Sacred Harp Singing – Nearer My God To Thee

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Psalm 46:10 King James Version (KJV)

10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.

Many of us are in a constant battle. There are times, though, that we must just sit back and confess that “God is God.”

A YouTube comment.

Rosa Delpidio
3 years ago (edited)
She sings her heart out here and any time she sings! I love this woman. When I was just a little girl she saved my life. I now call her mom! I’m so proud of her voice but more proud of her heart and the many lives she continues to touch! I’m thankful for the countless nights she calmed my heart and sang me to sleep! ❤ you mom!

YouTube information.

jwr50. May 25, 2008. Sacred Harp singing at Mount Pisgah in Stroud , Alabama. May 24,2008.

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Rev 18 – Babylon Destroyed

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I. Opening Video Information. Chosen People Ministries. Jan 9, 2020. Shalom Outreach honors the Biblical priority of proclaiming the Jewish Gospel to the Jewish people first. If you love to share your faith in Yeshua, care about the well-being of the Jewish people, and want to honor the Lord by making His priority your priority, we would love to team up with you this summer! Please visit chosenpeople.com/shalomoutreach for more details.

II. Subject Scripture. Rev 17:18.

Revelation Chapters 17 and 18 (NASB) have a number of references to a woman (woman, harlot, she, her). The identity of that woman is clearly stated in Rev 17:18, “The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.” Babylon is the city of Rev 17:18.

III. Babylon, A Quick Preview. The source of the following information comes from the closing video of this article.

A. Babylon, which is called Babylon, will be a literal city, and will be the headquarters of the Anti-Christ during the tribulation. Rev Chap 17 and 18 are not in chronlogical order. The events of Chap 17 will occur during the first half of the tribulation. The events of Chap 18 will occur during the last half of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ. Babylon is not a religious system or a commercial system; it is a city that is highlighted in Rev Chap 17 and 18. Babylon will be the headquarters of a worldwide religion during the tribulation, as seen in Chap 17, and will be the headquarters of a one-world commercial system as seen in Chap 18. The seventh bowl of God’s wrath will bring about the destruction of Babylon. When Babylon is destroyed, the judgments of God are complete. It must be noted that the Judgments begin in Rev 6:1 (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl). Each judgment comes against an unbelieving world; God does not have an agenda against born again believers in Christ, whom will be taken out of the world prior to the tribulation and will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). It will be Israel, and not Gentiles, who will call on Christ to save them from total destruction at the end of the tribulation (Deu 14:2; Jer 30:7; Mt 24:22; Zech 12:10).

B. MacArthur Study Bible Comment. Chapters and verses 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

C. Introduction To Scripture Text. This article will be one of the most important ones that will have come from this site. Rev 18 will show the world, minus the presence and influence of born again believers in Christ. The view of the “ten nation” Anti-Christ tribulation confederation, that was shown in the Tim LaHaye “Left Behind” series of books and videos, will be shown to be of fact (See MacArthur comment on 17:12). As you read through the verses and comments of this article, you will recognize a world that is much of which our unbelieving world would like to have as controlling factors today. Most of the United Nations member nations would like to see the Nation of Israel dissolved, destroyed and removed from the face of the earth; they would also like to negate the influence of believers in Christ. Not only has the United Nations proven to be a threat to Israel, the liberal forces of America’s Democrat Party have also shown a total lack of proper respect for “God’s Chosen People,” Israel (Deu 14:2), and an increasing militancy toward Israel. Those, of whom have a strong witness for Christ, are berated by members of the Democrat Party, fake news, academia, new world order and globalism types. After the rapture of the church takes place, the democrats will control all three houses of U.S. government, as the U.S.A. and all other nations, come under greater control of the Anti-Christ and United Nations; the truth of Matt 24:12 will be realized, “lawlessness is increased,” (NASB). I will not be writing the next end times article for about two weeks. Please take time to digest the details of this post.

IV. Revelation 18. NASB. Scripture Text (Notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted).

A. Babylon Is Fallen

1. Verses. 1-3. 1 After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illumined with his glory. 2 And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. 3 For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the passion of her immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich by the wealth of her sensuality.”

2. Comments: vs 1-3.

18:1 “earth was illuminated with his glory.” The fifth bowl (16:10) will have plunged the world into darkness. Against that backdrop, the sudden, blazing appearance of another angel (not the same as in 17:1, 7, 15) will certainly rivet the world’s attention on him and his message of judgment on Babylon (cf. 14:8).
18:2 “Babylon the great is fallen.” Cf. 14:8; see note on Is. 21:9, the verse from which these words come. The Gr. text views the results of this as if it had already taken place (see note on 14:8). But the seventh bowl is being referred to here and it is yet to come at this point (16:17–21). When it comes, devastation and annihilation will take place, leaving the place to demons.
18:3 “wine…of her fornication.” Religious Babylon (chap. 17) lures the nations into spiritual drunkenness and fornication with false gods (17:2, 4); commercial Babylon (chap. 18) seduces the unbelieving world into a materialistic stupor, so that the people of the world will become drunk with passion because of their relationship with Babylon. “kings…merchants.” Political rulers and corporate leaders alike are swept up in this worldwide system of commerce (14:8; 17:2).

3. Verses 4-8. 4 I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive of her plagues; 5 for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. 6 Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. 7 To the degree that she glorified herself and lived sensuously, to the same degree give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ 8 For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

4. Comments: vs 4-8.

18:4 “Come out of her, my people.” God will call His own to disentangle themselves from this evil system. This may also be God’s calling the elect to abandon the world system and come to faith in the Savior. In either case, the message is to abandon the system before it is destroyed (cf. 2 Cor. 6:17; 1 John 2:15). The judgment of God on that society living in sinful, arrogant self-indulgence can be avoided. Cf. Isaiah’s and Jeremiah’s message to their people to leave Babylon (Is. 48:20; Jer. 50:8; 51:6–9, 45).
18:5 “remembered.” See 16:19. God does not remember the iniquities of His people (Jer. 31:34), but does remember to protect them (Mal. 3:16—4:2). For unrepentant Babylon, there will be no such forgiveness, only judgment.
18:6, 7a “repay.” The angel calls for God to recompense wrath to Babylon in her own cup to repay her according to her deeds (see note on 17:4). This is an echo of the OT law of retaliation (Ex. 21:24) which will be implemented by God (Rom. 12:17–21).
18:6 “double.” Has the sense of “full,” or “overflowing.” The punishment will fit the crime (cf. Jer. 16:18). “cup.” The cup of wickedness from which so many have drunk (14:8; 17:2, 4, 6) will call for the cup of wrath (14:10; 16:19).
18:7b “am no widow.” A proud, but empty, boast of self-sufficiency, also made by historical Babylon (Is. 47:8). Cf. 1 Cor. 10:12.
18:8 “her plagues.” These could include those of 16:1ff., but must be the special destruction of the city as well, described as “death, mourning and famine.” “in one day.” See vv. 10, 17, 19. The special judgments on Babylon take place in a brief period of time. Daniel 5:30 records that Babylon of old fell in one day.

B. Lament for Babylon

1. Verses 9-10. 9 “And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her, will weep and lament over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

2. Comments. vs 9-10.

18:9–20 This section records the lament over Babylon’s destruction, not her sin, by those who were part of her system.

18:9 “kings.” The political leaders of the world will weep because the loss of his capital city will signal the doom of Antichrist’s empire, and with it, the source of their power. Cf. v. 3; 17:2. “weep and lament for her.” “Weep” means “to sob openly.” “Lament” translates the same Gr. word used to express the despair of the unbelieving world at the return of Christ (1:7).
18:10 one hour. Cf. vv. 8, 17, 19.

3. Verses 11-20. 11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargoes any more— 12 cargoes of gold and silver and precious stones and pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet, and every kind of citron wood and every article of ivory and every article made from very costly wood and bronze and iron and marble, 13 and cinnamon and spice and incense and perfume and frankincense and wine and olive oil and fine flour and wheat and cattle and sheep, and cargoes of horses and chariots and slaves and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has gone from you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and men will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and as many as make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich by her wealth, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

4. Comments. vs 11-20.

18:12, 13 Over half of their commodities appear in the list of Ezek. 27:12–22.
18:13 “bodies and souls of men.” The slave trade, long banned by the civilized nations of the world, will reappear in Antichrist’s debauched commercial system.
18:17 “shipmaster.” Ship captains will mourn the loss of Babylon and the lucrative transport business that went with it.
18:19 “threw dust on their heads.” An ancient expression of grief (cf. Josh. 7:6; 1 Sam. 4:12; 2 Sam. 1:2; 15:32; Job 2:12; Lam. 2:10; Ezek. 27:30). “in one hour.” Not just 60 minutes, but one brief period of swift judgment (see note on v. 8).
18:20 “God has avenged you on her.” The angel will exhort the tribulation martyrs (6:9–11) to rejoice, not over the deaths of those doomed to eternal hell, but, because God’s righteousness and justice will have prevailed.

5. Verses 21-24. 21 Then a strong angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will not be found any longer. 22 And the sound of harpists and musicians and flute-players and trumpeters will not be heard in you any longer; and no craftsman of any craft will be found in you any longer; and the sound of a mill will not be heard in you any longer; 23 and the light of a lamp will not shine in you any longer; and the voice of the bridegroom and bride will not be heard in you any longer; for your merchants were the great men of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your sorcery. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all who have been slain on the earth.”

6. Comments. vs 21-24.

18:21 “great millstone.” Millstones were large, heavy stones used to grind grain. This metaphor portrays the violence of Babylon’s overthrow. Cf. Jer. 51:61–64; see note on Matt. 18:6.
18:22, 23 The fall of Babylon ends whatever semblance of normalcy will still exist in the world after all the seals, trumpets, and bowls. Life will be totally disrupted and the end near. No more music, no industry, no preparing of food (“millstone”), no more power for light, and no more weddings because God will destroy the deceivers and deceived.
18:24 “blood of prophets and saints.” The religious and commercial/political systems embodied in Babylon will commit unspeakable atrocities against God’s people (cf. 6:10; 11:7; 13:7, 15; 17:6; 19:2). God will avenge that slaughter of His people (19:2).

V. Closing Video.

A. This video reveals details of Rev 17-19.

B. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31.

Andy Woods – Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.” For information on the credentials of Andy Woods, check our my Equipping Page, “About Sources.”

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The Making Of America – 2 – Native Americans (?) – They Came Here Too!

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Did they just pop up out of the ground; or, did they come from somewhere else?

Let’s consider the true “Native Americans,” whom should be more correctly known as the “First Americans.” We should also know that these true First Americans, “came here too,” from Asia, as will be shown in this article. We will consider from where they came, and who they were. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Americas (See History Of the America).

History of the Americas

The prehistory of the Americas (North, South, and Central America, and the Caribbean) begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an Ice Age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from the people of the “Old World” until the coming of Europeans in the 10th century from Iceland led by Leif Erikson and with the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492.

The ancestors of today’s American Indigenous peoples were the Paleo-Indians; they were hunter-gatherers who migrated into North America. The most popular theory asserts that migrants came to the Americas via Beringia, the land mass now covered by the ocean waters of the Bering Strait. Small lithic stage peoples followed megafauna like bison, mammoth (now extinct), and caribou, thus gaining the modern nickname “big-game hunters.” Groups of people may also have traveled into North America on shelf or sheet ice along the northern Pacific coast.

There are many things of America, and its history, of which children (and their parents), have no knowledge. Consider the details of this article, which relate to the founding of our nation. Consider the negative liberal progressive bias that comes in attack form against the European exploration and settling of the Americas. The opening video is evidence of the lack of correctly taught education that is a product of “government schools.” I have not heard of any anti-Asian bias regarding Asian exploration and settling of America. By the way, God made access available for Asians to cross from Asia to North America. He performed a similar miracle when He led fleeing Israelites from Egypt to Saudi Arabia and Mt. Sinai. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/03/24/israel-9-exodus-14/
There are other supporting articles about the crossing of the Israelites into Saudi Arabia that can be found by navigating around the Israel 9 – Exodus 14 post.

The preceding History of the Americas is incomplete without information that identifies the origin of the people of Asia that entered into North America. Such a discussion can be found in my Equipping Site article:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/07/06/honoring-the-seventh-day-keeping-the-law-a-discussion/

North America inhabited approximately in 2000 B.C.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.), and “Isaac” (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who (Isaac) would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

https://books.google.com/books?id=P2HKD9PgC6wC&pg=PA289&dq=people+in+north+america+in+1400+BC&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkrrHLqZ_jAhUqhOAKHa7SAqIQ6AEIRzAF#v=onepage&q=people%20in%20north%20america%20in%201400%20BC&f=false

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=people+of+japheth+in+north+america+in+1400+BC

There was no nation present in North America when the Asian people crossed over into North America from Siberia. No North American nation of “Native Americans,” more correctly identified as “First Americans,” existed at the time of the explorations of Europeans in the Americas. None of our European exploring ancestors conquered any existing established “Native American” nations when they began setting in the Americas. No Asian exploring ancestors conquered any existing established “Native American” nations when they began settling in the Americas. Liberals love “the survival of the fittest,” except when it doesn’t meet with their goals of rewriting history, especially that of American colonialism.

Consider the following American History Timeline of exploration. I doubt that many students in American “government schools” are made aware of the true founding of America, with the following establishing of the United States of America.
http://www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/14-american-history-timeline.htm

American History Timeline

1001 Leif Ericson explores North America

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers America

1497 John Cabot claims North America for England

1501 :Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of South America

1519 Ferdinand Magellan is the first to go around the world
Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America

1524 Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay

1528 Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida
Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico

1534 :Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River

1539 Hernando de Soto explores south-eastern North America

1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores south-western North America
Discovery of the Grand Canyon by Garcia Lopez de Cardenas

1541 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas

1542 Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coast
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovers San Diego Bay, California

1559 Tristan de Luna explores North America

1563 Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico

1576 Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait

1577 Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the world – December 13 1577 to September 26 1580

1584 Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina

1585 March 25: Walter Raleigh receives the patent to explore and settle in North America
June: Walter Raleigh’s fleet of seven vessels under Richard Grenville and Ralph Lane, with 108 men, reach Roanoke Island
June 4: Virginia colony of Roanoke Island established by Walter Raleigh

1598 Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado

1607 Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown

1609 Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River

Consider the following details that relate to the effects of “government school education” in the United States of America.

Anti-American Education Bias.

The liberal argument against much of the United States is that “we” (I guess of European descent), came to America, destroyed the “land of the Native Americans,” took away their nation, and have caused everything evil to come upon the “Native Americans.” As is shown in the opening video, our education system does not teach a correct and unbiased American History. The U.S. Department of Education has shown itself to be an inefficient, anti-God, anti-U.S.A., anti-Israel, anti-parent, anti-family, creation of the Carter administration. The result is that many such “ill-educated” citizens are basing their voting habits on an orchestrated negative bias of American History, which is being taught by liberal/progressive, “government schools” that are governed by the U.S. Department of Education. Therefore, if we want the education of our children to rise above the interests of the liberal government school system and teacher unions, we must continue to elect a non-democrat president, and elect a non-democrat congress so that the President’s choice for Education Secretary can not be blocked. See “Taxpayer Money Wasted,” below, which shows the inefficient spending that took place under the Bush 43 administration. See The Problem With Teacher Unions, below.

Taxpayer Money Wasted.

Under President George W. Bush, the department primarily focused on elementary and secondary education, expanding its reach through the No Child Left Behind Act. The department’s budget increased by $14 billion between 2002 and 2004, from $46 billion to $60 billion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Department_of_Education

The Problems with Teacher Unions.

Not everyone agrees that teacher unions are the solution – in fact, in an age of serious education reform discussion, many believe they are the primary problem instead. In a report on Fox News, John Stossel states that unions may be good for teachers, but they are bad for students. He refers to an ex-police detective in New Jersey, Jim Smith, who now makes a living investigating “bad” teachers and working through the union-led process of firing them. He describes the process he went through to get rid of a teacher who allegedly hit students. https://www.publicschoolreview.com/blog/are-teacher-unions-a-help-or-hindrance-to-public-education

Opening Video Details.

How ignorant is my generation?. Bodawg. A ‘Mark Dice’ style interview where I ask students at my high school basic knowledge questions. How screwed is our generation? Watch and decide for yourself.

At the time of this article being written, Democrats are trying to destroy our President. The only thing that overshadows their ignorance of the founding of our nation is their hatred of our President and the nation that he is trying to protect, to include the voters that put our President in office.

For a closing song, I am going to use a video that I am sure is very offensive to those that support the corrupt Democrat machine. But, for their benefit, I am going to put that video in this post. May God bless the USA.

RockNRollMedia Nov 5, 2018.
The standard opening song played at each campaign event with President Trump is Lee Greenwood’s recording of “God Bless The USA.” Lee Greenwood surprised the president with his live performance of the song at this MAGA Rally in Chattanooga, Tennessee Sunday night, November 4, 2018 only two days before the mid-term elections. The president was there to support Republican candidates including GOP candidate for Senator, Rep. Marsha Blackburn.

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Rev 17 – A City By Its Name – “MYSTERY, BABYLON,” or “a mystery, BABYLON”

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Opening Video Information. A Testimony. An Outspoken Jew for Jesus. Dec 3, 2007. The 700 Club. Bob Siegel was a Jew whose mind was poisoned against Jesus at an early age. Then, in college, two strangers shared a message that changed his heart.

II. Subject scripture. Rev 17:5. There are many opinions of this verse. We will discuss the factors of the verse, as well as those of the total 17th Chapter of Revelation. We will consider the worldwide ecumenical religion that is driven by the forces of the antichrist, that will be responsible for the persecution and murder of Jews and Gentiles which choose not to become a follower of this worldwide religion, and will not worship the image of the beast (Rev 13:4-17), but whom come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation.

A. Revelation 17:5 (NKJV)
5 And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

B. Revelation 17:5 (NAS77)
5. and upon her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

III. Consider “mystery.”

A. Text. Matthew 13:11 (NAS95)
11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.

B. Note. MacArthur Study Bible. the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven. “Mysteries” are those truths which have been hidden from all ages in the past and revealed in the NT.

1. Consider “kingdom.” The following verses relate to mysteries being revealed during the time of the Gospels and following times. The Kingdom Of God had been taught to Jews by Old Testament writers. Christ began teaching on the Kingdom Age, which was a mystery to those whom were in His audience of Jews. It was the Gospel of the Kingdom that Christ directed His disciples to teach to Jews (Matt 10:1-8). It is the Gospel of the Kingdom Age that must be taught to all during the tribulation, and will precede the return of Christ to earth at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:14). It is important to know that the Gospel of the Kingdom of God was taught to Jews prior to his ascension to Heaven (Acts 1:3-7). It is the context of Isa 2:2 (below) that tells of the Kingdom Age (the Kingdom of God). The Gospel of Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection, with evidence of His being seen (1 Cor 15:1-8), is the “good news” (Gospel) that the apostles and their disciples began to teach to unbelieving Jews and Gentiles, in obedience to Christ’s “great commission” (Acts 1:8, Matt 28:18-20).

2. Consider the “Kingdom Age” mystery, which is also known as the “thousand year” Millennial Reign Of Christ.

a. Isaiah 2:2. (NAS77)
2 In the last days, The mountain of the house of the Lord Will be established as the chief of the mountains,
And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it.

b. Note. MacArthur Study Bible. 2:2 in the latter days. The “latter (or last) days” is a time designation looking forward to the messianic era (Ezek. 38:16; Hos. 3:5; Mic. 4:1).

c. Other Mystery Texts. Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10; Rom 11:25, 16:25. 1 Cor 2:7, 15:51; Eph 1:9, 3:3-4, 3:9, 5:32, 6:19; Col 1:26-27, 2:2, 4:3; 2 Thes 2:7; 1 Tim 3:9, 16; Rev 1:20, 10:7, 17:5, 17:7.

d. Note. 4:11 mystery…parables. A “mystery” in the NT refers to something previously hidden and unknown but revealed in the NT

3. Consider scripture translation of Rev 17:5. “a mystery, Babylon” and “MYSTERY, BABYLON.”

a. Greek Interlinear states, “a mystery” Babylon https://biblehub.com/interlinear/revelation/17-5.htm
b. NIV, NASB, CSB, NET translations state, “a mystery, Babylon.” (The NIV 2011 translation).
c. NKJV, KJV, KJV 2000, American KJV, ASV, ERV translations state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON.”
d. Necessary conclusions.

(1) What is the correct Bible translation that relates to Rev 17:5?
(2) What is the mystery of Babylon?

4. Location Considerations.

a. The city of Babylon.
b. There are 259 OT scriptures that identify the literal place of Babylon. In the NT, the following verses clearly identify the literal location of Babylon (Matt 1:11, 12, 17; Acts 7:43; 1 Pet 5:13; Rev 18:10).

(1) 1 Peter 5:13 (NASB) “She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark.”
(2) Rev 18:10, “Babylon, the strong city!” 18:21, “Babylon, the great city.”

c. Babylon, “no great city.” Some may say that there is no such city in Iraq that represents the Revelation depiction of Babylon. The following link discusses how quickly cities can be built in the Middle East.
https://www.businessinsider.com/dubai-rapid-development-skyscrapers-expansion-warning-2018-12

IV. Full Text. Revelation 17 (NASB) (Notes taken from MacArthur Study Bible).

A. The Doom of Babylon. Chapters 17, 18 focus on one aspect of those bowl judgments, the judgment of Babylon.

1. Verses 1-7.

1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of immorality, and those who dwell on the earth were made drunk with the wine of her immorality.” 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality, 5 and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” 6 And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. 7 And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

2. Notes: 17:1-7.

vs 1: “great harlot.” Prostitution frequently symbolizes idolatry or religious apostasy. “sits on many waters.” This picture emphasizes the sovereign power of the harlot. The picture is of a ruler seated on a throne, ruling the waters, which symbolize the nations of the world (see v. 15)
vs 2. “committed fornication.” The harlot will ally herself with the world’s political leaders. Fornication here does not refer to sexual sin, but to idolatry. All the world rulers will be absorbed into the empire of Satan’s false christ. “wine of her fornication.” The harlot’s influence will extend beyond the world’s rulers to the rest of mankind. The imagery does not describe actual wine and sexual sin, but pictures the world’s people being swept up into the intoxication and sin of a false system of religion.
vs 3. “a woman.” The harlot of v. 1, Babylon. “scarlet beast.” The Antichrist, who for a time will support and use the false religious system to effect world unity. Then he will assume political control (cf. v. 16). “having seven heads and ten horns.” This pictures the extent of Antichrist’s political alliances.
vs 5. “forehead.” It was customary for Roman prostitutes to wear a headband with their name on it. The harlot’s forehead is emblazoned with a 3-fold title descriptive of the world’s final false religious system. “MYSTERY.” A NT mystery is truth once hidden, but in the NT revealed. Spiritual Babylon’s true identity is yet to be revealed. Thus, the precise details of how it will be manifested in the world are not yet known. “BABYLON THE GREAT.” This Babylon is distinct from the historical, geographical city of Babylon (which still existed in John’s day). “MOTHER OF HARLOTS.” All false religion stems ultimately from Babel, or Babylon (cf. Gen. 11; see note on 14:8).
vs 6. “the blood of the saints…martyrs of Jesus.” Some see the first group as OT saints, and the second as NT saints—an unimportant distinction since this pictures the martyrs of the Tribulation. John’s point is that the harlot is a murderer. False religion has killed millions of believers over the centuries, and the final false system will be far more deadly than any that preceded it.
vs 7. “mystery.” Not that Babylon is a false system of religion, because that is already known, but that the beast will fully support the harlot and together exert vast influence over the whole earth.

