Tuesday Of Passion Week – The Beginning Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread -The Second Day Of Passover

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Let The Weight Of Your Glory Fall

Tuesday Of Passion Week – The Beginning Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread – The Second Day Of Passover

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.)

Lesson Video

Passion Week Tuesday

A lot is going on during this second day of Passover. Consider the fact that even though it is a holy time in the Jewish calendar, a lot of teaching and confrontation are taking place. Some key items of interest to this writer are discussed, as follows.

The Authority Of Christ Questioned: (20:1-2) … the chief priests, the scribes and elders confronted Christ in a body and asked Him this direct question, “Tell us by whose authority you act as you do—who gave you such authority?”

The Reply By Jesus: (20:3-8). Men often pretend to examine the evidences of revelation, and the truth of the gospel, when only seeking excuses for their own unbelief and disobedience. Christ answered these priests and scribes with a plain question about the baptism of John, which the common people could answer. They all knew it was from heaven, nothing in it had an earthly tendency. Those that bury the knowledge they have, are justly denied further knowledge. It was just with Christ to refuse to give account of his authority, to those who knew the baptism of John to be from heaven, yet would not believe in him, nor own their knowledge. (Matthew Henry Consider Commentary).

A discourse is given on the Signs Of Christ’s Second Coming, as follows: The happenings take place during the Tribulation and at the end of the Tribulation. The subject is Israel and the Jews. (Matthew 24:1-25:46).

Many would come in His (Name. 24:5). There will be wars and rumors of wars, nations will rise up against nations, there will be famines and earthquakes (24:6-8). The unsaved Jews (and other unsaved Gentiles) will be left behind to face tribulation, where they will be hated and killed. (24:9). A time of lawlessness will develop (24:10-12). The Gospel of the Kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world (24:14). Great tribulation will begin (24:21). False Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, “so as to mislead, if possible” even the elect (Jews) (24:24) (Deuteronomy 7:6).

Great atmospheric abnormalities will result (24:29). Immediately after the tribulation, Christ will be seen returning to earth. (24:30). The elect (Jews) will be gathered to Israel from all corners of the earth. (24:31). The gentiles will be judged based on how they treated the Jews during the tribulation (25:31-46).

Luke 20-21:38
J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS)

20 1-2 Then one day as he was teaching the people in the Temple, and preaching the Gospel to them, the chief priests, the scribes and elders confronted him in a body and asked him this direct question, “Tell us by whose authority you act as you do—who gave you such authority?”
3-4 “I have a question for you, too,” replied Jesus. “John’s baptism, now—tell me, did it come from Heaven or was it purely human?”
5-7 At this they began arguing with each other, saying, “If we say, ‘from Heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Then why didn’t you believe in him?’ but if we say it was purely human, this mob will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.” So they replied that they did not know where it came from.
8 “Then,” returned Jesus, “neither will I tell you by what authority I do what I am doing.”
He tells the people a pointed story
9-16 Then he turned to the people and told them this parable: “There was once a man who planted a vineyard, let it out farm-workers, and went abroad for some time. Then, when the season arrived, he sent a servant to the farm-workers so that they could give him the proceeds of the vineyard. But the farm-workers beat him up and sent him back empty-handed. So he sent another servant, and they beat him up as well, manhandling him disgracefully, and sent him back empty-handed. Then he sent a third servant, but after wounding him severely they threw him out. Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do now? I will send them my son who is so dear to me. Perhaps they will respect him.’ But when the farm-workers saw him, they talked the matter over with each other and said, ‘This man is the heir—come on, let’s kill him, and we shall get everything that he would have had!’ And they threw him outside the vineyard and killed him. What do you suppose the owner will do to them? He will come and destroy the men who were working his property, and hand it over to others.” When they heard this, they said, “God forbid!”
17 But he looked them straight in the eyes and said, “Then what is the meaning of this scripture—‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone?’
18 The man who falls on that stone will be broken, and the man on whom it falls will be crushed to powder.”
The authorities resort to trickery
19 The scribes and chief priests longed to get their hands on him at that moment, but they were afraid of the people. They knew well enough that his parable referred to them.
20 They watched him, however, and sent some spies into the crowd, pretending that they were honest men, to fasten on something that he might say which could be used to hand him over to the authority and power of the governor.
21-22 These men asked him, “Master, we know that what you say and teach is right, and that you teach the way of God truly without fear or favour. Now, is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
23-24 But Jesus saw through their cunning and said to them, “Show me one of the coins. Whose face is this, and whose name is in the inscription?” “Caesar’s,” they said.
25 “Then give to Caesar,” he replied, “what belongs to Caesar, and to God what belongs to God.”
26 So his reply gave them no sort of handle that they could use against him publicly. And in fact they were so taken aback by his answer that they had nothing more to say.
Jesus exposes the ignorance of the Sadducees
27-33 Then up came some of the Sadducees (who deny that there is any resurrection) and they asked him, “Master, Moses told us in the scripture, ‘If a man’s brother should die without any children, he should marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother.’ Now, there were once seven brothers. The first got married and died childless, and the second and the third married the woman, and in fact all the seven married her and died without leaving any children. Lastly, the woman herself died. Now in the ‘resurrection’ whose wife is she of these seven men, for she belonged to all of them?”
34-38 “People in this world,” Jesus replied, “marry and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy of reaching that world, which means rising from the dead, neither marry nor are they given in marriage. They cannot die any more but live like the angels; for being children of the resurrection, they are the sons of God. But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed to be true in the story of the bush, when he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’. For God is not God of the dead, but of the living. For all men are alive to him.”
39 To this some of the scribes replied, “Master, that was a good answer.”
40 And indeed nobody had the courage to ask him any more questions.
41-44 But Jesus went on to say, “How can they say that Christ is David’s son? For David himself said in the book of psalms—‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool.’ David is plainly calling him ‘Lord’. How then can he be his son?”
Jesus warns his disciples against religious pretentiousness
45-47 Then while everybody was listening, Jesus remarked to his disciples, “Be on your guard against the scribes, who enjoy walking round in long robes and love having men bow to them in public, getting front seats in the synagogue, and the best places at dinner parties—while all the time they are battening on widow’s property and covering it up with long prayers. These men are only heading for deeper damnation.”
21 1-4 Then he looked up and saw the rich people dropping their gifts into the treasury, and he noticed a poor widow drop in two coppers, and he commented, “I assure you that this poor widow put in more than all of them, for they have all put in what they can easily spare, but she in her poverty has given away her whole living.”
Jesus foretells the destruction of the Temple
5-6 Then when some of them were talking about the Temple and pointing out the beauty of its lovely stonework and the various ornaments that people had given, he said, “Yes, you can gaze on all this today, but the time is coming when not a single stone will be left upon another, without being thrown down.”
7 So they asked him, “Master, when will this happen, and what sign will there be that these things are going to take place?”
8-9 “Be careful that you are not deceived,” he replied. “There will be many coming in my name, saying ‘I am he’ and ‘The time is very near now.’ Never follow men like that. And when you hear about wars and disturbances, don’t be alarmed. These things must indeed happen first, but the end will not come immediately.
And prophesies world-wide suffering
10-19 Then he continued, “Nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be great earthquakes and famines and plagues in this place or that. There will be dreadful sights, and great signs from heaven. But before all this happens, men will arrest you and persecute you, handing you over to synagogue or prison, or bringing you before kings and governors, for my name’s sake. This will be your chance to witness for me. So make up your minds not to think out your defence beforehand. I will give you such eloquence and wisdom that none of your opponents will be able to resist or contradict it. But you will be betrayed, even by parents and brothers and kinsfolk and friends. and there will be some of you who will be killed and you will be hated everywhere for my name’s sake. Yet, not a hair of your head will perish. Hold on, and you will win your souls!
20-28 “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armed forces, then you will know that the time of her devastation has arrived. Then is the time for those who are in Judea to fly to the hills. And those who are in the city itself must get out of it, and those who are already in the country must not try to get into the city. For these are the days of vengeance, when all that the scriptures have said will come true. Alas for those who are pregnant and those who have tiny babies in those days! For there will be bitter misery in the land and great anger against this people. They will die by the sword. They will be taken off as prisoners into all nations. Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the heathen until the heathen’s day is over. There will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth there will be dismay among the nations and bewilderment at the roar of the surging sea. Men’s courage will fail completely as they realise what is threatening the world, for the very powers of heaven will be shaken. Then men will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with great power and splendour! But when these things begin to happen, look up, hold your heads high, for you will soon be free.

Vigilance is essential

29 Then he gave them a parable.
30-33 “Look at a fig-tree, or indeed any tree, when it begins to burst its buds, and you realise without anybody telling you that summer is nearly here. So, when you see these things happening, you can be equally sure that the kingdom of God has nearly come. Believe me, this generation will not disappear until all this has taken place. Earth and heaven will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
34-35 “Be on your guard—see to it that your minds are never clouded by dissipation or drunkenness or the worries of this life, or else that day may catch you like the springing of a trap—for it will come upon every inhabitant of the whole earth.
36 “You must be vigilant at all times, praying that you may be strong enough to come safely through all that is going to happen, and stand in the presence of the Son of Man.”
37-38 And every day he went on teaching in the Temple, and every evening he went off and spent the night on the hill which is called the Mount of Olives. And the people used to come early in the morning to listen to him in the Temple.

