End Times 24, Revelation 14:1-5, The 144,000 On Mount Zion

Video Title: Does God specifically protect the 144,000, and if so, why?

Article Title: End Times 24, Revelation 14:1-5, The 144,000 On Mount Zion.

I. Introduction:

A. In any, and every, setting in the Bible, there is a specific scripture that must be considered. As we consider the verses of this article, we must consider the words of that verse, Romans 8:28, as follows:

1. “And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.”

2. Let’s consider God’s purpose for the Jewish prophet, Jeremiah:

a. Jeremiah 1:5

“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you,
And before you were born I consecrated you;
I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you,
And before you were born I consecrated you;
I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

b. The calling on the life of Jeremiah took place before he was conceived. There was nothing that could have prevented the purpose that God for Jeremiah from being fulfilled.

3. Let’s consider God’s purpose for another Jew, the Apostle Paul:

a. Galatians 1:15-16

“15 But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, was pleased 16 to reveal His Son in me so that I might preach Him among the Gentiles,..”

b. The calling on the life of the Apostle Paul took place from the time of his birth. There was no force that could have undone God’s calling and purpose for the life of Paul.

4. We have discussed the individual lives of Jeremiah and Paul. Now, let’s consider the purpose that God has planned for millions of born again believers in Christ:

a. Revelation 3:10

“Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.”

b. In this verse, the “hour of testing” relates to the Tribulation, which will come upon those “who dwell upon the earth;” these are people whom had not accepted Christ as Lord and Savior prior to the Rapture of the church (1 Thes 4:16-17). Other verses that relate to “earth dwellers are:” Rev 6:10, 8:13, 11:10; 13:8, 13:14 and 17:8. As the chapters increase in number, the tribulation increases in severity for those “who dwell on the earth.” Believers in Christ have the promise of God that they will be saved from the hour of testing, which is more correct in saying, “out of the hour of testing.” Christ said that “he will keep” those who have kept the word of “His” perseverance. It is not of the believer’s perseverance that brings about eternal life; Jude 24 says that Christ keeps us from stumbling. Also, once we have been born again, we can not be unborn. Each believer is a part of the body of Christ, which is the Bride of Christ (Eph 5:22-32). Christ is the Bridegroom of all bridegrooms; He is not going to leave His prized possession on this earth (His bride) with the knowledge that He will be submitting her to the tribulation judgments that He and angels will be pouring out on those “who dwell on the earth.” See Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12; 8:1, etc. (Ref: Walvoord, Ryrie, MacArthur, Hocking, Patterson). The key teaching of Rev 3:10 is that born again believers in Christ will be “saved out of the tribulation.” The object of the Tribulation is Israel (Jer 30:7). The purpose of the Tribulation is to draw unbelieving Jews to saving faith in Christ (Mt 23:37-39; Zech 12:10). There is no mention of the church being in the Tribulation anywhere in Scripture; neither is there any purpose. Consider that which happens when we are born again: (1) Our spirit dwells within the Spirit of “Father, Son, Holy Spirit” (John 14:20). (2) Our spirit is as righteous as the righteousness of Christ (2 Cor 5:21). The righteousness that we attain when we are born again does not increase or decrease; we are the “righteousness of Christ;” period! (3) Once the Spirit of Christ “dwells within” our spirit (Col 1:27), nothing that we may do can force the Spirit of Christ out of our Spirit (John 10:28-31). (4) God has given us eternal life (1 John 5:11). (5) Nothing about the Tribulation can make us (The Bride of Christ), more righteous. (6) Nothing about the Tribulation can make us (the Bride of Christ) more holy, or more worthy, for spending eternity with God.

5. We will now consider God’s purpose for “the 144,000 Jews” in Revelation Chapter 7.

a. Revelation 7:3-4

3 saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God on their foreheads.”
4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred and forty-four thousand sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:

b. In these verses (7:3-4) we see that the 144,000 Jews are sealed. The seal on their foreheads symbolizes protection and ownership and God’s intention to protect the 12 tribes of vs 4 during the Tribulation (Walvoord). Will the seal be spiritual, or a physical mark? Your guess is as good as those of the many theologians that I checked; they have differing ideas.

6. We will now consider God’s purpose for “the 144,000 Jews” in Revelation Chapter 14.

a. Revelation 14:1

“Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.”

b. In this verse (14:1) we see that all of the 144,000 Jews, having been sealed (7:3-4), are still alive. The purpose of these Jews is to witness to others who were left behind from the Rapture. The church has been raptured, and is no longer present on earth; so, the role of witnessing goes to these 144,000 Jews (J. Dwight Pentecost). By divine sovereignty, the 144,000 are chosen by God for His purposes. We see that the 144,000 have survived the tribulation (with all of its Godly judgments), and have gone directly to the millennium (kingdom age), where they (all 144,000 Jews of Rev 7:3-4) are alive at the second coming of Christ (Matt 24:29-31). Mt. Zion is on earth, and not in heaven (Walvoord).

7. The conclusion of the salvation of the church and the 144,000 Jews is that the church is saved from (saved out of) the time of the Tribulation, whereas, the 144,000 Jews are saved “through the Tribulation.”

II. Text. Revelation 14:1-5.

The Lamb and the 144,000 on Mount Zion

1 Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunder, and the voice which I heard was like the sound of harpists playing on their harps. 3 And they *sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth. 4 These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 And no lie was found in their mouth; they are blameless.

III. Translation Considerations. . “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

V. Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

VI. Comments. Revelation 14:1-5 (MSB).

A. 14:1 “Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.”

1. “a Lamb.” See note on Rev 5:6, as follows:

a. “Lamb.” Hearing of a lion, John turns to see a lamb (lit. “a little, pet lamb”). God required the Jews to bring the Passover lamb into their houses for 4 days, essentially making it a pet, before it was to be violently slain (Ex. 12:3, 6). This is the true Passover Lamb, God’s Son (cf. Is. 53:7; Jer. 11:19; John 1:29).

b. “as though it had been slain.” The scars from its slaughter are still clearly visible, but it is standing—it is alive. seven horns. In Scripture, horns always symbolize power, because in the animal kingdom they are used to exert power and inflict wounds in combat.

c. “Seven horns” signify complete or perfect power. Unlike other defenseless lambs, this One has complete, sovereign power.

d. “seven eyes . . . seven Spirits.” Cf. 4:5; see note on Rev 1:4, as follows:

(1) “seven churches which are in Asia.” Asia Minor, equivalent to modern Turkey, was composed of 7 postal districts. At the center of those districts were 7 key cities which served as central points for the dissemination of information. It is to the churches in those cities that John writes.

(2) “who is and who was and who is to come.” God’s eternal presence is not limited by time. He has always been present and will come in the future.

(3) “the seven Spirits.” There are two possible meanings: 1) a reference to Isaiah’s prophecy concerning the 7-fold ministry of the Holy Spirit (Is. 11:2); or 2) more likely, it is a reference to the lampstand with 7 lamps (a menorah) in Zechariah—also a description of the Holy Spirit (see notes on 4:5; 5:6; Zech. 4:1–10). In either case, 7 is the number of completeness, so John is identifying the fullness of the Holy Spirit.

2. “Mount Zion.” The city of Jerusalem, where Messiah will return and plant His feet (cf. Pss. 2; 48:1, 2; Is. 24:23).

3. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” See note on Rev 7:4, as follows:

a. “One hundred and forty-four thousand.” A missionary corps of redeemed Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (vv. 9–17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (v. 4; Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel will be the witness nation she refused to be in the OT (see notes on Rom. 11:25–27).

b. “all the tribes of the children of Israel.” By sovereign election, God will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising His protection while they accomplish their mission.

4. “name.” The counterpart to the mark of the beast. It is the stamp that will identify the 144,000 as belonging to God (See note on Rev 13:6).

B. 14:2. “And I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunder, and the voice which I heard was like the sound of harpists playing on their harps.”

1. “harps.” See note on Rev 5:8, as follows.

a. “harp.” These ancient stringed instruments not only accompanied the songs of God’s people (1 Chr. 25:6; Ps. 33:2), but also accompanied prophecy (cf. 1 Sam. 10:5). The 24 elders, representative of the redeemed church, played their harps in praise and in a symbolic indication that all the prophets had said was about to be fulfilled.

b. “bowls full of incense.” These golden, wide-mouth saucers were common in the tabernacle and temple. Incense was a normal part of the OT ritual. Priests stood twice daily before the inner veil of the temple and burned incense so that the smoke would carry into the Holy of Holies and be swept into the nostrils of God. That symbolized the people’s prayers rising to Him.

c. “prayers of the saints.” Specifically, these prayers represent all that the redeemed have ever prayed concerning ultimate and final redemption.

C. 14:3. “And they *sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth.”

1. “new song.” The song of redemption, which is being sung by all the redeemed saints in one gigantic choir. They are rejoicing over the accomplishment of God’s entire redemptive work before Christ’s return (cf. Pss. 33:1–3; 40:3; 96:1; 144:9, 10; 149; Luke 15:10; see note on Rev 5:9).

2. “the four living creatures, and the elders.” See notes on Rev 4:4, 6.

a. Rev 4:4 “twenty-four elders.” Their joint rule with Christ, their white garments (19:7, 8), and their golden crowns (2:10) all seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed (vv. 9–11; 5:5–14; 7:11–17; 11:16–18; 14:3; 19:4). The question is which redeemed? Not Israel, since the nation is not yet saved, glorified, and coronated. That is still to come at this point in the events of the end. Their resurrection and glory will come at the end of the 7-year tribulation time (cf. Dan. 12:1–3). Tribulation saints aren’t yet saved (7:9, 10). Only one group will be complete and glorified at that point—the church. Here elders represent the church, which sings the song of redemption (5:8–10). They are the overcomers who have their crowns and live in the place prepared for them, where they have gone with Jesus (cf. John 14:1–4).

b. Rev 4:6 “sea of glass.” There is no sea in heaven (21:1), but the crystal pavement that serves as the floor of God’s throne stretches out like a great, glistening sea (cf. Ex. 24:10; Ezek. 1:22). four living creatures. Lit. “four living ones or beings.” These are the cherubim (sing., cherub), those angels frequently referred to in the OT in connection with God’s presence, power, and holiness. Although John’s description is not identical to Ezekiel’s, they are obviously both referring to the same supernatural and indescribable beings (Pss. 80:1; 99:1; see notes on Ezek. 1:4–25; 10:15). full of eyes. Although not omniscient—an attribute reserved for God alone—these angels have a comprehensive knowledge and perception. Nothing escapes their scrutiny (cf. v. 8).

D. 14:4. “These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb.”

1. “not defiled with women.” An illustration of God’s ability to keep believers remarkably pure in the midst of great difficulty. This phrase indicates that the 144,000 Jewish evangelists will have not only resisted the perverse system of Antichrist, but they will have also resisted all temptations to illicit sex. Cf. 2 Cor. 11:2.

2. “follow the Lamb.” This indicates partisanship for Jesus Christ. The victorious 144,000 are unwaveringly loyal to Him, whatever the cost (cf. Matt. 16:24; Mark 10:21; Luke 9:23; John 10:27; 12:26; 14:15).

3. “firstfruits.” Like the OT firstfruits offerings, these men will be set apart for special service to God (cf. Deut. 26:1–11). Some see firstfruits as the first large group of redeemed Israel (see note on 11:13), saved much earlier, and representative of more converts to follow (cf. Rom. 16:5; 1 Cor. 16:15), the first fruits of a redeemed Israel (Rom. 11:1–5, 11–15, 25–27).

E. 14:5. “And no lie was found in their mouth; they are blameless.”

1. “no deceit.” The 144,000 speak God’s truth accurately and precisely, with no exaggeration or understatement (cf. Zeph. 3:13).

2. “without fault.” Not sinless, but sanctified (see Eph. 1:4; 5:27; Col. 1:22).

VII. Video details. Does God specifically protect the 144,000, and if so, why?

John Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. For speaker credentials, see my “About Sources” page.

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 23, Revelation 13:11-18, The False Prophet

End Times 23, Revelation 13:11-18, The False Prophet
Click onto the image to see the video and text.

What does the false prophet do to honor the Antichrist? Video details are provided at the foot of this page.

I. As we learn of the False Prophet in the opening video we see the final character of the unholy trinity, which consists of Satan, the Antichrist, and the False Prophet, who act in opposition to the Holy Trinity of God The Father, God The Son, and God The Holy Spirit.
https://www.compellingtruth.org/unholy-trinity.html
The Antichrist will be a political leader.
https://www.davidjeremiah.org/age-of-signs/6-answers-to-questions-about-the-antichrist
The False Prophet will be a religious leader. https://davidjeremiah.blog/the-false-prophet-in-the-book-of-revelation/
The credentials of the two participants in the video, Drs. John Ankerberg and Jimmy DeYoung, can be found in this site’s “About Sources” page.

II. Text. Revelation 13:11-18. The Beast From The Earth

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb and he spoke as a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. And he makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the presence of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life. 15 And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, 17 and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.

III. Translation Considerations. . “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

V. Dates of scriptures come from the Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

VI. Comments. Revelation 13:11-18.

A. 13:11. (MSB)

1. “another beast.” This is the final false prophet (called such in 16:13; 19:20; 20:10) who promotes Antichrist’s power and convinces the world to worship him as God. This companion beast will be the chief, most persuasive proponent of satanic religion (cf. 16:13; 19:20; 20:10). Antichrist will be primarily a political and military leader, but the false prophet will be a religious leader. Politics and religion will unite in a worldwide religion of worshiping the Antichrist (see 17:1–9, 15–17).

2. “out of the earth.” Likely another reference to the abyss that lies below the earth. The false prophet will be sent forth and controlled by a powerful demon from below. The earth imagery, in contrast to that of the foreboding, mysterious sea in v. 1, may imply that the false prophet is subtler and more winsome than Antichrist.

3. “two horns like a lamb.” This describes the relative weakness of the false prophet compared to Antichrist, who has 10 horns. A lamb has only two small bumps on its head, very inferior to the 10-horned beast.

4. “like a lamb.” The lamb imagery may also imply that the false prophet will be also a false Christ masquerading as the true Lamb. Unlike Antichrist, the false prophet will come not as a killing, destroying animal, but as one who appears gentle and deceptively attractive.

5. spoke like a dragon. The false prophet will be Satan’s mouthpiece, and thus his message will be like the dragon, Satan—the source of all false religion (cf. 2 Cor. 11:14).

B. 13:12. (See individual comments)

1. “exercises all the authority of the first beast.” The false prophet exercises the same kind of satanic power as Antichrist because he is empowered by the same source. He, too, will have worldwide influence and a reputation as a miracle worker and speaker. (MSB)

2. “causes . . . to worship.” “He causes” is used 8 times of him. He wields influence to establish a false world religion headed by Antichrist and to entice people to accept that system. (MSB)

3. “whose fatal wound was healed..” This phrase should be taken at face value, as is described in the Lexicon. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/revelation/13-12.htm (Mine).

a. “fatal.” 2288. thanatos: death. 2288 thánatos (derived from 2348 /thnḗskō, “to die”) – physical or spiritual death; (figuratively) separation from the life (salvation) of God forever by dying without first experiencing death to self to receive His gift of salvation.

b. “healed.” 2323. therapeuó: to serve, cure. 2323 therapeúō – properly, heal, reversing a physical condition to restore a person having an illness (disease, infirmity). [2323 (therapeúō), the root of “therapy” and “therapeutic,” usually involves natural elements in the process of healing.]

c. From Rev 13:3. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist (RSB). As in 13:12, “fatal: 2288, and healed: 2323,” are consistent in both verses (13:3, 13:12). (Mine)

C. 13:13. (MSB)

1. “great signs.” The same phrase is used of Jesus’ miracles (John 2:11, 23; 6:2), which indicates the false prophet performs signs that counterfeit Christ’s. Satan, who has done supernatural works in the past (e.g., Ex. 7:11; 2 Tim. 3:8), must use his strategy of false miracles to convince the world that Antichrist is more powerful than God’s true witnesses (chap. 11), including Jesus Christ.

2. fire come down from heaven. The context indicates that the false prophet does counterfeit pyrotechnic signs continually to convince men of his power, and also in imitation of the two witnesses (11:5).

D. 13:14. “make an image.” This refers to replication of Antichrist that is related to the throne he will erect during the abomination of desolation, halfway into the Tribulation period. This will happen in the Jerusalem temple when Antichrist abolishes the former false world religion and seeks to have people worship him alone as God (cf. Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4). The false prophet and Antichrist again will deceive the world with a clever imitation of Christ, who will later return and reign from the true throne in Jerusalem. (MSB)

E. 13:15. (MSB)

1. “speak.” The false prophet will give the image of Antichrist the appearance of life, and the image will seem to utter words—contrary to what is normally true of idols (cf. Ps. 135:15, 16; Hab. 2:19).

2. “cause . . . to be killed.” His gentleness is a lie, since he is a killer (7:9–17). Some Gentiles will be spared to populate the kingdom (Matt. 25:31–40), and Jews will be protected (12:17).

F. 13:16. “a mark.” In the Roman Empire, this was a normal identifying symbol, or brand, that slaves and soldiers bore on their bodies. Some of the ancient mystical cults delighted in such tattoos, which identified members with a form of worship. Antichrist will have a similar requirement, one that will need to be visible on the hand or forehead. (MSB)

G. 13:17. (MSB)

1. “buy or sell.” Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life.

2. “number of his name.” The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

H. 13:18. “His number is 666.” This is the essential number of a man. The number 6 falls one short of God’s perfect number, 7, and thus represents human imperfection. Antichrist, the most powerful human the world will ever know, will still be a man, i.e., a 6. The ultimate in human and demonic power is a 6, not perfect, as God is. The 3-fold repetition of the number is intended to reiterate and underscore man’s identity. When Antichrist is finally revealed, there will be some way to identify him with this basic number of a man, or his name may have the numerical equivalent of 666. (In many languages, including Heb., Gr., and Lat., letters have numerical equivalents.) Because this text reveals very little about the meaning of 666, it is unwise to speculate beyond what is said. (MSB)

VII. Video details.

What does the false prophet do to honor the Antichrist?
John Ankerberg Show.
From our series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung”.
For more information on this series, please visit: https://jashow.org/through-the-book-of-revelation/

VIII. Please follow this site.

Israel In Isaiah, 3:1-4:1, 760 B.C., Notes

Israel In Isaiah, 3:1-4:1, 760 B.C., Notes

Paul Wilbur – For Your Name is Holy. Video details are at the foot of this page.

The Book of Isiah is about a prophecy that was given by God to Isaiah, who was a Jewish prophet who, in turn, spoke God’s prophecy to Jewish people about Jewish circumstances and situations.

Isaiah 1:1, “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”

The Book Of Isaiah.

Purpose of Writing: The Prophet Isaiah was primarily called to prophesy to the Kingdom of Judah. Judah was going through times of revival and times of rebellion. Judah was threatened with destruction by Assyria and Egypt, but was spared because of God’s mercy. Isaiah proclaimed a message of repentance from sin and hopeful expectation of God’s deliverance in the future. (gotquestions.org)

Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

Dates of scriptures come from The Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

Introduction. Isaiah 3:1-4:1. The Lord’s indictment against, and judgment of, Jerusalem and Judah continued. (MSB)
Text, in full. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+3%3A1-4%3A1&version=NASB 

Isaiah 3:1
For behold, the Lord GOD of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah
Both supply and support, the whole supply of bread
And the whole supply of water;

Note. 3:1. “remove.” Through Nebuchadnezzar (see 2 Kings 24:15-16). “supply and support.” Both words indicate something one leans on. (RSB)

Note. 3:1. the Lord (136) Adonay: Lord, the proper name of God. GOD (3068) Yahweh: the proper name of the God of Israel. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/isaiah/3-1.htm

Isaiah 3:2-3.
2 The mighty man and the warrior,
The judge and the prophet,
The diviner and the elder,
3 The captain of fifty and the honorable man,
The counselor and the expert artisan,
And the skillful enchanter.

Note. 3:1–3 “Takes away . . . expert enchanter.” God’s judgment was to include a removal of the people’s leadership. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:4-5
4 And I will make mere lads their princes,
And capricious children will rule over them,
5 And the people will be oppressed,
Each one by another, and each one by his neighbor;
The youth will storm against the elder
And the inferior against the honorable.

Note. 3:4-5. (children . . . honorable.) Inexperience in government was to lead to degeneration and irresponsibility at every level of national life. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:6-7
6 When a man lays hold of his brother in his father’s house, saying,
“You have a cloak, you shall be our ruler,
And these ruins will be under your charge,”
7 He will protest on that day, saying,
“I will not be your healer,
For in my house there is neither bread nor cloak;
You should not appoint me ruler of the people.”

Note. 3:6-7. “let these ruins . . . ruler of the people.” Conditions of anarchy were to be so bad that no one would accept a position of authority over the people. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:8
“For Jerusalem has stumbled and Judah has fallen,
Because their speech and their actions are against the Lord,
To rebel against His glorious presence.”

Note. 3:8 Jerusalem . . . Judah. The fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. was only a partial fulfillment of this prophecy. The final fulfillment awaits the times just prior to Christ’s second coming. against the LORD. The root of Zion’s problem surfaces: overt rebellion against the Lord. The people sinned shamelessly; they made no effort to conceal it (3:9).(MSB)

Forward Note: 3:10–15 This oracle against Judah’s leaders is in three parts: (1) an affirmation that God repays good and evil (vv. 10, 11); (2) an accusation that Israel’s leaders were leading people astray (v. 12); (3) a divine lawsuit against the leaders for exploiting their subjects (vv. 13–15; see 1:23). (NKJV)

Isaiah 3:9-11
9 The expression of their faces bears witness against them,
And they display their sin like Sodom;
They do not even conceal it.
Woe to them!
For they have brought evil on themselves.
10 Say to the righteous that it will go well with them,
For they will eat the fruit of their actions.
11 Woe to the wicked! It will go badly with him,
For what he deserves will be done to him.

Note. 3:9. Considered a horribly sinful city (1:9), Sodom had been destroyed by God (Gen. 19). Yet Judeans were parading their defiance against God just like the Sodomites. (NKJV)

Note. 3:10. “eat the fruit.” Compare this idea with 1:19. (NKJV)

Note. 3:11. paid back for what their hands have done. Cf. Pr 26:27 and note; Gal 6:7–9 and note on 6:7.(NIV)

Isaiah 3:12
“O My people! Their oppressors are children,
And women rule over them.
O My people! Those who guide you lead you astray
And confuse the direction of your paths.

Note. 3:12. “children . . . women.” Children and women were considered ill-suited for governmental leadership, so they figuratively depicted the incompetent rulers. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:13-15
13 The Lord arises to contend,
And stands to judge the people.
14 The Lord enters into judgment with the elders and princes of His people,
“It is you who have devoured the vineyard;
The plunder of the poor is in your houses.
15 “What do you mean by crushing My people
And grinding the face of the poor?”
Declares the Lord God of hosts.

Note. vs 14. “vineyard.” The spoiling of the vineyard by the leaders amounts to their inequities in ruling the nation. Isaiah gave a more detailed comparison of God’s people to a vineyard in 5:1–7. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:16-17
16 Moreover, the Lord said, “Because the daughters of Zion are proud
And walk with heads held high and seductive eyes,
And go along with mincing steps
And tinkle the bangles on their feet,
17 Therefore the Lord will afflict the scalp of the daughters of Zion with scabs,
And the Lord will make their foreheads bare.”

Note. “daughters of Zion.” When women cultivate beauty for beauty’s sake, they thereby reflect the moral decay of the nations and detract from the glory of God. Rather than emphasizing outward apparel and activities (vv. 16–24), ladies should cultivate the beauty of the inner person (1 Tim. 2:9, 10; 1 Pet. 3:3, 4). mincing as they go. Ornamental chains about the ankles necessitated shorter steps and produced tinkling sounds to attract attention. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:18-23, “18 In that day the Lord will take away the beauty of their anklets, headbands, crescent ornaments, 19 dangling earrings, bracelets, veils, 20 headdresses, ankle chains, sashes, perfume boxes, amulets, 21 finger rings, nose rings, 22 festal robes, outer tunics, cloaks, money purses, 23 hand mirrors, undergarments, turbans and veils.

Note. vs 18, “in that day.” The Day of the Lord. (See note on Isaiah 2:12). (RSB)

Isaiah 3:24-26
24 Now it will come about that instead of sweet perfume there will be putrefaction;
Instead of a belt, a rope;
Instead of well-set hair, a plucked-out scalp;
Instead of fine clothes, a donning of sackcloth;
And branding instead of beauty.
25 Your men will fall by the sword
And your mighty ones in battle.
26 And her gates will lament and mourn,
And deserted she will sit on the ground.

Note. 16-26. The fashionable women, seeking to lure other women’s husbands with their imported luxurious dress, would soon be destitute (cf. 1 Peter 3:3-4). (RSB)

Isaiah 4:1, For seven women will take hold of one man in that day, saying, “We will eat our own bread and wear our own clothes, only let us be called by your name; take away our reproach!” 

Note. 4:1. “seven women . . . one man.” In the day of the Lord (see note on 2:12), He will judge wicked women indirectly by allowing a slaughtering of males, thereby producing a shortage of husbands. (MSB)

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End Times 22, Revelation 13:1-10, The Antichrist

End Times 22, Revelation 13:1-10. The Antichrist. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.

I. In the above video we see people who have been left behind from the Rapture. The key figure is the Antichrist, as he is taking control of the world by creating ten global regions of nations that will come under his heavy-handed control (Revelation 13:1). This Left Behind movie, and others, came as a result of the Left Behind series of books that were written under the leadership of Dr. Tim LaHaye, whose credentials can be found in my “About Sources” page. The Left Behind books and movies tell of the upcoming time in our world when those whom are left behind from the rapture of the church have to deal with the persecution of the Antichrist, even more so if they come to saving faith in Christ. The Left Behind movies and books are very much in sync with the scriptures of the Bible that tell of the end of times event that we are studying, and relate heavily to the time of the Tribulation. Video details can be seen at the bottom of this page.

II. Text. Revelation 13:1-10. The Beast From The Sea.

1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. 2 Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 3 And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. 4 So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”

5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months. 6 Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. 7 It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

V. Comments. Revelation Chapter 13:1-10.

A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. Many emperors of Rome defiled themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all of his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that gave their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13) (RSB). The fact that the beast rises out of the sea is taken by many to indicate that he comes from the great mass of humanity, namely the Gentile powers of the world. Others take it as a reference to the Mediterranean, namely, that the beast will arise from the Mediterranean area. Probably both are true in that the beast is a Gentile and does come from the Mediterranean scene (WRC). Since Daniel identified this beast as arising from the world’s fourth great empire (Rome), this is understood by many to refer to a revived Roman empire (MBC). Daniel 7:7-8, “a fourth beast.” Rome. The 10 horns are explained in vs 24, and the little horn (Antichrist) in vs 24-25 (RSB).

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives him power.” Satan gives his power. (RSB)

C. 13:3-4. “One of his heads” may stand for a specific ruler, but more likely it stands for an empire. The unbelieving “world” is enticed (12:9) by Satan to follow and worship the beast. Those who “worshiped” the beast also unwittingly worshiped the devil, “who gave authority to the beast.” Any false worship or idolatry is ultimately demonic and satanic (see 1 Cor. 10:20–22). The beast is worshiped because the world is convinced that no one is “like” him and that no one can successfully “make war” against him. (MSB)

D. 13:5. “was given.” The sovereign God will establish the limits within which Antichrist will be allowed to speak and operate. God will allow him to utter his blasphemies, to bring the rage of Satan to its culmination on earth for 3 1/2 years (v. 5; 11:2, 3; 12:6, 13, 14). “forty-two months.” The final 3 1/2 years—1,260 days—of the “time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jer. 30:7) and Daniel’s 70th week (Dan. 9:24–27), known as the Great Tribulation (see notes on 11:2; 12:6; cf. Dan. 7:25). This last half is launched by the abomination of desolations (see note on Matt. 24:15). (MSB)

E. 13:6. “His name.” This identifies God and summarizes all His attributes (cf. Ex. 3:13, 14). “His tabernacle.” This is symbolic of heaven (cf. Heb. 9:23, 24). “those who dwell in heaven.” The angels and glorified saints who are before the throne of God and serve Him day and night. (MSB)

F. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in Heaven. (RSB)

G. 13:6. “those who dwell in heaven.” These are they of the raptured and resurrected Church. End Times 4, Comment 4:4, following link:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2020/04/19/end-times-4-revelation-41-4-john-caught-up-to-heaven/

H. 13:7. “make war with the saints.” The Antichrist will be allowed to massacre those who are God’s children (cf. 6:9–11; 11:7; 12:17; 17:6; Dan. 7:23–25; 8:25; 9:27; 11:38; 12:10; Matt. 24:16–22). See note on 17:6. (MSB)

I. 13:8. Just as the entire world is under the political domination of the beast, so all the world except the saints will worship him. All who are not saved will worship the beast; those who are saved will not worship him. These who worship the beast are described as not having their names written in the book of life, a book frequently mentioned in the Revelation (3:5; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27; 22:19; cf. Luke 10:20; Phil. 4:3). Those worshiping the beast are the unsaved of both Jews and Gentiles in contrast to saved Jews and Gentiles whose names are written in the book of life. (WRC). The book of life is a book of the names of those whom are saved (RSB. Rev 3:5).

J. 13:9. Cf. 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22. This phrase omits “what the Spirit says to the churches” as in the 7 letters to the churches, perhaps because they have been raptured. (MSB)

K. 13:10. Assurance that God will punish evidoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. (RSB)

VI. The Antichrist is described in Revelation 6:1-2, where he is given authority by the Lamb, “the resurrected Christ,” to deceive and conquer the nations. These two verses constitute the first of seven seal judgments of the Tribulation. Following the Seal judgments will be seven trumpet judgments, which will be followed by seven bowl judgments.

VII. Video details. Nicolae Carpathia. Carpathia establishes the 10 kingdoms on earth after the rapture. jscottonphillips.

VIII. Our next End Times article will discuss the False Prophet. Revelation 13:11-18.

IX. Please follow this site.

End Times 21, Revelation 12:7-17, War In Heaven-War On Earth

War In Heaven – War On Earth. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.

See video details at the bottom of this page.

I. The Ryrie Study Bible (Daniel 9:27 note) describes the time period which is known as the seventieth week of Daniel, as lasting for seven years, and being known as the Tribulation; Jeremiah 30:7 calls this time of Tribulation “Jacob’s distress.” The Ryrie Study Bible note on Jeremiah 30:7 discusses “the time of Jacob’s distress” in the following words: “The coming days of tribulation that will come upon all Israel.” In this article we begin a study of the time of the Great Tribulation, which will be the last half of the seven years of Tribulation. The Walvoord Commentary states the time which follows Revelation 12:6 as being the beginning point of the Great Tribulation. The Bible Knowledge Commentary describes the period of time which covers the Great Tribulation as being: “1,260 days; three and a half years; forty-two months of thirty days each; “a time, times, and half a time.” The characteristics of the Tribulation and Great Tribulation are identified in the Ryrie Study Bible, as follows.

A. Matthew 24:4-14 lists characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period.

B. Matthew 24:15-18 deals with the second half of the Tribulation period.

II. Text. Revelation 12:7-17.

A. War In Heaven. Revelation 12:7-12.

7 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, 8 and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying,

“Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”

B. War On Earth. Revelation 12:13-17.

13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. 14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she *was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

IV. Comments. Revelation Chapter 12.

A. War In Heaven. Revelation 12:7-12.

1. 12:7. “war broke out in heaven.” The tumultuous events on earth during the Tribulation find their counterpart in heaven. A state of war has existed since the fall of Satan (cf. v. 4; cf. Dan. 10:13; Jude 9). Something will intensify that warfare—possibly the raptured saints passing through the realm of the prince of the power of the air (cf. Eph. 2:2). (MSB)

2. 12:8. The defeat of the dragon in this war results in his losing his access to Heaven. (RLT)

3. 12:9. “dragon was cast . . . to the earth.” Satan and his demons were cast out of heaven at the time of their original rebellion, but still have access to it (cf. Job 1:6; 2:1). That access will then be denied, and they will be forever barred from heaven. “Devil and Satan.” Cf. 20:2. “Devil” comes from a Gr. verb meaning “to slander” or “to falsely accuse.” He is a malignant liar (John 8:44; 1 John 3:8). His accusations against believers (v. 10) are unsuccessful because of Christ our Advocate (1 John 2:1). Satan, meaning “adversary,” or “enemy,” appears especially in Job and the gospels. “deceives the whole world.” As he has throughout human history, Satan will deceive people during the Tribulation (cf. 13:14; 20:3; John 8:44). After his temporary release from the bottomless pit at the end of the Millennium, he will briefly resume his deceitful ways (20:8, 10). (MSB)

4. 12:10. “accuser.” See note on v. 9. Satan will no longer accuse believers before the throne of God because he will no longer have access to heaven. (MSB)

5. 12:10. The Dispensation of the Kingdom (2 Samuel 7:16 refs.) begins with the return of Christ to the earth, runs through the “thousand years” of His earth-rule, and ends when He has delivered up the kingdom to the Father. (See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:24”). (SRN). Consider the question of the apostles (Jews) to Christ, immediately prior to His ascension to Heaven: Acts 1:6, “So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” Notice that it was the subject of “the Kingdom and Israel” that was pressing in the minds of the apostles (Jews). From Matthew 4:17, forward, Christ began to teach on the subject of the Kingdom; such teachings were addressed to Jews, whom were His audiences. Up until the time of Christ’s ascension, the apostles (Jews) were seeking the answer as to when the “Kingdom would come.” This Acts 1:6 question also relates to the words of Matthew 6:10, “Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.” The conditions of the Kingdom will be those of Isaiah 2:1-4. The Kingdom is a promise to saved Jews. Saved gentiles will benefit from the blessings of the Jews (Gen 12:1-3). The Kingdom will be a physical place, which will be about ten times the size of current day Israel; and will extend from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21). The Kingdom will have a government (2 Sam 7:8-16). The Kingdom will have human and animal occupants (Isaiah 2:1-4; 11:6-9). The Kingdom will have a physical ruler, whom will be Christ (Isaiah 9:6-7). Saved Old Testament Jews will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, and will rule along with Christ in the Kingdom (Dan 12:1-3; Matthew 19:28). The Kingdom will last for one thousand years (Rev 20:6). We are not in the Kingdom now. The Church can not bring in the Kingdom. Only Christ can bring in the Kingdom, and not until He returns to earth at the end of the Tribulation (Zech 14:1-5, 9). The Kingdom is not “within us,” (a KJV incorrect translation of Luke 17:20-21); the NASB provides the correct translation of that passage. A discussion on the situation of saved Gentiles, during the time of the Kingdom age, will be provided at an appropriate time in the future. It is important to remember that the teaching of the Kingdom is about “a people, a place, and things,” which can not enter into anyone’s body, soul or spirit. (Mine)

6. 12:11. “blood of the Lamb.” No accusation can stand against those whose sins have been forgiven because of Christ’s sacrificial death (see Rom. 8:33–39) (MSB)

7. 12:12. “he has a short time.” Knowing that his time is limited, Satan will intensify his efforts against God and mankind, and specifically target Israel (v. 13, 17). (MSB)

B. War On Earth. Revelation 12:13-17.

1. 12:13. The account resumes by repeating the substance of 12:6. The reason for the woman’s flight is in 12:6. She is fleeing the pursuit of the dragon. When the dragon saw that he could not reach the woman’s Son, he turned to the mother to try to hurt the Son through her. (RLT)

2. 12:14. “wings of a great eagle.” Not actual birds’ wings, but a graphic depiction of God’s providential protection of Israel (cf. Ex. 19:4). Wings often speak of protection (cf. Deut. 32:9–12; Ps. 91:4; Is. 40:31). “a time and times and half a time.” Three and one-half years; the second half of the Tribulation (cf. v. 6; 11:2, 3; 13:5). (MSB)

3. For verses 15-16, will the flood be water, or a large army? HC, DHC, RLT are in agreement with RSB.

a. 12:15-16. In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water. (RSB). [Can Satan cause a literal flood? Under God’s permission and plan the answer is “yes” as it was in the days of Job. Some see a literal flood, and others view this as a symbolic act. But, there is no symbolic language here, using words like “as” or “like.” This is apparently a literal attempt by Satan to destroy the children of Israel. DHC]

b. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. (RSB).

c. 12:17. “rest of her offspring.” Satan will turn his frustrated rage against every follower of the Lamb he can find—Jew or Gentile. “commandments of God . . . testimony of Jesus.” The revealed truth from God and Christ contained in Scripture. Obedience to God’s Word always marks a genuine believer. Cf. John 8:32. (MSB)

V. Video Data.

A. What will be the outcome of the “battle in the heavenlies”?

B. John Ankerberg Show; with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung”.

1. From Our Series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung”.

2. For more information on this series, please visit: https://jashow.org/through-the-book-of-revelation/

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End Times 20, Revelation 12:1-6, Satan’s War Against Israel

The Mother and Child of Revelation 12. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.

I. In this article, as we read of the battle in the heavens between the “good” angels and the “evil” angels, we will read of a prophecy of what will happen at the midway point of the seven-year Tribulation Period (Jimmy DeYoung’s video commentary). In chapter 12:1-6, we will discuss (1) the woman, representing Israel, (2) the dragon, representing Satan, (3) the man-child, referring to Christ (Walvoord Commentary). It is important to remember that the woman of Revelation Chapter 12 is Israel. Chapter 12 is broken down into three sections, as is shown immediately below. In this article, we will be discussing “War on earth, phase I.”

A. War on earth, phase I: Revelation 12:1-6.

B. War in heaven: Revelation 12:7-12.

C. War on earth:phase II. Revelation 12:13-17.

II. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

III. Study Text. War On Earth: Phase I. Revelation 12:1-6. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+12%3A1-6&version=NASB

A. The Woman, Israel

1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; 2 and she was with child; and she *cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.

B. The Red Dragon, Satan

3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. 4 And his tail *swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

C. The Male Child, Christ

5 And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. 6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she *had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

IV. Comments. Revelation Chapter 12. MacArthur Study Bible notes.

A. 12:1. “sign.” A symbol pointing to something else. This is the first of 7 signs in the last half of Revelation. Cf. v. 3; 13:13, 14; 15:1; 16:14; 19:20. “a woman.” Not an actual woman, but a symbolic representation of Israel, pictured in the OT as the wife of God (Is. 54:5, 6; Jer. 3:6–8; 31:32; Ezek. 16:32; Hos. 2:16). Three other symbolic women appear in Revelation: 1) Jezebel, who represents paganism (2:20); 2) the scarlet woman (17:3–6), symbolizing the apostate church; and 3) the wife of the Lamb (19:7), symbolizing the true church.” That this woman does not represent the church is clear from the context. “clothed with the sun . . . moon under her feet . . . twelve stars.” Cf. Gen. 37:9–11. Being clothed with the sun speaks of the glory, dignity, and exalted status of Israel, the people of promise who will be saved and given a kingdom. The picture of the moon under her feet possibly describes God’s covenant relationship with Israel, since new moons were associated with worship (1 Chr. 23:31; 2 Chr. 2:4; 8:13; Ezra 3:5; Ps. 81:3). The 12 stars represent the 12 tribes of Israel.

B 12:2. “cried out . . . in pain.” Israel, often pictured as a mother giving birth (cf. Is. 26:17, 18; 54:1; 66:7–12; Hos. 13:13; Mic. 4:10; 5:2, 3; Matt. 24:8), had agonized and suffered for centuries, longing for the Messiah to come and destroy Satan, sin, and death, and usher in the kingdom.

C. 12:3. “great, fiery red dragon.” The woman’s mortal enemy is Satan, who appears as a dragon 13 times in this book (cf. v. 9; 20:2). Red speaks of bloodshed (cf. John 8:44). “seven heads . . . ten horns . . . seven diadems.” Figurative language depicting Satan’s domination of 7 past worldly kingdoms and 10 future kingdoms (cf. Dan. 7:7, 20, 24). See notes on 13:1; 17:9, 10. Satan has and will rule the world until the seventh trumpet blows (11:15). He has inflicted relentless pain on Israel (Dan. 8:24), desiring to kill the woman before she could bring forth the child that would destroy him (see notes on Esth. 3:6–15).

D. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” Satan’s original rebellion (cf. Is. 14:12ff.; Ezek. 28:11ff.) resulted in one-third of the angelic host joining his insurrection and becoming demons. “to devour her Child.” Unable to prevent the virgin birth of Christ, Satan tried to kill the child in a general massacre of male children commanded by Herod (Matt. 2:13–18; cf. Luke 4:28, 29).