3. Verses 8-13.

8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come. 9 Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11 The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

4. Notes: Verses 8-13.

vs 8. “The beast.” Both a king and kingdom are referred to by this term. was, and is not, and will ascend. A reference to the Antichrist’s false resurrection (13:3, 4, 12–14). “out of the bottomless pit.” After his “resurrection,” the Antichrist will become possessed by a great demon from the abyss. “perdition.” “Eternal destruction. “This is the lake of fire, the place of Antichrist’s destruction (19:20). “Book of Life.” Written in eternity past by God.
vs 9. “seven mountains.” The Gr. word is often used of hills. the final worldwide system of false religion includes. the 7 mountains in context likely symbolize the 7 kingdoms and their kings of v. 10.
vs 10. “seven kings.” Representatives of the 7 great world empires (Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and that of the Antichrist). Cf. Daniel’s image in Dan. 2:37–45. Five have fallen, one is, and the other. When John wrote, the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian and Greek empires had gone out of existence; Rome still existed; and the Antichrist’s empire had not yet come. When it does, it will be brief (12:12; 13:5) and he will end in perdition.
vs 11. “and is not…the eighth.” The Antichrist’s kingdom is said to be both the seventh and eighth kingdoms because of his supposed demise and resurrection. He is the seventh king before and the eighth king after his “resurrection” when he destroys the harlot’s religious empire and demands exclusive worship of himself (v. 16).
vs 12. “ten kings.” (cf. Dan. 2:41, 42). These kings are sub-rulers under the Antichrist, whose empire will apparently be divided into 10 administrative districts. “no kingdom as yet.” Thus, the kings cannot be identified with any historical figures. “one hour.” Symbolic of the brief 3½ year period of time (cf. 11:2, 3; 12:6, 12, 14; 13:5; 18:10, 17, 19).
.
B. Victory for the Lamb.

1. Verses 14-18.

14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.” 15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

2. Notes. Verses 14-18.

vs 14. “make war.” A reference to the battle of Armageddon (16:14–16), where the Lamb will utterly destroy the kings (19:17–21). “Lord of lords and King of kings.” A title for God (19:16) that emphasizes His sovereignty over all other rulers to whom He has delegated authority.
vs 16. “these will hate the harlot.” After using the false religious system to unify the world kingdoms and gain control of all, the Antichrist—with the help of his 10 sub-rulers—will turn against the system, plunder and destroy it, and seize all power and worship for himself. They will be carrying out God’s will (v. 17). Cf. Gen. 50:20.
vs 18. “great city.” Here is another identification of the capital city of Babylon, centerpiece of Antichrist’s empire.

V. Conclusions.

A. Conclusion 1. “Babylon means Babylon.” The NIV (2011 Translation), NASB, CSB, and NET are correct in their translation of Rev 17:5, “a mystery, Babylon.” The closing video, that is provided by Dr. Andy Woods, provides a clarifying discussion of this subject. Check out my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources,” to see Andy’s credentials, “degrees and linked experiences.”

B. Conclusion 2. The MacArthur note on verse 7 provides the answer to the question about the mystery of the text: “mystery.” Not that Babylon is a false system of religion, because that is already known, but that the beast will fully support the harlot and together exert vast influence over the whole earth.

VI. Closing Video.

A. This video digs deep into the facts that reveal the location of Rev 17 Babylon.

B. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31.

Andy Woods – Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.”

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The Making Of America – 1 – Introduction

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As a student in Junior High School and High School, I was taught Civics, which explained the formation of our country. During the Carter administration, the Department of Education was established, which made education a political matter. At present time, the Secretary of Education is 15th in the line of succession to the Presidency. Civics is no longer taught in many schools, without putting a presidential political spin on the subject of the greatness of our country, or lack thereof. Cursive writing and sentence diagramming are gone. The “Three Rs” of education (reading, writing, arithmetic) have suffered greatly, as have other subjects of instruction. Instead, with a liberal President’s cabinet, our children can be expected to receive an education that reflects a mindset of homosexuality and abortion on demand, with no emphasis being placed on the colonial formation of the United States of America. Far in the past is the teaching of the greatness of our nation, which is the best nation that has ever been formed in our world. Some may wonder why children in our public schools (aka government schools) despised the school lunches that the Obama Department Of Education directed for them to consume; the reason is due to the Department of Education’s governing of every aspect of our schools’ operation. As a student, in elementary through secondary education, I didn’t have a problem with the meals that were prepared by the schools that I attended. During the Obama Administration, the First Lady spearheaded the change in menus to meet her view of nutrition; the kids hated that change.
https://www.fns.usda.gov/pressrelease/002312
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Department_of_Education
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_line_of_succession

The following description of the opening video shows very clearly that our “government schools” are failing in teaching our children the key elements of fundamental education. Of key concern for parents should be that their children are being taught, with truth and accuracy, the things of our country that will lead them to understand the greatness of the development of our nation. Such an education will create an informed citizenry and help them to make wise decisions when they vote for people who may lead our country. Our nation, as established, was lead in a direction of the Judeo-Christian fabric that made the United States Of America a nation that has been the desired destination of people all around the world who should want to immigrate, assimilate, and become Americans, and not “hyphenated Americans.”

Considering the opening video:

How Well Do Americans Know Their Presidents? Feb 19, 2018. PragerU. Happy #PresidentsDay! In honor of the occasion, PragerU’s Will Witt quizzes the inhabitants of Hollywood on America’s presidents! The results are not inspiring.

Considering the course of this study on the formation of our nation:

We will follow a Judeo-Christian perspective, and will go far back in world history to understand the true identity of “native Americans.” Current events will be included, if they are relevant. Being a “baby boomer,” I will be sharing facts that should be known, and acknowledged, by other boomers whom are key figures in American education, government and media circles. However, many liberal members of those three groups seem to have forgotten facts of our country’s establishment and development that don’t agree with their ungodly and progressive mindset of the direction that Americans should desire and be led. The left has as its agenda, an attack on the Bible, and anything Christian or Jewish. Such an agenda leads to its attack on the formation of the United States, its constitution, its laws, its borders, and its God-ordained distinctive roles for men and women. The attack on God’s people filters down to our children through many democrats in government, media, schools and entertainment outlets. As parents and grandparents, we must take the initiative in educating our children and grandchildren as to the truth of America and its core Jewish and Christian values. As opposed to the words of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, our Constitution’s Bill of Rights guarantees, “Freedom Of Religion (FOR),” as opposed to their statements of “Freedom Of Worship (FOW).” FOW guarantees a meeting place. FOR guarantees that we can take with us from our places of worship, that which we have learned, and use it to evangelize, “in the Name of Christ.” If we don’t tell such truths to our children, no one else will do that for us, to include many liberal and watered-down, “so called” churches.

The goal of “Remaking America” by Obama. The liberals loved it; the conservatives ignored it. We must be vigilant, or risk losing our country.

https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/10/01/obama_transforming_america_120170.html
Obama: Transforming America. By Victor Davis Hanson – October 1, 2013

Consider the statements of the Obamas, that were made leading up to the first election of BHO. Mihelle’s words were the most threatening to our Republic.

“We are five days away from fundamentally transforming the United States of America.” — Barack Obama, October 30, 2008

“We are going to have to change our conversation; we’re going to have to change our traditions, our history; we’re going to have to move into a different place as a nation.” — Michelle Obama, May 14, 2008

I must say how blessed I was by the public schools that I attended as a child. My teachers were thorough, serious and honest with the subjects that they taught. The names and personalities of those special people are deeply embedded in my mind, and will forever remain there.

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A Search For Truth

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This series of videos ties in with the story of Dr. Michael Rydelnik’s series of videos that tell of his “Search For Messiah.” The series was produced by Day Of Discovery. Once you click onto the opening video, the remaining eight videos will follow automatically, at the completion of the preceding one. The first six videos, and the ninth one are rather short; videos seven and eight are much longer. All of the videos tell a story which is important for any believer in Christ to understand; but, much more so, the video series is essential for understanding by any Jew, whom has not come to belief in Christ as Messiah. Each above video can be also seen individually, as they are listed below. Michael Rydelnik’s bio is shown below this paragraph, to include his degrees and his history. I encourage everyone to buy The Moody Bible Commentary, of which Michael is one of two general editors. Also, I encourage everyone to listen to Michael’s Saturday Moody Radio program, which is broadcast weekly at 10:00 A.M., Eastern Time.

About Dr. Michael Rydelnik.

Michael Rydelnik (Th.M., D.Miss.)

Michael Rydelnik

The following two paragraphs are shown in the above link.

Dr. Michael Rydelnik is Professor of Jewish Studies and Bible at Moody Bible Institute. He is the Host/Bible teacher on Open Line with Dr. Michael Rydelnik, answering listener Bible questions every Saturday morning for more than 200 stations across America. The son of Holocaust survivors, he was raised in an observant Jewish home in Brooklyn, New York. Michael trusted in Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah in high school and began teaching the Bible almost immediately. He graduated from Moody Bible Institute, Azusa Pacific University, Dallas Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where his doctoral research focused on the messianic hope of the Hebrew Bible.

Dr. Rydelnik is the co-editor of The Moody Bible Commentary and the author of Understanding the Arab Israeli Conflict and The Messianic Hope: Is the Hebrew Bible Really Messianic? He served on the translation team for the Holman CSB and has contributed to multiple study Bibles, books, and theological journals. Michael and his wife, Eva, have two adult sons who call and write all the time.

https://www.moody.edu/academics/faculty/rydelnik-michael/
More bio of Dr. Michael Rydelnik in above link.

Above videos, individually linked.

1. My Search for Messiah: Introduction 4:02

2. My Search for Messiah: Confronting Scripture 1:07

3. My Search for Messiah: Finding Messiah 4:02

4. My Search for Messiah: A Messiah Who Would Die 1:44

5. My Search for Messiah: Are there 2 Messiahs? 3:39

6. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel — Introduction 5:45

7. The Appointed Times 25:28

8. Spring Feasts — The Holidays of God 27:10

9. The Feast of Passover — Hiding the Matzah 2:28

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Psalm 27

Psalm 27 The Tabernacle and The Temple. Names of God Bible (NOG). By David.

1 Yahweh is my light and my salvation. Who is there to fear? Yahweh is my life’s fortress. Who is there to be afraid of? 2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell. 3 Even though an army sets up camp against me, my heart will not be afraid. Even though a war breaks out against me, I will still have confidence in the Lord. 4 I have asked one thing from Yahweh. This I will seek: to remain in Yahweh’s house all the days of my life in order to gaze at Yahweh’s beauty and to search for an answer in his temple. 5 He hides me in his shelter when there is trouble. He keeps me hidden in his tent. He sets me high on a rock. 6 Now my head will be raised above my enemies who surround me. I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy in his tent. I will sing and make music to praise Yahweh. 7 Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry aloud. Have pity on me, and answer me. 8 When you said, “Seek my face,” my heart said to you, “O Yahweh, I will seek your face.” 9 Do not hide your face from me. Do not angrily turn me away. You have been my help. Do not leave me! Do not abandon me, O Elohim, my savior! 10 Even if my father and mother abandon me, Yahweh will take care of me. 11 Teach me your way, O Yahweh. Lead me on a level path because I have enemies who spy on me. 12 Do not surrender me to the will of my opponents. False witnesses have risen against me. They breathe out violence. 13 I believe that I will see the goodness of Yahweh in this world of the living. 14 Wait with hope for Yahweh. Be strong, and let your heart be courageous. Yes, wait with hope for Yahweh.

VERSE 4. RYRIE NOTE. His “temple:” “tabernacle,” since Solomon’s Temple had not yet been built.
Verse 5. RYRIE NOTE. His “tabernacle:” “tent, a place of shelter.”

My note, vs 4-5. Tabernacle in the desert. God told Moses to build Him a “sanctuary,” Ex 25:8 (1491 B.C.) (All dates from Scofield Study). The tabernacle in the desert was finished being built in Ex 40:2 (tent of meeting). 40:17 (tabernacle). 1491 B.C. (Sanctuary, tabernacle, tent of meeting).

My note. Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was ordained by God to build a Temple. (1 Chron 22:7-11, 1017 B.C.). Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:1, 2 Chron 3:1, 1013 B.C.). Solomon finished building the Temple (1 Kings 7:51, 2 Chron 5:1, 1004). B.C.). Solomon dedicated the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-66, 2 Chron 5:1-7:11, 1004 B.C.). God appeared to Solomon the night after the dedication (2 Chr 2:12-22), which may have been in a dream. In 7:14 a promise is made to “My people, to heal their land,” (Deu 14:2, Rev 25:40), which refers to Jews, the nation of Israel, and only to “God’s chosen people” (Ps 118:26, Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). The fulfillment of this prophecy will take place at the end of the tribulation, immediately preceding the millennium/kingdom age, when Christ rescues “God’s chosen people” from the effects of the tribulation (Matt 24:21-22, 29-30). 2 Chron 7:14 is not a promise made to the Christian Church, the USA, or to any other group of people, only to God’s chosen people. The church is not a land; only Israel is the land of 2 Chr 7:14.

Vs 9. NOG translates “Elohim,” for God. Ryrie Study Bible note, Gen 1:1, Elohim, a generic term for deity as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used as pagan gods (31:30; Ex 12:12); angels, “Ps 8:5;” men, “Ps 82:6;” judges, “Ex 21:6,” though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.

Names Of God Bible. https://www.biblegateway.com/versio…/Names-of-God-NOG-Bible/

Psalm 27:9. me, O God. Hebrew, אֱלֹהֵ֥י. (e·lo·hei). Strong’s 430: God, god. Origin, pl. of eloah.

Strong’s Concordance. elohim: God, god. Original Word: אֱלהִים. Part of Speech: Noun Masculine. Transliteration: elohim. Phonetic Spelling: (el-o-heem’). Definition: God, god.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Word Origin, pl. of eloah. Definition, God, god.

NASB Translation, divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

For information on “Yahweh,” check the details of the Psalm 26 study.

Psalm 26

Psalm 26. A Prayer for Vindication from David To God. Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 Judge me, O Yahweh, because I have walked in my integrity, and I have trusted Yahweh and not wavered. 2 Prove me, O Yahweh, and test me. Try my innermost being and my mind. 3 Because your loyal love is before my eyes, and I walk about in your faithfulness. 4 I do not sit with deceitful people, nor will I go about with hypocrites. 5 I hate the crowd of evildoers, and with the wicked I will not sit. 6 I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will walk about your altar, O Yahweh, 7 to declare with a voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all your wondrous deeds. 8 O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides. 9 Do not destroy me with the sinners, nor my life with men of bloodshed, 10 in whose hands is an evil plan, and whose right hand is full of bribes. 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity. Redeem me and be gracious to me. 12 My foot stands on level ground. In assemblies I will bless Yahweh.

King Lames Study Bible Note. Psalm 26. From the statements of the psalm itself we may easily deduce that David was being falsely accused. In light of this fact, his protestations of innocence are not pride, but the just complaint of a man of God (vv. 2–8). In addition to his self-defense, he petitions God for deliverance (vv. 1, 9–12a) and promises a public acknowledgment when it is accomplished (v. 12b).

Verse 1: LORD: ESV, KJV, NASB, NIV, NKJV.
Verse 1: Yahweh: LEB., NOG, WEB.

https://www.biblegateway.com/vers…/Lexham-English-Bible-LEB/

Yahweh. יְהוָ֗ה LORD (all caps). the proper name of the God of Israel. 3068. Yhvh, Strong’s Concordance. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel. Original Word: יְהוָֹה. Part of Speech: Proper Name. Transliteration: Yhvh. Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Key verse. 8. “O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides.” [NOTE: HCSB. House is not necessarily Solomon’s temple, but it may refer to the sanctuary in general. It was the place of Yahweh’s “glory,” symbolizing God’s Presence among His people. Ex 40:34-35 (LEB) “34 And the cloud covered the tent of assembly, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was unable to go into the tent of assembly because the cloud settled on it and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.]

Revelation 16 – The Bowls Of God’s Wrath

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I. Video Data. Sep 26, 2019. Chosen People Ministries. You are invited to our 125th Anniversary Gala at the Grand Prospect Hall in Brooklyn! Learn more here: https://www.chosenpeople.com/site/ann… Deuteronomy 14:2.

II. Text. Let us now consider the plight of the non-raptured Jews and Gentiles, of whom will find themselves in the tribulation. Up to this point in this study, all unbelievers that were left behind have been under the hand of persecution of the antichrist and the seal and trumpet judgments of God; the antichrist’s persecutions are included in the judgments of God. God is using the tribulation judgments to draw His chosen people, the Jews, to saving faith in Christ as Messiah. There is no such specific plan for Gentiles in the tribulation, but they also may come to saving faith in Christ. There are people who teach that the Judgments of God (seal, trumpet, bowl) took place in 70 A.D. But, as you read about the the Bowl judgments, as they are described in this 16th Chapter of Revelation, it will become very clear that none of these bowls of God’s wrath have yet been poured out on the earth. There are also people who teach that the seal, trumpet and bowl judgments will happen at the same time. But, that “opinion” of prophecy is incorrect, and can be verified by a comparison of judgments; e.g., one-fourth of mankind being killed in Rev 6:8, being killed at the same time as one-third of mankind being killed in Rev 9:15-18. The prophecies of Jeremiah, Daniel, and Christ in Matthew, clearly show that the time of tribulation relates to Israel, and not gentiles. The Ryrie Study Bible shows that Matt 24:4-14 refers to the first half of the tribulation, and 24:15-28 refers to the second half of the tribulation. The second half of the tribulation is also known as the Great Tribulation (Mt 24:21). Mt 24:29-31 refers to the second coming of Christ to earth from Heaven. Mt 24:32-25:46 refers to the judgments that will come at the hand of Christ on the survivors of the tribulation, whether for eternal death or eternal life. Unless otherwise indicated, all notes in this article come from the MacArthur Study Bible; dates come from the Scofield Study Bible. The Matthew and Revelation commentaries of Dr. John F. Walvoord shows the parallels that exist between Mt 24 and Rev 6-7.

A. Revelation 16 (NKJV) (Written 96 A.D.)

1. The Seven Bowls.

a. 1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth.”

b. Note. 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

B. First Bowl: Loathsome Sores

a. 2 So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image.

b. Note. first…bowl…a foul and loathsome sore. The Septuagint (LXX) uses the same Gr. word to describe the boils that plagued the Egyptians (Ex. 9:9–11) and afflicted Job (Job 2:7). In the NT, it describes the open sores that covered the beggar Lazarus (Luke 16:21). All over the world, people will be afflicted with incurable, open, oozing sores. mark of the beast. Only the worshipers of Antichrist will be afflicted (see note on 13:16; cf. 14:9–11).

C. Second Bowl: The Sea Turns to Blood

a. 3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died.

b. Note. second…bowl…every living creature in the sea died. This is reminiscent of the second trumpet (8:8, 9), and of the first plague against Egypt (Ex. 7:20–25). This plague, however, will be far more widespread. The water in the world’s oceans will become thick, dark, and coagulated, like the blood of a corpse. The death and decay of billions of sea creatures will only add to the misery of this judgment.

D. Third Bowl: The Waters Turn to Blood

a. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

b. Note. 16:4. third…bowl…rivers and springs of water. Fresh water, already in short supply because of the prolonged drought (11:6), will now suffer the fate of the oceans (cf. Ex. 7:19ff.). In addition to suffering from thirst, the worshipers of Antichrist will have no clean water with which to wash their sores. 16:6 given them blood to drink. The thick, blood-like substance which the fresh waters have become is all that is available to drink (cf. v. 4).

E. Fourth Bowl: Men Are Scorched

a. 8 Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory.

b. Note. 16:8. fourth…bowl…scorch…with fire. The sun that normally provides light, warmth, and energy will become a deadly killer. With no fresh water to drink, earth’s inhabitants will face extreme heat. The scorching heat will melt the polar ice caps, which some estimate would raise the level of the world’s oceans by 200 ft., inundating many of the world’s major cities and producing further catastrophic loss of life (cf. Amos 9:5, 6). The resulting disruption of ocean transportation will make it difficult to distribute the dwindling resources of food and water. 16:9 they did not repent. Incredibly, sinners will still refuse to repent (cf. vv. 11, 21), and instead blaspheme God—the One they know has caused their afflictions.

F. Fifth Bowl: Darkness and Pain

a. 10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.

b. Note. 16:10. throne of the beast. This refers to either Antichrist’s actual throne, or his capital city, but extends to all his dominion. Regardless of where the darkness begins, it eventually covers Antichrist’s entire kingdom. full of darkness. Worldwide darkness is elsewhere associated with the judgment of God (cf. Is. 60:2; Joel 2:2; Mark 13:24, 25). gnawed their tongues. A futile attempt to alleviate the pain from their sores, the drought, and the fierce heat. 16:11 blasphemed the God of heaven. A sign of their continued loyalty to Antichrist and their anger at God for the cumulative miseries brought about by the first 5 bowls. “God of heaven,” a frequent OT title for God, appears in the NT only here and in 11:13. their sores. The lingering effects of the first bowl are the chief cause of their blasphemy.

G. Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up

a. 12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

b. Note. 16:12. Euphrates. With its flow already reduced by the prolonged drought and intensified heat, God supernaturally will dry it up to make way for the eastern confederacy to reach Palestine (Is. 11:15). the kings from the east. God will have to dry it up miraculously for the eastern army to get to Armageddon. God providentially draws these kings and their armies in order to destroy them in the battle of Armageddon (v. 14). 16:14. kings of the earth. No longer just the eastern confederacy, but now all the world begins to gather in Palestine for the final, climactic battle (Ps. 2:2, 3; Joel 3:2–4; Zech. 14:1–3). the battle of that great day of God Almighty. The Battle of Armageddon (v. 16). It is the great war with God and Christ (see notes on 2 Thess. 1:7–10; cf. Joel 2:11; 3:2, 4). The war will end when Christ arrives (19:17–20).

c. 15 “Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”
16 And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. 16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

d. Note. Armageddon. The Heb. name for Mt. Megiddo, 60 mi. N of Jerusalem. The battle will rage on the nearby plains, site of Barak’s victory over the Canaanites (Judg. 4), and Gideon’s victory over the Midianites (Judg. 7). Napoleon called this valley the greatest battlefield he had ever seen. But the Battle of Armageddon will not be limited to the Megiddo plains—it will encompass the length of Palestine (see note on 14:20).

H. Seventh Bowl: The Earth Utterly Shaken

a. 17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

b. Note. 16:17. seventh…bowl…“It is done!” This bowl will complete God’s wrath (except for final judgment on the rebellion at the end of the Millennium; 20:7–10) and immediately precedes the second coming of Christ. It will usher in the worst calamity in the history of the world. God will punctuate the completion of His wrath with a devastating earthquake—the most powerful in earth’s history (cf. vv. 19–21). 16:19 the great city. Cf. 11:13; 21:10; see notes on Zech 14:1–8. Jerusalem will be split into 3 parts (Zech. 14:4), not as a judgment (cf. 11:13), but as an improvement. The additional water supply (Zech. 14:8) and topographical changes (Zech. 14:4, 5) will prepare the city for its central place in the millennial kingdom. Jerusalem is the only city to be spared the judgment (cf. 1 Chr. 23:25; Ps. 125:1, 2; Mic. 4:7) and will be made more beautiful (Ps. 48:2), because of her repentance (see 11:13). cities of the nations. God’s purpose is very different for the rest of the world’s cities—they are to be destroyed. Babylon. The capital of the Antichrist’s empire will receive a special outpouring of God’s wrath as prophesied in Is. 13:6–13. Chapters 17, 18 give details of its destruction. 16:20 every island fled…mountains…not found. This powerful earthquake will radically alter all the earth’s topography, preparing it for the coming millennial kingdom. Cf. 6:12–14; Is. 40:4, 5; Jer. 4:23–27. 16:21 a talent. The heaviest weight a normal man could carry (about 75 lbs.). The huge size of the hailstones indicates unparalleled atmospheric convulsions. Such massive chunks of ice will cause unimaginable devastation and death.

B. Daniel 12:1 (NKJV) (534 B.C.)

a. “At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.

b. Note. that time. This points back to 11:36–45, the time of the ascendancy of Antichrist during the final tribulation period. During that period, Michael the archangel (cf. Jude 9) of 10:13, 21 ministers with special attention to protecting Israel during that Gentile time (cf. Is. 26:20, 21; Jer. 30:7; Matt. 24:21). “Your people” means Daniel’s Israelite people, who can have hope, even in the distress of an unprecedented kind set for the Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21; cf. Rev. 12:12–17; 13:7). The book is the book of the saved (Mal. 3:16—4:3; Luke 10:20; Rev. 13:8; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27).

C. Jeremiah 30:7 (NKJV) (606 B.C.)

a. 7. Alas! For that day is great, So that none is like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.

b. Note. time of Jacob’s trouble. This period of unprecedented difficulty for Israel, as the verse defines, is set in a context of Israel’s final restoration. It is best equated with the time of tribulation (cf. vv. 8, 9) just before Christ’s Second Advent, mentioned elsewhere (Dan. 12:1; Matt. 24:21, 22) and described in detail by Rev. 6–19.

D. Matthew 24:21 (NKJV) (33 A.D.)

a. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.

b. Note. great tribulation. The words “has not been” and “nor ever shall be”—along with the description that follows—identify this as the yet-future time in which God’s wrath shall be poured out upon the earth (see note on Rev. 7:14). Jesus’ descriptions of the cataclysms that follow closely resemble the outpouring of divine wrath described in the bowl judgments of Rev. 16 and His subsequent appearing in Rev. 19 (see note on v. 30).

c. My note. Concerning those who teach that the tribulation occurred in 70 A.D., the truth of the matter is that there has not yet been such tribulation poured out on earth by God, as is described in Matt 24:21. For those who teach that all judgments will take place at the same time, the effects of Matt 24:21-31 can only take place in the last half of the tribulation, “in the great tribulation,” in the form of bowl judgments. Those bowl tribulation judgments can not be poured out on the earth concurrently with the seal and/or trumpet judgments. Go back to Dan 12:1 for Mt 24:21 parallel.

d. My note. There are those who teach that Matt 24:40-41 discusses the rapture.

(1) NKJV. “40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.”

(2) The rapture (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) teaches that “those taken” will be taken by Christ to Heaven, and that “those left” will be left on earth to endure the following tribulation. The teaching of Matt 24:40-41 is that at the second coming of Christ, “at the end of the tribulation:”

(a) those Jews that “have not accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be taken,” in death, to judgment (Great White Throne Judgment, Rev 20:10-15).

(b) those Jews that “have accepted Christ” during the tribulation “will be left,” in life, to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium on earth.

e. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 24:40-41: “The ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom.

f. My note. There are those who teach that Mat 25:31-46 discusses “Judgment Day,” where all of mankind, of all time, will face God and learn if they will go to heaven or hell. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matt+25%3A31-46&version=NKJV

g. Ryrie Study Bible note. Mt 25:32: “All the nations.” Lit., All the Gentiles. This is a judgment of those Gentiles “who survive the tribulation” and whose heart-relation to God is evidenced by their treatment of the Jews (Christ’s brethren, v 40), especially during that time. Surviving Jews will also be judged at this time. See Ezek 20:33-44. (See Mt 24:40-41, mine).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ezek+20%3A33-44&version=NKJV

III. Summary. The rapture has not yet taken place; neither has the tribulation. The rapture will precede the tribulation. The judgments of the tribulation will not be mixed, as to their being poured out on the earth by God. Only those whom have been born again will be taken to heaven in the rapture.

IV. Closing Video. A testimony.

How I Became a Jew for Jesus!Jun 11, 2013. Jews for Jesus.

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Psalm 25 & 130

Psalms 25 & 130 (ALL KJV) “REDEEMING ISRAEL” PSALM 25:22 “Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.”… RYRIE XR PSALM 130:7-8 “7 Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with Him is plenteous redemption, 8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.”… NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 25:22. [David began the psalm with a declaration of trust in God. He concludes with a prayer for the nation of Israel, that God would make His glory known by redeeming (rescuing and protecting) them “out of all of their “troubles.” Here David implored God to “redeem Israel,” which denotes the work of complete spiritual and physical redemption that only God in His grace can supply; this anticipates the ultimate redemption of Israel by Messiah.] NOTE: THE MOODY BIBLE COMMENTARY. PS 130:7-8. [In response to the forgiveness of God, Israel is reminded to “hope in the Lord (vs 5).” This “hope” is linked to the “lovingkindness” (God’s covenant love, “chesed,” ‘Hebrew,’ 5:7 note). While this exhortation includes the general desire to see His people blessed (i.e., “saved” in the sense typically intended in the NT, as in Rom 10:9) in every age and generation, the psalmist’s primary reference in this section is to that day when God “will redeem Israel from all his iniquities,” that same day of which Zechariah and Paul wrote (Zech 12:10-13:1; Rom 11:25-29).]… RYRIE NOTE: ROM 11:28-29 [Because the promises made to the patriarchs are irrevocable, Israel must be restored.]

The Psalms are much more than writings that, “make us feel good.” The following paragraph comes from the Friends Of Israel weekly radio broadcast. As you can see, there are key components of the Psalms that are often overlooked.

But there is another layer, because the Psalms as you see them now in the Old Testament, were purposefully placed in order. In Israelite history, someone took those divinely inspired songs and ordered them into five books. And eventually, these five books came to reveal the history and the future of Israel, the bright future for Israel. And finally, there’s one more layer, and that layer is you. https://radio.foi.org/2019/10/11/october-12-2019-discovering-the-psalms-the-authors-perspective-pt-1/

The 23rd Psalm is often looked at as being a passage that is read at funerals. But the words, of the psalmist David, show that the Psalm refers to Israel in the Kingdom Age, the millennium. The comments that I placed on the 23rd Psalm post are helpful in understanding the context of David’s writing. King David’s life existed from approximately 1050-970 B.C. (HCSB). When you read the 23rd Psalm, consider David writing about his own life, and his future eternal life with God which will begin when he is resurrected at the end of the tribulation (Daniel 12:1-2). The covenant that God made with King David is discussed in 2 Samuel 7:12-16 (Ryrie Study Bible), and refers to the Kingdom Age of the millennium (The Kingdom Age and the millennium (1,000 years) are the same time period).

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Psalm 24

Psalm 24:3-4 King James Version (KJV/Ryrie note & XR). ‘3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.” NOTE: Necessary qualities for holiness in worship. “clean hands.” Right deeds. “pure heart.” Right motives. XR Ez 18:15. “He does not eat at the mountain shrines, or look to the idols of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor’s wife.” NOTE. The NIV has the most easy to understand translation of the opposite of Ps 24:4, “clean hands, and a pure heart.”

Psalm 24:5-6 Considering Jacob. (KJV/Ryrie XR ) 5 He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. Ryrie NOTE. “Jacob.” Better, like Jacob: Gen 32:30 ( KJV) And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Ryrie NOTE: “Peniel” means “the face of God.” MacArthur NOTE: from 32:24 a Man wrestled. The site name, Peniel, or “face of God,” given by Jacob (v. 30) and the commentary given by Hosea (Hos. 12:4) identifies this Man with whom Jacob wrestled as the Angel of the Lord who is also identified as God, a pre-incarnate appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ. Hosea 12:4 (KJV) Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us; Ryrie NOTE: Like Jacob, Israel and Judah were deceitful but could turn to the Lord as he did at Bethel. Ryrie XR Gen 32:24-28 (NKJV) 24 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!” 27 So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.” 28 And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.”.29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. 30 So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” Ryrie NOTE: vs 24: The “man” who wrestled Jacob is called an angel in Hos 12:4 and was evidently the preincarnate Christ. Jacob’s wrestling involved agonizing prayer (Hos 12:4). vs 25-28 God allowed himself to be overcome by Jacob, though he crippled him. 32:29 Jacob’s question had already been answered in the name bestowed on him, since the “el” in Israel means “god.”

Psalm 24:7-10. (The King Of Glory And His Kingdom) “7 Lift up your heads, O you gates! And be lifted up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O you gates! Lift up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. 10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.” (All verses in this post are NKJV). Ryrie NOTE. [In David’s time, the “King of glory” was represented by the ark being brought in a triumphal procession to the sanctuary. These verses also speak prophetically to the ascension of Christ after His victory over sin and death and of His coming reign as King over all the earth.] Ryrie XR. Isaiah 26:2.(Praise In The Kingdom) “Open the gates, That the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in.” MacArthur NOTE. [Open the gates. Isaiah envisions the future Jerusalem, where only righteous Israel may enter. The redeemed remnant from other nations will come periodically to worship] MacArthur XR Zech. 14:16–19. (The Nations Worship the King) “16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.” MacArthur NOTE. [14:16–19. This very important passage reveals that some Gentiles will go into the millennial kingdom alive along with the redeemed Jews. A converted remnant from those heathen nations will make annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship the Lord and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles during the Millennium. Commemorating the time when God “tabernacled” with Israel in the wilderness, the feast represented the last of the 3 major pilgrimage festivals (Lev. 23:34–36), marked the final harvest of the year’s crops, and provided a time of rejoicing. In the Millennium, it will celebrate Messiah’s presence again dwelling among His people and the joyful restoration of Israel, including the ingathering of the nations. Those who refuse to go will experience drought and plague. Tragically, as the thousand years go on, there will be many people from all over the world who will reject Christ as Savior and King, joining in a final war against Him, only to be destroyed and cast into hell forever (cf. Rev. 20:7–15).]

Psalm 23

Psalm 23:1. The Lord, the Psalmist’s Shepherd.. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. (Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare in the coastlands afar off, And say, “He who scattered Israel will gather him And keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.”) (NASB and Ryrie Study Bible cross reference).

Psalm 23:2-3 “He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.” The Restoration of Israel.(NASB and Ryrie Cross Reference. Ezek 34:11-14) “11 For thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. 13 I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.” (MacArthur Notes). 34:11 I…will search. God, the true Shepherd, would search out and find His sheep in order to restore Israel to their land for the kingdom which the Messiah leads (vv. 12–14). 34:12 a cloudy and dark day. This refers to the “day of the Lord” judgment on Israel (cf. Jer. 30:4–7). 34:12–14 Here is the promise of a literal regathering and restoration of the people of Israel to their own land from their worldwide dispersion. Since the scattering was literal, the regathering must also be literal. Once they are regathered in Messiah’s kingdom, they will no longer want (vv. 15, 16).

Psalm 23:4 (NAS 77) “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. (Ryrie XR= Mic 7:14 (NAS95) “Shepherd Your people with Your scepter, the flock of Your possession which dwells by itself in the woodland, in the midst of a fruitful field. Let them feed in Bashan and Gilead as in the days of old.”(Ryrie note Mic 7:14, Here Micah asks God to be the shepherd of His flock (Israel) in the Kingdom.) (Mine; the Kingdom Age is aka the Millennial reign of Christ).

Psalm 23:5 “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows”… (MacArthur note: The biblical imagery of anointing is frequently associated with blessing )..(What was comforting to David was that this was in the presence of his enemies;The Bible Knowledge Commentary)… XR Eccl 9:8 “Let your clothes be white all the time, and let not oil be lacking on your head;” Ryrie note: White garments and much oil signify purity and the joy of festive occasions… XR Isa 43:2, ““When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; And through the rivers, they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, Nor will the flame burn you.” (MacArthur note: “Many perils symbolized by these words have confronted the Israelites through the centuries and will continue to do so until the nation’s final redemption, but the Lord promises the nation survival through them all.” ..(Mine: Neither David (Ps), nor Solomon (Eccl), “nor Isaiah, nor Israel” (Isa), could claim to be sinless, but God’s Words to Israel in Deu 14:2, show His unconditional love for “Israel, God’s chosen people,” and a promise of eternal, spiritual healing through the prophesied and crucified Messiah, “Christ,” …(Isa 53:5, “But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.”

Psalm 23:6 KJV Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever…Ryrie NOTE :David sees himself not merely as a guest-for-a-day, but as a recipient of God’s covenant lovingkindness ..Ryrie .XR /NOTE..Hosea 2:19 NKJV “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In lovingkindness and mercy..NOTE: “lovingkindness.” The Hebrew word is “hesed.” It means loyal, steadfast, or faithful love, and stresses the idea of a belonging together of those involved in the love relationship. Here it connotes God’s faithful love for His unfaithful people. In the OT, communion, deliverance, enabling, enlightenment, guidance, forgiveness, hope, praise, preservation are all based on God’s “hesed.” ..MacArthur NOTE: 2:19, 20: I will betroth you. Repeated 3 times, the term emphasizes the intensity of God’s restoring love for the nation. In that day, Israel will no longer be thought of as a prostitute. Israel brings nothing to the marriage; God makes all the promises and provides all the dowry. These verses are recited by every orthodox Jew as he places the phylacteries on his hand and forehead (cf. Deut. 11:18). The regeneration/conversion of the nation is much like that of an individual (cf. 2 Cor. 5:16–19)…

Psalm 22

Psalm 22:3 (KJV) ” But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.” (You remain the Holy One of Israel who has demonstrated His gracious attention time and time again to Your people.” MacArthur note). (“the praises of Israel.” A figure of speech for the sanctuary, where Israel praised the Lord. Ryrie note.)

Psalm 22:16-18/Matt 27:35. (NASB) Prophecy: crucifixion of Christ, “For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones. They look, they stare at me; They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast lots.” (18 All these details of Jesus’ crucifixion were carried out by people who had no knowledge of these predictions, Ryrie note).

Matt 27:35 (NASB) “And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves by casting lots.” (35 “divided.” (The victim’s clothes were spoils for his executioners, “Ryrie note).

Psalm 22:27-31. Millennial Blessings.

Psalm 22:27-31 (NKJV)

27 All the ends of the world
Shall remember and turn to the Lord,
And all the families of the nations
Shall worship before You.
28 For the kingdom is the Lord’s,
And He rules over the nations.

29 All the prosperous of the earth
Shall eat and worship;
All those who go down to the dust
Shall bow before Him,
Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

30 A posterity shall serve Him.
It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation,
31 They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born,
That He has done this.

The passage looks forward to the millennium. Of key interest to me is verse 31, which talks about the children that will be born during the millennium. Their parents will be those of Matt 24-25 who survived the tribulation, were born again, and allowed by Christ to enter the Kingdom in their mortal bodies. (Matt 24:40-41, Matt 25:31-34.) The Ryrie Study Bible has a comment on this passage, which Ryrie calls “a description of millennial blessings.”.

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Train Ride

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

The seasonal song, “Sleigh Ride,” has a wonderful sound and message; most of us have probably listened to that memorable song many times. With, “Christmas In The Air,” another form of travel has entered into my mind, with great warmth of soul. With all of the turmoil taking place in our nation today, it seems like a good thing to do, “just take a train ride somewhere.” Can anyone imagine how nice it would be to board a train in Kankakee, Illinois, and begin a comfortable ride where you can end your journey at Memphis, New Orleans, or somewhere in between? Have you ever been to Kankakee, Memphis, New Orleans, “or somewhere in between?” You can share those thoughts.

Arlo Guthrie (born July 10, 1947, Brooklyn, New York, USA) is an American folk singer-songwriter. Father of Abe Guthrie, Annie Guthrie, Sarah Lee Guthrie and Cathy Guthrie. Son of folk singer Woody Guthrie, brother of Nora Guthrie and grandfather of Krishna Guthrie. https://www.discogs.com/artist/153674-Arlo-Guthrie

The song, “City of New Orleans,” was recorded by Arlo Guthrie in 1972, and is about a train, of that name, that ran from Chicago, Illinois, to Memphis, Tennessee, to New Orleans, Louisiana. The distance for the train ride is about 900 miles, and the time for that ride is about nineteen hours. https://www.amtrak.com/city-of-new-orleans-train

Other memorable train routes, The Orange Blossom Special, The Wabash Special and, of course, The City Of New Orleans, have a certain air of romanticism within their individual histories. The train trips that I have had in my past, have all left me with very pleasant memories. The Orange Blossom Special took me through the middle of beautiful Florida orange groves. “The Wabash Cannon Ball” was a fast express train line on the Wabash Railroad. This express train traveled throughout the middle and western United States and also, on the Great Rock Island Route in the late 1800s and into the early 1900s. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wabash_Cannonball

The Orange Blossom Special was a deluxe passenger train on the Seaboard Air Line Railroad and connecting railroads between New York City and Miami in the United States. It ran during the winter season only. It covered 1,327 miles (2,136 km) on the Pennsylvania Railroad from New York City to Washington, D.C., the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad from Washington to Richmond, and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad from Richmond via Raleigh, Columbia, and Savannah to Miami; I have traveled this route ($9.00 furlough fee, lol). A section also went to Tampa and St. Petersburg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_Blossom_Special_(train)

Some of my followers may have their own special memories of train trips. As a child, I can not think of any of my friends that did not want to have a Lionel Train Set. You will love this link. http://www.lionel.com/categories/ready-to-run-sets

Btw, my favorite train ride ended at Tampa, Florida, on my way to MacDill AFB.

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A Marriage Carol 2019

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

At the time of this writing, it is four days until Christmas eve. Five years ago I wrote the following comment in an article that I had published that relates to the subject of the article that I am publishing this evening….. “Earlier today, as I was driving through a sleepy area of my city, a dreary air was cast over the town. The sky was heavily cloud covered, and dark. A light mist was falling. Very few people were seen on the streets. The day seemed to match the condition of the story that I was hearing on Moody Radio, which was a feeling of utter despair for couples experiencing struggles in their marriages.”

This is the fifth year that I have published this article. Minor changes are made each time that I update this article, but never is an update just a carbon copy of the previous article, but is due to the prompting of the Holy Spirit. Each time, before I publish this article, I watch the video, and listen to the audio of this story, “without interruption;” each time strong emotions emerge from within me, and tears begin to flow.

Please, read the entire text of this article. Please, watch the video and listen to the audio recording. Please! Understand that “which is” being said and that which is not being said in this article.

The story of Jacob and Marlee is that, just a story. But, I know that their situation is one that many married couples, “are facing, have faced, or will face,” in their marriages. Many struggling couples need to come to the truth that they need, “not to give up” on their marriages, but that they should try to make their marriages work. “Jacobs and Marlees” whom are in the process of ending their marriages today, should remember the words that Jacob said about marriage (those words are “on the way.”).

Not all marriages are dying, or are dead, but may need attention. There is a high rate of marriages that are failing because of affairs. A thought stays in my mind today, just as it has in the past; and as it relates to infidelity. That thought is very strong, and is this: “If you are in an affair, “GET OUT OF IT!” Just get out! Don’t wait! Just get out! Get your life right with God! Please understand that which I am saying, and that which I am not saying. I am saying that if you are in an affair, “GET OUT” of the affair; “JUST GET OUT!” “DON’T WAIT!” “JUST GET OUT!” “GET YOUR LIFE RIGHT WITH GOD!” The knight in shining armor, standing on a lush green field, may someday have his armor to tarnish, and the grass under his feet to turn from rich green to dirty brown. No one really can be sure if the grass is greener, unless they’re actually standing in it; and then, it may be too late to stop the damage that has already, by collateral affect, begun to harm other innocent people.

Consider a memorable story of another couple.

