Revelation Prophecy – Preview of Tribulation Judgments

I. Video Data. 1


The judgments of the tribulation.


II. Overview. Revelation. Chapters 6:1-18:24. 


A. Revelation 6:1 begins the first of three series of judgments in the book (seals, chap. 6; trumpets, chap. 8-9; bowls, chap. 16). Some see the later series as recapitulating the earlier series. But, more likely, the three series are consecutive, each succeeding one following the preceding one. Rev 6:2. A reference to the Antichrist. Also see Matthew 24. 2

1. Matthew 24:3. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. 2


2. Matthew 24:6-7. See the same judgments outlined in Rev 6:1-8. 2


3. Matthew 24:14. “The gospel of the kingdom. This is the good news that will be preached during the tribulation days concerning the coming of Messiah and setting up of His kingdom. See Matt 3:2. Evidently, many will respond (Rev 7:9-10). 2


4. Matthew 24:15. “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION.” This is the man of sin (2 Thes 2:4), the Antichrist, who at this midpoint of the Tribulation breaks the covenant he made with the Jewish people at the beginning of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27) and demands that they and the world worship him. Those who resist will be persecuted, and many will be martyred; that is the reason for the urgency of the instructions of verses 16-22. 2


5. Matthew 24:29-30. “THE SUN…THE MOON…THE STARS.” These astral phenomena, which will accompany the return of the Son of Man, are foretold in Isa. 13:9-10 and Joel 2:31; 3:15. 2


B. Revelation chapters (6:1-18:24) describe the tribulation, during which God will exercise His wrath toward rebellious sinners, and work to bring Israel to repentance. This section assured first century believers that persecutors of God’s people would not ultimately escape justice. Seals, trumpets, and bowls are labels that John used to describe the judgments of this time period.  3


C. The vision of the glorified Son of man in chapter 1 led to the writing of the seven letters to the churches (chaps. 2-3), Similarly, the throne room vision of chapters 4-5  sets the stage for the opening of the scroll with its sequence of seals, trumpets, and bowls (chaps. 6-16). The dramatic portrayal of God’s righteous judgment is now under way. 4


D. Chapter 6 introduces the seal judgments, which make up the first quarter of the Tribulation Period. The seventh seal then introduces the seven trumpets, which indicates that we are carried to the second quarter of the Tribulation. The seventh trumpet, in turn, introduces the seven bowl judgments, which comprise the last half of the Tribulation Period. Everything else between chapters 7 and 8 must be placed within the consecutive events of these three judgments. John saw the seven seals broken, one at a time; then, the seventh one introduced the seven trumpets, and finally the seventh trumpet introduced the seven bowls. Each of these judgments, whether breaking a seal, blowing a trumpet, or pouring out a bowl, is a symbolic announcement in heaven of an event that actually takes place on earth. These judgments take place consecutively. 5 


E. The opening of chapter 6 of the book of Revelation marks an important milestone in the progressive revelation of the end of the age. In chapter 5 John is introduced to the seven-sealed book in the hand of Christ. In chapter 6 the first six seals are opened with the resultant tremendous events occurring in the earth. The interpretation of these events depends upon the understanding of other portions of the prophetic Word. If the events portrayed are taken in any literal sense, it should be clear that they describe an event yet future, in the words of Christ “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). The opening of the seals ushers in the terrible judgments to fall upon this earth after the Church has been caught up to glory, as we saw in chap. 4:1. 6


1. The events here revealed also depend for their interpretation on the question of whether a translation of the church has already taken place. Though the book of Revelation itself does not determine this important question with finality, it is significant that the church so prominent in chapters 2 and 3 is not mentioned again until 22:16 except as the wife of the Lamb at the close of the tribulation. Nowhere in scenes of earth which describe the end time (chaps. 6-19) is the church pictured as involved in the earthly struggle. Further, the hope of the rapture mentioned to the church of Thyatira and the church at Philadelphia does not appear in the detailed prophetic program which unfolds in the book of Revelation. This lends credence to the conclusion that the rapture of the church has occurred before the events pictured beginning with chapter 4. 6

2. There is a remarkable similarity between the progress of chapter 6 as a whole and the description given by our Lord of the end of the age in Matt 24:4-31. In both passages the order is (1) war (Matt 24:6-7; Rev 6:3-4), (2) famine (Matt 24:7; Rev 6:5-6), (3) death (Matt 24:7-9; Rev 6:7-8), (4) martyrdom (Matt 24:9-10, 16-22; Rev 6:9-11), (5) the sun darkened, the moon darkened, and the stars falling (Matt 24:29; Rev 6:12-14), (6) a time of divine judgment (Matt 24:32-25:26; Rev 6:15-17). The general features of Matthew 24 are obviously quite parallel to the events of the book of Revelation beginning in chapter 6. Walvoord. 6

III. Context.


A. A message that is not given within its proper context, becomes a pretext, which means that “it’s not true.”


B. The above noted scholars have made the point that the events of Revelation 6:1 through 18:24 find their place in future prophetic events that relate to the Tribulation, the Antichrist, and God’s judgment on those who will be left behind from the rapture of the church. The severity of the time is described by Jesus in Matthew 24:21: “For there will be a great Tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.” The context  of Matt 24:21 will dictate that nothing, even within the worldwide flood of Genesis 7:10 through Genesis 7:24, will be as severe as the judgments that God will pour out upon the earth during the time of Matthew  Chapter 24, or anywhere within Revelation Chapters 6 through 18.Yet, there are pastors, teachers and other theologians, who will take a verse out of Matthew 24, in particular, as well as Revelation 6-18, and try to match it to a condition of the world that is taking place now; that is pretexting. A passage that can be used to relate to the events of today is 2 Timothy 3:1-5. The Matthew and Revelation passages that are addressed in this paragraph relate to the time of the Tribulation which will take place after the rapture of the church. The 2 Timothy passage addresses conditions that are present upon our earth now, and are confined to the church age, and will be present on our earth until the time of the rapture. 


C. The time and conditions which will be present upon our earth when the Tribulation begins is found in Daniel 9:27:


1. “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” Daniel 9:27, NASB.


2. Ryrie notes. (Daniel 9:27). “he.” The Antichrist will make a pact with many (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. “But 3 1/2 years later Antichrist will break his covenant, and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself. (See notes on Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4). At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20). 2

3. Before the time of the events of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-18 occur, the Antichrist will make a pact with unsaved Israel, which has not happened yet, and will not occur until the church is raptured from Earth to heaven (John 14:1-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Tit 2:13.

4. “The Day of the Lord” relates to the Tribulation and Millennium, as was written by the Old Testament Jewish Prophets (Zeph 1:14; Joel 1:15; Isa 13:6; Ezek 30:3; Joel 2:1. Rryrie. 2

5. “The Day of Christ” (Phil 1:6, 10; 2:16) relates to the return of Christ for the rapture of the Church (Ryrie).] “Rapture” is taken out of context when it is used to mean “Day of the Lord.”


IV. Conclusion.


A. God’s plan for eternity is not based on the ungodly actions of His created beings. God has already made a plan that is based on His sovereign eternal purpose; i.e., Rom 11:25, which is the “fullness of the Gentiles.” Such a fullness is the time when a Godly determined number of Gentiles comes to belief in Christ as Lord and Savior, Messiah. At such a time (Rom 11:25), the hardening of the Jews toward Jesus will be removed and the Rapture will take place, with Jesus coming in the air, taking His believers to Heaven with Him (John 14:1-6); the Antichrist will be revealed with His pact with unsaved Israel taking place (Daniel 9:27); the Tribulation will begin, with the judgments of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6:1-18:24 being poured out on earth by God, through Christ and God’s angels, on all (unbelievers, Jew and Gentile) who remain on the earth (See Rev 6:1, 6:3, 6:5, 6:7, etc.). The judgments of the Tribulation do not come at the hands of Satan, the Antichrist, mankind, or “mother nature” (there is no mother nature!). 


B. It is important to know that the judgments of Matthew 24 are shown in a capsule view of the judgments of Revelation. Those judgments have not begun yet, and will not begin until after the Rapture of the church takes place. No one should relate any event that is taking place on earth now, to any judgment that is prophesied to happen in either Revelation 24 or the Book of Revelation. The fall of Adam and Eve, with the resulting curse (Gen 3:17), has affected, and will continue to affect all of the perfection that is shown in Genesis 1 and 2, until the curse is removed in the eternal state (Rev 22:3). 


C. As opposed to Jesus coming in the air at the Rapture to take His church with Him to Heaven, these verses: “Zechariah 14:1-5, 9, Matthew 24:29-30 and Rev 19:11-21” show Christ returning to earth with believers of all times, and angels, to set up His prophesied “earthly, millennial kingdom on earth,” where Christ will rule and reign for 1,000 years. After 1,000 years, the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem will be the reigning place of God, and of Christ ( Rev 21:1-3, 22).


D. Much more can be said on the subject of Matthew 24, and how it relates to the prophecies of the Book of Revelation, but I will stop here.


V. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 

2. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary.

4. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament.

5.  Dr. Tim LaHaye (D. Min., D. Litt.; 1926-2016). Revelation Illustrated & Made Plain.

6.  Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary.


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy


Revelation Prophecy – Chapters 4 – 5

I. Video Data. 1


When we get to heaven will we see God with our own eyes?


II. Overview.


A. Here begins the third section of the book (see 1:19) describing what is yet future. This section can be divided into three parts: the coming Tribulation (chaps. 6-19), the Millennium (chap 20), and the new heavens and new earth (chaps. 21-22). 2


B. In Chapter 4, the primary focus is on God the Father, sitting on His throne, enjoying the worship of His creatures. In Chapter 5, the focus is on God the Son, the Messiah of Israel, our Lord Jesus Christ. 3 


C. In John’s first apocalyptic vision, the seven-sealed scroll arises in a heavenly vision setting that is dominated by a throne, more specifically by the one sitting on that throne. Chapter 4 focuses on God the Creator who delivers the seven-sealed scroll, and Chapter 5 on God (i.e., Christ) the Redeemer, the only one found worthy to take it and open the seals. 4 

D. The scene has changed from earth to heaven (4:1). The Apostle Paul was once caught up into the third heaven and saw things “not lawful for a man to utter” (2 Cor 12:4). Now, John is caught up and is shown things he has already been commanded to communicate to men (1:1). Three things are impressed indelibly upon his mind. He sees an unforgettable throne, and unforgettable throng, and experiences an unforgettable thrill. 5 


E. These chapters (4-5) look to the future for the first time in the book and contain John’s initial description of heaven. He was caught up in a vision where he saw the Father and the Son in the midst of a host of angels. The Father received praise for His creation of the world, and the Son for His redeeming work on the cross. The original readers would have been comforted by understanding that, while their world was most uncertain, heaven was properly focused and stable. 6 


F. Chapters 4 and 5 are the introduction and background of the tremendous sweep of prophetic events predicted in the rest of the book. If chapter 4 and succeeding chapters relate to the future, they provide an important clue concerning the interpretation of the vision and the prophetic events which unfold in those chapters. One of the principal reasons for confusion in the study of the book of Revelation has been the failure to grasp this point. If Revelation has no chronological structure and is merely a symbolic presentation of moral truth, its prophetic significance is reduced to a minimum. If, as others hold, the predictions of this section of Revelation are already fulfilled in the early persecution of the church, it also robs the book of any prophecy of the future. 7

 
III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapters 4 and 5. 8


https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+4-5&version=NASB1995

IV. Verse Examination. 9

A. 4:2. “I was in the spirit,” as in the 1:10 post.

B. 4:4. “24 elders.” Some understand these to be angelic beings, though it is likely that the 24 elders represent redeemed people, who are glorified, crowned, and enthroned. Angels are never said to be given crowns, though believers are (2 Timothy 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Revelation 2:10). 

C. 4:5. “7 Spirits of God,” as in the 1:4 post. 

D. 4:6. “4 living creatures,” or living ones. These may be angels, probably cherubim (cf. Ezek. 10:15-20), or they may be representations of the attributes of God, Himself (since they are said to be “in the center” of the throne).

E. 4:7. Many see a similarity between the 4 living ones and the fourfold manner in which Christ is portrayed in the Gospels. In Matthew He appears as the Lion of the tribe of Judah; in Mark He is the Servant who became the sacrifice for sin (the calf was a sacrificial animal, Heb 9:12, 19); Luke’s emphasis is on the Son of Man; and “a flying eagle” links Him with heaven, as does John’s gospel. 

F. 4:8-11. Here is a great anthem of praise by the 4 living ones and the 24 elders to God as creator. In 5:11-14 the focus of worship is on God as Redeemer.

G. 5:1. “a book.” Lit., a scroll. This may be called the “Book of Redemption,” as it contains the story of man’s fall through sin, and rise through Christ (Heb. 2:5-9). 

H. 5:5. “the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah.” The noblest and victorious of the kingly tribe (cf. Gen. 49:9). “the Root of David.” The one who fulfills the covenant with David (cf. Isa. 11:1, 10). The messiah, John is assured, is competent and worthy to break the 7 seals and open the scroll to release the plagues.

I. 5:6. “as if slain.” Christ, the Lamb, bears the marks of His death (See Luke 24:40; John 20:20, 27) even in His glorified state. “horns” are a symbol of strength (cf. 1 Kings 22:11; Zech 1:18). 

J. 5:8. “bowls,” like saucers.

K. 5:9-10. The Lamb is worthy because He died in the past to pay the ransom price for the sins of the world, positioned  us in the present as a kingdom and priests before God, and gave us a promise of reigning on the earth in the future. A few mss. read “us” and “we” in verse 10 instead of “them” and “they.” In either case, the elders could be singing of their own redemption in either the first or third person. 

L. 5:13. All creation joins in praise to God and the Lamb.

M. 5:14. The heavenly scene of chaps. 4 and 5 give heaven’s perspective on the need for the awful judgments to follow, for Christ’s right to reign must be realized, and sin must be punished.


V. My Thoughts. The “redeemed” of Revelation 4:4.


A. The New Testament redeemed consists of those whom will be caught up in the resurrection and rapture of believers in Christ (John 14:2-6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). 

B. The Old Testament redeemed will have already been taken to Heaven, per Ephesians 4:8. 10 

C. Job spoke of his redeemer (Job 19:25-27).


VI. Summary.


In these fourth and fifth chapters of Revelation we considered: 4:1 John’s vision of the throne of God in heaven, 4:4 and of the twenty-four elders around it. 4:10 The elders worship him that sits on the throne. 5:1 The book sealed with seven seals. 5:3 No man is able to open it. 5:5 The Lamb that was slain takes the book; whereupon the elders and angels around the throne join in thanksgiving and praise to him. 11


VII. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show.  Speakers: Drs. Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (Th. M.; J. D., Ph. D.).

2. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

3. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.

4. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.


5. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 

6. Dr. Daniel D. Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary.

7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary. 

8. Scripture link pasted from Bible Gateway, New American Standard Bible.

9. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

10. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Ephesians Commentary. 

11.  Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor)


VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapters 2 And 3

I. Video Data. Are the letters to the seven churches relevant to us today? 10


II. Overview. 


A. These are letters dictated by the risen Lord to seven literal churches in western Asia Minor toward the end of the first century of the Christian era. 1


B. Chapters 2-3 are devoted to describing practical standards of behavior for the seven churches, and that the Apocalypse was written for a distinctively practical purpose. 2


C. The seven churches are addressed here. They have a common structure that includes:  (1) a greeting, (2) commendations , (3) corrections, (4) an exhortation to repent, and (5) a promise of reward for those who overcome. Most are also encouraged by some aspect Christ’s character from 1:4-20. 3 


D. The seven churches addressed in chapters 2 and 3 were actual churches of John’s day. But, they also represent conditions of churches of all generations. This idea is supported by the fact that only seven were selected out of many that existed and flourished in John’s time and by the statement at the close of each letter that the Spirit was speaking to the churches (vv 7, 11, etc.). 4 


E. The things that are said about each of these churches is a message intended for all churches. There are seven problems or descriptions to which all churches may at one time or another subscribe.  These troubles affect all Christians and churches not only when such matters specifically begin to influence us, but also when a given period of time is generally characterized by these problems. 5 


F. The seven letters are, with minor exceptions, organized in the following general pattern: (1) a description of Christ derived from the vision of ch. 1; (2) a commendation of the congregation; (3) a rebuke for spiritual deficiencies; (4) a correction for what is wrong; and (5) a promise to overcomers. The seven churches were congregations in Asia Minor in John’s day. Sometimes they are interpreted as representing seven stages of church history. But this interpretation is unlikely, since there is disagreement among interpreters about what part of Revelation represents which period in history. More likely, these seven assemblies are examples of the kind of churches that exist throughout history (2:7). This means that all seven letters are warnings to every church in every age (see 2:7). 6

G. In the second chapter of the book of Revelation the second major division of the book begins. As previously mentioned, chapter 1 seems to fulfill the command of 1:19, “Write the things which thou hast seen.” Beginning in chapter 4, the material deals with “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). In chapters 2 and 3 the messages to the seven churches are referred to as “the things which are” (cf. 1:19). These messages, therefore, contain divine revelation and exhortation pertaining to the present age; and, having special pertinence in the present situation in the church, they constitute one of the most incisive and penetrating exhortations in the entire New Testament in relation to church doctrine and Christian living.  7

H. Some people hold that these churches, in general,  represent the history of the church – the idea that the church in Ephesus represents the apostolic church, the others the progress of the church through the centuries, and the church at Laodicea as the final church at the time of Christ’s coming. There is, however, no scriptural verification of this type of interpretation.  8


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapters 2 and 3. 12

IV. Verse Examination. 11

A. 2:1-7. Ephesus. the church that had forsaken its first love (2:4).

B. 2:8-11. Smyrna. the church that would suffer persecution (2:10).

C. 2:12-17. Pergamum. the church that needed to repent (2:16).

D. Thyatira. 2:18-19, the church that had a false prophetess (2:20).

E. Sardis. 3:1-6. the church that had fallen asleep (3:2).

F. Philadelphia. 3:7-13. the church that had endured patiently (3:10).

G. Laodicea. 3:14-22. the church with the lukewarm faith (3:16).

V. My Thoughts.


As was mentioned in the Overview, there were problems in the churches that existed during the time of John, that also exist during the time in which we live now; such problems can interfere with the work of the church in evangelizing and in teaching the love of Christ. In every congregation, the love of Christ should be visible, and without anyone being forced to look for it.  Also, in every congregation, the Bible should be taught, and in its proper context. 

VI. Summary. 9


In these second and third chapters of Revelation we considered: 2:1 Christ’s message to the angel of the church in Ephesus. 2:8 in Smyrna. 2:12 in Pergamos. 2:18 in Thyatira. 3:1 in Sardis. 3:7 in Philadelphia. 3:14 Laodicea.


VII. Footnotes.  


1. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary. 
2. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.
3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014.
4. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.
5. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.
6. Dr. A. Boyd Luter (M. Th., D. Th., Ph. D.) Holman Christian Standard Bible,  2010. 
7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 
8. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Every Prophecy Of The Bible, 1990, 1999, p 526
9. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor)
10. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 
11. Got Questions. 
12. New American Standard Bible, 1995, pasted from Bible Hub.

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 1

I. Video Data. How is Jesus described in Revelation, Chapter 1? 1


II. Overview.


A. The first chapter of Revelation describes how God prepared John to receive subsequent portions of the revelation that were to constitute the book. After John introduces the work  in its prologue (1:1-8), he describes a vision of Christ especially designed to direct the prophet’s thinking into channels appropriate to what follows in subsequent chapters (1:9-20). 2 


B. The content of the book was revealed by Jesus Christ (v 1). The transmission of the material began with God the Father and was given progressively to Jesus, an angel, the apostle himself, and finally the seven churches of Asia Minor. Blessings were promised for the one who would read the prophetic scroll to the various congregations, as well as to those who would hear and obey its teachings. 3

C. The opening verse of the first chapter introduces immediately the central theme of the book of Revelation, namely, Jesus Christ in His present and future glory. The futuristic and prophetic character of the book is indicated in the words “a revelation of Jesus Christ” in which God will declare to John “things which must shortly come to pass.” The word revelation is the translation of apokalypsis without the article, meaning a “revelation, disclosure, or unveiling.” It is a revelation of truth about Christ Himself, a disclosure of future events, that is, His second coming when Christ will be revealed. It is as well a revelation which comes from Christ. 4


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 1. 5

The Revelation of Jesus Christ

The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

Message to the Seven Churches

John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood— and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

The Patmos Vision

I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet, 11 saying, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.”

12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands; 13 and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. 14 His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. 15 His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. 16 In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.

17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. 19 Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


IV. Verse Examination. 6


A. 1:1. “of Jesus Christ” = from Jesus Christ. Jesus gave this revelation from God, by means of an angel, to John. “soon.” This word does not indicate that the events described in this book will necessarily occur soon but that when they do begin to happen they will come to pass swiftly. (The same Greek word is translated “quickly” in Luke 18:8.)


B. 1:3. ‘Blessed.” There are seven beatitudes in Revelation. This is the first; the others are found in 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14. John wanted the book read at once, and preferable aloud, in the churches.


C. 1:4. “seven.” The number seven is associated with completion, fulfillment and perfection. In Revelation there are seven churches and seven spirits (1:4), seven lampstands (1:12), seven stars (1:16), seen seals on the scroll (5:1), seven horns and seven eyes of the Lamb (5:6), seven angels and seven trumpets (8:2), seven thunders (10:3), seven heads of the dragon (12:3), seven heads of the beast (13:1), seven golden bowls (15:7), and seven kings (17:10). “the seven spirits.” Many understand this to refer to the Holy Spirit in His perfect fullness (see 4:5a; Isa 11:2), though some take this as a reference to seven angels who are before God’s throne.


D. 1:5. “firstborn of the dead.” I.e., Christ was the first to receive a resurrection body that is immortal. See Col 1:15, where He is designated the firstborn of of every creature (cf. Ps 89:27). 


E. 1.6. “a kingdom, priests.” Description  of both Israel (Ex 19:6) and the church (1 Pet 2:9-10), indicating that we shall minister to Him forever.


F. 1:7. On “pierced” see Zech 12:10. “all…will mourn.” See Matt 24:29:30). 


G. 1:8. “the Alpha and the Omega.” The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, indicating that the Lord God is the beginning and end of all things. 


H. 1:9. “Patmos.” A small island in the Aegean Sea, SW of Ephesus.


I. 1:10. “in the Spirit.” I. e., in a state of spiritual “ecstasy.” “on the Lord’s day.” Likely not a reference to Sunday (which is called the first day of the week in the NT) but literally a “lordian day,” or an “imperial day” (the same adjective is used elsewhere only in 1 Cor 11:20), referring  to the contents of the vision that reveal the future time when Christ will judge and rule.


J. 1:12. “lampstands.” These represent the seven churches mentioned in verse 11 (see also v 20). 


K. 1:13. Christ’s clothing designates Him as priest and judge. Notice the description of the Ancient of Days in Dan 7:9. 


L. 1:14. “like white wool…..snow.” Pictures Christ’s wisdom and purity. “His eyes were like a flame of fire.”Piercing and penetrating in holiness. Compare the figure used in 1 Cor 3:13 in relation to judgment. 


M 1:15. His “feet” walked through the trials and limitations of His earthly life. No one will talk back to one who has such a “voice.”


