Israel 6 – Exodus 4

Sweet, Sweet Spirit [Live]. God’s Holy Spirit, is that part of God that goes forth from Him for many purposes. As we continue our study of Israel, we will learn many things about how God’s Holy Spirit works on the behalf of God, “The Father.” In this series of articles we will see how God’s Holy Spirit worked in such a way as to deliver Jews from Egyptian bondage. We will also see how God traveled with the Israelites, and provided for them, and protected them, throughout their forty-year wilderness experience (Deuteronomy 2:7). God’s Holy Spirit is not an “it,” but is a “He,” the third person of the “Trinity.” (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) https://www.gotquestions.org/Trinity-Bible.html Since God’s Holy Spirit is not an “it, it may be appropriate to have such a greeting as “Holy Spirit,” as opposed to “the Holy Spirit.” The closing video shows the possibilities of how God delivered the Israelite’s, to, and through the Red Sea.

Israel 6 – Exodus 4 – Preliminary

Genesis 1:1-2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Creation

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

Spirit of God. Not only did God the Holy Spirit participate in creation, but so did God the Son (cf. John 1:1–3; Col. 1:16; Heb. 1:2) (MacArthur Study Bible note). Consider the role that God’s Holy Spirit had in the creation of our world, and in many things that relate to the chosen people of God.

Enoch was in the blood line that ran from Adam, through Seth. Enoch didn’t die, but was taken to heaven by God. (God “took” him to heaven, Gen 5:24. “Took.”). Enoch was the father of Methuselah, whom is the oldest person that ever lived, and died during the year of the flood (Wilmington’s Guide To The Bible, pg 10, Dr. Harold L. Wilmington). Methuselah was the father of Lamech, whom was the father of Noah. The blood line from Noah ran through Abram (Abraham), Isaac, and Jacob (whom God renamed Israel). Consider the following verse and comments.

Genesis 5:24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

24 Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.

5:24 walked with God…was not, for God took him. Enoch is the only break in the chapter from the incessant comment, “and he died.” Cf. 4:17, 18; 1 Chr. 1:3; Luke 3:37; Heb. 11:5; Jude 14. Only one other man is said to have enjoyed this intimacy of relationship in walking with God, Noah (6:9). Enoch experienced being taken to heaven alive by God, as did Elijah later (2 Kin. 2:1–12). (MacArthur Study Bible note)

NASB Lexicon: took. Hebrew: לָקַ֥ח (la·kach). Strong’s:3947: to take.

3947. laqach

Strong’s Concordance
laqach: to take
Original Word: לָקַח
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: laqach
Phonetic Spelling: (law-kakh’)
Definition: to take

Brown-Driver-Briggs: 1 take, take in the hand. 2 take and carry along with oneself. 3. a. take from, or out of. b. take, carry away. c. take away from, so as to deprive of.).

God will use whichever means that He finds necessary to fulfill His will. In the case of the exodus of Israel from Egypt, and their forty-year journey in the wilderness, God used many spiritual tools to fulfill His will in the lives of those Jews, God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2).

There is a New Testament comparison to the “taking” of Enoch to Heaven, which also relates to the “taking up” of His people, whom will be the born again believers in Christ. This subject will be addressed in articles that relate to the end times. Consider John 14:1-6.

Enoch was caught up and taken to heaven prior to the worldwide flood:

Genesis 6:17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

17 Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.

Israel – Ongoing.

Date. The fourth chapter of Exodus took place in 1447 B.C. (Thompson Chain-Reference Study Bible, 2009, previous editions date back to 1903).

Exodus 4 Outline. 1. Moses’ rod is turned into a serpent. 6. His hand becomes leprous. 10. He is loath to be sent. 14. Aaron is appointed to assist him. 18. Moses departs from Jethro. 21. God’s message to Pharaoh. 24. Zipporah circumcises her son. 27. Aaron is sent to meet Moses. 31. The people believe him. (Nave’s Study Bible, Revised And Expanded, 1978).

Exodus 4 Examination. In this chapter, we will focus our attention on the intervention of God in the affairs of the people of Israel while they were in bondage in Egypt. We will see how God worked in the lives of the Egyptians and the Jews to bring about the exodus of Israel from Egypt.

Exodus 4 New American Standard Bible.

We will review God’s Chapter 3 discussion with Moses. God will take the Jews out of Egypt, in spite of the objections of the King of Egypt. God will strike Egypt with His miracles to cause the King to, “let God’s people go!”

Exodus 3:16-20 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 Go and gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt. 17 So I said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.”’ 18 They will pay heed to what you say; and you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt and you will say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. So now, please, let us go a three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.’ 19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, except under compulsion. 20 So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all My miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and after that he will let you go.

Beginning in Chapter 4 we see that Moses had a great lack of confidence in his abilities to lead the people of Israel. Consider how God answered those objections.

Exodus 4:1-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Moses Given Powers

1 Then Moses said, “What if they will not believe me or listen to what I say? For they may say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you.’” 2 The Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” And he said, “A staff.” 3 Then He said, “Throw it on the ground.” So he threw it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from it. 4 But the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand and grasp it by its tail”—so he stretched out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand— 5 “that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”

vs 2-3 The staff of Moses became a serpent. vs 4 The serpent became a staff.

6 The Lord furthermore said to him, “Now put your hand into your bosom.” So he put his hand into his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous like snow. 7 Then He said, “Put your hand into your bosom again.” So he put his hand into his bosom again, and when he took it out of his bosom, behold, it was restored like the rest of his flesh. 8 “If they will not believe you or heed the witness of the first sign, they may believe the witness of the last sign. 9 But if they will not believe even these two signs or heed what you say, then you shall take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry ground; and the water which you take from the Nile will become blood on the dry ground.”

vs 6-7 The hand of Moses became leprous. vs 7 The hand of Moses was returned to good health. vs Moses would be able to pour Nile River water on the ground, where it would become blood on the ground.

10 Then Moses said to the Lord, “Please, Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither recently nor in time past, nor since You have spoken to Your servant; for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 11 The Lord said to him, “Who has made man’s mouth? Or who makes him mute or deaf, or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? 12 Now then go, and I, even I, will be with your mouth, and teach you what you are to say.” 13 But he said, “Please, Lord, now send the message by whomever You will.”

vs 10 Moses was self-conscious of his speaking deficiencies. vs 12-13 God would take care of any speech limitations that Moses would have.

Aaron to Be Moses’ Mouthpiece

14 Then the anger of the Lord burned against Moses, and He said, “Is there not your brother Aaron the Levite? I know that he speaks fluently. And moreover, behold, he is coming out to meet you; when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. 15 You are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth; and I, even I, will be with your mouth and his mouth, and I will teach you what you are to do. 16 Moreover, he shall speak for you to the people; and he will be as a mouth for you and you will be as God to him. 17 You shall take in your hand this staff, with which you shall perform the signs.”

vs 14-15 Aaron, the brother of Moses, will be the mouth piece of Moses. vs 16 Aaron would speak to the people for Moses, even as Moses would speak to Aaron for the Lord. vs 17 Moses, despite God’s anger at his unwillingness, retained superiority in that he had the instrument by which miracles would be done so that it was identified as “the rod of God” (v. 20) (vs 16-17 notes from MacArthur Study Bible).

27 Now the Lord said to Aaron, “Go to meet Moses in the wilderness.” So he went and met him at the mountain of God and kissed him. 28 Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord with which He had sent him, and all the signs that He had commanded him to do. 29 Then Moses and Aaron went and assembled all the elders of the sons of Israel; 30 and Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses. He then performed the signs in the sight of the people. 31 So the people believed; and when they heard that the Lord was concerned about the sons of Israel and that He had seen their affliction, then they bowed low and worshiped.

vs 29 Moses performed the miracles before the Jewish elders of vs 2-7; vs 30 the elders believed God’s Word. vs 31. The elders worshiped God.

Israel – Supportive.

A video view of the land in the study of Exodus is provided in the following video and discussion. It is clear that God provided for the exodus of the Israelites in a plan that He devised in eternity past. It is also clear that God led the Israelites to the place of their “Red Sea Crossing,”and that it was not just by “happenstance” that the Jews “stumbled across” the proper place to cross the sea.

As we go through this wilderness study of Israel, we will use a video tape series of discussions that show the terrain, and other natural land marks, that affected the travel of the children of Israel (Israel=Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham). The six part study is called, “The Real Mount Sinai.”

Dr Bryant G. Wood, B.S., M.S., M.A., Ph.D. is the leader of the series of videos, The Real Mount Sinai.” I think that you will come away from this video series, having gained a lot of good food for thought. You will notice that this video series does not necessarily align up with each article, but will add content that will be valuable to this overall series of articles that we are studying. Check the bio on Dr. Wood: https://creation.com/dr-bryant-g-wood

[Acts 7:36-40] He [Moses] led them out, performing wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness [of Midian/Saudi Arabia] forty years.

See Israel 4 for Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/01/19/israel-4-the-preparation-of-moses-a-peek-into-the-end-times/

Exodus of Moses at Red Sea – The Real Mount Sinai :: Part 5 of 6

In this study of God’s chosen people, it is important to know some of the most commonly used names of God (John 8:32). There is a list of the names of God in the previous articles on Israel.

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Israel’s Significance

The opening video of this article shows Jews whom reside in the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States. They are significant in this article’s discussion of Israel, and Jews residing throughout our world.

The Jewish Prophets of Israel wrote many things about the significance of Israel, as they believe were given to them by God (Elohim). Many people, whom identify themselves as being believers in Christ, agree with the writings of the Jewish prophets. The following is a Christian perspective of Israel.

It is impossible to have a study of eschatology, without also having an understanding of the nation of Israel, as it relates to the end times scenario. Any serious student of the end times must seek an understanding of the covenant promises of God to Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3), as they relate to the land of Israel, the covenant seed of Israel, and the end times promise of the Kingdom Age. There is a movement that has existed for many years, and is very much alive today, that is known as “replacement theology.” The belief within replacement theology is that the church is the new Israel. The reasoning for such error is because Israel rejected Christ, is in a state of unbelief today, and that the promises and blessings that God made to Israel are now beneficent to the church. However, a careful reading of Genesis 12:1-3, shows that the blessings of God for Israel are not based on any state of belief, or unbelief, that may be present in the spiritual condition of Israel. God has never made a promise to any nation or people, as He has made to “the nation of Israel.” There is no such thing as “a Christian nation,” having God-ordained geographic boundaries. The church is the born again body of believers in Christ, and is by no means a nation. During the Kingdom Age, the nation of Israel will dwell within the God-given boundaries of the land of Israel, that is based on the covenant that God made with Abraham. During the time of the Millennium (Kingdom Age), born again Gentiles will reside in lands that are located beyond the borders of Israel. In order for Jews to find their place in the Kingdom Age land of Israel, each of those Jews must have been born again (John 3:3).

At present time, the nation of Israel is living in a condition of unbelief, as it relates to its relationship with Christ, the Messiah. The city of Tel Aviv is a very sinful city; the city of Jerusalem is a city of much less sin. Since 1948, Jews have been returning to their homeland, and in a state of unbelief. Unbelieving Jews will be tested for belief in Christ during the Tribulation. At the end of the Tribulation, those Jews, whom have come to saving faith in Christ, will return in belief to the Lord, and to a much larger land, that extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq. Regardless of Israel’s sinfulness, or of its proper standing with Messiah/Christ, God’s Word is firm: Genesis 12:3, “I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.” We have no choice, but to bless Israel, or to be the targets of God’s curses.

Consider the following comments that relate to the opening video of this article.

http://israelvideosfeed.comBorough Park (usually spelled Boro Park by its residents), is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States; Borough Park covers an extensive grid of streets between Bay Ridge and Prospect Park. Borough Park had its beginnings in a few streets of cottages called “Blythebourne” erected in 1887 by the speculative builder, Electus B. Litchfield.Another developer, William Reynolds, built more speculative housing in the area, which was served by a steam railroad, the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island West End Line.
Borough Park is home to one of the largest Orthodox Jewish communities outside of Israel, with one of the largest concentrations of Jews in the United States, and Orthodox traditions rivaling many insular communities. Since the average number of children in Hasidic and Hareidi families is 6.72, Borough Park is experiencing sharp growth. It is an economically diverse area, with rich, working class and poor people living side-by-side and going to the same schools and synagogues.
Its heart lies between 9th and 18th Avenues and 40th and 61st Streets. Borough Park is patrolled by the NYPD’s 66th [6] Precinct and by Boro Park Shomrim Citizen Safety Patrol

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138 – Israel Under Roman Rule – 27 B.C. To 476 A.D.

Anti-Semitism: Hitler’s Rise to Power. The Jews in the following videos are descendants of the Jews that were forced from their homeland of Israel, beginning in the year 70 A.D. It was then that the Romans destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the Temple; more than a million Jews were murdered by the Romans. Jews had made the land of Israel their home, from as far back as 1451 B.C. Beginning with the 70 A.D. attack of Romans on the Jews, the Jews began their forced dispersion to many other countries, including Germany. It was in Germany (where the videos in this article were made) that the murders of more than six million Jews took place at the hands of Germans.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-great-revolt-66-70-ce

First Newsreel Pictures Of The Liberation Of The Nazi Death Camps

Women & Children in the holocaust

Yes! There was a holocaust! Six million Jews murdered!

https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen

Any non-Jew would normally wonder what it is that keeps the emotional drive of Jews so strong, especially after they have viewed the preceding videos of the Jews who were so brutally treated during the time of the Holocaust. Any normal person should also wonder how one group of people could be so brutal to another group of people. Many people have denied the fact of the Holocaust; but, the videos of this article don’t lie. Consider the following reports of other articles that discuss how Jews were treated during their time of dominance by the Roman World Empire.

Israel In The Roman Empire

In order for anyone to have a clear understanding of the culture of Israel, and the Jewish people, it is an imperative that the religious aspects of the Jews be considered. In order for a news reporting agency to properly report on the nation of Israel, and Jews around the world, there must be an honest sensitivity to things that are important to Jews, and must be shown in that reporting. In order for businesses to effectively incorporate Jewish businesses into their overall corporate scheme, the sensitivities and beliefs of Jews and Israel must be taken into account. Before this post is read it is advised that the prior posts be read, in their order of being published:

1. Israel, A Look Within, From Without
2. Israel 931-586 BC
3. Israel 586-445 BC
4. Israel 444 BC To The Roman Empire

Consider the following breakdowns of Jewish history.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_the_Roman_Empire

The history of the Jews in the Roman Empire traces the interaction of Jews and Romans during the period of the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 476). Their cultures began to overlap in the centuries just before the Christian Era. Jews, as part of the Jewish diaspora, migrated to Rome and Roman Europe from the Land of Israel, Asia Minor, Babylon and Alexandria in response to economic hardship and incessant warfare over the land of Israel between the Ptolemaic and Seleucid empires. In Rome, Jewish communities enjoyed privileges and thrived economically, becoming a significant part of the Empire’s population (perhaps as much as ten percent).

The Roman general Pompey in his eastern campaign established the Roman province of Syria in 64 BC and conquered Jerusalem in 63 BC. Julius Caesar conquered Alexandria c. 47 BC and defeated Pompey in 45 BC. Under Julius Caesar, Judaism was officially recognised as a legal religion, a policy followed by the first Roman emperor, Augustus. Herod the Great was designated ‘King of the Jews’ by the Roman Senate in c. 40 BC. The Roman province of Egypt was established in 30 BC, and Judea proper, Samaria and Idumea (biblical Edom) were converted to the Roman province of Iudaea in 6 AD. Jewish-Roman tensions resulted in several Jewish–Roman wars, 66-135 AD, which resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple and institution of the Jewish Tax in 70 and Hadrian’s attempt to create a new Roman colony named Aelia Capitolina c. 130.

Around this time, Christianity developed from Second Temple Judaism. In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan giving official recognition to Christianity as a legal religion. Constantine the Great moved the Roman capital from Rome to Constantinople (‘New Rome’) c. 330, sometimes considered the start of the Byzantine Empire, and with the Edict of Thessalonica in 380, Christianity became the state church of the Roman Empire. The Christian emperors persecuted their Jewish subjects and restricted their rights.

https://www.ahistoryofgreece.com/roman.htm

To the Romans, the Greek civilization was a source of inspiration, and as Athens prospered under the Emperor Hadrian, Rome prospered from the ideas of the ancient Athenians.

Hadrians Arch and the Temple of Olympia Zeus. In 168 BC the Romans defeat the Macedonians in the battle of Pydna. In 146 BC and 86 BC the Romans seize rebellious Corinth, killing all the men, selling the women into slavery and destroying the city as an example. When Athens joins King Mithridates in another rebellion against the Romans in Asia Minor they invade the city, destroy the walls and leave with the most valuable sculptures. When Octavion becomes emperor with his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra (of the line of Greek Ptolemaic Pharaohs) the period of peace which follows is known as Pax-Romana, lasting 300 years. It is the longest period of peace in the history of Greece

http://fellowship.ifcj.org/site/PageNavigator/sfi_about_history_roman

History of Israel

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire was an outgrowth of the ancient Roman Republic, which had roots back as far as 500 BCE. In the first century BCE, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus formed the First Triumvirate in an attempt to gain control of the Republic. Caesar emerged as the victor, but was later assassinated. However, his chosen heir, Octavian, formed part of the Second Triumvirate, and in 31 BCE, became the undisputed ruler. Roman emperors continued to expand and conquer more territory, until the Romans ruled much of the known world. During the Pax Romana (Roman Peace), in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, a period of relative peace, the Roman economy thrived and trade routes were established. The Romans built huge, architecturally impressive structures, like the Coliseum, and made incredible advances in infrastructure, building aqueducts, sewer systems, and the first highway system.

The Romans, in the 1st century BC, conquered much of the known world, ending the reign of the Greeks, as well as the reign of the Hasmonean dynasty in Israel. Their reign lasted until 476, when the Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, gained control.

At first, the Romans granted the Jewish people some authority over their internal affairs; however, frequent rebellions by the Jews led the Romans to stamp out that autonomy. Around 40 BC, the Roman Senate proclaimed Herod the Great as “King of the Jews,” and he was appointed the governor of Judea. He married a Hasmonean princess in order to gain the favor of the Jews in the region and shore up support for his reign. Herod also embarked on a program to reconstruct the Temple, which suffered damage from invasions over the years. He returned the Temple to its former glory, as well as enclosing the Tomb of the Patriarchs and building the fortress at Masada, but never received full Jewish support.

After Herod’s death in 4 BC, the Romans took full control of Jerusalem. The Jewish revolts began in earnest, culminating in the rebellion in 66 AD, which led the eventual destruction of the Temple in 70 AD. The Jewish people had been able to fend off Roman advances for a few years, but were never a true match for the stronger and better-equipped Roman army, under the Emperor Titus.

After the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem, the Jewish people were devastated. Hundreds of thousands were killed by the Romans, exiled, or sold into slavery. The image of the Romans triumphantly carrying off the sacred vessels from the Temple is immortalized on the famous Arch of Titus. Hope stirred again briefly during the reign of Bar Kokhba, a messianic figure and powerful military leader, who managed to reclaim Jerusalem in 132 AD. His victory, though, was short-lived; in 135 AD, his rebellion was crushed, the remaining Jews exiled, and Jerusalem was renamed Aelia Capitolina.

However, this did not end Jewish presence in Israel. The north, specifically Tiberias, became a center of Jewish learning and Torah study.

http://www.templemount.org/destruct2.html

A.D. 70 – Rome’s Destruction Of Jerusalem

During the long siege a terrible famine raged in the city and the bodies of the inhabitants were literally stacked like cordwood in the streets. The toll of Jewish suffering was horrible but they would not surrender the city. Again and again they attempted to trick the Romans through guile and perfidy. When at last the walls were breached Titus tried to preserve the Temple by giving orders to his soldiers not to destroy or burn it. But the anger of the soldiers against the Jews was so intense that, maddened by the resistance they encountered, they disobeyed the order of their general and set fire to the Temple. There were great quantities of gold and silver there which had been placed in the Temple for safekeeping. This melted and ran down between the rocks and into the cracks of the stones. When the soldiers captured the Temple area, in their greed to obtain this gold and silver they took long bars and pried apart the massive stones.

A Second Exile for Israel

When the Temple was destroyed in A.D. 70 the period of the second exile began. The Jewish people were soon to be scattered throughout the earth. For the next 1900 years the Jews would have no authority in the land God gave to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. However during most of the period of this Second Exile there have always been some Jews living in Jerusalem. Although most of the nation was in exile from their land, the Jews did not forget Jerusalem or the Temple Mount. Their daily prayer was for the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.

For the next two thousand years, the Temple Mount would lack any Jewish presence. The destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70 caused the beginning of the scattering of the Jews throughout the world. During this period, the Temple Mount was for the most part neglected and profaned. Though this time constituted a period of neglect, some significant events concerning Jerusalem and the Temple Mount did occur. More information on this time period of Temple Mount history is given in Tuvia Sagiv’s writings.

Let’s go back to the opening question of consideration of this article.

“What is it that keeps the emotional drive of Jews so strong?”

My belief is that it is because Jews hold deeply to a promise that is written in a Jewish scripture.

Deuteronomy 7:6 Contemporary English Version (CEV)

The Lord’s Chosen People

Moses said:

6 Israel, you are the chosen people of the Lord your God. There are many nations on this earth, but He chose only Israel to be His very own.

Any religious Jew understands that the Jews were chosen by God to bring the Messiah into the world. Such Jews also believe that during the future Kingdom of God, Jews will have a special role of service during that thousand year period of time. Beyond the Kingdom age, religious Jews look to, new heavens, a new earth and a new Jerusalem, where they will also have a place of God-ordained prominence. Many Christians hold to these same beliefs.

Hear O’ Israel

Per the Jewish prophet, Isaiah, the nation of Israel would be born in one day. The prophecy was made in 698 B.C. The day that the prophecy was fulfilled was May 14, 1948.

Isaiah 66:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

8 “Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things?
Can a land be born in one day?
Can a nation be brought forth all at once?
As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons.

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel

Many Jews hold to the promise of Genesis 15:18-21, which describes the land that the Jews would inherit, and is rightfully theirs today in the land that is called Israel. Many Christians also hold to that same promise that was made to the Jews in approximately 1913 B.C., as was written by Moses.

Genesis 15:18-21 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

18 That day Adonai made a covenant with Avram: “I have given this land to your descendants — from the Vadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River — 19 the territory of the Keni, the K’nizi, the Kadmoni, 20 the Hitti, the P’rizi, the Refa’im, 21 the Emori, the Kena‘ani, the Girgashi and the Y’vusi.”

Comment made by Dr. James MacArthur

15:18–21 river of Egypt to the…Euphrates. Scripture records both general (Ex. 23:31; Num. 13:21; Deut. 11:24; 1 Kin. 8:65; 2 Kin. 14:25; Is. 27:12) and specific (Num. 34:1–12; Josh. 15:1, 2; Ezek. 47:15–20; 48:1, 28) descriptions of the Promised Land, centering on the ancient land of Canaan. Such precise geographic demarcation will not allow for any redefinitions which would emasculate God’s promise of its specificity. The river of Egypt was most probably what became known as the Wadi El Arish, the southern border of Judah. Kenites…Jebusites. The various peoples who inhabited the land are named. Such precise detailing of the nations in the land of Canaan attests again to the specificity of the Promised Land in God’s promises.