Luke 2:1-10 Christ Born of Mary
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke+2%3A1-20&version=NASB

As is recorded in the above scripture, Mary and Joseph were on their way to Bethlehem, where Mary would give birth to Jesus, the Savior of the world. Consider the story of Marlee and Jacob, and their “Christmas Eve” journey; it was being made for quite a different reason. The recording of Marlee and Jacob may be difficult for some people; I understand that. I moderate all comments to this site. If anybody comments on this post, I will not publish that comment without gaining permission to do so.

If you are considering a Christmas Eve “divorce papers appointment,” please, let me ask you to listen carefully to the following audio recording of Marlee and Jacob, as they are on their way to sign their divorce papers, “on Christmas Eve.” Listen very attentively. As you listen, think about your wedding vows. Think about your marriage. Think about your children. Please understand that marriage is worth fighting for.

After you have read, listened to, and watched everything that is in this post, please ask yourself a very personal question (you can answer to yourself). Here it is. When you are having a conversation on social media with a “friend” of the opposite sex, “do you get a rush, or a spark?” If your answer is “yes,” maybe social media is not something that you should have as a part of your life.

As you have learned from the audio of Marlee and Jacob, they were married on Christmas Eve, “twenty years ago.” On this particular Christmas Eve, the couple is headed to an attorney’s office to sign divorce papers. Think about Marlee, Jacob, and your marriage situation. Do you remember the words that you and your mate said to each other as you stood before God, the minister, family and friends, and the rest of the people who were watching and listening as you professed your love for one another? If you have forgotten those special words, I have written some words from a traditional wedding vow for you to consider. Please read them now.

“To have and to hold, from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness or in health, to love and to cherish…’til death do us part.”

Please understand that I have no room for spousal abuse in a marriage.

Your particular marriage may not be failing, but there are others, of whom you know, whose marriages are falling apart. Please share this article with those people.

With Christmas being so very near, as you consider the message of this Christmas story, remember its two sets of Christmas characters, both being “J” and “M.” Joseph and Mary, two thousand years ago, were on their way to Bethlehem to bring a life into the world, with that life being Christ, the Savior of the world. In this story, Jacob and Marlee are two character types whom are present in the lives of many people all around the world today, with many being in the process of ending their marriages; such divorces will affect the lives of many others whom are part of their lives. Of the “Jacobs and Marlees” whom are in the process of ending their marriages; they should remember the words that Jacob says about marriage, “marriage is worth fighting for.”

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Hanukkah 2019

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Chanukah Candle Blessings • First Night.

Jews around the world begin celebrating Hanukkah on the evening of Sunday, December 22, 2019. Consider the love that is present in a Jewish family celebrating Hanukkah in the opening video. Consider the other videos in this article; they also provide good information on the subject of Hanukkah.

The following discussion has a lively description of Hanukkah.

Hanukkah || Mayim Bialik

Consider the following discussion on lighting Hanukkah Candles. Notice the difference between the Shamash candle, in relation to the other eight Hanukkah candles.

How to Light Chanukah Candles

The following kids video provides a good explanation on Hanukkah. The subject of Hanukkah is one that is all too often neglected in Christian churches. But, as the following information will attest, there is a great deal of information that relates to Hanukkah that also relates to Christ, our Lord and Savior.

The Story of Hanukkah

The Jewish observance of Hanukkah, beginning on sunset of Sunday, December 22, 2019, will end on the nightfall of Monday, December 30, 2019. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after a group of Jewish warriors defeated the occupying mighty Greek armies. Consider the following links.

https://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm
https://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102911/jewish/What-Is-Hanukkah.htm

Consider the significance of the “shamash, or servant candle.” As is shown in the video, the servant candle “gives light” to the other candles “one by one.” Consider also, the significance of the servant candle to the following verse of scripture:

John 1:9 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.

Christ is the light which brings spiritual light to a world of spiritual darkness. He gives light to all coming into the world, “one by one.” The shamash candle is prophetic of Christ, our Lord and Savior. In my home a hanukkiyah (hon ooo kee ah) has a permanent place in the living room. Notice that the shamash candle stands above all of the other candles, which shows the deity of Christ. In the kids video the example of the oil that was supposed to last for only one day, continued to burn for eight days. As in Christ, the oil of the Holy Spirit burns in the lives of believers in Christ, “forever .” Remember: “Shamash – Servant – Christ.”

The Holy Spirit Described As Oil

Isaiah 61:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Exaltation of the Afflicted

1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
Because the Lord has anointed me
To bring good news to the afflicted;
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to captives
And freedom to prisoners;
2 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord
And the day of vengeance of our God;
To comfort all who mourn,
3 To grant those who mourn in Zion,
Giving them a garland instead of ashes,
The oil of gladness instead of mourning,
The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting.
So they will be called oaks of righteousness,
The planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.

Acts 10:38 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

38 You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.

Consider the truth of the Messiah/Christ/Yeshua in the following song.

Chanukah – Marty Goetz

There is no Old Testament discussion on the celebration of Hanukkah. However, in the New Testament, there is an account of the Feast of Dedication, which is also known as the Feast Of Hanukkah and the Feast Of Lights. The following passage shows that Christ was present for Hanukkah. Below the following verse, there is a comment on Hanukkah that is provided by Dr. John MacArthur.

John 10:22-23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

22 At that time the Feast of the Dedication took place at Jerusalem; 23 it was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple in the portico of Solomon.

10:22 Feast of Dedication. The Jewish celebration of Hanukkah, which celebrates the Israelite victory over the Syrian leader Antiochus Epiphanes, who persecuted Israel. In ca. 170 B.C. he conquered Jerusalem and desecrated the Jewish temple by setting up a pagan altar to displace the altar of God. Under the leadership of an old priest named Mattathias (his family name was called the Hasmoneans), the Jews fought guerrilla warfare (known as the Maccabean Revolt—166–142 B.C.) against Syria and freed the temple and the land from Syrian dominance until 63 B.C. when Rome (Pompey) took control of Palestine. It was in 164 B.C. on 25 Chislev (Dec. approximately), that the Jews liberated the temple and rededicated it. The celebration is also known as the “Feast of Lights” because of the lighting of lamps and candles in Jewish homes to commemorate the event. it was winter. John indicated by this phrase that the cold weather drove Jesus to walk on the eastern side of the temple in the sheltered area of Solomon’s porch, which after the resurrection became the regular gathering place of Christians where they would proclaim the gospel (see Acts 3:11; 5:12).

Consider Christ, “the Light of the world.”

John 1:1-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB) The Deity of Jesus Christ

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

The Witness John

6 There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

John 8:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Jesus Is the Light of the World

12 Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

Those of us whom know Christ as our Lord and Savior, will be caught up to be with Christ, the Eternal Light, at the time of the Rapture, and will spend eternity with Him. Consider the verses; consider the song by Sandi Patty.

1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

Sandi Patty – We Shall Behold Him [Live]

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Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments

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I. Video Data. Chosen People Ministries. Dr. Mitch Glaser on how you can help us serve God through serving His Chosen People, the Jews (Deu 14:2).

II. Course. At this time, we will continue with our study of the book of Revelation. Because we have been away from the subject of Israel in the end times, it will be good to consider again why Jews and Gentiles will find themselves in the tribulation. Also, it will be good to consider the things that lie ahead for Israel at the end of the tribulation, as well as the conditions that Jews will encounter as they wake each day to the wrath of God that is present in each Bowl Judgment.

1. We have studied the seal judgments (Rev 6:1-8:6), and the trumpet judgments (Rev 8:7-9:21). We will now study in Rev 15, the prelude to the wrath of the bowl judgments of Rev 16. Once we have completed Revelation, we will go back to the Old Testament. Regardless of the book, or testament, we will study things that relate to Jews and Israel. We may study the travels of Israel, the prophets of Israel, Israel in the end times, or any other subject that relates to Israel. Through the tribulation judgments (seal, trumpet, bowl), God will be working to draw Jews in Israel, and “left behind” Jews all around the world, to saving faith in Christ, the Messiah. God’s purpose for Christians will have been completed when the born again believers in Christ (the church of Christ) are caught up to heaven in the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6) to be “forever in the Presence of Christ.” Jews, whom are born again at the time of the rapture, will also be caught up to Heaven in the same rapture. There is no particular plan for Gentiles that will be left behind from the rapture; however, these people will still have the opportunity of coming to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation. All “left-behind” Jews and Gentiles will come under the judgments of God. Those whom die during the tribulation will face an eternity that is based on whether they have come to saving faith in Christ, or have remained in their spiritual state of “unbelief.” The left-behind Jews and Gentiles that survive the tribulation will be judged as to their belief in Christ. Those in “unbelief” will be sent “in death” to the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), which occurs at the end of the Kingdom Age. Those in “belief” will be sent in life to enter the Kingdom age where they will be in the Presence of Christ, forever and ever, and will enter in life into the eternal state of the “new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem,” (Rev 21:1-3) at the end of the Kingdom Age.

2. God’s plan for “Israel and the tribulation” are stated in Jeremiah 30:7 and Daniel 9:20, 24-27. Christ told His “Jewish” disciples the details of the tribulation in His “Olivet Discourse” of “Matthew 24:3 through 25:46,” during which time He told of the horrors of the tribulation as they relate to the Jews (the elect) Mt 24:22/Deu 14:2.” Our Lord tells in Mt 25:31-46 of the judgment that awaits the nations/Gentiles that were indifferent to Jews during the tribulation, and the reward that He will give to the Gentiles that will have shown compassion to the Jews, “the least of these, My brethren,” (Mt 25:40/Deu 14:2).

3. It will be God whom will be the author and deliverer of the Judgments that will be poured out on the earth during the tribulation. Jews and Gentiles whom will be left behind on earth, when the rapture occurs, will be subject to the tribulation judgments, which will include the persecution by the Antichrist. Rev 6:1 shows the first seal being opened and its judgment being released on the earth by “the Lamb, Christ,” as He will repeat with the remaining seals. Rev 8:6 shows the judgment of the first trumpet being thrown down to earth at the hands of an angel, as will be the case of the remaining trumpets. The severity of the trumpet judgments are greater in severity than are those of the seal judgments. The severity of the tribulation bowl judgments will be greater than any of the preceding judgments.

4. The termination of the tribulation is based on the Words of Christ in Mt 24:14, “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come” (NAS95). “This gospel of the kingdom” relates to the Kingdom Age, for which Jews have waited ever since 2 Samuel 12:7, and of which the disciples desired in Acts 1:6, immediately prior to their seeing Christ ascending to heaven in Acts 1:9. The gospel of “the Kingdom” is different from the gospel of “the death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:3-5), and is important to drawing left behind Jews to saving faith in Christ, whom will rule and reign over the Kingdom after His second coming to earth at the end of the tribulation. The gospel of the Kingdom will definitely include the message of Christ, per Isaiah 53:5, which relates to the spiritual healing of Israel:

Isaiah 53:5 (NAS95) “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.”
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5. Messiah, Christ, will teach from Jerusalem during the Kingdom Age, to all whom will have been born again during the tribulation, and will have survived the tribulation, as well as to their children, and childrens’ children (Isa 2:1-3); the truth of John 3:3 will still be truth. Jews and Gentiles, those of whom will have entered the Kingdom in mortal bodies (Matt 24-25) will receive instruction from our Lord. Old Testament born again saints will be resurrected and will Judge the 12 tribes of Israel during the Kingdom Age (Dan 12:1-2, Mt 19:28); such Jews will have translated, immortal, eternal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. Born again believers in Christ whom will have been translated at the time of “the rapture and resurrection” (Jn 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:-18), will be present during the Kingdom Age, and will enter this millennium in eternal, immortal, translated bodies, souls and spirits; they will rule and reign with Christ throughout the Kingdom Age (2 Tim 2:12). Martyred tribulation saints (Rev 20:4) will be resurrected and will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age, having been given translated, eternal, immortal bodies and souls to accompany their born again spirits. All whom will have been translated will enter the eternal state in their translated bodies. Jews and Gentiles whom will enter the Kingdom at the end of the tribulation will have born again spirits; prior to their entry into the eternal state, God will give them immortal bodies and souls to match their eternal born again spirits. The children, and children’s children, of those whom will enter the millennium having only “born again spirits,” will come under the instruction of Christ (Isa 2:1-3) and must come to saving faith in Christ in order to be born again, and receive eternal, immortal, translated bodies and souls; otherwise, they will face the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15), and receive the same fate of anyone else whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Because the promised land of Israel extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-20), it appears that the OT saints of Dan 12:1-2 and Matt 19:28, will rule and reign over Jews that enter the Kingdom age not having translated bodies and souls. Because Jews have been promised the land of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15:8-20), Gentiles not having translated bodies and souls will reside outside of the land of the Jews (Gen 15:18-20); they will be able to come and go, to and from, the Jews’ covenant land (Zech 14:16), and will be governed by NT and Tribulation translated saints (2 Tim 2:12, Rev 20:4) whom will rule and reign with Christ. Scripture shows that during the Kingdom age, those whom have been translated will rule and reign over those whom have not been translated. Raptured and resurrected born again believers in Christ will enter the Kingdom age after their descent from heaven with Christ (Rev 19:11-21) at the end of the tribulation; they will go to and from the earth, at will. Old Testament and martyred born again saints will be resurrected at the end to the tribulation and will enter the Kingdom age. Born again survivors of the tribulation will just enter a day of life, experiencing the greatness of the Kingdom age, as described in Isaiah 11:6:

Isaiah 11:6 (NAS95). And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.

III. The key to understanding God’s Word is to develop a good understanding of God’s chosen people. The purpose of the articles that are written in this Equipping Site is to develop and strengthen the knowledge of its readers of God’s Holy Word. Of key concern, as it relates to the “Revelation of Christ to the Apostle John” (Rev 1:1), are the Words of our Lord in Revelation 22:18-19:

“18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God shall add to him the plagues which are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.” (NAS95).

A. The prophecy of the Book of Revelation has been stated by our Lord and Savior, Christ; it can not be changed. Anyone whom is guilty of “adding to, or taking away” from the prophecy that our Lord spoke to John the Apostle will be someone whom has not been born again (John 3:3). Anyone whom has been “born again,” through the work of God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:8), can not be “unborn.” Anyone whom has been born again will not “add to, or take away,” from any Word of Scripture. Consider the comment that is provided in the Revelation commentary of Dr. John F. Walvoord, as follows:

B. “To use the verses Rev 22:18-19 as a proof that a child of God once saved and born into the family of God can lose his salvation is, of course, applying this passage out of context. This passage assumes that a child of God will not tamper with these scriptures. It is the contrast of unbelief with faith, the blinded, fallen intellect of man in contrast to the enlightened Spirit-taught believer. Although the true child of God may not comprehend the meaning of the entire book of Revelation, he will recognize in it a declaration of his hope and that which has been assured to him in grace by his salvation in Christ.”
https://bible.org/seriespage/22-concluding-revelations-and-exhortations

IV. The Vision Of The Seven Last Plagues https://bible.org/seriespage/15-vision-seven-last-plagues
Article contributed by Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased)

A. The Bowl Judgments.

Consider the introduction to the Bowl Judgments of the tribulation, as provided by Dr. John F. Walvoord. Those whom will be present on earth will be Jews and Gentiles that were left behind from the rapture of the born again believers in Christ (John 14:2,3,6). God will use every event of the tribulation to call Jews to saving faith in Christ. Gentiles will also be able to accept Christ as Savior.

B. Introduction To The Bowl Judgments

Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19:10 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19:11 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

C. Prelude to the Bowl Judgments.

1. Overview: MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1–8. Chapter 15 introduces the 7 bowls of wrath, God’s final judgments at the end of the 7 year Tribulation period. The bowl judgments come in a rapid-fire, staccato fashion, each one stronger in fury and intensity. The bowls are the last plagues that issue from the blast of the seventh trumpet, and will conclude the seventh seal (see note on 6:1).
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

a. Rev 15:1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:1. “wrath of God.” See 11:18; 14:10; 16:19; 19:15; cf. Rom. 1:18–21.

b. Rev 15:2 And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:2. “sea of glass.” God’s heavenly throne sits on a transparent crystal platform or pavement. “victory over the beast.” All the saints from every nation, including Israel, ultimately triumph over Satan’s Antichrist and his system because of their faith in Jesus Christ. number of his name. 13:17: “buy or sell.” Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life. number of his name. The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

c. Rev 15:3-4 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! 4 Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, For Your judgments have been manifested.”

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 14:5. God’s holy and perfect character inevitably demands that He judge (cf. Ps. 19:9; Nah. 1:3, 6). After God’s righteous judgment is complete, He will set up Christ’s millennial kingdom on earth and the elect from every nation will come and worship Him (cf. Ps. 66:4; Is. 66:23; Phil. 2:9–11).

d. Rev 15:5 After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. “the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony.” This refers to the location of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies where God dwells (see note on 11:19; cf. Num. 10:11).

e. Rev 15:6-7 And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands. 7 Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God who lives forever and ever.

Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 15:7. “four living creatures.” See notes on 4:6–8. seven golden bowls. These are shallow saucers, familiar items often associated with various functions of the temple worship (1 Kin. 7:50; 2 Kin. 12:13; 25:15), such as wine (Amos 6:6) and blood sacrifice (Ex. 27:3). Their flat shallowness pictures how the divine judgments will be emptied instantly rather than slowly poured, drowning those who refused to drink the cup of salvation.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:7. “wrath of God.” the fury of a righteous God against the contamination of His entire creation through sin.

g. Rev 15:8 The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.

Comment. The New American Commentary. 5:8. At this point the entire temple is filled with smoke from the Glory of God, rendering it impossible for anyone to enter the temple until the seven plagues are completed. Twice before a manifestation of the “shekinah glory” of God was seen – first, upon its completion in the tabernacle and then at the dedication of the Solomonic temple. Now, the stage is set for the last plagues of the tribulation period. https://www.logos.com/product/20317/new-american-commentary-revelation

V. Closing Video. A Song

Cloverton’s Christmas version of Hallelujah. Dec 22, 2016. The High Definition Lifestyle. This is a really beautiful Christmas version of the song “Hallelujah” as the lyrics have been written to honor Jesus. Telling the story of His birth, what a beautiful song to explain the real meaning of Christmas!

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Judges 10-16 , Ruth

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I. Video 1. Judges. What Is the Book of Judges All About?. Jun 27, 2017. Bible Study Tools Videos. http://www.thirdavenue.org/staff

II. Introduction. In this article we will consider two highly controversial Judges of Israel, Jephthah and Samson. We will also look forward to more of the travels of Israel, which will bring into the picture an important Gentile link that will lead to the birth of Christ. Links for John Walvoord, Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur are posted in section IV.

A. The Prophecy And Deliverance From The Ammonites And Philistines.

1. Judges 10:13-14 Oppression of Philistines and Ammonites.

a. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because the Children of Israel forsook the Lord, God told them that He would not heed their cry. “But you have forsaken Me and served other gods, so I will no longer save you. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you when you are in trouble” (vv 13-14).

b. Judges 10:13-14 (NASB) 13 Yet you have forsaken Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer deliver you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress.”

2. Judges 11:1-40 Jephthah the Ninth Judge.

a. Overview. Jephthah (10:6—12:7), a social outcast from the other Joseph tribe (Manasseh, east of the Jordan) who judges at a time when Israel is being threatened by a coalition of powers under the king of Ammon.

Intro to Judges

b. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Because of their willingness to come back to God, however, God allowed Jephthah to be raised up as the ninth judge of Israel, and he delivered Israel from their enemies.

c. Consider Jephthah’s place in the Hebrews Faith Hall Of Fame.

(1) Hebrews 11:1-2 (NASB) The Triumphs of Faith. 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.
(2) Hebrews 11:32 (NASB). Jephthah. By faith they overcame. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,

d. Consider Jephthah’s dilemma.

(1) Judges 11:30-31 (NASB) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord and said, “If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand, 31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

(a) Comment. 11:30 MacArthur Study Bible. “made a vow to the Lord.” This was a custom among generals to promise the god of their worship something of great value as a reward for that god’s giving them victory.
(b) Comment. 11:30 The Moody Bible Commentary. At the end of the daughter’s mourning period, the text says her father kept his vow and “she had no relations with a man,” not that he killed her as a human sacrifice. Therefore, it is best to assume that Jephthah did not make a burnt offering of his daughter, but instead sacrificed her to serve in the tabernacle. In any case, Jephthah’s foolish vow is emblamatic of the period and had serious implications for his family.

(2) Judges 11:34-35 (NASB) 34 When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, behold, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had no son or daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, “Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the Lord, and I cannot take it back.”

(a) Comment. 11:34. MacArthur Study Bible. “his daughter, coming out to meet him.” She was thus to be the sacrificed pledge.
(b) Comment. 11:35. MacArthur Study Bible. “Alas.” Here is indicated the pain felt by her father in having to take the life of his only daughter to satisfy his pious, but unwise pledge.

(3) Judges 11:36-39 (NASB) 36 So she said to him, “My father, you have given your word to the Lord; do to me as you have said, since the Lord has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of Ammon.” 37 She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.” 38 Then he said, “Go.” So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. 39 At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel,

(a) Comment. Judges 11:38. Ryrie Study Bible. “wept…because of her virginity. i.e., she would never bear children.
(b) Comment. Judges 11:39. Ryrie Study Bible. Some understand that Jephthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold that she was killed according to Canaanite practices, which Jephthah had embraced. (c) Comment. Judges 11:38-39. Mine. I hold fast to the comment of The Moody Bible Commentary note in 11:30 above. Also, because of Hebrews 11:32 including Jephthah in the “Faith Hall of Fame,” it seems that the daughter of Jephthah was not given as a sacrifice which would have taken her life. It is true that Jephthah said that he would sacrifice his daughter, but there was no such Godly encouragement or approval for Jephthah to kill his daughter. Neither is there written in the Bible, a statement that Jephthah actually offered his daughter as a burnt offering.

B. Prophecy Related To Samson

1. Judges 13-16 – Samson Is Avenged.

(a) Overview. Samson is one of the most recognizable of the judges who ruled over Israel before the time of the kings. He was a Nazarite, yet broke many rules of the Nazarite vow. God gifted Samson with incredible strength, but he lost his strength when Delilah betrayed him to the Philistines, who blinded and enslaved him. At the end of his life, God restored Samson’s strength.
https://www.christianity.com/wiki/people/who-was-samson.html

(b) Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased).The story of Samson is one of the enigmatic stories of the Bible. His birth was announced by the Angel of the Lord to his father Manoah. Early feats of strength and departures from God were described (14:1-16:19). God’s promise to Samson’s mother concerning her child that “he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines” (13:15) was nevertheless fulfilled. After Samson was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and shackled to grind grain in prison, his strength returned, and in destroying the pillars on which the temple was built he was able to kill more in the death than in life (16:23-31). The books of Joshua and Judges set the stage for the coming of Samuel, the last of the judges and the first of the prophets. In contrast to the Book of Judges, which is one o moral and physical defeat, the Book of Joshua is largely one of victory.