E. 12:5. “a male Child.” Jesus Christ in His incarnation was of Jewish descent (Matt. 1:1; 2 Tim. 2:8). Despite Satan’s efforts to destroy Israel and the messianic line, Jesus’ birth took place as predicted by the prophets (cf. Is. 7:14; 9:6; Mic. 5:2). “rod of iron.” Describes Jesus’ coronation as King over the nations of the world (cf. 11:15; 19:15; Ps. 2:6–9). “her Child was caught up to God.” Christ’s ascension is in view (Acts 1:9; 2:33; Heb. 1:1–3; 12:2). (

F. 12:6. “wilderness.” God will protect Israel from Satan by hiding her in the wilderness, perhaps in the region of Moab, Ammon, and Edom, east of Israel. Interestingly, those countries will be specifically spared from the Antichrist’s attack against the Holy Land (cf. Dan. 11:41). “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” At the midpoint of the Tribulation, the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, puts a stop to temple worship, sets up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27; Matt. 24:15), and devastates Jerusalem (11:2). At that time, many Jews flee for their lives (Matt. 24:16ff.). God will preserve them during the last 1,260 days (42 months; 3 1/2 years) constituting the Great Tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1, 9.

V. Quick Review of End Times 19. The Glory of the Lord was present in the Tabernacle in the Desert and in Solomon’s Temple. The Glory of the Lord will be present in the Millennial Temple and in the Temple of God in Heaven. There will be no Temple in the eternal state:

A. Revelation 21:1-2. 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.

B. Revelation 21:22. I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.

VI. God’s Promises To Israel For The Kingdom Age Of The Millennium.

A. Date 587 B.C., Scofield Study Bible, 1909.

B. Ezekiel’s Prophecy. 37:21-22. 21 Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land; 22 and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king will be king for all of them; and they will no longer be two nations and no longer be divided into two kingdoms.

VII. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

VIII. Video Data. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung, The Mother and Child of Revelation 12, Prophecy Moment. Jimmy DeYoung. You can read the credentials of Dr. DeYoung in my page, “About Sources.”

IX. As I end this article, my friends in New Zealand are entering the Sabbath, so please let me wish those special friends, and all of you, who are also special friends, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means in Hebrew, “Sabbath of peace.”

X. Please follow this site.

End Times 19, Revelation 11:19, The Temple In Heaven

A discussion of The Temple of God in Heaven.

I. In this article we will discuss the Temple of God in Heaven. We will refer to the Tabernacle in the desert and Solomon’s Temple. We will consider that which the Apostle John was privileged to view of the Temple in Heaven. Notice in the video that, in the Tabernacle, the mercy seat is “above the law” (Ex 25:16, 17, 21). In this article, we will also show the illegitimacy of the Tribulation temple.

A. Study Text. Revelation 11:19, “And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.”

B. Note. Dr. John F. Walvoord’s commentary thought on the the Temple of God in heaven, in the following paragraph.

1. Though the earthly temple may have been desecrated by the beast, its counterpart in heaven reflects the righteousness and majesty of God. The heavenly ark of the covenant, which in its earthly equivalent originally contained the law, speaks of God’s righteousness. Aaron’s rod that budded typifies resurrection, and the golden pot that had manna represents Christ as the basis of the shed blood of the sacrifice.

2. My Thought. It is the tribulation temple, that is mentioned in Rev 11:1-2, which was desecrated by the antichrist. It is important to remember that the Tribulation temple was constructed under the approval and support of the antichrist, but was never a place of the Presence of God. My article, “End Times 16,” goes into great detail to show that the Tribulation temple will be a counterfeit temple.

II. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

III. Let us consider the chronology of the tabernacle, and following temples, whether inhabited by God, or not.

A. The following is a chronology of Jewish places of worship that precede the Tribulation temple.

1. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
2. The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
3. God commissioned King Solomon to build a temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
4. Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
5. The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
6. The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
7. Herod’s temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
8. The glory of the LORD (Yahweh) was present in the Tabernacle in the desert (Ex 40:34-38), as was the case in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:10-11).
9. As will be shown below, the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departed Solomon’s Temple prior to its looting and destruction in 586 B.C. by the Babylonians, and will not return until the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) places the Millennial Temple in Jerusalem (B.3. below).
10. Of the above temples, only the Tabernacle (1) and Solomon’s Temple (3-5) were legitimate temples, having been inhabited by the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh). The Tribulation temple will not be inhabited by the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh), therefore, will not be a legitimate temple
11. Consider: LORD, Lord, God, “the glory of the Lord,” theophany, and Shekinah glory. In the Tribulation temple, none of these names, words, or terms have a place in that illegitimate temple.

a. LORD (Yah·weh) (notice capitalized letters LORD). Strong’s 3068, is the proper name of the God of Israel. Genesis 2:4, LORD (YHWH, pronounced “Yahweh).
b. Lord (Adonai). In Psalm 110:1, we see LORD and Lord. Strong’s “136, Lord” is “Messiah” (notice only “L” is capitalized).(Ryrie note).
c. Lord (Adonai). In Genesis 15:2, we see “Lord God,” (“Adonai Yahweh”) (Ryrie note). Strongs 136 Lord. Adonai means “master, lord, sovereign, and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” Matthew 1:20, Strongs 2962, properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord). Consider Messiah/Christ in this definition.
d. God. Genesis 1:1, “God,” Strong’s 430 Elohim.” Ryrie note, “a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God; strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.
e. The glory of the Lord. Ezekiel saw the appearance of the likeness of the LORD. The LORD’s glory is referred to 15 times in Ezekiel. Ezekiel had seen a theophany, as God had appeared to him in a visionary form. By using the terms “appearance” and “likeness” Ezekiel was pointing out that he had not seen God directly. That would have caused immediate death (cf. Ex 33:18-23; John 1:18). (BKC)
f. Theophany. A theophany is a visible manifestation of God, usually restricted to the Old Testament. God has appeared in dreams (Gen. 20:3-7; 28:12-17), visions (Gen. 15:1-21; Is. 6:1-13), as an angel (Gen. 16:7-13; 18:1-33). https://bible.org/illustration/ot-theophanies
g. Shekinah glory. “The visible manifestation of God’s presence.” The word shekinah does not appear in the Bible, but the concept clearly does. The Jewish rabbis coined this extra-biblical expression, a form of a Hebrew word that literally means “he caused to dwell,” signifying that it was a divine visitation of the presence or dwelling of the Lord God on this earth. In the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the dwelling place of God’s glory. Colossians 2:9 tells us that “in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form.” Although His glory was also veiled, Jesus is nonetheless the presence of God on earth. When we get to heaven, we will see both the Son and the Father in all their glory, and the Shekinah will no longer be veiled (1 John 3:2).
https://www.gotquestions.org/shekinah-glory.html

B. The Departure Of God’s glory from Solomon’s Temple. The Return of God’s glory to the millennial Temple. The eternal Temple.

1. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 594 B.C. (Ezek 10:14, 18, 22) tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departing from Solomon’s Temple. Ezekiel had a prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem (Ezek 10:1-22, 594 B.C.). Ezekiel prophesied of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Ezek 24:1-2, 593 B.C.) (Jer 39:1-10, 589 B.C.).
2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 587 B.C., (Ezek 37:15-28), tells of God putting the Temple in the Millennium. Ezekiel 37:15 and 28, (Yahweh). Ezekiel 37:19, 21 (Adonai Yahweh). Ezekiel 37:27 (Elohim).
3. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 574 B.C. (Ezekiel 43:5), tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) returning, and entering the Temple, which will be the Millennial Temple; this will take place when Christ returns from Heaven at the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:9).

C. The earthly Godly inhabited places of God’s Presence were The Tabernacle in the desert, and Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. The future Millennial Temple will also be a place of God’s Presence.

D. The Eternal Temple. In Rev 21:22, we read, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.” (This verse refers to the Eternal State.) (“Lord God”….”kurios theos”)

IV. We will consider the ark of the covenant, which was present in the Tabernacle in the Desert and in Solomon’s Temple.

A. The Tabernacle In The Desert.

1. God ordered the construction of the Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 25:8.
2. God’s Presence was observed in the Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 40:34-38.
3. Ark details:

a. “Have them make an ark of acacia wood. Ex 25:10-11.
b. Tablets engraved with the Ten Commandments were placed inside the ark. Ex 25:20.
c. Aaron’s rod that budded. Numbers 17:8.
d. Hebrews 9:3-4, 3 Behind the second veil, there was a tabernacle which is called the Holy of Holies, 4 having a golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant, covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron’s rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant.

(1) Hebrews 9:4 states that the Ark contained “the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.” Revelation 11:19 says the prophet saw God’s Temple in heaven opened, “and the ark of his covenant was seen within His Temple.”
(2) The above picture shows a model of the Ark, where the lid has been removed so you can see the contents that fit inside the Ark:

(a) The two stone tablets of the Law; Aaron’s rod that budded; and the golden pot of ‘hidden’ manna.
(b) Together these three items form the Testimony, Exodus 16:34. “As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept.”

1a. Ryrie note, “Testimony.” “the Testimony” refers to the two tablets of the law, which, along with manna and Aaron’s rod that budded, were deposited in the ark of the covenant (Heb 9:4).
1b. Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 25:21 ‘Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the tablets of the covenant law that I will give you.’ “hence the Ark is called the Ark of the Testimony.”

B. Solomon’s Temple

1. God ordered the construction of the Temple in Jerusalem, which is known as Solomon’s Temple (2 Samuel 7:12-13; 1 Kings 5:1-5).
2. God’s Presence was observed in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:9-11; 2 Chronicles 7:1-3).
3. Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. 1 Kings 8:9, “There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
4. As previously mentioned, “Hebrews 9:4 states that the Ark contained “the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.” How do we account for the missing items of 1 Kings 8:9, (“the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded.”)? Consider the comments of Charles Ryrie, 1 Kings 8:9. “Heb 9:4 refers to the contents of the ark when it stood in the Tabernacle and contained the law. “Aaron’s rod, and manna.” Apparently the latter two items had been lost by this time.”

V. We will now consider the Temple of God in Heaven.

A. Text. Revelation 11:19: “And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.”

B. MacArthur Comment

1. 11:19 temple of God . . . heaven. See 3:12; 7:15; 14:15, 17; 15:5–8; 16:1, 17.
2. The heavenly Holy of Holies (see notes on Ex. 26:31–36), where God dwells in transcendent glory, already is identified as His throne (chaps. 4, 5). (Cf. Heb. 9:24. John had seen the throne (4:5), the altar (6:9; 8:3–5), and here the Holy of Holies.)
3. Ark of His covenant. This piece of furniture in the OT tabernacle and temple (see notes on Ex. 25:11–18) symbolized God’s presence, atonement, and covenant with His people. That earthly ark was only a picture of this heavenly one (see Heb. 9:23; 10:20). It was there God provided mercy and atonement for sin. As the earthly Holy of Holies was open when the price of sin was paid (Matt. 27:51; Heb. 10:19, 20), so the Holy of Holies in heaven is opened to speak of God’s saving New Covenant and redeeming purpose in the midst of judgment. Judgment comes out of God’s Holy of Holies (14:15, 17; 15:5–8; 16:1, 7, 17). See note on 6:1. (MSB)

VI. The Temple in the Eternal State.

A. Text. Revelation 21:22, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.”

B. Comment. “no temple.” Several passages affirm that there is a temple in heaven (3:12; 7:15; 11:19; 15:5). Here, it is clear there is none in eternity. How can this be? The temple is not a building; it is the Lord God Himself. Revelation 7:15 implies this when it says, “He who sits on the throne will dwell among them.” Verse 23 continues the thought of no temple, except God and the Lamb. The glory of God which illuminates all heaven defines it as His temple. There is no need for a temple in the eternal state since God Himself will be the temple in which everything exists. The presence of God literally fills the entire new heaven and new earth (cf. v. 3). Going to heaven will be entering the limitless presence of the Lord (cf. John 14:3; 1 Thes. 4:17). (MSB)

VII. God’s heavenly dwelling place. The heavenly dwelling place of Christians. Christ is the transporter of Christians.

A. John 14:2-3: 2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.” 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.

B. John 14:6: Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”

C. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17: 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

D. The transporting of Christians, by Christ, to God’s dwelling place in heaven is equally stated in John 14:6 and 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, as well as in 1 Corinthians 15:50-54. Whether deceased, or living, born again believers in Christ of the church age, will be caught up in the air by Christ, with their bodies, souls and spirits being reunited (1 Thes 5:23). In Revelation 4:1-4, the Apostle John sees the result of this “catching up” of Christians. (4:2, “Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne;” 4:4, “Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.”). It is important to understand that John 14:6 explains more than a belief; it tells of an event, whereby Christ will take His believers to Heaven, where “they shall always be with the Lord.”

VII. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

VIII. Video Data. Tabernacle Tour. Paulo Santos.

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End Times 18, Revelation 11:14, “Trumpets, Woes, Judgments, Rewards”

“The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11.”

Introduction

The opening video has been shown in a prior article in this study of the End Times. While viewing this opening video, it is important to understand that God revealed key prophecy to the Jewish Prophet Jeremiah of information that tells of the “yet to happen time” of “Jacob’s distress,” which is known as the Tribulation. The prophecies that God revealed to Jeremiah were then spoken to the Jews in Israel (Jeremiah 2:1,4, 629 B.C.- 588 B.C.). Jeremiah 30:7 (606 B.C.) tells of the specific event of the Tribulation on Israel, “‘Alas! for that day is great, There is none like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s distress, But he will be saved from it.” Consider the Ryrie note: “the time of Jacob’s distress.” The coming days of tribulation that will come upon all Israel (Jacob).

The prophet Daniel prophesied of the time of the occurrence of the Tribulation after he had been taken captive to Babylon from Jerusalem. Daniel was taken to Babylon in 605 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 24:1.) A second deportation of Jews occurred in 597 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 24:10). The final deportation took place in 586 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 25:1-16). In the third deportation the Babylonians destroyed Solomon’s Temple and the city of Jerusalem.

While in exile, Daniel prayed to God about “Israel’s sin against God” (Daniel 9:3-19, 538 B.C.). While Daniel was “praying and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel” (Daniel 9:20), the angel Gabriel appeared to Daniel (Daniel 9:21) and told Daniel of God’s plan for Israel (Daniel 9:22-27). In Daniel 9:1-2, the seventy years of captivity that Jeremiah had prophesied of Israel (Jeremiah 25:11-12, 607 B.C.), had been made known to Daniel from reading the prophesies of Jeremiah. Gabriel’s answer to Daniel’s prayer involved “seventy weeks of years,” or 490 years. In Daniel 9:27, Gabriel told of the time that “Jacob’s distress” (Jer 30:7) would take place:

Daniel 9:27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” (My note. The antichrist will make a covenant (peace treaty) with Israel, which will be in the last of the 70th week (of weeks). The antichirst will break the covenant midway through the 70th week, which is when “Jacob’s distress,” the Tribulation, will begin.” Click onto the following link for MacArthur’s note on this verse:
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+9%3A27&version=NASB

The importance of understanding God’s timing of the Tribulation is to know that it will be God’s decision as to when the Tribulation will begin, and that the Tribulation is based on a relationship problem that exists between God and Israel, “God’s chosen people,” Deuteronomy 14:2. Prior to the Tribulation, the born again believers in Christ will be taken to heaven in the Rapture (John 14:2,3,6). After the catching up of the Church, God will deal unbelieving Jews through the judgments of the Tribulation to draw them to saving faith in Christ as Messiah (Psalm 118:26; Matthew 23:39; Zechariah 12:10).

Trumpets And Woes

Revelation 11:14: “Announcement of the Third Woe.”

14 “The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.”

The second woe is brought to its completion and is evidently regarded as the final phase of the sixth trumpet. The third woe, contained in the seventh trumpet, is announced as coming quickly. The end of the age is rapidly approaching. The woes relate to the trumpets. The fifth trumpet (9:1-12) is the first woe. The sixth trumpet (9:13-21) is the second woe. The seventh trumpet (9:15-19) is the third woe. Each woe brings about increasingly more severe Godly judgments on those whom will be left behind from the Rapture. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17).

The seventh seal (Revelation 8:1) opens the seven trumpet judgments (Rev 8:1-9:21). The seventh trumpet (Rev 11:15) opens the seven bowl judgments (Rev 16:1-21). The seventh bowl judgment (Rev 16:17-21) brings about widespread destruction. Rev 15:1-8 shows a prelude to the bowl judgments. Rev 16:1-21 explains the bowl judgments.

Between the sixth seal (Rev 6:12-17) and the seventh seal (Rev 8:1) there is a pause (Rev Chap 7, the 144,000 sealed Jews). Between the the sixth trumpet (9:13) and the seventh trumpet (11:15-21), there is a pause (Rev 12-14, Israel’s flight to safety…Rev 12:6; Matt 24:16). Between the sixth bowl (16:12-16) and the seventh bowl (16:17-21) there is a pause (Rev 17-18, Babylon falls).

Consider the severity of the third woe, which is the seventh trumpet judgment. The seventh trumpet judgment is the worst of all of God’s judgments, in that all of the bowl judgments are contained within the seventh trumpet judgment, “the third woe.”

Revelation 11:15 is key to our study of the end times. “Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying,
“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.”

Consider the words, “The Kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ.” This verse explains that the Kingdom “is not now.” It was after the fall of Adam and Eve in Genesis 3 that the ruler of the world, from that point in time until the day that Christ returns to earth from Heaven, is Satan. We are not in the Kingdom, “now.” The church can not “usher in the Kingdom.” God keeps Jupiter from bumping into Mars, but the following verses show that Satan is the ruler of this world, and is running this current world system, due to God’s permission (Psalm 103:19).

Job 1:7, 2:2; Luke 4:5-7; John 12:31, 16:11; 2 Cor 4:4; Ephesians 2:1-2; 1 John 5:19; 1 Peter 5:8.

In this seventh trumpet, we are seeing the kingdom of this world becoming the Kingdom of Christ “which will last forever and ever” (Daniel 7:14, 27; Matthew 6:10).

Rev 11:16 shows the raptured church (24 elders) in heaven, while the tribulation judgments are taking place on earth.

“And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God.”

Rev 11:17 shows the 24 worshipers praising Christ even before He began taking power and reign of the world.

“We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign.”

Judgments And Rewards

Rev 11:18 tells of judgment and rewards for those who were left behind from the rapture. Judgment will come upon those “whom will not” come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation. Rewards will come to those “whom will come to saving faith in Christ” during the Tribulation. [Re: Walvoord Commentary: The return to the divine judgment upon those on the earth in the latter part of verse 18 seems to destroy a strict antithesis of the wicked versus the righteous. Rather, the verse teaches that in general it is a time of divine wrath, a time of resurrection of the dead and their reward, and a time of special dealing with those living on the earth. All of these aspects of the second coming of Christ are borne out in later prophecies in the book of Revelation.]

“And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants, the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth” (Rev 11:18).

Let’s consider the two groups of people whom will be left behind from the rapture, and are being addressed in this passage. One group is that of those whom do not come to saving faith in Christ, through belief, during the Tribulation. The other groups is that of those whom do come to saving faith in Christ, through belief, in the Tribulation. We must consider those whom will die during the Tribulation, and those whom will survive the Tribulation.

The judgment of the unbelievers whom will die during the Tribulation is stated in Rev 20:11-15. See vs 15: “And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+20%3A11-15&version=NASB

The deceased Tribulation unbelievers will remain in a state of death, from the time of their death, until the end of the millennium when they will be raised to stand at the Great White Throne Judgment. It is at this time that they will be raised from death (body, soul, and spirit being reunited) and will be judged to be thrown into the lake of fire. Concerning Hades, see Luke 16:23 of Luke 16:19-26:
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+16%3A19-26&version=NASB

During their death, the body of each unbeliever will stay in the grave; there will be no soul sleep. As seen by the rich man, he is under constant torment in Hades (the place of the wicked dead), and is conscious of his surroundings and state of death.

The judgment of unbelievers, whom will survive the Tribulation, is the same as that of those whom will die during the tribulation. However, each living unbeliever will be taken in death from the end of the Tribulation to the Great White Throne Judgment. Matthew 24:40-41 tells of Jews whom are alive at the end of the Tribulation. Those Jews that are taken, are taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment. The Jews that are left, are allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium. Please remember that these are Jews that will be left behind from the Rapture.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+24%3A40-41&version=NASB

The surviving Tribulation believers will enter the Kingdom Age, having born again spirits, but not having redeemed bodies and souls. The Apostle Paul explains in 1 Cor 15:50-54 that nothing mortal can enter the Kingdom of God, that “we must be changed,” vs 51 (body, soul and spirit, 1 Thessalonians 5:23). In 1 Cor 15:50-54, Paul is addressing people during the church age, who will be “raptured or resurrected,” and taken to heaven (1 Thes 4:16-17, John 14:2,3,6, 1 Cor 15:50-54), and will go into the eternal state (new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem, Rev 21:1-2), after having ruled and reigned with Christ during the millennium (1 Cor 6:2).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1+Corinthians+15%3A50-54&version=NASB

Jews and Gentiles, “whom are born again” during the Tribulation (through belief in Christ), will have born again spirits; they will enter the Kingdom Age and will be given redeemed bodies and souls prior to their entry into the eternal state, per 1 Cor 15:50, “flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.”

Surviving Tribulation Gentiles will be found to have been born again, due to their compassionate treatment of Jews during the Tribulation (Mt 25:31-40). Surviving Gentiles will be found “not to have been born again,” due to their lack of compassionate treatment of Jews during the Tribulation (Mt 25:41-46). Born again Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age, “having born again spirits.” Gentiles, “whom will not have been born again,” will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment at the end of the millennium; they will suffer the same Hades torment and the same Rev 20:15 Judgment, as any other person whom has not been born again.

Kingdom Promises

God’s Promises To Israel For The Kingdom Age Of The Millennium. Ezekiel 38:25-26, 587 B.C.

25 ‘Thus says the Lord God, “When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and will manifest My holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they will live in their land which I gave to My servant Jacob. 26 They will live in it securely; and they will build houses, plant vineyards and live securely when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.”’”

MacArthur note.

28:25, 26 When I have gathered. In this brief excursus of hope, God promised to restore Israel to their land (cf. chaps. 34, 36–39; Is. 65:21; Jer. 30–33; Amos 9:14, 15). This looks to Messiah’s earthly kingdom.

Dates in this article come from the Scofield Study Bible, 1909.

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End Times 17, Revelation 11:1-2, The Temple And Its Destruction

What events will have to happen before the temple can be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

In the opening video, host John Ankerberg and guest Jimmy DeYoung discuss the building of the Tribulation Temple. Credentials of each speaker can be found in my Page, About Sources. In this article we will discuss the timing of the construction of the Tribulation Temple, the time in the Tribulation when the Temple will be built, and the destruction of the Temple, which will not be a place of God’s Presence. A comment was made during the video discussion about “The Abomination of Desolation;” we will also discuss that subject.

Text

Revelation 11:1-2 The Measuring Rod of God (11:1-2)

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

Walvoord Revelation Commentary Excerpts.

These first two verses help us to understand the things that will happen in Jerusalem during the first and second halves of the seven years of the Tribulation.

In the first verse, although John is commanded to measure the Temple and the altar and them that worship therein, he is instructed not to measure the court without the Temple. The explanation given is that this is given to the Gentiles and that the outer court, as well as the entire holy city, will be under Gentile dominion for forty-two months.

The second verse adds further light to the situation in that, “instruction is given not to measure the outer court because it is given to the Gentiles along with the holy city for a period of forty-two months.” Here again is the familiar three-and-one-half-year period or half of the seven-year period predicted by Daniel the prophet (Dan. 9:27) in which Israel’s history will be consummated with Christ’s returning at its close.

It is in the latter half of the week, or the last three and one-half years, prior to the second coming, that the Gentiles have control of the outer court and the city.

It would seem that under the covenant relationship between the beast and the children of Israel, they are given considerable freedom in their worship for the first three and one-half years, and this would probably preclude the Gentiles trampling on the outer court, even though the holy city as such is under Gentile dominion.

Since the Gentiles are said to tread the holy city underfoot only forty-two months, this ill treatment better fits the latter half of the week. If the former half were mentioned, Jerusalem would be trodden underfoot for the entire seven-year period rather than for only forty-two months. The passage seems to anticipate freedom from Gentile dominion after the three and one-half years have run their course, which would mean that the second half of the seven-year period is in view.

The statement that the holy city is under Gentile control is borne out by the prophecy of Christ in Luke 21:24 where He predicted of the people of Israel, “They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” The times of the Gentiles end at the second coming of Christ when Gentile dominion is destroyed and Christ establishes His kingdom. This is predicted in the seventh trumpet revealed later in this chapter. The first two verses then signify that while God is permitting Gentile dominion and persecution of Israel, God Himself will be the judge of her persecutors.

The Temple here is apparently that which will be in existence during the great tribulation. Originally constructed for the worship of the Jews and the renewal of their ancient sacrifices, during the great tribulation, it is desecrated and becomes the home of an idol of the world ruler (cf. 2 Thes. 2:4; Rev. 13:14-15; Dan. 9:27; 12:11).

Several passages of Scripture indicate that the activities of the Antichrist involve a future Jewish Temple, as folllows:

https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/revelation/related-topics/tribulation-temple.html

Daniel Dan. 9:27 – The prince who is to come confirms a covenant for the duration of The 70th Week of Daniel. In the middle of the week, “he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.” This implies an preexisting Temple within which sacrifice and offering had been taking place. (The prince to come is the antichrist)
Daniel Dan. 12:11 – The daily sacrifice will be taken away and the Abomination of Desolation is set up. The context indicates that this occurs during “a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a [Jewish] nation” (Dan. Dan. 12:1). A Temple must have been standing in which the daily sacrifices were being offered.(The time of trouble will be the Great Tribulation, Mt 24:11)
Matthew Matt. 24:15 – Jesus predicted that the Abomination of Desolation would stand “in the holy place.” This refers to a location within the Temple.
2 Thessalonians 2Th. 2:4 – Paul indicated that one of the acts of the man of sin would be to exalt himself “above all that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.” [emphasis added]
Revelation Rev. 11:1+ – John is told to measure “the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there.” The context is during the Tribulation, prior to the return of Christ.

Matthew 24:16, “then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.”

Vs 15 tells of the abomination of desolation. Verse 16 tells of the flight of Jews from Jerusalem to the mountains for safety. Within this verse is the truth that we, whom are believers in Christ, will not be fleeing Jerusalem. Vs 20 says to pray that such a flight is not on a Sabbath. In today’s dispensation of grace, Christians are not bound by the Sabbath. Gentiles whom are left left behind from the Rapture, will have no knowledge of the Sabbath. Jews will flee Jerusalem for personal safety, but will have to deal with legalist Jews in Jerusalem, who will condemn such “Sabbath breaking.” Per Acts 1:12, “a Sabbath day’s journey.” i.e., One-half of a mi. (about 2,000 cubits), the farthest distance a faithful Jew could travel on the Sabbath to accommodate the prohibition of Ex. 16:29. (MacArthur note).

https://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/ice_thomas/Mat24-25/Mat24-25_Part13.cfm

The Abomination of Desolation Described.

Matthew 24:15, “Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),”

Following commentary by Dr. Thomas Ice (Check his credentials in my Page, “About Sources.”)

We have now reached the midpoint of the tribulation in the chronological progress of this passage. Christ mentions the key event upon which the entire passage turns when He speaks of the abomination of desolation. What is He speaking about?

THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

The key passages in Daniel that mention the term “abomination of desolation” are Daniel 9:27; 11:31 and Daniel 12:11. This is a technical term, which means that it has a precise and consistent meaning in all three passages. The phrase refers to an act of abomination that renders, in this case, the Temple, something unclean. Daniel 11:31 speaks of an act that was fulfilled in history before the first coming of Christ. Dr. John Walvoord explains:

In Daniel 11:31, a prophecy was written by Daniel in the sixth century B. C. about a future Syrian ruler by name of Antiochus Epiphanes who reigned over Syria 175-164 B. C., about 400 years after Daniel. History, of course, has recorded the reign of this man. In verse 31, Daniel prophesied about his activity: “…they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.” This would be very difficult to understand if it were not for the fact that it has already been fulfilled. Anyone can go back to the history of Antiochus Epiphanes and discover what he did as recorded in the apocryphal books of 1 and 2 Maccabees. He was a great persecutor of the children of Israel and did his best to stamp out the Jewish religion and wanted to place in its stead a worship of Greek pagan gods.…

One of the things he did was to stop animal sacrifices in the temple. He offered a sow, an unclean animal, on the altar in a deliberate attempt to desecrate and render it unholy for Jewish worship (cf. 1 Macc. 1:48). First Maccabees 1:54 specifically records that the abomination of desolation was set up, fulfilling Daniel 11:31. In the holy of holies, Antiochus set up a statue of a Greek god.…In keeping with the prophecy the daily sacrifices were stopped, the sanctuary was polluted, desolated and made an abomination.

Dr. Thomas Ice continues.

Dr. Randall Price agrees: “In my own study of the phrase in the context of Temple desecration I discovered the phrase served as a technical reference to the introduction of an idolatrous image or an act of pagan sacrilege within the Sanctuary that produces the highest level a of ceremonial impurity, Temple profanation.”

This passage sets the pattern and provides details about what the abomination of desolation consists of. The Daniel 9:27 passage says that this abomination is to take place in the middle of a seven year period. The passage says, “in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate.” “In other words, the future prince will do at that time exactly what Antiochus did in the second century B.C.” But Daniel goes on to say that the one who commits this act will be destroyed three and a half years later. Daniel 12:11 provides “the precise chronology.” The text says, “And from the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.”

In addition to the three passages in Daniel, the two references by our Lord in Matthew and Luke, 2 Thessalonians 2:4 and Revelation 13:14-15 also have this event in view. Therefore, the abomination of desolation, which the reader is to understand, includes the following elements:

It occurs in the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (Daniel 11:31; 2 Thes 2:4).
It involves a person setting up a statue in place of the regular sacrifice in the holy of holies (Dan 11:31; 12:11; Rev 13:14-14).
This results in the cessation of the regular sacrifice (Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11).
There will be a time of about three-and-a-half years between this event and another event and the end of the time period (Dan 9:27; 12:11).
It involves an individual setting up a statue or image of himself so that he may be worshiped in place of God (Dan 11:31; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15).
The image is made to come to life (Rev 13:14).
A worship system of this false god is thus inaugurated (2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15).
At the end of this time period the individual who commits the act will himself be cut off (Dan 9:27).

The Destruction Of The Tribulation Temple.

It is important to know that the Tribulation Temple was never a Temple that God had as a place of habitation (See my article, “End Times 16”). However, there are key verses of scripture that tell of the conditions that can cause the destruction of the Tribulation Temple.

Let’s consider Isaiah’s prophecy of the end of the Tribulation. Isaiah 24:18-19. 712 B.C.

Isaiah 24:18-19. “18 ….the foundations of the earth shake. 19 The earth is broken asunder, The earth is split through, The earth is shaken violently.” [See the MacArthur commentary note: Unparalleled earthquakes will mark the future visitation during and after the fulfillment of Daniel’s 70-week prophecy (see note on 13:13; cf. Matt. 24:7; Rev. 6:12, 14; 8:5; 11:19; 16:18).]

Let’s consider Zechariah’s prophecy of the end of the Tribulation. Zechariah 14:1-5. 487 B.C.

1 Behold, a day is coming for the Lord when the spoil taken from you will be divided among you. 2 For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city will be captured, the houses plundered, the women ravished and half of the city exiled, but the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city. 3 Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. 4 In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. 5 You will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord, my God, will come, and all the holy ones with Him! (vs 5, Re Isa 66:15-16, 18)

Consider the severity of the earthquake (vs 4). Consider the city of Jerusalem (vs 2).

Let’s consider the seventh bowl judgment. Revelation 16:17-21. 96 A.D.

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, *came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague *was extremely severe.

Consider the severity of the earthquake (vs 18). Consider the great city, which is Jerusalem (vs 19). The earth will quake, not only in Jerusalem, but also in cities all around the world. It is easy to understand how the Tribulation Temple, which was built under the authority of the antichrist, will be destroyed by the earthquake of God’s seventh bowl judgment. “This seventh bowl judgment will be the completion of God’s plan, preceding the establishment of the Kingdom Age” (Dr. David Hocking sermon, Armaggedon, Rev 16:12-21). https://hftmedia.org/archive/revelation/nt27-message-36-40/

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End Times 16, Revelation 11:1-14, Jewish Temples And Witnesses

Ben-Judah, who is a Jew, and rabbinical scholar, confronts the two witnesses, who testify to him that Christ is Messiah.

Video from Left Behind II.

I. Preface.

A. Let us remember the purpose for all Scripture, in that all Scripture is based on “The Purpose Of God, (Isaiah 46:10).”

1. In our study of the End Times, we consider God’s purposes for Israel: Nehemiah 1:8-9:

8 Remember the word which You commanded Your servant Moses, saying, ‘If you are unfaithful I will scatter you among the peoples; 9 but if you return to Me and keep My commandments and do them, though those of you who have been scattered were in the most remote part of the heavens, I will gather them from there and will bring them to the place where I have chosen to cause My name to dwell.’

2. God has given severe warnings for those who would harm His chosen people: Numbers 24:9:

“He couches, he lies down as a lion, And as a lion, who dares rouse him? Blessed is everyone who blesses you, And cursed is everyone who curses you.”

B. We will begin this article, and each following article, with a Scripture that relates to God’s plans for Israel.

1. Jeremiah 2:1-2:” Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, 2 “Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem…;” 2:4. “Hear the word of the Lord, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel.” (Notice that the book of Jeremiah was written to Jews, by a Jew (Jeremiah), about Jewish things.)

2. Jeremiah 3:17: “At that time they will call Jerusalem ‘The Throne of the Lord,’ and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord; nor will they walk anymore after the stubbornness of their evil heart.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

IV. Introduction.

A. Consider the chronology of Jewish places of worship that precede the Tribulation Temple.

1. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
2. The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
3. God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
4. Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
5. The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
6. The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
7. Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
8. The glory of the LORD (Yahweh) was present in the Tabernacle in the desert (Ex 40:34-38), as was the case in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:10-11).
9. As will be shown below, the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departed from Solomon’s Temple prior to its looting and destruction by the Babylonians, and will not return until the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) places the Millennial Temple in Jerusalem.

B. As this chapter opens (v 1), we see “the Temple of God,” which is a fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy, Daniel 9:27, “…And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering…” A temple was required for such Jewish practices. This “Tribulation Temple,” will be built under the graces of the antichrist. However, the words, “Temple of God,” show that God is in control of everything about the temple. The phrase, “in the middle of the week,” means “halfway through the Tribulation.” A discussion of the Millennial Temple will show that God does not reside in the Tribulation Temple. Also, when Christ was on earth, He never went into the Holy of Holies of the remodeled Herod’s Temple of Zerubbabel’s reconstruction of the destroyed Solomon’s Temple. Christ was/is the Holy of Holies. Had Christ been accepted as Messiah, at His first coming, He presumably would have entered the Temple (RSB Ezekiel 10:18-19 note). Preceding the time of the treaty between the antichrist and the Jews, the rapture of the church will take place (1 Thes 4:16-17), leaving behind on earth only those whom will not have been born again. The purpose for the tribulation (Jer 30:7) is for God to deal with unbelieving Jews, to draw them to saving faith in Christ as Messiah (Matt 23:39).

1. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 594 B.C.,(Ezek 10:18) tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departing from Solomon’s Temple. Ezekiel had a prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem (Ezek 10:1-22, 594 B.C.). Ezekiel prophesied of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Ezek 24:1-2, 593 B.C.) (Jer 39:1-10, 589 B.C.).

2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 587 B.C., (Ezek 37:26-28), tells of the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) putting the Temple in the Millennium.

2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 574 B.C., (Ezekiel 43:5), tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) returning, and entering the Temple, which will be the Millennial Temple; this will take place when Christ returns from Heaven at the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:9).

3. In Rev 21:22, we read, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.” (This verse refers to the Eternal State.) (“Lord God”….”kurios theos”)

C. Consider The Two Witnesses.

1. From the time of the antichrist breaking the covenant with Israel, 3 1/2 years remain until the end of the Tribulation, during which time Jerusalem will be under Gentile control (Rev 11:2). The period of time from the destruction of Solomon’s Temple, until the time that Christ reigns on the Throne in the Kingdom, is known as the “Times Of the Gentiles” (Luke 21:24). The expression, “Times of the Gentiles,” identifies the era from Israel’s captivity (ca. 586 B.C. to Babylon; cf. 2 Kin. 25) to her restoration in the kingdom (Rev. 20:1–6). It has been a time during which, in accord with God’s purpose, Gentiles have dominated or threatened Jerusalem (MAC).

2. The two witnesses, “olive trees,” will prophecy during the first half of the Tribulation (RSB), and will be protected from harm. They will also exhibit miraculous powers (Rev 11:3-6).

4. After the two witnesses have finished their mission (God is in control), the anticrist (beast) comes on the scene, and kills the two witnesses. The bodies lie in the city of sodomite Jerusalem for 3 1/2 days, as an element of dishonor for the witnesses. The world sees the dead bodies of the witnesses (satellite video); great rejoicing goes on by those “earth dwellers” (Rev 3:10), due to their deaths (Rev 11:7-10).

5. The martyred two witnesses come back to life; great fear comes upon those who see this miracle. The witnesses are caught up (Raptured) to heaven, in clear view of the “earth dwellers.” A great earthquake causes a tenth of Jerusalem to collapse; seven thousand people die; the survivors give glory to God, but not for long. Soon, they will again curse God (Rev 16:11) (Rev 11:11-13).

V. Consider Israel: Past, Present, Future.

A. At this time in the history of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) are returning to Israel in a state of unbelief. When the Rapture occurs (1 Thes 4:16-17), all unbelieving Jews, and Gentiles, will be left behind on earth to undergo the persecution of the antichrist (under God’s control) and the judgments of God. There will be millions of people, “Jew and Gentile,” that will be left behind from the Rapture. God chose Israel to be His chosen people; Israel did not choose God.

B. In today’s world, many Jews are atheistic, and many are in a total state of dishonoring Christ; the same situation applies to Gentiles. But, it is God’s purpose for His chosen people to come to saving faith in Christ, and to be saved from the eternal damnation that will come from such of a lack of belief in Christ as Messiah, as will be the case of unbelieving Gentiles. Anti-Jew verbal attacks are numerous today from such organizations as: news and media, entertainment and globalists, academia and new world order types, and unbelieving members of government, large corporations, and the world community. Unbelieving Jews are found in all of those groups of other unbelievers. Jews do things that are wrong. However, God’s Word will not be changed or negated, in regard to His plan for His chosen people in the Tribulation and Kingdom Age, which are based on His unconditional covenants with Israel (Abrahamic and Davidic).

C. God’s covenant with Abraham (Gen 12:1-3) guarantees the covenant seed of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, “a people and a land and a blessing”, which will be fulfilled in an expanded Israel in the Kingdom Age. God’s Davidic covenant with Israel (2 Samuel 7:8-16) guarantees that an heir of David, who will be Christ, will rule and reign over the expanded Israel during the Kingdom Age. God has guaranteed that Jews of the Old Testament age, including the time of the Gospels, will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age (Matt 19:28; Dan 12:1-3). God has also specified that for individual Jews to be included in those of national Israel to enter the Kingdom of God, they must believe in Christ as Lord and Savior (John 3:16).

D. John 3:16 is quoted by many Christians as being the key to their eternal life, but the words of that verse were spoken to Jews by Christ. “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16). The necessity for such belief in Christ is echoed in New Testament scriptures.

E. Concerning national Israel, “they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel” (Romans 9:6). Not all Jews will have been born again (John 3:3); not all will have believed in Christ as Messiah (John 3:16-18; Romans 8:1). Christ is God (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23).

F. Concerning the believing Jews who will survive the Tribulation, per Romans 11:26: “all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.” (Per Zechariah 12:8-10, believing Jews will call on Christ to save them at the end of the Tribulation, as they are being attacked by all of the nations of the world.)