Jews do not believe that their land should be used as a political bargaining chip. They do not believe that the land that was given to them by God should be reduced, “in cookie cutter fashion,” and parceled out to any other nation or group of people.

Two terms have entered the situation that affects the nation of Israel.

ISIS (The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a terrorist group.

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/middle-east/2017-09-25/how-isis-transforming

The Levant is a geographic region that covers and extends in all directions beyond the borders of Israel.

https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Levant

The term Levant is employed to refer to peoples, states, or parts of states in the region, namely:

Israel
Jordan
Lebanon
Palestinian Territories
Syria

Soon after ISIS made is presence known to the world, most people began to use the name, “ISIS,” to relate to ISIS. But soon, thereafter, U.S. President Obama began to refer to ISIS as “ISIL,” which caused that group to be known as “The Islamic Sate of Iraq and the Levant.” Such recognition of “ISIS,” as “ISIL,” inflated its importance in the world, to include its territorial overshadowing of the nation of Israel.

Ever since the death of King Solomon in 931 B.C., Jews have come under the domination of the following world empires: Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greek and Rome. At present time, Israel is located within the geographic territory of the Old Roman Empire. Oppression never ceases to come upon the Jews. For a confirmation of the previous sentence, “check your daily news.”

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137 – The Jewish Prophet Zechariah (2)

Ruth & Mendel Wedding Highlights. The video of this Jewish wedding shows Jews, of whom are descendants of the people being described and discussed in this study of the Jewish Prophet Zechariah. Because of the length and importance of the book of Zechariah, this prophecy will be discussed, chapter by chapter.

Introduction

Jews have a great respect for the writings of Jewish prophets. Anyone having any kind of relationship with a Jew should also have a basic understanding of the things which are important to Jews.

Consider the information that was written by Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Deceased).

Zechariah was a priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel and Joshua, and was, according to tradition, a member of the Great Synagogue (the governing body of the Jews before the Sanhedrin). His name means “Yahweh remembers;” he was a contemporary of the Jewish prophet Haggai. During the reign of the Persian King, Cyrus, more than 50,000 Jews returned to Judah/Jerusalem/Judea in 538 B.C. They laid the foundation for the temple in 536 B.C. but, opposition stalled the work for about fifteen years. Darius Hystapes, who came to the throne in 521 B.C., confirmed the decree of Cyrus, and Zechariah, like Haggai, encouraged the people to finish the Temple, which they did in 515 B.C. Zechariah predicted more about Messiah than any other prophet except Isaiah. Prophecies concerning His first coming include 3:8; 9:9, 16; ; 11:11-13; 12:10; 13:1, 6; and prophecies to be fulfilled at His second coming include 6:12; 14:1-21. Zechariah is a book of consolation and hope, beginning with a call to repentance, and concluding with prophecies concerning the return of Christ (Charles Caldwell Ryrie (Th.D, Ph.D.).

Looking through the lens of time, as provided by Zehariah, is an exciting experience. I encourage you to stay with me throughout the journey. The following is a second peak into the millennium, from the Jewish prophet Isaiah (713 B.C.).

Isaiah 11:6-9 English Standard Version (ESV)

6 The wolf shall dwell with the lamb,
and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat,
and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together;
and a little child shall lead them.
7 The cow and the bear shall graze;
their young shall lie down together;
and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 The nursing child shall play over the hole of the cobra,
and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder’s den.
9 They shall not hurt or destroy
in all my holy mountain;
for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord
as the waters cover the sea.

This study of Zechariah will use the English Standard Version for its text. The following link explains the ESV. https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/English-Standard-Version-ESV-Bible/

Zechariah Chapter 2
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zechariah+2&version=ESV

2:1–13 When we consider this third vision, we see a man holding a measuring line. Just like the second vision, this vision builds on God’s promise of comfort to His people, the Jews (Zechariah 1:13, 17). The restoration of Jerusalem, after the return of the Jews from Babylon, is a mere appetizing fore-view of the yet future thousand-year Messianic Kingdom. Due to the language of the vision, it cannot be fulfilled historically. The scope of the vision extends far beyond the time of Zechariah to the time of the rule of the Messiah on earth during the Millennium. It is at that time that the Millennial Temple will be constructed by God in Jerusalem. The completion of the temple will be with total perfection (per Ezekiel 37:26, 587 B.C.).

2:6–9 The prophet Zechariah changed from his distant view of the future (Verses 4, 5) to the present, summoning those Jews still living in Babylon (referred to as the land of the north, Verse 7, because of the direction from which it invaded Israel) to flee before God pours out His judgment on it. This also implied a future call to leave a future Babylon (Revelation 17:3–5; 18:1–8.).

2:10–13 The language in these verses is Messianic. The words describe the personal presence of the Messiah, who will dwell on the throne of David in Jerusalem during the Millennium.

2:11 “Many nations” will worship the Lord “in that day,” which will be the future Day of the Lord, during the Millennium (Zechariah 14:16; Isaiah 2:3).

2:1 “a man with a measuring line” The restoration and rebuilding of Jerusalem is symbolized. It is very possible that the surveyor is the Angel of the Lord (Zechariah 1:11; 6:12; Ezekiel 40:2,3), who is laying out the future dimensions of the city of Jerusalem.

2:3 “angel…talked with me” This is the instructing angel of Zechariah 1:9.

2:4 The news was so great that it was to be declared immediately. An angel was dispatched to say that Jerusalem will become so huge that it will extend beyond any walls (Isaiah 49:19,20; Ezekiel 38:11). The conditions described here have not been proven to be true historically (Nehemiah 7:4; 11:1-22); its full realization will occur in the future earthly Messianic Kingdom (Isaiah 49:19-20). A counterfeit of this un-walled safety will exist under the anti-Christ at the time of the tribulation, prophesied in Ezekiel 38:11 (587 B.C.).

2:5 “a wall of fire all around her” Even without walls, Jerusalem will live securely because of God’s protection. “The glory” illustrates the Messiah’s blessing and personal presence in His earthly kingdom of the Millennium. (Isaiah 4:2–6; 40:5; 60:17-18; Ezekiel 42:1–7).

2:6 “I have spread you” Per 2 Kings 17:6, the Jews were scattered from the Gozan River to Media. Some had also taken refuge in Egypt, Ammon, Moab and Edom (Jeremiah 40:11-12; 43:7).

2:8 “He sent Me after glory” The Messiah is sent by the “Lord of Hosts” (Verse 9) to receive His glory and to exonerate Himself in the nations which had defiled Israel. “the apple of His eye” Harming God’s chosen people is like hitting the pupil of God’s eye.

2:11-12 Zechariah echoes the promise that God had made to Abraham (Genesis 12:3). Many nations will join themselves to the Lord (Zechariah 6:15; 8:20–23; Isaiah 2:2–4; 56:6-7; 60:3). However, this will not change God’s choice of the Jews to be His chosen people. The Jews will still be “God’s inheritance in the Holy Land” (Deuteronomy 32:9).

2:12 “Holy Land,” The term is made not because it is the Promised Land but because it will be the site of the Messiah’s earthly throne when the land has been cleansed. A “holy land” can only be appropriate for its “holy Lord” (Isaiah 6:1–5).

2:13 “His holy dwelling.” This is addressed to all flesh. When Israel believes in Messiah Christ, and He returns, all humanity will “be silent” before the Lord. They will submit because He has been “aroused” (awakened, incited to activity), leaving “His Holy habitation” (the heavenly realms) to descend to His Holy Land (Zechariah 2:12), His earthly dwelling place. This context is not merely a “spiritual” descent of God to vindicate and help His people. The context places the event described in the Messianic era at the end of days. When the Lord comes to deliver His people, other prophets recognize that He will do so with the literal return of the Messiah (Isaiah 59:20; Romans 11:26-27; Micah 2:12-13, 5:4)(Moody Bible Commentary).

Consider the Hebrew names for “LORD” in Zechariah Chapter 2. http://biblehub.com/lexicon/zechariah/1-1.htm

LORD יְהוָ֗ה Yah·weh 3068 the proper name of the God of Israel (All verses, all capital letters) (YHWH/Yahweh)

The following video shows Christians, of whom have a love for the nation of Israel, and Jews everywhere. The song tells of the return of Messiah to earth to set up His Millennial Kingdom, which will be worldwide, and will have its Temple in Jerusalem. We will go into greater detail of this event, as we proceed further into Zechariah’s prophecy, which will show some people experiencing joy, and others experiencing judgment. We will address discuss key events that precede the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom, as well as things that will follow. This study of Zechariah is one that nobody should miss.

These are the Days of Elijah by Paul Wilbur

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136 – Israel – 444 BC To The Roman Empire

Ship Full of Holocaust Survivors Sing Hatikva in 1945. Consider the history behind the video scenes.

World War II had ended, with the defeat of the axis powers of Germany, Japan and Italy. The torture and murders of six million Jews during the Holocaust was a painful memory for the Jews whom are seen the video. They are returning to their homeland of Israel, from which Titus and the Romans had forced them out in 70 A.D. The name, “Israel,” was given to the Jews in 1739 B.C. The name of the land which they knew as their home was called “Israel,” and was given that name in 1451 B.C. Gentiles, and gentile nations have attacked Israel ever since 1296 B.C. On May 14, 1948 the United Nations granted statehood status to the Jews in their land that was called Israel. The Jewish prophet Isaiah spoke that prophecy in 698 B.C.

In Isaiah 66:7-8, the prophet foreshadowed the re-birth of Israel and, just like the Bible says, it happened “in one day.” This accurately describes that which happened on May 14, 1948. On that day independence was declared for Israel as a united and sovereign nation; its declaration of independence was not the result of a war.

During that same day, the United States issued a statement recognizing Israel’s sovereignty. And, only hours beforehand, a United Nations mandate expired, ending British control of the land. During a 24-hour span of time, foreign control of the land of Israel had formally ceased, and Israel had declared its independence, and its independence was acknowledged by other nations. Modern Israel was literally was born in a single day.

A movement called Zionism began in the 1800s to encourage Jews worldwide to move to Israel. Within hours of the declaration of independence in 1948, Israel was attacked by the surrounding countries of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Zion is a name that is used for Jerusalem, as well as for the biblical Land of Israel as a whole. Zionism is the national movement of the Jewish people who support the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel. Zion became known as “The City Of David” (2 Samuel 5:7, 1048 BC), when Jerusalem was made the capital of Israel.

The next video shows the horrible conditions in German concentration camps, from which Holocaust Jews were freed. Soldiers, “Russian, British and American,” are seen freeing Jews whom had been enslaved, murdered, tortured, and starved. Yes! There was a holocaust. Some people deny the Holocaust, but, “it happened!”

March of the Living – Tribute to Liberators

Back To The Study Of Israel

Israel 444 BC To The Roman Empire

In order for anyone to have a clear understanding of the culture of Israel, and the Jewish people, it is imperative that the religious aspects of such a people be considered. Before this post is read, it is advised that the prior posts be read, in their order of being published:

1. Israel, A Look Within, From Without
2. Israel 931-586 BC
3. Israel 586-445 BC

As has been mentioned in this study of Israel, the Jews have always had a great respect for their prophets, from whom “God’s chosen people” (per, Deuteronomy 7:6), believed that they received revelation from God. The prophets were identified as being major or minor prophets. The only difference between the two groups was the length of their writings. The major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel) had no greater significance than did the minor prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi). The prophets wrote prior to the deportation of the Jews, during the exile of the Jews, and after the return of the Jews to Jerusalem and surrounding Judah. The times of the writings of the prophets occurred from approximately 850 B.C. until approximately 400 BC.

After the return of the Jews to Judah and Jerusalem, three other important books were written that Jews hold in high regard. Those books are Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther.

Ezra. The Book of Ezra is devoted to events occurring in the land of Israel at the time of the return of Jews, from the Babylonian captivity and subsequent years, covering a period of approximately one century, beginning in 538 BC. The Persian King, Cyrus, issued an edict in that year., for the return of the exiled Jews to Judah and Jerusalem. The temple, which had been destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC, began being rebuilt in 535 BC, and was completed in 515 BC. Ezra was a Jewish scribe and priest; he was a descendant of Aaron, and was well-versed in the Law of Moses. He was commissioned by King Artaxerxes of Persia to return to Jerusalem and restore the Law for the Jewish people (Ezra 7:1-16). Ezra returned to Jerusalem in 458 BC. The time of writing was from about 457 to 444 BC.

Nehemiah. The Book of Nehemiah was likely written between 420 and 400 B.C. It continues the story of Israel’s return from the Babylonian captivity, and the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, which were also destroyed in 586 BC by Nebuchadnezzar. Nehemiah was the Jew who was appointed as the Governor of Judah, in 444 BC. He was appointed Governor by the Persian King Artaxerxes, and was serving as the King’s cupbearer (he tasted the King’s food to make sure that it was not poisoned). Nehemiah went to Jerusalem in 444 BC, and completed the rebuilding of the walls of the city in 443 BC.

Esther. The events of this book took place in Persia, which is current day Iran. Its author is anonymous, however, some believe Mordecai, (Esther’s cousin and guardian), wrote it. It was written approximately 470 BC in Persia. The key personalities are Esther, Mordecai, King Ahasuerus (or Xerxes), and Haman. The book is a post-exile story about Jews who stayed behind, after most returned to Jerusalem after captivity. Babylon was conquered by Persia, and Esther miraculously became the queen of the land. She was a brave young woman who saved her people from being exterminated. She became the queen of Persia around 475 BC, after winning a beauty contest. Esther’s cousin, Mordecai, saved the king’s life once, when two men in the palace tried to attack him (see Esther 2:21-23). He also played a big part in helping Esther stand up for her people. Haman is the villain of the story. He came up with a plan to kill every Jew in Persia. He built a tower, which he was going to use to hang Mordecai. But, Haman got the justice that he deserved; he was hung from his own tower (see Esther 7:9-10). After helping to save his people, Mordecai was promoted to second in rank to only the King (see Esther 10:2-3). As a Jewish maiden who had become the wife of the powerful king, Esther reached a crossroads of faith. Dare she stand up for the Lord and His chosen people? Or would she just blend into society as Persian royalty?

From 722 BC, when the northern ten tribes of Israel were taken captive by Assyria, until 586 BC, when the southern two tribes were taken captive by Babylon, until 539 BC, when Babylon was defeated by Medo-Persia, the Jews were under the control of world empires. Greece defeated the Persians in about 330 BC, and became the next world empire; they controlled and influenced the Jews in the culture of the Greeks until Rome became the next word empire. Jews became the writers of the New Testament of the Bible, and wrote their scriptures in Greek, to include some Aramaic verses. While in exile, many Jews lost their knowledge of their native Hebrew language. Prior to their deportation in 586 BC, some Jews were also speaking in Aramaic, as recorded in 2 Kings 18:26 (713 BC) and Isaiah 36:11 (710 BC).

Consider the oppression of the Jews while they were under the rule of the Greek Empire. The temple that had been rebuilt in 515 BC was desecrated by the Greeks in 167 BC. That event is recorded in the Old Testament book of Daniel, in Chapter eleven, verse 31. A second account is provided by a Jew, by the name of Matthew, in the New Testament book of Matthew, Chapter 24, verse 15. Most Jews do not accept the writings of Matthew, from a spiritual standpoint. However, the facts of Matthew are very consistent with the account of Daniel.

The following notes come from the writings of Dr. John MacArthur, as he discusses Daniel, Chapter, Verse 31, and Matthew, Chapter 24, Verse 15.

11:31 DEFILE THE SANCTUARY. Antiochus’ soldiers, no doubt working with apostate Jews, guarded the temple, halting all worship, while others attacked the city on the Sabbath, slaughtering men, women and children. Soldiers desecrated Israel’s temple, banned circumcision and daily sacrifices (1 Macc. 1:44–54), and sacrificed a pig on the altar. The Syrians on Chislev (Dec. 15, 167 B.C.), even imposed an idol statue, in honor of the Olympian god Zeus, into the temple. Jews called it “the abomination that causes desolation,” i.e., emptying or ruining for Jewish worship. ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. Antiochus’ soldiers profaned God’s temple by spreading sow’s broth on the altar and banning daily sacrifices (cf. 8:14 and see note there) as described in 1 Macc. 1:44–54. Both Daniel and Christ said this atrocity was only a preview of the abomination that would happen later, under the final Antichrist (9:27; Matt. 24:15).

24:15 ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. See notes on Daniel 9:27; 11:31. This phrase originally referred to the desecration of the temple by Antiochus Epiphanes, King of Syria, in the second century B.C. Antiochus invaded Jerusalem in 168 B.C., made the altar into a shrine to Zeus, and even sacrificed pigs on it. However, Christ clearly was looking toward a yet-future “abomination of desolation.” Some suggest that this prophecy was fulfilled in A.D. 70, when Titus invaded Jerusalem and destroyed the temple (see note on v. 2). However, the Apostle Paul saw a still-future fulfillment (2 Thess. 2:3, 4), as did John (Rev. 13:14, 15)—when the Antichrist sets up an image in the temple during the future tribulation. Christ’s words here, therefore, look beyond the events of A.D., 70 to a time of even greater global cataclysm that will immediately precede His second coming to earth (cf. vv. 29–31).

Antiochus Epiphanes was a Greek king of the Seleucid Empire who reigned over Syria from 175 BC until 164 BC. He is famous for his brutal persecution of the Jews. Consider the following article that discusses the oppression of the Greeks and Syrians on Israel. The Maccbees were Jews. Consider the comment on Chanukah, also spelled Hanukkah.

https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/israel/history-10.htm

333 BC-143 BC – Greek Rule

From the year 180 BC until 161 BC the Maccabees rebelled against the Syrian king Antiochus IV, who persecuted the Jews. He launched a campaign to crush Judaism, and in 167 BC he sacked the Temple. At the end of the period, after the rebels had conquered Judah and Jerusalem, the Temple was re-inaugurated. The Jewish holiday of Chanukah, also spelled Hanukkah, is based on these historic events.

In 168 BC, Antiochus, being defeated in his plans against Egypt, undertook the extermination of the Jewish religion and the complete Hellenizing of Judea. The walls of Jerusalem were thrown down, but the old city of David was fortified and occupied by a Syrian garrison. The observance of Jewish rites, the Sabbath, and circumcision, was prohibited. Those who resisted were put to death. In December 168, at the great altar of burnt offering in the temple of Jerusalem, a pagan altar was built, and on the 25th Chisleu sacrifices were offered on it.

Even after having suffered greatly from other kingdoms and nations, Jews still hold strongly to the promise that was given to them by Moses in 1451 BC, in the book of Deuteronomy. Consider the following verses:

Deuteronomy 7:6 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

6 For you are a people set apart as holy for Adonai your God. Adonai your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his own unique treasure.

Deuteronomy 7:6 New Living Translation (NLT)

6 For you are a holy people, who belong to the Lord your God. Of all the people on earth, the Lord your God has chosen you to be his own special treasure.

Jews also hold to the writings of Moses, that they believe to be given to him by God, and date back to 2126 BC. Consider the following verses from the Book of Genesis:

Genesis 12:3 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

3 I will bless those who bless you, but I will curse anyone who curses you; and by you all the families of the earth will be blessed.

Genesis 12:3 New Living Translation (NLT)

3 I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you.”

Jews believe that the promises of Genesis 12:3 flow to them from Abraham (the object of this verse, Gen 12:1-2), through the bloodline of his covenant son, Isaac, and his covenant grandson, Jacob, who become known as Israel, per Genesis 32:28. The Jews also believe that by being the chosen people of God, He will use their bloodline to bring the promised Messiah into the world (Isaiah 7:14; 9:7). Jews also believe that they will inherit a place of key significance during the, “yet future,” Kingdom of God (Zephaniah 3:8).

Consider the words, “Judah” and “Judea.”

Prior to the exile of Jews from Jerusalem, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin made up the southern kingdom of Judah.

After the Captivity the name, Judea, was applied to the whole of the country west of the Jordan (Haggai 1:1, 14; 2:2).

The province of Judea, as distinguished from Galilee and Samaria, included the territories of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, and part of Ephraim. Under the Romans it was a part of the province of Syria, and was governed by a procurator.

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135 – The Jewish Prophet Zechariah (1)

David And Rebecca Jewish Wedding. The video of this Jewish wedding shows Jews, of whom are descendants of the people being described and discussed in this study of the Jewish Prophet Zechariah. Because of the length and importance of the book of Zechariah, this prophecy will be discussed, chapter by chapter.

Introduction

Jews have a great respect for the writings of Jewish prophets. Anyone having any kind of relationship with a Jew should also have a basic understanding of the things which are important to Jews.

Information has been added after, “Israel is Israel.”

The book of Zechariah was written in its earliest chapters at about 520 B.C. The prophet finds himself in Jerusalem, among other Jews, some of whom are returning to their home after having been taken captive to Babylon in 586 B.C. There are other Jews in this group, who are younger, that were born in Babylon during the exile of the Jews; for them, a new life begins in Jerusalem, with them seeing for the first time in their life, the remains of the Temple that King Solomon had built in 959 B.C., and had been destroyed in 586 B.C. by Babylonians, who are also known as gentiles (non-Jews). It is now 520 B.C. Zechariah is one of the younger Jews, being of a Levitical priestly family line of descent. Reconstruction of the Temple had begun in 535 B.C., but was halted in 530 B.C. Zechariah’s prophecy is about a Jewish prophet having a message to give to other Jews about Jewish matters. The message dealt specifically with the completion of the Temple and the need for Jews to get serious about their relationship with God. The prophecy of Zechariah relates specifically to the nation of Israel, and is not directed to the Church. There are situations that will develop, as a result of this prophecy, that relate to gentiles (non-Jewish nations) and the church, but only as they are collateral to Israel. As you read through Zechariah, and other Jewish prophetic books, it is important to remember that, “the Church is the Church, and Israel is Israel.”

Information has been added to this paragraph.

Nothing can be taken from the Jewish prophetic books that will justify a thought that any of the scriptures of the prophets can be taken to be other than factual. There is nothing in any of the Jewish prophetic writings that can justify a spiritual or allegorical representation of the things that are being presented as being literal fact; the prophecies actually relate to the Jews and their place in the end times. The first five verses of Zechariah 1 clearly identify the characters of the prophecy as being Jewish. Whenever the word, “kingdom,” is used by the Old Testament Jewish prophets, it represents earthly, physical Israel, in the boundaries that have been provided by God through the Patriarchs, and is an area that is much greater in size than that which is recognized by the world today. Whenever the word, “millennium,” is used, it represents the thousand year duration of the physical, earthly kingdom. An eternal state follows the thousand years of the millennium. In the eternal state there will be a new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem. Verses of the Old Testament and New Testament agree on the literal fact of the eternal state. (Isaiah 65:17, 66:22; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1-2).

