Israel 3 – The Oppression Of God’s Chosen People – Exodus 1

Sarah Liberman – Fire of Your Spirit – Published on Apr 16, 2015 – Filmed in the Tabernacle in Israel, Messianic worship artist Sarah Liberman sings of the power of the blood. From the album “I am Before You”. Available on iTunes at or purchase at

Deuteronomy 14:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB) – Israel, a chosen people.

“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.”

Text Overview. Joseph, a son of Jacob/Israel, whom had been sold into slavery by his brothers, was taken to Egypt, approximately in 1897 B.C. (Genesis 37). While in Egypt, Joseph experienced favor and adversity (Gen 39). Joseph was made Prime Minister of Egypt and saved Egypt, and surrounding countries, from famine (Gen 41). Jacob was told by God to not be fearful to go into Egypt; that God would make Israel into a great nation while in Egypt; that He would go with Israel into Egypt and that He would take Israel out. Jacob followed God’s direction and went into Egypt, with the result of about seventy Hebrews/Jews (Gen 14:13) becoming residents of Egypt (Gen 46). Jacob died (Gen 49). Joseph died in 1804 B.C. (Gen 50). This first chapter of Exodus forms a prologue to the book. It describes how God blessed the Israelites, to the point where they become a threat to the Egyptians. Oppression followed. (Dates in this overview come from the Ryrie Study Bible. Statistics show that the population of Israel grew to more than 2,000,000 at the time of the exodus, Ryrie note, Ex 1:7).

God chose Israel to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world, with Christ being the Holy and Righteous Messiah. Israel was also chosen to be a holy and righteous people, to have a special place of prominence in the end times, during the Kingdom Age, which is also known as the Millennial Reign of Christ. The millennium will be a time in the future when Christ will rule and reign during that time of one thousand years. Righteousness will cover the world; sin will be non-existent during that time when Satan is bound (Revelation 20:2). These, and other things that relate to Israel “in” the end times, will be discussed in this study of Israel. I think that a lot of valuable information will be gathered in this study that will show Israel to be the legitimate title-deed holder of its covenant and sovereign land that continues to come under constant verbal and physical attack during current times.

Consider some of the most commonly used names of God, as they are seen in this study.

“Elohim,” God (Gen 1:1). “Yahweh” (YHWH), Lord: “Lord God,” (Gen 2:4). “Lord,” (Gen 4:1). “El Shaddai,” God Almighty (Gen 35:11). “El,” God, mighty one, hero (Gen 46:3). There is no such name as Jehovah that is used for the Name of God. Whenever other Names of God appear in our study, they will be explained.

Exodus 1 Introduction. The following chapter divisions will show: vs 1. The children of Israel multiply after Joseph’s death. vs 8. The more they are oppressed by a new King, the more they multiply. vs 15. The King orders “immediate birth murders” of Jewish baby boys, which would occur only seconds after than the millions of late-term abortions of babies that occur in our world today. The midwives fear God and save the male children alive. vs 22. With the immediate delivery murders of Jewish baby boys being thwarted by the midwives, Pharaoh commands the male children to be thrown into the Nile river.

Exodus 1 Examination.

Consider the oppression of the Jews at the hands of the Egyptians.

Harshness of labor. Slavery. Murder of newborn baby boys.

The murder of baby boys of Israel was an attack on God’s chosen people, as was ordered by the King of Egypt, and is shown in Exodus 1:15-22, occurring at about 1546-1525 B.C. A similar occurrence was repeated in an attempt by King Herod in his order to kill all male children in Bethlehem from the age of two years, and younger, in Matthew 2:16, approximately 4-5 B.C. Moses was born in the year 1526 B.C. Aaron was born in the year 1529 B.C. The time frame of Exodus Chapter 1 is approximately 1662-1527 B.C. In Exodus 1:15-19, “Hebrew” women are “Jewish” women (Genesis 14:13). The attacks of Satan on Israel, as shown in Exodus 1, and Matthew 2, were attempts by Satan to prevent God’s Savior/Messiah/Christ (God with us, Isaiah 7:14, 9:6) from coming into our world.

Exodus 1 New King James Version (NKJV) Israel’s Suffering in Egypt

1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt; each man and his household came with Jacob: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin; 4 Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 5 All those who were descendants of Jacob were seventy persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already). 6 And Joseph died, all his brothers, and all that generation. 7 But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.

8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 And he said to his people, “Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we; 10 come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land.” 11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel. 13 So the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor. 14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage—in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.

15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Puah; 16 and he said, “When you do the duties of a midwife for the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” 17 But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the male children alive. 18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and saved the male children alive?”

19 And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; for they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.”

20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied and grew very mighty. 21 And so it was, because the midwives feared God, that He provided households for them.

22 So Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.”

Exodus 1 Comments

1:1-5 The Israelites lived in Egypt 430 years (Exodus 12:40).

1:6-7 From the death of Joseph to the rise of the new king was more than 200 years (NASB Study Bible).

1:9 This is the first time that the children of Israel are called a people (NKJV Study Bible).

1:12 The Israelite’s affliction is likened to being in a furnace. Deuteronomy 4:20 (Ryrie Study Bible).

1:19 The Pharaoh had resorted to male infanticide (Ryrie Study Bible).

1:22 The Pharaoh ordered every born baby boy to be cast into the Nile River after the failure of his order for the midwives to kill the new-born baby boys. The waters of the Nile River were turned into blood at the time of the exodus of Israel from Egypt (Exodus 7:20). Later God would kill a lot of “grown up boys,” that is Egyptian soldiers, by drowning them in the Red Sea as they pursued fleeing Israel (Exodus 15:4).

The following comments on the above forms of oppression is provided by MacArthur study notes.

1:10, 11 join our enemies…set taskmasters over them. Israel was assessed both as a threat to national security and as an economic asset—slavery would, therefore, control the danger and maximize their usefulness.

1:14 hard bondage—in mortar, in brick. Archeologists have uncovered reliefs and paintings confirming the Egyptian practice of imposing forced labor on prisoners and slaves. These paintings also show foremen and guards watching construction work while scribes registered data on tablets.

1:15–17 the midwives feared God. These brave, older women reverenced their God and thus obeyed Him and not man. They obviously understood that children were a gift from God and that murder was wrong. The two midwives mentioned by name were probably the leading representatives of their profession, for it is unlikely that such a burgeoning population had only two midwives to deal with all the births.

1:15, 16 The failure of rigorous bondage to suppress population growth necessitated that different measures be taken; hence, the royal order to the Hebrew midwives to murder male infants at birth.

1:19, 20 Rather than trying to argue for a justifiable lie on the part of midwives seeking to protect God’s people, take it as a statement of what was true: God was directly involved in this affair of birth and national growth. That’s the key to understanding why no decree of Pharaoh would work out as he intended it, and why Hebrew women were so healthy and gave birth with ease.

1:22 The failure of the extermination program demanded of the midwives finally caused Pharaoh to demand that all his subjects get involved in murdering newborn boys.

A video view of the land in the study of Exodus is provided in the following videos and discussion.

As we go through this wilderness study of Israel, we will use a video tape series of discussions that show the terrain, and other natural land marks, that affected the travel of the children of Israel (Israel=Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham). The six part study is called, “The Real Mount Sinai.”

Dr Bryant G. Wood, B.S., M.S., M.A., Ph.D. is the leader of the series of videos, The Real Mount Sinai.” I think that you will come away from this video series, having gained a lot of good food for thought. You will notice that this video series does not necessarily align up with each article, but will add content that will be valuable to this overall series of articles that we are studying. Check the bio on Dr. Wood:

The Real Mount Sinai: Part 1 was also shown in Israel 1 – A Pagan Breeds A Nation

Exodus of Moses at Red Sea – The Real Mount Sinai: Part 2 of 6 – Shown in Israel 3

Exodus of Moses at Red Sea – The Real Mount Sinai: Part 1 of 6 – Shown in Israel 1

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1 Israel – A Pagan Breeds A Nation

“Abraham served other gods” (Joshua 24:2)

We Are Standing On Holy Ground – FBC Jacksonville, FL

Consider some of the most commonly used names of God, as they are seen in this study.

“Elohim,” God (Gen 1:1). “Yahweh” (YHWH), Lord: “Lord God,” (Gen 2:4). “Lord,” (Gen 4:1). “El Shaddai,” God Almighty (Gen 35:11). “El,” God, mighty one, hero (Gen 46:3). There is no such name as Jehovah that is used for the Name of God. Whenever other Names of God that appear in our study, they will be explained.

God was looking for Abraham; Abraham was not looking for God. God had a specific purpose for His call on Abraham’s life.

1 Peter 1:2 Names of God Bible (NOG)

2 God the Father knew you long ago and chose you to live holy lives with the Spirit’s help so that you are obedient to Yeshua Christ and are sprinkled with his blood.

Genesis 12:1-3 Names of God Bible (NOG) The Lord’s First Promise to Abram.

1 Yahweh said to Abram, “Leave your land, your relatives, and your father’s home. Go to the land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation, I will bless you. I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you, I will curse. Through you every family on earth will be blessed.”