N. 1:16-20. “In His right hand he held seven stars.” The right hand is the place of honor (cf. Eph 1:20). The stars are the “angels of the seven churches” (v 20). The word “angel” may mean “a superhuman being,” implying that each church has a special guardian angel or, more likely, it refers to the human leader of each local church. (See Luke 9:52 and James 2:25, where the word “angels,” translated “messengers,” is used of human beings.)  “sword.” A symbol both of the truth and of the severity of the Word of God (Heb 4:12). 


O. 1:17. “I am the first and the last.” In verse 8 God is called “the Alpha and the Omega.” Here, Christ gives Himself a similar title. 


P. 1:18. “the keys of death and of Hades.” The keys denote the authority of Christ over physical death and Hades, the place that temporarily holds the immaterial part of the unbeliever between death and the ultimate casting into the lake of fire (see 20:14).


Q. 1:19. This verse gives the basic outline of the book:  (1) “things which you (John) have seen,” as recorded in chap 1; (2) “things which are;” i.e., the present state of the churches (chaps 2-3); and (3) “things which will take place after these things.” The third section clearly begins with 4:1, since the same phrase is used there.


R. 1:20. “the….stars are the angels.” 


V. My Thoughts.


A. Rev 1:19, per Dr. Ryrie’s note:  (2) “things which are;” i.e., the present state of the churches (chaps 2-3). There is much teaching on the churches of Revelation Chapters 2 and 3, as to future date periods for each of the mentioned churches, from the date forward of the Revelation, such as:

The Church of Ephesus era occurred from 33-100 A.D.
The Church of Smyrna era, the Persecuted Church, occurred from 100-313 A.D.
The Church of Pergamos era occurred from 313-538 A.D.
The era of the Church of Thyatira, the Pagan Church 538-1514 A.D.
The Church of Sardis era, the Dead Church, occurred during the 1514 – 1798 A.D.
The era of the Church of Philadelphia occurred from 1798 – 1866 A.D.
The era of the Church of Laodicea, the Lukewarm Church, 1866 A.D. – present

B. Based on such flawed assumptions of when certain church periods will occur, the rapture of the church could not have been possible until present day. Per Paul’s writing of Titus 2:13, “l
ooking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,” Christians were looking forward to the return of Christ, from the time of Paul’s writing of Titus in the year 65 A.D. John Walvoord had a sign in his office at Dallas Theological Seminary with the words, “Maybe Today.” As in the time of the writing of the New Testament, until all years forward, there has always been a teaching of imminency in regard to the Rapture of the Church. However, if the above suggested church periods were true, the Rapture could not have occurred until sometime during the “present”? Laodicean Church age. Chapters 2 and 3 address churches as they were functioning at the time of John’s writing. As we move on to chapters two and three of Revelation, we will see that every church problem that The Revelation addresses, has been common to the churches of every era of time, from the time of the Revelation, through present day churches. 


C. In addition to the “church ages” incorrect teachings, it is important to address another incorrect teaching in reference to the Book of Revelation. Many people relate to “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, ” as to “the book of revelations.” But, per Rev 1:1, the correct wording is “The Revelation.” The Book of Revelation is “one revelation” (singular) that Jesus gave to the Apostle John, and “not many revelations” (plural).


VI. Summary. 7


In this first chapter of Revelation we considered: The preface (vs 1-3); John’s salutation to the seven churches of Asia (vs 4-6 ); the coming of Christ (vs 7-8); the Apostle’s vision in Patmos (vs 9-16); the effect of the vision of Patmos on the Apostle (vs 17-18); what the Apostle is commanded to write (vs 19-20).


VII. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show: Drs. Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J. D., Ph. D.).

2. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.

3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014. 

4. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

5. Scripture Text. Revelation 1, New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

6. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

7. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Introduction

I. Opening Video Data.

What are the three main themes in the Book of Revelation? 1 


II. Introduction. 


This series of articles on the Book of Revelation will be a refining of previous posted articles on this subject. The purpose of this series of articles is to write each chapter in Revelation in a more concise narrative, thereby making it easier for someone to understand and explain to others. The website category for this series of articles is “About Revelation.”


III. Overview. 2


Revelation WRITER: The Apostle John (1:1) 


DATE: A.D. 96 


THEME: The theme of the Revelation is Jesus Christ ( 1:1), presented in a threefold way: 


1. As to time: “which is, and which was, and which is to come” (1:4); 
2. As to relationships–the churches (1:9-3:22), to the tribulation (4:1-19:21), to the kingdom (20:1-22:21); 3. In His offices–High Priest (8:3-6), Bridegroom (19:7-9), King-Judge (20:1-15). 


But while Christ is thus the central theme of the book, all of the events move toward one consummation, the bringing in of the covenanted kingdom. The key-phrase is the prophetic declaration of the “great voices in heaven” (11:15), “The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. .” The book is, therefore, a prophecy (1:3). 


The three major divisions of Revelation must be clearly held if the interpretation is to be sane and coherent. John was commanded to “write” concerning three classes of “things” (1:19): 


1. Things past, “the things thou hast seen,” i.e. the Patmos vision, 1:1-20. 
2. Things present, “the things which are,” i.e. things then existing–obviously the churches. The temple had been destroyed, the Jews dispersed: the testimony of God had been committed to the Churches (1 Timothy 3:15). Accordingly we have seven messages to seven representative churches, 2:1-3:22. It is noteworthy that the church is not mentioned in chapters 5-18. 
3. Things future, “things which shall be hereafter,” lit. “after these,” i.e. after the church period ends, 4:1-22:21. The third major division, as Erdman (W.J.) has pointed out, falls into a series of six sevens, with parenthetical passages, making, with the church division, seven sevens. The six sevens are: 


1. The seals, 4:1-8:1. 
2. The seven trumpets, 8:2-11:19. 
3. The seven personages, 12:1-14,20. 
4. The seven vials (bowls), 15:1-16:21. 
5. The seven dooms, 17:1-20:15. 
6. The seven new things, 21:1-22:21. 

The parenthetical passages are: 


1. The Jewish remnant and the tribulation saints, 7:1-17. 
2. The angel, the little book, the two witnesses, 10:1-11:14. 
3. The Lamb, the Remnant, and the everlasting Gospel, 14:1-13. 
4. The gathering of the kings at Armageddon, 16:13-16. 
5. The four alleluias in heaven, 19:1-6. 


These passages do not advance the prophetic narrative. Looking backward and forward they sum up results accomplished, and speak of results yet to come as if they had already come. In 14:1, for example, the Lamb and Remnant are seen prophetically on Mount Sion, though they are not actually there till 20:4-6. The end of the church period (2-3) is left indeterminate. It will end by the fulfilment of 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17. Chapters 4-19 are believed to synchronize with Daniel’s Seventieth Week (See Scofield Daniel 9:24). The great tribulation begins at the middle of the week, and continues three and a half years (11:3-19:21). The tribulation is brought to an end by the appearing of the Lord and the battle of Armageddon (Matthew 24:29,30; Revelation 19:11-21). The kingdom follows (20:4,5); after this the “little season” (20:7-15), and then eternity. 


Interpreters of the Revelation should bear in mind two important passages: 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Peter 1:20,21. Doubtless much which is designedly obscure to us will be clear to those for whom it was written as the time approaches. 


IV. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.; 1940-2021). 
2. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921),  Scofield Reference Notes 1917.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 22 Prophecy – The New Jerusalem


I. Opening Video Data. How does John describe New Jerusalem? 1


II. Introduction. 2


In this twenty-second chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following:   a. The river and tree of life; the blessedness of God’s servants. b. The conclusion: sundry directions, promises and exhortations. c. Nothing may be added to, or taken from, the words of this book.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 22 (NASB). 3.

The River and the Tree of Life

1 And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illuminate them; and they will reign forever and ever.

And he said to me, “These words are faithful and true”; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.

“And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”

I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. And he *said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brothers the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book. Worship God!”

The Final Message

10 And he *said to me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 Let the one who does wrong still do wrong, and the one who is filthy still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous still practice righteousness, and the one who is holy still keep himself holy.”

12 “Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to reward each one as his work deserves. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”

14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they will have the right to the tree of life, and may enter the city by the gates. 15 Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral persons, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.

16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you of these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”

17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires, take the water of life without cost.

18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.


IV. Verse Examination. 4


A. 22:1-2. These descriptive phrases indicate fullness of life and continuous blessing in the New Jerusalem.


B. 22:3-5.  The “curse” and all darkness will be excluded, and service, communion, and reigning will be the believers’ privileges


C. 22:8-9. Again, John is commanded not to worship angels (See 19:10).


D. 22:11. When Christ comes, there will be no more opportunity for a man to change his destiny. What he is then will be forever.


E. 22:12. Salvation is not of works, but rewards are.


F. 22:14. “Blessed are those who wash their robes.” I.e., believers.


G. 22:15. “dogs.” Not animals, but people of low character (cf. Phil 3:2).


H. 22:16-17. Jesus is gracious because (1) He gave the book of Revelation to the churches, (2) as the son of “David” He will fulfill Israel’s promises, (3) He is the “morning star,” the precursor of the new day, and (4) He offers the “water of life” freely.


I. 22:18: For similar OT warnings against additions or omissions, see Deu 4:2; 12:32, Prov 30:6.


J. 22:20. “Yes, I am coming quickly.” The third occurrence of this promise (see vv 7, 12). The believer’s reaction is, “Do come quickly, Lord Jesus.”


V. Reinforcement.


A. The description of the New Jerusalem, which began at 21:9, continues on through the fifth verse of chapter 22. Throughout this section, John employs the imagery of a magnificent city to describe the people of God in the glorious and eternal age to come. 5. 


B. Water is sometimes used figuratively for God, who brings peace from chaos (Isa 8:6; 33:21-24), but that is not likely here. More, to the point, is a continuing parallel with Eden (Gen 2:10-17; 3:22-24). Paradise will be regained. It may be that the river will flow under a dual throne that straddles it. The presence of a “healing” tree (v 2) has led some to place this paragraph back in the millennium, but this would ruin the clear sequence of the text. Better is the view that it symbolizes God’s work in maintaining the invulnerable state of the redeemed. Verses 3-5 reveal some of heaven’s wonderful blessings: absence of death through the removal of the Edenic curse (v 3; see Gen 3:1-24), opportunity to “serve” God, and the privilege of ruling as had been intended originally (v 5; see Gen 1:28). Believers in the new Jerusalem would be servant-kings, ever praising and serving God, yet reigning, themselves,  for eternity. 6.


C. The whole of the things described in the remaining portion of the book are subsequent to the general judgment, and descriptive of the consummation of the triumph and bliss of Christ’s people with Him in the eternal kingdom of God. As a provision for the saints and in keeping with the complete holiness and purity of the heavenly city, John sees a pure river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. This is not to be confused with the river issuing from the millennial sanctuary (Ezek 47:1, 12) nor with that of the living waters going forth from Jerusalem (Zech 14:8)  also in the millennial scene. These millennial streams anticipate, however, this future river which is in the new Jerusalem, which speaks of the power, purity, and eternal life manifest in the heavenly city. This river corresponds to the present believer’s experience of the outflow of the Spirit and eternal life. The throne is indicated as that of both God and the Lamb; this confirms that Christ is still on the throne in the eternal state, though the throne has a different character than during His mediatorial rule over the earth. 7.


VI. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Speakers are Dr. Ron Rhodes (Th.M.,Th.D.), Dr. Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), and Dr. Mark Hitchcock (J.D., Th. M., Ph. D.)


2. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


3.  New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995), pasted from Bible Gateway.

4. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


5. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977; NIV Study Bible, 2008.


6. Dr. Daniel Green. Th. M.; D. Min. The Moody Bible Commentary On Revelation, 2014. 


7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974. 


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 21 – The Eternal State

I. Opening Video Data.


John Ankerberg Show. Drs.: Ron Rhodes (Th. M. ,Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (J.D., Th. M., Ph. D.)


II. Introduction.


Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor) . 


In this twenty-first chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following: 1 A new heaven and new earth. 3 The blessings of God’s people. 8 The doom of the wicked. 9 The heavenly Jerusalem described. 22 No temple there. 23 The light and glory of the city. 27 Nothing that defiles can enter therein.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 20. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995).

The New Heaven and Earth

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among the people, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”

And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.” Then He said to me, “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give water to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life, without cost. The one who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son. But for the cowardly, and unbelieving, and abominable, and murderers, and sexually immoral persons, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, full of the seven last plagues, came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

The New Jerusalem

10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very valuable stone, like a stone of crystal-clear jasper. 12 It had a great and high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on the gates, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, twelve thousand stadia; its length, width, and height are equal. 17 And he measured its wall, 144 cubits, by human measurements, which are also angelic measurements18 The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundation stones of the city wall were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. 25 In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; 26 and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; 27 and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.


IV. Verse Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 21:1. “a new heaven and a new earth.” The present creation will be destroyed so that it may be cleansed from all the effects of sin (2 Peter 3:7, 10, 12). No more “sea” because climatic and human conditions will be completely different.


B. 21:2. “new Jerusalem.” This heavenly city will be the abode of all the saints (Heb 12:22-24), the bride of Christ (vv 9-10), and the place Christ is preparing for His people (John 14:2). During the Millennium the New Jerusalem (described in Rev 21:9-22:25) apparently will be suspended over the earth, and it will be the dwelling place of all believers during eternity (as is emphasized in 21:1-8).


C. 21:3-4. People will enjoy a new intimacy with God, and the elimination of those sorrows that sin brings.


D. 21:8. Those whose lives can be characterized in these ways will be cast into the lake of fire, because they have shown themselves to be unbelievers. “brimstone”=sulphur.


E. 21:11. The city will shine with the “glory of God,” like “crystal-clear Jasper,” which will allow that glory to shine brilliantly.


F. 21:12-14. Though both Jewish saints and Christian saints will inhabit the city, the names of the “twelve tribes” and the “twelve apostles” are a witness to their continued distinction.


G. 21:16-17. Shaped foursquare like a cube, the city is 1380 mi (2220 km) on each face, including height, with a wall 72 yd (66 m) thick. It has been calculated that even if only 25 percent of this space were used for dwellings, 20 billion people could be accommodated spaciously.


H. 21:19-20. “chalcedony.” Probably a greenish agate stone. (The exact composition and color of all these precious stones is unknown.) “sardonyx.” Red and white stone. “sardius.” Bright red. “chrysolite.” Golden in color. “beryl.” Sea green. “topaz.” Yellow-green. “chrysoprase.” Apple green. “jacinth.” Blue. “amethyst.”  Purple.


I. 21: 24. Whether these “nations” and “kings” are millennial people or resurrected people in the eternal state is unclear. In either case, only the redeemed will be allowed into the city (v 27).


V. Discussion. 


A. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M.; D. Min). The Moody Bible Commentary On Revelation, 2014. 


The eternal state is pictured as a physical place. It includes land, buildings, trees, and water. Believers will interact with one another and engage in meaningful service for God.


B. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977; NIV Study Bible, 2008.


In the closing chapters of Isaiah, God promised that He would “create new heavens and a new earth” (Isa 65:17) which would remain before Him forever (Isa 66:22). The fulfillment of this promise begins to unfold in John’s vision of the New Jerusalem coming down out of heaven to take its place on the new earth. It comprises the last major unit of the Apocalypse (Rev 21:1- 22:5). “The Holy City” combines elements of Jerusalem, the temple and the Garden of Eden. 


C. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 


Following the judgment of the great white throne depicted in the closing verses of chapter 20, John’s attention is next directed to the new heaven and the new earth which replace the old heaven and the old earth which fled away (20:11). The expression “And I saw” is the first of three such statements in this chapter marking the major elements of the revelation (cf. 21:2, 22). The new heaven and new earth presented here are evidently not simply the old heaven and earth renovated, but an act of new creation (cf. discussion at 20:11). No description is given of either the new heaven or the new earth in verse 1 except for the cryptic statement “There was no more sea.” There is remarkably little revealed in the Bible concerning the character of the new heaven and the new earth, but it is evidently quite different from their present form of existence. Most of the earth is now covered with water, but the new earth apparently will have no bodies of water except for the river mentioned in 22:2.

D. Mine.

Rev 21:8. The context of this verse is that of people who had been born during the Millennium, but had not been born again with the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirit, prompting them to righteous living. These Rev 21:8 people had been born from parents who had survived the Tribulation and had entered the Millennium in mortal bodies, being able to procreate; the parents had been born again but had not yet received resurrected bodies. Those who will be born during the Millennium will have to accept Christ as Lord and Savior (per John 3:16) in order for them to be born again so that they can enter the Eternal State, which must be in resurrected bodies. These Rev 21:8 “millennial unbelievers” will find their fate in the Lake of Fire (Rev 20:15). Rev 21:8 shows lifestyles in these millennial people that are not consistent with those who had believed in Christ through the personal teachings of Christ, during the Millennium (Isa 2:2-3). The context of the ministry of Jesus in Matt 7:23 to first century Jews (“I never knew you”) is that of Jews who will survive the Tribulation but will not come to belief in Christ as Lord and Savior, “during the Tribulation.” John 3:3 dictates the situation, “you must be born again.” 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 shows another context, which is of the Church Age, during which time we are now living. This passage shows ungodly lifestyles which are inconsistent with people who have been born again, which will prevent them from entering the Eternal State. The passage also shows the necessary change that is needed in the lives of those who have not been born again, so that they can enter the Eternal State, per John 3:3, “you must be born again.” John 3:3 relates to every person, regardless of their time of life on earth, whether “past, present or future.” During the Millennium, unbelievers will have the direct Presence and teaching of Christ. In this “Church Age,” we have the benefit of the saving ministry of God’s Holy Spirit and His written biblical Word. The truth of the words of John 3:3 can not be undermined: “Jesus responded and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless someone is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God” (per John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life”).

VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 20 – The Millennial Kingdom

I. Opening Video.

Marking The Times Episode 29: Millennial Kingdom. Dr. Mark Hitchcock (J. D., Th. M., Ph. D.) answers your questions relating to the role of believers after the Millennial Kingdom and Christ sitting on King David’s throne.


II. Introduction. 


Revelation Chapter 20 discusses the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. The Kingdom will be an earthly existence. The Millennium is the length of time that the Kingdom, or Kingdom Age, will last. Key verses will be examined that relate to the Kingdom, in its prophesied earthly existence. Following, will be discussions on the events of the Kingdom Age. Those who will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium are described in the following verses: Daniel 12:1-3 (Pre-Church Age Saints); Matthew 19:28 (Apostles of Christ); 1 Corinthians 6:2 (Church Age Saints).


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 20. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995).

Satan Bound

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he took hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he threw him into the abyss and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their foreheads and on their hands; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with Him for a thousand years.

Satan Freed and Doomed

When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

Judgment at the Throne of God

11 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them; and they were judged, each one of them according to their deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.


IV. Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,

A. 20:1. “the abyss.” The place where all evil spirits will ultimately be consigned. See Luke 8:31.


B.20.2. “a thousand years” (mentioned six times in this chapter). Since the Latin equivalent for these words is “millennium,” this period of time is called the Millennium. It is the time when Christ shall reign on this earth (Isa 2:3; Dan 7:14; Zech 14:9). Satan will not be free to work (here in v 2), righteousness will flourish (Isa 11:3-5), peace will be universal (Isa 2:4), and the productivity of the earth will be greatly increased (Isa 35:1-2). At the conclusion of the time Satan will be loosed to make one final attempt to overthrow Christ, but without success (vv 7-9).


C. 20:4. The occupants of the “thrones” are not identified. Some think they are the 12 disciples (Luke 22:29-30), others that they are the church saints (1 Cor 6:2; 2 Tim 2:12). “the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus.” These are the martyrs of the tribulation days who will be resurrected to share the joys of the millennial kingdom.


D. 20:5. “The rest of the dead.” The wicked dead will be raised and judged after the Millennium. “the first resurrection.” Refers back to the end of verse 4. This resurrection includes all the righteous (the resurrection of life, John 5:29, and the resurrection of the righteous, Luke 14:14). who will be raised before the Millennium begins.


E. 20:8. “God and Magog.” The worldwide enemies of Christ. Not the same battle as described in Ezek 38-29. The large number of rebels will come from the many people born during the Millennium, who, though giving outward obedience to the King, never accept Him.


F. 20:11-15. Here is pictured the judgment of the unbelieving dead. It occurs at the close of the Millennium. It is based on works in order to show that the punishment is deserved (v 12, though of course those unsaved people are first of all in this judgment  because they rejected Christ as Savior during their lifetimes); and it results in everyone in this judgment being cast into the lake of fire. This is the resurrection of judgment. 


G. 20:12. “before the throne,” upon which Christ sits as Judge (see v 11; John 5:22, 27). 


H. 20:13. The wicked dead will receive some kind of resurrection body in which they will be tormented forever.


V. Discussion.


A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.

This commentary understands the millennium portrayed as an earthly reign which follows the second coming of Christ.

B. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

This chapter presents the fact that Christ will reign on earth for a thousand years. If this chapter is taken literally, it is relatively simple to understand what is meant. However, because many Bible interpreters have rejected the idea that there will be a reign of Christ on earth for a thousand years after His second coming, this chapter has been given an unusually large number of diverse interpretations, all designed to eliminate a literal millennial reign.


C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary. 


The golden age has come. The armies of the nations have been disbanded, and the great military academies have fallen into ruin and decay. The machinery of war has all been smelted down and converted to the implements of peace. Jerusalem has become the world’s capital. The throne of David is there, and the twelve apostles are there judging the twelve tribes of Israel, for Israel rules the world. The millennial Temple has been built, and the nations of the world go there to worship the living God. Prosperity is evident from pole to pole and from the new river, which now graces Jerusalem to the ends of the earth. Poverty is unknown. Every man has all that a heart can desire. There are no prisons, no hospitals, no mental institutions, no barracks, no saloons, no houses of ill repute, no gambling dens, no homes for the aged and infirm; such things belong to a past and lesser age. The bloom of youth is on everyone’s cheek, for a man is a stripling at a hundred years of age. Cemeteries are crumbling relics of the past, and tears are rare. The wolf and lamb, the calf and the lion, the cow and the bear, the child and the scorpion are all at peace. Jesus has come, and the Millennium is here. The golden age, so frequently heralded by the prophets of Israel’s past, has dawned at last, and the earth is filled with the knowledge of God. Jesus is Lord, and he rules the nations with a rod of iron. His reign is righteous, and the nations obey. The principles of the Sermon on the Mount are the laws of the kingdom, and men obey them because infractions are not allowed. Sin is visited with swift and certain judgment. This era lasts for a thousand years.


VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 19 – Christ Returns To Earth, The Tribulation Ends, Judgment Begins.

I. Video Data.


Revelation Station: REVELATION is a compilation of movie clips edited into a high intensity visual aid BASED off events prophesied in the book of Revelation and elsewhere in the Bible. Viewers take note the video is NOT meant to be a DEFINED GUIDE to the Book of Revelation.

II. Introduction (Mine).


A. THE THINGS THAT ARE SHOWN IN THE OPENING VIDEO.WILL HAPPEN! The scenes in the video show a world of people, which have turned their backs on Christ as their Lord and Savior, and have found themselves in the Tribulation. Those whom have accepted Christ have been removed from the world and taken to Heaven by Christ prior to the events of the Tribulation judgments on the world, which come from Christ and His angels. God has chosen the Tribulation judgments to draw those, whom had previously rejected Christ, to saving faith in our Lord. 

