Israel 22 – Joshua 1 – Onward To The Holy City

Click onto the image, and the article text will appear. Click onto the arrow, and the video will play.

Video by Cindyork HongKong. Published on Jan 11, 2016. A song from the movie Exodus. Exodus is a soundtrack album by Ernest Gold with the Sinfonia of London from the 1960 film Exodus directed by Otto Preminger.

I. Israel statehood 1948.

Israel birthed in one day. May 14, 1948 – when “the world” briefly felt sorry for the Jews and returned Israel to them and they were able to declare independence for Israel as a united and sovereign nation for the first time in 2,900 years.

Zionism. A Definition. Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.

U.S.A. recognizes Israel as a nation. On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day

Israel attacked by Arab nations. On 14 May 1948, Israel proclaimed its independence. Less than 24 hours later, the regular armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq invaded the country, forcing Israel to defend the sovereignty it had regained in its ancestral homeland.

The opening video is from the movie, “Exodus,” which tells of Jews whom had survived the Nazi Holocaust, and have returned to their covenant land of Israel. It is amazing how well the video fits in so nicely in this article, as it relates to the Jews in their God-ordained return to their promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant (see below).

II. Text – Israel 22 – Joshua 1 – Onward To The Holy City

Joshua 1:1-4 Lexham English Bible (LEB) God’s Charge to Joshua
1 After the death of Moses the servant of Yahweh, Yahweh said to Joshua son of Nun, the assistant of Moses, saying, 2 “My servant Moses is dead. Get up and cross the Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the Israelites. 3 Every place that the soles of your feet will tread, I have given it to you, as I promised to Moses. 4 From the wilderness and the Lebanon, up to the great river, the river Euphrates, all of the land of the Hittites, and up to the great sea in the west, will be your territory.

MacArthur study note. 1:4 Borders of the Promised Land are: west, the Mediterranean seacoast; east, Euphrates River far to the east; south, the wilderness over to the Nile of Egypt; north, Lebanon.

Consider the land mass of Israel, as it is written above. Also consider the shrunken land piece that most of the world today says that should be the borders of the nation of Israel.

After the fall, and resulting curse, that took place in the garden, God began revealing a course of redemption for His fallen world and people, which is shown in these, and other, scriptures of prophecy: Genesis 3:14-15, Job 19:25, Micah 5:2, Isaiah 5:2, Matthew 1:23. The completion of God’s plan is described in the following verse of scripture: “Behold, I am making all things new,” Revelation 21:5 (NASB). It is only through the elect bloodline of Israel that God’s plan for redemption will be completed.

In order for the redemption of mankind to be accomplished, the redemption of Israel must also take place.
The emphasis that is placed on Israel in this, and other related articles, is due to the promise of God to Israel in the Abrahamic Covenant, as formed in Gen 12:1-3, and confirmed in Gen 13:14-17; 15:1-7,18-21; 17:1-8, and has three main aspects. The third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham relates to non-Jews. (Details taken from Scofield Study Bible).

Abrahamic Covenant notes.

1. Gen 12:2 (NASB). 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing;
2. Gen 12:3a (NASB). 3a And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.
3. Gen 12:3b (NASB). 3b and in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

It is important to know that the Abrahamic Covenant has not yet been fulfilled. A key passage of scripture that relates to the promises of God to Israel tells of the land that is identified in that promise, as follows:

Genesis 15:18-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your descendants I have given this land,
From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite 20 and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim 21 and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.”

MacArthur study note: 15:18–21. river of Egypt to the…Euphrates. Scripture records both general (Ex 23:31; Num 13:21; Deu 11:24; 1 Kin 8:65; 2 Kin 14:25; Isa 27:12) and specific (Num 34:1–12; Josh 15:1, 2; Ezek 47:15–20; 48:1, 28) descriptions of the Promised Land, centering on the ancient land of Canaan. Such precise geographic demarcation will not allow for any redefinitions which would emasculate God’s promise of its specificity. The river of Egypt was most probably what became known as the Wadi El Arish, the southern border of Judah. Kenites…Jebusites. The various peoples who inhabited the land are named. Such precise detailing of the nations in the land of Canaan attests again to the specificity of the Promised Land in God’s promises.

My note. The promise of the land to Israel includes the land that extends from Egypt to Iraq. Such a land mass of Israeli possession has never come to fruition. Therefore, the Abrahmic Covenant has not been fulfilled. Therefore Israel, and Jews everywhere, are still living under the promises of the Abrahamic covenant, and will be under the Abrahamic Covenant until the fulfillment of the following prophecies: Isaiah 66:8; Zechariah 14:12; Matt 24:29-31 (the elect are Jews, Deu 14:2); Rev 19:11-21). The covenant land, which God has promised to Israel through the Abrahamic Covenant, will be realized after the second coming of Christ to earth occurs. When Christ returns to earth at the end of the tribulation (Zechariah 14:12; Matt 24:29-31; Rev 19:11-21), He will set up His millennial Kingdom (Matt 6:10, thousand years) in the covenant land of Israel. The church will have been raptured prior to the tribulation (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-19), and taken to heaven by Christ, and will have nothing to do with the coming of the Kingdom. However, those raptured saints will return to earth with Christ at His second coming to earth. Consider the Scofield comment on Isa 66:8 (of vs 7-9).

Isaiah 66:7-9 New Living Translation (NLT)
7 “Before the birth pains even begin, Jerusalem gives birth to a son. 8 Who has ever seen anything as strange as this? Who ever heard of such a thing? Has a nation ever been born in a single day? Has a country ever come forth in a mere moment? But by the time Jerusalem’s birth pains begin, her children will be born.
9 Would I ever bring this nation to the point of birth and then not deliver it?” asks the Lord. “No! I would never keep this nation from being born,” says your God.