Abraham, an idol worshiper, breeds a holy people (Exodus 22:31), God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2), a people chosen to bring the Messiah into the world, a Messiah through whose bodily sacrifice will bring salvation to the world (Isaiah 53:5).

Joshua 24:1-4 Names of God Bible (NOG)

1 Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel together at Shechem. He called together Israel’s leaders, chiefs, judges, and officers, and they presented themselves to Elohim. 2 Joshua said to all the people, “This is what Yahweh Elohim of Israel says: Long ago your ancestors, Terah and his sons Abraham and Nahor, lived on the other side of the Euphrates River and served other gods. 3 But I took your ancestor Abraham from the other side of the Euphrates River. I led him through all of Canaan and gave him many descendants. I also gave him Isaac. 4 To Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. I gave Esau the mountains in Seir as his own. However, Jacob and his sons went to Egypt.

The nation that Abraham bred is Israel. Abraham was the father of Isaac. Isaac was the father of Jacob. Jacob was named Israel by God, and would become the father of the nation of Israel that we know today.

God’s Promises to Abraham were a people and a land. God made two specific promises to the physical descendants of Abraham in Genesis Chapter 12:1-3. God promised Abraham that He will make Abraham’s descendants into a great nation and that He will give this great nation a specific the land (verses 5-7)

Genesis 12:1-3 Names of God Bible (NOG) The Lord’s First Promise to Abram

1 Yahweh said to Abram, “Leave your land, your relatives, and your father’s home. Go to the land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation, I will bless you. I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you, I will curse.Through you every family on earth will be blessed.”

Genesis 12:4-7 Names of God Bible (NOG) The Lord’s Second Promise to Abram

4 So Abram left, as Yahweh had told him, and Lot went with him. Abram was 75 years old when he left Haran. 5 Abram set out for Canaan. He took along his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot, and all the possessions they had accumulated and the servants they had acquired in Haran. 6 They arrived in Canaan, and Abram traveled through the land to the oak tree belonging to Moreh at Shechem. At that time the Canaanites were in the land. 7 Then Yahweh appeared to Abram and said, “I’m going to give this land to your descendants.” So he built an altar there to Yahweh, who had appeared to him.

Abraham Through Isaac – Not Ishmael

God tells Abraham that his wife Sarai, whose name He will change to Sarah, will bear a son and that nations will come through her.

Genesis 17:19-21 Names of God Bible (NOG)

19 Elohim replied, “No! Your wife Sarah will give you a son, and you will name him Isaac [He Laughs]. I will make an everlasting promise to him and his descendants. 20 I have heard your request about Ishmael. Yes, I will bless him, make him fertile, and increase the number of his descendants. He will be the father of 12 princes, and I will make him a great nation. 21 But I will make my promise to Isaac. Sarah will give birth to him at this time next year.”

Abraham through Jacob – Not Esau

Genesis 25:19-26 Names of God Bible (NOG) Esau and Jacob

19 This is the account of Abraham’s son Isaac and his descendants. Abraham was the father of Isaac. 20 Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah, daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 21 Isaac prayed to Yahweh for his wife because she was childless. Yahweh answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22 When the children inside her were struggling with each other, she said, “If it’s like this now, what will become of me?” So she went to ask Yahweh. 23 Yahweh said to her, “Two countries are in your womb. Two nations will go their separate ways from birth. One nation will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger.” 24 When the time came for her to give birth, she had twins. 25 The first one born was red. His whole body was covered with hair, so they named him Esau [Hairy]. 26 Afterwards, his brother was born with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, and so he was named Jacob [Heel]. Isaac was 60 years old when they were born.

Genesis 35:10-12 Names of God Bible (NOG) Jacob named Israel. Gods promises Jacob the land of Israel.

10 Elohim said to him, “Your name is Jacob. You will no longer be called Jacob, but your name will be Israel.” So he named him Israel. 11 Elohim also said to him, “I am El Shadday. Be fertile, and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from you. 12 I will give you the land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac. I will also give this land to your descendants.”

Genesis 46:1-6 Names of God Bible (NOG) Jacob told by God to move his family to Egypt, and that God will bring Israel back out of Egypt to its promised land.

1 Israel moved with all he had. When he came to Beersheba, he offered sacrifices to the Elohim of his father Isaac. 2 Elohim spoke to Israel in a vision that night and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” “Here I am,” he answered. 3 “I am El, the Elohim of your father,” he said. “Don’t be afraid to go to Egypt, because I will make you a great nation there. 4 I will go with you to Egypt, and I will make sure you come back again. Joseph will close your eyes when you die.” 5 So Jacob left Beersheba. Israel’s sons put their father Jacob, their children, and their wives in the wagons Pharaoh had sent to bring him back. 6 They also took their livestock and the possessions they had accumulated in Canaan. Jacob and all his family arrived in Egypt.

We will show the exodus of Israel from Egypt in the next article of Israel, Israel 2.

Consider God’s reason for the Jews of the exodus to live holy lives.

Leviticus 11:43-45 Names of God Bible (NOG)

43 Don’t become disgusting by eating anything that swarms on the ground. Never allow yourselves to become unclean because of them. 44 “Here is the reason: I am Yahweh your Elohim. You must live holy lives. Be holy because I am holy. Never become unclean by touching anything that swarms or crawls on the ground. 45 Here is the reason again: I am Yahweh. I brought you out of Egypt to be your Elohim. Be holy because I am holy.

Let’s consider a Holy Ground experience that comes from the book of Exodus.

God Speaks to Moses from the Burning Bush (Exodus 3:1-10).

A study about the Jews and Israel is often thought of as being “religious.” But, the truth of such a study is a about a relationship. I encourage you to read the “About Equipping” page of this blog for a more complete understanding of what “religion” is, and is not.

Book Overview – Exodus (Scofield Reference Note).

In the book of Exodus we come to know a redeemed people of God. The origin and redemption of God’s earthly people Israel is described. Israel is delivered from the slavery in Egypt and is led on to the way into the promised land of Canaan. Therefore Exodus is the book of redemption. Its landmarks are the Passover and the passage through the Red Sea.(see explanation in 1 Corinthians 5:7; 1 Corinthians 10:1-2).

1 Corinthians 5:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

7 Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.

1 Corinthians 10:1-2 New International Version (NIV) Warnings From Israel’s History

1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

After the exodus out of Egypt, the people of Israel received the law of God and erected the tabernacle of congregation according to His command. As a result the new relationship between the people and God was fixed:(1) God was now dwelling amidst His people. (2) Israel was able to approach God and to worship Him (by means of the offerings). (3) the Glory of the Lord was typically revealed.

As we study “Israel In The Wilderness” we will identify key events that relate to the purposes of God for His Chosen People, Israel (Deuteronomy 7:6). We will also see that God travels with the Israelites, as opposed to any other group of people throughout the whole world. Israel was chosen to be a holy and righteous people, to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world, and to have a place of special prominence in the yet future Kingdom Age/Millennium/thousand reign of Messiah/Christ.

Deuteronomy 14:2 New International Version (NIV)

2 for you are a people holy to the Lord your God. Out of all the peoples on the face of the earth, the Lord has chosen you to be his treasured possession.

The date of the exodus of Israel from Egypt is stated as being 1445 B.C. by Drs. Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur. The date that Israel ended its wilderness wanderings is shown as being 1405 B.C. by Ryrie and MacArthur. Moses was age eighty when the exodus began.The wilderness journey lasted forty years. Moses was in the court of Pharoah in 1525 B.C. until 1485 B.C. Moses was in exile in Midian from 1485 B.C. until 1445 B.C. Israel was delivered from Egyptian bondage and slavery in 1445 B.C. Israel began a wilderness journey that lasted until 1405 B.C. Moses died at age 120 (Deuteronomy 34:7).

It was through Moses on Mount Sinai, that God gave the Law to the Israelites, and solely to the Jews. Moses actually went up on Mount Sinai several times to meet God. The Law consists of more than the ten commandments. Mitzvah: A Commandment – There are 613, not just 10, commandments, or mitzvot. There are 613 Torah laws, of which the ten commandments are a part, and can be found written in the books of Exodus through Deuteronomy. Mitzvot are commandments, traditionally understood to come from God and to be intended for the Jewish people to observe.

The Book of Leviticus has a nicely laid out list of much of the law. See Leviticus 1:1-2 and 27:34 to see that the Law was given only to the Jews, and that they were given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. Keeping the law is much more than Sabbath worship (James 2:10). It important to know that Christ came to fulfill every aspect of the law (Matthew 5:17-18), and that was fulfilled when He died on the cross at Calvary (John 19:30).

As we go through this wilderness study of Israel, we will use a video tape series of discussions that show the terrain, and other natural land marks, that affected the travel of the children of Israel (Israel=Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham). The six part study is called, “The Real Mount Sinai.”

Dr Bryant G. Wood, B.S., M.S., M.A., Ph.D. is the leader of the series of videos. I think that you will come away from this study, especially from the video series, having gained a lot of good food for thought.
Also, I think that a lot of information will be gathered that will show Israel as being the legitimate deed holder of its sovereign land. You will notice that this video series does not necessarily align up with each article, but will add content that will be valuable to this overall series of articles that we are studying on.

