Rev 18 – Babylon Destroyed

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I. Opening Video Information. Chosen People Ministries. Jan 9, 2020. Shalom Outreach honors the Biblical priority of proclaiming the Jewish Gospel to the Jewish people first. If you love to share your faith in Yeshua, care about the well-being of the Jewish people, and want to honor the Lord by making His priority your priority, we would love to team up with you this summer! Please visit chosenpeople.com/shalomoutreach for more details.

II. Subject Scripture. Rev 17:18.

Revelation Chapters 17 and 18 (NASB) have a number of references to a woman (woman, harlot, she, her). The identity of that woman is clearly stated in Rev 17:18, “The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.” Babylon is the city of Rev 17:18.

III. Babylon, A Quick Preview. The source of the following information comes from the closing video of this article.

A. Babylon, which is called Babylon, will be a literal city, and will be the headquarters of the Anti-Christ during the tribulation. Rev Chap 17 and 18 are not in chronlogical order. The events of Chap 17 will occur during the first half of the tribulation. The events of Chap 18 will occur during the last half of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ. Babylon is not a religious system or a commercial system; it is a city that is highlighted in Rev Chap 17 and 18. Babylon will be the headquarters of a worldwide religion during the tribulation, as seen in Chap 17, and will be the headquarters of a one-world commercial system as seen in Chap 18. The seventh bowl of God’s wrath will bring about the destruction of Babylon. When Babylon is destroyed, the judgments of God are complete. It must be noted that the Judgments begin in Rev 6:1 (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl). Each judgment comes against an unbelieving world; God does not have an agenda against born again believers in Christ, whom will be taken out of the world prior to the tribulation and will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). It will be Israel, and not Gentiles, who will call on Christ to save them from total destruction at the end of the tribulation (Deu 14:2; Jer 30:7; Mt 24:22; Zech 12:10).

B. MacArthur Study Bible Comment. Chapters and verses 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

C. Introduction To Scripture Text. This article will be one of the most important ones that will have come from this site. Rev 18 will show the world, minus the presence and influence of born again believers in Christ. The view of the “ten nation” Anti-Christ tribulation confederation, that was shown in the Tim LaHaye “Left Behind” series of books and videos, will be shown to be of fact (See MacArthur comment on 17:12). As you read through the verses and comments of this article, you will recognize a world that is much of which our unbelieving world would like to have as controlling factors today. Most of the United Nations member nations would like to see the Nation of Israel dissolved, destroyed and removed from the face of the earth; they would also like to negate the influence of believers in Christ. Not only has the United Nations proven to be a threat to Israel, the liberal forces of America’s Democrat Party have also shown a total lack of proper respect for “God’s Chosen People,” Israel (Deu 14:2), and an increasing militancy toward Israel. Those, of whom have a strong witness for Christ, are berated by members of the Democrat Party, fake news, academia, new world order and globalism types. After the rapture of the church takes place, the democrats will control all three houses of U.S. government, as the U.S.A. and all other nations, come under greater control of the Anti-Christ and United Nations; the truth of Matt 24:12 will be realized, “lawlessness is increased,” (NASB). I will not be writing the next end times article for about two weeks. Please take time to digest the details of this post.

IV. Revelation 18. NASB. Scripture Text (Notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted).

A. Babylon Is Fallen

1. Verses. 1-3. 1 After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illumined with his glory. 2 And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. 3 For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the passion of her immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich by the wealth of her sensuality.”

2. Comments: vs 1-3.

18:1 “earth was illuminated with his glory.” The fifth bowl (16:10) will have plunged the world into darkness. Against that backdrop, the sudden, blazing appearance of another angel (not the same as in 17:1, 7, 15) will certainly rivet the world’s attention on him and his message of judgment on Babylon (cf. 14:8).
18:2 “Babylon the great is fallen.” Cf. 14:8; see note on Is. 21:9, the verse from which these words come. The Gr. text views the results of this as if it had already taken place (see note on 14:8). But the seventh bowl is being referred to here and it is yet to come at this point (16:17–21). When it comes, devastation and annihilation will take place, leaving the place to demons.
18:3 “wine…of her fornication.” Religious Babylon (chap. 17) lures the nations into spiritual drunkenness and fornication with false gods (17:2, 4); commercial Babylon (chap. 18) seduces the unbelieving world into a materialistic stupor, so that the people of the world will become drunk with passion because of their relationship with Babylon. “kings…merchants.” Political rulers and corporate leaders alike are swept up in this worldwide system of commerce (14:8; 17:2).

3. Verses 4-8. 4 I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive of her plagues; 5 for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. 6 Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. 7 To the degree that she glorified herself and lived sensuously, to the same degree give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ 8 For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

4. Comments: vs 4-8.

18:4 “Come out of her, my people.” God will call His own to disentangle themselves from this evil system. This may also be God’s calling the elect to abandon the world system and come to faith in the Savior. In either case, the message is to abandon the system before it is destroyed (cf. 2 Cor. 6:17; 1 John 2:15). The judgment of God on that society living in sinful, arrogant self-indulgence can be avoided. Cf. Isaiah’s and Jeremiah’s message to their people to leave Babylon (Is. 48:20; Jer. 50:8; 51:6–9, 45).
18:5 “remembered.” See 16:19. God does not remember the iniquities of His people (Jer. 31:34), but does remember to protect them (Mal. 3:16—4:2). For unrepentant Babylon, there will be no such forgiveness, only judgment.
18:6, 7a “repay.” The angel calls for God to recompense wrath to Babylon in her own cup to repay her according to her deeds (see note on 17:4). This is an echo of the OT law of retaliation (Ex. 21:24) which will be implemented by God (Rom. 12:17–21).
18:6 “double.” Has the sense of “full,” or “overflowing.” The punishment will fit the crime (cf. Jer. 16:18). “cup.” The cup of wickedness from which so many have drunk (14:8; 17:2, 4, 6) will call for the cup of wrath (14:10; 16:19).
18:7b “am no widow.” A proud, but empty, boast of self-sufficiency, also made by historical Babylon (Is. 47:8). Cf. 1 Cor. 10:12.
18:8 “her plagues.” These could include those of 16:1ff., but must be the special destruction of the city as well, described as “death, mourning and famine.” “in one day.” See vv. 10, 17, 19. The special judgments on Babylon take place in a brief period of time. Daniel 5:30 records that Babylon of old fell in one day.

B. Lament for Babylon

1. Verses 9-10. 9 “And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her, will weep and lament over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

2. Comments. vs 9-10.

18:9–20 This section records the lament over Babylon’s destruction, not her sin, by those who were part of her system.

18:9 “kings.” The political leaders of the world will weep because the loss of his capital city will signal the doom of Antichrist’s empire, and with it, the source of their power. Cf. v. 3; 17:2. “weep and lament for her.” “Weep” means “to sob openly.” “Lament” translates the same Gr. word used to express the despair of the unbelieving world at the return of Christ (1:7).
18:10 one hour. Cf. vv. 8, 17, 19.

3. Verses 11-20. 11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargoes any more— 12 cargoes of gold and silver and precious stones and pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet, and every kind of citron wood and every article of ivory and every article made from very costly wood and bronze and iron and marble, 13 and cinnamon and spice and incense and perfume and frankincense and wine and olive oil and fine flour and wheat and cattle and sheep, and cargoes of horses and chariots and slaves and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has gone from you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and men will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and as many as make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich by her wealth, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

4. Comments. vs 11-20.

18:12, 13 Over half of their commodities appear in the list of Ezek. 27:12–22.
18:13 “bodies and souls of men.” The slave trade, long banned by the civilized nations of the world, will reappear in Antichrist’s debauched commercial system.
18:17 “shipmaster.” Ship captains will mourn the loss of Babylon and the lucrative transport business that went with it.
18:19 “threw dust on their heads.” An ancient expression of grief (cf. Josh. 7:6; 1 Sam. 4:12; 2 Sam. 1:2; 15:32; Job 2:12; Lam. 2:10; Ezek. 27:30). “in one hour.” Not just 60 minutes, but one brief period of swift judgment (see note on v. 8).
18:20 “God has avenged you on her.” The angel will exhort the tribulation martyrs (6:9–11) to rejoice, not over the deaths of those doomed to eternal hell, but, because God’s righteousness and justice will have prevailed.