Scofield note. 8. A repentant remnant of Israel, “a land,” will be “born in one day,” AT THE TIME OF THE LORD’S RETURN TO EARTH.

As this study of Israel continues, and shows God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) crossing the Jordan River, and entering the promised land of Canaan, a prophetic course in the study of Israel will be followed. The Bible has been said to be a story about a journey from a garden to a City, with a cross in between. We will follow Israel, in its travels, as she is being drawn from the four corners of the world (Matt 24:31), to the land which God has promised her (Ezekiel 36:28). The church has not replaced Israel for the Covenant promises that God has made to Israel. The church is the church, and Israel is Israel. The Jews were chosen to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world. We, in the church, have received salvation through faith in the Jewish-born Messiah. As we are born again, we are “one in Christ,” whether we are Jew or gentile (Galatians 3:28). At the end of the Kingdom Age (thousand year millennial reign of Christ, Rev 20:4), all of whom, “are one in Christ,” will spend eternity in the Holy City, the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:2), in the Presence of the eternal God-head (Rev 21:3).

The Abrahamic Covenant was a promise that was made to His chosen people, the Jews. The promise of John 3:16 was spoken to His chosen people (John 1:11). The message that was spoken to born again Jews (John 3:3) had a promise that, “I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will seize them out of my hand” (John 10:28). The words of Hebrews 13:5, of the New Testament, are the same as those that God made to His chosen people, “I will never leave you nor forsake you” (Gen 28:15, Deu 31:6,8; Josh 1:5; 1 Chr 28:20). Just as born again believers in Christ can be sure of the promises that God has been made to them in the above verses, Jews can also be sure of the promises that God has made to them through the Abrahamic Covenant. God can not lie (Titus 1:2).

To say that Israel has been become insignificant is refuted by the following passage of scripture that describes the Holy City, the New Jerusalem. Consider the significance that is afforded the twelve tribes of Israel, as well as the twelve apostles of Christ.

Revelation 21:12-14 Lexham English Bible (LEB)
12 It has a great and high wall that has twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written on the gates which are of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel— 13 on the east, three gates, and on the north, three gates, and on the south, three gates, and on the west, three gates. 14 And the wall of the city has twelve foundations, and on them are twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

Israel is called the wife of God.

Isaiah 54:5-6 Lexham English Bible (LEB)
5 For your husband is your maker, his name is Yahweh of hosts; and your redeemer is the holy one of Israel, he is called the God of all of the earth. 6 For Yahweh has called you like a wife forsaken and hurt of spirit, like the wife of childhood when she is rejected, says your God.

MacArthur note. 54:5 husband…Redeemer. The basis for forgetting past failures is Israel’s relationship to the Lord as her husband (62:4, 5) and Redeemer (41:14).

Conclusion: Consider the following love note that was made specifically to Israel, and Jews everywhere.

Jeremiah 31:3 New Living Translation (NLT)
Long ago the Lord said to Israel: “I have loved you, my people, with an everlasting love. With unfailing love I have drawn you to myself.

Jeremiah 31:3 New International Version (NIV)
The Lord appeared to us in the past, saying: “I have loved you with an everlasting love; I have drawn you with unfailing kindness.

Note. NIV Biblical Theology Study Bible. 31:3 everlasting love . . . unfailing kindness. Covenantal terms that express God’s continued care for his bride (“you” is feminine singular in Hebrew).
Note. NIV Study Bible. drawn . . . with unfailing kindness. The Hebrew underlying this phrase is translated “Continue . . . love” in Ps 36:10 (see note on Ps 6:4).

Yes! Israel is very significant in the eternal plans of God.

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21 Israel – The Promised Land – Looking Ahead

The Old Testament Told in Only 5 Minutes – Dan Hait – Published on Mar 28, 2014 – This is a brilliant and very quick review of the Old Testament. What’s most shocking (but accurate) is the depiction of the fall of Israel and its’ people due to disobedience to GOD. Thank you RiverGlen Christian Church for putting this together, and allowing me to share it.

We have just completed a timeline study of Israel, which had a beginning date of 5000 B.C.; the ending date was 1405 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).

We are now entering into another timeline study of Israel, which has a beginning date of 1406 B.C.; the ending date will be 586 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).

“For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” (Deuteronomy 14:2. NASB77).

Beginning with “1 Israel – A Pagan Breeds A Nation,” through “19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion,” we have studied the nation of Israel, going back to the time of the flood, with the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham and Japheth) leaving the ark to repopulate the earth (Genesis 9:18-19, 5000 B.C.). We followed the timeline of Shem, through whom his seed resulted in the birth of Abram (Gen 11:26). We followed Abram’s timeline until the time of God’s covenant promise with Abram, known as the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3). We saw God changing Abram’s name to Abraham (Gen 17:5). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing Isaac, not Ishmael (Gen 17:19-21). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing through Isaac’s son Jacob (Gen 28:13-14), not Esau. We saw God changing the name of Jacob, to Israel (Gen 35:10). We saw the children of Israel entering into, and leaving out of, Egypt (Gen 37:28-Exodus 14:21-22; a 430 year’s stay, Ex 12:40-41). We have studied gifts of God, only to Israel, e.g., the Sabbath and the Law. We have seen God’s presence in the Tent of Meeting (the tent of Moses, Ex 33:7-23), where He would speak with Moses, where Joshua was present too. We saw God’s command to Moses to build a Tabernacle in the desert, where God’s presence was so strong that the following experience was realized: “34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle” (Ex 40:34-35. NASB77. Note that the Tabernacle in the desert was also called the tent of meeting).

Beginning with this timeline study of Israel (21 Israel – The Promised Land – Looking Ahead), we will see God’s covenant people leaving the Sinai desert, crossing the Jordan River, and entering into the promised Land of Canaan. The Ryrie Study Bible shows the end of Israel’s wilderness wanderings as being 1405 B.C.