Exodus of Moses at Red Sea – The Real Mount Sinai :: Part 1 of 6

Acts 7:36-38 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

36 This man led them out, performing wonders and signs in the land of Egypt and in the Red Sea and in the wilderness for forty years. 37 This is the Moses who said to the sons of Israel, ‘God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brethren.’ 38 This is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness together with the angel who was speaking to him on Mount Sinai, and who was with our fathers; and he received living oracles to pass on to you.

MacArthur Study Note. 7:37 Prophet like me. Quoted from Deut. 18:15, this refers to the Messiah (cf. John 1:21, 25; 6:14; 7:40).

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The Tithe – The Gift

Joshua Aaron – Shalom (Official Music Video) the “Shabbat Shalom Song” שבת שלום – Sabbath begins on Friday evening at sunset, and continues through Saturday evening at sunset. Please enjoy the video of Jewish families and friends in Jerusalem, Israel, sharing a meal and honoring the Sabbath . It will be nice to honor a Jew with the greeting, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means, “Sabbath of Peace.”

In this article we will discuss the differences that exist between the tithe of the Old Covenant and the gift of the New Covenant. It is important to have both discussions contained in one article for continuity purposes. You will find four related teaching videos on tithing at the bottom of this page.

The New Covenant – The Gift

The situation of the benevolent needs of the first century believers at Jerusalem is clearly stated in Apostle Paul’s letters to the church at Corinth. The “collection for the saints” (1 Cor 16:1), deals with the collection of gifts that the church at Corinth was preparing for the destitute believers in Jerusalem.

An important description of the attitude of the Corinthians toward their benevolent giving is that they were “cheerful givers,” in their response to the needs of the believers in Jerusalem (2 Cor 9:7). There is no teaching about a “cheerful tither,” or anything about tithing, in the New Testament. It is only in the context of the need for gifts to the believers in Jerusalem that we see the words, “cheerful giver.” The tithe is a requirement of the Old Covenant Law (to be discussed in this article). There is no teaching in the New Testament about any sort of offering being collected in any of the churches, weekly or otherwise, except for the purposes of benevolence. If there is a desire to keep any part of the Law, all of the Law must be kept (James 2:10), which would include animal sacrifices, and stoning. Christ fulfilled all of the Law (Matt 5:17). The tithe is more than ten per cent; we will discuss the percentage in this article.

Collection for the Jerusalem Church

1 Corinthians 16:1-4 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

1 Now about the collection for the saints: You should do the same as I instructed the Galatian churches. 2 On the first day of the week, each of you is to set something aside and save in keeping with how he prospers, so that no collections will need to be made when I come. 3 When I arrive, I will send with letters those you recommend to carry your gracious gift to Jerusalem. 4 If it is suitable for me to go as well, they can travel with me.

Note: “16:1 collection”. An offering for destitute believers in the overpopulated, famine stricken city of Jerusalem (v. 3; see Acts 11:28). Paul had previously solicited funds from the churches of Galatia, Macedonia, and Achaia (Rom. 15:26; cf. Luke 10:25–37; 2 Cor. 8:1–5; 9:12–15; Gal. 6:10; 1 John 3:17). “16:3, 4” This matter of getting the money to Jerusalem was important enough for Paul to go, if necessary. (MacArthur Study Bible notes 1, 3, 4).

Note: “16:4”: Whomever you approve refers to the person who would accompany Paul (v. 4) to Jerusalem to deliver the gift on behalf of the Corinthian church (NKJV Study Bible note).
2 Corinthians, Chapters 8 and 9

8 Appeal to Complete the Collection; Administration of the Collection; 9 Motivations for Giving.

Note: 8:1—9:15 this section specifically deals with Paul’s instruction to the Corinthians about a particular collection for the saints in Jerusalem,…(MacArthur Study Bible note).

Note: 8:4 the gift and the fellowship. “Gift” means “grace.” The Macedonian Christians implored Paul for the special grace of being able to have fellowship and be partners in supporting the poor saints in Jerusalem. They viewed giving as a privilege, not an obligation (cf. 9:7) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Note: 9:1 ministering to the saints. The offering they were collecting for the believers in Jerusalem (see note on 8:4) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Note: 9:12 “supplies the needs of the saints.” The Gr. word for “supplies” is a doubly intense term that could be rendered “really, fully supplying.” This indicates the Jerusalem church had an extremely great need. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

The Old Covenant – The Tithe

Numbers 18:1-7
Numbers 18:1-7 – Duties of Priests and Levites

Numbers 18:8-20 – Offerings for Support of the Priests

Note: 18:8-20 These verses give instructions for the maintenance of the priests and their families (vs 11) by the various offerings brought by the people (MacArthur Study Bible note).

8 And the Lord spoke to Aaron: “Here, I Myself have also given you charge of My heave offerings, all the holy gifts of the children of Israel; I have given them as a portion to you and your sons, as an ordinance forever. 9 This shall be yours of the most holy things reserved from the fire: every offering of theirs, every grain offering and every sin offering and every trespass offering which they render to Me, shall be most holy for you and your sons. 10 In a most holy place you shall eat it; every male shall eat it. It shall be holy to you. 11 “This also is yours: the heave offering of their gift, with all the wave offerings of the children of Israel; I have given them to you, and your sons and daughters with you, as an ordinance forever. Everyone who is clean in your house may eat it.

Note: 3:12 One of the ways in which all nations would be drawn to the worship of the Lord was by seeing how the people of Israel fared with the Lord as their God. a delightful land: The adjective indicates enjoyment, life that is genuinely pleasurable (see 1:10; see also the related verb in 3:1). Faithfulness to God would lead to fruitfulness in the land (NKJV Study Bible note).

12 “All the best of the oil, all the best of the new wine and the grain, their firstfruits which they offer to the Lord, I have given them to you. 13 Whatever first ripe fruit is in their land, which they bring to the Lord, shall be yours. Everyone who is clean in your house may eat it. 14 “Every devoted thing in Israel shall be yours. 15 “Everything that first opens the womb of all flesh, which they bring to the Lord, whether man or beast, shall be yours; nevertheless the firstborn of man you shall surely redeem, and the firstborn of unclean animals you shall redeem. 16 And those redeemed of the devoted things you shall redeem when one month old, according to your valuation, for five shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs. 17 But the firstborn of a cow, the firstborn of a sheep, or the firstborn of a goat you shall not redeem; they are holy. You shall sprinkle their blood on the altar, and burn their fat as an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the Lord. 18 And their flesh shall be yours, just as the wave breast and the right thigh are yours. 19 “All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer to the Lord, I have given to you and your sons and daughters with you as an ordinance forever; it is a covenant of salt forever before the Lord with you and your descendants with you.” 20 Then the Lord said to Aaron: “You shall have no inheritance in their land, nor shall you have any portion among them; I am your portion and your inheritance among the children of Israel.

Note: 18:19 a covenant of salt forever. Salt, which does not burn, was a metaphor to speak of durability. As salt keeps its flavor, so the Lord’s covenant with the priesthood was durable. The Lord would provide through the offerings of His people for His priests forever (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Numbers 18:21-24 – Tithes for Support of the Levites

Note: 18:21–24 The Levites received the tithes from the people. This was their source of income and compensation for their tabernacle service (MacArthur Study note).

21 “Behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tithes in Israel as an inheritance in return for the work which they perform, the work of the tabernacle of meeting. 22 Hereafter the children of Israel shall not come near the tabernacle of meeting, lest they bear sin and die. 23 But the Levites shall perform the work of the tabernacle of meeting, and they shall bear their iniquity; it shall be a statute forever, throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance. 24 For the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer up as a heave offering to the Lord, I have given to the Levites as an inheritance; therefore I have said to them, ‘Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.’ ”

Numbers 18:25-32 – The Tithe of the Levites

25 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 26 “Speak thus to the Levites, and say to them: ‘When you take from the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them as your inheritance, then you shall offer up a heave offering of it to the Lord, a tenth of the tithe. 27 And your heave offering shall be reckoned to you as though it were the grain of the threshing floor and as the fullness of the winepress. 28 Thus you shall also offer a heave offering to the Lord from all your tithes which you receive from the children of Israel, and you shall give the Lord’s heave offering from it to Aaron the priest. 29 Of all your gifts you shall offer up every heave offering due to the Lord, from all the best of them, the consecrated part of them.’ 30 Therefore you shall say to them: ‘When you have lifted up the best of it, then the rest shall be accounted to the Levites as the produce of the threshing floor and as the produce of the winepress. 31 You may eat it in any place, you and your households, for it is your reward for your work in the tabernacle of meeting. 32 And you shall bear no sin because of it, when you have lifted up the best of it. But you shall not profane the holy gifts of the children of Israel, lest you die.’ ”

18:25–32 As the Levites themselves received the tithe, they were also required to present a tithe (a tenth) of what they received to the Lord (MacArthur Study Bible note).