The southern kingdom of Israel, which consisted of two tribes of Israel, was attacked by the forces of the Babylonian World Empire in 586 B.C. The Jews of the southern Kingdom were taken captive to Babylon, and have not returned to their covenant land, with the prominence with which Jews believe to be theirs in their covenant land, as was promised to them by the Patriarchs. The Jews have been given even greater eternal and spiritual promises, as have been spoken by God through the Jewish prophets. Zechariah speaks very clearly, and strongly, of the facts of Israel’s return to their promised land. Of the Old Testament prophets, Ezekiel, Daniel and Zechariah have provided a clearly defined timeline of events that relate to the eschatology that believers in Christ find fulfilled in the New Testament.

The prophecy of Zechariah will take you from 520 B.C., the time of the prophecy, to the time that Zechariah sees the Jews in their covenant land of Israel, and Jerusalem. There, the Jews will be delivered from the never-ending attacks of gentile nations. That time is known as the millennium, which means one thousand years. Other Jewish prophecies point to the same time in the future. Many Christians also understand that same time-line occurrence, and will be discussed in future articles.

Looking through the lens of time, as provided by Zehariah, is an exciting experience. I encourage you to stay with me throughout the journey. The following is a peak into the millennium, from the Jewish Prophet Micah. “He,” is the Messiah, who will rule the entire world during the millennium, and thereafter.

Micah 4:3 English Standard Version (ESV)

3 He shall judge between many peoples,
and shall decide disputes for strong nations far away;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore;

This study of Zechariah will use the English Standard Version for its text. The following link explains the ESV. https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/English-Standard-Version-ESV-Bible/

Zechariah Chapter 1
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zech+1&version=ESV

Zechariah’s Call To Repentance

1:1-6 The Warning To Repent. The opening 6 verses provide an introduction to the entire prophecy in which the prophet calls upon the people to repent and never again repeat the past sins of their fathers.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zech+1%3A1-6&version=ESV

Zechariah’s Eight Night Visions

1:7-17 The First Vision: The Rider On The Red Horse. This is the first of 8 night visions which Zechariah saw in a single night. It summarized all the other 7 by giving the general theme, leaving the details to the other visions. Reassuring words are provided to the exiles by revealing God’s purpose for the future of His chosen people. Dreams happen during sleep. Visions occur during awake times.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zech+1%3A7-17&version=ESV

1:8 “a man riding on a red horse!” This is the first vision revealing God’s plan for Jerusalem, which begins with the sight of “a man riding on a red horse.” The man is identified as the Angel of the Lord (vs 11). The other riders report to Him, indicating His authority over them. Because of the strength of horses, they became symbols of war. Red is often the symbol of blood, hence judgment (Isaiah 63:1–4; Revelation 6:3.)

1:8 “red, sorrel, and white horses.” These other horses had riders as well. The colors may speak of the work of the riders: red speaking of bloodshed and judgment (Isaiah. 63:1-2), white speaking of victory (Revelation 19:11), and sorrel or a brownish color might be a combination of the others. A similar picture is found in Revelation 6:1–8. These horses are about to gain a victorious judgment. Since they are messengers of vengeance, they most likely represent angels, so frequently employed as God’s instruments of judgment.

1:11 “the angel of the Lord.” the Angel of the Lord is frequently identified with the pre-incarnate Lord Himself (Exodus 3:2-4). In verse 13, this Angel is called Lord, and is the divine commander-in-chief of this angelic army.

1:11 “all the earth remains at rest.” In contrast to the difficulties facing the exiles, without temple or city walls, the heathen nations were superficially at rest, occupied with their own selfish interests (verse 15). This was generally the condition in the second year of Darius. The contrast makes the situation of Israel all the more distressing, and the hope for the fulfillment of Haggai 2:7 (“I will shake all the nations”) 2:22 (“I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms”) to be more intense.

1:12 “these seventy years.” The Angel of the Lord interceded to God the Father on behalf of Israel, pleading for the withdrawal of God’s chastening hand. The “seventy years” refers to God’s words to Jeremiah concerning the length of Judah’s Babylonian captivity (Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:10).

1:15 “I am exceedingly angry with the nations that are at ease.” Moved by His great love for His people, the Lord acted in anger (1:2) against the nations which mistreated His people.

1:15 “they furthered the disaster.” Although they were God’s instrument of judgment against Israel, they had exceeded His instructions in handing out punishment. They did not understand that God’s intention was to punish Israel, for a period of time, but then show compassion (Isaiah 54:7-8).

1:16 “my house shall be built in it.” The Temple (My house) was finished in 515 B.C. (Ezra 6:15).

1:16 “the measuring line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem” “A line was used to measure before destruction or construction (in this case, construction).

1:16, 17 Not only would the temple be rebuilt, which at that time had only a foundation (Haggai 2:18), but the city itself would again expand due to the prosperity (Isaiah 40:9-10). The wall was completed 75 years later. God would again comfort Jerusalem (Isaiah 40:1-2; 51:3,12), and would again choose it as the place of His earthly throne (Psalm 132:13). This will be fulfilled in the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Revelation 20). Given the fact that the returning Jews lost sight of their priorities (Haggai 1:1–12), this message reaffirmed God’s plan. It should be noted that the millennial kingdom will provide the presence of God in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 48:35), a glorious temple (Ezekiel 40–48), a rebuilt Jerusalem (Jeremiah 31:38–40), the nations punished (Matthew 25:31–46), the prosperity of Judah’s cities (Isaiah 60:4–9), the blessedness of the people (Zechariah 9:17), and the comfort of Zion (Isaiah 14:1). The millennium will be an actual 1,000 year time when Israel is living in peace in their covenant land. There will be a physical temple located in Jerusalem during the time of the millennium, and will be placed there by God. There will also be a temple that will be built in Jerusalem, during a seven-year time of tribulation and great tribulation, prior to the beginning of the millennium. The tribulation temple will be a counterfeit temple that will have its construction sanctioned by the anti-christ.

1:18-20 The Second Vision: The Four Horns And The Four Craftsmen. The second of 8 night visions adds details to the judgment of the nations that persecuted God’s Israel, building upon His promise to comfort His people (1:13, 17).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zech+1%3A18-20&version=ESV

1:18 “four horns.” The power of the Gentile nations that afflicted and scattered Israel (vs 19,21).

1:18 “four horns.” Horns were symbols of power and pride; a nation, or the head of that nation, (Daniel 7:21, 24; 8:3; Revelation 17:12); referring either to Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, and Medo-Persia or perhaps, more likely, to the 4 world empires of Daniel 2, 7: Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome, all of which oppressed Israel.

1:19 “scattered Israel.” The horns, the kingdoms, that scattered Israel.

1:20 “Then the Lord showed me four craftsmen.” Those peoples and nations that God used to overthrow the enemies of Israel. In respect to Genesis 12:3, this vision reinforces the warning and promises of Genesis 12:3.

1:20 “craftsmen.” The word is literally the term for stone workers, metal workers, and wood workers, those who shape material with hammers and chisels. These “hammers” represent the nations which overthrow the 4 horns (verse 18). As with the 4 beasts of Daniel 7, each empire is overthrown by the subsequent one, the last being replaced by Messiah’s kingdom (Daniel 2:44; 7:9–14, 21, 22). Babylon was hammered in a night attack by the Medo-Persians (539 B.C.). With the victory of Alexander over Darius in 333 B.C. at Issus, the Greeks hammered the Medo-Persian “horn.” In the second century B.C., the Roman hammer fell and, one by one the nations fell (Israel in 63 B.C.). The Roman Empire, to be revived in the last days, according to Daniel, will be hammered by the returning Messiah (Daniel 2:34, 35, 45).

1:21 “horns.” Horns were symbols of strength.

1:21 “terrify them.” Contrast verse 11 (“at rest and in peace”) and 15 (“feel secure”).

1:15 “nations that feel secure.” A security that will be completely undone; those nations went too far with the punishment. God was angry with Israel and used the Assyrians (Isaiah 10:5) and Babylonians (Isaiah 47:6; Jeremiah 25:9) to punish her, but they went too far by trying to destroy Israel as a people (2 Kings 10:11).

Consider the Hebrew names for “Lord” and “LORD” in Zechariah Chapter 1. http://biblehub.com/lexicon/zechariah/1-1.htm

“My lord, אֲדֹנִ֑י a·do·ni 113 lord (Zechariah 1:9) (Adonai)

of the LORD יְהוָ֗ה Yah·weh 3068 the proper name of the God of Israel (All other verses) (YHWH/Yahweh)

The following video shows Christians, of whom have a love for the nation of Israel and Jews everywhere.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem

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134 – Israel 586 B.C. – 445 B.C.

This article has been a very difficult one for me to compose and publish. As I watched the different videos that showed the inhumanity of Germany and the Nazis toward the Jews, it affected me in a way that I had not expected. My question to myself was, ‘how could a “so-called” Christian nation be so terrible to a group of people, the Jews, solely because of ethnicity’? I have watched videos on the trials and hangings of World War II German soldiers. Some of the soldiers were young men, and some were old men; it made no sense to me. Unfortunately, even in our world today, there is a desire to exterminate Jews, solely because “Jews are Jews.” It is easy for anyone who sees the opening video to understand the severity of the atrocities that came upon the Jews, at the hands of the followers of Hitler in the 1930s and 1940s.

My father knew a man who was in Berlin, Germany during the 1930s. He mentioned how Hitler had an amazingly mind captivating effect on the people of Germany who went to hear “the Fuhrer” speak. I remember a program that said that as Hitler was rising to his political fame, that he won one election by one vote. Can anyone imagine how greatly different the world would be today if that one winning vote had been changed to Hitler’s opposing candidate?

In the 1920s, Mussolini’s “black shirts” helped to push him to political power in Italy. At the same time, Hitler’s “brown shirts” helped him in his rise to power in Germany. I am very concerned about the “black hoodies” that are seen so often in media news reports in America today.

The Great Depression of America which began in 1929 had a world-wide effect. The Jews of Germany had fared better financially than had most German citizens. Because of the prosperity of the Jews, and for other reasons of ethnic prejudice, they were targeted by the Nazis for extermination, which led to the murders of more than six million Jewish men, women and children. Yes! The Holocaust was real.

In order for anyone to have a proper understanding of the people of Israel, and Jews throughout the world, it is very important to understand that the Jews are a religious people. Without that understanding, there can be no intimate knowledge of the nation of Israel, or of Jews who reside throughout the world. Jews have a deep respect for parents and their elders. Jews also have a great respect for God’s Word. They have a belief that, from Moses through the last prophet, God gave them the ways of life and culture that were designed to make them a holy and righteous people.

History shows that Jews have fared well in life. The “Israelites” have always believed that they are “God’s chosen people” (Deuteronomy 7:6), with such a promise for the coming of the Messiah through the Jewish bloodline, and for a special place of blessing for Jews during the coming Kingdom of God, also known as the Millennium. Jews also believe that by being the chosen people of God, there will be harsh punishment for people who treat them poorly (Zechariah 2:8).

Jews are very particular in their keeping of the “feasts of the Lord.” They believe that they are to keep the “feasts of God,” forever (Leviticus 23:31, 37, 41) (i.e., Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, etc.)

Jews believe in the authority of the prophet, priest and King. The prophet represents God to the people. The priest represents the people to God. The King is God, and is over all of His creation.

There were three Jewish prophets during the time that Jews of Judea were taken captive to Babylon.

Jeremiah lived in Jerusalem and Egypt. He lived from 640-570 B.C.

Ezekiel was also taken captive to Babylon (597 B.C.). He lived from 623-570 B.C.

Daniel was also taken captive to Babylon (605 B.C.). He lived from 620-533 B.C.

Going back to 722 B.C., Shalmanezer, King of Assyria, captured Samaria (the northern ten tribes of Israel) and carried those tribes of Israel away into exile to Assyria (2 Kings 17:1-6). The Jews of Jerusalem/Judah were taken into exile to Babylon, beginning in 605 B.C. until 586 B.C. Their return to Jerusalem began in 536 B.C, after King Cyrus of Persia had issued an edict, allowing the return of the Jews to Jerusalem. The return was in three stages of events through 445 B.C. The temple was rebuilt in 515 B.C. The rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem was finished in 443 B.C. Jeremiah wrote in 607 B.C., that the time was soon coming for the Jews to spend 70 years of captivity in Babylon (Jeremiah 25:11). He also wrote of that same captivity in 599 B.C. (Jeremiah 29:10). In 538 B.C., Daniel discovered those writings of Jeremiah (Daniel 9:2).

From 722 B.C., until 445 B.C., the Jews were subservient to other world empires. Those powers were Egypt, Assyria, Babylon and Medo-Persia. The empires of Greece and Rome would follow in ruling over Israel.

The following video shows a group of Christians who have a love for Israel.

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133 – The Jewish Prophet Haggai

Israeli soldiers sing alongside Idan Raichel | Hebrew songs Israeli army IDF song Ethiopian Jewish. Consider the following account of an Ethiopian Jew: “There was an Ethiopian man, a eunuch and high official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of her entire treasury. He had come to worship in Jerusalem and was sitting in his chariot on his way home, reading the prophet Isaiah aloud.” (See the context: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=acts+8%3A26-38&version=HCSB )

Consider the following video which gives a quick introduction to the book of Haggai.

What Is the Message of the Book of Haggai? James M. Hamilton Jr., Ph. D. (Bio at bottom of page)

Key To Understanding Haggai

The book of Haggai was written by a Jew, to other Jews, about Jewish matters. There is nothing allegorical about this prophecy; it clearly relates to facts, as opposed to symbolism. The characters in the book can only be identified as being Jews. Nothing can be found in the book of Haggai that detracts from the Jewishness of the characters, or from the problems that are also clearly related to the Jewish people of Jerusalem. Haggai pointed out the problems that existed between God and the Jews; the Church does not enter into the dialog.

Haggai Overview

Of all of the books of the Bible, the book of Obadiah is the shortest; the book of Haggai is the second shortest. Haggai was the first prophet which prophesied to Israel during the postexilic period. The time of Judean Jewish exile was the seventy years of their being held captive in Babylon. Their deportation followed the 605 B.C.- 586 B.C. assault on Jerusalem by the Babylonians. The ministry of Haggai was to call the Jews in Jerusalem to finish the construction of the Temple which had been destroyed by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C.

The following paragraph shows a chronology of events that encompassed Haggai’s ministry. Haggai was a contemporary of Zechariah, whose ministry followed his, and Ezra, who recorded the first return of exiled Jews to Jerusalem.

The construction of the Jerusalem Temple began in 535 B.C., and was halted in 530 B.C. The prophecies of Haggai were most likely given toward the end of 520 B.C. Through the encouragement of Haggai, the Temple was completed in 515 B.C. Haggai most likely returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel, who became the Governor of Judea. Haggai spoke his prophetic words to Zerubbabel, and to Joshua, who was the high priest, as well as to all of the Jews who were living in Jerusalem.

Consider the following outline of the book of Haggai.

1. Message of rebuke (1:1-11). 2. Word of encouragement (1:12-15). 3. Second message of encouragement (2:1-9). 4. Second message of rebuke (2:10-19). 5. Final message of encouragement (2:20-23).

Consider the following key points of the book of Haggai.

1. Haggai 1:1-11
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Haggai+1%3A1-11&version=HCSB

Message of rebuke

The returning Jews were discouraged by the people who were already living in Jerusalem (Ezra 4:1–5, 24). It was the wrong conclusion of these returning Jews that it was not yet time for them to rebuild the temple (vs 2). But, God reminded them that it was not right for them to live in their own finished homes while the temple still was in a state of ruin (vs 4). God “urged” them to consider the error of their way, and the consequences that would follow if they would not finish the Temple (vs 5–11).

2. Haggai 1:12-15
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Haggai+1%3A12-15&version=HCSB

Word of encouragement

God’s call to the Jews to “carefully, consider your ways” (vs 5, 7), caused the people to repent and obey Haggai’s message to complete the construction of the temple (vs 12). Haggai’s new message of God to the Jews, “I am with you,” resulted in the stirring of the Jews to action (vs 13-14).

3. Haggai 2:1-9
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Haggai+2%3A1-9&version=HCSB

Second message of encouragement

With the building of the temple going strong, God gave a strong encouraging Word, in particular to those whom were elderly and had seen Solomon’s temple. Even though Solomon’s temple was much more majestic, God urged the people to be courageous. He assured the Jews that He would be present among them (vs 4). God also reminded the people of His faithfulness to His covenant promises (vs 5), and of His promises of a greater, and much more glorious temple in the future in the millennial kingdom (vs 6–9). A description of the Millennial Temple is shown in the book of Ezekiel, Chapters 40-48.

Verses 6-7, “I will shake,” relates to: (1) the cataclysmic disturbances in the universe that are described in Revelation, Chapters 6–19; (2) the dominance of the nations by the Messiah; and (3) the setting up of the Messianic kingdom which will never be destroyed (Daniel 2:44; 7:27; Zechariah 14:16–21; Matthew 25:32; Luke 21:26; Hebrews 12:26; Revelation 19:19–21). In essence, we see the events of the tribulation leading to the setting up of the millennium, with the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 19:17-21) being the key event during that transition. The preparation of the nations of the Earth, for their assault on Jerusalem in the Battle of Armageddon, begins in Revelation 16:12.

Verse 7: “I will fill this temple with glory.” When we consider “the temple,” we must go back to a time when there was no Jewish temple; such a time is described in Exodus 33:7 (1491 B.C.). From there, we turn around and go forward as far as we possibly can go. So, hop on board! You’ll enjoy the ride!

“Now Moses took a tent and set it up outside the camp, far away from the camp; he called it the tent of meeting. Anyone who wanted to consult the Lord would go to the tent of meeting that was outside the camp.”

While the tent of Moses was being used as a tent of meeting, the Israelites were constructing a tabernacle, or a sanctuary, which has been called “the tabernacle in the desert.” At times, the terms, “tent of meeting,” and “tabernacle,” are used interchangeably. Consider the following chronology.

God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/
https://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/JEWISH_TEMPLEHerods_Temple00000006.htm.
Herod’s Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. https://www.preteristarchive.com/Ancient_Revelations/archeology/2001_harvardhouse_scientific-dating.html
The prophecy of the destruction of the temple was made by Christ in Matthew 24:1-2 (30 A.D.) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+24%3A1-2&version=HCSB

There will be a temple that will be built in Jerusalem during the time of the Tribulation. The Tribulation Temple will not be one where God dwells. The Anti-Christ will most likely authorize the construction of the temple during the first part of the Tribulation, and place it on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. See the following article on the Tribulation temple. http://www.pre-trib.org/articles/view/the-tribulation-temple

There will be a Temple that will be placed by God in Jerusalem during the Millennium (Ezekiel 37:26), following the Tribulation. The Glory of the Lord had previously been seen by the Jewish Prophet Ezekiel departing the temple in 594 B.C. (Ezekiel 9:3; 10:4; 10:18-19, 11:22-23). The Glory will not return until the future kingdom of Messiah, in the Millennial Temple (Ezekiel 43:2–7; 44:4), as was seen by Ezekiel in 574 B.C. At the time that Ezekiel saw the Glory of God leaving the Jerusalem Temple, the city was under siege by the Babylonians. There is no scriptural proof of the Glory of God returning to the rebuilt or remodeled temples of Zerubbabel or Herod. There is presently no temple in Jerusalem. The tribulation temple will not be one of Godly legitimacy. It will only be when Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom that there will be a Godly Temple in Jerusalem.

4. Haggai 2:10-19
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Haggai+2%3A10-19&version=HCSB

Second message of rebuke

The fourth message of Haggai to the Jews was delivered on December 18, 520 B.C. Just a month earlier, the Jewish Prophet Zechariah began his ministry (Zechariah 1:1). This message of Haggai was meant to show that the Jews’ lack of obedience to God had caused His blessings to them to be withheld. The obedience of these Jews to God would cause His blessings to be showered upon them. This blessing is a reminder of future blessings that God will shower upon the Jews during the Kingdom Age/Millennium. It is a time of God’s restoration of Israel, which was prophesied by the Jewish Prophet Ezekiel in Ezekiel 34:11-31. The particular scripture reference is Ezekiel 34:25-26: “I will make them and the area around My hill a blessing: I will send down showers in their season—showers of blessing.” Often times, Christian congregations sing a song that is titled, “There Shall Be Showers Of Blessing,” without realizing that the verses of reference for that song were given as encouragement to the dispersed Jews in Babylon in 587 B.C., and relate to the blessings that God will shower upon Israel during the millennium. The prophecy relates to the New Covenant of God with Israel, per Jeremiah 31:31–34 and Ezekiel 37:26.

5. Haggai 2:20-23
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Haggai+2%3A20-23&version=HCSB

Final message of encouragement

This fifth message was directed to Zerubbabel, who was the governor of Judah (vs 20). It came on the same day as the fourth message, and returned to the theme of vs 6–9, which related to the millennial reign of the Messiah. The message dealt with the overthrow of the kingdoms of the world and the establishment of the Messianic kingdom (Daniel 2:44 and 7:27). Due to the prophesied events not occurring historically, the promise relates to the royal line through whom the Messiah will come. It looked to the day when the Messiah will reign on earth (Psalm 2; Revelation Chapters 19-20). The following passages tell more about the blessings of the Messianic Kingdom, and God’s promises of Israel’s presence in the Kingdom. (See Isaiah 32:18, below.)

Isaiah 2:4 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“He will settle disputes among the nations and provide arbitration for many peoples. They will turn their swords into plows and their spears into pruning knives. Nations will not take up the sword against other nations, and they will never again train for war.”

Isaiah 11:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

6 The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the goat. The calf, the young lion, and the fatling will be together, and a child will lead them. 7 The cow and the bear will graze, their young ones will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 An infant will play beside the cobra’s pit, and a toddler will put his hand into a snake’s den.

Isaiah 32:16-18 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

16 Then justice will inhabit the wilderness, and righteousness will dwell in the orchard. 17 The result of righteousness will be peace; the effect of righteousness will be quiet confidence forever. 18 Then my people will dwell in a peaceful place, in safe and secure dwellings.

The promises of God to His chosen people, Israel, are firm. (Deuteronomy 7:6)

About the Holman Christian Standard Bible
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/1599-Geneva-Bible-GNV/

About James M. Hamilton Jr., Ph. D.
https://www.amazon.com/James-M.-Hamilton-Jr./e/B000APFNL6
http://jimhamilton.info/about/

LAST TRUMPET – LAST SHOFAR Blast: Yeshuah Returning SOON.

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132 – Israel 931 B.C. – 586 B.C.

Why Did Hitler Hate Jewish People? As you consider the information that is contained in the opening video, also consider why the Jews fared so well in Germany during the depression. This post will answer the question about Jews that is misunderstood by most of the world.

Deuteronomy 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth”

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

Israel: From 931 B.C. to 586 B.C.

