CC 042014, Saturday Of Passion Week, The Day After The Burial Of Jesus, Luke 23:52 – 24:1

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.

Scripture Text.

Luke 23:52-24:1
Revised Standard Version (RSV)

52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud, and laid him in a rock-hewn tomb, where no one had ever yet been laid. 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning. 55 The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid; 56 then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

The Resurrection of Jesus

24 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices which they had prepared.

Topical Setting.

The setting shows the events that lead from the granting of permission, by Pilate to Joseph of Arimathea, to bury the body of Jesus. The time of day was after three pm on Friday (The Day Of Preparation). Sabbath (Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset) would soon arrive. Joseph and Nicodemus (John 19:39) took the body of Jesus with them and laid it in a tomb. The two Marys (Mark 15:47) followed Joseph and Nicodemus and saw the place where they left the body of Jesus. There was little time on Friday to do all of the things that were necessary to properly prepare the body of Jesus for burial. The women made note of the location of the tomb. They knew where they would have to return after the Sabbath was over, so that they could complete the burial process. Nicodemus and Joseph had placed quite a considerable amount of aloes and myrrh in the tomb (John 19:40), but the women wanted to make their own contribution to the burial. The women went away from the tomb, to a place where they would prepare the spices and ointments that would be needed to complete the embalming process. Then, when sunset arrived and Sabbath began, “they rested according to the commandment.” As busy as the women had become, they still rested on the Sabbath day (Friday evening until Saturday evening). They did not do any of the work of burial preparation, which was not only in accordance with the custom of the Jewish nation, but also according to the commandment, “Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy,” (Exodus 20:10). The first day of the week began at sunset on Saturday. The women had the hours of darkness to finish their preparations of the spices and ointments for the embalming of the body of Jesus. This process was completed before the women set out for the tomb at daybreak on Sunday morning. It is important to know that the Sabbath was no time of the week, other than Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset. It was, and still is, the seventh day of the week. The Sabbath can never be any other day of the week, than that where God placed it. We may decide to “take the day off from work” and call it our sabbath, but that is an incorrect assumption. We can’t draw a line “around the seventh day of the week (from Friday at sunset until Saturday at sunset), and use a big excavator to dig up and move “God’s Sabbath,” to another place on the calendar, where we will draw another line, and measure off another “plot on the calendar,” and dig another hole where we can replace the original Sabbath. (Please excuse the necessary run on sentence).The Sabbath is “the Lord’s Sabbath” (Leviticus 23:3). Sunday morning, the first day of the day, is referred to as “The Lord’s Day.” That is because it was the day that our Lord Jesus, was raised from death. This particular Sunday was not Easter, and never will be Easter. Much has been written about Easter, but I will use God’s Word, and comments made in Unger’s Bible Dictionary, to discuss the matter. The scripture is Acts 12:4. A sampling of translations follow, and shows that the word, “Easter,” is only written in the King James Version. All of the other translations use the word, “Passover,” which relates to the time of the year, per Acts 12:3, “the days of Unleavened Bread.”

Acts 12:4

New International Version
After arresting him, he put him in prison, handing him over to be guarded by four squads of four soldiers each. Herod intended to bring him out for public trial after the Passover.

New Living Translation
Then he imprisoned him, placing him under the guard of four squads of four soldiers each. Herod intended to bring Peter out for public trial after the Passover.

English Standard Version
And when he had seized him, he put him in prison, delivering him over to four squads of soldiers to guard him, intending after the Passover to bring him out to the people.

New American Standard Bible
When he had seized him, he put him in prison, delivering him to four squads of soldiers to guard him, intending after the Passover to bring him out before the people.

King James Bible
And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered himto four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After the arrest, he put him in prison and assigned four squads of four soldiers each to guard him, intending to bring him out to the people after the Passover.

Unger’s Bible Dictionary: (Easter)

(Gr. pascha, from Heb. pesah), the Passover, and so translated in every passage excepting, “intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people (Acts 12:4).” In the earlier English versions Easter had been frequently used as the translation of pascha. At the last revision Passover was substituted in all passages but this one. See Passover.

The word Easter is of Saxon origin. Eastra, the goddess of spring, in whose honor sacrifices were offered about Passover time each year. By the 8th century, Anglo-Saxons had adopted the name to designate the celebration of Christ’s resurrection.

Consider the term “Easter.” Should we continue to use such an incorrect word to identify the day of the week which was when our Lord Jesus was raised from the dead? I would like to say something that is more correct. I prefer to say “Resurrection Sunday.”

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior, Jesus, in worship and praise. But, please, let me say this. There is great opposition in the world to the Jews. That is easily seen in the worlds of academia, media, and entertainment. There are also many liberal politicians who give nothing but lip service to the Jews, in order to have their vote. The Jews were God’s chosen people to bring us the Messiah. We are told in Holy Scripture to honor the Jews, and to pray for them. The time of this writing is Saturday afternoon; the day on God’s calendar of creation is the Sabbath. There are only about five hours remaining until the first day of the week begins. Today’s selection of music varies. The first two songs should be familiar to you. The last video is more in line with the Sabbath, being “Shabbat Shalom,” which means “peaceful Sabbath.” As you listen to the music, you may find yourself clapping your hands, tapping your feet, swaying your hips, or maybe even looking for a few more people to join you in a circular praise dance. You may also find yourself in deep meditation of praise and worship to our Lord and Savior, Jesus.