The Tithe – 23 Percent Annually

2 Chronicles 31:6 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 And the children of Israel and Judah, who dwelt in the cities of Judah, brought the tithe of oxen and sheep; also the tithe of holy things which were consecrated to the Lord their God they laid in heaps.

2 Chronicles 31:6 tithe. Since the priests and Levites served the nation, they were to be supported by the people through the taxation of the tithe. According to Lev. 27:30–33 and Num. 18:21, 24, the people were to give the tenth (tithe) to supply all the needs of the Levites. Malachi 3:8 says they were robbing God when they did not give the tithe. Deuteronomy 12:6, 7 called for a second tithe that was to support the nation’s devotion to the temple by being used for the national festivals at the temple in Jerusalem. This was called the festival tithe. Deuteronomy 14:28, 29 called for a third tithe every 3 years for the poor. The sum of this tax plan totaled about 23 percent annually (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Malachi – Malachi’s prophecy relates to the nation of Israel, and the lack of Israelite support for the needs of the priests and families of the Levitical priesthood. The sin of the Israelites, “not tithing,” forced the priests to find their own support for their families, which caused them to neglect their priestly duties. Malachi 3:10 has been used to state an Old Covenant teaching of the tithe as a basis for a New Covenant Tithe. However, the verse is clear in stating that a nation, “Israel,” is the object of the sin. Also, the stated benefit for tithing is that, “… all nations will call you blessed, For you will be a delightful land,” (Mal 3:12). However, Christianity is not a nation, and does not have a land. Also, it is untruthful to say that Christians will be called blessed by all nations, and will be a delightful land, if Christians will tithe. The prophecy of Mal 3:12 will be fulfilled in the Kingdom Age/Millennium. At present time, only a few nations have a favorable view of Israel; that will not change until Israel is living in their promised land in the Kingdom Age (Isaiah 62:4). Levites will have a place of prominence in the Millennium Temple (Ezekiel 44-45:8). It is very important to watch the four following videos that discuss the tithe.

Isaiah 62:4 New King James Version (NKJV) 4 You shall no longer be termed Forsaken, Nor shall your land any more be termed Desolate; But you shall be called Hephzibah, and your land Beulah; For the Lord delights in you, And your land shall be married.

62:4 Hephzibah…Beulah. The terms mean “My delight is in her” and “Married,” reflecting a full restored relationship with the Lord.

Malachi Overview – The Nation Of Israel’s Sinfulness – Neglecting The Support Of The Levites

NOTE 1:1—2:16 In the first of two major sections (cf. 2:17–4:6), Malachi delivered God’s message which denounced sin among the people of Israel (MacArthur Study Bible note).

NOTE 2:17—4:6 The denunciation of Israel’s sins was followed by a declaration of the judgment on the unrepentant and subsequent blessing on the faithful remnant. Verse 17 is the introduction to the rest of the book. These faithless, disobedient priests and people had worn out God’s patience by their skepticism and self-justification, so judgment is on the way (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Malachi 3:1-10 New King James Version (NKJV) The Coming Messenger

1 “Behold, I send My messenger, And he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple, Even the Messenger of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the Lord of hosts. 2 “But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s fire And like launderers’ soap. 3 He will sit as a refiner and a purifier of silver; He will purify the sons of Levi, And purge them as gold and silver, That they may offer to the Lord An offering in righteousness.

NOTE 3:3 purify the sons of Levi. Since the Levitical priests were instrumental in leading the nation astray and a new group of pure priests was required for the work of the millennial temple (cf. Ezek. 44–45:8), the cleansing of the nation would begin with them (cf. Ezek. 9:6) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

4 “Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem ll be pleasant to the Lord, As in the days of old, As in former years.

NOTE 3:4 the days of old. Only after the priesthood is purged and when the people are cleansed, will they be able to offer what pleases the Lord as in the days of Solomon (2 Chr. 7:8–10); Hezekiah (2 Chr. 30:26); Josiah (2 Chr. 35:18); and Ezra (Neh. 8:7) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

5 And I will come near you for judgment; I will be a swift witness Against sorcerers, Against adulterers, Against perjurers, Against those who exploit wage earners and widows and orphans, And against those who turn away an alien— Because they do not fear Me,” Says the Lord of hosts.

NOTE 3:5 What is a refining process for the remnant of repentant Jews who acknowledge their Messiah (cf. Zech. 12–14; Rom. 11:25–27), preparing them to enter the kingdom and worship in the millennial temple, will be for others utter destruction (MacArthur Study Bible note).

NOTE 3:6–12 These verses form a parenthesis between two messages concerning God’s justice and judgment. What the Jews have labeled as God’s injustice is not God’s being unrighteous or unfair, but His being mercifully patient. A genuine call of repentance is then issued (v. 7) and the fruit of it described (v. 10) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

6 For I am the Lord, I do not change; Therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.
7 Yet from the days of your fathers You have gone away from My ordinances And have not kept them.
Return to Me, and I will return to you,” Says the Lord of hosts. “But you said,‘In what way shall we return?’ Do Not Rob God

NOTE 3:6, 7 Contrary to God’s having become unjust and thus not acting on behalf of Israel, in light of their history of rebellion, Israel’s existence was due only to the Lord’s unchanging character and unswerving commitment to His covenant promise with the patriarchs (cf. Num. 23:19; 1 Sam. 15:29; James 1:17 in general; Jer. 31:35–37; 33:14–22 in particular). They may experience God’s goodness again, and be blessed—if they repent (MacArthur Study Bible note)..

NOTE 3:8–12 In answer to their query about how they have deviated from God’s way and need to return, the prophet picked an illustration of their spiritual defection that is very visible and undeniable. The Lord pointed out that they had not brought the required tithes and offerings, those used to fund the theocracy by sustaining the Levites (cf. Lev. 27:30–33; Num. 18:8–28; Deut. 12:18; Neh. 13:10), the national religious festivals (Deut. 12:6–17; 14:22–27), and the poor (Deut. 14:28, 29) MacArthur Study Bible note).

8 “Will a man rob God? Yet you have robbed Me! But you say, ‘In what way have we robbed You?’ In tithes and offerings.

NOTE 3:8 The tithes were the gifts to the Lord that the Law required. There were three: two that were annual and one that came every three years. The tithe supported the priests and Levites, and also widows, orphans, and foreigners (Deut. 14:28, 29) (NKJV Bible Study note).

9 You are cursed with a curse, For you have robbed Me, Even this whole nation.

My note: 3:8, 9, In the following videos you will be given sound commentary on whether Christians are “robbing God,” by not tithing.

10 Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, That there may be food in My house, and try Me now in this,”
Says the Lord of hosts, “If I will not open for you the windows of heaven And pour out for you such blessing That there will not be room enough to receive it.

My note: Notice the purpose of the storehouse

NOTE 3:10 all the tithes. See note on vv. 8–12. When tithes were unpaid, the priests were deprived and had to give up their ministry and to begin farming. The nation’s religious life was hindered and the poor and strangers suffered (cf. Neh. 13:10–11). But, the real iniquity was that such disobedience was robbing God, who was the true King of the theocracy of Israel. storehouse. A room in the temple to store the tithes of crops and animals brought by the people (cf. 2 Chr. 31:11; Neh. 10:38, 39; 12:44; 13:12). This was the temple treasury. One of Nehemiah’s tasks was to insure that the supplies needed for support of the temple ministry did not fail as it had during his absence (cf. Neh. 13:10–13) (Mac Arthur Study Bible note).

11 “And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, So that he will not destroy the fruit of your ground,
Nor shall the vine fail to bear fruit for you in the field,” Says the Lord of hosts;

12 “And all nations will call you blessed, For you will be a delightful land,” Says the Lord of hosts

Note: 3:12 One of the ways in which all nations would be drawn to the worship of the Lord was by seeing how the people of Israel fared with the Lord as their God. a delightful land: The adjective indicates enjoyment, life that is genuinely pleasurable (see 1:10; see also the related verb in 3:1). Faithfulness to God would lead to fruitfulness in the land. (NKJV Study Bible note).

Malachi 3:13-18 New King James Version (NKJV)
The People Complain Harshly – A Book of Remembrance

Malachi 4 – The Day Of The Lord – A Final Warning

The following verses tell of the Levites not having an inheritance in the promised land, and are to be paid for their services in the tabernacle by the tithe.

Deuteronomy 10:9 New King James Version (NKJV) 9 Therefore Levi has no portion nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, just as the Lord your God promised him.)
Deuteronomy 12:12 New King James Version (NKJV) 12 And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female servants, and the Levite who is within your gates, since he has no portion nor inheritance with you.
Deuteronomy 14:27-29 New King James Version (NKJV) 27 You shall not forsake the Levite who is within your gates, for he has no part nor inheritance with you. 28 “At the end of every third year you shall bring out the tithe of your produce of that year and store it up within your gates. 29 And the Levite, because he has no portion nor inheritance with you, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are within your gates, may come and eat and be satisfied, that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.
Deuteronomy 18:1-2 New King James Version (NKJV) 18 “The priests, the Levites—all the tribe of Levi—shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel; they shall eat the offerings of the Lord made by fire, and His portion. 2 Therefore they shall have no inheritance among their brethren; the Lord is their inheritance, as He said to them.
Joshua 13:33 New King James Version (NKJV) 33 But to the tribe of Levi Moses had given no inheritance; the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as He had said to them.