When the first dispersal of the Jews occurred in 722 B.C., by Shalmaneser, King of Assyria, those conquered Jews were living in the northern kingdom of Israel. The record of the northern Jews being carried away to Assyria can be found in 2 Kings 17:1-41. The account of the 722 B.C. diaspora was documented by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 3:6-11). The land in which those Jews had settled in 931 B.C., under the leadership of King Jeroboam, and from where they were dispersed, was known as Samaria. (We’ve all heard the story of the “good Samaritan.”) After the 722 B.C. diaspora, the Assyrians began moving non-Jews into the vacated Jewish lands (Connect 2 Kings 17:5-6 to 2 Kings 17:24).

It was after the death of Israel’s King Solomon, in 931 B.C. (1 Kings 11:43), that Israel became a divided kingdom. Ten of the twelve tribes of Israel followed King Jeroboam and settled north of Jerusalem, in a land that became known as the Northern Kingdom Of Israel, in the land of “Samaria”. The remaining two tribes, Judah and Benjamin, stayed in Jerusalem, which became known as the Southern Kingdom Of Israel, and was also called “Judah.” These Judeans (2 Kings 18:26; Isaiah 36:13) were loyal to Rehoboam as their King. Just as the northern ten tribes (Israel) were taken into exile in 722 B.C., the southern tribes (Judah) would be taken in exile to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. There were three deportations of Jews from Judah, beginning in 605 B.C., with the last one occurring in 586 B.C. The siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar, as was stated in 2 Kings 24:10, ended with the final siege of Jerusalem that began in January, 588 B.C., and lasted for a year and a half (per Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Dallas Theological Seminary). A good way of remembering the names of Jeroboam and Rehoboam, as they are associated with their northern and southern kingdoms, is that Jeroboam “jumped” to the north, and Rehoboam “remained” in the south. (Check out the following link for information on the divided kingdom: https://www.jewishhistory.org/the-divided-kingdom/)

Even though the Jews of Judea had been taken to Babylon, they were told by the prophet Ezekiel that God would return them to their promised land of Israel, per Ezekiel 36:24-29 (587 B.C.). Ezekiel was one of the exiles from Jerusalem who were taken to Babylon in 597 B.C. The Jewish prophet, Daniel, was also in Babylon, having been taken there in 605 B.C. The Judean Jewish Prophet Jeremiah prophesied from 627 B.C. until about 574 B.C. Prior to the Babylonian assault on Jerusalem, Jeremiah was jailed in Jerusalem by the Babylonian-appointed Judean King Zedekiah. After Jerusalem fell to Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah was allowed to remain in Jerusalem; soon after, he was taken by force to Egypt by Jews which had survived the Babylonian assault on Jerusalem. Jeremiah prophesied in Egypt until his death. The accounts of the diaspora of Judah can be found recorded in 2 Kings 24:1 through 2 Kings 25:21. The prophesied return of Judah and Israel to their promised lands will take place during the time that is known as the Kingdom Age/Millennium/1000 Year Reign Of Christ (Revelation 20:4). Following the Kingdom Age will be the Eternal State of the “New Heaven, New Earth, New Jerusalem” (Revelation 21:1-5).

The atrocities that came upon the city of Jerusalem, the Jews and the temple, at the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar and his forces, are documented by Jeremiah in 2 Kings 24 and 2 Kings 25. In order for anyone to understand the plight of the Jews, there must be understanding of the things that happened to the Jews as they were being forced from their city of Jerusalem, and were being taken captive to Babylon, which is located in the present day nation of Iraq. It is also important to know the things that happened to the Jews while they were held captive by the Babylonians for 70 years. Babylon was located 59 miles southwest of present-day Baghdad. Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein viewed himself as being the reincarnated King Nebuchadnezzar. More of the story of the treatment of the dispersed Jews in Babylon can be found in the book of Daniel. It is important to remember that the writings of the Jews were maintained by Jews. As a human being, I am appalled at the atrocities that the Babylonians inflicted upon those Jews.

Dr. John MacArthur provides excellent commentary on Chapters 24 and 25 of the book of Second Kings. His notes can be found in the MacArthur Study Bible. The MacArthur notes can also be found in Bible Gateway, by clicking onto the link: https://www.biblegateway.com/

2 Kings 24 New American Standard Bible (See verses in link)
(NASB) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+kings+24&version=NASB

Babylon Controls Jehoiakim vs 1-5
Jehoiachin Reigns vs 6-9
Deportation to Babylon vs 10-16
Zedekiah Made King vs 17-20
.
2 Kings 25 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (See verses in link)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+kings+25&version=NASB

Nebuchadnezzar Besieges Jerusalem vs 1-7
Jerusalem Burned and Plundered vs 8-21
Gedaliah Made Governor vs 22-30

Check the credentials of Dr. John MacArthur by clicking onto the following link:
John MacArthur, https://www.gracechurch.org/Leader/MacArthur/John?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1

Other sources of reference, that work consistently with the writings of John MacArthur, are provided by the following link. Each person that is included in the link has great knowledge of Israel and of the end times. https://success2693.wordpress.com/sources-of-information-preparation-of-articles/ This link goes to one of my archive blogs that I maintain for information purposes.

About the NASB: https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/

Consider why the Jews fared so well in Germany during the depression. Consider the following two verses of scripture.

Deuteronomy 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1446 B.C.
“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth”

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB) 755 B.C.
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

Sonido del Shofar HD

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131 – Israel 1446 B.C. – 931 B.C.

Hatikva- Israeli national anthem. The Holocaust and Second World War had ended. Surviving Jews, of both, began their journey to their covenant home land of Israel. The fulfillment of Isaiah 66:7-8 had occurred, with the re-establishment of Israel occurring in one day. On May 14, 1948, Israel was granted statehood by the United Nations. The eternal covenant promises of God to Israel are yet to be fulfilled, per the following link: http://christinprophecy.org/articles/the-jews-in-end-time-bible-prophecy/

This article discusses the history of Israel. It goes back to the year of Israel’s exodus from Egypt, which took place in 1446 B.C. The Israelites had been living under bondage in Egypt for more than 400 years. Suddenly, they found themselves dwelling in the wilderness, being led by Moses who is considered by Jews to be a prophet of God to Israel. The account of the exodus of Israel from Egypt is provided in the following link: http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/1663/jewish/The-Exodus.htm

An account of the time that the Israelites spent in Egypt is provided in the following link:
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-questions/how-long-were-the-israelites-in-egypt/

Moses died in the year of 1406 B.C. His successor was Joshua, who led the Israelites across the Jordan River into the Promised land of Canaan in the year of 1406 B.C. The story of Joshua’s leadership of the Israelites is provided in the following link: http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/111849/jewish/Joshua.htm

The history of the Israelites, from their entry into Canaan, until their exile in 586 B.C., is provided in the following link: http://bibleresources.americanbible.org/resource/from-joshua-to-the-exile-the-people-of-israel-in-the-promised-land

The Israelites believed that they were “God’s chosen people.” They believed that God spoke to Moses, and that God’s Words of His national election of Israel were written by Moses in the Jewish writings (Deuteronomy 7:6, of the Tanakh, 1451 B.C.). The Israelites heard the Words of God that were spoken to Moses by God, as they were spoken by Moses to the Israelites while they were in the wilderness between Egypt and Canaan. The Israelites also saw God’s hand of protection and provision while they were living in the wilderness for forty years. See the following link for the words of Deuteronomy 7:6 of: The Book of D’varim (Deuteronomy): Chapter 7, of the Torah – Pentateuch: of the Tanakh. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/d-varim-deuteronomy-chapter-7

The Jews believed, and still believe, that they were chosen by God to bring the Messiah into the world. God’s chosen people have been known as Hebrews, Israelites and Jews, per the following link: http://www.jewfaq.org/whoisjew.htm

God repeated His choice of Israel, through His words to the Jewish prophet Amos (762-752 B.C.), as follows:

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

It was through the Jewish prophet, Zechariah, that God announced a warning to the nations which harm His chosen people, Israel, as follows:

Zechariah 2:8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (520 B.C.)

“For the Lord of Hosts says this: “He has sent Me for His glory against the nations who are plundering you, for anyone who touches you touches the pupil of His eye.”

In the Bible, Jews were called Hebrews or Children of Israel. The terms “Jew” and “Judaism” come from the name of the tribe of Judah.

The Jews also believed that they were chosen by God to live in the land of Canaan, as was spoken by God to Abraham, Issac and Jacob (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 17:22; Genesis 26:3-5, 24; Genesis 27:28-29; Genesis 28:14-15). The books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were written by Moses. Jews believe that God spoke the words of those books to Moses (Documented in notes by Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Dallas Theological Seminary). The following link describes Canaan as being the land that God had promised to the Jews. http://www.jewfaq.org/israel.htm

The Promised Land

The history of the Jewish people begins with Abraham, and the story of Abraham begins when G-d tells him to leave his homeland, promising Abraham and his descendants a new home in the land of Canaan. (Gen. 12). This is the land now known as Israel, named after Abraham’s grandson, whose descendants are the Jewish people. The land is often referred to as the Promised Land because of G-d’s repeated promise (Gen. 12:7, 13:15, 15:18, 17:8) to give the land to the descendants of Abraham.

It is important to know that Jews wrote and maintained the books of the Tanakh. Christians refer to those writings as being the Old Testament of the Bible. The following information provides information on the Tenakh: http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/hebrew-bible/

Hebrew Bible: Torah, Prophets and Writings (Extracted from the above link)

The Bible, also known as Tanakh, is the founding document of the Jews.

The Hebrew Bible, also known as Mikra (“what is read”) or TaNaKh, an acronym referring to the traditional Jewish division of the Bible into Torah (Teaching), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings), is the founding document of the people of Israel, describing its origins, history and visions of a just society.

Consider the promised land of Israel, the covenant seed of Abraham.

According to Genesis 15:18 and Joshua 1:4, the land God gave to Israel included everything from the Nile River in Egypt to Lebanon (south to north) and everything from the Mediterranean Sea to the Euphrates River (west to east). So, what land has God stated belongs to Israel? All of the land modern Israel currently possesses, plus all of the land of the Palestinians (the West Bank and Gaza), plus some of Egypt and Syria, plus all of Jordan, plus some of Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Israel currently possesses only a fraction of the land God has promised. (Above extracted from https://www.gotquestions.org/Israel-land.html)

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130 – The Jewish Prophet Zephaniah

Joshua Aaron – Kadosh Ata. Prophecy and worship. This post has both. The opening song is sung by Messianic believing Jews. Consider the verses of worship that follow.

2 Chronicles 5:13-14 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

13 And they were as one, blowing trumpets, and singing, and made one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord, and when they lifted up their voice with trumpets, and with cymbals, and with instruments of music, and when they praised the Lord, singing, For he is good, because his mercy lasteth forever) then the house, even the house of the Lord was filled with a cloud,

14 So that the Priests could not stand to minister, because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of God.

2 Chronicles 6:12-14 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

12 And the king stood before the altar of the Lord, in the presence of all the Congregation of Israel, and stretched out his hands,

13 (For Solomon had made a brazen scaffold, and set it in the midst of the court, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits of height, and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the Congregation of Israel, and stretched out his hands toward heaven.)

14 And said, O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee in heaven nor in earth, which keepest covenant and mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their heart.

2 Chronicles 7:1-3 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

1 And when Solomon had made an end of praying, fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices: and the glory of the Lord filled the house,

2 So that the Priests could not enter into the house of the Lord, because the glory of the Lord had filled the Lord’s house.

3 And when all the children of Israel saw the fire, and the glory of the Lord come down upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the earth upon the pavement, and worshipped and praised the Lord, saying, For he is good, because his mercy lasteth forever.

The following video is an overview of the Book of Zephaniah.

Read Scripture: Zephaniah

Consider the key points of the book of Zephaniah.

Zephaniah’s prophecy was directed to Judah, which was the southern kingdom of Israel. He ministered during the reign of King Josiah, who reigned between 640-609 B.C. Zephaniah may have been a distant relative of Josiah. He was also a contemporary of the Jewish prophets, Jeremiah and Nahum, and maybe Habakkuk. The recovery of the Law by Hilkiah in 622 B.C. (2 Kings 22-23; 2 Chronicles 34) was the high point of Josiah’s reign, which led to a revival of Israel’s spirituality. Baal worship was cut off (Zephaniah 1:4), but Judah’s sinful moral condition continued. The severe immorality of the people of Judah justified the severe judgments that were prophesied by Zephaniah. The wicked King Manasseh preceded King Josiah. The revival of Josiah’s reign was not strong enough to bring about a significant change in the practices of Assyrian worship that Manasseh allowed to find a stronghold in Judah.

It was during the time that Josiah was king of Judah that Assyria was losing its Kingdom power. Assyria was a brutal empire. The way that they treated their victims, especially the defeated leaders, was so severe that I am not even going to describe it in this article. A link at the bottom of this page will provide such information.

Assyria had overthrown the northern ten tribes of Israel in 722 B.C. Nineveh was the capital of Assyria It was destroyed in 612 B.C. by the combined forces of the Medes and Babylonians, which resulted in the total overthrow of the Assyrian Empire. It was due to the sinful spiritual state of Judah, that Zephaniah’s prophesy was largely focused on the coming of the Judgment of God, which is also known as the “Day Of Yahweh,” or “Day Of the Lord.”

It is best to understand the meaning of the Day of the Lord as being a time when God aims His judgment directly on the world. It can also be a time of blessing, such as that which occurs during the Kingdom Age/1000 Year Reign Of Christ/Millennium. The Second Coming Of Christ is a key element of the Day of the Lord. Facing Judah in Zephaniah’s prophecy was the Babylonian captivity; it was seen as the Day of the Lord for the Judeans of that time. It was between 605-586 B.C. that the Babylonians overthrew Judah. During three deportations, Jews of Judah were taken to Babylon where they would serve 70 years of captivity; they would return to their home, per the prophecy of the Jewish prophet Jeremiah in 597 B.C (Jeremiah 29:10).

Jeremiah 29:10 New Living Translation (NLT)

10 This is what the Lord says: “You will be in Babylon for seventy years. But then I will come and do for you all the good things I have promised, and I will bring you home again.

Consider the following outline of the book of Zephaniah.

The Day of the Yahweh

The ultimate judgment of the Day Of Yahweh on all of the earth. (1:1-3).
The impending judgment of the Day of Yahweh on Judah (1:4-18).
The plea of Zephaniah for Judah to repent (2:1-3).
The judgment of the Day of Yahweh to fall on surrounding nations (2-4-15).
Israel’s apostasy that led to her captivity (3:1-7).
The restoration of Israel (3:11-13)
God’s blessing in the restoration of Israel (3:14-20).

The coming judgment of God on all of the earth is also seen in the fulfilling prophecy of the Day of the Lord. Zephaniah’s prophecy concludes with the ultimate restoration of Israel which will take place during the millennium, after the second coming of Christ.

Consider the following verses of prophecy that relate to the restoration of Israel by God. The notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are posted on BibleGateway.com (Every serious student of the Bible should have both of these tools.)

Isaiah 11:11-12 New Living Translation (NLT)

11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time
to bring back the remnant of his people—
those who remain in Assyria and northern Egypt;
in southern Egypt, Ethiopia, and Elam;
in Babylonia, Hamath, and all the distant coastlands.
12 He will raise a flag among the nations
and assemble the exiles of Israel.
He will gather the scattered people of Judah
from the ends of the earth.

11:11 second time. The first return of Israel to her Land was from Egyptian captivity (Ex. 14:26–29). The second will be from her worldwide dispersion (51:9–11; see note on 10:20).

11:12 four corners of the earth. This figurative expression depicts the whole world (Rev. 20:8). The faithful remnant of Israel will return from a worldwide dispersion to their Land.

Jeremiah 23:3-4 New Living Translation (NLT)

3 But I will gather together the remnant of my flock from the countries where I have driven them. I will bring them back to their own sheepfold, and they will be fruitful and increase in number. 4 Then I will appoint responsible shepherds who will care for them, and they will never be afraid again. Not a single one will be lost or missing. I, the Lord, have spoken!

23:3, 4 I will gather. God pledged to restore exiled Israelites to their ancient soil. Cf. similar promises in chaps. 30–33, and 16:14, 15. The land in view was lit. Palestine, being contrasted with all the other countries (v. 3), thus assuring that the regathering would be as literal as the scattering. The restoration of Judah from Babylon is referred to in language which in its fullness can only refer to the final restoration of God’s people (“out of all countries”and v. 8), under Messiah. “Neither shall they be lacking” indicates that no one will be missing or detached. These are prophecies not yet fulfilled. Cf. 32:37, 38; Is. 60:21; Ezek 34:11–16.

Ezekiel 37:21-23 New Living Translation (NLT)

21 And give them this message from the Sovereign Lord: I will gather the people of Israel from among the nations. I will bring them home to their own land from the places where they have been scattered. 22 I will unify them into one nation on the mountains of Israel. One king will rule them all; no longer will they be divided into two nations or into two kingdoms. 23 They will never again pollute themselves with their idols and vile images and rebellion, for I will save them from their sinful apostasy. I will cleanse them. Then they will truly be my people, and I will be their God.

37:21–23 God made 3 promises that summarized His future plans for Israel: 1) restoration, v. 21; 2) unification, v. 22; and 3) purification, v. 23. These promises bring to fulfillment: 1) the Abrahamic Covenant (cf. Gen. 12); 2) the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7); and 3) the New Covenant (cf. Jer. 31), respectively.

Worship – Followed by verses and MacArthur Study Bible notes.

Consider the hand of Yeshua Ha-Mashiach, ” The Christ, The Anointed One”, “The Messiah”, resting on your shoulder.

Sarah Liberman – Fire of Your Spirit

Joshua 5:13-15 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

13 ¶ And when Joshua was by Jericho, he lift up his eyes and looked: and behold, there stood a man against him, having a sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou on our side, or on our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay, but as a captain of the host of the Lord am I now come: then Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith the Lord unto his servant?

15 And the captain of the Lord’s host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe of thy foot: for the place whereon thou standest, is holy: and Joshua did so.

5:13–15 Commander. The Lord Jesus Christ (6:2; cf. 5:15 with Ex. 3:2, 5) in a pre-incarnate appearance (Christophany). He came as the Angel (Messenger) of the Lord, as if He were a man (cf. the one of 3 “angels,” Gen. 18). Joshua fittingly was reverent in worship. The Commander, sword drawn, showed a posture indicating He was set to give Israel victory over the Canaanites (6:2; cf. 1:3).

Consider the Geneva Bible
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/1599-Geneva-Bible-GNV/

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.
http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/the-worst-ways-to-die-torture-practices-of-the-ancient-world-a-625172.html
The Worst Ways to Die: Torture Practices of the Ancient World …

128 – Israel, A Commentary

Jewish children Singing “Hatikvah” the early 1930’s

The nation of Israel is rich in its culture and history. No one can deny the contributions to our world that have come from such a small nation, having such a small citizenry. Please consider the value to society that the nation of Israel has provided, in spite of the many obstacles that have been placed in its way. The opening video shows a major obstacle that the Jewish people have had to overcome. These Jewish children in Germany, in the 1930s, are seen singing Hatikvah, which would become the national anthem of the nation of Israel. Many of the children, if not all of them, would be murdered in the Nazi death camps during the Holocaust, where bodies of murdered Jews were said to have been used to make soap and lampshades.

https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3313120,00.html
http://www.historynet.com/a-human-skin-lampshade-sparks-a-journey-into-the-heart-of-the-holocaust.htm

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

The Jews are a people of great pride for their nation of today, as well as for their history. It is impossible to discuss Jews, or the nation of Israel, without making reference to the documents that relate to their understanding of God, the Mosaic Law, and the prophets of Israel.

This study of Israel is not “religious.” The term, “religion,” has been shown to relate to groups of people whom are attempting to gain favor with their gods. They attempt to attain grace with their particular god, so that they might spend their after-life in a state of which they have no knowledge, but which they believe to be an eternity of paradise. These groups of people do not have an assurance of that which is required of them to find their eternity in such a place of bliss. To the contrary, Jews view their eternal state to be with God, based on a relationship with God, whom they know as Elohim, YHWH (Yahweh), Adonai, Adonai Yahweh, Yahweh Saboath, El Shaddai, which are Hebrew translations for “God.”

As with most non-Jews, my view and perception of Israel is “from without.” As a gentile (not Jewish), having grown up in a city having a large Jewish population and influence, I have come to love the Jewish people, whether they are naturalized citizens from other countries, or if they are home-grown in my nation of The United States Of America. There are many people residing in other nations, as well as in America, that do not share my love or appreciation for the nation of Israel, or of its people. The purpose of my study of Israel is to paint a “prettier face” on a people whom are, all too often, shown as having an “ugly face” in our world’s community of nations. The history of the Jews shows that the nation of Israel has often come under great oppression, from many other nations and peoples, with the result of many Jewish deaths having taken place. Of strategic importance, is that Israel is the only democratically run nation in its region of the world. A variety of sources of information will be used to show Israel in the light in which I see in that nation and its people. In my own country, the nation of Israel was treated by our government with a great lack of respect during the years of 2009-2016.

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127 – The Jewish Prophet Micah

Prophecy and praise!!! This post has both. The opening song is sung by Messianic believing Jews. The following video is an overview of the book of Micah. This post also has video teachings of the conditions of the future tribulation and millennium. The prophetic teaching of Micah is something that should continue to be a topic of review for everyone. The national anthem of Israel closes this study. The video shows clips of Jews returning to Israel after the Holocaust of World War II, and includes scenes of present day Israel. (Psalm 122:6,” Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.” NASB).

Read Scripture: Micah

The Book of Micah, An Overview.

Micah ministered in the period of 753-686 B.C. He was a contemporary of the Jewish prophets, Isaiah and Hosea. Micah predicted the fall of Jerusalem, which occurred in 586 B.C., and was quoted, as such, by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah in the defense of his life against the Jewish leaders and non-leaders (Jeremiah 26:16-18, and all of chapter 26, 609 B.C.). Micah also prophesied the fall of Samaria, (the ten northern tribes of Israel) which took place in 722 B.C., and the restoration of Israel during the Kingdom Age/1000 year reign of Christ/millennium. The prophecy of the birthplace of Christ is the crowning point of all of Micah’s Words from God.

Jeremiah 26:16-18 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (Key vs 18)

Jeremiah Released

16 Then the officials and all the people told the priests and prophets, “This man doesn’t deserve the death sentence, for he has spoken to us in the name of Yahweh our God!”

17 Some of the elders of the land stood up and said to all the assembled people, 18 “Micah the Moreshite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah and said to all the people of Judah, ‘This is what the Lord of Hosts says: Zion will be plowed like a field, Jerusalem will become ruins, and the temple mount a forested hill.’

Key events of Micah’s prophecies:

Micah 1:1-1: God’s Word given to Micah about the coming events that would affect Samaria and Jerusalem.
Micah 1:2-7: The destruction of Samaria.
Micah 1:9-13: The destruction of Jerusalem.
Micah 2:6-7: The temptation to preach that which people wanted to hear.
Micah 3:1-4: Judgment on Israel’s leaders.
Micah 3:5-7: Judgment on Israel’s false prophets.
Micah 3:8: Micah affirms that he is spiritually empowered by God to prophesy the truth of God’s Word.
Micah 3:9-12: Judgment on Jerusalem.
Micah 4:1-8: Christ/Messiah will rule in the kingdom/millennium.