VI. Video Discussions.

A. Opening Video. In the Left Behind movie, Ben-Judah was commissioned by the Israel I government three years before the Rapture to undertake a study as to how the Jews would recognize the Messiah when he comes. Ben-Judah was beginning to conclude that Jesus of Nazareth met the descriptions of prophecy, but had not committed himself when Christ raptured His church. Video info. Dr. Tsion Ben-Judah is a character in the Left Behind series, is a Jew, a rabbinical scholar. ararat4life. a clip from left behind 2. This video is not my own, it belongs to Cloud Ten pictures. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Left_Behind_characters

B. Second Video, seen by clicking on the following link.

The Two Witnesses – Jon Ankerberg

1. Jon Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

2. Speaker credentials, including those of the moderator, Jon Ankerberg, can be seen on my site Page, “About Sources.”

VII. Two Witness Discussions.

A. MacArthur Study Bible note, from Rev 11:5-6. The Two Witnesses Identity. 11:5, 6 While it is impossible to be dogmatic about the identity of these two witnesses, several observations suggest they might be Moses and Elijah: 1) like Moses, they strike the earth with plagues, and like Elijah, they have the power to keep it from raining; 2) Jewish tradition expected both Moses (cf. Deut. 18:15–18) and Elijah (cf. Mal. 4:5, 6) to return in the future (cf. John 1:21); 3) both Moses and Elijah were present at the Transfiguration, the preview of Christ’s second coming; 4) both Moses and Elijah used supernatural means to provoke repentance; 5) Elijah was taken up alive into heaven, and God buried Moses’ body where it would never be found; and 6) the length of the drought the two witnesses bring (3 1/2 years; cf. v. 3) is the same as that brought by Elijah (James 5:17).

B. My note. There is a lot of discussion about the identity of the witnesses. Such discussion relates to two key Old Testament characters “who did not die”, and were “caught up” to Heaven (Rapture). In Genesis 5:24, we read: “Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.: In Second Kings 2:11, we read: “Elijah went up by a whirlwind to heaven.” The accounts of Enoch and Elijah tell of their being “caught up” to Heaven without having suffered death. But, at the time of the Rapture, millions of born again believers in Christ, all around the world, will also be “caught up” and be taken to Heaven without suffering death. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, “16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be “caught up” together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.” [“caught up,” Italics mine]

VIII. Text: Revelation 11:1-14

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. 3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.” 4 These are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands that stand before the Lord of the earth. 5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. 6 These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

7 When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. 8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. 9 Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

IX. Comments.

A. MAC

1. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Refers to the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place, not the entire temple complex (cf. v. 2). A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4). “altar.” The reference to worshipers suggests this is the bronze altar in the courtyard, not the incense altar in the Holy Place, since only the priests were permitted inside the Holy Place (cf. Luke 1:8–10).

2: 11:2. “court which is outside.” The court of the Gentiles, separated from the inner court in the Herodian temple by a low wall. Gentiles were forbidden to enter the inner court on penalty of death. That John is instructed not to measure the outer court symbolizes God’s rejection of the unbelieving Gentiles who have oppressed His covenant people. “tread the holy city underfoot.” Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome all oppressed Jerusalem in ancient times (cf. 2 Kin. 25:8–10; Ps. 79:1; Is. 63:18; Lam. 1:10). This verse refers to the future devastating destruction and oppression of Jerusalem by the forces of the Antichrist. “forty-two months.” This 3 1/2 year period covers the second half of the Tribulation and coincides with the visibly evil career of the Antichrist (v. 3; 12:6; 13:5). During this same time, the Jews will be sheltered by God in the wilderness (12:6, 14).

3. 11:3. “two witnesses.” Individuals granted special power and authority by God to preach a message of judgment and salvation during the second half of the Tribulation. The OT required two or more witnesses to confirm testimony (cf. Deut. 17:6; 19:15; Matt. 18:16; John 8:17; Heb. 10:28), and these two prophets will be the culmination of God’s testimony to Israel: a message of judgment from God and of His gracious offer of the gospel to all who will repent and believe. “sackcloth.” Coarse, rough cloth made from goat or camel hair. Wearing garments made from it expressed penitence, humility, and mourning (cf. Gen. 37:34; 2 Sam. 3:31; 2 Kin. 6:30; 19:1; Esth. 4:1; Is. 22:12; Jer. 6:26; Matt. 11:21). The witnesses are mourning because of the wretched wickedness of the world, God’s judgment on it, and the desecration of the temple and the holy city by the Antichrist.

4. 11:4. This imagery is drawn from Zech. 3, 4 (see notes there). Zechariah’s vision had both a near fulfillment (the rebuilding of the temple by Joshua and Zerubbabel) and a far future fulfillment (the two witnesses, whose ministry points toward Israel’s final restoration in the Millennium). “two olive trees and the two lamp stands.” Olive oil was commonly used in lamps; together the olive trees and lamp stands symbolize the light of spiritual revival. The two witnesses’ preaching will spark a revival, just as Joshua’s and Zerubbabel’s did in Israel after the Babylonian captivity.

5. 11:5. “fire proceeds . . . and devours.” Probably this refers to literal fire. These two will be invincible during their ministry, protected by supernatural power. The false prophet will counterfeit this sign (13:3).

6. 11:6. “power to shut heaven.” Miracles have often authenticated God’s messengers. Here, bringing a ‘3 1/2 year’ drought (as did Elijah before them) will add immeasurable torment to those experiencing the worldwide disasters of the Tribulation—and exacerbate their hatred of the two witnesses. “waters to turn them to blood.” The earth’s water, already devastated by the effects of the second and third trumpets, will become undrinkable, adding immensely to the suffering caused by the drought.

7. 11:7. “the beast.” The first of 36 references to this person in Revelation, who is none other than the Antichrist (see chap. 13). That he will ascend out of the bottomless pit indicates that his power is satanic. “kill them.” Their ministry completed, God will withdraw the two witnesses’ supernatural protection. The beast will then be able to accomplish what many had died trying to do.

8. 11:8. “bodies will lie in the street.” Refusing to bury one’s enemies was a way to dishonor and show contempt for them (cf. Acts 14:19). The OT expressly forbids this practice (Deut. 21:22, 23). “the great city.” Identifying Jerusalem as a city like Sodom and Egypt stresses the city’s wickedness. Its Jewish population will apparently be the focus of the witnesses’ ministry, leading to the conversions of v. 13.

9. 11:9. “three-and-a-half days.” The entire world will watch (undoubtedly on the latest form of visual media) and glorify the Antichrist as the bodies of the dead prophets who have been killed begin to decay.

10. 11:10. “rejoice . . . make merry . . . send gifts.” Wild with joy over the death of their tormentors, those who dwell on the earth (a phrase used 11 times in Revelation to speak of unbelievers) will celebrate the two witnesses’ deaths as a holiday.

11. 11:11. “breath of life from God entered them.” The festivities, however, are short-lived as God vindicates His faithful witnesses by resurrecting them.

12. 11:12. “ascended to heaven in a cloud.” Some may wonder why God will not allow them to preach, assuming their message would have more force following their resurrection. But that ignores Christ’s clear statement to the contrary (Luke 16:31). “enemies saw them.” Those who hated and dishonored the two witnesses will watch their vindication.

13. 11:13. “earthquake.” God punctuates the ascension of His prophets with a shattering earthquake. The destruction and loss of life may be primarily among the leaders of the Antichrist’s forces. “the rest.” This refers to the Jews still living, who will not yet have come to faith in Christ. “gave glory to the God of heaven.” A genuine experience of the salvation of Jews (cf. Luke 17:18, 19), in contrast to those who blaspheme and refuse to glorify God (16:9). This makes a key fulfilment of Zechariah’s prophecy (12:10; 13:1) and Paul’s (Rom. 11:25–27).

14. 11:14. “second woe.” The sixth trumpet (see note on 9:12). The interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets ends (see note on 10:1). Israel’s repentance will shortly usher in the millennial kingdom (Acts 3:19–21; Rom. 11:25, 26). But first will come the final, climactic judgments.

B. NKJV

a. 11:14. The second woe includes the sixth trumpet (9:12–21) and a second interlude (10:1–11:13).

b. 11:14. The third woe is apparently the seventh trumpet (vv. 15–19), since it is said to be coming quickly, and since 8:13 relates the woes to the last three blasts of the trumpet. The final woe may extend further since the word woe recurs in 12:12.

X. Closing.

A. After the second woe has ended (Rev 11:14), only the seventh trumpet, which is the third and final woe, is left to come. Even more severe Godly judgments are waiting to be released by God on the earth, and on “the earth dwellers.”

B. It has been said that, “an earth dweller,” is an “earth dweller,” is an “earth dweller.” From the scriptures that tell about the earth dwellers, it is easy to see that those defiant people who have been left behind from the rapture will not come to repentance and change their minds about the deity of Christ, the Messiah. The earth dwellers show a hardening of their hearts, even in the presence of the increasing severity of God’s judgments on the earth, and on everyone that will be present on earth.

C. The following verses refer to earth dwellers of the Tribulation. Rev 3:10; 6:10; 8:13; 11:10; 13:8, 14; 17:8.

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Dispensations

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

I. Dispensations.

A. “A dispensation is a period of time during which man is tested in respect of obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God.”

B. http://biblecentre.org/content.php?mode=7&item=814

II. The Seven Dispensations

A. In the Scofield Bible seven dispensations are addressed: (1) The Dispensation of Innocency: before the Fall; (2) The Dispensation of Conscience: before the Flood; (3) The Dispensation of Human Government; (4) The Dispensation of Promise: from the calling of Abraham until Mt. Sinai; (5) The Dispensation of the Law: from Mt. Sinai to the cross of Christ; (6) The Dispensation of Grace: from the cross of Christ to the Second Advent; (7) The Dispensation of the Kingdom: the Millennium.

B. https://www.the-highway.com/Scofield.html

III. The Dispensation of the Kingdom: the Millennium (7).

A. Revelation 20:4. Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

B. The seventh and final dispensation brings about the culmination of life on Earth and the closest thing yet to how God really wanted to live with us on this planet. As its name suggests, the Millennial Kingdom of Christ will last for 1,000 years. The Millennial Kingdom is the seventh dispensation (Revelation 20:1-10). https://www.gotquestions.org/dispensation-of-Millennial-Kingdom.html

C. The Kingdom Age (The thousand year Millennium) begins at the end of the Tribulation, when the surviving Jews who were left behind from the rapture of the church, call on Christ in faith to save them from total annihilation from the forces of the world which are attacking Jerusalem (Zech 12:8-11; Matt 24:29-31). Accompanying Christ, as He descends from Heaven to save Israel, will be angels and the resurrected and raptured believers in Christ (Zech 14:1-5, 9; Rev 19:11-21).

D. The Gospel of the Kingdom (Matt 24:14) is not the same as, or identical to, the Gospel of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-8). The Gospel of the Kingdom, relates to life in the Kingdom and, will be preached unto the whole world during the Tribulation, and then Christ will return for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 16:13-16). Just as John the Baptist told the Jews in Matt 3:2, ““Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand,” Christ began to teach about the Kingdom, as was written in Matt 4:17, “From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” In the Tribulation, Jews that accept Christ as Messiah, will do as Christ instructed His disciples in Matt 10:7, “And as you go, preach, saying,‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.” It is reasonable to think that Tribulation born again Gentiles will also tell others about the Gospel of the Kingdom, which will include a teaching about Christ as being Messiah. Such teaching may come from articles such as this one, from teachings on video tapes, and from Bibles and Christian books that may survive the persecution of the forces of the antichrist, and the judgments of the Tribulation. A prophecy to Jews from the Prophet Joel in 800 B.C. will also enter the arena of thought. The work of the Holy Spirit in 30 A.D. reaffirmed Joel’s prophecy to Jews who were in Jerusalem for the annual Feast of Pentecost. Both of those passages tell of the work of the Holy Spirit that will take place in the Tribulation.

1. Joel 2:28-32.

The Promise of the Spirit
28 “It will come about after this
That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and daughters will prophesy,
Your old men will dream dreams,
Your young men will see visions.
29 “Even on the male and female servants
I will pour out My Spirit in those days.

The Day of the Lord
30 “I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,
Blood, fire and columns of smoke.
31 “The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood
Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
32 “And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the Lord
Will be delivered;
For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem
There will be those who escape,
As the Lord has said,
Even among the survivors whom the Lord calls.

2. Acts 2:16-21

16 but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel:

17 ‘And it shall be in the last days,’ God says,
‘That I will pour forth of My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
And your young men shall see visions,
And your old men shall dream dreams;
18 Even on My bondslaves, both men and women,
I will in those days pour forth of My Spirit
And they shall prophesy.
19 ‘And I will grant wonders in the sky above
And signs on the earth below,
Blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke.
20 ‘The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and glorious day of the Lord shall come.
21 ‘And it shall be that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’

3. Note. Joel 2:28-32. See Introduction: Interpretive Challenges; see notes on Acts 2:16–21. (MacArthur Study Bible note.)
Some have viewed the phenomena of Acts 2 and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 as the fulfillment of the Joel passage, while others have reserved its fulfillment to the final Day of the LORD only—but clearly Joel is referring to the final terrible Day of the LORD. The pouring out of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost was not a fulfillment, but a preview and sample of the Spirit’s power and work to be released fully and finally in the Messiah’s kingdom after the Day of the LORD. See note on Acts 2:16–21. (MacArthur Study Bible note.)

4. Note. Acts 2:16–21 See Introduction to Joel: Interpretive Challenges; see notes on Joel 2:28–32. Joel’s prophecy will not be completely fulfilled until the millennial kingdom. But Peter, by using it, shows that Pentecost was a pre-fulfillment, a taste of what will happen in the millennial kingdom when the Spirit is poured out on all flesh (cf. 10:45). (MacArthur Study Bible note.)

5. Note. “Day of the Lord.” The future “Day of the Lord,” which unleashes God’s wrath, falls into two parts: 1) the end of the 7-year tribulation period (cf. Rev. 19:11–21), and 2) the end of the Millennium. These two are actually 1,000 years apart, and Peter refers to the end of the 1,000-year period in connection with the final “Day of the Lord” (cf. 2 Pet. 3:10; Rev. 20:7–15). Here, Paul refers to that aspect of the “Day of the Lord,” which concludes the tribulation period. “a thief in the night.” This phrase is never used to refer to the rapture of the church. It is used of Christ’s coming in judgment on the day of the Lord at the end of the 7 year tribulation which is distinct from the rapture of the church (see note on 4:15) and it is used of the judgment that concludes the Millennium (2 Pet. 3:10). (MacArthur Study Bible note)

E. “Of that day and hour, no one knows” (Matt 24:36), is a verse that relates to the second coming of Christ at the end of the Tribulation. The context of Matt 24:36 does not allow it to refer to the rapture of the church (1 Cor 15:50-54) but, it is true that no one knows the day or hour that Christ will return in the air to catch up His born again believers (1 Thes 4:16-17), and take them to Heaven with Him (John 14:2,3,6).

F. Key to a proper understanding of the Kingdom Age is that, “not until Christ takes His rightful position on His rightful throne in Jerusalem,” will the Kingdom Age be established (Rev 19:16; Zech 14:9). “Thy Kingdom Come, Thy will be done, in earth as it is in Heaven” (Matt 6:9-10) refers to the Kingdom Age.

G. The Kingdom is a promise from God to Jews, as it is written in the (1) Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 13:15, 15:18-21, 17:5); in the (2) Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16; 1 Chron 17:11-14; 2 Chron 6:16); and in the words of the (3) Jewish prophets (Isa 9:7; Jer 33:14; Ezek 37:24; Dan 2:44, 4:3, 4:34, 6:26, 7:14, 7:18; Oba 1:21; Mic 4:8). The Gospels, which are also Old Testament books, continue with teachings on the Kingdom; i.e.; Matt 3:2, “the Kingdom of God is at hand;” 4:23, “Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom;” 10:7, “And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand;” 13:11, “Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.” (Christ allowed His disciples to know things that other Jews were not able to discern.)

H. The “mysteries of the Kingdom,” as stated in Matt 13:11, is key to an understanding of the Kingdom Age; many facts were written by the Old Testament writers. But, Christ taught things about the Kingdom that were not taught until He came into the world as, “Immanuel, God with us;” (Matt 1:23). A key example of a “mystery” is found in 1 Cor 2:7, “but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory.” Consider the Ryrie Study Bible note. “mystery.” The gospel Paul proclaimed, which is understood only by divine revelation.”

I. Consider a major reason that we are not in the Kingdom now. The Jewish prophet Isaiah stated why we are not in the Kingdom, now?

1. Consider Isaiah 2:3-4. Can we read those verses and conclude that we are in the Kingdom, now?

3 And many peoples will come and say,
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob;
That He may teach us concerning His ways
And that we may walk in His paths.”
For the law will go forth from Zion
And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
4 And He will judge between the nations,
And will render decisions for many peoples;
And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.
Nation will not lift up sword against nation,
And never again will they learn war.

2. Consider Isaiah 11:6-7. Can we read those verses and conclude that we are in the Kingdom, now?

6 And the wolf will dwell with the lamb,
And the leopard will lie down with the young goat,
And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
And a little boy will lead them.
7 Also the cow and the bear will graze,
Their young will lie down together,
And the lion will eat straw like the ox.

J. Christ explained to His disciples in His Mount of Olivet discourse in Matt 24-25, of the time that He will sit on His earthly throne. Matt 25:31. “When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory” (Consider also: Zech 14:1-5, 9; Matt 19:28; Acts 2:30; Rev 19:14, 20:4).

K. We are not in the Kingdom. The church will not usher in the Kingdom. Only the return of Christ, at the end of the Tribulation, will bring about the Kingdom (Matt 24:29-31).

L. At the end of the Kingdom, Christ will turn over the Kingdom to “God the Father.”

a. 1 Cor 15:24, “then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.”

b. Consider the comment of the MacArthur Study note: “He delivers the kingdom to God.” In the culmination of the world’s history, after Christ has taken over the restored world for His Father and reigned for 1,000 years, all things will be returned to the way they were designed by God to be in the sinless glory of the new heavens and new earth (see Rev. 21, 22).

IV. Dispensation Of Study.

A. The direction of Biblical study in my articles leads to the seventh dispensation, the Kingdom dispensation, Revelation 20:4.

B. Equipping Blog has been, and will continue to be, the platform that I use for publishing articles that relate to the Kingdom, and maters that relate to the Kingdom.

V. Video Information

A. What is the good news of the millennial kingdom?

B. John Ankerberg Show

C. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

D. Credentials of the guest, and speakers, of the video can be seen on my Page, About Sources.

VI. Please follow this site.

End Times 15, Revelation 10:1-11, A Taste Of The Future

Video details are shown below, to include credentials of the speakers.

I. Preface.

A. Let us remember the purpose for all Scripture, in that all Scriptures are based on “The Purpose Of God, (Isaiah 46:10).”

1. In our study of the End Times, we consider God’s purposes for Israel, “My people Israel.” (2 Chronicles 6:5-7).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2%20Chronicles%206%3A5%2D7&version=NASB

2. God has given severe warnings for those who would harm His chosen people: “And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed” (Genesis 12:3).

B. We will begin this article, and each following article, with a Scripture that relates to God’s plans for Israel.

1. Isaiah 1:1 “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” (Notice that the book of Isaiah was written to Jews, by a Jew (Isaiah), about Jewish things of Israel.)

2. Isaiah 65:17 ““For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former things will not be remembered or come to mind.” RSB note. This verse is part of the characteristics of the Kingdom which are written from vs 17-25. Note. A description of the Millennial Kingdom, which is preliminary to the “new heavens and a new earth” (v 17). Characteristics include Jerusalem’s being a joy instead of a burden (v 18, cf, Zech 12:2-3), “longevity (v 20; notice that sin will be punished in the Millennium); peace and security (vv 21-23), and removing of the animosity in nature (v 25; cf. 11:7-9). Read the following link. You will see that we are not in the Kingdom now.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+65%3A17-25&version=NASB

II. Introduction.

A. The opening video has a discussion on this chapter that relates to things that will happen in the future; these are things that are bad (sour), and things that are good (sweet). The bad things are not stated, but may refer to upcoming judgments, such as the trumpet judgments (Rev 15:1-16:21), and the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15). The sweet things are the yet future “millennial kingdom,” (See I.B.2., above, Isaiah 65:17 and note, for a description of the millennial kingdom.), and the “eternal state” of the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). Those whom will be left behind from the Rapture will face the upcoming Trumpet Judgments; if any of these “left behind” types come to saving faith in Christ, even during the Tribulation, they will be saved from the Great White Throne Judgment. Those whom will stand before the Great White Throne Judgment will be those whom will never have been born again. Those whom will enter the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem, will be those whom will have been born again (John 3:3). Needless to say, any of whom are left behind from the Rapture will come under the judgments of God until they die, or are killed, or may survive the Tribulation. Anyone who comes to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation will enter into the Kingdom Age; they also will enter into the Eternal State. Anyone, not coming to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation, yet being a survivor, will suffer immediate death. Such Tribulation “unbelievers” will be raised from death at the end of the Kingdom Age to stand before the Great White Throne Judgment, and will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:11-15). We will go deeper into this study of end times occupants in upcoming articles.

B. The following video shows a very special time in the lives of Jews. The Jewish family and friends in the video are seen in their weekly Sabbath observance. The warmth and love of this group of Jews is undeniable.

1. As with the prior article, you will notice that the Shabbat candles are lit by a woman. Consider this info that comes from a Jewish website: “The mitzvah of lighting candles has been given especially to women, the mainstays of the Jewish home, but it is an obligation for every home, and if no woman over bat mitzvah is present to light, the candles are lit by the man of the home.”

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/87131/jewish/How-to-Light-Shabbat-Candles.htm

2. The scriptural significance of a woman lighting the Shabbat candles is amazing. Consider that is was a woman, Mary, who brought “the Light of the world,” into the world (John 1:4-9).” Also, as in the Shabbat observance, once the light is lit, “it can not be put out,” just as the Light of Christ is forever lighting the world of darkness, enlightening everyone (John 1:9) . There is also a specific time for lighting the Shabbat candles; consider Galatians 4:4, ” But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law.”

3. Video details are shown below.

a. Leviticus 23:1-8. In this passage, God speaks to the Israelites about the feasts of God.

1 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:

3 ‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

4 ‘These are the appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”

b. The Book of Leviticus opens with the following words that identify Israel as being being the recipient of the Law.

Leviticus 1:1, “Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them…”

C. The Book of Leviticus closes with the following words that identify Israel as being the recipient of the Law.

Leviticus 27:34, “These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.”

D. The Book of Leviticus contains much more than the Ten Commandments. The Law consists of the 613 Torah Laws, or commandments: http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

E. Even though the Law was given by God to Jews (Psalm 147:19), I choose to honor the Sabbath Day. I will explain some of my thoughts about honoring the Sabbath Day in a future article.

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Text: Revelation 10:1-11

The Angel and the Little Book

1 I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire; 2 and he had in his hand a little book which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land; 3 and he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars; and when he had cried out, the seven peals of thunder uttered their voices. 4 When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them.” 5 Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, 6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer, 7 but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.

8 Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.” 9 So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he *said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10 I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11 And they *said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

V. Comments of Theologians. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

A. RSB

1. 10:6 “there will be delay no longer.” I.e., when the seventh angel sounds his trumpet (11:15), the bowl judgments will be poured out (16:1-21) and the Tribulation will come to an end with the return of Christ. This will be good news to the martyrs awaiting their vindication (6:10-11).

2. 10:7 “the mystery of God.” Truth concerning God Himself, which will not be revealed until His Kingdom is established on earth.

3. 10:9-10. The eating of the little book (scroll) was to remind John that, although these truths from God may be pleasant for his taste, they were bitter when digested because they spoke of judgment. The revelation of God’s judgment, on careful reflection, should always bring heaviness of heart to the child of God. Compare Ezek 2:8-3:3.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel+2%3A8-3%3A3&version=NASB

B. MAC

1. 10:1–11:14 These verses serve as an interlude between the sixth trumpet and the seventh trumpet (11:15). The seals and the bowls also have a brief interlude between their sixth and seventh judgments (7:1–17; 16:15). God’s intention is to encourage and comfort His people in the midst of the fury and to remind them that He is still sovereign, that He remembers His people, and that they will ultimately be victorious.

2. 10:2 little book. The 7-sealed scroll that is the title deed to the earth (see note on 5:1) will be fully opened and all the final judgments made visible. right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land. Although Satan has temporarily usurped the sea and the earth, this symbolic act demonstrates that all creation belongs to the Lord and He rules it with sovereign authority.

3. 10:4 “a voice from heaven.” The identity of this voice is not stated.

3. 10:5 raised up his hand. This Gr. verb appears often in the technical sense of raising the hand to take an oath or a solemn vow (cf. Dan. 12:7; see notes on Matt. 5:33, 34). The hand is raised toward heaven because that is where God dwells. The angel is taking an oath.

4. 10:8 “the voice which I heard from heaven.” The identity of this voice is not stated.

C. NKJV

1. 10:1 This mighty angel could be the “strong angel” of 5:2 or the angel “having great authority” of 18:1. It is unlikely that this is Michael, who is referred to by name elsewhere (see 12:7; Dan. 12:1), or Christ, since He is never called an angel in the NT. Furthermore, unlike Christ, this angel comes to earth before the time of tribulation is over.

2. 10:3-4 The devil and his hordes present themselves as fierce lions (see 9:8, 17; 1 Pet. 5:8). The victorious lion of Judah (5:5) also has an angelic servant who roars like a lion. It cannot be known what the seven thunders uttered because a heavenly voice, perhaps Christ’s, commanded John to seal up what he had heard (see Dan. 12:4, 9).

3. 10:8–11 As words of judgment, the book would make John’s stomach bitter, in the same way that Ezekiel’s spirit had become bitter (see Ezek. 3:14). The events of Ezek. 2; 3 occurred soon before God’s judgment on Judah and Jerusalem and were in effect the prophet’s commission. John may have sensed a similar commission here to prophesy his message of judgment to the world. John’s prophecy about peoples, nations, tongues, and kings may refer specifically to the remainder of the second woe (11:1–14), since there is a focus on the testimony of the two witnesses. However, the use of similar expressions in 13:7; 14:6; and 17:15 implies that John’s commission was to prophesy most or all of the Book of Revelation, a prophecy which speaks of all the events leading up to Christ’s second coming (19:11–21).

VI. Consider factors that may, or may not, be relative to the Tribulation.

A. Military Strength. As we consider the last battle of the Tribulation period (Rev 16:13-16, Campaign of Armageddon/Battle of Armageddon), let’s also consider the size of the military strength of the United States of America. Based on scripture, the United States will be one of the nations that will be involved in the attack on Israel that will occur at the end of the Tribulation (Zech 12:8-9; Zech 14:1-3). These will be armed forces personnel which will be left behind from the rapture of the Church (1 Thes 4:16-17). Only unsaved people of the armed forces of the world will be left behind, after the rapture, and will fight against Israel during the Campaign of Armageddon (Battle of Armageddon).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah+12%3A8-9&version=NASB
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah+14%3A1-3&version=NASB
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1+Thessalonians+4%3A16-17&version=NASB

1. The strength of the U.S. military forces is: 2,260,000

2. A breakdown of the strength is: 1,400,000 active duty, and 860,000 reserve personnel.

3. https://www.globalfirepower.com/country-military-strength-detail.asp?country_id=united-states-of-america

B. World Conditions. Many people are being taught that the world is in the Tribulation.

1. Based on prophetic scripture, we are not in the Tribulation. Even though there has not been a peace treaty to be made between the antichrist and Israel (Daniel 9:27), there are many Bible teachers who persist in teaching that we are in the Tribulation. Such bad teachings are made based on our current world conditions.

2. The 1931 China floods, or the 1931 Yangtze–Huai River floods, were a series of floods occurred from June to August 1931 in the Republic of China, hitting major cities Wuhan, Nanjing and beyond, eventually culminated into a dyke breach along Lake Gaoyou on 26 August. Due to the enormity of the floods of China, many people may have thought that our world was entering into the Tribulation.

a. Fatality estimates vary wildly. A field survey by University of Nanking led by John Lossing Buck immediately after the flood found “150,000 people had drowned, and that this number represented less than a quarter of all fatalities during the first 100 days of the flood.” The official report found 140,000 drowned and claims that “2 million people died during the flood, having drowned or died from lack of food”. A cholera epidemic in the subsequent year, from May 1932, was officially reported to have 31,974 deaths and 100,666 cases. A popular high-end estimate of 3.7 to 4.0 million fatalities “enjoys great currency online, helping the 1931 flood to secure its position on sensationalist lists of the world’s deadliest disasters.”

b. Consider the following link that tells of the 1931 China floods. linkhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1931_China_floods

VII. Additional information on Rev 9:13-21 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 30. A Bitter-Sweet Experience. Rev. 10:1-11

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VIII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. First video.

1. What is the “little book” that John was told to eat?

2. John Ankerberg Show.

3. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

4. Speaker credentials, including those of the moderator, Jon Ankerberg, can be seen in the following link. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources.

B. Second video.

1. Most Beautiful Shabbat Video Ever!!!!

2. Shabbat.com

IX. Please check my sources of information. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

X. Please follow this site.

End Times 14, Revelation 9:13-21, 1/3 Of World’s Population Killed

Article Title: End Times 14, Revelation 9:13-21, 1/3 Of World’s Population Killed

Video details are shown below, to include credentials of the speakers.

I. Preface.

A. Let us remember the purpose for all Scripture, in that all Scriptures are based on “The Purpose Of God, (Isaiah 46:10).”

1. In our study of the End Times, we consider God’s purposes for Israel, “His Chosen People:” “For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth” (Deuteronomy 14:2).

2. God has given severe warnings for those who would harm His chosen people: For thus says the Lord of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye” (Zech 2:8).

B. We will begin this article, and each following article, with a Scripture that relates to God’s plans for Israel.

1. Isaiah 1:1 “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” (Notice that the book of Isaiah was written to Jews, by a Jew (Isaiah), about Jewish things of Israel.)

2. Isaiah 53:4 Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. 6 All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him. (Notice that it is a spiritual healing of Israel that is written in vs 5.)

II. Introduction.

A. The opening video has a discussion on the sixth trumpet judgment of the Tribulation. The opening video must be considered with the understanding that the purpose of the Tribulation is to draw unsaved Jews to saving faith in Christ (Matt 23:38-39, Zech 12:10).

1. In this description of the sixth trumpet judgment, we see something that was not present in the fifth trumpet judgment. In 9:1, we see these words: “Then the fifth angel sounded.” Then, the judgment was poured out on the earth. In 9:13, we see these words: “The the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice.” The “voice” was that of “the Lamb, the Messiah, the risen Christ.” In Rev 9:14, the judgment of the trumpet is described. In the fifth trumpet judgment, death came to no one (9:5). In this sixth trumpet judgment, one third of the world’s population will be killed (9:15). In this sixth trumpet judgment, two hundred million military attackers are seen, who kill “one-third” of the world’s population [of those who missed rapture] (9:16). Death will be the result of fire and smoke and brimstone. The number of deaths of 1/3 of mankind is stated twice (9:15, 18). The lion-like heads of the horses (9:17) imply something other than natural horses. Some have taken this as a picture of modern warfare including the use of armed vehicles such as tanks. The passage implies terrible destruction and an awesome invading force (BKC, 9:17-19). In spite of all that is happening in the world, those “left behind earth dwellers” (Rev 3:10), persist in their sinful ways and opposition to God (9:19-20).

2. This study of the end times will continue through the Tribulation, spend time in the Kingdom Age (Millennium), and find its way to the Eternal State of the new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem. We will focus on Scriptures that should be of extreme importance to Jews. We will show how “left behind Gentiles” and “left behind Jews” come to know Christ as Lord and Savior during the Tribulation, and enter in the Kingdom Age. The Jews were dispersed from their homeland of Israel in A.D. 70, when the city and Temple were destroyed by the attacking Romans, under the command of General Titus Vespasianus Augustus. Josephus claims that 1.1 million people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish [Siege of Jerusalem (70 BC)- Wikipedia]. The Jewish prophet, Jeremiah, prophesied in the year 606 B.C., that God said that He would gather all scattered Jews to Jerusalem (Jer 31:10). In 1881 A.D., Jews in Russia began returning to the promised land of Israel, totaling 24,000. In 1948, Israel was declared to be a state by the United Nations; in that year 120,000 Jews returned to Israel. At the end of the year 2015, the Jewish population of Israel had swollen to 6,251,000. In 1948 the State of Israel was proclaimed by David Ben Gurion on 14 May. The next day Israel was invaded by five Arab armies. The first Arab-Israeli war began. https://www.differentspirit.org/evidence/israel.php. Jews have been returning to Israel in a state of unbelief (in Christ). At the end of the Tribulation, when Israel is at the brink of being annihilated by the forces of the unbelieving world (Rev 16:12-16), “believing Jews” will call on Christ, “in belief,” to save them (Zech 12:9-10). A blessing for each Gentile believer in Christ is found in Ephesians 3:6 and Romans 11:11-24. The promised blessing is that Gentile believers will be grafted into the blessings that have been promised to Jewish believers. Isaiah (698 B.C.) prophesied that Israel would become a nation in one day (Isaiah 66:7-8). U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day that Israel was proclaimed to be a state.
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel#:~:text=On%20May%2014%2C%201948%2C%20David,nation%20on%20the%20same%20day.

B. The following video shows a very special time in the lives of Jews, which is the Sabbath. The Jewish family in the video are seen as they prepare themselves for their weekly Sabbath observance. A spirit of humility toward each other, and toward God, is easily detected in the expressions of each family member.

Video details are shown below.

1. The Sabbath is the seventh day of the week: 1 “Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done” 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. (Genesis 2:1-3).

2. The Sabbath is Holy To The Lord; it is God’s Gift To The Jews. “Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath (Exodus 16:23).

3. The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews. “12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you….16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.” (Exodus 31:12-17).

4. Consider the Jewish greeting “Shabbat Shalom,” which mean “Sabbath Of Peace.” Shabbat/Sabbath begins on Friday of each week at sunset, and ends on Saturday at sunset.

5. The Sabbath, can be no time of week, other than from Friday evening at sunset until Saturday evening at sunset. The seventh day is the seventh day. No one can use an excavator to dig up the seventh day of the week and plant it within the boundaries of any other day. I have heard some people say, “some other day of the week is my Sabbath.” Please understand that the Sabbath is a day that is a sign between God and the Jews, and that the Sabbath is confined to the borders of “sunset on Friday and sunset on Saturday.”

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Text: Revelation 9:13-21

The Sixth Trumpet—Army from the East

13 Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 And the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released, so that they would kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of the armies of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And this is how I saw in the vision the horses and those who sat on them: the riders had breastplates the color of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone; and the heads of the horses are like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths proceed fire and smoke and brimstone. 18 A third of mankind was killed by these three plagues, by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which proceeded out of their mouths. 19 For the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents and have heads, and with them they do harm.

20 The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; 21 and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts.

V. Comments of Theologians. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

A. RSB

1. 14-15 These “four angels” (demons) are released in order to kill one-third of the remaining population of earth. Added to the one-fourth who were killed under the fourth seal judgment (6:4) these two judgments alone destroy one-half of the population, not including those who are killed by wars, famines, and diseases. “the hour” (v 15). Lit, this particular hour.

2. 18 “by these three plagues.” I.e., by the fire, smoke and brimstone.

3. 20 The religion of many will involve demon and idol worship.

4. 21 “sorceries.” I.e., magical arts, potions, and poisons (see Gal 5:20; Rev 18:23, 21:8, 22:15). From the Greek word, we derive the English word “pharmacies..” This chapter shows (1) the reality of some of the activity of the unseen world of Satan and demons and (2) the hardness of human hearts.

B. NKJV

1. 13 The fact that John heard a voice instead of a symphony of the voices of all the martyrs (6:9, 10), and a voice of authority instead of an angel’s voice (8:3–5), indicates that the speaker is the Lamb who was slain and has redeemed His people (5:9).

2. 14-16 The great river Euphrates is the eastern boundary of the land promised to Abraham and his descendants in Gen. 15:18, as well as the geographic area from which powerful enemies like Assyria and Babylon came to invade Israel (see Is. 8:5–8). It may represent the seat of Satan’s former victory (in the Garden of Eden). The release of the four angels at the exact hour and day is in keeping with apocalyptic literature’s portrayal of God’s sovereign control of the timing of His plan (see Dan. 9:24–27). The army of … two hundred million will kill a third of mankind, under the command or influence of the four angels who were released. A third of humankind could number in the billions. Coupled with the former destruction of one-fourth of humanity, over one-half of the world’s population will have been killed

3. 17-19 Although it is the horsemen for whom the number of two hundred million is given (v. 16), the horses they ride and their killing power are primarily described. There are similarities between the horses of the sixth trumpet judgment and the locusts shaped “like horses” (v. 7) of the fifth trumpet. The mention of breastplates (vv. 9), the comparison with lions (vv. 8), and the power in their tails (vv. 5, 10) could suggest that these two passages offer different perspectives on the same demonically inspired force. This is unlikely, however, because the locusts are not given authority to kill (v. 5), but only to torment, while the horses kill a third of mankind.

4. 20-21 The rest of mankind who do not repent does not include those who “have the seal of God on their foreheads” (v. 4; 7:2–4). The unwillingness to repent despite the incredible devastation of the plagues is reminiscent of Pharaoh’s attitude toward most of the plagues that came upon Egypt (see Ex. 7:22; 9:7). Repent here means to change one’s mind about ungodly works, to stop trusting demons and idols and to turn to the Lord Jesus Christ in faith (see Luke 24:47; Acts 26:20).

VI. Consider.

A. As we consider the last battle of the Tribulation period (Rev 16:13-16), let’s consider the nation of India. The Indian Armed Forces are under the management of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) of the Government of India. With strength of over 1.4 million active personnel, it is the world’s second-largest military force and has the world’s largest volunteer army. It also has the third-largest defence budget in the world. India may also be a main player in the attack on Israel in the Battle of Armageddon, which may also be the ending of the campaign of Armageddon, which begins in Rev 16:12, and continues through 19:21. See the immediately following link in reference to the Indian armed forces.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Armed_Forces#:~:text=The%20Indian%20Armed%20Forces%20are%20under%20the%20management%20of%20the,defence%20budget%20in%20the%20world.{[18] above, adds 800,000 reserve personnel to the 1.4 million active duty personnel.]}

B. Let’s consider with the premise that many are making about our world being in the Tribulation. Based on prophetic scripture, we are not in the Tribulation. Even though there has not been a peace treaty to be made between the antichrist and Israel (Daniel 9:27), there are many Bible teachers who persist in teaching that we are in the Tribulation. Such false teachings are made based on our current world conditions. But, let’s consider another horrible time in world history, which is the genocide of Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_central_Africa

1. In the 20th century, ten million people were murdered in various remote parts of Central Africa. It was not a single genocide but a collection of ethnic wars which raged from Sudan, the Congo, through to Uganda and Rwanda.

2. Details of Central African Genocide.

a. In the southern region of the Sudan, two million people belonging to various Nilotic peoples including Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk were killed by Sudanese Arabs from the North.

b. Roughly five and a half million died in the Congo, mainly during the Second Congo War but also in relatively smaller holocausts such as the Ituri conflict and the mass murder of Pygmies known as “Effacer le tableau”.

c. In Uganda, 300 thousand people were murdered during the regime of Idi Amin and 500 thousand during the rule of his successor, Milton Obote. Amin’s genocides targeted the Acholi and Lango peoples; these two groups went on to kill other groups (mainly the Baganda) under Obote’s regime.

d. In the early 1970s, over 150 thousand Hutu people were killed by Tutsi people in Burundi by order of General Michel Micombero. Twenty years later, one million Tutsi people were killed by Hutu people during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

e. In the Rwandan genocide, the people who had been the victims in Burundi (the Hutu) killed the ethnic group that had killed them (the Tutsi), and these new victims later played a role in the Congo genocide.

f. In all of these deaths, the victims were killed by people from a different ethnic group. Ten million deaths occurred in close proximity.

3. As we consider the current conditions in the world today, it is easy to see that the past and current conditions of African genocide are far greater in severity than those that are being experienced in the USA today, and in any other part of the world.
https://www.businessinsider.com/genocides-still-going-on-today-bosnia-2017-11

VII. Additional information on Rev 9:13-21 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 29. The Sin God Hates Rev. 9:13-21

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VIII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. First video.

1. What happens during the sixth trumpet judgment?

2. John Ankerberg Show.

3. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-…

4. Speaker credentials can be seen in the following link. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

B. Second video.

1. How to light Shabbat candles?

2. Yahaduton

IX. Please check my sources of information. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

X. Please follow this site.

End Times 13, Revelation 9:1-12, Demonic Attacks

Article Title: End Times 13, Revelation 9:1-12, Demonic Attacks

I. Preface.

A. Let us remember the purpose for all Scripture, in that all Scriptures, are based on “The Purpose Of God, (Isaiah 46:10).” In our study of the End Times, we consider God’s purposes for Israel, “His Chosen People” (Deuteronomy 14:2). We will begin this article, and each following article, with a Scripture that relates to God’s plans for Israel.