As the children of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2), begin another chapter of their life, other areas of dynamics will face them, and can be broken down into the following periods of time: Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile and Diaspora. Jewish prophets also enter the scene, and act as God’s spokesmen to the Jews. However, the book of Jonah shows that God also has concerns for the whole world (Ryrie Study Bible). The timeline date, of this phase of our study of God’s covenant people, begins in the year 1406 B.C. (Joshua Chapter 1), and ends in the year 586 B.C. (2 Kings Chapter 25/2 Chronicles 36) (Ryrie Study Bible dates).

The Jewish prophets spoke God’s truths to the divided kingdoms Of Israel and Judah. Israel is the name of the land where the ten northern tribes settled under the Kingship of Jeroboam in 931 B.C. Judah is the name of the land where the two southern tribes of Israel settled under the Kingship of Rehoboam in 931 B.C. (Jeroboam and Rehoboam were not related). Jewish prophets were active during the follow timeline periods of Israel and Judah:

Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile, Diaspora (described, as follows).


The Pre-Exile is a period of time that preceded the 586 B.C. expulsion of Jews from Judah/Jerusalem to Babylon.


The term “exile” is normally used in relation to the deportation of the Jewish tribes of Judah and Benjamin from the southern kingdom of Israel to Babylon. The forces of Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar used three deportations to remove the Jews of the area that was better known as Judah, which lasted from 605 B.C. to 586 B.C. (2 Kings 24:1-25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:5-20; Jeremiah 53:27-30). The period of Jewish exile was prophesied by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah to last for seventy years (2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 29:10). In 597 B.C., the prophet sent a letter to the exiled Jews in Babylon. The letter told of God’s prophecy to him of the seventy year period of exile. The exile of the Jews lasted until they were allowed to return to their home land.


The term “post-exile” relates to the decree of the Persian King Cyrus that the captive Jews should be allowed to return to their homeland. Jews began returning to Judah/Jerusalem in 538 B.C. The walls of Jerusalem, and the Temple had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:9-10). The returning Jews rebuilt the temple, finishing it in 515 B.C. under the leadership of the Jewish prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; 6:13-14). Under the leadership of Ezra, the Jewish scribe and priest, and Nehemiah, the Jewish Governor, the rebuilding of the walls of the city was finished in 445 B.C. The prophecy of the exiled prophet Daniel (Dan 9:25; appx 538-534 B.C.), to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, found beginning fulfillment in Neh 2:3-8 (444 B.C.), when Persian King Artaxerxes commissioned Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem. The prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel (Daniel 9:25) found its starting point in 444 B.C. The seventy weeks are “weeks of years.” The prophecy provides a timeline that leads to: (1) the second coming of Christ in the air, to catch up born again believers in Christ and take them to heaven. (2) the tribulation (where God deals with unbelieving Jews; and judges sin). (3) the second coming of Christ to earth for judgment of unbelievers of the tribulation. (4) the 1,000 year Kingdom Age (millennium). (5) the battle of Armageddon. (6) the great white throne judgment (for unbelievers). (7) the new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem.


Diaspora relates to the dispersion of Jews from their Northern and Southern homelands, beginning in 733-722 B.C.

The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfutza, תְּפוּצָה) or exile (Hebrew: Galut, גָּלוּת; Yiddish: Golus) is the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and their subsequent settlement in other parts of the globe.

In terms of the Hebrew Bible, the term “Exile” denotes the fate of the Israelites who were taken into exile from the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC, and the Judahites from the Kingdom of Judah who were taken into exile during the 6th century BC. While in exile, the Judahites became known as “Jews” (יְהוּדִים, or Yehudim)—”Mordecai the Jew” from the Book of Estherbeing the first biblical mention of the term.
The first exile was the Assyrian exile, the expulsion from the Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) begun by Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria in 733 BC. This process was completed by Sargon II with the destruction of the kingdom in 722 BC, concluding a three-year siege of Samaria begun by Shalmaneser V. The next experience of exile was the Babylonian captivity, in which portions of the population of the Kingdom of Judah were deported in three stages, from 597 BC through 586 BC, by the Neo-Babylonian Empire under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar II.

While Cyrus the Persian allowed the Judaeans to return to their homeland in 538 BC, most chose to remain in Babylon.

The book of Esther discusses the plight of the exiled Jews that remained in Babylon, which was overrun by the Persians in 539 B.C. In 549 B.C. The Persian King Cyrus United Persia and Media. The Persian empire lasted from 539-331 B.C. Persia became present day Iran in 1935. In Esther 3:7 (474 B.C.), there was a plot devised by a Persian (Haman) to kill all of the Jews residing in Persia. Queen Esther, a Jewess, intervened. Haman and his family were hanged to death by the King (Esther 9:24-25). The Jews were saved by the courage of a Jew, whom God put in the position of Queen of a pagan country (Esther 2:16-17, 479 B.C.)

During this timeline study of God’s chosen people we will see that they were under constant oppression by existing world empire nations. An outline of “Israel and world empires” is provided by Dr.John Walvoord, as follows:

World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy of the Bible, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Dec), copyright 1990, 1999, Chariot Victor Publishing, formerly The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook.)

Egypt – Genesis 46 – Deuteronomy 34. Jacob and his family resided in Egypt until the Exodus
Assyria – 726 B.C.- 605 B.C. The northern ten tribes were taken into Assyrian captivity.
Babylon – 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. The two southern tribes were taken into Babylonian captivity.
Medo-Persia – 539 B.C. – 331 B.C. The captives in Babylon returned to Jerusalem and Judah. (Southern Israel) in 536 B.C.
Greece – 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel was under the control of Syria.
Rome – 63 B.C. – 70 A.D. Israel was under the control of Rome. Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome in 70 A.D. The decline of Rome occurred during the church age. Rome will be revived after the Rapture.

