Click On. Bible? Virus? Riots? Rigged Elections? Which will cause, “End Of The World, 2nd Coming Of Christ, Tribulation, Rapture?

I. Introduction. In this article, we will consider the events of today’s world, and historical events, as they relate to the suggested outcomes of personal opinion and Bible prophecy. The USA is dealing with the effects of a virus that began in China. Rioting has been taking place throughout the USA, with the city of Portland, Oregon experiencing 100 days of violent riots, as of September 20, 2020. The many voting irregularities of the November 3, 2020 Presidential election have many Christians and Jews wondering if the USA will survive as a nation that God has used to support His Chosen People of Israel (Deuteronomy 14:2).

A. Video Title. Revelation.

B. Article Title. Bible? Virus? Riots? Rigged Elections? Which will cause, “End Of The World, 2nd Coming Of Christ, Tribulation, Rapture?

C. Article Focus. God’s Plan, or God’s Reaction.

1. Many among Christian and Jewish groups are attributing the current day events to God’s response to today’s lawlessness and turmoil. But, there has been a great lack of misunderstanding of events that have happened in world history that have resulted in far greater deaths than those that are being experienced today. Before anybody assumes that today’s world events will cause God to do anything to His creation, we must consider the great numbers of deaths that have resulted from past wars, disasters, pandemics, natural disasters, and other catastrophies.

a. List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_and_anthropogenic_disasters_by_death_toll

b. List of epidemics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_epidemics

c. List of natural disasters by death toll.
https://www.wikiwand.com/en/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll

d. Conclusion. In spite of previous atrocities, pandemics and wars, with deaths that greatly surpass those of today, God has not responded with the end of the world, the second coming of Christ, the Tribulation, or the rapture of the believers in Christ. God has a plan for His creation that will not be thwarted by events that come as a result of His creation’s bad behavior, or by the effects of nature or anything else that may happen in this world (there is no mother nature!).

II. Today’s World. God’s Plan. The Times Of The Gentiles; The Fullness Of The Gentiles.

A. The Times Of The Gentiles…The Fulness Of The Gentiles. In the Book, “Things To Come,” written by J. Dwight Pentecost, there is a good study on this subject on pages 303-304 (re Romans 11:25-27). Pg 303, in Lk 21:24, Christ referred to the “times of Gentiles” as continuing as long as Jerusalem is “trodden down of the Gentiles.” The reference in Luke is to the political domination of Jerusalem by Gentiles which began with the fall of Jerusalem at the time of the captivity and has continued to the present day. While the terminology is not significant in itself from the context of the two passages involved, it seems clear that the expression “times of the Gentiles” has reference to political domination of Gentiles, while the expression “fullness of the Gentiles” has reference to Gentile blessing and opportunity in this present age. If this analysis is correct, the times of the Gentiles and the fullness of the Gentiles are two entirely different ideas. The times of the Gentiles began long before Christ, and will continue until Christ returns to establish His kingdom. The fullness of the Gentiles began at Pentecost and will continue only as long as the present age of grace. From the standpoint of eschatology, the important point is that the fullness of the Gentiles will come to its close before the times of the Gentiles are run out …{“it seems clear that the fulness of the Gentiles will come abruptly to its close when the church is caught up to heaven” (John Walvoord, “Israel’s Blindness, July, 1945}.

B. The MacArthur Study Bible adds the following note on Romans 11:25 (Times Of The Gentiles): “Until” refers to a specific point in time; “fullness” refers to completion; “has come in” translates a Gr. verb often used to speak of coming salvation (Mt 5:20, Mk 9:43, 45, 47; Jn 3:5, Ac 14:22). Israel’s spiritual hardening (which began with rejecting Jesus as Messiah) will last until the complete number of elect Gentiles has come to salvation.)

C. The Ryrie Study Bible explains the time of Tribulation and Second Coming of Christ in Mt 24:3 note: Christ speaks of the end of the age in vs 4-28. Vs 4-14 lists the characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas vs 15-28, deal with the second half. In vs 29-31 Christ speaks of his second coming. Zech 12:10, At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize Jesus as her Messiah, acknowledging with deep emotion that He was the One whom their fathers pierced …(Jn 19:37)]

D. Mt 24:31 is not the rapture; neither is Mt 24:40-41. Zech 14:1-5 and Rev 19:11-21 tell of Christ returning “to earth” with his saints and angels (as opposed to the rapture in the air, Jn 14:2-6, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). Zech 14:9,11, tells of Christ taking His throne, with peace finally coming to earth. The 1000 year millennial reign of Christ (Kingdom age, Rev 20:4) will follow the tribulation (Rev 6:1-19:21) and the 2nd coming of Christ (Mt 24:29-31). The rapture of the church will occur prior to the Tribulation, when the predetermined number of Gentiles has come to saving faith in Christ, which will occur during the Church age of grace. The tribulation will follow the rapture (Rev 6:1-19:21), being followed by the Kingdom Age (Rev 20:1-10), and the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15, where unbelievers of all ages are cast into the lake of fire). The destruction of the world in which we live will follow the Great White Throne Judgment (2 Pet 3:7-12, Rev 21:1). The eternal state of new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem, will follow the destruction of the former (Rev 21:1-1).

E. Re: Rom 11:25. God has determined “a fullness” of Gentiles (the number of saved Gentiles). Then, the rapture of the church (born again believers in Christ) will take place. The fullness of the Gentiles is based on God’s measure, and doesn’t happen in, and of, itself.

F. Credentials.

1. Charles C. Ryrie (Th.D, Ph.D.) (Deceased).

2. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th.M., Th.D.) (Deceased).

3. John F. Walvoord (Th.M., Th.D.) (Deceased).

4. John MacArthur (M.Div., Litt.D., D.D.). Walvoord has made reference to McArthur’s writings.

III. The Cause Of Today’s World’s Problems.

A. Upon the completion of God’s creation of our world, and all that is contained, the words “very good,” are found in Genesis 1:31 to assess the condition of the newly created world. Everything that is found in Chapters one and two of Genesis show perfection; without error, without sin (1 Tim 4:4).

B. Sin entered the world through the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden (Gen 3:1-13).

C. A curse on all of God’s creation followed the fall (Gen 3:14-19), which included death (Gen 2:17; Rom 5:12). There were no human or animal life before the creation in the Garden. There was no death of pre-Adamic cavemen, or dinosaurs of billions of years ago. The perfection of Genesis chapters 1 and 2, is no longer present in our world, and will not return until the time of the eternal state (Rev 21:3-4).

D. The world in which we now reside is affected by the effects of the fall of Adam and Eve, and the resulting curse, and is shown in the words of Ephesians 6:12: “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.” Such sin from the fall and the curse, causes pandemics, riots, and election rigging. Such persistent sin is evidence of people not having been born again, not having the righteous influence of the indwelling Spirit of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Jn 3:3; 14:20; 16:7-14), NOT HAVING BEEN SAVED!

IV. Considering References. Everybody reads something that someone else has written. It has been my goal to study the works of pastors, seminary instructors, and authors of books, who have a history of being respected for their works by others of their peer groups. No conclusion that I draw comes without having also been such a conclusion coming from one of my sources of information. A list of my sources of information can be found on my website Page, “About Sources.” https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

V. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

VI. Video Details. REVELATION. REVELATION STATION. Aug 6, 2019.

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A Search For Truth

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This series of videos ties in with the story of Dr. Michael Rydelnik’s series of videos that tell of his “Search For Messiah.” The series was produced by Day Of Discovery. Once you click onto the opening video, the remaining eight videos will follow automatically, at the completion of the preceding one. The first six videos, and the ninth one are rather short; videos seven and eight are much longer. All of the videos tell a story which is important for any believer in Christ to understand; but, much more so, the video series is essential for understanding by any Jew, whom has not come to belief in Christ as Messiah. Each above video can be also seen individually, as they are listed below. Michael Rydelnik’s bio is shown below this paragraph, to include his degrees and his history. I encourage everyone to buy The Moody Bible Commentary, of which Michael is one of two general editors. Also, I encourage everyone to listen to Michael’s Saturday Moody Radio program, which is broadcast weekly at 10:00 A.M., Eastern Time.

About Dr. Michael Rydelnik.

Michael Rydelnik (Th.M., D.Miss.)

Michael Rydelnik

The following two paragraphs are shown in the above link.

Dr. Michael Rydelnik is Professor of Jewish Studies and Bible at Moody Bible Institute. He is the Host/Bible teacher on Open Line with Dr. Michael Rydelnik, answering listener Bible questions every Saturday morning for more than 200 stations across America. The son of Holocaust survivors, he was raised in an observant Jewish home in Brooklyn, New York. Michael trusted in Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah in high school and began teaching the Bible almost immediately. He graduated from Moody Bible Institute, Azusa Pacific University, Dallas Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where his doctoral research focused on the messianic hope of the Hebrew Bible.

Dr. Rydelnik is the co-editor of The Moody Bible Commentary and the author of Understanding the Arab Israeli Conflict and The Messianic Hope: Is the Hebrew Bible Really Messianic? He served on the translation team for the Holman CSB and has contributed to multiple study Bibles, books, and theological journals. Michael and his wife, Eva, have two adult sons who call and write all the time.

https://www.moody.edu/academics/faculty/rydelnik-michael/
More bio of Dr. Michael Rydelnik in above link.

Above videos, individually linked.

1. My Search for Messiah: Introduction 4:02

2. My Search for Messiah: Confronting Scripture 1:07

3. My Search for Messiah: Finding Messiah 4:02

4. My Search for Messiah: A Messiah Who Would Die 1:44

5. My Search for Messiah: Are there 2 Messiahs? 3:39

6. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel — Introduction 5:45

7. The Appointed Times 25:28

8. Spring Feasts — The Holidays of God 27:10

9. The Feast of Passover — Hiding the Matzah 2:28

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Hanukkah 2019

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Chanukah Candle Blessings • First Night.

Jews around the world begin celebrating Hanukkah on the evening of Sunday, December 22, 2019. Consider the love that is present in a Jewish family celebrating Hanukkah in the opening video. Consider the other videos in this article; they also provide good information on the subject of Hanukkah.

The following discussion has a lively description of Hanukkah.

Hanukkah || Mayim Bialik

Consider the following discussion on lighting Hanukkah Candles. Notice the difference between the Shamash candle, in relation to the other eight Hanukkah candles.

How to Light Chanukah Candles

The following kids video provides a good explanation on Hanukkah. The subject of Hanukkah is one that is all too often neglected in Christian churches. But, as the following information will attest, there is a great deal of information that relates to Hanukkah that also relates to Christ, our Lord and Savior.

The Story of Hanukkah

The Jewish observance of Hanukkah, beginning on sunset of Sunday, December 22, 2019, will end on the nightfall of Monday, December 30, 2019. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after a group of Jewish warriors defeated the occupying mighty Greek armies. Consider the following links.

https://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm
https://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102911/jewish/What-Is-Hanukkah.htm

Consider the significance of the “shamash, or servant candle.” As is shown in the video, the servant candle “gives light” to the other candles “one by one.” Consider also, the significance of the servant candle to the following verse of scripture:

John 1:9 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.

Christ is the light which brings spiritual light to a world of spiritual darkness. He gives light to all coming into the world, “one by one.” The shamash candle is prophetic of Christ, our Lord and Savior. In my home a hanukkiyah (hon ooo kee ah) has a permanent place in the living room. Notice that the shamash candle stands above all of the other candles, which shows the deity of Christ. In the kids video the example of the oil that was supposed to last for only one day, continued to burn for eight days. As in Christ, the oil of the Holy Spirit burns in the lives of believers in Christ, “forever .” Remember: “Shamash – Servant – Christ.”

The Holy Spirit Described As Oil

Isaiah 61:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Exaltation of the Afflicted

1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
Because the Lord has anointed me
To bring good news to the afflicted;
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to captives
And freedom to prisoners;
2 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord
And the day of vengeance of our God;
To comfort all who mourn,
3 To grant those who mourn in Zion,
Giving them a garland instead of ashes,
The oil of gladness instead of mourning,
The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting.
So they will be called oaks of righteousness,
The planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.

Acts 10:38 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

38 You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.

Consider the truth of the Messiah/Christ/Yeshua in the following song.

Chanukah – Marty Goetz

There is no Old Testament discussion on the celebration of Hanukkah. However, in the New Testament, there is an account of the Feast of Dedication, which is also known as the Feast Of Hanukkah and the Feast Of Lights. The following passage shows that Christ was present for Hanukkah. Below the following verse, there is a comment on Hanukkah that is provided by Dr. John MacArthur.

John 10:22-23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

22 At that time the Feast of the Dedication took place at Jerusalem; 23 it was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple in the portico of Solomon.

10:22 Feast of Dedication. The Jewish celebration of Hanukkah, which celebrates the Israelite victory over the Syrian leader Antiochus Epiphanes, who persecuted Israel. In ca. 170 B.C. he conquered Jerusalem and desecrated the Jewish temple by setting up a pagan altar to displace the altar of God. Under the leadership of an old priest named Mattathias (his family name was called the Hasmoneans), the Jews fought guerrilla warfare (known as the Maccabean Revolt—166–142 B.C.) against Syria and freed the temple and the land from Syrian dominance until 63 B.C. when Rome (Pompey) took control of Palestine. It was in 164 B.C. on 25 Chislev (Dec. approximately), that the Jews liberated the temple and rededicated it. The celebration is also known as the “Feast of Lights” because of the lighting of lamps and candles in Jewish homes to commemorate the event. it was winter. John indicated by this phrase that the cold weather drove Jesus to walk on the eastern side of the temple in the sheltered area of Solomon’s porch, which after the resurrection became the regular gathering place of Christians where they would proclaim the gospel (see Acts 3:11; 5:12).

Consider Christ, “the Light of the world.”

John 1:1-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB) The Deity of Jesus Christ

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

The Witness John

6 There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

John 8:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Jesus Is the Light of the World

12 Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

Those of us whom know Christ as our Lord and Savior, will be caught up to be with Christ, the Eternal Light, at the time of the Rapture, and will spend eternity with Him. Consider the verses; consider the song by Sandi Patty.

1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

Sandi Patty – We Shall Behold Him [Live]

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Judges 10-16 , Ruth

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I. Video 1. Judges. What Is the Book of Judges All About?. Jun 27, 2017. Bible Study Tools Videos. http://www.thirdavenue.org/staff

II. Introduction. In this article we will consider two highly controversial Judges of Israel, Jephthah and Samson. We will also look forward to more of the travels of Israel, which will bring into the picture an important Gentile link that will lead to the birth of Christ. Links for John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur are posted in section IV.

A. The Prophecy And Deliverance From The Ammonites And Philistines.

1. Judges 10:13-14 Oppression of Philistines and Ammonites.

a. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because the Children of Israel forsook the Lord, God told them that He would not heed their cry. “But you have forsaken Me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble” (vv 13-14).

b. Judges 10:13-14 (NASB) 13 Yet you have forsaken Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer deliver you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress.”

2. Judges 11:1-40 Jephthah the Ninth Judge.

a. Overview. Jephthah (10:6—12:7), a social outcast from the other Joseph tribe (Manasseh, east of the Jordan) who judges at a time when Israel is being threatened by a coalition of powers under the king of Ammon.

Intro to Judges

b. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because of their willingness to come back to God, however, God allowed Jephthah to be raised up as the ninth judge of Israel, and he delivered Israel from their enemies.

c. Consider Jephthah’s place in the Hebrews Faith Hall Of Fame.

(1) Hebrews 11:1-2 (NASB) The Triumphs of Faith. 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.
(2) Hebrews 11:32 (NASB). Jephthah. By faith they overcame. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,

d. Consider Jephthah’s dilemma.

(1) Judges 11:30-31 (NASB) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and said, “If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

(a) Comment. 11:30 MacArthur Study Bible. “made a vow to the Lord.” This was a custom among generals to promise the god of their worship something of great value as a reward for that god’s giving them victory.
(b) Comment. 11:30 The Moody Bible Commentary. At the end of the daughter’s mourning period, the text says her father kept his vow and “she had no relations with a man,” not that he killed her as a human sacrifice. Therefore, it is best to assume that Jephthah did not make a burnt offering of his daughter, but instead sacrificed her to serve in the tabernacle. In any case, Jephthah’s foolish vow is emblamatic of the period and had serious implications for his family.

(2) Judges 11:34-35 (NASB) 34 When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, “Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the Lord, and I cannot take it back.”

(a) Comment. 11:34. MacArthur Study Bible. “his daughter, coming out to meet him.” She was thus to be the sacrificed pledge.
(b) Comment. 11:35. MacArthur Study Bible. “Alas.” Here is indicated the pain felt by her father in having to take the life of his only daughter to satisfy his pious, but unwise pledge.

(3) Judges 11:36-39 (NASB) 36 So she said to him, “My father, you have given your word to the Lord; do to me as you have said, since the Lord has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of Ammon.” 37 She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.” 38 Then he said, “Go.” So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. 39 At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel,

(a) Comment. Judges 11:38. Ryrie Study Bible. “wept…because of her virginity. i.e., she would never bear children.
(b) Comment. Judges 11:39. Ryrie Study Bible. Some understand that Jephthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold that she was killed according to Canaanite practices, which Jephthah had embraced. (c) Comment. Judges 11:38-39. Mine. I hold fast to the comment of The Moody Bible Commentary note in 11:30 above. Also, because of Hebrews 11:32 including Jephthah in the “Faith Hall of Fame,” it seems that the daughter of Jephthah was not given as a sacrifice which would have taken her life. It is true that Jephthah said that he would sacrifice his daughter, but there was no such Godly encouragement or approval for Jephthah to kill his daughter. Neither is there written in the Bible, a statement that Jephthah actually offered his daughter as a burnt offering.

B. Prophecy Related To Samson

1. Judges 13-16 – Samson Is Avenged.

(a) Overview. Samson is one of the most recognizable of the judges who ruled over Israel before the time of the kings. He was a Nazarite, yet broke many rules of the Nazarite vow. God gifted Samson with incredible strength, but he lost his strength when Delilah betrayed him to the Philistines, who blinded and enslaved him. At the end of his life, God restored Samson’s strength.
https://www.christianity.com/wiki/people/who-was-samson.html

(b) Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased).The story of Samson is one of the enigmatic stories of the Bible. His birth was announced by the Angel of the Lord to his father Manoah. Early feats of strength and departures from God were described (14:1-16:19). God’s promise to Samson’s mother concerning her child that “he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines” (13:15) was nevertheless fulfilled. After Samson was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and shackled to grind grain in prison, his strength returned, and in destroying the pillars on which the temple was built he was able to kill more in the death than in life (16:23-31). The books of Joshua and Judges set the stage for the coming of Samuel, the last of the judges and the first of the prophets. In contrast to the Book of Judges, which is one o moral and physical defeat, the Book of Joshua is largely one of victory.

(c) Text. Judges 16:28-31 (NASB) 28 Then Samson called to the Lord and said, “O Lord God, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once be avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left. 30 And Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” And he bent with all his might so that the house fell on the lords and all the people who were in it. So the dead whom he killed at his death were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31 Then his brothers and all his father’s household came down, took him, brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. Thus he had judged Israel twenty years.

2. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

(a) Judges 16:28. “remember me, I pray!” A prayer of repentance and trust pours from Samson.
(b) Judges 16:29-31. Some Philistine temples had roofs overlooking a courtyard, above wooden columns planted on stone foundations. The central pillars were set close to furnish extra support for the roof. Here the victory celebration and taunts flung at the prisoner below drew a big crowd. The full strength of Samson, renewed by God, enabled him to buckle the columns. As a result, the roof collapsed and the victory was Israel’s, not Philistia’s. He died for the cause of his country and his God. He was not committing suicide, but rather bringing God’s judgment on His enemies and willing to leave his own life or death to God. He was the greatest champion of all Israel, yet a man of passion capable of severe sin. Still, he is in the list of the faithful (cf. Heb. 11:32).

III. Video 2. Ruth.

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A. Video info. Why is the Book of Ruth important? Oct 16, 2014. John Ankerberg Show. Why is the Book of Ruth important?
From Our Series “Where Do We Go From Here?” With Dr. Erwin Lutzer. Jashow.org for more information.

B. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45-46, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Nestled between Judges and 1 Samuel, however, is the Book of Ruth which, though it contains no prophecies of the future, is itself a reminder that God has the purpose of fulfilling the promise of a coming Messiah. The lovely story of Ruth is one of the links leading up to David.

IV. Links of Reference.

A. MacArthur Study Bible https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/
B. Ryrie Study Bible https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/
C. B. John Walvoord https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

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Judges 4-7

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I. Video. Why Israel Introduction | 02 | God’s covenants with Israel. Jan 28, 2016. Christians for Israel International.

II. This article discusses three judges of Israel, whom are Deborah, Barak and Gideon. The relationship of these Judges with God is the key subject of study. This is not a church-age study, although there are principles that can be applied to the church of Christ. Contained within this article is also a study of the Names of God, to include spelling and the placement of upper and lower case letters. We will touch on Bible translations, as well as the letter “J.” It is important to have a zeal for God’s Word, however, scripture correctness should always be paramount.

III. It is easy to see that many Christians are ignorant of the facts of the Old Testament. The reason for such ignorance is simple; the Old Testament teaching is limited, and poorly taught. The subject people in this article are Jews, and the setting is Jewish. The account of the Jews (not a story) in this article is about the dealings of God with His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2). All too often, pastors and teachers make many Old Testament studies into studies of the church, and omit the detailed teachings that relate to scripture context, of which is important in understanding God’s Word. Remember that God is traveling with the Israelites, and not with anyone else. If we make a decision to understand each chapter that we read from the Old Testament, it will help us to understand the relationship of God and the Jews during the time of Tribulation, as well as that in the Kingdom age, the Millennium, and the eternal state. In regard to context, consider 2 Chronicles 7:14, which relates to God and the nation of Israel, and to no one else in our world (context, 2 Chr 7:8-18). Also Ezek 34:26, “showers of blessing,” is greatly misunderstood; we sing a song by that title, with a church inferred meaning. However, the context of “showers of blessing” is that of Israel during the Kingdom Age.

IV. As we are studying any passage of scripture, we should attempt to gain an understanding of the verses that we are reading. Should we follow cross-references that lead us elsewhere in the Bible? Most definitely, we should check out verses in the other books in the Old and New Testaments. As we pursue our study of Israel in the Old Testament scriptures, we will naturally be led to other areas of study about Jews, especially about Israel in the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State.

V. Judges 4:4-6 (NASB) Deborah and Barak. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+4%3A1-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 4:4 Deborah, a prophetess. She was an unusual woman of wisdom and influence who did the tasks of a judge, except for military leadership…. Deborah’s rise to such a role is the exception in the book because of Barak’s failure to show the courage to lead courageously (vv. 8, 14). God rebuked his cowardice by the pledge that a woman would slay Sisera (v. 9). https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, “Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, ‘Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

C. God in the verses.

1. vs 6 “the LORD, the God of Israel.” (“LORD,” YHWH…Yah·weh, 3068). (“God,” Elohim, 430). Notice the upper and lower case of letters of “LORD and God.”

2. The KJV and NKJV state in verse 6, “the LORD God of Israel.” The NASB states “the LORD, the God of Israel.” The NASB is correct: https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/4-6.htm Consider also Rev 17:5. The KJV and NKJV state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT.” NASB states, “a mystery, BABYLON THE GREAT; ” the NASB is correct https://biblehub.com/lexicon/revelation/17-5.htm

3. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

a. 1. “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible..Gen 2:4 note).

b. 2. “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

4. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Deborah and Barak, fourth and fifth judges of Israel, were promised victory over Siseria. This prophecy was fulfilled and Sisteria killed (vs 12-24).
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VI. Judges 6:11-24 (NASB) The Call Of Gideon. As you red the following verses, pay close attention to the names of God. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+6%3A11-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment: MacArthur Study Bible Note. 6:1 Midian. These wandering herdsmen from E of the Red Sea had been dealt a severe blow in Moses’ time (Num. 31:1–18) and still resented the Israelites. They became the worst scourge yet to afflict Israel.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

1. 11 Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites. 12 The angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior.” 13 Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.” 14 The LORD looked at him and said, “Go in this your strength and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?” 15 He said to Him, “O Lord, how shall I deliver Israel? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father’s house.” 16 But the LORD said to him, “Surely I will be with you, and you shall defeat Midian as one man.” 17 So Gideon said to Him, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You who speak with me. 18 “Please do not depart from here, until I come back to You, and bring out my offering and lay it before You.” And He said, “I will remain until you return.”

2. 19 Then Gideon went in and prepared a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah of flour; he put the meat in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought them out to him under the oak and presented them. 20 The angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so. 21 Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight. 22 When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” 23 The LORD said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

B. God in the verses.

1. vs 11, 21, 22 “the angel of the LORD.” A theophany. Judges 2:1: The LORD Himself. Genesis 16:9: A self-manifestation of God. He here speaks as God, identifies Himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the LORD ceases to appear after the incarnation, it is often inferred that the angel of the LORD in the OT is a preincarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity. (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. vs 15 “O Lord: “Adonai” (Notice lower case letters) Master, lord, sovereign (Gen 15:2) and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” (Ryrie Study Bible) “Kuios:” Mt 1:22 “properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord)”: https://biblehub.com/greek/2962.htm

3. vs 20 The angel of God. Angel (mal·’ach) (4397), a messenger of God (Elohim) 430. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-20.htm

4. vs 22 O’Lord God. Lord: Adonai (136) (See Lower case letters); God: YHWH, Yahweh https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-22.htm

5. vs 23, 24 LORD YWHW Yahweh 3068 (See all upper case letters) https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-23.htm https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-24.htm

C. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Scriptures record God’s selection of Gideon as a judge over Israel. In verse 14 it was recorded, “The LORD turned to him [Gideon] and said, ‘Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian’s hand. Am I not sending you?'” https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VII. Judges 7:1-25 (NASB) Gideon’s 300 Chosen Men. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Judges+7%3A1-25&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bibe. 7:2 The people…are too many. Those of faith, though inadequate by human weakness, gain victory only through God’s power (cf. 2 Cor. 3:5; 4:7; 12:7–9). Three hundred men win against an incredible Midianite host (Judg. 7:7, 16–25). God gains the glory by making the outcome conspicuously His act, and no sinful pride is cultivated.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 2 The LORD said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for Israel would become boastful, saying, ‘My own power has delivered me.’

C. God in the verses.

1. 2 The “LORD.” YHWH Yahweh 3068 https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/7-2.htm

2. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). The 300 warriors chosen by God attained a decisive victory over Midian, fulfilling the prophecy literally. https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VIII. Considering: Yahweh – Jehovah – Yeshua – Jesus

A. The name of Yahweh (3068, Strong’s Concordance) is shown in reference documents as being YHWH and YHVH. There is no letter “J” in either of the Hebrew or Greek alphabets. We will consider Jehovah and Jesus.

1. Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants (YHWH) called the tetragrammaton.
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Yahweh

2. For Jewish people YHVH is the most holy name of God, as written in the ancient Hebrew language.
https://simple.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/YHWH

3. JEHOVAH (Yahweh), in the Bible, the God of Israel. “Jehovah” is a modern mispronunciation of the Hebrew name
https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Jehovah

B. There is no ‘J’ in Hebrew. In English, the letters I and J both had the same sound for a long time, and before that, J didn’t exist.
https://www.quora.com/Did-the-letter-J-exist-in-the-Hebrew-alphabet

C. Was the letter J in the Bible?

1. Gian Trissino identified the Greek “Iesus” (a translation of the Hebrew “Yeshua”) as the Modern English “Jesus”, thus the current phoneme for “J” was born. … Even in the KJV 1611 year bible, there are NO letter J’s AT ALL in that bible. 500 years ago the letter “J” did not exist in any language on this earth, so NO letter “J” 500 years ago, and NO name “Jesus” 2,000 years ago. The letter “J” is a fairly recent addition to the alphabet (around the 1500’s), and research / historical data prove it’s IMPOSSIBLE for the names JESUS or JeHoVaH to even have been on the planet back in the ancient times.
https://warriorsoftheruwach.com/the-letter-j

2. Our Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36) was never addressed as “Jesus” by anyone when He was on this earth. Consider the Greek and Hebrew below. Notice that there is no letter “J” written in the Name of our Lord.

3. Matthew 1:16 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)
16 Ya‘akov was the father of Yosef the husband of Miryam,
from whom was born the Yeshua who was called the Messiah.

4. Mattityahu 1:16 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)
16 Yaakov fathered Yosef, the baal (husband) of Miryam, from whom was born Yehoshua, who is called Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach. [Yochanan 1:49]

D. Strong’s Concordance https://biblehub.com/greek/2424.htm

1. 2424. Iésous. Greek: Ἰησοῦς (iēsous). Jesus is the transliteration of the Hebrew term, 3091 /Lṓt (“Yehoshua”/Jehoshua, contracted to “Joshua”) which means “Yahweh saves” (or “Yahweh is salvation”). Notice that Jesus is a transliteration, and not a translation.

2. 3091. of Hebrew origin Yehoshua, “the LORD is salvation,”

3. Notice that in the Greek spelling of Iésous there is no letter J, therefore “Jesus” is not the correct spelling, or pronunciation, of our Lord’s Name.

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Judges 1-2

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I. Video Consideration.

Why Israel Introduction | 01 | God’s love for Israel. Jan 21, 2016. Christians for Israel International. God has chosen Israel and has a covenant relationship with her. “For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession”. Deuteronomy 7:6

II. Article Introduction.

A. The course of study that I am publishing on Equipping Site is two-fold. My Old Testament articles relate to Israel, and its emphasis on the love and leading of God of, “his chosen people.” The New Testament articles relate to Israel in the end times, and God’s means for drawing Israel to saving faith in Christ. The Old Testament will show God preparing a Savior for Israel, and for all of mankind. The New Testament will show Christ, “the Savior, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords” (Rev 16:16), returning to earth from Heaven at the end of the Tribulation to save the Jews from destruction (Matt 24:22), and to begin His never-ending rule and reign over the whole world (Isaiah 2:1-4).