The First Day Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread Begins.

Exodus 12:14-20
Names of God Bible (NOG)

14 “This day will be one for you to remember. This is a permanent law for generations to come: You will celebrate this day as a pilgrimage festival in Yahweh’s honor. 15 For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the very first day you must remove any yeast that you have in your houses. Whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh day must be excluded from Israel. 16 You must have a holy assembly on the first day and another one on the seventh. You must not work on these days except to prepare your own meals. That’s all you may do.
17 You must celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread because it was on this very day that I brought you out of Egypt in organized family groups. This is a permanent law for future generations: You must celebrate this day. 18 From the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month until the evening of the twenty-first day you must eat unleavened bread. 19 There should be no yeast in your houses for seven days. Whoever eats anything with yeast in it must be excluded from the community of Israel, whether he is an Israelite or not.20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat only unleavened bread.”

Consideration. The Feasts Of Passover and Unleavened Bread were kept by Jesus.

Consideration. Jesus fulfilled the Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7) and The Feast Of Unleavened Bread (1 Corinthians 5:8). He also fulfilled the Law (Matthew 5:17).

Monday Of Passion Week – Mark 11:12-19 – The Cursing Of The Fig Tree, The Cleansing Of The Temple, And The Beginning Of Passover

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For Your Name Is Holy

Lesson Video

Jesus Chases The Money Changers Out of The Temple

The passion week/holy week continues with the activities of Monday. Taking place on this day are The Cursing Of The Fig Tree, The Cleansing Of The Temple, and The Beginning Of Passover.

Lesson Series: Passover

Monday Of Passion Week

Considerations. 1. It is Monday, and was the first meal of the day. Jesus and the disciples were hungry. They noticed that no figs were on the tree. (The fig tree had long been a symbol of Israel’s peace and security, Micah 4:4, Zechariah 3:10) Normally, the fruit and leaves appear at the same time. The curse on the tree is an illustration of the rejection of Israel, by Jesus. Israel was a nation that was unfruitful despite its every advantage to be fruitful. The curse meant that Israel would not again be the primary instrument of accomplishing God’s purpose.

Verses Of Consideration

Leviticus 23:4-6 (Passover And Feast Of Unleavened Bread)

4 ‘These are the appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

Exodus 12:1-14 (Passover 1 Day) (Sunset, April 10 – Sunset April 11, 2017)

Exodus 12:15-20 (Feast Of Unleavened Bread – 7 Days) (Sunset, April 11 – Sunset, April 18, 2017)

Numbers 28:16 (Passover); Numbers 28:17 (Feast Of Unleavened Bread)

Deuteronomy 16:1-8 (Passover And Feast Of Unleavened Bread)

Text

Mark 11:12-19

The Cursing Of The Fig Tree

12 Now the next day, when they had come out from Bethany, He was hungry. 13 And seeing from afar a fig tree having leaves, He went to see if perhaps He would find something on it. When He came to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14 In response Jesus said to it, “Let no one eat fruit from you ever again.” And His disciples heard it.

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

15 So they came to Jerusalem. Then Jesus went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 16 And He would not allow anyone to carry wares through the temple. 17 Then He taught, saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations’? But you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’ ”
18 And the scribes and chief priests heard it and sought how they might destroy Him; for they feared Him, because all the people were astonished at His teaching. 19 When evening had come, He went out of the city.

Considerations. 2. The money changers provided a necessary service. The temple tax and offerings were required to be paid in the local currency. However, the process had become so very corrupt that Jesus spoke of the setting as being a den of robbers. Not only had the court become a market, it was being used as a shortcut by merchants of all kinds. Mark sees in the gestures of Jesus a defense of Gentile rights and maybe an indication of the future mission that would be given to the Gentiles. (My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations). We might ask ourselves about our own places of worship. Do we have the appearance that our “temple” is anything less than a place of worship? Do we allow less than holy activities to take place, such as weddings that have no resemblances to the name of Jesus Christ, whether it is inside of the sanctuary, in the fellowship hall, or even in the outside yard? Do we allow drunken receptions to take place, almost immediately after the married couple has dedicated their marriage to God. Do we allow vulgar placards to be placed on vehicles that will be driven by the bride and groom? I’m sure that this list can be lengthened “to no end.”

Considerations 3. This is the second incident of Jesus clearing the temple. See John 2:12-25 for the first occurrence.

Passover

This Monday evening, beginning at sunset, is the beginning of Passover. It will last for twenty-four hours. The Feast Of Unleavened Bread will immediately follow Passover and will last for seven days. Often times, the complete duration is called “Passover.” The following verses explain this Holy season of the Jews. The purpose of Passover and The Feast Of Unleavened Bread was to celebrate God’s deliverance of Israel from Slavery in Egypt. The fulfillment of these feasts in Christ can be found in 1 Corinthians 5:7 (Passover: The Death Of Christ); and in 1 Corinthians 5:8 (Unleavened Bread: Sinlessness of Christ). The total law was fulfilled in Christ, Matthew 5:17.

Notes

The following study notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are provided by Biblgateway.com

Mark

11:12 the next day. Matt 21:18 says this was “in the morning,” probably before 6:00 am. Bethany. See note on v. 1
11:13 fig tree having leaves. Fig trees were common as a source of food. Three years were required from planting until fruit bearing. After that, a tree could be harvested twice a year, usually yielding much fruit. The figs normally grew with the leaves. This tree had leaves but, strangely, no fruit. That this tree was along the side of the road (cf. Matt. 21:19), implies it was public property. It was also apparently in good soil because its foliage was ahead of season and ahead of the surrounding fig trees. The abundance of leaves held out promise that the tree might also be ahead of schedule with its fruit. not the season for figs. The next normal fig season was in June, more than a month away. This phrase, unique to Mark, emphasizes the unusual nature of this fig tree.
11:14 “Let no one eat fruit from you ever again.” Jesus’ direct address to the tree personified it and condemned it for not providing what its appearance promised. This incident was not the acting out of the parable of the fig tree (Luke 13:6–9), which was a warning against spiritual fruitlessness. Here, Jesus cursed the tree for its misleading appearance that suggested great productivity without providing it. It should have been full of fruit, but was barren. The fig tree was frequently an OT type of the Jewish nation (Hos. 9:10; Nah. 3:12; Zech. 3:10), and in this instance Jesus used the tree by the road as a divine object lesson concerning Israel’s spiritual hypocrisy and fruitlessness (see note on Matt. 21:19; cf. Is. 5:1–7).
11:15–19 See note on Matt. 21:12. Although Jesus had cleansed the temple 3 years earlier (John 2:14–16), it had become more corrupt and profane than ever and thus He was compelled to again offer clear testimony to God’s holiness and to His judgment against spiritual desecration and false religion. Even as God sent His prophets repeatedly throughout the OT to warn His people of their sin and idolatry, Christ never stopped declaring God’s will to a rebellious people, no matter how often they rejected it. With this temple cleansing, Jesus showed vividly that He was on a divine mission as the Son of God.
11:15 temple. See note on v. 11. The large Court of the Gentiles was the setting for the events that followed. bought and sold. Animals were needed by the Jews for their sacrificial temple offerings, and it was more convenient for the worshipers to buy them there rather than bring the animals from a distance and risk that they would not pass the High-Priest’s inspection. The sellers either belonged to the High-Priestly hierarchy or paid a large fee to temple authorities for the privilege of selling. Whichever was the case, the High-Priest’s family benefited monetarily. money changers. They were in the court to exchange Greek and Roman coins for Jewish or Tyrian coins which pilgrims (every Jewish male 20 and older) had to use for the annual half-shekel payment for temple religious services (see note on Matt. 21:12). A fee as high as 10 or 12 percent was assessed for this exchange service. those who sold doves. These birds were so often used for sacrifice that Mark makes separate mention of their sellers. Doves were the normal offering of the poor (Lev. 5:7) and were also required for other purposes (Lev. 12:6; 14:22; 15:14, 29).
11:16 not allow anyone to carry wares. Jesus did not want people to continue the practice of using the court as a shortcut through which to carry utensils and containers with merchandise to other parts of Jerusalem because such a practice revealed great irreverence for the temple—and ultimately for God Himself.
11:17 Jesus defended Himself by appealing to Scripture (see note on Matt. 21:13) after His actions had caused a crowd to gather. a house of prayer for all nations. The true purpose for God’s temple. Only Mark includes “for all nations” from Isaiah’s text (56:7), probably because he was mainly addressing Gentiles. The Court of the Gentiles was the only part of the temple they were permitted to use for prayer and worship of God, and the Jews had frustrated that worship by turning it into a place of greedy business. a ‘den of thieves.’ Using Jeremiah’s phrase (Jer. 7:11), Jesus described the religious leaders as robbers who found refuge in the temple, comparable to how highwaymen took refuge in caves with other robbers. The temple had become a place where God’s people, instead of being able to worship undisturbed, were extorted and their extortioners were protected.
11:18 scribes and chief priests. Here Mark uses this combination for the first time. These men were among those who comprised the principal leadership in the Sanhedrin (see notes on Matt. 2:4; 26:59). sought how they might destroy Him. See note on 3:6. The leaders had continuing discussions on how to kill Jesus. astonished at His teaching. See note on 1:22.
11:19 went out of the city. Jesus’ practice during the first 3 days of Passion Week was not to leave Jerusalem until sunset, when the crowds dispersed and the city gates were about to be closed.

