Revelation 11:1-13 – The Two Witnesses

Left Behind 2 Scene – ararat4life – Published on Jan 24, 2009 – a clip from left behind 2 – This video is not my own, it belongs to Cloud Ten pictures.

This article is one of others that can be found in my Word Press blog that teaches “not only about Israel, not only about the end times, not only about Israel ‘and’ the end times, but about Israel ‘in’ the end times’ (from the Old Testament, as well as from the New Testament). The emphasis that is placed on Israel in these articles is due to the promise of God to Israel in the Abrahamic Covenant, as formed in Genesis 12:1-4, and confirmed in Genesis 13:14-17; 15:1-7,18-21; 17:1-8, and has three main aspects. The third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham has great emphasis as it relates to non-Jews.

1. Genesis 12:2 (NASB). 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing;
2. Genesis 12:3a (NASB). 3a And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.
3. Genesis 12:3b (NASB). 3b and in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

The opening video in this post comes from the movie, “Left Behind 2,” and relates to the two witnesses that are discussed in this article (Moses and Elijah?). Rabbi Ben-Judah is confronted with the truth of God’s Word concerning Christ, as being the promised Messiah. The following video shows the effect that God’s Word had on Ben Judah, and on many others, whom also had been left behind after Christ caught up His born again believers in the rapture.

Left Behind 2 movie comments. None of the people that are seen in this Left Behind video had been born again at the time of the rapture of the church (John 14:2-3, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). The movie shows some of those people coming to saving faith in Christ, and becoming a “tribulation force” of believers. Rabbi Ben-Judah is one of those “former unbelievers” coming to saving faith in Christ, to include the pastor of African descent (John 3:3; 16-18).

Consider the effect that the Word of God has on Rabbi Ben-Judah in the following video; notice the reaction of the antichrist.

Hebrews 4:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

Testimony of Ben-Judah – gregorija1 – Published on Jan 4, 2009 – From “Left Behind – Tribulation Force”

Comments on Rabbi Ben-Judah. The following links come from another series of Left Behind movies that followed the videos that are shown in this article.

Dr. Tsion Ben-Judah, who is a character in the Left Behind series, is a Jew, a rabbinical scholar, and former student of Chaim Rosenzweig. Dr. Chaim Rosenzweig (KI-am Rozen-zvieg) is introduced as a chemical engineer and politician from Israel. The reader first meets Dr. Rosenzweig as he is being interviewed by Cameron “Buck” Williams as Global Weekly’s Man Of The Year. Dr. Rosenzweig is a man of science, somewhat stubborn and takes his Israeli heritage lightly. Rosenzweig believes that God is basically an idea.

Dr. Rosenzweig’s character is often used by authors Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins as a “bridge character.” That is the character of Rosenzweig, through his many contacts, helps bring the other characters of the series together.

Immediately after all born again believers in Christ are caught up in the rapture, no one will be left on earth, that has the indwelling presence of God’s Holy Spirit. Lacking the individual prompting of God’s Holy Spirit to righteous living, there will be rampant lawlessness throughout the world (John 14:26; 16:8). In a nutshell, godless people will be leading godless nations, which will consist of godless citizens, who will all be under the control of a godless United Nations. The United States of America will no longer be a force of law and order. The hatred of the nations of the world toward Israel will escalate, and will end in a failed world-wide attack on Israel at the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-19:21). The events of this Eleventh Chapter of Revelation take place during the time of the Tribulation, which follows the rapture. During the tribulation all people on earth will come under the oppression of the antichrist, as well as under the judgments of God; Revelation Chapter 6 shows the beginning; the antichrist will act under the control of God. In Matthew 24:4-28 Christ speaks to the disciples about the signs of the end of the age; 4-14, is a list of the characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (Ryrie Study Bible).

The scripture text of Revelation 11:1-13, along with comments, is provided, as follows:

Revelation 11 (NASB) (Unless otherwise noted, comments are from the MacArthur Study Bible. Everyone should have a MacArthur Study Bible.)

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it.

Note. 11:1 Measuring the temple signified God’s ownership of it (cf. 21:15; Zech. 2:1–5). the temple of God. Refers to the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place, not the entire temple complex (cf. v. 2). A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4). altar. The reference to worshipers suggests this is the bronze altar in the courtyard, not the incense altar in the Holy Place, since only the priests were permitted inside the Holy Place (cf. Luke 1:8–10).