B. Isaiah 1:18 “Come now, and let us reason together,” Says the Lord, “Though your sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow;
Though they are red like crimson, They will be like wool. (The Lord’s promise is not only to deal with the stain of sin, but with the nature from which it springs, per “The Prophecy of Isaiah, J. Alec Motyer.”)

II. Introduction.

A. The opening video tells about the trumpet judgments that accompany the sounding of the fifth and sixth angels. But, in this article, we will consider only the trumpet judgment that comes from the sounding of the fifth angel. We will consider those who will be left behind from the rapture, that will be hurt by demons that appear as locusts. But, the previously sealed 144,000 Jews of Rev 7:3-4, will not be hurt. No one will be killed, but their pain will be so severe that they will attempt suicide, with death not being successful. The locusts are those demons of Noah’s time, Gen 6:1-4 (Nephilim, partly fallen angel, partly human, due to the genetic tampering of the human race by the fall and resulting curse.) Gen 6:8-9, “Noah was blameless.” “Noah’s genetics had not been tampered with.” Neither had the genetics of Noah’s sons and daughters in law been tampered with, in order for the Messiah to be born, which took place through the blood line of Noah’s son, Shem.)

B. The locusts that are seen in Rev 9:3 “come out of the earth” to torment those whom will be left behind during the Tribulation (other than the 144,000 sealed Jews). These fallen angels are being held in the bottomless pit (Rev 9:1-3), since the days of Noah, for the purposes of God, when He releases them through the sound of the fifth trumpet (Rev 9:1). Consider the following scriptures. Paste the following video title in your youtube search window: “Revelation Episode 28. The Reality of Demons. Revelation 9:1-12,” and listen to a video discussion of this subject. The specific teaching on the topic of fallen angels begins at 16:00 and runs through 39:00.

1. 1 Peter 3:19-20 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=rev+3%3A19-20&version=NASB
2. Genesis 6:1-4 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=gen+6%3A1-4&version=NASB
3. Genesis 6:8-9 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=gen+6%3A8-9&version=NASB
4. Jude 6-7 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Jude+6-7&version=NASB
5. Hebrews 13:2 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=heb+13%3A2&version=NASB
6. 2 Peter 2:4-5 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+pet+2%3A4-5&version=NASB

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Text: Revelation 9:1-12.

The Fifth Trumpet—the Bottomless Pit

1 Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him. 2 He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke came locusts upon the earth, and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not permitted to kill anyone, but to torment for five months; and their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it stings a man. 6 And in those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will long to die, and death flees from them.

7 The appearance of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle; and on their heads appeared to be crowns like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like the hair of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions. 9 They had breastplates like breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to battle. 10 They have tails like scorpions, and stings; and in their tails is their power to hurt men for five months. 11 They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon.

12 The first woe is past; behold, two woes are still coming after these things.

V. Comments of Theologians. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

A. RSB

1. 9:1 “a star” represents an intelligent creature, apparently “the angel of the abyss” (v 11). Notice the “he” in verse 2. “the bottomless pit.” Lit., the shaft of the abyss. For other uses of this phrase, see Luke 8:31; Rom 10:7; Rev 9:11, 11:7, 17:8, 20:1,3. Luke 8:31 indicates that this is the abode of the demons.

2. 9:3 “locusts.” That these creatures come from the abyss and are described in unusual terms in verses 7-11 indicate that they are demonic.

3. 9:4-5 The limitations that God places upon the activities of these creatures show that He is still in full control of these events. Only the 144,000 will escape the torment on people.

4. 9:6 “Suicide,; though desired, will be impossible.

5. 9:7-10 In describing these creatures John often has to use the word “like.” (my note: “similie”…[“like” and “as”] as opposed to “metaphor.”)

6. 9:10 Two glands in the tail of a scorpion emit a poison that produces a painful, but usually not a lethal wound.

7. 9:11 “Abaddon…Apollyon.” Both words mean “destruction.”

B. MAC

1. 9:1 “a star fallen from heaven.” Unlike the other stars that will have fallen (6:13; 8:8), this one will be an angelic being (cf. v. 2)—probably Satan himself (v. 4; 12:7; see notes on Is. 14:12–14; Luke 10:18). “bottomless pit.” Lit. “pit of the abyss.” Mentioned 7 times in Revelation, it always refers to the prison where some of the demonic hordes are incarcerated, the place of severest torment and isolation (vv. 1, 2, 11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3; see notes on 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6, 7).

2. 9:3 “locusts.” A grasshopper-like insect that descends in swarms so thick they can obscure the sun and strip bare all vegetation. In the 1950s a locust swarm devoured every growing thing for several hundred thousand square miles in the Middle East. These are not normal locusts, however, but specially prepared ones that are merely the outward form of demons, who, like locusts, will bring swarming desolation (see notes on Joel 2:2, 4). “Like” appears 9 times in John’s description; he finds it difficult to describe what he sees in a way the reader can understand. “scorpions.” An arachnid that inhabits warm, dry regions and has an erect tail tipped with a venomous stinger. A scorpion’s victim often rolls on the ground in agony, foams at the mouth, and grinds his teeth in pain. The demons in locust form are able to inflict the physical—and perhaps, spiritual—pain like the scorpion (v. 5).

3. 9:4 “men who do not have the seal of God.” Everyone on earth except the two groups mentioned in chap. 7—the 144,000 Jewish evangelists and their converts (see note on 7:4).

4. 9:5 “five months.” The normal life cycle of locusts is 5 months, usually from May to Sep.

5. 9:6 “seek death and will not find it.” The tormented will find no relief. Even their unimaginable attempts to end their misery in suicide will be unsuccessful.

6. 9:7 “faces of men.” Probably a reference to these demonic creatures as rational, intelligent beings.

7. 9:8 “women’s hair.” Jeremiah 51:27 refers to locusts having bristles like hair. “lions’ teeth.” They are fierce, powerful, and deadly (cf. Jer. 51:27).

8. 9:9 “breastplates of iron.” Breastplates were designed to protect the vital organs and sustain the life of the warrior. These creatures are invulnerable.

9. 9:10 “five months.” See note on v. 5.

10. 9:11 Abaddon . . . Apollyon. Although locusts normally have no king (Prov. 30:27), these demonic creatures do. His name in both Heb. and Gr. means “destroyer.” There is a hierarchy of power among the demons, just as among the holy angels. Apparently, “the angel of the bottomless pit” is one of Satan’s most trusted leaders or possibly Satan himself.

11. 9:12 “One woe.” The first of the final 3 trumpets (see note on 8:13).

VI. Consider.

A. As we consider the last battle of the Tribulation period (Rev 16:13-16), let’s consider the nation of India. The Indian Armed Forces are under the management of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) of the Government of India. With strength of over 1.4 million active personnel,[16][17] it is the world’s second-largest military force and has the world’s largest volunteer army.[18] It also has the third-largest defence budget in the world. India may also be a main player in the attack on Israel in the Battle of Armageddon. Consider the paragraphs below that were a part of the previous article.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Armed_Forces#:~:text=The%20Indian%20Armed%20Forces%20are%20under%20the%20management%20of%20the,defence%20budget%20in%20the%20world.{[18] above, adds 800,000 reserve personnel to the 1.4 million active duty personnel.]}

B. There is a teaching that concludes that the events of the Book of Revelation took place at the time of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D. But, no such records show that one-fourth of the world’s population have been killed, as is stated in Rev 7:8. Neither has there been another world killing of one-third of the world’s population, as is stated in Rev 9:18. The events of the Book of Revelation’s judgments, and the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:17-21), have not yet happened. The events of Revelation, Chapters 6-22, are yet to happen. All of the nations of the world have not been gathered against Jerusalem (Zech 12:3;14:2-3). All of the nations of the world have not been destroyed by Christ (Zech 12:9). Christ has not yet ascended from Heaven and stood on the Mount of Olives (Zech 14:4), with the result of Him being King over all the earth (Zech 14:9). All of the nations of the Earth have not gone to Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles (Zech 14:16). No great armies from the orient have attacked Israel while crossing over a dried up Euphrates River. But, consider China of today, who has a military of 2,035,000 active duty personnel and 510,000 reserve personnel.

C. Based on prophetic scripture, we are not in the Tribulation. Even though there has not been a peace treaty to be made between the antichrist and Israel (Daniel 9:27), there are many Bible teachers who persist in teaching that we are in the Tribulation. Such false teachings are made based on our current world conditions. But, let’s consider another horrible time in world history, which is the genocide of Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_central_Africa

1. In the 20th century, ten million people were murdered in various remote parts of Central Africa. It was not a single genocide but a collection of ethnic wars which raged from Sudan, the Congo, through to Uganda and Rwanda.

2. Details of Central African Genocide.

a. In the southern region of the Sudan, two million people belonging to various Nilotic peoples including Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk were killed by Sudanese Arabs from the North.[1]

b. Roughly five and a half million died in the Congo, mainly during the Second Congo War [2] but also in relatively smaller holocausts such as the Ituri conflict and the mass murder of Pygmies known as “Effacer le tableau”.

c. In Uganda, 300 thousand people were murdered during the regime of Idi Amin[3] and 500 thousand during the rule of his successor, Milton Obote.[4] Amin’s genocides targeted the Acholi and Lango peoples; these two groups went on to kill other groups (mainly the Baganda) under Obote’s regime.[5]

d. In the early 1970s, over 150 thousand Hutu people were killed by Tutsi people in Burundi by order of General Michel Micombero.[6] Twenty years later, one million Tutsi people were killed by Hutu people during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.[7]

e. In the Rwandan genocide, the people who had been the victims in Burundi (the Hutu) killed the ethnic group that had killed them (the Tutsi), and these new victims later played a role in the Congo genocide.[8]

f. In all of these deaths, the victims were killed by people from a different ethnic group. Ten million deaths occurred in close proximity.

3. As we consider the current conditions in the world today, it is easy to see that the past and current conditions of African genocide are far greater in severity than those that are being experienced in the USA today, and in any other part of the world.
https://www.businessinsider.com/genocides-still-going-on-today-bosnia-2017-11

VII. Additional information on Rev 9:1-12 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 28. The Reality of Demons. Revelation 9:1-12.

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VIII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Revelation Chapter 9/Demons/Hell/Woe/Angels/Trumpet.

B. fxswan Last 996 subscribers.

C. Fifth and sixth angels sound their trumpets which are the first and second woes releasing the demons currently held in hell and the four mighty demons bound at the Euphrates all of which torment humans who worship the antichrist and his image, all as described by the apostle John in the Bible at Revelation chapter 9.

IX. Please check my sources of information. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

X. Please follow this site.

End Times 12, Revelation 8:1-13, Trumpet Judgments 1-4

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video; details follow.

I. Introduction.

A. The opening video tells about the seven trumpets, which are judgments that commence after the casting of the censer in Revelation 8:5. Video information relates to all seven of the trumpet judgments, but in this article we will discuss only the first four trumpet judgments. It will be when Christ opens the seventh seal in Rev 8:1, that all seven trumpet judgments are opened by seven angels. Likewise, it will be when the seventh trumpet angel is sounded in Rev 11:15, that the seven bowl judgments are poured out by seven angels, which is described in Rev 15:1-21. In this study, we find three woes (Rev 8:13, 9:12, 11:14, 12:12). Each woe warns of coming judgment (BKC, [8:13] see below, IV). It is important to know that the events that are shown in this video do not relate to born again believers in Christ, whom will not be on earth at the time of the Tribulation, but will be present in Heaven with God.

B. Just as the flood of Noah’s time was not identified as being the wrath of God, it is clear that God’s wrath was upon those who dwelt upon the earth [Gen 6:13; 7:17-23), “Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth]. It is also clear that God’s judgment on “those who dwell on the earth,” (Rev 3:10), will also be “God’s wrath,” (Rev 6:1-19-21). Through the flood, God’s covenant with Abraham was made, who was the descendant of Noah’s son, Shem. (Gen 12:1-3). The covenant blood line of Abraham flows through the blood line of the Jews, through “Israel’s/Jacob’s” son, Judah [Gen 29:35]. It was through Judah’s bloodline that Christ came to be Israel’s Messiah, and the Savior of the World (Isaiah 7:14; Luke 3:30). Through the judgments of the Tribulation, God will draw Israel (Jews) to faith in Christ for salvation (Matthew 23:39; Zechariah 12:9-10) but, they must believe in Christ as Messiah (John 3:16), or face the consequences of their unbelief (John 3:3; John 3:18; Rev 20:15).

C. The severity of God’s judgments is shown in the Seal Judgments where one-fourth of mankind will be killed (Rev 7:8). One-third more of remaining mankind will be killed in the Trumpet Judgments (Rev 9:18). It is important to know that only those who do not know Christ as Lord and Savior will be left behind from the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6), and will come under God’s Tribulation judgments . The church is the bride of Christ (2 Cor 11:2), whose spirit is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:21), and dwells within the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17). The Spirit of Christ dwells within the spirit of each born again believer in Christ (Col 1:27); and will be given eternal rewards by Christ (2 Cor 5:10). The risen Christ will escort His raptured bride to the marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8), and to the Presence of God in Heaven where the bride will remain until Christ and His bride return to earth at the end of the Tribulation for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:14; 19:11-21). No groom, especially Christ, will beat up His bride on the way to the wedding altar. The born again believers in Christ will be removed from the earth at the time of the rapture, so that God can deal with unbelieving Jews, to draw them to saving faith in Christ. There is nothing about the Judgments of the Tribulation than can make any believer of the bride of Christ more holy. But, Jews who call on Christ in belief during the Tribulation will be as spiritually righteous as are the raptured believers in Christ.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 8:1-13.

The Seventh Seal—the Trumpets

1 When the Lamb broke the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. 2 And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.

3 Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel’s hand. 5 Then the angel took the censer and filled it with the fire of the altar, and threw it to the earth; and there followed peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake.

6 And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound them.

7 The first sounded, and there came hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.

8 The second angel sounded, and something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood, 9 and a third of the creatures which were in the sea and had life, died; and a third of the ships were destroyed.

10 The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters. 11 The name of the star is called Wormwood; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter.

12 The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way.

13 Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in mid-heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

IV. Comments of Theologians. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

A. RSB

1. 8:1 “broke the seventh seal.” With the breaking of the 7th seal comes the 2nd series of judgments-the 7 trumpets. Apparently the judgments announced by the trumpets follow chronologically those of the other seals.

2. 8:4 The “prayers” likely petition God to judge evil and to inaugurate His kingdom quickly. A token judgment follows (v 5).

3. 8:7 Though the implications are staggering, there is no reason not to understand this and the other judgments plainly.

4. 8:8-9 The impact of this judgment on the world economy is beyond imagination.

5. 8:11 “Wormwood.” Many species of wormwood (a woody herb) grow in Palestine, and all have a strong, bitter (but not poisonous) taste, which causes the plant to be used as a symbol of bitterness, sorrow, and calamity. This plague will make a third part of the fresh water supply of the earth unfit for human consumption.

6. 8:12 This could mean that the 24-hour cycle of day and night will be shortened to 16 hours or that the power of the sun, moon, and stars will be reduced by one third.

B. NKJV

1. 8:1 The seventh seal on the scroll (5:1) is opened, finally allowing it to be unrolled. Silence in heaven for about half an hour seems to mark a brief but significant break between the unsealing of the scroll (6:1–8:1) and the trumpet judgments (8:6–11:19). This silence is broken only by a heavenly offering and “the prayers of all the saints” (vv. 3, 4). It is, however, the eerie silence before the storm as all of heaven awaits the coming judgment.

2. 8:2 The judgments of the seven trumpets unfold in a pattern parallel to the unsealing of the seven-sealed scroll (6:1-8:1). This has led some to conclude that both describe the same time period from different angles, but greatly increased severity of the trumpet judgments makes this unlikely. The sounding of a trumpet had more than one significance in the OT. It was used to gather the Lord’s people (see Num. 10:7, 8), to assemble the Lord’s army (see Num. 10:9), to announce a new king (see 1 Kin. 1:34–39), and to proclaim the Year of Jubilee (see Lev. 25:9). In this context, the sounding of trumpets indicates a declaration of war.

3. 8:7 When the first angel sounds the trumpet, a storm of hail, fire, and blood breaks forth. This incredible blend of destruction and horror sounds like a combination of the imagery of the first (see Ex. 7:19, 20) and seventh (see Ex. 9:22–25) plagues of God upon Egypt. A third here could be figurative for widespread, but not yet complete, destruction.

4. 8:8, 9 A great mountain burning suggests a massive island volcano erupting explosively over a far-flung section of ocean waters. The description of the effects on the sea, however, indicates that this is much more than windblown pollution from volcanic ash. The sea becoming blood and the creatures in the sea dying are like an extension of the first plague on the Egyptians, the turning of the waters of the Nile River into blood (see Ex. 7:17–21).

5. 8:10 “Star” here translates the same term used for the angelic star in 9:1 and for Christ as “the Bright and Morning Star” in 22:16. But the precise meaning of each word must be carefully interpreted in its context. Here the star seems to be a huge asteroid that falls from heaven to earth, burning like a torch as it enters the atmosphere. The star could fall on a third of the rivers and … springs by disintegrating as it passes through the earth’s atmosphere. It is also possible that the pollution of the headwaters of a number of the world’s major rivers and underground water sources could rapidly spread to a third of the planet’s waters.

6. 8:11 Wormwood is a plant found in the Middle East, known for its bitter taste. Here and elsewhere (see Lam. 3:19) the term is figurative for bitterness. Normally wormwood is not poisonous, but the plague of the third trumpet involves effects far more potent than the taste of this bitter plant: many men die from the water. Rapid pollution of a third of the world’s drinking water would set off a chaotic crisis.

7. 8:12 Reference to darkening the sun, moon, and stars is reminiscent of the ninth plague upon Egypt (see Ex. 10:21, 22), and of the heavenly disturbances involved in Christ’s description of His second coming (see Matt. 24:29, 30). It is also similar to the phenomena of the sixth seal (6:12). A third of the day did not shine could mean that the sun, moon, and stars will not be seen for several hours of the normal cycle of day and night. But probably what is meant is that the intensity of light during the day and night is reduced by a third because of cosmic and atmospheric disturbances (vv. 7, 8, 10).

8. 8:13 Woe, woe, woe refers to the impact of the three remaining … trumpet judgments on the unbelieving inhabitants of the earth. The first woe is the fifth trumpet (9:12); the second woe is the sixth trumpet (11:14). The third woe is said to be “coming quickly” and may be the same as the seventh trumpet (11:15–19), although that is not stated. If not, the final woe may be focused on Babylon, the great harlot, because of the climactic use of “woe” (translated alas in 18:10, 16, 19).

V. Consider.

A. There is a teaching that concludes that the events of the Book of Revelation took place at the time of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D. But, no such records show that one-fourth of the world’s population have been killed, as is stated in Rev 7:8. Neither has there been another world killing of one-third of the world’s population, as is stated in Rev 9:18. The events of the Book of Revelation’s judgments, and the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:17-21), have not yet happened. The events of Revelation, Chapters 6-22, are yet to happen. All of the nations of the world have not been gathered against Jerusalem (Zech 12:3;14:2-3). All of the nations of the world have not been destroyed by Christ (Zech 12:9). Christ has not yet ascended from Heaven and stood on the Mount of Olives (Zech 14:4), with the result of Him being King over all the earth (Zech 14:9). All of the nations of the Earth have not gone to Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles (Zech 14:16). No great armies from the orient have attacked Israel while crossing over a dried up Euphrates River. But, consider China of today, who has a military of 2,035,000 active duty personnel and 510,000 reserve personnel.

B. The events of the judgments of God in the Tribulation show that God will be in control of every seal, trumpet and bowl judgment. It is not by happenstance, or by Satan’s actions, that any judgment will take place. In this 8th chapter of Revelation, we see the preciseness of God’s hand in the judgments. There are four angels sounding four trumpets, which release four trumpet judgments. 8:7: 1/3 of the earth will be burned up, and 1/3 of the trees burned, and all of the green grass burned up. 8:8: 1/3 of the sea will become blood. 8:19: 1/3 of the creatures in the sea will die; and 1/3 of the ships will be destroyed. 8:10: a great star from heaven will fall on 1/3 of the rivers and on the springs and waters. 8:11: 1/3 of the waters will become bitter, and many will die. 8:12: 1/3 of the sun and moon and stars will become darkened (This could mean that the 24-hour cycle of day and night will be shortened to 16 or that the power of the sun, moon, and stars will be reduced by 1/3…RSB).

C. At this time in world history, there are many people who teach that we (the world) are in the Tribulation, due to current world conditions. But, as we can see from the statistics of the Russian Revolution, of a hundred years ago, our present world conditions are minuscule in relation to those which were present in Russia. Undoubtedly, there were those in the Russian Orthodox Church who may have thought that they were in the Tribulation. In today’s world, the difficulties that we are facing are nowhere near the level of atrocities that the Russian people had during their five years of revolution.

1. The Russian Civil War was a multi-party civil war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the two Russian Revolutions of 1917. There were an estimated 7,000,000–12,000,000 casualties during the war, mostly civilians (November 7, 1917 – June 16, 1923). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Civil_War

2. The Russian Orthodox Church (Russian: Русская Православная Церковь) is traditionally said to have been founded by Andrew the Apostle, who is thought to have visited Scythia and Greek colonies along the northern coast of the Black Sea. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Russian_Orthodox_Church

D. It is because of such lack of proper Biblical teaching that believers in Christ must study eschatology, in context, and realize that the tribulation relates to unbelieving Israel and has no bearing on born again believers in Christ. A study of Matthew 24, out of context, will not provide an understanding of the “yet to come” judgments of God on “those who dwell on the earth” (Rev 3:10). The Old Testament scriptures can not be omitted from a teaching of the end times, which is yet to come. Consider Joel 2:2.

1. “A day of darkness and gloom, A day of clouds and thick darkness. As the dawn is spread over the mountains, So there is a great and mighty people; There has never been anything like it, Nor will there be again after it, To the years of many generations” (Joel 2:2).

2. RSB note: Re: Joel 2:1-11. The locust army is regarded as a foretaste of an invading army in the “day of the Lord,” i.e., in the tribulation period.

3. The invading army of Joel 2:1-11 relates to an attack on Israel, as we have discussed in V.A., above. The books of Old Testament prophecy relate to God’s Word that was given to Jewish prophets, which were given to Jews, about Jewish things. Gentiles will be blessed through Jews (Gen 12:1-3).

4. Based on prophetic scripture, we are not in the Tribulation. Those in the Tribulation will have a fearful view of Christ, “And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn,” (Matt 24:29). Believers in Christ are not told to look for, or prepare for the antichrist, or anything of the Tribulation. Believers in Christ are told to be “looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus” (Titus 2:13), “who rescues us from the wrath to come” (1 Thes 1:10).

VI. Additional information on Rev 8:1-13 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 27. Creator and Judge. Revelation 8:1-13

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11

B. REVELATION ONE THREE PUBLISHING

VIII. Please check my sources of information. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

IX. Please follow this site.

End Times 11-Revelation 7:9-17-A Multitude-Martyrs & Survivors

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video; details follow.

I. Introduction.

A. The opening video is about the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles. The importance of things of “Jewishness” will be discussed in this article, as they relate to the time period that immediately follows the Tribulation. The information that is provided in this article is very important to an understanding of the “end times study.” Credentials of the video speakers can be found in I.M. The conclusion to this article has good scriptural information on the current situation of our country, and of the world.

B. In this article there we are still in the pause between the sixth and seventh seal judgments of the Tribulation. In End Times 10, we saw the sealing of 144,000 Jews, who were left behind from the rapture of the church (1 Cor 15:50-54); God will seal these chosen Jews for salvation, service, and personal protection. These Jews will serve as missionaries to the whole world during the tribulation until Christ comes from Heaven with His raptured saints and angels at the Battle of Armageddon (Matt 24:14; 29-31; Zech 14:5; Rev 19:11-21). In this article we will see “a Great multitude,” which will include mainly Gentiles. Because there will be more than 144,000 Jews that will be left behind from the Rapture, and will not be of those that were sealed in Rev 7:4, the Great Multitude will also include Jews. At this time in history, Jews are returning to Israel from all over the world, but in a state of unbelief (in Christ). It will not be until the Battle of Armageddon that these unbelieving Jews (whom will be left behind from the rapture) will call on the Name of Christ “to save them (from annihilation;” Matt 24:22-23; Zech 12:10). (The elect of Matt 24 are Jews, Deu 14:2).

C. It is common-place among non-Jewish teachers to remove the “Jewishness” from the period of time that immediately follows the Tribulation; all too often, the word that is used to identify that time period is “the millennium.” However, the correct name is not “millennium,” but “Kingdom,” or Kingdom Age. Millennium relates to the length of time of the Kingdom age, which will be one thousand years (Rev 20:1-7).

D. In Exodus 19:5-6, God promised the Jews that they would be a Kingdom of priests and a holy nation. It will be at the event of Zech 14:10, that the Jews will accept the offer of being a Kingdom “to God.” In 2 Sam 7:8-16, God describes the government of the Kingdom, which is called the Davidic Kingdom. In Isaiah 2:1-4, God describes the conditions of the Kingdom.

E. The gospel (good news) of the Kingdom (Matt 24:14) is that of, the Abrahamic Covenant (Rev 12:1-3) and of the Davdic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16). It was the gospel of the Kingdom that was the subject of the preaching of John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), of Christ (Matt 4:17), of the disciples (Matt 10:7), and of the seventy (Luke 10:1,11). The gospel of the “death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8) will also be included in the preaching of the 144,000 Jews; this is because our Lord will be “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev 19:16), and will teach and rule and reign from Jerusalem (Isa 2:1-4) for one thousand years (Rev 20:4), which will be for the duration of the Kingdom Age.

F. In Matt 3:2, John the Baptist tells the Jews that “the Kingdom of Heaven” is at hand, which meant that Israel was being offered the Kingdom at that time; but the Jews would have to accept Christ as Messiah in order for them to receive the Kingdom. In Matt 4:17, Christ repeated the challenge of Matt 3:2, and He went on teach about the Kingdom (expounding on Isa 2:1-4). The prophecy of Isa 7:14, with its fulfillment in Matt 1:23, that Christ is “God with you,” was the factor of acceptance for Israel to enter the Kingdom (“the Kingdom of heaven is at hand”). “Repent” has a lexicon meaning of: 3340. metanoeó. Transliteration: metanoeó. Definition: to change one’s mind or purpose. Usage: I repent, change my mind, change the inner man (particularly with reference to acceptance of the will of God), repent.

G. Because national Israel did not accept Christ as Messiah, Christ removed the promise of the Kingdom from them, ” Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it” (Matt 21:43). If he kingdom of God has been taken from them….the kingdom of God is the sphere of true faith in God …The Lord is saying to these Jews that, because they had rejected Him, they could not enter the kingdom of God, for “except a man be born again, he can not see the Kingdom of God (John 3:3). From whom was the kingdom of God taken? It seems clear the “you” refers to the generation to whom the Lord was speaking. To whom would the kingdom be given? By application, “the nation bringing forth the fruits thereof,” may mean any generation which will turn to Christ; but in its strict interpretation it refers to the nation Israel when she shall turn to the Lord and be saved before entering the millennial kingdom. (Things To Come, pp 90-91, J. Dwight Pentecost).

H. The Shepherd in 7:16-17 tells the truth of the Shepherd in the twenty-third Psalm, where He will be the Shepherd. The 23rd Psalm is often used for hospital visits and graveside sermons. But, as we see in today’s life, there are many problems of life that will not go away. However, in the Kingdom Age, every verse of the 23rd Psalm will be fulfilled through the Messiah, Christ. The Jews are the direct object of the psalm, but the peacefulness of the Kingdom age will affect saved Gentiles too.

I. The temple in 7:15 will be the millennial Temple that is promised in Ezekiel 37:26-28, and seen in Ezekiel 40-48. In Ezekiel 10:1, the Glory of God is seen by Ezekiel departing the Temple. In Ezekiel 43:4, the Glory of the Lord is seen entering back into the Temple. It was prior to the destruction of Jerusalem, and the Temple, in 586 B.C., that Ezekiel had the prophetic vision of the Glory of God departing the Temple. There has been a lot of discussion about a temple being built in Jerusalem, but this “news headline temple” will only be a structure; it will not have the Glory of God dwelling within the temple. The tribulation temple is written in Rev 11:1-2, 13:14-15, and will be built under the authority of the antichrist (Daniel 9:27; 12:11-12), prior to the beginning of the last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation. The white horse of Rev 6:2 represents the antichrist and is shown in the opening of the tribulation; he goes about deceiving those of whom will be left behind from the rapture, “in a stealth manner” (1 Thes 5:3). The antichrist will enter the tribulation temple and present himself as God (2 Thes 2:4) during the first half of the Tribulation.

J. The tabernacle in 7:15 relates to the Feast of Tabernacles, where God “tabernacled” with the Jews during the forty-years of their wilderness experience. During the wandering of the Jews, God provided all of their needs. During the upcoming Kingdom Age, God will also tabernacle with saved Jews through Messiah/Christ.

K. Prophecy tells of the blessings that God has made for the Jews, and will provide for all of their needs during the Kingdom age. Isaiah 2:1-4 provides a quick look at the peaceful conditions of the Kingdom age. Zech 8:12-13 tells of the blessings that God will provide for the Jews. Zech 10:1-2 and Ezek 34:26 are often sung from Christian songbooks, “Showers of Blessing,” but the verses relate to the blessings that God will provide for saved Jews during the Kingdom age.

L. Jewish festivals will also be observed during the Kingdom age, by Jew and Gentile saved people.

a. Feast of Tabernacles/Booths. Zech 14:16 “Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them.” Feast of Tabernacles historical background can be found in Lev. 23:33–36; Num. 29:12–38; Deut. 16:13–17. “The nations that went against Jerusalem” (Zech 14:16) relates to Gentiles who came to saving faith in Christ before Christ ended the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21).

b. In addition to the Feast of Tabernacles, two other feasts will be celebrated in the Millennium, i.e., 1) Feast of the New Year (Ezek. 45:18–20) and 2) Passover (Ezek. 45:21–25) (MAC).

M. The opening video shows a discussion on the Feast Of Tabernacles. An article that I wrote on this particular feast can provide important information on the subject of this article. The key speakers of the opening video of this article,, and of the first and second videos in the article are Avner Boskey, Michael Brown, and Michael Rydelnik. The credentials of Brown and Rydelnik can be found in my Equipping Site Page, About Sources: https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/
The article that I wrote on the Feast of Tabernacles can be seen by clicking on the following link:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/10/11/israel-feast-of-tabernacles-god-tabernacles-with-his-people/

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 7:9-17.

9 After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches were in their hands; 10 and they cry out with a loud voice, saying,

“Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.” 11 And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, 12 saying,

“Amen, blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen.”

13 Then one of the elders answered, saying to me, “These who are clothed in the white robes, who are they, and where have they come from?” 14 I said to him, “My lord, you know.” And he said to me, “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 For this reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne will spread His tabernacle over them. 16 They will hunger no longer, nor thirst anymore; nor will the sun beat down on them, nor any heat; 17 for the Lamb in the center of the throne will be their shepherd, and will guide them to springs of the water of life; and God will wipe every tear from their eyes.”

IV. Comments of Theologians. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary); SRN=Scofield Reference Notes.

A. RSB

1. 7.9 “a great multitude.” This multitude is composed of many racial and geographic groups who will be redeemed during the Tribulation (v 14). In these difficult days, many will find Christ as Savior.

B. NKJV

1. 7.9-10 “The great multitude,” in addition to praising God and the Lamb for providing salvation. Palm branches were typically waved by crowds at victory celebrations (see John 12:13).

2. 7.14 This vast multitude has come out of the great tribulation, referring to “the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world” (3:10). In view of the great loss of life during this time period, martyrdom is most likely the means of their escape. Tribulation was already being experienced by the church in John’s day (see 2:10; Acts 14:22). However, the great tribulation, predicted in Dan. 12:1, will be of an intensity “such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be” (Matt. 24:21).

3. 7.15 Temple actually refers to the inner sanctuary of the temple rather than the outer courts (11:19).

4. 7.17 (This) recalls Ps. 23. The Lord who is the Shepherd in Ps. 23:1 is equated here with the Lamb. Both King David and the great multitude (v. 9) will “dwell in the house of the Lord forever” (Ps. 23:6), with Christ as their shepherd. (my note: The 23rd Psalm is a picture of the kingdom age of the millennium.)

C. MAC

1. 7.1-7.17. 144,000 Jewish evangelists on earth (vv. 1–8) and 2) their converts in heaven (vv. 9–17).

2. 7:9 “a great multitude.” While the tribulation period will be a time of judgment, it will also be a time of unprecedented redemption (cf. v. 14; 6:9–11; 20:4; Is. 11:10; Matt. 24:14). all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues. All the earth’s people groups. white robes. See note on 3:4. palm branches. In ancient times, they were associated with celebrations, including the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:40; Neh. 8:17; John 12:13).

3. 7:10 “Salvation belongs to our God.” Salvation is the theme of their worship, and they recognize that it comes solely from Him.

4. 7:13 white robes. See note on 3:4. The white garments of all the redeemed (cf. 6:11; 7:9, 13; 19:8, 14) speak of holiness and purity. Such white robes are reserved for Christ (Matt. 17:2; Mark 9:3), holy angels (Matt. 28:3; Mark 16:5), and the glorified church (19:8, 14). In the ancient world, white robes were commonly worn at festivals and celebrations.

5. 7:14 the great tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1, 9, 12. These people didn’t go with the raptured church, since they were not yet saved. During the 7-year period they will be saved, martyred. Though it is a time of unparalleled judgment, it is also a time of unparalleled grace in salvation (cf. Matt. 24:12–14). washed their robes. Cf. 19:8. Salvation’s cleansing is in view (see Titus 2:11–14). blood of the Lamb. This refers to the atoning sacrifice of Christ (cf. 1:5; 5:9; Rom. 3:24, 25; 5:9).

6. 7.15 “His temple.” This refers to the heavenly throne of God (see note on 11:19). During the Millennium there will also be a temple on earth—a special holy place where God dwells in a partially restored, but still fallen, universe (see Ezek. 40–48). In the final, eternal state with its new heavens and earth, there is no temple; God Himself, who will fill all, will be its temple (21:22).

7. 7:17 “shepherd.” In a beautiful mix of images, the Lamb has always been the Shepherd (Ps. 23; John 10:14ff.; Heb. 13:20).

D. SRN

1. 7.14a The great tribulation is the period of unexampled trouble predicted in the passages cited under that head from Psalms 2:5 to Revelation 7:14 and described in Revelation 11-18. Involving in a measure the whole earth Revelation 3:10 it is yet distinctly “the time of Jacob’s trouble” Jeremiah 30:7 and its vortex Jerusalem and the Holy Land. It involves the people of God who will have returned to Palestine in unbelief. Its duration is three and a half years, or the last half of the seventieth week of Daniel. (See Scofield “Daniel 9:24”). Revelation 11:2; Revelation 11:3.

2. 7.14b The great tribulation will be, however, a period of salvation. An election out of Israel is seen as sealed for God Revelation 7:4-8 and, with an innumerable multitude of Gentiles Revelation 7:9 are said to have come “out of the great tribulation” Revelation 7:14. The great tribulation is immediately followed by the return of Christ in glory, and the events associated therewith Matthew 24:29; Matthew 24:30.

E. NAC

1. 7.9 Verses 1-8 show the sealing of the 144,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel; the remainder of the chapter focuses on those who come from beyond the Jewish community and are yet included as the beneficiaries of the grace of God. In vv 9-12, the focus is on those who come from beyond the Jewish community and are yet included as the beneficiaries. John sees this multitude standing before the throne, in front of the Lamb, wearing white robes and holding palm branches. The white robes are understood to be imputed righteousness or holiness. Some have suggested that those white robes represent glorified bodies. The palm branches indicate a festive season of joy and victory, and were often a part of the Feast of Tabernacles. When the Lord made His triumphal entry into the city of Jerusalem, palm leaves were strewn in the way before Him, as well as waved over Him as He rode into the city.

2. 7.10 The text proceeds to describe God in two ways; first, God is the one who sits on the throne; and second, as the Lamb.

3. 7.11-12. “all the angels that surround the throne, the elders, and the four living creatures. Here, the angels who are standing around the throne are clearly distinguished from the elders, and perhaps even from the four living creatures. The elders are not angels. The four living creatures quality as angels, though distinct from those standing around the throne. All of these are moved to the worship of God.

4. 7.13-14. The verse does not say how “the great company of Gentiles” exactly have made their exit from the great tribulation. The assumption of martyrdom might be appropriate but is not necessary in every case. The robes represent the spiritual attire of these tribulation saints, but they have been made white through washing in the blood of the lamb. (Mine: some will be martyred, and some will die from other causes.)

5. 7.15-17. Those who have come out of the tribulation find themselves before the throne of God and serve Him day and night in the temple.

V. Conclusion.

A. The Tribulation is shown in Chapters six through nineteen in the Book of Revelation. There are many people who are teaching that, either, the Tribulation is an allegory, or is with us now. I have shown in many scriptures that neither of those considerations are true. More common now is the teaching that we are in the Tribulation now. Such teachers take Matthew 24 out of context, by not connecting it to the Old Testament prophecies that show that the Tribulation relates to Israel, and that the signing of a peace treaty between the antichrist and the Jews will bring in the Tribulation.

B. In view of the current lawlessness that is spreading out through much of the USA and the world, what can we say about its Biblical application? First of all, there is no Biblical prophecy that puts us in the Tribulation. There is, however, a verse of scripture that has applied to many times in world history, and was spoken to Christians by the Apostle Paul, and has no bearing on the Tribulation: “But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come” (2 Tim 3:1). Concerning the fall, and the resulting curse, Gen 19:1-25 tells of the sin that gripped the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah being “exceedingly grave” (Gen 18:20). The Civil War of the USA had 618,222 deaths. The Spanish Flu of 1918 affected 500 million people, and killed 100 million of them. In World War I there were 20 million deaths and 21 million wounded. World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history. An estimated total of 70–85 million people perished, which was about 3% of the 1940 world population. During the Korean War, nearly 5 million people died. In 1978 an estimated 1,353,000 total deaths in North and South Vietnam occurred during the period 1965–1974. The situation that we are experiencing now, as severe as it is, is another product of the fall of Adam and Eve (Gen 3:14-19). It is not sin or catastrophy that will cause God to rapture His people out of this world. But, it will be when a predetermined number of people come to saving faith in Christ, which is called “the fullness of the Gentiles” (Rom 11:25, “For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not be wise in your own estimation—that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.”) As I have written on the timing of the Tribulation, it will follow the rapture of the church, after Israel and the antichrist enter into a peace treaty; such an event has not yet happened; but, it will happen. The “difficult times” that we are experiencing in the world now are miniscule, in relation to the seven years of God’s Tribulation judgments, which will escalate in severity until the Battle of Armageddon occurs; this spiritual battle is won by Christ, being followed by His raptured saints, all whom are coming to earth from Heaven (Rev 19:11-21, Zech 14:1-5).

VI. Additional information on Rev 7:9-17 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Ep. 26 So Great a Salvation. Rev.7:9-17

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles

B. ASKDrBrown

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 10, Revelation 7:1-8, 144,000 Jews Sealed

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video; details follow.

I. Introduction.

A. In this article we see a pause between the sixth and seventh seal judgments of the Tribulation. Looking back, we saw the following preceding seal judgments, in order: 1 Antichrist. 2 War. 3 Famine. 4 Death 5. Martyrs’ prayers. 6 Great Earthquakes. We also saw that each seal judgment was released by Christ, the Lamb, on the earth: See Rev 6:1, 6:3, 6:5, 6:7, 6:9, 6:12. Great severity was seen in the fourth seal judgment where one-fourth of the earth’s population died. In the fifth seal judgment we saw the martyrdom of those which were left behind from the rapture, and whom had come to saving faith in Christ. In the sixth seal judgment, we saw great cosmic disturbances.

B. In the opening of this seventh chapter of Revelation we see these words, “after this.” It is at this point in John’s vision, that there is a pause that takes place before the opening of the seventh seal judgment in Rev 8:1. During this pause, John sees the sealing of 144,000 Jews in Rev 7:4-8. The significance of the sealing is that in Rev 14:1 all of the 144,000 Jews that are sealed in Rev 7:1 are still alive; their lives will be sealed from death. These 144,000 Jews are also being sealed for Salvation. In Rev 3:10, we see that the raptured born again believers in Christ will be saved from “the tribulation.” In Rev 14:1, we see that the Jews that were sealed in 7:1 will be sealed and saved “through the tribulation.” The sealing of those that will be raptured (1 Cor 15:50-54) prior to the Tribulation, will take place when they believe in Christ (Eph 1:13); at that time believers are sealed for salvation. Those whom believe in Christ prior to the rapture will be kept “from the hour of testing which will come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on earth,” (Rev 3:10).

