniel’s prophecy is of the world empires that will face Israel from the time of his prophecy, until the time of the revived Roman Empire which will be present during the Tribulation (Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and Final World Empire). In the following information, Dr.John Walvoord shows the preceding world empires that affected Israel, prior to the time of the Babylonian Empire’s overthrow of Israel.


B. Dr. John Walvoord’s Chart of World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy Of The Bible).


1. Egypt: Gen 46 – Deu 34. Jacob and Family in Egypt until Exodus.

2. Assyria: 722 B.C. – 605 B.C. 10 Tribes of Israel in Captivity.

3. Babylon: 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. 2 Tribes in Captivity.

4. Medo-Persia: 539  B.C. – 331 B.C. Captives of Israel Return 536  B.C.

5. Greece: 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel under Control of Syria.

6. Rome: 63 B.C. – A.D. 70. Israel under Rome. Jerusalem Destroyed A.D. 70. Decline of Rome in Church Age. Rome to Be Revived after the Rapture.

7. Millennial Kingdom Final World Empire. 


Re: Daniel 2:44-45, The Millennial Kingdom, The Final World Empire, see the following comments from Walvoord’s Daniel Commentary. 


The crux of the interpretation of the entire symbolic vision is found in the prediction of a kingdom which the God of heaven will set up. According to verse 44, this is a kingdom which will never be destroyed, will never be left to other people, shall destroy and break in pieces the preceding kingdom, and will stand forever. The kingdom which shall not be destroyed is indeed the kingdom of God…, the kingdom of God which is here mentioned is that which was introduced by Christ at His first coming….. There is certainly no evidence, nineteen hundred years after Christ, that the kingdom of God has conquered the entire world. Not only is there no scriptural evidence whatever that the first coming of Christ caused the downfall of Gentile world power, which is still very much with us today, but express prophecies relating to the second advent of Christ, picture just such a devastating defeat of Gentile power….Revelation 19:11-21 is a picture of the second coming of Christ, is expressly the time when Jesus Christ assumes command as King of kings and Lord of lords. It is declared that at that time “He should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron” (Rev 19:15). 


C. Dr. John Walvoord’s Eschatological Works. 

1. John Flipse Walvoord (1910–2002) was a renowned American theologian, pastor, teacher, and author. In 1928 Walvoord entered Wheaton College, majoring in Greek and minoring in Latin. With additional course work one summer at the University of Colorado, he was able to complete his undergraduate degree in 1931 with honors. Upon entering the Evangelical Theological College (today, Dallas Theological Seminary), Walvoord pursued a regular curriculum of seminary studies, graduating with both a ThB and a ThM degree in 1934. By 1936 he completed a ThD degree.

2. Along with the presidency of Dallas Theological Seminary, Walvoord was editor of Bibliotheca Sacra for 33 years and contributed a total of 127 articles between 1937 and 1990. Furthermore, he authored 30 books including, The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook available in Libronix. He is also the editor of several works such as The Bible Knowledge Commentary and Systematic Theology, and served on the committee that produced the New Scofield Reference Bible.

3. https://www.logos.com/search?filters=author-8987_Author&sortBy=Relevance&limit=30&page=1&ownership=all&geographicAvailability=all

D. Daniel 2:44: Scofield Study Bible note: This passage fixes, in relation to other predicted events, the time when the millennial kingdom will be established. It will be “in the days of those kings,” that is the days of the ten kings (compare 7:24-27) symbolized by the image of the image. The ten kings did not exist at the advent of Messiah, nor was the federation even possible until the dissolution of the Roman Empire and the rise of the present nationalistic world system.

E. Daniel 2:44-45: The method by which the millennial kingdom will be established is repeated from vv. 34-35, that is the Striking Stone will crush the statue that represents the world powers that are hostile to God (Ps. 2:1-6, “Christ the Coming King;” Zech 14:1-9,”The Lord’s triumphant return to earth to bring deliverance; The kingdom set up on earth”.)