5. Verses 21-24. 21 Then a strong angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will not be found any longer. 22 And the sound of harpists and musicians and flute-players and trumpeters will not be heard in you any longer; and no craftsman of any craft will be found in you any longer; and the sound of a mill will not be heard in you any longer; 23 and the light of a lamp will not shine in you any longer; and the voice of the bridegroom and bride will not be heard in you any longer; for your merchants were the great men of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your sorcery. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all who have been slain on the earth.”

6. Comments. vs 21-24.

18:21 “great millstone.” Millstones were large, heavy stones used to grind grain. This metaphor portrays the violence of Babylon’s overthrow. Cf. Jer. 51:61–64; see note on Matt. 18:6.
18:22, 23 The fall of Babylon ends whatever semblance of normalcy will still exist in the world after all the seals, trumpets, and bowls. Life will be totally disrupted and the end near. No more music, no industry, no preparing of food (“millstone”), no more power for light, and no more weddings because God will destroy the deceivers and deceived.
18:24 “blood of prophets and saints.” The religious and commercial/political systems embodied in Babylon will commit unspeakable atrocities against God’s people (cf. 6:10; 11:7; 13:7, 15; 17:6; 19:2). God will avenge that slaughter of His people (19:2).

V. Closing Video.

A. This video reveals details of Rev 17-19.

B. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31.

Andy Woods – Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.” For information on the credentials of Andy Woods, check our my Equipping Page, “About Sources.”

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Revelation 16 – The Bowls Of God’s Wrath

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I. Video Data. Sep 26, 2019. Chosen People Ministries. You are invited to our 125th Anniversary Gala at the Grand Prospect Hall in Brooklyn! Learn more here: https://www.chosenpeople.com/site/ann… Deuteronomy 14:2.

II. Text. Let us now consider the plight of the non-raptured Jews and Gentiles, of whom will find themselves in the tribulation. Up to this point in this study, all unbelievers that were left behind have been under the hand of persecution of the antichrist and the seal and trumpet judgments of God; the antichrist’s persecutions are included in the judgments of God. God is using the tribulation judgments to draw His chosen people, the Jews, to saving faith in Christ as Messiah. There is no such specific plan for Gentiles in the tribulation, but they also may come to saving faith in Christ. There are people who teach that the Judgments of God (seal, trumpet, bowl) took place in 70 A.D. But, as you read about the the Bowl judgments, as they are described in this 16th Chapter of Revelation, it will become very clear that none of these bowls of God’s wrath have yet been poured out on the earth. There are also people who teach that the seal, trumpet and bowl judgments will happen at the same time. But, that “opinion” of prophecy is incorrect, and can be verified by a comparison of judgments; e.g., one-fourth of mankind being killed in Rev 6:8, being killed at the same time as one-third of mankind being killed in Rev 9:15-18. The prophecies of Jeremiah, Daniel, and Christ in Matthew, clearly show that the time of tribulation relates to Israel, and not gentiles. The Ryrie Study Bible shows that Matt 24:4-14 refers to the first half of the tribulation, and 24:15-28 refers to the second half of the tribulation. The second half of the tribulation is also known as the Great Tribulation (Mt 24:21). Mt 24:29-31 refers to the second coming of Christ to earth from Heaven. Mt 24:32-25:46 refers to the judgments that will come at the hand of Christ on the survivors of the tribulation, whether for eternal death or eternal life. Unless otherwise indicated, all notes in this article come from the MacArthur Study Bible; dates come from the Scofield Study Bible. The Matthew and Revelation commentaries of Dr. John F. Walvoord shows the parallels that exist between Mt 24 and Rev 6-7.

A. Revelation 16 (NKJV) (Written 96 A.D.)

1. The Seven Bowls.

a. 1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth.”

b. Note. 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

B. First Bowl: Loathsome Sores

a. 2 So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image.

b. Note. first…bowl…a foul and loathsome sore. The Septuagint (LXX) uses the same Gr. word to describe the boils that plagued the Egyptians (Ex. 9:9–11) and afflicted Job (Job 2:7). In the NT, it describes the open sores that covered the beggar Lazarus (Luke 16:21). All over the world, people will be afflicted with incurable, open, oozing sores. mark of the beast. Only the worshipers of Antichrist will be afflicted (see note on 13:16; cf. 14:9–11).

C. Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood

a. 3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died.

b. Note. second…bowl…every living creature in the sea died. This is reminiscent of the second trumpet (8:8, 9), and of the first plague against Egypt (Ex. 7:20–25). This plague, however, will be far more widespread. The water in the world’s oceans will become thick, dark, and coagulated, like the blood of a corpse. The death and decay of billions of sea creatures will only add to the misery of this judgment.

D. Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood

a. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

b. Note. 16:4. third…bowl…rivers and springs of water. Fresh water, already in short supply because of the prolonged drought (11:6), will now suffer the fate of the oceans (cf. Ex. 7:19ff.). In addition to suffering from thirst, the worshipers of Antichrist will have no clean water with which to wash their sores. 16:6 given them blood to drink. The thick, blood-like substance which the fresh waters have become is all that is available to drink (cf. v. 4).

E. Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched

a. 8 Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory.

b. Note. 16:8. fourth…bowl…scorch…with fire. The sun that normally provides light, warmth, and energy will become a deadly killer. With no fresh water to drink, earth’s inhabitants will face extreme heat. The scorching heat will melt the polar ice caps, which some estimate would raise the level of the world’s oceans by 200 ft., inundating many of the world’s major cities and producing further catastrophic loss of life (cf. Amos 9:5, 6). The resulting disruption of ocean transportation will make it difficult to distribute the dwindling resources of food and water. 16:9 they did not repent. Incredibly, sinners will still refuse to repent (cf. vv. 11, 21), and instead blaspheme God—the One they know has caused their afflictions.

F. Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain

a. 10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.

b. Note. 16:10. throne of the beast. This refers to either Antichrist’s actual throne, or his capital city, but extends to all his dominion. Regardless of where the darkness begins, it eventually covers Antichrist’s entire kingdom. full of darkness. Worldwide darkness is elsewhere associated with the judgment of God (cf. Is. 60:2; Joel 2:2; Mark 13:24, 25). gnawed their tongues. A futile attempt to alleviate the pain from their sores, the drought, and the fierce heat. 16:11 blasphemed the God of heaven. A sign of their continued loyalty to Antichrist and their anger at God for the cumulative miseries brought about by the first 5 bowls. “God of heaven,” a frequent OT title for God, appears in the NT only here and in 11:13. their sores. The lingering effects of the first bowl are the chief cause of their blasphemy.

G. Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up

a. 12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

b. Note. 16:12. Euphrates. With its flow already reduced by the prolonged drought and intensified heat, God supernaturally will dry it up to make way for the eastern confederacy to reach Palestine (Is. 11:15). the kings from the east. God will have to dry it up miraculously for the eastern army to get to Armageddon. God providentially draws these kings and their armies in order to destroy them in the battle of Armageddon (v. 14). 16:14. kings of the earth. No longer just the eastern confederacy, but now all the world begins to gather in Palestine for the final, climactic battle (Ps. 2:2, 3; Joel 3:2–4; Zech. 14:1–3). the battle of that great day of God Almighty. The Battle of Armageddon (v. 16). It is the great war with God and Christ (see notes on 2 Thess. 1:7–10; cf. Joel 2:11; 3:2, 4). The war will end when Christ arrives (19:17–20).

c. 15 “Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”
16 And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. 16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

d. Note. Armageddon. The Heb. name for Mt. Megiddo, 60 mi. N of Jerusalem. The battle will rage on the nearby plains, site of Barak’s victory over the Canaanites (Judg. 4), and Gideon’s victory over the Midianites (Judg. 7). Napoleon called this valley the greatest battlefield he had ever seen. But the Battle of Armageddon will not be limited to the Megiddo plains—it will encompass the length of Palestine (see note on 14:20).

H. Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken

a. 17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

b. Note. 16:17. seventh…bowl…“It is done!” This bowl will complete God’s wrath (except for final judgment on the rebellion at the end of the Millennium; 20:7–10) and immediately precedes the second coming of Christ. It will usher in the worst calamity in the history of the world. God will punctuate the completion of His wrath with a devastating earthquake—the most powerful in earth’s history (cf. vv. 19–21). 16:19 the great city. Cf. 11:13; 21:10; see notes on Zech 14:1–8. Jerusalem will be split into 3 parts (Zech. 14:4), not as a judgment (cf. 11:13), but as an improvement. The additional water supply (Zech. 14:8) and topographical changes (Zech. 14:4, 5) will prepare the city for its central place in the millennial kingdom. Jerusalem is the only city to be spared the judgment (cf. 1 Chr. 23:25; Ps. 125:1, 2; Mic. 4:7) and will be made more beautiful (Ps. 48:2), because of her repentance (see 11:13). cities of the nations. God’s purpose is very different for the rest of the world’s cities—they are to be destroyed. Babylon. The capital of the Antichrist’s empire will receive a special outpouring of God’s wrath as prophesied in Is. 13:6–13. Chapters 17, 18 give details of its destruction. 16:20 every island fled…mountains…not found. This powerful earthquake will radically alter all the earth’s topography, preparing it for the coming millennial kingdom. Cf. 6:12–14; Is. 40:4, 5; Jer. 4:23–27. 16:21 a talent. The heaviest weight a normal man could carry (about 75 lbs.). The huge size of the hailstones indicates unparalleled atmospheric convulsions. Such massive chunks of ice will cause unimaginable devastation and death.

B. Daniel 12:1 (NKJV) (534 B.C.)

a. “At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.

b. Note. that time. This points back to 11:36–45, the time of the ascendancy of Antichrist during the final tribulation period. During that period, Michael the archangel (cf. Jude 9) of 10:13, 21 ministers with special attention to protecting Israel during that Gentile time (cf. Is. 26:20, 21; Jer. 30:7; Matt. 24:21). “Your people” means Daniel’s Israelite people, who can have hope, even in the distress of an unprecedented kind set for the Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21; cf. Rev. 12:12–17; 13:7). The book is the book of the saved (Mal. 3:16—4:3; Luke 10:20; Rev. 13:8; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27).

C. Jeremiah 30:7 (NKJV) (606 B.C.)

a. 7. Alas! For that day is great, So that none is like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.

b. Note. time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 8, 9) just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1; Matt. 24:21, 22) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.

D. Matthew 24:21 (NKJV) (33 A.D.)

a. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.

b. Note. great tribulation. The words “has not been” and “nor ever shall be”—along with the description that follows—identify this as the yet-future time in which God’s wrath shall be poured out upon the earth (see note on Rev. 7:14). Jesus’ descriptions of the cataclysms that follow closely resemble the outpouring of divine wrath described in the bowl judgments of Rev. 16 and His subsequent appearing in Rev. 19 (see note on v. 30).

c. My note. Concerning those who teach that the tribulation occurred in 70 A.D., the truth of the matter is that there has not yet been such tribulation poured out on earth by God, as is described in Matt 24:21. For those who teach that all judgments will take place at the same time, the effects of Matt 24:21-31 can only take place in the last half of the tribulation, “in the great tribulation,” in the form of bowl judgments. Those bowl tribulation judgments can not be poured out on the earth concurrently with the seal and/or trumpet judgments. Go back to Dan 12:1 for Mt 24:21 parallel.

d. My note. There are those who teach that Matt 24:40-41 discusses the rapture.

(1) NKJV. “40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.”

(2) The rapture (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) teaches that “those taken” will be taken by Christ to Heaven, and that “those left” will be left on earth to endure the following tribulation. The teaching of Matt 24:40-41 is that at the second coming of Christ, “at the end of the tribulation:”

(a) those Jews that “have not accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be taken,” in death, to judgment (Great White Throne Judgment, Rev 20:10-15).

(b) those Jews that “have accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be left,” in life, to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium on earth.

e. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 24:40-41: “The ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom.

f. My note. There are those who teach that Mat 25:31-46 discusses “Judgment Day,” where all of mankind, of all time, will face God and learn if they will go to heaven or hell. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+25%3A31-46&version=NKJV

g. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 25:32: “All the nations.” Lit., All the Gentiles. This is a judgment of those Gentiles “who survive the tribulation” and whose heart-relation to God is evidenced by their treatment of the Jews (Christ’s brethren, v 40), especially during that time. Surviving Jews will also be judged at this time. See Ezek 20:33-44. (See Mt 24:40-41, mine).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ezek+20%3A33-44&version=NKJV

III. Summary. The rapture has not yet taken place; neither has the tribulation. The rapture will precede the tribulation. The judgments of the tribulation will not be mixed, as to their being poured out on the earth by God. Only those whom have been born again will be taken to heaven in the rapture.

IV. Closing Video. A testimony.

How I Became a Jew for Jesus!Jun 11, 2013. Jews for Jesus.

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Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments

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I. Video Data. Chosen People Ministries. Dr. Mitch Glaser on how you can help us serve God through serving His Chosen People, the Jews (Deu 14:2).

II. Course. At this time, we will continue with our study of the book of Revelation. Because we have been away from the subject of Israel in the end times, it will be good to consider again why Jews and Gentiles will find themselves in the tribulation. Also, it will be good to consider the things that lie ahead for Israel at the end of the tribulation, as well as the conditions that Jews will encounter as they wake each day to the wrath of God that is present in each Bowl Judgment.

1. We have studied the seal judgments (Rev 6:1-8:6), and the trumpet judgments (Rev 8:7-9:21). We will now study in Rev 15, the prelude to the wrath of the bowl judgments of Rev 16. Once we have completed Revelation, we will go back to the Old Testament. Regardless of the book, or testament, we will study things that relate to Jews and Israel. We may study the travels of Israel, the prophets of Israel, Israel in the end times, or any other subject that relates to Israel. Through the tribulation judgments (seal, trumpet, bowl), God will be working to draw Jews in Israel, and “left behind” Jews all around the world, to saving faith in Christ, the Messiah. God’s purpose for Christians will have been completed when the born again believers in Christ (the church of Christ) are caught up to heaven in the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6) to be “forever in the Presence of Christ.” Jews, whom are born again at the time of the rapture, will also be caught up to Heaven in the same rapture. There is no particular plan for Gentiles that will be left behind from the rapture; however, these people will still have the opportunity of coming to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation. All “left-behind” Jews and Gentiles will come under the judgments of God. Those whom die during the tribulation will face an eternity that is based on whether they have come to saving faith in Christ, or have remained in their spiritual state of “unbelief.” The left-behind Jews and Gentiles that survive the tribulation will be judged as to their belief in Christ. Those in “unbelief” will be sent “in death” to the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), which occurs at the end of the Kingdom Age. Those in “belief” will be sent in life to enter the Kingdom age where they will be in the Presence of Christ, forever and ever, and will enter in life into the eternal state of the “new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem,” (Rev 21:1-3) at the end of the Kingdom Age.