Sing Hallelujah

Days Of Elijah

Shabbat Shalom

Psalm 122:6
New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.”

Let us pray for the physical peace of Jerusalem, and that the Jews may come to know, as their personal Messiah, “the Prince Of Peace,” Jesus of Nazareth.

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CC 041914, Friday Of Passion Week, The Hours Leading To The Death And Burial Of Jesus, Luke 22:54 – 23:55

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.

The setting follows the festive Passover Seder and the arrest of Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane. Thursday had come and gone. It is now early Friday morning, but the sky is still dark. A dark day of injustice will soon arrive. The Day of Preparation will soon lead to sunset, which is the time of day, on Friday, when the Sabbath will begin. Oh, how events of life can change very quickly!

Preparation for the Passover (Day of Preparation for Passover) occurs on Friday before the beginning of Sabbath at sunset, on Friday (John 19:14,31; Luke 23:54). This Sabbath was a “High Day,” or a “High Sabbath.” The first day of the Feast Of Unleavened Bread fell that year on a Sabbath, making it a “high,” or “special” festival. (See Exodus 12:14-20 and Leviticus 23:5-8 for information on the Feat Of Unleavened Bread.) John’s Gospel shows Jesus as being put to execution at about the time that the Passover lambs would be slaughtered.

Luke 22:54-23:55

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

Peter Denies Jesus

54 Then they seized him and led him away, bringing him into the high priest’s house. Peter followed at a distance; 55 and when they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them. 56 Then a maid, seeing him as he sat in the light and gazing at him, said, “This man also was with him.” 57 But he denied it, saying, “Woman, I do not know him.” 58 And a little later some one else saw him and said, “You also are one of them.” But Peter said, “Man, I am not.” 59 And after an interval of about an hour still another insisted, saying, “Certainly this man also was with him; for he is a Galilean.” 60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying.” And immediately, while he was still speaking, the cock crowed. 61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, “Before the cock crows today, you will deny me three times.” 62 And he went out and wept bitterly.

Consider. Just a few hours earlier, Peter had said to Jesus,”Lord, with you I am ready to go to prison and to death (Luke 22:33). Now, in a time of stress, Peter says of Jesus, “I don’t know the man” (Luke 22:57, 58, 60). Immediately, after the rooster crowed, Jesus looked directly at Peter, “eyeball to eyeball.” Imagine how Peter must have felt after he remembered the words of Jesus when our Lord said, “Peter, you’re going to deny me!” Peter quickly left the area and “cried,” very heavily.

A kangaroo court of injustice quickly ensues. (22:63 – 23:12)

The Mocking and Beating of Jesus

63 Now the men who were holding Jesus mocked him and beat him; 64 they also blindfolded him and asked him, “Prophesy! Who is it that struck you?” 65 And they spoke many other words against him, reviling him.

Jesus before the Council

66 When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes; and they led him away to their council, and they said, 67 “If you are the Christ, tell us.” But he said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe; 68 and if I ask you, you will not answer. 69 But from now on the Son of man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 And they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” 71 And they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”

Jesus before Pilate

23 Then the whole company of them arose, and brought him before Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding us to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king.” 3 And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” 4 And Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, “I find no crime in this man.”5 But they were urgent, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee even to this place.”

Jesus before Herod

6 When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. 8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him, and he was hoping to see some sign done by him. 9 So he questioned him at some length; but he made no answer. 10 The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. 11 And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him; then, arraying him in gorgeous apparel, he sent him back to Pilate. 12 And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.

Jesus Sentenced to Death

13 Pilate then called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was perverting the people; and after examining him before you, behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him; 15 neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Behold, nothing deserving death has been done by him; 16 I will therefore chastise him and release him.”
18 But they all cried out together, “Away with this man, and release to us Barab′bas”— 19 a man who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection started in the city, and for murder. 20 Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus; 21 but they shouted out, “Crucify, crucify him!” 22 A third time he said to them, “Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no crime deserving death; I will therefore chastise him and release him.” 23 But they were urgent, demanding with loud cries that he should be crucified. And their voices prevailed. 24 So Pilate gave sentence that their demand should be granted. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, whom they asked for; but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

Consider why the Jews wanted Barabbas to be spared death, instead of Jesus. In John 18:40, Barabbas had been identified as a robber. In this passage (Luke 23:18-19), he was involved in a resurrection toward the Romans, and was found to be a murderer. Consider the hatred of the Jews toward the Romans; they saw Barabbas as being a Jewish “freedom fighter.” Jesus was not seen as being anybody who could provide the release of the Jews from their Roman tormentors.