B. The story of Israel goes back to the creation, and works its way through “Seth (Luke 3:38) and Noah (Luke 3:36).” Preceding the flood, when the earth was covered by water, Noah and his family were chosen by God to be saved from the drowning waters of the flood (Gen 6:6-11, 17-18). When the earth dried the three sons of Noah, and their wives, were sent out from the ark by God to repopulate the earth. Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, went in different directions. God chose Shem (Semitic) to be the bloodline of Noah to bring about the Savior of the World, through the covenant seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Gen 12:1-3); God renamed Jacob to be Israel (Gen 32:28). From the covenant seed of Jacob (Israel), the bloodline of Judah brought about the preordained birth of Christ (Messiah) (Luke 3:33, Gen 49:10, [“the one to whom the scepter belongs, “ i.e., Shiloh, the cryptogram for the Messiah, the one also called the “Lion of the Tribe of Judah” (Rev. 5:5)( MacArthur note)]. God chose Israel from out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession” (Deuteronomy 7:6); no such relationship with God existed between God and the descendants of Ham or Japheth. None of the descendants of Ham or Japheth had the relationships of “purpose, promise, or protection,” that existed between God and the descendants of Shem. It is important to know that the covenant seed of Abraham went through Issac, and not Ishmael. To fulfill His purposes for Israel, God protected the Jews, and still protects Israel.

C. The following verse shows the means by which God chose to protect “His chosen people, Israel.

1. Zechariah 2:8-10 (NKJV) – Israel, the apple of God’s eye.

8 For thus says the Lord of hosts: “He sent Me after glory, to the nations which plunder you; for he who touches you touches the apple of His eye. 9 For surely I will shake My hand against them, and they shall become spoil for their servants. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me.

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

2:8 He sent Me after glory. The Messiah is sent by the “Lord of Hosts” (v. 9) to procure His glory and to vindicate Him in the nations who have spoiled Israel. the apple of His eye. See note on Deu 32:10. Harming God’s chosen people is like striking the pupil of God’s eye. 32:10 as the apple of His eye. Lit. “the little man of His eye,” i.e., the pupil. Just as the pupil of the eye is essential for vision and, therefore, closely protected, especially in a howling wind, so God closely protected Israel.

3. Consequences Of Harming Israel. Consider the seriousness of the following paragraph. No one wants anyone else to be present at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). No one whom has been born again will hate God’s chosen people, Israel. Only those whom have not been born again will face the Great White Throne Judgment. Anyone having been born again will have the Spirit of “Father, Son and Holy Spirit” dwelling within their spirit, teaching them the things of God, which includes the plans of God for Israel. (Jn 14:20, 26; Matt 19:28).

a. In the world today, there are many enemies of God and of His chosen people, Israel. No one has to look far to see the hatred for Israel that comes from the majority of the nations of the United Nations, and the Democrat party in the USA. Included in the hatred groups of Israel are the industries of academia, liberal main stream media, entertainment, the new world order (GHWB 41), globalism (WJC 42) (GWB 43), and those who want to “remake America” (BHO 44) (HRC POTUS Wannabe), (AOC ???), (RT ???), (AP ???), (IO ???); there are other source groups of such hate. For truthful reporting of Israel’s enemies, follow conservative news sources such as, “Fox, Newsmax, One America Now;” these aforementioned sources of truthful news reporting will help you to maintain a correct awareness of those who want to remake America and oppose the support of Israel.

b. God will not be mocked.

(1) Galatians 6:7 (NKJV) (a) 7 “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.”

(2) “will not” be mocked. The hate and attacks that continue against God’s chosen people, Israel, will result in retribution that can not be mitigated by any force of this world. The ungodly, antisemitic, forces of the world “will reap what they sow,” which will be the wrath of God, and will occur either, before the tribulation, or during the tribulation.

III. Article Focus Verses.

A. God’s Promise To Israel Of Victory Over The Canaanites.

1. Judges 1:1-8 (NKJV) The Continuing Conquest of Canaan. 1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass that the children of Israel asked the Lord, saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the Canaanites to fight against them?” 2 And the Lord said, “Judah shall go up. Indeed I have delivered the land into his hand.” 3 So Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me to my allotted territory, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I will likewise go with you to your allotted territory.” And Simeon went with him. 4 Then Judah went up, and the Lord delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand; and they killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fought against him; and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 Then Adoni-Bezek fled, and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7 And Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather scraps under my table; as I have done, so God has repaid me.” Then they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 8 Now the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem and took it; they struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire.

2. Comments: 1:1-8 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44.
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/ [After the death of Joshua, God gave instruction for the continued battle to obtain the land, “Judah is to go; I have given the land into their hands (vs 2). The Simeonites assisted Judah in conquering the land. Important in their conquest was the destruction of Jerusalem which was set on fire (vs 5).]

B. Prophecy Of God’s Chastening Of Israel For Disobedience.

1. Judges 2:1-3 (NKJV) Israel’s Disobedience. 1 Then the Angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said: “I led you up from Egypt and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers; and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you. 2 And you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land; you shall tear down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed My voice. Why have you done this? 3 Therefore I also said, ‘I will not drive them out before you; but they shall be thorns in your side, and their gods shall be a snare to you.’ ”

2. Comments: 2:1-3 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44. [The familiar picture of Israel’s failure in the time of Judges was described in God’s statement to Israel, “Yet you have disobeyed Me. Why have you done this? Now therefore I tell you that I will not drive them out before you; they will be thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you” (vs 2-3).]

C. Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins.

1. Judges 2:20-23 (NKJV) Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins. 1. 20 Then the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel; and He said, “Because this nation has transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers, and has not heeded My voice, 21 I also will no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Joshua left when he died, 22 so that through them I may test Israel, whether they will keep the ways of the Lord, to walk in them as their fathers kept them, or not.” 23 Therefore the Lord left those nations, without driving them out immediately; nor did He deliver them into the hand of Joshua.

2. Comments: 2:20-23 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44, 45. [Further revelation was given concerning God’s anger with Israel: “Because the LORD was very angry with Israel and said, ‘Because this nation has violated the covenant that I laid down for their forefathers and has not listened to Me, I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua left when he died. I will use them to test Israel and whether they will keep the way of the LORD and walk in it as their forefathers did.’ The LORD had allowed those nations to remain; He did not drive them out at once by giving them into the hands of Joshua” (vs 20-23).]

IV. God’s Love For Israel.

1. Isaiah 27:13 (NKJV) 13 So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

Note: Macarthur Study Bible. 27:13 worship the Lord…at Jerusalem. The prophet reiterates one of his great themes: future worship of regathered Israel on Mt. Zion (24:23; 25:6, 7, 10). .

2. Isaiah 60:21 (NKJV) 21 Also your people shall all be righteous; They shall inherit the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified.

Note, MacArthur Study Bible 60:21 inherit the land forever. Israel will inherit the land promised to Abraham (Gen. 12:1, 7; 13:15; 15:18). During the millennial kingdom, that will be the land of Israel as we know it today. In the eternal kingdom, it will be the New Jerusalem, capital of the new creation. I may be glorified. The ultimate mission of Israel is to glorify the Lord (49:3; 61:3).

V. God’s Name In Scripture Context.

A. Verses Of Consideration. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23 “LORD” (Yah·weh). Judges 1:7 God (Elohim).

B. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

1. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23. the “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible…Gen 2:4 note).

2. Judges 1:7 “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

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Judges – Intro

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I. Why? Because of God’s Love-Part One. Aug 19, 2019. Why did God choose Israel? God is completely sovereign and purposeful in His choices, His plans are greater than we can comprehend and He is present in the details. The Why series explores why God chose Israel and how this decision impacts our view of God, Israel and His plans for us. In Part 1 we look at God’s love as one of the motivations behind His choosing Israel.

II. Introduction. In this article we continue our prophetic journey of Israel, as opposed to a verse-by-verse scripture discussion. In future articles, we will discuss how the Israelites in the Book of Judges relate to the nation of Israel in the times of the millennium (Kingdom Age), and the eternal state. This course of Jewish travel is based on John F. Walvoord’s book, “Every Prophecy of the Bible.” Dr. Walvoord is deceased; https://www.blueletterbible.org/commentaries/walvoord_john/

III. Notes of Robert L. Deffinbaugh. https://bible.org/users/bob-deffinbaugh

A. Robert L. (Bob) Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. in 1971. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas.

B. The Book of Judges depicts a very dark hour in the history of Israel, and yet the events of this book come so very soon after the “golden years” of the “Joshua generation.” It is not the kind of reading we do for pure enjoyment, but it is an important era in the history of Israel, an era that we need to understand, and from which we should learn important lessons. Sad to say, it is an era that is very similar to the days in which we live, making it a message all the more pertinent to us. Let us listen well, and heed the message God has for us in these difficult pages. https://bible.org/seriespage/15-israel-s-dark-ages-judges

IV. Judges Overview by C.I. Scofield – https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

A. This book takes its name from the thirteen men raised up to deliver Israel in the declension and disunion which followed the death of Joshua. Through these men God continued His personal government of Israel. The key-verse to the condition of Israel is (Judges 17:6), “Every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” Two facts stand out–the utter failure of Israel; the persistent grace of God. In the choice of the Judges is illustrated Zechariah’s great word (Zechariah 4:6), “not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith the Lord”; and Paul’s word (1 Corinthians 1:25), “not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called.”

B. The book records seven apostasies, seven servitudes to seven heathen nations, seven deliverances. The spiritual parallel is found in the history of the professing church since the Apostles, in the rise of sects and the lost sense of the unity of the one body (1 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Corinthians 12:13).

C. Judges is in two parts:

1. Judges 1-16 inclusive; key-verse, Judges 2:18.

2. Judges 17-21; key-verse, Judges 21:25.

3. The events recorded in Judges cover a period of 305 years (Ussher).

V. MacArthur Study Bible Introduction To Judges. https://www.gty.org/

A. Introduction To Judges – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=judges+1&version=NKJV
Below “Study This,” “Bible Studies,” scroll down to “MacArthur Study Bible,” and click onto the tab. Read “Introduction.”

B. The book bears the fitting name “Judges,” which refers to unique leaders God gave to His people for preservation against their enemies (2:16–19). The Hebrew title means “deliverers” or “saviors,” as well as judges (cf. Deut. 16:18; 17:9; 19:17). Twelve such judges arose before Samuel; then Eli and Samuel raised the count to 14. God Himself is the higher Judge (11:27). Judges spans about 350 years from Joshua’s conquest (ca. 1398 b.c.) until Eli and Samuel judged prior to the establishment of the monarchy (ca. 1043 b.c.).

VI. Names Of Judges Of Israel (Length Of Rule). https://jesusalive.cc/ques349.htm

1. Othniel.(40 yrs) 2. Ehud (80 yrs) 3. Shamgar (Unknown) 4. Deborah/Barak (40 yrs) 5. Gideon (40 yrs) 6. Abimelech (3 yrs)
7. Tola (23 yrs) 8. Jair (22 yrs) 9. Jephthah (6 yrs) 10. Ibzan (7 yrs) 11. Elon (10 yrs) 12. Abdon (8 yrs) 13. Samson (20 yrs)
14. Eli (40 yrs) 15. Samuel (12 yrs – app.) ** Until Saul made king (Some people consider Joshua to have been a judge).

VII. Ryrie Study Bible Introduction Notes (Dr. Charles Ryrie, Deceased). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

A. Historical Background: The events of this book (Judges) cover the turbulent period in Israel’s history from about 1380 to 1050 B.C., from the conquest of Palestine to the beginning of the monarchy. Though the land had been generally conquered and occupied under Joshua, many important Canaanite strongholds had been bypassed, leaving their subjugation to include Israelite tribes. The book of judges describes this warfare, as the Hebrews tried to complete their occupation of the land. The judges were military and civil leaders ruling during this time when the nation was a loose confederation. Some of the judges ruled concurrently since each one did not necessarily rule over the entire land.

B. Authorship And Date. Though the author of this book is unknown, the Talmud suggests Samuel, and it is possible that he may have written portions. Judges was written after the death of Samson and after the coronation of King Saul, but before the conquest of Jerusalem by David about 990 B.C.

C. Timeline Of The Judges. Othniel became the first judge of Israel in 1353 B.C (Judges 3:9). Samuel’s reign as Israel’s last judge ended when Saul became King of Israel in 1050 B.C. (1 Samuel 11:10).

VIII. Defining Points Of Israel’s Sins.

A. Judges 21:25 (NKJV) 25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 21:25 Judges 17–21 vividly demonstrates how bizarre and deep sin can become when people throw off the authority of God as mediated through the king (cf. 17:6). This was the appropriate, but tragic, conclusion to a bleak period of Israelite history (cf. Deut. 12:8). (MacArthur Study Bible) https://www.gty.org/

B. Judges 17:6 (NKJV) 6 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 17:6 everyone did…own eyes. This is the general characterization of the time, and of sinful behavior in all times. This attitude had been mentioned much earlier in Israel’s history (cf. Deut. 12:8; Judg. 21:25).

C. Deuteronomy 12:8 (NKJV) 8 “You shall not at all do as we are doing here today—every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes—

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 12:8 every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes. There seems to have been some laxity in the offering of the sacrifices in the wilderness which was not to be allowed when Israel came into the Promised Land. This self-centered attitude became a major problem in the time of Judges (cf. Judg. 17:6; 21:25).

IX. God’s Love For Israel.

A. Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV) 2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

B. Jeremiah 31:10-11 (NKJV) 10 Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He who scattered Israel will gather him, And keep him as a shepherd does his flock. 11 For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, And ransomed him from the hand of one stronger than he.

C. Ezekiel 36:24-28 (NKJV) 24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. 28 Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

D. Ezekiel 39:27-28 (NKJV) 27 When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of many nations, 28 then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their land, and left none of them captive any longer.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 39:21–29 I will set My glory. God vanquishes Israel’s foes to show His glory so that His enemies and Israel will all know that He is the Lord (vv. 6, 22). This is Israel’s salvation spoken of in Zech. 12:10—13:9 and Rom. 11:25–27.

X. Consider the following closing thoughts from the Introduction to Judges in The Moody Bible Commentary.

The key to understanding the work of the Judges appears in 2:16, “The LORD raised up judges who delivered them from the hands of those who plundered them….That even divinely empowered human leaders could not lead Israel to spiritual triumph points to the need for a great King beyond even Saul and David….The term, “great King,” refers to the messianic leader who alone can fulfill the needs of mankind….The author of Judges was building a case for the need for a great King….Chapters 17-21 show a period of history in which the people of Israel increasingly slid into apostasy. The location of these chapters in the book may not be chronological, but the intention is clear: to give the reader a bad portrait of Israel without God as their King.

XI. The following video of the Book of Judges provides a good look at this often overlooked book of the Bible.

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The Bible Project. 1,431,848 views. Mar 9, 2016. Watch our overview video on the book of Judges, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Judges, the Israelites turn away from God and face the consequences. God raises judges in cycles of rebellion, repentance, and restoration.

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Israel – Joshua 11 – Relationship And Obedience

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I. Video. The Destruction of the Canaanites. Dr. Seth Tarrer. See bio and video details below.

II. Introduction.

A. Genesis 9:18-19 (NKJV) Noah and His Sons. 18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.

B. In this, and other studies of the Bible, we come “face to face” with the fact that all people in the Bible are related, due to their relation to Noah. There is a common ground of relationship among those whom are engaged in deadly conflict with each other, especially as we study the cousins that are in conflict in the land of Canaan; there is, however, a major difference in their relationships with “Yah·weh” (LORD 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel). God told the Israelites (descendants of Shem), that they were His chosen people (Deu 14:2), and that He would never leave them nor forsake them (Deu 31:6). “The cousins of the Israelites” (the descendants of Ham and Japheth), had no relationship of intimacy with God, such as was experienced by the Israelites (the descendants of Shem).

C. In this, the last of the articles about Joshua’s relationship with God, and his leadership of the Israelites, we will discuss people, things, obedience and relationships. The people are the Israelites and the Canaanites. The things are the material possessions of the Canaanites. Obedience and relationships, relate to the Israelites and Yahweh.

III. Text Joshua 11 (NKJV)

A.. The Northern Conquest.

1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard these things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, 2 and to the kings who were from the north, in the mountains, in the plain south of Chinneroth, in the lowland, and in the heights of Dor on the west, 3 to the Canaanites in the east and in the west, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite in the mountains, and the Hivite below Hermon in the land of Mizpah. 4 So they went out, they and all their armies with them, as many people as the sand that is on the seashore in multitude, with very many horses and chariots. 5 And when all these kings had met together, they came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.

6 But the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver all of them slain before Israel. You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.” 7 So Joshua and all the people of war with him came against them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and they attacked them. 8 And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who defeated them and chased them to Greater Sidon, to the Brook Misrephoth, and to the Valley of Mizpah eastward; they attacked them until they left none of them remaining. 9 So Joshua did to them as the Lord had told him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10 Joshua turned back at that time and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor was formerly the head of all those kingdoms. 11 And they struck all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them. There was none left breathing. Then he burned Hazor with fire.

12 So all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13 But as for the cities that stood on their mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only, which Joshua burned. 14 And all the spoil of these cities and the livestock, the children of Israel took as booty for themselves; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they left none breathing. 15 As the Lord had commanded Moses His servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

B. Summary of Joshua’s Conquests

16 Thus Joshua took all this land: the mountain country, all the South, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan plain—the mountains of Israel and its lowlands, 17 from Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings, and struck them down and killed them. 18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. All the others they took in battle. 20 For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

21 And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities. 22 None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod.

23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land rested from war.

IV. Comments.

A. Ryrie Study Bible.

11:1 News of Joshua’s victories in the South, prompted the kings of the city-states in the areas of Galilee, and westward, to form a coalition. This alliance was led by the king of Hazor, a city 5 miles Southwest of the now-drained Lake Huleh, 10 miles North of the Sea of Galilee.
11:4 Though probably exagerated, Josephus said that the northern armies had 300,000 infantry, 10,000 calvary, and 20,000 chariots.
11:6 “hamstring.” Joshua was commanded to cripple the enemies’ horses and burn their chariots, rather than capture them. In this way, the Israelites would not put their trust in horses and chariots.
11:13 “mounds.” Hills of accumulated debris from earlier towns.
11:21 “Anakim.” Giants living in the South who had terrified the spies more than 40 years before. See note on Num 13:33.

B. MacArthur Study Bible.

11:12–15 A summary of Joshua’s northern campaign (11:1–15).
11:18 war a long time. The conquest took approximately 7 years.1405–1398 b.c.(14:10). Only Gibeon submitted without a fight (v.19).
11:21 Anakim. Enemies who dwelt in the southern area which Joshua had defeated. They descended from Anak (“long-necked”), and were related to the giants who made Israel’s spies feel small as grasshoppers by comparison (Num 13:28–33). Compare also Deu 2:10-11,21. Their territory was later given to Caleb as a reward for his loyalty (14:6–15).
11:22 Anakim…Gath. Some of them remained in Philistine territory, most notably those who preceded Goliath (1 Sam 17:4).

C. The New American Commentary, Joshua, Vol 5.

11:11 The treatment for Hazor was the most severe; it was burned, while its fellow cities were not, but the people in all of the cities (11:1-5) were accorded the same treatment; they were utterly exterminated, and no one that breathed remained.
11:20 Rahab and the Gibeonites were Canaanites who were spared, even if they were for different reasons. Those Canaanites who resisted Israel and its God, however, were shown no mercy and were annihlated. God’s hardening of their hearts was due, at least in part, to their own stubbornness and resistance of Israel’s God. Had they been willing to react as Rahab (or even the Gibeonites) had done, undoubtedly the results would have been different. (Rahab Chap 2, 6; Gibeonites Chap 9).

D. The Moody Bible Bible Commentary

11:14 Where Joshua’s armies went there was complete destruction; where they neglected to go, people survived. Waging “total war” was because the sin of the Amorite was irremediable (Gen 15:16). God’s only solution, as in Sodom and Gomorrah, was to rid the world of these people (v 20). Joshua did everything that Moses commanded in general and everything that the Lord had commanded in particular.

E. My Comments.

1. From 1968 through 1998, the conflict that existed between Northern Ireland and Great Britain resulted in 3,600 people being killed and more than 30,000 more being wounded. https://www.britannica.com/event/The-Troubles-Northern-Ireland-history During that time of conflict, children were born on one side of the conflict with deep hatred toward those of the other side being pounded into their minds. Such hatred stayed with them throughout their childhood until adulthood, and very likely until today.

2. In the middle east, conflict and hatred of many Muslims for Jews and Christians does not need a link to explain the situation. Safely stated, many Muslim children are born and taught to hate Christians and Jews. Such hatred does not end, and will not end, until the second coming of Christ occurs, which will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4).

a. God told the Israelites to not do the abominable things that the Canaanites did, such as incest, adultery, homosexuality and beastiality (Lev 18:1-3).

b. In regard to the destruction of the Canaanites by Israel, as we are studying now, the Canaanite people were guilty of worshiping false gods, and committing many cruelties, such as burning their children as they offered them as sacrifices to their gods. Deu 12:29-31, Lev 18:21; “according to the doings of the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you, you shall not do,” (Lev 18:3).

c. The Israelites were told by God to conquer and destroy Canaan, to not mix with the Canaanites, to be Holy, to know that they are God’s chosen people (Deu 7:1-6).

d. Where people in Canaanite cities were destroyed, those Canaanites would no longer commit their violent and abominable sins; neither would the children in those cities repeat the sins of their parents. This sounds cruel, but let’s relate it to the love and grace of God. As we consider the names of the nations that opposed Israel (Josh 11:1-6), it is interesting to know that none of those city-states exist today. However, Israel still exists, and will continue to exist from now, through the tribulation, with born-again Jews (John 3:3) being present in the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ. Born-again Jews will also enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). Written on the gates of the new Jerusalem will be the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. On the wall of the city will also be written the names of the twelve apostles of Christ (Rev 21:12-14). Only those whom have been born again, of the Old and New Testament times, will be allowed into the New Jerusalem: “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death,” (Rev 21:8). Consider “liars.” In today’s political world we can see that those, whom have a lifestyle of trying to destroy the lives and reputations of others through lies, have not been born again and do not have the Spirit of “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” dwelling within the spirits of “all liars,” prompting them to live righteous lives (John 3:3, 14:20, 26).

e. Consider Lazarus and the rich man (Luke 16:19-31). Both men were dead. The rich man was “in Hades,” and the beggar (Lazarus), was in “the bosom of Abraham.” The rich man was suffering, not because he was rich but because he was not righteous. The beggar was in comfort, not because he was poor but because he was righteous. This teaching occurred during the Old Covenant/Old Testament.

f. Consider little children and Matthew 19:14. “But Jesus said, Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.”

g. The gospel of Matthew is also a part of the Old Covenant/Old Testament. There is no example of any child spending eternity in Hades. Our Lord has a desire for children to have an eternity of comfort, in which Lazarus found himself. Christ had no problem with children; He would not have them suffering throughout eternity. Look again at the words of Christ in Matt 19:14, “Let the little children come to Me.” That verse shows that children are special to Christ, just as were the children which may have been killed by the Israelites in Canaan.

h. Upon the death of any Canaanite children, such children would have immediately found themselves in the same place that Lazarus found himself, which was in the “bosom of Abraham.” Abraham’s bosom was the blessed place of the righteous dead, where such people will remain until the resurrection of the Old Testament righteous dead occurs (Dan 12:2-3) at the end of the tribulation. At that time, the Old Testament saints will experience a reunion of “body, soul and spirit.”

i. At the end of the tribulation, the Old Testament righteous dead will be resurrected and will live throughout the thousand-year millennium; they will continue in life throughout the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3).

j. The Canaanite adults had no such hope of eternity of blessed death to look forward to; they found themselves in the same place that the rich man found himself, which was one of experiencing unending conscious torment. Such conscious awareness of torment, will last until the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead (Dan 12:2-3), which will take place at the end of the millennium. From the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead, with the reuniting of “body, soul and spirit” (all of which are unsaved), their next stopping point will be the great white throne judgment, and then the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15).

V. The ending of our study of Joshua.

A. Joshua 21:43-45 (NKJV) The Promise Fulfilled. Republican lawmakers opposed calls from Planned Parenthood and pro-abortion officials to remove restrictions on at-home abortion drugs in a Wednesday letter provided to the Daily Caller News Foundation. 43 So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it. 44 The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that He had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45 Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.

B. Comment. MacArthur. This sums up God’s fulfillment of His covenant promise to give Abraham’s people the Land (Gen 12:7; Josh 1:2, 5–9). God also kept His Word in giving the people rest (Deu 12:9, 10). In a valid sense, the Canaanites were in check, under military conquest as God had pledged (Josh 1:5), not posing an immediate threat. Not every enemy had been driven out, however, leaving some to stir up trouble later. But, God’s people failed to exercise their responsibility and possess their land to the full degree in various areas.).

C. Comment. Mine. During the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, the land that God had promised to the Jews will extend eastward from the Nile River in Egypt, to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21).

V. Video details.

The Destruction of the Canaanites. 1,508 views•Nov 21, 2017.

Thirdmill. 20K subscribers. Dr. Seth Tarrer, https://christianuniversity.org/professors/seth-tarrer/

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Israel – Feast Of Tabernacles – God Tabernacles With His People

I. The Appointed Times. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel. “Accordingly, the Torah functioned as a custodian until the Messiah came, so that we might be declared righteous on the ground of trusting and being faithful. But now that the time for this trusting faithfulness has come, we are no longer under a custodian.” For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Galatians 3:24-28 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB). (This passage relates to the spiritual state that all of us acquire once we have been born again.)

II. Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles. Excerpts from Day of Discovery’s, “The Appointed Times, Jesus in the Feasts of Israel, Part IV.” In this video teaching three Jewish-born men, whom are now born again believers in Christ, discuss the Feast Of Tabernacles which will begin at sunset on October 13, and will continue through sunset on October 20, 2019 (Sunday through Sunday).

III. This week’s Sabbath will precede Sukkot. Sabbath will begin at Sunset on Friday, October 11, 2019, and will last until sunset on Saturday, October 12, 2019.

A. Women light the Shabbat Candles each Sabbath.

B. Jewish Women Lighting Shabbat Candles. A woman (Mary) brought the Light of the world (Christ), “into the world” (Luke 2:7; John 1:9).

IV. Sukkot. Consider the two links of information that come from Chabad.org, which is a Jewish website.

A. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4784/jewish/What-Is-Sukkot.htm
Sukkot is a weeklong Jewish holiday that comes five days after Yom Kippur. Sukkot celebrates the gathering of the harvest and commemorates the miraculous protection G‑d provided for the children of Israel when they left Egypt. We celebrate Sukkot by dwelling in a foliage-covered booth (known as a sukkah) and by taking the “Four Kinds” (arba minim), four special species of vegetation.

B. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/609535/jewish/What-Is-a-Sukkah.htm
The sukkah is a walled structure covered with organic material. On the holiday of Sukkot, Jewish people spend time in the sukkah, treating it like their home-away-from-home. As described in the Torah, the sukkah evokes the temporary dwellings the Israelites inhabited on their way out of Egypt.

V. Consider the following verses concerning the Feast of Tabernacles.

A. Jews Celebrating The Feast Of Booths. Deuteronomy 16:13-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Lev 23:33-43; Num 29:12-38

1. God told the Jews to celebrate The Feast Of Booths. Deu 16, 13 “You shall celebrate the Feast of Booths seven days after you have gathered in from your threshing floor and your wine vat; 14 and you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your towns. 15 Seven days you shall celebrate a feast to the Lord your God in the place which the Lord chooses, because the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you will be altogether joyful.

2. Male Jews were required to go to Jerusalem each year to celebrate the Feast of Booths. Notice that male Jews were also required to go to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Feast Of Weeks/Pentecost each year. 1. Deu 16:16 “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.

B. Consider the Jews that were present in Jerusalem on the Day Of Pentecost/Feast Of Weeks in Acts 2:5, “Because of the holy festival, there are devout Jews staying as pilgrims in Jerusalem from every nation under the sun.”(The Voice). (Acts 2:1-6, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+2%3A1-6&version=VOICE)

VI. The fulfillment of “The Feast Of Tabernacles In Christ” is shown in Zechariah 14:16-19, with the rest and reunion of Jews with Christ (MacArthur Study Bible, note on Lev 23:33-43).

A. Zechariah 14:16-19 (NASB) 16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them. 18 If the family of Egypt does not go up or enter, then no rain will fall on them; it will be the plague with which the Lord smites the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 19 This will be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths.

B. My note. Because only saved people will enter the Kingdom Age, the following comment from The Moody Bible Commentary is important to understand. Zech 14:16, “any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem.” So, “who are those that are left of all of the nations?” From Moody Commentary… “God promised to require universal worship in Jerusalem. Many Gentiles from other nations of the world will embrace Messiah Christ, during the tribulation and will not be destroyed by Him when He returns. The nations that are spared this judgment (Mt 25:34-40), will be made to show their continued allegiance to the Lord by going “up from year to year to worship the king,” the Messiah Christ. They will also be expected “to celebrate the Feast of Booths” (Zech 14:16, Lv 23:40, Dt 16:14-15), a feast of ingathering and dwelling in booths. It will be the required festival of the messianic kingdom because “it will celebrate the gathering of the nations to the Lord, and especially His tabernacling among them.” As the millennial kingdom progresses, however, many will not embrace King Messiah by faith (see Rv 20:7-10), and will not obey Him. (My note: those people that enter the Kingdom age from the tribulation, being in natural bodies, will have children, not all of whom will come to saving faith in Christ; they will rebel against Messiah Christ at the Battle of Gog and Magog….Rev 20:7-10).

VII. Christ celebrated the Feast Of Tabernacles.

A. Christ taught at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:2, 14 (NASB) 2 Now the feast of the Jews, the Feast of Booths, was near. 14 when it was now the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and began to teach.