B. It is at the end of the Great Tribulation that Israel is being attacked by all of the nations of the world at the Battle of Armageddon; the USA is one of those worldly attackers. The Jews see no way out of their impending destruction. Israel, and Jews everywhere, have denied Christ for centuries, but now they call on Him, in faith, to save them, which our Lord does. Christ descends from heaven with angels, and OT and NT saints, whom were resurrected or raptured prior to the beginning of the tribulation; they were then taken to Heaven where they have been waiting for this prophetic event for the salvation of God’s chosen people, the Jews (Deu 14:2). This article will discuss the second coming of Christ, when He will stand on planet earth. 


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 19. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Fourfold Hallelujah

1. After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying,

“Hallelujah! Salvation, glory, and power belong to our God, because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great prostitute who was corrupting the earth with her sexual immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her.” And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises forever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne, saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” And a voice came from the throne, saying,

“Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.” Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying,

“Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.

Marriage of the Lamb

Let’s rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, because the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His bride has prepared herself.” It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

Then he *said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb.’” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.” 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brothers and sisters who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

The Coming of Christ

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many crowns; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written: “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great feast of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, both free and slaves, and small and great.”

19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies, assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse, and against His army.

Doom of the Beast and False Prophet

20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire, which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.


IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 19:8. “the righteous acts of the saints.” The good works of believers will constitute the wedding garment when the congregation of the faithful are joined to Christ in marriage (2 Cor 11:2; Eph 3:26-27).

B. 19:9. “marriage supper.” Christ will take His bride, the church, to heaven before the tribulation begins; then, He will return with His bride at His second coming to the marriage supper on earth.

C. 19:11. “heaven opened.” This is the second coming of Christ to the earth — during the war of Armageddon, in which He will be the Victor and in which all who oppose Him will be slain (vv. 19, 21). “Faithful and true.” These terms have been used previously of Christ (1:5; 3:7).

D. 19:12. “His eyes are a flame of fire.” (See 1:14; 2:18). “a name written.” This is perhaps the same name He will write on the overcomer (2:17; 3:12). 

E. 19:13. “Dipped in the blood” of the enemies He conquers at His second coming. “The Word.”  This name, applied here to Christ is found only in writings of John (cf. John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1). 

F. 19:15. “rule.” Lit., shepherd. Christ will be a shepherding autocrat. “wine press.” It consisted of two receptacles, or vats, placed at different levels, in the upper one of which the grapes were trodden, while the lower one received the juice (cf, 14:20).

G. 19:17-18. So great will be the slaughter in the war of Armageddon that an angel will call together the fowls of heaven to eat the flesh of those who fall in battle.

H. 19:20. The beast and his false prophet will be the first occupants of the “lake of fire;” other unbelievers, now in hades, will join them at the end of the Millennium (20:14)


V. Reinforcement. 


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

Revelation 4-18 dealt primarily with the events of the Great Tribulation. Beginning in Chapter 19 there is a noticeable change. The Great Tribulation is now coming to its end and the spotlight focuses on heaven and the second coming of Christ. For the saints and angels it is a time of rejoicing and victory.


B. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014. 


Chapter 19 begins the description of the return of Christ. The first 10 verses refer to the celebrations taking place just prior to Christ’s return, and vv. 11-21 describe the details of the Messiah’s second advent in power. The second coming is an essential Christian doctrine, and the subject of extensive revelation (eg., Ps 2:1-2; Is 34:1-9; Dn 7:13-14; Zch 14:1-8; Mt 25:31-46; 1 Th 5:1-11).


C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.

The nineteenth chapter of Revelation has two main segments; songs of rejoicing triggered by the fall of Babylon (19:1-10) and the sequence of events surrounding the Lamb’s return to earth (19:11-21). Structurally speaking, 19:1-10 is the concluding part of the intercalation describing the demise of Babylon (17:1-18:24). The fourfold “hallelujahs” (19:1, 3, 4, 6) respond to the angel’s invitation to the heavenly community to rejoice (18:20). The formula of 19:9-10 concludes the section begun by the formula of 17:1-3, setting the intervening verses apart as a discussion of Babylon’s history up to the point of the seventh bowl. It is now time for the loudness of enthusiastic rejoicing to replace the silence of the ruined city (18:21-24).


VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 17-18 The Destruction Of Babylon


I. Opening Video Data.


John Ankerberg Show. From Our Series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021).


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974.


The Book of Revelation was written in order in which the truth was revealed to John, but the events described are not necessarily in chronological order. This is especially true of Rev 17, which probably occurred during the first half of the last seven years. Chapter 17 is the destruction of ecclesiastical Babylon, or Babylon as a religion. Chap 18 is the destruction of Babylon, as a city, and as an empire.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 17-18. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Doom of Babylon

17. 1.Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of sexual immorality, and those who live on the earth became drunk with the wine of her sexual immorality.” And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls, holding in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her sexual immorality, and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery: “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

“The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who live on the earth, whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was, and is not, and will come. Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains upon which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11 The beast which was, and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

Victory for the Lamb

14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them because He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.”

15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the prostitute sits are peoples and multitudes, and nations and languages. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

Babylon Is Fallen

18 1. After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated from his glory. And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. For all the nations have fallen because of the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of sexual immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich from the excessive wealth of her luxury.”

I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive any of her plagues; for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her offenses. Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. To the extent that she glorified herself and lived luxuriously, to the same extent give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ For this reason in one day her plagues will come, plague and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

Grief over Babylon

“And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of sexual immorality and lived luxuriously with her, will weep and mourn over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargo any more— 12 cargo of gold, silver, precious stones, and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk, and scarlet; every kind of citron wood, every article of ivory, and every article made from very valuable wood, bronze, iron, and marble; 13 cinnamon, spice, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, cattle, sheep, and cargo of horses, carriages, slaves, and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has left you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and people will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and all who make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich from her prosperity, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

21 Then a strong angel picked up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will never be found again. 22 And the sound of harpists, musicians, flute players, and trumpeters will never be heard in you again; and no craftsman of any craft will ever be found in you again; and the sound of a mill will never be heard in you again; 23 and the light of a lamp will never shine in you again; and the voice of the groom and bride will never be heard in you again; for your merchants were the powerful people of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your witchcraft. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all who have been slaughtered on the earth.”

IV. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 17:1. Babylon is represented as a “whore” whose unfaithfulness affects many people and nations (the “waters.” as explained in v 15).

B. 17:3. “a scarlet beast.” A reference to Antichrist and his allies on whom Babylon sits (controls).

C. 17:5. In Chap. 17 Babylon represents the false religious system during the Tribulation. In Chap. 18 Babylon represents more the political and commercial aspect of the revived Roman Empire headed by Antichrist. Thus, the term stands both for a city and a system (religious and commercial). “MOTHER OF HARLOTS.” The family of false religions is unfaithful to the Lord and thus is described as a harlot (vv. 1, 15-16).

D. 17:8. This would place the events of this chapter in the first half of the Tribulation period before Antichrist comes out of the “abyss” at its midpoint (11:7; 13:11).

E. 17:10. In addition, the seven heads in verse 9 are seven kings, probably a selective list either of Roman emperors or world empires.

F. 17 :12. The 10-nation federation that will form in the West and will be headed by Antichrist. (See 13:1 and Dan 7:24). “one hour.” I.e., for one purpose (as in Luke 22:53).

G. 17:15. The apostate church will be ecumenical, or worldwide.

H. 17:16. “these will hate the harlot.” The political power headed by Antichrist will overthrow the false church organization (probably at the mid-point of the Tribulation).

I. 18:2. “fallen.” A different event from 17:16, where the political power destroys religious Babylon in the middle of the Tribulation. 

J. 18:8. “in one day.” The judgment will be consummated in a single day.

K. 18:20. “God has pronounced judgment for you against her.” I.e., God has judged her for her treatment of you. Heaven and the martyrs may now rejoice.

L. 18:21. Babylon will sink into the sea like a rock.

M. 18:22-23. No happiness will be found in Babylon anymore.


V. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination Reinforcement. 


A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977, p 306.

Chapters 17 and 18 portray the judgment of God upon the great harlot, that citadel of pagan opposition to the cause of Christ.


B. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D.D., 1843-1921). Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).


The name “Babylon,” in prophecy, is sometimes used in a larger sense than mere reference to the ancient city or nation. There are two forms which Babylon is to have in the end-time: political Babylon and ecclesiastical Babylon. Political Babylon is the beast’s confederate empire, the last form of Gentile world dominion. Ecclesiastical Babylon is all apostate Christendom. It may very well be that this union will embrace all the religions of the world. Ecclesiastical Babylon is the “great prostitute,” and is to be destroyed by political Babylon, so that the beast may alone be the object of worship. The power of political Babylon will be destroyed by the return of the Lord in Glory (see Rev 19:7).


C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 

Chapters 17 – 18 deal with the whole question of Babylon. In Chap 17, we have “the Babylonish system” to consider, in Chap 18, we have the “Babylonish city.” Thus, there are two Babylons, and the one grows out of the other. The Beast controls the first, and creates the second. The Babylonish system is both religious and political. The religious system paves the way for the political system. In the beginning, the religious system supports the political system, but in the end the political system supplants the political system. The religious system is symbolized in Rev 17 as the Babylonian mother; the political system is symbolized as the Babylonian monster.


D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 364.


Rev 17 outlines the judgment on the great harlot, the apostate religious system, that exists in the tribulation period. The unbelieving professing church went into the tribulation period (Rev 2:22; 3:10), and a great religious system, under the domination of the great harlot, arose. In the campaign of Armageddon it has been seen how God judges the Gentile world powers and brings about their downfall. The northern confederacy was judged by God upon the mountains of Israel in the middle of the tribulation period. The kings of the East and their forces and the armies of the Beast were seen to be destroyed at the second advent of Christ to the earth. A fuller description of this judgment upon the Beast and his citadel is given in Rev 18. There, the political empire is seen to have been so closely united with the false religious empire that both are called by the same name. The destruction of the seat of the Beast’s power is accomplished by a divine visitation of judgment by fire (Rev 18:8). 


E. Dr. Daniel Green. (Th. M., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014.


“17:1-18:24.” This part of John’s vision described the end for the city of Babylon on the Euphrates and the world of people that followed her ways. It highlighted the truth of the apostle’s earlier warning (1 Jn 2:15-17). All who loved the power, idolatry, and riches of the world so exemplified by the city would see their dreams destroyed before their eyes. This section does not describe more judgments beyond the seals, trumpets, and bowls, but highlights certain aspects of them. “17:5-6.” The word “mystery” describes the city. It is not “mysterious,” suggesting a symbolic interpretation, but rather is something that was not known previously. “MOTHER OF HARLOTS” indicates that restored Babylon would be the worst of all unfaithful cities in history.


F. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.


The “seven hills” can, and probably does, have a nonliteral meaning as the end of v. 9 shows. The woman sits upon seven kings or kingdoms, as subsequent discussion will explain. The other alleged evidence for a Roman reference (to Babylon) is too general to be decisive. The references to “many waters” in v.1, and to the “wilderness” or “desert” in v. 3 are inapplicable to Rome, but fit quite well with Babylon on the Euphrates.


VI. My note. Revelation 17:5 Examination.


A. Translation Comparisons. “MYSTERY, BABYLON,” vs “a mystery, Babylon.”


1. KJV. “And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother Of Harlots And Abominations Of The Earth.”  


2. NKJV. “And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”


3. CSV. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: Babylon the Great, the Mother of Prostitutes and of the Detestable Things of the Earth.”


4. ESV. And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth’s abominations.”


5. NASB. “and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

6. NET. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the Great, the Mother of prostitutes and of the detestable things of the earth.”


7. NLT. “A mysterious name was written on her forehead: “Babylon the Great, Mother of All Prostitutes and Obscenities in the World.”


B. Dr. William D. Mounce (B.A., M. A., Ph. D.). Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament (Pasted from Bible Gateway).

5 And on her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of the abominations of the earth.”

https://reverseinterlinear.com/

https://www.billmounce.com/

https://www.biblicaltraining.org/biblical-greek/william-mounce

https://www.biblicaltraining.org/library/52-major-stories-of-the-bible/william-mounce


1. Rev 17:5 tells of a mystery, which is about Babylon, and does not tell about, “MYSTERY BABYLON,” (per KJV and NKJV).


2. The KJV and NKJV translations of “Mystery, Babylon,” are confusing and wrong.


3. Babylon means Babylon, and does not mean Rome (See above comments of Green and Thomas, and the closing video of Woods).

VII. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31. It is a must for instruction, and is a keeper.

Closing Video Data. 

Andrew M. Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.)

Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.

“VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 16 – The Bowl Judgments

I. Video Data.


What is the first bowl judgment? John Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation:” The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chronologically, this chapter is close to the time of the second coming of Christ, and the judgments described fall in rapid succession. There can be no doubt here, not only that the series reaches on to the time of the end, but that the whole of it is to be placed close to the same time. Daniel indicated that these closing days of the Tribulation will be a time of world war (Dan 11:36-45). World events are now pictured by John as coming to their climax. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 16. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

Six Bowls of Wrath

1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”

So the first angel went and poured out his bowl on the earth; and it became a loathsome and malignant sore on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image.

The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became blood like that of a dead man; and every living thing in the sea died.

Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying, “Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You judged these things; for they poured out the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. They deserve it.” And I heard the altar saying, “Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire. Men were scorched with fierce heat; and they blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues, and they did not repent so as to give Him glory.

10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became darkened; and they gnawed their tongues because of pain, 11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores; and they did not repent of their deeds.

12 The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates; and its water was dried up, so that the way would be prepared for the kings from the east.

Armageddon

13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs; 14 for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty. 15 (“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame.”) 16 And they gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.

Seventh Bowl of Wrath

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague was extremely severe.


IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 16:1. Though there are similarities between the bowl judgments and some of the trumpet judgments in chaps. 8-9 there are differences as well, the bowl judgments being more intensive and extensive. Thus, it is best not to see the bowls as repeating the trumpets but as a distinct series of judgments following the trumpets.


B. 16:2. “a loathsome and malignant sore.” LIt., foul and evil sore. Probably, a plague of ulcers. The brief descriptions of these last seven judgments (vv 2-12, 17-21) may suggest that they occur in rapid succession upon a world already battered and bloodied.


C. 16:3. “every living thing in the sea died.” (see 8:9). Imagine the stench and disease that will accompany this event.


D. 16:4. Though drinking bloody salt water would be toxic, drinking bloody fresh water, though disgusting, would not be. 


E. 16:6. “They deserve it .” I.e., they deserve to drink blood because they shed the blood of saints and prophets.


F. 16:8. Side effects of this scorching heat will drastically affect the climate, possibly including excessive evaporation and melting of the great ice areas of the world.


G. 16:9. “they did not repent.” See verse 11 and 9:21. 


H. 16:11. “their sores.” I.e., those referred to in verse 2.


I. 16:12. “the kings from the east.” Lit., the kings from the rising of the sun. The armies of the nations of the Orient will be raided in their march toward Armageddon by the supernatural drying up of the Euphrates River.


J. 16:3. “the dragon.” Satan. the” beast.” Antichrist (13:1-10). “the false prophet.” the lieutenant (13:11-18).


K. 16:14. “the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.” The war will consist of several battles, beginning with Antichrist’s campaign into Egypt (Dan. 11:40-45) and including a siege of Jerusalem (Zech. 14:2) as well as the final battle at Armageddon (v. 16). 


L. 16:15. A call to surviving believers to watch and be alert. The “clothes” of a guard caught asleep on duty were taken from him, leaving him “naked” and disgraced.


M. 16:16. “Har-Mageddon,” or Armageddon. Lit., Mount of Megiddo, near the city of Megiddo at the head of the plain of Esdraelon. This area was the scene of many OT battles, notably those of Barak with the Canaanites (Judg. 4) and of Gideon with the Midianites (Judg. 7).


N. 16:19. “The great city.” Either Jerusalem (11:8; cf. Zech. 14:4) or Babylon (18:2).


O. 16:20-21. The topography of the earth will be drastically changed, and unbelieving survivors of the hailstorm will curse God instead of turning to Him.


V. Reinforcement.


A. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 363.


The third series of judgments, which complete the outpouring of divine wrath, are the vials (Rev. 16:1-21). Although four of these vials are poured out on the same areas as the trumpets, they do not seem to be the same judgments. The trumpets begin in the middle of the tribulation and depict events during the entire second half of the week (Daniel’s 70th week). The vials seem to cover a very brief period at the end of the tribulation, just prior to the second advent of Christ. These bowls seem to have particular reference to unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God (16:9, 11), and have special reference to the beast and his followers (16:2).


B. My note concerning Dr. Pentecost’s above comment about unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God. The words, “those who dwell on the earth,” relate to a group of unbelievers in the Tribulation who will refuse to repent, in spite of God’s judgments that continue to fall on them. Consider the following verses (NASB).


1. Rev 6:10. “and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”


2. Rev 8:13. Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth”

3. Rev 11:10. “And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.” 

4. Rev 13:8. “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb.” 

5. Rev 13:14. “And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast.” 

6. Rev 17:8. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.”


VI. Ryrie cross references for Rev 16 verses that have no examination.

A. 16:3. Ex. 7:17-21; Rev 8:8f; 11:6.

B. 16:5. John 17:25; Rev 11:17; 15:4; 6:10.

C. 16:7. Rev 6:9; 14:8; 1:8; 15:3; 19:2.

D. 16:10. Rev 13:2; Ex 10:21f; Isa 8:22;  Rev 8:12, 9:2.  

E. 16:17. Eph 2:2; Rev 11:15; 14:15; 10:6; 21:6.

F. 16:18. Rev 4:5; 6:12; Dan 12:1; Matt 24:21.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments


I. Video Data.

What happens to the earth as a result of the vial judgments? This clip is from our series entitled, “Step by Step through the Book of Revelations.” John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021) is the video speaker.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.


Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

A Scene of Heaven

1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels who had seven plagues, which are the last, because in them the wrath of God is finished.

And I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who had been victorious over the beast and his image and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, holding harps of God. And they *sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying,

“Great and marvelous are Your works,
O Lord God, the Almighty;
Righteous and true are Your ways,
King of the nations!
“Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name?
For You alone are holy;
For all the nations will come and worship before You,
For Your righteous acts have been revealed.”

After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of testimony in heaven was opened, and the seven angels who had the seven plagues came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and girded around their chests with golden sashes. Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.

IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,


A. 15:2-3. The martyrs sing “the song of Moses,” praising God for His faithfulness and deliverance (Ex 15 and Deu 32) and magnifying God’s holiness and righteousness

B. 15:5. “the temple of the tabernacle.” I.e., the Holy of Holies.”


V. Reinforcement.  


A. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.

1. The Seven Last Plagues: The scroll with seven seals is now opened. The 7th seal was opened in Rev 8:1, at which time we were introduced to seven angels, with seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet message is the longest, and began with the announcement of Rev 11:15. Within that 7th message are several signs and visions. 

2. Signs Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The woman. b. The dragon. c. The seven last plagues.

3. Visions Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The beast with seven heads. b. The beast with two horns. c. The 144,000 Jews. d. The gospel and judgments. e. The final harvest. f. The heavenly temple and the seven last plagues.


B.  Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958. 

1. Page 235. The nature or character of this period is that of: “wrath, judgment, indignation, trial, trouble, destruction, darkness, desolation, overturning, punishment.” No passage can be found to alleviate, to any degree, whatsoever, the severity of this time that shall come upon the earth. 

2. Page 217. 

a. 1 Thes 5:9-10. 9 “For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him.”

b. Paul clearly teaches in this passage that our expectation and appointment is not to wrath and darkness, but rather to salvation, and verse 10 indicates the method that salvation, namely, “to live together with him.” Paul clearly indicates that our expectation is not of wrath, but of the revelation of “His Son from heaven.” This could not be unless the Son were revealed before the wrath of the 70th week falls on the earth.

c. Page 195. Our blessed Lord bore for us the wrath of God and His judgment; therefore, we who are in Him, “shall not come into judgment.” There can be no question that this period will see the wrath of God poured out upon the whole earth. Rev 3:10; Isa 24:1, 4-5, 16-17, 18-21, and many other passages make this very clear. And yet, while the whole earth is in view, this period is particularly in relation to Israel. Jeremiah 30:7, which calls this period, “the time of Jacob’s trouble,” makes this certain. The events of the 70th week (of Daniel) are events of the “Day of the Lord.” This use of the name of deity emphasizes God’s peculiar relationship to that nation. When this period is being anticipated in Daniel 9, God says to the prophet, “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city (v 24). This whole period then has special reference to Daniel’s people, Israel, and Daniel’s holy city, Jerusalem.


VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.

A.  15:1. Rev 12:1, 3; 15:6-8; 16:1; 17:1; 21:9; Lev 26:21; Rev 9:20. 

B. 15:4. Jer 10:7; Rev 14:7; Ps 86:9; Isa 66:23; Rev 19:8.

C. 15:6. Rev 1:13.

D. 15:7. Rev 4:6; 15:1; 5:8; 14:10; 15:1; 4:9.

E. 15:8. Ex 19:18; 40:34; Lev 16:2; 1 Kin 8:10; 2 Chr 5:13; Isa 6:4.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation 14 – The Song Of The 144,000 – The Angels’ Messages

I. Video Data. 

Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them?John Ankerberg Show. From the series, “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus,” featuring Drs. Ron Rhodes, Ed Hindson, and Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked.


III. Scripture Text.

Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.


IV. Examination.  


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 14:1. “the Lamb.” I.e., Christ. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” Evidently, the same group introduced in 7:4, though now their work on earth is finished and they are in heaven.

B. 14:4. “not … defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (cf. 2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits.” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (cf. Isa 2:3; Rom 11:15).

C. 14:6. “an eternal gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace before the return of Christ in judgment.

D. 14:8. “fallen is Babylon.” This fall is described in detail in chaps 17-18. For “Babylon,” see 17:5. (My note, “a mystery, BABYLON,” NASB. vs “MYSTERY BABYLON,” KJV.) 

E. 14:10-13. The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever, with no hope or annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

F. 14:12. Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vv 9-11). 

G. 14:20. Apparently, a reference to Armageddon (16:16, cf, 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles (290 km), to the depth of about 4.5  ft (1.3 m). The blood of horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.


V. Reinforcement. 

A. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.


In order to keep before his readers the ultimate reward of their endurance, the author of Revelation intersperses glimpses of final blessedness among his presentations of judgment. The detailed description of the beast and the false prophet in the preceding chapter was a somber reminder of what lay in the immediate future. A note of encouragement is in order. John moves quickly beyond the storm about to break to the bright morning of eternity when the Lamb and his followers stand in the heavenly Zion with the anthem of redemption everywhere sounding like the roar of a mighty waterfall and the echo of thunder.


B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 301.


“They are seen before the throne” (Rev 14;3). The destiny of this remnant is the kingdom over which Christ will rule from the “throne of David.” These promises are not heavenly,  but earthly, and will be fulfilled in the millennium.

C. Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).


Concerning Revelation 14:6, “eternal gospel.”

1. The Gospel of the kingdom. This is the good news that God purposes to set up on the earth, in fulfilment of the Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:16, a kingdom, political, spiritual, Israelitish, universal, over which God’s Son, David’s heir, shall be King, and which shall be, for one thousand years, the manifestation of the righteousness of God in human affairs..