Consider the Holy Spirit. Just five day prior, on Palm Sunday, the Jews of Jerusalem were shouting, “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord,” (John 12:12-19). This day, Friday, the Jews were shouting, in a crowd frenzy, “release to us Barabbas! Crucify him! (Jesus) (Luke 23:18, 21.) Consider also, that in fifty days, on the Day of Pentecost, many of these same Jews will say, in response to Peter’s sermon about Jesus being Lord and Christ, “what shall we do?” (Acts 2:37). Are we discussing “frenzied or fickle Jews?” Or, is there more to be considered? Maybe we should consider the God! Maybe we should consider “God’s Holy Spirit!”

Consider what Paul wrote in his epistle to the Romans:

Romans 8:28-30

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

28 And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose. 29 For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; 30 and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.

Consider “God’s purpose.” His purpose applies to every part of our body, whether it is “spirit, soul, or body,” (1 Thessalonians 5:23). God’s sovereignty rules over “all” (Psalm 103:19). “All” refers to “all.” “All” refers to “all” that we see, hear, feel, touch, think, don’t think, has been, is, will be, may not be, could be. and all other “be’s.” “All” refers to grass, dirt, air, water, galaxies, constellations, suns, moons, stars, hemispheres, rivers, lakes, oceans, and mountains. “All” also refers to heaven and hell, salvation and separation from God. And, yes! “All” refers to “all” of the Jews in Jerusalem.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

26 And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyre′ne, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Jesus. 27 And there followed him a great multitude of the people, and of women who bewailed and lamented him. 28 But Jesus turning to them said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, the days are coming when they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never gave suck!’ 30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us’; and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”
32 Two others also, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with him. 33 And when they came to the place which is called The Skull, there they crucified him, and the criminals, one on the right and one on the left. 34 And Jesus said, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.” And they cast lots to divide his garments. 35 And the people stood by, watching; but the rulers scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself, if he is the Christ of God, his Chosen One!” 36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him vinegar, 37 and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” 38 There was also an inscription over him, “This is the King of the Jews.”
39 One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save yourself and us!”40 But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed justly; for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” 43 And he said to him, “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

Consider the way to eternal life; a personal trust of belief in Jesus (vs 42-43).

The Death of Jesus

44 It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour,45 while the sun’s light failed; and the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, “Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last. 47 Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, and said, “Certainly this man was innocent!”48 And all the multitudes who assembled to see the sight, when they saw what had taken place, returned home beating their breasts. 49 And all his acquaintances and the women who had followed him from Galilee stood at a distance and saw these things.

Consider the curtain of the temple being torn in two (vs 45). It was the curtain that blocked entry into the Most Holy Place (See Exodus 26:33 and Hebrews 9:3). The significance of the tearing of the curtain was that the way into the Presence of God was now open to everyone by way of a new and living way (See Hebrews 10:19-20). Because the curtain was torn from top to bottom, it showed that no one had split the veil, but that God had done it.

The Burial of Jesus

50 Now there was a man named Joseph from the Jewish town of Arimathe′a. He was a member of the council, a good and righteous man, 51 who had not consented to their purpose and deed, and he was looking for the kingdom of God. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud, and laid him in a rock-hewn tomb, where no one had ever yet been laid. 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning. 55 The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid;

Consider the time of day. Jesus was taken down from the cross, and was placed in His burial tomb. These events took place on the day of Preparation, Friday, before three pm (vs 44), before the beginning of the Sabbath (vs 54). The women saw where the body of Jesus had been laid. (vs 55). Mark’s gospel also presents a good description of this day’s closing events.

Mark 15:42-47

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

The Burial of Jesus

42 And when evening had come, since it was the day of Preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,43 Joseph of Arimathe′a, a respected member of the council, who was also himself looking for the kingdom of God, took courage and went to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. 44 And Pilate wondered if he were already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he was already dead. 45 And when he learned from the centurion that he was dead, he granted the body to Joseph. 46 And he bought a linen shroud, and taking him down, wrapped him in the linen shroud, and laid him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock; and he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 47 Mary Mag′dalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.

Consider the time of day. The body of Jesus was taken off of the cross and placed in the tomb, all on the Day of Preparation (Friday before sunset/Sabbath) (vs 42). The two Marys saw the place where the body of Jesus had been laid (vs 47).

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior, Jesus, in worship and praise of Him.

For Your Name Is Holy

John 13:35

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

35 By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”

CC 041814, Thursday Of Passion Week, The Passover, The Last Supper, The Betrayal Of Jesus, Mark 14:12-52

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.

The setting is that of a festive meal, on Thursday evening. The stage was being set for the crucifixion of Jesus, which would take place less than twenty-four hours later. Consider how quickly our lives can be turned, “totally upside down,” in a very short period of time.