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Palm Sunday – John 12:12-19 – The Triumphal Entry Of Christ

Palm Sunday – John 12:12-19 – The Triumphal Entry Of Christ

Lesson Video

Jesus Entering Jerusalem on a Donkey

Lesson Series: Passover

Palm Sunday – The Triumphal Entry Of Christ

Consideration

On Palm Sunday believers in Christ in sanctuaries, and in other places of worship all over the world, will be carrying and waving palm branches. The purpose for carrying the branches is that Palm Sunday is a celebration of the day that Christ entered Jerusalem before he was crucified, and resurrected. According to the Gospels, a great multitude of people in Jerusalem waved palm branches on the day that Christ entered that city, after the custom of placing palms in the path of a high-ranking person. The palm branch also signified victory in Greco-Roman times, so the waving of palm branches would have resembled a triumphal procession. There are two verses of consideration that are important in respect to their prophetic truth toward the nation of Israel. It is important to know, also, that as Christ was entering Jerusalem, in the midst of all of that multitude of people, in the person of Christ was Deity, Who was, “God with us.”

Verse Of Consideration

Prophecies Of Christ

Isaiah 7:14

14 Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.

Matthew 1:23

23 “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.”

Prophecies of Israel

Psalm 118:26

26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!
We have blessed you from the house of the Lord.
Matthew 23:39

39 for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”

Text

John 12:12-19

The Triumphal Entry

12 The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out:

“Hosanna!
‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’
The King of Israel!”
14 Then Jesus, when He had found a young donkey, sat on it; as it is written:

15 “Fear not, daughter of Zion;
Behold, your King is coming,
Sitting on a donkey’s colt.”
16 His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done these things to Him.

17 Therefore the people, who were with Him when He called Lazarus out of his tomb and raised him from the dead, bore witness. 18 For this reason the people also met Him, because they heard that He had done this sign. 19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, “You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him!”

Notes

The following study notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are provided by Biblgateway.com

John 12

12:12–19 This section marks Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem referred to as Palm Sunday. It is one of the few incidents in Jesus’ life reported in all 4 gospels (Matt. 21:1–11; Mark 11:1–11; Luke 19:29–38). By this action, He presented Himself officially to the nation as the Messiah and Son of God. The Sanhedrin and other Jewish leaders wanted Him dead but did not want Him killed during the Passover time because they feared stirring up the multitudes with whom He was popular (Matt. 26:5; Mark 14:2; Luke 22:2). Jesus entered the city, however, on His own time and forced the whole issue in order that it might happen exactly on the Passover day when the lambs were being sacrificed. As the Scripture says, “Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us” (1 Cor. 5:7; 1 Pet. 1:19). In God’s perfect timing (see 7:30; 8:20), at the precise time foreordained from eternity, He presented Himself to die (v. 23; 10:17, 18; 17:1; 19:10, 11; cf. Acts 2:23; 4:27, 28; Gal. 4:4).
12:12 The next day. Sunday, the day after Jesus’ visit to Bethany (see note on v. 1).
12:13 took branches of palm trees. The supply of date palms was plentiful; they still grow in Jerusalem today. From about two centuries earlier, the waving of palm branches had become a national, if not nationalistic, symbol, which signaled the fervent hope that a messianic liberator was arriving on the scene (6:14, 15). Hosanna! The term “hosanna” is a transliteration of a Heb. word that means “give salvation now.” It was a term of acclamation or praise occurring in Ps. 118:25 which was familiar to every Jew, since that psalm was part of the Hallel (Pss. 113–118) sung each morning by the temple choir during the Feast of Tabernacles (7:37) and associated with the Feast of Dedication (10:22) and especially the Passover. After shouting out the “Hosanna,” the crowds shouted Ps. 118:26; significantly, the original context of Ps. 118 may well have been the pronouncement of blessing upon a Davidic king. Jewish commentaries on the psalm have understood the verse to bear messianic implications. “He who comes in the name of the Lord” refers to Messiah, especially in context with the phrase, “The King of Israel,” though that messianic title is not from Ps. 118.
12:14, 15 The synoptic gospels give more information here regarding Jesus’ selection of a donkey (see Matt. 21:1–9; Mark 11:1–10; Luke 19:29–38). They convey the fact that Jesus deliberately planned to present Himself to the nation in this manner as a conscious fulfillment of the messianic prophecy of Zech. 9:9 (quoted here). The words, “Fear not,” are not found in the Zechariah passage but were added from Is. 40:9. Only after His ascension did the disciples grasp the meaning of the triumphal entry (cf. 14:26).
12:19 the world has gone after Him. “The world” means the people in general, as opposed to everyone in particular. Clearly, most people in the world did not even know of Him at that time, and many in Israel did not believe in Him. Often, “world” is used in this general sense (v. 47; 1:29; 3:17; 4:42; 14:22; 17:9, 21).

Isaiah

7:14 sign. Since Ahaz refused to choose a sign (vv. 11, 12), the Lord chose His own sign, whose implementation would occur far beyond Ahaz’s lifetime. the virgin. This prophecy reached forward to the virgin birth of the Messiah, as the NT notes (Matt. 1:23). The Heb. word refers to an unmarried woman and means “virgin” (Gen. 24:43; Prov 30:19; Song 1:3; 6:8), so the birth of Isaiah’s own son (8:3) could not have fully satisified the prophecy. Cf. Gen. 3:15. Immanuel. The title, applied to Jesus in Matt. 1:23, means “God with us.”

Matthew

1:23 virgin. Scholars sometimes dispute whether the Hebrew term in Is. 7:14 means “virgin” or “maiden.” Matthew is quoting here from the LXX which uses the unambiguous Gr. term for “virgin” (see note on Is. 7:14). Thus Matthew, writing under the Spirit’s inspiration, ends all doubt about the meaning of the word in Is. 7:14. Immanuel. Cf. Is. 8:8, 10.

Psalms

118:26 Blessed. Christ taught that the nation of Israel would not see Him again after His departure (ascension to heaven) until they could genuinely offer these words to Him at His second coming (cf. Matt. 23:39; Luke 13:35). In this historical text, it could have easily been sung by the Jews of Moses’ day, especially at the end of the 40 years but prior to Moses’ death (cf. Deut. 1–33). the house of the Lord. A phrase used in reference to the tabernacle of Moses (cf. Ex. 23:19; 34:26; Deut. 23:18) and later the temple (cf. 1 Kin. 6:1).

Matthew

23:39 you shall see Me no more. Christ’s public teaching ministry was over. He withdrew from national Israel until the time yet future when they will recognize Him as Messiah (Rom. 11:23–26). Then Christ quoted from Ps. 118:26.

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The scripture text was taken from Biblegateway.com

The translation of the text is from The New King James Version.

Unless otherwise noted, scripture notes were taken from The MacArthur Study Bible notes that are contained in Biblegateway.com

Everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible.

The Day Before Palm Sunday – John 12:1-11

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You Are Worthy – Prestonwood Choir & Orchestra

Lesson Video

Jesus anointed at Bethany (John 12:1:8)

Lesson Series: Passover

The Day Before Palm Sunday – John 12:1-11

Text

John 12:1-11

The Anointing at Bethany

1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He had raised from the dead. 2 There they made Him a supper; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with Him. 3 Then Mary took a pound of very costly oil of spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.
4 But one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, who would betray Him, said, 5 “Why was this fragrant oil not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?” 6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the money-box; and he used to take what was put in it.
7 But Jesus said, “Let her alone; she has kept this for the day of My burial. 8 For the poor you have with you always, but Me you do not have always.”

The Plot to Kill Lazarus

9 Now a great many of the Jews knew that He was there; and they came, not for Jesus’ sake only, but that they might also see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead. 10 But the chief priests plotted to put Lazarus to death also, 11 because on account of him many of the Jews went away and believed in Jesus.

Considerations

The day was the Saturday before Palm Sunday (See Jn 12:12-13). Jesus was having supper with Mary, Martha, and Lazarus. Jesus had raised Lazarus from the dead. Lazarus had been dead for four days before his resurrection occurred. Jesus had a special relationship with this family. He loved them (Jn 11:5). He was moved with deep emotion over Lazarus’s death. (Jn 11:33). The grief that He saw in the people drove Him to tears (Jn 11:35). His deep emotional attachment for Lazarus was easily seen by the people (Jn 11:36). The emotional pain that Jesus felt stayed with Him (Jn 11:38) until He raised Lazarus from the dead (Jn 11:43-44). The length of Lazarus’s death put in the minds of local people the fact that Lazarus was really dead, and Jesus really really raised from the dead.

The intimacy of a meal can not be denied. After all, do we want to dine with someone that we don’t like? Meals, such as this one, the Last Supper/The Passover Seder, and the various instances of believers “breaking bread,”all show an intimate bond that exists among people of kindred minds.

It was during the supper, at the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, that a memorable act of intimacy occurred. Mary, the sister of Lazarus, who was a sinner in need of a Savior, kneeled at the feet of “The Savior.” Then, she anointed His feet with perfume, and wiped His feet with her hair. A similar event would occur during another evening meal. That would take place on the following Thursday, during the Passover Seder. It was there, that “The Savior” for all mankind, would kneel before sinful men, His disciples, men who also needed a Savior; and wash their feet, providing an example of humility that we all need to emulate.