F. The Ryrie Study Bible shows the context of  Zech 14 as, “The Lord’s second coming to Jerusalem. The prophecy is Messianic and relates to Israel. This takes place at the end of the Tribulation when Israel believes it will be decimated, and calls on Messiah (Jesus), in faith, to save them, Zech 12:10 (Ryrie note: At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize Jesus as her Messiah, acknowledging with deep contrition that He was the One whom their forefathers pierced (John 19:37). Prophecy is being fulfilled from Matt 23:39, “for I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, “Blessed is He who comes in the Name of the Lord,” (Re: Psalm 118:26). Gentiles who will be left behind from the Rapture (1 Thes 4:13-18) will also witness the events of the Tribulation and Second Coming of Christ, which will initiate the Kingdom Age (Matt 3:2, “the Kingdom is at hand.” The kingdom was near, “but not here,” which was based on Israel accepting God’s choice of her king, with “Jesus” being God’s choice (Deu 17:15); but Israel did not accept Jesus as their King at that time, nor since then.

G. The kingdom will not come (Matt 6:10) until at the end of the Tribulation. The Matt 23:39 prophecy was spoken by Jesus to Jews (Matt 23:29), with the meaning of “Jew,” being Israel, which is the blood line of “Jacob, Israel” (Gen 28:13-14; 35:9-12). The words that Jesus spoke in Matt 23:39 were to Jews, and not to “the church,” or to any Gentiles, and related only to “Jews, Israel.” The words that God spoke to the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament were spoken to Jews, about the nation of Israel, and were to be fulfilled in Jews, and not in the Church or in any Gentiles. The Church will not be present during the Tribulation; un-raptured Gentiles and Jews will be present. Only un-raptured Gentiles and Jews will see the fulfillment of Matt 24:29-30, when “the whole world” will see the return of Christ to earth to set up His earthly kingdom (Zech 14:1-5, 9). It is important to remember that “salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22), and comes only through Jesus (John 14:6).

H. In the closing video we see Paul Wilbur leading the singing of the fulfillment of the prophecy of Matt 23:39, which is about believing Jews calling on the Name of Jesus (Zech 12:10). 

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 1


What can the book of Daniel tell us about God’s plan for our future?


I. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).

Daniel’s Early Life in the Babylonian Court. vs 1-7, Daniel in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar. vs 8-21, Daniel’s resolve.


III. Overview. Consider the points of focus that are provided by highly respected theologians of this first chapter of Daniel.


A. Dr. Stephen R. Miller (Th. D.; Ph. D). The New American Commentary, Daniel. The first chapter of the book serves primarily as an introduction; it sets the scene for the other stories and the visions (chs. 7-12) that make up the rest of the book. Here, the reader is furnished information concerning Daniel’s identity, his circumstances, his character, and how he rose to his position of responsibility in Babylon.


B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Daniel Commentary. The first chapter of Daniel is a beautifully written, moving story of the early days of Daniel and his companions in Babylon. In brief and condensed form, it records the historical setting for the entire book. Moreover, it sets the tone as essentially the history of Daniel and his experiences in contrast to the prophetic approach of the other major prophets, who were divine spokesmen to Israel. In spite of being properly classified as a prophet, Daniel was in the main a governmental servant and a faithful historian of God’s dealings with him. 

C. Dr. James A. Borland, (M Div., Th. M., Th. D. Th. D.) Liberty Commentary Bible. DANIEL’S REMOVAL TO BABYLON BY NEBUCHADNEZZAR. 1. The subjugation of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, vs 1-2. 2. The test of Daniel’s character, vs 3-7. 3. The determination of Daniel to be true to his God, vs 8-13. 4. The faithfulness of God to His obedient children, vs 14-21. 

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel 1 (NASB 1995). Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

V. Verse Examination.  

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible. 1:1 “in the third year.” 605. B.C. 1:2. The captivity came because of Israel’s idolatry and failure to keep the sabbatical year for the land. “the vessels of the house of God.” Taken as a prize and as proof of Nebuchadnezzar’s gods. “Shinar.” Babylonia. 1:3 “officials.” Lit., eunuchs. The word does mean those who were castrated; it also stood for officials in general. It is uncertain whether Daniel and his friends were emasculated. 1:4. “literature and language.” Various subjects such as agriculture, astrology, astronomy, mathematics, and the Akkadian language. 1:5 The accession year of Nebuchadnezzar was the first year of the youths’ training; the first full year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign was the second year of training; the second year of his reign was the third year of training. 1:7 In order to make these young men more Babylonian, their names were changed. In each case, the Hebrew name contains a name of the true God (either “el” or “iah,” and abbreviation for Yahweh), and the Babylonian name contains the name of a heathen god. 1:8 “he would not defile himself.” By eating meat that doubtless had not been slain in accordance with the Mosaic Law and that, along with the “wine,” had been offered to a pagan God (cf. Ex. 34:15). 1:17 Only God, not human wisdom, can instruct how to interpret “visions” and “dreams” accurately. 1:21 “continued.” Daniel, who was among the first captives taken, lived to see the official end of the Exile in the “first year of Cyrus king of Persia” (Ezra 1:1). Daniel did not die then but lived a few years longer (10:1). 