2. God’s plan for “Israel and the tribulation” are stated in Jeremiah 30:7 and Daniel 9:20, 24-27. Christ told His “Jewish” disciples the details of the tribulation in His “Olivet Discourse” of “Matthew 24:3 through 25:46,” during which time He told of the horrors of the tribulation as they relate to the Jews (the elect) Mt 24:22/Deu 14:2.” Our Lord tells in Mt 25:31-46 of the judgment that awaits the nations/Gentiles that were indifferent to Jews during the tribulation, and the reward that He will give to the Gentiles that will have shown compassion to the Jews, “the least of these, My brethren,” (Mt 25:40/Deu 14:2).

3. It will be God whom will be the author and deliverer of the Judgments that will be poured out on the earth during the tribulation. Jews and Gentiles whom will be left behind on earth, when the rapture occurs, will be subject to the tribulation judgments, which will include the persecution by the Antichrist. Rev 6:1 shows the first seal being opened and its judgment being released on the earth by “the Lamb, Christ,” as He will repeat with the remaining seals. Rev 8:6 shows the judgment of the first trumpet being thrown down to earth at the hands of an angel, as will be the case of the remaining trumpets. The severity of the trumpet judgments are greater in severity than are those of the seal judgments. The severity of the tribulation bowl judgments will be greater than any of the preceding judgments.

4. The termination of the tribulation is based on the Words of Christ in Mt 24:14, “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come” (NAS95). “This gospel of the kingdom” relates to the Kingdom Age, for which Jews have waited ever since 2 Samuel 12:7, and of which the disciples desired in Acts 1:6, immediately prior to their seeing Christ ascending to heaven in Acts 1:9. The gospel of “the Kingdom” is different from the gospel of “the death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:3-5), and is important to drawing left behind Jews to saving faith in Christ, whom will rule and reign over the Kingdom after His second coming to earth at the end of the tribulation. The gospel of the Kingdom will definitely include the message of Christ, per Isaiah 53:5, which relates to the spiritual healing of Israel:

Isaiah 53:5 (NAS95) “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.”
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5. Messiah, Christ, will teach from Jerusalem during the Kingdom Age, to all whom will have been born again during the tribulation, and will have survived the tribulation, as well as to their children, and childrens’ children (Isa 2:1-3); the truth of John 3:3 will still be truth. Jews and Gentiles, those of whom will have entered the Kingdom in mortal bodies (Matt 24-25) will receive instruction from our Lord. Old Testament born again saints will be resurrected and will Judge the 12 tribes of Israel during the Kingdom Age (Dan 12:1-2, Mt 19:28); such Jews will have translated, immortal, eternal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. Born again believers in Christ whom will have been translated at the time of “the rapture and resurrection” (Jn 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:-18), will be present during the Kingdom Age, and will enter this millennium in eternal, immortal, translated bodies, souls and spirits; they will rule and reign with Christ throughout the Kingdom Age (2 Tim 2:12). Martyred tribulation saints (Rev 20:4) will be resurrected and will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age, having been given translated, eternal, immortal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. All whom will have been translated will enter the eternal state in their translated bodies. Jews and Gentiles whom will enter the Kingdom at the end of the tribulation will have born again spirits; prior to their entry into the eternal state, God will give them immortal bodies and souls to match their eternal born again spirits. The children, and children’s children, of those whom will enter the millennium having only “born again spirits,” will come under the instruction of Christ (Isa 2:1-3) and must come to saving faith in Christ in order to be born again, and receive eternal, immortal, translated bodies and souls; otherwise, they will face the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), and receive the same fate of anyone else whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Because the promised land of Israel extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-20), it appears that the OT saints of Dan 12:1-2 and Matt 19:28, will rule and reign over Jews that enter the Kingdom age not having translated bodies and souls. Because Jews have been promised the land of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15:8-20), Gentiles not having translated bodies and souls will reside outside of the land of the Jews (Gen 15:18-20); they will be able to come and go, to and from, the Jews’ covenant land (Zech 14:16), and will be governed by NT and Tribulation translated saints (2 Tim 2:12, Rev 20:4) whom will rule and reign with Christ. Scripture shows that during the Kingdom age, those whom have been translated will rule and reign over those whom have not been translated. Raptured and resurrected born again believers in Christ will enter the Kingdom age after their descent from heaven with Christ (Rev 19:11-21) at the end of the tribulation; they will go to and from the earth, at will. Old Testament and martyred born again saints will be resurrected at the end to the tribulation and will enter the Kingdom age. Born again survivors of the tribulation will just enter a day of life, experiencing the greatness of the Kingdom age, as described in Isaiah 11:6:

Isaiah 11:6 (NAS95). And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.

III. The key to understanding God’s Word is to develop a good understanding of God’s chosen people. The purpose of the articles that are written in this Equipping Site is to develop and strengthen the knowledge of its readers of God’s Holy Word. Of key concern, as it relates to the “Revelation of Christ to the Apostle John” (Rev 1:1), are the Words of our Lord in Revelation 22:18-19:

“18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God shall add to him the plagues which are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.” (NAS95).

A. The prophecy of the Book of Revelation has been stated by our Lord and Savior, Christ; it can not be changed. Anyone whom is guilty of “adding to, or taking away” from the prophecy that our Lord spoke to John the Apostle will be someone whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Anyone whom has been “born again,” through the work of God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:8), can not be “unborn.” Anyone whom has been born again will not “add to, or take away,” from any Word of Scripture. Consider the comment that is provided in the Revelation commentary of Dr. John F. Walvoord, as follows:

B. “To use the verses Rev 22:18-19 as a proof that a child of God once saved and born into the family of God can lose his salvation is, of course, applying this passage out of context. This passage assumes that a child of God will not tamper with these scriptures. It is the contrast of unbelief with faith, the blinded, fallen intellect of man in contrast to the enlightened Spirit-taught believer. Although the true child of God may not comprehend the meaning of the entire book of Revelation, he will recognize in it a declaration of his hope and that which has been assured to him in grace by his salvation in Christ.”
https://bible.org/seriespage/22-concluding-revelations-and-exhortations

IV. The Vision Of The Seven Last Plagues https://bible.org/seriespage/15-vision-seven-last-plagues
Article contributed by Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased)

A. The Bowl Judgments.

Consider the introduction to the Bowl Judgments of the tribulation, as provided by Dr. John F. Walvoord. Those whom will be present on earth will be Jews and Gentiles that were left behind from the rapture of the born again believers in Christ (John 14:2,3,6). God will use every event of the tribulation to call Jews to saving faith in Christ. Gentiles will also be able to accept Christ as Savior.

B. Introduction To The Bowl Judgments

Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19:10 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19:11 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

C. Prelude to the Bowl Judgments.

1. Overview: MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1–8. Chapter 15 introduces the 7 bowls of wrath, God’s final judgments at the end of the 7 year Tribulation period. The bowl judgments come in a rapid-fire, staccato fashion, each one stronger in fury and intensity. The bowls are the last plagues that issue from the blast of the seventh trumpet, and will conclude the seventh seal (see note on 6:1).
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

a. Rev 15:1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1. “wrath of God.” See 11:18; 14:10; 16:19; 19:15; cf. Rom. 1:18–21.

b. Rev 15:2 And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:2. “sea of glass.” God’s heavenly throne sits on a transparent crystal platform or pavement. “victory over the beast.” All the saints from every nation, including Israel, ultimately triumph over Satan’s Antichrist and his system because of their faith in Jesus Christ. number of his name. 13:17: “buy or sell.” Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life. number of his name. The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

c. Rev 15:3-4 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! 4 Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, For Your judgments have been manifested.”