Consider Daniel’s teaching on the world empires of Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Consider, also, Daniel’s teaching on the Messianic Kingdom of Christ, which will consist of a thousand year Kingdom Age. Immediately following the Kingdom Age will be the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem, which will be the dwelling place of believers of all times (Daniel 2:36-45; 7:1-28; Revelation 21:1-2) (See Scofield, Ryrie and MacArthur Bible notes).

Consider the books of Jewish prophets that were active during the following world empires of: 1. Assyria 2. Babylon 3. Persia.

1. Assyrian World Empire

Jonah (790-770 B.C.)

Joel (790-770 B.C.)

Amos (780-740 B.C.)

Hosea (760-720 B.C.)

Isaiah (745-695 B.C.)

Micah (740-700 B.C.)

Zephaniah (639-608 B.C.) .

Nahum (630-610 B.C.)

2. Babylonian World Empire

Jeremiah (626-586 B.C.)

Habakkuk (606-586 B.C.)

Ezekiel (592-570 B.C.)

Obadiah (586-583 B.C.) .

Daniel (606-534 B.C.)

3. Pesian World Empire

Haggai (520-516 B.C.)

Zechariah (520-516 B.C.)

Malachi (450-400 B.C.)

A study of each Jewish prophet will be provided at an appropriate time.

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19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion

What is Shabbat? Intro to the Jewish Sabbath – BimBam – Published on Mar 15, 2018

Lest I be misunderstood, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).

Consider the comments of the video’s author, as they relate to “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

What is Shabbat? Shabbat (the Jewish Shabbath) is a weekly 25-hour observance that begins just before sundown each Friday and ends at nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is a dedicated time each week to stop working and focus more on the pleasures of life.

Consider my study of “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

The Sabbath (in Hebrew, Shabbat , pronounced shah-BAHT–or in some communities, Shabbos, “SHAH-bis”) may be Judaism’s most distinctive and characteristic practice, as well as one of its most pervasive and long-lasting gifts to Western civilization.

IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! Read the following chronology carefully.

The reason for the following chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America. The significance of this information is that those migrates would have never been exposed to the Mosaic Law, and to its Torah requirements, to include the requirements of Sabbath rest.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.) and Isaac (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).

The Israelites/Jews/ of this study are the covenant Shemites, through the bloodline of Abraham, through his covenant son Isaac, and through his grandson Jacob (Gen 25:26, born 1800 B.C., who became known as Israel, Genesis 32:28, 1739 B.C.).

The reason for the above chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

The term “Jew” is derived from the name of Jacob’s fourth son, Judah–Yehudah, in the Hebrew—

Honoring The Seventh Day

About The Complete Jewish Bible

Genesis 2 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) (4094 B.C.,and all other dates, Scofield Study Bible)

2:2 God (elohim) plural in number. divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2).

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. 2 On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.

NKJV MacArthur Study Bible Notes

2:1–3 These words affirm that God had completed His work. Four times it is said that He finished His work, and 3 times it is said that this included all His work. Present processes in the universe reflect God sustaining that completed creation, not more creation (cf. Heb. 1:3).

2:2 ended…rested. God certainly did not rest due to weariness; rather, establishing the pattern for man’s work cycle, He only modeled the need for rest. Later, the Sabbath ordinance of Moses found its basis in the creation week (cf. Ex. 20:8–11). The Sabbath was God’s sacred ordained day in the weekly cycle. Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for man…” (Mark 2:2) and Gen. 2:3 stated that God “sanctified” or set apart the Sabbath day because He rested in it. Later, it was set aside for a day of worship in the Mosaic law (see note on Ex. 20:8). Hebrews 4:4 distinguishes between physical rest and the redemptive rest to which it pointed. Colossians 2:16 makes it clear that the Mosaic “Sabbath” has no symbolic or ritual place in the New Covenant. The church began worshiping on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection of Christ (Acts 20:7).

Consider the Law.

The Sabbath was first celebrated in scripture, in 1491 B.C., and was celebrated only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:4-36

16:4 The LORD (Yah·weh, 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel) prepared the Jews for six days of work, then a sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath will be a holy Sabbath to the Lord, and a gift from God to the Jews. 16:12 “I am the Lord your God.” LORD (Yah·weh); God (Elohim).

Exodus 16:4-5, 22-23 (NASB)
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”…22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”

The Sabbath was announced by Moses to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath arrives, and is observed by the Jews, and only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:24-26 (NASB) 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

The Sabbath is a gift by God to the Jews, and only to the Jews.

Exodus 16:29 (NASB) 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:12-17

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews, and only the Jews.

Exodus 31:16-17 (NASB) 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 31:18 (NASB) 18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

The giving of the Law to the Jews, and only to the Jews (1491 B.C.).

Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:1-17).

God visits Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:18-25).

God gives the Ten Commandments to the Jews, and only to the Jews (Exodus 20:1-17).

The Law In Leviticus

The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of thee book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points out the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.

James 2:10 (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

Leviticus 1:1-2 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them,

Leviticus 27:34 (NASB) 34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed for a Jew to be Torah compliant. The following examples of the Torah law should show that being Torah complaint can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone think that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject. Please notice that not all chapters of Leviticus are listed.

