Israel In Acts, 2:1-36, Pentecost, 33 A.D.

Video Title: Day Of Pentecost.

Article Title: Israel In Acts, 2:1-36, Pentecost, 33 A.D.


It has been fifty days since Passover. Notice in the video the prayer in the upper room (Acts 1:13) being from Matt 6:10, “Thy kingdom come.” Jews were still waiting for the Kingdom, not Heaven (Acts 1:3, 6), and were praying for “the Kingdom to come.” Notice that the words of those Jews were being spoken in the languages of the Jews who were in Jerusalem for the Feast of Pentecost (Acts 2:6), and that those in the upper room were men and women, totaling 120 Jewish believers in Christ (Acts 1:13-15). See foot of page for comment providers.

Deuteronomy 16:9-12

9 “You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. 10 Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the Lord your God blesses you; 11 and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite who is in your town, and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where the Lord your God chooses to establish His name. 12 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.

Note: 16:10–12 the Feast of Weeks. Seven weeks later this second feast was celebrated. It was also called the “Feast of Harvest” (Ex. 23:16) or the “day of firstfruits” (Lev. 23:9–22; Num. 28:26–31) and later came to be known as “Pentecost” (Acts 2:1). With the grain harvest completed, this one-day festival was a time of rejoicing. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit, 50 days after the death of Christ at the Passover, was on Pentecost and gives special meaning to that day for Christians (cf. Joel 2:28–32; Acts 2:14–18). (MSB)

Acts 2:1-36. A Jewish Feast. Jews in town from many countries, hearing the truth Of Christ in their own languages. (Notes: MSB, unless otherwise noted).

Acts 2:1-4

The Day of Pentecost.

1 When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.

Note: 2:1. “Day of Pentecost.” “Pentecost” means “fiftieth” and refers to the Feast of Weeks (Ex. 34:22, 23) or Harvest (Lev. 23:16), which was celebrated 50 days after Passover in May/June (Lev. 23:15–22). It was one of 3 annual feasts for which the nation was to come to Jerusalem (see note on Ex. 23:14–19). At Pentecost, an offering of firstfruits was made (Lev. 23:20). The Holy Spirit came on this day as the firstfruits of the believer’s inheritance (cf. 2 Cor. 5:5; Eph. 1:11, 14). Those gathered into the church then were also the firstfruits of the full harvest of all believers to come after. “in one place.” The upper room mentioned in 1:13.

Note: 2:2. “a sound . . . as . . . mighty wind.” Luke’s simile described God’s action of sending the Holy Spirit. Wind is frequently used in Scripture as a picture of the Spirit (cf. Ezek. 37:9, 10; John 3:8).

Note: 2:3. The disciples could not comprehend the significance of the Spirit’s arrival without the Lord sovereignly illustrating what was occurring with a visible phenomenon. “tongues, as of fire.” Just as the sound, like wind, was symbolic, these were not literal flames of fire but supernatural indicators, like fire, that God had sent the Holy Spirit upon each believer. In Scripture, fire often denoted the divine presence (cf. Ex. 3:2–6). God’s use of a fire-like appearance here parallels what He did with the dove when Jesus was baptized (Matt. 3:11; Luke 3:16).

Note: 2:4. “all.” The apostles and the 120. Cf. Joel 2:28–32. “filled with the Holy Spirit.” In contrast to the baptism with the Spirit, which is the one-time act by which God places believers into His body (see notes on 1 Cor. 12:13), the filling is a repeated reality of Spirit-controlled behavior that God commands believers to maintain (see notes on Eph. 5:18). Peter and many others in Acts 2 were filled with the Spirit again (e.g., 4:8, 31; 6:5; 7:55) and so spoke boldly the Word of God. The fullness of the Spirit affects all areas of life, not just speaking boldly (cf. Eph. 5:19–33). “with other tongues.” Known languages (See Acts 2:6, 11 notes).

Acts 2:5-13. The Crowd’s Response.

Note: 2:5. Jews, devout men. Hebrew males who made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem. They were expected to celebrate Pentecost (see note on v. 1) in Jerusalem, as part of observing the Jewish religious calendar. See note on Ex. 23:14–19.

Note: 2:6. “this sound.” The noise like gusty wind (v. 2), not the sound of the various languages. “speak in his own language.” As the believers were speaking, each pilgrim in the crowd recognized the language or dialect from his own country.

Note: 2:7. “Galileans.” Inhabitants of the mostly rural area of northern Israel around the Sea of Galilee. Galilean Jews spoke with a distinct regional accent and were considered to be unsophisticated and uneducated by the southern Judean Jews. When Galileans were seen to be speaking so many different languages, the Judean Jews were astonished.

Note: 2:9–11 The listing of specific countries and ethnic groups proves again that these utterances were known human languages.

Note: 2:9. “Parthians.” They lived in what is modern Iran. “Medes.” In Daniel’s time, they ruled with the Persians, but had settled in Parthia. “Elamites.” They were from the southwestern part of the Parthian Empire. “Mesopotamia.” This means “between the rivers” (the Tigris and Euphrates). Many Jews still lived there, descendants of those who were in captivity and who never returned to the land of Israel (cf. 2 Chr. 36:22, 23). “Judea.” All the region once controlled by David and Solomon, including Syria.