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 14:5. God’s holy and perfect character inevitably demands that He judge (cf. Ps. 19:9; Nah. 1:3, 6). After God’s righteous judgment is complete, He will set up Christ’s millennial kingdom on earth and the elect from every nation will come and worship Him (cf. Ps. 66:4; Is. 66:23; Phil. 2:9–11).

d. Rev 15:5 After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. “the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony.” This refers to the location of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies where God dwells (see note on 11:19; cf. Num. 10:11).

e. Rev 15:6-7 And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands. 7 Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God who lives forever and ever.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:7. “four living creatures.” See notes on 4:6–8. seven golden bowls. These are shallow saucers, familiar items often associated with various functions of the temple worship (1 Kin. 7:50; 2 Kin. 12:13; 25:15), such as wine (Amos 6:6) and blood sacrifice (Ex. 27:3). Their flat shallowness pictures how the divine judgments will be emptied instantly rather than slowly poured, drowning those who refused to drink the cup of salvation.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:7. “wrath of God.” the fury of a righteous God against the contamination of His entire creation through sin.

g. Rev 15:8 The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:8. At this point the entire temple is filled with smoke from the Glory of God, rendering it impossible for anyone to enter the temple until the seven plagues are completed. Twice before a manifestation of the “shekinah glory” of God was seen – first, upon its completion in the tabernacle and then at the dedication of the Solomonic temple. Now, the stage is set for the last plagues of the tribulation period. https://www.logos.com/product/20317/new-american-commentary-revelation

V. Closing Video. A Song

Cloverton’s Christmas version of Hallelujah. Dec 22, 2016. The High Definition Lifestyle. This is a really beautiful Christmas version of the song “Hallelujah” as the lyrics have been written to honor Jesus. Telling the story of His birth, what a beautiful song to explain the real meaning of Christmas!

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Revelation 14:6-20 – Tribulation Overview

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End Time Events – Seals, Trumpets, Great Tribulation, Antichrist, Rapture. Jul 23, 2017. OTG Ministry.

The opening video shows scenes that closely resemble the things that will occur during the upcoming time of Tribulation (Rev 6:1-19:21). It is important to know that small children will not be present during the tribulation, nor will be people whom will have been born again and know Christ as their Lord and Savior prior to the Tribulation. Small children and born again believers in Christ will have been caught up in the rapture and taken to Heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6) prior to the onset of the Tribulation. In the video we see events which many of the world might claim to be natural disasters being caused by climate change, or by “mother nature.” But, it must be understood that it is God whom will be responsible for everything that will happen during the tribulation. Also, “there is no mother nature!”

The purpose of this article is to look back to the first seal of the judgments of the Tribulation, and then show the events that have taken place in this study since Christ broke that seal (Rev 6:1). We will move forward, through the judgments of the trumpets that will be concluded in 14:20, and continue through the judgments of the bowls of wrath, which is God’s wrath being poured out on this world (Rev 15-16). We will see the destruction of Religious Babylon (Rev 17) and Commercial Babylon (Rev 18). We will see the conclusion of the Tribulation at the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19) as Christ, His angels, and His raptured saints descend from heaven to earth to fight the nations that are attacking Israel (Zech 14:1-3; Rev 19:11-21). As has been shown in prior articles, the time and judgments of the Tribulation come as a result of a sovereign decision of God. Every act of judgment, or wrath, that will take place during the Tribulation, will be due to a decision of God, and only of God. Of the judgments, each seal is broken by Christ (Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 8:1). Each trumpet is sounded as a result of Christ having given the trumpets to angels, who release each judgment on the earth (Rev 8:2). Each bowl judgment of God’s wrath comes as a result of each bowl of wrath being poured out on the earth by an angel (Rev 16:1). The judgments of the seals, trumpets, and bowls are God’s tools to draw left-behind Jews to saving faith in Christ, and to judge sin. Gentiles in the Tribulation will be subject to the same judgments, and may also be drawn to saving faith in Christ.

The purpose of the Tribulation is to bring Israel, and unsaved Jews around the world, to saving faith in Christ. The focus of the Tribulation is on Israel, and has no purpose for small children or born again believers in Christ. The Tribulation is also known as “The 70 Weeks Of Daniel,” with the 70th week being the last seven year period that covers the time period of Rev 6:1-19:21 (Jer 30:7; Dan 9:24). All people that will be present during the Tribulation (Jew and Gentile) will have been left behind from when the rapture of the church occurs (Jn 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Anyone, Jew or Gentile, whom will be left behind from the rapture, will be left behind because they will not have been born again. They will have the opportunity to come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation, although persecution or death may be the outcome for such believers from the forces of the Anti-Christ (13:7-8, 13:15-17). The purpose of the “seventy weeks of Daniel” is stated in Daniel 9:24: “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” A detailed study of the 70 weeks of Daniel is shown in the Walvoord Daniel Commentary (9:24-27), and clearly focuses on Israel as being the purpose of the 70 weeks, which ends in Tribulation. The church, “born again believers in Christ,” has no place or purpose in the 70 weeks or Tribulation. A careful focus on the summary of 9:27 is recommended, per: https://bible.org/seriespage/9-prophecy-seventy-weeks

The events of the Tribulation are shown in capsule form in Matt 24-25. Note, Mt 24:3 of The Ryrie Study Bible, states that Mt 24:4-14 lists characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. The judgments of Matt 24:6-7 are outlined in Rev 6:1-8 (Ryrie note, Mt 24:6-7). Mt 24:15 “abomination of desolation.” This relates to the “man of sin” (2 Thes 2:4), the Antichrist, who at this midpoint in the Tribulation breaks the covenant that he made with the Jewish people at the beginning of the Tribulation (Dan 9:27) and demands that they and the world worship him. Those who resist will be persecuted and many will be martyred; that is the reason for the urgency of the instructions in verses 16-22. The church will have been translated (raptured, mine) before the time begins (1 Thes 4:13-18), per Ryrie note on Mt 24:22.

The Judgments of the Tribulation are as follows: (The Ryrie Study Bible). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6) Antichrist. War. Famine. Death. Martyr’s prayers. Great earthquakes.
The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21) A third of vegetation burned. A third of the sea judged. A third of fresh water judged. A third of the luminaries darkened. Increased demonic activity. A third of mankind killed.
The Seven Bowls (Rev 15:1-16:21) Malignant sores. Sea turned to blood. Fresh waters to blood. Men scorched with fire. Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. Invasion from the east. Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction.

We will now continue with our discussion of Revelation 14. .

The next phase of the vision given to John in this chapter (14) introduces “another angel” flying in the midst of heaven, literally “in mid-heaven,” having the everlasting gospel to preach to the entire world. The reference to “another” seems to be to an angel in addition to the seven angels introduced in 8:2 and also in contrast to “another angel” in 8:3 and 10:1. J. B. Smith notes that the remaining portion of the chapter “presents a seven-fold division consisting of the appearance of six angels including a vision of the Son of man between two groups of three angels each.” (John Walvoord Commentary, Revelation Chapter 14).
(https://bible.org/seriespage/14-victory-lamb-and-his-followers)

Revelation 14:6-20 (NKJV)

Concerning The Eternal Gospel

6 Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people—
6 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. “the everlasting gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace to the world before the return of Christ in judgment.” (notice, carefully…”the last call of grace.”)

7 saying with a loud voice, “Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.”

8 And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”
8 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. “Babylon is fallen.” This fall is described in detail in chaps 17-18. For “Babylon,” see 17:5. Religious Babylon is discussed in Rev 17. Commercial Babylon is discussed in Rev 18.

Concerning Beast Worshipers

9 Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”

12 Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.
12 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vs 9-11). See 13:10. (these saints are those people who have come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation, mine).

13 Then I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.’ ” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “that they may rest from their labors, and their works follow them.”

10-13 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever (Rev 20:10-15, mine), with no hope of annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

Concerning The Harvesting Of The Earth

14 Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped. 17 Then another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.
20 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. Apparently a reference to Armageddon (16:16; 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles, to the depth of about 4.5 feet. The blood of horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.

We have now completed a review of the Tribulation that discusses the seal and trumpet judgments. The bowl judgments of God’s wrath will be discussed in our next Revelation article. However, it is important for us to add greater detail to the harvesting of the earth of Rev 14:14-19, as follows.