C. The opening video shows a discussion of highly acclaimed theologians, Drs. John Ankerberg, Ron Rhodes, Ed Hindson, and Mark Hitchcock. The gentlemen make the point that the 144,000 people that are being sealed are Jews, and that these Jews will preach “the gospel of the Kingdom” (Matt 24:14), throughout the world, at which time the end of the Tribulation will come. Credentials for each of these men are shown in the following link: https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

D. The gospel (good news) of the Kingdom is that of, the Abrahamic Covenant (Rev 12:1-3) and of the Davdic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16); it is also of the preaching of John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), of Christ (Matt 4:17), of the disciples (Matt 10:7), and of the seventy (Luke 10:1,11). The gospel of the “death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8) will also be included in the preaching of the 144,000 Jews, as our Lord will be “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev 19:16), and will teach and rule and reign from Jerusalem (Isa 2:1-4) for one thousand years (Rev 20:4), which will be for the duration of the Kingdom Age.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 7:1-8.

An Interlude
1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the earth or on the sea or on any tree. 2 And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the sun, having the seal of the living God; and he cried out with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and the sea, 3 saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God on their foreheads.”

The 144,000
4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred and forty-four thousand sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:

5 from the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand were sealed, from the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand, from the tribe of Gad twelve thousand, 6 from the tribe of Asher twelve thousand, from the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand, from the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand, 7 from the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand, from the tribe of Levi twelve thousand, from the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand, 8 from the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand, from the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, from the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed.

IV. Comments. (MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

A. (WRC)

The question has often been asked, “Will anyone be saved after the rapture?” The Scriptures clearly indicate that a great multitude of both Jews and Gentiles will trust in the Lord after the church is caught up to glory. Though the children of God living on earth at the time will be translated when Christ comes for His church, immediately a testimony will be raised up to the name of Christ through new converts among Jews and Gentiles. Though these are never described by the term “church,” they are constantly called saints, that is, those set apart as holy to God and saved through the sacrifice of Christ. https://bible.org/seriespage/7-saints-great-tribulation

B. (NAC)

1. 7:1 The interlude of chap 7 begins with the apocalypticist observing the four angels standing at the four corners of the earth engaged in physically restraining four winds, preventing the wind from blowing on the land, sea, or trees.

C. (MSB)

1. 7.2 “seal of the living God.” “Seal” often refers to a signet ring used to press its image into wax melted on a document. The resulting imprint implied authenticity and ownership, and protected the contents (cf. 9:4; Ezek. 9:3, 4). In this case, the mark is the name of God (14:1).

2. 7:4 “One hundred and forty-four thousand.” A missionary corps of redeemed Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (vv. 9–17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (v. 4; Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel will be the witness nation she refused to be in the OT (see notes on Rom. 11:25–27). “all the tribes of the children of Israel.” By sovereign election, God will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising His protection while they accomplish their mission.

D. (RSB)

1. 7:3 These judgments are delayed until these 144,000 Jewish people can be “sealed;” i.e., protected supernaturally.
2. 7:4 “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” These are Jews from the 12 tribes (12,000 each) who are protected in order to perform some service for God during these days. Perhaps they are evangelists. The omission of the tribe of Dan may be because Dan was guilty of idolatry on many occasions (Lev 24:11; Judg 18:1; 1 Kings 12:28, 29).

V. Conclusion.

1. God has given us a timeline of events that will occur based on His sovereign purposes. The Tribulation is one of those sovereign events that will occur within God’s plan for the ages. God does not wait for anyone’s thoughts, decisions, or actions to affirm, or negate, His sovereign will. God’s calling, for God’s purpose, is clearly seen throughout God’s Holy Word.

a. Romans 8:28. “And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.”

b. Daniel 9:27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”

(1) (Mine) This week is a period of seven years, as opposed to a week of seven days. God’s details can not be overlooked, as they relate to God’s purpose. The seven years of Tribulation can not be lessened, or lengthened; neither can the Tribulation be spiritualized., nor negated.

(2) (MSB) These 7 years constitute the 70th week of Daniel. “middle of the week.” This is the halfway point of the 70th week of years, i.e., 7 years leading to Christ’s second coming. The Antichrist will break his covenant with Israel (v. 27a), which has resumed its ancient sacrificial system. Three and a half years of tribulation remain, agreeing with the time in other Scriptures (7:25; Rev. 11:2, 3; 12:14; 13:5, called “Great Tribulation,” cf. Matt. 24:21) as God’s wrath intensifies.

2. Consider the following examples of God’s sovereign will for individuals that He has chosen to be instruments of fulfilling His will.

a. Gen 12;1-3. God chose Abraham for salvation and service. Abraham was not seeking God. Abraham was an idol worshiper (Josh 24:2).

b. Jer 1:5. God chose Jeremiah for salvation and service before he was born.

c. Matt 10:1-4. God chose 12 disciples for service; he chose 11 for salvation. (Judas betrayed Christ 10:4).

d. Rom 1:15. God chose Saul (Paul) for salvation and service before he was born.

e. Deu 14:2. God chose national Israel, above all other nations, to be His own possession (God’s chosen people).

f. God will choose 144,000 Jews, whom will be left behind from the rapture, to be sealed for salvation and service.

VI. Additional information on Rev 7:1-8 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Ep. 25 Gods Faithfulness. Revelation 7:1-8

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them?

B. John Ankerberg Show

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 9-Revelation 6:9-17-Martyrs And Terrror

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Introduction.

A. In this article we will discuss the fifth and sixth seal judgments that “the Lamb, “Christ,” unleashes upon the earth (vv 7, 9). It is important to remember that Christ is responsible for these judgments being poured out on the unbelievers that are left behind from the rapture. Christ is no longer seen as the “Lamb of God;” per John 1:29, ““Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” Christ has become “the Lion of the tribe of Judah,” per Rev 5:5, “behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”

B. The opening video shows people whom were left behind from the rapture, and have come to saving faith in Christ. These tribulation saints are seen being martyred at the hands of the forces of the antichrist. The “2012” at the end of the video is irrelevant.

1. In the video we see the superimposed words of Matthew 24:13, as follows: “But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.” [Consider the MSB note on vs 13: endures to the end . . . be saved. Cf. 10:22. The ones who persevere are the same ones who are saved. This does not suggest that our perseverance secures our salvation. Scripture everywhere teaches precisely the opposite: God, as part of His saving work, secures our perseverance.]. The words of Matthew 24 were spoken by Christ to Jews about the conditions that will confront Jews during the Tribulation through the forces of the antichrist; these will be Jews that will be left behind from the rapture. The persecution of the antichrist will also come against Gentiles who are left behind and come to saving faith in Christ.

2. Daniel 9:27 tells us that the antichrist will make a treaty with Israel, which marks the beginning of the Tribulation. Midway through the seven-year Tribulation the antichrist will break that covenant, which will be the beginning of the Great Tribulation. Revelation 12:7-17 tells us about the resulting attack that Satan makes on Israel. Revelation 12:6 tells us that Israel will flee from the forces of the antichrist for three and a half years, which will be until the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21). In Matthew 24:15-20 Christ tells about the Jews fleeing from the antichrist during the Tribulation, which corresponds to Rev 12:6. The reason for the contents of this paragraph is to show that Jews, in total, will be the target of the antichrist throughout all of the Tribulation. The events of the opening video, and Matthew 24:13, relate to all Jews whom are left behind from the rapture, regardless of whether those Jews have will have accepted Christ as Messiah, or not.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 6:9-17.

The Fifth Seal—Martyrs
9 When the Lamb broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained; 10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 And there was given to each of them a white robe; and they were told that they should rest for a little while longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, would be completed also.

The Sixth Seal—Terror
12 I looked when He broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood; 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree casts its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind. 14 The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. 15 Then the kings of the earth and the great men and the commanders and the rich and the strong and every slave and free man hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains; 16 and they *said to the mountains and to the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17 for the great day of their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”

IV. Comments. (MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

A. 6:9-11 (NAC)

1. “the souls of those who had been slain.” These are the souls of those who have been slain because of their testimony to Christ, and because of their adherence to the word of God remain in a disembodied state, until all of the saints who are to be killed in the Tribulation have completed their destiny.
2. ““How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” They are asking how long before all of these things will be completed.
3. “there was given to each of them a white robe.” The white robe assigned each of these martyr-spirits as a pledge of future and final glory, and a consoling proof that no judgment awaited them.

B. 12-17. (MSB)

1. 6:12. sixth seal. The force described in this seal is overpowering fear (cf. Luke 21:26). While the first 5 seals will result from human activity that God used to accomplish His purposes, at this point He begins direct intervention (cf. Matt. 24:29; Luke 21:25). The previous 5 seals will be precursors to the full fury of the day of the Lord which will begin with the sixth seal (v. 17). The events described in this seal unleash the seventh, which contains the trumpet judgments (chaps. 8, 9; 11:15ff.) and the bowl judgments (chap. 16). “great earthquake.” There have been many earthquakes prior to this (Matt. 24:7), but this will be more than an earthquake. All the earth’s faults will begin to fracture simultaneously, resulting in a cataclysmic, global earthquake. “moon became like blood.” Accompanying the earthquake will be numerous volcanic eruptions; and large amounts of ash and debris will be blown into the earth’s atmosphere, blackening the sun and giving the moon a blood-red hue (cf. Zech. 14:6, 7).

2. 6:13. “stars of heaven fell.” The word “stars” can refer to any celestial body, large or small, and is not limited to normal English usage. The best explanation is a massive asteroid or meteor shower. “late figs.” Winter figs that grow without the protection of leaves and are easily blown from the tree.

3. 6:14. “sky receded as a scroll.” The earth’s atmosphere will be somehow dramatically affected and the sky as we know it disappears (cf. Is. 34:4). “every mountain and island was moved.” Under the stress created by the global earthquake, great segments of the earth’s plates will begin to slip and shift, realigning whole continents.

4. 6:16. “wrath of the Lamb.” Earth’s inhabitants will recognize for the first time the source of all their trouble (see note on 9:6). Incredibly, prior to this they will be living life as usual (Matt. 24:37–39).

5. 6:17. “great day.” The sixth seal will commence what the prophets call “the Day of the Lord.”

C. (RSB).

1. 6:11. “rest for a little while longer.” I.e., wait a little while. It is difficult for these martyrs to understand why God would allow their murderers to live; yet, God asks these saints to trust Him.

2. 6:12. These cosmic disturbances are predicted elsewhere in scripture (Isa 34:4; Joel 2:30-31; Matt 24:29).

3. 6:16. When the Tribulation comes, men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand, not simply talk as if it were.

D. (WRC).

6:17. “Who shall be able to stand?” The answer is obvious: Only those who avail themselves of the grace of God, even though they suffer a martyr’s death in this future tragic period. This is brought out in the next chapter. The given revelation emphasizes the importance of partaking of the grace of God in this present age with the bright prospect of the Lord coming for His own.

V. Conclusion.

A. It is important to know that all of the individuals that are mentioned in the Tribulation are Jew and Gentile unbelievers whom were left behind from the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). As I have mentioned in previous articles, the purpose of the Tribulation is to draw unbelieving Israel to saving faith in Christ. Unbelieving Gentiles will be blessed by the judgments that are being poured out on the Jews, and Gentiles. Without the tribulation, all unbelievers would have an appointment with Rev 20:15. It will be through the judgments of the Tribulation that unbelieving Jews and Gentiles will bypass the Great White Throne Judgment (for unbelievers) of Rev 20:15, and proceed to the Eternal State of the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-3), where they will spend eternity with God. However, those whom come to faith in Christ during the Tribulation will most likely be martyred by the forces of the antichrist.

B. In Genesis Chapters 1 and 2, we see perfection in the creation of God. Whether it was human, animal or natural, there was no flaw present. “There was not a tear to be shed. Neither was there death or mourning or crying or pain,” as will be the condition of the eternal state (Rev 21:4). There were no natural phenomena of disasters; alligators didn’t eat little dogs. But, the perfection that we see in the opening two chapters of Genesis ended with the sin of Adam and Eve. The resulting curse brought about death and flaw, in human, animal and natural. During the Tribulation we see the result of the curse being used by God to draw unbelieving mankind back to the fellowship that was present between God and mankind in the Genesis account of creation, before the onset of the fall and curse. As we view the world now, and later in the Tribulation, we can see that the flawed world “of human, animal and natural,” is not what God had planned for His creation. All of the perfection of Genesis Chapters 1-2 is gone. Such perfection will be present in a limited capacity during the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, but will be just as perfect in the Eternal State, as it was in the creation of God (Revelation 21:5, ” “Behold, I am making all things new.”).

VI. Additional information on Rev 6:9-17 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 24. God’s Perfect Timing. Revelation 6:9-17

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Revelation Martyrs.

B. SmokingAlien3

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End Times 8 , Revelation 6:1-8, Tribulation, 1/4 Of World’s Population Killed

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Introduction.

A. As we move into this sixth chapter of the Book of Revelation, we will consider significant things that are often overlooked. We will look into the reason that there will be a time of Tribulation which will come upon everyone whom will be present on the earth. We will look at the reason for there to be such an emphasis that God has placed upon Israel, as it relates to the Tribulation and the following Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ. We will also discuss whether any person or nation on earth will be the cause of the Tribulation. A discussion will also ensue that will examine the “who and who not” equation of those whom will be left on earth from the Rapture to dwell upon the earth while the Tribulation will be taking place. In future articles we will examine which groups of people will be present on earth, spiritually and mortally, during the the Kingdom Age and the following eternal state of the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem.

B. The opening video is very descriptive of things that will happen during the seal judgments of the Tribulation. The fact of the judgments being caused by Godly actions are severe. Some may wonder why God would be causing so much pain and suffering for “all whom dwell upon the earth;” we will learn of the reason for such Divine acts. We will also learn that it will be God, and only God, Who will be responsible for everything that will happen during the Tribulation. We will learn that the rapture of the church is based on God’s timing, and will have nothing to do with “any action” of mankind, whether individually or as a group. We will also learn that the relationship between God and Israel is the reason, and only reason, for the Rapture, the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State. We will learn why the word “mystery,” is key in this study of the end times, and why the key which unlocks the truth of the end times is “God’s love or Israel.” All of these issues will not be addressed in this article. However, a thorough study of each of these God-ordained factors will be addressed as we continue our study of the end times.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 6:1-8.

The First Seal—Rider on White Horse
1 Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, “Come.” 2 I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.

The Second Seal—War
3 When He broke the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come.” 4 And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that men would slay one another; and a great sword was given to him.

The Third Seal—Famine
5 When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come.” I looked, and behold, a black horse; and he who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand. 6 And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

The Fourth Seal—Death
7 When the Lamb broke the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, “Come.” 8 I looked, and behold, an ashen horse; and he who sat on it had the name Death; and Hades was following with him. Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by the wild beasts of the earth.

IV. Comments. (RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; SSB=Scofield Study Bible).

A. 6:1–19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 “seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments” to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21). (MSB)

B. 6:1 Here begins the first of three series of judgments in the book (seals, chap 6; trumpets, chaps 8-9; bowls, chap 16). The three series are consecutive, each succeeding one following the preceding one. (RSB)

C. 6.2 “he who sat on it.” Evidently a reference to the anti-Christ. His method of conquest at first does not seem to include warfare, since peace is not removed from the earth until the second seal is opened (v.e). This corresponds to the description of delusion in 1 Thes 5:3, [While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.”] (RSB)

D. 6:3-4 Everything about the second seal judgments bloodshed (e.g., “red horse, take peace from, sword.”) (RSB)

E. 6:5 “black horse.” Black signifies famine (cf. Lam. 5:8–10). Worldwide war will destroy the food supply which spawns global hunger. “pair of scales.” The common measuring device—two small trays hung from each end of a balance beam—indicates that the scarcity of food will lead to rationing and food lines. (MSB)

F. 6:6 “quart of wheat.” The approximate amount necessary to sustain one person for one day. “denarius.” One day’s normal wage. One day’s work will provide enough food for only one person. “three quarts of barley.” Usually fed to animals, this grain was low in nutrients and cheaper than wheat. A day’s wage provides enough for only a small family’s daily supply. “oil and the wine.” Although the point could be that these foods will not be affected by the famine, a more straightforward meaning is that bare staples—oil was used in the preparation of bread, and wine was considered necessary for cooking and purifying water—suddenly will become luxuries that have to be carefully protected.(MSB)

G. 6:6 A daily wage will buy food for only one person, who will have to share with his family. (RSB)

H. 6:8 “pale horse.” “Pale,” the Gr. word from which the Eng. word “chlorophyll” comes, describes the pale, ashen-green, pallor characteristic of the decomposition of a corpse. God grants this horseman the authority to bring death to 25 percent of the world’s population. “Hades.” See note on Luke 16:23. The place of the dead, which is identified as a common and fitting partner for death (20:13; see note on 1:18).

I. 6:8 “ashen” = a sickly, yellowish-green. Probably representing the inevitable result of disease that accompanies war and famine. “Death” claims the bodies, and “Hades” the souls and spirits of one-fourth of the world’s population in this single judgment.

J. Notice that each of these first four of the seal judgments are brought about by Christ (v.1,3,5,7), and not by Satan or the anti-Christ. Anyone who brings about any kind of persecution or judgment in the Tribulation is used as a tool of God for God’s purposes.

K. In 16:1, the bowl judgments begin. The words, “the seven bowls of the wrath of God,” are taught by some to indicate a pre-wrath rapture. Such a late catching up of believers in Christ would have those who accepted Christ as Lord and Savior, prior to the Tribulation, to remain on earth during each of the seal and trumpet judgments, then be raptured to Heaven. But, as Andy says in his sermon, Christ is not going to beat up on His bride “on the way to the Marriage.” Also, as Andy Woods states in his referenced sermon of this article, all of the judgments (seal, trumpet, bowl), are God’s wrath. As I have stated many times in my previous articles, “there is no reason for the church to go through the Tribulation, which was designed to bring Israel to saving faith in Christ ( Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). If the church were to be left behind from the rapture, none of the judgments could make the saints (whom are as spiritually pure as Christ) to become any more righteous by being subjected to the judgments that God will cause to be poured out on a world of unbelievers (cf. 3:10).

L. In order to understand the Tribulation, it is important to understand the two key parties, whom are the anti-Christ and Israel. For most Christians, John 3:16 is supreme, and the end of the road. But, when we view God’s plan for the ages in its completeness, there are other key verses that tell of such Divine design, and completion.

M. Matthew 3:2 offered the promise of the Kingdom to Israel. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Conditions of the Kingdom were taught in Isaiah 65:25. 698 B.C. (SSB). Notice that peace will reign in Israel during the Kingdom. “The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent’s food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain,” says the Lord.”

N. Christ taught the Jews about the Kingdom; He went to the Jews: (John 1:11) “He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.” If the Jews had accepted Christ as Messiah, they would have gone immediately into the Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ…..and….. we wouldn’t be here today.

O. The message of Christ to the Jews dealt with the Kingdom. The Kingdom, in relation to national Israel, was given in the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants. But, in order for any Jew to be able to enter the Kingdom, “they must have been born again;” they must be spiritually cleansed by God’s Holy Spirit. 1. See the following prophecy (Ez 36:24-29) from 587 B.C.(Scofield Study Bible). 2. John 3:3-5 is taught by many as being a requirement for Christian baptism. But, in verses 5-8, Christ explains that the new birth is a spiritual act of God, which is similar to Ez 36:24-29. The teachings of Ezekiel 36 and John 3 were addressed to the Jews about personal entry into the Kingdom age. The church didn’t even exist in either times of those teachings. 3. Paul also addressed the new birth in 2 Cor 5:17, in regard to Spiritual regeneration. Paul’s teaching deals with the Kingdom age of the Millennial reign of Christ, which will follow the Rapture and Tribulation. 4. It is important to know that the new birth guarantees those whom have been born again, an eternity with Christ in the Eternal State (Rev 21:1-3).

1. Ezekiel 36:24-29
24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. John 3:3.
Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. 2 Cor 5:17.
Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.

4. Rev 21:1.
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea.

P. Consider the following verses that relate to Christ’s teachings about the Kingdom.

Matt 4:17, From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
Matt 4:23, Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom…”

Q. In the sermon on the mount (Matt 5-7; Luke 6:20-49), Christ’s teachings (to Jews) were about the Kingdom age.

R. There was no prophecy of the church in the Old Testament. When the church was first mentioned in the New Testament, per Eph 5:32 “This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church,” it was discussed as a mystery because the church had not been mentioned by the Old Testament prophets. [Rom 11:25 note: “In scripture, a mystery is not a truth difficult to understand, but a truth previously unrevealed (and therefore unknown), which is not publicly proclaimed.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament.]

S. Going back to John 1:11, it was Christ’s mission to tell the Jews about the good news of the Kingdom (the Gospel of the Kingdom). In John Chap 4, Christ engages a Samaritan woman in conversation, and identifies Himself to her as being the Messiah (John 4:25-26), but does not discuss the Kingdom. Samaritans were the northern ten tribes that broke from the southern Kingdom in 931 B.C. (1 Kings 12:25); they were conquered by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. (2 Kings 17:6). The people of the northern tribes were taken from their land and carried them away into Assyria. The Assyrians moved non Jews into the vacated Jewish lands. When thode displaced Jews began to return to their former lands, they intermarried with the pagans who took the Jews’ lands. Therefore, the more pure Jews of the southern Kingdom had great disdain for their northern “half breed” Jewish relatives. (Everybody remembers the story of “the good Samaritan” (Luke 10:25-37).

T. In John 12:20-26, Greeks who were attracted to Judaism, and worshiped in their synagogues, and attended Feasts but were not proselytes, asked to see Jesus; but He denied their request.

U. The Jews had been taught about the Abrahamic covenant’s promise of a promised land, which will extend from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21). They had also been taught about the Davidic covenant, where the Messiah would rule and reign in the Kingdom from Jerusalem (2 Sam 7:12-16). The Jews had been taught about the conditions of the Kingdom (Isa 2:1-4). Christ taught the Jews about the Kingdom on the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 5-7, Luke 6:20-49).

V. The Jews were fully expecting a Kingdom of Jews, that would be ruled by a Messiah, also a Jew. But, in Matt Chap 8:11, they were probably astonished when Christ, being all-knowing said to them, “I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.” Christ knew that the Jews would reject Him as Messiah, and that Gentiles would accept Him as Messiah. (Ryrie note: Gentiles will be included in the blessings of the millennial reign of Christ on this earth.)

W. Despite the prophecies of the Messiah, and the personal teachings of Christ, we see His being rejected by Israel in Matt 21:1-23:39. The words of Christ to the Pharisees were very pointed:

1. 21:43: “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it.”
Ryrie note. “taken away from you and given to a people, i.e., taken from the Jews and given to the church, which is composed largely of Gentiles (1 Pet 2:9).

2. 23:39, For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’”
Ryrie note. “from now on you will not see Me. I.e., I will no longer teach publicly. “until you say.” At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zech 12:10).

X. Throughout Christ’s time with the Jews, His message to them was based on Old Testament prophecies. He should have been known by the Jews as, “God with you,” (Isa 7:14, Matt 1:23).

1. Micah 5:2. born in Bethlehem. Fulfilled in Matt 2:5-6. John 7:42.

2. Isaiah 7:14. born of a virgin. Fulfilled in Matt 1:23.

3. Psalm 118:22-23. rejected by His people. Fulfilled in Matt 21:42-43.

4. Isaiah 53:5. died for Israel’s spiritual healing. spoken to Israel (Isa 1:1), “our” “our” “our” (53:5). Fulfilled in Zech 12:10.

5. Isaiah 53:12. suffered for Israel, and for Gentiles through the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:3).” Fulfilled in Matt 27:38. Mark 15:2. Luke 23:32-33.

6. Isaiah 35:5-6. performed miracles. Fulfilled in John 11:47. Luke 7:21.

7. John 14:9. a direct statement to Jews of Christ’s deity. “He who has seen Me has seen the Father.”

Y. It is important to keep in mind that the Old Testament of the Bible, which includes the four Gospels and Acts 1, relates to Israel. The New Testament has not pushed God’s chosen people aside (Deu 14:2; Rom 11:1, 29). Gentiles will be blessed through the Jews (Gen 12:3). 80% of the Bible is OT, and covers 4000 years; 20% is NT, and covers about 62 years. I used a page count from my 1977 NASB, which has few notes on each page, to determine the percentages of OT vs NT. This is not to say that we are under the Law. If you will read the sermon on the mount you will see OT teachings. With that in mind, consider whether you believe that we are held to Luke 6:30, “Give to everyone who asks of you, and whoever takes away what is yours, do not demand it back.” Here is food for thought. Consider going to a John Deere dealership and demanding a tractor, based on Luke 6:30.

V. Conclusion.

A. We opened this discussion of Matt 3:2, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” From that point forward, if the Jews had accepted Christ as Messiah, Israel would have gone into the Kingdom Age. The scriptures show that Gentiles had noting to do with Israel accepting, or rejecting, Israel’s gift of the Kingdom; it was all about Christ and the Jews.

B. When Israel rejected the gift of the Kingdom, the door became open for Gentiles to “also” inherit the Kingdom, which will come from a combination of: (1) the rapture/resurrection and, (2) the return to earth with Christ after the Tribulation, which Christ discussed in Matt 24:3-31.

C. Because the Kingdom has been set aside for the Jews (Matt 21:43), the Tribulation will be used by God to draw Jews to saving faith in Christ (Matt 23:39), at which time the Jews will enter the Kingdom and will be governed by Christ (Zech 12:10, 13:9, 14:9, 2 Sam 7:10, 16).

D. The Tribulation is seen in a capsule view in Matthew 24. The expanded view of the Tribulation is seen in Revelation 6-19. The Millennium/Kingdom Age, is seen in Revelation 20, Zechariah 14:8-21, and other Old Testament scriptures.

VI. Information on Rev 6:1-8 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 23 – Our Deepest Longing. Revelation 6:1-8

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s videos provide provide a great understanding of the Bible, as they have given me many fresh thoughts that have entered into articles that I have written.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. The Four Horsemen of the Bible | Revelation 6

B. The Bible and the Earth

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End Times 7-Revelation 5:11-14-Belief In Christ

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video. Video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

I. Introduction.

A. In the opening video we hear the words of Isaiah 9:6-7. Listen very carefully to the words of the song. The first line of v.6 tells of the first coming of Christ. The remaining lines of v.6, and all of v.7 tell of the second coming of Christ, and His power and majesty which will rule over the whole earth for 1,000 years. V.7 also tells of the fulfillment of the Davidic Kingdom, as it is described in 2 Samuel 7:8-16. As with the forming of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-4), and confirmed (Gen 13:14-17, 15:1-7, 15:18-21, 17:1-8), both of these covenants are unconditional in fulfillment, which means that God will make sure that these covenants will be fulfilled, regardless of anything that may oppose God’s plan for the ages. In our world today, there is great opposition to God and Israel. But, God “will fulfill” the promises that he made to His Chosen People, Israel (Deu 14:2). God will choose the measures that are necessary to protect Israel, and His plans for Israel. Consider Isaiah 37:33, 35, 36. “33 “Therefore, thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, ‘He will not come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not come before it with a shield, or throw up a siege, 35 ‘For I will defend this city to save it for My own sake and for My servant David’s sake, 36, Then the angel of the Lord went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were dead.’” Ryrie Note. 36,”The Lord used a sudden outbreak of a particularly plague to slay the Assyrian army…The army was infected by mice (or rats) (See 2 Kings 19:35). The Abrahamic Covenant will not be fulfilled until when Christ returns at the end of the Tribulation (Ryrie note. Gen 15:18-21).

B. In the following verses of Isaiah Chapter 9, notice the names that refer to Christ, which show that He is part of the God-head, and that “He is God with us,” as is written in Isa 7:14 and Matt 1:23.

6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;
And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

C. Consider the comment of the MacArthur Study Bible on Isa 9:6-7. Notice that only the first line of v 6 relates to Christmas.

9:6 Child . . . Son. These terms elaborate further on Immanuel, the child to be born to the virgin (7:14). The virgin’s child will also be the royal Son of David, with rights to the Davidic throne (9:7; cf. Matt. 1:21; Luke 1:31–33; 2:7, 11).

9:7 throne of David. The virgin’s Son will be the rightful heir to David’s throne and will inherit the promises of the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7:12–16; cf. Ps. 89:1–37; Matt. 1:1).

D. Consider the comments of the Ryrie Study Bible on the Davidic Covenant of 2 Sam 7:12-16. This great covenant that God graciously made with David included the following provisions.

1. David would have a son who would succeed him and establish his kingdom (v 12).

2. David’s son (Solomon), rather than David, would build the Temple (v 13a).

3. The throne of Solomon’s kingdom would be established forever (v 13b).

4. Though David’s sins justified chastening, God’s “lovingkindness” would be forever (vv 14-15).

5. David’s house, kingdom, and throne, would be established forever (v 16).

6. The covenant did not guarantee uninterrupted rule by David’s family, but it did promise that the right to rule would always remain with David’s dynasty. Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of these promises (Luke 1:31-33), and at His second coming He will assume this throne.

E. In this article, we will see the raptured (1 Thes 4:16-17) believers in Christ in Heaven, as they are worshiping God, Father and Son. Beginning with the next article, we will see the Godly judgments and persecutions that will come upon all whom will have been left behind from the rapture. Those in heaven during the Tribulation will worship God because of the Truth that He is. Those whom will be left behind will find themselves in a “forced worship” of the anti-Christ, “who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God” (2 Thes 2:4). Consider Rev 13:8, “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.” Consider the note from the Walvoord Commentary 13:8, “the names of those who would be saved were written in the book of life from eternity past. This was made possible by anticipation of the future death of the Lamb on their behalf. The ultimate meaning is that all who are not saved will worship the beast and that those who are saved will not worship him.” Rev 21:27, “the Lamb’s book of life,” clarifies the meaning of “the book of life of the Lamb.” Those whom are left behind from the rapture, but accept Christ during the Tribulation, will most likely be martyred. From Walvoord Commentary, 13:9-10, “In that day, true believers in Christ will be separated from this world religion and will be the objects of its fearful persecution.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 5:11-14.

11 Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands,

12 saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.”

13 And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, “To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.”

14 And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen.” And the elders fell down and worshiped.

IV. Comments. (RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible).

5:11. “ten thousand times ten thousand.” Lit. “myriads of myriads.” The number is to express an amount beyond calculation. The Gr. expression can also be translated “innumerable” (Luke 12:1; Heb. 12:22). (MSB).

5:12. “power . . . and blessing.” This doxology records 7 qualities intrinsic to God and to the Lamb that demand our praise. (MSB)

5:13. All creation joins in praise to God and the Lamb (RSB).

5:14. The heavenly scene in chaps. 4 and 5 give heaven’s perspective on the need for the awful judgments to follow, for Christ’s right to reign must be realized and sin must be punished (RSB).

V. The following notes come from a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

See YouTube: “Revelation Episode 22. The Right Response. Rev. 5:8-14”

A. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s videos provide provide a great understanding of the Bible, as they have given me many fresh thoughts that have entered into articles that I have written.

B. John is looking forward to a future event, when the rapture (John 14:2.3, 6) of all believers in Christ takes place; those whom have been raptured are the 24 elders that John saw in his vision of heaven. The 24 elders are singing praises of their salvation. In Isa 6:5 a view of heaven is also shown, with God and angels being present in the scene. Notice that there are no “24 elders” seen in Isaiah’s vision. The reason is that the church has not yet been raptured; therefore, the elders are not recorded as being in Isaiah’s vision of heaven. The number 24 is a number relating to the priesthood, the priesthood of all believers.

C. Let’s touch on the subject of Christ forcing the Church to go through the tribulation, or through any part of it. Christ is the Bridegroom, and the Church is the Bride (2 Cor 11:2). Christ gave His life for His Bride (Eph 5:25). As Christ is taking His Bride to His Father’s house (John 14:2,3,6), He is not going to beat her up on the way by submitting her to the Judgments that He will be pouring out on the entire earth. Nothing of the Tribulation will make the Bride anymore righteous than she has already been stated as being (2 Cor 5:21). The purpose of the Tribulation is to bring Israel to saving faith in Christ (Jer 30:7; Ps 118:25-26; Matt 21:9; Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10).

VI. We will now take a quick look forward from where we are in Revelation Chapter 5, to the end of God’s written Word. This area of study relates directly to the following Chapters of Revelation.

A. Beginning with the next article, we will see the judgments of God being opened on a world of unbelievers. The judgments (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl) will be unleashed on the entire world, which will consist of those whom will be left behind from the rapture of the church (1 Thes 4:13-18). All of the raptured saints in heaven will have previously been given eternal heavenly spiritual gifts (2 Cor 5:10); they will have been taken by Christ to the Marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8). The saints in heaven will remain there with Christ “in His Father’s house” (John 14:2,3,6) until Christ is called on by Israel to save them at the end of the Tribulation (Matt 23:39, Zech 12:10). Then Christ, the saints, and angels will return to Earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:1-4, Matt 24:29-30, Rev 19:11-21). The Kingdom Age of the Millennium will begin, and Christ will rule and reign over the whole earth for 1,000 years (Zech 14:9, Rev 20:4). At the end of the 1,000 years the present earth will be destroyed (2 Pet 3:10); then, there will be a new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). All of God’s people will spend eternity with “God and the Lamb” (Rev 21:3,22), in perfection (Rev 21:4). Those whom will not have been born again will not be present in the eternal state (Rev 21:8).

B. We will now examine scriptures that relate to those whom will, and will not, be allowed into heaven. The starting point in this conversation begins with the new birth. There are three passages that clearly state that in order for anyone to be in heaven, they must have been born again. The first two passages were stated in Old Testament scriptures. The third passage was stated in the New Testament. The first two passages were addressed to Jews. The third passage was addressed to all whom have been born during the church age. The new birth provides each new born person with a spirit that is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:21). The first of the following verses explains the cleansing of the spirit by God. The third passage describes the old and new human spirits. The old spirit was flawed; the new spirit is righteous. There is a fourth passage that states that we, whom have been born again, whom were formerly darkness are “in God” because we are no longer darkness, due to new birth. The fifth passage explains the darkness that “we all were,” prior to our new birth.

1. Ezekiel 36:24-29. 24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. John 3:3. Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. 2 Corinthians 5:17,21. 17 Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come. 21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

4. 1 John 1:5. This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.

5. John 1:9. There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.

C. There are two passages that describe the lifestyles of those whom have not been born again. A persistent lifestyle describes a person whom has, or has not, the indwelling of God’s Holy Spirit in their spirit. A person that has been born again, will have God’s indwelling Holy Spirit prompting them to righteousness (John 14:26; 16:7-8). The first passage was given during the church age. The second passage was given at the end of the Millennium.

1. 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 . 9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God.

2. Revelation 21:8. But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

D. It is easily identifiable that Rev 21:8 has some lifestyle issues that may be confusing. Such as, why would anyone be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15), if they are cowards or liars? A key word that must be considered in this verse is “unbelieving.”

E. During the 1,000 year reign of Christ (Rev 20:4), there will be many people who will be born of “survivors of the Tribulation” (“those whom accepted Christ during the Tribulation”). These Tribulation saints will be given born again spirits, and will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Matt 25:31-34) in mortal bodies that God will make perfect before they enter the eternal state (Rev 21:1-2). Because tribulation saints will enter the Millennium in mortal bodies, they will have children. Any person that will be born during the Millennium will be born having flawed/perishable “spirits, souls, and bodies” (1 Thes 5:23). But, to enter into Heaven, everyone must have been born again (John 3:3) and have a resurrection body, which is described in 1 Cor 15:50-54 as being imperishable.

F. During the church age, born again believers in Christ (dead or alive) will receive imperishable bodies at the time of the rapture. Those dead, will be raised and given immortal/resurrection bodies; those alive will be caught up and given immortal/resurrection bodies (1 Thes 4:16-17). Tribulation saints who enter the Millennium will be given resurrection bodies so that they can enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).

G. Christ will rule and reign during the Millennium, and will teach the Word of God (Isa 2:1-3). No one will enter the Millennium from the Tribulation that will not have been born again (Matt 25:31-33, 41; Zech 14:21). No one will be able to enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2) without having been born again. Those that will be born during the millennium will have to accept Christ as Lord and Savior, or they will suffer the condemnation of Rev 20:15. Old Testament saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, and will rule and reign with Christ in the promised land of Gen 15:18-21, (Dan 12:1-3; Matt 19:28). New Testament saints (1 Cor 6:2) and Tribulation saints (Rev 20:4) will rule and reign with Christ outside of the promised land (Zech 14:16-19). Martyred Tribulation saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Rev 20:4). The promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant was a promise to Israel (Gen 15:18-21, Ryrie and MacArthur notes), and extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (1 Kings 4:21, Ryrie note).

H. Not all of the people whom are born during the Millennium will come to saving faith in Christ, even though they will have been under His teaching, and will have been in His Presence (Isa 2:1-3). This situation relates to Rev 21:8, “unbelieving.” Because Christ will be visibly present to all whom reside on the Earth, and will teach all whom reside on the earth, no one will have an excuse for being a part of, “the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars,” of Rev 21:8. The truth of John 3:18 fits well into the scenario of these unbelieving people, “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”

I. The truth of the unbelievers of the Millennium is made very clear. After the Battle of Armageddon, Satan is bound for 1,000 years; then he will be released for a short time (Rev 20:1-3). When Satan is released, he will lead a rebellion of the unsaved of all of the world, against Jerusalem and the people of God (Rev 20:7-9). These rebels will be those whom will be born during the Millennium; they will be in the visible Presence of Christ, and will hear His teachings. Still, these Millennium rebels will continue to be “unbelievers,” not accepting Christ as Lord and Savior, thereby refusing the promise of eternal life that is guaranteed in John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.”

VII. Video Details.

A. We Glorify The Lamb // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival

B. Terry MacAlmon Official

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 6 – Revelation 5:1-10 – A Book With Seven Seals

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video. Video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

I. Introduction.

A. As we consider the words of the opening video, we should take with us an attitude of worship as we continue our study of the text, and as we go about every duty, detail, and day of our lives, whether we are inside of a church sanctuary, or elsewhere. As we consider the words of this article, it is important for every born again believer in Christ to understand that the teachings of Revelation Chapters 4 and 5 will be real. The things that we read in these two chapters, WILL HAPPEN! This is a reality that should encourage all whom know Christ as Lord and Savior “to live for that day,” when WE WILL BE caught up in the sky by Christ, and taken to the special place in Heaven that our Lord called “My Father’s House” (John 14:2).

B. Consider being in the Presence of God the Father, God the Son, the angels, and all of the other raptured saints who continue in the worship of God, as was described by Christ in John 4:23-24. 23: “But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers.” 24 “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” The KJV translation is, “God is a spirit.” God “is not” one spirit among many, which the KJV states. God “IS” Spirit, having no competitors being “Spirit,” or other competing Gods, per Deu 6:4, “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!” From Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary, consider the meanings of Deity in Deu 6:4: LORD=Yahweh, God=Elohim, LORD=Yahweh. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/deuteronomy/6-4.htm

C. Worship is a response to truth. When we find ourselves in Heaven, in the Presence of God the Father and God the Son, we will see the Words of John 14:6,”being made truth to us, far beyond the truth of any written words on any other sheet of paper that we have ever seen. Consider the action words of John 14:6 “Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”

D. It will be through our faith in Christ, and through our flight to Heaven, where Christ will take us, that we will find ourselves in Revelation Chapters 4 and 5, in true worship of God the Father and God the Son, “forever and ever.” In the following verses, the elders are all born again believers in Christ. Angels are not redeemed.

1. Rev 5:13b “To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.” 14 And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen.” And the elders fell down and worshiped.

2. In the above verses, the elders are all previously raptured, born again, believers in Christ; they are not angels.

3. Gal 3:28, “…there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.”

E. Christ is planning a trip that He will be piloting into “far outer space…to Heaven.” There will be passengers on that space craft, “The Godship 3:16.” But, who will be on that space ship? Not just anyone will be taken by Christ to heaven. Only those having an intimate relationship with Christ will find themselves being taken to heaven where they will be “the chorus of the eternal heavenly singers” of Revelation Chapters 4 and 5. Our Lord won’t be selling or collecting tickets; He’s already paid for everyone’s fare. But, to get on board, “ya gotta know Em!” Consider the following verses.