(c) Text. Judges 16:28-31 (NASB) 28 Then Samson called to the Lord and said, “O Lord God, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once be avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.” 29 Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left. 30 And Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines!” And he bent with all his might so that the house fell on the lords and all the people who were in it. So the dead whom he killed at his death were more than those whom he killed in his life. 31 Then his brothers and all his father’s household came down, took him, brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. Thus he had judged Israel twenty years.

2. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

(a) Judges 16:28. “remember me, I pray!” A prayer of repentance and trust pours from Samson.
(b) Judges 16:29-31. Some Philistine temples had roofs overlooking a courtyard, above wooden columns planted on stone foundations. The central pillars were set close to furnish extra support for the roof. Here the victory celebration and taunts flung at the prisoner below drew a big crowd. The full strength of Samson, renewed by God, enabled him to buckle the columns. As a result, the roof collapsed and the victory was Israel’s, not Philistia’s. He died for the cause of his country and his God. He was not committing suicide, but rather bringing God’s judgment on His enemies and willing to leave his own life or death to God. He was the greatest champion of all Israel, yet a man of passion capable of severe sin. Still, he is in the list of the faithful (cf. Heb. 11:32).

III. Video 2. Ruth.

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

A. Video info. Why is the Book of Ruth important? Oct 16, 2014. John Ankerberg Show. Why is the Book of Ruth important?
From Our Series “Where Do We Go From Here?” With Dr. Erwin Lutzer. Jashow.org for more information.

B. Preview. Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45-46, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Nestled between Judges and 1 Samuel, however, is the Book of Ruth which, though it contains no prophecies of the future, is itself a reminder that God has the purpose of fulfilling the promise of a coming Messiah. The lovely story of Ruth is one of the links leading up to David.

IV. Links of Reference.

A. MacArthur Study Bible https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/
B. Ryrie Study Bible https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/
C. B. John Walvoord https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

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Judges 4-7

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

I. Video. Why Israel Introduction | 02 | God’s covenants with Israel. Jan 28, 2016. Christians for Israel International.

II. This article discusses three judges of Israel, whom are Deborah, Barak and Gideon. The relationship of these Judges with God is the key subject of study. This is not a church-age study, although there are principles that can be applied to the church of Christ. Contained within this article is also a study of the Names of God, to include spelling and the placement of upper and lower case letters. We will touch on Bible translations, as well as the letter “J.” It is important to have a zeal for God’s Word, however, scripture correctness should always be paramount.

III. It is easy to see that many Christians are ignorant of the facts of the Old Testament. The reason for such ignorance is simple; the Old Testament teaching is limited, and poorly taught. The subject people in this article are Jews, and the setting is Jewish. The account of the Jews (not a story) in this article is about the dealings of God with His chosen people, Israel (Deu 14:2). All too often, pastors and teachers make many Old Testament studies into studies of the church, and omit the detailed teachings that relate to scripture context, of which is important in understanding God’s Word. Remember that God is traveling with the Israelites, and not with anyone else. If we make a decision to understand each chapter that we read from the Old Testament, it will help us to understand the relationship of God and the Jews during the time of Tribulation, as well as that in the Kingdom age, the Millennium, and the eternal state. In regard to context, consider 2 Chronicles 7:14, which relates to God and the nation of Israel, and to no one else in our world (context, 2 Chr 7:8-18). Also Ezek 34:26, “showers of blessing,” is greatly misunderstood; we sing a song by that title, with a church inferred meaning. However, the context of “showers of blessing” is that of Israel during the Kingdom Age.

IV. As we are studying any passage of scripture, we should attempt to gain an understanding of the verses that we are reading. Should we follow cross-references that lead us elsewhere in the Bible? Most definitely, we should check out verses in the other books in the Old and New Testaments. As we pursue our study of Israel in the Old Testament scriptures, we will naturally be led to other areas of study about Jews, especially about Israel in the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State.

V. Judges 4:4-6 (NASB) Deborah and Barak. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+4%3A1-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bible. 4:4 Deborah, a prophetess. She was an unusual woman of wisdom and influence who did the tasks of a judge, except for military leadership…. Deborah’s rise to such a role is the exception in the book because of Barak’s failure to show the courage to lead courageously (vv. 8, 14). God rebuked his cowardice by the pledge that a woman would slay Sisera (v. 9). https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, “Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, ‘Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

C. God in the verses.

1. vs 6 “the LORD, the God of Israel.” (“LORD,” YHWH…Yah·weh, 3068). (“God,” Elohim, 430). Notice the upper and lower case of letters of “LORD and God.”

2. The KJV and NKJV state in verse 6, “the LORD God of Israel.” The NASB states “the LORD, the God of Israel.” The NASB is correct: https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/4-6.htm Consider also Rev 17:5. The KJV and NKJV state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT.” NASB states, “a mystery, BABYLON THE GREAT; ” the NASB is correct https://biblehub.com/lexicon/revelation/17-5.htm

3. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

a. 1. “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible..Gen 2:4 note).

b. 2. “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

4. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Deborah and Barak, fourth and fifth judges of Israel, were promised victory over Siseria. This prophecy was fulfilled and Sisteria killed (vs 12-24).
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VI. Judges 6:11-24 (NASB) The Call Of Gideon. As you red the following verses, pay close attention to the names of God. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=JUDGES+6%3A11-24&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment: MacArthur Study Bible Note. 6:1 Midian. These wandering herdsmen from E of the Red Sea had been dealt a severe blow in Moses’ time (Num. 31:1–18) and still resented the Israelites. They became the worst scourge yet to afflict Israel.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

1. 11 Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites. 12 The angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior.” 13 Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.” 14 The LORD looked at him and said, “Go in this your strength and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?” 15 He said to Him, “O Lord, how shall I deliver Israel? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father’s house.” 16 But the LORD said to him, “Surely I will be with you, and you shall defeat Midian as one man.” 17 So Gideon said to Him, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You who speak with me. 18 “Please do not depart from here, until I come back to You, and bring out my offering and lay it before You.” And He said, “I will remain until you return.”

2. 19 Then Gideon went in and prepared a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah of flour; he put the meat in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought them out to him under the oak and presented them. 20 The angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so. 21 Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight. 22 When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” 23 The LORD said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

B. God in the verses.

1. vs 11, 21, 22 “the angel of the LORD.” A theophany. Judges 2:1: The LORD Himself. Genesis 16:9: A self-manifestation of God. He here speaks as God, identifies Himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the LORD ceases to appear after the incarnation, it is often inferred that the angel of the LORD in the OT is a preincarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity. (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. vs 15 “O Lord: “Adonai” (Notice lower case letters) Master, lord, sovereign (Gen 15:2) and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” (Ryrie Study Bible) “Kuios:” Mt 1:22 “properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord)”: https://biblehub.com/greek/2962.htm

3. vs 20 The angel of God. Angel (mal·’ach) (4397), a messenger of God (Elohim) 430. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-20.htm

4. vs 22 O’Lord God. Lord: Adonai (136) (See Lower case letters); God: YHWH, Yahweh https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-22.htm

5. vs 23, 24 LORD YWHW Yahweh 3068 (See all upper case letters) https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-23.htm https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/6-24.htm

C. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). Scriptures record God’s selection of Gideon as a judge over Israel. In verse 14 it was recorded, “The LORD turned to him [Gideon] and said, ‘Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian’s hand. Am I not sending you?'” https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VII. Judges 7:1-25 (NASB) Gideon’s 300 Chosen Men. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Judges+7%3A1-25&version=NASB

A. Opening Comment. MacArthur Study Bibe. 7:2 The people…are too many. Those of faith, though inadequate by human weakness, gain victory only through God’s power (cf. 2 Cor. 3:5; 4:7; 12:7–9). Three hundred men win against an incredible Midianite host (Judg. 7:7, 16–25). God gains the glory by making the outcome conspicuously His act, and no sinful pride is cultivated.
https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

B. 2 The LORD said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for Israel would become boastful, saying, ‘My own power has delivered me.’

C. God in the verses.

1. 2 The “LORD.” YHWH Yahweh 3068 https://biblehub.com/lexicon/judges/7-2.htm

2. Comment: Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Pg 45, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased). The 300 warriors chosen by God attained a decisive victory over Midian, fulfilling the prophecy literally. https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/

VIII. Considering: Yahweh – Jehovah – Yeshua – Jesus

A. The name of Yahweh (3068, Strong’s Concordance) is shown in reference documents as being YHWH and YHVH. There is no letter “J” in either of the Hebrew or Greek alphabets. We will consider Jehovah and Jesus.

1. Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants (YHWH) called the tetragrammaton.
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Yahweh

2. For Jewish people YHVH is the most holy name of God, as written in the ancient Hebrew language.
https://simple.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/YHWH

3. JEHOVAH (Yahweh), in the Bible, the God of Israel. “Jehovah” is a modern mispronunciation of the Hebrew name
https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Jehovah

B. There is no ‘J’ in Hebrew. In English, the letters I and J both had the same sound for a long time, and before that, J didn’t exist.
https://www.quora.com/Did-the-letter-J-exist-in-the-Hebrew-alphabet

C. Was the letter J in the Bible?

1. Gian Trissino identified the Greek “Iesus” (a translation of the Hebrew “Yeshua”) as the Modern English “Jesus”, thus the current phoneme for “J” was born. … Even in the KJV 1611 year bible, there are NO letter J’s AT ALL in that bible. 500 years ago the letter “J” did not exist in any language on this earth, so NO letter “J” 500 years ago, and NO name “Jesus” 2,000 years ago. The letter “J” is a fairly recent addition to the alphabet (around the 1500’s), and research / historical data prove it’s IMPOSSIBLE for the names JESUS or JeHoVaH to even have been on the planet back in the ancient times.
https://warriorsoftheruwach.com/the-letter-j

2. Our Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36) was never addressed as “Jesus” by anyone when He was on this earth. Consider the Greek and Hebrew below. Notice that there is no letter “J” written in the Name of our Lord.

3. Matthew 1:16 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)
16 Ya‘akov was the father of Yosef the husband of Miryam,
from whom was born the Yeshua who was called the Messiah.

4. Mattityahu 1:16 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)
16 Yaakov fathered Yosef, the baal (husband) of Miryam, from whom was born Yehoshua, who is called Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach. [Yochanan 1:49]

D. Strong’s Concordance https://biblehub.com/greek/2424.htm

1. 2424. Iésous. Greek: Ἰησοῦς (iēsous). Jesus is the transliteration of the Hebrew term, 3091 /Lṓt (“Yehoshua”/Jehoshua, contracted to “Joshua”) which means “Yahweh saves” (or “Yahweh is salvation”). Notice that Jesus is a transliteration, and not a translation.

2. 3091. of Hebrew origin Yehoshua, “the LORD is salvation,”

3. Notice that in the Greek spelling of Iésous there is no letter J, therefore “Jesus” is not the correct spelling, or pronunciation, of our Lord’s Name.

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Judges 1-2

Click on the image to see the text. Click onto the arrow to see the video.

I. Video Consideration.

Why Israel Introduction | 01 | God’s love for Israel. Jan 21, 2016. Christians for Israel International. God has chosen Israel and has a covenant relationship with her. “For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession”. Deuteronomy 7:6

II. Article Introduction.

A. The course of study that I am publishing on Equipping Site is two-fold. My Old Testament articles relate to Israel, and its emphasis on the love and leading of God of, “his chosen people.” The New Testament articles relate to Israel in the end times, and God’s means for drawing Israel to saving faith in Christ. The Old Testament will show God preparing a Savior for Israel, and for all of mankind. The New Testament will show Christ, “the Savior, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords” (Rev 16:16), returning to earth from Heaven at the end of the Tribulation to save the Jews from destruction (Matt 24:22), and to begin His never-ending rule and reign over the whole world (Isaiah 2:1-4).

B. The story of Israel goes back to the creation, and works its way through “Seth (Luke 3:38) and Noah (Luke 3:36).” Preceding the flood, when the earth was covered by water, Noah and his family were chosen by God to be saved from the drowning waters of the flood (Gen 6:6-11, 17-18). When the earth dried the three sons of Noah, and their wives, were sent out from the ark by God to repopulate the earth. Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, went in different directions. God chose Shem (Semitic) to be the bloodline of Noah to bring about the Savior of the World, through the covenant seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Gen 12:1-3); God renamed Jacob to be Israel (Gen 32:28). From the covenant seed of Jacob (Israel), the bloodline of Judah brought about the preordained birth of Christ (Messiah) (Luke 3:33, Gen 49:10, [“the one to whom the scepter belongs, “ i.e., Shiloh, the cryptogram for the Messiah, the one also called the “Lion of the Tribe of Judah” (Rev. 5:5)( MacArthur note)]. God chose Israel from out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession” (Deuteronomy 7:6); no such relationship with God existed between God and the descendants of Ham or Japheth. None of the descendants of Ham or Japheth had the relationships of “purpose, promise, or protection,” that existed between God and the descendants of Shem. It is important to know that the covenant seed of Abraham went through Issac, and not Ishmael. To fulfill His purposes for Israel, God protected the Jews, and still protects Israel.

C. The following verse shows the means by which God chose to protect “His chosen people, Israel.

1. Zechariah 2:8-10 (NKJV) – Israel, the apple of God’s eye.

8 For thus says the Lord of hosts: “He sent Me after glory, to the nations which plunder you; for he who touches you touches the apple of His eye. 9 For surely I will shake My hand against them, and they shall become spoil for their servants. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me.

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. https://www.oneplace.com/ministries/grace-to-you/listen/

2:8 He sent Me after glory. The Messiah is sent by the “Lord of Hosts” (v. 9) to procure His glory and to vindicate Him in the nations who have spoiled Israel. the apple of His eye. See note on Deu 32:10. Harming God’s chosen people is like striking the pupil of God’s eye. 32:10 as the apple of His eye. Lit. “the little man of His eye,” i.e., the pupil. Just as the pupil of the eye is essential for vision and, therefore, closely protected, especially in a howling wind, so God closely protected Israel.

3. Consequences Of Harming Israel. Consider the seriousness of the following paragraph. No one wants anyone else to be present at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). No one whom has been born again will hate God’s chosen people, Israel. Only those whom have not been born again will face the Great White Throne Judgment. Anyone having been born again will have the Spirit of “Father, Son and Holy Spirit” dwelling within their spirit, teaching them the things of God, which includes the plans of God for Israel. (Jn 14:20, 26; Matt 19:28).

a. In the world today, there are many enemies of God and of His chosen people, Israel. No one has to look far to see the hatred for Israel that comes from the majority of the nations of the United Nations, and the Democrat party in the USA. Included in the hatred groups of Israel are the industries of academia, liberal main stream media, entertainment, the new world order (GHWB 41), globalism (WJC 42) (GWB 43), and those who want to “remake America” (BHO 44) (HRC POTUS Wannabe), (AOC ???), (RT ???), (AP ???), (IO ???); there are other source groups of such hate. For truthful reporting of Israel’s enemies, follow conservative news sources such as, “Fox, Newsmax, One America Now;” these aforementioned sources of truthful news reporting will help you to maintain a correct awareness of those who want to remake America and oppose the support of Israel.

b. God will not be mocked.

(1) Galatians 6:7 (NKJV) (a) 7 “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.”

(2) “will not” be mocked. The hate and attacks that continue against God’s chosen people, Israel, will result in retribution that can not be mitigated by any force of this world. The ungodly, antisemitic, forces of the world “will reap what they sow,” which will be the wrath of God, and will occur either, before the tribulation, or during the tribulation.

III. Article Focus Verses.

A. God’s Promise To Israel Of Victory Over The Canaanites.

1. Judges 1:1-8 (NKJV) The Continuing Conquest of Canaan. 1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass that the children of Israel asked the Lord, saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the Canaanites to fight against them?” 2 And the Lord said, “Judah shall go up. Indeed I have delivered the land into his hand.” 3 So Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me to my allotted territory, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I will likewise go with you to your allotted territory.” And Simeon went with him. 4 Then Judah went up, and the Lord delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand; and they killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fought against him; and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 Then Adoni-Bezek fled, and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7 And Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather scraps under my table; as I have done, so God has repaid me.” Then they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 8 Now the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem and took it; they struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire.

2. Comments: 1:1-8 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44.
https://www.thriftbooks.com/a/john-f-walvoord/203232/ [After the death of Joshua, God gave instruction for the continued battle to obtain the land, “Judah is to go; I have given the land into their hands (vs 2). The Simeonites assisted Judah in conquering the land. Important in their conquest was the destruction of Jerusalem which was set on fire (vs 5).]

B. Prophecy Of God’s Chastening Of Israel For Disobedience.

1. Judges 2:1-3 (NKJV) Israel’s Disobedience. 1 Then the Angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said: “I led you up from Egypt and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers; and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you. 2 And you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land; you shall tear down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed My voice. Why have you done this? 3 Therefore I also said, ‘I will not drive them out before you; but they shall be thorns in your side, and their gods shall be a snare to you.’ ”

2. Comments: 2:1-3 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44. [The familiar picture of Israel’s failure in the time of Judges was described in God’s statement to Israel, “Yet you have disobeyed Me. Why have you done this? Now therefore I tell you that I will not drive them out before you; they will be thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you” (vs 2-3).]

C. Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins.

1. Judges 2:20-23 (NKJV) Other Consequences Of Israel’s Sins. 1. 20 Then the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel; and He said, “Because this nation has transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers, and has not heeded My voice, 21 I also will no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Joshua left when he died, 22 so that through them I may test Israel, whether they will keep the ways of the Lord, to walk in them as their fathers kept them, or not.” 23 Therefore the Lord left those nations, without driving them out immediately; nor did He deliver them into the hand of Joshua.

2. Comments: 2:20-23 Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased) “Every Prophecy of the Bible” pages 44, 45. [Further revelation was given concerning God’s anger with Israel: “Because the LORD was very angry with Israel and said, ‘Because this nation has violated the covenant that I laid down for their forefathers and has not listened to Me, I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua left when he died. I will use them to test Israel and whether they will keep the way of the LORD and walk in it as their forefathers did.’ The LORD had allowed those nations to remain; He did not drive them out at once by giving them into the hands of Joshua” (vs 20-23).]

IV. God’s Love For Israel.

1. Isaiah 27:13 (NKJV) 13 So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

Note: Macarthur Study Bible. 27:13 worship the Lord…at Jerusalem. The prophet reiterates one of his great themes: future worship of regathered Israel on Mt. Zion (24:23; 25:6, 7, 10). .

2. Isaiah 60:21 (NKJV) 21 Also your people shall all be righteous; They shall inherit the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified.

Note, MacArthur Study Bible 60:21 inherit the land forever. Israel will inherit the land promised to Abraham (Gen. 12:1, 7; 13:15; 15:18). During the millennial kingdom, that will be the land of Israel as we know it today. In the eternal kingdom, it will be the New Jerusalem, capital of the new creation. I may be glorified. The ultimate mission of Israel is to glorify the Lord (49:3; 61:3).

V. God’s Name In Scripture Context.

A. Verses Of Consideration. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23 “LORD” (Yah·weh). Judges 1:7 God (Elohim).

B. Names Of God To Consider (Yahweh; Elohim).

1. Judges 1:1,2; 2:1,20,22,23. the “LORD,” YHWH (notice all capital letters). Re: Genesis 2:4, [the “LORD,” YHWH (probably pronounced Yahweh), is the most significant name for God in the OT. It has a two-fold meaning: the active, self-existent One (since the word is connected with the verb meaning “to be,” Ex 3:14); and Israel’s Redeemer (Ex 6:6). The name is especially associated with God’s holiness (Lev 11:44-45), His hatred of sin (Gen 6:3-7), and His gracious provision of redemption (Isa 53:1, 5, 6, 10).] (Ryrie Study Bible…Gen 2:4 note).

2. Judges 1:7 “God,” Elohim, pronounced “el-o-heem.’ Re: Genesis 1:1. [Elohim, a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used of pagan gods (Gen 31:30), angels (Ps 8.5), men ((Ps 82:6), and judges (Ex 21:6), though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty, and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.).] (Ryrie Study Bible…1:1 note).

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Judges – Intro

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I. Why? Because of God’s Love-Part One. Aug 19, 2019. Why did God choose Israel? God is completely sovereign and purposeful in His choices, His plans are greater than we can comprehend and He is present in the details. The Why series explores why God chose Israel and how this decision impacts our view of God, Israel and His plans for us. In Part 1 we look at God’s love as one of the motivations behind His choosing Israel.

II. Introduction. In this article we continue our prophetic journey of Israel, as opposed to a verse-by-verse scripture discussion. In future articles, we will discuss how the Israelites in the Book of Judges relate to the nation of Israel in the times of the millennium (Kingdom Age), and the eternal state. This course of Jewish travel is based on John F. Walvoord’s book, “Every Prophecy of the Bible.” Dr. Walvoord is deceased; https://www.blueletterbible.org/commentaries/walvoord_john/

III. Notes of Robert L. Deffinbaugh. https://bible.org/users/bob-deffinbaugh

A. Robert L. (Bob) Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. in 1971. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas.

B. The Book of Judges depicts a very dark hour in the history of Israel, and yet the events of this book come so very soon after the “golden years” of the “Joshua generation.” It is not the kind of reading we do for pure enjoyment, but it is an important era in the history of Israel, an era that we need to understand, and from which we should learn important lessons. Sad to say, it is an era that is very similar to the days in which we live, making it a message all the more pertinent to us. Let us listen well, and heed the message God has for us in these difficult pages. https://bible.org/seriespage/15-israel-s-dark-ages-judges

IV. Judges Overview by C.I. Scofield – https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

A. This book takes its name from the thirteen men raised up to deliver Israel in the declension and disunion which followed the death of Joshua. Through these men God continued His personal government of Israel. The key-verse to the condition of Israel is (Judges 17:6), “Every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” Two facts stand out–the utter failure of Israel; the persistent grace of God. In the choice of the Judges is illustrated Zechariah’s great word (Zechariah 4:6), “not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith the Lord”; and Paul’s word (1 Corinthians 1:25), “not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called.”