B. Christ invited Jews to believe in Him for salvation at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:37-39 (NASB) 37 Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

VII. Closing comment.

A. The Feast Of Tabernacles relates to the forty-year period that the Jews were in the wilderness on their way to the promised land. During that time, the Spiritual Presence of God was with the Jews, and sustained them. As it relates to the end times, during the millennium/Kingdom Age of God, Christ/Messiah, whom is God with us (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23-25), and “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords” (Revelation 19:16), will rule and reign from Jerusalem over all of the born again people of all times, during the thousand-year millennium (Revelation 20:4-6), and will sustain them. For those whom are born during the millennium, and do not come to saving faith in Christ, Christ will also rule and reign over such unbelievers in the Kingdom Age. During the time of the Jewish wilderness experience, God spiritually “tabernacled” with the Jews. During the Kingdom Age, Christ will physically “tabernacle” with all of the redeemed people of all ages, and will continue to do so throughout the eternal state. The eternal state will be the promised land for all of God’s “born again and redeemed people,” which will immediately follow the Kingdom Age (Rev 21:1-3).

B. Christ invites all whom do not know Him as their Lord and Savior to invite Him to tabernacle within their spirit, now! All that is needed to accept the call of Christ, is to believe in Him as Lord and Savior.

Shabbat Shalom

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Israel – Day Of Atonement – Yom Kippur – To Live Or Die

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I. Video 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017 Seeds Of Revelation. October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday. (See video details at the foot of this page. Notice that the video was published in the year 2017.). Certain repetition will be found in this article, for the purpose of enforcing its contents.

II. The Day of Atonement, also known as Yom Kippur, is a day that makes known the truth of God’s love for all of mankind. In this paragraph we will expose the true meaning of The Day Of Atonement; we will also discuss the false teachings. The following information in subparagraph (II.A.B.) comes from the Jewish site, Chabad.org, and provides the basic belief that Jews have about the Day of Atonement. Chabad.org’s teaching of Yom Kippur is not complete, and will be discussed in this article. I will provide scriptures on the correct teaching of God, in His way of making people pure, holy, and qualified to have eternal life in Heaven.

A. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

B. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year; it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

C. “John 17:3” explains that eternal life comes at the time of a person’s coming to saving faith in God the Father, through Christ, God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit. There is no waiting to attain eternal life. Eternal life is eternal, from the time that a person comes to saving faith in God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit); there is no waiting, and no re-qualifying each year. “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

D. The Day of Atonement is a part of the Law. Christ fulfilled all of the Law (Matt 5:17).

E. By no means, will this article attack the Jews in their beliefs, but will show that the Day of Atonement has been fulfilled by the atoning sacrifice of Christ (I John 2:2).

III. Video 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday (See Video Details Below). Notice in the video the words, “we’re not perfect.” However, in 2 Cor 5:17 and 2 Cor 5:21, we are told that due to our new birth in Christ, our spirits have become as perfect as the Spirit of Christ, which is because Christ took our imperfection of spirit upon Himself through His propitiatory death. Through our new birth we don’t have to go through a yearly ritual of repentance to be secure in Christ. Without our having a perfect spirit, we can not have eternal life in heaven with God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). 1 John 1:5, “God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.”

IV. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ.

A. Leviticus 23:26-32 (NASB). The Day of Atonement. 26 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God. 29 If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 16:34 once a year. The better sacrifice of Jesus Christ was offered once-for-all, never to be repeated (cf. Heb. 9:11—10:18). Upon that sacrifice all forgiveness of sin is based, including that of OT believers.

B. Numbers 29:7-11 (NASB) 7 ‘Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble yourselves; you shall not do any work. 8 You shall present a burnt offering to the Lord as a soothing aroma: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect; 9 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 10 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 11 one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. The sacrifices of the Day of Atonement are included in the Law. For someone to say that they keep the Law, they must comply with all of the 613 requirements of the law, to include all of its sacrifices (James 2:10). https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments

V. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the blood of Christ, and of Christ, “the High Priest.”

A. Hebrews 9:11-12 (NASB) 11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; 12 and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. not of this creation. The phrase is the explanation of “not made with hands”—it is the creation of God alone. The sanctuary where Christ serves is heaven itself (cf. v. 24; 8:2)).

B. Hebrews 9:13-14 (NASB) 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

(MacArthur Study Bible note. the blood of Christ. This is an expression that refers not simply to the fluid, but the whole atoning sacrificial work of Christ in His death. Blood is used as a substitute word for death (cf. Matt. 23:30, 35; 27:6, 8, 24, 25; John 6:54–56; Acts 18:6; 20:26)).

C. Hebrews 9:15 (NASB) 15 For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. 8:6 Mediator. Cf. 9:15. The word describes a go-between or an arbitrator, in this case between man and God. See note on 1 Tim. 2:5 (cf. Gal. 3:19, 20).

D. Hebrews 4:14-15 (NASB) 14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.

Mac Arthur Study Bible note. 4:15 all points tempted. See notes on 2:17, 18. The writer here adds to his statements in 2:18 that Jesus was sinless. He was able to be tempted (Matt. 4:1–11), but not able to sin (see notes on 7:26).

E. Scripture points to the fact that in relation to the Jewish High Priests, Christ was a better High Priest, and that in relation to the animals that were sacrificed by the Jewish High Priests, Christ was the only sacrifice that could satisfy God’s requirement for the removal of sin.

VI. The Holiest Jewish Day Of The Year. Yom Kippur, which is also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year that Jews observe. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4687/jewish/Yom-Kippur.htm Yom Kippur was spoken into Law by God in the year 1446 B.C. (Thompson Chain Reference Bible, Lev 23:26-32). The Hebrew Bible calls the day Yom Hakippurim (Hebrew, “Day of the Atonement/s”). In the Hebrew calendar, the ninth day of Tishri is known as Erev Yom Kippur (Yom Kippur eve) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Holy_Days The Hebrew word, “yom,” (pronounced YOHM, means “day, time.” Yom means day, the Hebrew day lasting from one evening to the next (Gen 1:5). “Yom” describes a working day (Ex 20:9) or day of the month (Zch 1:7). It indicates a time (Pro 24:10) or occasion (Num 10:10) (Holman Christian Standard Bible note, Gen 1:20-23). Even though the Day of Atonement has been observed by Jews ever since it inception, its eternal significance for God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) will not come to fruition until the last days of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ; then, its true meaning will be exposed to, not only Jews, but also to Gentiles that will be present on earth; such Jews and Gentiles will not have had saving faith in Christ at the time of the rapture, so, they will have been left behind after the rapture will have taken place. As opposed to the Jewish teaching of God’s atonement, which is the covering of a person’s sin, the sacrifice of Christ on the cross was God’s way of removing a person’s condemning sin of unbelief (John 1:29, 3:3, Rom 8:1, 2 Cor 5:17, 21).

A. Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday), marks the end of a period of introspection and repentance. No work is performed, and most of the holiday is spent in prayer. Consider the relationship of the Feast of Trumpets to the Day of Atonement.

B. Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashanah/Feast of Trumpets. The feast of trumpets relates to the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, when the angels regather the Jewish people from all around the world, and take them to Israel. Next, those Jews will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, or will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, which will take place at the end of the millennium. The Jews that come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age with other born again Jews and Gentiles. The Jews that fail to come to saving faith in Christ will be taken in death to Judgment (Matt 24:40-41/Rev 20:10-15). Either group of Jews will be Jews that miss the rapture (John 14:16, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). Gentiles that miss the rapture, and are still alive on earth at the end of the tribulation, will also have the opportunity to enter the Kingdom age, or will be taken in death to Judgment, where they will also arise at the end of the millennium to stand before the Great White Throne Judgment (Matt 25:31-46, Rev 20:10-15). Yom Kippur immediately follows Rosh Hashanah (Feast Of Trumpets) during the tribulation.

C. At the second coming of Christ, the conditions of God’s Judgment for the Jews and Gentiles that are left behind from the rapture will be exposed. Jews of OT Yom Kippur, and in today’s world, have a belief of a physical death for “unforgiven Jews,” that such unforgiven Jews will have their lives taken by God at the end of each Jewish year, thereby preventing them from entering into the new year. The same Yom Kippur observant Jews, have had the belief that all “forgiven Jews” will be given another year of life, and will enter the new Jewish year.

1. A Jewish teaching. The Jewish new year is not just a time to renew our resolve to lose another fifteen pounds. Rather, it’s the time when our fate stands in the balance as G‑d reviews our past year and decides whether or not to renew our lease on His planet. As such, Jewish greetings for this time of year (the Jewish New Year is in the fall) reflect our prayers for a good, sweet year up ahead. The catch-all greeting you can use for the entire season is “Shanah tovah” (שנה טובה), which means “Good year.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A Jewish teaching. Kotvenu b’sefer he-ḥayyim, “Inscribe us in the Book of Life,” Jews pray in the days from Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur. “May you be written down and inscribed for a good year,” they say to each other. No concept or phrase is more associated with the High Holy Days than that of a divine “book” in which our fates are written
https://forward.com/culture/183461/may-you-be-inscribed-in-the-book-of-life-for-5774/

3. A Jewish teaching. From noon on Rosh Hashanah, when our fates are already written, until Yom Kippur, when our fates for the coming year are to be sealed, we wish each other “Gemar chatimah tovah” (גמר חתימה טובה), “A good final sealing.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

VII. Atonement.

A. Atonement is an often-used Old Testament term representing a sacrifice for sin. Leviticus 16 describes atonement on many levels by many actions. The whole process was quite detailed but necessary for the people of God to be holy before God, and thus “at one with God.” https://www.christianity.com/wiki/salvation/what-is-atonement-biblical-meaning-and-definition.html When we are born again, we are “one in Christ,” (Gal 3:28). By being “in Christ,” our spirit is as pure as Christ, whether Jew or Gentile. The Jews and Gentiles which come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation, will be “one in Christ,” with the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirits (John 14:20), which is a result of the new birth (John 3:3).

B. The Jewish belief of the yearly Day of Atonement is that, during the Days Of Awe” (Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur), God will determine which Jews are just, and will be allowed to live for another year. However, the unjust Jews will have their lives taken from them by God (this death, is not eternal death.).

C. The Day of Atonement looks forward to the time at the end of the Tribulation, where similar implications will be experienced, but with eternal results for the Jews (Matt 24:40-41), as well as for the Gentiles of the tribulation (Matt 25:31-46).

1. The Matt 24:40-41 Jews will be shown to have come to saving faith in Christ, or not. Those “left behind” Jews, will be Jews that were “born again” during the Tribulation. These born again Jews,” will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age for the 1,000 year reign of Christ as Messiah, where He will be King of Kings, and Lord of Lords (Rev 19:16); these born again Jews will be “at one with Christ”. Those Jews “that are taken,” had not been born again; they will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, at the end of the Kingdom Age, where they will stand before Christ, as Judge, and will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These Jews, that will not have been born again, will be eternally “estranged from Christ.”

2. The Gentiles that were compassionate to the Jews during the tribulation (the least of these, My brethren..Mt 25:40), will show such love for the Jews (“you fed Me and gave Me drink; you took Me in; you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me; when you did it to one of these, “My brethren,” you did it to Me…Mt 25:34-40). These compassionate Gentiles will show kindness to Jews because they will have been born again; these Gentiles will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age (Mt 25:34), where Christ will rule and reign as Messiah. The Gentiles that do not show compassion for the Jews during the Tribulation will show by their lack of compassion for the Jews that they will not have been born again, and will be taken in death to the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These unbelieving Gentiles are addressed by Christ, “I was hungry and thirsty and you did not feed me; you did not take me in, or clothe me; you did not visit me when I was sick or in prison; “in as much as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me,” (Mt 25:31-46).

3. Matt 24:40-41 Review. “Taken:” to judgment in death. “Left:” to enter in life, the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, the 1000 year reign of Christ. At the time of the rapture, those whom have been born born again will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6). Those whom will not have been born again will be left on earth to come under the Judgments of God (Rev 3:10).

VIII. “The Least Of These.” It has been my unfortunate experience to hear certain politicians say that Matthew 25:40 relates to the responsibility of government to take care of the less fortunate. I have also heard certain “religious” personalities use the words of Matthew 25:40 to infer that if people living in this dispensation of grace (the church age) do not take care of the needy of the world, that such negligent people will not go to heaven.

A. It is important to understand that Mt 25:40 refers to the Jews and Gentiles of the tribulation. “Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of “the least of these My brethren,” you did it to Me.” The “brethren” are Jews (The Moody Bible Commentary).

B. It is also important to understand that 1 Cor 16:1, “Now concerning the collection for the saints,” refers to NT benevolence for Christians. In this verse, an offering was taken from the church at Corinth to the needy Christians that were in Jerusalem (Ryrie Study Bible note).

C. Mt 25:40 specifically is a teaching of tribulation benevolence for Jews. 1 Cor 16:1 is a teaching of Church Age benevolence for Christians.

IX. Romans 11:26 states, “all Israel will be saved.” The verse relates to the nation of Israel being given the land of the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 15:18-21). Only born again Jews will enter that land, at the time of the Kingdom Age. The Kingdom Age will begin at the end of the tribulation, and continue until the beginning of the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3). The requirement for anyone to enter the Kingdom Age is, “you must be born again” (John 3:3).

A. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement is found in the second coming of Christ to earth, at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:29-31; Zechariah 14:1-15; ). Key to understanding the time of the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, is the need for the Jews whom are present on earth “to call on Christ” to return; this will happen because those Jews will have come to know Christ as the Messiah. Consider Zech 12:10, Psalm 118:26, Matt 23:39, “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord.”

B. Yom Kippur In Brief https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

1. What: Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.”

2. When: The 10th day of Tishrei (in 2019, from several minutes before sunset on Tuesday, October 8, until after nightfall on Wednesday, October 9), coming on the heels of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year, which is on the first and second days of Tishrei).

3. How: For nearly 26 hours we “afflict our souls”: we abstain from food and drink, do not wash or apply lotions or creams, do not wear leather footwear, and abstain from marital relations. Instead, we spend the day in synagogue, praying for forgiveness.

4. Indeed, although Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year, it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.

C. In relation to the Old Testament teaching of The Day of Atonement, we must understand that the Jews feared the judgment of God in regard to living or dying. The Jews viewed the judgment of living as being a physical state of life that would be extended for another year, until the next Day of Atonement. For the Jews, they viewed the judgment of death as resulting in a physical state of death. As relating to spiritual eternal life or death for OT Jews, Daniel 12:1-3 discusses those situations.

X. The Days Of Awe. Consider The Days Of Awe And The Book Of Life. The following information is important for believers in Christ to understand, as well as unbelieving Jews, and all others whom do not know Christ as their Lord and Savior.

A. The subject of having someone’s name blotted out of the Book of Life has often been improperly taught. During the days of their mortal life, Jews realize that God has all power over life’s physical existence, which has nothing to do with the Lamb’s Book of Life. The Lamb’s Book of Life contains all of the names of those whom have been born again, and whose eternity with God “is sealed” (in the Lamb’s Book Of Life), and can never be removed. Unbelieving Jews believe that God makes a determination each year as to whom will live for another year and, “that decision,” will hold fast for another year. Jews use the Days Of Awe as a time of repentance to get right with others, and with God. (Rev 21:17 “Nothing dirty or defiled will get into the City, and no one who defiles or deceives. Only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life will get in…The Message.” Rev 3:5, I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life.”).

B. To be written in the Book of Life – To be sealed in the Book of Life. It is a Jewish belief that during the Days of Awe, that begin on Rosh Hashanah, and extend through the completion of the Day of Atonement, “through the Jews’ repentance,” they can alter God’s decree that He issued on Rosh Hashanah, as to whom will live for another year. During the Days of Awe, Jews may greet each other with the following words.

1. “L’Shanah Tovah” (li-SHAH-nuh TOH-vuh; li-shah-NAH toh-VAH)
Hebrew. Lit. for a good year. A common greeting during Rosh Hashanah and Days of Awe. It is an abbreviation of L’shanah tovah tikatev v’taihatem (May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year). The second pronunciation above is the proper Hebrew pronunciation, but I more commonly hear the first pronunciation, which is Yiddish style. The greeting may also be spoken as, “may your name be found in the Book of Life.”
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A verse that shows the removal of someone from the book of life, is as follows. (Please remember that the verse has nothing to do with a loss of eternal life.)

a. Exodus 32:32 (NASB) “But now, if You will, forgive their sin–and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!”

b. MacArthur Study Bible note. 32:32 blot me out of Your book. Nothing more strongly marked the love of Moses for his people than his sincere willingness to offer up his own life rather than see them disinherited and destroyed. The book to which Moses referred, the psalmist entitled “the book of the living” (Ps. 69:28). Untimely or premature death would constitute being blotted out of the book. The Apostle Paul displayed a similar passionate devotion for his kinsmen (Rom. 9:1–3).

c. Ryrie Study Bible note. “book.” A register of the physically living. To be blotted out meant to experience an untimely death. By contrast, the NT book of life (Rev 13:8, etc) is the register of those whom have eternal life.

d. My note. Moses was telling God to take his mortal life; it was for a cause. There is nothing in this verse to say that Moses wanted his eternal life or spirit to be taken from him by God.

XI. It is incorrect to believe that because a person has been given a premature death by God, that such a person has lost their salvation, such as has been suggested in the case of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11). If that couple had been born again, they would not have been unborn, and would not have become unsaved. Once we have been born again, having come to belief in Christ as our Lord in Savior, our eternity with Christ has been sealed in the Lamb’s Book Of Life…forever (Ephesians 1:13, Revelation 3:5). The key question for each person is: “have you been born again; do you know Christ as your Lord and Savior?”

A. Let’s consider Ananias and Sapphira. It is obvious by their actions that they had become an embarrassment upon God’s people, and also upon God. The same thing can happen today. If a born again believer in Christ begins to act in a way that is embarrassing to God, or to the body of Christ, such a backslider may be given “an early death.”

B. 1 John 5:16 (NASB) If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this.

C. Death may refer either to spiritual or physical death, though physical death is probably the case in 1 Jn 5:16 . The “Brother” does not lose his salvation, but leaves this life prematurely. For the unbeliever, “unbelief in Christ” is the sin that results in eternal spiritual death; its finality is realized after physical death occurs (John 3:18), when he is resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). The born again believer in Christ, after death or resurrection, has the promise of “not being condemned” (Rom 8:1).

XII. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement comes through the Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ.

A. Hebrews 10:10 (NASB) By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

MacArthur Study Bible note. 10:10 sanctified. “Sanctify” means to “make holy,” to be set apart from sin for God (cf. 1 Thes. 4:3). When Christ fulfilled the will of God, He provided for the believer a continuing, permanent condition of holiness (Eph. 4:24; 1 Thes. 3:13).

B. Romans 11:26 (NASB), “and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 11:26 all Israel. All the elect Jewish people alive at the end of the Tribulation, not the believing remnant of Jews within the church during this church age (see notes on vv. 5, 17). Since the remnant has already embraced the truth of the gospel (see note on v. 25), it could not be in view here, since it no longer needs the salvation this verse promises. The Deliverer will come out of Zion. See Pss. 14:7; 53:6; Is. 46:13. The Lord Jesus Christ’s millennial rule will be associated with Mt. Zion (see notes on Ps. 110:2; Heb. 12:22). Zion. See note on 9:33.

2. NKJV Study Bible note. 11:26 All Israel does not mean that every individual in the nation will turn to the Lord. It means that the nation as a whole will be saved, just as the nation as a whole (but not every individual in it) was now rejecting the Lord.

3. Consider the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:21 (NASB) “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

b. Because of Adam’s sin, and the following curse that came upon all of God’s creation, we were born “to be sin”. Sin was our eternal state upon our becoming an embryo; we “were” fully sin, “spirit, soul and body.” Christ who, “was not sin,” became sin even though He “did not sin,” so that He could pay sin’s penalty on our behalf. We became the righteousness of God when we were born again. We were spiritually born again to spiritually dwell “in the Spirit of Christ” (please notice the word “spiritually”).

c. Romans 3:25 (NASB) “whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;”

(1). MacArthur Study Bible note. 3:25. propitiation. Crucial to the significance of Christ’s sacrifice, this word carries the idea of appeasement or satisfaction—in this case Christ’s violent death satisfied the offended holiness and wrath of God against those for whom Christ died (Is. 53:11; Col. 2:11–14). The Heb. equivalent of this word was used to describe the mercy seat—the cover to the ark of the covenant—where the High-Priest sprinkled the blood of the slaughtered animal on the Day of Atonement to make atonement for the sins of the people (see Heb 2:17, 1 John 2:1, 4:10). But in reality, man is incapable of satisfying God’s justice apart from Christ, except by spending eternity in hell.

(2). The result of Christ’s becoming sin, “on our behalf,” is known as propitiation, per the Merriam Webster definition. Notice, “atoning sacrifice.”

(3). Definition of propitiation.

(a). the act of propitiating
(b). something that propitiates; specifically, an atoning sacrifice

XIII. To Live Or Die. Based on the Jewish beliefs of Yom Kippur, Jews may be lead to believe that if they are alive on The Day Of Atonement, “God has accepted their repentance, forgiven their sins, and sealed their verdicts for a year of life, health and happiness.” Consider the alternative to that belief.

XIV. Let’s consider the sins, of “omission, commission and unbelief.”

A. If a person fails to do something that they should have done, or has done something that they should have not done, a break in relationship can occur. The situation can develop that is so severe “that you can cut it with a knife.” In such sins of relationship, God has provided the following verse. “confess your sins to one another,” (James 5:16).

B. If a believer in Christ shows a lack of respect for God, in what is said or done, their prior “God to mankind” relationship can be damaged. God has provided a way for the sinning man, or woman, to correct such a damaged relationship, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness,” (1 John 1:9).

C. In neither of the two above examples, will a person lose their salvation. However, there is a sin that will prevent a person from spending eternity with God in Heaven. Such a sin is “the sin of unbelief,” which comes from someone not being born again (John 1:29, 3:3-8, 3:16-18, Rom 8:1). Notice that it is the sin of unbelief that Christ came to “take away” (Jn 1:29). A person can murder another person; God can restore the murderer to their prior relationship, but the person that was murdered does not return to life. A bank robbery can not be undone; the robbery took place; nothing can change that sin; but relationships can be restored. The key to sins of omission and commission is that damaged relationships can be restored, whether “believer to believer,” or “believer to God.”

D. Sins of omission and commission do not prevent a person from going to heaven. It is the sin of unbelief that has the most serious affects, and is the sin that only “Christ, The High Priest” can resolve. It is only through the new birth that anyone can dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), and spend eternity with God (John 3:3, 1 John 1:5). The condemning sin of Judas Iscariot would not have been that he betrayed Christ, but that he was not “born again.”

E. There is a scripture that was given to the Jews, “Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean;
Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow” (Ps 51:7).

1. Mac Arthur Study Bible Note. 51:7 hyssop. Old Testament priests used hyssop, a leafy plant, to sprinkle blood or water on a person being ceremonially cleansed from defilements such as leprosy or touching a dead body (cf. Lev. 14:6ff.; Num. 19:16–19). Here hyssop is a figure for David’s longing to be spiritually cleansed from his moral defilement. In forgiveness, God washes away sin (cf. Ps. 103:12; Is. 1:16; Mic. 7:19).

2. The atoning question for all people of all times is, “have you been born again?” (Ez 36:24-29, John 3:3, 2 Cor 5:17), with your righteous and born again spirit dwelling within the Righteous Spirit of God (John 14:20, 2 Cor 5:21).

XV. Video Details (Videos 1 and 2)

A. Video Details 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017, Seeds of Revelation. 10,921 views•Sep 29, 2017.Discovering the Jewish Jesus with Rabbi Schneider. 91.5K subscribers. The penalty for sin is death, but did you know that Jesus fulfilled Yom Kippur once and for all?Leviticus 17: 11, says, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”

B. Video Details 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday 167,643 views•Sep 12, 2017. BimBam. 37.9K subscribers.Learn the basics of the Day of Atonement in 3 minutes. Yom Kippur is the most holy day of the Jewish year and it is full of spiritual opportunity if you open yourself up to its customs, prayers and melodies. This short video is a basic primer on what Yom Kippur is, for everyone. It explains what the holiday is about, where it comes from, what to expect at a service and how to break the fast! A great intro for Jews and non-Jews alike – share with your curious coworker or family member. This video was made possible with generous support from The Koret Foundation, as part of its Initiative on Jewish Peoplehood.–

Shabbat Shalom

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Israel – The Feast Of Trumpets – Rosh Hashanah

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

I. Opening Video. The Fall Feasts. Join Michael Rydelnik, Avner Boskey, and Michael Brown, as they discuss the Fall Feasts of Israel in this clip from our video the Feast of Tabernacles. Bios on Michael Rydelnik and Michael Brown can be found on my Page, “About Sources and Links.” (Details on the video are provided below)

A. The Feast Of Trumpets – Rosh Hashanah.

1. We are entering into the time of the Jewish fall feasts. There is great significance in each of the feasts as to how they relate to Israel in the end times. The list of the feasts is provided by a Jewish site which is known as Chabad.org and is shown in I.A.3. The significance of the feasts is that, even though they are said to be Jewish feasts, they are spoken by God as being “My feasts” (Leviticus 23:2, “these are My feasts.”).

2. Rosh Hashanah begins the Jewish year. https://www.chabad.org/search/results.asp?searchWord=head+of+the+year
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/564757/jewish/Rosh-Hashanah-Calendar.htm

3. Upcoming Jewish Holidays. https://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm Rosh Hashanah

4. Rosh Hashanah Dates.

a. Begins sunset of Sunday, September 29, 2019 – Ends nightfall of Tuesday, October 1, 2019. No work is permitted. The Month of Elul – September 1 – 29, 2019. Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year. It is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, and a day of judgment and coronation of G‑d as king.

b. On Sunday evening, following this weekly Sabbath, will be the beginning of the Feast of Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets. The second video describes how Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah.

c. Based on my personal observation, the beginning of the Jewish New Year is much more cheerful a time than that which the rest of the world experiences on December 31-January 1 in its celebration of “bringing in the new year.”

D. The Jewish year 5779 is ending. This Feast of Trumpets announces the beginning of the Jewish year 5780.

E. Meaning of Rosh Hashanah.

1. Description of Rosh Hashanah. Literally meaning the “head of the year,” is the Jewish New Year. The biblical name for this holiday is Yom Teruah, literally “day of shouting or blasting.” It is the first of the Jewish High Holy Days specified by Leviticus 23:23–32 that occur in the early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere.
Observances: Praying in synagogue, personal reflection, and hearing the shofar.
Ends: End of second day of Tishrei. Also called: Jewish New Year.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Rosh+hashanah+definition&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&oq=Rosh+hashanah+definition&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.14831j1j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

2. Images of Rosh Hashanah.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Rosh+hashanah+definition&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&sxsrf=ACYBGNRvxCTbdpRGR-4MMYOsXjLpQd5tfA:1569672527616&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=Ma2ZT7Zjj_mQeM%253A%252C8Qdi0eagngHqdM%252C%252Fm%252F0dthp&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kSfbdmwV83lRZoEzwBFuJxChn-Xcw&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjD2qnrvfPkAhVrmuAKHR5ACsgQ_B0wHXoECAoQAw#imgrc=Ma2ZT7Zjj_mQeM:

II. Second Video. 4 Things Jews Do on Rosh Hashanah, Mayim Bialik (Details on the video are provided below).

III. The scriptural significance of “Rosh Hashanah/The Feast Of Trumpets” relates to the regathering of Israel at the end of the tribulation (Matthew 24:29-31), which allows the Jews to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, per Matt 24:40-41. (Those taken will be taken to judgment. Those left with be left to enter the Kingdom age. This event is not the rapture of the church, where believers in Christ will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:1-3, 6), and where unbelievers will be “left behind” to suffer in the tribulation (Rev 3:10). Consider the following information.

A. Civil New Year – Regathering Of Israel (to enter the Kingdom Age).

B. The Feast Of Trumpets has a two-fold purpose, per Ryrie and MacArthur study bibles.

1. Ryrie Study Bible, “the Feast of Trumpets” celebrates the beginning of the Jewish civil new year (Lev 23 note).

2. MacArthur Study Bible, “the Feast of Trumpets” celebrates Israel’s regathering by Christ (Matt. 24:31, Lev 23 note). (My note: The regathering of Israel is not the same event as the Rapture of the Church, which precedes the regathering: John 14:1-6, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18).

3. The Feast of Trumpets and Second Coming of Christ binding scriptures:

a. The regathering of Israel occurs at the second coming of Christ (Matt 24:29-31), where He returns to earth with His raptured saints to save Israel (those whom had not been raptured) from the certain doom of their attackers (Matt 24:21-22, Zech 14:1-3, Rev 19:11-21).

b. The verses (Matt 24:36, 44) relate to “the second coming of Christ, the regathering, the Feast of Trumpets.” 36 “But of that day and hour no one knows..” 44 “the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

c. The Feast of Trumpets relates to the time of the resurrection of the Old Testament Jews (Daniel 12:1-3). The Just will be resurrected at the time of the second coming of Christ, and will enter the Kingdom Age. The unjust will not be brought back to life until at the time of the end of the Kingdom age for judgment at the Great White Throne Judgment (Matt 24:40-41; Rev 20:5, 10-15) (Rev 20:5, “the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished”).

d. The Feast of Trumpets relates to deceased tribulation saints, in that they will be raised from death to rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age/Millennial reign of Christ (Rev 20:4, “they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years”)

e. Prior to the tribulation, at the time of the rapture, “the dead in Christ” (the deceased believers in Christ), will be raised from death to be taken to Heaven by Christ (along with the raptured living believers in Christ) (John 14:2,3,6, 1 Cor 15:51-52, 1 Thes 4:16-17).