In our churches, are we too embarrassed “to kneel before Jesus?” Are we too embarrassed “to bow before our King?” Are we too embarrassed, “to raise our hands in praise to our Lord and Savior, who was not “too embarrassed” to die on the cross to pay our sin debt?

Notes

The following study notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are provided by Biblgateway.com

John 12

12:1–50 This chapter focuses on the reactions of love and hate, belief and rejection toward Christ, leading to the cross.
12:1 six days before the Passover. This most likely was the previous Saturday with Passover coming 6 days later on Thursday evening through sunset Friday. See Introduction: Interpretive Challenges.
12:3 a pound of very costly oil of spikenard. The term used for “pound” actually indicates a weight around three-fourths of a pound (approximately 12 ounces). “Spikenard” was an oil extracted from the root of a plant grown in India. anointed the feet of Jesus. Since those who were eating reclined at the table, their feet extended away from it making it possible for Mary to anoint the feet of Jesus. The act symbolized Mary’s humble devotion and love for Him.
12:5 three hundred denarii. Since one denarius was a day’s wage given to common laborers, 300 was equivalent to a year’s wages (no money was earned on the Sabbath or other holy days).
12:6 a thief. Judas’ altruism was really a front for his own personal avarice. Because he was the apostolic band’s treasurer, he was able to secretly pilfer the group treasury for his own desires.
12:7 kept this for the day of My burial. Mary performed this act to signal her devotion but, as in the case of Caiaphas (11:49–52), her act revealed more than she realized at the time. During the first century, lavish sums were spent on funerals, which included costly perfumes to cover the smell of decay (see note on 11:39).
12:8 This does not mean that alms should not be distributed to the poor (Deut. 15:11) but was a reminder that, while the poor would remain, Jesus would not always be with them. See Matt. 26:11; Mark 14:7.
12:11 went away and believed. This phrase signaled both a conscious, deliberate move away from the religion of the authorities and a move toward genuine faith in Jesus as Messiah and Son of God.

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This post is one of many others that you can find in this blog that deal with Passover. All posts in this series can be found under the category of Passover. Please follow this blog so that you can receive updates automatically.

If you want to make a comment, please place that comment on this blog in the appropriate space at the bottom of this page. If you do not want your comment to be shown, please let me know. I moderate all comments, and will not violate anybody’s trust.

The scripture text was taken from Biblegateway.com

The translation of the text is from The New King James Version.

Unless otherwise noted, scripture notes were taken from The MacArthur Study Bible notes that are contained in Biblegateway.com

Everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible.

Passover – High Sabbath

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John 19:31 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

A few thoughts about Passover and the Sabbath. High Sabbath. John 19:31, Passover occurring on a Sabbath. Today (April 22) at sundown begins the Sabbath and Passover, making the time from sundown on Friday to Sundown on Saturday a High Sabbath. The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins immediately after the 24 hours of Passover, and lasts for 7 days, concluding on Saturday at sundown on April 30. The total time from this evening at sundown until next Saturday at sundown is referred to Passover. See Lev 23:4-8 and Ex 12:1-22.

“SHABBAT SHALOM.”

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

19:31 Preparation Day. This refers to Friday, the day before or “the preparation” day for the Sabbath. See Introduction: Interpretive Challenges. should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath. The normal Roman practice was to leave crucified men and women on the cross until they died (and this could take days) and then leave their rotting bodies hanging there to be devoured by vultures. The Mosaic law insisted that anyone being impaled (usually after execution) should not remain there overnight (Deut. 21:22, 23). Such a person was under God’s curse, and to leave him exposed would be to desecrate the land in their minds. their legs might be broken. In order to hasten death for certain reasons, soldiers would smash the legs of the victim with an iron mallet. Not only did this action induce shock and additional loss of blood, but it prevented the victim from pushing with his legs to keep breathing (see note on v. 18.), and thus the victim died due to asphyxiation (MacArthur Study Bible Note)

Leviticus 23:1-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Holy Days (God speaks to the Israelites about Israelite appointed times. He addresses the Sabbath, and then the Passover and Feast Of Unleavened Bread).

1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: These are My appointed times, the times of the Lord that you will proclaim as sacred assemblies.

3 “Work may be done for six days, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, a sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord wherever you live.

4 “These are the Lord’s appointed times, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times. 5 The Passover to the Lord comes in the first month, at twilight on the fourteenth day of the month. 6 The Festival of Unleavened Bread to the Lord is on the fifteenth day of the same month. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 8 You are to present a fire offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day there will be a sacred assembly; you must not do any daily work.”

Leviticus 27:34 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

This passage enforces the teaching that the Law was given to the Israelites, and to no other group, or groups, of people.

34 These are the commands the Lord gave Moses for the Israelites on Mount Sinai.

Exodus 16:23-26 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

23 He told them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a day of complete rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you want to bake, and boil what you want to boil, and set aside everything left over to be kept until morning.’”

24 So they set it aside until morning as Moses commanded, and it didn’t smell or have any maggots in it. 25 “Eat it today,” Moses said, “because today is a Sabbath to the Lord. Today you won’t find any in the field. 26 For six days you may gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none.”

Note: Holman Christian Standard Bible (Ex 16:23-26): Sabbath is an anglicized form of the Hebrew word, “shabbath,” associated with a verb meaning “cease, stop, rest” (vs 30, 5:5, 31:12-17).

Shabbat is a gift of God to the Jews (Ex 31:12-17)

Exodus 31:12-17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Observing the Sabbath

12 The Lord said to Moses: 13 “Tell the Israelites: You must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you will know that I am Yahweh who sets you apart. 14 Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Whoever profanes it must be put to death. If anyone does work on it, that person must be cut off from his people. 15 Work may be done for six days, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, dedicated to the Lord. Anyone who does work on the Sabbath day must be put to death. 16 The Israelites must observe the Sabbath, celebrating it throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. 17 It is a sign forever between Me and the Israelites, for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, but on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.”

Shabbat was given by God to the Jews to Keep and Remember. (Ex 20:8)

Exodus 20:8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy”

Jews are caretakers of Shabbat. Let non-Jews honor and respect all of that which God has entrusted to the Jews, to include Passover. Let’s consider the Passover, and relate it to the opening video of this discussion.

Exodus 12:1-10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Instructions for the Passover

12 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: 2 “This month is to be the beginning of months for you; it is the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month they must each select an animal of the flock according to their fathers’ households, one animal per household. 4 If the household is too small for a whole animal, that person and the neighbor nearest his house are to select one based on the combined number of people; you should apportion the animal according to what each person will eat. 5 You must have an unblemished animal, a year-old male; you may take it from either the sheep or the goats. 6 You are to keep it until the fourteenth day of this month; then the whole assembly of the community of Israel will slaughter the animals at twilight. 7 They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses where they eat them. 8 They are to eat the meat that night; they should eat it, roasted over the fire along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over fire—its head as well as its legs and inner organs. 10 Do not let any of it remain until morning; you must burn up any part of it that does remain before morning.

Notice that “every household” had to sacrifice a lamb; they had to keep the innocent lamb in their home from the tenth through fourteenth days. Consider how the families, especially the children, may have become attached to “the innocent lamb;” then it was sacrificed. How tragic that sacrifice may have been…especially to the children! But, why, may you ask, did every family have to “sacrifice an innocent lamb?” Let’s consider sin, and its seriousness. Let’s consider something that we call collateral sin, which is “spreading sin.” A new testament scripture explains why “every household” needed the “blood of the lamb” to protect them from the punishment of God. Let’s consider Romans 3:23.

Romans 3:23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

23 For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.

But, how does vs 23 relate to Jesus and Passover?

1 Corinthians 5:7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

7 Clean out the old yeast so that you may be a new batch. You are indeed unleavened, for Christ our Passover has been sacrificed.

5:7 Christ, our Passover. Just as unleavened bread symbolized being freed from Egypt by the Passover (Ex. 12:15–17), so the church is to be unleavened, since it has been separated from the dominion of sin and death by the perfect Passover Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ. The church is, therefore, to remove everything sinful in order to be separate from the old life, including the influence of sinful church members. (MacArthur Study Bible Note)

Romans 5:8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”

Knowing that we could do nothing for ourselves, the Lord Jesus Christ died on the Cross to declare us no longer guilty of our sin. He chose to forgive us and save us from the penalty of our transgressions (Rom. 6:23). Jesus did not die only for nice or good people. He gave His sinless life for everyone. And He did this because of His amazing love for us. (Charles Stanley Study Note)

Romans 6:23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

6:23 This verse describes two inexorable absolutes: 1) spiritual death is the paycheck for every man’s slavery to sin; and 2) eternal life is a free gift God gives undeserving sinners who believe in His Son (cf. Eph. 2:8, 9). (MacArthur Study Bible Note).

Romans 10:13 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

13 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.