1. Leviticus 1:1-17 (NASB)
The Law of Burnt Offerings
2. Leviticus 2:1-16 (NASB)
The Law of Grain Offerings
3. Leviticus 3 (NASB)
The Law of Peace Offerings
4. Leviticus 4 (NASB)
The Law of Sin Offerings
5. Leviticus 5 (NASB)
The Law of Guilt Offerings
6. Leviticus 11 (NASB)
Laws about Animals for Food – Avoid the unclean
12. Leviticus 12 (NASB)
Laws of Motherhood
13. Leviticus 13 (NASB)
The Test for Leprosy
14. Leviticus 14 (NASB)
Law of Cleansing a Leper and a Leprous house
15. Leviticus 15 (NASB)
Cleansing Unhealthiness
16. Leviticus 16 (NASB)
Law of Atonement and An Annual Atonement
17. Leviticus 17 (NASB)
Blood for Atonement
18. Leviticus 18 (NASB)
Laws on Immoral Relations
19. Leviticus 19 (NASB)
Idolatry Forbidden – Sundry Laws
20. Leviticus 20 (NASB)
On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities
23. Leviticus 23 New (NASB)
Laws of Religious Festivals – The Day Of Atonement
24. Leviticus 24 (NASB)
The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary – “An Eye For An Eye”
25. Leviticus 25 (NASB)
The Sabbatic Year – Year of Jubilee – The Law of Redemption – Of Poor Countrymen – Of Redeeming a Poor Man
26. Leviticus 26 (NASB)
Blessings of Obedience – Penalties of Disobedience
27. Leviticus 27 (NASB)
Rules concerning Valuations

613 Torah Laws

As you can determine, the Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections.


Salvation is through the Jews:

John 4:22 (NASB) 22 “…for salvation is from the Jews.”

The Jew through whom salvation is provided is Christ:

John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Honoring the Seventh Day – My goal is to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy.”

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly-ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week. There is no such thing as a Christian Sabbath, other than for Christians to honor the seventh day of God’s creation.

Sabbath Worship/The Law – Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

The work of Christ for salvation for all “whom accept Him as Lord and Savior,” was completed on the cross:

John 19:30 (NASB) 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

MacArthur study note: The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion.

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Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

Joshua Aaron – Shalom (Official Music Video) the “Shabbat Shalom Song” שבת שלום
Joshua Aaron – Published on Dec 23, 2016 – The “Shabbat Shalom” music video filmed in Jerusalem, Israel. – Joshua Aaron is an award winning, Messianic Jewish singer and Integrity –

Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

In the opening video, Joshua Aaron has a very vivid way of describing how Jews celebrate and honor the Sabbath. The video shows smiling faces coming from happy people. Joshua is a Jew whom has accepted Yeshua as Christ. May your Shabbat be one of due honor of the seventh day, which God has sanctified. From sunset on each Friday, until sunset on each following Saturday, is a time for us to draw close to God. We don’t have to “do anything” to honor the Sabbath. The intimacy that is described in John 17:3, “of knowing God,” is key. God loves us; we love God. We show such a love of God by being intimate with Him. “Try it; you’ll like it!”

Question: “What was the Old Covenant?”

Answer: The Old Covenant was a conditional or bilateral agreement that God made with the Israelites. The Old Covenant was in effect during the dispensation of the Law. It is “old” in comparison to the New Covenant, promised by Jeremiah the prophet (Jeremiah 31:31, 33) and made effective by the death of the Lord Jesus (Luke 22:20). In the Old Covenant, the Israelites were required to obey God and keep the Law, and in return He protected and blessed them (Deuteronomy 30:15–18; 1 Samuel 12:14–15). In the New Covenant, things change and God becomes the proactive and unconditional source of salvation and blessing. In the New Covenant, “God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

The Old Covenant consists of much more than the Ten Commandments, of which the Sabbath is key.

Exodus 20:8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections.

What is the New Covenant?

Answer: The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that God makes with humanity that He will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned toward Him. Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant, and His death on the cross is the basis of the promise (Luke 22:20). The New Covenant was predicted while the Old Covenant was still in effect—the prophets Moses, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel all allude to the New Covenant.

The New Covenant is “a Better Covenant.”

In the Old Covenant, God also established that the way to atone for sin is through the shedding of blood (Hebrews 9:22). That is why during the Last Supper on the night of His arrest, Jesus passed the cup to the disciples and told them, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you” (Luke 22:20). When Jesus was crucified, His blood provided for the forgiveness of the sins of the whole world—the basis of the New Covenant. “By calling this covenant ‘new,’ he has made the first one obsolete” (Hebrews 8:13). Salvation is now a free gift for any who will believe in Christ and trust that His blood takes away their guilt before God (John 3:16–17).

Consider the New Covenant.

Jeremiah 31:31-34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord. 33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

As was mentioned in the discussion of the Old Covenant, Sabbath keeping was a key part of the Old Covenant. So, let’s consider the role of, or absence from, the Sabbath during the time of the New Covenant.

Let’s consider the Sabbath of the Old Covenant.

The Sabbath was a gift from God to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath was not given to any other group of people in the world. Exodus 16:29 “See, the Lord has given you the sabbath;”

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews. Exodus 31:13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.”

Let’s consider Christ fulfilling the Sabbath, as well as every other requirement of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week.

Consider the memo from Back To The Bible.

As we have seen, the Sabbath in God’s plan concerns only Israel. Note these truths: (1) the Sabbath law was given in Exodus 16, 2500 years after creation; (2) it was given as a sign to Israel (Ex. 31:12-1); (3) since Israel is scattered, the Sabbath is not now observed; the Law was finished, according to Galatians 3:19, in Christ; (4) when the Jews are reestablished as God’s earthly nation, the Sabbath will again be observed.

The Apostle Paul discussed Sabbath keeping with the the church at Colossae.

Colossians 2:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
16 Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day— 17 things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. (Ryrie Study Bible: The command to observe the Sabbath is the only one of the Ten Commandments not repeated after Pentecost).

The Apostle Paul discussed the first day of the week as the day that the church met for worship at Corinth.

1 Corinthians 16:1-2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I directed the churches of Galatia, so do you also. 2 On the first day of every week each one of you is to put aside and save, as he may prosper, so that no collections be made when I come.