Is Tithing Biblical? Southern Seminary Published on Sep 6, 2017 “Should christians tithe? Is tithing required in the New Testament?” Dr. Thomas Schreiner answers in Honest Answers (See credentials below).

These Pastors Are Wrong! Tithing is Not For Today (Clip #1)

These Pastors Are Wrong! Malachi 3:10 Tithing is Not For Today (Clip #2)

Is Tithing required in the New Covenant?

About Dr. Thomas Schreiner

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Everybody reads something that someone else has written. The articles that are posted in this blog have foundations of knowledge and understanding that come from highly respected men and women. The following links will take you to the pages of this blog that identify some of those personal sources of information, as well as some of their works.

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Articles that are posted in this blog are published about once weekly, sometimes less frequently. Please study these articles seriously, and consider this blog as a place of personal reference for anyone to use for their personal purposes.

The Red Heifer

Raise a Red Heifer in Israel / לגדל פרה אדומה בארץ ישראל.(Numbers 19). The opening video discusses a subject that is all too often missing from many sermons and Sunday School lessons. The Jewish temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70 A.D. The Jews look forward to the rebuilding of the temple so that they conduct temple worship, thereby following the Law. However, most Jews don’t know that such a temple will be built during the first part of the tribulation by unsaved Jews, under the approval of the anti-christ.

Jewish temple worship will be allowed by the anti-christ after the tribulation temple has been constructed but, soon after, the anti-christ will restrict the Jews from conducting all requirements of their worship, as is directed by the Law. It is important to understand that nothing that relates to the tribulation temple will be Holy, and that the tribulation temple will not be inhabited by God. The significance of God to the tribulation temple is that God will allow it to be built; has inspired prophetic writing about the temple and certain prophetic events that will take place in relation to the temple; and that it will be replaced by a truly Holy millennium temple when Christ returns to earth at the end of the tribulation to set up His Kingdom. It is important to know that in the eternal state, “no temple” will be present (eternal state: new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem…Rev 21:1-2).

Keeping the Law involves much more than following the ten commandments. The Law is written in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, beginning with Exodus 12.

Exodus 12:14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance.

Consider the Law, “its recipients and temple aspect:”

The 613 commandments (Hebrew: תרי”ג מצוות‎‎, taryag mitzvot) are a list of all the commandments given to Jews in the Torah.

Today, because the Temple has been destroyed and there is no longer a theocratic state of Israel, many of the 613 commandments cannot be observed.2 Rabbi Israel Meir Kagan (d. 1933) listed 77 positive mitzvot and 194 negative mitzvot which can be observed outside of Israel today.3 1

Only Jews were involved in their deliverance from Egyptian bondage. Only Jews were given the Sabbath. Only Jews were present when God gave the ten commandments to Moses. At the time that the events of Exodus through Deuteronomy were taking place, people were living on the Pacific coast of Asia and in North and South America; there was no way that the law would be known by those groups of people.

Keep all of the law, or keep none of the law.

James 2:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

The Law was given by God to the Jews, but Christ fulfilled the requirements of the Law.

Matthew 5:17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.

The articles that I wrote on the feasts show Christ fulfilling the law. However, there is no salvation in keeping the law, only by being born again (John 3:3).

Let’s consider the Red Heifer and the Law. If God told the Jews to do anything; that was a commandment, and a part of the Law. If we think that we must follow the law, we must also come to grips with the requirements of animal sacrifices, such as that which we see written in the ordinance of the Red Heifer.

Numbers 19:1-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Ordinance of the Red Heifer (This is part of the Law)

1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 2 “This is the statute of the law which the Lord has commanded, saying, ‘Speak to the sons of Israel that they bring you an unblemished red heifer in which is no defect and on which a yoke has never been placed. 3 You shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and it shall be brought outside the camp and be slaughtered in his presence. 4 Next Eleazar the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger and sprinkle some of its blood toward the front of the tent of meeting seven times. 5 Then the heifer shall be burned in his sight; its hide and its flesh and its blood, with its refuse, shall be burned. 6 The priest shall take cedar wood and hyssop and scarlet material and cast it into the midst of the burning heifer. 7 The priest shall then wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward come into the camp, but the priest shall be unclean until evening. 8 The one who burns it shall also wash his clothes in water and bathe his body in water, and shall be unclean until evening. 9 Now a man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place, and the congregation of the sons of Israel shall keep it as water to remove impurity; it is purification from sin. 10 The one who gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening; and it shall be a perpetual statute to the sons of Israel and to the alien who sojourns among them.

19:1–10 The provision given for the preparation of the “water of purification” (cf. Lev. 12–15) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

19:3 Eleazar. The son of Aaron was a deputy High-Priest who was in charge of the slaughter of the red cow. outside the camp. The red cow was killed outside the camp of Israel and its ashes were stored there as well (see v. 9). Hebrews 13:11–13 picks up the image of “outside the camp” as it relates to Christ’s death outside of Jerusalem (MacArthur Study Bible note).

19:16-19. This ritual pictured the cleansing power of the blood of Christ (Heb 9:13-14; 1 John 1:7-9) (Ryrie Study Bible).

A description of the tribulation temple is, as follows:

Revelation 11:1 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it.

“the temple of God.” Refers to the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place, not the entire temple complex (cf. v. 2). A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Daniel discusses the covenant that will be made between the anti-christ and the unsaved Jews, during the first half of the tribulation, which will also be broken by the anti-christ during that same first half of the tribulation. Those whom are present on earth during the tribulation will be Jews and gentiles which do not know Christ as Lord and Savior at the time of the rapture of the church; they are “left behind,” to come under the persecution of the anti-christ and the judgments of God. However, they still will be able to come to Christ in saving faith, and be born again, during the tribulation. The cutoff time for tribulation dwellers to be born again will be at the time that Christ returns to earth at the Battle of Armageddon.

Daniel 9:27 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”

27: “he,” relates to the anti-christ, per MacArthur Study Bible.

27: middle of the week. This is the halfway point of the 70th week of years, i.e., 7 years leading to Christ’s second coming. The Antichrist will break his covenant with Israel (v. 27a), which has resumed its ancient sacrificial system (MacArthur Study Bible note).

27: “sacrifice and grain offering.” That part of temple worship will be allowed by the anti-christ, and then not allowed by the anti-christ for the Jews to have as a part of their temple worship (Ryrie Study Bible).

The following offerings are part of the Law (“Lev” is the book of Leviticus).

Burnt Offering: Lev 1:1-17, 6:8-13. Unblemished bull; male sheep or goat; male of female dove/pigeon.
Grain Offering: Lev 2:1-16, 6:14-23. Flour or grain.
Peace (Fellowship) Offering: Lev 3:1-17; 7:11-38. Unblemished bull/male or female sheep/goat.
Sin Offering: Lev 4:1-5:13; 6:24-30. Unblemished bull/male or female goat.
Guilt (Trespass) Offering: Lev 5:14-6:7; 7:1-10. Unblemished ram.

27: “abominations…one who makes desolate.” The Antichrist will cause abomination against Jewish religion. This violation will desolate or ruin what Jews regard as sacred, namely their holy temple and the honoring of God’s presence there (cf. 1 Kin. 9:3; 2 Thess. 2:4). Jesus refers directly to this text in His Olivet discourse (Matt. 24:15). See note on 11:31 (MacArthur Study Bible note).

27: “the consummation.” God permits this tribulation under the Antichrist’s persecutions and ultimately triumphs, achieving judgment of the sin and sinners in Israel (12:7) and in the world (cf. Jer. 25:31). This includes the Antichrist (11:45; Rev. 19:20), and all who deserve judgment (9:24; Matt. 13:41–43) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

The last half of the 70th week of Daniel begins, with the following time line of events.

Joel 3:9-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

9 Proclaim this among the nations: Prepare a war; rouse the mighty men! Let all the soldiers draw near, let them come up! 10 Beat your plowshares into swords And your pruning hooks into spears;

(My note)”Beat your plowshares into swords,” (a time of war, “the tribulation,” preceding the Kingdom Age).

Consistent with the events of Joel 3:9-10, will be God’s judgments that will be poured out on the earth, for the purpose of drawing unsaved Jews to Christ, and judging sin (Daniel 9:24; MacArthur Study note on Joel, History Theme). Those judgments are listed in Revelation 6:1-16:21 (Ryrie Study Bible). Seal Judgments (Rev 6:1-8:6). Trumpet Judgments (Rev 8:7-9:21). Bowl Judgments (15:1-16:21).

The end of the 70th week of Daniel. The return of Christ, with His raptured saints, for the Battle of Armageddon and for setting up the Kingdom Age/Millennium.

Revelation 19:11-14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Coming of Christ

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses.

The Kingdom Age follows the triumph of Christ over the forces of Satan in the Battle of Armageddon. Those present during the Kingdom Age will be redeemed Jews and gentiles. Anyone that is redeemed is anyone whom will have been born again, “during any time preceding the time of the return of Christ at the Battle of Armageddon.”

