Judges 10-16 , Ruth

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I. Video 1. Judges. What Is the Book of Judges All About?. Jun 27, 2017. Bible Study Tools Videos. http://www.thirdavenue.org/staff

II. Introduction. In this article we will consider two highly controversial Judges of Israel, Jephthah and Samson. We will also look forward to more of the travels of Israel, which will bring into the picture an important Gentile link that will lead to the birth of Christ. Links for John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur are posted in section IV.

A. The Prophecy And Deliverance From The Ammonites And Philistines.

1. Judges 10:13-14 Oppression of Philistines and Ammonites.

a. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because the Children of Israel forsook the Lord, God told them that He would not heed their cry. “But you have forsaken Me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble” (vv 13-14).

b. Judges 10:13-14 (NASB) 13 Yet you have forsaken Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer deliver you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress.”

2. Judges 11:1-40 Jephthah the Ninth Judge.

a. Overview. Jephthah (10:6—12:7), a social outcast from the other Joseph tribe (Manasseh, east of the Jordan) who judges at a time when Israel is being threatened by a coalition of powers under the king of Ammon.

Intro to Judges

b. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because of their willingness to come back to God, however, God allowed Jephthah to be raised up as the ninth judge of Israel, and he delivered Israel from their enemies.

c. Consider Jephthah’s place in the Hebrews Faith Hall Of Fame.

(1) Hebrews 11:1-2 (NASB) The Triumphs of Faith. 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.
(2) Hebrews 11:32 (NASB). Jephthah. By faith they overcame. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,

d. Consider Jephthah’s dilemma.

(1) Judges 11:30-31 (NASB) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and said, “If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

(a) Comment. 11:30 MacArthur Study Bible. “made a vow to the Lord.” This was a custom among generals to promise the god of their worship something of great value as a reward for that god’s giving them victory.
(b) Comment. 11:30 The Moody Bible Commentary. At the end of the daughter’s mourning period, the text says her father kept his vow and “she had no relations with a man,” not that he killed her as a human sacrifice. Therefore, it is best to assume that Jephthah did not make a burnt offering of his daughter, but instead sacrificed her to serve in the tabernacle. In any case, Jephthah’s foolish vow is emblamatic of the period and had serious implications for his family.

(2) Judges 11:34-35 (NASB) 34 When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, “Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the Lord, and I cannot take it back.”

(a) Comment. 11:34. MacArthur Study Bible. “his daughter, coming out to meet him.” She was thus to be the sacrificed pledge.
(b) Comment. 11:35. MacArthur Study Bible. “Alas.” Here is indicated the pain felt by her father in having to take the life of his only daughter to satisfy his pious, but unwise pledge.

(3) Judges 11:36-39 (NASB) 36 So she said to him, “My father, you have given your word to the Lord; do to me as you have said, since the Lord has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of Ammon.” 37 She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.” 38 Then he said, “Go.” So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. 39 At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel,

(a) Comment. Judges 11:38. Ryrie Study Bible. “wept…because of her virginity. i.e., she would never bear children.
(b) Comment. Judges 11:39. Ryrie Study Bible. Some understand that Jephthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold that she was killed according to Canaanite practices, which Jephthah had embraced. (c) Comment. Judges 11:38-39. Mine. I hold fast to the comment of The Moody Bible Commentary note in 11:30 above. Also, because of Hebrews 11:32 including Jephthah in the “Faith Hall of Fame,” it seems that the daughter of Jephthah was not given as a sacrifice which would have taken her life. It is true that Jephthah said that he would sacrifice his daughter, but there was no such Godly encouragement or approval for Jephthah to kill his daughter. Neither is there written in the Bible, a statement that Jephthah actually offered his daughter as a burnt offering.

B. Prophecy Related To Samson

1. Judges 13-16 – Samson Is Avenged.

(a) Overview. Samson is one of the most recognizable of the judges who ruled over Israel before the time of the kings. He was a Nazarite, yet broke many rules of the Nazarite vow. God gifted Samson with incredible strength, but he lost his strength when Delilah betrayed him to the Philistines, who blinded and enslaved him. At the end of his life, God restored Samson’s strength.
https://www.christianity.com/wiki/people/who-was-samson.html

(b) Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased).The story of Samson is one of the enigmatic stories of the Bible. His birth was announced by the Angel of the Lord to his father Manoah. Early feats of strength and departures from God were described (14:1-16:19). God’s promise to Samson’s mother concerning her child that “he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines” (13:15) was nevertheless fulfilled. After Samson was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and shackled to grind grain in prison, his strength returned, and in destroying the pillars on which the temple was built he was able to kill more in the death than in life (16:23-31). The books of Joshua and Judges set the stage for the coming of Samuel, the last of the judges and the first of the prophets. In contrast to the Book of Judges, which is one o moral and physical defeat, the Book of Joshua is largely one of victory.

(c) Text. Judges 16:28-31 (NASB) 28 Then Samson called to the Lord and said, “O Lord God, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once be avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left. 30 And Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” And he bent with all his might so that the house fell on the lords and all the people who were in it. So the dead whom he killed at his death were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31 Then his brothers and all his father’s household came down, took him, brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. Thus he had judged Israel twenty years.

2. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

(a) Judges 16:28. “remember me, I pray!” A prayer of repentance and trust pours from Samson.
(b) Judges 16:29-31. Some Philistine temples had roofs overlooking a courtyard, above wooden columns planted on stone foundations. The central pillars were set close to furnish extra support for the roof. Here the victory celebration and taunts flung at the prisoner below drew a big crowd. The full strength of Samson, renewed by God, enabled him to buckle the columns. As a result, the roof collapsed and the victory was Israel’s, not Philistia’s. He died for the cause of his country and his God. He was not committing suicide, but rather bringing God’s judgment on His enemies and willing to leave his own life or death to God. He was the greatest champion of all Israel, yet a man of passion capable of severe sin. Still, he is in the list of the faithful (cf. Heb. 11:32).

III. Video 2. Ruth.

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A. Video info. Why is the Book of Ruth important? Oct 16, 2014. John Ankerberg Show. Why is the Book of Ruth important?
From Our Series “Where Do We Go From Here?” With Dr. Erwin Lutzer. Jashow.org for more information.

B. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45-46, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Nestled between Judges and 1 Samuel, however, is the Book of Ruth which, though it contains no prophecies of the future, is itself a reminder that God has the purpose of fulfilling the promise of a coming Messiah. The lovely story of Ruth is one of the links leading up to David.

IV. Links of Reference.

A. MacArthur Study Bible https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/
B. Ryrie Study Bible https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/
C. B. John Walvoord https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

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Judges 4-7

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I. Video. Why Israel Introduction | 02 | God’s covenants with Israel. Jan 28, 2016. Christians for Israel International.

II. This article discusses three judges of Israel, whom are Deborah, Barak and Gideon. The relationship of these Judges with God is the key subject of study. This is not a church-age study, although there are principles that can be applied to the church of Christ. Contained within this article is also a study of the Names of God, to include spelling and the placement of upper and lower case letters. We will touch on Bible translations, as well as the letter “J.” It is important to have a zeal for God’s Word, however, scripture correctness should always be paramount.

III. It is easy to see that many Christians are ignorant of the facts of the Old Testament. The reason for such ignorance is simple; the Old Testament teaching is limited, and poorly taught. The subject people in this article are Jews, and the setting is Jewish. The account of the Jews (not a story) in this article is about the dealings of God with His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2). All too often, pastors and teachers make many Old Testament studies into studies of the church, and omit the detailed teachings that relate to scripture context, of which is important in understanding God’s Word. Remember that God is traveling with the Israelites, and not with anyone else. If we make a decision to understand each chapter that we read from the Old Testament, it will help us to understand the relationship of God and the Jews during the time of Tribulation, as well as that in the Kingdom age, the Millennium, and the eternal state. In regard to context, consider 2 Chronicles 7:14, which relates to God and the nation of Israel, and to no one else in our world (context, 2 Chr 7:8-18). Also Ezek 34:26, “showers of blessing,” is greatly misunderstood; we sing a song by that title, with a church inferred meaning. However, the context of “showers of blessing” is that of Israel during the Kingdom Age.

IV. As we are studying any passage of scripture, we should attempt to gain an understanding of the verses that we are reading. Should we follow cross-references that lead us elsewhere in the Bible? Most definitely, we should check out verses in the other books in the Old and New Testaments. As we pursue our study of Israel in the Old Testament scriptures, we will naturally be led to other areas of study about Jews, especially about Israel in the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State.

V. Judges 4:4-6 (NASB) Deborah and Barak. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+4%3A1-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 4:4 Deborah, a prophetess. She was an unusual woman of wisdom and influence who did the tasks of a judge, except for military leadership…. Deborah’s rise to such a role is the exception in the book because of Barak’s failure to show the courage to lead courageously (vv. 8, 14). God rebuked his cowardice by the pledge that a woman would slay Sisera (v. 9). https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, “Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, ‘Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

C. God in the verses.

1. vs 6 “the LORD, the God of Israel.” (“LORD,” YHWH…Yah·weh, 3068). (“God,” Elohim, 430). Notice the upper and lower case of letters of “LORD and God.”

