Psalm 27

Psalm 27 The Tabernacle and The Temple. Names of God Bible (NOG). By David.

1 Yahweh is my light and my salvation. Who is there to fear? Yahweh is my life’s fortress. Who is there to be afraid of? 2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell. 3 Even though an army sets up camp against me, my heart will not be afraid. Even though a war breaks out against me, I will still have confidence in the Lord. 4 I have asked one thing from Yahweh. This I will seek: to remain in Yahweh’s house all the days of my life in order to gaze at Yahweh’s beauty and to search for an answer in his temple. 5 He hides me in his shelter when there is trouble. He keeps me hidden in his tent. He sets me high on a rock. 6 Now my head will be raised above my enemies who surround me. I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy in his tent. I will sing and make music to praise Yahweh. 7 Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry aloud. Have pity on me, and answer me. 8 When you said, “Seek my face,” my heart said to you, “O Yahweh, I will seek your face.” 9 Do not hide your face from me. Do not angrily turn me away. You have been my help. Do not leave me! Do not abandon me, O Elohim, my savior! 10 Even if my father and mother abandon me, Yahweh will take care of me. 11 Teach me your way, O Yahweh. Lead me on a level path because I have enemies who spy on me. 12 Do not surrender me to the will of my opponents. False witnesses have risen against me. They breathe out violence. 13 I believe that I will see the goodness of Yahweh in this world of the living. 14 Wait with hope for Yahweh. Be strong, and let your heart be courageous. Yes, wait with hope for Yahweh.

VERSE 4. RYRIE NOTE. His “temple:” “tabernacle,” since Solomon’s Temple had not yet been built.
Verse 5. RYRIE NOTE. His “tabernacle:” “tent, a place of shelter.”

My note, vs 4-5. Tabernacle in the desert. God told Moses to build Him a “sanctuary,” Ex 25:8 (1491 B.C.) (All dates from Scofield Study). The tabernacle in the desert was finished being built in Ex 40:2 (tent of meeting). 40:17 (tabernacle). 1491 B.C. (Sanctuary, tabernacle, tent of meeting).

My note. Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was ordained by God to build a Temple. (1 Chron 22:7-11, 1017 B.C.). Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:1, 2 Chron 3:1, 1013 B.C.). Solomon finished building the Temple (1 Kings 7:51, 2 Chron 5:1, 1004). B.C.). Solomon dedicated the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-66, 2 Chron 5:1-7:11, 1004 B.C.). God appeared to Solomon the night after the dedication (2 Chr 2:12-22), which may have been in a dream. In 7:14 a promise is made to “My people, to heal their land,” (Deu 14:2, Rev 25:40), which refers to Jews, the nation of Israel, and only to “God’s chosen people” (Ps 118:26, Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). The fulfillment of this prophecy will take place at the end of the tribulation, immediately preceding the millennium/kingdom age, when Christ rescues “God’s chosen people” from the effects of the tribulation (Matt 24:21-22, 29-30). 2 Chron 7:14 is not a promise made to the Christian Church, the USA, or to any other group of people, only to God’s chosen people. The church is not a land; only Israel is the land of 2 Chr 7:14.

Vs 9. NOG translates “Elohim,” for God. Ryrie Study Bible note, Gen 1:1, Elohim, a generic term for deity as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used as pagan gods (31:30; Ex 12:12); angels, “Ps 8:5;” men, “Ps 82:6;” judges, “Ex 21:6,” though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.

Names Of God Bible. https://www.biblegateway.com/versio…/Names-of-God-NOG-Bible/

Psalm 27:9. me, O God. Hebrew, אֱלֹהֵ֥י. (e·lo·hei). Strong’s 430: God, god. Origin, pl. of eloah.

Strong’s Concordance. elohim: God, god. Original Word: אֱלהִים. Part of Speech: Noun Masculine. Transliteration: elohim. Phonetic Spelling: (el-o-heem’). Definition: God, god.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Word Origin, pl. of eloah. Definition, God, god.

NASB Translation, divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

For information on “Yahweh,” check the details of the Psalm 26 study.