Mark 14:12-52
Revised Standard Version (RSV)

The Passover with the Disciples

12 And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the passover lamb, his disciples said to him, “Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the passover?” 13 And he sent two of his disciples, and said to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you; follow him, 14 and wherever he enters, say to the householder, ‘The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I am to eat the passover with my disciples?’ 15 And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us.” 16 And the disciples set out and went to the city, and found it as he had told them; and they prepared the passover.
17 And when it was evening he came with the twelve. 18 And as they were at table eating, Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.” 19 They began to be sorrowful, and to say to him one after another, “Is it I?” 20 He said to them, “It is one of the twelve, one who is dipping bread into the dish with me. 21 For the Son of man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.”

Consider: The setting was that of a meal. The upper room may have been the place where the Disciples, and the remainder of the “120,” “went, stayed, and prayed” for the coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1,2). This Passover meal was on Thursday evening.(Maundy Thursday). It is clear that if Jesus was alive on Thursday evening, that He was also alive the preceding day, Wednesday.

The Institution of the Lord’s Supper

22 And as they were eating, he took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this is my body.” 23 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. 24 And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. 25 Truly, I say to you, I shall not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

Consider: It was during the Passover seder/meal, that bread and wine from the meal were used by Jesus to tell of His impending death, and the new covenant. Jesus also looks forward, to the millennium, where He will take part in the Passover seder again. Matthew’s Gospel has a passage that is very good in explaining this meal, as follows.

Matthew 26:26-30
Revised Standard Version (RSV)

The Institution of the Lord’s Supper

26 Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” 27 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you; 28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you I shall not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”

Consider. The bread and wine that were used to introduce the “Lord’s Supper/Holy Communion/Holy Eucharist/Breaking Of Bread” were actually taken from the table where the Passover Meal was being served. The bread was not “a very small wafer.” The cup/the wine, was not “a very small sip” of wine. When the church began having fellowship meals, it did the same thing, but for a different purpose than to remember the deliverance of Israel from Egypt: “do this in remembrance of Me” (1 Corinthians 11:24-25).

Peter’s Denial Foretold

26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 27 And Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away; for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28 But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.” 29 Peter said to him, “Even though they all fall away, I will not.”30 And Jesus said to him, “Truly, I say to you, this very night, before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times.” 31 But he said vehemently, “If I must die with you, I will not deny you.” And they all said the same.

Consider. Soon, the disciples would experience good times, and a lot of bad times. Jesus told Peter that Peter would deny his relationship with Him, very soon. Peter quickly responded, “I would die for you!” Consider the voice inflection of Peter as he spoke those words. The other disciples voiced in with their support of Jesus.

Jesus Prays in Gethsemane

32 And they went to a place which was called Gethsem′ane; and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I pray.” 33 And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled.34 And he said to them, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch.”35 And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36 And he said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee; remove this cup from me; yet not what I will, but what thou wilt.” 37 And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, “Simon, are you asleep? Could you not watch one hour? 38 Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 39 And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words. 40 And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer him.41 And he came the third time, and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough; the hour has come; the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42 Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.”

Consider. When the need is greatest, are we too tired for prayer?

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus

43 And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44 Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “The one I shall kiss is the man; seize him and lead him away under guard.” 45 And when he came, he went up to him at once, and said, “Master!” And he kissed him. 46 And they laid hands on him and seized him. 47 But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear. 48 And Jesus said to them, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? 49 Day after day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. But let the scriptures be fulfilled.” 50 And they all forsook him, and fled.
51 And a young man followed him, with nothing but a linen cloth about his body; and they seized him, 52 but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.

Consider. The “young man” may have been Mark (vs 51). The linen cloth might have been a loosely-fitting sleeping garment, or maybe a sheet, that Mark quickly put around himself after he was awakened from his sleep.

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior, Jesus, in worship and praise of Him.

For Your Name Is Holy

John 13:35
Revised Standard Version (RSV)

35 By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”

CC 041714, Wednesday Of Passion Week, The Plot To Kill Jesus, Luke 22:1-6

At this time in the study of The Passion Week/Holy Week, a moment of humor, and bite of Humble Pie is needed. First, the humor, if it turns out to be that way. There was a joke that was common when I was “a few years younger.” It goes like this. Why does the traffic light turn red? The answer was, “you’d turn red too, if you’d have to change in front of so many people!” Well, I have found such a “red face” on me, like I never had ever thought would happen. So, I’ll “fess up.” This year, 2014, had the first day of Passover beginning on Monday at Sundown, April 14. The posts that I have been making relate to the Passion Week/Holy Week of 33 A.D. So, because of the error of 1981 years, I have put the beginnings of Passover and Unleavened Bread earlier in the week’s account. Since all of my readers are much smarter than “yours truly,” I will either receive a ton of forgiveness, or many slices of Humble Pie. So, now that I have seen the red “all over my face, ” I admit my error, and really do ask “the whole blog world” to forgive me. As for the Humble Pie, I would much rather have “Red Velvet Cake.”

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.

Luke 22:1-6

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

The Plot to Kill Jesus

22 Now the feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called the Passover. 2 And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to put him to death; for they feared the people.

3 Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot, who was of the number of the twelve; 4 he went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers how he might betray him to them. 5 And they were glad, and engaged to give him money. 6 So he agreed, and sought an opportunity to betray him to them in the absence of the multitude.