Micah 4:1-3 The following video tells of the conditions that will be present during the millennium.

Come Let Us Go Up

The Millennium

Micah 4:1-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Instruments Of Peace To Be Present During The Millennium

1 And it will come about in the last days That the mountain of the house of the Lord Will be established as the chief of the mountains. It will be raised above the hills, And the peoples will stream to it. 2 Many nations will come and say, “Come and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord And to the house of the God of Jacob, That He may teach us about His ways And that we may walk in His paths.” For from Zion will go forth the law, Even the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 3 And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war.

The reverse of Micah 4:3 takes place during the tribulation, prior to the battle of Armageddon and the peace of the kingdom/millennium, as prophesied by the Jewish Prophet Joel.

The Tribulation

Joel 2:1 New King James Version (NKJV)

1 Blow the trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy mountain!Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble; For the day of the Lord is coming, For it is at hand

The following video tells of the conditions that will be present during the tribulation, preceding the battle of Armageddon. The words of the song come from Joel 2:1-11, and deal specifically with the victorious invading army from the north (vs 2:20, Assyria) that overran Samaria in 722 B.C. The Babylonian invasion of Judah in 586 B.C. also came from the north. Combined with Joel 3:9, we see the preparation of Israel for war at the end of the tribulation, at a time preceding the battle of Armageddon.

Gaither Vocal Band, Ernie Haase & Signature Sound – Blow the Trumpet in Zion [Live]

Instruments Of War To Be Present During The Tribulation

Joel 3:9-11 New Living Translation (NLT)

9 Say to the nations far and wide: “Get ready for war! Call out your best warriors. Let all your fighting men advance for the attack. 10 Hammer your plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears. Train even your weaklings to be warriors. 11 Come quickly, all you nations everywhere. Gather together in the valley.” And now, O Lord, call out your warriors! The glorious coming kingdom

Micah 4:9-5:2: The suffering that precedes the kingdom

Micah 4:9-10: The suffering of Israel from the Babylonians and Assyrians

Micah 4:11-13: The campaign of Armageddon immediately preceding the second coming of Christ which brings in the Kingdom Age/1000 Year Reign Of Christ/Millennium.
The world, including the USA, will be lined up against Israel, but God will give victory to Israel. (Zechariah 12:3-4; 14:1-16; Matthew 24:29-30; Revelation 16:12-16; 19:14-21)

Micah 5:2-5a

The prophecy of the birthplace of Christ

Micah 5:2 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

A New Ruler Will Come From Bethlehem

2 Bethlehem Ephrathah, you are small among the clans of Judah; One will come from you to be ruler over Israel for Me. His origin is from antiquity,from eternity.

Micah 6:6-8

A Life of Justice, Kindness, and Humility Is the Way to Approach God

Micah 6:8 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
8 Mankind, he has told each of you what is good and what it is the Lord requires of you: to act justly, to love faithfulness, and to walk humbly with your God.

Micah 7:18-20

An expectant hope that God will uphold His Word to His people, Israel.

Micah 7:18-20 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
18 Who is a God like you, forgiving iniquity and passing over rebellion for the remnant of his inheritance?
He does not hold on to his anger forever because he delights in faithful love. 19 He will again have compassion on us; he will vanquish our iniquities. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.
20 You will show loyalty to Jacob and faithful love to Abraham, as you swore to our fathers from days long ago.

The prophecies of the Old Testament were made by Jewish prophets to Jews. They relate specifically to Jews, about Jewish matters, but their fulfillment will affect non-Jews. All prophecies were made for the purposes which God has set forth in His Word. The Kingdom of God, also known as the millennium and the 1000 year reign of Christ. It is the time when Christ will rule over all things, as “King of Kings and Lord of Lords” (Revelation 19:16). Following the 1,000 year reign of Christ, all of those whom have been born again will enter the eternal state, which has the following conditions: (“He”is God).

Revelation 21:4 New Living Translation (NLT)

4 He will wipe every tear from their eyes, and there will be no more death or sorrow or crying or pain. All these things are gone forever.”

Zechariah 2:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

God’s Love For Israel

8 For thus says the Lord of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye.

Isaiah’s Example Of God’s Love For Israel

Isaiah 1:1 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Rebellion of God’s People

1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

The prophet Isaiah’s ministry covered a time from 739-683 B.C., and dealt with the sins of the Jews. Yet, in spite of the rebellion of God’s People toward God, God planned for a healing of the nation of Israel which would restore it to its proper place of prominence during the time of the Kingdom Age.

Isaiah 53:1-6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Suffering Servant

1 Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? 2 For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, And like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty That we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him. 3 He was despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.

4 Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. 6 All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him.

The discussion of the above verses relates to the sins of Israel toward God, and the spiritual healing of the Jews through Christ, which will take place at the second coming Of Christ when He sets up His Messianic 1000 year reign. The King James Version states Isaiah 53:5, as follows:

Isaiah 53:5 King James Version (KJV)

5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

The subject of Isaiah 53:1-6 is: “God, Israel and Christ.” The healing of the Jews’ spiritual condition comes only through the crucifixion of Christ on the cross.

Hatikva- Israeli national anthem

The Via Dolorosa

Por La Via Dolorosa. The Via Dolorosa (Latin: “Way of Grief,” “Way of Sorrow,” “Way of Suffering” or simply “Painful Way”) is a street within the Old City of Jerusalem, believed to be the path that Jesus walked on the way to his crucifixion, per https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Via_Dolorosa). No one needs to understand the words of the song to know all that is happening in the video to “Christ, our Lord and Savior”(Acts 2:36).

Bunnies, and colored eggs and chicks, often overshadow the truth of the day that we honor Christ for being resurrected from death. Many churches advertise egg hunts that will take place, “immediately following Sunday morning services.” However, “the things of Easter” create confusion in the minds of children and adults that don’t know Christ as “The Risen Lord and Savior.” Believers in Christ are familiar with “the death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4). But, bunnies, colored eggs and chicks, and egg hunts, could very easily misconstrue the truth of that verse to be, “the death, burial and Easter of Christ.” Our Lord never observed Easter, because there was no festival or day that was known as Easter, until it was invented in later years (see my link on any of my posts on Passion Week). Christ was a Jew. He observed Passover and The Feast Of Unleavened Bread, and every other feast that God directed Jews to observe (see Leviticus 23). The word “Easter” is written in the King James version of the Bible in Acts 12:1-4 (42 A.D.), which has nothing to do with the resurrection of Christ, but relates to the abuse that had been planned for the Apostle Peter by Herod, and was far from being the account of the glorious resurrection of Christ. The time of that Acts 12 occurrence was stated as being “the Days of Unleavened Bread and Passover,” in the following translations: New King James Version, New International Version, English Standard Version, New American Standard Bible, New Living Translation, New English Translation, and others. It is important for parents to know the truth of Passion Week, so that they can teach it to their children. Unfortunately, “Easter” is often preached from many pulpits.

The videos of the Passion of the Christ are very graphic. They show the reality of the Friday on which Christ was crucified, and endured the beatings which came upon Him. See the 30 A.D. fulfilled prophecy of Isaiah 53:7, that was given by God to Isaiah in 712 B.C.

Isaiah 53:7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. Like a lamb led to the slaughter and like a sheep silent before her shearers, He did not open His mouth.”

As we view the video, we can easily understand that there is no room for bunnies, colored eggs or chicks, or “Easter,” to show proper respect for the death, burial and resurrection of Christ, “our Lord and Savior.”

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The Feast Of Unleavened Bread – It’s Fulfillment

For calendar year 2018, March 30-April 7 is listed as being the time of the Feasts of “Passover and Unleavened Bread,” (often called “Passover” for the entire period of time). Passover was observed for one day, being followed by Unleavened Bread for seven days. Passover began at sunset on Friday (March 30), and ended at sunset on Saturday (March 31), at sunset. Unleavened Bread began on last Saturday at sunset (March 31), and will be ending at sunset today, Saturday, April 7. Most of the readers of this blog will see the last day of Unleavened Bread coming to a conclusion in a few hours. There are others, whom reside near the International Time Zone, that will have already gone past the sunset of Saturday. These two feasts of God’s appointed times, per Leviticus 23:1-2, come first each calendar year. Notice in the passage that God has chosen the Jews to proclaim these Holy days.

Leviticus 23:1-2 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Holy Days
1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: These are My appointed times, the times of the Lord that you will proclaim as sacred assemblies.

The Sabbath is such a day of special gifting from God to the Jews, per Exodus 31:12-13.

Exodus 31:12-13 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Observing the Sabbath
12 The Lord said to Moses: 13 “Tell the Israelites: You must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you will know that I am Yahweh who sets you apart.

The first mention of Sabbath in God’s Word is shown in Exodus 16:23, and was given by God to the Jews. This teaching of Sabbath was made by God to Moses in the year 1491 B.C., which occurred 2513 years after God spoke the words, “seventh day,” in Genesis 2:2. In that verse, “seventh means seventh,” per Strong’s Concordance Lexicon. (Dating by Scofield Study Bible)

Exodus 16:23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
23 He told them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a day of complete rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you want to bake, and boil what you want to boil, and set aside everything left over to be kept until morning.’”

It is important to remember that the Jews are “God’s chosen people,” per Deuteronomy 7:6.

Deuteronomy 7:6 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 For you are a holy people belonging to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you to be His own possession out of all the peoples on the face of the earth.

The Jews were chosen by God to be a holy and righteous people to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into the world. God has also chosen a special purpose for the Jews during the end times: “the Kingdom Age, the Millennium, the thousand-year reign of Christ,” per Zechariah 8:22-23.

Zechariah 8:22-23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
22 Many peoples and strong nations will come to seek the Lord of Hosts in Jerusalem and to plead for the Lord’s favor.” 23 The Lord of Hosts says this: “In those days, 10 men from nations of every language will grab the robe of a Jewish man tightly, urging: Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.”

With all of the preceding having been said, let’s be blessed by the music of worship and praise, as is being led by Paul Wilbur.

Paul Wilbur – Hinei Ma Tov Umanaim

Paul Wilbur – Sing Hallelujah

The Shout of EL Shaddai by Paul Wilbur.wmv

The following information comes from a Jewish website, Chabad.org. It explains the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and is included in the discussion of Passover. It is important to remember that the term “Passover,” is often used to identify all of the eight days of Passover and Unleavened Bread.

Passover Observances
https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/Passover-2018-Pesach.htm
Passover is divided into two parts:

The first two days and last two days (the latter commemorating the splitting of the Red Sea) are full-fledged holidays. Holiday candles are lit at night, and kiddush and sumptuous holiday meals are enjoyed on both nights and days. We don’t go to work, drive, write, or switch on or off electric devices. We are permitted to cook and to carry outdoors (click here for the details).

The middle four days are called Chol Hamoed, semi-festive “intermediate days,” when most forms of work are permitted.

The following passages of scripture explain the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The last passage will show the fulfillment of “The Feast Of Unleavened Bread.”

The Feast Of Unleavened Bread

Exodus 12:14-20 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
14 “This day is to be a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to the Lord. You are to celebrate it throughout your generations as a permanent statute. 15 You must eat unleavened bread for seven days. On the first day you must remove yeast from your houses. Whoever eats what is leavened from the first day through the seventh day must be cut off from Israel. 16 You are to hold a sacred assembly on the first day and another sacred assembly on the seventh day. No work may be done on those days except for preparing what people need to eat—you may do only that.

17 “You are to observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread because on this very day I brought your divisions out of the land of Egypt. You must observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent statute. 18 You are to eat unleavened bread in the first month, from the evening of the fourteenth day of the month until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 Yeast must not be found in your houses for seven days. If anyone eats something leavened, that person, whether a foreign resident or native of the land, must be cut off from the community of Israel. 20 Do not eat anything leavened; eat unleavened bread in all your homes.”

Note: Exodus 12:14 a memorial. The details of how this Passover Day was to be memorialized in future years were laid down (vv. 14–20), and then repeated in the instructions to the elders (vv. 21–27). Prescribing the eating of unleavened bread for 7 days, demanding a thorough house-cleaning from leaven (v. 15), issuing a stern warning of banishment for eating leaven (v. 15), and bracketing the 7 days with special holy days (v. 16), served to proclaim the high importance of the nation’s remembering this event.(MacArthur Study Bible)

Exodus 13:3-10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
3 Then Moses said to the people, “Remember this day when you came out of Egypt, out of the place of slavery, for the Lord brought you out of here by the strength of His hand. Nothing leavened may be eaten. 4 Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving. 5 When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which He swore to your fathers that He would give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you must carry out this ritual in this month.

6 For seven days you must eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there is to be a festival to the Lord. 7 Unleavened bread is to be eaten for those seven days. Nothing leavened may be found among you, and no yeast may be found among you in all your territory. 8 On that day explain to your son, ‘This is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 Let it serve as a sign for you on your hand and as a reminder on your forehead, so that the Lord’s instruction may be in your mouth; for the Lord brought you out of Egypt with a strong hand. 10 Keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.

Note: 13:2–10 Further explanation tied their departure to the divine promise of entrance and residence in a new land where commemoration of the Exodus would occur through annual observance of this 7 day feast. Again the pedagogical opportunity afforded was not to be overlooked (vv. 8, 16). (MacArthur Study Bible)

Leviticus 23:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 The Festival of Unleavened Bread to the Lord is on the fifteenth day of the same month. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 8 You are to present a fire offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day there will be a sacred assembly; you must not do any daily work.”

Note from Leviticus: 23:6–8 Feast of Unleavened Bread. This festival connected with the Passover, commemorated Israel’s hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships (cf. Ex. 12:15–20; 13:3–10; Num. 28:17–25; Deut. 16:3–8). (Mac Arthur Study Bible)

Numbers 28:17-25 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
17 On the fifteenth day of this month there will be a festival; unleavened bread is to be eaten for seven days. 18 On the first day there is to be a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 19 Present a fire offering, a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old. Your animals are to be unblemished. 20 The grain offering with them is to be of fine flour mixed with oil; offer six quarts with each bull and four quarts with the ram. 21 Offer two quarts with each of the seven lambs 22 and one male goat for a sin offering to make atonement for yourselves. 23 Offer these with the morning burnt offering that is part of the regular burnt offering. 24 You are to offer the same food each day for seven days as a fire offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord. It is to be offered with its drink offering and the regular burnt offering. 25 On the seventh day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work.

Note: Numbers 28:16–25 See Leviticus. 23:5–8. (MacArthur Study Bible)

Deuteronomy 16:1-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Festival of Passover

16 “Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the Lord your God, because the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night in the month of Abib. 2 Sacrifice to Yahweh your God a Passover animal from the herd or flock in the place where the Lord chooses to have His name dwell.

The Festival Of Unleavened Bread

3 You must not eat leavened bread with it. For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread with it, the bread of hardship—because you left the land of Egypt in a hurry—so that you may remember for the rest of your life the day you left the land of Egypt. 4 No yeast is to be found anywhere in your territory for seven days, and none of the meat you sacrifice in the evening of the first day is to remain until morning. 5 You are not to sacrifice the Passover animal in any of the towns the Lord your God is giving you. 6 You must only sacrifice the Passover animal at the place where Yahweh your God chooses to have His name dwell. Do this in the evening as the sun sets at the same time of day you departed from Egypt. 7 You are to cook and eat it in the place the Lord your God chooses, and you are to return to your tents in the morning. 8 You must eat unleavened bread for six days. On the seventh day there is to be a solemn assembly to the Lord your God, and you must not do any work.

Note: Deuteronomy 16:1–8 keep the Passover. The offering of Passover itself was to be only a lamb (Ex. 12:3–11). However, additional offerings were also to be made during the Passover and the subsequent 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (cf. Ex. 12:15–20; 13:3–10; Lev. 23:6–8; Num. 28:19–25). Therefore, sacrifices from both the flock and the herd were used in keeping the Passover. (MacArthur Study Bible)

The Fulfillment Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread – The Sinlessness Of Christ (verse 8)

1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
6 Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast permeates the whole batch of dough? 7 Clean out the old yeast so that you may be a new batch. You are indeed unleavened, for Christ our Passover has been sacrificed. 8 Therefore, let us observe the feast, not with old yeast or with the yeast of malice and evil but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

See the following notes from the MacArthur Study Bible.

5:6 glorying. Better, “boasting.” It was not good because their proud sense of satisfaction blinded them to their duty in regard to blatant sin that devastated the church. leaven. See note on Mark 8:15. In Scripture, it is used to represent influence, in most cases evil influence, although in Matt. 13:33 it refers to the good influence of the kingdom of heaven (cf. Ex. 13:3, 7). whole lump. When tolerated, sin will permeate and corrupt the whole local church

5:7 Christ, our Passover. Just as unleavened bread symbolized being freed from Egypt by the Passover (Ex. 12:15–17), so the church is to be unleavened, since it has been separated from the dominion of sin and death by the perfect Passover Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ. The church is, therefore, to remove everything sinful in order to be separate from the old life, including the influence of sinful church members.

5:8 keep the feast. In contrast to the OT Passover feast celebrated annually, believers constantly celebrate the “feast” of the new Passover—Jesus Christ. As the Jews who celebrate Passover do so with unleavened bread, so believers celebrate their continual Passover with unleavened lives.

Closing comment: Sin is “serious stuff.”

125 – Saturday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Saturday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. Luke 23:55 shows the women at the burial tomb of Christ on Friday afternoon, prior to sunset; they had planned on preparing the body of Christ for burial. But, per Luke 23:56, the women did not finish that process, because sunset would be the beginning of the Sabbath Day. Per Exodus 20:10, the women returned to their homes and rested on the Sabbath. The Sabbath would end at sunset on Saturday, while the day of Saturday would continue until midnight. It was during the time after sunset on Saturday that the women will purchase more spices for preparing the body of Christ for burial; they will return to the tomb early on Sunday morning to complete that preparation.

Saturday Of Passion Week

Luke 23:56 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

Consider the comments from the Ryrie Study Bible.

23:54 “It was about the preparation day.” Friday, the day Jesus died, was the time of preparation for the Sabbath, which began Friday at sunset. 23:56 “according to the commandment.” i.e., not to work on the Sabbath (Ex 20:10).

Consider the comments from the Reformation Study Bible.

23:55, 56 There was not time on Friday to do all that Jesus’ followers would have liked for His burial. The women took note of where the body was laid, evidently to know where to come when the Sabbath was over to complete the burial. Joseph and Nicodemus placed a considerable quantity of myrrh and aloes with the body as they laid it in the tomb (John 19:38, 39), but the women wanted to make their own contribution.

Consider the comments from the MacArthur Study Bible.

23:55 observed…how His body was laid. According to John 19:39, Nicodemus brought a hundred pounds of spices and aloes (probably obtained while Joseph was negotiating with Pilate for Jesus’ body), and he and Joseph wrapped the body with linen and the spices. These women, from Galilee, were probably unfamiliar with Joseph and Nicodemus, who were Judeans. After all, both men were associated with the Jewish leaders who orchestrated the conspiracy against Jesus (v. 50; John 3:1). So the women were determined to prepare Jesus’ body for burial themselves. So they returned (i.e., went to their homes) to prepare their own spices and perfumes (v. 56). They had to have Jesus’ body placed in the tomb before sunset, when the Sabbath began, so they were not able to finish preparing the body. Mark 16:1 says they purchased more spices “when the Sabbath was past,” i.e., after sundown Saturday. Then they returned Sunday morning with the spices (24:1), expecting to finish the task that had been interrupted by the Sabbath.

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Saturday of Passion Week is the last Saturday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the seventh day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday of Holy Week.

Holy Saturday is the name given to the day between Good Friday and Easter Sunday. Some Christians recognize Holy Saturday, the seventh day of Holy Week, as the day on which Jesus “rested” from His work of providing salvation. As Jesus died, He called out, “It is finished!” There was no further price to pay; sin had been atoned for. (Per, https://www.gotquestions.org/Holy-Saturday.html)

Note. Our salvation comes from the finished work of Christ on the cross.

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.
Also, see information about Dr. R.C.Sproul (Deceased), and Dr. John MacArthur.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday, The crucifixion of Christ
Luke 23:56, Saturday, Sabbath Rest
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Consider the following verse, which is the only verse of scripture that relates to the Sabbath Day of Passion Week.

Saturday

Luke 23:56 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. To the contrary, the focus of this study will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ, ”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Ryrie Study Bible)
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. R.C. Sproul, Drs., Ph.D., Deceased (Editor, Reformation Study Bible)
https://www.ligonier.org/about/rc-sproul/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._C._Sproul

About Dr. John F. MacArthur (Editor, MacArthur Study Bible)
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

123 – Friday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Friday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The opening video covers all of Luke Chapter 23. Friday’s activities begin with the denial of Christ by Peter in Luke 22:54, and continue through Luke 23:55. The video ends with the women leaving the tomb on Friday afternoon (due to the approaching of sunset) for the observance of the Sabbath (Luke 23:56). The Sabbath begins on Friday at sunset, and lasts until Saturday at sunset. The women will return to the tomb early on Sunday morning.

On Friday, Christ was mocked and beaten in Luke 22:63. In verses 66, through the end of chapter 22, Christ is taken before the Sanhedrin. Friday continues with Christ being taken to Pilate in the opening verse of Chapter 23. The video stays with the events of Friday through verse 55, when the women follow the body of Christ to His burial tomb. During those fifty-five verses of Luke 23, Christ is taken before Pilate, and then before Herod. Christ appears again before Pilate. The crucifixion and burial of Christ follow. Luke 23, Verse 56, shows the women leaving the tomb because the Sabbath (Sunset on Friday) is approaching. So, it is on Friday afternoon that the crucifixion of Christ takes place. His body is taken to the tomb before sunset of Friday. Still, a very significant part of this last Friday deals with the call of the crowd in verse 18, “Away with this man (Christ), and release for us Barabbas!”; and, in verse 21, “Crucify, crucify, Him”(Christ)! So, who was Barabbas? And, why would the crowd of Jews want Barabbas to be released, instead of Christ? Let’s give this matter some serious thought. We need also to consider, “the Jews.” There were “believing Jews,” and unbelieving Jews in Jerusalem that day. “Believing Jews” were those whom had accepted Christ as Messiah; unbelieving Jews, “had not.” “Believing Jews” would not have called for Christ to be crucified.

As a nation, Israel had been under the oppression of other countries and world empires, going back to 722 B.C. Such empires were the Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek and Roman. The Jews of 30 A.D. were looking for someone to free them from the oppressive Roman government. They saw Barabbas as being a rugged Jewish freedom fighter, always riding a mighty horse, trying to rid their land of the cruel Romans. He was in jail for insurrection against the Roman government, and for the murder of Romans in the insurrection (Luke 23:21-25; Mark 15:7.)