Psalm 26

Psalm 26. A Prayer for Vindication from David To God. Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 Judge me, O Yahweh, because I have walked in my integrity, and I have trusted Yahweh and not wavered. 2 Prove me, O Yahweh, and test me. Try my innermost being and my mind. 3 Because your loyal love is before my eyes, and I walk about in your faithfulness. 4 I do not sit with deceitful people, nor will I go about with hypocrites. 5 I hate the crowd of evildoers, and with the wicked I will not sit. 6 I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will walk about your altar, O Yahweh, 7 to declare with a voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all your wondrous deeds. 8 O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides. 9 Do not destroy me with the sinners, nor my life with men of bloodshed, 10 in whose hands is an evil plan, and whose right hand is full of bribes. 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity. Redeem me and be gracious to me. 12 My foot stands on level ground. In assemblies I will bless Yahweh.

King Lames Study Bible Note. Psalm 26. From the statements of the psalm itself we may easily deduce that David was being falsely accused. In light of this fact, his protestations of innocence are not pride, but the just complaint of a man of God (vv. 2–8). In addition to his self-defense, he petitions God for deliverance (vv. 1, 9–12a) and promises a public acknowledgment when it is accomplished (v. 12b).

Verse 1: LORD: ESV, KJV, NASB, NIV, NKJV.
Verse 1: Yahweh: LEB., NOG, WEB.

https://www.biblegateway.com/vers…/Lexham-English-Bible-LEB/

Yahweh. יְהוָ֗ה LORD (all caps). the proper name of the God of Israel. 3068. Yhvh, Strong’s Concordance. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel. Original Word: יְהוָֹה. Part of Speech: Proper Name. Transliteration: Yhvh. Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Key verse. 8. “O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides.” [NOTE: HCSB. House is not necessarily Solomon’s temple, but it may refer to the sanctuary in general. It was the place of Yahweh’s “glory,” symbolizing God’s Presence among His people. Ex 40:34-35 (LEB) “34 And the cloud covered the tent of assembly, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was unable to go into the tent of assembly because the cloud settled on it and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.]

Psalm 25 & 130

Psalms 25 & 130 (ALL KJV) “REDEEMING ISRAEL” PSALM 25:22 “Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.”… RYRIE XR PSALM 130:7-8 “7 Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with Him is plenteous redemption, 8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.”… NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 25:22. [David began the psalm with a declaration of trust in God. He concludes with a prayer for the nation of Israel, that God would make His glory known by redeeming (rescuing and protecting) them “out of all of their “troubles.” Here David implored God to “redeem Israel,” which denotes the work of complete spiritual and physical redemption that only God in His grace can supply; this anticipates the ultimate redemption of Israel by Messiah.] NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 130:7-8. [In response to the forgiveness of God, Israel is reminded to “hope in the Lord (vs 5).” This “hope” is linked to the “lovingkindness” (God’s covenant love, “chesed,” ‘Hebrew,’ 5:7 note). While this exhortation includes the general desire to see His people blessed (i.e., “saved” in the sense typically intended in the NT, as in Rom 10:9) in every age and generation, the psalmist’s primary reference in this section is to that day when God “will redeem Israel from all his iniquities,” that same day of which Zechariah and Paul wrote (Zech 12:10-13:1; Rom 11:25-29).]… RYRIE NOTE: ROM 11:28-29 [Because the promises made to the patriarchs are irrevocable, Israel must be restored.]

The Psalms are much more than writings that, “make us feel good.” The following paragraph comes from the Friends Of Israel weekly radio broadcast. As you can see, there are key components of the Psalms that are often overlooked.

But there is another layer, because the Psalms as you see them now in the Old Testament, were purposefully placed in order. In Israelite history, someone took those divinely inspired songs and ordered them into five books. And eventually, these five books came to reveal the history and the future of Israel, the bright future for Israel. And finally, there’s one more layer, and that layer is you. https://radio.foi.org/2019/10/11/october-12-2019-discovering-the-psalms-the-authors-perspective-pt-1/

The 23rd Psalm is often looked at as being a passage that is read at funerals. But the words, of the psalmist David, show that the Psalm refers to Israel in the Kingdom Age, the millennium. The comments that I placed on the 23rd Psalm post are helpful in understanding the context of David’s writing. King David’s life existed from approximately 1050-970 B.C. (HCSB). When you read the 23rd Psalm, consider David writing about his own life, and his future eternal life with God which will begin when he is resurrected at the end of the tribulation (Daniel 12:1-2). The covenant that God made with King David is discussed in 2 Samuel 7:12-16 (Ryrie Study Bible), and refers to the Kingdom Age of the millennium (The Kingdom Age and the millennium (1,000 years) are the same time period).