Consider the unholy alliance of Satan, The Chief Priests, and Judas.

Consider the hypocrisy of those who claimed not to be, “of Satan.” Judas, a disciple of Christ. The Chief Priests, who should have known that Jesus was the Messiah, and should have pointed the common Jew to that proper belief.

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior in praise to Him.

Let God Arise

John 10:27-28

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me; 28 and I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish, and no one shall snatch them out of my hand.

CC 041614, Tuesday Of Passion Week, A Busy Day, And The Beginning Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread (The Second Day Of Passover), Luke 20:1-47, 21:1-38

(Sources that are being consulted, are: The Ryrie Study Bible, The Holman Christian Standard Bible, The MacArthur Study Bible, The Reformation Study Bible, The Complete Jewish Bible, The Scofield Study Bible, The Thompson Chain Reference Bible, The New American Commentary Series, The Holman Commentary Series, and internet sources, BibleGateway.com, and BibleHub.com.)

A lot is going on during this second day of Passover. Consider the fact that even though it is a holy time in the Jewish calendar, a lot of teaching and confrontation are taking place. Some key items of interest to this writer are discussed, as follows.

The Authority Of Christ Questioned: (20:1-2) … the chief priests, the scribes and elders confronted him in a body and asked him this direct question, “Tell us by whose authority you act as you do—who gave you such authority?”

The Reply By Jesus: (20:3-8). Men often pretend to examine the evidences of revelation, and the truth of the gospel, when only seeking excuses for their own unbelief and disobedience. Christ answered these priests and scribes with a plain question about the baptism of John, which the common people could answer. They all knew it was from heaven, nothing in it had an earthly tendency. Those that bury the knowledge they have, are justly denied further knowledge. It was just with Christ to refuse to give account of his authority, to those who knew the baptism of John to be from heaven, yet would not believe in him, nor own their knowledge. (Matthew Henry Consider Commentary).

A discourse is given on the Signs Of Christ’s Second Coming, as follows: The happenings take place during the Tribulation. The subject is Israel and the Jews. (Matthew 24:1-25:46).

Many would come in His (Name. 24:5). There will be wars and rumors of wars, nations will rise up against nations, there will be famines and earthquakes (24:6-8). The unsaved Jews (and other unsaved Gentiles) will be left behind to face tribulation, where they will be killed and hated. (24:9). A time of lawlessness will develop (24:10-12). The Gospel of the Kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world (24:14). Great tribulation will begin (24:21). False Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, “so as to mislead, if possible” even the elect.(24:24).

Great atmospheric abnormalities will result (24:29). Immediately after the tribulation, Christ will be seen returning to earth. (24:30). The elect will be gathered to Israel from all corners of the earth. (24:31). The gentiles will be judged based on how they treated the Jews during the tribulation (25:31-46).

Luke 20-21:38
J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS)