B. The book records seven apostasies, seven servitudes to seven heathen nations, seven deliverances. The spiritual parallel is found in the history of the professing church since the Apostles, in the rise of sects and the lost sense of the unity of the one body (1 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Corinthians 12:13).

C. Judges is in two parts:

1. Judges 1-16 inclusive; key-verse, Judges 2:18.

2. Judges 17-21; key-verse, Judges 21:25.

3. The events recorded in Judges cover a period of 305 years (Ussher).

V. MacArthur Study Bible Introduction To Judges. https://www.gty.org/

A. Introduction To Judges – https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=judges+1&version=NKJV
Below “Study This,” “Bible Studies,” scroll down to “MacArthur Study Bible,” and click onto the tab. Read “Introduction.”

B. The book bears the fitting name “Judges,” which refers to unique leaders God gave to His people for preservation against their enemies (2:16–19). The Hebrew title means “deliverers” or “saviors,” as well as judges (cf. Deut. 16:18; 17:9; 19:17). Twelve such judges arose before Samuel; then Eli and Samuel raised the count to 14. God Himself is the higher Judge (11:27). Judges spans about 350 years from Joshua’s conquest (ca. 1398 b.c.) until Eli and Samuel judged prior to the establishment of the monarchy (ca. 1043 b.c.).

VI. Names Of Judges Of Israel (Length Of Rule). https://jesusalive.cc/ques349.htm

1. Othniel.(40 yrs) 2. Ehud (80 yrs) 3. Shamgar (Unknown) 4. Deborah/Barak (40 yrs) 5. Gideon (40 yrs) 6. Abimelech (3 yrs)
7. Tola (23 yrs) 8. Jair (22 yrs) 9. Jephthah (6 yrs) 10. Ibzan (7 yrs) 11. Elon (10 yrs) 12. Abdon (8 yrs) 13. Samson (20 yrs)
14. Eli (40 yrs) 15. Samuel (12 yrs – app.) ** Until Saul made king (Some people consider Joshua to have been a judge).

VII. Ryrie Study Bible Introduction Notes (Dr. Charles Ryrie, Deceased). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

A. Historical Background: The events of this book (Judges) cover the turbulent period in Israel’s history from about 1380 to 1050 B.C., from the conquest of Palestine to the beginning of the monarchy. Though the land had been generally conquered and occupied under Joshua, many important Canaanite strongholds had been bypassed, leaving their subjugation to include Israelite tribes. The book of judges describes this warfare, as the Hebrews tried to complete their occupation of the land. The judges were military and civil leaders ruling during this time when the nation was a loose confederation. Some of the judges ruled concurrently since each one did not necessarily rule over the entire land.

B. Authorship And Date. Though the author of this book is unknown, the Talmud suggests Samuel, and it is possible that he may have written portions. Judges was written after the death of Samson and after the coronation of King Saul, but before the conquest of Jerusalem by David about 990 B.C.

C. Timeline Of The Judges. Othniel became the first judge of Israel in 1353 B.C (Judges 3:9). Samuel’s reign as Israel’s last judge ended when Saul became King of Israel in 1050 B.C. (1 Samuel 11:10).

VIII. Defining Points Of Israel’s Sins.

A. Judges 21:25 (NKJV) 25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 21:25 Judges 17–21 vividly demonstrates how bizarre and deep sin can become when people throw off the authority of God as mediated through the king (cf. 17:6). This was the appropriate, but tragic, conclusion to a bleak period of Israelite history (cf. Deut. 12:8). (MacArthur Study Bible) https://www.gty.org/

B. Judges 17:6 (NKJV) 6 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 17:6 everyone did…own eyes. This is the general characterization of the time, and of sinful behavior in all times. This attitude had been mentioned much earlier in Israel’s history (cf. Deut. 12:8; Judg. 21:25).

C. Deuteronomy 12:8 (NKJV) 8 “You shall not at all do as we are doing here today—every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes—

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 12:8 every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes. There seems to have been some laxity in the offering of the sacrifices in the wilderness which was not to be allowed when Israel came into the Promised Land. This self-centered attitude became a major problem in the time of Judges (cf. Judg. 17:6; 21:25).

IX. God’s Love For Israel.

A. Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV) 2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

B. Jeremiah 31:10-11 (NKJV) 10 Hear the word of the Lord, O nations, And declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He who scattered Israel will gather him, And keep him as a shepherd does his flock. 11 For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, And ransomed him from the hand of one stronger than he.

C. Ezekiel 36:24-28 (NKJV) 24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. 28 Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

D. Ezekiel 39:27-28 (NKJV) 27 When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of many nations, 28 then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their land, and left none of them captive any longer.

MacArthur Study Bible Note. 39:21–29 I will set My glory. God vanquishes Israel’s foes to show His glory so that His enemies and Israel will all know that He is the Lord (vv. 6, 22). This is Israel’s salvation spoken of in Zech. 12:10—13:9 and Rom. 11:25–27.

X. Consider the following closing thoughts from the Introduction to Judges in The Moody Bible Commentary.

The key to understanding the work of the Judges appears in 2:16, “The LORD raised up judges who delivered them from the hands of those who plundered them….That even divinely empowered human leaders could not lead Israel to spiritual triumph points to the need for a great King beyond even Saul and David….The term, “great King,” refers to the messianic leader who alone can fulfill the needs of mankind….The author of Judges was building a case for the need for a great King….Chapters 17-21 show a period of history in which the people of Israel increasingly slid into apostasy. The location of these chapters in the book may not be chronological, but the intention is clear: to give the reader a bad portrait of Israel without God as their King.

XI. The following video of the Book of Judges provides a good look at this often overlooked book of the Bible.

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The Bible Project. 1,431,848 views. Mar 9, 2016. Watch our overview video on the book of Judges, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Judges, the Israelites turn away from God and face the consequences. God raises judges in cycles of rebellion, repentance, and restoration.

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Revelation 14:6-20 – Tribulation Overview

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End Time Events – Seals, Trumpets, Great Tribulation, Antichrist, Rapture. Jul 23, 2017. OTG Ministry.

The opening video shows scenes that closely resemble the things that will occur during the upcoming time of Tribulation (Rev 6:1-19:21). It is important to know that small children will not be present during the tribulation, nor will be people whom will have been born again and know Christ as their Lord and Savior prior to the Tribulation. Small children and born again believers in Christ will have been caught up in the rapture and taken to Heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6) prior to the onset of the Tribulation. In the video we see events which many of the world might claim to be natural disasters being caused by climate change, or by “mother nature.” But, it must be understood that it is God whom will be responsible for everything that will happen during the tribulation. Also, “there is no mother nature!”

The purpose of this article is to look back to the first seal of the judgments of the Tribulation, and then show the events that have taken place in this study since Christ broke that seal (Rev 6:1). We will move forward, through the judgments of the trumpets that will be concluded in 14:20, and continue through the judgments of the bowls of wrath, which is God’s wrath being poured out on this world (Rev 15-16). We will see the destruction of Religious Babylon (Rev 17) and Commercial Babylon (Rev 18). We will see the conclusion of the Tribulation at the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19) as Christ, His angels, and His raptured saints descend from heaven to earth to fight the nations that are attacking Israel (Zech 14:1-3; Rev 19:11-21). As has been shown in prior articles, the time and judgments of the Tribulation come as a result of a sovereign decision of God. Every act of judgment, or wrath, that will take place during the Tribulation, will be due to a decision of God, and only of God. Of the judgments, each seal is broken by Christ (Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 8:1). Each trumpet is sounded as a result of Christ having given the trumpets to angels, who release each judgment on the earth (Rev 8:2). Each bowl judgment of God’s wrath comes as a result of each bowl of wrath being poured out on the earth by an angel (Rev 16:1). The judgments of the seals, trumpets, and bowls are God’s tools to draw left-behind Jews to saving faith in Christ, and to judge sin. Gentiles in the Tribulation will be subject to the same judgments, and may also be drawn to saving faith in Christ.

The purpose of the Tribulation is to bring Israel, and unsaved Jews around the world, to saving faith in Christ. The focus of the Tribulation is on Israel, and has no purpose for small children or born again believers in Christ. The Tribulation is also known as “The 70 Weeks Of Daniel,” with the 70th week being the last seven year period that covers the time period of Rev 6:1-19:21 (Jer 30:7; Dan 9:24). All people that will be present during the Tribulation (Jew and Gentile) will have been left behind from when the rapture of the church occurs (Jn 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Anyone, Jew or Gentile, whom will be left behind from the rapture, will be left behind because they will not have been born again. They will have the opportunity to come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation, although persecution or death may be the outcome for such believers from the forces of the Anti-Christ (13:7-8, 13:15-17). The purpose of the “seventy weeks of Daniel” is stated in Daniel 9:24: “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” A detailed study of the 70 weeks of Daniel is shown in the Walvoord Daniel Commentary (9:24-27), and clearly focuses on Israel as being the purpose of the 70 weeks, which ends in Tribulation. The church, “born again believers in Christ,” has no place or purpose in the 70 weeks or Tribulation. A careful focus on the summary of 9:27 is recommended, per: https://bible.org/seriespage/9-prophecy-seventy-weeks

The events of the Tribulation are shown in capsule form in Matt 24-25. Note, Mt 24:3 of The Ryrie Study Bible, states that Mt 24:4-14 lists characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. The judgments of Matt 24:6-7 are outlined in Rev 6:1-8 (Ryrie note, Mt 24:6-7). Mt 24:15 “abomination of desolation.” This relates to the “man of sin” (2 Thes 2:4), the Antichrist, who at this midpoint in the Tribulation breaks the covenant that he made with the Jewish people at the beginning of the Tribulation (Dan 9:27) and demands that they and the world worship him. Those who resist will be persecuted and many will be martyred; that is the reason for the urgency of the instructions in verses 16-22. The church will have been translated (raptured, mine) before the time begins (1 Thes 4:13-18), per Ryrie note on Mt 24:22.

The Judgments of the Tribulation are as follows: (The Ryrie Study Bible). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6) Antichrist. War. Famine. Death. Martyr’s prayers. Great earthquakes.
The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21) A third of vegetation burned. A third of the sea judged. A third of fresh water judged. A third of the luminaries darkened. Increased demonic activity. A third of mankind killed.
The Seven Bowls (Rev 15:1-16:21) Malignant sores. Sea turned to blood. Fresh waters to blood. Men scorched with fire. Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. Invasion from the east. Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction.

We will now continue with our discussion of Revelation 14. .

The next phase of the vision given to John in this chapter (14) introduces “another angel” flying in the midst of heaven, literally “in mid-heaven,” having the everlasting gospel to preach to the entire world. The reference to “another” seems to be to an angel in addition to the seven angels introduced in 8:2 and also in contrast to “another angel” in 8:3 and 10:1. J. B. Smith notes that the remaining portion of the chapter “presents a seven-fold division consisting of the appearance of six angels including a vision of the Son of man between two groups of three angels each.” (John Walvoord Commentary, Revelation Chapter 14).
(https://bible.org/seriespage/14-victory-lamb-and-his-followers)

Revelation 14:6-20 (NKJV)

Concerning The Eternal Gospel

6 Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people—
6 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. “the everlasting gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace to the world before the return of Christ in judgment.” (notice, carefully…”the last call of grace.”)

7 saying with a loud voice, “Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.”

8 And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”
8 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. “Babylon is fallen.” This fall is described in detail in chaps 17-18. For “Babylon,” see 17:5. Religious Babylon is discussed in Rev 17. Commercial Babylon is discussed in Rev 18.

Concerning Beast Worshipers

9 Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”

12 Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.
12 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vs 9-11). See 13:10. (these saints are those people who have come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation, mine).

13 Then I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.’ ” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “that they may rest from their labors, and their works follow them.”

10-13 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever (Rev 20:10-15, mine), with no hope of annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

Concerning The Harvesting Of The Earth

14 Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped. 17 Then another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.
20 Comment. Ryrie Study Bible. Apparently a reference to Armageddon (16:16; 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles, to the depth of about 4.5 feet. The blood of horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.

We have now completed a review of the Tribulation that discusses the seal and trumpet judgments. The bowl judgments of God’s wrath will be discussed in our next Revelation article. However, it is important for us to add greater detail to the harvesting of the earth of Rev 14:14-19, as follows.

The Elect: The Jews In The Harvest

Matthew 24:30-31 (NKJV)

30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

24:30-31 Comment. Consistent with the second coming of Christ will be the gathering of Jews from all over the world. Notice in vs 31, “His elect.” Those whom are identified in Deuteronomy 14:2 are the elect people of God, “the chosen people of God.” However, in the harvest, not all Jews are saved (are born again). The Jews of the harvest were left behind from the rapture because they had not accepted Christ as Lord and Savior; they were not born again. During the tribulation, some of those Jews which did not come to saving faith in Christ prior to the rapture will accept Him as their Lord and Savior, and will be born again; others will remain in a state of unbelief; “they are not born again.” The saved and unsaved Jews are identified in Mt 24:40-41; John 3:3 provides clarification.

Matthew 24:40-41 (NKJV)

40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.

40-41 Comment: Those Jews which are taken, are taken in death to the Judgment of Rev 20:10-15; they had not been born again during the tribulation. Those Jews that are left, are left to enter the Kingdom of God (the 1,000 year reign of Christ) because they were born again during the tribulation. John 3:3, “unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” In the rapture, those that are taken, are taken to heaven with Christ (1 Thes 4:17). Those that are left behind (Jews and Gentiles) are left behind on earth to come under God’s judgments during the tribulation (1 Thes 1:10, “Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.” 5:9-10, “9 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him).

If we were to say that those whom are chosen for salvation will be present during the tribulation, that would violate the teaching of the rapture of the church when the born again believers in Christ are removed from the earth during the rapture (John 14: 2,3,6) prior to the tribulation. The elect of Matt 24:31 are clearly identified as being Jews, per Deu 14:2:

Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV)

2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

We will now consider the comments of Dr. John Walvoord (deceased), as they relate to born again believers in Christ not being present on earth during the Tribulation.

1 Thessalonians 5:9-10 N(NKJV)

9 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him.

5:9-10 Comment. Walvoord Commentary, 1-2 Thessalonians. John Walvoord. https://bible.org/seriespage/chapter-5-day-lord
Verses 1-5 reveal that the day of the Lord will come suddenly, unannounced, and inescapably on an unbelieving world. But, we as Christians will have no part in it, because we do not belong to that period of time. Verse 9: Paul was saying expressly that our appointment is to be caught up to be with Christ; the appointment of the world is for the day of the Lord, the day of wrath. One can not keep both of these appointments. We make our appointment for salvation, and the rapture when we trust in Christ as our Savior from sin. Certainly after the church is raptured, some in the tribulation will turn to Christ, and Rev 7:9-10 states that there will be an innumerable company of martyrs. Many will be saved after the church has to gone to heaven, but they will experience the awfulness of that period. As the wrath of God is poured upon the earth, it will involve them too. Many believers who come to faith in Christ during the tribulation will also die during that terrible time. The reason they will be subjected to those things is that they were not ready for Christ when He came for His church. But, we who have trusted in Him, who have believed in Christ as our Savior, are not appointed to that day of wrath. We are appointed to meet Christ in the air and to be forever with Him.

Dr. Walvoord clearly makes the case that at the time of the rapture, all born again believers in Christ will be caught up to Heaven with Christ, and will be forever with Christ (1 Thes 4:18). Christ will not be present on earth during the tribulation; neither will be the born again believers in Christ who come to saving faith in Christ prior to the rapture (John 14:2,3,6). “We can’t be in two places at the same time” (in heaven and on earth).

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Revelation 14:1-5, “The Lamb And The 144,000”

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I. Introduction. Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked (Revelation Commentary, John F. Walvoord, https://bible.org/seriespage/14-victory-lamb-and-his-followers).

II. Video A. Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

III. Subject Of Study. The Lamb And The 144,000.

A. Text. Revelation 14:1-5 (NKJV)

1 Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps. 3 They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth. 4 These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no deceit, for they are without fault before the throne of God.

B. Comments. Consider the understanding of the following highly regarded theologians on Rev 14:1-5.

1. Ryrie Study Bible. Charles Ryrie (deceased). https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/r/charles-ryrie/

14:1 “the Lamb,” Christ. “144,000,” The same group that is mentioned in 7:4: “One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed.” (Their work on earth is done; they survived the tribulation.)

14:4 “not…defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits,” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (Isa 2:3, Rom 11:15).

2. MacArthur Study Bible. https://www.gty.org/

14:2 harps. (note from 5:8). These ancient stringed instruments not only accompanied the songs of God’s people (1 Chr 25:6; Ps 33:2), but also accompanied prophecy (cf. 1 Sam 10:5). The 24 elders, representative of the redeemed church, played their harps in praise and in a symbolic indication that all the prophets had said was about to be fulfilled.

14:3 new song. The song of redemption, which is being sung by all the redeemed saints in one gigantic choir. They are rejoicing over the accomplishment of God’s entire redemptive work before Christ’s return (Ps 33:1–3; 40:3; 96:1; 144:9, 10; 149; Luke 15:10; see note on 5:9). the four living creatures, and the elders. See notes on 4:4, 6.

Note: 5:9. This new song anticipates the final, glorious redemption that God is about to begin.

Note: 4:4. twenty-four elders. Their joint rule with Christ, their white garments (19:7, 8), and their golden crowns (2:10) all seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed (vv. 9–11; 5:5–14; 7:11–17; 11:16–18; 14:3; 19:4). The question is which redeemed? Not Israel, since the nation is not yet saved, glorified, and coronated. That is still to come at this point in the events of the end. Their resurrection and glory will come at the end of the 7 year tribulation time (cf. Dan. 12:1–3). Tribulation saints aren’t yet saved (7:9, 10). Only one group will be complete and glorified at that point—the church. Here elders represent the church, which sings the song of redemption (5:8–10). They are the overcomers who have their crowns and live in the place prepared for them, where they have gone with Jesus (cf. John 14:1–4).

Note: 4:6. four living creatures. Lit. “four living ones or beings.” These are the cherubim (sing., cherub), those angels frequently referred to in the OT in connection with God’s presence, power, and holiness. Although John’s description is not identical to Ezekiel’s, they are obviously both referring to the same supernatural and indescribable beings (Pss. 80:1; 99:1; see notes on Ezek. 1:4–25; 10:15).

14:5 no deceit. The 144,000 speak God’s truth accurately and precisely, with no exaggeration or understatement (Zeph 3:13). without fault. Not sinless, but sanctified (see Eph 1:4; 5:27; Col. 1:22).

3. Scofield Reference Notes. C.I. Scofield, (deceased) https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

14:4 Redemption. Rom 3:24, “to deliver by paying a price.” The N.T. doctrine. The N.T. records the fulfillment of the O.T. types and prophecies of redemption through the sacrifice of Christ.

Video B. Does God specifically protect the 144,000, and if so, why? (See video details at the bottom of the page.)

4. Things To Come. Prophecy study of J. Dwight Pentecost (deceased). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Dwight_Pentecost

Things To Come, Page 300.In Chapter 7, the 144,000 are sealed by God, set apart to a special ministry, before the Great Tribulation begins. They seem to be sealed at the very outset of the tribulation period. In all probability, the multitude of Gentiles, described in the passage that follows (Rev 7:9-17), has come to a knowledge of salvation through the ministry of this group. In Chapter 14 the same group is pictured at the termination of the tribulation, when the kingdom is established. The returning King is on Mt. Zion, as was predicted of Him (Zech 14:4). At his return the faithful witnesses gather unto Him, having been redeemed (Rev 14:4) and having faithfully witnessed in the midst of apostasy (Rev 14:4-5). They are called “the first fruits unto God and to the Lamb” (Rev 14:4), that is they are the first of the harvest of the tribulation period that will come into the millennium to populate the millennial earth. As the judgments are about to be poured out upon Babylon (Rev 14:8), upon the Beast (Rev 14:9-12), upon the Gentiles (Rev 14:14-17), and upon unbelieving Israel (Rev 14:18-20), these 144,000 are viewed as being preserved through all that the the earth experiences so that they they may be the firstfruits of that period.

IV. Saved “through the tribulation.”

As has been explained in this article, the 144,000 Jewish missionaries will be protected by God, and will be saved “through the tribulation.”

Revelation 7:4 (NKJV) 4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed. One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed:

MacArthur note. 7:4. One hundred and forty-four thousand. A missionary corps of redeemed Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (vv. 9–17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (v. 4; Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel will be the witness nation she refused to be in the OT (see notes on Rom. 11:25–27). all the tribes of the children of Israel. By sovereign election, God will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising His protection while they accomplish their mission.

V. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. Sep 28, 2018. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-…(Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”)

B. John Ankerberg Show. Oct 1, 2018. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

VI. Additional biographical information on the sources of information that are mentioned in this article, as well as other credible sources, can be found on the Page in this blog, “About Sources.”

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Israel – Joshua 11 – Relationship And Obedience

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I. Video. The Destruction of the Canaanites. Dr. Seth Tarrer. See bio and video details below.

II. Introduction.

A. Genesis 9:18-19 (NKJV) Noah and His Sons. 18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.

B. In this, and other studies of the Bible, we come “face to face” with the fact that all people in the Bible are related, due to their relation to Noah. There is a common ground of relationship among those whom are engaged in deadly conflict with each other, especially as we study the cousins that are in conflict in the land of Canaan; there is, however, a major difference in their relationships with “Yah·weh” (LORD 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel). God told the Israelites (descendants of Shem), that they were His chosen people (Deu 14:2), and that He would never leave them nor forsake them (Deu 31:6). “The cousins of the Israelites” (the descendants of Ham and Japheth), had no relationship of intimacy with God, such as was experienced by the Israelites (the descendants of Shem).

C. In this, the last of the articles about Joshua’s relationship with God, and his leadership of the Israelites, we will discuss people, things, obedience and relationships. The people are the Israelites and the Canaanites. The things are the material possessions of the Canaanites. Obedience and relationships, relate to the Israelites and Yahweh.

III. Text Joshua 11 (NKJV)

A.. The Northern Conquest.

1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard these things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, 2 and to the kings who were from the north, in the mountains, in the plain south of Chinneroth, in the lowland, and in the heights of Dor on the west, 3 to the Canaanites in the east and in the west, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite in the mountains, and the Hivite below Hermon in the land of Mizpah. 4 So they went out, they and all their armies with them, as many people as the sand that is on the seashore in multitude, with very many horses and chariots. 5 And when all these kings had met together, they came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.