Let’s consider the discussion that Christ had with the woman at the well.

John 4:20-24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
20 Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.” 21 Jesus *said to her, “Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”

The message of Christ to the woman is that neither “place, nor time,” is that which God expects from His people. God demands worship to be “in spirit and truth.”

Let’s come to a conclusion of this discussion on worship. If your church meets at sunset on Friday, that’s wonderful. If you church meets at 10 AM on Saturday, that’s wonderful, too. If your church meets at 8 PM on Saturday, “go for it!” If you church meets for worship on Sunday at 11 AM, no one can speak critically about meeting at that time, or at any other time, as long as you are meeting for worship, “in spirit and truth.”

But….. I must throw this passage into the discussion.

Acts 2:46 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
46 Day by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart,

The early Jews that accepted Yeshua as Christ, continued sabbath worship as well as meeting together in their homes as believers in Christ.

As for this Sabbath/Shabbat, I will say to you, “Shabbat Shalom.”
“Shabbat shalom” is a Hebrew greeting for the Jewish Sabbath. Its literal meaning is “Sabbath of Peace.”

I will also add the following verse of scripture, and close with a song of worship.

Psalm 122:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem

18 Israel – Shabbat – We Remember Those Murdered

LOS ANGELES, We Remember, Mah Tovu, Published on Nov 6, 2018

Deuteronomy 14:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Immediately after the tragic shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, PA, Rabbis Ken Chasen and Yoshi Zweiback began composing a song dedicated to the memory of the eleven souls lost on October 27, 2018. Based on the poem, “We Remember Them” by Sylvan Kamens and Rabbi Jack Riemer, the song is a promise that those loved ones who have died are never truly gone so long as we carry them with us. Produced by Kenli Mattus, “We Remember” includes the voices of many of Los Angeles’ most prominent Cantors and Jewish musicians.

Music by Rabbis Ken Chasen and Yoshi Zweiback (c)2018
Produced, edited and mixed by Kenli Mattus
Video directed and edited by Daniel Brea
Cinematography: Daniel Brea, Ognien Milovich

Featuring the voices of:

Rabbi Jonathan Aaron
Rabbi Ken Chasen
Cantor Chayim Frenkel
Josh Goldberg
Cantor Sara Hass
Cantor Linda Kates
Cantor Yonah Kliger
Cantor Nathan Lam
Daniel Leanse
Cantor Patti Linsky
Cantor Emma Lutz
Kenli Mattus
Cantor Kerith Spencer-Shapiro
Jared Stein
Cantor Lizzie Weiss
Rabbi Cantor Alison Wissot
Rabbi Yoshi Zweiback

Cello: Hope Easton
Violin: Jared Stein
Guitar, Piano, Bass: Rabbi Ken Chasen

Shabbat – Revelation 10

Waltraud Rennebaum – Baruch ata Adonai (Jewish Prayer, Shabbat Song) Waltraud Rennebaum. Published on Jan 12, 2016. “Blessed are You, Adonai our God, ruler of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.” (Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha’olam hamotzi lehem min ha’aretz.)

Honoring God, and His Sabbath, and His Chosen People.

Unless otherwise stated, all scriptures in this article were taken from the New American Standard Bible translation, 1995 Update.

I. Shabbat – Friday Sunset To Saturday Sunset.

Genesis 1 – The Creation. Notice that each day begins in the evening.

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
5 And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
8 And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.
19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
31 (a) God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good.
32 (b) And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Genesis 2

The Seventh Day Sanctified

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

Consider The Sabbath (Sabbath is the Hebrew word for seventh. Ryrie Study Bible, Genesis 2:2 note.)

Only the seventh day of the week can be the Sabbath. It has been my observation that the Holiness of the Sabbath has been largely discarded by much of Christendom, with a mindset of, “Jews and Seventh Day Adventists do it!” We must not be numb to the significance of Genesis 2:3.

NASB (sanctified); Hebrew (vay·kad·desh); Strong’s (6942 – to be set apart or consecrated)

6942. qadash
Strong’s Concordance
qadash: to be set apart or consecrated
Original Word: קָדַשׁ
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: qadash
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-dash’)
Definition: to be set apart or consecrated

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
denominative verb from qodesh
to be set apart or consecrated

קָּדַשׁ verb denominative be set apart, consecrated (Gerber238ff.); —
7th day (by God) Genesis 2:3; Exodus 20:11

Leviticus 11:44

Personal Holiness

44 For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy.

To not honor God, “that’s not good.” To not honor the Sabbath, “that’s not good, either.” To not honor God’s Chosen People, the Jews, we will take a quick look at that matter.”

God’s Chosen People

Genesis 12:1-3
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go forth from your country, And from your relatives, And from your father’s house, To the land which I will show you; 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; 3 And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.” (verse 3, “I will bless those who bless you.” This passage relates to Abraham and his seed-covenant descendants, the Jews.)

Deuteronomy 14:2
2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. (God chose the Jews for the special purpose of bringing the Messiah into the world. The Jews will have a special place of habitation during the Kingdom Age (Re Gen 12:2; 15:18-21)from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq.)

Zechariah 8:20-23
20 “Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities. 21 The inhabitants of one will go to another, saying, “Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the Lord, and to seek the Lord of hosts; I will also go.” 22 So many peoples and mighty nations will come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the Lord.’ 23 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, “Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.”’”…… During the thousand-year Kingdom Age, Gentiles will recognize Jews as being blessed by God, vs 23. These Gentiles and Jews will have entered into the time of the millennium in mortal bodies after having accepted Christ during the Tribulation. Jews and Gentiles that were not present during the tribulation, will also be present during the Kingdom Age, but in immortal bodies, ruling and reigning with Christ. Jews will rule over Jews (Luke 22:29-30), and Gentiles will rule over Gentiles (1 Corinthians 6:2). Jews will inhabit their “promised land,” and Gentiles will reside outside of the promised land of the Jews, but will be free to enter it, per Zech 8:22. It will be at the end of the Kingdom Age that the eternal state will begin. The following (II. End Times) discusses the Tribulation, which will precede the Kingdom Age.