20 1-2 Then one day as he was teaching the people in the Temple, and preaching the Gospel to them, the chief priests, the scribes and elders confronted him in a body and asked him this direct question, “Tell us by whose authority you act as you do—who gave you such authority?”
3-4 “I have a question for you, too,” replied Jesus. “John’s baptism, now—tell me, did it come from Heaven or was it purely human?”
5-7 At this they began arguing with each other, saying, “If we say, ‘from Heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Then why didn’t you believe in him?’ but if we say it was purely human, this mob will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.” So they replied that they did not know where it came from.
8 “Then,” returned Jesus, “neither will I tell you by what authority I do what I am doing.”
He tells the people a pointed story
9-16 Then he turned to the people and told them this parable: “There was once a man who planted a vineyard, let it out farm-workers, and went abroad for some time. Then, when the season arrived, he sent a servant to the farm-workers so that they could give him the proceeds of the vineyard. But the farm-workers beat him up and sent him back empty-handed. So he sent another servant, and they beat him up as well, manhandling him disgracefully, and sent him back empty-handed. Then he sent a third servant, but after wounding him severely they threw him out. Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do now? I will send them my son who is so dear to me. Perhaps they will respect him.’ But when the farm-workers saw him, they talked the matter over with each other and said, ‘This man is the heir—come on, let’s kill him, and we shall get everything that he would have had!’ And they threw him outside the vineyard and killed him. What do you suppose the owner will do to them? He will come and destroy the men who were working his property, and hand it over to others.” When they heard this, they said, “God forbid!”
17 But he looked them straight in the eyes and said, “Then what is the meaning of this scripture—‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone?’
18 The man who falls on that stone will be broken, and the man on whom it falls will be crushed to powder.”
The authorities resort to trickery
19 The scribes and chief priests longed to get their hands on him at that moment, but they were afraid of the people. They knew well enough that his parable referred to them.
20 They watched him, however, and sent some spies into the crowd, pretending that they were honest men, to fasten on something that he might say which could be used to hand him over to the authority and power of the governor.
21-22 These men asked him, “Master, we know that what you say and teach is right, and that you teach the way of God truly without fear or favour. Now, is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
23-24 But Jesus saw through their cunning and said to them, “Show me one of the coins. Whose face is this, and whose name is in the inscription?” “Caesar’s,” they said.
25 “Then give to Caesar,” he replied, “what belongs to Caesar, and to God what belongs to God.”
26 So his reply gave them no sort of handle that they could use against him publicly. And in fact they were so taken aback by his answer that they had nothing more to say.
Jesus exposes the ignorance of the Sadducees
27-33 Then up came some of the Sadducees (who deny that there is any resurrection) and they asked him, “Master, Moses told us in the scripture, ‘If a man’s brother should die without any children, he should marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother.’ Now, there were once seven brothers. The first got married and died childless, and the second and the third married the woman, and in fact all the seven married her and died without leaving any children. Lastly, the woman herself died. Now in the ‘resurrection’ whose wife is she of these seven men, for she belonged to all of them?”
34-38 “People in this world,” Jesus replied, “marry and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy of reaching that world, which means rising from the dead, neither marry nor are they given in marriage. They cannot die any more but live like the angels; for being children of the resurrection, they are the sons of God. But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed to be true in the story of the bush, when he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’. For God is not God of the dead, but of the living. For all men are alive to him.”
39 To this some of the scribes replied, “Master, that was a good answer.”
40 And indeed nobody had the courage to ask him any more questions.
41-44 But Jesus went on to say, “How can they say that Christ is David’s son? For David himself said in the book of psalms—‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool.’ David is plainly calling him ‘Lord’. How then can he be his son?”
Jesus warns his disciples against religious pretentiousness
45-47 Then while everybody was listening, Jesus remarked to his disciples, “Be on your guard against the scribes, who enjoy walking round in long robes and love having men bow to them in public, getting front seats in the synagogue, and the best places at dinner parties—while all the time they are battening on widow’s property and covering it up with long prayers. These men are only heading for deeper damnation.”
21 1-4 Then he looked up and saw the rich people dropping their gifts into the treasury, and he noticed a poor widow drop in two coppers, and he commented, “I assure you that this poor widow put in more than all of them, for they have all put in what they can easily spare, but she in her poverty has given away her whole living.”
Jesus foretells the destruction of the Temple
5-6 Then when some of them were talking about the Temple and pointing out the beauty of its lovely stonework and the various ornaments that people had given, he said, “Yes, you can gaze on all this today, but the time is coming when not a single stone will be left upon another, without being thrown down.”
7 So they asked him, “Master, when will this happen, and what sign will there be that these things are going to take place?”
8-9 “Be careful that you are not deceived,” he replied. “There will be many coming in my name, saying ‘I am he’ and ‘The time is very near now.’ Never follow men like that. And when you hear about wars and disturbances, don’t be alarmed. These things must indeed happen first, but the end will not come immediately.
And prophesies world-wide suffering
10-19 Then he continued, “Nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be great earthquakes and famines and plagues in this place or that. There will be dreadful sights, and great signs from heaven. But before all this happens, men will arrest you and persecute you, handing you over to synagogue or prison, or bringing you before kings and governors, for my name’s sake. This will be your chance to witness for me. So make up your minds not to think out your defence beforehand. I will give you such eloquence and wisdom that none of your opponents will be able to resist or contradict it. But you will be betrayed, even by parents and brothers and kinsfolk and friends. and there will be some of you who will be killed and you will be hated everywhere for my name’s sake. Yet, not a hair of your head will perish. Hold on, and you will win your souls!
20-28 “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armed forces, then you will know that the time of her devastation has arrived. Then is the time for those who are in Judea to fly to the hills. And those who are in the city itself must get out of it, and those who are already in the country must not try to get into the city. For these are the days of vengeance, when all that the scriptures have said will come true. Alas for those who are pregnant and those who have tiny babies in those days! For there will be bitter misery in the land and great anger against this people. They will die by the sword. They will be taken off as prisoners into all nations. Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the heathen until the heathen’s day is over. There will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth there will be dismay among the nations and bewilderment at the roar of the surging sea. Men’s courage will fail completely as they realise what is threatening the world, for the very powers of heaven will be shaken. Then men will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with great power and splendour! But when these things begin to happen, look up, hold your heads high, for you will soon be
free.”

Vigilance is essential

29 Then he gave them a parable.
30-33 “Look at a fig-tree, or indeed any tree, when it begins to burst its buds, and you realise without anybody telling you that summer is nearly here. So, when you see these things happening, you can be equally sure that the kingdom of God has nearly come. Believe me, this generation will not disappear until all this has taken place. Earth and heaven will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
34-35 “Be on your guard—see to it that your minds are never clouded by dissipation or drunkenness or the worries of this life, or else that day may catch you like the springing of a trap—for it will come upon every inhabitant of the whole earth.
36 “You must be vigilant at all times, praying that you may be strong enough to come safely through all that is going to happen, and stand in the presence of the Son of Man.”
37-38 And every day he went on teaching in the Temple, and every evening he went off and spent the night on the hill which is called the Mount of Olives. And the people used to come early in the morning to listen to him in the Temple.