10:13 Paul quoted Joel (2:32) to further emphasize that salvation is available for people of all nations and races. calls on the name. This familiar OT expression (e.g., Pss. 79:5, 6; 105:1;116:4, 5) does not refer to some desperate cry to just any deity but to the one true God as He has revealed Himself—a revelation which now includes recognition of Jesus as Lord (v. 9) and of the One who raised up Jesus from the dead (v. 9). (MacArthur Study Bible Note)

10:13 — “Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

Jesus is our ultimate, final, and complete sacrifice, and salvation is open to every person, regardless of who they are or what they have done. That is why the promise is whoever puts his faith in Christ will be saved and will receive eternal life. It is absolutely guaranteed to any person who receives His grace—He will never reject them. (Charles Stanley Note)

Consider The Lamb Of God

John 1:29 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Lamb of God

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Here is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

Just as the Passover Lamb of Exodus 12 was “oh so innocent,” consider the innocence of Jesus, who is our Passover Lamb,

Consider God’s plan for all of us who have been affected by the reality of personal sin and “collateral sin.”

Yes! Jesus was/is our Passover Lamb!

The Feasts Of Passover and Unleavened Bread – Fulfilled In Jesus

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The Feast of Passover will begin on Friday, April 22, at Sundown, and will continue until the following Saturday, April 30, at sundown. Passover lasts for one day; the Feast Of Unleavened Bread follows immediately and lasts for seven days (Leviticus 23:5-6). The teaching of the Passover of the Jews is important for Christians to understand. In this post, the link information on the Passover is presented from a Jewish belief; the videos are Messianic. It is important for Christians to understand such a mindset in order for them to engage Jews in conversation about matters of God’s Holy Word. It is also important to know the Messianic teaching in God’s Word (in the Passover Seder, Jesus is seen). Remember to pray for God’s chosen people, who are the Jews, per Psalm 122:6. The Passover account of scripture is clearly about Israel, God, and the oppressive Leader of Egypt. No other tribes or nations of people are a part of this significant part in the history of God’s Chosen People, Israel (Deuteronomy 7:6). The post closes with a note from a ministry partner.

The following article discusses the Feast Of Passover, which is provided by a Jewish website.

http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/passover-pesach-101/

My Jewish Learning, A Jewish Website – Article On Passover.

Consider the scriptures that show that Jesus has fulfilled the Law and the Feasts. But, remember, also, that God gave the Law and the Feasts to the Jews, and, therefore, should be given great respect. It is significant to know that the feasts and the Law were fulfilled when Jesus was crucified during Passover. The time of the feasts of “Passover and Unleavened Bread’ is often referred to as “Passover.”

Consider the words of Jesus: He will fulfill the law.

Matthew 5:17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

17 “Don’t assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.
Consider the words of Jesus: He fulfilled the Law.

John 19:30 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Consider the Law, and that God gave the Law to Israel, and to no other nation, nations, or groups of people.

Leviticus 27:34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

In the 23rd Chapter of Leviticus (below), there is a discussion on the Holy Days that God gave to the Israelites, and to no one else. Still, non-Jews should honor God’s Holy Days, teach them, and learn from them. Jews celebrate Passover as a reminder of when God delivered Israel from the oppression of Egypt. God’s plan of salvation for mankind, from the oppression of sin, was completed during Passover when Jesus was crucified.

One way for non-Jews to learn from the events of Passover is to celebrate Passover. However, it is important to remember that Passover is not the same as “Easter.” EEK!!! Don’t say “Easter!!!” Easter is a concoction of the King James Bible in Acts 12:4. Easter was not anything that the early church or Jews celebrated when Jesus was crucified, and is not the same as “Resurrection Sunday.” It’s okay to say “Resurrection Sunday.”

A good way to celebrate Passover is to include it as part of a fellowship meal at a church, or other location. A Passover Seder (an order) can be a part of a meal. If no one is capable of leading a Seder, a fellowship meal can be used for fellowship, and a remembrance of the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus. A good guide for such an occasion is Matthew 26:17-30. Someone, or someones, can read that passage and offer explanations of that which was happening in Jerusalem on the Thursday night of the Passover Meal, also known as Maundy Thursday. Read verses 17-19; then a prayer should be said to bless the meal; and then, “let the eating begin.” A leader should decide a time during the meal to read verses 20-26. Then someone can lead the group in a prayer for the bread, and lead the group in eating the bread (not an itsy bitsy wafer). Someone should read verse 27, and then lead the group in prayer and drinking from a cup of grape juice (not an itsy bitsy sippy cup) (or wine…remember the drive home). The meal should continue, and a reader should read verses 28-29 while the meal is being eaten. Comments should continue to be made about what happened during that last Passover Meal of Jesus and His disciples (Women were probably there, too! I don’t remember reading a scripture about “no women allowed” in meals with Jesus! Consider Luke 24:27-30. I don’t think that, at that meal in Emmaus, that the women were told to “vacate the premises!”). After the fellowship meal, verse 30 should be read, and a song should be sung that meets the meaning of the occasion. A prayer should be made to dismiss the group with travel mercies. Then, the cleanup should begin – but not before!…..It makes no sense to me that church fellowship meals take place so often; yet, there is not normally a time during those meals to remember the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus. Consider the value of having a seder. In the seder meal, Jesus is easily identified as being “the key” part of the meal. The seder, if combined with the fellowship meal, should take place before the beginning of the meal.

Passover Prelude

The Passover, The Sabbath, and The Law are special in relationship between God and the Jews. Non-Jews benefit from respecting those, and other, “God-Jew” intimacies of relationship, such as the Jews being delivered from the oppressive Leader of Egypt.

Joseph sold into slavery (1897 B.C.)
Beginning of Jewish Slavery in Egypt (1875 B.C.)
Deliverance of Jews from Egypt (1445 B.C.)

Genesis 15:13 New Living Translation (NLT) (Abraham was told by God of that Israel would be oppressed in Egypt)

13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.

Exodus 12:40-42 New Living Translation (NLT) (Israel delivered from bondage) (The Passover to be kept by the Jews)

40 The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years. 41 In fact, it was on the last day of the 430th year that all the Lord’s forces left the land. 42 On this night the Lord kept his promise to bring his people out of the land of Egypt. So this night belongs to him, and it must be commemorated every year by all the Israelites, from generation to generation.

Note: 12:40, 41 four hundred and thirty years. Abraham had been told that his descendants would be aliens mistreated in a foreign land for 400 years, using a figure rounded to hundreds (Gen. 15:13). (Mac Arthur Study Bible Note)

Jacob/Israel Moves To Egypt

Genesis 46:1-7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

1 So Israel set out with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 2 God spoke to Israel in visions of the night and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” 3 He said, “I am God, the God of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. 4 I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again; and Joseph will close your eyes.”

5 Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob and their little ones and their wives in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 6 They took their livestock and their property, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him: 7 his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt.

Genesis 50:24 New Living Translation (NLT) (Joseph tells his brothers that God will take them out of Egypt)

24 “Soon I will die,” Joseph told his brothers, “but God will surely come to help you and lead you out of this land of Egypt. He will bring you back to the land he solemnly promised to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”

The Path To The Passover

Exodus 1:1-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Israel Multiplies In Egypt

1 Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one with his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the persons who came from the loins of Jacob were seventy in number, but Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7 But the sons of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly mighty, so that the land was filled with them.

8 Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are more and mightier than we. 10 Come, let us deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and in the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and depart from the land.”

Exodus 1:11 and 22 – Harsh Labor – Death of Jewish Infants

11 So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict them with hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Rameses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel. 13 The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to labor rigorously; 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.

22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.” (The babies became crocodile food. Aborted babies of today have similar abominable things to happen to them and their body parts. Later, when the Egyptian army was pursuing the Jews across the dried up Red Sea; those who were caught in the middle when the water returned became fish food – how ironic!)

Exodus 5:6-13 – Cruel labor techniques (Read)

God’s Plagues On Egypt In Exodus

Water turned to blood (7:14-25); Frogs cover the land (8:1-15); Gnats (8:16-19); Swarms of flies (8:20-22); Diseased livestock (9:1-7); Boils (9:8-12); Hail and fire (9:13-35); Locusts (10:1-20); Darkness (10:21-29); Death of firstborn (11:1-12:36)

The Exodus of Israel from Egypt and the Passover.

God Commands The Sacrifice Of The Passover Lamb: Exodus 12:1-11 (Read)

Consider the blood and the door.

Exodus 12:7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

7 They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses where they eat them.

Redemption: By Blood: Exodus 12:12-13 (Read)

Exodus 12:13 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will be among you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

The Passover: A Memorial Of Redemption: Exodus 12:14-28 (Read)

Exodus 12:21-23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (Key)

21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go, select an animal from the flock according to your families, and slaughter the Passover animal. 22 Take a cluster of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and brush the lintel and the two doorposts with some of the blood in the basin. None of you may go out the door of his house until morning.23 When the Lord passes through to strike Egypt and sees the blood on the lintel and the two doorposts, He will pass over the door and not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you.

Consider the door that relates to Jesus.

John 10:9 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

9 I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved and will come in and go out and find pasture.
The Feasts Of The Lord: The Passover: Christ Our Redeemer: Leviticus 23:4-5. Fulfilled in death of Christ: 2 Cor 5:7. (Read)

The Feasts Of The Lord: Unleavened Bread: Leviticus 23:6-8. Fulfilled in the sinlesssness of Christ: 1 Cor 5:8. (Read)

The three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem (Ex 23:14-17) 1. Unleavened Bread. 2. Pentecost. 3. Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23 MacArthur Study Bible Note,Jewish Feasts).