The Elect: The Jews In The Harvest

Matthew 24:30-31 (NKJV)

30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

24:30-31 Comment. Consistent with the second coming of Christ will be the gathering of Jews from all over the world. Notice in vs 31, “His elect.” Those whom are identified in Deuteronomy 14:2 are the elect people of God, “the chosen people of God.” However, in the harvest, not all Jews are saved (are born again). The Jews of the harvest were left behind from the rapture because they had not accepted Christ as Lord and Savior; they were not born again. During the tribulation, some of those Jews which did not come to saving faith in Christ prior to the rapture will accept Him as their Lord and Savior, and will be born again; others will remain in a state of unbelief; “they are not born again.” The saved and unsaved Jews are identified in Mt 24:40-41; John 3:3 provides clarification.

Matthew 24:40-41 (NKJV)

40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.

40-41 Comment: Those Jews which are taken, are taken in death to the Judgment of Rev 20:10-15; they had not been born again during the tribulation. Those Jews that are left, are left to enter the Kingdom of God (the 1,000 year reign of Christ) because they were born again during the tribulation. John 3:3, “unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” In the rapture, those that are taken, are taken to heaven with Christ (1 Thes 4:17). Those that are left behind (Jews and Gentiles) are left behind on earth to come under God’s judgments during the tribulation (1 Thes 1:10, “Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.” 5:9-10, “9 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him).

If we were to say that those whom are chosen for salvation will be present during the tribulation, that would violate the teaching of the rapture of the church when the born again believers in Christ are removed from the earth during the rapture (John 14: 2,3,6) prior to the tribulation. The elect of Matt 24:31 are clearly identified as being Jews, per Deu 14:2:

Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV)

2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

We will now consider the comments of Dr. John Walvoord (deceased), as they relate to born again believers in Christ not being present on earth during the Tribulation.

1 Thessalonians 5:9-10 N(NKJV)

9 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him.

5:9-10 Comment. Walvoord Commentary, 1-2 Thessalonians. John Walvoord. https://bible.org/seriespage/chapter-5-day-lord
Verses 1-5 reveal that the day of the Lord will come suddenly, unannounced, and inescapably on an unbelieving world. But, we as Christians will have no part in it, because we do not belong to that period of time. Verse 9: Paul was saying expressly that our appointment is to be caught up to be with Christ; the appointment of the world is for the day of the Lord, the day of wrath. One can not keep both of these appointments. We make our appointment for salvation, and the rapture when we trust in Christ as our Savior from sin. Certainly after the church is raptured, some in the tribulation will turn to Christ, and Rev 7:9-10 states that there will be an innumerable company of martyrs. Many will be saved after the church has to gone to heaven, but they will experience the awfulness of that period. As the wrath of God is poured upon the earth, it will involve them too. Many believers who come to faith in Christ during the tribulation will also die during that terrible time. The reason they will be subjected to those things is that they were not ready for Christ when He came for His church. But, we who have trusted in Him, who have believed in Christ as our Savior, are not appointed to that day of wrath. We are appointed to meet Christ in the air and to be forever with Him.

Dr. Walvoord clearly makes the case that at the time of the rapture, all born again believers in Christ will be caught up to Heaven with Christ, and will be forever with Christ (1 Thes 4:18). Christ will not be present on earth during the tribulation; neither will be the born again believers in Christ who come to saving faith in Christ prior to the rapture (John 14:2,3,6). “We can’t be in two places at the same time” (in heaven and on earth).

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Revelation 14:1-5, “The Lamb And The 144,000”

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I. Introduction. Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked (Revelation Commentary, John F. Walvoord, https://bible.org/seriespage/14-victory-lamb-and-his-followers).

II. Video A. Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

III. Subject Of Study. The Lamb And The 144,000.

A. Text. Revelation 14:1-5 (NKJV)

1 Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps. 3 They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth. 4 These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no deceit, for they are without fault before the throne of God.

B. Comments. Consider the understanding of the following highly regarded theologians on Rev 14:1-5.

1. Ryrie Study Bible. Charles Ryrie (deceased). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

14:1 “the Lamb,” Christ. “144,000,” The same group that is mentioned in 7:4: “One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed.” (Their work on earth is done; they survived the tribulation.)

14:4 “not…defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits,” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (Isa 2:3, Rom 11:15).

2. MacArthur Study Bible. https://www.gty.org/

14:2 harps. (note from 5:8). These ancient stringed instruments not only accompanied the songs of God’s people (1 Chr 25:6; Ps 33:2), but also accompanied prophecy (cf. 1 Sam 10:5). The 24 elders, representative of the redeemed church, played their harps in praise and in a symbolic indication that all the prophets had said was about to be fulfilled.

14:3 new song. The song of redemption, which is being sung by all the redeemed saints in one gigantic choir. They are rejoicing over the accomplishment of God’s entire redemptive work before Christ’s return (Ps 33:1–3; 40:3; 96:1; 144:9, 10; 149; Luke 15:10; see note on 5:9). the four living creatures, and the elders. See notes on 4:4, 6.

Note: 5:9. This new song anticipates the final, glorious redemption that God is about to begin.

Note: 4:4. twenty-four elders. Their joint rule with Christ, their white garments (19:7, 8), and their golden crowns (2:10) all seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed (vv. 9–11; 5:5–14; 7:11–17; 11:16–18; 14:3; 19:4). The question is which redeemed? Not Israel, since the nation is not yet saved, glorified, and coronated. That is still to come at this point in the events of the end. Their resurrection and glory will come at the end of the 7 year tribulation time (cf. Dan. 12:1–3). Tribulation saints aren’t yet saved (7:9, 10). Only one group will be complete and glorified at that point—the church. Here elders represent the church, which sings the song of redemption (5:8–10). They are the overcomers who have their crowns and live in the place prepared for them, where they have gone with Jesus (cf. John 14:1–4).

Note: 4:6. four living creatures. Lit. “four living ones or beings.” These are the cherubim (sing., cherub), those angels frequently referred to in the OT in connection with God’s presence, power, and holiness. Although John’s description is not identical to Ezekiel’s, they are obviously both referring to the same supernatural and indescribable beings (Pss. 80:1; 99:1; see notes on Ezek. 1:4–25; 10:15).

14:5 no deceit. The 144,000 speak God’s truth accurately and precisely, with no exaggeration or understatement (Zeph 3:13). without fault. Not sinless, but sanctified (see Eph 1:4; 5:27; Col. 1:22).

3. Scofield Reference Notes. C.I. Scofield, (deceased) https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

14:4 Redemption. Rom 3:24, “to deliver by paying a price.” The N.T. doctrine. The N.T. records the fulfillment of the O.T. types and prophecies of redemption through the sacrifice of Christ.

Video B. Does God specifically protect the 144,000, and if so, why? (See video details at the bottom of the page.)

4. Things To Come. Prophecy study of J. Dwight Pentecost (deceased). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Dwight_Pentecost

Things To Come, Page 300.In Chapter 7, the 144,000 are sealed by God, set apart to a special ministry, before the Great Tribulation begins. They seem to be sealed at the very outset of the tribulation period. In all probability, the multitude of Gentiles, described in the passage that follows (Rev 7:9-17), has come to a knowledge of salvation through the ministry of this group. In Chapter 14 the same group is pictured at the termination of the tribulation, when the kingdom is established. The returning King is on Mt. Zion, as was predicted of Him (Zech 14:4). At his return the faithful witnesses gather unto Him, having been redeemed (Rev 14:4) and having faithfully witnessed in the midst of apostasy (Rev 14:4-5). They are called “the first fruits unto God and to the Lamb” (Rev 14:4), that is they are the first of the harvest of the tribulation period that will come into the millennium to populate the millennial earth. As the judgments are about to be poured out upon Babylon (Rev 14:8), upon the Beast (Rev 14:9-12), upon the Gentiles (Rev 14:14-17), and upon unbelieving Israel (Rev 14:18-20), these 144,000 are viewed as being preserved through all that the the earth experiences so that they they may be the firstfruits of that period.