2.. Two preachings of this Gospel are mentioned, one past, beginning with the ministry of John the Baptist, continued by our Lord and His disciples, and ending with the Jewish rejection of the King. The other is yet future Matthew 24:14 during the great tribulation, and immediately preceding the coming of the King in glory.

VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.


A. 14:2. Rev 1:15; 6:1; 5:8.

B. 14:3. Rev 5:9; 4:6; 4:4; 2:17; 7:4; 14:1.

C. 14:5. Ps 32:2; Zeph 3:13; Mal 2:6; John 1:47; 1 Pet 2:22; Heb 9:14; 1 Pet 1:19; Jude 24.

D. 14:7. Rev 15:4; 11:13; 4:11; 8:10.

E. 14:9. Rev 13:12; 14:11; 13:14; 13:16.

F. 14:14. Matt 17:5; Dan 7:13; Rev 1:13; Ps 21:3; Rev 6:2.

G. 14:15. Rev 11:19; 14:17; 15:6; 16:17; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:18; Jer 51:33; Matt 13:39-41.

H. 14:16. N/A

I. 14:17. Rev 11:19; 14:15; 15:6; 16:17.

J. 14:18. Rev 16:8; 6:9; 8:3; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:15.

K. 14:19. Isa 63:21; Rev 19:15.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

$515 A Head (Unborn Babies)

It’s not your body. It’s your baby who has been being nourished by your body.

New Records Show Obama Admin Purchased Aborted Babies’ Heads for $515 Each

National  |  Judicial Watch  |   Sep 14, 2021   |   3:54PM   |  Washington, DChttps://www.facebook.com/v2.6/plugins/share_button.php?app_id=172525162793917&channel=https%3A%2F%2Fstaticxx.facebook.com%2Fx%2Fconnect%2Fxd_arbiter%2F%3Fversion%3D46%23cb%3Df32c78d6cabfcf4%26domain%3Dwww.lifenews.com%26is_canvas%3Dfalse%26origin%3Dhttps%253A%252F%252Fwww.lifenews.com%252Ff2b4a9b8c9f1e%26relation%3Dparent.parent&container_width=0&href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lifenews.com%2F2021%2F09%2F14%2Fnew-records-show-obama-admin-purchased-aborted-babies-heads-for-515-each%2F&locale=en_US&sdk=joey&type=box_count490

Judicial Watch announced today that it received 198 pages of records and communications from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) involving “humanized mice” research with human fetal heads, organs and tissue, including communications and contracts with human fetal tissue provider Advanced Bioscience Resources (ABR). Most of the records are communications and related attachments between Perrin Larton, a procurement manager for ABR, and research veterinary medical officer Dr. Kristina Howard of the FDA.

Judicial Watch received the records through a March 2019 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, of which the FDA is a part (Judicial Watch v. U.S. Department Health and Human Services (No. 1:19-cv-00876)). The lawsuit asks for all contracts and related documentation on disbursement of funds, procedural documents and communications between FDA and ABR for the provision of human fetal tissue to be used in humanized mice research. After successfully opposing the FDA’s redaction of certain information from its records, a federal court ordered HHS to release additional information about its purchases of organs harvested from aborted human fetuses – including “line item prices,” or the price per organ the government paid to ABR. The court also found “there is reason to question” whether the transactions violate federal law barring the sale of fetal organs. Documents previously uncovered in this lawsuit show that the federal government demanded the purchased fetal organs be “fresh and never frozen.”)

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” Although the initial award was for $12,000, the total estimated amount of funds allocated for the requisition was $60,000. Under “Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition,” the FDA writes:

Scientists within the FDA and in the larger field of humanized mouse research have searched extensively over the past several years and ABR is the only company in the U.S. capable of supplying tissues suitable for HM research. No other company or organization is capable of fulfilling the need.***

Costs are estimated [for the fetal parts] at $230 per tissue x two tissues per shipment = $460 plus $95 shipping = $555 per shipment. A total of 21 shipments = $11,655.00.

HELP LIFENEWS SAVE BABIES FROM ABORTION! Please help LifeNews.com with a donation!

An April 1, 2013, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract” form that shows the FDA purchased fetal livers and thymuses from ABR going back to at least October 2012, billing $580 per liver/thymus set, but later paying a unit price of $685.

A January 1, 2013, “Fees for Services Schedule” provided by ABR to the FDA includes:

FETAL CADAVEROUS PROCUREMENT                                                            SERVICE FEE

2nd trimester D&E [Dilation and Evacuation abortion] (13-24 weeks)       per specimen     $275

1st trimester aspiration [abortion] (8-12 weeks)                                        per specimen     $515

Intact Calvarium [baby’s skull] (8-24 weeks)”                                        per specimen     $515

The fees for services schedule also includes “Special Processing/Preservation” of the fetal parts, such as “Tissue ‘Cleaning,’” “Snap freezing” and “Passive freezing (Dry ice).”

In a September 9, 2014, “Order for Supplies or Services,” the FDA writes regarding a $9,900 order:

The Contractors shall ship 2nd Trimester thymus $325, 2nd Trimester liver $325. Overnight deliver $150 and EFT wire transfer fee $25, for a total per delivery of $825. Total of this contract not to exceed $9,900.00.

As the result of an August 21, 2015, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract,” ABR bumped up the price of baby livers and thymuses from $325 each to $340 each.

A “Tissue Acquisition Quote” sent by ABR to Howard on July 5, 2017, provided a quote of $5,440 each to provide 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) livers and 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) thymuses at $340 per “sample.” The request for the quote notes that “tissue known to be positive for HIV, HepA, HepB, HepC or chromosomal abnormalities are not acceptable.”

On June 28, 2017, a redacted FDA contract specialist sends Larton at ABR a request for a quote (RFQ) of pricing for human fetal tissue, aged “16-24 weeks,” including a “Statement of Needs”:

The HM [humanized mice] are created by surgical implantations of human tissue into mice that have multiple genetic mutations that block the development of the mouse immune system at a very early stage. The absence of the mouse immune system allows the human tissues to grow and develop into functional human tissues…. In order for the humanization to proceed correctly we need to obtain fetal tissue with a specific set of specialized characteristics.

A May 2018, report from a company named “LABS,” which was employed by ABR to test fetal parts and their mothers for hepatitis and HIV, notes in its “methodology description” that they are approved by the FDA “for living and cadaveric donor screening.”

The records include a recitation of requirements by the FDA for “Payment by Electronic Funds Transfer,” in which ABR must adhere to regulations relating to “Convict Labor” and “Child Labor-Cooperation with Authorities and Remedies.”

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract:

Based on the terms and conditions of the Purchase Order as awarded to Advanced Bioscience Resources, Inc. (“ABR”) on July 27, 2018, the Government is not sufficiently assured that the human tissue provided to the Government to humanize the immune systems of mice will comply with the prohibitions set forth under 42 U.S.C. § 289g- 2. Furthermore, the Government has concerns with the sufficiency of the sole-source justification. Therefore, pursuant to FAR [Federal Acquisition Regulation] clause 52.213-4(f), the Purchase Order is being terminated effective September 24, 2018.

“Chopping up aborted human beings for their organs and tissue is a moral and legal outrage,” said Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton. “This issue should be front and center in any debate about America’s barbaric abortion industry.”

In February 2020, Judicial Watch first uncovered through this lawsuit hundreds of pages of records from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) showing that the agency paid thousands of dollars to a California-based firm to purchase organs from aborted human fetuses to create “humanized mice” for HIV research.

In May 2021, this lawsuit uncovered FDA records showing the agency spent tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars to buy human fetal tissue from ABR. The tissue was used in creating “humanized mice” to test “biologic drug products.” The records indicated the FDA wanted tissue purchases “Fresh; shipped on wet ice.”

On August 3, 2021, Judicial Watch announced that it and The Center for Medical Progress (CMP), through a separate lawsuit, received 252 pages of new documents from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that reveal nearly $3 million in federal funds were spent on the University of Pittsburgh’s quest to become a “Tissue Hub” for human fetal tissue ranging from 6 to 42 weeks’ gestation. The Pitt scientists note that, “All fetal tissue is collected through a collaborative process including Family Planning, Obstetrics and Pathology.” Pitt anticipated “being able to harvest and distribute quality tissue and cells … [and] do not anticipate any major problems related to the acquisition and distribution of the tissues.” Pitt’s target goal “is to have available a minimum of 5 cases (tissues and if possible other biologicals) per week of gestational age for ages 6-42 weeks.

Added examination.

Revelation 20:15. NASB.

“And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” (Obama, Biden)

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract: (Trump, Pence)

Revelation 13 – The Beast From The Sea – The Beast From The Earth

I. Video Data.

What does the false prophet do to honor the Antichrist?  John Ankerberg Show. “Through the Book of Revelation,” with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung.

II. Introduction.  Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this thirteenth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details: (1) A beast arises out of the sea with seven heads and ten horns, to whom the dragon gives his power. (11) Another beast comes up out of the earth, and causes men to worship the first beast, (16) and to receive his mark.

III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees two beasts, one from the sea and one from the earth, symbolizing the Antichrist and his false prophet.


I. The Beast Out Of The Sea (13:1-10): This is the Antichrist.

A. His appearance (13:1-2).

1. He has ten horns (each with a crown) and seven heads (each with a blasphemous name) (13:1).

2. He looks like a leopard, with feet like a bear and a mouth like a lion (13:2a).

B. His authority (13:2b): It comes from Satan himself.

C. His assassination (13:3a): Some believe he will be killed and then rise from the dead.

D. His adulation (13:3b-4, 8): Following this, the entire world is astonished and worships him.

E. His arrogance (13:5-6): For a period of forty-two months, he blasphemes God.

F. His activities (13:7, 9-10).

1. In regard to God’s people (13:7a, 9-10).

a. The cruelty (13:7a, 9-10a): He persecutes and conquers them.

b. The challenge (13:10b): They are exhorted to display endurance and faithfulness.

2. In regard to all people (13:7b): He rules over them.


II. The Beast Out Of The Earth (13:11:-18): This is the false prophet.

A. His mission (13:11-12): With the appearance of a lamb, but the voice of a dragon, he forces the world to worship the Antichrist.

B. His miracles (13:13, 15): He performs great miracles.

1. He calls down fire from heaven (13:13).

2. He gives life to a statue (13:14-15): This statue bears the image of the Antichrist.

C. His mark (13:16-18).

1. What it is (13:18): It is the number 666.

2. Where it is applied (13:16): Either on the right hand or the forehead.

3. Why it is applied (13:17): No one is able to buy, sell, etc., without it.


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 13. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Beast from the Sea

A1 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore.

Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names. And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast; they worshiped the dragon because he gave his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?” There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him. And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.

It was also given to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them, and authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was given to him. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain. If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 If anyone is destined for captivity, to captivity he goes; if anyone kills with the sword, with the sword he must be killed. Here is the perseverance and the faith of the saints.

The Beast from the Earth

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb and he spoke as a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. And he makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the presence of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life. 15 And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, 17 and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.


V. Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986. 


A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. See 11:7. Many emperors of Rome deified themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that will give their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13). 

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives his power.” Satan gives Antichrist his power.

C. 13:3. “had been slain.”  The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently, Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.

D. 13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently, the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.

E. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in heaven. 

F. 13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase “from the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf. 17:8).

G.13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. 

H. 13:11. “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (v 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vv 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (v 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vv 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and his second beast form an evil trinity.

I. 13:18. “his number is 666.” Somehow unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.


VI. Reinforcement. 


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974


In the first ten verses of chapter 13, a character is introduced of central importance to the events of the great tribulation. This passage is first of all a revelation of the revived Roman Empire in its period of worldwide dominion, but more especially this paragraph directs attention to the evil character who exercises satanic power as the world dictator.

B. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 


The Beast of Revelation 13 is both an emperor and an empire. The first part of the chapter deals with the coming of Satan’s false prince; the remainder of the chapter has to do with the second mysterious person conjured up by Satan to act as the propaganda chief for the Beast. This person is called the false prophet. The first beast is possibly a Gentile, or at least partly a Gentile, since he comes up from the sea. The second beast, the lamblike beast, is probably a Jew. He comes up out of the earth (a Bible symbol for the Hebrew nation for God’s earthly people). The great function of the second beast is to glorify the first beast. Thus Satan, the Beas, and the false prophet form a satanic trinity.


C. Scofield Study Bible, 1909 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Member, John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th, M., Th. D.).


1. Revelation Chapter 13 unveils the conditions on the earth at the end of the age when the following factors will be manifest:

a. the world ruler is satanically energized (vv 2, 4).

b. he and his image are worshipped (vv 4, 8, 12, 15).

c. he is acknowledged as possessing supreme military power (v 4).

d. he exercises a universal authority (v 7).

e. he persecutes believers in Christ (vv 6-7).

2. The second beast of Revelation Chapter 13 :

a. is a deceiver (vv 13-14).

b. exercises economic dictatorship (vv 16-17).


VII. Additional Examination.

Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp  286, 231.


1. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns , which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen and seventeen. It is most plainly  stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s remnant (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.

2. The events of the Day of the Lord will include the prophesied events of the tribulation period, such as:

a. the rise of the political ruler, of the federation of states of a Roman Empire (Dan 2 and 7), who makes a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27 ; Rev 13:1-10).

b. the formulation of a false religious system under the false prophet (Rev 13:11-18).

c. the pouring out of the judgments under the seals (Rev 6).

d. the separation of the 144,000 witnesses (Rev 7).

e. the trumpet judgments (Rev 8-11).

f. the rise of God’s witnesses (Rev 11).

g. the persecution of Israel (Rev 12).

h. the pouring out of the bowl judgments (Rev 16).

i. the overthrow of the false professing church (Rev 17-18).

j. the events of the campaign of Armageddon (Ezek 38-39; Rev 16:16; 19:27-21).

k. the proclamation of the gospel “of the kingdom” (Matt 24:14).

3. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include the prophesied events connected with the second advent, such as:

a. the return of Christ (Matt 24:29-30).

b. the resurrection of the Old Testament and tribulation saints (John 6:39-40; Rev 20:4).

c. the destruction of the Beast and all his armies and the False Prophet and his followers in the Beast worship (Rev 19:11-21).

d. the judgment of the nations (Matt 25:31-46).

e. the regathering of Israel (Ezek 37:1-14).

f. the judgment on living Israel (Ezek 20:33-38).

g. the restoration of Israel to the land (Amos 9:15).

h. the binding of Satan (Rev 20:2-3).

4. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include all the events of the millennial age, with:

a. the final revolt of Satan (Rev 20:7-10).

b. the great white throne judgment (Rev 20:11-15).

c. the purging of earth (2 Pet 3:10-13). 


VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity


Revelation 12 – The Woman, Israel – The Red Dragon, Satan – The Male Child, Christ – The Angel, Michael

I. Video Data.


Who is the child mentioned in Revelation 12?John Ankerberg Show From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this twelfth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details:  (1)  A woman clothed with sun travails. (3)  A great dragon stands ready to devour her child. (5)  Being delivered, and the child caught up to God, the woman flees into the wilderness. (7)  Michael and his angels overcome the dragon. (13) The dragon, cast down into the earth, persecutes the woman.


III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees an interplay between a woman and a dragon, symbolizing the nation of Israel and Satan.


I. Satan’s Former Hatred For God And His People (12:1-5).


A. Satan’s persecution of God’s nation (12:1-2).
B. Satan’s persecution of God’s Son (12:4b, 5b).
a. The birth of Jesus (12:4a. 5a).
b. The ascension of Jesus (12:5c).


II. Satan’s Future Hatred For God And His People (12:6-18).


A. The woman in the wilderness (12:6, 13-18): The woman here is the nation of Israel.
1. Israel will be persecuted by Satan during the Great Tribulation (12:13, 15, 17-18).
2. Israel will be protected by God during the Great Tribulation (12:6, 14, 16). 
B. The war in the heavens (12:7-12): Some believe this will occur in the middle of the Great Tribulation.
1. The results (12:7-9).
a, The defeat of Satan (12:7-8): Michael the archangel will defeat him.
b. The dismissal of Satan (12:9): He will be cast down to the earth.
2. The reaction (12:10-12).
a. Satan will be filled with wrath (12:10b, 12c).
b. Saints will be filled with joy (12:10a, 11-12a).
c. Sinners will be filled with fear (12:12b).


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 12. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Woman, Israel

1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; and she was with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.

The Red Dragon, Satan

Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

The Male Child, Christ

And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

The Angel, Michael

And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying,

“Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”

13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.


V. Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.


1. 12:1. “a woman.” She represents Israel, who gave Christ to the world (v 5) and who will be persecuted during the Tribulation (v 13).
2. 12:3. “a great red dragon.” Satan (v 9).
3. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” This may refer to Satan’s past rebellion against God (Ezek 28:13); if so it suggests that a third of the angels joined Satan and were cast out of heaven with him. Or, the reference may be to a meteor shower judgment on the earth.
4. 12:5. The earthly life and death of Christ are not mentioned, only His birth and ascension.
5. 12:6. “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” The last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation will see intense persecution of Israel. Details are given in verse 13-17. No mention is made of the many hundreds of years between the Ascension (v 5) and the future Tribulation (v 6). See Daniel 9:27; Matt 24:14, 21; 1 Thes 4:17.
6. 12:7. “Michael …. the dragon.” This likely will occur at the midpoint of the Tribulation. Michael is the only angel designated an archangel in the Bible (Jude 9).
7. 12:9-11. Notice two of Satan’s activities in these verses: to deceive the world and to accuse the brethren. The believer’s defense against Satan is: (1) to bank on the merits of Christ: (2) to be active in witnessing, and: (3) to be willing to make any sacrifice, including death (v 11).
8. 12:9. Several judgments have, and will be passed on Satan: (1) his removal from guarding the throne of God (Ezek 28:14, 16 ); (2) the prophecy in the garden of Eden (Gen 3:15); (3) his defeat at the Cross (John 12:31); (4) his being barred from heaven (here in v 9); (5) his confinement in the abyss (20:3); and (6) his torment in the lake of fire forever (20:10). 
9. 12:14. Persecuted Israel will flee quickly as if on “wings” to an unspecified place in the “wilderness” where she will have protection and care.
10. 12:15-16 . In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water.
11. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. 


VI. Reinforcement.


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974

1. 12:1. The woman symbolized Israel, as indicated by Genesis 37:9-11, where the sun and moon referred to Jacob and Rachel, Joseph’s parents. The stars in the woman’s crown clearly related to the 12 sons of Jacob, and identified the woman as Israel, fulfilling the Abrahamic Covenant. J.B. Smith cites Isaiah 60:1-3, 20, as proof that the sun relates to Israel’s future glory (A Revelation of Jesus Christ, p 182).
2. 12:4. The casting down of a third of the stars out of the sky seemed to imply the satanic power which extended to the heavens and the earth. Satan was seen here to extend his power over those who opposed him spiritually or politically. 


B. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.

1. 12:2. This is the figure of Israel as a travailing woman, as occurs so often in the OT (Isa 13:8, 21:3, 26:17-18, and others). Just as a woman feels the pains of childbirth, so did the nation in preparation for the coming of Christ. The cause of these pains, at least in part, is the persecution of the nation inspired by Satan in an attempt to stop the birth and destroy this people of God. Israel was in travail at the time of Christ’s first coming.
2. 12:3. Establishing the identity of the dragon as Satan is not difficult because of explicit statements of who he is in 12:9 and 20:2. 


C. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 215, 296.


12:5. This verse can only refer to Christ, the one whose right it is to rule. The Psalmist confirms this interpretation in Psalm 2:9, which is admittedly Messianic. The one from whom Christ came can only be Israel. 
12:7-17. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads (Rev 12:3), which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen through seventeen. It is plainly stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s “remnant” (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.


VII. Additional Examination. Revelation 12:4. Remember the importance of “context.” Consider, also, the above 12:4 comments of Drs. Walvoord and Ryrie.


A. Robert H. Mounce, (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019), The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977. “The cataclysmic action emphasizes the tremendous size and awesome power of the dragon. That he casts down a third part of the stars indicates no more than a great number. John is not teaching a theology of fallen angels, but reporting a great pageant enacted in the heavens. 


B. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div., Ph. D., (1949 – ) Holman New Testament Commentary – Revelation, 1998. “The seven heads suggest complete wisdom; the seven crowns point to blasphemous kingly claims; the ten horns mean power. (Daniel had a vision of a powerful single-headed, ten-horned beast (Dan 7:7, 20). Who is this sky-dragon? He, too, exists throughout the ages of time. Verse 9 will identify him as the devil. As God sees him throughout the ages, he is a vile dragon. In verse 4, John sees an illustration of his power: with a single mighty swish his tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky. “


C. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., Ph. D., 1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible, 1994. “The tail symbolizes delusive power (cf. Isa 9:15), which Satan uses to accomplish the moral ruin of those in the highest position. But, he is not successful with all, only a third. Upon whom was the venom of Satan poured out? The answer is clear; the woman’s child, as soon as it was born (cf. Mt 2 with Gen 3:15). Herod was merely a tool of Satan’s power, but he was nevertheless responsible. 


VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation 11 – The Two Witnesses – The Seventh Trumpet (Christ’s Reign Foreseen)

I. Video Data:

The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11. Revelation One Three Publishing.

II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this eleventh chapter of the book of Revelation, we will consider the following items of scripture:  (1) John is directed to measure the temple. (3) The two witnesses, (6) and their power. (7) The beast shall kill them. (8) Their bodies unburied, (11) after three days and a half, are raised to life. (14) The second woe is past. (15) The seventh angel sounds and there is rejoicing in heaven.


III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 


John sees the two witnesses of God carrying out their 1,260 day ministry before being murdered by the Antichrist. The seventh trumpet is blown.


I. The Temple of God (11:1-2). 


A. The Command (11:1a): John is told to measure the Tribulation Temple.

B. The count (11:1b): He is to number the worshipers.

C. The court (11:2a): He is to exclude the outer court, which has been given to the Gentiles.

D. The contempt (11:2b): The Gentiles will trample the Holy City for forty-two months.


II. The two witnesses of God (11:3-14).


A. The ministry of these two witnesses (11:3-6).

1. The duration of their ministry (11:3): They will prophesy for 1260 days.

2. The dedication of their ministry (11:4): They function as God’s two olive trees and lampstands.

3. The devastation caused by their ministry (11:5-6):

a. They devour their enemies by supernatural fire (11:5).

b. They cause a 3 1/2 year drought (11:6a).

c. They turn the waters into blood (11:6b).d. They strike the earth with plagues (11:6c).


B. The martyrdom of the two witnesses (11:7-10). 

1. The corrupt one causing their deaths (11:7-9).

a. Who he is (11:7a): He is the Antichrist himself.

b. Where he comes from: (11:7b): The bottomless pit.

c. What he does (11:9b): He refuses to permit anyone to bury the bodies of the witnesses.

d. Where he does it (11:8): They lie in the streets of Jerusalem.

e. Why he does it (11:9a): To show his utter contempt for the two witnesses.