2. The KJV and NKJV state in verse 6, “the LORD God of Israel.” The NASB states “the LORD, the God of Israel.” The NASB is correct: https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/4-6.htm Consider also Rev 17:5. The KJV and NKJV state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT.” NASB states, “a mystery, BABYLON THE GREAT; ” the NASB is correct https://biblehub.com/lexicon/revelation/17-5.htm

3. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

a. 1. “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible..Gen 2:4 note).

b. 2. “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

4. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Deborah and Barak, fourth and fifth judges of Israel, were promised victory over Siseria. This prophecy was fulfilled and Sisteria killed (vs 12-24).
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VI. Judges 6:11-24 (NASB) The Call Of Gideon. As you red the following verses, pay close attention to the names of God. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+6%3A11-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment: MacArthur Study Bible Note. 6:1 Midian. These wandering herdsmen from E of the Red Sea had been dealt a severe blow in Moses’ time (Num. 31:1–18) and still resented the Israelites. They became the worst scourge yet to afflict Israel.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

1. 11 Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites. 12 The angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior.” 13 Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.” 14 The LORD looked at him and said, “Go in this your strength and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?” 15 He said to Him, “O Lord, how shall I deliver Israel? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father’s house.” 16 But the LORD said to him, “Surely I will be with you, and you shall defeat Midian as one man.” 17 So Gideon said to Him, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You who speak with me. 18 “Please do not depart from here, until I come back to You, and bring out my offering and lay it before You.” And He said, “I will remain until you return.”

2. 19 Then Gideon went in and prepared a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah of flour; he put the meat in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought them out to him under the oak and presented them. 20 The angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so. 21 Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight. 22 When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” 23 The LORD said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

B. God in the verses.

1. vs 11, 21, 22 “the angel of the LORD.” A theophany. Judges 2:1: The LORD Himself. Genesis 16:9: A self-manifestation of God. He here speaks as God, identifies Himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the LORD ceases to appear after the incarnation, it is often inferred that the angel of the LORD in the OT is a preincarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity. (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. vs 15 “O Lord: “Adonai” (Notice lower case letters) Master, lord, sovereign (Gen 15:2) and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” (Ryrie Study Bible) “Kuios:” Mt 1:22 “properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord)”: https://biblehub.com/greek/2962.htm

3. vs 20 The angel of God. Angel (mal·’ach) (4397), a messenger of God (Elohim) 430. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-20.htm

4. vs 22 O’Lord God. Lord: Adonai (136) (See Lower case letters); God: YHWH, Yahweh https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-22.htm

5. vs 23, 24 LORD YWHW Yahweh 3068 (See all upper case letters) https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-23.htm https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-24.htm

C. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Scriptures record God’s selection of Gideon as a judge over Israel. In verse 14 it was recorded, “The LORD turned to him [Gideon] and said, ‘Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian’s hand. Am I not sending you?'” https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VII. Judges 7:1-25 (NASB) Gideon’s 300 Chosen Men. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Judges+7%3A1-25&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bibe. 7:2 The people…are too many. Those of faith, though inadequate by human weakness, gain victory only through God’s power (cf. 2 Cor. 3:5; 4:7; 12:7–9). Three hundred men win against an incredible Midianite host (Judg. 7:7, 16–25). God gains the glory by making the outcome conspicuously His act, and no sinful pride is cultivated.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 2 The LORD said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for Israel would become boastful, saying, ‘My own power has delivered me.’

C. God in the verses.

1. 2 The “LORD.” YHWH Yahweh 3068 https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/7-2.htm

2. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). The 300 warriors chosen by God attained a decisive victory over Midian, fulfilling the prophecy literally. https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VIII. Considering: Yahweh – Jehovah – Yeshua – Jesus

A. The name of Yahweh (3068, Strong’s Concordance) is shown in reference documents as being YHWH and YHVH. There is no letter “J” in either of the Hebrew or Greek alphabets. We will consider Jehovah and Jesus.

1. Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants (YHWH) called the tetragrammaton.
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Yahweh

2. For Jewish people YHVH is the most holy name of God, as written in the ancient Hebrew language.
https://simple.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/YHWH

3. JEHOVAH (Yahweh), in the Bible, the God of Israel. “Jehovah” is a modern mispronunciation of the Hebrew name
https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Jehovah

B. There is no ‘J’ in Hebrew. In English, the letters I and J both had the same sound for a long time, and before that, J didn’t exist.
https://www.quora.com/Did-the-letter-J-exist-in-the-Hebrew-alphabet

C. Was the letter J in the Bible?

1. Gian Trissino identified the Greek “Iesus” (a translation of the Hebrew “Yeshua”) as the Modern English “Jesus”, thus the current phoneme for “J” was born. … Even in the KJV 1611 year bible, there are NO letter J’s AT ALL in that bible. 500 years ago the letter “J” did not exist in any language on this earth, so NO letter “J” 500 years ago, and NO name “Jesus” 2,000 years ago. The letter “J” is a fairly recent addition to the alphabet (around the 1500’s), and research / historical data prove it’s IMPOSSIBLE for the names JESUS or JeHoVaH to even have been on the planet back in the ancient times.
https://warriorsoftheruwach.com/the-letter-j

2. Our Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36) was never addressed as “Jesus” by anyone when He was on this earth. Consider the Greek and Hebrew below. Notice that there is no letter “J” written in the Name of our Lord.

3. Matthew 1:16 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)
16 Ya‘akov was the father of Yosef the husband of Miryam,
from whom was born the Yeshua who was called the Messiah.

4. Mattityahu 1:16 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)
16 Yaakov fathered Yosef, the baal (husband) of Miryam, from whom was born Yehoshua, who is called Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach. [Yochanan 1:49]

D. Strong’s Concordance https://biblehub.com/greek/2424.htm

1. 2424. Iésous. Greek: Ἰησοῦς (iēsous). Jesus is the transliteration of the Hebrew term, 3091 /Lṓt (“Yehoshua”/Jehoshua, contracted to “Joshua”) which means “Yahweh saves” (or “Yahweh is salvation”). Notice that Jesus is a transliteration, and not a translation.

2. 3091. of Hebrew origin Yehoshua, “the LORD is salvation,”

3. Notice that in the Greek spelling of Iésous there is no letter J, therefore “Jesus” is not the correct spelling, or pronunciation, of our Lord’s Name.

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Judges 1-2

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I. Video Consideration.

Why Israel Introduction | 01 | God’s love for Israel. Jan 21, 2016. Christians for Israel International. God has chosen Israel and has a covenant relationship with her. “For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession”. Deuteronomy 7:6

II. Article Introduction.

A. The course of study that I am publishing on Equipping Site is two-fold. My Old Testament articles relate to Israel, and its emphasis on the love and leading of God of, “his chosen people.” The New Testament articles relate to Israel in the end times, and God’s means for drawing Israel to saving faith in Christ. The Old Testament will show God preparing a Savior for Israel, and for all of mankind. The New Testament will show Christ, “the Savior, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords” (Rev 16:16), returning to earth from Heaven at the end of the Tribulation to save the Jews from destruction (Matt 24:22), and to begin His never-ending rule and reign over the whole world (Isaiah 2:1-4).

B. The story of Israel goes back to the creation, and works its way through “Seth (Luke 3:38) and Noah (Luke 3:36).” Preceding the flood, when the earth was covered by water, Noah and his family were chosen by God to be saved from the drowning waters of the flood (Gen 6:6-11, 17-18). When the earth dried the three sons of Noah, and their wives, were sent out from the ark by God to repopulate the earth. Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, went in different directions. God chose Shem (Semitic) to be the bloodline of Noah to bring about the Savior of the World, through the covenant seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Gen 12:1-3); God renamed Jacob to be Israel (Gen 32:28). From the covenant seed of Jacob (Israel), the bloodline of Judah brought about the preordained birth of Christ (Messiah) (Luke 3:33, Gen 49:10, [“the one to whom the scepter belongs, “ i.e., Shiloh, the cryptogram for the Messiah, the one also called the “Lion of the Tribe of Judah” (Rev. 5:5)( MacArthur note)]. God chose Israel from out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession” (Deuteronomy 7:6); no such relationship with God existed between God and the descendants of Ham or Japheth. None of the descendants of Ham or Japheth had the relationships of “purpose, promise, or protection,” that existed between God and the descendants of Shem. It is important to know that the covenant seed of Abraham went through Issac, and not Ishmael. To fulfill His purposes for Israel, God protected the Jews, and still protects Israel.

C. The following verse shows the means by which God chose to protect “His chosen people, Israel.

1. Zechariah 2:8-10 (NKJV) – Israel, the apple of God’s eye.

8 For thus says the Lord of hosts: “He sent Me after glory, to the nations which plunder you; for he who touches you touches the apple of His eye. 9 For surely I will shake My hand against them, and they shall become spoil for their servants. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me.