1. John 8:32, “and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.” The “truth” of this verse relates to the word “know.” To simply “know about” Christ will not make us free from sin, and eternal separation from God, from which we must be made free (Rom 3:23) in order for us to find our eternity in the immediate Presence of God. We must have a “knowing of intimacy” with Christ that will free us from the penalty of sin (Rom 6:23) give us eternal life with Christ.

2. Consider the Greek meaning of the word “know:” 1097 ginṓskō – properly, to know, especially through personal experience (first-hand acquaintance). 1097 /ginṓskō (“experientially know”) is used for example in Lk 1:34, “And Mary [a virgin] said to the angel, ‘How will this be since I do not know (1097 /ginṓskō = sexual intimacy) a man?'”
https://biblehub.com/lexicon/john/8-32.htm
https://biblehub.com/greek/1097.htm

3. John 17:3, “3 This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.” The Ryrie Study Bible provides a simple explanation of this verse: “This is Christ’s definition of salvation, especially if we add what is clearly understood; “sent” to be the Savior of the world (John 3:16, 4:42, 6:33; 1 John 4:14, 5:20). Mine. I see a simple message of salvation, having an intimate relationship with God the Father, through God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit.

4. All that is stated in the above verses on “knowing God,” can be wrapped up in this key verse: John 3:3,”… unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

5. “To know God…to be born again.” Let me add this verse. John 3:16, “16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.” To be born again is to believe in Christ; to believe in Christ is to be born again; both mean to have an intimate relationship with Christ.

6. John 3:18 adds information on the word “belief.” “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” Consider The MacArthur Study Bible note. This phrase (Lit,”to believe into the name”) means more than mere intellectual assent to the claims of the gospel. It includes trust and commitment to Christ as Lord and Savior which results in receiving a new nature (v.7) which produces a change in heart and obedience to the Lord.

7. Romans 8:1 “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” MacArthur Study Bible note. No sin a believer can commit—past, present, or future—can be held against him, since the penalty was paid by Christ and righteousness was imputed to the believer. And no sin will ever reverse this divine legal decision.

8. The Judgment that is stated in John 3:18, and the condemnation that is addressed in Romans 8:1, are waiting in the Tribulation (Rev 6-20) for all whom do not have an intimate relationship with Christ. The Tribulation is reserved, “night now,” for those whom have not been born again. The only way to cancel such a reservation in the tribulation is to come to saving faith in Christ through a relationship of belief.

9. The mercy ship to Heaven, as piloted by Christ, our Lord and Savior, will provide a wonderful one-way-trip to eternity. But, to get on board, we must “know the Pilot.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 5:1-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

1 I saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book written inside and on the back, sealed up with seven seals. 2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the book and to break its seals?” 3 And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the book or to look into it. 4 Then I began to weep greatly because no one was found worthy to open the book or to look into it; 5 and one of the elders *said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”

6 And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. 7 And He came and took the book out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne. 8 When He had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each one holding a harp and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. 9 And they *sang a new song, saying,

“Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.

10 “You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.”

IV. Comments.

A. 5:1. “a book.” Lit., a scroll. This may be called the “Book of Redemption,” as it contains the story of man’s fall through sin and rise through Christ. See Heb 2:5-9 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=heb+2%3A5-9&version=NASB (Ryrie Study Bible)

B. 5:2 strong angel. The identity of this angel is uncertain, but it may refer to the angel Gabriel, whose name means “strength of God” (Dan. 8:16). (MacArthur Study Bible)

C. 5:3 heaven or on the earth or under the earth. A common biblical expression denoting the entire universe and not intended to teach 3 precise divisions. (MacArthur Study Bible)

D. 5:5. “the lion of the tribe of Judah.” The noblest and victorious of the kingly tribe (cf. Gen 49:9). “the Root of David.” The one who fulfills the covenant with David (cf., Isa 11:1, 10). The Messiah, John is assured, is competent and worthy to break the seven seals and open the scroll to release the plagues. (Ryrie Study Bible)

E. 5:6. “as if slain.” Christ, the Lamb, bears the marks of His death (see Luke 24:40; John 20:20, 27) even in His glorified state. “horns” are a symbol of strength (cf. 1 Kings 22:11; Zech 1:18). (Ryrie Study Bible)

F. 5:8. “Bowls,” like saucers. (Ryrie Study Bible)

G. 5:8. prayers of the saints. Specifically, these prayers represent all that the redeemed have ever prayed concerning ultimate and final redemption. (MacArthur Study Bible)

H. 5:9-10. The Lamb is worthy because He died in the past to pay the ransom price for the sins of the world, positioned us in the present as a kingdom and priests before God, and gave us a promise of reigning on the earth in the future. (Ryrie Study Bible)

V. The following notes come from a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.). See YouTube, “The book of Revelation Episode 21. A Reason for Optimism. Rev. 5:1-7.” Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.”

A. In Rev 4, we see the God-head member being the Father, with His role being “Creator,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Creation (Rev 4:11).

B. Rev 5, we see the God-head member being the Son, with his role being “Redeemer,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Redemption (Rev 5:9, 12).

C. 5:5-6. The elders = the redeemed church in Heaven (the Jews have not been redeemed yet). “The Lamb (Christ) is worthy to open the scroll. 1. He is from the right tribe (Gen 49:10; Judah). 2. He is from the right lineage (2 Sam 7:12-16; David). 3. He has the right victory (John 16:33, has already overcome the word). 4. He has the right mission (John 1:29, has taken away the sin of world).

D. 5:6. The seven spirits represent the fullness of “God, the Spirit of God, God’s Holy Spirit” (Isa 11:2, John 4:24).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=isa+11%3A2&version=NASB
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+4%3A24&version=NASB

E. 5:7. Christ, God the Son, takes the scroll out of the hand of God, the Father. The scroll, the book, contains the judgments of God that will be poured out on the earth by Christ and the angels (Seal Judgments, Trumpet Judgments, Bowl Judgments) beginning in Revelation Chapter 6. These judgments are not a matter of accident of occurrence, or an act of Satan, or an act of the anti-Christ. Satan will be defeated and judged (Rev 20:10); unsaved Israel will be drawn to saving faith in Christ (Zech 12:10).

VI. The sin of unbelief. John 1:29, “The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” It is the “sin” of unbelief (singular) that keeps someone from eternal life, and is the only sin that will keep us from eternal life. Once we believe in Christ, we enter eternal life. John 17:3, “this ‘is’ eternal life, that they may know you.” Stealing a car is a sin, but will not keep a person from eternal life. A repeated history of stealing cars (or other repeated sins) may show that such a person has not been born again.

VII. Video Details.

A. All The Glory // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival

B. Terry MacAlmon Official

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 5 – Revelation 4:1-11 – Our Worship Of God In Heaven

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

1. The words in the song of the opening video relate very closely to the message of this article. Consider what it will be like for us to be in the Presence of God. The reverence that is addressed in the song, and in the verses of this article, relate to the Holiness of God, and to the reverence that is due to Him, “by everyone.” Consider the message that the following paragraph about Translation Considerations.

a. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.” 

2. Have you ever wondered what you will do in Heaven? Of course, many people have no idea of the details of Heaven, e.g., where it will be, when it will be, and who will be there. We have discussed the details of Heaven in past articles; we will begin a review of those details, which will help us to understand the details of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, especially as to who will be there. Additionally, a better understanding of Heaven, and those who will occupy it, will help us to understand who will be in Heaven during Revelation, Chapters 6 through 19. As we learn more about Heaven, we will learn more about who will occupy “the eternal state of the new Heaven, new Earth, and new Jerusalem, of Revelation, Chapters 21 and 22, as the eternal state is introduced in Revelation 21:1-2.

3. In this article we will discuss the events that are recorded in Revelation 4:1-11, as to timing, events, and participants. Through this study of the Throne Room of God, we should gain an increased desire to be in constant worship of God. We should also come to understand that the primary purpose of mankind is not to lead souls to saving faith in Christ, but to glorifying God, whether, inside or outside of a Church sanctuary. If we don’t glorify God, soul winning can become an academic exercise, based on “how many people” may have led “how many other people” to Christ. However, whenever a soul is saved, God is glorified.

4. Consider the following verses, and also consider how many people do not heed the teaching that is made so very clear.

a. Ecclesiastes 12:12-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 But beyond this, my son, be warned: the writing of many books is endless, and excessive devotion to books is wearying to the body.
13 The conclusion, when all has been heard, is: fear God and keep His commandments, because this applies to every person.

5. Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary, shows a number of possibilities of meaning for “fear and God,” as they relate to Ecc 12:12. Consider the experience that Isaiah had when he came “face to face” with God.

a. Isaiah 6:5 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 5 Then I said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined!Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts.”

6. Consider the Hebrew words for “fear and God,” as they relate to Ecc 12:12-13. “to fear, to revere, to frighten. There are other words that come from those root meanings See Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary meanings in the following two examples.

a. The Hebrew word for fear in this scripture is: 3372a, ye·ra. Its meaning is expressed in a number of words, to include: afraid (100), awesome (21), awesome acts (1), awesome things (4), became afraid (1), became…frightened (2), become frightened (1), cautious (1), dismayed (1), fear (165), fear and awesome (1), feared (36), fearful (1), fearful thing (1), fearfully (1), fearing (5), fears (9), frighten (4), frightened (1), have…fear (1), made me afraid (1), revere (10), revered (3), reverence (3), showed reverence (1), stand in awe (1), terrible (3), terrible things (1), terrifying (2). The parenthesis shows the number of times that the word is used.

b. The Hebrew word for God in this scripture is: 430. elohim. Its meaning is also expressed in a number of words, to include: divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

c. My thought of “fearing God,” is to have a loving fear, a reverence, for the creator of the universe, knowing that He can make things “start, stop, turn, spin, and be destroyed,” as well as many other things that only He can do. Let’s consider what it must have been like for the Apostle John, and the other “caught up” believers, as they were face to face with “Elohim,” (Gen 1:1).

7. In Rev 4, we see the God-head member being the Father, with His role being “Creator,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Creation (Rev 4:11).

8. Rev 5, we see the God-head member being the Son, with his role being “Redeemer,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Redemption (Rev 5:9, 12).

9. The events of Rev 4 and 5 show the events in Heaven, preceding and during the Godly judgments of the Tribulation (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl), which will be released on earth, “by God,” through the Lamb (the Risen and Glorified Christ) and the angels of God. Re: Rev 6:1 “Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals.” Re: 8:6-7. “6 And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound them. 7 The first sounded, and there came hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.” Re: Rev 16:1, “Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”… We will go into greater detail of the judgments of God (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl), that will be poured out on the earth, which will affect all whom will be left behind from the “catching up” of the born again believers in Christ (Rev 3:10,”…the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” Born again believers in Christ have no need to be tested; “we” have passed the test by knowing Christ as our Lord and Savior.) The catching up of the believers in Christ is known as the rapture (English), harpazo (Greek), rapio (Latin); (John 14:2-6, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18).

10. Rev 4:1 shows John at the “door standing open in Heaven.” John could only have had access to Heaven by having been born again (John 3:3, “you must be born again”). We, also, will be caught up to Heaven (after also having been born again). This view of Heaven is the same one that is described in John 14:1-6. Consider the following verses that relate to Heaven, and to a special place “in My Father’s house” in heaven, where Christ will be taking “His” bride (the born again believers in Christ), at the time of the rapture. Think! Christ will take His bride to a place in His Father’s house that will be specially made for His (Christ’s) bride. Let me add this thought. On the way to that specially built place in the Father’s house, the Bride will not be “brow beat” at the Judgment Seat of Christ, and will not be subjected to the Godly judgments of the Tribulation. Additionally, Scripture has no such promise for anyone, other than the born again believers in Christ, to being taken to “a specially prepared place” in “My Father’s house.” The promise is not made to the Old Testament saints or to the Tribulation saints; the promise is made only to those whom will be caught up in the resurrection and rapture of believers in Christ (John 14:2-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

a. John 14:2 “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.” (Christ told the disciples that He was going to prepare a place in Heaven.)

b. John 14:3 “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.” (Christ will prepare such a place in Heaven where He will His take born again believers.)

c. John 14:6 Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. (This verse is often related to faith in Christ as being the only way to heaven, which is true. But, the words in the verse show this to be an event of action, where Christ will take His born again believers to Heaven, and that He is the only one who can take His believers to Heaven.)

11. The Heaven that Christ describes in John 14:2-6, is the place where all raptured saints will be taken after they have been caught up by Christ. On the way to Heaven (John 14:2-3), these born again saints will be taken to the Judgment Seat of Christ where they will receive spiritual rewards (2 Cor 5:10). I like the wording of the HCSB, which also capitalizes pronouns that refer to God.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
10 For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless.

b. From the Judgment Seat of Christ, we are on our way to an eternity with our Lord. On our way to Heaven (as is described in John 14:2,3), as we are taken by Christ (John 14:6), we and Christ are present at the Marriage of the Lamb.

(1) Revelation 19:7-8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Marriage of the Lamb
7 Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready.” 8 It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

(2) The born again believers in Christ are the Bride of Christ, and are clothed in righteousness (no need to go through the Tribulation).

(3) 2 Corinthians 11:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you as a pure virgin.

12. While the righteous Bride of Christ is present in Heaven with Christ, the following events will take place.

a. Revelation, Chapters 4-5 will precede the Tribulation. The “One” sitting on the throne (Rev 4:2) is God, the Father. The twenty-four elders (Rev 4:4) are the redeemed, whom are the raptured born again believers in Christ. Israel is not included in the number of the twenty-four elders; they will not be redeemed until they call on Christ to save them at the end of the Tribulation (Psalm 118:26/Matt 23:39/Zech 12:10). The seven Spirits of God (Rev 4:5) represent the fullness of God (John 4:24, “God is Spirit;” not, God is a spirit, which would make Him being “one of many spirits.”). The four living creatures (Rev 4:6) are angels, probably Cherubim (Ezek 10:15-20). The redeemed saints (body of Christ) will worship God (the Father), and cast “their” crowns at the feet of God (the Father), in Rev 4:9-11.

13. We will now discuss the crowns that we will “throw, or cast” at the feet of God.

a. Will we throw “our” crowns at the feet of God, and “leave them there” or, will we pick them up, and cast them at the feet of God again? Will we have only one occurrence of such worship (Rev 4:9-11) during the seven years of tribulation, when we are in heaven, when we will “fall down before God” (vs 10), and “cast our crowns before God,” (vs 10), and say, ““Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created” (vs 11)? I think not.

b. Let’s consider the crowns.

(1) 2 Cor 5:10 a, “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body”

1. The Imperishable Crown – (1 Corinthians 9:24-25)
2. The Crown of Rejoicing – (1 Thessalonians 2:19)
3. The Crown of Righteousness – (2 Timothy 4:8)
4. The Crown of Glory – (1 Peter 5:4)
5. The Crown of Life – (Revelation 2:10)

(2) The crowns that we cast at the feet of God are “our crowns.” I believe that we will continue in our worship of God in Heaven throughout the entire seven year period of time of the Tribulation, and that we will repeatedly cast our crowns at the feet of God. Scripture shows that the crowns are our crowns, as follows.

(3) Rev 2:10, “I will give you the crown of life.”

(4) Rev 3:11, “hold fast what you have, so that no one will take your crown.” (Salvation can not be lost, but a crown can be (lost), 2 John 8, “Watch yourselves, that you do not lose what we have accomplished, but that you may receive a full reward.”

14. The events of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, take place after the rapture of the church and before the time of the Tribulation.

15. The events that follow Revelation, Chapter 5, take place during Revelation, Chapters 6 through 19, which are the Tribulation’s seven years.

16, In Matt 24:3, “the disciples came to Christ “privately,” saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” (Notice that the conversation is only among Christ and His disciples; no Gentiles are present.)

a. The events of Matthew, Chapters, 24:3-25:46, take place during Revelation, Chapters 6-19. The Ryrie Study Bible states that Matt 24:29-31 speaks of the sign of “Christ’s coming.” (second coming, mine) 25:4-28 speaks of the sign of the end of the age. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (of the Tribulation, mine). This passage is called the Olivet discourse, which was given by Christ (a Jew), to His disciples (also Jews), about Jews in the Tribulation. For example, are we concerned about, “fleeing Judea to the mountains, and if our flight will happen on a Sabbath?” (Matt 24:16-18). Such things will be of significance to the Jews that will have been left behind from the rapture, and who will be experiencing the persecutions and judgments that will be taking place during the Tribulation.

b. During Rev 6-19, the raptured, born again believers in Christ, will be in Heaven worshiping God. At the call of Israel to Christ to save them, (at the end of the Tribulation, Zech 12:10), Christ, His Bride and angels, will descend to earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21), where He will stand on the Mount of Olives, and defeat the forces of the world that are attacking Israel (Zech 14:1-15) (Consider China in Rev 16:12.) The battle victory will come quickly (Rev 19:15).

c. Christ and His believers of all times will rule and reign for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4, Tribulation resurrected martyrs); (Dan 12:1-3 and Matt 19:28, Old Testament resurrected saints); (1 Cor 6:2, Church age saints).

d. At the end of the 1,000 years (millennium/Kingdom Age), those whom have not been born again, from all of the ages, will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15). The born again believers of all ages will enter the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). At this time the New Jerusalem, which has been hovering above the earth, will begin its ascent to our present earth, which will have been destroyed by God.

e. 2 Peter 3:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
A New Heaven and Earth
10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.

17. Considering Heaven.

a. Three heavens are described in 1 Cor 15:40: the first heaven, “terrestrial,” is where the birds fly; the second heaven, “celestial,” is where the astronauts fly; and the third heaven, being the Presence of God, is where God “doesn’t need to fly.”

b. The Apostle Paul described his trip to the Presence of God. In the following passage; Paul is the man.

c. 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Paul’s Vision
1 Boasting is necessary, though it is not profitable; but I will go on to visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I know how such a man—whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows— 4 was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak.

d. We must not forget the place, in “my Father’s house,” that Christ promised to His bride, His born again believers.

(1) John 14:2-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.

(2) As stated above, it is in “The Father’s House” that Christ has been preparing a place for His Bride, whom are the born again believers in Christ. No such promise has been made to any other group of people in all of history. A bride is the joy of every bride groom. No loving bride groom is going to subject his bride to the persecution and judgments, as those which will take place during the Tribulation. Neither will a bride groom “stop off on the way to the wedding alter” to treat his bride with great disrespect, such as has been the teaching of many about the Judgment Seat of Christ.

e. The New Heaven will exist in the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).

18. Church! We are “the Bride!” We are special! Don’t let anybody tell you anything less about your place in Christ! If we are not raptured, we can not be taken to the Marriage of the Lamb in Heaven. If we are not “raptured and taken to Heaven,” we can not return with Christ from Heaven for the Battle of Armageddon. If the church is not raptured, we will be left on earth to go through the tribulation.

a. There are many people who are saying that we are in the Tribulation, because of COVID-19. I must add this thought. During 1918-1920, an estimated 500 million people from the South Seas to the North Pole fell victim to Spanish Flu. The deaths that we are experiencing now, are minuscule, in relation to the number of deaths that occurred during the Spanish Flu.
https://www.livescience.com/worst-epidemics-and-pandemics-in-history.html

b. The Tribulation can come only after a peace treaty is made between the anti-Christ and Israel.

(1) Jeremiah 30:7, “Jacob’s distress.” The coming days of Tribulation that will come upon all Israel (Jacob) [Ryrie Study Bible].

(2) Daniel 9:24:27, vs 27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” “he”. the anti-Christ, will make a pact with many (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the Tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (i.e., 3 1/2 years later) anti-Christ will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it. At Christ’s second coming, anti-Christ and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20). [Ryrie Study Bible]. {mine. No such pact has been made. No such temple exists.}

(3) Ezekiel 38:11, “the land of unwalled villages.” This passage relates to the peace in Israel during the period of anti-Christ’s short-lived treaty with them (Daniel 9:27), in the first half of Daniel’s 70th week. References to “unwalled cities” relate to that period of 3 1/2 years when Israel is secure under the protection of the world-ruling “prince that shall come,” called anti-Christ (Daniel 9:27). After anti-Christ turns on Israel, there is an escalation of hostility until the end of the 7 year time when this great force (38:10-12) comes to plunder Jerusalem and the Promised Land (vs 12). [MacArthur Study Bible]. {mine. Israel is not living in peace.}

19. Conclusion. The events of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, will occur after the rapture of the church occurs (Jn 14:2-6, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). The raptured church will not be on earth while the tribulation is taking place, but will be in Heaven worshiping God. We are not in the tribulation now. The anti-Christ has not made a peace treaty with Israel, which will mark the beginning of the Tribulation. Israel is not now living in peace.

20. Question. What is necessary for a person to be present during the worship of God, as explained in Revelation, Chapter 4?

a. We must be born again. John 3:3, “unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

b. We must have an intimate relationship with God the Father, through God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit. John 17:3,

“This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

21. Video Details. In The Presence Of Jehovah // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival // Terry MacAlmon Official

22. More detailed information about this article can be obtained by viewing the following video teachings of Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

a. Revelation Episode 19. Our Heavenly Destiny. Revelation 4:1-5.
b. Revelation Episode 20. True Worship. Revelation 4: 6-11.

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End Times 4 – Revelation 4:1-4 – John Caught Up To Heaven

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I. Subject.

A. End Times 4 – Revelation Chapter 4:1-4 – John Caught Up To Heaven

B. Video Support. Is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage? Details will be shown at the bottom of this page.

II. Translation Considerations.

“The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text. Revelation 4:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

A. Scene in Heaven.

1 After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet speaking with me, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after these things.” 2 Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne. 3 And He who was sitting was like a jasper stone and a sardius in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, like an emerald in appearance. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.

B. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

4:1(a) Come up here. This is not a veiled reference to the rapture of the church, but a command for John to be temporarily transported to heaven “in the Spirit” (see note on 1:10) to receive revelation about future events.

4:1(a)(1) 1:10 in the Spirit. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

4:1(b) things which must take place after this. According to the outline given in 1:19, this begins the third and final section of the book, describing the events that will follow the church age.

4:1(b)(1) 1:19 This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22).

4:2(a) I was in the Spirit. See note on 1:10. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

4:2(b) throne. Not so much a piece of furniture, but a symbol of sovereign rule and authority (7:15; 11:19; 16:17, 18; cf. Is. 6:1). It is the focus of chap. 4, occurring 14 times, 11 times referring to God’s throne.

4:3 emerald. A cool, emerald-green hue dominates the multicolored rainbow surrounding God’s throne (cf. Ezek. 1:28). From the time of Noah, the rainbow became a sign of God’s faithfulness to His Word, His promises, and His Noahic covenant (Gen. 9:12–17).

4:3(a) Ezekiel 1:28 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
28 As the appearance of the rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the surrounding radiance. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. And when I saw it, I fell on my face and heard a voice speaking.

4:3(a)(1) Ezekiel 1:28(a) the glory of the LORD. That glory shines fully in the person of Jesus Christ (cf. 2 Cor. 4:6), which is a constant theme in Ezekiel.

4:3(a)(2) Ezekiel 1:28(b) fell on my face. John, in Rev. 1:17, had the same reaction to seeing the glory of the Lord.

4:4 twenty-four elders. Their joint rule with Christ, their white garments (19:7, 8), and their golden crowns (2:10) all seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed (vv. 9–11; 5:5–14; 7:11–17; 11:16–18; 14:3; 19:4). The question is which redeemed? Not Israel, since the nation is not yet saved, glorified, and coronated. That is still to come at this point in the events of the end. Their resurrection and glory will come at the end of the 7-year tribulation time (cf. Dan. 12:1–3). Tribulation saints aren’t yet saved (7:9, 10). Only one group will be complete and glorified at that point—the church. Here elders represent the church, which sings the song of redemption (5:8–10). They are the over-comers who have their crowns and live in the place prepared for them, where they have gone with Jesus (cf. John 14:1–4).

C. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible.

1. 4:1 The things which will take place after these things.”

a. 4:1 These are the things which occur from 4:1 through 22:5.
b. 4:1 The Tribulation Period occurs from 4:1 through 19:21.
c. 4:1 The throne in heaven is discussed in 4:1 through 4:11.
d. 4:1 The throne is discussed in 4:1-4:3.

2. 4:1 Ryrie comments on 4:1. Here begins the third section of the book (see 1:19 and note there) describing what is yet future. This section can be divided into three parts: the coming Tribulation (chaps. 6-19), the Millennium (chap. 20), and the new heaven and new earth (chaps. 21-22).

3. 4:2 “I was in the Spirit.” as in 1:10.

4. 4:4 “twenty-four elders.” Some understand this to be angelic beings, though it is likely that the 24 elders represent redeemed who are glorified, crowned, and enthroned. Angels are never said to be given crowns, though believers are (2 Tim 2:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Rev 2:10).

D. My comments. I will touch on one aspect of Revelation 4:1, “Come up here.”

1. 4:1 “Come up here.” John is shown in this verse, which is not the first account in the Bible of someone being caught up to Heaven. We will discuss other instances of such “raptures” in the following verses.

4:1(a) Gen 5:24. Enoch was caught up to Heaven.
4:1(b) 2 Kings 2:1. Elijah was caught up to Heaven.
4:1(c) Acts 1:9 Christ was caught up to Heaven. He will return to earth at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:30; Rev 19:11-21; Zech 14:1-4).
4:1(d) Acts 8:38-40. Philip was snatched away from the place where he had baptized the Ethiopian, to the city of Azotus where he began to tell others about Christ.
4:1(e) 2 Cor 12:1-3. Paul was caught up to the Presence of God, in the third heaven, and came back to earth.
4:1(f) Rev 11:11-12. The two witnesses, whom will be murdered in Jerusalem, will be raised to life, and be told “Come up here.” They will be taken to the Presence of God.

2. 4:1 All of the above people whom were taken to the Presence of God, and made that trip in perfect resurrected bodies, soul and spirits.

4:1(a) In order for anyone to appear before God, whom is Holy, such a person must also be Holy.
4:1(a)1 1 Cor 15:50. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.

3. 4:1 John 3:3. “You must be born again…to see the Kingdom of God.” A person having a flawed spirit (this applies to all whom have ever been conceived) must be given a spirit that is “without flaw,” that is as righteous as the Spirit of God. All whom are in the Presence of the Risen Christ must be, and will be, as Holy as Christ, “body, soul and spirit.” The born again experience causes the spirit of those whom have been born again to dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). Also, the Spirit of God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) will dwell within the spirit of each born again believer in Christ. No person whom has not been born again has any place in the Presence of God, nor can reside within the Spirit of God.

4. 4.1 All of those whom have been identified as being taken to the Presence of God have had one satisfied condition in common: John 3:3, Ezekiel 36:24-29, 2 Cor 5:17; they were all born again, and possessed a resurrection body and soul (soul is our consciousness, emotion, mind). In essence, each of them had Godly provided resurrection bodies.

4:1(a) John 14:20. “In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.”
4:1(b) 2 Cor 5:17. “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.” The new creature is the new born again spirit, which is as pure as the Spirit of Christ.
4:1(c) 2 Cor 5:21. ” He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” The born again spirit dwells within the perfect Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). Christ did not sin, but was made to “be sin” so that He could pay the sin debt for everyone whom has been born again (Rom 3:23, 6:23, 5:8).
4:1(d) Col 1:27. “…Christ in you, the hope of glory.” The perfect Spirit of Christ will dwell within the perfect spirits of all whom have been born again.
4:1(e) 1 John 3:2 “We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.” Christ is perfect; born again believers in Christ will be “just like Him;” “Holy!” “Body, soul, and spirit” (1 Thes 5:23).
4:1(f) 1 John 3:5-6 ” 5 You know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin. 6 No one who abides in Him sins; no one who sins has seen Him or knows Him.” After we have been born again, there is no sin within our born again spirit. When we come face to face with God, our total, “body, soul and spirit” will be as sinless, and without defect, as God; there is no sin in God, and there will be no sin in His born again believers.

5.4:1 An event will take place that will cause millions of born again believers in Christ to be taken to the Presence of God. The event is called the “rapture” (English), “harpazo” (Greek), and “rapio” (Latin), which means “to catch up,” or, “to snatch away.” https://biblehub.com/lexicon/1_thessalonians/4-17.htm

5.4:1(a) John 14:1-6. “2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. 4 And you know the way where I am going.” 5 Thomas *said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?” 6 Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”
5.4:1(a)(1) vs 2 Christ will be taken from this earth to prepare a place for all of His born again believers of the Church age to dwell with Him during the tribulation. vs 3. Christ will return to earth “in the air” to personally take His believers back with Him. vs 6. This verse is more than a “belief” scripture. It is an action statement of Christ personally taking His believers to Heaven with Him. The proof, which is often not believed, is that “only Christ” will take His believers to Heaven. Only church age saints will be caught up and taken to Heaven. At the end of the Kingdom Age, the “new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem,” will be made the dwelling place of all born again believers “of all times.” The new Jerusalem, which will have been hovering above our present earth, ever since John 14:2, will come down from Heaven (Rev 21:1-2).
5.4:2(a) 1 Thessalonians 4:16-18. “16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.
5.4:2(a)(1) vs 16 Christ comes from Heaven. Deceased believers in Christ will be resurrected from their places of death. vs 17 Living believers will caught up (raptured). Both, the deceased and living believers, will be caught up in the air and will always be with Christ. vs 18 This is a verse of comfort.
5.4:3(a) 1 Cor 15:50-53. “50 Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality.
5.4:3(a)(2) vs 50 In order for us to be allowed into the Kingdom of God, we must be changed from “flesh and blood beings,” to “spiritual beings of perfection. vs 51 A mystery is a truth that had never been revealed, such as all deceased and living believers in Christ “will be given perfect resurrection bodies.” vs 52 the deceased saints will be resurrected, and the living saints will be “changed” and be given resurrection bodies. vs 53 Perfected dead and living believers will be given resurrection bodies that will never suffer from illness, and will never die.

6. When the Apostle Paul was caught up to the Presence of God, he mentions “the third heaven.” Let’s consider the three heavens, per the MacArthur Study Bible description of 2 Cor 12:2-4.

6.1 Since it took place 14 years before the writing of 2 Corinthians, the specific vision Paul relates cannot be identified with any incident recorded in Acts. It probably took place between his return to Tarsus from Jerusalem (Acts 9:30) and the start of his missionary journeys (Acts 13:1–3). caught up to the third heaven . . . caught up into Paradise. Paul was not describing two separate visions; “the third heaven” and “Paradise” are the same place (cf. Rev. 2:7, which says the tree of life is in Paradise, with Rev. 22:14, which says it is in heaven). The first heaven is the earth’s atmosphere (Gen. 8:2; Deut. 11:11; 1 Kin. 8:35); the second is interplanetary and interstellar space (Gen. 15:5; Ps. 8:3; Is. 13:10); and the third is the abode of God (1 Kin. 8:30; 2 Chr. 30:27; Ps. 123:1).

6.2 The three heavens are also described in 1 Cor 15:40: the first heaven, “terrestrial,” is where the birds fly; the second heaven, “celestial,” is where the astronauts fly; and the third heaven, being the Presence of God, is where God “doesn’t need to fly.”

7. As has been shown above, only church age born again believers in Christ will be caught up from earth to be with Christ in Heaven; they will remain there with Christ during the seven year tribulation period. At the end of the tribulation, Christ and His resurrected and raptured saints will descend from Heaven to earth for the Battle of Armageddon. For those whom will be left behind from the rapture, the words in 1 Thes 4:18 are meaningless to them: “comfort one another with these words.” Those whom will be undergoing God’s judgments during the tribulation will have words and feelings of grief, torment, and fear, as follows in Matt 24:29-31.

7.1 Matt 24:29-31 “29 “But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. 31 And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.
7.1(a) vs 29 The rapture takes place before the tribulation. The second coming of Christ, as shown in these verses, comes at the end of the tribulation. There will be great cataclysmic disruptions. vs 30 The tribes of the earth are the Jews; they had rejected Christ as Messiah. The mourning comes from their knowledge of the Godly judgment that will come upon them, as well as upon unbelieving Gentiles. vs 31 Christ will send His angels to gather His elect (the Jews, Deu 14:2) from all over the world for judgment (Matt 24:40-41). Those whom came to belief in Christ will enter into the Kingdom Age. Those whom will still be in a state of unbelief will be taken in death to the end of the Kingdom Age for the Great White Throne Judgment, where they will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15).
7.1(b) Matt 24:40-41. 40 Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left.
7.1(c). The ones whom are left, will be left to enter the Kingdom Age of the 1,000 year millennium. Those whom will be taken, will be taken to the great white throne judgment. In the rapture, the reverse will happen. Those “taken” will be taken from earth to be with Christ; those “left” will be left behind on earth to face the judgments of God, which will include the persecution of the anti-Christ.

8. In coming articles, we will discuss what will happen to people of the Old Testament, as they await eternal life with Christ or eternity apart from Christ. We will also discuss what will happen to those whom will be left behind from the rapture, as they also await eternal life with Christ or eternity apart from Him.

9. Video Data.

9.1 Is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage? May 29, 2009. John Ankerberg Show.

9.2 This clip is from our series “35 most asked questions concerning Bible Prophecy”. This clip answers the question: Why is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage?

IV. Conclusion.

A. The words that were spoken to the Apostle John in Rev 4:1, “come up here,” are of essential importance to all whom whom are present in the world today. Had the Apostle not “been born again,” he would not have received the call, and would not have taken the heavenly journey, that allowed him to be shown “what must take place after these things.” The key words “you must be born again,” are eternally important. The body of Christ is called to make known, to all whom they may meet, the truth of the following new birth scriptures.

1. A scripture of truth by Ezekiel to Jews in 587 B.C.

Ezekiel 36:24-29 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. A scripture truth of Christ to Jews in 30 A.D.

John 3:3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. A scripture truth of the Apostle Paul to the Church at Corinth in 60 A.D.

2 Corinthians 5:17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.

B. The message is clear, “you must be born again.”

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End Times 3 – Revelation 2-3 – Letters From Christ – The Rapture

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Subject. End Times 3 – Revelation 2-3 – Letters From Christ – The Rapture

I. Introduction.

A. Translation considerations. Text and Comments. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Comments will come from various sources, as noted.

B. Terms. Repetition will be used.

1. Revelation 1:1-20. New American Standard Bible (NASB), selected verses.

1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

a. 1:1 The revelation. [ MacArthur Study Bible] The Gr. word from which the Eng. word “apocalypse” comes lit. means “to uncover, or to reveal.”

(1) {Mine} The whole Book of Revelation is “a revelation” (singular) of Christ, and “not a book of revelations,” (plural). [ MacArthur Study Bible. “apocalypse” relates to an “uncovering or revelation,” as opposed to “a happening,”].

(2) {Mine} The path of the revelation is from “God the Father,” to “God the Son,” via “Angel,” to “John the apostle, to seven churches.”

b. 1:3 The blessing. [ MacArthur Study Bible. This is the only biblical book that comes with a blessing for the one who listens to it being read and explained and then responds in obedience. {Mine} It is clear that many people who claim to be believers in Christ are ignorant of the facts of the Book of Revelation.]

c. 1:3. The reality of imminency. “for the time is near.” [Walvord Commentary note. “For the time is near.” The Greek word for “time” here is “kairos,” which means a season of time in contrast to the term “hour,” which means time on a calendar or clock. The next great event on God’s prophetic calendar, the imminent return of Christ to rapture His church, is near from the standpoint of prophetic revelation and could occur at any moment.] {Mine. It is important to remember the term, “imminency,” when we consider the seven churches of Revelation 2-3.}

d. 1:4. The distribution. “John to the seven churches that are in Asia.”

(1) 1:11. Instructions to John. “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.” [Mine. Notice the names of the recipient churches that are included in this verse. Notice that the church at Rome is not named, even as being an “info-addressee.”] { MacArthur Study Bible. “book” is a Gr. word that refers to a scroll made of parchment formed from papyrus.}

(2) 1:19. The order of things to be written. “Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things.” [ MacArthur Study Bible. This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22).]

C. Looking back. [Mine. The instruction from Christ to the churches was for the churches to study “the revelation.” However, that instruction has largely fallen on deaf ears. Consider the reasons that pastors have given for not teaching the book of Revelation, or the other books of prophecy that give scriptural support for a Revelation teaching. If anyone finds it difficult to understand the Book of Revelation, please allow me to recommend that you purchase two invaluable study tools. First, The Ryrie Study Bible provides information that is “quick, and to the point.” Second, the MacArthur Study Bible, provides notes that go into much greater detail than any other study Bible that I have ever seen.]

D. Looking forward. [Mine. Revelation, Chapters 2 and 3, point to situations that have existed within churches, from the time that the revelation was given to the Apostle John, until today. Such church conditions will continue until the day that Christ comes to catch up His born again believers and takes them to Heaven with Him. Following the rapture (1 Thes 4:16-17), the anti-Christ will make his presence known to the world; his motives will be revealed when he signs a peace treaty with Israel, at which time The Tribulation begins. Mid-way through the seven-year tribulation, the anti-Christ will break his treaty with the Jews, then, the Great Tribulation begins. Revelation Chapter 6 shows the seal judgments which Christ will send to earth; those judgments will include the anti-Christ and his deceptive influence and persecution upon those on the earth. Christ will use the force of seal, trumpet and bowl judgments to draw unsaved Jews, who were left behind from the rapture, to saving faith in Christ. The judgments of The Tribulation will be severe, becoming much more severe as the judgments follow, one after the other. Israel will see their demise as being imminent, meaning that it can happen at any moment. It will be when Jews call upon Christ to save them from utter destruction and annihilation, that Christ and his raptured believers will return from heaven to earth at the Battle of Armageddon. After Christ is victorious in this battle (Armageddon), The Great Tribulation will end, and the 1000 year millennial reign of Christ will begin (We will continue this timeline in following articles). After Revelation Chapter 3, the church is mentioned no more. The church will have served her purpose. With the church having been removed from the earth, God will then begin to deal with Israel, through the judgments that He will force upon the earth. God’s judgments will be experienced by everyone on the earth, from Revelation Chapter 6 until Revelation Chapter 20. It is important to know that it is God whom is in total control of the events of The Tribulation, and the Great Tribulation. It is the purpose of God that, by using His judgments of the seven-year Tribulation, Jews whom will be left behind from the rapture, may call on Christ to save them. It is also important to remember that the judgments of the tribulation period are God’s judgments that He forces on the earth, and “are not” judgments of accident, or are judgments that are under the control of Satan and/or the anti-Christ.

E. All that is written in the above paragraph, D., is the reason that the Book of Revelation, “must be heard, and everyone must heed the things which are written in it,” (Rev 1:3). Because the letters of the Revelation were sent to churches, it is incumbent upon church pastors to ensure that the words of Revelation are made known to the members of each church (Rev 1:4).

F. The events of The Tribulation “will happen!” Many pastors are telling their congregations that “it is all an allegory.” Yet, the Book of Revelation is very clear as to its teaching having a literal meaning. Many pastors are also telling their congregations that Christians will have to go through The Tribulation, or some parts of it. Everyone needs to understand the love that exists between “Christ and His bride, the Church:” Eph 5:25 “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her.” No loving husband would put his bride in the midst of such judgments as those that will come upon the earth during The Tribulation.

G. Here is a word to remember: “imminency.” The Tribulation “will happen.” The “imminency” of The Tribulation can not be shoved aside. For something to be “imminent” means that its happening can occur “at any moment.” Imminency is the meaning of Rev 1:3, “for the time is near.”

II. Current lesson background. A discussion about the the seven letters that were written to the seven churches.

A. Imminency is a term that must be understood in the discussion of the churches that are shown in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 2 and 3.

B. The churches of Rev 2-3 are common in behavior among many congregations that have come into existence ever since the first church was established in Jerusalem, in A.D. 33. Because of the teaching of imminency (Rev 1:3), Christ could have returned to earth in the rapture, to take His born again saints to Heaven with Him, at any time after he ascended to Heaven (Acts 1:7, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority.”).

C. The following is a brief description of the churches of Rev 2-3.

Ephesus. Rev 2:1-7. Loveless… Smyrna. Rev 2:8-11. Persecuted… Pergamum. Rev 2:12-17. Compromised… Thyatira. Rev 2:18-29. Compromised… Sardis. Rev 3:1-6 Dead… Philadelphia. Rev 3:7-13. Missionary… Laodecia. Rev 3:14-22. Man-centered.