4. Will Jews be celebrating The Feast Of Trumpets during the Great Tribulation, preceding the second coming of Christ? Hardly! It is important to understand that the following events relate to Jews: The Feast Of Trumpets, the Second coming of Christ, and the Olivet discourse of Matthew Chapter 24-25 (Mt 24:20, “pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the “Sabbath.”). In the Olivet discourse, Christ was teaching Jews, and not gentiles. Only Jews had a relationship with the Sabbath, which had no significance in the lives of gentiles. This teaching relates to the Jews that were left behind from the rapture. They will be “running for their lives!” They will not be celebrating the Feast of Trumpets, unless in a hidden setting.

C. Specific scriptures that relate to the Feast of Trumpets are shown in the following verses.

1. Lev 23:23-25 (NASB). 23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

a. Note: MacArthur Study Bible. 23:23–25 memorial of blowing of trumpets. This feast, called the Feast of Trumpets, consecrated the seventh month (Sept./Oct.) as a sabbatical month (cf. Num. 29:1–6).

b. Note: NKJV Study Bible. 23:24 The seventh month … first day falls in mid-September. a memorial: Israel remembered God’s goodness, which was expressed in the covenant, and asked God to continue to remember that covenant. Blowing of trumpets marked solemn, joyful, and urgent occasions in ancient Israel.

2. Numbers 29:1-6 (NASB). Offerings of the Seventh Month. 1 “Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets. 2 You shall offer a burnt offering as a soothing aroma to the Lord: one bull, one ram, and seven male lambs one year old without defect; 3 also their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram, 4 and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 5 Offer one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you, 6 besides the burnt offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the Lord.”

a. Note: NKJV Study Bible. 29:1–6 The celebration of the Feast of Trumpets involved blowing rams’ horns (contrast the silver trumpets in 10:2). Later, this festival became identified with the new year festival.

b. Note: NIV Study Bible. 29:1–6 The Festival of Trumpets came at the beginning of the seventh month, a busy month for the worship of the Lord in holy festivals (see Lev 23:23–25; see also chart). Later in Jewish tradition this festival came to commemorate the New Year (Rosh Hashanah). The trumpet used was the ram’s horn (shophar).

3. Numbers 10:2 (NASB) 2 “Make yourself two trumpets of silver, of hammered work you shall make them; and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for having the camps set out.”

a. Note. NIV Study Bible. 10:2 trumpets. Long, straight, slender metal tubes with flared ends. They were blown for order and discipline.

b. Note: MacArthur Study Bible. 10:2 trumpets. According to a Jewish tradition, these instruments were between 12 and 20 in. long and had a narrow tube that was flared at the end. hammered work. The same description is given concerning the cherubim above the mercy seat. See Ex. 25:18; 37:7.

IV. God’s Appointed Times. God has identified certain days and feasts as being “appointed times.” The Feast of Trumpets, also known Rosh Hashannah, is one of those appointed times (NASB).

A. God’s Appointment. Lev 23:1-2 “The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:”

B. Appointed people. Lev 23:1-2 1 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel.”

C. Appointed times. Lev 23:2 “The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these”

D. Appointed Feast of Trumpets. Lev 23:23-25. 23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

E. Appointed Holy convocations. Listed in Lev 23:3-44.

F. Appointed people restated. (Lev 23:44) “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these: (beginning with Lev 23:3).

V. The Jewish year 5780 is approaching. The following link has a view of the Jewish year 5779, as it relates to things that affected Jews around the world.
https://www.chabad.org/tools/subscribe/email/view_cdo/i/8A35D917402345A2:479F3DE43C78F1C847FDA04E6B86C2EA3371FAD22FB9601A7DAFE38B2A24F425#utm_medium=email&utm_source=14_news_en&utm_campaign=en&utm_content=header

VI. Video Credits.

A. The Fall Feasts. 2,957 views•Jul 26, 2013. Day of Discovery 9.22K subscribers. View part 4 of The Appointed Times at http://dod.org/programs/the-appointed…Today in Israel and throughout the Jewish world the annual cycle of holy days continues to be observed. See in stunning detail how together, the sacred feasts of Israel unfold God’s grand story of redemption for the entire world. Join Michael Rydelnik, Avner Boskey, and Michael Brown as they discuss the Fall Feasts of Israel in this clip from our video the Feast of Tabernacles. ©2013 Our Daily Bread Ministries. All Rights Reserved. Follow Day of Discovery on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/dayofdiscovery

B. 4 Things Jews Do on Rosh Hashanah. Mayim Bialik. 737K subscribers. Hi everyone! Mayim Bialik here from The Big Bang Theory and Blossom. We release a video each week, so make sure to subscribe! This week, I talk about what all the Jewish people you know do on the Jewish new year (it starts Wednesday night and ends Friday night!). If you don’t already know, this fun little video about #RoshHashanah will get you in the know.
Find me on social media: https://www.facebook.com/MissMayim/

Shabbat Shalom!

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Israel – Joshua 10 – The Sun Stilled?

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I. Opening video in scripture. (See Bill and Gloria Gaither video details below, V.)

A. The song, “Blow The Trumpet In Zion” is based on the future time of tribulation. (The Day of the Lord relates closely to the teaching of this article. The Day of the Lord consists of “The Tribulation, and The Second Coming of Christ, and The Thousand-year Millennium/Kingdom Age).”

B. The Day of the Lord.. Consider Joel 2:1, NKJV. “Blow the trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble; For the day of the Lord is coming, For it is at hand.” (The Moody Bible Commentary note. “near” is used, to refer to sudden and terrifying judgment.)

C. Consider the MacArthur Study Bible note. 2:1–17 With an increased level of intensity, Joel utilized the metaphor of the locust plague and drought as a backdrop from which to launch an intensified call to repent in view of the coming invasion of Judah and the Day of the Lord, present and future (MacArthur Study Bible).

D. Zion refers to the city of Jerusalem https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/1543702/jewish/What-Is-Zion.htm

II. The Jewish Timeline Continues. The content of this article is very important to understand.

A. Joshua and Israel were in battle with the armies of five kings (Joshua 10:1-11, NASB).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joshua+10%3A1-11&version=NASB

B. God encouraged Joshua: “And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have delivered them into your hand; not a man of them shall stand before you,” (Josh 10:8, NKJV).

C. During the battle, Joshua prayed to God: “Then Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, “O sun, stand still at Gibeon, And O moon in the valley of Aijalon,” (Josh 10:12, NASB).

D. Consider the answer of God to Joshua’s prayer: “So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day,”(Josh 10:13 (NASB)

E. God’s Words were followed by His action: ” the LORD fought for Israel,” (Josh 10:14 KJV.)

F. Video – Did The Sun Stand Still – Joshua Chapter 10

1. https://youtu.be/6uR5Y4GWvNc
Hugh Ross – “Is There Any Evidence for Joshua’s Long Day?” – Hugh Ross Details Follow (See VI below.)

2. https://www.reasons.org/about/hugh-ross (See VI. below)

3. Video details.
28:19 RTB 101: Is There Any Evidence for Joshua’s Long Day? 1,834 views•Published on Feb 16, 2019
Reasons to Believe – 17K subscribers (See VI. below.)

E. Consider the words, “sun” and “stand still,” in Josh 10:12. Probably, the most important word to consider is “sun” (Hebrew, שֶׁמֶשׁ). We will refer to Strong’s Concordance, which is contained within the pages of Bible Hub biblehub.com Consider the many words that are shown to be possible definitions for “sun” and “stand still.” But, we must also ask a very compelling question; “Was Joshua actually referring to “the sun standing still?” For instance, in Matthew 3:11, the Greek word “baptizo” (βαπτίζω) is translated into the English word, “baptize.” In Greek, baptizo (βαπτίζω) means, “to dip or sink.” Its literal usage is: “dip, submerge, but specifically of ceremonial dipping; baptize.” The following words are also considerations: 907 baptízō – properly, “submerge” (Souter); hence, baptize, to immerse (literally, “dip under”). 907 (baptízō) implies submersion (“immersion”), in contrast to 472 /antéxomai (“sprinkle”). The starting point for all of this consideration for “baptize” is the Greek word, (911.0) “bapto,” meaning “to dip.” However, “baptize” has been taken incorrectly to mean “sprinkle and pour.” The following information should help you to understand the proper understanding of “sun” and “stand still.” Keep in mind the original Hebrew words: “שֶׁמֶשׁ” (sun) and “do·vm” (stand still).

1. Joshua 10:12 – sun – NASB Lexicon https://biblehub.com/lexicon/joshua/10-12.htm

NASB – sun
Hebrew – mesh
Strong’s – 8121: sun
8121. shemesh https://biblehub.com/hebrew/8121.htm

Strong’s Concordance

shemesh: sun
Original Word: שֶׁמֶשׁ;
Part of Speech: Noun
Transliteration: shemesh
Phonetic Spelling: (sheh’-mesh)
Definition: sun

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from an unused word
Definition
sun
NASB Translation
battlements (1), daylight (1), daylight* (1), east side* (2), east* (7), sun (109), sun’s (1), sundown* (1), sunrise* (3), sunset* (6), west* (1).

2. Joshua 10:12 – stand still – NASB Lexicon – https://biblehub.com/lexicon/joshua/10-12.htm

Hebrew – (do·vm,)
Strong’s – 1826a: to be or grow dumb, silent or still
1826a – 1826a. damam https://biblehub.com/hebrew/8121.htm

Strong’s Concordance

damam: to be or grow dumb, silent or still
Transliteration: damam
Definition: to be or grow dumb, silent or still

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be or grow dumb, silent or still
NASB Translation
ceasing (1), destroyed (1), doomed (1), have…rest (1), keeps silent (1), kept silent (3), made silent (1), motionless (1), perish (1), quieted (1), relax (1), rest (1), silenced (4), silent (5), silently (1), stand still (1), stay still (1), still (1), stood still (1), wait (1), wait in silence (1).

3. Consider translation and and understanding.

a. The Bible contains other scriptures that relate to the scriptures being read to the total nation of Israel. Exodus 24:7, Nehemiah 8:1, 8, 13, 9:3. 13:1. Jeremiah 36:15.

b. The scriptures were read and understood by the Jews. Nehemiah 8:8 (NASB) “They read from the book, from the law of God, translating to give the sense so that they understood the reading.”

F. Joshua’s situation. Consider the information about astronomy that Joshua, and the Jews, “did not know.”

1. The sun does not rotate around the earth; the earth rotates around the sun. Earth’s average orbital speed is about 30 kilometers per second. In other units, that’s about 19 miles per second, or 67,000 miles per hour, or 110,000 kilometers per hour (110 million meters per hour).
http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/about-us/41-our-solar-system/the-earth/orbit/91-at-what-speed-does-the-earth-move-around-the-sun-beginner

2. The terms, “sunrise, and sunset,” have been used for many years, and still are being used by meteorologists to describe the length of time that the earth is lit by the light of the sun. But, such terms are words of convenience. The sun does not rise or set; it is stationary before the planet Earth.

3. The sun is at the heart of the solar system. All of the bodies in the solar system — planets, asteroids, comets. Earth orbits the sun at an average of 92,955,807 miles etc. — revolve around it at various distances. https://www.space.com/17081-how-far-is-earth-from-the-sun.html

G. Joshua’s reality. The sun was not rotating around the earth so that it could stop rotating and stand still. Such wording, as we see in Joshua 10:12-13 explains, that which God did for the Jews by extending the daylight. The information that has been provided for this article would not have been known by the Jews of Joshua’s time, or by any of the Jews that were present for any of the scripture readings that are mentioned above (E.4.a.). For the Jews that were present at the time and place of Joshua Chapter 10, “the only thing that they knew” was that they had experienced, “a…real…long…day!”

1. The Jews that were present during the battle between them and the five kings of the Amorites (Josh 10:5) were very aware of that which God did to bring about that victory: “The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have given them into your hands; not one of them shall stand before you” (Josh 10:8). God stood by his promise: “And the Lord confounded them before Israel, and He slew them with a great slaughter” (Josh 10:10). God’s judgment upon the Amorites was mighty: “As they fled from before Israel, while they were at the descent of Beth-horon, the Lord threw ‘large stones’ from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died; there were more who died from the hailstones than those whom the sons of Israel killed with the sword” (Josh 10:11). In this battle against the enemies of God’s chosen people, we see similarity to the miraculous stones that God will fling down on earth during the future wrath (Rev. 16:21). Consider the MacArthur study note: 16:21 a talent. The heaviest weight a normal man could carry (about 75 lbs.). The huge size of the hailstones indicates unparalleled atmospheric convulsions. Such massive chunks of ice will cause unimaginable devastation and death. In this Joshua chapter 10 battle, God closely protected Israel, and will continue to do so until Christ returns to earth to save the Jews (Cf. Zech 2:8, Ps. 17:8; Prov. 7:2. “Matt 24:22: the elect are the Jews of the tribulation.”) The difference between God’s judgment through hailstones of Joshua 10, and those of Revelation 16, is that God’s judgment on the enemies of Israel are confined to Canaan in Joshua 10, but are spread out upon the whole world in Rev 16, per Rev 3:10.

2. Joshua was present at the events of Joshua Chapter 10, and throughout that book. But, an assistant would have had to complete the book at the time of Joshua’s death (MacArthur Study Note). Joshua wrote an account of the events of Chapter 10; he knew that which he saw, and God’s Holy Spirit led him to write a journal of this battle, and of all of his other actions (2 Timothy 3:16). A person who has not been born again, does not have the guidance of the Holy Spirit for correct translation. The NRSV is a prime example of such translation that has not been inspired by God. Consider Isaiah 7:14, in the NRSV and KJV.

a. Isaiah 7:14 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.” (notice, “young woman.”)

b. Isaiah 7:14 King James Version (KJV) “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.” (notice, “virgin.”)

c. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/isaiah/7-14.htm

The English word, “virgin,” is translated, as follows.
Hebrew: הָעַלְמָ֗ה, (ha·’al·mah)
Strong’s: 5959: a young woman, a virgin
5959. almah.
Strong’s Concordance
almah: a young woman, a virgin
Original Word: עַלְמָה
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine; Transliteration: almah; Phonetic Spelling: (al-maw’); Definition: a young woman, a virgin;
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin: fem. of elem; Definition; a young woman, a virgin;
NASB Translation: girl (1), maid (1), maiden (1), maidens (3), virgin (1).

3. The prophecy of our Lord can only be made to state that He would be born of a virgin, and not of a young woman. Anything, other than the word “virgin,” would allow for a less than spiritual conception of our Lord to have taken place. The liberal translators of the NRSV were not being led by the Holy Spirit, which would suggest that they were not born again…not having God’s Spirit dwelling within their spirit. That which they were doing was, “moving words around.” The NRSV translators clearly demonstrated that they were not being led by the Spirit of God, but were being led by their own “non-spiritual human understanding,” thereby including in “their bible,” incorrect and confusing words. Here is a question for consideration. Because Isaiah 7:14 has been so greatly mistranslated by the NRSV, what other NRSV scriptures are there that might also be equally mistranslated? (The NRSV was translated by National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_National_Council_of_Churches_members).

4. The importance of scripture is that it be understood. Joshua and the Israelites understood that which happened at the place of the events of Joshua Chapter 10. It is also important for anything else that has been written in the Bible to be correctly understood. The purpose of this Equipping Site is to “equip the saints, for the work of ministry, for the building up of the body of Christ (Eph 4:12).

5. Btw, it’s okay to say, “sunrise and sunset.” (lol)

IV. Video details, from I.
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V. Hugh Ross Details, from II, D., 1. and 2.
RTB 101: Is There Any Evidence for Joshua’s Long Day? 1:22
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Israel – Joshua 7 – 8, Ai

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The Hoppers – Jerusalem [Live] – 2,606,275 views
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I. Opening video.

In this timeline study of the children of Israel, we are traveling with they as they move on to the earthly Jerusalem. In the video, the Hoppers sing of the heavenly, “New Jerusalem,” Revelation 21:1-2.

II. Preface.

From the time that the sons of Noah exited the ark and moved throughout the earth to repopulate it, God made a choice to travel with the covenant seed of Noah’s son, Shem, which continued through Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jacob’s bloodline, the Israelites, had God present with them as He (God) prepared the children of Israel for (1) a kingdom, and (2) a King (2 Samuel 7:8-17). The Old Testament shows an intimacy of relationship That God had with the Israelites that is not seen in the lives of the other descendants of Noah (Ham or Japheth). God told the Israelites that He had chosen them to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth (Deu 14:2).

III. To do, or not to do.

A. Law. As we continue our travel with Israel, as they proceed onward to Jerusalem, we must be aware of certain scripture texts that may, or may not, relate solely to the Jews of the Old Testament. In this article we will take a look at the words of Joshua 1:8, as we consider “this book of the law.”

B. Law. Joshua 1:8 “This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success.”

C. Prosperity. The Jews were told that if they obeyed the law that they could be prosperous and have success. So, how does that statement relate to Jews and non-Jews in the world today? The fulfillment of Joshua 1:8 will be to the Jews in the promised land, of the Kingdom Age, during the millennial reign of Christ. Many Christian hymnals have the song, “Showers Of Blessing.” Congregations sing that song, thinking that it relates to heaven, and Christians in heaven, which is incorrect. Ezek 2:3 states that the prophecies of Ezekiel are directed to Jews, and only to Jews. Ez 34:26, Gen 32:26 and Ps 115:12, from which “Showers Of Blessing” is drawn, all relate to Jews in the promised land, of the Kingdom Age, during the millennial reign of Christ.

D. 613 Torah Laws. The Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following link shows a listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments.

E. Leviticus Requirements. The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of the book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points to the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.

F. New Testament Considerations. James 2:10 “For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.” This verse is very pointed toward those whom claim to be Torah complaint; such people have to be honest with themselves about whether they really keep “all of the law.” Within the law are such requirements that relate to stoning, animal sacrifices, and even the tithe. Within the four gospels, the law is kept. However, from the time of the day of Pentecost, there is no mention of law-keeping being passed onto Christians. Titus was not a Jew, and was not circumcised (Gal 2:3); he carried the gospel of Christ to Dalmatia (2 Tim 4:10), which became Yugoslavia, and is now Croatia (see following link). In the letter of Paul to Titus, there was no instruction on law keeping, either by Titus, or by the people that he would tell about Christ. The overwhelming message of the New Testament is “Christ and Him crucified,” 1 Cor 2:2. This link discusses Paul, Titus, Dalmatia and Croatia: https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/europe/hr-history-dalmatia.htm

G. The giving of the Law to the Jews (and only to the Jews) (1491 B.C., Scofield Study Bible).

1. The Law given on Mt. Sinai (Ex 19:1-25). 2. The Ten Commandments given to the Jews (Ex 20:1-17).

H. Consider non-Jews who traveled with the Jews, as to their responsibility for being Law observant.

1. The Law In Leviticus. The opening and closing of the Book of Leviticus show that the contents of the book, which contains much of the law, relate to Jews, and only to Jews. There was an exception to non-Jews (strangers) that decided to travel with the Jews (See Ex 12:43-51).

2. Exodus 12:43-51. Strangers/Gentiles.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+12%3A43-51&version=NASB

12:43–51 Additional regulations given for the holding of the Passover contained prohibitions on any uncircumcised foreigner, stranger, or hired servant being a valid participant. To partake of this meal, non-Israelites had to be “as a native of the land” (v.48). (MacArthur note)

3. Exodus 12:48-50 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
48 But if a stranger sojourns with you, and celebrates the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 49 The same law shall apply to the native as to the stranger who sojourns among you.” 50 Then all the sons of Israel did so; they did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.

I. Strangers that traveled with the Jews had to adhere to the law. Male strangers had to be circumcised (Ex 12:48). God’s command was given to Jews, through Moses and Aaron.

J. Consider the Law. Notice that Leviticus opens and closes with a statement to Jews.

1. Leviticus 1:1-2 “1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them”

2. Leviticus 27:34 “These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.”

K. All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed to be Torah compliant. A careful study of the Torah law should show that Torah compliance can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone thinks that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject.

1. Stoning/Put to death: (1) disobedient children (Deu 21:18-21), (2) adulterers (Lev 20:10), (3) homosexuals (Lev 20:13), (4) mediums (Lev 20:27), (5) working on Sabbath (Ex 31:15), (6) gathering sticks on Sabbath (Num 15:32-36), (7) blasphemy (Lev 24:10-23)…Animal sacrifices (Lev 6:8-13)…”‘Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material (Lev 19:19)…Tithe (Lev 27:30-34), Num 18:21, Mal 3:10-12)…Offerings: Lev Burnt (1:1-17), Grain (2:1-16), Peace (3:1-17), Sin (4:1-5), Guilt (5:14-6:7)…(and about 600 others).

2. Question. Can any honestly say that they are Torah complaint?

IV. The Jewish Timeline Continues.

A. Battle Failure. This article follows the Israelites as they experience military failure for the first time in the Promised Land. Joshua and all of Israel are witness to the loss and devastation that comes from sin.

B. Battle Instructions. The following verse shows the severity of the instructions that God gave to Joshua and the Israelites concerning their attack on Ai:

Joshua 8:2 “You shall do to Ai and its king just as you did to Jericho and its king; you shall take only its spoil and its cattle as plunder for yourselves. Set an ambush for the city behind it.”

C. Battle Triumph. In this article we will look into the details of the triumph of the Israelites over the people of the city of Ai.

D. Halley’s Bible Handbook on Israel And Ai.

Right after the miraculous crossing of the Jordan, and the miraculous fall of Jericho, Israel met with a dreadful defeat at Ai—because of one man’s disobedience. It was a terrible shock to Israel. It was a disciplinary lesson. God was with them, but He meant them to understand that He expected obedience.

E. Video – Battle of Ai. Joshua Chapter 7 – 8

Old Testament Bible Stories Joshua Ai – Discipleship 4 Kids – Published on Sep 21, 2018
The first three minutes of this video discuss Joshua Chapters 7 and 8.

F. Details of Chapters 7 and 8 (Key NASB Verses and Ryrie Study Bible notes).

1. Joshua 7

a. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua+7%3A1-15&version=NASB
Joshua 7:1-15 – Israel Is Defeated at Ai

1 But the sons of Israel acted unfaithfully in regard to the things under the ban, for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, took some of the things under the ban, therefore the anger of the Lord burned against the sons of Israel. (Note. “acted unfaithfully.” Lit, broke faith. Achan’s action was a breach of covenant law (v 11).)

2 Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and said to them, “Go up and spy out the land.” So the men went up and spied out Ai. (Note. Ai was located in the central hill country of Palestine, East of Bethel, and about 15 miles from Jericho.)

3 They returned to Joshua and said to him, “Do not let all the people go up; only about two or three thousand men need go up to Ai; do not make all the people toil up there, for they are few.” (Note. “few” In reality there were 12,000 (8:25).).

11 Israel has sinned, and they have also transgressed My covenant which I commanded them. And they have even taken some of the things under the ban and have both stolen and deceived. Moreover, they have also put them among their own things. (Note. “Israel has sinned.” The sin of Achan was imputed to the nation.)

13 Rise up! Consecrate the people and say, ‘Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, for thus the Lord, the God of Israel, has said, “There are things under the ban in your midst, O Israel. You cannot stand before your enemies until you have removed the things under the ban from your midst.” (Note. Consecrate yourselves by acts of purification. See Ex 19:10-15.)

b. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua+7%3A16-26&version=NASB
Joshua 7:16-26 – The Sin of Achan

21 when I saw among the spoil a beautiful mantle from Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold fifty shekels in weight, then I coveted them and took them; and behold, they are concealed in the earth inside my tent with the silver underneath it.” (Note. “a beautiful mantle from Shinar.” A long robe woven of gold and silk threads.)

24 Then Joshua and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, the silver, the mantle, the bar of gold, his sons, his daughters, his oxen, his donkeys, his sheep, his tent and all that belonged to him; and they brought them up to the valley of Achor. (Note. Achan’s family must have been accomplices (cf Deu 24:16).)

25 Joshua said, “Why have you troubled us? The Lord will trouble you this day.” And all Israel stoned them with stones; and they burned them with fire after they had stoned them with stones. (See Deu 17:6-7).

26 They raised over him a great heap of stones that stands to this day, and the Lord turned from the fierceness of His anger. Therefore the name of that place has been called the valley of Achor to this day. (Note. “Anchor” means “trouble.” The valley is about one mile south of Jericho.)

2. Joshua Chapter 8

a. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua+8%3A1-29&version=NASB
Joshua 8:1-29 – The Conquest of Ai

2 You shall do to Ai and its king just as you did to Jericho and its king; you shall take only its spoil and its cattle as plunder for yourselves. Set an ambush for the city behind it.” (Note. This time the Israelites could keep the spoil. Achan should have been more patient!)

3 So Joshua rose with all the people of war to go up to Ai; and Joshua chose 30,000 men, valiant warriors, and sent them out at night. (Note. “30,000.” A seemingly large number for an ambush. It has been suggested that “thousand” should read “chief.” If so, Joshua sent 30 chiefs on a commando-type ambush.) See links. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/joshua/8-3.htm https://biblehub.com/hebrew/7970.htm

4 He commanded them, saying, “See, you are going to ambush the city from behind it. Do not go very far from the city, but all of you be ready. (Note. “behind lit. i.e., on the west side (. 9).)

12 And he took about 5,000 men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the city. (Note. This second force of 5,000 men was sent to prevent attack by the men of Bethel. Joshua’s main army on the nort (v. 11) was to decoy the men of Ai out of their city.)

18 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Stretch out the javelin that is in your hand toward Ai, for I will give it into your hand.” So Joshua stretched out the javelin that was in his hand toward the city. 19 The men in ambush rose quickly from their place, and when he had stretched out his hand, they ran and entered the city and captured it, and they quickly set the city on fire. (Note. Joshua’s javelin signaled the ambushing party by reflecting the sun from its flat blade.

29 He hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and at sunset Joshua gave command and they took his body down from the tree and threw it at the entrance of the city gate, and raised over it a great heap of stones that stands to this day.(Note. “hanged.” Note from Deu 21:22-23. Hanging was not the usual means of death but a sequel to death, in order to expose the corpse to ultimate disgrace.)

b. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua+8%3A30-35&version=NASB
Joshua 8:30-35 – The Lord Renews His Promise with Israel – Joshua Renews the Covenant

30 Then Joshua built an altar to the Lord, the God of Israel, in Mount Ebal, (Note. The “fortress” city of Shechem, which guarded the entrance to the valley between “Mount Ebal” and “Mount Gerazim,” may have surrendered, been captured, or been friendly at this time.)

31 just as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the sons of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of uncut stones on which no man had wielded an iron tool; and they offered burnt offerings on it to the Lord, and sacrificed peace offerings. (Note. “an altar. Note from Ex 20:24-26. An acceptable altar had to be made of earth or natural (unhewn) stone, and without steps (to prevent indecent exposure while climbing up to the altar.”

32 He wrote there on the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he had written, in the presence of the sons of Israel. (Note. “stones.” Not of the altar, but of a large pillar.)

G. Video Of Archaelogical Study Of Ai
Notice the presence in the video of Dr. Eugene Merrill of Dallas Theological Seminary.

sourceflix – Published on Jun 14, 2010 – Dr. Bryant Wood believes he may have found the city of Ai written of in Joshua chapters 7 and 8 in the Bible. Watch some shots from our recent excavations there.

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Israel – Joshua 6 – Jericho

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I. Opening video.

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II. Preface.

Beginning with “Israel – 1 – A Pagan Breeds A Nation,” through “19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion,” we have studied the nation of Israel, going back to the time of God’s covenant promise with Abraham. We have discussed such times of God’s covenant people, as their four hundred thirty years’ stay in Egypt (Exodus 12:40-41), and their departure from Egypt. We have studied such gifts of God to Israel, as the Sabbath and the Law. We have seen God’s presence in the Tent of Meeting (the tent of Moses, Ex 33:7-23), where He would speak with Moses, where Joshua was also present. We saw God’s command to Moses to build a Tabernacle in the desert (Ex 25:8), in which His presence was so strong that the following experience was realized at its completion: “34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle” (Ex 40:34-35. NASB 77. Note that the Tabernacle in the desert was also called the tent of meeting). In this timeline of Israel’s travels, we will see God’s covenant people leaving the Sinai desert, crossing the Jordan River, and entering into the Land of Canaan (Joshua 1:2; 3:17). We will see that Canaan was God’s gift to the Israelites, and was a land gift for Israel to conquer and possess (Josh 1:3), although it was not the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant. Canaan will also be an inheritance for the Jews during the Kingdom Age of the millennium (2 Samuel 7:8).

III. KEY CONCEPT OF JOSHUA (See Conclusion, Ephesians 2:1-10).

The key concept of the book of Joshua is possession through conflict by the power of Yahweh, the Captain of the Lord’s host. In this regard, the Book of Joshua is also like Ephesians, for though we are blessed with every spiritual blessing in Christ, we must realistically face the fact of our enemies (Eph. 6:12) and strengthen ourselves by putting on the full armor of God (Eph. 6:10-11, 13-18). It is important to realize that Israel’s ownership of the land was unconditional under the Abrahamic covenant, but possession of the land was conditional upon faith and obedience. And so today, conflict and conquest by faith go with laying hold of that which we have positionally in Christ; the experience of our blessings in Christ comes through faith in the midst of conflict. (J. Hampton Keathley III, Deceased, Th.M., 1966 graduate of Dallas Theological Seminary https://bible.org/seriespage/introduction-and-background).

IV. In this article we continue our prophetic journey of Israel, as opposed to a verse-by-verse scripture discussion. We have had a brief look at Joshua in Israel 20 and 21 (I will no longer number Israel posts). In future articles, we will discuss how the Israelites in the Book of Joshua relate to the nation of Israel in the times of the millennium (Kingdom Age), and the eternal state.

V. The following data (A-D) was gathered from the commentary of Joshua by Dr. David M. Howard, Jr., Ph.D.

A. Joshua’s name means, “Yahweh saves,” or “Yahweh delivers.” His name is the same form as Jesus’s name in the New Testament (Iēsoûs, ee-ay-sooce’; of Hebrew origin (H3091)). Joshua was present with Moses at the Tent Of Meeting (tent of Moses) in the wilderness, when God was Present (Ex 33:11). When Moses was about to die, Joshua went with him to the Tent of Meeting (Tabernacle in the desert) to meet God (Deu 31:14). “Israel served the LORD all of the days of Joshua,” which speaks well of his leadership (Joshua 24:31).