Consider the comment of John MacArthur on Mark 15:7. {15:7 Barabbas. A robber (John 18:40) and murderer (Luke 23:18, 19) in some way involved as an anti-Roman insurrectionist. Whether his involvement was motivated by political conviction or personal greed is not known. It is impossible to identify the specific insurrection in question, but such uprisings were common in Jesus’ day and were precursors of the wholesale revolt of A.D. 66–70.}

In his commentary of Mark, Dr. R. C. Sproul (Deceased) makes the comment: “Perhaps Barabbas was a hero of the people for his opposition to Rome (the very thing they had looked for in Jesus).”

There was a movie that was made about Barabbas. In the movie, Barabbas was seen as being a very rugged man, whom had a great hatred for the Romans. You can check out the trailer video for the movie in the following link.

Needless to say, the reason that Barabbas was released for Christ is a subject that has not been given serious attention. After all, the Jews in Jerusalem saw Christ, “the King of the Jews,” riding into town on a donkey, having already said, “turn the other cheek” (Matthew 5:39).

The following link leads to a very informative article that also discusses Barabbas. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Barabbas

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Friday of Passion Week is the last Friday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the sixth day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of Holy Week.

Good Friday, also known as “Holy Friday,” is the Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday. It is celebrated traditionally as the day on which Jesus was crucified. (Per, https://www.gotquestions.org/Good-Friday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.
Also, see information about Dr. R.C.Sproul (Deceased), and Dr. John MacArthur.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday, The crucifixion of Christ
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Friday

Luke 22:54-23:55 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+22%3A54-23%3A55&version=HCSB
Matthew 26:57-68 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+26%3A57-68&version=HCSB
Matthew 27:1, 11-56 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+27%3A1%2C+11-56&version=HCSB
Mark 14:53-65; 15:1-47 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+14%3A53-65%3B+15%3A1-47+&version=HCSB
John 18:13-24; 28-40 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+18%3A13-24%3B+28-40&version=HCSB
John 19:1-42 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+19%3A1-42&version=HCSB

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. To the contrary, the focus of this study will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ, ”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. R.C. Sproul, Drs., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.ligonier.org/about/rc-sproul/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._C._Sproul

About Dr. John F. MacArthur
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

122 – Thursday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Thursday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The video covers all of Luke Chapter 22, but Thursday’s activities begin at 38 seconds into the video, immediately after Judas Iscariot consents to betray Christ. The video stays with the events of Thursday until 15:03 in the video, immediately before the denial of Christ by Peter. You may want to review the second paragraph of “Wednesday Of Passover Week” in relation to the betrayal of Christ by Judas.

During Thursday of Passover Week, the following events take place: The preparation for Passover. The Passover meal, with the washing of the feet of the disciples by Christ. Christ predicts His betrayal. A dispute among the disciples over whom would be the greatest. The Apostles’ reward during the Millennium. Christ foretells Peter’s denial. Christ warns the disciples of coming conflict. The agony of Christ in the garden. The betrayal of Christ by Judas.

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday. Thursday of Passion Week is the last Thursday prior to Resurrection Sunday; it is the fifth day of Passion Week, after Palm Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Holy Week.

Maundy Thursday, also known as “Holy Thursday,” is the Thursday of Passion Week, one day before Good Friday (the Friday before Easter). Maundy Thursday is the name given to the day on which Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples. Two important events are the focus of Maundy Thursday, which are the Passover meal, and the washing of the disciples’feet, to include Judas in both.

The word Maundy is derived from the Latin word for “command.” The “Maundy” in “Maundy Thursday” refers to the command Jesus gave to the disciples at the Last Supper, that they should love and serve one another. (Per https://www.gotquestions.org/Maundy-Thursday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday, The entry into Judas Iscariot by Satan
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday, The Passover meal and betrayal of Christ by Judas
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Thursday

Luke 22:7-53 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+22%3A7-53&version=HCSB
Matthew 26:17-56 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+26%3A17-56&version=HCSB
Mark 14:12-50 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=mark+14%3A12-50&version=HCSB
John 13:1-14:31 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+13%3A1-14%3A31&version=HCSB
John 15:1-18:3 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+15%3A1-18%3A3&version=HCSB

Note. The day of Satan’s entering into Judas for the purpose of the betrayal of Christ is one of differences of opinion. In Charles Ryrie’s Wednesday comment on Luke 22:3, he states that Satan entered into Judas twice. Dr. Ryrie refers to John 13:27 as being the second occurrence. John 13:2 shows, at the Thursday evening Passover meal, that Satan had already entered into Judas prior to the Passover meal. In keeping with the Ryrie Study Bible outline of Passion Week, I will show Wednesday and Thursday as being the two times that Satan entered Judas.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog so that you will not miss any future posts.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

120 – Tuesday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Tuesday of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The opening video shows a narration of the authority of Christ being raised by the chief priests, scribes and elders of the Jews (Luke 20). The following video opens with “the widow’s mite.” The Olivet Discourse continues with the teaching of Christ on the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem that would take place in the year 70 A.D. A discussion on the end times continues. The year of this prophecy of Christ was 30 A.D. (Luke 21).

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday. Also included within Passion Week are Holy Monday, Holy Tuesday, Spy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Passion Week is so named because of the passion with which Jesus willingly went to the cross in order to pay for the sins of His people. Passion Week is described in Matthew chapters 21-27; Mark chapters 11-15; Luke chapters 19-23; and John chapters 12-19. Passion Week begins with the triumphal entry on Palm Sunday on the back of a colt as prophesied in Zechariah 9:9. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Passion-Week.html)

Holy Tuesday is the last Tuesday prior to Easter Sunday; it is the third day of Holy Week after Palm Sunday and Holy Monday. Depending on the denomination, this day may or may not be celebrated at all. Those that do observe Holy Tuesday, such as Eastern Orthodox churches, typically mark it with readings of particular passages of Scriptures and the singing of relevant hymns.

According to common interpretation of the Bible, Holy Tuesday is when Jesus was issued various challenges by the Pharisees and Sadducees over subjects such as marriage in heaven, paying taxes to Caesar, and the source of His authority (Matthew 21:23—23:39; Mark 11:27—12:44; Luke 20:1—21:4). By this same interpretation, this is the day Jesus commented on the widow’s donation (Mark 12; Luke 21) and was approached by a number of God-fearing Greeks (John 12:20–36). Tuesday would also be the day Jesus spoke His eight “woes” against the Pharisees (Matthew 23:13–36) and the evening on which He delivered the Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24—25; Mark 13; Luke 21:5–36). (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Holy-Tuesday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information. Consider the following outline.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday, Christ’s debates with the religious leaders. The Olivet Discourse
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Tuesday

Luke 20:1:1-21:38 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+20%3A1-21%3A38&version=HCSB
Matthew 21:23-23:39 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+21%3A23-23%3A39&version=HCSB
Matthew 24:1-25 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+24%3A1-25&version=HCSB
Mark 11:27:12:40 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11%3A27-12%3A40&version=HCSB
Mark 13:1-37 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+13%3A1-37&version=HCSB

Note. The day of Satan’s entering into Judas for the purpose of the betrayal of Christ is one of differences of opinion. In Charles Ryrie’s Wednesday comment on Luke 22:3, he states that Satan entered into Judas twice. Dr. Ryrie refers to John 13:27 as being the second occurrence. John 13:2 shows, at the Thursday evening Passover meal, that Satan had already entered into Judas prior to the Passover meal. In keeping with the Ryrie Study Bible outline of Passion Week, I will show Wednesday and Thursday as being the two times that Satan entered Judas.

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

119 – Monday Of Passion Week

At the time of the beginning of the writing of this article, Monday Of Passion Week had entered our world’s earliest time zone. The opening video shows Christ cleansing the temple in Jerusalem, and the reaction of the chief priests and scribes. This is the second cleansing of the temple by Christ; the first one occurring in John 2:12-21. The second major event that took place on this particular Monday was that of Christ cursing the fig tree. No suitable video could be found for the cursing of the fig tree.

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday. Also included within Passion Week are Holy Monday, Holy Tuesday, Spy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Passion Week is so named because of the passion with which Jesus willingly went to the cross in order to pay for the sins of His people. Passion Week is described in Matthew chapters 21-27; Mark chapters 11-15; Luke chapters 19-23; and John chapters 12-19. Passion Week begins with the triumphal entry on Palm Sunday on the back of a colt as prophesied in Zechariah 9:9. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Passion-Week.html)

Holy Monday is the last Monday prior to Easter Sunday; it is the second day of Holy Week after Palm Sunday. Some denominations celebrate Holy Monday, and some do not. The Eastern Orthodox Church observes the day, typically marking it with Bible readings and certain hymns.

According to tradition, Holy Monday is the day on which Jesus cleansed the temple, was praised by local children, and cursed the fig tree (Matthew 21:12–22). It is the day following Palm Sunday, when Jesus came to Jerusalem in the triumphal entry (Matthew 21:1–11). The following day is sometimes referred to as Holy Tuesday, the third day of Holy Week. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Holy-Monday.html)

Author’s note. “Resurrection Sunday” is the correct term for the day that Christ resurrected from death. Easter relates to a pagan festival. See “Easter” in Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Also see “Don’t Say Easter” in my post, 115, https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/115-the-jewish-prophet-jonah-a-glimpse-of-passover/

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information. Consider the following outline.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ in Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday, The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem
Luke 19:45-48, Monday, Christ curses the fig tree and cleanses the temple
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by link.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Monday

Luke 19:45-48 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+19%3A45-48&version=HCSB
Mark 11:12-18 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=mark+11%3A12-18&version=HCSB
Matthew 21:12-19 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+21%3A12-19&version=HCSB

(Note. Additional scriptures have been added for Sunday in the Palm Sunday post.)

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

118 – Passion Week – Palm Sunday

At the time of the writing of this article Sunday, Palm Sunday, has entered into many time zones around our world. The opening video shows Christ entering into Jerusalem, on Palm Sunday, with the acceptance of “rock star status.” Oh! How quickly things will change. During the next six days, Christ will see his “approval rating” dropping greatly! By Friday, the call of the crowds is, “crucify Him!” (Matthew 27:22, Mark 15:13, Luke 23:21, John 19:6).

Passion Week/Holy Week

Passion Week (also known as Holy Week) is the time from Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday (Resurrection Sunday). Also included within Passion Week are Holy Monday, Holy Tuesday, Spy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Passion Week is so named because of the passion with which Jesus willingly went to the cross in order to pay for the sins of His people. Passion Week is described in Matthew chapters 21-27; Mark chapters 11-15; Luke chapters 19-23; and John chapters 12-19. Passion Week begins with the triumphal entry on Palm Sunday on the back of a colt as prophesied in Zechariah 9:9. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Passion-Week.html)

Palm Sunday is the day we celebrate the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem, one week before His resurrection (Matthew 21:1–11). As Jesus entered the holy city, He neared the culmination of a long journey toward Golgotha. He had come to save the lost (Luke 19:10), and now was the time—this was the place—to secure that salvation. Palm Sunday marked the start of what is often called “Passion Week,” the final seven days of Jesus’ earthly ministry. Palm Sunday was the “beginning of the end” of Jesus’ work on earth. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Palm-Sunday.html)

Each day’s activities of Passion Week is identified, by day of the week, in the Ryrie Study Bible (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased. See bio below). Dr. Ryrie chose the Gospel Of Luke to show, day by day, the things that happened during Passion Week. He also used the other three gospels for supportive information. It is also important to see that which was written about Saturday, the day before Palm Sunday. It was on that particular Saturday that Christ was in Bethany at the home of Mary, Martha and Lazarus (six days before Passover), and when Mary anointed the feet of Christ. It was on the next day that Christ and His disciples entered Jerusalem (Palm Sunday). Consider the following outline.

John 12:1-11, Saturday, Christ In Bethany
John 12:12-13, Christ Enters Into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:28-44, Palm Sunday
Luke 19:45-48, Monday
Luke 20:1-21:38, Tuesday
Luke 22:1-6, Wednesday
Luke 22:7-53, Thursday
Luke 22:54-23:55, Friday
Luke 23:56, Saturday,
Luke 24:1-53, Resurrection Sunday

Consider the following verses, by links.

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Saturday – The anointing of Christ by Mary

John 12:1-11 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+12%3A1-11&version=HCSB

Sunday – The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem

Luke 19:28-44 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+19%3A28-44&version=HCSB
John 12:12-19 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+12%3A12-19&version=HCSB
Matthew 21:1-17 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+21%3A1-17&version=HCSB
Mark 11:1-11 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=mark+11%3A1-11&version=HCSB

The purpose of this Passion Week study is not to conduct a verse-by-verse study of the scriptures. On the contrary, the focus will be on the major events of each day in the week that led up to the crucifixion of Christ,”on Friday.” The Friday of the death of Christ on the cross has come to be known by many as “Good Friday.” But! How great the hypocrisy has become! On each Good Friday, people who attend the liberal churches that see nothing wrong with killing unborn babies in the wombs of their mothers, flock to the Good Friday services that take place in their liberal church buildings! If there is a need for a detailed study of the scriptures of Passion Week, a search of this blog will provide such exegesis and hermeneutics.

Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” Biblical exegesis involves the examination of a particular text of scripture in order to properly interpret it. Exegesis is a part of the process of hermeneutics, the science of interpretation. A person who practices exegesis is called an exegete. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-exegesis.html)

Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles and methods of interpreting the text of the Bible. Second Timothy 2:15 commands believers to be involved in hermeneutics: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who . . . correctly handles the word of truth.” The purpose of biblical hermeneutics is to help us to know how to properly interpret, understand, and apply the Bible. (Per the following link, https://www.gotquestions.org/Biblical-hermeneutics.html)

About Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

Thanks for being a friend. Please follow my Equipping blog.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

117 – Jewish Sabbath – Prophet Joel (Future)

As this article is being written, the Jewish Sabbath has entered into many of the world’s time zones. Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday of each week, and continues until sunset of the following day, Saturday.

Shabbat Information

Shabbat (also known as “Shabbos” or the “Sabbath”) is the centerpiece of Jewish life, and has been so since the infancy of our nation. According to the Talmud, Shabbat is equal to all the other commandments. Shabbat is so central to Jewish life. Shabbat is the centerpiece of Jewish life that the term shomer Shabbat (Shabbat observer) is synonymous with “religious Jew” in common parlance.

Shabbat is a day of rest and celebration that begins on Friday at sunset and ends on the following evening after nightfall.

The above Shabbat information comes from the Jewish website Chabad.ORG https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/633659/jewish/What-Is-Shabbat.htm

Joel, The Jewish Prophet

The date of Joel’s prophecies is 835 B.C. (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th.D., Ph.D., deceased)

This study of the Jewish prophet Joel relates to prophecies that will be fulfilled in times that are futuristic. The previous study of Joel discusses prophecies that are historic, going as far back as 722 B.C. Check the following link for the introduction to Joel and the discussion of the historic fulfillment of the prophecies of Joel.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/16/116-the-jewish-prophet-joel-the-day-of-the-lord/

Prophecies Futuristic

From Bible Gateway. MacArthur Study Bible notes. Holman Christian Standard Bible verses.

Joel 1:1-14 The Plague Of Locusts – This was a literal invasion of locusts. The locusts (v 4) were descriptive of the future destruction in “The Day Of The Lord.” The historic prophecy was fulfilled in the immediate destruction of the locusts. However, the futuristic fulfillment will occur in the Great Tribulation. The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joel+1%3A1-14&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

Joel 1:6 “For a nation has invaded My land, powerful and without number;
its teeth are the teeth of a lion, and it has the fangs of a lioness.”

My note. The land is God’s land, Israel.

MacArthur note. 1:6 a nation. A literal invasion of locusts pictured the kind of destruction and judgment inflicted by human armies.

Terms: The rapture of the church/the catching up of the believers In Christ (John 14:1-6). Left behind unbelievers going through the total tribulation (Revelation 6:1-16:21, being directed by God on left-behind unbelievers; Rev 6:1; 8:5; 16:1). Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:21). Second Coming Of Christ to Earth (Matthew 24:29). Judgment Of Christ on the gentile nations (the unbelieving gentiles that were left behind from the rapture); those whom had not shown compassion on the Jews during the tribulation (Matthew 25:31-46).

Joel 1:15-20 The Plague Of Drought – “The Day Of The Lord” indicates that the destruction will come from God. The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joel+1%3A15-20&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

Joel 1:15 Woe because of that day! For the Day of the Lord is near and will come as devastation from the Almighty

MacArthur note. 1:15 the day of the Lord is at hand. This is the first occurrence of the theme, “the Day of the Lord” (the occasion when God pours out His wrath on man) results in blessing and exoneration for God’s people and judgment toward Gentiles (Is. 13:6; Ezek. 30:3), but here Joel directs the warning toward his own people. The Day of the Lord is speedily approaching; unless sinners repent, dire consequences await them. destruction from the Almighty. The Heb. term “destruction” forms a powerful play on words with the “Almighty.” The notion of invincible strength is foremost; destruction at the hand of omnipotent God is coming.

Joel 2:18-27 The Promise Of Restoration – This prophecy began its fulfillment after the Jews were given permission by the Persian King Cyrus to return to their homeland from their Babylonian Captivity (538 B.C.). Therefore, in relation to the time of Joel’s prophecy, it is discussed in a futuristic sense. The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+2%3A18-27&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

MacArthur note. 2:18—3:21 With the advent of v. 18, the text makes a decisive transition, devoting the remainder of the book to restoration. It assumes an interval of time between v. 17 and v. 18 during which Israel repented. As a result of her repentance, the 3 major concerns of 1:1–2:17 are answered by the Lord: physical restoration (2:21–27), spiritual restoration (2:28–32), and national restoration (3:1–21).

The final restoration will occur after the second coming of Christ, when he is King of Kings, and Lord of Lords (Rev 19:6), and when He rules over the whole world during the 1,000 year millennium.

Joel 2:28-32 The Promise Of The Holy Spirit – On the Day Of Pentecost (30 A.D.), the apostle Peter made reference to Joel 2:28-32, in response to the events of Acts 2:1-14. In Peter’s sermon (Acts 2:15-21) he made reference to the Joel prophecy, but it was clear that its total fulfillment had not yet come. Many Jews accepted Christ as Lord and Savior on the Day Of Pentecost. But, the nation of Israel, “as a nation,” to include its religious leaders, failed to accept Christ. The ultimate repentance of Israel, and its acceptance of Christ as Lord and Savior, will occur as prophesied in Zechariah 12:10-13 soon before the second coming of Christ to Earth. This prophecy will be revealed to include supernatural revelation, miraculous events in the heaven and earth, and opening the day of salvation to all who will call on the Name of the Lord (Romans 10:13). The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link:

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+2%3A28-32&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

MacArthur notes

2:28 afterward. The abundance of material blessings would be followed by the outpouring of spiritual blessings. When coupled with the other temporal phrases within the passage (“in those days” [v. 29] and “before the coming of the great and awesome Day of the Lord” [v. 31]), the term points to a Second Advent fulfillment time frame. all flesh. Since the context is “your sons and your daughters,” “all flesh” best refers to the house of Israel only. The nations are the recipients of God’s wrath, not the effusion of His Spirit (cf. 3:2, 9ff.).

2:30, 31 Before…day of the Lord. Unmistakable heavenly phenomena will signal the imminent arrival of God’s wrath in the Day of the Lord (cf. v. 10; see note on 1:15).

2:32 whoever calls. Quoted by Paul in Rom. 10:13. remnant. In spite of the nation’s sin, God promised to fulfill His unconditional covenants (Noahic, Abrahamic, Davidic, and New). A future remnant of Jews will inherit God’s promised blessings (cf. Is. 10:20–22; 11:11, 16; Jer. 31:7; Mic. 2:12; Zeph. 3:13; Rom. 9:27).

Joel 3:1-3 – This prophecy will be fulfilled at the second coming of Christ (Matthew 25:31-46), with the Judgment of the nations taking place. The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+3%3A1-3&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

MacArthur note. 3:1–21 Joel notes the national restoration of Israel, in which the people will be regathered to Palestine (Is. 11:15, 16; Matt. 24:31).

Joel 3:9-15 This prophecy will be fulfilled at the second coming of Christ. The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+3%3A9-15&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

MacArthur note. 3:9–17 Joel resumes the theme of vv. 1–3, the gathering of the nations to the earthly courtroom, the Valley of Jehoshaphat. The sentence has been handed down and the Judge orders His agents to ready the scene for the execution.

Joel 3:16-21 – This prophecy discusses the blessings that will come from God on Israel in the end times, leading up to and during the time of the Millennium. The promises relate to the redeemed people of Israel, as opposed to those Jews whom had rejected Christ. Judah will inhabit Jerusalem forever. The blessings will come before and after the second coming of Christ, when He is known as “the” King of Kings and, “the” Lord of Lords (Rev 19:16). The verses can be seen by clicking onto the following link.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+3%3A16-21&version=HCSB

Related scriptures and comments

3:15, 16 The sun…moon. Cf. 2:10, 30, 31. These are signs that precede the coming eschatological Day of the Lord at the end of the Great Tribulation (cf. Matt. 24:29, 30).

This event does not relate to the rapture of the church/the catching up of the saints (John 4:1-6; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54).

About the contributors

About Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased
https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

About Dr. John F. Walvoord, Deceased
https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

About Dr. John F. MacArthur
https://www.gty.org/about/john

Please follow my Equipping blog.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

The Aaronic Blessing

Numbers 6:22-27 King James Version (KJV)

The Aaronic Blessing

22 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

23 Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them,

24 The Lord bless thee, and keep thee:

25 The Lord make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee:

26 The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.

27 And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel, and I will bless them.

Matthew 28:16-20 New King James Version (NKJV)

The Great Commission

16 Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them. 17 When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted.

18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.

116 – The Jewish Prophet Joel – The Day Of The Lord

“I also gave them My Sabbaths to serve as a sign between Me and them, so they will know that I am Yahweh who sets them apart as holy.” Ezekiel 20:12-17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (Israel is the object of God’s gift of holiness. The sabbath is an eternal sign between God and the Jews, per Exodus 31:12-17.)

Exodus 31:12-17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Observing the Sabbath

12 The Lord said to Moses: 13 “Tell the Israelites: You must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you will know that I am Yahweh who sets you apart. 14 Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you….” 16 The Israelites must observe the Sabbath, celebrating it throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. 17 It is a sign forever between Me and the Israelites, for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, but on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.”

Scriptures in this study are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible, and gathered from Bible Gateway. Notes that are taken from the MacArthur Study Bible, are also gathered from Bible Gateway. Everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible. The Bible Gateway link is https://www.biblegateway.com/ Bible Gateway has basic and expanded (Bible Gateway Plus) study notes. Whenever scripture passages are lengthy, in this study, a link will be provided to show those verses.