2. The celebration following their deaths (11:10): The entire world rejoices over their deaths.


C. The metamorphosis of the two witnesses (11:11-14).

1. Resurrection (11:11-12): They are raptured up to heaven.

2. Destruction (11:13-14): An earthquake destroys 1/10 of Jerusalem, leaving 7,000 dead.


III. The trumpet of God (11:15-19). 


A. The testimony of heaven (11:15-18): All heaven praises and worships God at the sounding of the seventh trumpet:

1. For His universal reign (11:15-16).

2. Thanking Him for His great power (11:17).

3. For His righteous judgments (11:18):

a. In rewarding the saints (11:18b).

b. In punishing sinners (11:18a, c).


B. The Temple in heaven (11:19): John sees the Temple and the Ark of the covenant.


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 11 (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.” These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

The Seventh Trumpet—Christ’s Reign Foreseen

15 Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying,

“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying,

“We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign. 18 And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”

19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.


V. Examination.


A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.

1. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Apparently the temple that will be built during the Tribulation, in which Jewish worship will be carried on during the first part of that seven-year period and in which, at the midpoint, the man of sin will exalt himself to be worshipped (2 Thes 2:4).

2. 11:2. “forty-two months.” This equals 3 1/2 years and probably refers to the last of the tribulation period during which Jerusalem will be under some sort of Gentile (the nations) control. Thus, “the times of the Gentiles” (see Luke 21:24) will not conclude until the end of the Tribulation.

3. 11:3. “1260 days.” This also equals 3 1/2 years and refers to the period of the ministry of the two witnesses. Whether the two witnesses will prophesy during the first half or the last half of the Tribulation is not stated, though the first half seems more likely, since their termination by Antichrist (v 7) fits better at the midpoint of the Tribulation than at the end.

4. 11:4. “two olive trees.” For the symbolism, see Zechariah 4:12 and 14. “two lampstands” that give out a witness (v 3). 

5. 11:5-6. The miraculous powers of the two unnamed witnesses are reminiscent of those of Elijah and Moses (cf. Ex 7:20; 8:1-12:29; 1 Kings 17:1; 18:41-45; 2 Kings 1:10-12).

6. 11:7. “the beast.” The Antichrist, also called “the man of lawlessness”  (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in 6:2; 13:1; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 17:3, 13; 19:20; 20:10. He can not kill these two witnesses until God allows him to.

7. 11:8. “the great city.” I.e., Jerusalem, which in these coming days will be like “Sodom” (filled with perverted sex) and “Egypt” (persecuting God’s people).

8. 11:9-10. So corrupt are peoples’ hearts that they will refuse burial and have a 3 1/2 day celebration of Antichrist’s victory over the two witnesses.

9. 11:11. “and they stood on their feet.” Imagine the effect the resurrection of these two men will have on those who, only the moment before, were viewing their corpses in the street or were watching TV news!

10. 11:13. “the rest.” Those who were not killed by the earthquake. “gave glory to the God of heaven” momentarily, for soon they would again curse the God of heaven (16: 11).

11. 11:15. The end is near enough now that the announcement of it can be made.

12. 16-19.The announcement evokes praise from the “elders” (vv 16-17) and anger from the “nations;” and soon will come judgment on the “dead” and the rewarding of the “saints.” 


B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. M., Th. D; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

11:1-2. John was instructed to measure the temple and the altar, but not the outer court, meaning he was to measure the holy place and the holy of holies. While others could come into the outer court, only priests could enter into two temple rooms. The explanation was given that this would be under the control of the Gentiles, who would trample on the holy city for 42 months. The times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24) will not end until the second coming of Christ to the earth to set up His Kingdom. Though Jews may possess Jerusalem temporarily, as they have in this century, they will lose possession in the Great Tribulation.11:13-14. At the same moment of  the rapture of the two witnesses (11:11-12), an earthquake occurred in Jerusalem, with 1/10 of the city collapsing and 7,000 people being killed. The survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. So ended the second woe, leaving only the seventh trumpet, the final and third woe, to come.11:15, Though the full results from the sounding of the seventh trumpet are only introduced here, and not brought to finality (as they will be in chap 16), the introduction of the seventh trumpet is dramatic. As the trumpet sounded, voices were heard in heaven: “the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever. (Cf. predictions of the earthly kingdom of Christ in Ezek 21:26-27; Dan 2:35, 44; 4:3; 6:26; 7:14, 26 -27; Zech 14:9). The fact that this will be fulfilled at the Second Coming makes it clear that the period of the seventh trumpet chronologically reaches to Christ’s return. Therefore, the seventh trumpet introduces and includes the seven bowl judgments of the wrath of God revealed in chapter 16. In contrast with previous trumpets where a single voice was heard, here a mighty chorus from heaven joined in the proclamation.
C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.11:1. The temple as the dwelling place of God is not in view here, It is the Jewish temple in Jerusalem which is hardly a suitable picture of the church which is largely Gentile. The outer court and the entire city experience trampling by the Gentiles (11:2), signifying that the temple and the court stand for something that best contrasts with the Gentiles, i.e., something Jewish. The mention of the sanctuary, the altar, the court of the Gentiles, and the holy city shows unmistakably that the discussion at this point is on Jewish ground. But most obvious of all is the logical fallacy that if the sanctuary represents the church of the Messianic community, who are the worshipers that are measured along with the sanctuary and the altar? This is a literal temple that will exist in actuality during the future period just before Christ returns. The false Messiah will desecrate it and turn it into a place for people to worship him (cf. Dan 9:27; 12:11; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15). This allows for a distinction between the temple and the worshipers in it, Jesus’ anticipation of the future abomination of desolation (Matt 24:15) and Paul’s prophecy regarding the future temple (2 Thes 2:4) require a literal temple in the future. 


D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. D., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 295, 215.

1. 11:1. When the nation of Israel is brought back to her land after the rapture by the covenant enacted by the head of the the Revised Roman Empire (Dan 9:27), Israel is still in unbelief. God, however, is very definitely dealing with that nation to bring it to salvation. The whole 70th week of Daniel is a period of preparation for the coming of the King. The gospel of “the kingdom” (Mt 24:15), which requires repentance, will be preached. There will be the ministry of the 144,000 sealed of Israel (Rev 7) and the ministry of the two witnesses (Rev 11), all with the intent of bringing the nation (Israel) to repentance and salvation. The outpouring of the wrath of God is seen for the purpose of bringing men to repentance (Rev 16:9-10). While the majority will not repent, some may be turned to God by these signs.

2. 11:15. Chronologically, in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 1-3 present the development of the church in this present age. Chapters 4-11 cover the events of the entire 70th week of Daniel and conclude with the return of Christ to the earth to reign in 11:15-18. Thus, the seals are the events of the first 3 1/2 years, and the trumpets are events of the last 3 1/2 years. According to the instructions given in John 10:11, chapters 12-19 survey the 70th week a second time, this time with a view to revealing the actors on the stage of the drama. 


VI. A Parting Thought.

The opening video shows a time in which the tribulation judgments of God will fall on the earth, with the purpose of bringing to belief in Christ, those who will be left behind from the rapture. Those of us who have been born again, have spirits which are as spiritually pure as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17, 21); nothing in the time of the Tribulation can make any “born again believer in Christ,” any more righteous than they are after they have been declared righteous by God. The Church is the bride of Christ (Eph 5:24-27; 2 Cor 11:2; Rev 19:7-9). Jesus is the Bridegroom “of all bridegrooms;” there is nothing within His nature to cause Him to force His bride to be subjected to the judgments of the Tribulation, of which He and His angels release the judgments on those who will be the targets of those judgments (Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12; 8:1, etc.). 


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation 10- The Mighty Angel – The Little Book

I. Video Data: 


From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

II. Introduction.

Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th.M., Th. D.;1928-2017).) Revelation Commentary.


With the completion of the sixth trumpet, also called the second woe, the seventh trumpet does not come immediately, but awaits the setting of the stage for its sounding. Two preliminary elements must prepare the way for this last in the trumpet series: the announcement of the end of delay (10:1-11) and the measurement of the temple and its worshippers (11:1-14).


III. Outline.

Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. Min.; 1932-2018) The Outline Bible.


A. John is given a small scroll and is told to eat it. He does, and as predicted, it tastes sweet in his mouth but makes his stomach sour.


B. The messages given by the angel of God (10:1-7).


1. The appearance of this angel (10:1).


a. He is robed in a cloud with a rainbow over his head (10:1a).

b. His face is as the sun, and his legs as fiery pillows (10:1b).


2. The actions of this angel (10:2-7).


a. What he holds (10:2a): He holds an open scroll in his hand.

b. What he does (10:2b): He stands on the land and sea.

c. What he says (10:3-7).


(1) First message (10:3-4): John hears what is said, but is forbidden to write it down. 

(2) Second message (10:5-7): The angel says God’s message will be revealed at the sound of the seventh trumpet.


C. The mission given to the Apostle of God (10:8-11). 


1. To partake (10:8-9a): He is to eat the scroll  held by the angel:


a. It will taste like honey in his mouth (10:9b, 10:a).

b. It will turn sour in his stomach (10:9c, 10b). 


2. To prophesy (10:11): He is to write concerning nations, tribes, and kings.

IV. Scripture Text.

Revelation Chapter 10 (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Hub.

1 I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire; and he had in his hand a little book which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land; and he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars; and when he had cried out, the seven peals of thunder uttered their voices. When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them.” Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer, but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.

Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.” So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10 I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11 And they said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

V. Examination. 

A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph., D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

1. 10:6. “there will be no longer.” I.e., when the seventh angel sounds his trumpet (11:15), the bowl judgments will be poured out. 

2. 10:7. “the mystery of God.” Truth concerning God, Himself, which will not be revealed until His kingdom is established on earth.

3. 10:9-10. The eating of the “little book” (scroll) was to remind John that, although these truths from God may be pleasant to his taste, they were bitter when digested because they spoke judgment. The revelation of God’s judgment, on careful reflection, should always bring heaviness of heart to the child of God. Compare Ezek 2:8-3:3. 

B.  Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. M.. Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.

1. 10:1. Revelation 10:1-11:14 gives additional information as a background to the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments. Another angel is introduced, but apparently was not one of the seven angels sounding the trumpets. There is no evidence other than his being a mighty angel, (cf. Rev 5:2), perhaps, Michael the Archangel. In contrast with the seven-sealed scroll held by the Lamb (5:1), this angel held a small scroll, also used in 10:9-10. This scroll apparently contained the angel’s written order for the mission he was about to fulfill.

2. 10:5-7. The angel declared, “there will be delay no longer.” Announcement was made that the “seventh trumpet” would bring about the accomplishment of the mystery of God. This mystery had been previously announced to God’s prophets. The reference, therefore, is not to hidden truth, but to the fulfillment of many Old Testament passages which refer to the glorious return of the Son of God and the establishment of His Kingdom of righteousness and peace on the earth.  Here again is evidence that the seventh trumpet introduces the seven bowl judgments of God’s wrath in Revelation 16.

3. 10:9-10. “The ordinances of the Lord are sure and altogether righteous. They are more precious than pure gold, than pure gold; they are sweeter than honey from the comb” (Ps 19:9-10). Though the Word is sweet to believers, it will be bitter to unbelievers when it brings divine judgment to them.

C.  Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary.

1. 10:1a. John sees the angel in the process of his descent from heaven, as he does the angel in 20:1. This confirms that John has moved from heaven, where he has been since 8:2, to the earth. Being “clothed in a cloud” enhanced the glory of the angel’s appearance.  Clouds are often the vehicles on which heavenly beings ascend or descend, usually in an eschatologial setting (Ps 104:3; Dan 7:13; Isa 19:1; Acts 1:9; Rev 1:7). 

2. 10:1b. The angel’s function is shown in relation to the trumpet judgments, past and future. This association adds reinforcement to the theme of judgment suggested by the fire, tempered by mercy already seen in the rainbow.

3. 10:7. The period of the seventh trumpet includes the seven bowls (16 :1 ff.), which culminate in the destruction of Babylon and consummation of all things.

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, pp 187-190.

1. 10:7. (1) The trumpet of 1 Cor 15:52, sounds before the wrath of God descends, while, the chronology of Revelation indicates that the trumpet in Rev 11:15 sounds at the end of the time of wrath, just prior to the second advent. (2) The trumpet that summons the church is called “the trump of God,” while the seventh trump is an angel’s trumpet. (3) The trumpet for the church is singular. No trumpets have preceded it so that it can not be said to be the last of a series. The trumpet that closes the tribulation period is clearly the last of a series of seven. (4) In 1 Thes 4:16-17, the voice associated with the sounding of the trumpet summons the dead and the living, and consequently is heard before the resurrection. In the Revelation, while a resurrection is mentioned (11:12), the trumpet does not sound until after the resurrection, showing that two different events must be in view. (5) The trumpet in 1 Thessalonians issues in blessing, in life, in glory, while the trumpet in Revelation issues in judgment upon the enemies of God. (6) In the Thessalonian passage the trumpet sounds “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye.” In Rev 10:7, the indication is that the seventh trumpet shall sound over a continued period of time, probably for the duration of the judgments that fall under it, for John speaks of the angel that shall “begin to sound.”  The duration gives the evidence of the distinction in these two. (7). The trumpet in 1 Thes is distinctly for the church. Since God is dealing with Israel in particular, and Gentiles in general, in the tribulation, this seventh trumpet, which falls in the period of the tribulation, could not have reference to the church without losing the distinctions between the church and Israel. (8) The passage in Revelation depicts a great earthquake in which thousands are slain, and the believing remnant that worships God is stricken with fear. In the Thes passage there is no earthquake mentioned. There will be no believing remnant left behind at the rapture to experience the fear of Rev 11:13. (9) While the church will be rewarded at the time of the rapture, yet the reward given to “thy servants the prophets, and to the saints” can not be that event. The rewarding mentioned in Rev 11:18 is seen to take place on the earth after the second advent of Christ, following the judgment on His enemies. Since the church is rewarded in the air, following the rapture, these must be two distinct events. 

2. 10:11. John has outlined the events of the first half of the tribulation under the seals (4:1-7:17), the last half of the tribulation under the trumpets (8:1-11:14), and  closes the period with the return of the Lord to reign (11:15-18). Between the sixth and seventh trumpets, John is told (10:11) that “it is necessary for you to prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.” Concerning the word “again”, “it denotes renewal or repetition of the action.” This would seem to be a divine notice that, since John has taken us through the entire period once, it is God’s intention to have him retrace his way through the period again. Therefore, beginning in Chapter 12, John surveys the period a second time, placing emphasis on the individuals who play so important a part in the events of the 70th week. The bowls (Rev 16:1-17) evidently come at the close at the period and occupy only a brief period of time and can not be spread over the last 3 1/2 years of the period. This second survey, like the first, terminates the period by the return of Christ, and the consequent judgment of His enemies (Rev 19). 

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation Chapter 9- Fifth And Sixth Trumpet Judgments – Demonic Attacks

I. Introduction.

A. The opening video of this article tells us about the trumpet judgments that accompany the sounding of the fifth and sixth angels. In this article, we will consider those who will be left behind from the rapture, which are those who will be tormented by demons that appear as locusts. It must be noted that the previously sealed 144,000 Jews of Rev 7:3-4, will not be hurt, and that none of them will lose their lives during the fifth and sixth trumpets. We will see that the pain of the unsealed people of Rev 9  will be so severe that they will attempt suicide, with death not being successful for them. All scriptures will come from the New American Standard Bible.

B. Already introduced by the eagle’s proclamation in 8:13, the fifth trumpet sets the tone for the last three trumpets through its specificity and independence of the two to follow. This feature marks the last three seals too. The seventh trumpet also resembles the seventh seal in the way it solemnly concludes the whole, and contains the next series within its scope. As with the seals also, two episodes intervene between the sixth and seventh members. In so doing, the episodes set the stage for the seventh trumpet ( R, L. Thomas, Revelation Commentary).

II. Examination.

A. Text: Revelation 9:1-12.

The Fifth Trumpet—Men Smitten.

1 Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him. 2 He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke came locusts upon the earth, and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not permitted to kill anyone, but to torment for five months; and their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it stings a man. 6 And in those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will long to die, and death flees from them.

7 The appearance of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle; and on their heads appeared to be crowns like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like the hair of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions. 9 They had breastplates like breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to battle. 10 They have tails like scorpions, and stings; and in their tails is their power to hurt men for five months. 11 They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon.

12 The first woe is past; behold, two woes are still coming after these things.

B. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible (Rev 9:1-12) (Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.)

1. 9:1. “a star” represents an intelligent creature, apparently “the angel of the abyss” (v 11). Notice the “he” in verse 2. “the bottomless pit.” Lit., the shaft of the abyss. For other uses of this phrase, see Luke 8:31; Rom 10:7; Rev 9:11, 11:7, 17:8, 20:1,3. Luke 8:31 indicates that this is the abode of the demons.

2. 9:3. “locusts.” That these creatures come from the abyss and are described in unusual terms in verses 7-11 indicate that they are demonic. 

3. 9:4-5. The limitations that God places upon the activities of these creatures show that He is still in full control of these events. Only the 144,000 will escape the torment on people.

4. 9:6. “Suicide,; though desired, will be impossible.

5. 9:7-10. In describing these creatures, John often has to use the word “like.” 

6. 9:10. Two glands in the tail of a scorpion emit a poison that produces a painful, but usually not a lethal wound.

7. 9:11. “Abaddon…Apollyon.” Both words mean “destruction.”

C. Text. Revelation 9:13-21.

Sixth Trumpet – Army From The East – Men Killed.  

13 Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 And the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released, so that they would kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of the armies of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And this is how I saw in the vision the horses and those who sat on them: the riders had breastplates the color of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone; and the heads of the horses are like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths proceed fire and smoke and brimstone. 18 A third of mankind was killed by these three plagues, by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which proceeded out of their mouths. 19 for the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents and have heads, and with them they do harm. 20 The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; 21 and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts.

D. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible (Rev 9:13-21). 

1. 9:14-15. These four angels (demons) are released in order to kill one-third of the remaining population of the earth. Added to the one-fourth who were killed under the fourth seal judgment (6:4) these two judgments, alone, destroy one-half of the population, not including those who are killed by wars, famines, and diseases (v 15). Lit., this particular hour.

2. 9:16. “the armies.” The 200,000 creatures who compose this supernatural cavalry may be human beings or demons or demon-possessed  humans. For other supernatural armies, see 2 Kings 2:11; 6:14; Rev 19:14. 

3. 9:18. “by these three plagues.” I.e., by the fire, smoke and brimstone.

4. 9:20. The religion of many will involve demon and idol worship. 

5. 9:21. “sorceries.” I.e., magical arts, potions, and poisons (see Gal 5:20; Rev 18:23; 21:8; 22:15) from the Greek word, we derive the English word, “pharmacies.” This chapter shows (1) the reality and some of the activity of the unseen world of Satan and demons, and (2) the hardness of human hearts.

E. Comments. John F. Walvoord, Th. D., Revelation Commentary.

1. The rising crescendo of judgments on the earth now introduces the first woe, a dramatic event described by John in the first twelve verses of this chapter. In 9:12, John records that the first woe is past (vs 1-11), and that two woes are still to come. In 11:14, John records that the second woe is past, and the third woe is coming quickly.

2. Rev 9:1. As the trumpet of the fifth angel is sounded, John records that he sees a star fallen from heaven having the key to the bottomless pit. The star here mentioned seems to refer to a person rather than a literal star or meteor. The person referred to as the star is given the key of the bottomless pit, or the pit of the abyss, as it is better translated. No explanation is offered in the passage itself concerning the identity of this person, but the occasion may be the aftermath of warfare in heaven mentioned in Rev 12:7-9, where the devil is cast out into the earth; this act of God was probably at the beginning of the great tribulation. 

3. Rev 9:1. The pit of the abyss is none other than the place of detention of wicked angels. It is here that Satan himself is confined for a thousand years during the reign of Christ on earth (20:1-3). The opening verse of this chapter, therefore, presents Satan as having the key to the pit of the abyss with power to release those who are confined there.

4. Rev 9:2. The second verse records the use of the key (9:1). The pit of the abyss is opened, and out of it comes a smoke as the smoke of a great furnace which darkens the sun and the air. It is evident that this event causes that which is contained in the pit of the abyss to erupt, polluting the air and darkening the light of day. It seems to portend the spiritual corruption which will be caused by these demons released from their confinement, and it identifies the character of the judgment involved in the fifth trumpet as that of demonic and satanic oppression.

5. Rev 9:15-18. Having declared the purpose of the army, John now gives details. Most impressive is the astounding number of the army of horsemen, 200 million, or literally “twice ten thousand times ten thousand.” Considering the millions of people in the Orient, the literal interpretation is not impossible, especially in view of the population explosion.  It may be that the army here described continues to fight until the time of the second coming of Christ, and the number slain is the total number involved in the conflict. Per Time (May 21, 1965, p. 35), Red China alone claims to have a man-and-woman militia of 200,000,000, exactly the figure of  Rev 9:16.

6. Rev 9:20-21. The trumpet judgments clearly grew in escalation, becoming worse and more devastating. In spite of the clear evidence of God’s power to judge the world, no evidence was given to John (writer of Revelation)  that there would be any change of heart on the part of the great mass of humanity. Though the sixth judgment produced fear, it did not produce repentance .

F. Comments. Robert L. Thomas Revelation Commentary (Th. M., Th. D.)

1. Rev 9:16. God’s use of human armies of heathen nations to fulfill His purposes in the OT accords with this understanding (cf. Isa 10:6-7, 25-26; 44-27-45:7; Hab 1:6-11, Jer 51:11, 28) [Hailey]). 

2. Rev 9:18. It is through these three plagues that a third of mankind perishes (fire, smoke, brimstone).

G. Comments. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., “Things To Come.

1. The fifth trumpet judgment, which is the first woe (9:1-2), pictures an individual energized by hell who can let torment of unprecedented dimension loose on the earth. It is generally accepted that these are not literal locusts, in that they do not feed on that which is natural to the locust. The sixth trumpet judgment, which is the second woe (9:13-19), is seen to be a great army turned loose to march with destructive force across the face of the earth (p 362).

2. Concerning the two woe judgments:  “First of all, a tormenting Woe falls on the land, but not on those sealed of the twelve tribes of Israel.” (William Kelly, The Revelation Record, P 104, printed in Things To Come, p 362).

3. From Kelly’s complete article (see 2 above). “This suggests that the two woes will be great marching armies, one against Israel and one against Gentiles, which will destroy a third of the earth’s population. Since Satan’s weapon against Israel is the northern confederacy, it may be depicted by the fifth trumpet and Gentile warfare depicted by the sixth ( “trumpet,” mine added). The seventh trumpet, and the third woe judgment (11:15). brings about the return of Christ to the earth and the subsequent destruction of all hostile powers at the conclusion of the Armageddon program (p 362).

4. “The destiny of the lost.” The  destiny of the lost is a place in the lake of fire (Rev 19:20; 20:10, 14-15; 21:8). This lake of fire is described as an everlasting fire (Matt 25:41; 18:8), and as unquenchable fire (Mark 9:43-44, 46, 48), emphasizing the eternal character of the retribution of the lost.” (p 555). In this connection, Chafer well observes: (para 5. below):

5. In attempting to write a comprehensive statement of the most solemn of the Bible, the term “retribution” is chosen in place of the more familiar word “punishment,” since the latter implies discipline and amendment, which idea is wholly absent  from the body of truth which discloses the final divine, dealing earlier and broader meaning, the term “retribute” was used for any reward, good or evil. The word is used … of the doctrine of hell only as reference is made to the eternal perdition of the lost (Lewis Sperry Chafer, Systematic Theology, V, 361). 