Isaiah 2:1-5 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

God’s Universal Reign

1 The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

2 Now it will come about that In the last days The mountain of the house of the Lord Will be established as the chief of the mountains, And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it.
3 And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His paths.” For the law will go forth from Zion And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 4 And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.
5 Come, house of Jacob, and let us walk in the light of the Lord.

2:1–5 The first of 3 pictures of Zion (Jerusalem) in this discourse that depicts her future exaltation. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

4. Notice that the time will be one of future peace, “hammer swords into plowshares.” This time will be the Kingdom Age, also known as the millennial reign of Christ. This time of peace will follow the time of tribulation, as described in Joel 3:9-10, as follows (My note).

The true, Holy Temple of God will be established for true worship of God, and will be placed in Jerusalem by God.

Ezekiel 37:26 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

26 I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will place them and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in their midst forever.

Holy, and uninterrupted, worship will take place in the Millennial Temple.

Zechariah 14:16 King James Version (KJV)

16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

The historical background can be found in Lev. 23:33–36; Num. 29:12–38; Deut. 16:13–17. In addition to the Feast of Tabernacles, two other feasts will be celebrated in the Millennium, i.e., 1) Feast of the New Year (Ezek. 45:18–20) and 2) Passover (Ezek. 45:21–25). (MacArthur Study Bible note).

We have studied. Now, let us worship.

Let the Weight of Your Glory Fall – by Paul Wilbur.wmv

The Holy of Holies, also known as the Most Holy Place, is the inner room of the Tabernacle, and also the Temple…(more)
There will also be the Most Holy Place in the millennial Temple (Ezekiel 41:4, 42:13, 45:3, 48:12).

For those of us whom are born again believers in Christ, we are the temple of God, with all of God’s Holiness dwelling within our born again spirit (1 Corinthians 3:16).

In the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem there will be no temple:

Revelation 21:22 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.

When Christ was on Earth, he never went into the inner room of the Temple; He was, “The Most Holy.” Neither will there be a true Holy of Holies in the tribulation temple; God will not occupy a Satanic inspired temple.

Please follow my blog:

Everybody reads something that someone else has written. The articles that are posted in this blog have foundations of knowledge and understanding that come from highly respected men and women. The following links will take you to the pages of this blog that identify some of those personal sources of information, as well as some of their works.

Sources of Information:


Articles that are posted in this blog are published about once weekly, sometimes less frequently. Please study these articles seriously, and consider this blog as a place of personal reference for anyone to use for their personal purposes.

6 Armageddon – Feast Of Tabernacles

The Appointed Times: Jesus in the Feasts of Israel. “Accordingly, the Torah functioned as a custodian until the Messiah came, so that we might be declared righteous on the ground of trusting and being faithful. But now that the time for this trusting faithfulness has come, we are no longer under a custodian.” For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Galatians 3:24-28 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB). This passage relates to the spiritual state that all of us acquire once we have been born again.

Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles. Excerpts from Day of Discovery’s, “The Appointed Times, Jesus in the Feasts of Israel, Part IV.” In this video teaching three Jewish-born men, whom are now born again believers in Christ, discuss the Feast Of Tabernacles which will begin at sunset on September 23, and will continue through sunset on September 30, 2018 (Sunday through Sunday).

In the following video a Rabbi discusses Sukkot, which is also known as the Feast Of Tabernacles and the Feast of Booths. Notice that a sukkah is a booth, and is a walled structure covered with organic material. On the holiday of Sukkot, Jewish people spend time in the sukkah, treating it like their home-away-from-home. See the last link for additional information.

September 19, 2018 Sukkot Thought From B’nai Jaocb Synagogue

This week’s Sabbath will precede Sukkot. Sabbath will begin at Sunset on Friday, September 21, 2018, and will last until sunset on Saturday, September 22, 2018. As stated above, Sukkot begins at sunset on Sunday, September 23, 2018, and will last until sunset on Sunday, September 30, 2018.

Women Light The Shabbat Candles.

Jewish Women Lighting Shabbat Candles. A woman (Mary) brought the Light of the world (Christ), “into the world” (Luke 2:7; John 1:9).

Consider the two links of information that come from, which is a Jewish website.
Sukkot 2018 (September 23-30, 2018)
Sukkot is a weeklong Jewish holiday that comes five days after Yom Kippur. Sukkot celebrates the gathering of the harvest and commemorates the miraculous protection G‑d provided for the children of Israel when they left Egypt. We celebrate Sukkot by dwelling in a foliage-covered booth (known as a sukkah) and by taking the “Four Kinds” (arba minim), four special species of vegetation.
The sukkah is a walled structure covered with organic material. On the holiday of Sukkot, Jewish people spend time in the sukkah, treating it like their home-away-from-home. As described in the Torah, the sukkah evokes the temporary dwellings the Israelites inhabited on their way out of Egypt.

Consider the following verses that illustrate the Feast of Tabernacles.

Jews Celebrating The Feast Of Booths

Deuteronomy 16:13-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Lev 23:33-43; Num 29:12-38

Jews To Celebrate The Feast Of Booths

13 “You shall celebrate the Feast of Booths seven days after you have gathered in from your threshing floor and your wine vat; 14 and you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your towns. 15 Seven days you shall celebrate a feast to the Lord your God in the place which the Lord chooses, because the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you will be altogether joyful.

Male Jews were required to go to Jerusalem each year to celebrate the Feast of Booths. Notice that male Jews were also required to go to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Feast Of Weeks/Pentecost each year. Consider the Jews that were present in Jerusalem in Acts 2:1-6.

16 “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.

Christ celebrates the Feast Of Tabernacles.

John 7:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

2 Now the feast of the Jews, the Feast of Booths, was near

Christ invites Jews to believe in Him for salvation.

John 7:37-39 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

37 Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

My comment.

The Feast Of Tabernacles relates to the forty-year period that the Jews were in the wilderness on their way to the promised land. During that time, the Spiritual Presence of God was with the Jews, and sustained them. As it relates to the end times, during the millennium/Kingdom of God, Christ/Messiah, whom is God with us (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23-25), and “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords” (Revelation 19:16) will rule and reign over all of the born again people of all times, from Jerusalem, for the thousand-year millennium (Revelation 20:4-6), and will sustain them. During the time of the Jewish wilderness experience, God spiritually “tabernacled” with the Jews. During the millennium, Christ will physically “tabernacle” with all of the redeemed of all ages.

Christ invites all whom do not know Him as their Lord and Savior to invite Him to tabernacle within their spirit, now! All that is needed is to accept His call to believe in Him as Lord and Savior.

We have studied. Now, let’s worship.

Holy Are You Lord – Terry MacAlmon

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6 Armageddon – Yom Kippur – Live Or Die

Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, September 18-19, 2018, is perhaps the most important holiday in the Jewish calendar. It marks the end of a period of introspection and repentance. No work is performed, and most of the holiday is spent in prayer (This video was recorded in 2017, which is the reason for the variance in festival dates).

There is a significant relationship that exists between the Feast of Trumpets and The Day of Atonement. The feast of trumpets relates to the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation for the Battle of Armageddon (more correctly stated, “the campaign of Armageddon,” due to more than one battle that will have taken place), when He defeats the forces of Satan (Rev 19:11-21), and when He regathers the Jewish people, of whom had missed “the rapture/the catching up of believers in Christ” (John 14:16, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18).

When the blowing of the trumpets occurs, the angels will gather the remaining Jews on earth, those of whom had missed the rapture (Matt 24:29-31). The Jews whom were born again during the Tribulation will be left behind to enter the Kingdom Age, also known as the Millennium. Those whom had not been born again will be taken to judgment, which begins with immediate death (Matt 24:27-28; 24:40-41/Luke 17:34-37), and ends with the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15); that judgment occurs at the end of the thousand-year millennium. The same reward and judgment will be afforded gentiles of the Tribulation (Matt 24:31-34, 41, 46). Therefore, “The Feast Of Trumpets” has a great place of significance in the study of the end times, as has the “Day of Atonement.”

Romans 11:26 states, “all Israel will be saved.” The verse relates to the nation of Israel being given the land of the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 15:18-21). Only saved Jews will enter that land, and the Kingdom Age. The Kingdom Age will begin at the end of the tribulation. Saved, born again, Jews will enter the land that God stated in the Abrahamic Covenant. The requirement for anyone to enter the Kingdom is, “you must be born again” (John 3:3).

The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement is found in the second coming of Christ to earth, at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:29-31; Zechariah 14:1-15; ). Key to understanding the time of the return of Christ to earth at the Battle of Armageddon is the need for the Jews whom are present on earth “to call on Christ” to return; this will happen because those Jews will have come to know Christ as their Messiah. Consider Psalm 118:26, Matt 23:39, “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord.” See the closing video.

See the following Scofield Study Bible note, as he connects the Feast of Trumpets to the Day of Atonement.