The First Day Of The Feast Of Unleavened Bread Begins.

Exodus 12:14-20
Names of God Bible (NOG)

14 “This day will be one for you to remember. This is a permanent law for generations to come: You will celebrate this day as a pilgrimage festival in Yahweh’s honor. 15 For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the very first day you must remove any yeast that you have in your houses. Whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh day must be excluded from Israel. 16 You must have a holy assembly on the first day and another one on the seventh. You must not work on these days except to prepare your own meals. That’s all you may do.
17 You must celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread because it was on this very day that I brought you out of Egypt in organized family groups. This is a permanent law for future generations: You must celebrate this day. 18 From the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month until the evening of the twenty-first day you must eat unleavened bread. 19 There should be no yeast in your houses for seven days. Whoever eats anything with yeast in it must be excluded from the community of Israel, whether he is an Israelite or not.20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat only unleavened bread.”

Consideration. The Feasts Of Passover and Unleavened Bread were kept by Jesus.

Consideration. Jesus fulfilled the Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7) and The Feast Of Unleavened Bread (1 Corinthians 5:8). He also fulfilled the Law (Matthew 5:17).

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior in praise to Him.

Let The Weight Of Your Glory Fall

John 17:3, “And this is eternal life, that they may know You …”

CC 041514, Monday Of Passion Week, The Cursing Of The Fig Tree, The Cleansing Of The Temple, Passover Begins, Mark 11:12-19

The passion week/holy week continues with the activities of Monday. Taking place on this day are The Cursing Of The Fig Tree, The Cleansing Of The Temple, and The Beginning Of Passover.

Mark 11:12-19
Names of God Bible (NOG)

Jesus Curses the Fig Tree

12 The next day, when they left Bethany, Yeshua became hungry. 13 In the distance he saw a fig tree with leaves. He went to see if he could find any figs on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves because it wasn’t the season for figs. 14 Then he said to the tree, “No one will ever eat fruit from you again!” His disciples heard this.

Considerations. It is Monday, and was the first meal of the day. Jesus and the disciples were hungry. They noticed that no figs were on the tree. (The fig tree had long been a symbol of Israel’s peace and security, Micah 4:4, Zechariah 3:10) Normally, the fruit and leaves appear at the same time. The curse on the tree is an illustration of the rejection of Israel, by Jesus. Israel was a nation that was unfruitful despite its every advantage to be fruitful. The curse meant that Israel would not again be the primary instrument of accomplishing God’s purpose.

Jesus Throws Out the Moneychangers

15 When they came to Jerusalem, Yeshua went into the temple courtyard and began to throw out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the moneychangers’ tables and the chairs of those who sold pigeons. 16 He would not let anyone carry anything across the temple courtyard.
17 Then he taught them by saying, “Scripture says, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations,’ but you have turned it into a gathering place for thieves.”
18 When the chief priests and the experts in Moses’ Teachings heard him, they looked for a way to kill him. They were afraid of him because he amazed all the crowds with his teaching.
19 (Every evening Yeshua and his disciples would leave the city.)

Considerations. The money changers provided a necessary service. The temple tax and offerings were required to be paid in the local currency. However, the process had become so very corrupt that Jesus spoke of the setting as being a den of robbers. Not only had the court become a market, it was being used as a shortcut by merchants of all kinds. Mark sees in the gestures of Jesus a defense of Gentile rights and maybe an indication of the future mission that would be given to the Gentiles. (My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations). We might ask ourselves about our own places of worship. Do we have the appearance that our “temple” is anything less than a place of worship? Do we allow less than holy activities to take place, such as weddings that have no resemblances to the name of Jesus Christ, whether it is inside of the sanctuary, in the fellowship hall, or even in the outside yard? Do we allow drunken receptions to take place, almost immediately after the married couple has dedicated their marriage to God. Do we allow vulgar placards to be placed on vehicles that will be driven by the bride and groom? I’m sure that this list can be lengthened “to no end.”

Consideration. This is the second incident of Jesus clearing the temple. See John 2:12-25 for the first occurrence.

Passover

This Monday evening, beginning at sunset, is the beginning of The Feast Of Passover. It will last for twenty-four hours. The Feast Of Unleavened Bread will immediately follow Passover and will last for seven days. Often times, the complete duration is called “Passover.” The following verses explain this Holy season of the Jews. The purpose of the Feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread was to celebrate God’s deliverance of Israel from Slavery in Egypt. The fulfillment of these feasts in Christ are found in 1 Corinthians 5:7 (Passover: The Death Of Christ); and in 1 Corinthians 5:8 (Unleavened Bread: Sinlessness of Christ). The total law was fulfilled in Christ, Matthew 5:17.

Leviticus 23:4-6
Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

4 “‘These are the designated times of Adonai, the holy convocations you are to proclaim at their designated times.
5 “‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between sundown and complete darkness, comesPesach for Adonai. 6 On the fifteenth day of the same month is the festival of matzah; for seven days you are to eat matzah.