The Last Passover Of Jesus With His Disciples:

“Maundy Thursday” The word Maundy is derived from the Latin word for “command.” The “Maundy” in “Maundy Thursday” refers to the command that Jesus gave to the disciples at the Passover meal, that they should love and serve one another.

The Preparation Of The Passover Meal: (Read All)

Matthew 26:17-19: Consider the task and accomplishment of the preparation of the Passover meal. Mark 14:12-16: Consider the place for the Providence and place of the Passover meal. Luke 22:7-13: Consider the names of the disciples who prepared the Passover meal.

The Humility Of Jesus At The Passover Meal: (Read)

John 13:1-5: Consider the humility of Jesus washing the feet of the disciples, to include Judas. Consider the cultural aspect of washing someone’s feet.

The Placement Of The Disciples At The Passover Meal: The special relationship between Jesus and John. The physical closeness of Jesus and John. Others may not have heard the conversation of Jesus and John. John 13:23 and 25 (Read)

The Passover Meal

Matthew 26:20-30. It was a meal with wine. It was not an “itsy bitsy wafer” and an “itsy bitsy sippy cup.” (Read)

What is a Passover Seder?

What happens at a Passover Seder meal?

A Passover seder is a service held at home as part of the Passover celebration. It is always observed on the first night of Passover, and in many homes on the second night as well. Participants use a book called a haggadah to lead the service, which consists of storytelling, a seder meal, and concluding prayers and songs.

Consider The Feast Days/Holy Days Of God, in that they were given by God to only the Jews.

Following the verses of Leviticus Chapter 23, there are key comments that are provided by the MacArthur Study Bible (everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible).

Leviticus 23 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (A sampling of Chapter 23 is provided)

1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them: These are My appointed times, the times of the Lord that you will proclaim as sacred assemblies.

3 “Work may be done for six days, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, a sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord wherever you live.

4 “These are the Lord’s appointed times, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times.

5 The Passover to the Lord comes in the first month, at twilight on the fourteenth day of the month. 6 The Festival of Unleavened Bread to the Lord is on the fifteenth day of the same month. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you are to hold a sacred assembly; you are not to do any daily work. 8 You are to present a fire offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day there will be a sacred assembly; you must not do any daily work.”

44 So Moses declared the Lord’s appointed times to the Israelites.

Jewish Feasts

Feast of Month on Jewish Calendar Day Corresponding Month References
Passover Nisan 14 Mar.-Apr. Ex. 12:1-14;Matt. 26:17-20
*Unleavened Bread Nisan 15-21 Mar.-Apr. Ex. 12:15-20
Firstfruits Nisan 16 Mar.-Apr. Lev. 23:9-14
or Sivan 6 May-June Num. 28:26
*Pentecost (Harvest or Weeks) Sivan 6 (50 days after May-June Deut. 16:9-12; Acts 2:1 barley harvest)
Trumpets, Rosh Hashanah Tishri 1, 2 Sept.-Oct. Num. 29:1-6
Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur Tishri 10 Sept.-Oct. Lev. 23:26-32; Heb. 9:7
*Tabernacles (Booths or Ingathering) Tishri 15-21 Sept.-Oct. Neh. 8:13-18; John 7:2
Dedication (Lights), Hanukkah Chislev 25 (8 days) Nov.-Dec. John 10:22
Purim (Lots) Adar 14, 15 Feb.-Mar. Esth. 9:18-32

*The three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem (Ex. 23:14-19).

Christ Fulfills The Feasts

The Feasts (Lev. 23) Christ’s Fulfillment

Passover (March/April) Death of Christ (1 Cor. 5:7)
Unleavened Bread (March/April) Sinlessness of Christ (1 Cor. 5:8) (See note on Lev 23:2)
Firstfruits (March/April) Resurrection of Christ (1 Cor. 15:23)
Pentecost (May/June) Outpouring of Spirit of Christ (Acts 1:5;2:4)
Trumpets (Sept./Oct.) Israel’s Regathering by Christ (Matt. 24:31)
Atonement (Sept./Oct.) Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ (Rom. 11:26)
Tabernacles (Sept./Oct.) Rest and Reunion with Christ (Zech. 14:16-19)

23:1—24:9 The special feasts of Israel are explained. Cf. Ex. 23:14–17; Num. 28:1–29:40; Deut. 16:1–17.
23:1–44 This section points to days which are sacred to the Lord. After the Sabbath (v. 3), the feasts are given in the order of the calendar (vv. 4–44).
23:2 proclaim to be holy convocations. These festivals did not involve gatherings of all Israel in every case. Only the feasts of 1) Unleavened Bread; 2) Weeks; and 3) Tabernacles required that all males gather in Jerusalem (cf. Ex. 23:14–17; Deut. 16:16, 17).
23:3 Sabbath of solemn rest. The Mosaic ordinance of the fourth commandment came first (cf. Gen. 2:1–3; Ex. 20:8–11).
23:4–22 Three events were commemorated in Mar./Apr.: 1) Passover on the 14th (v. 5); 2) Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 15th-21st (vv. 6–8); and Feast of Firstfruits on the day after the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread week (vv. 9–14).
23:5 the Lord’s Passover. The festival commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt (cf. Ex. 12:1–14, 43–49; Num. 28:16; Deut. 16:1, 2).
23:6–8 Feast of Unleavened Bread. This festival connected with the Passover, commemorated Israel’s hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships (cf. Ex. 12:15–20;13:3–10; Num. 28:17–25; Deut. 16:3–8).

Passover Videos, Of Messianic Belief.

The last two videos might even “get Bubba excited!”

A note from Teresa, who is our ministry partner in Washington State.

Kind of interesting that the first day of Passover falls on Shabbat this year..and the last day of Passover is also considered a Shabbat (hence the no work day on the 7th day of Passover, Thursday night to Friday ) followed by the regular Shabbat. on Friday/Saturday. Three Sabbaths in a row!

AG-03 The Teaching Of The Passover – Draft

Click onto any blue letter, number or symbol to see the videos and texts on the blog.

The Teaching Of The Passover – Draft

The following draft can be used as a teaching tool for a Sabbabth/Shabbat teaching and meal. A completed post will be published and distributed prior to the beginning of Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread, which begins on Friday, April 22, at Sundown. The Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread will continue until the following Saturday, April 30, at sundown. The teaching of the Passover of the Jews is important for Christians to understand. The videos and information on the Passover Seder are presented from a Jewish point of understanding. It is important for Christians to understand such a mindset in order for them to engage Jews in conversation about matters of God’s Holy Word. As a pastor, it is also important for me to show the Messianic teaching in God’s Word. In the Seder, Yeshua is seen. Remember to pray for God’s chosen people, who are the Jews, per Psalm 122:6. There are colored illustrations and pictures that will not be visible in this post. If anyone would like to see the worksheet that has those missing items, please let me know and I can email them.

PASSOVER AND THE JEWS

Greetings, “Friends”

male–chaver; female — chaverah; friends–chaverim

pronounced: hah vare.. .hah vare ah. ..hah vare eem

Silent “c.” sounds like “ha;” as in “ha ha ha ha ha”

Thanks to Teresa, a ministry partner in Washington State

Passover And Resurrection Sunday (Compare and Contrast)

The Passover, The Sabbath, and The Law are special in relationship between God and the Jews. Non-Jews benefit from respecting those, and other, “God-Jew” intimacies of relationship. This post relates to the Passover, and how it relates to the Jews being delivered from the oppressive Leader of Egypt.

Joseph sold into slavery (1897 B.C.)
Beginning of Jewish Slavery in Egypt (1875 B.C.)
Deliverance of Jews from Egypt (1445 B.C.)

Exodus 12:40-42 New Living Translation (NLT) (Israel in Egypt 430 years) (The Passover to be kept by the Jews)

40 The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years. 41 In fact, it was on the last day of the 430th year that all the Lord’s forces left the land. 42 On this night the Lord kept his promise to bring his people out of the land of Egypt. So this night belongs to him, and it must be commemorated every year by all the Israelites, from generation to generation.

12:40, 41 four hundred and thirty years. Abraham had been told that his descendants would be aliens mistreated in a foreign land for 400 years, using a figure rounded to hundreds (Gen. 15:13). (Mac Arthur Study Bible Note)

Genesis 15:13 New Living Translation (NLT) (Abraham was told by God of Israel being oppressed in Egypt)

13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.

Genesis 50:24 New Living Translation (NLT) (Joseph tells his brothers that God will take them out of Egypt)

24 “Soon I will die,” Joseph told his brothers, “but God will surely come to help you and lead you out of this land of Egypt. He will bring you back to the land he solemnly promised to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”

The Passover Deals With The Jews’ Being Delivered From Israel By God.

The Path To The Passover

Exodus 1:1-22 – Harsh Labor – Death of Jewish Infants (Read the key verses below)

11 So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict them with hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Rameses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel. 13 The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to labor rigorously; 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.” (The babies became crocodile food. Aborted babies of today have similar abominable things to happen to them and their body parts. Later, when the Egyptian army was pursuing the Jews across the dried up Red Sea; those who were caught in the middle when the water returned became fish food – how ironic!)