VI. Summary. 

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

1. Jehoiakim’s captivity. 3. Daniel and three others selected to be taught the learning of the Chaldeans. 8. They refuse to eat the king’s meat. 17. Their great attainments in wisdom. 

VII. Parting Thought.

A. In the Book of Daniel, we learn of the faithfulness of Daniel to God. As children in Sunday School, we learned about Daniel in the fiery furnace (Dan 3) and Daniel in the Lion’s den (Dan 6). But, there is much of the Book of Daniel that is not taught to maturing Christians. Daniel, being a Jew, was given by God, prophecy that related to Israel, such as God’s people Israel in the Times of the Gentiles (Daniel 8:1-12:13). During the times of the Gentiles, there is not a Jewish king of Israel. During the times of the Gentiles, Israel will come under great oppression from the Antichrist during the Tribulation (Dan 9:24-27). Matthew 24:4-31, Mark 13:1-37, Luke 21:5-36, Revelation 6:-19, and Zechariah 12:1-14:21) also describe Israel coming under oppression during the Tribulation by the Antichrist, Satan, and the unbelieving world that is left behind from the rapture. God gave prophecies to other Jews about God and Israel, such as: the dispersion of Israel, the overthrow of Jerusalem by Babylon, the Tribulation and the Kingdom Age. The Jewish prophecies were spoken by God to Jewish prophets, which were then made known to the Jews of Israel. Due to the proximity of Gentiles to the fulfillment of the Jewish prophecies, such prophecies have affected Gentiles, and will affect Gentiles. In the Church age, God gave a prophetic ministry, “to some,” that is described in Ephesians 4:11-12. The church age prophets’ ministry is to be, “equipping the saints for the works of ministry, for the building up of the body of Christ.” The ministries of Jewish and church age prophets are clearly defined in Scripture. 

B. God’s relationship with Israel is clearly stated in Deuteronomy 14:2:

“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” 

C. The longevity of God’s relationship with Israel is unending, per Jeremiah 31:35-36:

35 Thus says the Lord,
Who gives the sun for light by day
And the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night,
Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar;
The Lord of hosts is His name:
36 “If this fixed order departs
From before Me,” declares the Lord,
“Then the offspring of Israel also will cease
From being a nation before Me forever.”

D. The provisions for Israel, and only Israel, are stated in Psalm 147:19-20:

19 He declares His words to Jacob,
His statutes and His ordinances to Israel.
20 He has not dealt thus with any nation;
And as for His ordinances, they have not known them.
Praise the Lord!

E. The point of focus, as it relates to Israel being identified as the recipient of God’s prophecies, are shown for each of the following Jewish prophets (and other Jewish prophets) to be spoken to Jews:

1. Isaiah 1:1, “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” Isaiah 2:1, “The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem., “

2. Jeremiah 2:1-2, “Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, 2 “Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord,…”

3. Ezekiel 2:3, “Then He said to me, “Son of man, I am sending you to the sons of Israel, to a rebellious people who have rebelled against Me; they and their fathers have transgressed against Me to this very day.”

4. Daniel 9:20: “Now while I was speaking and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my God in behalf of the holy mountain of my God,”

F. Believers in Christ are clearly identified as “The Church,” per the following verses:

1. Col 1:24, “Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is the church,”

2. 1 Cor 12:27, “Now you are Christ’s body, and individually members of it.”

3. Eph 5:23,  “For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body.”

G. Israel is Israel, and the church is the church. Israel is mentioned in both the old and new testaments. 

1. Acts 2:36, “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”

2. Philippians 3:5, circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the Law, a Pharisee;”

H. The church was not mentioned in the Old Testament, due to its being a “mystery,” which means that it was not known until it was revealed by God.

Ephesians 5:32, “This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.” [Mystery” refers to some aspect of God’s plan that was previously hidden, but which now, in the gospel, has been made known (Moody Study Bible).] My note: “mystery,” as noted in the Bible is not like a “murder mystery, which is meant to be confusing;” but is informaiton that had not been disclosed, until God determined to make such information clearly known.

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

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