Leviticus 23:24, Trumpets

The feast of Trumpets, Leviticus 23:23-25. This feast is a prophetical type and refers to the future regathering of long-dispersed Israel. A long interval elapses between Pentecost and Trumpets, answering to the long period occupied in the pentecostal work of the Holy Spirit in the present dispensation. Study carefully; Isaiah 18:3; Isaiah 27:13 (with contexts); Isaiah 58:1-14 (entire chapter), and; Joel 2:1 to Joel 3:21; in connection with the “trumpets,” and it will be seen that these trumpets, always symbols of testimony, are connected with the regathering and repentance of Israel after the church, or pentecostal period is ended. This feast is immediately followed by the day of atonement.

What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday. In this article we will discuss the Jewish observance of Yom Kippur/Day Of Atonement. We will also explain the fulfillment in Christ of this holiest of all Jewish days.
“Yom Kippur/The Day of Atonement” (Sundown Tuesday, Sep, 18 until after nightfall on Wednesday, Sep 19.) Consider the following article that comes from, which is a Jewish website.

Yom Kippur In Brief

What: Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.”

When: The 10th day of Tishrei (in 2018, from several minutes before sunset on Tuesday, Sept 18, until after nightfall on Wednesday, September 19), coming on the heels of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year, which is on the first and second days of Tishrei).

How: For nearly 26 hours we “afflict our souls”: we abstain from food and drink, do not wash or apply lotions or creams, do not wear leather footwear, and abstain from marital relations. Instead, we spend the day in synagogue, praying for forgiveness.

My Thoughts On Yom Kippur, The Day Of Atonement.

In relation to the Old Testament teaching of The Day of Atonement, we must understand that the Jews were faced with the reality of living or dying. The living aspect was a physical state of life that would be extended for another year, until the next Day of Atonement. For the Jews, death would result in a physical state of death. Neither living, nor dying, as related to the Day of Atonement, had any relationship with eternal spiritual life, or eternal spiritual death. As relating to spiritual eternal life or death, we will address those issues also in this article.

The Days Of Awe

Consider The Days Of Awe And The Book Of Life. The following information is important for believers in Christ to understand, as well as unbelieving Jews and all others whom do not know Christ as their Lord and Savior. Therefore, reinforcement is used in this article to provide a proper understanding of the subject.

The subject of having someone’s name blotted out of the Book of Life has often been improperly taught. During the days of their mortal life, Jews realize that God has all power over life’s physical existence, which has nothing to do with the Lamb’s Book of Life. The Lamb’s Book of Life contains all of the names of those whom have been born again, and whose eternity with God “is sealed” in the Lamb’s Book Of Life, and can never be removed. Unbelieving Jews believe that God makes a determination each year as to whom will live for another year and, “that decision,” will hold fast for another year. Jews use the Days Of Awe as a time of repentance to get right with others, and with God.

To be written in the Book of Life – To be sealed in the Book of Life.

It is a Jewish belief that during the Days of Awe (Sep 9-19, 2018), that begin on Rosh Hashanah, and extend through the completion of the Day of Atonement, “through their repentance,” they can alter God’s decree that He issued on Rosh Hashanah, as to whom will live for another year. During the Days of Awe, Jews may greet each other with the following words.

“L’Shanah Tovah” (li-SHAH-nuh TOH-vuh; li-shah-NAH toh-VAH)
Hebrew. Lit. for a good year. A common greeting during Rosh Hashanah and Days of Awe. It is an abbreviation of L’shanah tovah tikatev v’taihatem (May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year). The second pronunciation above is the proper Hebrew pronunciation, but I more commonly hear the first pronunciation, which is Yiddish style. The greeting may also be spoken as, “may your name be found in the Book of Life.”

A verse that shows the removal of someone from the book of life, is as follows. (Please remember that the verse has nothing to do with a loss of eternal life with God.)

Exodus 32:32 New American Standard Bible

“But now, if You will, forgive their sin– and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!”

MacArthur Study Bible note. 32:32 blot me out of Your book. Nothing more strongly marked the love of Moses for his people than his sincere willingness to offer up his own life rather than see them disinherited and destroyed. The book to which Moses referred, the psalmist entitled “the book of the living” (Ps. 69:28). Untimely or premature death would constitute being blotted out of the book. The Apostle Paul displayed a similar passionate devotion for his kinsmen (Rom. 9:1–3).

My note. Moses was telling God to take his mortal life; it was for a cause. There is nothing in this verse to say that Moses wanted his eternal life or spirit to be taken from him by God.

Ryrie Study Bible note: “book.” A register of the physically living. To be blotted out meant to experience an untimely death. By contrast, the NT book of life (Rev 13:8, etc) is the register of those who have eternal life.

It is incorrect to believe that because a person has been given a premature death by God, that such a person has lost their salvation, such as has been suggested in the case of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11). If that couple had been born again, they would not have been unborn, and would not have become unsaved. Once we have been born again, having come to belief in Christ as our Lord in Savior, our eternity with Christ has been sealed in the Lamb’s Book Of Life…forever (Ephesians 1:13, Revelation 3:5). The key question for each person is: “have you been born again; do you know Christ as your Lord and Savior?”

Let’s consider Ananias and Sapphira. It is obvious by their actions that they had become an embarrassment upon God’s people, and also upon God. The same thing can happen today. If a born again believer in Christ begins to act in a way that is embarrassing to God, such a backslider may be given, “a quick trip home,” to heaven. Such a person is acting like an unbeliever, and is an embarrassment upon the Gospel of Christ. Consider the following verse of consideration.

1 John 5:16 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this.

Death may refer either to spiritual or physical death, though physical death is probably the case in the above verse. The “Brother” does not lose his salvation, but leaves this life prematurely. For the unbeliever, “unbelief” in Christ is the sin that results in eternal spiritual death; its finality is realized after physical death occurs. (John 3:18)

Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ.

Leviticus 23:26-32 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Day of Atonement

26 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God. 29 If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

Also: Leviticus 16:1-34, Numbers 29:7-11.

MacArthur Study Bible note. 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 16:34 once a year. The better sacrifice of Jesus Christ was offered once-for-all, never to be repeated (cf. Heb. 9:11—10:18). Upon that sacrifice all forgiveness of sin is based, including that of OT believers.

The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement comes through the Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ.

Romans 11:26 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion,
He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.”

MacArthur Study Bible note. 11:26 all Israel. All the elect Jewish people alive at the end of the Tribulation, not the believing remnant of Jews within the church during this church age (see notes on vv. 5, 17). Since the remnant has already embraced the truth of the gospel (see note on v. 25), it could not be in view here, since it no longer needs the salvation this verse promises. The Deliverer will come out of Zion. See Pss. 14:7; 53:6; Is. 46:13. The Lord Jesus Christ’s millennial rule will be associated with Mt. Zion (see notes on Ps. 110:2; Heb. 12:22). Zion. See note on 9:33.

NKJV Study Bible note. 11:26 All Israel does not mean that every individual in the nation will turn to the Lord. It means that the nation as a whole will be saved, just as the nation as a whole (but not every individual in it) was now rejecting the Lord.

Consider the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ for us.

2 Corinthians 5:21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

Because of Adam’s sin, and the following curse that came upon all of God’s creation, we were born “to be sin”. Sin was our eternal state upon our becoming an embryo; we “were” fully sin, “spirit, soul and body.” Christ who, “was not sin,” became sin even though He “did not sin,” so that He could pay sin’s penalty on our behalf. We became the righteousness of God when we were born again. We were spiritually born again to spiritually dwell “in the Spirit of Christ.” (please notice the word “spiritually”)

Romans 3:25 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;

MacArthur Study Bible note. 3:25. propitiation. Crucial to the significance of Christ’s sacrifice, this word carries the idea of appeasement or satisfaction—in this case Christ’s violent death satisfied the offended holiness and wrath of God against those for whom Christ died (Is. 53:11; Col. 2:11–14).

The result of Christ’s becoming sin, “on our behalf,” is known as propitiation, per the Merriam Webster definition. Notice, “atoning sacrifice.”

Definition of propitiation

1 : the act of propitiating
2 : something that propitiates; specifically : an atoning sacrifice

We have studied. Now, let’s worship.

Paul Wilbur Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes (Remember the words)

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Please notice a correction that I made on the previous post about the feasts:

“6 To Armageddon – The Feasts – Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets.”

The scriptural significance of “Rosh Hashanah/The Feast Of Trumpets” is discussed in the following video. However, I must provide a disclaimer. The video states that the Feast of Trumpets relates to the rapture of the church. However, the rapture of the church relates to “the church,” and not to Israel. The Feast of Trumpets, in truth, relates to the regathering of Israel at the end of the tribulation. Scriptures, and scripture comments, will explain my disclaimer.

Feast of Trumpets Explained in One Minute

Israel – Covenant – Sabbath – Law – Messiah

Oh Lord, Our Lord – Marty Goetz, “O Lord, our Lord, How excellent is Your name in all the earth” Psalm 8:1.

The following article discusses the promises that God made to the Jewish people more than two thousand years ago, as it relates to their eternal presence with God. We will take a brief “time and scripture” journey as we look at some of the things that are key to God’s fulfilling those promises through the Messiah/Christ.

The Abrahamic Covenant

Genesis 12:1-3 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (The HCSB timeline shows that Abraham lived from 2166-1991 B.C.)