6. Concerning the retribution of the lost, it is important to observe that the lake of fire is a “place,” and not just a state, although a state is involved (p 555).

7. As heaven is a place and not a mere state of mind, in like manner those reprobated go to a place. This truth is indicated by the words “hades” (Matt 11:23; 16:18, Luke 10:15; 16:23; Rev 1:18; 20:13-14) and gehenna (Matt 5:22, 29-30; 10:28; James 3:6) — a place of “torment” (Luke 16:28). That it is a condition of unspeakable misery is indicated by the figurative term to describe its suffering: “bottomless pit” (Rev 9:2) (and others, mine). (Chafer, op. cit., IV, 429-431; Printed in Things To Come, p 555).

8. The Person And Ministry Of The Beast, The Head Of The Empire. Scripture has a great deal to say concerning the individual who will appear in the end time as the head of the Gentile powers in their ten kingdom confederation. He is a Gentile. Since he arises from the sea (Rev 13:1), and since the sea depicts the Gentile nations (Rev 17:15), he must be of Gentile origin. Many names are given to him in Scriptures: the Lawless one ((2 Thes 2:8,) the antichrist (1 John 2:22), “the angel of the bottomless pit” (Rev 9:11), the Beast (Rev 11:7)  (pp 333-334).

III. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

IV. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Road To Tribulation 16 – Matthew 24:4-31 – Not Yet


I. Introduction.

John 3:16 is, without question, the most well-known verse in the whole Bible. “For God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life.” Simply stated, John 3:16 is the gospel in a nutshell. In this article we will consider the nutshell of scripture that is contained within Matthew 24: 4-31, which will include the Tribulation, the Second Coming of Christ (to Earth), and the Regathering of Israel, with judgments. All verses in this article are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB).


II. The Nutshell Overview.

A. Consider the Tribulation that is recorded in Revelation Chapters 6-16, which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:4-28. Notice that each Tribulation judgment is brought on by Christ and angels, e.g., Rev 6:1, 8:1-2, and not by mankind, the antichrist, or “mother nature” (there is no mother nature).


1. The Ryrie Study Bible (Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.) states that in Matt 24, verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (note from Matt 24:3).


2. The Ryrie Study Bible breaks down the judgments of the Tribulation, as they are noted in his Rev notes, as follows:


a. The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6). The seals include (1) Antichrist. (2) War. (3) Famine. (4) Death. (5) Martyrs’ prayers. (6) Great earthquakes.


b. The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21). The trumpets include (1) 1/3 of vegetation burned. (2) 1/3 of the sea judged. (3) 1/3 of fresh water-judged. (4) 1/3 of the luminaries darkened. (5) Increased demonic activity. (6) 1/3 of mankind killed.


c. The Seven Bowls (Rev 13:1-16:21). The Seven Bowls Include (1) Malignant sores. (2) Sea burned to blood. (3) Fresh waters to blood. (4) Men scorched with fire. (5) Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. (6) Invasion from the east. (7) Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction. 


B. Consider the Second Coming of Christ to earth that is recorded in Rev Chap 19:11-21, and which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:29-30.


1. The second coming of Christ (Rev 19:11-16).


2. Armageddon (Rev 19:17-21).


C. Consider the regathering of Israel that is recorded in Amos 9:14, 15, Deuteronomy 30:3, 5, Isaiah 11:11,12, Jeremiah 23:3, and Ezekiel 34:12,13, which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:31, with corresponding judgment verses identified, as follows:


1. The regathering of unbelieving Jews (Matt 24:40).


2. The regathering of believing Jews (Matt 24:41).


III. The Nutshell Examination.


A.  Tribulation. There is teaching today that attempts to relate certain verses of Matt 24 to events of the world today. This article will show a proper application of Tribulation related passages of Scripture. The following verses are often used as a parallel to Matt 24:4-28. 


1. 2 Timothy 3:1-5. 1 But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, slanderers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3 unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, 4 treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, 5 holding to a form of godliness although they have denied its power; avoid such people as these.  


2. Matt 24:4-28 identifies certain events that are used as being a parallel to 2 Tim 3:1-5, as follows:  wars and rumors of wars; nations rising against nation, and kingdoms against kingdoms; famines and earthquakes; people being handed over to tribulation, being killed, and being hated by all nations because of the name of Jesus;. many falling away, and betraying and hating one another; lawlessness increasing; peoples’ love becoming cold. 


3. Whereas, the verses of 2 Tim 3:1-5  paint a bleak picture of the future, we must understand that the scope of time of that passage relates to the time in which we live now, which is the church age, and does not relate to the tribulation. The Matt 24:4-28 passage shows a much more severe period of time than that of 2 Tim 3. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., Things To Come, pg 129, states: Christ spoke of an unannounced period of time between His two advents, and indicated its distinctive features (Matt 13:1-51), and predicted a yet future time of “great tribulation,” and identified its character (Matt 24:9-31). There are last days for Israel (Isa 2:1-5) and last days for the Church (2 Tim 3:1-5). pg 154 states: Within this present age between the two advents of Christ, God is bringing to fulfillment two distinct programs; that with the Church, which will be completed at the Rapture of the Church, and that with Israel, which will be completed after the Rapture at the second advent of Christ.  The Ryrie Study Bible states that,  in 2 Pet 3:1-5  is, “the period between the writing of this letter and the Lord’s return.”

a. Consider the Tribulation judgements that will occur in Rev 6-16, and that are capsulized in Matt 24:4-28.


(1) The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6). The seals include (1) Antichrist. (2) War. (3) Famine. (4) Death. (5) Martyrs’ prayers. (6) Great earthquakes.


(2)  The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21). The trumpets include (1) 1/3 of vegetation burned. (2) 1/3 of the sea judged. (3) 1/3 of fresh water-judged. (4) 1/3 of the luminaries darkened. (5) Increased demonic activity. (6) 1/3 of mankind killed.


(3)  The Seven Bowls (Rev 13:1-16:21). The Seven Bowls Include (1) Malignant sores. (2) Sea burned to blood. (3) Fresh waters to blood. (4) Men scorched with fire. (5) Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. (6) Invasion from the east. (7) Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction. 


b. Especially consider Matt 24:21, “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will again.” 


(1) Nothing in 2 Tim 3:1-5 can match the degree of tribulation and destruction that is shown in Matt 24:15, or of any other condition of Matt 24:4-28


(2) The earthquake and destruction of the Bowl Judgments will greatly exceed the effects of the worldwide flood of Genesis 7.

(3) Context does not allow anyone to pick and choose certain parts of Matt 24, and try to put them into the times in which we are living now.


B. Second Coming Of Christ (to stand on planet Earth). The second coming of Christ, as is shown in Zech 14:1-5, 9 and Rev 19:11-21, is depicted also in Matt 24:29-30. There is erroneous teaching that confuses the Rapture of the Church with the Second Coming of Christ. Consider the following examples. 


1. The Rapture of the Church occurs prior to the Tribulation, where Christ takes His born again believers to Heaven with Him. There is no Scripture that states that the Rapture is visible to the unbelievers, who are left behind on earth, and who will come under the Godly Tribulation judgments and the oppression of the antichrist, who is also a Tribulation seal judgment of God. In the Rapture, Christ comes in the air, but does not stand on planet Earth. The Rapture is a joyous event (Titus 2:13).


2. The Second Coming of Christ, occurs at the end of the Tribulation, where He stands on the Mount of Olives, in Jerusalem, Israel. At the second coming of Christ, OT and NT believers who are in Heaven, and angels, will come with Christ to Earth (Zech 14:1-5, 9); the event is mournful for the unbelievers who were left behind from the Rapture (Zech 12:10; Matt 24:30; Rev 1:7). Everyone on earth will see Christ coming to earth (Matt 24:30; Rev 1:7). John Walvoord, Th. D., made the following statement in his Matthew Commentary, “Unlike the rapture of the church, which apparently the world will not see or hear, the second coming of Christ will be witnessed both by believers and unbelievers who are on the earth at that time. ” This will be a coming of the Lord to judge and subdue the earth and to bring in His earthly kingdom, and is in contrast to the rapture of the church, which is an entirely different event and with a different purpose.  Taken as a whole, the second coming of Christ is a majestic event, not instantaneous like the rapture, but extending over many hours. This perhaps explains why everyone can see it, because in the course of a day, the earth will rotate and the entire world will be able to see the approach of Christ accompanied by the hosts of heaven, which will descend to the earth in the area of the Mount of Olives (Zech 14:4).


C. The Regathering Of Israel.


1. This event, which is of prophecy in OT Scriptures, e.g.,  Amos 9:14, 15, Deuteronomy 30:3, 5, Isaiah 11:11,12, Jeremiah 23:3, and Ezekiel 34:12,13, is found written in Matt 24:31.

2. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost,  Th. D., Things To Come, pg 282,  describes “the regathering of Israel,” in Matt 24:31.  He states that the next event (after the regathering of Israel) will be the judging of Israel on the earth to determine who will go into the kingdom. This is anticipated  in Matt 24:28, where unbelieving Israel is likened unto a lifeless corpse which is consigned to the vultures, a picture picture of judgment. 


3. The “elect” of Matt 24:31, being Jews, is the conclusion of Dr. Pentecost in the above statement. Deu 14:2, and Amos 3:2 tell of God’s choosing of Israel.” It is important to keep “elect,” of this verse, in its proper context, as opposed to the NT elect of Romans 8:28-30, 33.


Matt 24:31 “And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet blast, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.”


4. There is frequent  error in the teaching of Matt 24:31, in that the Rapture is taught to be the event of this verse. However, verse 2 above refutes the Rapture teaching. Matt 24:40-41 shows the disposition of “the elect,” who are Jews, as follows: “40 at that time there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left.”


a. At the second coming of Christ, the ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom (Ryrie Study Bible). 


b. At the time of the Rapture, those who are taken, are taken by Christ to Heaven to avoid the Tribulation (John 17:1-3; 1 Thes 5:9-10); those who are left behind will enter the time of tribulation (Col 3:6; Rev 3:10).  


IV.  The Mount Of Olives Discourse. The subjects and discussion of Matt 24:4-31 are clearly Jewish. The following events lead up to the teaching of Christ with His disciples on the Mount of Olives.


A. Matt 21:43, “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people producing its fruit.” [Ryrie Note. “taken away from you and given to a people.” I.e., taken from the Jews and given to the church, which is composed largely of Gentiles (1 Pet 2:9)]. 


B. Matt 23:37-39, ““37 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. 38 Behold, your house is being left to you desolate! 39 For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is the One who comes in the name of the Lord!’” [Ryrie Note. 23:38, “your house” = the Temple and the city of Jerusalem. 23:39, “from now on you will not see Me. I.e., I will no longer teach publicly, “until you say.” At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zech 12:10)]. It is when Jews recognize Jesus as the promised Messiah, they will receive the Kingdom that had been postponed for their possession. The unconditional ownership of the promised land was a result of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15:18-21;17:6-8).


C. Matt 24:1-3, ” 1 Jesus left the temple area and was going on His way when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him. 2 But He responded and said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another, which will not be torn down.”

3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” [Ryrie note. 23:3. “the Mount of Olives, just East of Jerusalem across the Kidron Valley. “the disciples.” Only Peter, James, John, and Andrew (Mark 13:3). In this discourse Jesus answered two of the three questions the disciples asked. He does not answer, “when will these things happen?” He answers “what will be the sign of Your coming.” In verses 29-31, and He speaks of  the signs of the end of the age in verses 4-28. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. Notice that the disciples came to Jesus “privately,” which is the manner in which the disciples questioned Jesus (Matt 24:3; Mark 13:3).


D. Jesus and His disciples had come from the Jewish leaders, where Jesus had postponed the kingdom that had been offered to Israel, but which it had rejected. Jesus, then, said that He would not return until Jews accepted Him as Messiah. The key element of the discussion of Jesus with the Jewish leaders is that not until Israel accepts Him as Messiah, will he return from Heaven and set up His earthly kingdom. Regardless of the Gentile acceptance of Christ as Lord and Savior, He will not return to Earth to set up His earthly kingdom, until after Israel accepts Him (Christ) as Messiah (Zech 12:10-14, Ryrie) (Matt 24:30, Pentecost). 


V. Conclusion. There are people who will ask someone else, “what does that verse of scripture say to you? Such a question should not even be considered. God’s Word is God’s Word, and should not be made to apply to a particular situation. Other people will take an Old Testament prophetic Scripture, “and claim it for themselves.” A verse that tells of God’s plan for Israel can not be “claimed” for any other purpose. God’s intended purpose that He has laid out in Scripture for Israel has to be respected for such a Godly purpose, and should not be taken out of context.  We can learn from prophecies, but we can not divert them in any way to that which we choose. 


A. Matt 24:13 has words that are not evangelistic, that is, they are not for the purpose of salvation of the soul and spirit.  “But the one who endures to the end is the one who will be saved.”  Per Walvoord’s Matthew Commentary, ” The age in general, climaxing with Christ’s return, has the promise that those who endure to the end. that is, survive the tribulation and are still alive, will be saved, or delivered by Christ at His coming. This is not a reference to salvation from sin, but rather the deliverance of survivors at the end of the age.


B. Matt 24:14 has words that are also incorrectly taught and understood, as they relate to the “Gospel:”


1. “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.” 


2. The “gospel of the kingdom” is that which was preached to Jews in first century Israel, by John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), Jesus (Matt 4:17), the disciples (Matt 10:7), and “the Seventy (Luke 10:9). 


3. The gospel of the kingdom was to be preached only to Israel, and not to Gentiles or to half-breed Jews of Samaria (Matt 10:5-6).


4. The gospel of the kingdom is not that which we preach today. We preach the “gospel” of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-8). The Gospel of the Kingdom is of no relevance to those of us of the Church age.  Individual salvation (Jew or Gentile) is only in the Name of Jesus (Acts 4:12). The national salvation of Israel will be the result of the Jewish acceptance of Christ as “God’s chosen King” (Deu 17:15).


5. The key aspect of the “gospel of the kingdom teaching” is to recognize Jesus as the King of God’s choosing (Deu 17:15), Who is Jesus (Micah 5:2Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; Matt 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-33). 


C. In the context of the Matt 24:1-3 “questions from the disciples” to Jesus, “the disciples came to Him privately” (Matt 24:3). The questions of the disciples were very clear, with the second and third questions being linked together (Walvoord Matthew Commentary, pg 317). 


1. When will these things happen? 


2. What will be the sign of Your coming?


3. What will be the sign of the end of the age?


D. Jesus answered the disciples with answers that related to Jews, and only Jews.  There was nothing in the Mount Olivet conversation, between Jesus and His disciples of Matt 24:4-31, that had anything to do with any people, other than Jews, and at a time that will be other than the Tribulation, the Second Coming Of Christ to Planet Earth, and the Regathering and Judging of Jews who are alive at the end of the Tribulation.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity



Road To Tribulation 15 -Context In Scripture

Joel 2:1. Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain!

I. Introduction. There are Biblical terms that are often read by Christians about eschatology (the science of last things), but are often misunderstood. It is important for Christians of today to understand such information, so that we can leave that knowledge behind for those who will be in a world of total collapse of law and order during the Tribulation. After the church has been raptured to heaven, those whom will be left behind will need such information to understand the world’s Satanic conditions, and how they can come to saving faith in Christ. We will use this article, and future posts, to make known the things of the Anti-Christ and the Tribulation that await most of the world’s current and projected population.

II. Two terms that are important to understand are “latter days,” and “last days.” Scriptures that are discussed as being “latter days,” relate to the Old Testament. Scriptures that are discussed as being “last days,” relate to the Old and New Testaments. Context is paramount in studying Scripture. The context of the “latter days” Scriptures is that of the words of Jewish Old Testament prophets, as they speak of the Word of God in relation to the seven years of the Tribulation, and the thousand years of the Kingdom Age, which is called the Millennium. The verses that we will examine will come from the New American Standard Bible 2020. Comments will come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless in noted exception.

III. In my previous “End Times 13” article, I made known the fact that both the Church and the Rapture were unknown to those of the Old Testament era; they were “mysteries” to the Jews of that OT time. Therefore the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament did not write on those two future events.

A. In the Ryrie Study Bible, “mystery” is described in comment to Romans 16:25-26. “the mystery.” A definition of a scriptural mystery: something unknown in times past but revealed in the NT. Here, “the mystery” is the gospel of Christ. OT prophecies of Messiah could be understood, once the mystery was revealed (cf. Luke 24:44-45; 1 Peter 1:10-12).

B. Dr. Ryrie explains, in his comment to Ephesians 3:3, the “mystery.” The mystery that is spoken of here is not that the Gentiles would be blessed (for that was predicted in the OT), but that Jews and Gentiles would be equal heirs in the one body of Christ (v. 6). This was unknown in OT prophecy but was revealed by the NT apostles and prophets (v. 5).

C. In his comment on 1 Corinthians 15:51, Dr. Ryrie discusses “the mystery” of the rapture, as follows: The rapture of the church described in verses 51-58 was a “mystery” unknown in the OT but now revealed.

D. The prophecies of the Old Testament Jewish prophets were those that were given by God to the prophets. Those prophets spoke the same prophecies to the Jews of Israel. Consider the following verses: Isaiah 1:1-2; 2-1 and Jeremiah 2:1-2. None of the prophecies of God to the Jews have any relevance to the church, but have relevance to those of the church age who will be left behind from the rapture of the Church.

IV. We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “latter days.”

A. Jeremiah 30:24, ” the millennial kingdom of the “latter days.” Jeremiah 48:47, “the messianic era , the latter days”). Ezekiel 38:8, “In the context of Israel’s restoration.” Daniel 2:27-35, “It is a reference to the future millennial kingdom of Christ (exception, Ryrie Study Bible note). Micah 4:4, “this phrase looks forward to greater peace and prosperity in the Millennium (cf. Zech. 3:10).”

B. It is clear that the prophetic scriptures of “latter days,” as was spoken by God to the Jews, relate to the time after the Rapture takes place. It is also clear that none of these “latter days” scriptures have any relation to the church.

V. We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “last days,” as they are written in the books of the Old Testament prophets. Notice that the prophesied times are those of the Tribulation and Kingdom Age (Millennium).

A. Isaiah 2:2, ” The “latter (or last) days” is a time designation looking forward to the messianic era (Ezek. 38:16Hos. 3:5Mic. 4:1). The NT applied the expression to the period beginning with the first advent of Jesus Christ (Acts 2:172 Tim. 3:1Heb. 1:2James 5:32 Pet. 3:3). Old Testament prophets, being without a clear word regarding the time between the Messiah’s two advents, linked the expression to the Messiah’s return to establish His earthly kingdom, i.e., the millennial kingdom spoken about in Rev. 20:1–10.

B. Jeremiah 49:39, “I will bring back. As with certain other peoples in this section of nations, God would allow Elamites to return to their homeland. In Acts 2:9, Elamites were among the group present at the Pentecost event. This has eschatological implications as well.

C. Ezekiel 38:16, “that the nations may know Me. The phrase, frequent in Ezekiel, is part of the theme to glorify God and show His sovereign power (cf. Introduction: Historical and Theological Themes). God is the victor, who will be “hallowed” by fire (cf. v. 19).

D. Hosea 3:5, “David. Cf. 1:11. This must refer to Messiah during the Millennium, as “in the latter days” specifies (cf. Is. 55:34Jer. 30:9Ezek. 34:232437:2425). The Jews did not seek after Christ at His first advent. This reference has the Davidic Covenant as its background (cf. 2 Sam. 7:12–17Pss. 39132).”

E. Micah 4:1, “In a reversal of 3:12, Micah shifted from impending judgment to prophecies of the future millennial kingdom (“the latter days”) in which Mt. Zion (v. 3), the center of Messiah’s coming earthly kingdom, shall be raised both spiritually and physically (cf. Zech. 14:910). This discussion continues to 5:15.”

VI. We will now discuss the prophetic scriptures of, “last days,” as they are written in the books of the New Testament. Notice that in the Acts and Hebrews scriptures the audience in each situation consisted of those of Jewish ancestry, and would have known of the teachings of the Old Testament Jewish prophets. In the books of the New Testament, whose audience contained those of Jewish and Gentile ancestry, the Gentile members would not have known the Scriptures of the Old Testament Jewish prophets; therefore, such Gentiles would not possess detailed knowledge of the Tribulation or Kingdom. In the New Testament context, “last days” relates to the time which precedes the Rapture, except when the discussion context may be that of teaching New Testament era Jews (saved or unsaved) about the Old Testament Jewish prophetic scriptures. Of course, if a verbal discussion of OT context was made in the presence of Jewish Christians, any Gentiles (saved or unsaved) whom would be present would also hear such information.

A. Acts 2:16-21.

1. last days. Notice that the occasion is that of the Jewish festival of Pentecost. Those who heard Peter’s sermon were Jews; they were aware of the prophecies of the Old Testament Jewish prophets (of which Gentiles were not), and of the OT scriptures that have been discussed up to this point. Therefore, the Pentecost conversation of Acts 2 is Jewish. In the following comments, the old and new covenants are discussed, both of which relate to God and Israel, and both of which Gentile believers will share in the millennium. Unsaved Jews and Gentiles, whom are left behind from the Rapture, will share in God’s judgments of the Tribulation. Spiritual aspects of God’s new covenant with Israel (Jer 31:31-34; Ez 36:25-27) are now being experienced by Gentile Christians and born again Jews (Christian Jews).

2. In the last days (see Isa. 2:2Hos. 3:5Mic. 4:1Heb. 1:2; discussions on 1 Tim. 4:12 Tim. 3:11 Peter 1:201 John 2:18). In Joel 2:28, the Hebrew has “after this,” and the Septuagint has “after these things.” Peter interpreted the passage as referring specifically to the latter days of the new covenant (see Jer. 31:33-34Ezek. 36:26-2739:29) in contrast to the former days of the old covenant. The age of messianic fulfillment had arrived ((Exception, Zondervan KJV Commentary).

B. Joel 2:28. NASB. Note comes from Ryrie Study Bible.

“It will come about after this,
That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and your daughters will prophesy,
Your old men will have dreams,
Your young men will see visions.

1. Joel 2:28 Ryrie Study Bible note. “after this.” I.e., after Israel’s future repentance and restoration (Zech. 12:10; 13:1) in conjunction with the second coming of Christ, as witnessed by the portents of verse 30 (see note on Acts 2:16-21). The Holy Spirit will then be poured out on all classes in Israel who belong to the believing remnant (vs. 32). For Peter’s use of this passage on the Day of Pentecost, see note on Acts 2:16:21.

2. Joel 2:30-31. NASB.

30 I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,
Blood, fire, and columns of smoke.
31 The sun will be turned into darkness,
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.

3. Joel 2:28-32 Complete text.

4. Acts 2:16-21. NASB. Notes come from Ryrie Study Bible.

5. Acts 2:17. NASB.

And it shall be in the last days,’ God says,
‘That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and your daughters will prophesy,
And your young men will see visions,
And your old men will have dreams;

6. Acts 2:16-21 Ryrie Study Bible note. See Joel 2:28. The fulfillment of this prophecy will be in the last days, immediately preceding the return of Christ, when all the particulars (e.g., v. 20 and Rev. 6:12) of the prophecy will come to pass. Peter reminded his hearers that knowing Joel’s prophecy, they should have recognized what they were seeing as a work of the Spirit, not a result of drunkenness.