Introduction To Joel Teaching

The prophecies of Joel are organized in the following order: future, history, future, history, and future. Past events relate to the Assyrian and Babylonian invasions of Israel, as well as to the atrocities that came upon Israel by the Greeks under the hand of Alexander the Great (336-323 B.C.). The Assyrians invaded the northern kingdom of Israel in 722 B.C. Those ten tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, also known as Israel and Samaria, were deported to Assyria. Soon after the deportation of the Jews from their homeland, the Assyrians began moving pagans into those vacated Jewish lands. Those northern tribes of deported Jews are often known as “the lost tribes of Israel.” https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/ask-the-expert-lost-tribes/
The northern tribes were dispersed, and became absorbed into the surrounding pagan cultures. There was a small, nearly invisible, remnant that continued to maintain a form of Jewish identity, many of whom migrated south into the Kingdom of Judah. As a pure Jewish entity, the lost tribes never returned to their covenant land. The Babylonians invaded the Southern Kingdom of Israel in 586 B.C., and deported those Jews to Babylon. Those tribes of Judah and Benjamin had occupied the land that surrounds Jerusalem, which was known as Judah. The united empire of Media-Persia conquered Babylon in 539 B.C. In 538 B.C., the Persian King Cyrus allowed the captive Jews of the Southern Kingdom of Israel/Judah to return to their covenant home land. However, most of those Jews chose to remain in Persia. It is from that time forward (538 B.C.) that the prophecies of Joel, which lead to the final restoration of Israel, began to develop. However, all of prophecy began after the fall of Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:15), and will find its completion in the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:1-5).

Of key significance in the study of Joel is the order of dates. Per the date of the Book Of Joel (835 B.C., Ryrie Study Bible), the prophecies that are identified as being historic, “to us,” were actually futuristic to the prophet Joel. For instance, Joel’s prophecy of the Assyrian invasion of the Northern Kingdom of Israel was given 113 years prior to the 722 B.C. invasion. Additionally, Joel’s prophecy of the Babylonian invasion of the Southern Kingdom was given 249 years prior to the 586 B.C. invasion. Also, the prophecy that dealt with Alexander The Great, of the Greek Empire, was given 499 years prior to the reign of that Jewish oppressor, whose reign lasted from 336 B.C. to 323 B.C. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/gkru/hd_gkru.htm The time until the final restoration of Israel in the Millennium is yet unknown. But, that teaching is still pertinent to the prophetic teaching of Joel.

All too often sermons, and other teachings, have no bearing on the prophecies that are the main thrust of Joel’s prophecy. More often than not, the teachings of Joel are put in a context of daily life in the church, with no mention being made of the facts of prophecy. It is because of such a lack of proper teaching of Joel, and other books of prophecy, that most Christians are biblically ignorant of most prophetic facts.

The Scofield Study Bible divides the Book of Joel into three parts:

I. The Present Chastisement And Its Removal (Joel 1:1-2:27).

II. The Promise Of The Spirit (Joel 2:28-29).

III. The Future Deliverance In The Coming Day Of The Lord (Joel 2:30-3:21).

The following sources of information are useful in the study of the Book of Joel.

Dr. David E. Malick

I. TITLE OF THE BOOK

A. In Hebrew the title comes of the prophetic author, lway , the combination of two names of God–Yahweh & Elohim. The affirmation is probably “Yahweh is God.” This is the reverse of Elijah (“God is Yahweh”)

B. In Greek the title is simply a transliteration of the Hebrew IWHL

II. AUTHOR: Joel

A. Nothing is know about Joel other than his being the son of Pethuel (who is also unknown) 1:1

B. He was from Judah

C. Perhaps references to Jerusalem indicate that he was from Jerusalem

The above excerpt comes from an article that was written by Dr. David E. Malick
https://bible.org/article/introduction-book-joel

About David Malick bio https://bible.org/users/david-malick

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased

Excerpts from Ryrie Study Bible

Book Of Joel

Date 835 B.C.

The Day Of The Lord – “The Day of the Lord, the major theme of Joel’s prophecy, involves God’s special intervention in the affairs of human history.”

About Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Deceased
https://www.christianbook.com/page/christian-authors/charles-ryrie?event=Bibles|1001890

Dr. John F. Walvoord, Deceased

Excerpts from Every Prophecy of the Bible, by Dr. John F. Walvoord

About Dr. John F. Walvoord, Deceased https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

About source document

The Day Of The Lord – The Day Of the Lord may refer to a specific day, or to an extended period of time. Such a time-frame extends from the Rapture of the Church, to the end of the millennial kingdom (1 Thessalonians 5:1-9; 2 Peter 3:10-13).

Equipping Outline

The prophecies of Joel will be discussed as they relate to events of the past, or to those that will be reveled in the future. Prophecy scriptures will be grouped in this study, by History or Future.

Prophecies Historic

Joel 2:1-11 The Day Of The Lord – This was fulfilled in the Assyrian Captivity (722 B.C., 2 Kings 17:1-6).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joel+2%3A1-11&version=HCSB

Joel 2:12-17 The Day Of The Lord – This was fulfilled after the Babylonian Captivity. (586 B.C. 2 Kings 24:1-25:11). https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joel+2%3A12-17&version=HCSB

Joel 3:4-8 This prophecy was fulfilled by Alexander The Great, in the fourth century B.C.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=joel+3%3A4-8&version=HCSB

Prophecies that are futuristic will be discussed in the next post.

Please follow this blog https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/

57 Muslim Nations Urged to Besiege Israel by Ergogan — Absolute Truth from the Word of God

PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM! Keep looking up, brethren – our Redemption Draws Nigh. From wnd.com 57 Muslim nations urged to besiege Israel A Turkish newspaper close to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his ruling party is urging 57 Islamic nations to build a joint army specifically to attack Israel, notes a new report in Joseph […]

via 57 Muslim Nations Urged to Besiege Israel by Ergogan — Absolute Truth from the Word of God

115 – The Jewish Prophet Jonah – A Glimpse Of Passover

Buddy Greene – Jonah and the Whale [Live]

Book Overview – Jonah – Scofield Reference Notes

https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/jonah.html

The Prophet. His name means “done,” and he is the son of Amittai. His home was Gath-hepher, a village of Zebulun, and he, therefore, belonged to the ten tribes and not to Judah. He is first mentioned in 2 Kings 14:28, where he prophesied the success of Jeroboam II, in his war with Syria, by which he would restore the territory that other nations had wrested from Israel. He very likely prophesied at an early date, though all attempts to determine the time of his prophecy or the time and place of his death have failed.

The Prophecy. It differs from all the other prophecies in that it is a narrative and more “the history of a prophecy than prophecy itself”. All the others are taken up chiefly with prophetic utterances, while this book records the experiences and work of Jonah, but tells us little of his utterances. The story of Jonah has been compared to those of Elijah and Elisha (1 Kings 17-19, and 2 Kings 4-6).

Although full of the miraculous element, the evident purpose is to teach great moral and spiritual lessons, and it is unfortunate that its supernatural element has made this book the subject of infidel attack. But the facts, though extraordinary, are in no way contradictory or inconsistent. Indeed, Mr. Driver has well said that “no doubt the outlines of the narrative are historical.” Christ spoke of Jonah and accredited it by likening his own death for three days to Jonah’s three days in the fish’s belly. It is the most “Christian” of all the Old Testament books, its central truth being the universality of the divine plan of redemption. Nowhere else in the Old Testament is such stress laid upon the love of God as embracing in its scope the whole human race.

Equipping Comments:

Date Of Jonah – 760 B.C. (Ryrie Study Bible)

Additional Date Considerations: https://bible.org/article/introduction-book-jonah

III. DATE: During the pre-exilic period and perhaps during the Life time of Jonah (first half of the eighth century B.C.)

A. The date needs to fall between the reign of Jerobaom II (793-753 B.C.) to the fall of Ninevah (612 B.C.)25

Author of above article: Dr. David Malick, https://bible.org/users/david-malick

The Location Of Nineveh:

“Today, the ancient ruins of Nineveh are located just opposite of the present day city of Mosul.” (…taken from the section of the above link, “the Assyrian Empire;” check out the map to see the location being in northwestern Iraq. Mosul was a hot bed of news reports after the 911 attack on the Twin Towers in New York City.) http://www.bible-history.com/biblestudy/nineveh.html

“Three Days And Three Nights ”

The following verse of scripture, in the Book of Jonah, is the one that Christ used to tell of his death, burial and resurrection, “Three Days And Three Nights” is explained in this article.

Jonah 1:17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

17 Now the Lord had appointed a huge fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the fish three days and three nights.

Jonah 2:1,2 -10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Jonah’s Prayer

1 Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from inside the fish:

2 I called to the Lord in my distress, and He answered me …..

10 Then the Lord commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land.

1:17 a great fish. The species of fish is uncertain; the Heb. word for whale is not here employed. God sovereignly prepared (lit. “appointed”) a great fish to rescue Jonah. Apparently Jonah sank into the depth of the sea before the fish swallowed him (cf. 2:3, 5, 6). three days and three nights. See note on Matt. 12:40. MacArthur Study Note.

In the following verses, Christ uses the account of Jonah 1:17 to tell of his death, burial and resurrection. The audience was that of Jewish religious leaders.

Matthew 12:38-41 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Sign of Jonah

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.”

39 But He answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at Jonah’s proclamation; and look—something greater than Jonah is here!

MacArthur Study Note

12:40 three days and three nights. Quoted from Jon. 1:17. This sort of expression was a common way of underscoring the prophetic significance of a period of time. An expression like “forty days and forty nights” (see note on 4:2) may in some cases simply refer to a period of time longer than a month. “Three days and three nights” was an emphatic way of saying “three days,” and by Jewish reckoning this would be an apt way of expressing a period of time that includes parts of 3 days. Thus, if Christ was crucified on a Friday, and His resurrection occurred on the first day of the week, by Hebrew reckoning this would qualify as 3 days and 3 nights. All sorts of elaborate schemes have been devised to suggest that Christ might have died on a Wednesday or Thursday, just to accommodate the extreme literal meaning of these words. But the original meaning would not have required that sort of wooden interpretation. See note on Luke 13:32.

The Ryrie Study Bible breaks down the activities of each of the days of Passion Week. The events of Passion Week show the fulfillment of Jonah 1:17. This particular time of the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread occurred in 30 A.D. (Passover, Leviticus 23:4-5; Unleavened Bread, Leviticus 23:6-8).

Palm Sunday: Luke 19:28-44 (The Sunday prior to the crucifixion of Christ; The triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem)

Monday:Luke 19:45-48. (The Cleansing Of The Temple. This is the second cleansing of the temple by Christ; see John 2:13-25 for the first cleansing.)

Tuesday: Luke 20:1-21:38. (The Questioning Of Christ By The Jewish Leaders)

Wednesday: Luke 22:1-6. (Judas Agrees To Betray Christ)

Thursday: Luke 22:7-53. (The Passover Meal)

Friday: Luke 22:54-23:55 (key is 23:53-56). (The Crucifixion) Notice that:

vs 54: “it was the Preparation Day (Friday afternoon), and the Sabbath (Sunset on Friday) drew near.

A more detailed look at vs 55-56 provides a closer view of the happenings of that Friday afternoon.

Luke 23:55-56 New King James Version (NKJV)

55 And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

Mac Arthur Study Bible comment follows. Please read it carefully.

23:55 observed…how His body was laid. According to John 19:39, Nicodemus brought a hundred pounds of spices and aloes (probably obtained while Joseph was negotiating with Pilate for Jesus’ body), and he and Joseph wrapped the body with linen and the spices. These women, from Galilee, were probably unfamiliar with Joseph and Nicodemus, who were Judeans. After all, both men were associated with the Jewish leaders who orchestrated the conspiracy against Jesus (v. 50; John 3:1). So the women were determined to prepare Jesus’ body for burial themselves. So they returned (i.e., went to their homes) to prepare their own spices and perfumes (v. 56). They had to have Jesus’ body placed in the tomb before sunset, when the Sabbath began, so they were not able to finish preparing the body. Mark 16:1 says they purchased more spices “when the Sabbath was past,” i.e., after sundown Saturday. Then they returned Sunday morning with the spices (24:1), expecting to finish the task that had been interrupted by the Sabbath.

My note: The women saw the body of Christ being laid in a burial tomb. It was Friday afternoon, prior to sunset, when the women saw the body of Christ being taken from the cross to the tomb. Without a doubt, the women saw Christ being crucified on Friday. Without a doubt, the women saw Christ being placed in a burial tomb on Friday, before the beginning of the Sabbath. Without a doubt, Christ was not crucified on any day of the week, except Friday.

Saturday: Luke 23:56.(The Sabbath)

Luke 24:1-12 (Resurrection Sunday; Don’t say Easter; See comment below).

Bio, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, https://voice.dts.edu/article/dr-charles-c-ryrie-1925-2016-tribute/

Key elements of Friday of Passion Week is discussed in the Gospel of John, Chapters 18-19.(Ryrie Study Bible).

The Arrest Of Christ: John 18:1-11.

The Trial Of Christ Before Annas: John 18:12-23.

The Trial Of Christ Before Caiaphas: John 18:24-27.

The Trial Of Christ Before Pilate: John 18:28-19:1-16. (19:14 identifies Friday as being the “Day Of Preparation,” which precedes the onset of the sunset arrival of the Sabbath). (Luke 23:54 shows the sixth hour of the day as being Noon).

The Crucifixion Of Christ: John 19:17-37 (from the sixth until the ninth hour, noon until three P.M.). 19:31: It was the Day Of Preparation (Friday); the bodies on the cross would have to be removed and buried prior to the onset of the Sabbath (Friday at sunset). 19:31: the day preceded the Sabbath Day, a High Sabbath; i.e., the first day of the Feast Of Unleavened Bread fell that year on a Sabbath, making it a “high” or “special” festival. (Ryrie Study Bible)

The Burial Of Christ: John 19:38-42. (vs 41-42 explain the importance of the burial tomb being close to the place of crucifixion, with the crucifixion having taken place on the Day Of Preparation, prior to sunset on Friday). (Ryrie Study Bible)

In the year 760 B.C., God saved Jonah, “a Jew,” from bodily death. In the year 30 A.D., Christ, also a Jew, “God with us” (Matthew 1:23), saved Jonah from the eternal death of body, soul and spirit; this was done through His finished work: “Christ on the cross,” “it is finished” (John 19:30).

Don’t Say Easter!

Nowhere in the gospel accounts is there a statement that the day that Christ rose from death was called Easter. Nowhere in the books of Acts through Revelation is there a statement that the day that Christ rose from death was Easter. It is only in the King James Version that Easter is used, but not to relate to the resurrection of Christ. In the King James Version, Acts 12:4 erroneously uses “Easter” to relate to Passover. The resurrection of Christ is remembered by followers of Christ, one day each year, in honor of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ. The feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread extend for eight consecutive days, celebrating God’s deliverance of Israel from slavery in Egypt. Easter relates to a pagan celebration.

Acts 12:4 King James Version (KJV) (42 A.D., Scofield Study Bible)

4 And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.

Even the New King James Version uses the word, “Passover.”

Acts 12:4 New King James Version (NKJV)

4 So when he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of soldiers to keep him, intending to bring him before the people after Passover.

The context of Acts 12:4 shows nothing of the glorious resurrection of Christ, but of the persecution of believers of Christ.

Acts 12:1-4 New King James Version (NKJV)

Herod’s Violence to the Church

1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. 2 Then he killed James the brother of John with the sword. 3 And because he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to seize Peter also. Now it was during the Days of Unleavened Bread. 4 So when he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of soldiers to keep him, intending to bring him before the people after Passover.

Easter: Consider the following from Unger’s Bible Dictionary.

“The word Easter is of Saxon origin, Eastra, the goddess of spring, in whose honor sacrifices were offered about Passover time each year. By the 8th century Anglo-Saxons had adopted the name to designate the celebration of Christ’s resurrection.”

Consider the following information that comes from the discussion of Patheos, which has a discussion of pagan holidays.

THE ORIGIN OF THE WORD “EASTER” AND THE NAMING OF THE SPRING EQUINOX OSTARA (first paragraph)

Read more at http://www.patheos.com/blogs/panmankey/2013/03/eostre-easter-ostara-eggs-and-bunnies/#xrdxS6lcSb3QGcFF.99

Consider the following information on Easter.

THE ORIGIN OF THE WORD “EASTER” AND THE NAMING OF THE SPRING EQUINOX OSTARA (first paragraph after the egg and rabbits)

http://www.patheos.com/blogs/panmankey/2013/03/eostre-easter-ostara-eggs-and-bunnies/

According to the British historian Bede (673-735 CE) the word “Easter” comes from the name of a Germanic fertility goddess named Eostre, whose name was given to an entire month “Eostur-month,” and then eventually to one specific holiday occurring in that month, the one we now call Easter.

So, as previously stated: Don’t say Easter! “Resurrection Sunday” explains the truth of the day that Christ arose from death.

Scriptures: Book Of Jonah: Jonah 1:1-4:11

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=jonah+1%3A1-4%3A11&version=HCSB

114 – Jewish Festival Of Purim 2018

The Story of Purim || Mayim Bialik

The Jewish Festival Of Purim has recently come and gone. Most people have no awareness, or understanding, of Purim, or of any of the other feasts that Jews know as: “the Feasts of G-d, and the appointed times of the Lord.” Please consider the following discussion of the feast that explains much of the never-ending story of the many attempts to destroy the people of Israel, and to negate their land. Jewish feasts are important to Jews, and should also be important to anyone having any kind of relationship with a Jew.

The year was 474 B.C. Jews were living in Persia; they had been deported there from The Southern Kingdom of Israel. Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar took those Jews to Babylon, in three deportations, over a period of time that ran from 605 B.C. to 586 B.C.; those two southern tribes were known as Judah and Benjamin. Israel’s northern ten tribes, known as The Kingdom of Israel, had previously been deported to Assyria in 722 B.C., by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser. Soon after the northern tribes were removed from their lands, the Assyrians began moving gentiles/pagans into that vacated land. The Jews of the northern kingdom never returned to their lands. In 539 B.C., the Persians conquered Babylon. In 538 B.C., the Persian King Cyrus allowed the Jews, those still living in exile in Babylon, to return to Jerusalem/Judah. However, most of the Jews chose to remain in Babylon. Now, let’s get back to the story of the video, which tells of how a plan was thwarted which would have exterminated all of the Jews who were living in Persia (present day Iran). We will continue to the discussion that is provided by chabad.org, a Jewish organization.

The following discussion of the Jewish feast of Purim comes from the following link.

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/purim/article_cdo/aid/645309/jewish/What-Is-Purim.htm

What Is Purim?

The jolly festival of Purim is celebrated every year on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Adar (late winter/early spring). Purim 2018 begins on Wednesday night, February 28, and continues through Thursday, March 1 (March 2 in Jerusalem). It commemorates the salvation of the Jewish people in ancient Persia from Haman’s plot “to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews, young and old, infants and women, in a single day,” as recorded in the Megillah (book of Esther).

The Story in a Nutshell

The Persian Empire of the 4th century BCE extended over 127 lands, and all the Jews were its subjects. When King Ahasuerus had his wife, Queen Vashti, executed for failing to follow his orders, he arranged a beauty pageant to find a new queen. A Jewish girl, Esther, found favor in his eyes and became the new queen, though she refused to divulge her nationality.

Meanwhile, the Jew-hating Haman was appointed prime minister of the empire. Mordechai, the leader of the Jews (and Esther’s cousin), defied the king’s orders and refused to bow to Haman. Haman was incensed, and he convinced the king to issue a decree ordering the extermination of all the Jews on the 13th of Adar, a date chosen by a lottery Haman made.

Mordechai galvanized all the Jews, convincing them to repent, fast and pray to G‑d. Meanwhile, Esther asked the king and Haman to join her for a feast. At a subsequent feast, Esther revealed to the king her Jewish identity. Haman was hanged, Mordechai was appointed prime minister in his stead, and a new decree was issued, granting the Jews the right to defend themselves against their enemies.

On the 13th of Adar, the Jews mobilized and killed many of their enemies. On the 14th of Adar, they rested and celebrated. In the capital city of Shushan, they took one more day to finish the job.

Read the complete story of Purim.

Why Is It Called Purim?

Purim means “lots” in ancient Persian. The holiday was thus named since Haman had thrown lots to determine when he would carry out his diabolical scheme. You can pronounce this name many ways. In Eastern tradition, it is called poo-REEM. Among Westerners, it is often called PUH-rim. Some Central-European communities even call it PEE-rim. (WARNING: Calling this holiday PYOO-rim—as English speakers are sometimes wont to do—is a surefire newbie cover-blower.)

My ending.

The Jews were dispersed from their home land again in the year 70 A.D. The Nazi holocaust awaited the Jews, which took place from 1939-1945. https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005469

See the video in the link; it is mind shattering.

Yes! There was a holocaust.

113 – Jewish Prophets Of The Divided Kingdoms Of Israel And Judah

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem

Jewish Prophets Of The Divided Kingdoms Of Israel And Judah

The prophets of the Old Testament were Jews. They received inspired messages from God that relate to Jews. Too many verses of scripture that were written by the Jewish prophets are understood by many to be specific to those whom are “other than Jews.” A verse’s context is important, and must be understood. With such a contextual understanding, a verse’s application can be properly understood. Consider the misapplication of the following verse.

Ezekiel 34:26 New King James Version (NKJV)

26 I will make them and the places all around My hill a blessing; and I will cause showers to come down in their season; there shall be showers of blessing.

Consider the proper application of Ezekiel 34:26

34:26 My hill. A reference to Jerusalem and Zion in particular, where the Jews will come to worship the Lord. showers of blessing. Cf. the “times of refreshing” in Acts 3:19, 20, when the curses of Deut. 28:15–68 are lifted. (MacArthur Study Bible note. Provided by Bible Gateway)

The song, “Showers Of Blessing,” is sung each week in many Christian churches, with the thinking that the verse relates to the church, without having an understanding of the context of the verse to which the song relates. However, as the reference note states, the verse specifically relates to Israel during the millennium. Believers in Christ, whom will also be present during the millennium, will also benefit from God’s blessings to the Jews, whom are “God’s chosen people” (Deuteronomy 7:6). But, the key application of the verse is that of God’s blessings for Israel.

It is important for any reader of the Bible to know that without having an understanding of the books of Old Testament prophecy, no sense can be made of the remainder of the Bible, whether Old or New Testaments. Anyone can read from Genesis 1:1 through Exodus 20:26 without encountering too much confusion. But, once the reader begins at Exodus 21:1, and reads forward, the world of prophecy is immediately encountered. There is a definite prophetic path of scripture that begins in Genesis 3:15 and carries forward to Revelation 21:1-22:21, but that path is grossly ignored in many sermons and lessons. All too often, whenever sermons or lessons are taught from Old Testament books of prophecy, the design of the teaching is that of a church setting. The primary focus of a lesson, that is based on a book of prophecy, should be one of Jewish prophecy. Because of the lack of proper teaching on prophecy, there are many people whom are greatly ignorant of the application of such scriptures.