II. End Times

Revelation 10:1—11:14 serves as a pause between the sixth trumpet and the seventh trumpet (11:15). The seals and the bowls also have a brief pause between their sixth and seventh judgments (7:1–17; 16:15).

Revelation 10

The Angel and the Little Book

1 I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire; 2 and he had in his hand a little book which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land; 3 and he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars; and when he had cried out, the seven peals of thunder uttered their voices. 4 When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them.” 5 Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, 6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer, 7 but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.

8 Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.” 9 So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he *said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10 I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11 And they *said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

Comments follow for Revelation 10:1-11. Notes were considered from the works of Drs. John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur.

10:1 another mighty angel. The Greek word translated “another” means one of the same kind, that is, a created being. This is not one of the 7 angels responsible for sounding the trumpets (8:2), but one of the highest ranking in heaven.

10:2 little book. The 7 sealed scroll that is the title deed to the earth will be fully opened and all the final judgments made visible. “Right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land.” Although Satan has temporarily usurped the sea and the earth, this symbolic act demonstrates that all creation belongs to the Lord and He rules it with sovereign authority.

10:4 Seal up. John was told he must conceal the message of the 7 thunders until God’s time (cf. 22:10; Dan. 8:26, 27; 12:9).

10:5 raised up his hand. This Greek verb appears often in the sense of raising the hand to take an oath or a solemn vow (cf. Dan. 12:7; see notes on Matt. 5:33, 34). The hand is raised toward heaven because that is where God dwells. The angel is taking an oath.

10:6 there should be delay no longer. This initiates the last plagues of the Day of the Lord (11:15), indicating that the time that the disciples anticipated has come (Matt. 24:3; Acts 1:6). The prayers of the saints will be answered (6:9–11; Matt. 6:10).

10:7 the mystery. A Greek term meaning “to shut” or “to close.” In the NT, a “mystery” is a truth that God concealed but has revealed through Christ. Here the mystery is the final consummation of all things as God destroys sinners and establishes His righteous kingdom on earth. “As He declared.” This mystery, though not fully revealed, was declared to God’s prophets (Amos 3:7).

10:9 “Take and eat it.” This act describes taking in God’s Word. John’s reactions show what every believer’s response to God’s judgment should be…great anticipation of God’s glory and our victory, and at the same time, the bitterness of seeing God’s wrath poured out on those who reject His Son. “your stomach bitter.” As he digests what the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments hold in store for the sinner, John becomes nauseated. “sweet as honey in your mouth.” But still God’s final victory and vindication are sweet realities to the believer.

10:11 “prophesy again.” A call for John to warn men about the bitter judgment in the seventh trumpet and the 7 bowls. “peoples, nations, tongues, and kings.” See 7:9 note below.

7:9 “a great multitude.” While the tribulation period will be a time of judgment, it will also be a time of unprecedented redemption (ch 7:14; 6:9–11; 20:4; Is. 11:10; Matt. 24:14). “all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues.” These are all of the earth’s people groups that were left behind from the rapture.

III. Christ Is The Fulfillment Of The Law

Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, have fulfillment in Christ (Matthew 5:17-18).

Ascension – Sabbath – Shavuot – Pentecost – June 7-10, 2019

Day of Pentecost HD Gise Ríos Published on Sep 27, 2015 From The Bible Series

I. Introduction. The focus of this article is on the Holy times that are shown in the subject line of this article. They all relate to the plan that God has placed before his chosen people, the Jews, as well as the born again believers in Christ, the Church. Unless otherwise noted, scriptures in this article are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1995 edition.

A. The following text book definitions tell of four special times of Christians and Jews. Consider the following timeline of events, as they relate to the days of May 30 through June 10 of this year (2019). The day of the ascension of Christ occurred ten days prior to the Day of Pentecost, and was observed on Ascension Sunday (June 2), which takes place seven days prior to the Day of Pentecost. Sabbath begins on each Friday at sunset, and continues until the following Saturday at sunset. Shavuot begins on this Saturday (June 8) at sunset, and extends through Monday (June 10) at sunset. The Day of Pentecost is observed on Pentecost Sunday, which will take place on this Sunday (June 9).

1. Ascension May 30, 2019 (Midnight To Midnight)
Ascension for the year 2019 is celebrated/ observed on Thursday, May 30. Ascension Day each year is held on a Thursday 39 days after Easter Sunday. This day commemorates Jesus Christs ascension into heaven. More information on Ascension. (Dates, Customs and History for Ascension). (The Day of the Ascension of Christ was ten days before the Day of Pentecost. Some churches honor the ascension, “Ascension Sunday,” seven days prior to Pentecost Sunday (The Day Of Pentecost).

2. Sabbath June 7-8, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
Sabbath is a day set aside for rest and worship. According to the Book of Exodus the Sabbath is a day of rest on the seventh day, commanded by God to be kept as a holy day of rest, as God rested from creation. It is observed differently among the Abrahamic religions and informs a similar occasion in several other practices.

3. Shavuot June 8–10, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
The word Shavuot (or Shavuos) means “weeks.” It celebrates the completion of the seven-week Omer counting period between Passover and Shavuot.The Torah was given by G‑d to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai on Shavuot more than 3,300 years ago. Every year on the holiday of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and G‑d “re-gives” the Torah.

4. Pentecost June 9, 2019 (Midnight to midnight)
The Christian holy day of Pentecost, which is celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles. In Christian tradition, this event represents the birth of the early Church. Day of Pentecost is also known as Pentecost Sunday).