2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

Note. 11:2 court which is outside. The court of the Gentiles, separated from the inner court in the Herodian temple by a low wall. Gentiles were forbidden to enter the inner court on penalty of death. That John is instructed not to measure the outer court symbolizes God’s rejection of the unbelieving Gentiles who have oppressed His covenant people. tread the holy city underfoot. Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome all oppressed Jerusalem in ancient times (cf. 2 Kin. 25:8–10; Ps. 79:1; Is. 63:18; Lam. 1:10). This verse refers to the future devastating destruction and oppression of Jerusalem by the forces of the Antichrist. forty-two months. This 3½ year period covers the second half of the Tribulation and coincides with the visibly evil career of the Antichrist (v. 3; 12:6; 13:5). During this same time, the Jews will be sheltered by God in the wilderness (12:6, 14).

3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.”

Note. 11:3 two witnesses. Individuals granted special power and authority by God to preach a message of judgment and salvation during the second half of the Tribulation. The OT required two or more witnesses to confirm testimony (cf. Deut. 17:6; 19:15; Matt. 18:16; John 8:17; Heb. 10:28), and these two prophets will be the culmination of God’s testimony to Israel: a message of judgment from God and of His gracious offer of the gospel to all who will repent and believe. one thousand two hundred and sixty days. Forty-two months or 3½ years (cf. 12:6; 13:5; see note on v. 2). sackcloth. Coarse, rough cloth made from goat or camel hair. Wearing garments made from it expressed penitence, humility, and mourning (cf. Gen. 37:34; 2 Sam. 3:31; 2 Kin. 6:30; 19:1; Esth. 4:1; Is. 22:12; Jer. 6:26; Matt. 11:21). The witnesses are mourning because of the wretched wickedness of the world, God’s judgment on it, and the desecration of the temple and the holy city by the Antichrist.

4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

Note. 11:4 This imagery is drawn from Zech. 3, 4 (see notes there). Zechariah’s vision had both a near fulfillment (the rebuilding of the temple by Joshua and Zerubbabel) and a far future fulfillment (the two witnesses, whose ministry points toward Israel’s final restoration in the Millennium). two olive trees and the two lampstands. Olive oil was commonly used in lamps; together the olive trees and lampstands symbolize the light of spiritual revival. The two witnesses’ preaching will spark a revival, just as Joshua’s and Zerubbabel’s did in Israel after the Babylonian captivity.

5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. 6 These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

Notes 11:5-6. While it is impossible to be dogmatic about the identity of these two witnesses, several observations suggest they might be Moses and Elijah: 1) like Moses, they strike the earth with plagues, and like Elijah, they have the power to keep it from raining; 2) Jewish tradition expected both Moses (cf. Deut. 18:15–18) and Elijah (cf. Mal. 4:5, 6) to return in the future (cf. John 1:21); 3) both Moses and Elijah were present at the Transfiguration, the preview of Christ’s second coming; 4) both Moses and Elijah used supernatural means to provoke repentance; 5) Elijah was taken up alive into heaven, and God buried Moses’ body where it would never be found; and 6) the length of the drought the two witnesses bring (3½ years; cf. v. 3) is the same as that brought by Elijah (James 5:17).

Note. 11:5 fire proceeds…and devours. Probably this refers to literal fire. These two will be invincible during their ministry, protected by supernatural power. The false prophet will counterfeit this sign (13:3).

Note. 11:6 power to shut heaven. Miracles have often authenticated God’s messengers. Here, bringing a 3½ year drought (as did Elijah before them) will add immeasurable torment to those experiencing the worldwide disasters of the Tribulation—and exacerbate their hatred of the two witnesses. waters to turn them to blood. The earth’s water, already devastated by the effects of the second and third trumpets, will become undrinkable, adding immensely to the suffering caused by the drought.

7 When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them.

Note. 11:7 the beast. The first of 36 references to this person in Revelation, who is none other than the Antichrist (see chap. 13). That he will ascend out of the bottomless pit indicates that his power is satanic. kill them. Their ministry completed, God will withdraw the two witnesses’ supernatural protection. The beast will then be able to accomplish what many had died trying to do.

8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.

Note. 11:8 bodies will lie in the street. Refusing to bury one’s enemies was a way to dishonor and show contempt for them (cf. Acts 14:19). The OT expressly forbids this practice (Deut. 21:22, 23). the great city. Identifying Jerusalem as a city like Sodom and Egypt stresses the city’s wickedness. Its Jewish population will apparently be the focus of the witnesses’ ministry, leading to the conversions of v. 13.

9 Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.

Note. 11:9 three-and-a-half days. The entire world will watch (undoubtedly on the latest form of visual media) and glorify the Antichrist as the bodies of the dead prophets who have been killed begin to decay.

10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

Note. 11:10 rejoice…make merry…send gifts. Wild with joy over the death of their tormentors, those who dwell on the earth (a phrase used 11 times in Revelation to speak of unbelievers) will celebrate the two witnesses’ deaths as a holiday.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them.

Note. 11:11 breath of life from God entered them. The festivities, however, are short-lived as God vindicates His faithful witnesses by resurrecting them.