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

2:8 He sent Me after glory. The Messiah is sent by the “Lord of Hosts” (v. 9) to procure His glory and to vindicate Him in the nations who have spoiled Israel. the apple of His eye. See note on Deu 32:10. Harming God’s chosen people is like striking the pupil of God’s eye. 32:10 as the apple of His eye. Lit. “the little man of His eye,” i.e., the pupil. Just as the pupil of the eye is essential for vision and, therefore, closely protected, especially in a howling wind, so God closely protected Israel.

3. Consequences Of Harming Israel. Consider the seriousness of the following paragraph. No one wants anyone else to be present at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). No one whom has been born again will hate God’s chosen people, Israel. Only those whom have not been born again will face the Great White Throne Judgment. Anyone having been born again will have the Spirit of “Father, Son and Holy Spirit” dwelling within their spirit, teaching them the things of God, which includes the plans of God for Israel. (Jn 14:20, 26; Matt 19:28).

a. In the world today, there are many enemies of God and of His chosen people, Israel. No one has to look far to see the hatred for Israel that comes from the majority of the nations of the United Nations, and the Democrat party in the USA. Included in the hatred groups of Israel are the industries of academia, liberal main stream media, entertainment, the new world order (GHWB 41), globalism (WJC 42) (GWB 43), and those who want to “remake America” (BHO 44) (HRC POTUS Wannabe), (AOC ???), (RT ???), (AP ???), (IO ???); there are other source groups of such hate. For truthful reporting of Israel’s enemies, follow conservative news sources such as, “Fox, Newsmax, One America Now;” these aforementioned sources of truthful news reporting will help you to maintain a correct awareness of those who want to remake America and oppose the support of Israel.

b. God will not be mocked.

(1) Galatians 6:7 (NKJV) (a) 7 “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.”

(2) “will not” be mocked. The hate and attacks that continue against God’s chosen people, Israel, will result in retribution that can not be mitigated by any force of this world. The ungodly, antisemitic, forces of the world “will reap what they sow,” which will be the wrath of God, and will occur either, before the tribulation, or during the tribulation.

III. Article Focus Verses.

A. God’s Promise To Israel Of Victory Over The Canaanites.

1. Judges 1:1-8 (NKJV) The Continuing Conquest of Canaan. 1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass that the children of Israel asked the Lord, saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the Canaanites to fight against them?” 2 And the Lord said, “Judah shall go up. Indeed I have delivered the land into his hand.” 3 So Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me to my allotted territory, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I will likewise go with you to your allotted territory.” And Simeon went with him. 4 Then Judah went up, and the Lord delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand; and they killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fought against him; and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 Then Adoni-Bezek fled, and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7 And Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather scraps under my table; as I have done, so God has repaid me.” Then they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 8 Now the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem and took it; they struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire.

2. Comments: 1:1-8 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44.
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/ [After the death of Joshua, God gave instruction for the continued battle to obtain the land, “Judah is to go; I have given the land into their hands (vs 2). The Simeonites assisted Judah in conquering the land. Important in their conquest was the destruction of Jerusalem which was set on fire (vs 5).]

B. Prophecy Of God’s Chastening Of Israel For Disobedience.

1. Judges 2:1-3 (NKJV) Israel’s Disobedience. 1 Then the Angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said: “I led you up from Egypt and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers; and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you. 2 And you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land; you shall tear down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed My voice. Why have you done this? 3 Therefore I also said, ‘I will not drive them out before you; but they shall be thorns in your side, and their gods shall be a snare to you.’ ”

2. Comments: 2:1-3 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44. [The familiar picture of Israel’s failure in the time of Judges was described in God’s statement to Israel, “Yet you have disobeyed Me. Why have you done this? Now therefore I tell you that I will not drive them out before you; they will be thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you” (vs 2-3).]

C. Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins.

1. Judges 2:20-23 (NKJV) Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins. 1. 20 Then the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel; and He said, “Because this nation has transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers, and has not heeded My voice, 21 I also will no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Joshua left when he died, 22 so that through them I may test Israel, whether they will keep the ways of the Lord, to walk in them as their fathers kept them, or not.” 23 Therefore the Lord left those nations, without driving them out immediately; nor did He deliver them into the hand of Joshua.

2. Comments: 2:20-23 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44, 45. [Further revelation was given concerning God’s anger with Israel: “Because the LORD was very angry with Israel and said, ‘Because this nation has violated the covenant that I laid down for their forefathers and has not listened to Me, I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua left when he died. I will use them to test Israel and whether they will keep the way of the LORD and walk in it as their forefathers did.’ The LORD had allowed those nations to remain; He did not drive them out at once by giving them into the hands of Joshua” (vs 20-23).]

IV. God’s Love For Israel.

1. Isaiah 27:13 (NKJV) 13 So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

Note: Macarthur Study Bible. 27:13 worship the Lord…at Jerusalem. The prophet reiterates one of his great themes: future worship of regathered Israel on Mt. Zion (24:23; 25:6, 7, 10). .

2. Isaiah 60:21 (NKJV) 21 Also your people shall all be righteous; They shall inherit the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified.

Note, MacArthur Study Bible 60:21 inherit the land forever. Israel will inherit the land promised to Abraham (Gen. 12:1, 7; 13:15; 15:18). During the millennial kingdom, that will be the land of Israel as we know it today. In the eternal kingdom, it will be the New Jerusalem, capital of the new creation. I may be glorified. The ultimate mission of Israel is to glorify the Lord (49:3; 61:3).

V. God’s Name In Scripture Context.

A. Verses Of Consideration. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23 “LORD” (Yah·weh). Judges 1:7 God (Elohim).

B. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

1. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23. the “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible…Gen 2:4 note).

2. Judges 1:7 “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

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Judges – Intro

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I. Why? Because of God’s Love-Part One. Aug 19, 2019. Why did God choose Israel? God is completely sovereign and purposeful in His choices, His plans are greater than we can comprehend and He is present in the details. The Why series explores why God chose Israel and how this decision impacts our view of God, Israel and His plans for us. In Part 1 we look at God’s love as one of the motivations behind His choosing Israel.

II. Introduction. In this article we continue our prophetic journey of Israel, as opposed to a verse-by-verse scripture discussion. In future articles, we will discuss how the Israelites in the Book of Judges relate to the nation of Israel in the times of the millennium (Kingdom Age), and the eternal state. This course of Jewish travel is based on John F. Walvoord’s book, “Every Prophecy of the Bible.” Dr. Walvoord is deceased; https://www.blueletterbible.org/commentaries/walvoord_john/

III. Notes of Robert L. Deffinbaugh. https://bible.org/users/bob-deffinbaugh

A. Robert L. (Bob) Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. in 1971. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas.

B. The Book of Judges depicts a very dark hour in the history of Israel, and yet the events of this book come so very soon after the “golden years” of the “Joshua generation.” It is not the kind of reading we do for pure enjoyment, but it is an important era in the history of Israel, an era that we need to understand, and from which we should learn important lessons. Sad to say, it is an era that is very similar to the days in which we live, making it a message all the more pertinent to us. Let us listen well, and heed the message God has for us in these difficult pages. https://bible.org/seriespage/15-israel-s-dark-ages-judges

IV. Judges Overview by C.I. Scofield – https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

A. This book takes its name from the thirteen men raised up to deliver Israel in the declension and disunion which followed the death of Joshua. Through these men God continued His personal government of Israel. The key-verse to the condition of Israel is (Judges 17:6), “Every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” Two facts stand out–the utter failure of Israel; the persistent grace of God. In the choice of the Judges is illustrated Zechariah’s great word (Zechariah 4:6), “not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith the Lord”; and Paul’s word (1 Corinthians 1:25), “not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called.”

B. The book records seven apostasies, seven servitudes to seven heathen nations, seven deliverances. The spiritual parallel is found in the history of the professing church since the Apostles, in the rise of sects and the lost sense of the unity of the one body (1 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Corinthians 12:13).

C. Judges is in two parts:

1. Judges 1-16 inclusive; key-verse, Judges 2:18.

2. Judges 17-21; key-verse, Judges 21:25.

3. The events recorded in Judges cover a period of 305 years (Ussher).

V. MacArthur Study Bible Introduction To Judges. https://www.gty.org/

A. Introduction To Judges – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=judges+1&version=NKJV
Below “Study This,” “Bible Studies,” scroll down to “MacArthur Study Bible,” and click onto the tab. Read “Introduction.”

B. The book bears the fitting name “Judges,” which refers to unique leaders God gave to His people for preservation against their enemies (2:16–19). The Hebrew title means “deliverers” or “saviors,” as well as judges (cf. Deut. 16:18; 17:9; 19:17). Twelve such judges arose before Samuel; then Eli and Samuel raised the count to 14. God Himself is the higher Judge (11:27). Judges spans about 350 years from Joshua’s conquest (ca. 1398 b.c.) until Eli and Samuel judged prior to the establishment of the monarchy (ca. 1043 b.c.).