B. Joshua’s original name was “Hoshea,” which means “salvation,” or “deliverance,” (Num 13:8, Dt 32:44). Numbers 13-16 explains that Moses gave Hoshea the new name “Joshua.” He accompanied Moses up to Mount Sinai (Ex 24:31). He was one of the 12 spies that went into the land of Canaan, and he and Caleb were the only ones who brought back a positive report (Num 13-14).

C. Joshua was designated as the successor to Moses by the Lord, and Moses took him before the Lord to commission him (Num 27:15-23). During the ceremony, Moses passed his authority to Joshua through the laying on of his hands. Along with Eleazar the priest, Joshua was to distribute the lands to the tribes (Num 32:28; 34:17), a role they carried out when they reached the land (Josh 14:1; 19:51).

D. God used Joshua to save His people by conquering Canaan and apportioning it to Israel as their promised land. The purpose of the Book of Joshua is to give an official account of the historical fulfillment of God’s promise to give Israel the land of Canaan. Specifically, the conquest of Canaan under Joshua’s leadership was based on the Abrahamic Covenant.

E. It is important to understand that the people of Canaan were cousins of the Israelites (very sinful cousins, which we will discuss), whom also descended from the Ark to repopulate the earth (Gen 9:2,18).

VI. In Leviticus 18, God states His laws on moral relations. In that chapter, the many sins of Canaan are exposed by God to Moses. The Israelites were bound by the Law. Lev 18 verses 4-24 state the moral condition of the Canaanites (cousins of the Israelites).

A. Leviticus 18:1-3 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘I am the Lord your God. 3 You shall not do what is done in the land of Egypt where you lived, nor are you to do what is done in the land of “Canaan” where I am bringing you; you shall not walk in their statutes.

B. Leviticus 18:4-24, God listed the sins that the people of Canaan were committing: seeing the nakedness of family members, presumably for sexual relations; fornication; adultery; child sacrifice; homosexuality; and bestiality. (https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/40868/what-sin-did-the-residents-of-jericho-commit)

VII. The following verse shows the severity of the instructions that God gave to Joshua and the Israelites concerning their attack on Jericho:

Joshua 6:17 (NKJV) “Now the city shall be doomed by the Lord to destruction, it and all who are in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.”

VIII. Consider the comment that comes from The Moody Bible Commentary on the Canaanites.

The city was to be destroyed and burned. All of the people and livestock were to be killed. The destruction had been ordered by God (Dt 7:2, 20:16-18) because He wanted these people eradicated: indigenous pagan survivors would bring compromise and syncretism to Israel. These people were unredeemable, exterminated for their wickedness. God had told Abraham 430 years earlier that “the sin of the Amorite was not yet complete” (Gen 15:16). Now it was. ….. They (Israelites) were to kill or drive the Canaanites into exile (Dt 20:16-18)….. Amidst the chaos of the battle, God’s grace came to one believer and her family. Rahab was spared, along with anyone wise enough to separate from their countrymen and join with Israel.

IX. Was Joshua’s conquest justified? Yes it was! Consider the following article from NAMB Blog:

Joshua's Conquest: Was It Justified?

X. In this article we will look into the details of the triumph of Joshua and the Israelites in the promised land of Canaan, in the conquest of Jericho. In following articles, we will discuss other Israelite triumphs. As we continue forward in our study of God’s plan for His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2), consider Joshua’s excellence, integrity, and godly character.

XI. Joshua 6 The Conquest of Jericho (click onto link to see verses)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua+6&version=NKJV

XII. Consider the following video on the battle of Jericho.

The Walls of Jericho – Joshua 6 | Sunday School Lesson and Bible Teaching Story for Kids |HD| –
Sharefaith Kids – Published on Aug 26, 2016
Sunday School lessons for Kids! Try 4 FREE Lessons: http://sharefaithkids.com
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XIII. God had a strange plan for the battle of Jericho. He told Joshua to have the armed men march around the city once each day, for six days. The priests were to carry the ark, blowing trumpets, but the soldiers were to keep silent. On the seventh day, the assembly marched around the walls of Jericho seven times. (https://www.learnreligions.com/battle-of-jericho-700195)

XIV. The following information (A through D) comes from the works of Pastor David Guzik, Calvary Chapel of Santa Barbara, Enduring Word Bible Commentary, Blue Letter Bible.
(https://enduringword.com/bible-commentary/joshua-6/)

A. Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel (Joshua 6:1): Jericho itself was on full alert; from a human perspective, this would be a hard, if not impossible, battle. From God’s perspective, the battle was already over, because He can say to Joshua, “I have (in the past tense) given Jericho into your hand,” (Joshua 6:2).

1. Up to this point everything had been more or less preliminary and preparatory. Now, the real task before them must be faced and tackled. The Canaanites must be dispossessed if Israel is to occupy that which God has promised them.

2. Jericho was not an exceptionally large city; but it was an important, formidable fortress city. If Israel could defeat Jericho, they could defeat anything else that would face them in Canaan. Again, we see the wisdom of God as opposed to human wisdom, in that Israel faces their most difficult opponent first.

B. You shall march around the city (Joshua 6:3): The method of warfare was one that made absolutely no sense according to military intelligence. It required total dependence on God. It required great faith from Joshua because he had to explain and lead the nation in this plan. It required great faith from the elders and the nation, because they had to follow Joshua in this plan (Joshua 6:4).

C. The wall of the city will fall down flat. And the people shall go up every man straight before him (Joshua 6:5): It was a plan for victory whereby it would clearly be the work of the LORD. Yet God gave them something to do, so that Israel could work in partnership with God.

D. Obviously, it was something that God could have done without Israel’s help at all, but He wanted them to be a part of His work – as He wants us to be a part of His work today.

E. The Moody Bible Commentary. “It likely indicates that the walls fell “outward” and down the slope.” (My note. Consider the walls falling “outward!”)

XV. Video Of Archaelogical Study Of Walls Of Jericho.

Walls of Jericho – Whispering Past – Published on Aug 8, 2017 – The evidence for the ancient city of Jericho and it’s walls falling is there for the pondering!

XVI. Considering the sin of Jericho, Sodom, and Gomorrah (we must consider all three cities).

A. Did God make a mistake? After God ordered the destruction of Jericho, did He say,”Oops!” Has God changed His mind on the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah? Consider that it was sin that caused Adam and Eve to be kicked out of the Garden of Eden, and that it was sin that put Christ on the Cross. Sin is “serious stuff.” Let’s consider the sin that caused the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

B. There are many that hold to the view that the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah was a lack of hospitality. e.g., “Sodom’s sins are blasphemy, plundering, and persecuting the poor, not homosexual behavior.” https://affirmation.org/sodom-and-gomorrah-arrogant-overfed-and-unconcerned/

C. Let’s take a look at the facts of the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah.

1. Genesis 18:20 (NASB) “And the Lord said, “The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.”

2. God Questions. https://www.gotquestions.org/Sodom-and-Gomorrah.html (see excerpts below from article.) Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion.” …..while homosexuality was not the only sin in which the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah indulged, it does appear to be the primary reason for the destruction of the cities…Those who attempt to explain away the biblical condemnations of homosexuality claim that the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah was inhospitality…Sodom and Gomorrah serve as a powerful example of how God feels about sin in general, and homosexuality specifically.

3. Ryrie Study Bible. Genesis 19:5. “that we may have relations with them, i.e., have sex with them. God’s attitude toward the sin of homosexuality is seen in the destruction of Sodom and in Lev 18:22,29; 20:13; Rom 1:26; 1 Tim 1:10.

4. Consider the sin of Gen 18:20 in the world in which we live today, “their sin is exceedingly great.”

(a) Recently, as I was watching the various news reports of Hurricane Dorian, I heard a reporter say, “the storm has a mind of its own.” Really? That is like saying that “Mother Nature” is directing the things that are happening in our world. First of all, let me say that, “there is no Mother Nature!” However, there definitely is, “Father God,” with the following verse of scripture that describes His sovereignty:

(b) Psalm 103:19 (NKJV) “The Lord has established His throne in heaven, And His kingdom rules over all.”

(c) After 911, “god,” little “g,” was welcomed into our nation’s “churches,” little “c.” However, Christ, our Lord and Savior, has been denied His proper place of honor and deity ever since that day, to include “so-called religious places” and places of influence, such as “news, government, media, employment, academia, entertainment, new world order, et el.”

XVII. Conclusion. God’s Love.

There are many people that can not understand how “a loving God,” can destroy complete cities of people, such as Jericho and Sodom and Gomorrah, as well as other cities, to include the destruction that will come during the “yet future” tribulation. Such people cite the unfairness of God, as it relates to those whom may be “the innocents” of His judgments. Psalm 103:19, and other similar scriptures tell of God’s sovereignty over His creation, also His love and mercy over “all.” Consider the nature of God in the following verses:

A. 1 John 4:8 (NKJV) “He who does not love does not know God, for God is love.”

B. Psalm 136:1 (NKJV) “Oh, give thanks to the Lord, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.”

C. We are told in scripture that, “we must be born again.” We are also told that God causes the New Birth to take place.

1. John 3:3 (NKJV) “Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

2. John 3:8 (NKJV) “The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

3. Ezekiel 36:26 (NKJV) “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you;”

4. Ephesians 2:1-10 shows a result of the new birth.

D. Whether the situation of God’s judgment falls on such circumstances as “Jericho and Sodom and Gomorrah,” or where small children are taught by their parents to hate God’s chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2),” remember the truth of Psalm 136:1. There has never been an instance of Christ expressing anything that is less than love for children (Matthew 19:14). God is ready, willing, and able to cause anybody’s spirit to be born again which, upon death, causes such a person to be in the immediate Presence of God. Consider the account of a beggar, whose name was Lazarus.

1. Context: Luke 16:19-23 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+16%3A19-23&version=NKJV

2. Specific verse. Luke 16:22 “So it was that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s bosom.”

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Israel 22 – Joshua 1 – Onward To The Holy City

Click onto the image, and the article text will appear. Click onto the arrow, and the video will play.

Video by Cindyork HongKong. Published on Jan 11, 2016. A song from the movie Exodus. Exodus is a soundtrack album by Ernest Gold with the Sinfonia of London from the 1960 film Exodus directed by Otto Preminger.

I. Israel statehood 1948.

Israel birthed in one day. May 14, 1948 – when “the world” briefly felt sorry for the Jews and returned Israel to them and they were able to declare independence for Israel as a united and sovereign nation for the first time in 2,900 years.
https://www.therefinersfire.org/israel_born_in_one_day.htm

Zionism. A Definition. Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/a-definition-of-zionism

U.S.A. recognizes Israel as a nation. On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel

Israel attacked by Arab nations. On 14 May 1948, Israel proclaimed its independence. Less than 24 hours later, the regular armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq invaded the country, forcing Israel to defend the sovereignty it had regained in its ancestral homeland.
https://mfa.gov.il/mfa/aboutisrael/history/pages/history-%20the%20state%20of%20israel.aspx

The opening video is from the movie, “Exodus,” which tells of Jews whom had survived the Nazi Holocaust, and have returned to their covenant land of Israel. It is amazing how well the video fits in so nicely in this article, as it relates to the Jews in their God-ordained return to their promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant (see below).

II. Text – Israel 22 – Joshua 1 – Onward To The Holy City

Joshua 1:1-4 Lexham English Bible (LEB) God’s Charge to Joshua
1 After the death of Moses the servant of Yahweh, Yahweh said to Joshua son of Nun, the assistant of Moses, saying, 2 “My servant Moses is dead. Get up and cross the Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the Israelites. 3 Every place that the soles of your feet will tread, I have given it to you, as I promised to Moses. 4 From the wilderness and the Lebanon, up to the great river, the river Euphrates, all of the land of the Hittites, and up to the great sea in the west, will be your territory.

MacArthur study note. 1:4 Borders of the Promised Land are: west, the Mediterranean seacoast; east, Euphrates River far to the east; south, the wilderness over to the Nile of Egypt; north, Lebanon.

Consider the land mass of Israel, as it is written above. Also consider the shrunken land piece that most of the world today says that should be the borders of the nation of Israel.

After the fall, and resulting curse, that took place in the garden, God began revealing a course of redemption for His fallen world and people, which is shown in these, and other, scriptures of prophecy: Genesis 3:14-15, Job 19:25, Micah 5:2, Isaiah 5:2, Matthew 1:23. The completion of God’s plan is described in the following verse of scripture: “Behold, I am making all things new,” Revelation 21:5 (NASB). It is only through the elect bloodline of Israel that God’s plan for redemption will be completed.

In order for the redemption of mankind to be accomplished, the redemption of Israel must also take place.
The emphasis that is placed on Israel in this, and other related articles, is due to the promise of God to Israel in the Abrahamic Covenant, as formed in Gen 12:1-3, and confirmed in Gen 13:14-17; 15:1-7,18-21; 17:1-8, and has three main aspects. The third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham relates to non-Jews. (Details taken from Scofield Study Bible).

Abrahamic Covenant notes.

1. Gen 12:2 (NASB). 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing;
2. Gen 12:3a (NASB). 3a And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.
3. Gen 12:3b (NASB). 3b and in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

It is important to know that the Abrahamic Covenant has not yet been fulfilled. A key passage of scripture that relates to the promises of God to Israel tells of the land that is identified in that promise, as follows:

Genesis 15:18-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your descendants I have given this land,
From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite 20 and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim 21 and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.”

MacArthur study note: 15:18–21. river of Egypt to the…Euphrates. Scripture records both general (Ex 23:31; Num 13:21; Deu 11:24; 1 Kin 8:65; 2 Kin 14:25; Isa 27:12) and specific (Num 34:1–12; Josh 15:1, 2; Ezek 47:15–20; 48:1, 28) descriptions of the Promised Land, centering on the ancient land of Canaan. Such precise geographic demarcation will not allow for any redefinitions which would emasculate God’s promise of its specificity. The river of Egypt was most probably what became known as the Wadi El Arish, the southern border of Judah. Kenites…Jebusites. The various peoples who inhabited the land are named. Such precise detailing of the nations in the land of Canaan attests again to the specificity of the Promised Land in God’s promises.

My note. The promise of the land to Israel includes the land that extends from Egypt to Iraq. Such a land mass of Israeli possession has never come to fruition. Therefore, the Abrahmic Covenant has not been fulfilled. Therefore Israel, and Jews everywhere, are still living under the promises of the Abrahamic covenant, and will be under the Abrahamic Covenant until the fulfillment of the following prophecies: Isaiah 66:8; Zechariah 14:12; Matt 24:29-31 (the elect are Jews, Deu 14:2); Rev 19:11-21). The covenant land, which God has promised to Israel through the Abrahamic Covenant, will be realized after the second coming of Christ to earth occurs. When Christ returns to earth at the end of the tribulation (Zechariah 14:12; Matt 24:29-31; Rev 19:11-21), He will set up His millennial Kingdom (Matt 6:10, thousand years) in the covenant land of Israel. The church will have been raptured prior to the tribulation (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-19), and taken to heaven by Christ, and will have nothing to do with the coming of the Kingdom. However, those raptured saints will return to earth with Christ at His second coming to earth. Consider the Scofield comment on Isa 66:8 (of vs 7-9).

Isaiah 66:7-9 New Living Translation (NLT)
7 “Before the birth pains even begin, Jerusalem gives birth to a son. 8 Who has ever seen anything as strange as this? Who ever heard of such a thing? Has a nation ever been born in a single day? Has a country ever come forth in a mere moment? But by the time Jerusalem’s birth pains begin, her children will be born.
9 Would I ever bring this nation to the point of birth and then not deliver it?” asks the Lord. “No! I would never keep this nation from being born,” says your God.

Scofield note. 8. A repentant remnant of Israel, “a land,” will be “born in one day,” AT THE TIME OF THE LORD’S RETURN TO EARTH.

As this study of Israel continues, and shows God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) crossing the Jordan River, and entering the promised land of Canaan, a prophetic course in the study of Israel will be followed. The Bible has been said to be a story about a journey from a garden to a City, with a cross in between. We will follow Israel, in its travels, as she is being drawn from the four corners of the world (Matt 24:31), to the land which God has promised her (Ezekiel 36:28). The church has not replaced Israel for the Covenant promises that God has made to Israel. The church is the church, and Israel is Israel. The Jews were chosen to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world. We, in the church, have received salvation through faith in the Jewish-born Messiah. As we are born again, we are “one in Christ,” whether we are Jew or gentile (Galatians 3:28). At the end of the Kingdom Age (thousand year millennial reign of Christ, Rev 20:4), all of whom, “are one in Christ,” will spend eternity in the Holy City, the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:2), in the Presence of the eternal God-head (Rev 21:3).

The Abrahamic Covenant was a promise that was made to His chosen people, the Jews. The promise of John 3:16 was spoken to His chosen people (John 1:11). The message that was spoken to born again Jews (John 3:3) had a promise that, “I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will seize them out of my hand” (John 10:28). The words of Hebrews 13:5, of the New Testament, are the same as those that God made to His chosen people, “I will never leave you nor forsake you” (Gen 28:15, Deu 31:6,8; Josh 1:5; 1 Chr 28:20). Just as born again believers in Christ can be sure of the promises that God has been made to them in the above verses, Jews can also be sure of the promises that God has made to them through the Abrahamic Covenant. God can not lie (Titus 1:2).

To say that Israel has been become insignificant is refuted by the following passage of scripture that describes the Holy City, the New Jerusalem. Consider the significance that is afforded the twelve tribes of Israel, as well as the twelve apostles of Christ.

Revelation 21:12-14 Lexham English Bible (LEB)
12 It has a great and high wall that has twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written on the gates which are of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel— 13 on the east, three gates, and on the north, three gates, and on the south, three gates, and on the west, three gates. 14 And the wall of the city has twelve foundations, and on them are twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

Israel is called the wife of God.

Isaiah 54:5-6 Lexham English Bible (LEB)
5 For your husband is your maker, his name is Yahweh of hosts; and your redeemer is the holy one of Israel, he is called the God of all of the earth. 6 For Yahweh has called you like a wife forsaken and hurt of spirit, like the wife of childhood when she is rejected, says your God.

MacArthur note. 54:5 husband…Redeemer. The basis for forgetting past failures is Israel’s relationship to the Lord as her husband (62:4, 5) and Redeemer (41:14).

Conclusion: Consider the following love note that was made specifically to Israel, and Jews everywhere.

Jeremiah 31:3 New Living Translation (NLT)
Long ago the Lord said to Israel: “I have loved you, my people, with an everlasting love. With unfailing love I have drawn you to myself.

Jeremiah 31:3 New International Version (NIV)
The Lord appeared to us in the past, saying: “I have loved you with an everlasting love; I have drawn you with unfailing kindness.

Note. NIV Biblical Theology Study Bible. 31:3 everlasting love . . . unfailing kindness. Covenantal terms that express God’s continued care for his bride (“you” is feminine singular in Hebrew).
Note. NIV Study Bible. drawn . . . with unfailing kindness. The Hebrew underlying this phrase is translated “Continue . . . love” in Ps 36:10 (see note on Ps 6:4).

Yes! Israel is very significant in the eternal plans of God.

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21 Israel – The Promised Land – Looking Ahead

The Old Testament Told in Only 5 Minutes – Dan Hait – Published on Mar 28, 2014 – This is a brilliant and very quick review of the Old Testament. What’s most shocking (but accurate) is the depiction of the fall of Israel and its’ people due to disobedience to GOD. Thank you RiverGlen Christian Church for putting this together, and allowing me to share it.

We have just completed a timeline study of Israel, which had a beginning date of 5000 B.C.; the ending date was 1405 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).

We are now entering into another timeline study of Israel, which has a beginning date of 1406 B.C.; the ending date will be 586 B.C. (The referenced dates are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).

“For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” (Deuteronomy 14:2. NASB77).

Beginning with “1 Israel – A Pagan Breeds A Nation,” through “19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion,” we have studied the nation of Israel, going back to the time of the flood, with the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham and Japheth) leaving the ark to repopulate the earth (Genesis 9:18-19, 5000 B.C.). We followed the timeline of Shem, through whom his seed resulted in the birth of Abram (Gen 11:26). We followed Abram’s timeline until the time of God’s covenant promise with Abram, known as the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3). We saw God changing Abram’s name to Abraham (Gen 17:5). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing Isaac, not Ishmael (Gen 17:19-21). We saw the covenant seed of Abraham flowing through Isaac’s son Jacob (Gen 28:13-14), not Esau. We saw God changing the name of Jacob, to Israel (Gen 35:10). We saw the children of Israel entering into, and leaving out of, Egypt (Gen 37:28-Exodus 14:21-22; a 430 year’s stay, Ex 12:40-41). We have studied gifts of God, only to Israel, e.g., the Sabbath and the Law. We have seen God’s presence in the Tent of Meeting (the tent of Moses, Ex 33:7-23), where He would speak with Moses, where Joshua was present too. We saw God’s command to Moses to build a Tabernacle in the desert, where God’s presence was so strong that the following experience was realized: “34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle” (Ex 40:34-35. NASB77. Note that the Tabernacle in the desert was also called the tent of meeting).

Beginning with this timeline study of Israel (21 Israel – The Promised Land – Looking Ahead), we will see God’s covenant people leaving the Sinai desert, crossing the Jordan River, and entering into the promised Land of Canaan. The Ryrie Study Bible shows the end of Israel’s wilderness wanderings as being 1405 B.C.

As the children of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2), begin another chapter of their life, other areas of dynamics will face them, and can be broken down into the following periods of time: Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile and Diaspora. Jewish prophets also enter the scene, and act as God’s spokesmen to the Jews. However, the book of Jonah shows that God also has concerns for the whole world (Ryrie Study Bible). The timeline date, of this phase of our study of God’s covenant people, begins in the year 1406 B.C. (Joshua Chapter 1), and ends in the year 586 B.C. (2 Kings Chapter 25/2 Chronicles 36) (Ryrie Study Bible dates).

The Jewish prophets spoke God’s truths to the divided kingdoms Of Israel and Judah. Israel is the name of the land where the ten northern tribes settled under the Kingship of Jeroboam in 931 B.C. Judah is the name of the land where the two southern tribes of Israel settled under the Kingship of Rehoboam in 931 B.C. (Jeroboam and Rehoboam were not related). Jewish prophets were active during the follow timeline periods of Israel and Judah:

Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile, Diaspora (described, as follows).

Pre-Exile

The Pre-Exile is a period of time that preceded the 586 B.C. expulsion of Jews from Judah/Jerusalem to Babylon.

Exile

The term “exile” is normally used in relation to the deportation of the Jewish tribes of Judah and Benjamin from the southern kingdom of Israel to Babylon. The forces of Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar used three deportations to remove the Jews of the area that was better known as Judah, which lasted from 605 B.C. to 586 B.C. (2 Kings 24:1-25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:5-20; Jeremiah 53:27-30). The period of Jewish exile was prophesied by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah to last for seventy years (2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 29:10). In 597 B.C., the prophet sent a letter to the exiled Jews in Babylon. The letter told of God’s prophecy to him of the seventy year period of exile. The exile of the Jews lasted until they were allowed to return to their home land.

Post-Exile

The term “post-exile” relates to the decree of the Persian King Cyrus that the captive Jews should be allowed to return to their homeland. Jews began returning to Judah/Jerusalem in 538 B.C. The walls of Jerusalem, and the Temple had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:9-10). The returning Jews rebuilt the temple, finishing it in 515 B.C. under the leadership of the Jewish prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; 6:13-14). Under the leadership of Ezra, the Jewish scribe and priest, and Nehemiah, the Jewish Governor, the rebuilding of the walls of the city was finished in 445 B.C. The prophecy of the exiled prophet Daniel (Dan 9:25; appx 538-534 B.C.), to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, found beginning fulfillment in Neh 2:3-8 (444 B.C.), when Persian King Artaxerxes commissioned Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem. The prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel (Daniel 9:25) found its starting point in 444 B.C. The seventy weeks are “weeks of years.” The prophecy provides a timeline that leads to: (1) the second coming of Christ in the air, to catch up born again believers in Christ and take them to heaven. (2) the tribulation (where God deals with unbelieving Jews; and judges sin). (3) the second coming of Christ to earth for judgment of unbelievers of the tribulation. (4) the 1,000 year Kingdom Age (millennium). (5) the battle of Armageddon. (6) the great white throne judgment (for unbelievers). (7) the new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem.

Diaspora

Diaspora relates to the dispersion of Jews from their Northern and Southern homelands, beginning in 733-722 B.C.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_diaspora

The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfutza, תְּפוּצָה) or exile (Hebrew: Galut, גָּלוּת; Yiddish: Golus) is the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and their subsequent settlement in other parts of the globe.

In terms of the Hebrew Bible, the term “Exile” denotes the fate of the Israelites who were taken into exile from the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC, and the Judahites from the Kingdom of Judah who were taken into exile during the 6th century BC. While in exile, the Judahites became known as “Jews” (יְהוּדִים, or Yehudim)—”Mordecai the Jew” from the Book of Estherbeing the first biblical mention of the term.
The first exile was the Assyrian exile, the expulsion from the Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) begun by Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria in 733 BC. This process was completed by Sargon II with the destruction of the kingdom in 722 BC, concluding a three-year siege of Samaria begun by Shalmaneser V. The next experience of exile was the Babylonian captivity, in which portions of the population of the Kingdom of Judah were deported in three stages, from 597 BC through 586 BC, by the Neo-Babylonian Empire under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar II.

While Cyrus the Persian allowed the Judaeans to return to their homeland in 538 BC, most chose to remain in Babylon.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-diaspora

The book of Esther discusses the plight of the exiled Jews that remained in Babylon, which was overrun by the Persians in 539 B.C. In 549 B.C. The Persian King Cyrus United Persia and Media. The Persian empire lasted from 539-331 B.C. Persia became present day Iran in 1935. In Esther 3:7 (474 B.C.), there was a plot devised by a Persian (Haman) to kill all of the Jews residing in Persia. Queen Esther, a Jewess, intervened. Haman and his family were hanged to death by the King (Esther 9:24-25). The Jews were saved by the courage of a Jew, whom God put in the position of Queen of a pagan country (Esther 2:16-17, 479 B.C.)

During this timeline study of God’s chosen people we will see that they were under constant oppression by existing world empire nations. An outline of “Israel and world empires” is provided by Dr.John Walvoord, as follows:

World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy of the Bible, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Dec), copyright 1990, 1999, Chariot Victor Publishing, formerly The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook.)

Egypt – Genesis 46 – Deuteronomy 34. Jacob and his family resided in Egypt until the Exodus
Assyria – 726 B.C.- 605 B.C. The northern ten tribes were taken into Assyrian captivity.
Babylon – 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. The two southern tribes were taken into Babylonian captivity.
Medo-Persia – 539 B.C. – 331 B.C. The captives in Babylon returned to Jerusalem and Judah. (Southern Israel) in 536 B.C.
Greece – 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel was under the control of Syria.
Rome – 63 B.C. – 70 A.D. Israel was under the control of Rome. Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome in 70 A.D. The decline of Rome occurred during the church age. Rome will be revived after the Rapture.

Consider Daniel’s teaching on the world empires of Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Consider, also, Daniel’s teaching on the Messianic Kingdom of Christ, which will consist of a thousand year Kingdom Age. Immediately following the Kingdom Age will be the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem, which will be the dwelling place of believers of all times (Daniel 2:36-45; 7:1-28; Revelation 21:1-2) (See Scofield, Ryrie and MacArthur Bible notes).

Consider the books of Jewish prophets that were active during the following world empires of: 1. Assyria 2. Babylon 3. Persia.

1. Assyrian World Empire

Jonah (790-770 B.C.)

Joel (790-770 B.C.)

Amos (780-740 B.C.)

Hosea (760-720 B.C.)

Isaiah (745-695 B.C.)

Micah (740-700 B.C.)

Zephaniah (639-608 B.C.) .

Nahum (630-610 B.C.)

2. Babylonian World Empire

Jeremiah (626-586 B.C.)

Habakkuk (606-586 B.C.)

Ezekiel (592-570 B.C.)

Obadiah (586-583 B.C.) .

Daniel (606-534 B.C.)

3. Pesian World Empire

Haggai (520-516 B.C.)

Zechariah (520-516 B.C.)

Malachi (450-400 B.C.)

A study of each Jewish prophet will be provided at an appropriate time.

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19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion

What is Shabbat? Intro to the Jewish Sabbath – BimBam – Published on Mar 15, 2018

Lest I be misunderstood, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).

Consider the comments of the video’s author, as they relate to “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

What is Shabbat? Shabbat (the Jewish Shabbath) is a weekly 25-hour observance that begins just before sundown each Friday and ends at nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is a dedicated time each week to stop working and focus more on the pleasures of life.

Consider my study of “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

The Sabbath (in Hebrew, Shabbat , pronounced shah-BAHT–or in some communities, Shabbos, “SHAH-bis”) may be Judaism’s most distinctive and characteristic practice, as well as one of its most pervasive and long-lasting gifts to Western civilization. https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/shabbat-101/

IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! Read the following chronology carefully.

The reason for the following chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America. The significance of this information is that those migrates would have never been exposed to the Mosaic Law, and to its Torah requirements, to include the requirements of Sabbath rest.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.) and Isaac (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

https://books.google.com/books?id=P2HKD9PgC6wC&pg=PA289&dq=people+in+north+america+in+1400+BC&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkrrHLqZ_jAhUqhOAKHa7SAqIQ6AEIRzAF#v=onepage&q=people%20in%20north%20america%20in%201400%20BC&f=false

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=people+of+japheth+in+north+america+in+1400+BC

The Israelites/Jews/ of this study are the covenant Shemites, through the bloodline of Abraham, through his covenant son Isaac, and through his grandson Jacob (Gen 25:26, born 1800 B.C., who became known as Israel, Genesis 32:28, 1739 B.C.).