IV. Saved “through the tribulation.”

As has been explained in this article, the 144,000 Jewish missionaries will be protected by God, and will be saved “through the tribulation.”

Revelation 7:4 (NKJV) 4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed. One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed:

MacArthur note. 7:4. One hundred and forty-four thousand. A missionary corps of redeemed Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (vv. 9–17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (v. 4; Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel will be the witness nation she refused to be in the OT (see notes on Rom. 11:25–27). all the tribes of the children of Israel. By sovereign election, God will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising His protection while they accomplish their mission.

V. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. Sep 28, 2018. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-…(Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”)

B. John Ankerberg Show. Oct 1, 2018. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

VI. Additional biographical information on the sources of information that are mentioned in this article, as well as other credible sources, can be found on the Page in this blog, “About Sources.”

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Rev 13:11-18, “The Beast From The Earth”

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“This beast had all the authority of the first beast. It did what the first beast wanted. It made the earth and all who live on it worship the first beast. The first beast was the one whose deadly wound had been healed.” (Revelation 13:12 – NIRV – New International Reader’s Version)

I. Video. Why does the Antichrist join forces with Satan and the “false prophet”? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

II. The Beast From The Earth.

A. Text. Revelation 13:11-18 (NKJV)

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon. 12 And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. 15 He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, 17 and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.

B. Comments: Charles Ryrie (deceased). Ryrie Study Bible. https://www.gotquestions.org/Charles-Ryrie.html.

13:11 “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (vs 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vs 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (vs 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vs 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and this second beast form and evil trinity.
13:18 “his number is 666.” Somehow, unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.

C. Comments: MacArthur Study Bible. https://www.gty.org/

13:15 speak. The false prophet will give the image of Antichrist the appearance of life, and the image will seem to utter words—contrary to what is normally true of idols (cf. Ps. 135:15, 16; Hab. 2:19). cause…to be killed. His gentleness is a lie, since he is a killer (7:9–17). Some Gentiles will be spared to populate the kingdom (Matt. 25:31–40) and Jews will be protected (12:17).
13:17 buy or sell. Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life. number of his name. The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

D. Comments: C.I. Scofield (deceased). Scofield Reference Notes. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

13:16 “he causeth.” Antichrist the person is to be distinguished from the “many antichrists” 1 John 2:18 and the “spirit of antichrist” 1 John 4:3 which characterizes all. The supreme mark of all is the denial of the Christian truth of the incarnation of the Logos, the eternal Son in Jesus as the Christ John 1:1; John 1:14. (See Scofield “Matthew 1:16”). The “many antichrists” precede and prepare the way for the Antichrist, who is “the Beast out of the earth” of Revelation 13:11-17 and the “false prophet” of; Revelation 16:13; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10. He is the last ecclesiastical head, as the Beast of Revelation 13:1-8 is the last civil head. For purposes of persecution he is permitted to exercise the autocratic power of the emperor- Beast. (See Scofield “Revelation 19:20″).

E. Outline And Comments: Dr. John F. Walvoord (deceased).

1. The following comments and outline of Rev 13:11-18 are from the work of Dr.John F. Walvoord. A complete commentary of Dr. Walvoord on Rev 13 can be read by clicking on the following link. https://bible.org/seriespage/13-beasts-and-false-prophet The following link provides a history of Dr. Walvoord. https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

a. From verses 11-12 of chapter 13: After the revelation of the first beast, John now beholds another beast coming up out of the earth and occupying a secondary role supporting the activities of the first beast. In contrast to the first beast which comes out of the sea, the second beast is said to come out of the earth. He is of similar nature to the first beast. The same word for beast (Gr., the„rion) is used as well as the word “another” (Gr., allo) meaning “one like in kind.” Though some have interpreted the word earth as referring to the Holy Land, it is the general word for the earth (Gr., ge„). If the sea, mentioned as the source of the first beast, represents the mass of humanity indicating the racial background of the first beast as a Gentile, the reference to the second beast as coming out of the earth indicates that this character, who is later described as a false prophet

b. From verse 18 of Revelation 13: Chapter 13, taken as a whole, is one of the great prophetic chapters of Scripture and is the only passage which presents in any detail the two principal evil characters of the end of the age who form with Satan an unholy trinity. Here is clearly presented the fact that the head of the revived Roman Empire ultimately becomes the ruler of the entire world. Dominated by Satan, he is Satan’s masterpiece and substitute for Christ, and is aided and supported by the second beast called the false prophet. Many have alluded to the contrast of this evil trinity with the heavenly Trinity, Satan corresponding to God the Father, the first beast corresponding to Christ, and the second beast corresponding to the Holy Spirit. George W. Davis expresses a common view that this is a false trinity: “This trinity will consist of Satan as God, Antichrist, the counterfeit of Christ, as Christ, and the false prophet, a travesty on the Holy Spirit.”

c. Outline of Revelation Chapter 13.

The Second Beast Out Of The Earth (13:11-12).
The Deceptive Miracles Of The False Prophet (13:13-14).
All Required To Worship The Beast (13:15-17).
The Number Of The Beast (13:18).

2. The following comment comes from “Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Prophetic Revelation III: The Beast out of the Land,” John F. Walvoord, pg 587-588. “The importance of this chapter (Rev 13, mine) is that world history leading up to the second coming of Christ (end of the tribulation, mine) will be dominated by these two characters (Antichrist and False Prophet, mine), especially in the last 3 1/2 years before the Second Coming. The world leader (Antichrist, mine) will actually for a time exercise political authority over the entire world and the supporting character, the beast out of the earth, will give his support supernaturally and cause people to worship the world ruler. The worship of this world ruler and the recognition of Satan also as deity brings apostasy to its most dramatic revelation. The evil in Satan’s and men’s hearts is allowed in its full manifestation but will be subject to the judgment of God at the time of the Second Coming (of Christ, mine).

F. Comments. The Identity Of The Anti-Christ and False Prophet. Revelation Illustrated And Made Plain, pg 189, Tim LaHaye, (deceased) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_LaHaye …. Because the identities of these two beasts will not be revealed until the middle of the Tribulation Period, and the Church will be raptured before the Tribulation, it seems more than likely that “we” will not be given a hint as to the identities of the Antichrist or False Prophet. (the “we,” in the comment of Dr. LaHaye, relates to the born again believers in Christ that will be caught up in the rapture of the church…John 14:2,3,6…1 Cor 15:50-54…1 Thes 4:13-18).

III. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. 80.3K subscribers.4,702 views•Oct 5, 2018.

B. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hinson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-…(Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”)

IV. Additional biographical information on the sources of information that are mentioned in this article, as well as other credible sources, can be found on the Page in this blog, “About Sources.”

Please follow this site.

Rev 13:1-10, “The Beast From The Sea”

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I. Video. How does the book of Revelation describe the Antichrist? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

II. The Beast from the Sea.

A. Text. Revelation 13:1-10 (NKJV)

1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. 2 Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 3 And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. 4 So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”

5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months. 6 Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. 7 It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

B. Comments: (Charles Ryrie (deceased). Ryrie Study Bible. See history of Dr. Ryrie https://www.gotquestions.org/Charles-Ryrie.html.

13:1. “beast.” The Antichrist (note from 11:7, “the beast.”). The Antichrist (1 John 2:18; see Ryrie note), also called “the man of lawlessness” (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in Rev 6:2, 13:1, 14:9, 14:11, 15:2, 16:2, 17:3, 13; 19:20, 20:10. He can not kill the two witnesses until God allows him to (11:7).
13:2. “the dragon gave him power.” Satan gives Antichrist power.
13:3. “had been slain.” The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.
13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.
13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place, “heaven.”
13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase from “the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf 17:8).
13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days (note from 14:12: Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies, vs 9-11).