VI. Names Of Judges Of Israel (Length Of Rule). https://jesusalive.cc/ques349.htm

1. Othniel.(40 yrs) 2. Ehud (80 yrs) 3. Shamgar (Unknown) 4. Deborah/Barak (40 yrs) 5. Gideon (40 yrs) 6. Abimelech (3 yrs)
7. Tola (23 yrs) 8. Jair (22 yrs) 9. Jephthah (6 yrs) 10. Ibzan (7 yrs) 11. Elon (10 yrs) 12. Abdon (8 yrs) 13. Samson (20 yrs)
14. Eli (40 yrs) 15. Samuel (12 yrs – app.) ** Until Saul made king (Some people consider Joshua to have been a judge).

VII. Ryrie Study Bible Introduction Notes (Dr. Charles Ryrie, Deceased). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

A. Historical Background: The events of this book (Judges) cover the turbulent period in Israel’s history from about 1380 to 1050 B.C., from the conquest of Palestine to the beginning of the monarchy. Though the land had been generally conquered and occupied under Joshua, many important Canaanite strongholds had been bypassed, leaving their subjugation to include Israelite tribes. The book of judges describes this warfare, as the Hebrews tried to complete their occupation of the land. The judges were military and civil leaders ruling during this time when the nation was a loose confederation. Some of the judges ruled concurrently since each one did not necessarily rule over the entire land.

B. Authorship And Date. Though the author of this book is unknown, the Talmud suggests Samuel, and it is possible that he may have written portions. Judges was written after the death of Samson and after the coronation of King Saul, but before the conquest of Jerusalem by David about 990 B.C.

C. Timeline Of The Judges. Othniel became the first judge of Israel in 1353 B.C (Judges 3:9). Samuel’s reign as Israel’s last judge ended when Saul became King of Israel in 1050 B.C. (1 Samuel 11:10).

VIII. Defining Points Of Israel’s Sins.

A. Judges 21:25 (NKJV) 25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 21:25 Judges 17–21 vividly demonstrates how bizarre and deep sin can become when people throw off the authority of God as mediated through the king (cf. 17:6). This was the appropriate, but tragic, conclusion to a bleak period of Israelite history (cf. Deut. 12:8). (MacArthur Study Bible) https://www.gty.org/

B. Judges 17:6 (NKJV) 6 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 17:6 everyone did…own eyes. This is the general characterization of the time, and of sinful behavior in all times. This attitude had been mentioned much earlier in Israel’s history (cf. Deut. 12:8; Judg. 21:25).

C. Deuteronomy 12:8 (NKJV) 8 “You shall not at all do as we are doing here today—every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes—

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 12:8 every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes. There seems to have been some laxity in the offering of the sacrifices in the wilderness which was not to be allowed when Israel came into the Promised Land. This self-centered attitude became a major problem in the time of Judges (cf. Judg. 17:6; 21:25).

IX. God’s Love For Israel.

A. Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV) 2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

B. Jeremiah 31:10-11 (NKJV) 10 Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He who scattered Israel will gather him, And keep him as a shepherd does his flock. 11 For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, And ransomed him from the hand of one stronger than he.

C. Ezekiel 36:24-28 (NKJV) 24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. 28 Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

D. Ezekiel 39:27-28 (NKJV) 27 When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of many nations, 28 then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their land, and left none of them captive any longer.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 39:21–29 I will set My glory. God vanquishes Israel’s foes to show His glory so that His enemies and Israel will all know that He is the Lord (vv. 6, 22). This is Israel’s salvation spoken of in Zech. 12:10—13:9 and Rom. 11:25–27.

X. Consider the following closing thoughts from the Introduction to Judges in The Moody Bible Commentary.

The key to understanding the work of the Judges appears in 2:16, “The LORD raised up judges who delivered them from the hands of those who plundered them….That even divinely empowered human leaders could not lead Israel to spiritual triumph points to the need for a great King beyond even Saul and David….The term, “great King,” refers to the messianic leader who alone can fulfill the needs of mankind….The author of Judges was building a case for the need for a great King….Chapters 17-21 show a period of history in which the people of Israel increasingly slid into apostasy. The location of these chapters in the book may not be chronological, but the intention is clear: to give the reader a bad portrait of Israel without God as their King.

XI. The following video of the Book of Judges provides a good look at this often overlooked book of the Bible.

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The Bible Project. 1,431,848 views. Mar 9, 2016. Watch our overview video on the book of Judges, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Judges, the Israelites turn away from God and face the consequences. God raises judges in cycles of rebellion, repentance, and restoration.

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Israel – Joshua 11 – Relationship And Obedience

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I. Video. The Destruction of the Canaanites. Dr. Seth Tarrer. See bio and video details below.

II. Introduction.

A. Genesis 9:18-19 (NKJV) Noah and His Sons. 18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.

B. In this, and other studies of the Bible, we come “face to face” with the fact that all people in the Bible are related, due to their relation to Noah. There is a common ground of relationship among those whom are engaged in deadly conflict with each other, especially as we study the cousins that are in conflict in the land of Canaan; there is, however, a major difference in their relationships with “Yah·weh” (LORD 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel). God told the Israelites (descendants of Shem), that they were His chosen people (Deu 14:2), and that He would never leave them nor forsake them (Deu 31:6). “The cousins of the Israelites” (the descendants of Ham and Japheth), had no relationship of intimacy with God, such as was experienced by the Israelites (the descendants of Shem).

C. In this, the last of the articles about Joshua’s relationship with God, and his leadership of the Israelites, we will discuss people, things, obedience and relationships. The people are the Israelites and the Canaanites. The things are the material possessions of the Canaanites. Obedience and relationships, relate to the Israelites and Yahweh.

III. Text Joshua 11 (NKJV)

A.. The Northern Conquest.

1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard these things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, 2 and to the kings who were from the north, in the mountains, in the plain south of Chinneroth, in the lowland, and in the heights of Dor on the west, 3 to the Canaanites in the east and in the west, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite in the mountains, and the Hivite below Hermon in the land of Mizpah. 4 So they went out, they and all their armies with them, as many people as the sand that is on the seashore in multitude, with very many horses and chariots. 5 And when all these kings had met together, they came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.

6 But the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver all of them slain before Israel. You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.” 7 So Joshua and all the people of war with him came against them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and they attacked them. 8 And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who defeated them and chased them to Greater Sidon, to the Brook Misrephoth, and to the Valley of Mizpah eastward; they attacked them until they left none of them remaining. 9 So Joshua did to them as the Lord had told him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10 Joshua turned back at that time and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor was formerly the head of all those kingdoms. 11 And they struck all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them. There was none left breathing. Then he burned Hazor with fire.

12 So all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13 But as for the cities that stood on their mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only, which Joshua burned. 14 And all the spoil of these cities and the livestock, the children of Israel took as booty for themselves; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they left none breathing. 15 As the Lord had commanded Moses His servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

B. Summary of Joshua’s Conquests

16 Thus Joshua took all this land: the mountain country, all the South, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan plain—the mountains of Israel and its lowlands, 17 from Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings, and struck them down and killed them. 18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. All the others they took in battle. 20 For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

21 And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities. 22 None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod.

23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land rested from war.

IV. Comments.

A. Ryrie Study Bible.

11:1 News of Joshua’s victories in the South, prompted the kings of the city-states in the areas of Galilee, and westward, to form a coalition. This alliance was led by the king of Hazor, a city 5 miles Southwest of the now-drained Lake Huleh, 10 miles North of the Sea of Galilee.
11:4 Though probably exagerated, Josephus said that the northern armies had 300,000 infantry, 10,000 calvary, and 20,000 chariots.
11:6 “hamstring.” Joshua was commanded to cripple the enemies’ horses and burn their chariots, rather than capture them. In this way, the Israelites would not put their trust in horses and chariots.
11:13 “mounds.” Hills of accumulated debris from earlier towns.
11:21 “Anakim.” Giants living in the South who had terrified the spies more than 40 years before. See note on Num 13:33.

B. MacArthur Study Bible.

11:12–15 A summary of Joshua’s northern campaign (11:1–15).
11:18 war a long time. The conquest took approximately 7 years.1405–1398 b.c.(14:10). Only Gibeon submitted without a fight (v.19).
11:21 Anakim. Enemies who dwelt in the southern area which Joshua had defeated. They descended from Anak (“long-necked”), and were related to the giants who made Israel’s spies feel small as grasshoppers by comparison (Num 13:28–33). Compare also Deu 2:10-11,21. Their territory was later given to Caleb as a reward for his loyalty (14:6–15).
11:22 Anakim…Gath. Some of them remained in Philistine territory, most notably those who preceded Goliath (1 Sam 17:4).