The reason for the above chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

The term “Jew” is derived from the name of Jacob’s fourth son, Judah–Yehudah, in the Hebrew—
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/640221/jewish/What-is-the-Meaning-of-the-Name-Jew.htm

Honoring The Seventh Day

About The Complete Jewish Bible
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Complete-Jewish-Bible-CJB/

Genesis 2 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) (4094 B.C.,and all other dates, Scofield Study Bible)

2:2 God (elohim) plural in number. divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2).

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. 2 On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.

NKJV MacArthur Study Bible Notes

2:1–3 These words affirm that God had completed His work. Four times it is said that He finished His work, and 3 times it is said that this included all His work. Present processes in the universe reflect God sustaining that completed creation, not more creation (cf. Heb. 1:3).

2:2 ended…rested. God certainly did not rest due to weariness; rather, establishing the pattern for man’s work cycle, He only modeled the need for rest. Later, the Sabbath ordinance of Moses found its basis in the creation week (cf. Ex. 20:8–11). The Sabbath was God’s sacred ordained day in the weekly cycle. Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for man…” (Mark 2:2) and Gen. 2:3 stated that God “sanctified” or set apart the Sabbath day because He rested in it. Later, it was set aside for a day of worship in the Mosaic law (see note on Ex. 20:8). Hebrews 4:4 distinguishes between physical rest and the redemptive rest to which it pointed. Colossians 2:16 makes it clear that the Mosaic “Sabbath” has no symbolic or ritual place in the New Covenant. The church began worshiping on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection of Christ (Acts 20:7).

Consider the Law.

The Sabbath was first celebrated in scripture, in 1491 B.C., and was celebrated only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:4-36
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+16%3A4-36&version=NASB

16:4 The LORD (Yah·weh, 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel) prepared the Jews for six days of work, then a sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath will be a holy Sabbath to the Lord, and a gift from God to the Jews. 16:12 “I am the Lord your God.” LORD (Yah·weh); God (Elohim).

Exodus 16:4-5, 22-23 (NASB)
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”…22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”

The Sabbath was announced by Moses to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath arrives, and is observed by the Jews, and only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:24-26 (NASB) 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

The Sabbath is a gift by God to the Jews, and only to the Jews.

Exodus 16:29 (NASB) 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:12-17
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+31%3A12-17&version=NASB

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews, and only the Jews.

Exodus 31:16-17 (NASB) 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 31:18 (NASB) 18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

The giving of the Law to the Jews, and only to the Jews (1491 B.C.).

Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:1-17).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+19%3A1-17&version=NASB

God visits Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:18-25).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+19%3A18-25&version=NASB

God gives the Ten Commandments to the Jews, and only to the Jews (Exodus 20:1-17).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+20%3A1-17&version=NASB

The Law In Leviticus

The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of thee book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points out the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.

James 2:10 (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

Leviticus 1:1-2 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them,

Leviticus 27:34 (NASB) 34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed for a Jew to be Torah compliant. The following examples of the Torah law should show that being Torah complaint can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone think that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject. Please notice that not all chapters of Leviticus are listed.

1. Leviticus 1:1-17 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+1%3A1-17&version=NASB
The Law of Burnt Offerings
2. Leviticus 2:1-16 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+2%3A1-16&version=NASB
The Law of Grain Offerings
3. Leviticus 3 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+3%3A1-17&version=NASB
The Law of Peace Offerings
4. Leviticus 4 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+4%3A1-35&version=NASB
The Law of Sin Offerings
5. Leviticus 5 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+5%3A1-19&version=NASB
The Law of Guilt Offerings
6. Leviticus 11 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+11%3A1-47&version=NASB
Laws about Animals for Food – Avoid the unclean
12. Leviticus 12 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+12%3A1-8&version=NASB
Laws of Motherhood
13. Leviticus 13 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+13%3A1-59&version=NASB
The Test for Leprosy
14. Leviticus 14 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+14%3A1-57&version=NASB
Law of Cleansing a Leper and a Leprous house
15. Leviticus 15 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+15%3A1-33&version=NASB
Cleansing Unhealthiness
16. Leviticus 16 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+16%3A1-34&version=NASB
Law of Atonement and An Annual Atonement
17. Leviticus 17 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+17%3A1-16&version=NASB
Blood for Atonement
18. Leviticus 18 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+18%3A1-30&version=NASB
Laws on Immoral Relations
19. Leviticus 19 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+19%3A1-37&version=NASB
Idolatry Forbidden – Sundry Laws
20. Leviticus 20 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+20%3A1-27&version=NASB
On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities
23. Leviticus 23 New (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+23%3A1-44&version=NASB
Laws of Religious Festivals – The Day Of Atonement
24. Leviticus 24 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+24%3A1-23&version=NASB
The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary – “An Eye For An Eye”
25. Leviticus 25 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+25%3A1-55&version=NASB
The Sabbatic Year – Year of Jubilee – The Law of Redemption – Of Poor Countrymen – Of Redeeming a Poor Man
26. Leviticus 26 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+26%3A1-46&version=NASB
Blessings of Obedience – Penalties of Disobedience
27. Leviticus 27 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+27%3A1-34&version=NASB
Rules concerning Valuations

613 Torah Laws

As you can determine, the Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments.

Conclusion.

Salvation is through the Jews:

John 4:22 (NASB) 22 “…for salvation is from the Jews.”

The Jew through whom salvation is provided is Christ:

John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Honoring the Seventh Day – My goal is to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy.”

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly-ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week. There is no such thing as a Christian Sabbath, other than for Christians to honor the seventh day of God’s creation.

Sabbath Worship/The Law – Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

The work of Christ for salvation for all “whom accept Him as Lord and Savior,” was completed on the cross:

John 19:30 (NASB) 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

MacArthur study note: The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion.

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Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

Joshua Aaron – Shalom (Official Music Video) the “Shabbat Shalom Song” שבת שלום
Joshua Aaron – Published on Dec 23, 2016 – The “Shabbat Shalom” music video filmed in Jerusalem, Israel. – Joshua Aaron is an award winning, Messianic Jewish singer and Integrity – https://www.newreleasetoday.com/artistdetail.php?artist_id=6056

Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

In the opening video, Joshua Aaron has a very vivid way of describing how Jews celebrate and honor the Sabbath. The video shows smiling faces coming from happy people. Joshua is a Jew whom has accepted Yeshua as Christ. May your Shabbat be one of due honor of the seventh day, which God has sanctified. From sunset on each Friday, until sunset on each following Saturday, is a time for us to draw close to God. We don’t have to “do anything” to honor the Sabbath. The intimacy that is described in John 17:3, “of knowing God,” is key. God loves us; we love God. We show such a love of God by being intimate with Him. “Try it; you’ll like it!”

Question: “What was the Old Covenant?”
https://www.gotquestions.org/old-covenant.html

Answer: The Old Covenant was a conditional or bilateral agreement that God made with the Israelites. The Old Covenant was in effect during the dispensation of the Law. It is “old” in comparison to the New Covenant, promised by Jeremiah the prophet (Jeremiah 31:31, 33) and made effective by the death of the Lord Jesus (Luke 22:20). In the Old Covenant, the Israelites were required to obey God and keep the Law, and in return He protected and blessed them (Deuteronomy 30:15–18; 1 Samuel 12:14–15). In the New Covenant, things change and God becomes the proactive and unconditional source of salvation and blessing. In the New Covenant, “God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

The Old Covenant consists of much more than the Ten Commandments, of which the Sabbath is key.

Exodus 20:8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections.
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments

What is the New Covenant?
https://www.gotquestions.org/new-covenant.html

Answer: The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that God makes with humanity that He will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned toward Him. Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant, and His death on the cross is the basis of the promise (Luke 22:20). The New Covenant was predicted while the Old Covenant was still in effect—the prophets Moses, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel all allude to the New Covenant.

The New Covenant is “a Better Covenant.”
https://www.gotquestions.org/old-covenant.html

In the Old Covenant, God also established that the way to atone for sin is through the shedding of blood (Hebrews 9:22). That is why during the Last Supper on the night of His arrest, Jesus passed the cup to the disciples and told them, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you” (Luke 22:20). When Jesus was crucified, His blood provided for the forgiveness of the sins of the whole world—the basis of the New Covenant. “By calling this covenant ‘new,’ he has made the first one obsolete” (Hebrews 8:13). Salvation is now a free gift for any who will believe in Christ and trust that His blood takes away their guilt before God (John 3:16–17).

Consider the New Covenant.

Jeremiah 31:31-34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord. 33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

As was mentioned in the discussion of the Old Covenant, Sabbath keeping was a key part of the Old Covenant. So, let’s consider the role of, or absence from, the Sabbath during the time of the New Covenant.

Let’s consider the Sabbath of the Old Covenant.

The Sabbath was a gift from God to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath was not given to any other group of people in the world. Exodus 16:29 “See, the Lord has given you the sabbath;”

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews. Exodus 31:13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.”

Let’s consider Christ fulfilling the Sabbath, as well as every other requirement of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week.

Consider the memo from Back To The Bible.

As we have seen, the Sabbath in God’s plan concerns only Israel. Note these truths: (1) the Sabbath law was given in Exodus 16, 2500 years after creation; (2) it was given as a sign to Israel (Ex. 31:12-1); (3) since Israel is scattered, the Sabbath is not now observed; the Law was finished, according to Galatians 3:19, in Christ; (4) when the Jews are reestablished as God’s earthly nation, the Sabbath will again be observed. https://www.backtothebible.org/post/what-does-god-s-word-say-about-the-christian-keeping-the-sabbath

The Apostle Paul discussed Sabbath keeping with the the church at Colossae.

Colossians 2:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
16 Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day— 17 things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. (Ryrie Study Bible: The command to observe the Sabbath is the only one of the Ten Commandments not repeated after Pentecost).

The Apostle Paul discussed the first day of the week as the day that the church met for worship at Corinth.

1 Corinthians 16:1-2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I directed the churches of Galatia, so do you also. 2 On the first day of every week each one of you is to put aside and save, as he may prosper, so that no collections be made when I come.

Let’s consider the discussion that Christ had with the woman at the well.

John 4:20-24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
20 Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.” 21 Jesus *said to her, “Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”

The message of Christ to the woman is that neither “place, nor time,” is that which God expects from His people. God demands worship to be “in spirit and truth.”

Let’s come to a conclusion of this discussion on worship. If your church meets at sunset on Friday, that’s wonderful. If you church meets at 10 AM on Saturday, that’s wonderful, too. If your church meets at 8 PM on Saturday, “go for it!” If you church meets for worship on Sunday at 11 AM, no one can speak critically about meeting at that time, or at any other time, as long as you are meeting for worship, “in spirit and truth.”

But….. I must throw this passage into the discussion.

Acts 2:46 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
46 Day by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart,

The early Jews that accepted Yeshua as Christ, continued sabbath worship as well as meeting together in their homes as believers in Christ.

As for this Sabbath/Shabbat, I will say to you, “Shabbat Shalom.”
“Shabbat shalom” is a Hebrew greeting for the Jewish Sabbath. Its literal meaning is “Sabbath of Peace.” https://coffeeshoprabbi.com/2017/08/12/what-does-shabbat-shalom-mean/

I will also add the following verse of scripture, and close with a song of worship.

Psalm 122:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem

18 Israel – Shabbat – We Remember Those Murdered

LOS ANGELES, We Remember, Mah Tovu, Published on Nov 6, 2018

Deuteronomy 14:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Immediately after the tragic shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, PA, Rabbis Ken Chasen and Yoshi Zweiback began composing a song dedicated to the memory of the eleven souls lost on October 27, 2018. Based on the poem, “We Remember Them” by Sylvan Kamens and Rabbi Jack Riemer, the song is a promise that those loved ones who have died are never truly gone so long as we carry them with us. Produced by Kenli Mattus, “We Remember” includes the voices of many of Los Angeles’ most prominent Cantors and Jewish musicians.

Music by Rabbis Ken Chasen and Yoshi Zweiback (c)2018
Produced, edited and mixed by Kenli Mattus
Video directed and edited by Daniel Brea
Cinematography: Daniel Brea, Ognien Milovich

Featuring the voices of:

Rabbi Jonathan Aaron
Rabbi Ken Chasen
Cantor Chayim Frenkel
Josh Goldberg
Cantor Sara Hass
Cantor Linda Kates
Cantor Yonah Kliger
Cantor Nathan Lam
Daniel Leanse
Cantor Patti Linsky
Cantor Emma Lutz
Kenli Mattus
Cantor Kerith Spencer-Shapiro
Jared Stein
Cantor Lizzie Weiss
Rabbi Cantor Alison Wissot
Rabbi Yoshi Zweiback

Cello: Hope Easton
Violin: Jared Stein
Guitar, Piano, Bass: Rabbi Ken Chasen

Facebook.com/mahtovuband

Shabbat – Revelation 10

Waltraud Rennebaum – Baruch ata Adonai (Jewish Prayer, Shabbat Song) Waltraud Rennebaum. Published on Jan 12, 2016. “Blessed are You, Adonai our God, ruler of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.” (Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha’olam hamotzi lehem min ha’aretz.) https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/blessings-for-food-drink/

Honoring God, and His Sabbath, and His Chosen People.

Unless otherwise stated, all scriptures in this article were taken from the New American Standard Bible translation, 1995 Update.

I. Shabbat – Friday Sunset To Saturday Sunset.

Genesis 1 – The Creation. Notice that each day begins in the evening.

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
5 And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
8 And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.
19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
31 (a) God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good.
32 (b) And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Genesis 2

The Seventh Day Sanctified

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

Consider The Sabbath (Sabbath is the Hebrew word for seventh. Ryrie Study Bible, Genesis 2:2 note.)

Only the seventh day of the week can be the Sabbath. It has been my observation that the Holiness of the Sabbath has been largely discarded by much of Christendom, with a mindset of, “Jews and Seventh Day Adventists do it!” We must not be numb to the significance of Genesis 2:3.

NASB (sanctified); Hebrew (vay·kad·desh); Strong’s (6942 – to be set apart or consecrated)

6942. qadash
Strong’s Concordance
qadash: to be set apart or consecrated
Original Word: קָדַשׁ
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: qadash
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-dash’)
Definition: to be set apart or consecrated

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
denominative verb from qodesh
Definition
to be set apart or consecrated

Brown-Driver-Briggs
קָּדַשׁ verb denominative be set apart, consecrated (Gerber238ff.); —
7th day (by God) Genesis 2:3; Exodus 20:11

Leviticus 11:44

Personal Holiness

44 For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy.

To not honor God, “that’s not good.” To not honor the Sabbath, “that’s not good, either.” To not honor God’s Chosen People, the Jews, we will take a quick look at that matter.”

God’s Chosen People

Genesis 12:1-3
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go forth from your country, And from your relatives, And from your father’s house, To the land which I will show you; 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; 3 And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.” (verse 3, “I will bless those who bless you.” This passage relates to Abraham and his seed-covenant descendants, the Jews.)

Deuteronomy 14:2
2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. (God chose the Jews for the special purpose of bringing the Messiah into the world. The Jews will have a special place of habitation during the Kingdom Age (Re Gen 12:2; 15:18-21)from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq.)

Zechariah 8:20-23
20 “Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities. 21 The inhabitants of one will go to another, saying, “Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the Lord, and to seek the Lord of hosts; I will also go.” 22 So many peoples and mighty nations will come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the Lord.’ 23 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, “Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.”’”…… During the thousand-year Kingdom Age, Gentiles will recognize Jews as being blessed by God, vs 23. These Gentiles and Jews will have entered into the time of the millennium in mortal bodies after having accepted Christ during the Tribulation. Jews and Gentiles that were not present during the tribulation, will also be present during the Kingdom Age, but in immortal bodies, ruling and reigning with Christ. Jews will rule over Jews (Luke 22:29-30), and Gentiles will rule over Gentiles (1 Corinthians 6:2). Jews will inhabit their “promised land,” and Gentiles will reside outside of the promised land of the Jews, but will be free to enter it, per Zech 8:22. It will be at the end of the Kingdom Age that the eternal state will begin. The following (II. End Times) discusses the Tribulation, which will precede the Kingdom Age.

II. End Times

Revelation 10:1—11:14 serves as a pause between the sixth trumpet and the seventh trumpet (11:15). The seals and the bowls also have a brief pause between their sixth and seventh judgments (7:1–17; 16:15).

Revelation 10

The Angel and the Little Book

1 I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire; 2 and he had in his hand a little book which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land; 3 and he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars; and when he had cried out, the seven peals of thunder uttered their voices. 4 When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them.” 5 Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, 6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer, 7 but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.

8 Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.” 9 So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he *said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10 I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11 And they *said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

Comments follow for Revelation 10:1-11. Notes were considered from the works of Drs. John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur.

10:1 another mighty angel. The Greek word translated “another” means one of the same kind, that is, a created being. This is not one of the 7 angels responsible for sounding the trumpets (8:2), but one of the highest ranking in heaven.

10:2 little book. The 7 sealed scroll that is the title deed to the earth will be fully opened and all the final judgments made visible. “Right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land.” Although Satan has temporarily usurped the sea and the earth, this symbolic act demonstrates that all creation belongs to the Lord and He rules it with sovereign authority.

10:4 Seal up. John was told he must conceal the message of the 7 thunders until God’s time (cf. 22:10; Dan. 8:26, 27; 12:9).

10:5 raised up his hand. This Greek verb appears often in the sense of raising the hand to take an oath or a solemn vow (cf. Dan. 12:7; see notes on Matt. 5:33, 34). The hand is raised toward heaven because that is where God dwells. The angel is taking an oath.

10:6 there should be delay no longer. This initiates the last plagues of the Day of the Lord (11:15), indicating that the time that the disciples anticipated has come (Matt. 24:3; Acts 1:6). The prayers of the saints will be answered (6:9–11; Matt. 6:10).

10:7 the mystery. A Greek term meaning “to shut” or “to close.” In the NT, a “mystery” is a truth that God concealed but has revealed through Christ. Here the mystery is the final consummation of all things as God destroys sinners and establishes His righteous kingdom on earth. “As He declared.” This mystery, though not fully revealed, was declared to God’s prophets (Amos 3:7).

10:9 “Take and eat it.” This act describes taking in God’s Word. John’s reactions show what every believer’s response to God’s judgment should be…great anticipation of God’s glory and our victory, and at the same time, the bitterness of seeing God’s wrath poured out on those who reject His Son. “your stomach bitter.” As he digests what the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments hold in store for the sinner, John becomes nauseated. “sweet as honey in your mouth.” But still God’s final victory and vindication are sweet realities to the believer.

10:11 “prophesy again.” A call for John to warn men about the bitter judgment in the seventh trumpet and the 7 bowls. “peoples, nations, tongues, and kings.” See 7:9 note below.

7:9 “a great multitude.” While the tribulation period will be a time of judgment, it will also be a time of unprecedented redemption (ch 7:14; 6:9–11; 20:4; Is. 11:10; Matt. 24:14). “all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues.” These are all of the earth’s people groups that were left behind from the rapture.

III. Christ Is The Fulfillment Of The Law

Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, have fulfillment in Christ (Matthew 5:17-18).

Ascension – Sabbath – Shavuot – Pentecost – June 7-10, 2019

Day of Pentecost HD Gise Ríos Published on Sep 27, 2015 From The Bible Series

I. Introduction. The focus of this article is on the Holy times that are shown in the subject line of this article. They all relate to the plan that God has placed before his chosen people, the Jews, as well as the born again believers in Christ, the Church. Unless otherwise noted, scriptures in this article are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1995 edition.

A. The following text book definitions tell of four special times of Christians and Jews. Consider the following timeline of events, as they relate to the days of May 30 through June 10 of this year (2019). The day of the ascension of Christ occurred ten days prior to the Day of Pentecost, and was observed on Ascension Sunday (June 2), which takes place seven days prior to the Day of Pentecost. Sabbath begins on each Friday at sunset, and continues until the following Saturday at sunset. Shavuot begins on this Saturday (June 8) at sunset, and extends through Monday (June 10) at sunset. The Day of Pentecost is observed on Pentecost Sunday, which will take place on this Sunday (June 9).

1. Ascension May 30, 2019 (Midnight To Midnight)
Ascension for the year 2019 is celebrated/ observed on Thursday, May 30. Ascension Day each year is held on a Thursday 39 days after Easter Sunday. This day commemorates Jesus Christs ascension into heaven. More information on Ascension. (Dates, Customs and History for Ascension).
https://www.calendardate.com/ascension_day_2019.htm (The Day of the Ascension of Christ was ten days before the Day of Pentecost. Some churches honor the ascension, “Ascension Sunday,” seven days prior to Pentecost Sunday (The Day Of Pentecost).

2. Sabbath June 7-8, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
Sabbath is a day set aside for rest and worship. According to the Book of Exodus the Sabbath is a day of rest on the seventh day, commanded by God to be kept as a holy day of rest, as God rested from creation. It is observed differently among the Abrahamic religions and informs a similar occasion in several other practices.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabbath

3. Shavuot June 8–10, 2019 (Sunset to sunset)
The word Shavuot (or Shavuos) means “weeks.” It celebrates the completion of the seven-week Omer counting period between Passover and Shavuot.The Torah was given by G‑d to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai on Shavuot more than 3,300 years ago. Every year on the holiday of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and G‑d “re-gives” the Torah.
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/609663/jewish/What-Is-Shavuot-Shavuos.htm

4. Pentecost June 9, 2019 (Midnight to midnight)
The Christian holy day of Pentecost, which is celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles. In Christian tradition, this event represents the birth of the early Church.
https://www.bing.com/search?q=the+day+of+pentecost+explained&FORM=QSRE1
https://www.gotquestions.org/day-Pentecost.html(The Day of Pentecost is also known as Pentecost Sunday).

B. Discussion. In order for us to properly understand these four special days of God, we will have to go back many years in history, and many books of biblical teaching.

1. Sabbath. Consider the Holy relationship that exists between God and the Jews. Consider the Holiness of the sabbath, that exists between God and the Jews. As far as the Sabbath relationship, for Christians and God, it is a spiritual observance: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it Holy. Christians should consider how they can “keep the Sabbath Holy,” in their lives. Consider the Holiness that is foumd in each of the following verses.

a. Exodus 16:23 the sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord.
b. Exodus 16:25 the sabbath is a sabbath to the Lord;
c. Exodus 16:29 the Lord has given you the sabbath; (a gift from God to the Jews).
d. Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (a commandment to the Jews).
e. Exodus 20:10 the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God.
f. Exodus 20:11 the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.
g. Exodus 31:13 But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.” (God’s Word to Moses, to be spoken to the Jews).
9. Exodus 31:14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you (Words to Jews).
10. Exodus 31:15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord.
11. Exodus 31:16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant (spoken to Jews).
12. Exodus 35:2 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the Lord (spoken to Jews).
13. Leviticus 16:31 It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute (spoken to Jews). (I like “that you may humble your souls.”)
14. Leviticus 23:3 ‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings (spoken to Jews). (I like Holy convocation; the GNT says “gather for worship,” instead of “holy convocation.”)
15. Leviticus 23:32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.” (spoken to Jews). (notice that each day begins in the evening and ends on the following evening).

2. Pentecost. Shavuot. Harvest. Feast of Weeks.

a. Exodus 23:14–19 All male Jews were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem for the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. (MacArthur Study notes).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+23%3A14-17&version=NASB

b. Leviticus 23:15-17 15 ‘You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the Lord. 17 You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord. 21 On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

c. Acts 2:1. When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.5 Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven.

d. Acts 1:5; 2:4. The Feast of Pentecost was fulfilled in Christ.

e. 2 Kings 17:1-6. In 722 B.C. the ten northern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Assyrians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those ten tribes into far lands.

f. 2 Kings 24:17-21. In 597-586 B.C. the two southern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Babylonians and displaced from their land. This dispersal sent those two tribes into far lands.

g. Acts 2:1-5. In 30 A.D. (all dates Ryrie Study Bible)
The Day of Pentecost. Because of Ex 14-19, dispersed Jews went to Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost. At that time, God chose to pour out His Holy Spirit on those Jews, per the following verses. In this context, “tongues” refers to languages. From the time of the dispersal in 722 B.C., those Jews learned and spoke the languages of the lands where they had been dispersed. So, in Acts, not all Jews in Jerusalem spoke the same language; many had forgotten how to speak Hebrew; verses 4-5 address that reality. It is amazing that the dispersed Jews had the discipline to obey the Mosaic Law to go to Jerusalem for the three required feasts. The miracle of Pentecost was that the Jews in the upper room spoke the individual languages of all of the congregated Jews, from all of the dispersed lands (vs 5), so that they could hear the gospel of “Christ and Him crucified” (Acts 2:36).

h. Leviticus 23:15-22, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, and Acts 2:1 discuss Pentecost. Other verses discuss this Holy event, as follows, and : https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Feast-Of-Weeks

3. Acts 1:1-11. 30. A.D. The ascension of Christ.

a. After His resurrection, Christ appeared to people 40 days, and preached the gospel (good news) of “the kingdom of heaven” (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN). Christ told the disciples (men and women) to wait in Jerusalem for the Holy Spirit to fall on them, and empower them. The disciples still wanted to know if the Kingdom of God was going to be restored at this time (no mention of heaven). Christ then gave them their orders, per the great commission of Acts 1:8, to carry His message to the world. Then, Christ ascended upward to heaven into a cloud, and was seen no more. Angels told the disciples that Christ would return to earth in the same manner that He left.

b. The disciples went to an upper room in Jerusalem, where they waited, and prayed for ten days. This particular upper room may have been the same place where Christ observed His last Passover with the disciples. Women accompanied Christ and His disciples as they traveled (Luke 8:1-3), as He preached about THE KINGDOM OF GOD. I can not believe that Christ would have “shut the door” on the women, and prevented them from taking part in the last Passover observance. Women were waiting in the upper room for the Holy Spirit to fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 1:14). The group of 120 followers of Christ stayed in Jerusalem for 10 days, praying; then the Holy Spirit fell (Acts 2:1-6) (50 days after the resurrection of Christ; Ryrie Study Bible note).

c. The result of the Day of Pentecost miracle was that 3,000 Jews came to saving faith in Christ on that same day (Acts 2:41).

II. Conclusion. All of the events of this article have a key sharing ingredient, with that factor being the law. The Sabbath and Shavuot were key elements of the Law. The Day of Pentecost, drew Jews from many lands to Jerusalem, due to the Law. The Day of Christ’s Ascension occurred so that the Holy Spirit could fall on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost. I can safely say that, as a result of the law, all born again believers in Christ have come to saving faith in Christ; this was due to the discipline that the Jews, from Moses to Christ, showed toward the Law.

III. Reverence – Holiness. At the time of this writing, the earth is rotating on its axis at a speed of 1,000 miles per hour. Some people who read my articles are living where it is darkness, and others are living where it is daylight. Some are awaking from darkness, and seeing the early dawning hours. Some people are enjoying a noon time meal. Others are looking forward to having their evening meal, at about the time that sunset develops, and the Sabbath of Friday afternoon appears. The Sabbath should be “remembered, and kept holy,” for 24 hours until sunset on Saturday evening. Please let me encourage all who read my blog to “Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy.” The Sabbath, the seventh day of the week, is important, is Holy, and should not be dismissed from the “area of importance” of our mind.

Sabbath Worship, as well as all of the other requirements of the Law, was fulfilled by Christ (Matthew 5:17-18). Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to another day of the week to meet their desires.

My wish for those whom will be reading this article will be to:

“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8).

14 – Israel – Exodus 25-40 – The Tabernacle In The Desert

We Glorify The Lamb – Terry MacAlmon – Terry MacAlmon Official.
Published on Mar 21, 2015 – Taken from “Pikes Peak Worship Festival”, a live worship DVD by Terry MacAlmon. The DVD was published in 2007.

I. Introduction.

A. In our previous study of the “Tent Of Meeting,” Israel 12 – Yahweh Shammah – The Tent Of Meeting – Exodus 33, we discussed “a certain tent” that Moses would pitch where he would go inside and meet with God. Scripture does not tell of any furnishings that may have been present in this tent, “The Tent Of Meeting.” But in, “The Tabernacle in the desert,” also known as the “Tent of Meeting,” there were furnishings, as well as other things, with each having its own spiritual purpose. In this article, we will discuss “The Tabernacle in the Desert,” and those things that were present in that tabernacle.

B. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.). The Tabernacle in the Desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.). The Glory of God was present in this tabernacle.

C. God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.). Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.). The Glory of God was present in this, “Solomon’s Temple.”

D. After Solomon’s Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C., it was rebuilt by Zerubbabel, finishing it in 515 B.C. However, the Glory of God was not present in Zerubbabel’s temple.

E. King Herod remodeled Zerubbabel’s Temple, but the Glory of God was not present in “Herod’s” temple. Herod’s temple was destroyed in 70 A.D.

F. There will be a temple that will be build during the tribulation, but it will not be one of Godly legitimacy. The Glory of God will not be present in the tribulation temple.

G. It will only be when Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom that there will be a Godly Temple in Jerusalem. During the time that Christ was in Jerusalem He never entered into the temple’s “Holy of Holies;” the reason is that He “is” the “Holy of Holies!”

H. God will build a temple in Jerusalem that will be present during the future millennium of the Kingdom Age (Ezekiel 37:25). The prophet Ezekiel saw the glory of God in a vision entering the millennial temple (Ezekiel 43:1-7, 574 B.C.), which will make the temple of the Kingdom Age a Godly occupied temple, and very legitimate.

I. It is important to understand that regarding the law, including Temple worship, Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law, with that fulfillment being finished on the cross at Calvary. It is only through the finished work of Christ on the cross that anyone can have salvation (Matthew 5:17; John 1:29; John 4:19-24; John 19:30).