6 But the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver all of them slain before Israel. You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.” 7 So Joshua and all the people of war with him came against them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and they attacked them. 8 And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who defeated them and chased them to Greater Sidon, to the Brook Misrephoth, and to the Valley of Mizpah eastward; they attacked them until they left none of them remaining. 9 So Joshua did to them as the Lord had told him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10 Joshua turned back at that time and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor was formerly the head of all those kingdoms. 11 And they struck all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them. There was none left breathing. Then he burned Hazor with fire.

12 So all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13 But as for the cities that stood on their mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only, which Joshua burned. 14 And all the spoil of these cities and the livestock, the children of Israel took as booty for themselves; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they left none breathing. 15 As the Lord had commanded Moses His servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

B. Summary of Joshua’s Conquests

16 Thus Joshua took all this land: the mountain country, all the South, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan plain—the mountains of Israel and its lowlands, 17 from Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings, and struck them down and killed them. 18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. All the others they took in battle. 20 For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

21 And at that time Joshua came and cut off the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities. 22 None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod.

23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land rested from war.

IV. Comments.

A. Ryrie Study Bible.

11:1 News of Joshua’s victories in the South, prompted the kings of the city-states in the areas of Galilee, and westward, to form a coalition. This alliance was led by the king of Hazor, a city 5 miles Southwest of the now-drained Lake Huleh, 10 miles North of the Sea of Galilee.
11:4 Though probably exagerated, Josephus said that the northern armies had 300,000 infantry, 10,000 calvary, and 20,000 chariots.
11:6 “hamstring.” Joshua was commanded to cripple the enemies’ horses and burn their chariots, rather than capture them. In this way, the Israelites would not put their trust in horses and chariots.
11:13 “mounds.” Hills of accumulated debris from earlier towns.
11:21 “Anakim.” Giants living in the South who had terrified the spies more than 40 years before. See note on Num 13:33.

B. MacArthur Study Bible.

11:12–15 A summary of Joshua’s northern campaign (11:1–15).
11:18 war a long time. The conquest took approximately 7 years.1405–1398 b.c.(14:10). Only Gibeon submitted without a fight (v.19).
11:21 Anakim. Enemies who dwelt in the southern area which Joshua had defeated. They descended from Anak (“long-necked”), and were related to the giants who made Israel’s spies feel small as grasshoppers by comparison (Num 13:28–33). Compare also Deu 2:10-11,21. Their territory was later given to Caleb as a reward for his loyalty (14:6–15).
11:22 Anakim…Gath. Some of them remained in Philistine territory, most notably those who preceded Goliath (1 Sam 17:4).

C. The New American Commentary, Joshua, Vol 5.

11:11 The treatment for Hazor was the most severe; it was burned, while its fellow cities were not, but the people in all of the cities (11:1-5) were accorded the same treatment; they were utterly exterminated, and no one that breathed remained.
11:20 Rahab and the Gibeonites were Canaanites who were spared, even if they were for different reasons. Those Canaanites who resisted Israel and its God, however, were shown no mercy and were annihlated. God’s hardening of their hearts was due, at least in part, to their own stubbornness and resistance of Israel’s God. Had they been willing to react as Rahab (or even the Gibeonites) had done, undoubtedly the results would have been different. (Rahab Chap 2, 6; Gibeonites Chap 9).

D. The Moody Bible Bible Commentary

11:14 Where Joshua’s armies went there was complete destruction; where they neglected to go, people survived. Waging “total war” was because the sin of the Amorite was irremediable (Gen 15:16). God’s only solution, as in Sodom and Gomorrah, was to rid the world of these people (v 20). Joshua did everything that Moses commanded in general and everything that the Lord had commanded in particular.

E. My Comments.

1. From 1968 through 1998, the conflict that existed between Northern Ireland and Great Britain resulted in 3,600 people being killed and more than 30,000 more being wounded. https://www.britannica.com/event/The-Troubles-Northern-Ireland-history During that time of conflict, children were born on one side of the conflict with deep hatred toward those of the other side being pounded into their minds. Such hatred stayed with them throughout their childhood until adulthood, and very likely until today.

2. In the middle east, conflict and hatred of many Muslims for Jews and Christians does not need a link to explain the situation. Safely stated, many Muslim children are born and taught to hate Christians and Jews. Such hatred does not end, and will not end, until the second coming of Christ occurs, which will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4).

a. God told the Israelites to not do the abominable things that the Canaanites did, such as incest, adultery, homosexuality and beastiality (Lev 18:1-3).

b. In regard to the destruction of the Canaanites by Israel, as we are studying now, the Canaanite people were guilty of worshiping false gods, and committing many cruelties, such as burning their children as they offered them as sacrifices to their gods. Deu 12:29-31, Lev 18:21; “according to the doings of the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you, you shall not do,” (Lev 18:3).

c. The Israelites were told by God to conquer and destroy Canaan, to not mix with the Canaanites, to be Holy, to know that they are God’s chosen people (Deu 7:1-6).

d. Where people in Canaanite cities were destroyed, those Canaanites would no longer commit their violent and abominable sins; neither would the children in those cities repeat the sins of their parents. This sounds cruel, but let’s relate it to the love and grace of God. As we consider the names of the nations that opposed Israel (Josh 11:1-6), it is interesting to know that none of those city-states exist today. However, Israel still exists, and will continue to exist from now, through the tribulation, with born-again Jews (John 3:3) being present in the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ. Born-again Jews will also enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). Written on the gates of the new Jerusalem will be the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. On the wall of the city will also be written the names of the twelve apostles of Christ (Rev 21:12-14). Only those whom have been born again, of the Old and New Testament times, will be allowed into the New Jerusalem: “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death,” (Rev 21:8). Consider “liars.” In today’s political world we can see that those, whom have a lifestyle of trying to destroy the lives and reputations of others through lies, have not been born again and do not have the Spirit of “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” dwelling within the spirits of “all liars,” prompting them to live righteous lives (John 3:3, 14:20, 26).

e. Consider Lazarus and the rich man (Luke 16:19-31). Both men were dead. The rich man was “in Hades,” and the beggar (Lazarus), was in “the bosom of Abraham.” The rich man was suffering, not because he was rich but because he was not righteous. The beggar was in comfort, not because he was poor but because he was righteous. This teaching occurred during the Old Covenant/Old Testament.

f. Consider little children and Matthew 19:14. “But Jesus said, Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.”

g. The gospel of Matthew is also a part of the Old Covenant/Old Testament. There is no example of any child spending eternity in Hades. Our Lord has a desire for children to have an eternity of comfort, in which Lazarus found himself. Christ had no problem with children; He would not have them suffering throughout eternity. Look again at the words of Christ in Matt 19:14, “Let the little children come to Me.” That verse shows that children are special to Christ, just as were the children which may have been killed by the Israelites in Canaan.

h. Upon the death of any Canaanite children, such children would have immediately found themselves in the same place that Lazarus found himself, which was in the “bosom of Abraham.” Abraham’s bosom was the blessed place of the righteous dead, where such people will remain until the resurrection of the Old Testament righteous dead occurs (Dan 12:2-3) at the end of the tribulation. At that time, the Old Testament saints will experience a reunion of “body, soul and spirit.”

i. At the end of the tribulation, the Old Testament righteous dead will be resurrected and will live throughout the thousand-year millennium; they will continue in life throughout the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3).

j. The Canaanite adults had no such hope of eternity of blessed death to look forward to; they found themselves in the same place that the rich man found himself, which was one of experiencing unending conscious torment. Such conscious awareness of torment, will last until the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead (Dan 12:2-3), which will take place at the end of the millennium. From the time of the resurrection of the unrighteous dead, with the reuniting of “body, soul and spirit” (all of which are unsaved), their next stopping point will be the great white throne judgment, and then the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15).

V. The ending of our study of Joshua.

A. Joshua 21:43-45 (NKJV) The Promise Fulfilled. Republican lawmakers opposed calls from Planned Parenthood and pro-abortion officials to remove restrictions on at-home abortion drugs in a Wednesday letter provided to the Daily Caller News Foundation. 43 So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it. 44 The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that He had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45 Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.

B. Comment. MacArthur. This sums up God’s fulfillment of His covenant promise to give Abraham’s people the Land (Gen 12:7; Josh 1:2, 5–9). God also kept His Word in giving the people rest (Deu 12:9, 10). In a valid sense, the Canaanites were in check, under military conquest as God had pledged (Josh 1:5), not posing an immediate threat. Not every enemy had been driven out, however, leaving some to stir up trouble later. But, God’s people failed to exercise their responsibility and possess their land to the full degree in various areas.).

C. Comment. Mine. During the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, the land that God had promised to the Jews will extend eastward from the Nile River in Egypt, to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21).

V. Video details.

The Destruction of the Canaanites. 1,508 views•Nov 21, 2017.

Thirdmill. 20K subscribers. Dr. Seth Tarrer, https://christianuniversity.org/professors/seth-tarrer/

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Rev 13:11-18, “The Beast From The Earth”

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“This beast had all the authority of the first beast. It did what the first beast wanted. It made the earth and all who live on it worship the first beast. The first beast was the one whose deadly wound had been healed.” (Revelation 13:12 – NIRV – New International Reader’s Version)

I. Video. Why does the Antichrist join forces with Satan and the “false prophet”? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

II. The Beast From The Earth.

A. Text. Revelation 13:11-18 (NKJV)

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon. 12 And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. 15 He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, 17 and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.

B. Comments: Charles Ryrie (deceased). Ryrie Study Bible. https://www.gotquestions.org/Charles-Ryrie.html.

13:11 “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (vs 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vs 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (vs 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vs 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and this second beast form and evil trinity.
13:18 “his number is 666.” Somehow, unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.

C. Comments: MacArthur Study Bible. https://www.gty.org/

13:15 speak. The false prophet will give the image of Antichrist the appearance of life, and the image will seem to utter words—contrary to what is normally true of idols (cf. Ps. 135:15, 16; Hab. 2:19). cause…to be killed. His gentleness is a lie, since he is a killer (7:9–17). Some Gentiles will be spared to populate the kingdom (Matt. 25:31–40) and Jews will be protected (12:17).
13:17 buy or sell. Antichrist’s mark will allow people to engage in daily commerce, including the purchase of food and other necessities. Without the identifying mark, individuals will be cut off from the necessities of life. number of his name. The beast (Antichrist) will have a name inherent in a numbering system. It is not clear from the text exactly what this name and number system will be or what its significance will be.

D. Comments: C.I. Scofield (deceased). Scofield Reference Notes. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn.html

13:16 “he causeth.” Antichrist the person is to be distinguished from the “many antichrists” 1 John 2:18 and the “spirit of antichrist” 1 John 4:3 which characterizes all. The supreme mark of all is the denial of the Christian truth of the incarnation of the Logos, the eternal Son in Jesus as the Christ John 1:1; John 1:14. (See Scofield “Matthew 1:16”). The “many antichrists” precede and prepare the way for the Antichrist, who is “the Beast out of the earth” of Revelation 13:11-17 and the “false prophet” of; Revelation 16:13; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10. He is the last ecclesiastical head, as the Beast of Revelation 13:1-8 is the last civil head. For purposes of persecution he is permitted to exercise the autocratic power of the emperor- Beast. (See Scofield “Revelation 19:20″).

E. Outline And Comments: Dr. John F. Walvoord (deceased).

1. The following comments and outline of Rev 13:11-18 are from the work of Dr.John F. Walvoord. A complete commentary of Dr. Walvoord on Rev 13 can be read by clicking on the following link. https://bible.org/seriespage/13-beasts-and-false-prophet The following link provides a history of Dr. Walvoord. https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

a. From verses 11-12 of chapter 13: After the revelation of the first beast, John now beholds another beast coming up out of the earth and occupying a secondary role supporting the activities of the first beast. In contrast to the first beast which comes out of the sea, the second beast is said to come out of the earth. He is of similar nature to the first beast. The same word for beast (Gr., the„rion) is used as well as the word “another” (Gr., allo) meaning “one like in kind.” Though some have interpreted the word earth as referring to the Holy Land, it is the general word for the earth (Gr., ge„). If the sea, mentioned as the source of the first beast, represents the mass of humanity indicating the racial background of the first beast as a Gentile, the reference to the second beast as coming out of the earth indicates that this character, who is later described as a false prophet

b. From verse 18 of Revelation 13: Chapter 13, taken as a whole, is one of the great prophetic chapters of Scripture and is the only passage which presents in any detail the two principal evil characters of the end of the age who form with Satan an unholy trinity. Here is clearly presented the fact that the head of the revived Roman Empire ultimately becomes the ruler of the entire world. Dominated by Satan, he is Satan’s masterpiece and substitute for Christ, and is aided and supported by the second beast called the false prophet. Many have alluded to the contrast of this evil trinity with the heavenly Trinity, Satan corresponding to God the Father, the first beast corresponding to Christ, and the second beast corresponding to the Holy Spirit. George W. Davis expresses a common view that this is a false trinity: “This trinity will consist of Satan as God, Antichrist, the counterfeit of Christ, as Christ, and the false prophet, a travesty on the Holy Spirit.”

c. Outline of Revelation Chapter 13.

The Second Beast Out Of The Earth (13:11-12).
The Deceptive Miracles Of The False Prophet (13:13-14).
All Required To Worship The Beast (13:15-17).
The Number Of The Beast (13:18).

2. The following comment comes from “Every Prophecy Of The Bible, Prophetic Revelation III: The Beast out of the Land,” John F. Walvoord, pg 587-588. “The importance of this chapter (Rev 13, mine) is that world history leading up to the second coming of Christ (end of the tribulation, mine) will be dominated by these two characters (Antichrist and False Prophet, mine), especially in the last 3 1/2 years before the Second Coming. The world leader (Antichrist, mine) will actually for a time exercise political authority over the entire world and the supporting character, the beast out of the earth, will give his support supernaturally and cause people to worship the world ruler. The worship of this world ruler and the recognition of Satan also as deity brings apostasy to its most dramatic revelation. The evil in Satan’s and men’s hearts is allowed in its full manifestation but will be subject to the judgment of God at the time of the Second Coming (of Christ, mine).

F. Comments. The Identity Of The Anti-Christ and False Prophet. Revelation Illustrated And Made Plain, pg 189, Tim LaHaye, (deceased) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_LaHaye …. Because the identities of these two beasts will not be revealed until the middle of the Tribulation Period, and the Church will be raptured before the Tribulation, it seems more than likely that “we” will not be given a hint as to the identities of the Antichrist or False Prophet. (the “we,” in the comment of Dr. LaHaye, relates to the born again believers in Christ that will be caught up in the rapture of the church…John 14:2,3,6…1 Cor 15:50-54…1 Thes 4:13-18).

III. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. 80.3K subscribers.4,702 views•Oct 5, 2018.

B. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hinson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-…(Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”)

IV. Additional biographical information on the sources of information that are mentioned in this article, as well as other credible sources, can be found on the Page in this blog, “About Sources.”

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Rev 13:1-10, “The Beast From The Sea”

Click on the image to see the text. Click onto the arrow to see the video.

I. Video. How does the book of Revelation describe the Antichrist? (See video details at the bottom of the page).

II. The Beast from the Sea.

A. Text. Revelation 13:1-10 (NKJV)

1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. 2 Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 3 And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. 4 So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”

5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months. 6 Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. 7 It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

B. Comments: (Charles Ryrie (deceased). Ryrie Study Bible. See history of Dr. Ryrie https://www.gotquestions.org/Charles-Ryrie.html.

13:1. “beast.” The Antichrist (note from 11:7, “the beast.”). The Antichrist (1 John 2:18; see Ryrie note), also called “the man of lawlessness” (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in Rev 6:2, 13:1, 14:9, 14:11, 15:2, 16:2, 17:3, 13; 19:20, 20:10. He can not kill the two witnesses until God allows him to (11:7).
13:2. “the dragon gave him power.” Satan gives Antichrist power.
13:3. “had been slain.” The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.
13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.
13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place, “heaven.”
13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase from “the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf 17:8).
13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days (note from 14:12: Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies, vs 9-11).

C. Outline And Comments: Dr. John F. Walvoord (deceased).

1. The following comments and outline of Rev 13:1-10 are from the work of Dr.John F. Walvoord. A complete commentary of Dr. Walvoord on Rev 13 can be read by clicking on the following link. https://bible.org/seriespage/13-beasts-and-false-prophet The following link provides a history of Dr. Walvoord. https://bible.org/users/john-f-walvoord

a. In the first ten verses of chapter 13, a character is introduced of central importance to the events of the great tribulation. This passage is first of all a revelation of the revived Roman Empire in its period of worldwide dominion, but more especially this paragraph directs attention to the evil character who exercises satanic power as the world dictator.

b. Taken as a whole, the first ten verses of Revelation 13 predict a future world government which from God’s point of view will be a continuation of the ancient Roman Empire expanded ultimately to cover not only the area of the ancient empire but the entire world. This government will be empowered by Satan, and its primary objective will be forcing the whole world to worship Satan and his human representative, the world dictator.

c. Outline of Revelation Chapter 13.

The Emergence of the Beast out of the Sea (13:1-2).
The Deadly Wound of the Beast (13:3).
The Worship of Satan by All the World (13:4).
The Blasphemous Character of the Beast as World Ruler (13:5-6).
The Universal Dominion of the Beast (13:7).
The Universal Worship of the Beast (13:8).
Exhortation to Hear (13:9-10).

2. Titles Of The Coming World Ruler (Walvoord Revelation Commentary, Chapter 13 chart). The little horn (Dan 7:8). The coming prince (Dan 9:26). The willful king (Dan 11:36). The man of lawlessness (2 Thes 2:3). The son of destruction (2 Thes 2:3). The Antichrist ( 1 John 2:18, 22). The rider on the white horse (Rev 6:2). The beast (Rev 13:1-10).

D. The last half of the seven-year tribulation described (verses and John MacArthur’s notes; bio on Page, “About Sources And Links).

1. The last half of the tribulation. The Great Tribulation. Revelation Verses.

11:2 But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months.
12:6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days.
12:14 But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent.
13:5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.

2. God’s protection of Israel during the last half of the tribulation. MacArthur Study Bible notes.

a. God will protect Israel from Satan by hiding her in the wilderness, perhaps in the region of Moab, Ammon, and Edom, east of Palestine. Interestingly, those countries will be specifically spared from the Antichrist’s attack against the Holy Land (cf. Dan. 11:41). one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

b. At the mid-point of the Tribulation, the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, puts a stop to temple worship, sets up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27; Matt. 24:15), and devastates Jerusalem (11:2). At that time, many Jews flee for their lives (Matt. 24:16ff.). God will preserve them during the last 1,260 days (42 months; 3½ years) constituting the Great Tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1.

E. Consider the following end times timeline.

1. The catching up of the saints from earth by Christ prior to the tribulation (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Only unbelieving Jews and Gentiles will be left on earth after the believing saints are caught up to heaven.

2. God’s encouragement to believers. God’s warning to those whom will miss the rapture. (Rev 3:10). “Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” All whom are left behind will come under the judgments of God, which are all Jews and Gentiles that are not been born again; excluding small children.

3. The Antichrist empowered by Christ (Rev 6:1). “Now I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals.”

4. The Antichrist will be a man of great deception. Israel is not a nation that is presently living in a land of “unwalled cities,” (Ez 38:11). However, the Jews will accept such a dream of peace that will come through the “smooth talking Antichrist,” (Rev 6:2).

a. Rev 6:2 “And I looked, and behold, a white horse. He who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.”

b. 6:2 white horse. The animal represents an unparalleled time of world peace—a false peace that is to be short-lived (see note on v. 4). This peace will be ushered in by a series of false messiahs, culminating with the Antichrist (Matt. 24:3–5). He who sat on it. The 4 horses and their riders do not represent specific individuals, but forces. Some, however, identify this rider with Antichrist. Although he will be the leading figure, John’s point is that the entire world will follow him, being obsessed with pursuing this false peace. bow. The bow is a symbol of war, but the absence of arrows implies that this victory is a bloodless one—a peace won by covenant and agreement, not by war (cf. Dan. 9:24–27). crown. This word refers to the kind of laurel wreath awarded winning athletes. It “was given to him.” Antichrist becomes king, elected by the world’s inhabitants regardless of the cost, and will conquer the entire earth in a bloodless coup (MacArthur Study Bible).

c. Ezekiel 38:11 “You will say, ‘I will go up against a land of unwalled villages; I will go to a peaceful people, who dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates’—”

d. 38:10–13 This describes the peace in Israel during the period of Antichrist’s short-lived treaty with them (Dan. 9:27) in the first half of Daniel’s 70th week. References to “unwalled villages,” refer to that period of 3½ years when Israel is secure under the protection of the world-ruling “prince that shall come,” called Antichrist (cf. Dan. 9:27). After Antichrist turns on Israel, there is an escalation of hostility until the end of the 7 year time when this great force comes to plunder Jerusalem and the Promised Land (v. 12) (MacArthur Study Bible).

5. The events of the tribulation are discussed, per the Ryrie Study Bible.

a. Matt 24-25 is the Olivet Discourse which took place between Christ and His Jewish disciples, which was a discussion between Christ and Jews, about Jewish matters. No Gentiles were present. Consider Mt 24:14: “the Gospel of the Kingdom will be preached, and then the end will come.” The church preached “the Gospel of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8), which is the death, burial and resurrection of Christ. “The end” is the end of the tribulation, which precedes the Kingdom Age of the millennium, which is followed by the eternal state.

b. Matt 24:4-14 is the first half of tribulation.

c. Matt 24:15-28 is the last half of tribulation. Matt 24:15, Antichrist (Man of sin, 2 Thes 2:4) breaks the covenant with Israel that he made with them at the beginning of the tribulation, Dan 9:27, and demands that they worship him.

d. Mt 24:20 warned of “a sabbath flight for safety.” A “sabbath-day’s journey,” Acts 1:12, which was about one-half a mile, which was the distance that Jews could travel on the Sabbath. Gentiles had no such concern for sabbath travel constraints.

e. It has been my pleasure to have been in a Jewish neighborhood, where the neighborhood synagogue was located within “a sabbath day’s journey” of most Jewish homes. I have seen men and boys walking that “sabbath day’s journey” to synagogue on the Sabbath. I have also been blessed by observing Jewish women and children walking that same distance to synagogue on the Sabbath (Psalm 122:6).