12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them.

Note. 11:12 ascended to heaven in a cloud. Some may wonder why God will not allow them to preach, assuming their message would have more force following their resurrection. But that ignores Christ’s clear statement to the contrary (Luke 16:31). enemies saw them. Those who hated and dishonored the two witnesses will watch their vindication.

13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Note. 11:13 earthquake. God punctuates the ascension of His prophets with a shattering earthquake. The destruction and loss of life may be primarily among the leaders of the Antichrist’s forces. the rest. This refers to the Jews still living, who will not yet have come to faith in Christ. gave glory to the God of heaven. A genuine experience of the salvation of Jews (cf. Luke 17:18, 19), in contrast to those who blaspheme and refuse to glorify God (16:9). This makes a key fulfillment of Zechariah’s prophecy (12:10; 13:1) and Paul’s (Rom. 11:25–27).

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The Life Of Christ – John 2:13-25

Cleaning the Temple | English | The Life of Jesus | 5 of 49

Published on Mar 12, 2017 (See details below)

Translation In Video

John 2:13-25 Good News Translation (GNT)

Jesus Goes to the Temple

13 It was almost time for the Passover Festival, so Jesus went to Jerusalem. 14 There in the Temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and pigeons, and also the moneychangers sitting at their tables. 15 So he made a whip from cords and drove all the animals out of the Temple, both the sheep and the cattle; he overturned the tables of the moneychangers and scattered their coins; 16 and he ordered those who sold the pigeons, “Take them out of here! Stop making my Father’s house a marketplace!” 17 His disciples remembered that the scripture says, “My devotion to your house, O God, burns in me like a fire.”

18 The Jewish authorities came back at him with a question, “What miracle can you perform to show us that you have the right to do this?”

19 Jesus answered, “Tear down this Temple, and in three days I will build it again.”

20 “Are you going to build it again in three days?” they asked him. “It has taken forty-six years to build this Temple!”

21 But the temple Jesus was speaking about was his body. 22 So when he was raised from death, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the scripture and what Jesus had said.

Jesus’ Knowledge of Human Nature

23 While Jesus was in Jerusalem during the Passover Festival, many believed in him as they saw the miracles he performed. 24 But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew them all. 25 There was no need for anyone to tell him about them, because he himself knew what was in their hearts.

Video text – Modern Translation…1.0..0.136.2672.10j16……0….1..gws-wiz…….0i71j35i39j0j0i20i263j33i22i29i30j33i299.Y4zrKLuz3lU

My Daily Reading Translation

John 2:13-25 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

First Passover—Cleansing the Temple

13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 16 and to those who were selling the doves He said, “Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.” 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house will consume me.” 18 The Jews then said to Him, “What sign do You show us as your authority for doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 The Jews then said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?” 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing. 24 But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, 25 and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.

NASB Translation – Formal Equivalence

Study Tools (1) (2)

Video Series Information

The History Of The Jesus Film Project

The life of Jesus Published on Mar 12, 2017
The Gospel of John was written two generations after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
It is set in a time when the Roman Empire controlled Jerusalem.
Although crucifixion was the preferred Roman method of punishment, it was not one sanctioned by Jewish law.
Jesus and all his early followers were Jewish.
The Gospel reflects a period of unprecedented polemic and antagonism between the emerging church and the religious establishment of the Jewish people.

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Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion

What is Shabbat? Intro to the Jewish Sabbath – BimBam – Published on Mar 15, 2018

Lest I be misunderstood, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).

Consider the comments of the video’s author, as they relate to “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

What is Shabbat? Shabbat (the Jewish Shabbath) is a weekly 25-hour observance that begins just before sundown each Friday and ends at nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is a dedicated time each week to stop working and focus more on the pleasures of life.

Consider my study of “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

The Sabbath (in Hebrew, Shabbat , pronounced shah-BAHT–or in some communities, Shabbos, “SHAH-bis”) may be Judaism’s most distinctive and characteristic practice, as well as one of its most pervasive and long-lasting gifts to Western civilization.

IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! Read the following chronology carefully.

The reason for the following chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America. The significance of this information is that those migrates would have never been exposed to the Mosaic Law, and to its Torah requirements, to include the requirements of Sabbath rest.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.) and Isaac (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).

The Israelites/Jews/ of this study are the covenant Shemites, through the bloodline of Abraham, through his covenant son Isaac, and through his grandson Jacob (Gen 25:26, born 1800 B.C., who became known as Israel, Genesis 32:28, 1739 B.C.).

The reason for the above chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

The term “Jew” is derived from the name of Jacob’s fourth son, Judah–Yehudah, in the Hebrew—

Honoring The Seventh Day

About The Complete Jewish Bible

Genesis 2 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) (4094 B.C.,and all other dates, Scofield Study Bible)

2:2 God (elohim) plural in number. divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2).