J. In this series of articles on the dwelling places of God, in our next article we will study Solomon’s Temple, which will be followed by a study of the temple of the Kingdom Age (Millenium). We will not study any temple not having the indwelling Presence of God. We will conclude the dwelling places of God with a study on the indwelling presence of God’s Holy Spirit in the spirit of born again believers in Yeshua Ha’Mashiach.

K. The significance of key Tabernacle items:

1. The Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 26:33) is the seat of God’s gracious presence.
2. The Mercy Seat is a type of Christ, our Propitiation (Exodus 25:16-22). The Mercy Seat was positioned “above” the ark which held the covenant, the “law.”
3. The Table of Bread (Exodus 25:23-30; 26:35). The “Table Bread” is a type of Christ, the Bread of Life.
4. The Lampstand (Exodus 25:31). The Candlestick is a type of Christ, the Light of the World.
5. The Veil (Exodus 26:31-35). The curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.
6. The Altar of Burnt Offering (Exodus 27:1). The Bronze Altar is a type of Christ, our Substitute and Sacrifice.
7. The Bronze Laver (Exodus 30:17-20). The Laver is a type of Christ, our cleansing and regeneration.
8. The Altar of Incense (Exodus 30:1). The Incense Altar is a type of Christ, our Intercessor and Advocate.

II. The following video discusses “The Tabernacle In The Desert.”

The Ark and the Tabernacle – A Faith Kids Bible Story Video

III. Description Of The Tabernacle And Its Components.

A. God’s Order To Construct The Tabernacle In The Desert.

1. The Tabernacle To Be Constructed (Ex 25:1-9). (A Holy Place, A Sanctuary). Exodus 25:8-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB).

8 Let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them. 9 According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it.

The tent (Ex 26:36). The tent of meeting (Ex 29:42). The tabernacle of the testimony (Num 17:7).

2. The ark and the mercy seat (Ex 25:10-22).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A10-22&version=NASB

Ex 25:10-16 The ark (not Noah’s ark) that held the tables of the law (or “the testimony” vs 16), a pot of manna, and “Aaron’s rod that budded” (“Numbers 17:5-8,” Hebrews 9:4).
Ex 25:17 A mercy seat (a covering). It was not only the lid for the ark, but also the place where sins were covered, thus the place of propitiation.
Ex 25:22 Ark of testimony. So called because it contained the law (vs 16).

3. The table for the bread .(Exodus 25:23-30).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A23-30&version=NASB

The table held the “bread of the Presence” and certain utensils (Ex 25:29). “Bread of the Presence means bread laid before God, in His Presence. Each of the 12 tribes was equally important to God, and He was the one who met their needs (John 6:32-35).

4. The Lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+25%3A31-40&version=NASB

The gold lampstand was an upright shaft, from each side of which 3 branches extended. The lampstand provided light for the ministering priests, and typified Christ, the Light of the world.

5. The Curtains (Exodus 26:1-14)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A1-14&version=NASB

Ex 26:1-6 Curtains. The inside curtains that covered the wooden framework of the Tabernacle.
Ex 26:7-13 Curtains. These curtains covered the inner linen curtain.
Ex 26:14 Two additional coverings. Some believe that these coverings were used as a wrapper when the Tabernacle was being moved.

6. The Boards (Ex 26:15-30).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A15-30&version=NASB

The walls of the Tabernacle were apparently not solid, but of a trellis-like construction that allowed the beauty of the linen curtains to be visible from the inside.

7. The Veils (Ex 26:31-37).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+26%3A31-37&version=NASB

Ex 26:31-35 The inner veil separated the Holy Place (which contained the Altar of Incense, the lampstand, and the table for the bread) from the Most Holy Place, or Holy of Holies (which contained the ark and the mercy seat). The veil barred all but the high priest from the Presence of God, but when it was torn in two at the death of Christ (Mark 15:35), access to God was made available to all that come through Him (Heb 10:19-22).
Ex 26:36-37 The outer veil hanging at the eastern end of the Holy Place functioned as a door to the tent.

8. The Bronze Altar (Exodus 27:1-8).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A1-8&version=NASB

Ex 27:1-8 The “altar” was made of wood covered with bronze. The sacrifices were made on it. “Horns” were used to bind the sacrificial animals to the altar (Ps 118:27). “Basins” were used to catch the blood of the animals.

9. The Court (Ex 27:9-19).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A9-19&version=NASB

The court of the tabernacle was screened with linen curtains 7.5 feet high to provide privacy for the worshipers inside. The tabernacle itself took up only about 1/15 of this area.

10. The Oil (Ex 27:20-21).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+27%3A20-21&version=NASB

The “oil” obtained from olives that were beaten, rather than crushed, would be of finer quality, burning more brightly and with less smoke.

11. The Priests’ Garments (Ex 28:1-43).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+28%3A1-43&version=NASB

12. The Priests’ Consecration (Ex 29:1-46).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+29%3A1-46&version=NASB

13. The Altar Of Incense (Ex 30:1-10).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A1-10&version=NASB

The “altar of incense” stood before the curtain that shut off the Most Holy Place, or Holy of Holies. Incense was burned on it, morning and evening, when the priest tended to the lamp. (Ex 30:34-38 describes the composition of the incense).

14. The Atonement Money (Ex 30:11-16).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A11-16&version=NASB

15. The Laver (Ex 30:17-21).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A17-21&version=NASB

The “bronze laver” was made from mirrors (Ex 38:8), and stood between the altar of burnt offering and the door of the Tabernacle. The bronze laver was used for the ritual cleansing of the priests.

16. The Anointing Oil (Ex 30:22-33).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A22-33&version=NASB

The “holy anointing oil” was highly perfumed and was to be used only for the prescribed consecrations of the Tabernacle and its furnishings (vs 26-29). vs 29, The Tabernacle and its furnishings were made holy, i.e., set apart for God’s service. Holiness was transmitted to the priests who touched them. Others who touched the Holy items would die (2 Sam 6:7).

17. The incense (Ex 30:34-38).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+30%3A34-38&version=NASB

Ex 30:35. Salted to assure rapid burning of the incense, and to preserve it until used.

II. The construction of the Tabernacle completed.

Exodus 40:33 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

33 He erected the court all around the tabernacle and the altar, and hung up the veil for the gateway of the court. Thus Moses finished the work.

III. The Tabernacle Filled (indwelt) By The Glory Of The Lord.

Exodus 40:34-35 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

40:34 “the cloud covered…the glory of the Lord filled.” This was the final confirmation for Moses and the people that all the work for setting up God’s dwelling place had been properly done and all the tedious instructions obediently followed. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

35 Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

40:35 The intensity of the Presence of God is evident in that even Moses was not able to enter the Tabernacle. There are other instances of the power of God’s Presence. See 1 Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chr 5:13-14; 2 Chr 7:1-2

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Israel 15 – Shabbat Candle Blessing

Shabbat Candle Blessing – Valley Outreach Synagogue

Psalm 46:10-11 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

10 Be still and know that I am God, I will be exalted among the heathen, and I will be exalted in the earth.

11 The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

Valley Outreach Synagogue & Center for Jewish Life
Published on Jan 24, 2011

Jack Bielan’s setting of the Shabbat Candle Blessing performed at High Holidays by the Valley Outreach Synagogue Choir and Orchestra. The soloist is Bronwen Li-Paz. Valley Outreach Synagogue is located in Woodland Hills, California. The Spiritual Leader of V.O.S. is Ron Li-Paz and Jack Bielan is the Musical Director.

http://www.vosla.org

http://www.JackBielan.com

From Jack Bielan’s album “From The Heart Of A Jewish Soul” – available at http://www.JackBielan.com/Music-From_…

Sheet music is available at http://www.jackbielan.com/Sheet_Music…

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Israel 14 – Shabbat – God’s Words To The Jews


Most Beautiful Shabbat Video Ever!!!! Published on Sep 29, 2014 -Shabbat.com Filmed at the Klatzko Family Shabbat home in Monsey, NY.

It is almost 8 PM on the east coast of the United States of America. As I am completing this article that will be published and posted on my blogs, I am very aware that the earth on which we reside, is speeding on its axis with the result being the arrival of Sabbat on each part of our earth on Godly predetermined times of a twenty-four hour day. Therefore, I must use the mindset of “haste-not waste” as I try not to become a Cinderella type of pumpkin.

The earth is rotating on its axis at a speed of 1,000 miles per hour at the equator. There are 24 time zones in the world, with each time zone being 15 degrees in width at the equator. Therefore, twenty-four time zones, being 15 degrees wide (at the equator), gives us a world of 360 degrees width. If the speed of the earth’s rotation would be 10,000 miles an hour, or ten times its current speed, the earth would move so fast that the earth would never warm from the sun’s rays, which would cause everybody on earth to freeze to death. Consider, also, the heating and burning effect of the sun on the people of the earth, if the earth’s rotation would be 100 miles an hour, or one-tenth of its present speed. With this stated perfection of the earth’s rotation, I will ask this question: “Didn’t God do a good job in creating the earth?” Sorry folks, “no big bang!” Explosions result in a scattering effect of disorder. God’s creation of the world, resulted in perfect order, with the Sabbath Day being the capstone of God’s perfection in creation.

Let’s consider a view of God’s creation of earth, as it is shown in the following video from the moon, on Christmas Eve 1968. Also consider the reading of the Bible from their lunar orbit by the U.S. astronauts. All of the Apollo 8 astronauts were members of the U.S. military.


Matthew Tietje Published on Dec 23, 2013

Think about the coming of the Sabbath on each Friday morning that you wake from sleep. With your mind, move throughout your day, with the knowledge that God is in the process of bringing about Holiness, in each of the 24 time zones, one hour apart. I think that you will gain an appreciation for Shabbat that escapes most believers in Christ. Consider the darkness of Thursday night, ending in the dawning of Friday morning. Consider darkness becoming dawn, dawn becoming day, day becoming evening, evening becoming dusk, and sunset, and the Sabbath arriving at the end of the day (Friday), and lasting 24 hours, until sunset on Saturday evening.

Let’s now consider God, the Sabbath, and the Jews, which is the spiritual tie that draws “that three” together (Imagine a triune Godly relationship).

Exodus 16:23-29 (NASB)

The Sabbath Observed

23…tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. 29 …the Lord has given you the sabbath;

Exodus 31:12-18 (NASB)

The Sign Of  The Sabbath

12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13“But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you….15For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord….16So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 20:1, 8-11 (NASB)

1 Then God spoke all these words, saying, 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

Leviticus 23:1-3 (NASB)

Laws Of Religious Festivals

1 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these: 3 “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

Leviticus 23:23-25 (NASB)

23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

Leviticus 25:1-4 (NASB)

The Sabbatic Year And Year Of Jubilee

1 The Lord then spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I shall give you, then the land shall have a sabbath to the Lord. 3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, 4 but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the Lord; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. Deuteronomy is the record of Moses’ words of explanation concerning the law.

Deuteronomy 5:1, 12-14 (NASB)

The Ten Commandments Repeated

1 Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them:“Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing, 12 ‘Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you.  13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.

Deuteronomy 15:1 (NASB)

The Sabbatic Year

1 At the end of every seven years you shall grant a remission of debts.

Deuteronomy 14:2 (NASB)

2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth

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Israel 12 – Yahweh Shammah – The Tent Of Meeting – Exodus 33

In The Presence Of Jehovah – Terry MacAlmon

Introduction – We now begin a series of discussions on the relationship of God and His chosen people, Israel. We will consider God’s Presence in, “The Tent Of Meeting, The Tabernacle In The Desert, Solomon’s Temple, and the Millennial Temple” (Ezekiel’s Temple is also known as the Millennial Temple). We will begin this study with an examination of the Tent Of Meeting.

Of key significance to this study is the end wording of Ezekiel 48:35.

Ezekiel 48:35 The Message (MSG) 35… “From now on the name of the city will be Yahweh-Shammah:
“God-Is-There.” The city is Jerusalem. The time is that of the thousand-year millennial reign in the Kingdom Age.

In each of the following discussions of: “Tent of meeting, Tabernacle in the desert, Solomon’s Temple, and Ezekiel’s Temple,” the Glory of God will be found to be Present in each structure . Ezekiel’s Temple is, yet future, in the Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ. For the purposes of born again believers in Christ, we know the truth of 1 Corinthians 6:19: “your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you.”

As born again believers in Christ, we worship God, whose Holy Spirit resides within our spirit. But, why do we worship and praise God? The answer to this question is simple. We worship God because He is worthy of our worship and praise.

Psalm 19 New International Version (NIV)

For the director of music. A psalm of David.

1 The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.

Consider “the Glory of God,” as we continue with this article.

Haggai 2:7: “I will fill this temple with glory.” (520 B.C.)

When we consider “the temple,” we must go back to a point in time when there was no Jewish temple; such a time is described in Exodus 33:7 (1491 B.C.). From there, we turn around and go forward as far as we possibly can go. So, hop on board! You’ll enjoy the ride!

The Tent Of Meeting – Yahweh Shammah

Exodus 33:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
7 Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, a good distance from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting. And everyone who sought the LORD would go out to the tent of meeting which was outside the camp.

Let’s say that you’re an Israelite in 1491 B.C. You have been traveling with the other Jews as you have fled the oppressive Egyptians, and have made a tent encampment in an area that has only dirt, sand and dust on the ground. You don’t know it yet, but your travel will last forty years. On this particular day, your mind and eyes are focused on “the walk of Moses,” as you have become accustomed. Freshly and deeply stored in your mind is the knowledge that God has provided for all of your needs during these recent days. You know that God took you from the oppressive hand of the Egyptians. You saw God opening the Red Sea for you to flee to safer land. You are experiencing intimacy with God through God’s gift to you of the Sabbath and the Law. You are gaining a greater understanding of the creative and sustaining power of God (Elohim, Genesis 1:1). Today, as in previous days, you are being exposed to the intimacy of the Presence of the LORD (Yahweh, Exodus 33:7, 11), as His Glory becomes visible in the pillar of cloud at the tent where God meets with Moses (Exodus 33:10).

Let’s say that it is late in the afternoon, just prior to dusk. The sun is going down, nearing the horizon. Suddenly you, and the other Israelites, go to the door of each of your tents! Why? Moses is walking in between your rows of tents on his way to the tent of meeting. All of you and your neighbors are aware that a time of Holiness is in the making. Moses is no longer a young man; being eighty years of age at this time in his life. He doesn’t move with the quickness or agility that he did as a young man; still, he makes this regular stroll; he may even walk with the aid of a cane or staff. As Moses walks past the doorway of your tent, and continues in the direction of the “Tent,” where he will experience the holiness and glory of God, the sun is staring him in the face. With each step that Moses takes, dust is kicked up behind him and finds a resting place on the lower edge of his robe. You see the evening haze, just above the horizon, with the setting sun casting various colors of red, yellow, brown. You see Moses arriving at the door of the tent; you see him entering the tent, and you know that waiting for him is, “God!” Yes! The Glory of God had also entered the Tent! You know that God and Moses are about to enter into serious conversation. You have never had such an experience of Holiness! You, and all of the others in your encampment … you stand at the doors of your tents, and … you … all of you…”worship”!

The following video will help you to understand that which I have written in the above paragraph. The scriptures are Exodus 33:7-14.

Moses and the Tent of Meeting

Exodus 33:7-11 NASB (1491 B.C.)

The Tent of Meeting 7-11 – Moses, God, Joshua

7 Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, a good distance from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting. And everyone who sought the LORD would go out to the tent of meeting which was outside the camp. 8 And it came about, whenever Moses went out to the tent, that all the people would arise and stand, each at the entrance of his tent, and gaze after Moses until he entered the tent. 9 Whenever Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the tent; and the Lord would speak with Moses. 10 When all the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, all the people would arise and worship, each at the entrance of his tent. 11 Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses returned to the camp, his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.

There are two points of interest that I would like to discuss that pertain to vs 7-11.

First of all, 33:7 has a description of “tent” that needs to be investigated. Different translations say: a tent, the tent, his tent. The KJV states “the tabernacle,” which is far from the context of this passage. The NKJV uses, “his tent.” The NLT uses, “The Tent Of Meeting,” which states its purpose, but not its ownership. “A tent” is used by NIV, CSB, HCSB, KJV2000. “The tent” is used by ESV, NASB/NAS, ISV, NET, ASV. “The tabernacle” is used by KJV and KJV21. The Interlinear Hebrew uses, “his tent.” Strong’s Concordance uses “a tent” to describe the Hebrew (ha·’o·hel). All of the above descriptions of “a tent, the tent, his tent, tabernacle, tent of meeting,” will find acceptance in most conversations. However, I think that we need a more clearly defined description of that structure in which God and Moses met.

In order for me to provide a credible conclusion on the matter of “tent,” I chose a commentary on the Book of Exodus, from The New American Commentary set of individual commentaries. The writer is Dr. Douglas K. Stuart; see his bio below.

Consider the conclusion on the tent that is made by Dr. Stuart: “Starting with the timing of 33:7, Moses employed “a certain tent” (quotation marks mine) as a symbolic substitute for the actual Tent of Meeting, the tabernacle.” My conclusion is that of Dr. Stuart, “a certain tent.”

Another matter of discussion is that of 33:11: “… Moses returned to the camp, his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.”… We will stay with Dr. Stuart in his discussion on the tent of meeting. Joshua’s not leaving is not intended to imply that he lived in it – only that his own tent was nearby so that he could serve as its custodian. Joshua thus lived outside the concentrated Israelite encampment. Joshua was called Moses’ “young aide” not because he was immature but because he was so much younger than Moses, who was eighty at this point. Forty years later, Joshua may himself have been eighty years old (or more) when he led the Israelites in the conquest of Canaan (A reasonable inference from Joshua 13:1, 23:1).

BIO: Douglas K. Stuart (born February 8, 1943) is Professor of Old Testament at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, an interdenominational Evangelical Seminary.[1] He received his B.A. magna cum laude from Harvard College in 1964, spent two years at Yale Divinity School, and in 1971 received his PhD in Near Eastern Languages and Literature from Harvard University, on meter in Hebrew Poetry. Other data on Dr. Stuart is contained in this link of information: https://christianuniversity.org/professors/douglas-k-stuart-ph-d/

Consider the purpose for a detailed examination of Bible scriptures.

Acts 17:10-11 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Paul at Berea

10 The brethren immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea, and when they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews. 11 Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.

My note. The “Jews” at Berea heard Paul’s preaching. Then, they examined the scriptures, which were Old Testament . There was no New Testament at this time (53 A.D. Scofield Study Bible).

My deep interest in 33:7 and 33:11. These two verses told me a lot about that which was going on while the Israelites were desert dwellers. But, I wanted to know more than that which just meets the eye. My mind is of an investigative nature. My twenty-eight years of military service in the radar field, involved operating radar scopes, training others to operate radar scopes, and evaluating trainee radar operators so that they could operate radar scopes while under no supervision. Also, working as a private investigator, and commercial and residential inspector, have given me “an inquiring mind” (you’ve probably heard that one before). My spiritual drive comes from Ephesians 4:12:”

Ephesians 4:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ;

Holy Are You Lord – Terry MacAlmon

Re: the two Terry MacAlmon videos: Terry MacAlmon Official – Published on Mar 21, 2015. Taken from “Pikes Peak Worship Festival”, a live worship DVD by Terry MacAlmon. The DVD was published in 2007.

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Israel 11 – A Tent, A Tabernacle, A Temple – Exodus 25

Take Me In Catherine Mullins lyrics

Isaiah 6:1-7 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Isaiah’s Vision

1 In the year of King Uzziah’s death I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple. 2 Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called out to another and said,

“Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts, The whole earth is full of His glory.”

4 And the foundations of the thresholds trembled at the voice of him who called out, while the temple was filling with smoke. 5 Then I said,

“Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips,
And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts.”

6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me with a burning coal in his hand, which he had taken from the altar with tongs. 7 He touched my mouth with it and said, “Behold, this has touched your lips; and your iniquity is taken away and your sin is forgiven.”

In blog post, Israel 10 – Exodus 15-24, we see that God delivered the Israelites from their bondage in Egypt. After God led the Israelites through the Red Sea to safer land, He provided all of their human needs. God also gave the Law to the Jews, to include the Sabbath. Now, we see that God has put His chosen people to work, building a tabernacle.

Exodus 25:1-9 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Offerings to Build the Tabernacle
1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Tell the Israelites,”8 “They are to make a sanctuary for Me so that I may dwell among them. 9 You must make it according to all that I show you—the pattern of the tabernacle as well as the pattern of all its furnishings.

God gave directions for the Israelites to build a tabernacle; He also gave precise instructions for the job. In this, and following articles, we will discuss, in detail, each of these structures:

Tent Of Meeting, Tabernacle In The Desert, Solomon’s Temple, Tribulation Temple, Millennium Temple. We will also discuss the reconstructed and renovated Solomon’s Temple.

The following video gives you a quick explanation of the tent of meeting and tabernacle in the desert.

The Ark and the Tabernacle – A Faith Kids Bible Story Video

The phrase “tent of meeting” is used in the Old Testament, specifically in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, as the name of a place where God would meet with His people, Israel. Usually, the “tent of meeting” was used as another name for the Tabernacle of Moses. However, before the tabernacle was constructed, God met with Moses in a temporary tent of meeting: “Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the ‘tent of meeting.’ Anyone inquiring of the Lord would go to the tent of meeting outside the camp. . . . As Moses went into the tent, the pillar of cloud would come down and stay at the entrance, while the Lord spoke with Moses” (Exodus 33:7, 9). The fact that Moses set up the tent of meeting outside of the camp underscored that the people had broken fellowship with God at Sinai when they had made the golden calf (see Exodus 33:3). After the tabernacle was built, Moses no longer needed his temporary tent, and the term tent of meeting began to be applied to the tabernacle.(Continued in link)
https://www.gotquestions.org/tent-of-meeting.html

The following information discusses the progression of construction, destruction and reconstruction of “Solomon’s Temple,” where God’s Presence dwelt within “the holy of holies/most holy place.” Information is also provided to show that, in all following temples, the Presence of God will never dwell, except the Millennium Temple. After the destruction of Solomon’s Temple in 586 B.C., the Presence of God was never present in the reconstructed temple of Zerubbabel, or the renovated Herod’s Temple, or will be Present in the yet future Tribulation Temple. There will not be the Presence of God in any temple until the Millennial Temple is built, which will follow the Tribulation. During the time that Christ walked the Earth, He never went into “Holy of Holies,” in the Temple in Jerusalem because, He was/is “the Most Holy/the Holy of Holies.” The following article discusses the details of the temple’s destruction:
https://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/places/related-articles/destruction-and-reconstruction-of-the-temple.aspx
Home Page https://www.bibleodyssey.org/ Author Bio http://huc.edu/directory/tamara-cohn-eskenazi

Notice, in the following timeline, that the Jews got the tabernacle completed in one year from the date that God told them to build it.

God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.

https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/
https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/JEWISH_TEMPLEHerods_Temple00000006.htm.
Herod’s Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. https://www.preteristarchive.com/Ancient_Revelations/archeology/2001_harvardhouse_scientific-dating.html
The prophecy of the destruction of the temple was made by Christ in Matthew 24:1-2 (30 A.D.) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+24%3A1-2&version=HCSB

Consider the Tribulation Temple. The Anti-Christ will most likely authorize the construction of the temple during the first part of the Tribulation, and place it on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem; yet, God is in control of the temple (Revelation 11:1, “the temple of God”). See the following Tribulation temple article. http://www.pre-trib.org/articles/view/the-tribulation-temple

There will be a Temple that will be placed by God in Jerusalem during the Millennium (Ezekiel 37:26), following the Tribulation. The Glory of the Lord had previously been seen by the Jewish prophet Ezekiel, in a vision, with the Glory departing the temple in 594 B.C. (Ezekiel 9:3; 10:4; 10:18-19, 11:22-23). The Glory will not return to any temple, until the future kingdom of Messiah has been established, and the Millennial Temple has been placed there (Ezekiel 43:2–7; 44:4, as was seen by a later vision of Ezekiel in 574 B.C.). There is no scriptural proof of the Glory of God returning to the rebuilt or remodeled temples of Zerubbabel or Herod. Presently, there is no temple in Jerusalem. The Tribulation temple (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4, Revelation 11:1-2) will not be one of Godly inhabitance. It will only be when Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom, that God’s Gory will be present in the Temple in Jerusalem.

It is important to understand that regarding the law, including Temple worship, Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law, with that fulfillment being finished on the cross at Calvary. It is only through the finished work of Christ on the cross that anybody can have salvation (Matthew 5:17; John 1:29; John 4:19-24; John 19:30).

Matthew 5:17 New International Version (NIV) The Fulfillment of the Law

17 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

The following video discusses the tribulation temple.

What events will have to happen before the temple can be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

Consider the following detail of events of the tabernacle and temple.

1491 B.C. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9).
1490 B.C. The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33).
1015 B.C. God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6).
1004 B.C. Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1).
925 B.C. Shishak, king of Egypt, takes Jerusalem; the temple is plundered. (2 Chronicles 12:9).
850 B.C. The Philistines, Arabians, and Ethiopians lay siege to Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 21:16). The King’s palace is sacked and the Temple plundered.
586 B.C. The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19).
515 B.C. The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15).
63 A.D. Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was finished in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/
https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/JEWISH_TEMPLEHerods_Temple00000006.htm.
70 A.D.Herod’s Temple was destroyed by the Romans.

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https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/

Israel 10 – Exodus 15-24

Thunder and lightening classic and modern mix SFX, thatSFXguy, Published on Dec 4, 2013. It was in December in the early 1990s that about fifty-six thousand men gathered in Atlanta, Georgia at the Georgia Dome for a Promise Keepers event. On the opening night, I and the others quickly realized the power of God within His creation of atmospheric events. One of the most powerful, and frightening, thunder storms seemed to have settled over where we were “safely” (?) protected by the roof of the facility. Even, with such a large number of men in front of me, behind me, to the left of me, and to the right of me, it seemed like I was totally alone, and totally defenseless, to the indescribable strength of the thunder and lightening of the storm. This article leads to the discussion of another group of people, Jews, whom had gathered at Mt. Sinai, where there was much greater thundering and lightening, and fear.

The year date of this article is 1447 B.C. (Thompson Chain-Reference Bible, Frank Charles Thompson, 1858-May 3, 1940, D.D., Ph.D.).

I. The Red Sea Crossing In Review – The Jews crossed safely. The pursuing Egyptians drowned.

A. The following Exodus verses focus on God’s intervention in the safety of the lives of “His chosen people, Israel,” (Deu 14:2). Is clear that God parted the waters of the Red Sea, and the Israelites were given safe passage from one side of the Red Sea to the other. It is also very clear that the pursuing Egyptian soldiers were drowned when God caused the parted waters to return to their normal depth, covering the Egyptians.

B. Exodus 15:4, 10, 19 (NASB) 4 “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; And the choicest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea. 10 “You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them; They sank like lead in the mighty waters. 19 For the horses of Pharaoh with his chariots and his horsemen went into the sea, and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them, but the sons of Israel walked on dry land through the midst of the sea.

C. There are many people, including members of liberal churches, who doubt that God parted the Red Sea. To discount the truth of the Red Sea crossing is to doubt all of the books of Moses, as will as all other books of the Bible, which were written under the inspiration of God’s Holy Spirit. The following verse of scripture shows such inspiration, which is included in the New Testament, but relates specifically to Old Testament writings. There was no New Testament at the time of the following 66 A.D. writing.

D. 2 Timothy 3:16 (NASB) 16 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;

II. God’s Provisions For The Daily Needs Of The Jews (Physically and Spiritually)

A. Exodus 15:22, 25, 27 (NASB) The Lord Provides Water

22 Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness and found no water. 25 Then he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree; and he threw it into the waters, and the waters became sweet. There He made for them a statute and regulation, and there He tested them 27 Then they came to Elim where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date palms, and they camped there beside the waters.

B. Exodus 16:1, 4-7 (NASB) The Lord Provides Manna

1 Then they set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt. 4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” 6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, “At evening you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord

C. Exodus 16:8, 13-18 (NASB) The Lord Provides Meat

8 Moses said, “This will happen when the Lord gives you meat to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; 12 “I have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”13 So it came about at evening that the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 When the layer of dew evaporated, behold, on the surface of the wilderness there was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground. 15 When the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is what the Lord has commanded, ‘Gather of it every man as much as he should eat; you shall take an omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.’” 17 The sons of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little. 18 When they measured it with an omer, he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered as much as he should eat.

D. Exodus 16:22-35 (NASB) God establishes the Sabbath, a sign between God and the Jews.

The date of this passage of scripture is 1491 B.C. This is the first mention in scripture of the Sabbath since Creation and the removal of Adam and Eve from the garden of Eden (4004 B.C.). Therefore, the time that has elapsed is 2513 years. Dates come from the Scofield Study Bible. vs 23.”a holy sabbath to the Lord;” the sabbath is the seventh day.

22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.” 24 So they put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul nor was there any worm in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

27 It came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My instructions? 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 The house of Israel named it manna, and it was like coriander seed, white, and its taste was like wafers with honey. 32 Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded, ‘Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before the Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 The sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

E. Exodus 31:12-17 (NASB) The Sabbath, “A Sign Between God And The Jews.”

The sabbath is shown in this passage to be a sign between God and the Jews. It is holy to the Jews. The sabbath is a sign between God the the Jews forever. The sabbath is not stated as being a sign between God and gentiles. There is no requirement for gentiles to keep the sabbath, either in the Old Testament or New Testament. The Old Testament was written to Jews, about Jewish things. Key in Old Testament teaching are the coming of the Messiah, and the end times deliverance of Israel. The Law was given to the Jews, and only to the Jews. Within the law, there are teachings of morality, such as murder, that apply to everyone.

12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death. 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

F. Exodus 19:1-6 (NASB) Moses On Mt. Sinai – God to make Israel His own possession

1 In the third month after the sons of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that very day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. 2 When they set out from Rephidim, they came to the wilderness of Sinai and camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped in front of the mountain. 3 Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel: 4 ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you to Myself. 5 Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; 6 and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.”