Note: 2:9, 10. “Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia.” All were districts in Asia Minor, in what is now Turkey.

Note: 2:10. “Egypt.” Many Jews lived there, especially in the city of Alexandria. The nation then covered the same general area as modern Egypt. “Libya adjoining Cyrene.” These districts were W of Egypt, along the North African coast. “Rome.” The capital of the Empire had a sizeable Jewish population, dating from the second century B.C. proselytes. “Gentile converts to Judaism.” Jews in Rome were especially active in seeking such converts.

Note: 2:11. “Cretans.” Residents of the island of Crete, off the southern coast of Greece. “Arabs.” Jews who lived S of Damascus, among the Nabatean Arabs (cf. Gal. 1:17). “we hear them speaking.” See note on v. 6. wonderful works of God. The Christians were quoting from the OT what God had done for His people (cf. Ex. 15:11; Pss. 40:5; 77:11; 96:3; 107:21). Such praises were often heard in Jerusalem during festival times.

Note: 2:13 new wine. A drink that could have made one drunk.

Acts 2:14-36. Peter’s Sermon.

Note: 2:14–40. After the Holy Spirit’s arrival, the first major event of church history was Peter’s sermon, which led to 3,000 conversions and established the church (vv. 41–47) (My note. These were Jews who came to saving faith in Christ. See 2:36’s Jewish context.)

Note (Mine): Consider the audience of Peter. Acts 2:14: they are Jews. Acts 2:16-21: the message is related to Jewish prophecy. Acts 2:22-24: they are Jews. Acts 2:25-35: the message is related to Jewish prophecy.

Note: 2:22–36. Here is the main body of Peter’s sermon, in which he presented and defended Jesus Christ as Israel’s Messiah.

Note (Mine): Verse 36 is key: “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Note: 2:36. Peter summarizes his sermon with a powerful statement of certainty: the OT prophecies of resurrection and exaltation provide evidence that overwhelmingly points to the crucified Jesus as the Messiah. “both Lord and Christ.” Jesus is God as well as anointed Messiah (cf. Rom. 1:4; 10:9; 1 Cor. 12:3; Phil. 2:9, 11).

Note (Mine): The message on Pentecost was spoken by a Jew (The Apostle Peter), “to Jews,” who were in Jerusalem for one of three required Jewish feasts (Ex 23:14-17, Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, Tabernacles). The message was about a Jew, “Christ,” whom had been crucified after Jews in Jerusalem, whom had not come to faith in Christ as Messiah cried, “Crucify Him,” (Matt 27:22). It is important to understand that whenever a verse has the words, “the Jews,” it is important to understand whether “the Jews” relates to believing Jews or, whether it relates to unbelieving Jews. Have “the Jews accepted Christ” as Messiah, or have “the Jews not accepted Christ” as Messiah?

Note: 23:14–19 Requiring all males to be present for 3 specified feasts at a central sanctuary would have had a socially and religiously uniting effect on the nation. The men must trust the Lord to protect their landholdings while on pilgrimage to the tabernacle (cf. 34:23, 24). All 3 feasts were joyful occasions, being a commemoration of the Exodus (the Feast of Unleavened Bread), an expression of gratitude to God for all the grain He had provided (the Feast of Harvest), and a thanksgiving for the final harvest (the Feast of Ingathering). Alternative names appear in the biblical record for the second and third feasts: the Feast of Weeks (34:22) or Firstfruits (34:22; Acts 2:1), and the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Lev. 23:33–36). For additional discussions, see, Lev. 23:1–24:9; Num. 28, 29; Deut. 16. (Pentecost, Harvest, and Weeks are the same feast).

This article is part of a timeline study of the Book of Acts. Editing details are shown, as follows:

Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

Video Details. Day of Pentecost HD. Gise Ríos.

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Israel In Acts, 1:1-11, 33 A.D., Notes

Article Title: Israel In Acts, 1:1-11, 33 A.D., Notes


What is the Kingdom?

Consider a time in the history of our created earth that there was no challenge to the rulership of God over His creation. That time was in Genesis before the fall of Adam and Eve (Gen Chapters one and two). Adam and Eve were appointed to rule over God’s creation (Gen 1:26), with Adam being given the overall charge. When Adam and Eve fell in Genesis Chapter 3, the appointment of Adam and Eve to be administrators of God’s creation was taken away. Consider the following, more in depth discussion of Dr. Andrew M. Woods, which come from his book, “The Coming Kingdom, pages 6-8. Credentials for Dr. Woods can be found in my Equipping Site page, “About Sources.” Everyone should have a copy of “The Coming Kingdom.”

[The biblical story of the kingdom begins as early as the Garden of Eden. Here God placed Adam and Eve in a position of Authority over God’s creation. (See Gen 1:26-28).

The technical term for this hierarchy, where God rules over a man who, in turn, governs creation on God’s behalf, is “the office of Theocratic Administrator.” This term simply refers to someone who governs for God. In other words, God ruled the world, indirectly through the first Adam.