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. 2 On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.

NKJV MacArthur Study Bible Notes

2:1–3 These words affirm that God had completed His work. Four times it is said that He finished His work, and 3 times it is said that this included all His work. Present processes in the universe reflect God sustaining that completed creation, not more creation (cf. Heb. 1:3).

2:2 ended…rested. God certainly did not rest due to weariness; rather, establishing the pattern for man’s work cycle, He only modeled the need for rest. Later, the Sabbath ordinance of Moses found its basis in the creation week (cf. Ex. 20:8–11). The Sabbath was God’s sacred ordained day in the weekly cycle. Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for man…” (Mark 2:2) and Gen. 2:3 stated that God “sanctified” or set apart the Sabbath day because He rested in it. Later, it was set aside for a day of worship in the Mosaic law (see note on Ex. 20:8). Hebrews 4:4 distinguishes between physical rest and the redemptive rest to which it pointed. Colossians 2:16 makes it clear that the Mosaic “Sabbath” has no symbolic or ritual place in the New Covenant. The church began worshiping on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection of Christ (Acts 20:7).

Consider the Law.

The Sabbath was first celebrated in scripture, in 1491 B.C., and was celebrated only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:4-36

16:4 The LORD (Yah·weh, 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel) prepared the Jews for six days of work, then a sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath will be a holy Sabbath to the Lord, and a gift from God to the Jews. 16:12 “I am the Lord your God.” LORD (Yah·weh); God (Elohim).

Exodus 16:4-5, 22-23 (NASB)
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”…22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”

The Sabbath was announced by Moses to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath arrives, and is observed by the Jews, and only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:24-26 (NASB) 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

The Sabbath is a gift by God to the Jews, and only to the Jews.

Exodus 16:29 (NASB) 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:12-17

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews, and only the Jews.

Exodus 31:16-17 (NASB) 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 31:18 (NASB) 18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

The giving of the Law to the Jews, and only to the Jews (1491 B.C.).

Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:1-17).

God visits Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:18-25).

God gives the Ten Commandments to the Jews, and only to the Jews (Exodus 20:1-17).

The Law In Leviticus

The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of thee book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points out the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.

James 2:10 (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

Leviticus 1:1-2 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them,

Leviticus 27:34 (NASB) 34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed for a Jew to be Torah compliant. The following examples of the Torah law should show that being Torah complaint can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone think that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject. Please notice that not all chapters of Leviticus are listed.

1. Leviticus 1:1-17 (NASB)
The Law of Burnt Offerings
2. Leviticus 2:1-16 (NASB)
The Law of Grain Offerings
3. Leviticus 3 (NASB)
The Law of Peace Offerings
4. Leviticus 4 (NASB)
The Law of Sin Offerings
5. Leviticus 5 (NASB)
The Law of Guilt Offerings
6. Leviticus 11 (NASB)
Laws about Animals for Food – Avoid the unclean
12. Leviticus 12 (NASB)
Laws of Motherhood
13. Leviticus 13 (NASB)
The Test for Leprosy
14. Leviticus 14 (NASB)
Law of Cleansing a Leper and a Leprous house
15. Leviticus 15 (NASB)
Cleansing Unhealthiness
16. Leviticus 16 (NASB)
Law of Atonement and An Annual Atonement
17. Leviticus 17 (NASB)
Blood for Atonement
18. Leviticus 18 (NASB)
Laws on Immoral Relations
19. Leviticus 19 (NASB)
Idolatry Forbidden – Sundry Laws
20. Leviticus 20 (NASB)
On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities
23. Leviticus 23 New (NASB)
Laws of Religious Festivals – The Day Of Atonement
24. Leviticus 24 (NASB)
The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary – “An Eye For An Eye”
25. Leviticus 25 (NASB)
The Sabbatic Year – Year of Jubilee – The Law of Redemption – Of Poor Countrymen – Of Redeeming a Poor Man
26. Leviticus 26 (NASB)
Blessings of Obedience – Penalties of Disobedience
27. Leviticus 27 (NASB)
Rules concerning Valuations

613 Torah Laws

As you can determine, the Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections.


Salvation is through the Jews:

John 4:22 (NASB) 22 “…for salvation is from the Jews.”

The Jew through whom salvation is provided is Christ:

John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Honoring the Seventh Day – My goal is to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy.”

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly-ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week. There is no such thing as a Christian Sabbath, other than for Christians to honor the seventh day of God’s creation.

Sabbath Worship/The Law – Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

The work of Christ for salvation for all “whom accept Him as Lord and Savior,” was completed on the cross:

John 19:30 (NASB) 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

MacArthur study note: The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion.

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