III. Lesson verses. Revelation 2:1-3:22.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+2%3A1-3%3A22&version=NASB

IV. Key verse.

A. Revelation 3:10 (NASB)

1. Verse. Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.

2. My note. The verse was written to the Church in Philadelphia. However, the promise to that church is a promise to believers of all times. The promise relates to the pre-tribulation rapture of all born again believers in Christ (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

3. The following commentary note comes from the MacArthur Study Bible.

3:10 keep you from the hour of trial. Christ’s description—an event still future that for a short time severely tests the whole world—must refer to the time of tribulation, the 7-year period before Christ’s earthly kingdom is consummated, featuring the unleashing of divine wrath in judgments expressed as seals, trumpets, and bowls. This period is described in detail throughout chaps. 6–19. The latter half is called “the Great Tribulation” (7:14; Matt. 24:21) and is identified as to time in 11:2, 3; 12:6, 14; 13:5. The verb “to keep” is followed by a preposition whose normal meaning is “from” or “out of”—this phrase, “keep . . . from” supports the pre-tribulational rapture of the church (see notes on John 14:1–3; 1 Cor. 15:51, 52; 1 Thess. 4:13–17). This period is the same as Daniel’s 70th week (see notes on Dan. 9:24–27) and “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (see notes on Jer. 30:7).

B. Consider earth dwellers.

1. Rev 3:10, “to test those who dwell on the earth.”

2. Revelation 6:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”

3. Revelation 8:13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
13 Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in mid-heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

4. Revelation 11:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

5. Revelation 13:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.

6. Revelation 13:14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life.

7. Revelation 17:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.

C. Earth dwellers are those whom will be left behind from the rapture of the Church; they chose earth over heaven, by refusing to know Christ as their Lord and Savior. During The Tribulation, earth dwellers will continue to defy God; they will have the opportunity to come to saving faith in Christ, but most will remain in their states of unbelief. Consider the account of Lazarus and the rich man in Luke 16:19-31. The rich man, whom is in Hades, makes a request concerning his family whom is still alive, but is surely also headed for Hades upon their deaths: “v. 30. if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent!” v.31. But, the response to the rich man is: “If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be persuaded even if someone rises from the dead.” The earth dwellers whom continue to defy God during The Tribulation will have much of the mindset of the family of the rich man in Luke 16, even as the conditions of The Tribulation become increasingly more severe.

D. All born again believers in Christ have a heavenly citizenship that exists from the time of their new-birth.

Philippians 3:20-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
20 For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; 21 who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself.

E. Nothing stands between us and the time that Christ will come in the air (rapture) to take His born again believers to Heaven with Him, both Jew and Gentile (John 14:2,3,6); “it can happen at any time.” After the rapture takes place, those whom will be left behind from the rapture, Jew and Gentile, will face the deception and persecution of the anti-Christ, as well as the the other judgments of God during the seven-year tribulation. God will bring the anti-Christ into power, and will bring about all of the other judgments of The Tribulation, in order that unbelieving Israel may be brought to saving faith in Christ (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10).

V. Video details.

A. “What are the Prophecies that need to be Fulfilled before the Rapture? 100huntley. October 30, 2015.”

B. Dr. Ed Hindson, co-author of “Target Israel”, explains about the bible prophecies – what has been fulfilled and what is to come.

C. Credentials for Ed Hindson can be seen in my Page, “About Sources.”

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End Times 2 – COVID-19 – The Tribulation?

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Subject. End Times 2 – COVID-19 – The Tribulation?

Part I. Introduction.

A. Disasters, plagues and death. There have been many deaths in the history of our world that have been the result of disasters and plagues. There are many people who believe that significant catastrophic occurrences, including the current COVID-19 virus, are signs that we are in The Tribulation. There are many believers in Christ who also believe that they will be included in the great number of people who will be part of the tribulation population. This article will discuss, and refute, each of these non-factual theories and beliefs.

1. The following timeline of disasters date back to 3000 B.C. In 1887 China’s Huang Ho (Huang He, Yellow River) flooded and killed about 900,000 people. Up to 2.5 million people are thought to have drowned or died from disease and starvation. (Click onto the following link for more disasters. https://timelines.ws/subjects/Disasters.HTML

2. Plagues and epidemics have ravaged humanity throughout its existence, often changing the course of history. Throughout the course of history, disease outbreaks have ravaged humanity, sometimes changing the course of history and, at times, signaling the end of entire civilizations. Here are 20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics, dating from prehistoric to modern times. In the Spanish Flu: 1918-1920, an estimated 500 million people from the South Seas to the North Pole fell victim to Spanish Flu. One-fifth of those died, with some indigenous communities pushed to the brink of extinction. Click onto the following link for more plagues and epidemics. https://www.livescience.com/worst-epidemics-and-pandemics-in-history.html

a. People, whom were present in the above histories of disasters and epidemics, may have thought that either, the world was coming to an end, or that they were entering into The Tribulation. But, as history has proven, none of the plagues or disasters of the past, regardless of the number of associated deaths, have had any bearing on the order of events of the end times, of which The Tribulation is a key occurrence in Scriptural prophecy. Scripture will prove that this current COVID-19 tragedy has nothing to do with the end of the world or the beginning of The Tribulation. Comments will be made in this article on some basic scriptural reasons that should provide assurance that we are not in The Tribulation, and that the end of the world is also a prophetic Scriptural event that has no basis on “Mother Nature” or a lack of United Nations mandated climate control legislation. There is no Mother Nature.

b. In relation to The Tribulation, there must necessarily be a key figure to emerge, who will be known as the anti-Christ. There have been many figures in history, whom have been said to be the anti-Christ. It is amazing that a number of U.S. Presidents have been included in the anti-Christ list. The all-time most popular contender for the title of Antichrist was not any individual but an office, the Roman Catholic Papacy. The following link shows the list of those whom have been thought to be the anti-Christ. https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/the-7-most-popular-contenders-for-the-antichrist/

c. This article will discuss whether the current COVID-19 virus is a part of the end times scenario of the anti-Christ and The Tribulation, which are tools of God to bring Israel, and Jews everywhere, to saving faith in Christ. It must be noted that the facts and conclusions that are stated in this article come from many years of end times study, and find mutual agreement with the facts and conclusions of the many highly acclaimed sources of information that can be found in my Page, “About Sources,” in this site. These sources have had many more years of end times study than I have had. They have studied the original languages of the Bible, of which I have not. I have found it is best, “not to reinvent the wheel.” J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., taught biblical subjects for over 60 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. Charles Ryrie, Ph. D., taught biblical subjects for 38 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. John Walvoord, Th. D., taught biblical subjects for 50 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. These three exceptional theologians are deceased, and taught the majority of their careers at Dallas Theological Seminary. While preparing articles for my site, I follow the leading of the Holy Spirit, which begins with prayer. My thoughts design each article, which consist of many biblical facts. However, before I include a conclusion in a writing, I will base my conclusion on facts that have been made by theologians, such as the ones that I have discussed in this paragraph. We all read books that are written by other people; it is my responsibility to choose authors that pass the test of scriptural scrutiny.

B. Tribulation and Scripture examined. There are many scriptural identifiers that let us know of the events that must precede the tribulation. Scripture also identifies those whom will, and will not, be occupants of the tribulation.

1. The events that must precede the tribulation will be (1) The Rapture (catching up) of the born again believers in Christ, and (2) the peace treaty being signed by the anti-Christ and the nation of Israel. (Rapture, English; Rapio, Latin, Harpazo, Greek)

2. Those whom will not have to go through “any part” of the tribulation are the church, whom will be born again believers in Christ, to include small children whom God will cause to be born again.

3. Those whom will have to go through the tribulation will be those whom are not born again at the time of the rapture. Gentiles and Jews will go through the tribulation if they have not been born again, which means they have not come to saving faith in Christ. The purpose of The Tribulation is for God to judge sin, and to draw Jews to saving faith in Christ. At the end of the tribulation when the Jews are about to be destroyed from the face of the earth, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) will call on Christ to save them (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10). During the tribulation, Jews and Gentiles may accept Christ as Lord and Savior and will be allowed to enter into the Kingdom Age of the millennium (1000 years), and the following eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (endless time). However, such tribulation believers may very easily become tribulation martyrs (Rev 6:9-11).

4. The reason for believers in Christ to be caught up from the earth, preceding the tribulation, is for God to deal with Israel, as was stated in paragraph 3, above. Unbelieving Jews must be born again to enter the eternal state. Believing Jews and Gentiles are one in Christ (Gal 3:28) at the time of the rapture because of having been born again. Unbelieving Jews and Gentiles are “not in Christ;” they have not been born again (John 3:3). We are born again by an act of the Holy Spirit (John 3:8); and have the indwelling of the Spirit of God, (“Father, Son, and Holy Spirit”), within our spirit (John 14:20). God’s Holy Spirit teaches born again believers of things of Christ (John 14:26; 16:7-11), and will abide with us forever (John 14:16; John 10:27-30); there is no “if” involved. Once we have been born again, we can not be unborn. God’s Holy Spirit gave us a new spirit, and no one, not even one whom has been born again, can undo that which the Holy Spirit has done within us. Born again believers’ spirits dwell within the Spirit of Christ, and have a spirit as righteous as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17, 21). We have the Spirit of Christ dwelling within our spirit (Col 1:27). Our spirit dwells within the Spirit of God, because “God is light, and in Him is not darkness at all” (1 John 1:5). At the time of the rapture, our body and soul (living or dead) will be caught up from this earth (1 Cor 15:50-54). In verse 50 it says that “flesh and blood can not inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.” In verse 51 it says that “we shall be changed.” Our spirit was changed when we were born again, so our body and soul will be changed to be as perfect as our spirit in this event. In verse 52 it says that “the dead will be raised (resurrected) imperishable (perfect), and “we shall be changed,” (from perishable to imperishable) meaning that those who are alive when the rapture takes place will also be given perfect bodies and souls. Only the dead in Christ, and the living in Christ (we who have been born again), will be caught up by Christ and taken to Heaven (1 Thes 4:13-18). Christ is the One who will take us to Heaven (John 14:6). On the way to heaven we are absent from our earthly body, but are present with Christ (2 Cor 5:8); we will be given rewards (2 Cor 5:10), and will participate in the Marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8). Born again believers in Christ are the bride of “Christ (2 Cor 11:2) Who died for us, His bride” (Eph 5:32). When the rapture takes place, Christ takes His bride to her dwelling place in Heaven (John 14:2,3,6). Christ and His bride remain in Heaven throughout The Tribulation, until both return to earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21), because Israel has called upon the Name of Christ to be saved (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10; Rom 10:13; Joel 2:32). Satan is bound for 1,000 years (Rev 20:1-3). Christ and His saints rule and reign for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4-6). The unsaved dead of all ages remain in their death state until the end of the 1,000 years (Rev 20:5). Satan is released and leads a rebellion (more on this later) (Rev 20:7-9). Satan is tormented forever (Rev 20:10). The Great White Throne Judgment sends those whom have not been born again into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15). Born again believers of all ages enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-3). Everything about the eternal state is discussed in Rev 21:4-22:21); everything is wonderful, and Holy.

5. The tribulation relates to Israel, and only Israel (Jer 2:2 30:7; Daniel 9:3-19; 9:24-29); the church has been taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6). Notice in Jer 2:2 that the prophecy of Jeremiah relates to Israel, and in Dan 9:2-19, that The Tribulation is a horrible time that unsaved Jews will have to go through. The anti-Christ makes a treaty with Israel and breaks it midway through the seven-year period (The Tribulation) (Dan 9:27), which brings about The Great Tribulation. See Matt 24:4-28: [4:-14, tribulation; 15-28, great tribulation.] [24:6-7, see the same judgments outlined in Rev 6:1-8, Ryrie Study Bible]. God is in charge of bringing the seal judgments of Rev 6 on the earth. God is also in charge of the following trumpet and bowl judgments, which will be of greater severity. Rev 6:1-2, Christ breaks the first seal which brings the anti-Christ onto the scene, who begins to deceive the world and brings about a peace treaty with Israel, but breaks it (Dan 9:27, Ezek 38:11). Rev 6:3-4, Christ breaks the second seal, which brings about war; bloodshed, peace taken from the earth. Rev 6:5-6, Christ breaks the third seal, which brings about famine; great inflation. Rev 6:7-8, Christ breaks the fourth seal, which brings about death; disease accompanies war and famine; one-fourth of the world’s population will die. Rev 6:9-11; Christ breaks the fifth seal, which is the beginning of the Great Tribulation; it brings about martyrdom. The martyrs are people who were left behind from the rapture, and had come to saving faith in Christ, and were martyred because of their faith in Christ. Rev 6:12-17, Christ breaks the sixth seal, which brings about great earthquakes and cosmic disturbances; men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand. Yet, more judgments are to come, in the form of trumpet judgments and bowl judgments. Then, the battle of Armageddon will occur, and the Jews will believe that they are about to be exterminated from the face of the earth (Matt 24:22; Zech 12:3-4; 14:1-4).

6. The church is not mentioned anywhere about being in the tribulation. God removes the church from the earth so that He can deal with Israel, and draw Jews to saving faith in Christ. Christ is the Groom, the Husband, of the church. No husband is going to submit His bride to the judgments of the tribulation, of which He is causing to happen. From para 4, above, When we are born again, our spirit dwells within the Spirit of Christ, and His Spirit dwells within our spirit. Our spirit is as righteous as is the Spirit of Christ. In order for our spirit to dwell within the Spirit of God, our spirit must be flawless.

7. If the born again believers in Christ are not taken to Heaven with Christ, after the marriage of the Lamb, how will the bride and groom return to earth to save the Jews at the end of the tribulation? (Rev 19:11-21). If anybody thinks that we are in the “kingdom now,” consider the kingdom as it is described in Isaiah 2:1-4; none of that is going on now. The Kingdom Age of the Millennium (1,000 years) will not come until after Christ returns to earth with His born again believers at the end of the tribulation (Zech 12:10, Zech 14:1-12; Matt 24:29-31).

8. Rev 3:10 states:”Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I will also keep you from “the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” The earth dwellers, or those that dwell on the earth,” appears again in: 6:10, 8:13, 11:10, 13:8, 13:14, 17:8. In each case, the earth dwellers continue to defy God. Born again believers chose “citizenship in Heaven.” (Phil 3:20); but, earth dwellers chose earth. Believers in Christ “passed the test” when we were born again. Earth dwellers “will be tested on earth,” where they may be born again; however, coming to saving faith in Christ during The Tribulation will most likely result in death from the forces of the anti-Christ (Rev 6:9-11).

9. As I have said, the purpose of the tribulation is to bring unbelieving Jews to saving faith in Christ. Believers already “believe in” Christ. By Christians being in the tribulation, there is nothing that can happen to make our righteous spirit any more righteous. You might ask this question. “If my spirit is dwelling within the Spirit of Christ, and is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ, “why is my husband (Christ) doing all of those horrible things to me, and to my young child, the things that we are facing in The Tribulation?” To think that any born again believer in Christ will have to go through “any” of the seal judgments, we may also say to Christ: “You gave me a spirit that is as pure as Yours, then you gave me a body and soul that is just as righteous as yours. You took me to the marriage, our marriage, of the Lamb. You gave me rewards, and took me on to heaven to a place that you prepared for me. You brought me back to earth with You for the battle of Armageddon. Now! Lord! Please tell me how I ended up in the tribulation, where I will have to come under the control of the anti-Christ, where you will force on my young children and me the judgments of war, famine, death, martyrdom, great earthquakes, stars falling from the sky, up to one fourth of the earth’s population being killed by your judgments, which may include my child and me. Lord, I don’t understand a bit of this!”

Part 2. Conclusion. The conclusion to the matter is simple. (1) The anti-Christ has not come on the scene and signed a peace treaty with Israel. (2) Regardless of what the severity of COVID-19 may be, it is not the beginning of The Tribulation. (3) Only those whom have not been born again will be found in The Tribulation.

Part 3. Video information.

REVELATION. Aug 6, 2019. REVELATION STATION.

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‘REVELATION’ is a compilation of movie clips edited into a high intensity visual aid based off events prophesied in the book of Revelation and elsewhere in the Bible. Viewers take note the video is not meant to be a teachers guide to Revelation and perhaps
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End Times 1, Revelation 1:1-20, Introduction

Subject. End Times 1 – Revelation 1.

Part I. Introduction.

A. At this time in our world’s situation with the Coronavirus (COVID-19), it has become my strong belief that I should veer from my intended course of writing, and explain the prophetic events of the end times. There are voices in the Christian world that have attempted to place the things that are affecting our world in the “yet future tribulation.” The events of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6 are said “to be happening now,” without making any mention of Israel, or of Christ. Israel is key throughout the tribulation. God will cause the tribulation events to occur, which will include the persecutions of the antichrist. So, what can we say about the things of COVID-19? Is God aware of the world’s situation? Is God a distanced bystander?

B. The recent article that I wrote, “God’s Purposes,” it addresses our world from Genesis to Revelation, prior and beyond. Psalm 103:19 explains God’s power over the entire world: “The Lord has established His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.” The strength of Psalm 103:19 is that it is God, “who keeps Jupiter from bumping into Mars;” you can take that train of thought further. As we look closer to earth, Psalm 147:8 explains the governing hand of God: “Who covers the heavens with clouds, Who provides rain for the earth, Who makes grass to grow on the mountains.” Again, you can carry that thought further. In this study, we will also introduce and discuss “The Office of Theocratic Administrator.”

C. This study of Revelation will answer many questions about the current world situation as they relate to the end times, and will conclude that we are not presently in any part of the tribulation. The articles in this end times study will show the purposes of the tribulation, which do not relate to anything that is happening in our world today. These articles will also conclude that nothing that occurs during the tribulation will be outside of God’s purposes, and His plan for the salvation of Israel. There will not be an “end of the world, ” which will be caused by global warming, or by “Mother Nature.” God is in charge of global warming, and “there is no “Mother Nature!” I will tip my hand and go “way forward” into this series of articles, and let Scripture speak concerning the subject of world destruction.

(1) 2 Peter 3:7 (NASB) “But by His word the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.”

(2) Revelation 21:1 (NASB) “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea.”

D. That which has been tainted by sin will be replaced by that which is Holy, and will be based on God’s sovereign purposes. No other factor, outside of God’s plan for the ages, has any place in the affect of the end times, which is known as eschatology.

E. Translation considerations. Revelation 1 (NASB) Text and Comments. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Comments will come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted.

F. Sources of information. Everyone reads articles and books that have been written by other people. Whenever I choose an author, a speaker, or any other type of teacher for articles that I write, I try to find out as much as is possible about each potential source of information. I want to know about person’s reputation among their peers; I also want to know how their writings, or discussions, relate to my understanding of the subject that I will be discussing. A potential source’s length of service, in their field of expertise, is an extremely important factor in my search. The biographies of the sources that are mentioned in this article, as well as other related source data, can be found in my Page, “About Sources.”

Part II. Revelation Chapter 1 Study.

A. The Revelation of Jesus Christ (vv 1-3).

1. Verses. 1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

2. Comments.

a. 1:1. The Revelation. The Gr. word from which the Eng. word “apocalypse” comes lit. means “to uncover, or to reveal.” When it refers to a person, it means that person becomes clearly visible. [My note. Notice that Revelation, “singular,” is used. The entire book of Revelation is “one revelation,” and is not a book of revelations.]

b. 1:1. Jesus Christ. The gospels unveil Christ at His first coming in humiliation; Revelation reveals Him in His exaltation: (1) in blazing glory (vv. 7–20); (2) over His church, as its Lord (chaps. 2, 3); (3) in His second coming, as He takes back the earth from the usurper, Satan, and establishes His kingdom (chaps. 4–20); and (4) as He lights up the eternal state (chaps. 21, 22). The NT writers eagerly anticipate this unveiling (1 Cor. 1:7; 2 Thess. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:7).

c. 1:1. God gave Him. As a reward for Christ’s perfect submission and atonement, the Father now presented to Him the great record of His future glory (cf. Phil. 2:5–11). Readers eavesdrop on the gift of this book, from the Father to His Son.

d. 1:1. shortly. The primary meaning of this word (lit. “soon”; cf. 2:5, 16; 3:11; 11:14; 22:12; 2 Tim. 4:9) underscores the imminence of Christ’s return. [Walvoord Commentary note. That which Daniel declared would occur “in the latter days” is here described as “shortly” (Gr., en tachei), that is, “quickly or suddenly coming to pass,” indicating rapidity of execution after the beginning takes place. The idea is not that the event may occur soon but, that when it does, it will be sudden (cf. Luke 18:8; Acts 12:7; 22:18; 25:4; Rom. 16:20). A similar word, tachys, is translated “quickly” seven times in Revelation (2:5, 16; 3:11; 11:14; 22:7, 12, 20).

e. 1:3, Blessed. This is the only biblical book that comes with a blessing for the one who listens to it being read and explained and then responds in obedience. This is the first of 7 beatitudes in the book (v. 3; 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14). [ My note. The importance of churches studying the Book of Revelation can not be understated.]

f. 1:3. time is near. “Time” refers to epochs, eras, or seasons. The next great epoch of God’s redemptive history is imminent. But although Christ’s coming is the next event, it may be delayed so long that people begin to question whether He will ever come (cf. Matt. 24:36–39; 2 Pet. 3:3, 4). [Walvord Commentary note. “For the time is near.” The Greek word for “time” here is “kairos,” which means a season of time in contrast to the term “hour,” which means time on a calendar of clock. The next great event on God’s prophetic calendar, the prophetic calendar, the imminent return of Christ to rapture His church, is near from the standpoint of prophetic revelation and could occur at any moment.]

B. Message to the Seven Churches (vv 4-7).

1. Verses. 4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood— 6 and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 7 Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen. 8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

2. Comments.

a. 1:4 seven churches which are in Asia. Asia Minor, equivalent to modern Turkey, was composed of 7 postal districts. At the center of those districts were 7 key cities which served as central points for the dissemination of information. It is to the churches in those cities that John writes. [My note. Notice that John did not address the Church at Rome.]

b. 1:4. who is and who was and who is to come. God’s eternal presence is not limited by time. He has always been present and will come in the future. [Walvoord Commentary note. The “who” relates to “God” the Father.]

c. 1:4. the seven Spirits. There are two possible meanings: (1) a reference to Isaiah’s prophecy concerning the 7-fold ministry of the Holy Spirit (Is. 11:2); or (2) more likely, it is a reference to the lampstand with 7 lamps (a menorah) in Zechariah—also a description of the Holy Spirit (see notes on 4:5; 5:6; Zech. 4:1–10). In either case, 7 is the number of completeness, so John is identifying the fullness of the Holy Spirit.

d. 1:5. firstborn. Of all who have been or will be raised from the dead, He is the preeminent one, the only one who is the rightful heir (cf. 3:14; Ps. 89:27; Col. 1:15). [Walvoord Commentary note. Referring to Christ’s resurrection.]

e. 1:6. kings and priests. More accurately, “a kingdom and priests.” All who believe live in the sphere of God’s rule, a kingdom entered by faith in Jesus Christ. And as priests, believers have the right to enter God’s presence. [Ryrie Study Bible note. “A kingdom, priests.” Description of both Israel {Ex 19:6} and the church. See note on 1 Peter 2:9-10, indicating that we shall minister to Him forever.]

f. 1:7 coming with clouds. This echoes the promise of Daniel: The Son of Man will come with the clouds of heaven (Dan. 7:13)—not ordinary clouds but clouds of glory. In the OT, God often manifested Himself in an energized, blazing light, called the Shekinah or glory cloud. No one could see it fully and live (Ex. 33:20), so it had to be veiled. But when Christ returns, the glory will be completely visible. Cf. Matt. 24:29, 30; 25:31; see notes on 6:12–17. [My note. Not every eye will see Christ when He comes in the air at the rapture to take His born again believers to Heaven {John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17; 1 Cor 15:50-54}. At the 1:7 coming with clouds, every eye, of those whom were left behind from the rapture, will see Christ when He returns to earth from Heaven with His previously raptured born again believers {Zech 12:10; Matt 24:29-30}].

g. 1:7. they who pierced. Not a reference to the 4 Roman soldiers usually involved in crucifixion, but to the Jews who were actually responsible for Christ’s death (Acts 2:22, 23; 3:14, 15). Zechariah identified the ones who pierced Him as “the house of David” and “the inhabitants of Jerusalem,” and prophesied that they will weep tears of genuine repentance because of what they did to their Messiah (Zech. 12:10). [See my note in 1:7, above.]

h. 1:7. all the tribes…will mourn. The mourning of the rest of the earth’s inhabitants is not that which accompanies genuine repentance (cf. 9:21). It is the result of guilt for sin and fear of punishment (6:16; cf. Gen. 3:8–10). [My note. Tribes more directly relate to Jews, as they were the tribes of Israel; see Gen 49:16.]

i. 1:8 Alpha and the Omega. These are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. An alphabet is an ingenious way to store and communicate knowledge. The 26 letters in the English alphabet, arranged in almost endless combinations, can hold and convey all knowledge. Christ is the supreme, sovereign, alphabet; there is nothing outside of His knowledge, so as there are no unknown factors that can sabotage His second coming (cf. Col. 2:3).

j. 1:8. the Almighty. “Almighty God” occurs 8 times in Revelation, underscoring that God’s power is supreme over all the cataclysmic events it records (see also 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7, 14; 19:15; 21:22). He exercises sovereign control over every person, object, and event, and not one molecule in the universe is outside that dominion. [My note. See Introduction I.B., above.]

C. The Patmos Vision (vv 9-20).

1. Verses. 9 I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet, 11 saying, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.” 12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands; 13 and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. 14 His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. 15 His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. 16 In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. 19 Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

2. Comments.

a. 1:9–18. This vision of Christ is equaled in grandeur only by the vision of His final return as King of kings and Lord of lords (19:11–16).

b. 1:9 tribulation and kingdom and patience. Four characteristics that John and his believing readers share: (1) persecution for their faith; (2) membership in the redeemed community over which Christ serves as Lord and King; (3) eager anticipation of the glory of His coming millennial reign on earth; and (4) endurance and perseverance in spite of difficult times.

c. 1:9. island . . . called Patmos. Located in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) and part of a group of about 50 islands, Patmos is a barren, rocky, crescent-shaped island that is about 10 mi. long and less than 6 mi. at its widest point. Barren in John’s day, it served as a Roman penal colony. According to early Christian historian Eusebius, the emperor Nerva (A.D. 96–98) released John from Patmos.

d. 1:10. in the Spirit. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

d. 1:10. “Lord’s Day.” [Ryrie Study Bible note. Likely not a reference to Sunday (which is called the first day of the week) in the NT) but a “Lordian day,” or an “imperial day” (the same adjective is used elsewhere only in 1 Cor 11:20), referring to the contents of the vision that reveal the future time when Christ will judge and rule]. {My note. See Isaiah 2:4a, “And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples.}

e. 1:10. loud voice. Throughout Revelation, a loud sound or voice indicates the solemnity of what God is about to reveal.

f. 1:11 book. The Gr. word refers to a scroll made of parchment formed from papyrus, a reed that grows plentifully along the Nile.

g. 1:12. lampstands. These were portable gold lampstands that held small oil lamps. Each lampstand represented a church (v. 20), from which the light of life shone. Throughout Scripture, 7 is the number of completeness, so these 7 lampstands are representative of all the churches. [Ryrie Study Bible note. “lampstands.” These represent the seven churches mentioned in verse 11 (see also v. 20).]

h. 1:13. Son of Man. According to the Gospels, this is the title Christ used most often for Himself during His earthly ministry (81 times in the Gospels). Taken from the heavenly vision in Dan. 7:13, it is an implied claim to deity. “garment.” Most occurrences of this word in the Septuagint, the Gr. OT, refer to the garment of the High-Priest. The golden sash across His chest completes the picture of Christ serving in His priestly role (cf. Lev. 16:1–4; Heb. 2:17).

h. 1:13.(1). garment. Most occurrences of this word in the Septuagint, the Gr. OT, refer to the garment of the High-Priest. The golden sash across His chest completes the picture of Christ serving in His priestly role (cf. Lev. 16:1–4; Heb. 2:17).

i. 1:14. white like wool. “White” does not refer to a flat white color but a blazing, glowing, white light (cf. Dan. 7:9). Like the glory cloud (or Shekinah), it is a picture of His holiness.

j. 1:14. eyes . . . flame of fire. Like two lasers, the eyes of the exalted Lord look with penetrating gaze into the depths of His church (2:18; 19:12; Heb. 4:13).

k. 1:15 feet . . . fine brass. The altar of burnt offering was covered with brass and its utensils were made of the same material (cf. Ex. 38:1–7). Glowing hot, brass feet are a clear reference to divine judgment. Jesus Christ with feet of judgment is moving through His church to exercise His chastening authority upon sin.

l. 1:15. voice . . . sound of many waters. No longer was His voice like the crystal clear note of a trumpet (v. 10), but John likened it to the crashing of the surf against the rocks of the island (cf. Ezek. 43:2). It was the voice of authority.

m. 1:16. seven stars. These are the messengers who represent the 7 churches (see note on v. 20). Christ holds them in His hand, which means that He controls the church and its leaders. [ Walvoord Commentary note. The seven stars Christ holds in His hand are identified in verse 20 as “the angels of the seven churches.” Since the word “angel” means “messenger, one who is sent,” it is best to understand these angels not as divine beings, but as the leaders in these churches who are responsible for their spiritual welfare. These messengers representing the churches are in Christ’s right hand, indicating possession, protection, and sovereign control.]

n. 1:16. a sharp two-edged sword. A large, two-edged broad sword. It signifies judgment (cf. 2:16; 19:15) on those who attack His people and destroy His church.

o. 1:17. fell at His feet. A common response to seeing the awesome glory of the Lord (Gen. 17:3; Num. 16:22; Is. 6:1–8; Ezek. 1:28; Acts 9:4).

p. 1:17. First and the Last. Jesus Christ applies this OT name for Yahweh (22:13; Is. 41:4; 44:6; 48:12) to Himself, clearly claiming to be God. Idols will come and go. He was before them, and He will remain after them.

q. 1:18. keys of Hades and of Death. See note on Luke 16:23. Death and Hades are essentially synonyms, but death is the condition and Hades, equivalent to the OT Sheol, the place of the dead (see note on 20:13). Christ decides who lives, who dies, and when.

r. 1:19. This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22). [My comment. Chapters 2-3 relate to the church age, of which time we are a part today. So, we can look at Chapter 1, as being our past, and Chapters 2-3 being our present time, and Chapters 4-22 being our future. The church is never mentioned in the book of Revelation after the end of Chapter 3. After the rapture of the church occurs, the purpose of the church will have been fulfilled, and the church will be non-existent. Rev 21:1-3 describes those whom will inhabit the eternal state, of what many people refer to as heaven. The Bible says that God will create “a new heaven and a new earth,” and the New Jerusalem will descend from God to the new earth (Rev 21:1-2). In this new creation, “the dwelling of God is with men, and He will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God” (Rev 21:3). The word,”men,” relates to all whom are born again believers in Christ, as opposed to “unbelievers,” whom are identified in Rev 21:8. At present time, all Jewish and Gentile born again believers in Christ can take pride in knowing that “we are one in Christ” (Gal 3:28).]

s. 1:20. the angels. The word lit. means “messenger.” Although it can mean angel—and does throughout the book—it cannot refer to angels here because angels are never leaders in the church. Most likely, these messengers are the 7 key elders representing each of those churches (see note on v. 16). [Walvoord Commentary note. As earlier noted, the mystery of the seven stars is revealed to represent the messengers to the churches, and the seven golden lampstands are the churches themselves.]

III. Video details.

A. Revelation Song/Holy, Holy, Holy – FBC Jacksonville, FL. Mar 26, 2012. videos of blessings.

B. Revelation Song (Worthy Is the Lamb Who Was Slain) and Holy, Holy, Holy. Performed by Daniel Crews with the choir and orchestra of First Baptist Church, Jacksonville, FL. (Pastors’ Conference 2012)

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 2 Kings

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1-2 Kings -This video will provide a quick overview of the first and second books of Kings. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The author of 2 Kings was Jeremiah. The date of the writing was ca., 550 b.c.

B. The timeline for this study will be from 971 B.C. until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 2 Kings is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

C. Timeline of key events of 2 Kings: 931 B.C., Jeroboam becomes king of Israel (Northern Kingdom). 930 B.C., The Kingdom is divided. 848 B.C., Elisha begins prophetic ministry. 841 B.C., Jehu becomes king of Israel. 840 B.C., Obadiah begins prophetic ministry. 835 B.C., Joel begins prophetic ministry. 835 B.C., Joash becomes king of Judah. 789 B.C., Jeroboam II becomes king of Israel. 755 B.C., Amos begins prophetic ministry. 753 B.C., Hosea begins prophetic ministry. 742 B.C., Micah begins prophetic ministry. 740 B.C., Isaiah begins prophetic ministry. 727 B.C., Hezekiah becomes king of Judah. 722 B.C., Sargon II of Assyria conquers Israel. 640 B.C., Josiah becomes king of Judah. 627 B.C., Jeremiah begins prophetic ministry. 586 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquers Judah.

D. The history of Israel and Judah, that we have been studying, picks up in this Second Book of Kings and concludes at the end of 2 Kings. We will take another look at God’s chosen people in the following study of the books of First and Second Chronicles.

E. Picking up after the deaths of Ahab and Jehoshaphat, 2 Kings wraps up the life of Elijah and records the increasing moral and religious decline of both the northern and southern kingdom until Judah’s exile to Babylon in 586 BC. First and 2 Kings are a sobering historical illustration of the dire consequences for human sinfulness (Olive Tree Bible Overview).

III. Key Prophetic Events of 2 Kings. This study of Israel is prophecy based, as opposed to a verse by verse study. The destruction of the Northern Kingdom (Israel) is mentioned very heavily, as is the destruction of the Southern Kingdom (Judah). The many detailed notes of Dr. Ryrie are important for any student of the Bible to understand, and to explain to others. The following events of 2 Kings are discussed in greater detail in the Lesson Outline, where other events are also examined.

A. 2:11. The “rapture, the catching up.”In 2:11, Elihah the prophet was taken to heaven without dying. The verse says, “he went up by a whirlwind to heaven.” Strong’s Concordance shows the meaning of “went” (5927: to go up, ascend, climb). https://biblehub.com/lexicon/2_kings/2-11.htm Dr. Ryrie’s note shows an OT parallel event in Gen 5:22-24, where vs 22 says, “Enoch walked with God.” vs 24 says “God took him.” Strong’s Concordance shows the meaning of “took” (3947: to take). In the NT, John 14:2, 3, 6, Christ will come in the air, not to stand on the earth, and take His believers back to heaven with Him. In 1 Thes 4:17, we are told that we will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air. In John 14:3, “Christ says, I will come.” Strong’s says “2064: to come, go.” In John 14:6, the word “comes” has the same Greek Strong’s number and meaning. In 1 Thes 4:17, the words, we will be caught up together, have the Strong’s meaning, “726: to seize, catch up, snatch away; 260: at once.” The rapture, or catching up of the church in the NT, has the same meaning of Enoch and Elijah being caught up in the OT. This will also be the experience of believers living at the time of Christ’s return in he air (1 Cor 15:51-54, 1 Thes 4:17). This event, called the rapture of the church or the catching up of the church, takes place when Christ returns to earth in the air, but does not set food on the earth. The time that Christ will set foot on the earth will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4), and is the event which is known as the second coming of Christ.

B. 15:27-31. “Tiglath-pileser (III) of Assyria attacked northern Israel about 733 B.C., conquering it in 722 B.C. and ending the history of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

C. 17:1-6. The defeat of Israel (Northern Kingdom). 17:3. “Shalmaneser.” Shalmaneser V, son of and successor of Tiglath-Pileser III, reigned from 727-722 B.C. 17:4. “So King of Egypt. Osorkon IV (about 727-716 B.C.). 17:6. The king of Assyria. I.e., Shalmaneser, though Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) takes credit in his annals for the actual conquest of Samaria. Perhaps they were both involved, Shalmaneser as the king and Sargon as the general.

D. 17:7-23. The sin of Israel. 17:24-41. The resettlement of Israel. 17:24. The fall of Samaria/Israel. After the fall of Samaria, it was repopulated with people from “Cuthah” (in Babylon), “Avva” (on the Orontes River), “Hamath”(between Aleppo and Damascus), and “Sepharvaim” (possibly on the border between Damascus and Hamath). These people, by intermarriage with those left in Israel, began the new mongrel race known as the Samaritans. The Samaritans were descendants of colonists whom the Assyrian kings planted in Palestine after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. They were despised by the Jews because of their mixed Gentile blood and their different worship, which centered at Mount Gerizim (John 4:20-22). Luke 10 relates to “the good Samaritan, vs 33. The name, “Palestine,” is a word that has been applied to the Northern Kingdom, but has no scriptural validity. The KJV, in Joel 3:4 uses the word, “Palestine.” The NASB, in the same verse uses the word, “Philistia,” as does the NKJV, and refers to the Philistines. Based on Scripture, those whom say that they are Palestinians, are actually descendants of the Philistines (See Judges 16, re: Samson and Delilah.).

E. 18:1. “Hezekiah.” He was one of Judah’s best kings, pursuing an anti-Assyrian policy, which brought about a campaign against Judah by Sennacherib. 18:7. Sometime after Sennacherib replaced Sargon II as king of Assyria in 705 B.C., the Assyrian invasion occurred. 18:9. The contrast is startling: under Hezekiah, Judah was being led back to God at the same time that Israel, under Hoshea, was being taken in captivity. 18:13. In 701 B.C. “Sennacherib” captured the cities of Judah (46 according to his annals) except Jerusalem. Jerusalem would not fall to the Assyrians (vs 32-34). Sennacherib was God’s servant as God’s instrument. 19:35-36. “Then it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning behold, all of them were dead.” The Lord used a sudden particularly virulent plague to slay the Assyrian army. Herodotus records that the army camp was infected with mice (or rats).

F. 21:1 Manasseh. He was Judah’s worst and longest reigning King. 21:6. “He made his son pass through the fire” (concerning human sacrifice). Jerusalem would be judged according to the same righteousness standard as were Samaria and Ahab, and as a result would be destroyed. 21:16. According to tradition, Manasseh killed Isaiah (Isaiah was martyred by being sawed in two inside of a hollow log).

G. 23:29. Josiah’s reign (640-609 B.C.). “Pharoah Neco king of Egypt (609-594) went up to the king of Assyria to help him against Nabopolassar, king of Babylon.

H. 23:35. Jehoiakim (Eliakim). 23:35. “Jehoiakim” became a vassal to Egypt for four years, exacting the tribute from all the people.
24:1. After the battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. (which ended the rule of Egypt), Nebuchadnezzar entered Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim a vassal, and took Daniel and others to Babylon.

I. 24:10. Jehoiachin. The second invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C., stripping the Temple of its treasures.

J. 24:17. Zedekiah (Mattaniah). Rebellion against Babylon and destruction of the Temple. 25:1. The final siege of Jerusalem began in January 588 B.C. and lasted a year and a half. 25:4. The city was broken into on July 16, 586 B.C. 25:7. Third deportation to Babylon.

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 2 Kings – by C.I. Scofield

A. Book Introduction – 2 Kings

This book continues the history of the kingdoms to the captivities. It includes the translation of Elijah and the ministry of Elisha. During this period Amos and Hosea prophesied in Israel, and Obadiah, Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and Jeremiah in Judah.

B. Second Kings is in seven parts:

1. The last ministry and translation of Elijah, 2 Kings 1:1 to 2 Kings 2:11.

2. The ministry of Elisha from the translation of Elijah to the anointing of Jehu, 2 Kings 2:12 to 2 Kings 9:10.

3. The reign of Jehu over Israel, 2 Kings 9:11 to 2 Kings 10:36.

4. The reigns of Athaliah and Jehoash over Judah, 2 Kings 11:1 to 2 Kings 12:21.

5. The reigns of Jehoahaz and Joash over Israel, and the last ministry of Elisha, 2 Kings 13:1-25.

6. From the death of Elisha to the captivity of Israel, 2 Kings 14:1 to 2 Kings 17:41.

7. From the accession of Hezekiah to the captivity of Judah, 2 Kings 18:1 to 2 Kings 25:30.

The events recorded in Second Kings cover a period of 308 years. (Ussher)

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. The Divided Kingdom. 1:1-17:41.

A. The reign of Ahaziah in Israel (853-852 B.C.), 1:1-18.
1. 1:3. “the angel of the Lord.” See notes on Gen 16:9. A theophany, a self-manifestation of God. He here speaks with God, identifies himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the Lord ceases to appear after the coronation (the triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem), it is often inferred that the angel in the OT is a pre-incarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity.
2. 1:9. “man of God.” A synonym for “prophet” in the books of Kings (cf. 1 Kings 12:22: 17:18; 2 Kings 4:7, etc.)