C. The New American Commentary, Joshua, Vol 5.

11:11 The treatment for Hazor was the most severe; it was burned, while its fellow cities were not, but the people in all of the cities (11:1-5) were accorded the same treatment; they were utterly exterminated, and no one that breathed remained.
11:20 Rahab and the Gibeonites were Canaanites who were spared, even if they were for different reasons. Those Canaanites who resisted Israel and its God, however, were shown no mercy and were annihlated. God’s hardening of their hearts was due, at least in part, to their own stubbornness and resistance of Israel’s God. Had they been willing to react as Rahab (or even the Gibeonites) had done, undoubtedly the results would have been different. (Rahab Chap 2, 6; Gibeonites Chap 9).

D. The Moody Bible Bible Commentary

11:14 Where Joshua’s armies went there was complete destruction; where they neglected to go, people survived. Waging “total war” was because the sin of the Amorite was irremediable (Gen 15:16). God’s only solution, as in Sodom and Gomorrah, was to rid the world of these people (v 20). Joshua did everything that Moses commanded in general and everything that the Lord had commanded in particular.

E. My Comments.

1. From 1968 through 1998, the conflict that existed between Northern Ireland and Great Britain resulted in 3,600 people being killed and more than 30,000 more being wounded. https://www.britannica.com/event/The-Troubles-Northern-Ireland-history During that time of conflict, children were born on one side of the conflict with deep hatred toward those of the other side being pounded into their minds. Such hatred stayed with them throughout their childhood until adulthood, and very likely until today.

2. In the middle east, conflict and hatred of many Muslims for Jews and Christians does not need a link to explain the situation. Safely stated, many Muslim children are born and taught to hate Christians and Jews. Such hatred does not end, and will not end, until the second coming of Christ occurs, which will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4).

a. God told the Israelites to not do the abominable things that the Canaanites did, such as incest, adultery, homosexuality and beastiality (Lev 18:1-3).

b. In regard to the destruction of the Canaanites by Israel, as we are studying now, the Canaanite people were guilty of worshiping false gods, and committing many cruelties, such as burning their children as they offered them as sacrifices to their gods. Deu 12:29-31, Lev 18:21; “according to the doings of the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you, you shall not do,” (Lev 18:3).

c. The Israelites were told by God to conquer and destroy Canaan, to not mix with the Canaanites, to be Holy, to know that they are God’s chosen people (Deu 7:1-6).

d. Where people in Canaanite cities were destroyed, those Canaanites would no longer commit their violent and abominable sins; neither would the children in those cities repeat the sins of their parents. This sounds cruel, but let’s relate it to the love and grace of God. As we consider the names of the nations that opposed Israel (Josh 11:1-6), it is interesting to know that none of those city-states exist today. However, Israel still exists, and will continue to exist from now, through the tribulation, with born-again Jews (John 3:3) being present in the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ. Born-again Jews will also enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). Written on the gates of the new Jerusalem will be the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. On the wall of the city will also be written the names of the twelve apostles of Christ (Rev 21:12-14). Only those whom have been born again, of the Old and New Testament times, will be allowed into the New Jerusalem: “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death,” (Rev 21:8). Consider “liars.” In today’s political world we can see that those, whom have a lifestyle of trying to destroy the lives and reputations of others through lies, have not been born again and do not have the Spirit of “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” dwelling within the spirits of “all liars,” prompting them to live righteous lives (John 3:3, 14:20, 26).

e. Consider Lazarus and the rich man (Luke 16:19-31). Both men were dead. The rich man was “in Hades,” and the beggar (Lazarus), was in “the bosom of Abraham.” The rich man was suffering, not because he was rich but because he was not righteous. The beggar was in comfort, not because he was poor but because he was righteous. This teaching occurred during the Old Covenant/Old Testament.

f. Consider little children and Matthew 19:14. “But Jesus said, Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.”

g. The gospel of Matthew is also a part of the Old Covenant/Old Testament. There is no example of any child spending eternity in Hades. Our Lord has a desire for children to have an eternity of comfort, in which Lazarus found himself. Christ had no problem with children; He would not have them suffering throughout eternity. Look again at the words of Christ in Matt 19:14, “Let the little children come to Me.” That verse shows that children are special to Christ, just as were the children which may have been killed by the Israelites in Canaan.

h. Upon the death of any Canaanite children, such children would have immediately found themselves in the same place that Lazarus found himself, which was in the “bosom of Abraham.” Abraham’s bosom was the blessed place of the righteous dead, where such people will remain until the resurrection of the Old Testament righteous dead occurs (Dan 12:2-3) at the end of the tribulation. At that time, the Old Testament saints will experience a reunion of “body, soul and spirit.”

i. At the end of the tribulation, the Old Testament righteous dead will be resurrected and will live throughout the thousand-year millennium; they will continue in life throughout the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3).

j. The Canaanite adults had no such hope of eternity of blessed death to look forward to; they found themselves in the same place that the rich man found himself, which was one of experiencing unending conscious torment. Such conscious awareness of torment, will last until the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead (Dan 12:2-3), which will take place at the end of the millennium. From the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead, with the reuniting of “body, soul and spirit” (all of which are unsaved), their next stopping point will be the great white throne judgment, and then the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15).

V. The ending of our study of Joshua.

A. Joshua 21:43-45 (NKJV) The Promise Fulfilled. Republican lawmakers opposed calls from Planned Parenthood and pro-abortion officials to remove restrictions on at-home abortion drugs in a Wednesday letter provided to the Daily Caller News Foundation. 43 So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it. 44 The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that He had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45 Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.

B. Comment. MacArthur. This sums up God’s fulfillment of His covenant promise to give Abraham’s people the Land (Gen 12:7; Josh 1:2, 5–9). God also kept His Word in giving the people rest (Deu 12:9, 10). In a valid sense, the Canaanites were in check, under military conquest as God had pledged (Josh 1:5), not posing an immediate threat. Not every enemy had been driven out, however, leaving some to stir up trouble later. But, God’s people failed to exercise their responsibility and possess their land to the full degree in various areas.).

C. Comment. Mine. During the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, the land that God had promised to the Jews will extend eastward from the Nile River in Egypt, to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21).

V. Video details.

The Destruction of the Canaanites. 1,508 views•Nov 21, 2017.

Thirdmill. 20K subscribers. Dr. Seth Tarrer, https://christianuniversity.org/professors/seth-tarrer/

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Israel – Feast Of Tabernacles – God Tabernacles With His People

I. The Appointed Times. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel. “Accordingly, the Torah functioned as a custodian until the Messiah came, so that we might be declared righteous on the ground of trusting and being faithful. But now that the time for this trusting faithfulness has come, we are no longer under a custodian.” For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Galatians 3:24-28 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB). (This passage relates to the spiritual state that all of us acquire once we have been born again.)

II. Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles. Excerpts from Day of Discovery’s, “The Appointed Times, Jesus in the Feasts of Israel, Part IV.” In this video teaching three Jewish-born men, whom are now born again believers in Christ, discuss the Feast Of Tabernacles which will begin at sunset on October 13, and will continue through sunset on October 20, 2019 (Sunday through Sunday).

III. This week’s Sabbath will precede Sukkot. Sabbath will begin at Sunset on Friday, October 11, 2019, and will last until sunset on Saturday, October 12, 2019.

A. Women light the Shabbat Candles each Sabbath.

B. Jewish Women Lighting Shabbat Candles. A woman (Mary) brought the Light of the world (Christ), “into the world” (Luke 2:7; John 1:9).

IV. Sukkot. Consider the two links of information that come from Chabad.org, which is a Jewish website.

A. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4784/jewish/What-Is-Sukkot.htm
Sukkot is a weeklong Jewish holiday that comes five days after Yom Kippur. Sukkot celebrates the gathering of the harvest and commemorates the miraculous protection G‑d provided for the children of Israel when they left Egypt. We celebrate Sukkot by dwelling in a foliage-covered booth (known as a sukkah) and by taking the “Four Kinds” (arba minim), four special species of vegetation.

B. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/609535/jewish/What-Is-a-Sukkah.htm
The sukkah is a walled structure covered with organic material. On the holiday of Sukkot, Jewish people spend time in the sukkah, treating it like their home-away-from-home. As described in the Torah, the sukkah evokes the temporary dwellings the Israelites inhabited on their way out of Egypt.

V. Consider the following verses concerning the Feast of Tabernacles.

A. Jews Celebrating The Feast Of Booths. Deuteronomy 16:13-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Lev 23:33-43; Num 29:12-38

1. God told the Jews to celebrate The Feast Of Booths. Deu 16, 13 “You shall celebrate the Feast of Booths seven days after you have gathered in from your threshing floor and your wine vat; 14 and you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your towns. 15 Seven days you shall celebrate a feast to the Lord your God in the place which the Lord chooses, because the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you will be altogether joyful.

2. Male Jews were required to go to Jerusalem each year to celebrate the Feast of Booths. Notice that male Jews were also required to go to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Feast Of Weeks/Pentecost each year. 1. Deu 16:16 “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.