Leviticus 23:4-6
Names of God Bible (NOG)

4 “The following are Yahweh’s appointed festivals with holy assemblies, which you must announce at their appointed times.

The Spring Festivals

5 “The fourteenth day of the first month, in the evening, is Yahweh’s Passover. 6 The fifteenth day of this same month is Yahweh’s Festival of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread.

Leviticus 23:4-6
Revised Standard Version (RSV)

Passover and Unleavened Bread

4 “These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening,is the Lord’s passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

Leviticus 23:4-6
New American Standard Bible (NASB)

4 ‘These are the appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’sPassover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior in worship and praise to Him.

For Your Name Is Holy

Philippians 3:10, “That I may know Him …”

CC 041414, Palm Sunday, The Triumphal Entry Of Jesus Into Jerusalem, His Journey To Passover And The Cross, John 12:12-19

The passion week/holy week begins with the events that are documented in these scriptures. Other Palm Sunday scriptures are written in Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; and Luke 19:28-44. The Ryrie Study Bible is being used to show the named days of the week. The credentials of Dr. Ryrie, Charles Ryrie, Charles C. Ryrie, Charles Caldwell Ryrie, can easily be found through an internet search. Various translations will be used to create a clear understanding of the days of our Savior’s following of God’s Providence for Him (Psalm 103:19). Today’s account of our Lord’s entry into Jerusalem follows my writing of CC 041314, “The Day Before Palm Sunday, John 12:1-12.”

John 12:12-19
New Century Version (NCV)

Jesus Enters Jerusalem

12 The next day a great crowd who had come to Jerusalem for the Passover Feast heard that Jesus was coming there. 13 So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Jesus, shouting,
“Praise God!
God bless the One who comes in the name of the Lord!
God bless the King of Israel!” Psalm 118:25–26
14 Jesus found a colt and sat on it. This was as the Scripture says,
15 “Don’t be afraid, people of Jerusalem!
Your king is coming,
sitting on the colt of a donkey.” Zechariah 9:9
16 The followers of Jesus did not understand this at first. But after Jesus was raised to glory, they remembered that this had been written about him and that they had done these things to him.
People Tell About Jesus
17 There had been many people with Jesus when he raised Lazarus from the dead and told him to come out of the tomb. Now they were telling others about what Jesus did. 18 Many people went out to meet Jesus, because they had heard about this miracle. 19 So the Pharisees said to each other, “You can see that nothing is going right for us. Look! The whole world is following him.”

Footnotes: 12:13 Praise Literally, “Hosanna,” a Hebrew word used at first in praying to God for help, but at this time it was probably a shout of joy used in praising God or his Messiah.

Considerations

After the supper that Jesus had at the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, Jesus rode into Jerusalem, per prophecy. The crowd that was in town for the Jewish Feast Of Passover joyfully received Jesus. He had become widely known because of his raising of Lazarus from the dead. Consider how they greeted him. They waved palm branches and shouted words of prophecy, thanking God. The Pharisees knew that they were in danger of losing their influence over the Jewish people, and with the governing Roman officials.

Just a day prior to Sunday, Palm Sunday, at the Saturday evening meal with Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, there was great joy because of the presence of Jesus. Mary anointed the feet of Jesus with perfume, and wiped His feet with her hair. The local Jews were excited because Jesus had raised Lazarus from the dead. And, of course, the Chief Priests of the Jews felt insecure because of the acceptance that Jesus was gaining with the common Jew. So, they devised a plan – kill Jesus, and kill Lazarus too. That is – remove the obstacle, and remove the evidence.

Consider the fickle nature of people. Who would have thought that the people who, were falling in love with Jesus, would change their minds so quickly toward him? Their shouts of joy that had greeted Jesus, on this Palm Sunday, would change to a total reversal of acceptance of Him in just a few short days, where they would shout, “Crucify Him, Crucify Him.” (Matthew 27:22-23).

Consider why the Jews would not want a man of peace, such as Jesus, to be spared from death on the cross; but, would want to be released from the cross, Barabbas (Matthew 27:21), a known murderer. (It is important to identify these Jews as being “unbelieving Jews.” In a short span of time, many of these “unbelieving Jews,” would accept Jesus as their Lord and Savior and become “believing Jews.”)

Consider the Providence of God (Psalm 103:19), and place it in the events of Passion Week. God’s sovereignty can not be escaped by any of God’s creation, whether it is person or thing. No part of mankind, whether it is body, soul, or spirit (1 Thessalonians 5:23) is not under the control of the Providence of God. All things that were created by God, whether seen, felt, touched, or thought, are under His control. (Let your mind travel along this line of thought. It will help you to answer the question that I asked about why the Jews of Jerusalem would so suddenly, and violently, turn against Jesus.)

Now, let’s go to our Lord and Savior in praise to Him.

Baruch Haba, B’Shem Adonai

Blessed is He who comes in the Name of the Lord

Psalm 118:26
Names of God Bible (NOG)

26 Blessed is the one who comes in the name of Yahweh.
We bless you from Yahweh’s house.