G. Exodus 19:16-20 (NASB) Fear On Sinai – There was no dome over the Jews that were gathered at Mt. Sinai. They could realize no protection over them to protect them from the ‘thunder, lightening, trumpet.’

16 So it came about on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunder and lightning flashes and a thick cloud upon the mountain and a very loud trumpet sound, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

The Lord Visits Sinai – Fire, smoke, earthquake, loud trumpet sound, thunder

H. 18 Now Mount Sinai was all in smoke because the Lord descended upon it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently. 19 When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and God answered him with thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain; and the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

I. The following video will give you an idea of how great the Presence of God was on Mt. Sinai.

The Real Mount Sinai (- is in Saudi Arabia!) ledeReini Engler Published on Jan 23, 2012

J. The Law consists of more than the ten commandments; consider 613!

1. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments
Judaism: The 613 Mitzvot (Commandments) – The Torah, or Jewish Written Law, consists of the five books of the Hebrew Bible – known more commonly to non-Jews as the “Old Testament” – that were given by G-d to Moses on Mount Sinai and include within them all of the biblical laws of Judaism. The Torah is also known as the Chumash, Pentateuch or Five Books of Moses.

2. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-written-law-torah
Judaism: The Written Law – Torah. The word “Torah” has multiple meanings including: A scroll made from kosher animal parchment, with the entire text of the Five Books of Moses written on it; the text of the Five Books of Moses, written in any format; and, the term “Torah” can mean the entire corpus of Jewish law. This includes the Written and the Oral Law.

K. The Book of Leviticus shows that the Law applies only to Jews.

1. Leviticus 1:1-2 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock.

2. Leviticus 26:46 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 46 These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which the Lord established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai.

M. Provisions Of The Law (MacArthur Study Bible note)

1. Legislation for the Laity (1:1-6:7): Burnt offerings (chap. 1). Grain offerings (chap. 2). Peace offerings (chap. 3). Sin offerings (4:1—5:13). Trespass offerings (5:14—6:7).

2. Legislation for the Priesthood (6:8-7:38): Burnt offerings (6:8–13). Grain offerings (6:14–23). Sin offerings (6:24–30). Trespass offerings (7:1–10). Peace offerings(7:11–36).

O. Sacrifices Of The Law. Animal Sacrifices.

1. Leviticus 9:1-3 (NASB) 9 Now it came about on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel; 2 and he said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a calf, a bull, for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both without defect, and offer them before the Lord. 3 Then to the sons of Israel you shall speak, saying, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both one year old, without defect, for a burnt offering,

2. Consider verse 3, “a lamb without defect.” The only sacrificial lamb, without defect, was Christ.

3. Many people claim to be Torah compliant, or in compliance with the Law. In order to be such a person, all of the law must be kept (James 2:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.) Can anyone say that they are keeping all of the law? See M.1, M.2.,and 0.1. above.

4. In the year 683 B.C., the Jewish prophet Isaiah wrote the prophecy of Isaiah 53:5 to Israel; it is a prophecy which relates to the spiritual healing of Israel. The prophecy looks forward to the cross, when Christ will be sacrificed. It is important to know that this verse does not relate to physical healing, and was not written to the Church. This prophecy was written to Jews about Jewish matters.

a. Isaiah 2:1 (NASB) “1 The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.”

b. Isaiah 53:5 New American Standard Bible (NASB) “5 But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.”

c. To say that Isaiah 53:5 relates to physical healing, would also say that nobody would ever have a sickness or illness from which they would not recover, and that nobody would ever die.

5. Only the sacrifice of Christ on the cross can cleanse us from sin and make us worthy of eternal life with God…Hebrews 9:11-15 The Message (MSG) “11-15 But when the Messiah arrived, high priest of the superior things of this new covenant, he bypassed the old tent and its trappings in this created world and went straight into heaven’s “tent”—the true Holy Place—once and for all. He also bypassed the sacrifices consisting of goat and calf blood, instead using his own blood as the price to set us free once and for all. If that animal blood and the other rituals of purification were effective in cleaning up certain matters of our religion and behavior, think how much more the blood of Christ cleans up our whole lives, inside and out. Through the Spirit, Christ offered himself as an unblemished sacrifice, freeing us from all those dead-end efforts to make ourselves respectable, so that we can live all out for God.”

6. The sacrifice of Christ on the cross also fulfilled the prophecy of John 1:29, where all whom have accepted Christ as Lord and Savior will be free from the sin that keeps them from eternal life, with that sin being the sin of unbelief… John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!.. John 3:16 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

7. There is no plan of salvation that is stated in the law. Consider Joshua 24:1-14.

P. It is clear from scripture that the Law relates solely to Jews. It is also clear from scripture that Christ fulfilled the Law. Matthew 5:17 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.”

Passion of the Christ – Worthy is the Lamb – Hillsong Erion Published on Apr 13, 2016″

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Israel 9 – Exodus 14

The Fifth Dimension ≈ AQUARIUS ≈ Let The SUNSHINE In, 1969 – Billy Davis Jr.(lead singer), Marilyn McCoo (brown hair), Florence LaRue, Lamonte McLemore (yellow shirt), and Ronald Townson

The expression, “Age of Aquarius,” in popular culture usually refers to the heyday of the hippie and New Age movements in the 1960s and 1970s. Other descriptions of the Age of Aquarius can be found in the following link. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Aquarius “Peace and love” often found embodiment in such songs as this one. Consider the Jews. When the Israelites saw the Red Sea before them, and the rushing Egyptian army behind them, did they have feelings of harmony, understanding, peace, love, sympathy, etc., in relation to their future? Consider Noah. Did he, and his family, feel God’s protection before they were, “brought safely through the water.” (Genesis 6:7, 1 Peter 3:20).

Israel 9 – Exodus 14 – Preliminary

Consider the following CBN interview that adds credible evidence to the subject that will be studied in this article.

CBN News: Ryan Mauro Discusses “Finding the Mountain of Moses: The Real Mt Sinai in Saudi Arabia”

In this CBN video, notice the mention of the “underwater land bridge.” Such an underwater pass would be necessary for the passage of the Israelites through the Red Sea, due to the depth of the sea. From the Israel 7 article, this statement can be found: (1) How could the fleeing Israelites (some very old and some very young, and some in very poor health and some in very good health), walk downward from the edge of the shore, a distance of 5500 feet, and then walk upward, a distance of 5500 feet, onto the far shore? It was through the work of God, in creation or in some other sovereign act, that made the underwater land bridge; and, it was only through the leading of God that His chosen people were directed to that “Godly prepared area,” that would lead the Jews to safety through the sea.

Israel 9 – Exodus 14 Ongoing

In the following verses we will consider things that relate to the fleeing Israelites and to the pursuing Egyptians. But, don’t overlook the Presence of God in each incident, as well as of His purposes.

Exodus 14:1-12 (New American Standard Bible) Pharaoh in Pursuit

1 Now the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Tell the sons of Israel to turn back and camp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you shall camp in front of Baal-zephon, opposite it, by the sea. 3 For Pharaoh will say of the sons of Israel, ‘They are wandering aimlessly in the land; the wilderness has shut them in.’ 4 Thus I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them; and I will be honored through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.” And they did so.

5 When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, Pharaoh and his servants had a change of heart toward the people, and they said, “What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?” 6 So he made his chariot ready and took his people with him; 7 and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them. 8 The Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he chased after the sons of Israel as the sons of Israel were going out boldly. 9 Then the Egyptians chased after them with all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and they overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

10 As Pharaoh drew near, the sons of Israel looked, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them, and they became very frightened; so the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord. 11 Then they said to Moses, “Is it because there were no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you dealt with us in this way, bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Is this not the word that we spoke to you in Egypt, saying, ‘Leave us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness.”

Note 2. God told the Israelites to camp by the sea so that later He could deliver them miraculously.
Note 3. The Egyptians would note Israel’s route of escape, note the change in direction (v. 2), and conclude “that they were bewildered.” All of this was orchestrated by God.
Note 4. “then I will harden Pharaoh’s heart.” When Moses and Aaron had first approached Pharaoh (5:1–9), he had treated them, and their God, with contempt. With Pharaoh’s final defeat, the Name, “the Lord/Yahweh,” and Yahweh’s association with the people of Israel would be known and honored.
Note 6,7. “he made ready his chariot.”At Pharaoh’s command, the chariots pursued the Jews.
Note 8. “the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh,” as He had promised in 14:4. The purpose is nearing.

Exodus 14:13-31 (New American Standard Bible) The Sea Is Divided

13 But Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! Stand by and see the salvation of the Lord which He will accomplish for you today; for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you will never see them again forever. 14 The Lord will fight for you while you keep silent.”

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to Me? Tell the sons of Israel to go forward. 16 As for you, lift up your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, and the sons of Israel shall go through the midst of the sea on dry land. 17 As for Me, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them; and I will be honored through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen. 18 Then the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I am honored through Pharaoh, through his chariots and his horsemen.”

19 The angel of God, who had been going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 20 So it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud along with the darkness, yet it gave light at night. Thus the one did not come near the other all night.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord swept the sea back by a strong east wind all night and turned the sea into dry land, so the waters were divided. 22 The sons of Israel went through the midst of the sea on the dry land, and the waters were like a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 Then the Egyptians took up the pursuit, and all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots and his horsemen went in after them into the midst of the sea. 24 At the morning watch, the Lord looked down on the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud and brought the army of the Egyptians into confusion. 25 He caused their chariot wheels to swerve, and He made them drive with difficulty; so the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from Israel, for the Lord is fighting for them against the Egyptians.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may come back over the Egyptians, over their chariots and their horsemen.” 27 So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state at daybreak, while the Egyptians were fleeing right into it; then the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28 The waters returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen, even Pharaoh’s entire army that had gone into the sea after them; not even one of them remained. 29 But the sons of Israel walked on dry land through the midst of the sea, and the waters were like a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.

30 Thus the Lord saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 When Israel saw the great power which the Lord had used against the Egyptians, the people feared the Lord, and they believed in the Lord and in His servant Moses.

Note 16. READ CAREFULLY. “stretch out your hand.” The power of God was going to be shown in a mighty way. The Jews thought of the great body of water as being an undefeatable enemy. The parting of the Red Sea showed that every force in all of God’s creation was completely under His control. Consider the event of Christ stilling the sea (Mk 4:35-41). The context of this passage is “not” that “God calms the storms of our life.” Even born again believers in Christ will suffer from grave illnesses, will be affected from family loss of life and finances, and will also die. We can consider all of those things to be life’s storms. But, this account more correctly demonstrates Jesus’ unlimited power over the natural world (MacArthur), “even the wind and the sea obey Him,” (v 41). The disciples of Christ who were with Him in the storm will tell others, “I saw Him heal a man crippled all 38 years of his life.” “I saw Him cleanse a leper.” “I saw Him heal a man who was blind and could not speak.” “I saw Him heal a woman who had been suffering from severe bleeding for 12 years.” “I was with Him when He caused a man whom had been dead for four days to come back to life.” “I saw Him heal a man’s ear that been cut off.” “I saw Him calm the wind and waters of a storm that I thought would have caused my death” (Mk 4:35-41). In the case of the Jews at the Red Sea, they saw God part the sea and lead them to safety; they would see all of the pursuing Egyptian soldiers, “dead,” after God caused the water to return to its normal state, “drowning the soldiers, with their bodies seen washed up on the seashore” (v 30). The Jews would never forget this experience. The surviving Egyptians would not be able to deny God’s hand in delivering the Jews from slavery in Egypt.
Note 19. The Angel of God and the pillar of cloud cooperated to protect and lead the Israelites.
Note 20. At night, God confused the Egyptians and let the Israelites pass through the sea.
Note 22. The effects of the wind on the waters was so strong that the ground of passage had become dry!
Note 23. Egyptians pursued. The startled and confused Egyptians pursued the Jews into the Red Sea.
Note 24. The Lord waited until the time was just right. Then He caused confusion to fall among the Egyptians in the morning watch, while it was still dark.
Note 25. The Lord fought for the Israelites.
Note 28. Of all the Egyptian men, horses, and equipment that entered the dry bed of the sea, none survived; the defeat was total. No doubt, some Egyptian soldiers had not actually entered the water and had survived. They would be the ones that would spread the word about Yahweh, the Protector of Israel.

In this defeat of Egypt by God, we see God’s wrath being poured out on a nation that had sewn death on Jewish babies. See the following verses, comments and video.

Exodus 1:16 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
16 and he said, “When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the birthstool, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.”

Exodus 1:22 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.”

Egypt sewed death and reaped death.

Galatians 6:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
7 Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.

Consider the sewing of death in the USA. Ungodly Governors are signing into law the legalization of killing unborn babies, even up to the time of birth, and even after a child has been delivered. I will say this to those liberal governors: “you have not been exempted from the wrath of God!”

Consider Virginia’s Democrat Governor, Ralph Northam, explaining: “If a mother is in labor…the infant would be delivered. The infant would be kept comfortable. The infant would be resuscitated if that’s what the mother and the family desired, and then a discussion would ensue between the physicians and the mother.” Watch the video. The Governor is a pediatric neurologist https://www.governor.virginia.gov/about-the-governor/governor-ralph-northam/ Here is a comment from YouTube follower, Mary Grant,”It’s Murder of delivered babies. Why hasn’t the Mainstream news covered this?” I agree with Mary.

Virginia governor Ralph Northam: killing live-born babies should be legal
Make Cringe Great Again, Published on Jan 30, 2019
Please note that:”Virginia Republicans defeated the Democratic bill allowing abortions up until birth.” https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/30/va-gop-defeats-bill-allowing-abortions-until-birth/

After voting for abortion up to birth, the New York Senate erupted into a loud applause

Consider,”biogenesis,” as stated by Louis Pasteur. Biogenesis is the production of new living organisms or organelles. Conceptually, biogenesis is primarily attributed to Louis Pasteur and encompasses the belief that complex living things come only from other living things, by means of reproduction. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogenesis

There are eight states, along with Washington D.C., that have no gestational limits on abortion: Alaska, Colorado, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Vermont. Those ungodly governors and state legislators will not escape the wrath of God that will come upon those members who voted to kill babies, or to those ungodly governors who signed those bills into law (Revelation 20:10-15).
https://www.christianpost.com/news/7-states-already-allow-abortion-up-to-birth-not-just-new-york.html
It should not be above “anybody’s pay grade” to know when life begins (“Somebody” actually said that).

Israel 9 – Exodus 14 – Supportive

Consider the following information that relates to the validity of the Red Sea crossing.

Ships in Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea, Egypt) – Корабли в заливе Акаба (Красное море, Египет).
Notice that in the video of the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea), there are large merchant ships that require significant depths of water. Notice the size of the sea. I don’t see any “reeds” in the sea, and I can not understand how the soldiers of Pharaoh’s army could have drowned in a few inches of water, as has been the case for “the reed sea” proponents. Water flows into the Gulf of Aqaba from the Indian Ocean, through the Arabian Sea, through the Gulf of Aden, and through the Red Sea. Sufficient to say, “the water is deep.”
https://www.google.com/maps/place/Red+Sea/@22.2739265,43.9826064,3.95z/data=!4m13!1m7!3m6!1s0x15b91b7a37f530e5:0xbab428a1529071c7!2sRed+Sea!3b1!8m2!3d20.280232!4d38.512573!3m4!1s0x15b91b7a37f530e5:0xbab428a1529071c7!8m2!3d20.280232!4d38.512573 Yogi Berra once said that “when you get to a fork in the road, ‘take it’!” The Red sea forks to the left and becomes the Gulf of Suez; it forks to the right and becomes the Gulf of Aqaba, which is where we have placed our study.

Consider the following subjects that are often treated as myths, by not only the world of unbelievers, but also by many in Jewish and Christian circles. Those subjects of disbelief are: 1. the Creation, and the first eleven chapters of the Book of Genesis, which includes the Noahic worldwide flood. 2. The Book of Daniel. 3. The virgin birth of Christ. 4. The resurrection of Christ. 5. The ascension of Christ to heaven. 6. The second coming of Christ to stand on the earth. 7 The lake of fire. 8. The New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem. 9. And added to those eight subjects of faith in God, and more, we find a lot of unbelief in “the Jewish nation crossing the Red Sea.” The following linked info provide solid evidence that relates to the subject of the Red Sea, aka, Gulf of Aqaba. I will not repeat any of that which has been so clearly provided by the authors of the articles. Please take your time to become familiar with the facts of each article.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Aqaba
The gulf is east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian Peninsula. With the Gulf of Suez to the west, it extends from the northern portion of the Red Sea. It reaches a maximum depth of 1,850 m in its central area….

https://www.britannica.com/place/Gulf-of-Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba, GULF, RED SEA, Gulf of Aqaba, Arabic Khalīj al-ʿAqabah, northeastern arm of the Red Sea, penetrating between Saudi Arabia and the Sinai Peninsula. It varies in width from 12 to 17 miles (19 to 27 km) and is 110 miles (177 km) long.

https://www.touristisrael.com/aqaba/16689/
Aqaba has an ideal combination of city-life, beaches and history. The southernmost city in Jordan, Aqaba sits on the northeastern tip of the Red Sea and is surrounded by mountains and desert. Although there is a border between them, Aqaba is in very close proximity to Eilat, Israel’s most southern beach resort city. While the water and beaches draw many people here, the city’s prime location gives visitors access to many amazing attractions in Jordan, including Wadi Rum and the famous lost city of Petra.

The city of Aqaba dates all the way back to 1500 BC. Historians believe the Edomites built the first port in Aqaba and transformed it into a major hub for exchanging goods. Today, the city still values its history and culture. Within Aqaba, travelers can visits mosques, ruins, and museums that tie the city to its people and history.

https://news.stanford.edu/news/2009/august24/gulf-aqaba-project-082509.html
Moses Rock, a popular coral reef diving site in the Gulf of Aqaba, is home to a wide variety of fish and invertebrates.

(Check the view of the coral reef and the map of the Gulf of Aqaba and the city of Aqaba. The coral reef matches the pictures of the coral reefs that have been shown in prior videos on this subject.)

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Israel 8 – Exodus 12-13

City of New Orleans, Arlo Guthrie – Arlo Guthrie (born July 10, 1947, Brooklyn, New York, USA) is an American folk singer-songwriter. Father of Abe Guthrie, Annie Guthrie, Sarah Lee Guthrie and Cathy Guthrie. Son of folk singer Woody Guthrie, brother of Nora Guthrie and grandfather of Krishna Guthrie.
https://www.discogs.com/artist/153674-Arlo-Guthrie The song was recorded by Arlo Guthrie in 1972, and is about a train, The City Of New Orleans, from Chicago, Illinois, to Memphis, Tennessee, to New Orleans, Louisiana. The distance for the train ride is about 900 miles, and the time for that ride is about nineteen hours. https://www.amtrak.com/city-of-new-orleans-train In this article on the study of Israel, we will see the beginning of its travel through the wilderness, which lasted much more than nineteen hours; the distance is, “beyond me,” but the time for the journey was forty years (Exodus 16:34-36).

Such memorable train routes as, The Orange Blossom Special, The Wabash Special and, of course, The City Of New Orleans, have a certain air of romanticism within their individual histories. The train trips that I have had in my past, have all left me with very pleasant memories. The Orange Blossom Special took me through the middle of beautiful Florida orange groves. “The Wabash Cannon Ball” was a fast express train line [1] on the Wabash Railroad. This express train traveled throughout the middle and western United States and also, on the Great Rock Island Route in the late 1800s and into the early 1900s.[2][3][4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wabash_Cannonball The Orange Blossom Special was a deluxe passenger train on the Seaboard Air Line Railroad and connecting railroads between New York City and Miami in the United States. It ran during the winter season only. It covered 1,327 miles (2,136 km) on the Pennsylvania Railroad from New York City to Washington, D.C., the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad from Washington to Richmond, and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad from Richmond via Raleigh, Columbia, and Savannah to Miami. A section also went to Tampa and St. Petersburg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_Blossom_Special_(train)
Some of my followers may have their own special memories of train trips. As a kid, I can not think of any of my friends that did not want a Lionel Train Set. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_Blossom_Special_(train)
Btw, my favorite train ride ended at Tampa, Florida, on my way to MacDill AFB.

Israel 8 – Exodus 12-13 – Preliminary

Train travel was not an option for the Israelites as they were rushed out of Egypt by God; they walked. It was on God’s timeline to get His chosen people (Deu 14:2) out of Egypt, in the manner that He did: “God hardened Pharaoh’s heart”(Exodus 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:1, 20, 27; 11:10; 14:4, 8, 17). Consider also, “the king hardened his own heart”(Exodus 7:13, 14, 22; 8:15, 19, 32; 9:7, 34, 35; 13:15). Check out the link to the MacArthur comment: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+4%3A21&version=NASB Consider also the sovereign timing of God in John 2:4, “My hour has not yet come.” Additionally, as was stated in my article, “The Catching Up! When,?” it will be upon the decision of God as to the time of the catching up of His saints, prior to the tribulation, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/03/09/the-catching-up-when/
Another example of the timing of God, that is shown in the body of this article (Ex 12:41),”At the end of 430 years, to the very day, all the tribal divisions of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.”

The year date of this article is 1447 B.C. (Thompson Chain-Reference Bible, Frank Charles Thompson, 1858-May 3, 1940, D.D., Ph.D.). It must be stated again, that all that is happening in these verses is a record of the sovereign actions of God to remove the Jews from Egypt and to lead them to their promised land. The promised land, which will be the possession of the Israelites, after they complete their soon to begin forty-year wilderness journey, will also be the land of the Jews during the yet to come Kingdom Age, in the time of the millennium. The fulfillment of God’s covenant with Abraham is seen in His leading the Jews to their promised land (Genesis 12:1-3; 15:18-21).

Israel 8 – Ongoing

We will continue with our study of Israel, which is not a study of the text, verse by verse or word by word, but an examination of the sovereign actions of God which He made to effect His purposes for Israel. It is very clear that throughout much of the world, to include many churches, there is a great lack of proper respect for “God’s Chosen People.” But, there is great scriptural truth for the fact that the Jews are, “God’s Chosen People.” It is important for born again believers in Christ to place Israel in its proper place of significance which God has placed that nation, to include its people.

The Jews were not abandoned by God (Elohim, Exodus 13:18) after He led them out of Egypt. Neither was God absent from the Presence of Israel on any day of their 40 years of wilderness experience. Neither is God absent from the Presence of Jews, or Israel, at any time in today’s world.

Nehemiah 9:19-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

19 You, in Your great compassion, Did not forsake them in the wilderness; The pillar of cloud did not leave them by day,To guide them on their way, Nor the pillar of fire by night, to light for them the way in which they were to go. 20 “You gave Your good Spirit to instruct them, Your manna You did not withhold from their mouth, And You gave them water for their thirst. 21 “Indeed, forty years You provided for them in the wilderness and they were not in want; Their clothes did not wear out, nor did their feet swell.

The biblical text of this article comes from The International Standard Version.
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/International-Standard-Version-ISV-Bible/
International Standard Bible Version Information

Notes are based on my studies of the men and women whom are listed as sources of information in my Equipping Blog.

Exodus 12:37-42 International Standard Version (ISV) The Exodus Begins

37 About 600,000 Israeli men traveled from Rameses to Succoth on foot, not counting children. 38 A mixed multitude also went up with them, along with a very large number of livestock, including sheep and cattle. 39 They baked the dough that they brought out of Egypt into thin cakes of unleavened bread. It had not been leavened because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves. 40 Now the time that the Israelis lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41 At the end of 430 years, to the very day, all the tribal divisions of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42 That was for the Lord a night of vigil to bring them out of the land of Egypt. This same night belongs to the Lord, and is to be a vigil for all the Israelis from generation to generation.

Note. Verses 40-41 “four hundred and thirty years.” Abraham had been told that his descendants would be aliens mistreated in a foreign land for 400 years, using a figure rounded to hundreds (Gen. 15:13).

Exodus 12:43-51 International Standard Version (ISV) Instructions for the Passover

43 The Lord told Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover: No foreigner is to eat it, 44 though any slave purchased with money may eat it after you have circumcised him. 45 But no temporary resident or a hired servant is to eat it. 46 It is to be eaten in one house, and you are not to take any of the meat outside the house, nor are you to break any of its bones. 47 The whole congregation of Israel is to observe it. 48 If an alien who resides with you wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, every male in his household must be circumcised, and then he may come near to observe it. He is to be like a native of the land, but no uncircumcised person is to eat it. 49 A single law exists for the native and the alien who resides among you.” 50 All the Israelis did this. They did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that very day, the Lord brought the Israelis out of the land of Egypt by their tribal divisions.

Note. Verse 46 “nor are you to break any of its bones.”
1 Cor 5:7. The death of Christ fulfilled the feast of Passover. Christ is the Christian’s Passover lamb.
1 Corinthians 5:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“7 Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.”
John 19:36. The crucified Christ had no bones broken.
John 19:36 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“36 For these things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, ‘Not a bone of Him shall be broken.’”

Exodus 13:1-2 International Standard Version (ISV) Consecration of the Firstborn

1 The Lord spoke to Moses, 2 “Consecrate to me every firstborn male. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the Israelis, both of humans and of animals, belongs to me.”

Exodus 13:3-10 International Standard Version (ISV) The Festival of Unleavened Bread

3 Then Moses told the people, “Remember this day on which you came out of Egypt, from the house of bondage, because the Lord brought you out from this place with a strong show of force. Moreover, nothing leavened is to be eaten. 4 Today, in the month of Abib, you are going out. 5 When the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which he swore to your ancestors to give you—a land flowing with milk and honey—you are to observe this ritual in this month. 6 You are to eat unleavened bread for seven days, and on the seventh day there is to be a festival to the Lord. 7 Unleavened bread is to be eaten for seven days, and nothing leavened is to be seen among you, nor is leaven to be seen among you throughout your territory. 8 And you are to tell your child on that day, ‘This is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 It is to be a sign for you on your hand and a reminder on your forehead, so that you may speak about the instruction of the Lord; for the Lord brought you out of Egypt with a strong show of force. 10 You are to keep this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year.”

Note. Verses 2–10 This passage is a further explanation that tied the departure of the Jews from Egypt to God’s promise of Israel’s entrance into, and residence in, a new home land. In their new land, there would be an annual seven-day feast observance of the Jews’ departure from their slavery in Egypt. Verses 8 and 16 explain the opportunity, that was not to be overlooked, of parents teaching their children of the significance of God’s faithfulness in freeing the Jews from their Egyptian bondage.

Exodus 13:11-16 International Standard Version (ISV) The Redemption of the Firstborn

11 “When the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanite and gives it to you, just as he promised you and your ancestors, 12 you are to dedicate to the Lord everything that first opens the womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to the Lord. 13 You are to redeem every firstborn donkey with a lamb, and if you don’t redeem it, you are to break its neck. You are to redeem every firstborn among your sons. 14 Then when your child asks you in the future, ‘What is this?’, you are to say to him, ‘The Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of bondage with a strong show of force. 15 And when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the Lord killed every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of humans to the firstborn of animals. Therefore, I sacrifice to the Lord every male that first opens the womb, but I redeem every firstborn of my sons. 16 It is to be a sign on your hand and an emblem on your forehead, because the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a strong show of force.’”

Note. Verse 12 “Dedicate,” (set apart), helps to explain the meaning of consecrate in verse 2. The idea is “to treat as distinct,” as well as to “identify as being special.” The word, “males,” relates to all firstborn.

Exodus 13:17-22 International Standard Version (ISV) God Guides the People in the Desert

17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them along the road through the land of the Philistines, even though it was nearer, because God had said, “If the people face war, they may change their minds and return to Egypt.” 18 So God led the people the roundabout way of the desert toward the Reed Sea. The Israelis went up from the land of Egypt in military formation. 19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, because Joseph had made the Israelis take this solemn oath: “God will certainly take notice of you, and then you must carry my bones up with you from here.” 20 They left Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the desert. 21 The Lord went in front of them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so they could travel both day and night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.

Note: Verse 17 See the comments from the MacArthur study note:
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+13%3A17&version=NASB

Note. Verse 21 Consider a pillar of cloud, and a pillar of fire. They would be the means by which God would lead the Jewish people. The cloud by day and fire by night (Ex 14:24) relate to the Angel of God (Ex 14:19; 23:20–23) or the Angel of God’s presence (Isa 63:8, 9). In Ex 3:2, it was the pillar from which the Lord also spoke to Moses.
(Ex 3:2, “The angel,” (mal·’ach, Hebrew), 4397: a messenger, malak: a messenger, Phonetic Spelling: (mal-awk’); “of the LORD,”(Yah·weh, Hebrew), 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel, Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel, Phonetic Spelling: (yeh-ho-vaw’).

Israel 8 – Supportive

At 12:36 in the video, we pick up from where our prior article on Israel ends,”Israel 7 – Exodus 5-12.”

Ron Wyatt – The Red Sea Crossing

projectnsearch
Published on Jan 1, 2013
This is the incredible story of Ron Wyatt and how he actually proved the stories of the Bible were correct! In this video, Ron proves everything about The Red Sea Crossing and even found the wheels of the chariots under the water right where God told him to look. He also proved the Bible’s information about Noah’s Ark, the Ark of the Covenant, Mount Sinai and Sodom and Gommorah.

He also found the blood of Jesus Christ that was on the Ark of the Covenant! This information should have been front page news all over the world but has been suppressed by those wishing to deny Jesus.

When Israeli scientists tested the blood for Ron they had never seen anything like it! First the blood was still alive and they could analyze the chromosomes which would have been impossible if this was normal blood. Secondly when they analyzed the blood, they found that it had 23 chromosomes from the mother as was normal but only ONE chromosome from the father! About 90% of the scientists did not believe in God or Jesus Christ before they analyzed this blood. Ron Wyatt reported that every single scientist involved converted to Christianity afterwards!

You can see all of Ron Wyatt’s work and purchase books and videos on this website.

http://www.wyattmuseum.com/

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