B. Consider the Jews that were present in Jerusalem on the Day Of Pentecost/Feast Of Weeks in Acts 2:5, “Because of the holy festival, there are devout Jews staying as pilgrims in Jerusalem from every nation under the sun.”(The Voice). (Acts 2:1-6, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+2%3A1-6&version=VOICE)

VI. The fulfillment of “The Feast Of Tabernacles In Christ” is shown in Zechariah 14:16-19, with the rest and reunion of Jews with Christ (MacArthur Study Bible, note on Lev 23:33-43).

A. Zechariah 14:16-19 (NASB) 16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them. 18 If the family of Egypt does not go up or enter, then no rain will fall on them; it will be the plague with which the Lord smites the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 19 This will be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths.

B. My note. Because only saved people will enter the Kingdom Age, the following comment from The Moody Bible Commentary is important to understand. Zech 14:16, “any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem.” So, “who are those that are left of all of the nations?” From Moody Commentary… “God promised to require universal worship in Jerusalem. Many Gentiles from other nations of the world will embrace Messiah Christ, during the tribulation and will not be destroyed by Him when He returns. The nations that are spared this judgment (Mt 25:34-40), will be made to show their continued allegiance to the Lord by going “up from year to year to worship the king,” the Messiah Christ. They will also be expected “to celebrate the Feast of Booths” (Zech 14:16, Lv 23:40, Dt 16:14-15), a feast of ingathering and dwelling in booths. It will be the required festival of the messianic kingdom because “it will celebrate the gathering of the nations to the Lord, and especially His tabernacling among them.” As the millennial kingdom progresses, however, many will not embrace King Messiah by faith (see Rv 20:7-10), and will not obey Him. (My note: those people that enter the Kingdom age from the tribulation, being in natural bodies, will have children, not all of whom will come to saving faith in Christ; they will rebel against Messiah Christ at the Battle of Gog and Magog….Rev 20:7-10).

VII. Christ celebrated the Feast Of Tabernacles.

A. Christ taught at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:2, 14 (NASB) 2 Now the feast of the Jews, the Feast of Booths, was near. 14 when it was now the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and began to teach.

B. Christ invited Jews to believe in Him for salvation at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:37-39 (NASB) 37 Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

VII. Closing comment.

A. The Feast Of Tabernacles relates to the forty-year period that the Jews were in the wilderness on their way to the promised land. During that time, the Spiritual Presence of God was with the Jews, and sustained them. As it relates to the end times, during the millennium/Kingdom Age of God, Christ/Messiah, whom is God with us (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23-25), and “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords” (Revelation 19:16), will rule and reign from Jerusalem over all of the born again people of all times, during the thousand-year millennium (Revelation 20:4-6), and will sustain them. For those whom are born during the millennium, and do not come to saving faith in Christ, Christ will also rule and reign over such unbelievers in the Kingdom Age. During the time of the Jewish wilderness experience, God spiritually “tabernacled” with the Jews. During the Kingdom Age, Christ will physically “tabernacle” with all of the redeemed people of all ages, and will continue to do so throughout the eternal state. The eternal state will be the promised land for all of God’s “born again and redeemed people,” which will immediately follow the Kingdom Age (Rev 21:1-3).

B. Christ invites all whom do not know Him as their Lord and Savior to invite Him to tabernacle within their spirit, now! All that is needed to accept the call of Christ, is to believe in Him as Lord and Savior.

Shabbat Shalom

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Israel – Day Of Atonement – Yom Kippur – To Live Or Die

(Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video).
I. Video 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017 Seeds Of Revelation. October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday. (See video details at the foot of this page. Notice that the video was published in the year 2017.). Certain repetition will be found in this article, for the purpose of enforcing its contents.

II. The Day of Atonement, also known as Yom Kippur, is a day that makes known the truth of God’s love for all of mankind. In this paragraph we will expose the true meaning of The Day Of Atonement; we will also discuss the false teachings. The following information in subparagraph (II.A.B.) comes from the Jewish site, Chabad.org, and provides the basic belief that Jews have about the Day of Atonement. Chabad.org’s teaching of Yom Kippur is not complete, and will be discussed in this article. I will provide scriptures on the correct teaching of God, in His way of making people pure, holy, and qualified to have eternal life in Heaven.

A. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

B. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year; it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

C. “John 17:3” explains that eternal life comes at the time of a person’s coming to saving faith in God the Father, through Christ, God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit. There is no waiting to attain eternal life. Eternal life is eternal, from the time that a person comes to saving faith in God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit); there is no waiting, and no re-qualifying each year. “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

D. The Day of Atonement is a part of the Law. Christ fulfilled all of the Law (Matt 5:17).

E. By no means, will this article attack the Jews in their beliefs, but will show that the Day of Atonement has been fulfilled by the atoning sacrifice of Christ (I John 2:2).

III. Video 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday (See Video Details Below). Notice in the video the words, “we’re not perfect.” However, in 2 Cor 5:17 and 2 Cor 5:21, we are told that due to our new birth in Christ, our spirits have become as perfect as the Spirit of Christ, which is because Christ took our imperfection of spirit upon Himself through His propitiatory death. Through our new birth we don’t have to go through a yearly ritual of repentance to be secure in Christ. Without our having a perfect spirit, we can not have eternal life in heaven with God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). 1 John 1:5, “God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.”

IV. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ.

A. Leviticus 23:26-32 (NASB). The Day of Atonement. 26 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God. 29 If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 16:34 once a year. The better sacrifice of Jesus Christ was offered once-for-all, never to be repeated (cf. Heb. 9:11—10:18). Upon that sacrifice all forgiveness of sin is based, including that of OT believers.

B. Numbers 29:7-11 (NASB) 7 ‘Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble yourselves; you shall not do any work. 8 You shall present a burnt offering to the Lord as a soothing aroma: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect; 9 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 10 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 11 one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. The sacrifices of the Day of Atonement are included in the Law. For someone to say that they keep the Law, they must comply with all of the 613 requirements of the law, to include all of its sacrifices (James 2:10). https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments

V. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the blood of Christ, and of Christ, “the High Priest.”

A. Hebrews 9:11-12 (NASB) 11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; 12 and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. not of this creation. The phrase is the explanation of “not made with hands”—it is the creation of God alone. The sanctuary where Christ serves is heaven itself (cf. v. 24; 8:2)).

B. Hebrews 9:13-14 (NASB) 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

(MacArthur Study Bible note. the blood of Christ. This is an expression that refers not simply to the fluid, but the whole atoning sacrificial work of Christ in His death. Blood is used as a substitute word for death (cf. Matt. 23:30, 35; 27:6, 8, 24, 25; John 6:54–56; Acts 18:6; 20:26)).

C. Hebrews 9:15 (NASB) 15 For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. 8:6 Mediator. Cf. 9:15. The word describes a go-between or an arbitrator, in this case between man and God. See note on 1 Tim. 2:5 (cf. Gal. 3:19, 20).

D. Hebrews 4:14-15 (NASB) 14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.

Mac Arthur Study Bible note. 4:15 all points tempted. See notes on 2:17, 18. The writer here adds to his statements in 2:18 that Jesus was sinless. He was able to be tempted (Matt. 4:1–11), but not able to sin (see notes on 7:26).

E. Scripture points to the fact that in relation to the Jewish High Priests, Christ was a better High Priest, and that in relation to the animals that were sacrificed by the Jewish High Priests, Christ was the only sacrifice that could satisfy God’s requirement for the removal of sin.

VI. The Holiest Jewish Day Of The Year. Yom Kippur, which is also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year that Jews observe. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4687/jewish/Yom-Kippur.htm Yom Kippur was spoken into Law by God in the year 1446 B.C. (Thompson Chain Reference Bible, Lev 23:26-32). The Hebrew Bible calls the day Yom Hakippurim (Hebrew, “Day of the Atonement/s”). In the Hebrew calendar, the ninth day of Tishri is known as Erev Yom Kippur (Yom Kippur eve) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Holy_Days The Hebrew word, “yom,” (pronounced YOHM, means “day, time.” Yom means day, the Hebrew day lasting from one evening to the next (Gen 1:5). “Yom” describes a working day (Ex 20:9) or day of the month (Zch 1:7). It indicates a time (Pro 24:10) or occasion (Num 10:10) (Holman Christian Standard Bible note, Gen 1:20-23). Even though the Day of Atonement has been observed by Jews ever since it inception, its eternal significance for God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) will not come to fruition until the last days of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ; then, its true meaning will be exposed to, not only Jews, but also to Gentiles that will be present on earth; such Jews and Gentiles will not have had saving faith in Christ at the time of the rapture, so, they will have been left behind after the rapture will have taken place. As opposed to the Jewish teaching of God’s atonement, which is the covering of a person’s sin, the sacrifice of Christ on the cross was God’s way of removing a person’s condemning sin of unbelief (John 1:29, 3:3, Rom 8:1, 2 Cor 5:17, 21).

A. Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday), marks the end of a period of introspection and repentance. No work is performed, and most of the holiday is spent in prayer. Consider the relationship of the Feast of Trumpets to the Day of Atonement.

B. Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashanah/Feast of Trumpets. The feast of trumpets relates to the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, when the angels regather the Jewish people from all around the world, and take them to Israel. Next, those Jews will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, or will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, which will take place at the end of the millennium. The Jews that come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age with other born again Jews and Gentiles. The Jews that fail to come to saving faith in Christ will be taken in death to Judgment (Matt 24:40-41/Rev 20:10-15). Either group of Jews will be Jews that miss the rapture (John 14:16, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). Gentiles that miss the rapture, and are still alive on earth at the end of the tribulation, will also have the opportunity to enter the Kingdom age, or will be taken in death to Judgment, where they will also arise at the end of the millennium to stand before the Great White Throne Judgment (Matt 25:31-46, Rev 20:10-15). Yom Kippur immediately follows Rosh Hashanah (Feast Of Trumpets) during the tribulation.

C. At the second coming of Christ, the conditions of God’s Judgment for the Jews and Gentiles that are left behind from the rapture will be exposed. Jews of OT Yom Kippur, and in today’s world, have a belief of a physical death for “unforgiven Jews,” that such unforgiven Jews will have their lives taken by God at the end of each Jewish year, thereby preventing them from entering into the new year. The same Yom Kippur observant Jews, have had the belief that all “forgiven Jews” will be given another year of life, and will enter the new Jewish year.

1. A Jewish teaching. The Jewish new year is not just a time to renew our resolve to lose another fifteen pounds. Rather, it’s the time when our fate stands in the balance as G‑d reviews our past year and decides whether or not to renew our lease on His planet. As such, Jewish greetings for this time of year (the Jewish New Year is in the fall) reflect our prayers for a good, sweet year up ahead. The catch-all greeting you can use for the entire season is “Shanah tovah” (שנה טובה), which means “Good year.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A Jewish teaching. Kotvenu b’sefer he-ḥayyim, “Inscribe us in the Book of Life,” Jews pray in the days from Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur. “May you be written down and inscribed for a good year,” they say to each other. No concept or phrase is more associated with the High Holy Days than that of a divine “book” in which our fates are written
https://forward.com/culture/183461/may-you-be-inscribed-in-the-book-of-life-for-5774/

3. A Jewish teaching. From noon on Rosh Hashanah, when our fates are already written, until Yom Kippur, when our fates for the coming year are to be sealed, we wish each other “Gemar chatimah tovah” (גמר חתימה טובה), “A good final sealing.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

VII. Atonement.

A. Atonement is an often-used Old Testament term representing a sacrifice for sin. Leviticus 16 describes atonement on many levels by many actions. The whole process was quite detailed but necessary for the people of God to be holy before God, and thus “at one with God.” https://www.christianity.com/wiki/salvation/what-is-atonement-biblical-meaning-and-definition.html When we are born again, we are “one in Christ,” (Gal 3:28). By being “in Christ,” our spirit is as pure as Christ, whether Jew or Gentile. The Jews and Gentiles which come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation, will be “one in Christ,” with the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirits (John 14:20), which is a result of the new birth (John 3:3).

B. The Jewish belief of the yearly Day of Atonement is that, during the Days Of Awe” (Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur), God will determine which Jews are just, and will be allowed to live for another year. However, the unjust Jews will have their lives taken from them by God (this death, is not eternal death.).

C. The Day of Atonement looks forward to the time at the end of the Tribulation, where similar implications will be experienced, but with eternal results for the Jews (Matt 24:40-41), as well as for the Gentiles of the tribulation (Matt 25:31-46).

1. The Matt 24:40-41 Jews will be shown to have come to saving faith in Christ, or not. Those “left behind” Jews, will be Jews that were “born again” during the Tribulation. These born again Jews,” will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age for the 1,000 year reign of Christ as Messiah, where He will be King of Kings, and Lord of Lords (Rev 19:16); these born again Jews will be “at one with Christ”. Those Jews “that are taken,” had not been born again; they will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, at the end of the Kingdom Age, where they will stand before Christ, as Judge, and will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These Jews, that will not have been born again, will be eternally “estranged from Christ.”

2. The Gentiles that were compassionate to the Jews during the tribulation (the least of these, My brethren..Mt 25:40), will show such love for the Jews (“you fed Me and gave Me drink; you took Me in; you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me; when you did it to one of these, “My brethren,” you did it to Me…Mt 25:34-40). These compassionate Gentiles will show kindness to Jews because they will have been born again; these Gentiles will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age (Mt 25:34), where Christ will rule and reign as Messiah. The Gentiles that do not show compassion for the Jews during the Tribulation will show by their lack of compassion for the Jews that they will not have been born again, and will be taken in death to the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These unbelieving Gentiles are addressed by Christ, “I was hungry and thirsty and you did not feed me; you did not take me in, or clothe me; you did not visit me when I was sick or in prison; “in as much as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me,” (Mt 25:31-46).

3. Matt 24:40-41 Review. “Taken:” to judgment in death. “Left:” to enter in life, the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, the 1000 year reign of Christ. At the time of the rapture, those whom have been born born again will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6). Those whom will not have been born again will be left on earth to come under the Judgments of God (Rev 3:10).

VIII. “The Least Of These.” It has been my unfortunate experience to hear certain politicians say that Matthew 25:40 relates to the responsibility of government to take care of the less fortunate. I have also heard certain “religious” personalities use the words of Matthew 25:40 to infer that if people living in this dispensation of grace (the church age) do not take care of the needy of the world, that such negligent people will not go to heaven.

A. It is important to understand that Mt 25:40 refers to the Jews and Gentiles of the tribulation. “Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of “the least of these My brethren,” you did it to Me.” The “brethren” are Jews (The Moody Bible Commentary).

B. It is also important to understand that 1 Cor 16:1, “Now concerning the collection for the saints,” refers to NT benevolence for Christians. In this verse, an offering was taken from the church at Corinth to the needy Christians that were in Jerusalem (Ryrie Study Bible note).

C. Mt 25:40 specifically is a teaching of tribulation benevolence for Jews. 1 Cor 16:1 is a teaching of Church Age benevolence for Christians.

IX. Romans 11:26 states, “all Israel will be saved.” The verse relates to the nation of Israel being given the land of the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 15:18-21). Only born again Jews will enter that land, at the time of the Kingdom Age. The Kingdom Age will begin at the end of the tribulation, and continue until the beginning of the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3). The requirement for anyone to enter the Kingdom Age is, “you must be born again” (John 3:3).

A. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement is found in the second coming of Christ to earth, at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:29-31; Zechariah 14:1-15; ). Key to understanding the time of the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, is the need for the Jews whom are present on earth “to call on Christ” to return; this will happen because those Jews will have come to know Christ as the Messiah. Consider Zech 12:10, Psalm 118:26, Matt 23:39, “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord.”

B. Yom Kippur In Brief https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

1. What: Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.”

2. When: The 10th day of Tishrei (in 2019, from several minutes before sunset on Tuesday, October 8, until after nightfall on Wednesday, October 9), coming on the heels of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year, which is on the first and second days of Tishrei).

3. How: For nearly 26 hours we “afflict our souls”: we abstain from food and drink, do not wash or apply lotions or creams, do not wear leather footwear, and abstain from marital relations. Instead, we spend the day in synagogue, praying for forgiveness.

4. Indeed, although Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year, it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.

C. In relation to the Old Testament teaching of The Day of Atonement, we must understand that the Jews feared the judgment of God in regard to living or dying. The Jews viewed the judgment of living as being a physical state of life that would be extended for another year, until the next Day of Atonement. For the Jews, they viewed the judgment of death as resulting in a physical state of death. As relating to spiritual eternal life or death for OT Jews, Daniel 12:1-3 discusses those situations.

X. The Days Of Awe. Consider The Days Of Awe And The Book Of Life. The following information is important for believers in Christ to understand, as well as unbelieving Jews, and all others whom do not know Christ as their Lord and Savior.

A. The subject of having someone’s name blotted out of the Book of Life has often been improperly taught. During the days of their mortal life, Jews realize that God has all power over life’s physical existence, which has nothing to do with the Lamb’s Book of Life. The Lamb’s Book of Life contains all of the names of those whom have been born again, and whose eternity with God “is sealed” (in the Lamb’s Book Of Life), and can never be removed. Unbelieving Jews believe that God makes a determination each year as to whom will live for another year and, “that decision,” will hold fast for another year. Jews use the Days Of Awe as a time of repentance to get right with others, and with God. (Rev 21:17 “Nothing dirty or defiled will get into the City, and no one who defiles or deceives. Only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life will get in…The Message.” Rev 3:5, I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life.”).

B. To be written in the Book of Life – To be sealed in the Book of Life. It is a Jewish belief that during the Days of Awe, that begin on Rosh Hashanah, and extend through the completion of the Day of Atonement, “through the Jews’ repentance,” they can alter God’s decree that He issued on Rosh Hashanah, as to whom will live for another year. During the Days of Awe, Jews may greet each other with the following words.