C. Outline And Comments: Dr. John F. Walvoord (deceased).

1. The following comments and outline of Rev 13:1-10 are from the work of Dr.John F. Walvoord. A complete commentary of Dr. Walvoord on Rev 13 can be read by clicking on the following link. https://bible.org/seriespage/13-beasts-and-false-prophet The following link provides a history of Dr. Walvoord. https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

a. In the first ten verses of chapter 13, a character is introduced of central importance to the events of the great tribulation. This passage is first of all a revelation of the revived Roman Empire in its period of worldwide dominion, but more especially this paragraph directs attention to the evil character who exercises satanic power as the world dictator.

b. Taken as a whole, the first ten verses of Revelation 13 predict a future world government which from God’s point of view will be a continuation of the ancient Roman Empire expanded ultimately to cover not only the area of the ancient empire but the entire world. This government will be empowered by Satan, and its primary objective will be forcing the whole world to worship Satan and his human representative, the world dictator.

c. Outline of Revelation Chapter 13.

The Emergence of the Beast out of the Sea (13:1-2).
The Deadly Wound of the Beast (13:3).
The Worship of Satan by All the World (13:4).
The Blasphemous Character of the Beast as World Ruler (13:5-6).
The Universal Dominion of the Beast (13:7).
The Universal Worship of the Beast (13:8).
Exhortation to Hear (13:9-10).

2. Titles Of The Coming World Ruler (Walvoord Revelation Commentary, Chapter 13 chart). The little horn (Dan 7:8). The coming prince (Dan 9:26). The willful king (Dan 11:36). The man of lawlessness (2 Thes 2:3). The son of destruction (2 Thes 2:3). The Antichrist ( 1 John 2:18, 22). The rider on the white horse (Rev 6:2). The beast (Rev 13:1-10).

D. The last half of the seven-year tribulation described (verses and John MacArthur’s notes; bio on Page, “About Sources And Links).

1. The last half of the tribulation. The Great Tribulation. Revelation Verses.

11:2 But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months.
12:6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days.
12:14 But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent.
13:5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.

2. God’s protection of Israel during the last half of the tribulation. MacArthur Study Bible notes.

a. God will protect Israel from Satan by hiding her in the wilderness, perhaps in the region of Moab, Ammon, and Edom, east of Palestine. Interestingly, those countries will be specifically spared from the Antichrist’s attack against the Holy Land (cf. Dan. 11:41). one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

b. At the mid-point of the Tribulation, the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, puts a stop to temple worship, sets up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27; Matt. 24:15), and devastates Jerusalem (11:2). At that time, many Jews flee for their lives (Matt. 24:16ff.). God will preserve them during the last 1,260 days (42 months; 3½ years) constituting the Great Tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1.

E. Consider the following end times timeline.

1. The catching up of the saints from earth by Christ prior to the tribulation (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Only unbelieving Jews and Gentiles will be left on earth after the believing saints are caught up to heaven.

2. God’s encouragement to believers. God’s warning to those whom will miss the rapture. (Rev 3:10). “Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” All whom are left behind will come under the judgments of God, which are all Jews and Gentiles that are not been born again; excluding small children.

3. The Antichrist empowered by Christ (Rev 6:1). “Now I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals.”

4. The Antichrist will be a man of great deception. Israel is not a nation that is presently living in a land of “unwalled cities,” (Ez 38:11). However, the Jews will accept such a dream of peace that will come through the “smooth talking Antichrist,” (Rev 6:2).

a. Rev 6:2 “And I looked, and behold, a white horse. He who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.”

b. 6:2 white horse. The animal represents an unparalleled time of world peace—a false peace that is to be short-lived (see note on v. 4). This peace will be ushered in by a series of false messiahs, culminating with the Antichrist (Matt. 24:3–5). He who sat on it. The 4 horses and their riders do not represent specific individuals, but forces. Some, however, identify this rider with Antichrist. Although he will be the leading figure, John’s point is that the entire world will follow him, being obsessed with pursuing this false peace. bow. The bow is a symbol of war, but the absence of arrows implies that this victory is a bloodless one—a peace won by covenant and agreement, not by war (cf. Dan. 9:24–27). crown. This word refers to the kind of laurel wreath awarded winning athletes. It “was given to him.” Antichrist becomes king, elected by the world’s inhabitants regardless of the cost, and will conquer the entire earth in a bloodless coup (MacArthur Study Bible).

c. Ezekiel 38:11 “You will say, ‘I will go up against a land of unwalled villages; I will go to a peaceful people, who dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates’—”

d. 38:10–13 This describes the peace in Israel during the period of Antichrist’s short-lived treaty with them (Dan. 9:27) in the first half of Daniel’s 70th week. References to “unwalled villages,” refer to that period of 3½ years when Israel is secure under the protection of the world-ruling “prince that shall come,” called Antichrist (cf. Dan. 9:27). After Antichrist turns on Israel, there is an escalation of hostility until the end of the 7 year time when this great force comes to plunder Jerusalem and the Promised Land (v. 12) (MacArthur Study Bible).

5. The events of the tribulation are discussed, per the Ryrie Study Bible.

a. Matt 24-25 is the Olivet Discourse which took place between Christ and His Jewish disciples, which was a discussion between Christ and Jews, about Jewish matters. No Gentiles were present. Consider Mt 24:14: “the Gospel of the Kingdom will be preached, and then the end will come.” The church preached “the Gospel of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8), which is the death, burial and resurrection of Christ. “The end” is the end of the tribulation, which precedes the Kingdom Age of the millennium, which is followed by the eternal state.

b. Matt 24:4-14 is the first half of tribulation.

c. Matt 24:15-28 is the last half of tribulation. Matt 24:15, Antichrist (Man of sin, 2 Thes 2:4) breaks the covenant with Israel that he made with them at the beginning of the tribulation, Dan 9:27, and demands that they worship him.

d. Mt 24:20 warned of “a sabbath flight for safety.” A “sabbath-day’s journey,” Acts 1:12, which was about one-half a mile, which was the distance that Jews could travel on the Sabbath. Gentiles had no such concern for sabbath travel constraints.

e. It has been my pleasure to have been in a Jewish neighborhood, where the neighborhood synagogue was located within “a sabbath day’s journey” of most Jewish homes. I have seen men and boys walking that “sabbath day’s journey” to synagogue on the Sabbath. I have also been blessed by observing Jewish women and children walking that same distance to synagogue on the Sabbath (Psalm 122:6).

6. John Walvoord’s Commentary on the seventieth week of Daniel. Click on the following link for a detailed discussion by John Walvoord on Daniel Chapter 9, on the seven years of tribulation: https://bible.org/seriespage/9-prophecy-seventy-weeks. Taken from the last two paragraphs of Dr. Walvoord’s notes on Chapter 9 are, “a., b. c.,” which follow.

a. The final period of seven years begins with the introduction of a covenant relationship between the future “prince that shall come” (Antichrist), and “the many,” the people of Israel. This covenant is observed for the first half of the future seven-year period; then the special liberties and protections granted Israel are taken away; and Israel becomes persecuted in their time of great tribulation.

b. The beginning of the last three and one-half years of the seventy sevens of Daniel is marked by the desecration of the future temple, the stopping of the sacrifices, and the desolation of the Jewish religion. It is this period that was referred to by Christ as “the great tribulation,” in Matthew 24:15-26.

c. The culmination of the entire prophecy of the seventy weeks is the second advent of Jesus Christ, which closes the seventieth seventh of Israel (aka seventieth week of Daniel, mine).

III. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. 78.6K subscribers. 2,040 views. Sep 24, 2018

B. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hinson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-… (Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”

Please follow this site.