Please follow this Equipping Site.

Psalm 24

Psalm 24:3-4 King James Version (KJV/Ryrie note & XR). ‘3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.” NOTE: Necessary qualities for holiness in worship. “clean hands.” Right deeds. “pure heart.” Right motives. XR Ez 18:15. “He does not eat at the mountain shrines, or look to the idols of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor’s wife.” NOTE. The NIV has the most easy to understand translation of the opposite of Ps 24:4, “clean hands, and a pure heart.”

Psalm 24:5-6 Considering Jacob. (KJV/Ryrie XR ) 5 He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. Ryrie NOTE. “Jacob.” Better, like Jacob: Gen 32:30 ( KJV) And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Ryrie NOTE: “Peniel” means “the face of God.” MacArthur NOTE: from 32:24 a Man wrestled. The site name, Peniel, or “face of God,” given by Jacob (v. 30) and the commentary given by Hosea (Hos. 12:4) identifies this Man with whom Jacob wrestled as the Angel of the Lord who is also identified as God, a pre-incarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Hosea 12:4 (KJV) Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us; Ryrie NOTE: Like Jacob, Israel and Judah were deceitful but could turn to the Lord as he did at Bethel. Ryrie XR Gen 32:24-28 (NKJV) 24 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!” 27 So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.” 28 And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.”.29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. 30 So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” Ryrie NOTE: vs 24: The “man” who wrestled Jacob is called an angel in Hos 12:4 and was evidently the preincarnate Christ. Jacob’s wrestling involved agonizing prayer (Hos 12:4). vs 25-28 God allowed himself to be overcome by Jacob, though he crippled him. 32:29 Jacob’s question had already been answered in the name bestowed on him, since the “el” in Israel means “god.”

Psalm 24:7-10. (The King Of Glory And His Kingdom) “7 Lift up your heads, O you gates! And be lifted up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O you gates! Lift up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.” (All verses in this post are NKJV). Ryrie NOTE. [In David’s time, the “King of glory” was represented by the ark being brought in a triumphal procession to the sanctuary. These verses also speak prophetically to the ascension of Christ after His victory over sin and death and of His coming reign as King over all the earth.] Ryrie XR. Isaiah 26:2.(Praise In The Kingdom) “Open the gates, That the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in.” MacArthur NOTE. [Open the gates. Isaiah envisions the future Jerusalem, where only righteous Israel may enter. The redeemed remnant from other nations will come periodically to worship] MacArthur XR Zech. 14:16–19. (The Nations Worship the King) “16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.” MacArthur NOTE. [14:16–19. This very important passage reveals that some Gentiles will go into the millennial kingdom alive along with the redeemed Jews. A converted remnant from those heathen nations will make annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship the Lord and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles during the Millennium. Commemorating the time when God “tabernacled” with Israel in the wilderness, the feast represented the last of the 3 major pilgrimage festivals (Lev. 23:34–36), marked the final harvest of the year’s crops, and provided a time of rejoicing. In the Millennium, it will celebrate Messiah’s presence again dwelling among His people and the joyful restoration of Israel, including the ingathering of the nations. Those who refuse to go will experience drought and plague. Tragically, as the thousand years go on, there will be many people from all over the world who will reject Christ as Savior and King, joining in a final war against Him, only to be destroyed and cast into hell forever (cf. Rev. 20:7–15).]

Psalm 23

Psalm 23:1. The Lord, the Psalmist’s Shepherd.. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. (Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare in the coastlands afar off, And say, “He who scattered Israel will gather him And keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”) (NASB and Ryrie Study Bible cross reference).

Psalm 23:2-3 “He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.” The Restoration of Israel.(NASB and Ryrie Cross Reference. Ezek 34:11-14) “11 For thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. 13 I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.” (MacArthur Notes). 34:11 I…will search. God, the true Shepherd, would search out and find His sheep in order to restore Israel to their land for the kingdom which the Messiah leads (vv. 12–14). 34:12 a cloudy and dark day. This refers to the “day of the Lord” judgment on Israel (cf. Jer. 30:4–7). 34:12–14 Here is the promise of a literal regathering and restoration of the people of Israel to their own land from their worldwide dispersion. Since the scattering was literal, the regathering must also be literal. Once they are regathered in Messiah’s kingdom, they will no longer want (vv. 15, 16).