The Covenant of God with Israel, which He made through His call to Abram, will be fulfilled through the bloodline of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (God gave Jacob the name of Israel in Gen 32:28-29 and 35:9-10). The covenant with Israel relates to the “seed,” the “land,” and the “blessing,” through which Israel will be blessed, and non-Jews can also be blessed.

1 The Lord said to Abram: Go out from your land, your relatives, and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 I will make you into a great nation, I will bless you, I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, I will curse those who treat you with contempt,
and all the peoples on earth will be blessed through you.

Genesis 15:18-20 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “I give this land to your offspring, from the brook of Egypt to the Euphrates River: 19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaim,

The Sabbath And The Law.

The Scofield Study Bible shows 1491 B.C. as being the year that the Jews began their exodus from Egypt, as they were on their way to the land that God had promised to them in the Abrahamic Covenant. It was during that year that God enacted the Sabbath and the Law with the Jews. At that time, there were other people, whom were non-Jews, whom were living on the far east Pacific coast of Asia; other non-Jews were also living in North and South America. Those people knew nothing about the Sabbath or the Law. Only the children of Israel were fleeing the armies of Egypt. Only the children of Israel were recipients of God’s gifts of the Sabbath and the Law. The children of Israel stayed within their own borders, except when they were dispersed by gentiles in 722 B.C., 586 B.C., and 70 A.D. The Jews were not directed by God to go to foreign lands to proselytize.

The Sabbath

Exodus 16:22-36

While the Jews were in the wilderness, after having fled Egypt, they observed the first Sabbath, “ever;” No one else had ever observed the Sabbath. God chose the Jews, and only the Jews, to observe this first Sabbath, and the ones to follow (The Scofield Study Bible shows this date as 1491 B.C.).

Exodus 16:23, 29 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”

29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:12-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews (13), and only the Jews. The Jews are to observe the Sabbath (16). Only Jews were present during this conversation between God and Moses. (The Scofield Study Bible shows the date of this passage as 1491 B.C., which occurred approximately 2513 years after the time that Adam and Eve were evicted by God from the Garden of Eden.).

The Sign Of The Sabbath

12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death. 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’

The Law

Exodus 19-20 – Mt. Sinai – The Law . The Law, and its requirements, are seen throughout Exodus through Deuteronomy. There are a total of 613 Commandments

On Mount Sinai, the conversation about the Law is between God and Moses, about God and the Jews, and has nothing to do with any other people group, including the church. National laws have been made, based on the Law, but only the Jews were directed by God to follow the Law. There are national laws of the USA that are based on the Law that God gave to the Jews. However, there is no such national law of the USA that makes stoning a form of punishment. Two particular laws of the USA, that find their origin in the Mosaic Law, are murder and robbery.

Exodus 19:3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

3 Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel:

Exodus 20:1-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

God gives the ten commandments to Moses, for the Children of Israel to keep. God reminds the Jews that it was He who brought them out of slavery in Egypt.

The Ten Commandments

1 Then God spoke all these words, saying, 2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 3 “You shall have no other gods before Me.

Consider the beginning and ending words of the book of Leviticus; they deal with the Law that God gave to Moses for the Jews to keep. Read Leviticus for an enlarged view of the Law.

More Of The Law Revealed

Leviticus 1:1-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Law of Burnt Offerings

1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock. 3 If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the Lord.

The Law For The Jews

Leviticus 27:34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

God’s Promise To The Children Of Israel.

Deuteronomy 7:6 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (The HCSB timeline shows the lifespan of Moses being from 1526-1406 B.C.) (The Scofield Study Bible shows this verse being 1451 B.C.)

The children of Israel had fled from Egypt, and were living in the wilderness, on their way to the land that God had promised to them. The promised land extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq. The total land mass will be realized by the Jews during the Kingdom Age/Millennium.

6 For you are a holy people belonging to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you to be His own possession out of all the peoples on the face of the earth.

The Messiah

The Jews were promised a Messiah.

The Messiah – God With Us – Prophesied 742 B.C.

Isaiah 7:14 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

14 Therefore, the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive, have a son, and name him Immanuel.

The Messiah – Mighty God – Eternal Father – Prophesied 740 B.C.

Isaiah 9:6 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

6 For a child will be born for us, a son will be given to us, and the government will be on His shoulders.
He will be named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.

The Birthplace Of The Messiah – Prophesied 710 B.C.

Micah 5:2 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Jews were told of the birth place of the Messiah, which would be in Bethlehem, in Judah, as opposed to Bethlehem in Zebulun (Joshua 19:15).

2 Bethlehem Ephrathah, you are small among the clans of Judah; One will come from you to be ruler over Israel for Me. His origin is from antiquity, from eternity.

Messiah Prophecy Fulfilled –

Matthew 1:18-25 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The promise of the birth of the Messiah (Immanuel, Isaiah 7:14) is repeated to Joseph (Immanuel Matt 1:23). Mary would remain a virgin until after the birth of Christ (Matt 1:24). The HCSB shows the birth of Christ as being in the winter of 5 B.C.

The Nativity Of The Messiah

18 The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. 19 So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.

20 But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins.” 22 Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: 23 See, the virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and they will name Him Immanuel, which is translated “God is with us.”

24 When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her 25 but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son. And he named Him Jesus.

The Law – Unable to be kept – There is no temple – Read the book of Leviticus – The Message Of the New Covenant is, “Christ And Him Crucified” (1 Corinthians 2:2).

There are people who think that they are observing the law today, by observing the ten commandments, but they are not keeping all of the Law’s 613 commandments. Read Exodus through Deuteronomy for a look at the Law, beyond the Ten Commandments. Consider the requirements for Sabbath keeping, which is only for Jews. As you read through all of the Law, you might determine that it is impossible for anyone to keep the Law. You may also determine that there is no salvation in the law.

Those attempting to keep the Law should refer to the words of James 2:10 (NASB).

10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

Christ, The Fulfillment Of The Law.

Matthew 5:17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Christ Fulfilled the Law (The Scofield Study Bible shows the date of this verse as 31 A.D.).

17 “Don’t assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill

Now that we have learned that Christ fulfilled the Law, “what’s next?”

The purpose of Christ is very clear.

Luke 19:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

10 For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

Christ made his mission known to the Jews, “His own,” but he was rejected by much of the nation of Israel. However, Christ didn’t give up on His mission to save His own people.

John 1:11 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.

Christ fulfilling the Law. A message to born-again Jews.

The following verses tell of Christ being the fulfillment of the Law. Everything of the covenant that God made with Abraham, and the Law that was given by God to Moses, find fulfillment through Christ, per the following verses.

Hebrews 8:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB) “He,” relates to Christ (Ryrie Study Bible).

6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.

As you read these verses from the book of Hebrews, it will be obvious that the Book of Hebrews is vastly different from other New Testament books. Consider the emphasis that is placed on Old Testament history. These Jewish believers in Christ (maybe some are not believers) are now receiving credible scripture that explains how Christ has fulfilled every aspect of the Law, with its total fulfillment being realized during the time of the Kingdom Age/Millennium. An immediate result for Gentiles is that they have been grafted into the spiritual benefits of the Abrahamic promises. (Romans 11:17-24; 2 Corinthians 3:6). The “grafting in” process is achieved by the new birth (John 3:3).

Recipients Of The Book Of Hebrews (Taken from KJV Study Bible). The headings in the oldest extant manuscripts of this epistle read: “To Hebrews.” The exhortations and warnings of Hebrews indicate that the recipients were Jewish Christians who were in danger of returning to Judaism. By returning, these early Christians could avoid persecution. Judaism was sanctioned and protected by Roman law; Christianity was not. Many of the recipients had undergone persecution and were growing weary (10:32).

The following verses explain the details of the “New Covenant,” which come through Christ, per Jeremiah 31:31, “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,”

Hebrews 8:7-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

A New Covenant

7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second. 8 For finding fault with them, He says,

“Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, When I will effect a new covenant With the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; 9 Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers On the day when I took them by the hand To lead them out of the land of Egypt; For they did not continue in My covenant, And I did not care for them, says the Lord. 10 “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel
After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their minds, And I will write them on their hearts. And I will be their God, And they shall be My people. 11 “And they shall not teach everyone his fellow citizen, And everyone his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ For all will know Me, From the least to the greatest of them. 12 “For I will be merciful to their iniquities, And I will remember their sins no more.”

13 When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.

A time of instruction has come and gone. I trust that you have been blessed by God’s Word, as it has been shown in this article. But, now, let’s move to a time of worship; the music of Marty Goetz is very worshipful. In the following video, Marty is accompanied by his daughter, who is holding her son. As I watched the video, I thought, “how quickly time flies.” Being a father, and grandfather, I have seen the hands of my clock turning, “much too fast,” and the pages of my calendar flipping to the next month, “all too soon.” I am very thankful for Marty and Jennifer Goetz for being such Godly and responsible parents to their daughter, Misha. May the message of responsible parenting be spread throughout all families.

We Being Many – Marty Goetz and Misha at Harvest Christian Fellowship

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