B. The reign of Jehoram (Joram) in Israel (852-841 B.C.), 2:1-8:15.
1. The translation o Elijah, 2:1-11.
a. 2:11. Elihah, like Enoch (See Gen 5:22-24), was taken to heaven without dying. This will also be the experience of believers living at the time of Christ’s return (1 Cor 15:51, 1 Thes 4:17). My note: this event, called the rapture of the church, or the catching up of the church, takes place when Christ returns to earth in the air, but does not set food on the earth. The time that Christ will set foot on the earth will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4), and is the event which is known as the second coming of Christ.
2. The beginning of Elisha’s ministry, 2:12-25.
3. Jehoram’s expedition against Moab, 3:1-27.
a. 3:1. The double dating of the accession of “Jehoram” (cf.1:17) indicates a coregency with Jehoshaphat in Judah. Jehoram reigned from 852 to 841 B.C.
b. 3:2. “his mother.” Jezebel, who lived throughout his entire reign (9:30).
4. Elisha’s ministry, 4:1-8:15.
a. Elisha aids a widow, 4:1-7.
b. Elisha and the Shunammite woman, 4:8-37.
c. Elisha at Gilgal, 4:38-44.
d. Elisha and Naaman the the leper, 5:1-27.
e. Elisha recovers the axe head, 6:1-7.
f. Elisha thwarts Aram, 6:8-8:6.
g. Elisha in Damascus, 8:7-15.

C. The reign of Joram (Jehoram) in Judah (848-841 B.C.; 2 Chron 21:1-20), 8:16-24.

D. The reign of Ahaziah in Judah (841 B.C.; 2 Chron 22:1-9), 8:25-29.

E. The reign of Jehu in Israel (841-814 B.C.), 9:1-10:36.
1. Jehu anointed by Elisha, 9:1-10.
a. 9:8. “For the whole house of Ahab will perish” (NASB).
b. 9:10. “The dogs shall eat Jezebel in the territory of Jezreel, and none shall burn her” (NASB). Concerning Jezebel’s fate, see verses 35-37 and 1 Kings 21:23.
2. Jehu defeats Jehoram (Joram) of Israel, 9:11-10:17.
3. Jehu destroys Baal worshipers, 10:18-36.
a. 10:29. Though Jehu destroyed Baal worship, he did not eradicate the idolatry of Jehoram (see notes on 1 Kings 12:28,29) nor walk in the law of God (v. 31).
b. 10:36. Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria for 28 years.

F. The reign of Athaliah in Judah (841-835 B.C.; 2 Chron 22:10-23:15), 11:1-16.
a. 11:1. The story of Ahazia is resumed from 9:27. Athaliah was the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and he wife of Jehoram.
b. 11:2. Athaliah’s attempt to exterminate all rivals to the throne was thwarted by the hiding of Joash (=Jehoash of v.21) in the “bedroom” (a room where mattresses and couches were stored).
c. 11:12. “the testimony.” Probably a copy of the Mosaiac Law to remind the king of his obligations.
d. 11:12. “anointed.” On the significance of anointing, see note on 1 Sam 9:16. Anointing involved a consecration, or setting apart, for service. It was a religious act that established a special relationship between God and the king, who served as His representative and ruler over the people.
e. 11:16. Athaliah was put to death.

G. The reign of Jehoash (Joash) in Judah (835-796 B.C.; 2 Chron 23:16-24:27); 11:17-12:21).

H. The reign of Jehoahaz in Israel (814-798 B.C.), 13:1-9.

I. The reign of Jehoash (Joash) in Israel (798-782 B.C.), 13:10-25.

J. The reign of Amaziah in Judah (796-767 B.C.; 2 Chron 25:1-28), 14:1-22.

K. The reign of Jeroboam II in Israel (794-753 B.C.), 14:23-29).

L. The reign of Azariah (Uzziah) in Judah (790-739 B.C.; 2 Chron 26:1-23), 15:1-7.

M. The reign of Zechariah in Israel (753 B.C.), 15:8-12.

N. The reign of Shallum in Israel (752 B.C.) 15:13-15.

O. The reign of Menahem in Israel (752-742 B.C.), 15:16-22.
1. 15:19-20. “Pul,” Tiglath-{Pileser III (745-727 B.C.; 1 Chron 5:26) a general who took the reins of the Assyrian government and made its army into an efficient military machine. “a thousand talents” = 3,000,000 shekels. Therefore, about 60,000 men contributed to this levy.

P. The reign of Pekahiah in Israel (742-740 B.C.), 15:23-26.

Q. The reign of Pekah in Israel (752-732 B.C.), 15:27-31.
1. 15:27-31. A year after “Pekah” began to reign, Uzziah, king of Judah died as a leper, and Isaiah saw the great vision in Isa 6. Because Judah refused to join an anti-Assyrian alliance with Israel, she was successfully invaded by Israel (2 Chron 28:5-15). A second invasion a few months later was not successful because “Tiglath-pileser (III) of Assyria attacked northern Israel about 733 B.C. (v. 29; Isa 7), thus marking the beginning of the end for the Northern Kingdom. “Hoshea,” a puppet king and the last king of Israel, attempted an alliance with Egypt and was imprisoned by the Assyrians, who besieged Samaria, the capital, conquering it in 722 B.C. and ending the history of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

R. The reign of Jotham in Judah (750-731 B.C.; 2 Chron 27:1-9), 15:32-38.

S. The reign of Ahaz in Judah (731-715 B.C.; 2 Chron 28:1-27), 16:1-20.

T. The reign of Hoshea in Israel (732-722 B.C.), 17:1-41.
1. The defeat of Israel, 17:1-6. (My note. Israel is the Northern Kingdom, in this context.)
a. 17:3. “Shalmaneser.” Shalmaneser V, son of and successor of Tiglath-Pileser III, reigned from 727-722 B.C.
b. 17:4. “So King of Egypt. Osorkon IV (about 727-716 B.C.). On this conspiracy, see notes on 15:27.
c. 17:6. The king of Assyria. I.e., Shalmaneser, though Sargon II (722-705 B.C., Isa 20:1) takes credit in his annals for the actual conquest of Samaria. Perhaps they were both involved, Shalmaneser as the king and Sargon as the general (See note 18:10, “they”). “Halah.” An unidentified city or district in Mesopotamia. “Habor.” The modern Khabur River, one of the tributares of the upper Euphrates, the area of Gozan (=Guzzani in Assyrian records).
2. The sin of Israel. 17:7-23.
3. The resettlement of Israel. 17:24-41.
a. 17:24. After the fall of Samaria, it was repopulated with people from “Cuthah” (in Babylon), “Avva” (on the Orontes River), “Hamath”(between Aleppo and Damascus), and “Sepharvaim” (possibly on the border between Damascus and Hamath). These people, by intermarriage with those left in Israel, began the new mongrel race known as the Samaritans. See note on Luke 10:33. “Samaritan.” The Samaritans were descendants of colonists whom the Assyrian kings planted in Palestine after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. They were despised by the Jews because of their mixed Gentile blood and their different worship, which centered at Mount Gerizim (John 4:20-22). My note. The Luke 10 account relates to “the good Samaritan vs 33. The name, “Palestine,” is a word that has been applied to the Northern Kingdom, but has no scriptural validity. The KJV, in Joel 3:4 uses the word, “Palestine.” The NASB, in the same verse uses the word, “Philistia,” as does the NKJV, which refers to the Philistines (Ryrie note). Based on the Scripture, those whom say that they are Palestinians, are actually descendants of the Philistines (See Judges 16, re: Samson and Delilah.).

II. The Surviving Kingdom Of Judah, 18:1-25:30.

A. The reign of Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.; 2 Chron 29:1-32:33), 18:1-20:21.
1. His reforms (18:1-2).
a. 18:1. “Hezekiah” was one of Judah’s best kings, pursuing an anti-Assyrian policy, which brought about a campaign against Judah by Sennacherib.
b. 18:7. “rebelled” sometime after Sennacherib replaced Sargon II as king of Assyria in 705 B.C. This brought about the Assyrian invasion recorded in 18:13-19:36.
c. 18:9. The contrast is startling: under Hezekiah, Judah was being led back to God at the same time that Israel, under Hoshea, was being taken in captivity. My note: Judah=Southern Kingdom. Israel=Northern Kingdom.
2. His deliverance from Sennacherib’s two invasions, 18:13-19:37
a. 18:13. In 701 B.C. “Sennacherib” captured the cities of Judah (46 according to his annals) except Jerusalem.
b. 18:26. The Hebrew officials asked the Assyrians to speak “Aramaic,” the commercial and diplomatic language of the day, so that bystanders would not understand what was being said. Evidently the “Rabshakeh (commander) himself was speaking in Hebrew or through an interpreter.
c. 19:29-31. Jerusalem would not fall to the Assyrians (vs 32-34). Sennacherib was God’s servant as God’s instrument (vs 25).
d. 19:35-36. “Then it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning behold, all of them were dead.” On the Lord’s defeat of Sennacherib, see note on Isa 37:36. The Lord used a sudden particularly virulent plague to slay the Assyrian army. Herodotus records that the army camp was infected with mice (or rats).See Kings 19:35.
3. His illness and recovery, 20:1-11.
4. His foolishness before the Babylonians, 20:12-21.

B. The reign of Manasseh (695-642 B.C.; 2 Chron 33:1-20), 21:1-18.
1. 21:1. “Manasseh” was Judah’s worst and longest reigning King (cf 24:3).
2. 21:6. “He made his son pass through the fire.” Concerning human sacrifice, see 16:3.
3. 21:13. Jerusalem would be judged according to the same righteousness standard as were Samaria and Ahab, and as a result would be destroyed.
4. 21:16. According to tradition, Manasseh killed Isaiah (See introduction to Isaiah). The Prophet. According to tradition, Isaiah was martyred during the reign of Manasseh (696-642 B.C.) by being sawed in two inside of a hollow log (cf: Heb 11:37).

C. The reign of Amon (642-640 B.C.; 2 Chron 33:21-25) 21:19-26.

D. The reign of Josiah (640-609 B.C.; 2 Chron 34:1-35:27), 22:1-23:30.
1. He repairs the temple, 22:1-7.
2. He recovers the law, 22:8-20.
a. 22:8. “the book of the law.” Possibly the entire Pentateuch or perhaps the book of Deuteronomy or scripture portions such a Lev 26 and Deu 28, which speak of judgment. Manasseh had doubtless destroyed all the copes that had not been hidden.
b. 22:20. “in peace.” Without living to see the destruction of Jerusalem (Nebuchadnezzar’s first attack came four years after Josiah was killed in battle; 23:29-30).
3. He renews the covenant, 23:1-3.
4. He reforms the nation, 23:4-30.
a. 23:22. “such a Passover.” None had been observed in strict conformity to the law since the days of the judges, though the Passover was observed by Hezekiah (2 Chron 30). Further details of this Passover are recorded in 2 Chron 35.
c. 23:29. “Pharoah Neco king of Egypt (609-594) went up to the king of Assyria to help him against Nabopolassar, king of Babylon. Additional details are found in 2 Chron 35:20-24.

E. The reign of Jehoahaz (609 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:1-4), 23:31-33.

F. The reign of Jehoiakim (Eliakim; 609-597 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:5-8), 23:34-24:7.
1. 23:35. “Jehoiakim” became a vassal to Egypt for four years, exacting the tribute from all the people (though he built a luxurious palace for himself, Jer 22:13-14). See notes on Jer 25:1 and Dan 1:1.
2. 24:1. After the battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. (which ended the rule of Egypt), Nebuchadnezzar entered Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim a vassal, and took Daniel and others to Babylon.

G. The reign of Jehoiachin (597 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:9-10). 24:8-16.
1. 24:10. The second invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C. See introduction to Jeremiah for the chronology.
2. 24:13. Concerning Nebuchadnezzar’s stripping the Temple of its treasures, see note on Dan 1:2.

H. The reign of Zedekiah (Mattaniah; 597-586 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:11-21), 24:17-25:21.
1. Rebellion against Babylon and destruction of the Temple, 24:17-25:10.
a. 24:17. None of Jehoiachin’s sons reigned on Judah’s throne, as Jeremiah predicted (22:30).
b. 25:1. The final siege of Jerusalem began in January 588 B.C. and lasted a year and a half.
c. 25:4. The city was broken into on July 16, 586 B.C. “of the Arabah.” The Jordan Valley. King Zedekiah was captured at Jericho (v.5).
d. 25:7. Jeremiah had warned Zedekiah that he would see Nebuchadnezzar (Jer 32:4; 34:3), but Ezekiel predicted that he would not see Babylon (Ezek 12:13). How accurately bot these prophecies were fulfilled!
2. Third deportation to Babylon, 25:11-21.

I. Gedaliah, the Puppet Governor (586 B.C.), 25:22-26.
1. “Gedaliah.” A friend of Jeremiah (Jer 39:14), he was a worthy governor but was assassinated because he placed trust in unworthy men (v.23: cf. Jer 40:14).

J. The release of Jehoiachin in Babylon, 25:27-30.
1. 25:27-30. Babylonian tablets confirm that Jehoiachin, his sons and others received rations from Nebuchadnezzar’s stores. After the death of Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach, attempting to gain favor with the captive Jews, released Jehoiachin from prison and treated well.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: I and II Kings

A. #Kings #BibleProject #BibleVideo

B. Overview: 1-2 Kings. Apr 2, 2016. BibleProject.

C. Watch our overview video on the books of 1-2 Kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Kings, David’s son Solomon leads Israel to greatness, only to fail and lead Israel to a civil war and ultimately towards destruction and exile.

II. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

A. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
B. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Kings

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1 Kings -This video will provide a quick overview of the first book of Kings. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The author of 1 Kings was Jeremiah. The date of the writing was ca., 550 b.c.

B. The timeline for this study will be from 1010 B.C. until 876 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 1 Kings is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

C. Key events of 1 Kings are: David becomes king of Judah, 1010 B.C. David becomes king over all Israel, 1003 b.c. Solomon born, 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king, 970 B.C. Temple completed, 959 B.C. Rehoboam becomes king of Judah, 931 B.C. Jeroboam becomes king of Israel, 931 B.C. King Shishak of Egypt attacks Jerusalem, 925 B.C. Asa becomes king of Judah, 911 B.C. Elijah begins prophetic ministry, 874 B.C. Ahab becomes king of Israel, 874 B.C. Jehoshaphat becomes king of Judah, 873 B.C.

D. When the Temple in Jerusalem was completed and dedicated, significant events of Holiness occurred.

1. 1 Kings 8:10-11. God’s Holy Spirit was so strong that the priests could not stand, “for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the LORD” (Ex 40:34-35; 2 Chron 7:1-2).

2. I Kings 8:12. Solomon recognized the cloud as the symbol of God’s presence and favor (Ex 19:9; Lev 16:2).

3. Solomon’s extreme reverence to God in the Temple dedication as he prayed, and in his posture of prayer (1 Kings 8:61, 2 Chron 6:1-7:3).

a. 1 Kings 8:22-23. 22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven. 23 He said, “O LORD, the God of Israel, there is no God like You in heaven above or on earth beneath, keeping covenant and showing lovingkindness to Your servants who walk before You with all their heart (NASB).

b. 1 Kings 8:54-56. 54 When Solomon had finished praying this entire prayer and supplication to the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread toward heaven. 55 And he stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying: 56“Blessed be the LORD, who has given rest to His people Israel, according to all that He promised; not one word has failed of all His good promise, which He promised through Moses His servant (NASB).

c. 1 Kings 8:65. The dedication of the Temple lasted “seven days” and the the Feast of Booths another seven days. See 2 Chron 7:9-10. (mine: the Feast of Booths is the same event as the Feast of Tabernacles; “God tabernacled with His people, Israel. During the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, God will also Tabernacle with His people (all saved Jews and Gentiles) through Christ who will be ruling from Jerusalem, Isa 2:1-4).

d. 1 Kings 9:25. Once the temple had been built, Solomon’s practice of sacrificing to God at the various high places ceased (cf. 3:2–4). He kept Israel’s 3 great annual feasts, Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, at the temple in Jerusalem. (MacArthur Study Bible). Deut 16:16, “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.

E. Jeroboam and Rehoboam are key figures in this study. They must be discussed in order to understand their individual significance in Israel after the death of Solomon in approximately 930 B.C.

1. How do we distinguish between Jeroboam and Rehoboam? They were not brothers. Jeroboam was the son of Nebat; Rehoboam was the son of King Solomon. 1 Kings 11:26-28 describes the relationship between Solomon and Jeroboam, in that Jeroboam was appointed over all the forced labor of the house of Joseph, which included the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (The Bible Knowledge Commentary – Old Testament).

2. Jeroboam “jumped;” Rehoboam “remained.” Jeroboam “jumped north” from Jerusalem with 10 tribes, and ruled over the northern kingdom, into an area that became known as Ephraim, Israel, and Samaria; they intermarried with pagans. Rehoboam “remained” in Jerusalem, and ruled over the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, which became known as Judah, and the southern kingdom. The northern kingdom was destroyed by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. The southern kingdom was destroyed in 586 B.C. by the Babylonians.

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 1 Kings – by C.I. Scofield

A. Book Introduction – 1 Kings

1. First Kings records the death of David, the reign of Solomon, the building of the temple, death of Solomon, division of the kingdom under Rehoboam and Jeroboam, and the history of the two kingdoms to the reign of Jehoram over Judah, and Ahaziah over Samaria.

2. First Kings Includes the mighty ministry of Elijah.

3. The events recorded in First Kings cover a period of 118 years (Ussher).

B. Book Breakdown. The book is in six parts:

1. From the rebellion of Adonijah to the death of David, 1 Kings 1:1 to 1 Kings 2:11.

2. From the accession of Solomon to the dedication of the temple, 1 Kings 2:12 to 1 Kings 8:66.

3. From the division of the kingdom to the death of Jeroboam and Rehoboam, 1 Kings 12:1 to 1 Kings 14:31.

4. The kingdoms to the accession of Ahab, 1 Kings 15:1 to 1 Kings 16:28.

5. Accession of Ahab to his death, 1 Kings 16:29 to 1 Kings 22:40.

6. From the reign of Jehoshaphat to the accession of Jehoram over Judah, and Ahaziah over Samaria, 1 Kings 22:41-53.

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. The United Kingdom. 1:1-11:43.

A. The accession of Solomon. (2 Chron 1:1-7) 1:1-3:1.
1. The struggle for the succession. 1:1-53.
2. The final charge of David to Solomon. 2:1-12.
3. The purge initiated by Solomon. 2:13-46.
4. The marriage of Solomon. 3:1.

B. The wisdom of Solomon. 3:2-4:34.
1. Solomon’s request for wisdom. 3:2-15.
2. Solomon’s display of wisdom. 3:16-28.
3. Solomon’s administration. 4:1-28.
4. Solomon’s fame. 4:29-34.

C. The temple of Solomon. (2 Chron 2:1-7:22) 5:1-8:66.
1. Preparations for the Temple. 5:1-18.
2. Description and construction of the Temple. 6:1-38.
a. 6:1. The date is 967 B.C. and Ziv is the second month (April-May). On the relation of this date to the Exodus, see the Introduction to Exodus.
b. 6:14. This Temple stood until destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.
c. 6:16-17. “the most holy place” (Holy of Holies) occupied one-third of the interior space of the Temple, and the Holy Place two-thirds.
d. 6:19-20. “inner sanctuary.” The Holy of Holies. “altar” of incense.”
e. 6:31-35. Olivewood doors separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place (apparently there was also a curtain, 2 Chron 3:14), and the doors in the Temple proper matched them.
f. 6:38. Seven years later, in “Bul” (Oct-Nov), the Temple was completed.
3. Construction of other buildings. 7:1-12.
4. Furnishing the Temple. 7:13-51.
a. 7:46. Excavations have shown that this area (“Succoth” was E of the Jordan and just N of the Jabbok River) was a center of metallurgy.
b. 7:48-50. On the articles in the Tabernacle similar to these, see notes on Ex 25.
c. 7:51. “things dedicated.” Likely an enormous amount of spoils taken in wars.
5. Dedication of the Temple. 8:1-66.
a. 8:2. Eleven months after the completion of the Temple (6:38).
b. 8:9. See Heb 9:4, which refers to the contents of the ark when it stood in the Tabernacle and contained the law, Aaron’s rod and manna. Apparently the latter two items had been lost by this time. (Some think they were never placed in the ark, but alongside it; cf Ex 16:33-34; Num 17:10.)
c. 8:10-11. God’s Holy Spirit was so strong that the priests could not stand, “for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the LORD.”
c. 8:12. Solomon recognized the cloud as the symbol of God’s presence and favor (Ex 19:9; Lev 16:2).
d. 8:22. (mine). See the reverence of Solomon for God. “Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven.”
e. 8:23-53. Solomon’s great prayer. (mine: See 8:30, “Your people Israel.”)
f. 8:54-55. (mine: see the reverence of Solomon for God.)

D. The fame of Solomon. (2 Chron 8:1-9:28), 9:1-10:29.
1. His covenant with God. 9:1-9.
a. 9:6-7. As far as the Temple, and people, are concerned, it is clearly stated that it will be destroyed, and they will into captivity if they are unfaithful; but the Davidic dynasty will nut be put aside (Ps 89:30-37).
b. 9:8. “a heap of ruins.” The text is uncertain, though the meaning is that the revered Temple will be destroyed (2 Chron 7:21).
2. His gifts to Hiram. 9:10-14.
3. His subjects. 9:15-25.
a. 9:15. Megiddo. An important fortification controlling a pass between the plains of Esdraelon and Sharon and the site of the future battle of Armageddon. See note on Rev 16:16.
b. 9:25. “three times in a year.”I.e., the feasts of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost and Booths.
4. His navy. 9:26-28.
5. His visit from the queen of Sheba. 10:1-13.
6. His wealth. 10:14-29.

E. The downfall of Solomon. 11:1-43.
1. The reasons. 11:1-8.
2. The warning. 11:9-13.
a. 11:11. (mine: “I will surely tear the Kingdom from you. (See comments on 11:13.)
b. 11:12. (mine: “I will tear it out of the hand of your son. (See comments on 11:13.)
c. 11:13. “one tribe.” I.e., Judah, to which small Benjamin was indissolubly connected, for Jerusalem straddled the territory of both tribes (cf. 11:32 and 12:21). Simeon, the tribe S of Judah, had apparently migrated N and was counted with the 10 northern tribes (cf. 1 Chron 12:23-25; 2 Chron 15:9; 34:6). (mine: Re: 11:11-12).
3. The Adversaries. 11:14-28.
4. The prophecy of Ahijah. 11:29-40.
a. 11:37. “one tribe.” The ten northern tribes.
b. 11:40. “Shishak.” Sheshonk I, who reigned 945-924 B.C. and gave political asylum to Jeroboam. Later (in 925) he invaded Jerusalem, exacting heavy tribute from Judah (14:25-26.
5. The death of Solomon. 11:41-43.
a. 11:42. Solomon reigned over Jerusalem for forty years.
b. 11:43. Solomon died; his son, Rehoboam reigned in his place.

II. The Divided Kingdom. 12:1-22:53.

A. The rupture in the Kingdom. 12:1-24.
1. The request of the northern tribes. 12:1-4.
a. 12:1. “Shechem.” First mentioned in Gen 12:6, it was in the territory of Ephraim, near present day Nabius (see also Judg 9:1).
b. 12:2. Jeroboam. See 11:26-40. “Jeroboam, the son of Nebat,…also rebelled against the King (Solomon). He became the spokesman to present the grievances of the people to the king.
2. The reply of Rehoboam. 12:5-15
3. The revolt of the northern tribes. 12:16-24.

B. The reign of Jeroboam in Israel (931-910 B.C.). 12:25-14:20.
1. Establishing religious worship centers. 12:25-33.
a. 12:25. “Penuel.” Located E of the Jordan, it served to keep those tribes who lived in that area from being invaded by Rehoboam or Shishak (14:24).
b. 12:29. Jeroboam placed one golden calf in Bethel, which was on the road to Jerusalem and 11 mi N of the city, and the other calf in the northernmost part of his kingdom, in Dan.
c. 12:31. Jeroboam also infiltrated the priesthood with non-Levites.
d. 12:32. “a feast.” Probably Booths, observed one month later (Lev 23:34).
2. Encountering the man of God. 13:1-32.
a. 13:2. This prediction, naming “Josiah,” was fulfilled about 300 years later (2 Kings 23:15-20).
b. 13:32. “Samaria.” Later the capital of the 10 northern tribes and here to designate that entire area.
3. Elevating non-Levites to the priesthood. 13:33-34.
4. Experiencing his son’s sickness and Ahijah’s prophecy. 14:1-18.
5. Expiring. 14:19-20.
a. 14:19. Jeroboam made war and reigned. (mine: Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, reigned over the 10 tribes of the northern kingdom.)
b. 14:20. Jeroboam died, having reigned 22 years. Nadab, his son, reigned in his place.

C. The reign of Rehoboam in Judah (931-913 B.C.; 2 Chron 10:1-12:16). 14:21-31.
1. Apostasy in Judah. 14:21-24.
2. Attack by Shishak of Egypt. 14:25-28.
3. Death of Rehoboam. 14:29-31.
a. 14:30. There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
b. 14:31. Rehoboam died, and his son, Abijam ruled in his place.

D. The reign of Abijam (Abijah) in Judah. (913-911 B.C.; 2 Chron 13:1-22). 15:1-8.

E. The reign of Asa in Judah. (911-870 B.C.; 2 Chron 14:1-16:14). 15:9-24.
1. His reforms. 15:9-15.
2. His war with Baasha. 15:16-24.

F. The reign of Nabab in Israel (910-909 B.C.) 15:25-31.

G. The reign of Baasha in Israel (909-886 B.C.) 15:32-16:7.

H. The reign of Elah in Israel (886-885 B.C.) 16:8-14.

I. The reign of Zimri in Israel (885 B.C.) 16:15-20.

J. The reign of Omri in Israel (885-874 B.C.) 16:21-28.

K. The reign of Ahab in Israel (874-853 B.C.) 16:29-22:40.
1. The beginning of Ahab’s reign. 16:29-34.
2. Elijah’s prediction of drought. 17:1.
3. God’ provision for Elijah. 17:2-24.
4. Elijah’s challenge to the priests of Baal. 18:1-46.
5. Elijah’s flight to Horeb. 19:1-18.
6. Elijah’s appointment of Elisha. 19:19-21.
7. Ahab’s Aramean victories. 20:1-43.
8. Ahab’s desire to have Naboth’s vineyard. 21:1-29.
9. Ahab’s final battle. 22:1-40.

L. The reign of Jehoshaphat in Judah (873-848 B.C.; 2 Chron 17:1-20:37). 22:41-50.

M. The reign of Ahaziah in Israel (853 B.C.). 22:51-53.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: 1-2 Kings.

A. #Kings #BibleProject #BibleVideo

B. Overview: 1-2 Kings. Apr 2, 2016. BibleProject.

C. Watch our overview video on the books of 1-2 Kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Kings, David’s son Solomon leads Israel to greatness, only to fail and lead Israel to a civil war and ultimately towards destruction and exile.

II. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

A. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
B. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
C. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 2 Samuel

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Opening Video Information. 2 Samuel -This video will provide a quick overview of the second book of Samuel. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The timeline for this 2 Samuel study will be from 1050 B.C. until 970 B.C. (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986).

B. The key events of 2 Samuel are: Saul becomes king 1050 B.C. David born 1040 B.C. David becomes king of Judah 1010. David becomes king of all Israel 1003. Solomon born 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king 970 B.C.

C. In this article, we will discuss the events of the above stated time frame. In this study of the second Book of Samuel, we will find Scripture that will take us back to the Book of Genesis, which will carry us forward to the Book of Revelation.

D. The key passage of this book is found in chapter 7:8-17, which is the Davidic Covenant. Per the Scofield Study Bible, “The Davidic Covenant, upon which the future Kingdom Of Christ, ‘who was descended from David according to the flesh’ (Rom 1:3) was to be founded, provided for David:” See details of the Davidic Covenant in the following Scofield Reference Notes link: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-7.html Additional details are provided below in Part 3, Lesson Outline.

Part 2. Supportive Information.

I. Book of Samuel. See Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Samuel.

II. Abrahamic Covenant stated. Land, seed, and blessing. Genesis 12:1-3. (See Ryrie Study Bible notes for A., B., C. below.)

A. 12:1 The land, i.e., Canaan. Abraham was still in Haran when this call, originally given to him in Ur (Acts 7:2), was reiterated.

B. 12:2 The seed. “a great nation.” When God made this promise, Abraham had no son. The reference is to the Jewish nation (i.e., the descendants of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob). “I will bless you, And make your name great.” This promise was fulfilled in Abraham’s temporal blessings (13:2; 24:35), spiritual blessings (21:22), and fame (23:6; Isa 41:8). “so you shall be a blessing.” Lit., be a blessing, a certain consequence of God’s blessing upon Abraham.

C. 12:3 “bless…curse.” Abraham’s relation to God was so close that to bless or curse him was, in effect, to bless or curse God. See examples in 20:2-18; 21:22-34; 23:1-20. “in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” This promise was fulfilled in the coming of Abraham’s seed, Christ (Gal 3:8, 16).

III. Abrahamic Covenant confirmed. Boundaries of the land. Genesis 15:18:21.

A. The boundaries of the Promised Land are now given for the first time. This promise has not yet been fulfilled but will be when Christ returns (Ryrie Study Bible). See notes on Gen 17:8; Josh 21:43-45, below.
1. Genesis 17:8. The possession of Canaan is the only focus of this statement of the covenant. God said that this was fulfilled under Joshua (Josh 21:43). The fulfillment of the total territory promised in Gen 15:18 awaits the establishing of the millennial kingdom.
2. Joshua 21:43-45. God had kept His promise to give Israel the land of Canaan as recorded in Gen 17:8. It is true that the Israelites had not yet fully conquered it, but God had told them they would do so gradually. See note on Deu 7:22. The promise of Gen 15:18-20 involving a larger territory will be fulfilled in the Millennium.
3. Deuteronomy 7:22. The conquest of Canaan would be progressive so that there would not be an excessive accumulation of corpses and desolate land to attract dangerous animals.

B. The geographical boundaries of Israel’s land — “from the river of Egypt” (Wadi el-Arish, not the Nile River) “to the great river, the Euphrates.” Israel has never possessed this land in its entirety, but she will when Christ returns to reign as Messiah. The Canaanite tribes listed (Gen 15:19-21) were dispossessed later in the Conquest (The Bible Knowledge Commentary – Old Testament).

C. We will discuss more details about Israel and the Kingdom Age of the Millennium in future articles. The following post, “Rev 20 – The Millennium – To Rule And Reign With Christ,” goes into great detail as to whom will be allowed in the Kingdom; the link to that post is:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2020/02/02/rev-20-the-millennium-to-rule-and-reign-with-christ/

D. The intimate relationship that God has with Israel is undeniable. Consider: Deu 14:2, Neh 9:13, Ps 147:19-20, Ez 36:24-29.

E. In relation to the return of Christ to reign as Messiah, this event will take place at the end of the tribulation when Jews call on Him to save them from the destruction that they see facing them (Matt 23:39; 24:21-22; Zech 12:10; Rev 19:19-21; 20:4). The elect in Matt 24:22 are Jews, per Deu 14:2; they were left behind from the catching up of the saints (1 Thes 4:16-17). A music video that relates to Matt 23:39 can be found at the bottom of this article.

Part 3. Lesson Outline. The outline of 2 Samuel is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible. (See About Sources page of this site for bio of Dr. Ryrie.

I. David’s Coronation Over The Kingdom. 1:1-5:6.

A. The time of the coronation (After Saul’s death). 1:1-27.
1. The report of Saul’s death. 1:1-10.
2. The reaction to Saul’s death. 1:11-16.
3. The remorse over Saul’s death. 1:17-27.

B. The extend of the Kingdom (over Judah). 2:1-7.

C. The efforts to include the other tribes. 2:8-4:12.
1. The rival, Ish-bosheth. 2:8-11.
2. The civil war. 2:12-4:12.
a. Abner vs Joab. 2:12-32.
b. Abner deserts Ish-bosheth. 3:1-21.
c. Joab murders Abner. 3:22-39.
d. The murder of Ish-bosheth. 4:1-12.

D. David enthroned over All the Tribes. 5:1-6.

II. David’s Consolidation Of The Kingdom. 5:7-6:23.

A. The government established in Jerusalem. 5:7-25.

B. The ark brought to Jerusalem. 6:1-23.

III. David’s Covenant Concerning The Kingdom. 7:1-29.

Note. MacArthur Study Bible. 7:1–17 See 1 Chr. 17:1–15. These verses record the establishment of the Davidic Covenant, God’s unconditional promise to David and his posterity. While not called a covenant here, it is later (23:5). This promise is an important key to understanding God’s irrevocable pledge of a king from the line of David to rule forever (v. 16).

A. David’s proposal. 7:1-3.

B. God’s disposal. 7:4-29.
1. God’s promise. 7:4-17.
2. David’s praise. 7:18-29.

IV. David’s Conquests For The Kingdom. 8:1-10:19.

A. David defeats the Philistia, Moab, Zobah, Aram, Edom. 8:1-18.

B. David shows kindness to Mephibosheth. 9:1-13.

C. David defeats Ammon. 10:1-19.

V. David’s Crimes Within The Kingdom. 11:1-27.

A. Adultery. 11:1-13.

B. Murder. 11:14-17.

VI. David’s Conflicts In The Kingdom. 12:1-20:26.

A. The death of David’s baby, and his restoration to power. 12:1-31.

B. The incest of Ammon. 13:1-39.

C. The rebellion of Absalom. 14:1-18:33.
1. Absalom returns. 14:1-33.
2. Absalom revolts. 15:1-12.
3. Absalom routs David. 15:13-16:14.
4. Absalom rules in Jerusalem. 16:15-17:23.
5. Absalom is defeated and dies. 17:24-18:33.

D. Disorder in he Kingdom. 19:1-39.

E. Revolution in the Kingdom.19:40-20:26.

VII. David’s Conclusion In The Kingdom. 21:1-24:25.

A. The famine. 21:1-14.

B. The exploits. 21:15-22.

C. The song of David. 22:1-51.

D. The last words of David. 23:1-7.

E. The deeds of David’s mighty men. 23:8-39.

F. The census and plague. 24:1-25.

Part 4. Closing Video.

Paul Wilbur – Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes – Matthew 23:39

Part 5. Video Details.

I. Opening Video. 2 Samuel.

A. Video Overview: 2 Samuel. March 26, 2016. #Samuel #BibleProject #BibleVideo
Watch our overview video on the book of 2 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In 2 Samuel, David becomes God’s most faithful king, but then rebels, resulting in the slow destruction of his family and kingdom.

B. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

1. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
2. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
3. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

II. Closing Video. Paul Wilbur – Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes

Juan Rodriguez. December 12, 2010.

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Samuel

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1 Samuel -This video will provide a quick overview of the first book of Samuel. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. In this series of studies, we will go back into the Old Testament. We will look at Israel, as “God’s chosen people” (Deu 14:2) continue their travel toward the promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant. We will discuss key events that take place from 1 Samuel, through the time of the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian troops. The timeline for this study will be from 1171 B.C., (Scofield Study Bible, Copyright 1909), until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 1 Samuel is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Timeline of 1 Samuel. Israel judged by judges 1375 BC. Samuel born 1085 BC. Saul born 1080 BC. Saul becomes king 1050 BC. David born 1040 B.C. David becomes king of Judah 1010 BC. David becomes king over all Israel 1003 BC. Solomon born 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king 970 BC. The Part III study outline of this 1 Samuel lesson comes from the Ryrie Study Bible (Bio can be found in my About Sources page of this site.)

C. We are continuing this study from where Israel fled Egypt and crossed through the Red Sea in the topic lesson
“Israel 10 – Exodus 15-24, dated April 7, 2019.” Our last topic lesson was “Judges 10-16 , Ruth, December 6, 2019.”

D. Beginning with this article, we will continue our study of Israel. We will cover the books of 1 Samuel through 2 Chronicles, and provide the highlights of each of these six books. As I have stated before, this is not a verse by verse study of each book. Instead, the study will be based on a prophetic timeline of God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2).

E. After King Solomon’s death, the Kingdom of Israel became divided into the northern and southern kingdoms. Of the kings of the northern kingdom, all of its nineteen kings were unrighteous. Of the kings of the southern kingdom, of its twenty kings, twelve were unrighteous and only eight were righteous. http://biblesanity.org/docs/kings.pdf

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 1 Samuel, by C.I. Scofield. This book represents the personal history of Samuel, last of the Judges. It records the moral failure of the priesthood under Eli, and of the Judges in Samuel’s attempt to make the office hereditary (1 Samuel 8:1). In his prophetic office Samuel was faithful, and in him begins the line of writing prophets. Henceforth the prophet, not the priest, is conspicuous in Israel. In this book the theocracy, as exercised through judges, ends (1 Samuel 8:7), and the line of kings begins with Saul.

II. Book Breakdown.

A. The story of Samuel to the death of Eli, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1:1 to 1 Samuel 4:22.

B. From the taking of the ark to the demand for a king, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 5:1 to 1 Samuel 8:22.

C. The reign of Saul to the call of David, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 9:1 to 1 Samuel 15:35.

D. From the call of David to the death of Saul, 1 Samuel 16:1 to 1 Samuel 31:13.

E. The events recorded in First Samuel cover a period of 115 years (Ussher).

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. Samuel, the last judge. 1:1-8:22.

A. Samuel’s early life and call. 1:1-3:21
1. His mother. 1:1-2:10.
a. Her sorrow. 1:1-8.
b. Her supplication. 1:9-18.
c. Her son (Samuel). 1:19-23.
d. Her sacrifice. 1:24-28.
e. Her song. 2:1-10.
2. Samuel’s ministry. 2:11-3:21.
a. The situation in Shiloh. 2:11-36.
b. The summons to Samuel. 3:1-21.

B. Samuel’s war with the Philistines. 4:1-7:2.
1. The capture of the ark by the Philistines. 4:1-22.
a. The defeat of Israel. 4:1-11.
b. The death of Eli. 4:12-18.
c. The departure of the Glory: Ichabod. 4:19-22.
2. The curse of the ark on the Philistines. 5:1-12.
3. The return of the ark by the Philistines. 6:1-7:1.

C. Samuel’s revival ministry to Israel. 7:2-17.

D. Samuel’s warning to Israel concerning their demand for a king. 8:1-22.

II. Saul, the first king. 9:1-31:13.

A. The rise of Saul. 9:1-11:15.
1. The choosing of Saul. 9:1-27.
2. The coronation of Saul. 10:1-27.
3. The conquest of the Ammonites. 11:1-15.

B. The reminder by Samuel. 12:1-25.

C. The rejection of Saul. 13:1-15:35.
1. His sinful offering. 13:1-22.
2. His rash vows. 13:23-14:52.
3. His partial obedience. 15:1-35.

D. The replacement of Saul by David. 16:1-23.
1. David chosen and anointed. 16:1-13.
2. David employed at Saul’s court. 16:14-23.

E. The rise of David over Saul. 17:1-18:30.
1. David’s defeat of Goliath. 17:1-58.
2. David’s friendship with Jonathan. 18:1-4.
3. David’s relations with Saul. 18:5-16.
4. David’s marriage. 18:17-30.

F. The rejection of David by Saul. 19:1-26:25.
1. David protected by Jonathan. 19:1-10.
2. David protected by Michal. 19:11-17.
3. David protected by Samuel. 19:18:24.
4. David protected by Jonathan. 20:1-42.
5. David protected by Abimelech. 21:1-9.
6. David protected by Achish. 21:10-15.
7. David and his band of men. 22:1-26:25.
a. In the cave of Adullam and in Mizpah. 22:1-5.
b. Saul slays the priests. 22:6-23.
c. At Keilah. 23:1-12.
d. In the wilderness of Ziph. 23:13-29.
e. At Engedi, David spares Saul. 24:1-22.
f. David and Abigail. 25:1-44.
g. In the wilderness of Ziph, David spares Saul again. 26:1-25.

G. The refuge of David in Philistine Territory. 27:1-31:13.
1. David becomes a Philistine servant. 27:1-28:2.
2. Saul consults the medium at En-dor. 28:3-25.
3. David dismissed by the Philistines. 29:1-11.
4. David destroys the Amalekites. 30:1-31.
5. The Philistines and the death of Saul. 31:1-13.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: 1 Samuel. #Samuel #BibleProject #BibleVideo. BibleProject
Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In 1 Samuel, God reluctantly raises up kings to rule the Israelites. The first is a failure, and the second, David, is a faithful replacement

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