Psalm 23:4 (NAS 77) “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. (Ryrie XR= Mic 7:14 (NAS95) “Shepherd Your people with Your scepter, the flock of Your possession which dwells by itself in the woodland, in the midst of a fruitful field. Let them feed in Bashan and Gilead as in the days of old.”(Ryrie note Mic 7:14, Here Micah asks God to be the shepherd of His flock (Israel) in the Kingdom.) (Mine; the Kingdom Age is aka the Millennial reign of Christ).

Psalm 23:5 “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows”… (MacArthur note: The biblical imagery of anointing is frequently associated with blessing )..(What was comforting to David was that this was in the presence of his enemies;The Bible Knowledge Commentary)… XR Eccl 9:8 “Let your clothes be white all the time, and let not oil be lacking on your head;” Ryrie note: White garments and much oil signify purity and the joy of festive occasions… XR Isa 43:2, ““When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; And through the rivers, they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, Nor will the flame burn you.” (MacArthur note: “Many perils symbolized by these words have confronted the Israelites through the centuries and will continue to do so until the nation’s final redemption, but the Lord promises the nation survival through them all.” ..(Mine: Neither David (Ps), nor Solomon (Eccl), “nor Isaiah, nor Israel” (Isa), could claim to be sinless, but God’s Words to Israel in Deu 14:2, show His unconditional love for “Israel, God’s chosen people,” and a promise of eternal, spiritual healing through the prophesied and crucified Messiah, “Christ,” …(Isa 53:5, “But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.”

Psalm 23:6 KJV Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever…Ryrie NOTE :David sees himself not merely as a guest-for-a-day, but as a recipient of God’s covenant lovingkindness ..Ryrie .XR /NOTE..Hosea 2:19 NKJV “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In lovingkindness and mercy..NOTE: “lovingkindness.” The Hebrew word is “hesed.” It means loyal, steadfast, or faithful love, and stresses the idea of a belonging together of those involved in the love relationship. Here it connotes God’s faithful love for His unfaithful people. In the OT, communion, deliverance, enabling, enlightenment, guidance, forgiveness, hope, praise, preservation are all based on God’s “hesed.” ..MacArthur NOTE: 2:19, 20: I will betroth you. Repeated 3 times, the term emphasizes the intensity of God’s restoring love for the nation. In that day, Israel will no longer be thought of as a prostitute. Israel brings nothing to the marriage; God makes all the promises and provides all the dowry. These verses are recited by every orthodox Jew as he places the phylacteries on his hand and forehead (cf. Deut. 11:18). The regeneration/conversion of the nation is much like that of an individual (cf. 2 Cor. 5:16–19)…

Psalm 22

Psalm 22:3 (KJV) ” But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.” (You remain the Holy One of Israel who has demonstrated His gracious attention time and time again to Your people.” MacArthur note). (“the praises of Israel.” A figure of speech for the sanctuary, where Israel praised the Lord. Ryrie note.)

Psalm 22:16-18/Matt 27:35. (NASB) Prophecy: crucifixion of Christ, “For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones. They look, they stare at me; They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast lots.” (18 All these details of Jesus’ crucifixion were carried out by people who had no knowledge of these predictions, Ryrie note).

Matt 27:35 (NASB) “And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves by casting lots.” (35 “divided.” (The victim’s clothes were spoils for his executioners, “Ryrie note).

Psalm 22:27-31. Millennial Blessings.

Psalm 22:27-31 (NKJV)

27 All the ends of the world
Shall remember and turn to the Lord,
And all the families of the nations
Shall worship before You.
28 For the kingdom is the Lord’s,
And He rules over the nations.

29 All the prosperous of the earth
Shall eat and worship;
All those who go down to the dust
Shall bow before Him,
Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

30 A posterity shall serve Him.
It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation,
31 They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born,
That He has done this.

The passage looks forward to the millennium. Of key interest to me is verse 31, which talks about the children that will be born during the millennium. Their parents will be those of Matt 24-25 who survived the tribulation, were born again, and allowed by Christ to enter the Kingdom in their mortal bodies. (Matt 24:40-41, Matt 25:31-34.) The Ryrie Study Bible has a comment on this passage, which Ryrie calls “a description of millennial blessings.”.

Please follow this Equipping Site.