However, Satan soon took the form of a serpent with the specific goal of perverting and reversing this divinely ordained hierarchy. Instead of governing the physical world for God, Adam and Eve were influenced by creation (the serpent) to rebel against God (Gen 3). Such rebellion represented a top to bottom reversal of God’s original intention of the office of Theocratic Administrator. Adam, who was supposed to be the spiritual leader of his marriage, blamed Eve for the sin. Similarly, Eve, who was supposed to be governing the animal kingdom for God, blamed the serpent for this rebellion (Gen 3:11-13). Satan’s success in inciting the rebellion against Adam and Eve removed the office of Theocratic Administrator from the earth, as Satan at that point became the ruler of the world (Luke 4:5-8; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2 Cor 4:4; Eph 2:2; 1 John 5:19). What then is the story line of the Bible? It is how this office is restored through the messianic kingdom. Just as God the Father originally intended to indirectly govern the physical world through the first Adam, He will one day govern the world through the Last Adam, or God the Son.

The restoration of the physical kingdom, or office of Theocratic Administrator as the dominant theme of the Bible, has been recognized by numerous theologians, such as the late Drs. Charles Ryrie and Harold Hoehner, both of Dallas Theological Seminary.]

Consider a key scripture passage that relates to the Kingdom, as follows:

Luke 17:20-21 (NASB) “20 Now having been questioned by the Pharisees as to when the kingdom of God was coming, He answered them and said, “The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed; 21 nor will they say, ‘Look, here it is!’ or, ‘There it is!’ For behold, the kingdom of God is in your midst.”

What is the Kingdom? The kingdom is not heaven, but is the result of a covenant between God and Israel. The kingdom will exist on earth for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4), and is also known as the “millennium.” During the kingdom age Gentiles will also be present, and will be blessed too (Gen 12:1-3; 15:18-21; 17:7-8; 2 Sam 7:8-16; Isa 2:1-4; 11:6-9; 56:3-8; 65:25; Mt 3:1-2; 4:17; 10:5-7; Lk 10:1, 11).

The Kingdom is a place, a people. and a blessing, per Gen 12:1-3, and can not be placed within us. But, we can be placed within the Kingdom, which will happen for those whom have been born again. (See Ezekiel 36:24-29, John 3:3, and 2 Cor 5:17). Please read the scripture particulars that are placed in the above paragraph. The correct translation of Luke 17:20-21 is important to understand, “The kingdom of God is in your midst” (NASB), and not “within you,” (KJV). The meaning is that the kingdom is near, but not here. If first century Israel had accepted Christ as Messiah, the Kingdom would have been present, with all of the blessings that are contained in scripture, as are stated above.

Ezekiel 36:24-29 was a prophecy to Jews of the new birth, and the blessings that will accompany those whom will be born again and reside in the Kingdom (587 B.C., NASB).

24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

John 3:3 was a statement that Christ spoke to Jews, about the necessity of the new birth, when He was teaching them about the Kingdom (30 A.D., NASB).

3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

2 Corinthians 5:17 was a statement that the Apostle Paul made to Christians about the benefit of being born again (60 A.D., NASB).

17 “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.”

Consider Matthew 3:2, “repent” (27 A.D., NASB), which is the same “repent” as is stated in Acts 2:38 (33 A.D.)

2 “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

Repent, “metanoeite,” 3340: means to change one’s mind or purpose,” about Christ, which is the same as in Acts 2:38, “repent.”

Consider a sermon that was preached by Dr. Andy Woods, in relation to the Kingdom, as follows:

[Youtube video,” The Coming Kingdom 08. The Kingdom Offered – Matthew 3:2; beginning at 45.00 minutes. ”

These are notes that were taken from the sermon of Dr. Woods.

The kingdom is the unchallenged rulership of God that has drawn near to man in the Person of Christ.

“The kingdom of heaven,” because of it source, originates in heaven; it comes from heaven; it is talking about the origin of the kingdom.

The words, kingdom of heaven and kingdom of God, are interchangeable. The rule of heaven, drawing near to earth, comes in the person of Christ.

The kingdom is not some mystical reign of Christ in the heart.

The Kingdom is “at hand” (Matt 3:2), does not mean “here,” but “near,” and was spoken only to national Israel (Matt 10:5-7).]

Acts 1:1-11. Verses and Notes.

Acts 1:3. “To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.”

Note. Ryrie Study Bible note.. “Forty days.” The only reference to the length of Christ’s ministry on earth between His resurrection and His ascension.

Acts 1:6. “So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” 

Ryrie note: The Messianic, Davidic, millennial kingdom on this earth. The time of its coming is unrevealed (Matt 24:36, 42.)

Acts 1:11. “.They also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”

My Note: See Zechariah 14:1-5, 9. Matthew 24:29-31. Revelation 19:11-21. The elect of Mt 24:31 relates to Israel (Deu 14:2).

Translation Considerations. . “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

Video details. JESUS, (English), Jesus Gives Great Commission and Ascends to Heaven. Jesus Film.

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