1. “L’Shanah Tovah” (li-SHAH-nuh TOH-vuh; li-shah-NAH toh-VAH)
Hebrew. Lit. for a good year. A common greeting during Rosh Hashanah and Days of Awe. It is an abbreviation of L’shanah tovah tikatev v’taihatem (May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year). The second pronunciation above is the proper Hebrew pronunciation, but I more commonly hear the first pronunciation, which is Yiddish style. The greeting may also be spoken as, “may your name be found in the Book of Life.”
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A verse that shows the removal of someone from the book of life, is as follows. (Please remember that the verse has nothing to do with a loss of eternal life.)

a. Exodus 32:32 (NASB) “But now, if You will, forgive their sin–and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!”

b. MacArthur Study Bible note. 32:32 blot me out of Your book. Nothing more strongly marked the love of Moses for his people than his sincere willingness to offer up his own life rather than see them disinherited and destroyed. The book to which Moses referred, the psalmist entitled “the book of the living” (Ps. 69:28). Untimely or premature death would constitute being blotted out of the book. The Apostle Paul displayed a similar passionate devotion for his kinsmen (Rom. 9:1–3).

c. Ryrie Study Bible note. “book.” A register of the physically living. To be blotted out meant to experience an untimely death. By contrast, the NT book of life (Rev 13:8, etc) is the register of those whom have eternal life.

d. My note. Moses was telling God to take his mortal life; it was for a cause. There is nothing in this verse to say that Moses wanted his eternal life or spirit to be taken from him by God.

XI. It is incorrect to believe that because a person has been given a premature death by God, that such a person has lost their salvation, such as has been suggested in the case of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11). If that couple had been born again, they would not have been unborn, and would not have become unsaved. Once we have been born again, having come to belief in Christ as our Lord in Savior, our eternity with Christ has been sealed in the Lamb’s Book Of Life…forever (Ephesians 1:13, Revelation 3:5). The key question for each person is: “have you been born again; do you know Christ as your Lord and Savior?”

A. Let’s consider Ananias and Sapphira. It is obvious by their actions that they had become an embarrassment upon God’s people, and also upon God. The same thing can happen today. If a born again believer in Christ begins to act in a way that is embarrassing to God, or to the body of Christ, such a backslider may be given “an early death.”

B. 1 John 5:16 (NASB) If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this.

C. Death may refer either to spiritual or physical death, though physical death is probably the case in 1 Jn 5:16 . The “Brother” does not lose his salvation, but leaves this life prematurely. For the unbeliever, “unbelief in Christ” is the sin that results in eternal spiritual death; its finality is realized after physical death occurs (John 3:18), when he is resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). The born again believer in Christ, after death or resurrection, has the promise of “not being condemned” (Rom 8:1).

XII. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement comes through the Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ.

A. Hebrews 10:10 (NASB) By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

MacArthur Study Bible note. 10:10 sanctified. “Sanctify” means to “make holy,” to be set apart from sin for God (cf. 1 Thes. 4:3). When Christ fulfilled the will of God, He provided for the believer a continuing, permanent condition of holiness (Eph. 4:24; 1 Thes. 3:13).

B. Romans 11:26 (NASB), “and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 11:26 all Israel. All the elect Jewish people alive at the end of the Tribulation, not the believing remnant of Jews within the church during this church age (see notes on vv. 5, 17). Since the remnant has already embraced the truth of the gospel (see note on v. 25), it could not be in view here, since it no longer needs the salvation this verse promises. The Deliverer will come out of Zion. See Pss. 14:7; 53:6; Is. 46:13. The Lord Jesus Christ’s millennial rule will be associated with Mt. Zion (see notes on Ps. 110:2; Heb. 12:22). Zion. See note on 9:33.

2. NKJV Study Bible note. 11:26 All Israel does not mean that every individual in the nation will turn to the Lord. It means that the nation as a whole will be saved, just as the nation as a whole (but not every individual in it) was now rejecting the Lord.

3. Consider the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:21 (NASB) “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

b. Because of Adam’s sin, and the following curse that came upon all of God’s creation, we were born “to be sin”. Sin was our eternal state upon our becoming an embryo; we “were” fully sin, “spirit, soul and body.” Christ who, “was not sin,” became sin even though He “did not sin,” so that He could pay sin’s penalty on our behalf. We became the righteousness of God when we were born again. We were spiritually born again to spiritually dwell “in the Spirit of Christ” (please notice the word “spiritually”).

c. Romans 3:25 (NASB) “whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;”

(1). MacArthur Study Bible note. 3:25. propitiation. Crucial to the significance of Christ’s sacrifice, this word carries the idea of appeasement or satisfaction—in this case Christ’s violent death satisfied the offended holiness and wrath of God against those for whom Christ died (Is. 53:11; Col. 2:11–14). The Heb. equivalent of this word was used to describe the mercy seat—the cover to the ark of the covenant—where the High-Priest sprinkled the blood of the slaughtered animal on the Day of Atonement to make atonement for the sins of the people (see Heb 2:17, 1 John 2:1, 4:10). But in reality, man is incapable of satisfying God’s justice apart from Christ, except by spending eternity in hell.

(2). The result of Christ’s becoming sin, “on our behalf,” is known as propitiation, per the Merriam Webster definition. Notice, “atoning sacrifice.”

(3). Definition of propitiation.

(a). the act of propitiating
(b). something that propitiates; specifically, an atoning sacrifice

XIII. To Live Or Die. Based on the Jewish beliefs of Yom Kippur, Jews may be lead to believe that if they are alive on The Day Of Atonement, “God has accepted their repentance, forgiven their sins, and sealed their verdicts for a year of life, health and happiness.” Consider the alternative to that belief.

XIV. Let’s consider the sins, of “omission, commission and unbelief.”

A. If a person fails to do something that they should have done, or has done something that they should have not done, a break in relationship can occur. The situation can develop that is so severe “that you can cut it with a knife.” In such sins of relationship, God has provided the following verse. “confess your sins to one another,” (James 5:16).

B. If a believer in Christ shows a lack of respect for God, in what is said or done, their prior “God to mankind” relationship can be damaged. God has provided a way for the sinning man, or woman, to correct such a damaged relationship, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness,” (1 John 1:9).

C. In neither of the two above examples, will a person lose their salvation. However, there is a sin that will prevent a person from spending eternity with God in Heaven. Such a sin is “the sin of unbelief,” which comes from someone not being born again (John 1:29, 3:3-8, 3:16-18, Rom 8:1). Notice that it is the sin of unbelief that Christ came to “take away” (Jn 1:29). A person can murder another person; God can restore the murderer to their prior relationship, but the person that was murdered does not return to life. A bank robbery can not be undone; the robbery took place; nothing can change that sin; but relationships can be restored. The key to sins of omission and commission is that damaged relationships can be restored, whether “believer to believer,” or “believer to God.”

D. Sins of omission and commission do not prevent a person from going to heaven. It is the sin of unbelief that has the most serious affects, and is the sin that only “Christ, The High Priest” can resolve. It is only through the new birth that anyone can dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), and spend eternity with God (John 3:3, 1 John 1:5). The condemning sin of Judas Iscariot would not have been that he betrayed Christ, but that he was not “born again.”

E. There is a scripture that was given to the Jews, “Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean;
Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow” (Ps 51:7).

1. Mac Arthur Study Bible Note. 51:7 hyssop. Old Testament priests used hyssop, a leafy plant, to sprinkle blood or water on a person being ceremonially cleansed from defilements such as leprosy or touching a dead body (cf. Lev. 14:6ff.; Num. 19:16–19). Here hyssop is a figure for David’s longing to be spiritually cleansed from his moral defilement. In forgiveness, God washes away sin (cf. Ps. 103:12; Is. 1:16; Mic. 7:19).

2. The atoning question for all people of all times is, “have you been born again?” (Ez 36:24-29, John 3:3, 2 Cor 5:17), with your righteous and born again spirit dwelling within the Righteous Spirit of God (John 14:20, 2 Cor 5:21).

XV. Video Details (Videos 1 and 2)

A. Video Details 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017, Seeds of Revelation. 10,921 views•Sep 29, 2017.Discovering the Jewish Jesus with Rabbi Schneider. 91.5K subscribers. The penalty for sin is death, but did you know that Jesus fulfilled Yom Kippur once and for all?Leviticus 17: 11, says, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”

B. Video Details 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday 167,643 views•Sep 12, 2017. BimBam. 37.9K subscribers.Learn the basics of the Day of Atonement in 3 minutes. Yom Kippur is the most holy day of the Jewish year and it is full of spiritual opportunity if you open yourself up to its customs, prayers and melodies. This short video is a basic primer on what Yom Kippur is, for everyone. It explains what the holiday is about, where it comes from, what to expect at a service and how to break the fast! A great intro for Jews and non-Jews alike – share with your curious coworker or family member. This video was made possible with generous support from The Koret Foundation, as part of its Initiative on Jewish Peoplehood.–

Shabbat Shalom

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