7. Acts 16-21 Complete text. NASB.

3. Jewish attendance at the Day of Pentecost. Under the Mosaic Law, three annual feasts were required for all males of Israel to travel to the Temple in Jerusalem (Ex 23:14-19). These feasts were: Unleavened Bread (Ex 12:15-20); Pentecost (Dt 16:9-12; Ac 2:1); and Tabernacles (Ne 8:13-18; Jn 7:2). Gentiles would have been ignorant of the Law or the Feasts, or of the prophecy of Joel that was quoted by the Apostle Peter; neither would Gentiles have been invited to the Feast of Pentecost by Jews.

A. Acts 2:5 suggests that a large number of Jews were present in Jerusalem for the Day of Pentecost (Feast of Pentecost). Per Holman NT Commentary, the Feast of Pentecost may well have attracted over 200,000 Jews from all over the area of Israel and the Mediterranean world. The sermon of Peter was of OT prophecy that addressed Jews in relation to Christ and the need for Jews to come to belief in Christ as Messiah. 2:1 speaks of the Feast of Pentecost, a Jewish feast day. 2:5 states that Jews were present, devout men from every nation. 2:7-11 identifies the Jewish groups “hearing the words of the Apostles, in their own languages, ” which was the miracle of Pentecost, in conjunction with the falling of the Holy Spirit. 2:16 addresses OT prophecy of Joel. 2:22 addresses “men of Israel.” 2:29 speaks of King David, of whom the Davidic Covenant relates to the earthly kingdom of Christ. 2:36 speaks of the “house of Israel,” and Christ, “whom they crucified.” 2:38 speaks of the promise of salvation in Christ going to the Jewish families of the Pentecost Jews. 2:43 states that the Pentecost attendants continued attending the Temple, “day by day.” This second chapter of Acts clearly states that the events of the Feast of Pentecost (Day of Pentecost) show a Jewish audience, and not one of Gentiles.

B. Context is key to a proper understanding of Acts 2, as well as to Joel’s prophecy. The Apostle Peter cited Joel’s prophecy in his sermon, which was the first sermon of the Christian dispensation (aka grace; church) (Joel 2:28-32). 2:28-29 relate to the promise of the Holy Spirit. 2:30-32 relate to the end times, of which Jews had been taught about the tribulation and kingdom age (millennium). Joel’s prophecy had been made about Jews and the deliverance of the Jews in the Tribulation, and the blessing of the Jews in the Millennium (2:18-27). The following Ryrie notes show the Jewish context of Peter’s sermon, which was preached to a Jewish audience and not to Gentiles. The scripture context also shows that the “tongues of Pentecost” did not refer to an ecstatic utterance, which was not understood by everyone present, but referred to the words of the Apostles being spoken in the language of the Apostles, and, through the work of the Holy Spirit, being translated into the many languages and dialects of all of the Jews whom were present in Jerusalem on Pentecost. This Acts 2 Holy Spirit languages translation is like that which takes place in the United Nations where a speaker’s words are translated into the languages of all UN delegates who are present.

1. Ryrie Study Bible note. Joel 2:15-17. A call to national repentance in a “solemn assembly” from which no one would be exempt (Deu 24:5). Israel was God’s “inheritance” (Ex 19:5; Deu 4:20).

2. Ryrie Study Bible note. Joel 2:20. “the northern army” will be scattered in the desert, the “eastern sea” (the Dead Sea), and the “western sea” (the Mediterranean). See Ezek 39:2 for the destruction of the army from the N during the tribulation.

3. Ryrie Study Bible note. Joel 2:23. “early and latter rain.” In Sep-Oct. and March-April respectively.

4. Ryrie Study Bible note. Acts 2:4. “filled with the Holy Spirit.” An experience repeated later (4:8, 31; 6:3, 5; 7:55; 9:17; 13:9, 52). In the context of each of these occasions of filling, people were converted. Though not labeled here, the baptism of the Spirit also occurred (11:15-16), something not repeated, though experienced by every believer at conversion, which joins each to the body of Christ (1 Cor 12:13). “with other tongues.” Actual languages unknown to the speakers but understood by the hearers (v 8).

5. End Times Terms. Context is key to understanding such terms.9

A. 2 Timothy 3:1; 2 Peter 3:3  “the last days. This phrase refers to this age, the time since the first coming of the Lord Jesus. Matt 24:6-8 discusses horrible things that  will happen, but they occur during the tribulation. The conditions of the church age and the conditions of the tribulation can not be interchangeably used for the particular purposes of a reader or writer.

B. Hebrews 1:2last days. The primary group addressed were Hebrew Christians who suffered rejection and persecution by fellow Jews (10:32–34), although none as yet had been martyred (12:4).  The second group addressed were Jewish unbelievers who were convinced of the basic truths of the gospel but who had not placed their faith in Jesus Christ as their own Savior and Lord. They were intellectually persuaded but spiritually uncommitted. last days. Jews understood the “last days” to mean the time when Messiah (Christ) would come (cf. Num. 24:14Jer. 33:14–16Mic. 5:12Zech. 9:916). In the past God gave revelation through His prophets, but in these times, beginning with the Messiah’s advent, God spoke the message of redemption through the Son. (My comment. Notice that this is a Jewish audience).

C. James 5:3,  “last days. The period between Christ’s first and second comings.”

D. 2 Peter 3:3, ” in the last days. This phrase refers to that entire period of time from the arrival of the Messiah to His return (cf. Acts 2:17Gal. 4:42 Tim. 3:1Heb. 1:2James 5:31 Pet. 1:201 John 2:1819Jude 18). The entire age will be marked by saboteurs of the Christian truth and especially the hope of Christ’s return.”

E. Context is key to the understanding of the second coming of Christ. The coming of Christ “in the air” occurs at the time of the rapture of the church, which will not be visible to the world (John 14:1-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Titus 2:13). The coming of Christ, “where He stands on the Mount of Olives”, occurs at the end of the Tribulation, when the whole world sees His returning (Zech 12:10, 14:1-5; Mt 24:29-30; Mk 13:24-26; Lk 21:25-27, 31; Rev 19:11-20:4). The subject of the Rapture is one of joy for pre-tribulation believers in Christ. The subject of the coming of Christ at the end of the Tribulation is one of mourning for Tribulation unbelievers (Zech 12:9-11; Mt 24:30;

VII. We will now discuss Matthew Chapter 24,  which is a scripture passage that has been taken out of context, very often, and by very many writers.

A. The Gospel of Matthew is the Gospel which presents the Lord Jesus as God’s King and Israel’s Messiah. The writer of Matthew was Jewish; his Gospel was written to Jews, about things that relate to Jews, the nation of Israel, and the “yet future” Kingdom that was promised to Israel in the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16). 

B. The Gospel (Good News) of the Kingdom , as opposed to the Gospel of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ, as was stated in 1 Cor 15:1-8) was preached to the the Jews of first century Israel by John The Baptist (Matt 3:2), Jesus (Matt 4:17), The disciples of Jesus (Matt 10:7), and by “The Seventy” (Luke 10:9). However, Jesus placed a restriction on whom would be told of the Kingdom (Matt 10:5-6, “Do not go in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any of the city of the Samaritans, but rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.)  Foreigners intermarried with the Israelite population that was still in and around Samaria. The Samaritans embraced a religion that was a mixture of Judaism and idolatry. Because the Israelite inhabitants of Samaria had intermarried with the foreigners and adopted their idolatrous religion, Samaritans were generally considered “half-breeds” and were universally despised by the Jews.

C. The Kingdom has been  promised to the nation of Israel, and not to the other mentioned groups. We will see that Mathew 24 was preached to Jews, about things that related to Jews.

D. Israel In The Tribulation. One of the Divine purposes to be accomplished in the tribulation is the preparation of the nation Israel for the Kingdom to be instituted at the return of  Messiah  in fulfillment of Israel’s covenants.

VIII. The Olivet Discourse. (Matthew 24-25).

A. A detailed chronology of predicted events in relation to the nation Israel is given to us in the prophecy of the Lord in Matt 24:1-25:46, in the Olivet Discourse. In this passage, context remains a key factor of understanding.


B. The questions of the disciples. In Matthew 23 the Lord has announced judgment on the Pharisees and blindness on the nation. Now, in chapter 24, He announces the overthrow of Jerusalem (Matt 24:1-2). In the minds of the disciples they had eschatological significance, for their fulfillment was associated with Messiah’s coming and the terminus of the age. They asked” “When shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world (age)?”  (Matt 24:3). Probably the promise of His return (Matt 23:39) had given the disciples this eschatological association.
The answer to the first question is not recorded by Matthew, but is given in Luke 21:20-24. This portion of the discourse had to do with the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus in 70 A.D. (Comments from, Things To Come, Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D.).


C. Context is especially important in a proper understanding of the Olivet Discourse (Matt 24-25), and of all end times prophecy. In Matt 21:43, Jesus withdraws the offer of the Kingdom to Israel, but will be offered again during the Tribulation (Matt 24:14; Zech 12:10). In Matt 22, we read of the controversy between Jesus and the Jewish rulers. In Matt 23, Jesus condemns the Scribes and Pharisees.  In Matt 23:39,  Jesus said: “from now on you will not see me.” I.e., I He will no longer teach publicly. “until you say.” At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zech 12:10). In Matt 24:1-2, we read about the destruction of the temple. In Matt 24:3-8, we read the questions of the disciples to Jesus: “when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming, and the end of the age?” (notice that the context of the questions relate to Israel, and not to the church). In Matt 24:4-28, we read of the signs of the end of the age, and not of signs of the church age. The books that the apostles will write will relate to the time of the church age, even to the bad times that will exist until the rapture occurs, but not to the times of the tribulation, (Re: 2 Tim 3:1-9), per Ryrie, Pentecost, Koessler, Wemp, Litfin. Lea, Griffin. The apostles did not warn the church about the conditions of the tribulation because their teaching was that the church would be removed from the earth prior to the tribulation. Old Testament prophets knew nothing of the Church, the Church age, or the rapture, which was the reason that their writings related to the tribulation and the kingdom age of the millennium. 


D. One of the Divine purposes to be accomplished in the tribulation is the preparation of the nation Israel for the Kingdom to be instituted at the return of  Messiah  in fulfillment of Israel’s covenants. A detailed chronology of predicted events in relation to the nation Israel is given to us in the prophecy of the Lord in Matt 24:1-25:46, in the Olivet Discourse. (Things To Come, J. Dwight, Pentecost, Th. D.).

E. Nothing of Matthew 24 has anything to do with the Church Age.  Consider:
24:9, “they will deliver you to tribulation.” The church will be taken away before the tribulation begins. 24:13, “the one who endures to the end will be saved.” Believers are saved at the moment of belief in Christ (John 3:16). This verse relates to those in the tribulation who will be physically saved from the anti-christ. 24:14. “The Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come. The gospel of the Kingdom relates to the Kingdom which will follow the tribulation. The Gospel of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-5) is the focus of teaching that occurs during the church age. The Gospel of the kingdom is not the focus of the church’s teaching, but is that which the Jews rejected when offered by John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), Jesus (Matt 4:17), the disciples (Matt 10:7), and the Seventy (Luke 10:9). 24:15, “the abomination of desolation”  relates to the anti-christ who, at mid-point in the Tribulation, breaks the covenant that he made with the Jewish people (Dan 9:27). The church will be raptured before this event happens. 24:16, “those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.” This concern does not apply to the Church, who is scattered all around the world. 24:20, “pray that your flight will not be on the Sabbath.” The Sabbath relates to Israel, and not to the Church (Ps 147:19). 24:21, “there will be great tribulation.” The church will be raptured before the Tribulation. 24:22, “unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved.” The church has no such warning. 24:29, “Immediately after the tribulation,” 24:30, “Christ will appear in the sky, many will mourn.” The Church looks to the blessed hope and the appearing of Christ, where they do not mourn at His appearance, which occurs at the Rapture (Titus 2:13).


F. Matthew 25 discusses the Kingdom Age Of The Millennium (Matt 25:1).
To pull anything out of the Olivet Discourse, and apply it to anything relative to the church age, is a total infraction of the rules of context, and moves the discussion from Exegesis (the critical interpretation of the Biblical text to discover its intended meaning) to Eisegesis (drawing out a text’s meaning in accordance with the author’s context and discoverable meaning. Eisegesis is when a reader imposes their interpretation of the text).

IX. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

X. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity



Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 15 – The 70th Week 7 – 538 B.C.

I. Message Text.

Daniel 9:27 – New American Standard 2000

27 And he will confirm a covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come the one who makes desolate, until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, gushes forth on the one who makes desolate.”

II. Ryrie Study Bible Notes.

Daniel 9:27. “he.” The prince of verse 26 , the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But, “in the middle of the week,” i.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the temple by demanding worship of himself in it. See Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4. At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).

III. Scofield Study Bible Notes.

Daniel 9:27. The main events of the final “one week” are as follows: There is a seven-year “covenant” made by the future Roman prince (the little horn of 7:8) with the Jews. In the middle of the week there is a forcible interruption of the Jewish ritual of worship by the Roman prince who introduces “abominations” that tender the sanctuary desolate. At the same time, he launches persecution against the Jews. At the end of the 70th week brings judgment upon the desolator and also brings “everything righteous” (vs 24-that is, the blessings of the Messianic kingdom).

IV. The Beginning Of The 70th Week.

A. Daniel 9:27 shows that the 70th week begins with a covenant that will be made with “many” for one week, or for seven years. This period of “one week,” following the method of interpretation that has been established for the 69 weeks, demonstrates the fact that the period, in question will be for a duration of seven years. The question that must be determined is the identity of the one who actually makes the covenant that begins this period of seven years. Daniel identified the person as “he” in verse 27 of Chapter 9, which must refer back to “the prince that shall come” in the prior verse.

B. There are two different princes that are mentioned. First, “Messiah the Prince;” second, “the prince that shall come.” The expression, “prince that shall come,” can not refer to “Messiah the Prince;” the reason is that it would be “the people of the prince that shall come” that would destroy Jerusalem after the death of the Messiah. Because it is now a matter of history that Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D. by the Roman people, and not by the Jewish people, it follows that “the prince that shall come” can not be the Jewish Messiah, but is some great prince who will arise out of the Roman Empire.

C. Out of the Roman Empire, there shall arise in the future, a prince. This prince, or chief of the fourth empire, is identical with the little horn of Daniel 7. He is further to be identified with the “king of fierce countenance” of Dan 8:23, with the “willful king” of Dan 11:36, with the “man of sin” of 2 Thes 2, and with the “beast of the sea” of Rev 13:10. In as much as all the covenants made by Messiah with Israel are eternal covenants, Messiah can not be the one making the covenant, as it will be temporary. This covenant, which will guarantee Israel the possession of their own land and the restoration of their religious and political autonomy, is to be viewed as a false fulfillment of the Abrahamic covenant. This covenant deceives many in Israel into believing that this “man of sin” is God (2 Thes 2:3). It is the proclamation of this false covenant that makes the beginning of the 70th week.

V. The Objectives Of The 70th Week.

A. The 70th week is a period of seven years which lies prophetically between the translation of the church, and the return of Christ in glory.

B. This 70th week also provides the exact chronological framework for the great events recorded in chapters 6-19 of the Book of Revelation.

C. The 70th week will begin with the making of a “firm covenant” between the coming Roman prince and the Jewish people.

D. In the middle of the 70th Week, the Roman prince will suddenly reverse his friendly attitude toward the Jews, and “cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.”

E. The breaking of the “firm covenant” between the Jews and the Roman prince will mark the beginning of a period of unparalleled “desolations” for the Jewish people.

F. The end of this final seven-year period will bring to its close the entire series of the 70 Weeks, and therefore usher in the great blessings promised to Israel in Dan 9:24.

VI. References.

Paragraphs IV and V. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., Things To Come, Zondervan, 1958, pp 249-250.

VII. My Bucket List.

My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents. that I use to write my articles.

VIII. My Websites to follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Let Praise Fill Our Streets

This is greatly needed in cities and towns in all nations of the world.

Eternity

Let praise fill our streets!

When someone comes against you, ask, “Do you know Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior?” Those words worked for me!

Psalm 150

1 Praise the Lord!
Praise God in His sanctuary;
Praise Him in His mighty expanse.
2 Praise Him for His mighty deeds;
Praise Him according to His excellent greatness.

3 Praise Him with trumpet sound;
Praise Him with harp and lyre.
4 Praise Him with timbrel and dancing;
Praise Him with stringed instruments and pipe.
5 Praise Him with loud cymbals;
Praise Him with resounding cymbals.
6 Let everything that has breath praise the Lord.
Praise the Lord!1

Hezekiah Walker New Video “Every Praise”
Hezekiah Walker
Music in this video

Every Praise (Radio Edit)
Artist
Hezekiah Walker
Album
WOW Gospel 2014
Licensed to YouTube by
SME (on behalf of RCA Inspiration); Adorando Brazil, Capitol CMG Publishing, ASCAP, LatinAutor, Anthem Entertainment (Publishing), LatinAutor…

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Revelation 8 – The 7th Seal Opened – Trumpet Judgments 1-4

I. Introduction.

The intercalation on “The Servants Of God” having ended, the numerical sequence of the seals picks up from the end of chapter 6 as the Lamb opens the seventh and last seal.

II. Scripture Text And Examination.

A. The seventh seal 0pened (Rev 8:1-6).

1. Scripture.

1 When the Lamb broke the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.

Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel’s hand. Then the angel took the censer and filled it with the fire of the altar, and threw it to the earth; and there followed peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake.

And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound them.

2. Examination

a. 8:1. “broke the seventh seal.” With the breaking of the 7th seal comes the second series of judgments – the seven trumpets. Apparently the judgments announced by the trumpets follow chronologically those of the other seals.

b. 8.4. The “prayers” likely petition God to judge evil and to inaugurate His kingdom quickly. A token judgment follows (v 5).

B. First Trumpet: the earth smitten (Rev 8:7).

1. Scripture.

The first sounded, and there came hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.

2. Examination.

Though the implications are staggering, there is no reason not to understand this and the other judgments plainly.

C. Second Trumpet: the sea smitten (Rev 8:8-9).

1. Scripture.

The second angel sounded, and something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood, and a third of the creatures which were in the sea and had life, died; and a third of the ships were destroyed.

2. Examination.

8:8-9. The impact of this judgment on the world economy is beyond imagination.

D. Third trumpet: the waters smitten (Rev 8:10-11).

1. Scripture.

10 The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters. 11 The name of the star is called Wormwood; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter.

2. Examination.

8:11. “Wormwood.” Many species of wormwood (a woody herb) grow in the land of Israel, and all have a strong, bitter (but not poisonous) taste, which causes the plant to be used as a symbol of bitterness, sorrow, and calamity. This plague will make a third part of the fresh water supply of the earth unfit for human contamination.

E. Fourth trumpet. the heavens smitten (Rev 8:12-13).

1. Scripture.

12 The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way.

13 Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

2. Examination.

8:12. This could mean that the 24-hour cycle day and night will be shortened to sixteen hours, or that the power of the sun, moon, and stars will be reduced by one-third.

III. Personal Commentary.

A. Revelation 8:1. Notice that this seventh seal is broken by “The Lamb,” who is none other than “the ascended Christ, Jesus.” The judgments of the tribulation come on the earth, and all who dwell on the earth, through Christ and angels, and not through any actions of Satan, or “mother nature.” The anti-Christ is used through the tribulation as a tool of God’s judgment on earth.

B. Revelation 8:4. Notice that the Kingdom has not yet been established, but will be established upon the return of Christ, with His angels and raptured saints, at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:5; Matt 24:29-31; Rev 19:11-14; Rev 19:15-20:4).

C. Revelation 8:11. The term “wormwood” has taken on many unfounded and unscriptural prophetic meanings. The following article provides a scriptural analysis of “wormwood.” It will show that the judgments of Revelation will not take place until after the rapture of the church takes place, and after the tribulation begins, neither of which has happened yet. See the following discussion.

IV. Wormwood Discussion.

What is the meaning of wormwood in Revelation?

“Wormwood” is the name of a star in Rev 8:10-11: “The third angel sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water—the name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter.” This is the third of the “trumpet judgments” described in Revelation. The seven trumpets are the judgments of the seventh seal (Rev 8:1-5). The first trumpet causes hail and fire that destroy much of the plant life in the world (Rev 8:7). The second trumpet brings about what seems to be a meteor, comet, or other heavenly body hitting the oceans and causing the death of one-third of the world’s sea life (Rev 8:8-9). The third trumpet is similar to the second, except it affects the world’s lakes and rivers instead of the oceans (Rev 8:10-11). It will cause a third part of all fresh water on earth to turn bitter and many people will die from drinking it.

The word “wormwood” is mentioned only here in the New Testament, but it appears eight times in the Old Testament, each time associated with bitterness, poison and death. The Revelation passage may not be saying that the star falling to the earth will actually be called Wormwood by the inhabitants of the earth. Rather, wormwood was a well-known bitter herb in the Bible times, so by naming the star Wormwood, we are told that its effect will be to embitter the waters of the earth, so much so that the water is undrinkable. It won’t be a matter of simply a bitter taste to the water; it will literally be poisonous. If drinking water is unavailable to one third of the earth’s population, it’s easy to see how chaos and terror will result. Humans can only survive a couple of days without water, and the inhabitants of the affected areas will be so desperate as to actually drink the poisoned water, causing the death of thousands, if not millions of people.

This is a prophecy that is yet to come in the last seven years of this age, also known as the 70th week of Daniel. This is only one of the natural disasters in the seven trumpets that will usher in the rise of the Antichrist to world power very quickly (see Revelation, chapter 13). Since one-third of the earth is destroyed by these trumpet judgments, this is only a partial judgment from God. His full wrath is yet to be unleashed.

V. Article References.

A. Paragraph I. Robert L. Thomas, Th. D., Ph. D., Revelation Commentary, 1992, Moody Publishers.

B. Paragraph II. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D., Ryrie Study Bible, 1986,1995, Moody Publishers.

C. Paragraph III. Comments are those of this writer.

D. Paragraph IV. Got Questions. https://www.gotquestions.org/wormwood.html

E. Scriptures come from New American Standard Bible 1995, as is provided by Bible Gateway https://www.biblegateway.com/

VI. Bucket List.

A. Study Tools. I have found great value in the following products, and encourage any serious student of God’s Word to purchase them.

1. Ryrie Study Bible.

2. Scofield Study Bible.

3. Things To Come, J. Dwight Pentecost.

4. The Coming Kingdom, Andrew M. Woods.

5. Revelation Commentary, Two Volume Set, Robert L. Thomas.

6. Commentaries, John F. Walvoord: Daniel, Matthew, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Revelation, Every Prophecy Of The Bible.

7. The Moody Bible Commentary.

8. The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Two Volume Set.

9. Thompson Chain-Reference Bible.

10. Merrill F. Unger’s Commentary On The Gospels, and Unger’s Bible Dictionary.

11. Key Word Study Bible, Hebrew-Greek.

12. Basic Theology, Charles C. Ryrie.

13. Systematic Theology, Norman L. Geisler.

B. Bible Translators and Translations. I have spent many hours watching videos of translators who have discussed the processes of putting the words of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek into the many languages of the world. I am amazed at the expertise and sincerity of the translators, as they have explained their attempt to make each Bible translation understandable, and true to the manuscripts from which they have been given such a task. I have learned of the value of the following Bibles translations, which come from the oldest and most reliable manuscripts. I have a good report for each of the translation teams of: 1. Christian Standard Bible. 2. English Standard Version. 3. Holman Christian Standard Bible. 4. New American Standard Bible. 5. New English Translation. 6. New Living Translation. 7. New International Version. 8. Updated American Standard Version.