In the year 1000 B.C., preceding the deportation of God’s chosen people from their home lands, God gave the message of the Song of Solomon, through King Solomon, to be a love letter to the Jews. The message used the love in marriage, of a man and woman, to tell about the love of God for the Jews. Please understand that the Song of Solomon is not a “marriage how to do it book.” The common expression that is often seen in the faces of Christians whenever the Song of Solomon is mentioned, is that of a “smirk!” Please understand that God’s Holy Word is just that, “Holy!” There should never be “smirking” whenever God’s Word is read or discussed. People had been having children for the 3,000 years before the “Song of Solomon” was given by God to Solomon. Families had been having children, “quite well,” during those preceding years; nobody needed a technical manual on love. God knew that Israel would be dispersed from their home lands after the death of King Solomon. He knew of the dysfunction that would enter their lives and nation leading up to the first deportation of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. God also knew of the final deportation of the Southern Kingdom which would take place in 586 B.C. God knew that His chosen people would not return to their promised land until after the time of the rapture and tribulation. God chose prophets to encourage the Jews while they living in exile in foreign lands. His written Word is still used to encourage Jews, as well as believers in Christ, as to His plan for the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Isaiah 66:22; Revelation 21:1-2).

As was the case in Song of Solomon, the prophets of Israel were used as instruments of delivering God’s Holy Word to the Jews. Especially, while the Jews were dispersed, the love of God for “His chosen people” (Deuteronomy 7:6) was the key to their encouragement. Consider the following passages of scripture that God spoke to “his chosen people” through the prophets, “Isaiah, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Zechariah”)

“I, the God of Israel, will not forsake them.” (Isaiah 41:17, 712 B.C.)

“I will bring you back” (Zephaniah 3:20, 630 B.C.)

“I have loved you with an everlasting love;” (Jeremiah 31:3, 606 B.C.)

“For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land (Ezekiel 36:24, 587 B.C.)

“Thus says the Lord of hosts: My cities shall again spread out through prosperity. The Lord will again comfort Zion, And will again choose Jerusalem.” (Zechariah 1:17, 520 B.C.)

It will be during the millennium that the covenant land of Genesis 15:18-21 will actually be occupied by Israel.

In the following Words of Christ (Matthew 24:29-31), He tells of the regathering of the Jews, which have been scattered throughout the world; the time frame is that of the second coming of Christ to Earth. The audience of people are His Disciples/Apostles on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. The teaching relates to the Jewish people who will be present on Earth at the end of the great tribulation; they will have missed the rapture. “His chosen people” (Jews, vs 31)” are identified in Deuteronomy 7:6. In essence, this discussion is, “to Jews, about “Jewish things.” The passage of Matthew 24:29-31 is not about the rapture of the church.

Jews, of whom accept Christ as Messiah prior to the rapture, will be caught up to the Presence of God at the time of the rapture, and will be eternally secure in their holiness of body, soul and spirit (John 14:1-6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54); they will spend eternity in the Presence of God in the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:1-2). Jews, of whom have not accepted Christ as Messiah prior to the rapture, will go through the tribulation. If any of those Jews are alive at the end of the tribulation, they will enter the time of the millennium. It is during that thousand-year reign of Christ that they will have the opportunity to accept Christ as Messiah. From that point in time, forward, those millennial Jews will be given a glorified body, soul and spirit and will also spend eternity in the Presence of God.

Matthew 24:29-31 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

29 “But immediately following the trouble of those times, the sun will grow dark, the moon will stop shining, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers in heaven will be shaken.

30 “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, all the tribes of the Land will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with tremendous power and glory. 31 He will send out his angels with a great shofar; and they will gather together his chosen people from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

During this study, there will be a focused study of each of the prophets that are listed below. The focus will relate to the prophecies that God gave to each prophet. It is important to know that all of the prophets are Jews, and that they prophesied about things that relate to Jews. The effects of the fulfilled prophecies will affect everyone in the world.

Israel is the area where the ten northern tribes settled under the Kingship of Jeroboam in 931 B.C.

Judah is the area where the two southern tribes of Israel settled under the Kingship of Rehoboam in 931 B.C.

A discussion follows that relates to the prophets of Israel during the following time periods:

Diaspora, Pre-Exile, Exile, Post-Exile

Diaspora

Diaspora relates to the dispersion of Jews from their Northern and Southern homelands, beginning in 733-722 B.C. In many discussions, the term “exile” relates specifically to the time that the Jews of the southern kingdom were expelled from Judah/Jerusalem during the time period of 605-586 B.C.

After Cyrus, the Persian King, allowed the Judeans to return to their homeland in 538 BC, most Jews chose to remain in Babylon.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-diaspora

The book of Esther discusses the plight of the exiled Jews that remained in Babylon, after it was overrun by the Persians in 539 B.C. In 549 B.C., the Persian King Cyrus united Persia and Media. The Persian empire lasted from 539-331 B.C. Persia became present day Iran in 1935. In Esther 3:7 (474 B.C.), there was a plot to kill all of the Jews residing in Persia. Queen Esther, a Jewess, intervened and saved the Jews from being exterminated. Therefore, the Jews in Persia were saved by the courage of a Jew, whom God put in the position of Queen of that pagan country (Esther 2:16-17, 479 B.C.)

Pre-Exile

The Pre-Exile is a period of time that is often described to precede the 605-586 B.C. expulsion of Jews from Judah/Jerusalem to Babylon. However, the diaspora of Jews, as described above, is also included in the times of Jewish diaspora of 733-722 B.C. Prophets of the time of pre-exile are listed below the discussion of “Israel And World Empires.”

Exile

The term “exile” is normally used in relation to the time of the deportation of the Jewish tribes to Babylon, from Judah and Benjamin, of the southern kingdom of Israel. The forces of Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar used three deportations to remove the Jews of the area that was better known as Judah; the deportations lasted from 605 B.C. to 586 B.C. (2 Kings 24:1-25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:5-20; Jeremiah 52:27-30). The period of Jewish exile was prophesied by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah to last for seventy years (2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 29:10). In 597 B.C., Jeremiah sent a letter to the exiled Jews in Babylon. The letter told of God’s prophecy of the seventy year period of the exile. The exile of the Jews lasted until they were allowed to return to their home land. Prophets of the time of exile are listed below the discussion of Israel And World Empires. It must also be remembered that the Jews of the northern kingdom were captive during their time of Assyrian exile. Soon after the Jewish dispersal, the Assyrians began moving gentiles into the vacated lands of the northern kingdom.

The land that God to the Jews, whom are the covenant seed of Abraham, is shown in Genesis 15:18-21. That land mass is far greater than that which is shown on maps of our day. (See Ryrie Study Bible note)

Post Exile

The term “post-exile” relates to the time of the decree of the Persian King Cyrus, for the captive Jews to be allowed to return to their homeland. Jews began returning to Judah/Jerusalem in 538 B.C. The temple, and the walls of Jerusalem, had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:9-10). The returning Jews rebuilt the temple, finishing it in 515 B.C. under the leadership of the Jewish prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; 6:13-14). Under the leadership of Ezra, the Jewish scribe and priest, and Nehemiah the Jewish Governor, the rebuilding of the walls of the city was finished in 445 B.C. The prophecy of the exiled prophet Daniel (Daniel 9:25; approximately 538-534 B.C.) to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, found beginning fulfillment in Nehemiah 2:3-8 (444 B.C.); that is when Persian King Artaxerxes commissioned Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem. The prophecy of the seventy weeks of Daniel (Daniel 9:25) found its starting point in 444 B.C. The seventy weeks are “weeks of years.” The prophecy provides a timeline that leads to the coming of Christ to Jerusalem shortly before His crucifixion, and the later tribulation. Prophets of the time of the post exile are listed below the discussion of Israel And World Empires.

Israel And World Empires

World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy of the Bible, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Dec), copyright 1990, 1999, Chariot Victor Publishing, formerly The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook.)

Egypt – Genesis 46 – Deuteronomy 34. Jacob and his family resided in Egypt until the Exodus.
Assyria – 726 B.C.- 605 B.C. The northern ten tribes were taken into Assyrian captivity.
Babylon – 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. The two southern tribes were taken into Babylonian captivity.
Medo-Persia – 539 B.C. – 331 B.C. The captives in Babylon returned to Jerusalem and Judah. (Southern Israel) in 536 B.C.
Greece – 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel was under the control of Syria.
Rome – 63 B.C. – 70 A.D. Israel was under the control of Rome. Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome in 70 A.D. The decline of Rome occurred during the church age. Rome will be revived after the Rapture.

Daniel’s prophecy shows the world empires of Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and Christ (Daniel 2:36-45; 7:1-28). (See Scofield Study Bible notes)

Jewish Prophets During Gentile World Empires. (See notes in MacArthur, Scofield and Ryrie study bibles. Everyone should own these three study bibles.)

Pre-Exile: Assyrian World Empire –

Jonah (790-770 B.C.)

Joel (790-770 B.C.)

Amos (780-740 B.C.)

Hosea (760-720 B.C.)

Isaiah (745-695 B.C.)

Micah (740-700 B.C.)

Zephaniah (639-608 B.C.) .

Nahum (630-610 B.C.)

Exile: Babylonian World Empire

Jeremiah (626-586 B.C.)

Habakkuk (606-586 B.C.)

Ezekiel (592-570 B.C.)

Obadiah (586-583 B.C.) .

Daniel (606-534 B.C.)

Post-Exile: Persian World Empire

Haggai (520-516 B.C.)

Zechariah (520-516 B.C.)

Malachi (450-400 B.C.)

Post-Exile:

Greek and Roman World Empires. There are no writings of Jewish prophets during the years of the Greek and Roman empires. Christ and His disciples were Jews. After the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension of Christ to heaven, disciples/apostles wrote the books of the New Testament about the teachings of Christ. The last apostolic writing was that of the Apostle John. His writing of “The Revelation,” which he received from the risen Christ, was transcribed in about the year 96 A.D.

The Jews were dispersed from their home land again in the year 70 A.D. The Nazi holocaust awaited the Jews, which took place from 1939-1945. https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005469

See the video in the link; it is mind shattering.

Yes! There was a holocaust.

111 – Jewish Prophets

The John Ankerberg Show. Step by Step Through The Book of Revelation.

This post introduces a series of articles that are being published in a study of the Old Testament Jewish Prophets. The focus of the study is to tie prophecies, that go back as far as 840 B.C., to future events that will affect, not only Jews, but Gentiles too. Each post is being cataloged in the specific blog that relates to the end times. The blog name is Revealing. https://apocalypseandbeyond.wordpress.com/ is its link. A blog that has all of my blog links is UTLOT. https://utlot.wordpress.com/ is its link.

The opening video describes the end times events of our study. Bio information on the speakers in the video can be found at the bottom of this page.

Many people live their lives in total darkness, as it relates to their lack of understanding the times and things that lie ahead.  As a way of illuminating such spiritual darkness, God has provided biblical prophecy. Certain Jews were chosen by God to present His Word to the Jews, whom are known in scripture as “God’s chosen people,” (Deuteronomy 7:6).  The Jews were chosen by God to be a holy and righteous people, to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into our world.  This study will focus on the prophets of Israel whom spoke words of judgment and encouragement to the Jews during the times of their being dispersed from their “God ordained land” (Genesis 15:18-21), which occurred after the death of King Solomon in 931 B.C. The prophecies will be studied from the time of their being given by God to each prophet, until the times of their fulfillment.  From time to time there may be included in this blog, posts that are provided as “food for thought.” 

https://www.jashow.org/about-dr-john-ankerberg/

Bio -Dr. John Ankerberg

http://jimmydeyoung.com/aboutdrd.shtml

Bio – Dr. Jimmy DeYoung

81 – Israel Under Roman Rule – 27 B.C. To 476 A.D.

Anti-Semitism: Hitler’s Rise to Power

First Newsreel Pictures Of The Liberation Of The Nazi Death Camps

Women & Children in the holocaust

Yes! There was a holocaust! Six million Jews murdered!

https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen

Any non-Jew would normally wonder what it is that keeps the emotional drive of Jews so strong, especially after they have viewed the preceding videos of the Jews who were so brutally treated during the time of the Holocaust. Any normal person should also wonder how one group of people could be so brutal to another group of people. Many people have denied the fact of the Holocaust; but, the videos of this article don’t lie. Consider the following reports of other articles that discuss how Jews were treated during their time of dominance by the Roman World Empire.

Israel In The Roman Empire

In order for anyone to have a clear understanding of the culture of Israel, and the Jewish people, it is an imperative that the religious aspects of the Jews be considered. In order for a news reporting agency to properly report on the nation of Israel, and Jews around the world, there must be an honest sensitivity to things that are important to Jews, and must be shown in that reporting. In order for businesses to effectively incorporate Jewish businesses into their overall corporate scheme, the sensitivities and beliefs of Jews and Israel must be taken into account. Before this post is read it is advised that the prior posts be read, in their order of being published:

1. Israel, A Look Within, From Without
2. Israel 931-586 BC
3. Israel 586-445 BC
4. Israel 444 BC To The Roman Empire

Consider the following breakdowns of Jewish history.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_the_Roman_Empire

The history of the Jews in the Roman Empire traces the interaction of Jews and Romans during the period of the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 476). Their cultures began to overlap in the centuries just before the Christian Era. Jews, as part of the Jewish diaspora, migrated to Rome and Roman Europe from the Land of Israel, Asia Minor, Babylon and Alexandria in response to economic hardship and incessant warfare over the land of Israel between the Ptolemaic and Seleucid empires. In Rome, Jewish communities enjoyed privileges and thrived economically, becoming a significant part of the Empire’s population (perhaps as much as ten percent).

The Roman general Pompey in his eastern campaign established the Roman province of Syria in 64 BC and conquered Jerusalem in 63 BC. Julius Caesar conquered Alexandria c. 47 BC and defeated Pompey in 45 BC. Under Julius Caesar, Judaism was officially recognised as a legal religion, a policy followed by the first Roman emperor, Augustus. Herod the Great was designated ‘King of the Jews’ by the Roman Senate in c. 40 BC. The Roman province of Egypt was established in 30 BC, and Judea proper, Samaria and Idumea (biblical Edom) were converted to the Roman province of Iudaea in 6 AD. Jewish-Roman tensions resulted in several Jewish–Roman wars, 66-135 AD, which resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple and institution of the Jewish Tax in 70 and Hadrian’s attempt to create a new Roman colony named Aelia Capitolina c. 130.

Around this time, Christianity developed from Second Temple Judaism. In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan giving official recognition to Christianity as a legal religion. Constantine the Great moved the Roman capital from Rome to Constantinople (‘New Rome’) c. 330, sometimes considered the start of the Byzantine Empire, and with the Edict of Thessalonica in 380, Christianity became the state church of the Roman Empire. The Christian emperors persecuted their Jewish subjects and restricted their rights.

https://www.ahistoryofgreece.com/roman.htm

To the Romans, the Greek civilization was a source of inspiration, and as Athens prospered under the Emperor Hadrian, Rome prospered from the ideas of the ancient Athenians.

Hadrians Arch and the Temple of Olympia Zeus. In 168 BC the Romans defeat the Macedonians in the battle of Pydna. In 146 BC and 86 BC the Romans seize rebellious Corinth, killing all the men, selling the women into slavery and destroying the city as an example. When Athens joins King Mithridates in another rebellion against the Romans in Asia Minor they invade the city, destroy the walls and leave with the most valuable sculptures. When Octavion becomes emperor with his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra (of the line of Greek Ptolemaic Pharaohs) the period of peace which follows is known as Pax-Romana, lasting 300 years. It is the longest period of peace in the history of Greece

http://fellowship.ifcj.org/site/PageNavigator/sfi_about_history_roman

History of Israel

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire was an outgrowth of the ancient Roman Republic, which had roots back as far as 500 BCE. In the first century BCE, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus formed the First Triumvirate in an attempt to gain control of the Republic. Caesar emerged as the victor, but was later assassinated. However, his chosen heir, Octavian, formed part of the Second Triumvirate, and in 31 BCE, became the undisputed ruler. Roman emperors continued to expand and conquer more territory, until the Romans ruled much of the known world. During the Pax Romana (Roman Peace), in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, a period of relative peace, the Roman economy thrived and trade routes were established. The Romans built huge, architecturally impressive structures, like the Coliseum, and made incredible advances in infrastructure, building aqueducts, sewer systems, and the first highway system.

The Romans, in the 1st century BC, conquered much of the known world, ending the reign of the Greeks, as well as the reign of the Hasmonean dynasty in Israel. Their reign lasted until 476, when the Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, gained control.

At first, the Romans granted the Jewish people some authority over their internal affairs; however, frequent rebellions by the Jews led the Romans to stamp out that autonomy. Around 40 BC, the Roman Senate proclaimed Herod the Great as “King of the Jews,” and he was appointed the governor of Judea. He married a Hasmonean princess in order to gain the favor of the Jews in the region and shore up support for his reign. Herod also embarked on a program to reconstruct the Temple, which suffered damage from invasions over the years. He returned the Temple to its former glory, as well as enclosing the Tomb of the Patriarchs and building the fortress at Masada, but never received full Jewish support.

After Herod’s death in 4 BC, the Romans took full control of Jerusalem. The Jewish revolts began in earnest, culminating in the rebellion in 66 AD, which led the eventual destruction of the Temple in 70 AD. The Jewish people had been able to fend off Roman advances for a few years, but were never a true match for the stronger and better-equipped Roman army, under the Emperor Titus.

After the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem, the Jewish people were devastated. Hundreds of thousands were killed by the Romans, exiled, or sold into slavery. The image of the Romans triumphantly carrying off the sacred vessels from the Temple is immortalized on the famous Arch of Titus. Hope stirred again briefly during the reign of Bar Kokhba, a messianic figure and powerful military leader, who managed to reclaim Jerusalem in 132 AD. His victory, though, was short-lived; in 135 AD, his rebellion was crushed, the remaining Jews exiled, and Jerusalem was renamed Aelia Capitolina.

However, this did not end Jewish presence in Israel. The north, specifically Tiberias, became a center of Jewish learning and Torah study.

http://www.templemount.org/destruct2.html

A.D. 70 – Rome’s Destruction Of Jerusalem

During the long siege a terrible famine raged in the city and the bodies of the inhabitants were literally stacked like cordwood in the streets. The toll of Jewish suffering was horrible but they would not surrender the city. Again and again they attempted to trick the Romans through guile and perfidy. When at last the walls were breached Titus tried to preserve the Temple by giving orders to his soldiers not to destroy or burn it. But the anger of the soldiers against the Jews was so intense that, maddened by the resistance they encountered, they disobeyed the order of their general and set fire to the Temple. There were great quantities of gold and silver there which had been placed in the Temple for safekeeping. This melted and ran down between the rocks and into the cracks of the stones. When the soldiers captured the Temple area, in their greed to obtain this gold and silver they took long bars and pried apart the massive stones.

A Second Exile for Israel

When the Temple was destroyed in A.D. 70 the period of the second exile began. The Jewish people were soon to be scattered throughout the earth. For the next 1900 years the Jews would have no authority in the land God gave to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. However during most of the period of this Second Exile there have always been some Jews living in Jerusalem. Although most of the nation was in exile from their land, the Jews did not forget Jerusalem or the Temple Mount. Their daily prayer was for the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.

For the next two thousand years, the Temple Mount would lack any Jewish presence. The destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70 caused the beginning of the scattering of the Jews throughout the world. During this period, the Temple Mount was for the most part neglected and profaned. Though this time constituted a period of neglect, some significant events concerning Jerusalem and the Temple Mount did occur. More information on this time period of Temple Mount history is given in Tuvia Sagiv’s writings.

Let’s go back to the opening question of consideration of this article.

“What is it that keeps the emotional drive of Jews so strong?”

My belief is that it is because Jews hold deeply to a promise that is written in a Jewish scripture.

Deuteronomy 7:6 Contemporary English Version (CEV)

The Lord’s Chosen People

Moses said:

6 Israel, you are the chosen people of the Lord your God. There are many nations on this earth, but He chose only Israel to be His very own.

Any religious Jew understands that the Jews were chosen by God to bring the Messiah into the world. Such Jews also believe that during the future Kingdom of God, Jews will have a special role of service during that thousand year period of time. Beyond the Kingdom age, religious Jews look to, new heavens, a new earth and a new Jerusalem, where they will also have a place of God-ordained prominence. Many Christians hold to these same beliefs.

Hear O’ Israel

Per the Jewish prophet, Isaiah, the nation of Israel would be born in one day. The prophecy was made in 698 B.C. The day that the prophecy was fulfilled was May 14, 1948.

Isaiah 66:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

8 “Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things?
Can a land be born in one day?
Can a nation be brought forth all at once?
As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons.

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel

Many Jews hold to the promise of Genesis 15:18-21, which describes the land that the Jews would inherit, and is rightfully theirs today in the land that is called Israel. Many Christians also hold to that same promise that was made to the Jews in approximately 1913 B.C., as was written by Moses.

Genesis 15:18-21 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

18 That day Adonai made a covenant with Avram: “I have given this land to your descendants — from the Vadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River — 19 the territory of the Keni, the K’nizi, the Kadmoni, 20 the Hitti, the P’rizi, the Refa’im, 21 the Emori, the Kena‘ani, the Girgashi and the Y’vusi.”

Comment made by Dr. James MacArthur

15:18–21 river of Egypt to the…Euphrates. Scripture records both general (Ex. 23:31; Num. 13:21; Deut. 11:24; 1 Kin. 8:65; 2 Kin. 14:25; Is. 27:12) and specific (Num. 34:1–12; Josh. 15:1, 2; Ezek. 47:15–20; 48:1, 28) descriptions of the Promised Land, centering on the ancient land of Canaan. Such precise geographic demarcation will not allow for any redefinitions which would emasculate God’s promise of its specificity. The river of Egypt was most probably what became known as the Wadi El Arish, the southern border of Judah. Kenites…Jebusites. The various peoples who inhabited the land are named. Such precise detailing of the nations in the land of Canaan attests again to the specificity of the Promised Land in God’s promises.

Jews do not believe that their land should be used as a political bargaining chip. They do not believe that the land that was given to them by God should be reduced, “in cookie cutter fashion,” and parceled out to any other nation or group of people.

Two terms have entered the situation that affects the nation of Israel.

ISIS (The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a terrorist group.

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/middle-east/2017-09-25/how-isis-transforming

The Levant is a geographic region that covers and extends in all directions beyond the borders of Israel.

https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Levant

The term Levant is employed to refer to peoples, states, or parts of states in the region, namely:

Israel
Jordan
Lebanon
Palestinian Territories
Syria

Soon after ISIS made is presence known to the world, most people began to use the name, “ISIS,” to relate to ISIS. But soon, thereafter, U.S. President Obama began to refer to ISIS as “ISIL,” which caused that group to be known as “The Islamic Sate of Iraq and the Levant.” Such recognition of “ISIS,” as “ISIL,” inflated its importance in the world, to include its territorial overshadowing of the nation of Israel.

Ever since the death of King Solomon in 931 B.C., Jews have come under the domination of the following world empires: Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greek and Rome. At present time, Israel is located within the geographic territory of the Old Roman Empire. Oppression never ceases to come upon the Jews. For a confirmation of the previous sentence, “check the daily news.”