Consider our government of today (abortion)

The “church” (?) seems to oppose the leader of Egypt for the killing of little babies. But, the liberal churches of today (red and yellow, black and white) show no opposition to our leader, nor to any leaders of his party for not protecting the lives of unborn babies…even allowing seven, eight, and nine pound babies to be murdered in their mothers wombs, up to the point of birth… Neither do those same, who are “church in name only,” oppose our leader, for using the force of government to promote the killing of unborn babies. This same indictment relates to any other members of our leader’s party who are seeking to replace him. It also applies to other members of our leader’s party who are silent on the matter. It also applies to people who have continued to vote for our leader and for his party, with the knowledge of that party having a party platform which endorses abortion on demand. Our leader, members of his party, and those who continue to vote for such pro-abortion candidates, are…”not born again…awaiting their judgment of Revelation 20:15″ (“if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, they were thrown into the lake of fire”). For the pastors who support such pro-death candidates, scripture has a stern warning: “Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. “(James 3:1) Our nation’s leader, the other leaders of his party, and those who continue to vote for such “pro-death” candidates, may think that they can “fool our voters, and even fool themselves; but, they can not fool God!” Revelation 20:15 is serious! Let’s make this personal: “If a pastor does not hold to God’s Word against the killing of little babies, that pastor should be fired! If you attend a church that has such an apostate pastor, and if that apostate pastor has not been fired, then you should leave that congregation and find one that is not a church of apostasy. After all, you and your children will continue to be subject to a leader who has not been born again, one who is an apostate leader, one who will continue to lead a congregation to be apostate followers.” Let me say something very clearly. There is no way that the Spirit of God dwells within the spirit of a person who continues to vote for candidates who promote abortion on demand. Neither is there any possible way that a person’s spirit can dwell within the Spirit of God if that person continues to vote for candidates who promote abortion on demand. Such a person has not been born again! Remember the words of John 3:3, “No one can see the Kingdom of God unless they are born again.”

Exodus 5:6-13 – Cruel labor techniques (Read)

God’s Plagues On Egypt In Exodus

Water turned to blood (7:14-25); Frogs cover the land (8:1-15); Gnats (8:16-19); Swarms of flies (8:20-22); Diseased livestock (9:1-7); Boils (9:8-12); Hail and fire (9:13-35); Locusts (10:1-20); Darkness (10:21-29); Death of firstborn (11:1-12:36)

The Exodus of Israel from Egypt and the Passover.

God Commands The Sacrifice Of The Passover Lamb: Exodus 12:1-11 (Read)

Redemption: By Blood: Exodus 12:12-13 (Read)

The Passover: A Memorial Of Redemption: Exodus 12:14-28 (Read)

The Feasts Of The Lord: The Passover: Christ Our Redeemer: Leviticus 23:4-5. Fulfilled in death of Christ: 2 Cor 5:7. (Read)

The Feasts Of The Lord: Unleavened Bread: Leviticus 23:6-8. Fulfilled in the sinlesssness of Christ: 1 Cor 5:8. (Read)

The three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the temple in Jerusalem (Ex 23:14-17) 1. Unleavened Bread. 2. Pentecost. 3. Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23 MacArthur Study Bible Note,Jewish Feasts).

The Last Passover Of Jesus With His Disciples:

“Maundy Thursday” The word Maundy is derived from the Latin word for “command.” The “Maundy” in “Maundy Thursday” refers to the command that Jesus gave to the disciples at the Passover meal, that they should love and serve one another.

The Preparation Of The Passover Meal: (Read All)

Matthew 26:17-19: Consider the task and accomplishment of the preparation of the Passover meal. Mark 14:12-16: Consider the place for the Providence and place of the Passover meal. Luke 22:7-13: Consider the names of the disciples who prepared the Passover meal.

The Humility Of Jesus At The Passover Meal: (Read)

John 13:1-5: Consider the humility of Jesus washing the feet of the disciples, to include Judas. Consider the cultural aspect of washing someone’s feet.

The Placement Of The Disciples At The Passover Meal: The special relationship between Jesus and John. The physical closeness of Jesus and John. Others may not have heard the conversation of Jesus and John. John 13:23 & 25 (Read)

Passover Seder Plate Description – Refer to plate and brochure.

The Passover Meal

Matthew 26:20-30. It was a meal with wine. It was not an “itsy bitsy wafer” and an “itsy bitsy sippy cup.” (Read)

What is a Passover Seder?

What happens at a Passover Seder meal?

A Passover seder is a service held at home as part of the Passover celebration. It is always observed on the first night of Passover, and in many homes on the second night as well. Participants use a book called a haggadah to lead the service, which consists of storytelling, a seder meal, and concluding prayers and songs.

Consider the Passover Seder Of Today. (The following information explains the procedure that Jews take to observe the Passover)

Meaning

The word haggadah (הַגָּדָה) comes from a Hebrew word meaning “tale” or “parable,” and it contains a sort of outline or choreography for the seder. The word seder (סֵדֶר) literally means “order” in Hebrew, and there’s a very specific “order” to the seder service and meal

Kiddush Cup

Drinking the ritual wine.

Shabbat and Jewish holiday meals begin with a blessing over a cup of wine. Many families have a special glass or goblet specifically for the purpose, often an heirloom that has been passed down through the generations, but any cup can function as a Kiddush cup if necessary. Either wine or grape juice may be used for this blessing, and some families stand for Kiddush, while others sit

The Seder Plate

The placement and symbolism of the items on the seder plate.

The Passover Haggadah demands that each person see him or herself as having personally come forth out of Egypt. Accordingly, the seder is one of the most sensory-heavy rituals of the Jewish year. During the seder, we don’t just tell the story of the Exodus, we see, smell, feel, and taste liberation.

Many of the elements of this sensory experience appear on the seder plate (k’arah), which serves as the centerpiece of the seder table. The seder plate traditionally holds five or six items, each of which symbolizes a part (or multiple parts) of the Passover story.

The Seder Plate and Its Symbolism

There are a number of symbols that occur throughout the seder, but perhaps the focal point of the whole event is the seder plate. It contains:

a roasted shankbone, symbolizing the Pesach sacrifice in the Temple,
a roasted egg symbolizing either the spring season or mourning (for the destruction of Jerusalem),
maror (bitter herbs) to represent the bitter experience of the Hebrew slaves,
haroset (a mixture of apples, nuts, raisins, spices, wine) symbolizing the mortar the Hebrew slaves used to build for the Egyptians,
karpas (parsley, celery, or another green vegetable) symbolizing the green of spring.
The table must also have three pieces of matzah, each piece used for a different purpose, usually held in a special pouch made to be used during the seder.

The Passover Haggadah demands that each person see him or herself as having personally come forth out of Egypt. Accordingly, the seder is one of the most sensory-heavy rituals of the Jewish year. During the seder, we don’t just tell the story of the Exodus, we see, smell, feel, and taste liberation.
Many of the elements of this sensory experience appear on the seder plate (k’arah), which serves as the centerpiece of the seder table. The seder plate traditionally holds five or six items, each of which symbolizes a part (or multiple parts) of the Passover story.

Karpas (a green vegetable, most often parsley)

parsleyKarpas represents the initial flourishing of the Israelites during the first years in Egypt. At the end of the biblical book of Genesis, Joseph moves his family to Egypt, where he becomes the second-in-command to Pharaoh. Protected by Joseph’s exalted status, the family lives safely for several generations and proliferate greatly, becoming a great nation. The size of this growing population frightens the new Pharaoh, who enslaves the Israelites, lest they make war on Egypt. Even under slave conditions, the Israelites continue to reproduce, and Pharaoh eventually decrees that all baby boys be killed. In the course of the seder, we dip the karpas in salt water (Ashkenazi custom) or vinegar (Sephardi custom) in order to taste both the hope of new birth and the tears that the Israelite slaves shed over their condition.

Karpas also symbolizes the new spring. One of the names for Passover is Hag Ha-Aviv or the “holiday of spring.” Right around Passover the first buds emerge, and we look forward to the warmth and sense of possibility that accompany the beginning of spring. Some Ashkenazi Jews use a potato for karpas, as green vegetables were not readily available in Eastern Europe.

Haroset (Sweet Fruit Paste Symbolizing Mortar)

This mix of fruits, wine or honey, and nuts symbolizes the mortar that the Israelite slaves used to construct buildings for Pharaoh. The name itself comes from the Hebrew word cheresor clay. Ashkenazi Jews generally include apples in haroset, a nod to the midrashic tradition that the Israelite women would go into the fields and seduce their husbands under the apple trees, in defiance of the Egyptian attempts to prevent reproduction by separating men and women.

Sephardic recipes for haroset allude to this fertility symbolism by including fruits, such as dates and figs, mentioned in Song of Songs, the biblical book that is most infused with images of love and sexuality.

Maror (Bitter Herb, Often Horseradish)

This bitter herb allows us to taste the bitterness of slavery. Today, most Jews use horseradish asmaror. Originally, though, maror was probably a bitter lettuce, such as romaine, or a root, such as chicory. Like life in Egypt, these lettuces and roots taste sweet when one first bites into them, but then become bitter as one eats more. We dip maror into haroset in order to associate the bitterness of slavery with the work that caused so much of this bitterness.