C. My Favorite Translators, all Ph. D.: Kenneth L. Barker, Kenneth Boa, Darrell Bock, Charles L. Feinberg, Gene A. Getz, Harold Hoehner, Walter C. Kaiser, Michael Kruger, Eugene H. Merrill, William Mounce, Charles Ryrie, Robert L. Thomas, Michael V. Vanlaningham, Daniel Wallace, Donald Wilkins. There are other translators, Th. D., and Th. M., for whom I also have great respect.

VII. Other References.

VIII. My Websites to follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 14 – The Gap Between The 69th And 70th Week 6.

I. Message Text.

The Seventy Prophetic Weeks

Daniel 9:24-27 Updated American Standard Version

24 “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and rebuild Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in times of distress. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are determined. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease. And upon the wing of abominations shall come the one causing desolation, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one causing desolation.”

II. Subject Discussion.

A. Is there a gap between the 69th and 70th weeks? Let’s consider this question.

B. . The post-tribulation rapturist joins with the amillennialist in asserting that the 70th week of Daniel’s prophecy was fulfilled historically in the years immediately following the death of Christ. Some hold that Christ was cut off at the end of the 69th week and that the 70th week followed immediately after the death of Christ. Others hold that Christ was cut off in the middle of the 70th week so that the last half of the week followed His death. Some go so far as to assert that the entire present age is the 70th week. The fallacy of this consecutive view is seen in the fact that only by spiritualizing the prophecy can the results of Messiah’s work, as outlined in Daniel 9:24, be said to have been fulfilled. The nation Israel, to whom the prophecy was addressed, simply has not experienced a single one of the prophesied benefits of Messiah’s coming as yet. Since this interpretation depends on a method of interpretation that is unacceptable, the view must be rejected.

C. Opposed to the view that the 70th week is to be viewed as chronologically consecutive is the view that that period is separated from the other 69 weeks by an indefinite period of time. If there can be no parenthesis in any revealed prophetic program, prophecy can not have a literal fulfillment, for in many major prophecies the events were not consecutive. The gap in Daniel’s prophecy is in accord with an established principle in the Word of God.

1. Dr. John Walvoord (Th. D.) asserts that such a gap is seen in many passages of scripture (Things To Come, p 247).

2. In the second place, the events of Daniel 9:26 require a gap. Two major events are said to take place after the 69th week, and before the 70th week: the cutting off of the Messiah and the destruction of the city and the temple in Jerusalem. These two events did not take place in the 70th week, for that is not introduced to us until verse 27, but in an interval between the 69th and 70th week. It will be observed that the cutting off of the Messiah took place only a few days after the 69th week terminated, but the destruction of the city and temple did not take place until 70 A.D., or about 40 years after the termination of the 69th week. If a few days gap be admitted, it is not difficult to concede the possibility of a gap of 40 years. If one of 40 years is admitted, it is not difficult to see that the gap may extend over the present age.

3. In the third place, the New Testament teaching that Israel has been set aside (Matt 23:37-39) until the restitution of God’s dealing with them demands a gap between the last two weeks. If the 70th week has been fulfilled, the six promised blessings must likewise have been fulfilled to Israel. None of these have been experienced by the nation. Since the church is not Israel, the church can not now be fulfilling them. In as much, as God will fulfill that which He promised literally, He must fulfill those things with the nation. It is seen, then, that there must be a gap between their rejection and the consummation of these promises.

4. In the fourth place, since all the promised blessings are associated with the second coming of Christ (Rom 11:25-27), if there were no gap, the Lord would have returned three and a half or seven years after His death to fulfill the promises. Since His coming is still anticipated there must be a gap between the last two weeks of the prophecy.

5. Finally, the Lord, in dealing with the prophecy, anticipates a gap. In Matthew 24:15, reference is made to the coming of the “abomination of desolation;” this is a sign to Israel that the Great Tribulation is approaching (Matt 24:21). But, even in this time there is hope, for “immediately after the tribulation of these days . . . they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of Heaven with power and great glory” (Matt 24:29-30). Thus, the Lord is placing the 70th week of Daniel at the end of the age, immediately before His second advent to the earth. Coupling this with Acts 1:6-8, we see that a whole age of undetermined duration is to intervene between the 69th and 70th weeks of the prophecy. The only conclusion must be that the events of the 70th week are as yet unfulfilled, and await a future literal fulfillment.

III. The Return Of Christ.

A. Prior To The 70th Week. Prior To The Tribulation. Christ Coming In The Air, Not To Stand On The Earth. For The Rapture Of The Church/The Catching Up Of The Saints. A Glorious Event. The Blessed Hope. Rapture, English; Harpazo, Greek; Raptura, Latin.

Jesus Is the Only Way to the Father

John 14:6 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father except through me. 

1 Thessalonians 4:16-18 (UASV)

16 For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive, who remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.

1 Corinthians 15:50-57 (UASV)

50 Now I say this, brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Look, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep in death, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written:

“Death is swallowed up in victory.”
55 “O death, where is your victory?
    O death, where is your sting?”

56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Titus 2:13-14 (UASV)

13 Looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of the great God and our Savior, Christ Jesus, 14 who gave himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for himself a people for his own possession, zealous for good deeds.

B. At The End Of The 70th Week. At The End Of The Tribulation. Christ Coming In The Air To Stand On The Earth. Christ Coming In Judgment.

The Coming of the Son of Man

The Lord’s Triumph and Reign

Zechariah 14:1-9 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

1 A day of the Lord is coming when your plunder will be divided in your presence. I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem for battle. The city will be captured, the houses looted, and the women raped. Half the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be removed from the city.

Then the Lord will go out to fight against those nations as He fights on a day of battle. On that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. The Mount of Olives will be split in half from east to west, forming a huge valley, so that half the mountain will move to the north and half to the south. You will flee by My mountain valley, for the valley of the mountains will extend to Azal. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come and all the holy ones with Him.

On that day there will be no light; the sunlight and moonlight will diminish. It will be a day known only to Yahweh, without day or night, but there will be light at evening.

On that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half of it toward the eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea, in summer and winter alike. On that day Yahweh will become King over all the earth—Yahweh alone, and His name alone.

The Coming of the Son of Man

Matthew 24:29-30 (HCSB)

29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days:

The sun will be darkened,
and the moon will not shed its light;
the stars will fall from the sky,
and the celestial powers will be shaken.

30 “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the peoples of the earth will mourn; and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

The Coming of the Son of Man

Mark 13:24-26 (HCSB)

24 “But in those days, after that tribulation:

The sun will be darkened,
and the moon will not shed its light;
25 the stars will be falling from the sky,
and the celestial powers will be shaken.

26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.

The Coming of the Son of Man

Luke 21:25-27 (HCSB)

25 “Then there will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and there will be anguish on the earth among nations bewildered by the roaring sea and waves. 26 People will faint from fear and expectation of the things that are coming on the world, because the celestial powers will be shaken. 27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

The Rider on a White Horse

Revelation 19:11-16 (HCSB)

11 Then I saw heaven opened, and there was a white horse. Its rider is called Faithful and True, and He judges and makes war in righteousness. 12 His eyes were like a fiery flame, and many crowns were on His head. He had a name written that no one knows except Himself. 13 He wore a robe stained with blood, and His name is the Word of God. 14 The armies that were in heaven followed Him on white horses, wearing pure white linen. 15 A sharp sword came from His mouth, so that He might strike the nations with it. He will shepherd them with an iron scepter. He will also trample the winepress of the fierce anger of God, the Almighty. 16 And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh:

KING OF KINGS

AND LORD OF LORDS.

The Beast and His Armies Defeated

Revelation 19:17-21 (HCSB)

17 Then I saw an angel standing on the sun, and he cried out in a loud voice, saying to all the birds flying high overhead, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of commanders, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of their riders, and the flesh of everyone, both free and slave, small and great.”

19 Then I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies gathered together to wage war against the rider on the horse and against His army. 20 But the beast was taken prisoner, and along with him the false prophet, who had performed the signs in his presence. He deceived those who accepted the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image with these signs. Both of them were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword that came from the mouth of the rider on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

Satan Bound

Revelation 20:1-3 (HCSB)

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven with the key to the abyss and a great chain in his hand. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for 1,000 years. He threw him into the abyss, closed it, and put a seal on it so that he would no longer deceive the nations until the 1,000 years were completed. After that, he must be released for a short time.

IV. Rapture vs Second Coming.

A. At the time of the Rapture, Christ takes His born again believers (alive and deceased) to Heaven with Him, for the receiving of eternal gifts (2 Cor 5:10) and for the marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8). Eph 4:8 shows that Christ took the Old Testament saints with Him to Heaven, too. The rapture removes all born again believers in Christ from the earth, for the duration of the Tribulation. This event is glorious for those whom are taken from the earth. There is no Scripture evidence that this event will be seen by those who will be left behind on earth. John 14:6 tells of Christ taking His born again believers to Heaven at the time of the Rapture, and emphasizes the fact that He is the only means by which His born again believers will be literally taken to heaven.

B. At the time of the Second Coming of Christ, Christ brings with Him the saints of the New Testament from Heaven with Him to set up, and rule and reign with Christ, in His earthly Millennial Kingdom (1 Cor 6:2; Rom 16:20; Rev 2:26). In this event, all of the unbelievers of the earth, “those who were left behind from the rapture,” will see Christ returning with the raptured believers. This event is frightening for those unbelievers of the tribulation who see Christ and His following believers and angels descending to earth for Judgment.

C. At the time of the Second Coming, the bodies of the Old Testament saints will be resurrected and joined with their spirits which will be coming from Heaven, and they will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium/Kingdom Age (Daniel 12:1-3; Matt 19:28).

D. At the time of the Second Coming, martyred Tribulation saints (those who come to belief in Christ during the Tribulation) will be resurrected and will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium/Kingdom Age (Rev 20:4).

E. At the time of the Second Coming of Christ, everyone on earth will see the return of Christ (Zech 12:8-11; 12:9; Matt 24:30; Mark 13:26; Luke 21:27; Rev 19:19). Consider how easy it will be for all of the world’s tribulation inhabitants to see the return of Christ, due to the technology advancements of today. Additionally, if God wants all of Earth’s inhabitants to see Christ coming in the air, we can rest assured that “all of Earth’s inhabitants will see Christ coming in the air.”

V. References.

1. Updated American Standard Version scriptures were cut and pasted from that Bible’s website. https://www.uasvbible.org/ .

2. Holman Christian Standard Bible scriptures were cut and pasted from Bible Gateway’s website. https://www.biblegateway.com/

3. All of the notes in paragraph II of this article, come from the book of Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th.D., “Things To Come,” 1958, Zondervan, pp 246-249.

4. All remaining notes in this article come from this writer.

About All Of My Websites

Please ensure that you are following all of my websites.

“Israel, History And Prophecy” website deals with the history of God’s chosen people (Israel), and His end times plans for Israel, beginning with the garden, and continuing through the dispensation of Law.

“Equipping The Saints Web Site” deals with evangelism in the time that exists during the church age dispensation of grace, which follows the dispensation of law, and continues to the time of the tribulation.

“Eternity” website deals with the end times, with key emphasis placed on God’s chosen people, “Israel,” with a focus on the Tribulation and the following millennial reign of Christ, which is known as the dispensation of Kingdom, and on into the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem.

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Please be sure to follow each of the websites.

Revelation Chapter 7 – Jews And Gentiles Saved During The Tribulation.

I. Introduction.

The assertion that no one will survive the crescendo of God’s wrath, as implied in the question of panic-stricken humanity (Rev 6:17), is corrected by two new visions injected after the conclusion of the sixth seal. The first pictures angelic actions of restraint and sealing (Rev 7: 1-8). The second picture injected as a contrast to the panic of earth’s inhabitants under the sixth seal (Rev 6:17) has its setting in heaven (Rev 7:9-17).

II. Scripture Text.

A. The 144,000 of Israel Sealed

1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind could blow on the earth or on the sea or on any tree. And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having a seal of the living God, and he called with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and the sea, saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, until we have sealed the slaves of our God on their foreheads.”

And I heard the number of the ones who were sealed, one hundred forty-four thousand sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:

Out of the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand sealed, out of the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Gad twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Levi twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, out of the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed.

B.The Multitude from Every Nation

After this I saw, and look! a great crowd, which no man was able to number, out of all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, dressed in white robes and with palm branches in their hands. 10 and they cry with a great voice, saying, “Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.” 11 All the angels were standing around the throne and the elders and the four living creatures, and they fell facedown before the throne and worshipped God, 12 saying, “Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might be to our God for the ages of the ages! Amen.”

13 And one of the elders answered, saying to me, “These who are dressed in the white robes, who are they and where did they come from? 14 And I said to him, “My lord, you know.” And he said to me, “These are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation, and have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

 15 Therefore they are they before the throne of God, and they serve him day and night in his temple: and the one seated on the throne will spread his tent over them. 16 They will hunger no more nor thirst anymore, neither will the sun beat down on them nor any scorching heat, 17 for the Lamb, who is in the midst of the throne, will shepherd them and will guide them to springs of the water of life. And God will wipe out every tear from their eyes.”

III. Verse Examination. Rev 7:1-8.

A. Rev 7: 3. The judgments are delayed until these 144,000 Jewish people can be “sealed;” i.e., protected supernaturally.

B. Rev 7:4. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” These are Jews from the 12 tribes (12,000 each) who are protected in order to perform some service for God during these days. Perhaps they are evangelists. The omission of the tribe of Dan may be because Dan was guilty of idolatry on many occasions (Lev 24:11; Judg 18; 1 Kings 12:28, 29).

IV. Verse Examination. Rev 7:9-17.

A. Rev 7:9. “a great multitude.” This multitude is composed of many racial and geographic groups who will be redeemed during the Tribulation (v 14). In these difficult days, many will find Christ as Savior.

B. Rev 7: 15-17. Having died, or been martyred, during the Tribulation, this great multitude are seen in heaven enjoying its blessings.

V. Revelation 7 Summary.

Chapter 7 of the book of Revelation serves as a review of the situation described in the previous chapters and emphasizes two important facts. First, God is going to judge Israel in the period of great trial, and 12,000 from each tribe, totaling 144,000, will be protected and sealed from the judgments which will fall upon the world in general. Second, a great multitude of Gentiles will also be saved, but many of these will be martyred, and a multitude of the martyred dead are found in heaven rejoicing in the presence of the Lamb and representing every tongue and nation. It is an indication that even in the tragic closing hours prior to the second coming of Christ to the earth, countless souls will find Christ as Savior and be saved by His grace.

VI. References.

A. Paragraph I. Comment comes from the Revelation Commentary of Robert L. Thomas, Th. M., Th. D.

B. Paragraph II. Verses come from the Updated American Standard Version of the Bible.

C. Paragraphs III, IV. Notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph., D.

D. Paragraph V. Note comes from the Revelation Commentary of John F. Walvoord, Th. D.

Tribulation Prophecies And Doctrine 13 – Fulfillment Of The Sixty-Nine Weeks 5.

I. Introduction.

A. Daniel’s prophecy of the seventy weeks (vv 24-27) provides the chronological frame for Messianic prediction from Daniel to the establishment of the kingdom on earth, and also a key to its interpretation (Scofield Study Bible, C.I. Scofield D.D. (Editorial Revision Committee 1967, Charles L. Feinberg, Th. D. Ph. D.; John F. Walvoord, Th. D., and others.).

B. The main features of the seventy weeks are provided in the verses of the Scripture text and the notes which follow (Mine).

II. Scripture Text. Daniel 9:24-27.

The Seventy Prophetic Weeks

24 “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and rebuild Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in times of distress. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are determined. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease. And upon the wing of abominations shall come the one causing desolation, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one causing desolation.” (Updated American Standard Version).

III. Verse Examination.

A. Dan 9:24. “Seventy weeks.” Lit. 70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.” This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews) and “your holy city” (Jerusalem). “to finish the transgression.” To end the apostasy of the Jews. “to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally. “to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27). “to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6). “to seal up vision and prophecy.” To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the Jewish people and Jerusalem. “to anoint the most holy place.” The anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial Temple.

B. Dan 9:25. The 70 sevens begin with “a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus (Neh 2:5). Earlier, Cyrus had authorized the rebuilding of the Temple (2 Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4). “plaza and moat.” The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time of the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed.

C. Dan 9:26. Certain important events were to happen “after” the 62 weeks (plus the seven weeks, or a total of 69 weeks): the crucifixion of “Messiah” and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 by the Romans who are “the people of the prince who is to come.” Because these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the seventieth week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth.

D. Dan 9:27. “he.” The prince of vs 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (I.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it (Re: Matt 24:15; 2 Thes 2:4). At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).

IV. Beginning And Ending Of The 69 Weeks.

Based on the study of Dr. Harold Hoehner (Th. D., Ph. D.), the dates for the sixty-nine weeks of Daniel 9:25 extended from the first of Nisan (March 5) 444 B.C. to the tenth of Nisan (March 30) A.D. 33., which is the date of Jesus the Messiah’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-40) (The Moody Bible Commentary, Michael Rydelnik, Th. M., D. Miss.).

V. The Purpose Of The Seventy Weeks.

Per Daniel 9:24, the object of the prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel is Israel. “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city.” The seventieth week, which is the period of the Tribulation, relates to God’s dealing with Israel and not with Gentiles. However, the Tribulation judgments will be poured out on the earth by Christ and His angels upon unsaved Jews, as well as unsaved Gentiles, whom will be left behind on the earth from the rapture (1 Thes 4:16-18). God’s Tribulation judgments will begin to be poured, beginning with Revelation 6:1 (Ryrie Study Bible).

VI. References.

A. Paragraph I. As indicated.

B. Paragraph II. Verses from the Updated American Standard Version.

C. Paragraph III. Ryrie Study Bible. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.

D. Paragraph IV. As indicated.

E. Paragraph V. As indicated.

VI. Companion Web Site.

Please follow my companion web site:

https://success2693.wordpress.com/

Israel, History And Prophecy.

The Seal Judgments – Revelation 6:1-17

I. Introduction.

A. The opening of chapter 6 of the book of Revelation marks an important milestone in the progressive revelation of the end of the age. In chapter 5 John is introduced to the seven-sealed book in the hand of Christ. In chapter 6 the first six seals are opened with the resultant tremendous events occurring in the earth. The interpretation of these events depends upon the understanding of other portions of the prophetic Word. If the events portrayed are taken in any literal sense, it should be clear that they describe an event yet future, in the words of Christ “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). Van Ryn expresses the common pretribulational position:

B. The opening of the seals ushers in the terrible judgments to fall upon this earth after the Church has been caught up to glory, as we saw in chap. 4:1. (August Van Ryn, Notes on the Book of Revelation, p. 87.) (Walvoord Commentary).

II. Scripture Text And Commentary.

The First Seal: Conqueror on a White Horse
1 Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, “Come!” 2 I looked, and behold, a white horse, and the one who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.

Note. 6:1. Here begins the first of three series of judgments in the book (seals, chap 6; trumpets, chap 8-9; bowls, chap 16).

Note. 6:2. “he who sat on it.” Evidently a reference to Antichrist. His method of conquest at first does not seem to include open warfare, since peace is not removed from the earth until the second seal is opened (v 3). This corresponds to the description of delusion (1 Thes 5:3).

The Second Seal: War
3 When He broke the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come!” 4 And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that people would kill one another; and a large sword was given to him.

Note. 6:3-4. Everything about the second seal judgment indicates bloodshed (e.g., “red horse”, “take peace from,” “sword”).

The Third Seal: Famine
5 When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come!” I looked, and behold, a black horse, and the one who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand. 6 And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

Note. 6:6. “a denarius.” A Roman silver coin that had a normal purchasing power of 10 qt (9.5 lit) of wheat was the daily ration for a soldier. Thus a daily wage will buy for food for only one person, who will have to share with his family.

The Fourth Seal: Death
7 When the Lamb broke the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, “Come!” 8 I looked, and behold, an ashen horse; and the one who sat on it had the name Death, and Hades was following with him. Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword, and famine, and plague, and by the wild animals of the earth.

Note. 6:8. “ashen=a sickly, yellowish-green. Probably representing the inevitable result of disease that accompanies war and famine. “Death” claims the bodies, and “Hades,” the souls and spirits of one-fourth of the world’s population in this single judgment (cf 9:18).

The Fifth Seal: Martyrs
9 When the Lamb broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained; 10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who live on the earth?” 11 And a white robe was given to each of them; and they were told that they were to rest for a little while longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brothers and sisters who were to be killed even as they had been, was completed also.

Note. 6:9. “the souls of those who had been slain.” Evidently the martyrs of the first months of the tribulation period.

Note 6:10. Notice that these martyrs are alive and conversing with the Lord in His presence.

Note 6:11. “rest for a little while longer.” I.e., wait a little while. It is difficult for these martyrs to understand why God would allow their murderers to live; yet, God asks these saints to trust Him.

The Sixth Seal: Terror
12 And I looked when He broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became as black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood; 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind. 14 The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. 15 Then the kings of the earth and the eminent people, and the commanders and the wealthy and the strong, and every slave and free person hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains; 16 and they *said to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the sight of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17 for the great day of Their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”

Note. 6:12. These cosmic disturbances are predicted elsewhere in Scripture (Isa 34:4; Joel 2:30-31; Matt 24:29).

Note 6:16. When the Tribulation comes, men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand, not simply talk as if it were.

III. Additional Examination.

A. It is important to understand that the Seal judgments, as well as the Trumpet and Bowl judgments, are released upon the earth as God’s judgments, through Christ and angels, as they broke each seal.

6:1. “the Lamb broke one of the seven seals”

6:3. “when He (the Lamb) broke the second seal”

6:5. “When He (the Lamb) broke the third seal”

6:7. “When the Lamb broke the fourth seal”

6:8. “When the Lamb broke the fifth seal”

6:12. “I looked when He (the Lamb) broke the sixth seal”

6:16. ” and they said, hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the lamb.”

6:17. “the great day of their wrath has come”

B. All of the Tribulation judgments are God’s wrath, beginning with Rev 6:1. In 6:15-17, those whom will have been left behind from the rapture have come to recognize that “wrath has come” (has already come), as opposed to, “will come” in the future, (beyond this account of God’s seal judgments). These verse accounts show that the wrath is of God, and not of mankind, Antichrist or of “mother nature,”

C. God’s wrath is not confined to the Book of Revelation. The Noahic flood was of God’s wrath (Gen 6:13, 2448 B.C.). The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah was of God’s wrath (Gen 19:24, 2056 B.C.). The overthrow of Jerusalem and the Temple by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. was of God’ wrath (2 Chron 36:14-21).

IV. References.

A. Paragraph I. Revelation Commentary, John F. Walvoord, Th. D.

B. Paragraph II. New American Standard Bible Text was cut and pasted from Bible Gateway. Comments come from Ryrie Study Bible, Charles C Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.

C. Paragraph III. Comments are mine, using data and notes from Scofield Study Bible and Ryrie Study Bible.