B. Discussion. In order for us to properly understand these four special days of God, we will have to go back many years in history, and many books of biblical teaching.

1. Sabbath. Consider the Holy relationship that exists between God and the Jews. Consider the Holiness of the sabbath, that exists between God and the Jews. As far as the Sabbath relationship, for Christians and God, it is a spiritual observance: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it Holy. Christians should consider how they can “keep the Sabbath Holy,” in their lives. Consider the Holiness that is foumd in each of the following verses.

a. Exodus 16:23 the sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord.
b. Exodus 16:25 the sabbath is a sabbath to the Lord;
c. Exodus 16:29 the Lord has given you the sabbath; (a gift from God to the Jews).
d. Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (a commandment to the Jews).
e. Exodus 20:10 the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God.
f. Exodus 20:11 the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.
g. Exodus 31:13 But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.” (God’s Word to Moses, to be spoken to the Jews).
9. Exodus 31:14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you (Words to Jews).
10. Exodus 31:15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord.
11. Exodus 31:16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant (spoken to Jews).
12. Exodus 35:2 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the Lord (spoken to Jews).
13. Leviticus 16:31 It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute (spoken to Jews). (I like “that you may humble your souls.”)
14. Leviticus 23:3 ‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings (spoken to Jews). (I like Holy convocation; the GNT says “gather for worship,” instead of “holy convocation.”)
15. Leviticus 23:32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.” (spoken to Jews). (notice that each day begins in the evening and ends on the following evening).

2. Pentecost. Shavuot. Harvest. Feast of Weeks.

a. Exodus 23:14–19 All male Jews were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem for the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. (MacArthur Study notes).

b. Leviticus 23:15-17 15 ‘You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the Lord. 17 You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord. 21 On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

c. Acts 2:1. When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.5 Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven.

d. Acts 1:5; 2:4. The Feast of Pentecost was fulfilled in Christ.

e. 2 Kings 17:1-6. In 722 B.C. the ten northern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Assyrians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those ten tribes into far lands.

f. 2 Kings 24:17-21. In 597-586 B.C. the two southern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Babylonians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those two tribes into far lands.

g. Acts 2:1-5. In 30 A.D. (all dates Ryrie Study Bible)
The Day of Pentecost. Because of Ex 14-19, dispersed Jews went to Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost. At that time, God chose to pour out His Holy Spirit on those Jews, per the following verses. In this context, “tongues” refers to languages. From the time of the dispersal in 722 B.C., those Jews learned and spoke the languages of the lands where they had been dispersed. So, in Acts, not all Jews in Jerusalem spoke the same language; many had forgotten how to speak Hebrew; verses 4-5 address that reality. It is amazing that the dispersed Jews had the discipline to obey the Mosaic Law to go to Jerusalem for the three required feasts. The miracle of Pentecost was that the Jews in the upper room spoke the individual languages of all of the congregated Jews, from all of the dispersed lands (vs 5), so that they could hear the gospel of “Christ and Him crucified” (Acts 2:36).

h. Leviticus 23:15-22, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, and Acts 2:1 discuss Pentecost. Other verses discuss this Holy event, as follows, and :

3. Acts 1:1-11. 30. A.D. The ascension of Christ.

a. After His resurrection, Christ appeared to people 40 days, and preached the gospel (good news) of “the kingdom of heaven” (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN). Christ told the disciples (men and women) to wait in Jerusalem for the Holy Spirit to fall on them, and empower them. The disciples still wanted to know if the Kingdom of God was going to be restored at this time (no mention of heaven). Christ then gave them their orders, per the great commission of Acts 1:8, to carry His message to the world. Then, Christ ascended upward to heaven into a cloud, and was seen no more. Angels told the disciples that Christ would return to earth in the same manner that He left.

b. The disciples went to an upper room in Jerusalem, where they waited, and prayed for ten days. This particular upper room may have been the same place where Christ observed His last Passover with the disciples. Women accompanied Christ and His disciples as they traveled (Luke 8:1-3), as He preached about THE KINGDOM OF GOD. I can not believe that Christ would have “shut the door” on the women, and prevented them from taking part in the last Passover observance. Women were waiting in the upper room for the Holy Spirit to fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 1:14). The group of 120 followers of Christ stayed in Jerusalem for 10 days, praying; then the Holy Spirit fell (Acts 2:1-6) (50 days after the resurrection of Christ; Ryrie Study Bible note).

c. The result of the Day of Pentecost miracle was that 3,000 Jews came to saving faith in Christ on that same day (Acts 2:41).

II. Conclusion. All of the events of this article have a key sharing ingredient, with that factor being the law. The Sabbath and Shavuot were key elements of the Law. The Day of Pentecost, drew Jews from many lands to Jerusalem, due to the Law. The Day of Christ’s Ascension occurred so that the Holy Spirit could fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost. I can safely say that, as a result of the law, all born again believers in Christ have come to saving faith in Christ; this was due to the discipline that the Jews, from Moses to Christ, showed toward the Law.

III. Reverence – Holiness. At the time of this writing, the earth is rotating on its axis at a speed of 1,000 miles per hour. Some people who read my articles are living where it is darkness, and others are living where it is daylight. Some are awaking from darkness, and seeing the early dawning hours. Some people are enjoying a noon time meal. Others are looking forward to having their evening meal, at about the time that sunset develops, and the Sabbath of Friday afternoon appears. The Sabbath should be “remembered, and kept holy,” for 24 hours until sunset on Saturday evening. Please let me encourage all who read my blog to “Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy.” The Sabbath, the seventh day of the week, is important, is Holy, and should not be dismissed from the “area of importance” of our mind.

Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, was fulfilled by Christ (Matthew 5:17-18). Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to another day of the week to meet their desires.

My wish for those whom will be reading this article will be to:

“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8).