Hazeret (Second Bitter Herb, Often Romaine)

A second bitter herb, used in korech or the Hillel sandwich, which consists of matzah and bitter herbs (some add haroset as well). Many Jews use horseradish for maror and romaine lettuce or another bitter green for hazeret. Others use the same vegetable for both parts of the seder, and do not include hazeret on the seder plate at all.

Z’roa (Shankbone)

A roasted lamb shank bone that symbolizes the lamb that Jews sacrificed as the special Passover offering when the Temple stood in Jerusalem. The z’roa does not play an active role in the seder, but serves as a visual reminder of the sacrifice that the Israelites offered immediately before leaving Egypt and that Jews continued to offer until the destruction of the Temple. Vegetarians often substitute a roasted beet, both because the red of the beet resembles the blood of the sacrifice and because the Talmud mentions beets as one of the vegetables sometimes dipped during the seder.

Beitzah (Egg)

A roasted or hard-boiled egg that symbolizes the hagigah sacrifice, which would be offered on every holiday (including Passover) when the Temple stood. The roundness of the egg also represents the cycle of life — even in the most painful of times, there is always hope for a new beginning.

Placement

There are a few traditions regarding the arrangement of items on the seder plate. Most commonly, the maror is placed in the middle of the plate. The hazeret is at the six o’clock position followed by, moving clockwise, karpas (seven o’clock), beitzah (11 o’clock), z’roa (one o’clock), and haroset (five o’clock).

On the Table

In addition to the items on the seder plate, the seder table should also have three pieces of matzahwrapped or covered in a cloth and a container of salt water or vinegar in which to dip the karpas. Some seder plates have a compartment for matzah underneath, or include space for salt water among the other symbols. In most cases, though, matzah and salt water or vinegar sit near, but not on, the seder plate.

One way to encourage participation in the seder is to ask each guest to bring one item that, for him or her, represents liberation. Participants might bring family heirlooms that remind them of their family’s immigration story, newspaper stories about current liberation struggles, or other symbolic objects. Each guest should place this item near the seder plate and, at an appropriate time in the seder, explain its significance.

Must-Know Passover Terms

Key words and phrases for Passover.

Afikoman—From a Greek word meaning “dessert.” A piece of matzah that is hidden during the course of the seder, found after dinner, and eaten as dessert at the end of the seder meal.
Arba Kosot — Hebrew for “four cups.” In this case, it refers to the four cups of wine drunk at the Passover seder.
Barekh— The 12th step of the Passover seder, in which birkat hamazon, the grace after meals is said.
matzah-morality-hp.jpg
Beitzah — Hebrew for “egg.” A roasted or hard-boiled egg is placed on the seder plate to symbolize rebirth.
Chad Gadya —Hebrew for “one goat,” this is the last of the songs sung at the conclusion of the seder and tells the story of the little goat a father bought for a pittance. To hear the song clickhere and for lyrics click here.
Chag Ha Aviv — Hebrew for “The Spring Holiday.” One of the alternate names for Passover.
Dayenu — Hebrew for “enough for us,” this is the name of a song sung at the Passover seder that tells of all the miracles God performed for the Israelites. Listen to it and see the transliteration in this video below.
Gebrochts — Yiddish for “broken,” this refers to matzah that has absorbed liquid. It is customary among some Orthodox Ashkenazi Jews to avoid gebrochts as an extra stringency on Passover.
Haggadah — Hebrew for “telling” or “recounting.” A Haggadah is a book that is used to tell the story of the Exodus at the seder. There are many versions available ranging from very traditional to nontraditional, and you can also make your own.
Hallel — The 13th step of the Passover seder, in which psalms of praise are sung.
Hametz — Bread or any food that has been leavened or contains a leavening agent, hametz is prohibited on Passover.
Haroset — A sweet mixture of nuts, wine, and apples on the seder plate that symbolizes the mortar used by slaves in Egypt.
Hol HaMoed — The intermediate days of the holiday, between the first two days of holiday, and the last two days of holiday.
Kaddesh — The first step of the Passover seder, in which a blessing over a glass is recited.
Karpas — The third step of the Passover seder, in which a piece of greenery such as parsley is dipped into salt water and then eaten.
Kitniyot — Hebrew for legumes, the term here also includes corn and rice. These items were prohibited for use on Passover by some Ashkenazic rabbis in the medieval period, but many Sephardic Jews (and increasingly Conservative Jews) do allow them on Passover.
Korekh — The ninth step in the Passover seder, in which bitter herbs are eaten together with a piece of matzah.
Maggid — The fifth and most substantial step of the Passover seder, in which the story of the Exodus is recounted.
Maror — Bitter herbs. The eighth step in the Passover seder, in which the herbs (usually horseradish), symbolizing the bitterness of life under Egyptian rule, are eaten.
Matzah — Unleavened bread. According to the Bible the Israelites ate matzah right before they left Egypt. Today matzah is eaten during Passover to commemorate the Exodus from Egypt.
Motzi Matzah — The seventh step in the Passover seder, in which a piece of matzah is eaten.
Nirtzah — The 14th and final step of the Passover seder, in which the night is concluded by saying “Next year in Jerusalem.”
Pesach —Hebrew for “pass over.” Cooked meat that, according to the Bible, was eaten by the Israelites just before they left Egypt.
Rahtza — The sixth step of the Passover seder, in which the hands are washed for a second time, and a blessing is recited.
Seder — Hebrew for “order.” The Passover ritual where family and friends gather on the first one or two nights of Passover to retell the story of the Exodus. The story is told in a particular order, with specific rituals.
Shir Hashirim — The Song of Songs, the text read in synagogue during the Shabbat of Passover.
Shulhan Orekh— The 10th step in the Passover seder, in which the meal is served. Pass thematzah balls!
Tzafun — The 11th step of the Passover seder, in which the afikoman is found and eaten as dessert.
Urchatz — The second step of the Passover seder, in which the hands are washed but no blessing is recited.
Yahatz — The fourth step of the Passover seder in which a piece of matzah is broken in half.
Zeroa — Shank bone. The bone is placed on the seder plate and recalls the blood on the doorposts and the terror and the anticipation of the night of the plague of the first born.

GOD’S CHOOSING OF ISRAEL (The following information shows that The Passover, the giving of The Sabbath, and the giving of The Law, relate to God and the Jews, only. When the Passover, The Sabbath and The Law were given, only the Jews were present. No other descendants of Abraham or Isaac were recipients of any of these three important gifts of God; which is important for us to understand. If only the Jews were present when these “big three” gifts of God were given, no other group of people would have known anything about the specifics of those gifts. Only, in time, did other groups of people learn of these three gifts. But, only the Jews were the “binding recipients” of these gifts.)

Joshua 24:1-7 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Joshua Reviews Israel’s History

1 Then Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel and for their heads and their judges and their officers; and they presented themselves before God. 2 Joshua said to all the people, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘From ancient times your fathers lived beyond the River, namely, Terah, the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor, and they served other gods. 3 Then I took your father Abraham from beyond the River, and led him through all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his descendants and gave him Isaac. 4 To Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau, and to Esau I gave Mount Seir to possess it; but Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. 5 Then I sent Moses and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt by what I did in its midst; and afterward I brought you out. 6 I brought your fathers out of Egypt, and you came to the sea; and Egypt pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 7 But when they cried out to the Lord, He put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon them and covered them; and your own eyes saw what I did in Egypt. And you lived in the wilderness for a long time.

GOD’S COVENANT
ABRAHAM Genesis 12:1-3; 25:8 (Death)
ISAAC Genesis 17:19-21; 26:1-5
JACOB Genesis 28:13-15

ABRAHAM’S DESCENDANTS AND THE PASSOVER, THE SABBATH, AND THE LAW
ABRAHAM (SARAH) ISAAC and Esau; AND JACOB (ISRAEL) – Genesis 37-50; Exodus (all through it)

ISAAC – Genesis 17-35:29 (Death)
Esau – Genesis 25 – 36:9 (No mention of his death)
Edomites – Genesis 36:9 – 36:43
Edom: Exodus 15:14-16 (Edom located on the eastern border of the Jordan River.
JACOB – Genesis 25 – 49:33 (Death) – Genesis 50:24 (Promised land to descendants of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob). Exodus 1:1 – 1:5 (Descendants of Jacob entered Egypt; descendants of Ishmael and Midian not in Egypt). Exodus 3:15-16 (God told Moses, “speak to the children of Israel. Exodus 6:6, God told Moses that He would deliver the Israelites from Egypt. Exodus 19-29, The Law given to Israel, not to Ishmael or Midian. Exodus 31:17, the law given as a sign between God and Israel and for Israel to keep. Exodus 12-13 – Feasts of Passover and Unleavened established for Israel. Exodus 14: God delivered Israel from Egypt through the Red Sea. Joshua 3 (God leads the Israelites across the Jordan River: MIRACLE). No Ishmaelites or Midianites.

ABRAHAM (HAGAR) AND ISHMAEL:

ISHMAEL – Genesis 16-25:17 (Death) 25:18-19 Descendants settled outside of Egypt.

Ishmaelites: Genesis 37:25-36; 39:1-3; Judges 8:24

ABRAHAM (KETURAH) AND MIDIAN – Six sons. Midian most mentioned.

Midian: Genesis 25:1-3 (Midian) 25:4 Descendants; 25:5 (Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac). Unknown details of death.

Midianites: Genesis 37:36; Numbers 25:17; 31:1-7; Judges 6:1