6. John Walvoord’s Commentary on the seventieth week of Daniel. Click on the following link for a detailed discussion by John Walvoord on Daniel Chapter 9, on the seven years of tribulation: https://bible.org/seriespage/9-prophecy-seventy-weeks. Taken from the last two paragraphs of Dr. Walvoord’s notes on Chapter 9 are, “a., b. c.,” which follow.

a. The final period of seven years begins with the introduction of a covenant relationship between the future “prince that shall come” (Antichrist), and “the many,” the people of Israel. This covenant is observed for the first half of the future seven-year period; then the special liberties and protections granted Israel are taken away; and Israel becomes persecuted in their time of great tribulation.

b. The beginning of the last three and one-half years of the seventy sevens of Daniel is marked by the desecration of the future temple, the stopping of the sacrifices, and the desolation of the Jewish religion. It is this period that was referred to by Christ as “the great tribulation,” in Matthew 24:15-26.

c. The culmination of the entire prophecy of the seventy weeks is the second advent of Jesus Christ, which closes the seventieth seventh of Israel (aka seventieth week of Daniel, mine).

III. Video Details.

A. John Ankerberg Show. 78.6K subscribers. 2,040 views. Sep 24, 2018

B. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hinson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock. To obtain this entire series, please visit https://www.jashow.org/resources/the-… (Check the credentials of each man on my Page, “About Sources And Links.”

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Israel – Feast Of Tabernacles – God Tabernacles With His People

I. The Appointed Times. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel. “Accordingly, the Torah functioned as a custodian until the Messiah came, so that we might be declared righteous on the ground of trusting and being faithful. But now that the time for this trusting faithfulness has come, we are no longer under a custodian.” For in union with the Messiah, you are all children of God through this trusting faithfulness; because as many of you as were immersed into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah, in whom there is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor freeman, neither male nor female; for in union with the Messiah Yeshua, you are all one. Galatians 3:24-28 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB). (This passage relates to the spiritual state that all of us acquire once we have been born again.)

II. Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles. Excerpts from Day of Discovery’s, “The Appointed Times, Jesus in the Feasts of Israel, Part IV.” In this video teaching three Jewish-born men, whom are now born again believers in Christ, discuss the Feast Of Tabernacles which will begin at sunset on October 13, and will continue through sunset on October 20, 2019 (Sunday through Sunday).

III. This week’s Sabbath will precede Sukkot. Sabbath will begin at Sunset on Friday, October 11, 2019, and will last until sunset on Saturday, October 12, 2019.

A. Women light the Shabbat Candles each Sabbath.

B. Jewish Women Lighting Shabbat Candles. A woman (Mary) brought the Light of the world (Christ), “into the world” (Luke 2:7; John 1:9).

IV. Sukkot. Consider the two links of information that come from Chabad.org, which is a Jewish website.

A. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4784/jewish/What-Is-Sukkot.htm
Sukkot is a weeklong Jewish holiday that comes five days after Yom Kippur. Sukkot celebrates the gathering of the harvest and commemorates the miraculous protection G‑d provided for the children of Israel when they left Egypt. We celebrate Sukkot by dwelling in a foliage-covered booth (known as a sukkah) and by taking the “Four Kinds” (arba minim), four special species of vegetation.

B. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/609535/jewish/What-Is-a-Sukkah.htm
The sukkah is a walled structure covered with organic material. On the holiday of Sukkot, Jewish people spend time in the sukkah, treating it like their home-away-from-home. As described in the Torah, the sukkah evokes the temporary dwellings the Israelites inhabited on their way out of Egypt.

V. Consider the following verses concerning the Feast of Tabernacles.

A. Jews Celebrating The Feast Of Booths. Deuteronomy 16:13-16 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (Lev 23:33-43; Num 29:12-38

1. God told the Jews to celebrate The Feast Of Booths. Deu 16, 13 “You shall celebrate the Feast of Booths seven days after you have gathered in from your threshing floor and your wine vat; 14 and you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your towns. 15 Seven days you shall celebrate a feast to the Lord your God in the place which the Lord chooses, because the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you will be altogether joyful.

2. Male Jews were required to go to Jerusalem each year to celebrate the Feast of Booths. Notice that male Jews were also required to go to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Feast Of Weeks/Pentecost each year. 1. Deu 16:16 “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.

B. Consider the Jews that were present in Jerusalem on the Day Of Pentecost/Feast Of Weeks in Acts 2:5, “Because of the holy festival, there are devout Jews staying as pilgrims in Jerusalem from every nation under the sun.”(The Voice). (Acts 2:1-6, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+2%3A1-6&version=VOICE)

VI. The fulfillment of “The Feast Of Tabernacles In Christ” is shown in Zechariah 14:16-19, with the rest and reunion of Jews with Christ (MacArthur Study Bible, note on Lev 23:33-43).

A. Zechariah 14:16-19 (NASB) 16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them. 18 If the family of Egypt does not go up or enter, then no rain will fall on them; it will be the plague with which the Lord smites the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 19 This will be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths.

B. My note. Because only saved people will enter the Kingdom Age, the following comment from The Moody Bible Commentary is important to understand. Zech 14:16, “any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem.” So, “who are those that are left of all of the nations?” From Moody Commentary… “God promised to require universal worship in Jerusalem. Many Gentiles from other nations of the world will embrace Messiah Christ, during the tribulation and will not be destroyed by Him when He returns. The nations that are spared this judgment (Mt 25:34-40), will be made to show their continued allegiance to the Lord by going “up from year to year to worship the king,” the Messiah Christ. They will also be expected “to celebrate the Feast of Booths” (Zech 14:16, Lv 23:40, Dt 16:14-15), a feast of ingathering and dwelling in booths. It will be the required festival of the messianic kingdom because “it will celebrate the gathering of the nations to the Lord, and especially His tabernacling among them.” As the millennial kingdom progresses, however, many will not embrace King Messiah by faith (see Rv 20:7-10), and will not obey Him. (My note: those people that enter the Kingdom age from the tribulation, being in natural bodies, will have children, not all of whom will come to saving faith in Christ; they will rebel against Messiah Christ at the Battle of Gog and Magog….Rev 20:7-10).

VII. Christ celebrated the Feast Of Tabernacles.

A. Christ taught at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:2, 14 (NASB) 2 Now the feast of the Jews, the Feast of Booths, was near. 14 when it was now the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and began to teach.

B. Christ invited Jews to believe in Him for salvation at the Feast Of Tabernacles. John 7:37-39 (NASB) 37 Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

VII. Closing comment.

A. The Feast Of Tabernacles relates to the forty-year period that the Jews were in the wilderness on their way to the promised land. During that time, the Spiritual Presence of God was with the Jews, and sustained them. As it relates to the end times, during the millennium/Kingdom Age of God, Christ/Messiah, whom is God with us (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23-25), and “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords” (Revelation 19:16), will rule and reign from Jerusalem over all of the born again people of all times, during the thousand-year millennium (Revelation 20:4-6), and will sustain them. For those whom are born during the millennium, and do not come to saving faith in Christ, Christ will also rule and reign over such unbelievers in the Kingdom Age. During the time of the Jewish wilderness experience, God spiritually “tabernacled” with the Jews. During the Kingdom Age, Christ will physically “tabernacle” with all of the redeemed people of all ages, and will continue to do so throughout the eternal state. The eternal state will be the promised land for all of God’s “born again and redeemed people,” which will immediately follow the Kingdom Age (Rev 21:1-3).

B. Christ invites all whom do not know Him as their Lord and Savior to invite Him to tabernacle within their spirit, now! All that is needed to accept the call of Christ, is to believe in Him as Lord and Savior.

Shabbat Shalom

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Israel – Day Of Atonement – Yom Kippur – To Live Or Die

(Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video).
I. Video 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017 Seeds Of Revelation. October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday. (See video details at the foot of this page. Notice that the video was published in the year 2017.). Certain repetition will be found in this article, for the purpose of enforcing its contents.

II. The Day of Atonement, also known as Yom Kippur, is a day that makes known the truth of God’s love for all of mankind. In this paragraph we will expose the true meaning of The Day Of Atonement; we will also discuss the false teachings. The following information in subparagraph (II.A.B.) comes from the Jewish site, Chabad.org, and provides the basic belief that Jews have about the Day of Atonement. Chabad.org’s teaching of Yom Kippur is not complete, and will be discussed in this article. I will provide scriptures on the correct teaching of God, in His way of making people pure, holy, and qualified to have eternal life in Heaven.

A. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

B. From Chabad.org. Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year; it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

C. “John 17:3” explains that eternal life comes at the time of a person’s coming to saving faith in God the Father, through Christ, God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit. There is no waiting to attain eternal life. Eternal life is eternal, from the time that a person comes to saving faith in God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit); there is no waiting, and no re-qualifying each year. “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

D. The Day of Atonement is a part of the Law. Christ fulfilled all of the Law (Matt 5:17).

E. By no means, will this article attack the Jews in their beliefs, but will show that the Day of Atonement has been fulfilled by the atoning sacrifice of Christ (I John 2:2).

III. Video 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday (See Video Details Below). Notice in the video the words, “we’re not perfect.” However, in 2 Cor 5:17 and 2 Cor 5:21, we are told that due to our new birth in Christ, our spirits have become as perfect as the Spirit of Christ, which is because Christ took our imperfection of spirit upon Himself through His propitiatory death. Through our new birth we don’t have to go through a yearly ritual of repentance to be secure in Christ. Without our having a perfect spirit, we can not have eternal life in heaven with God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). 1 John 1:5, “God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.”

IV. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ.

A. Leviticus 23:26-32 (NASB). The Day of Atonement. 26 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God. 29 If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 16:34 once a year. The better sacrifice of Jesus Christ was offered once-for-all, never to be repeated (cf. Heb. 9:11—10:18). Upon that sacrifice all forgiveness of sin is based, including that of OT believers.

B. Numbers 29:7-11 (NASB) 7 ‘Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble yourselves; you shall not do any work. 8 You shall present a burnt offering to the Lord as a soothing aroma: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect; 9 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 10 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 11 one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. Lev 23:26–32 Day of Atonement. The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle (see notes on 16:1–34).

2. The sacrifices of the Day of Atonement are included in the Law. For someone to say that they keep the Law, they must comply with all of the 613 requirements of the law, to include all of its sacrifices (James 2:10). https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments

V. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the blood of Christ, and of Christ, “the High Priest.”

A. Hebrews 9:11-12 (NASB) 11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; 12 and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. not of this creation. The phrase is the explanation of “not made with hands”—it is the creation of God alone. The sanctuary where Christ serves is heaven itself (cf. v. 24; 8:2)).

B. Hebrews 9:13-14 (NASB) 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

(MacArthur Study Bible note. the blood of Christ. This is an expression that refers not simply to the fluid, but the whole atoning sacrificial work of Christ in His death. Blood is used as a substitute word for death (cf. Matt. 23:30, 35; 27:6, 8, 24, 25; John 6:54–56; Acts 18:6; 20:26)).

C. Hebrews 9:15 (NASB) 15 For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

(MacArthur Study Bible note. 8:6 Mediator. Cf. 9:15. The word describes a go-between or an arbitrator, in this case between man and God. See note on 1 Tim. 2:5 (cf. Gal. 3:19, 20).

D. Hebrews 4:14-15 (NASB) 14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.

Mac Arthur Study Bible note. 4:15 all points tempted. See notes on 2:17, 18. The writer here adds to his statements in 2:18 that Jesus was sinless. He was able to be tempted (Matt. 4:1–11), but not able to sin (see notes on 7:26).

E. Scripture points to the fact that in relation to the Jewish High Priests, Christ was a better High Priest, and that in relation to the animals that were sacrificed by the Jewish High Priests, Christ was the only sacrifice that could satisfy God’s requirement for the removal of sin.

VI. The Holiest Jewish Day Of The Year. Yom Kippur, which is also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year that Jews observe. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4687/jewish/Yom-Kippur.htm Yom Kippur was spoken into Law by God in the year 1446 B.C. (Thompson Chain Reference Bible, Lev 23:26-32). The Hebrew Bible calls the day Yom Hakippurim (Hebrew, “Day of the Atonement/s”). In the Hebrew calendar, the ninth day of Tishri is known as Erev Yom Kippur (Yom Kippur eve) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Holy_Days The Hebrew word, “yom,” (pronounced YOHM, means “day, time.” Yom means day, the Hebrew day lasting from one evening to the next (Gen 1:5). “Yom” describes a working day (Ex 20:9) or day of the month (Zch 1:7). It indicates a time (Pro 24:10) or occasion (Num 10:10) (Holman Christian Standard Bible note, Gen 1:20-23). Even though the Day of Atonement has been observed by Jews ever since it inception, its eternal significance for God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) will not come to fruition until the last days of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ; then, its true meaning will be exposed to, not only Jews, but also to Gentiles that will be present on earth; such Jews and Gentiles will not have had saving faith in Christ at the time of the rapture, so, they will have been left behind after the rapture will have taken place. As opposed to the Jewish teaching of God’s atonement, which is the covering of a person’s sin, the sacrifice of Christ on the cross was God’s way of removing a person’s condemning sin of unbelief (John 1:29, 3:3, Rom 8:1, 2 Cor 5:17, 21).

A. Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, October 8-9, 2019 (sunset to sunset (actually a 26 hour period of time, Tuesday-Wednesday), marks the end of a period of introspection and repentance. No work is performed, and most of the holiday is spent in prayer. Consider the relationship of the Feast of Trumpets to the Day of Atonement.

B. Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashanah/Feast of Trumpets. The feast of trumpets relates to the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, when the angels regather the Jewish people from all around the world, and take them to Israel. Next, those Jews will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, or will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, which will take place at the end of the millennium. The Jews that come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age with other born again Jews and Gentiles. The Jews that fail to come to saving faith in Christ will be taken in death to Judgment (Matt 24:40-41/Rev 20:10-15). Either group of Jews will be Jews that miss the rapture (John 14:16, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). Gentiles that miss the rapture, and are still alive on earth at the end of the tribulation, will also have the opportunity to enter the Kingdom age, or will be taken in death to Judgment, where they will also arise at the end of the millennium to stand before the Great White Throne Judgment (Matt 25:31-46, Rev 20:10-15). Yom Kippur immediately follows Rosh Hashanah (Feast Of Trumpets) during the tribulation.

C. At the second coming of Christ, the conditions of God’s Judgment for the Jews and Gentiles that are left behind from the rapture will be exposed. Jews of OT Yom Kippur, and in today’s world, have a belief of a physical death for “unforgiven Jews,” that such unforgiven Jews will have their lives taken by God at the end of each Jewish year, thereby preventing them from entering into the new year. The same Yom Kippur observant Jews, have had the belief that all “forgiven Jews” will be given another year of life, and will enter the new Jewish year.

1. A Jewish teaching. The Jewish new year is not just a time to renew our resolve to lose another fifteen pounds. Rather, it’s the time when our fate stands in the balance as G‑d reviews our past year and decides whether or not to renew our lease on His planet. As such, Jewish greetings for this time of year (the Jewish New Year is in the fall) reflect our prayers for a good, sweet year up ahead. The catch-all greeting you can use for the entire season is “Shanah tovah” (שנה טובה), which means “Good year.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A Jewish teaching. Kotvenu b’sefer he-ḥayyim, “Inscribe us in the Book of Life,” Jews pray in the days from Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur. “May you be written down and inscribed for a good year,” they say to each other. No concept or phrase is more associated with the High Holy Days than that of a divine “book” in which our fates are written
https://forward.com/culture/183461/may-you-be-inscribed-in-the-book-of-life-for-5774/

3. A Jewish teaching. From noon on Rosh Hashanah, when our fates are already written, until Yom Kippur, when our fates for the coming year are to be sealed, we wish each other “Gemar chatimah tovah” (גמר חתימה טובה), “A good final sealing.” https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

VII. Atonement.

A. Atonement is an often-used Old Testament term representing a sacrifice for sin. Leviticus 16 describes atonement on many levels by many actions. The whole process was quite detailed but necessary for the people of God to be holy before God, and thus “at one with God.” https://www.christianity.com/wiki/salvation/what-is-atonement-biblical-meaning-and-definition.html When we are born again, we are “one in Christ,” (Gal 3:28). By being “in Christ,” our spirit is as pure as Christ, whether Jew or Gentile. The Jews and Gentiles which come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation, will be “one in Christ,” with the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirits (John 14:20), which is a result of the new birth (John 3:3).

B. The Jewish belief of the yearly Day of Atonement is that, during the Days Of Awe” (Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur), God will determine which Jews are just, and will be allowed to live for another year. However, the unjust Jews will have their lives taken from them by God (this death, is not eternal death.).

C. The Day of Atonement looks forward to the time at the end of the Tribulation, where similar implications will be experienced, but with eternal results for the Jews (Matt 24:40-41), as well as for the Gentiles of the tribulation (Matt 25:31-46).

1. The Matt 24:40-41 Jews will be shown to have come to saving faith in Christ, or not. Those “left behind” Jews, will be Jews that were “born again” during the Tribulation. These born again Jews,” will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age for the 1,000 year reign of Christ as Messiah, where He will be King of Kings, and Lord of Lords (Rev 19:16); these born again Jews will be “at one with Christ”. Those Jews “that are taken,” had not been born again; they will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, at the end of the Kingdom Age, where they will stand before Christ, as Judge, and will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These Jews, that will not have been born again, will be eternally “estranged from Christ.”

2. The Gentiles that were compassionate to the Jews during the tribulation (the least of these, My brethren..Mt 25:40), will show such love for the Jews (“you fed Me and gave Me drink; you took Me in; you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me; when you did it to one of these, “My brethren,” you did it to Me…Mt 25:34-40). These compassionate Gentiles will show kindness to Jews because they will have been born again; these Gentiles will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age (Mt 25:34), where Christ will rule and reign as Messiah. The Gentiles that do not show compassion for the Jews during the Tribulation will show by their lack of compassion for the Jews that they will not have been born again, and will be taken in death to the lake of fire (Rev 20:10-15). These unbelieving Gentiles are addressed by Christ, “I was hungry and thirsty and you did not feed me; you did not take me in, or clothe me; you did not visit me when I was sick or in prison; “in as much as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me,” (Mt 25:31-46).

3. Matt 24:40-41 Review. “Taken:” to judgment in death. “Left:” to enter in life, the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, the 1000 year reign of Christ. At the time of the rapture, those whom have been born born again will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6). Those whom will not have been born again will be left on earth to come under the Judgments of God (Rev 3:10).

VIII. “The Least Of These.” It has been my unfortunate experience to hear certain politicians say that Matthew 25:40 relates to the responsibility of government to take care of the less fortunate. I have also heard certain “religious” personalities use the words of Matthew 25:40 to infer that if people living in this dispensation of grace (the church age) do not take care of the needy of the world, that such negligent people will not go to heaven.

A. It is important to understand that Mt 25:40 refers to the Jews and Gentiles of the tribulation. “Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of “the least of these My brethren,” you did it to Me.” The “brethren” are Jews (The Moody Bible Commentary).

B. It is also important to understand that 1 Cor 16:1, “Now concerning the collection for the saints,” refers to NT benevolence for Christians. In this verse, an offering was taken from the church at Corinth to the needy Christians that were in Jerusalem (Ryrie Study Bible note).

C. Mt 25:40 specifically is a teaching of tribulation benevolence for Jews. 1 Cor 16:1 is a teaching of Church Age benevolence for Christians.

IX. Romans 11:26 states, “all Israel will be saved.” The verse relates to the nation of Israel being given the land of the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 15:18-21). Only born again Jews will enter that land, at the time of the Kingdom Age. The Kingdom Age will begin at the end of the tribulation, and continue until the beginning of the eternal state (Rev 21:1-3). The requirement for anyone to enter the Kingdom Age is, “you must be born again” (John 3:3).

A. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement is found in the second coming of Christ to earth, at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:29-31; Zechariah 14:1-15; ). Key to understanding the time of the return of Christ to earth at the end of the Tribulation, is the need for the Jews whom are present on earth “to call on Christ” to return; this will happen because those Jews will have come to know Christ as the Messiah. Consider Zech 12:10, Psalm 118:26, Matt 23:39, “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord.”

B. Yom Kippur In Brief https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/177886/jewish/What-Is-Yom-Kippur.htm

1. What: Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,” as the verse states, “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins before G‑d.”

2. When: The 10th day of Tishrei (in 2019, from several minutes before sunset on Tuesday, October 8, until after nightfall on Wednesday, October 9), coming on the heels of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year, which is on the first and second days of Tishrei).

3. How: For nearly 26 hours we “afflict our souls”: we abstain from food and drink, do not wash or apply lotions or creams, do not wear leather footwear, and abstain from marital relations. Instead, we spend the day in synagogue, praying for forgiveness.

4. Indeed, although Yom Kippur is the most solemn day of the year, it is suffused with an undercurrent of joy; it is the joy of being immersed in the spirituality of the day and expresses confidence that G‑d will accept our repentance, forgive our sins, and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.

C. In relation to the Old Testament teaching of The Day of Atonement, we must understand that the Jews feared the judgment of God in regard to living or dying. The Jews viewed the judgment of living as being a physical state of life that would be extended for another year, until the next Day of Atonement. For the Jews, they viewed the judgment of death as resulting in a physical state of death. As relating to spiritual eternal life or death for OT Jews, Daniel 12:1-3 discusses those situations.

X. The Days Of Awe. Consider The Days Of Awe And The Book Of Life. The following information is important for believers in Christ to understand, as well as unbelieving Jews, and all others whom do not know Christ as their Lord and Savior.

A. The subject of having someone’s name blotted out of the Book of Life has often been improperly taught. During the days of their mortal life, Jews realize that God has all power over life’s physical existence, which has nothing to do with the Lamb’s Book of Life. The Lamb’s Book of Life contains all of the names of those whom have been born again, and whose eternity with God “is sealed” (in the Lamb’s Book Of Life), and can never be removed. Unbelieving Jews believe that God makes a determination each year as to whom will live for another year and, “that decision,” will hold fast for another year. Jews use the Days Of Awe as a time of repentance to get right with others, and with God. (Rev 21:17 “Nothing dirty or defiled will get into the City, and no one who defiles or deceives. Only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life will get in…The Message.” Rev 3:5, I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life.”).

B. To be written in the Book of Life – To be sealed in the Book of Life. It is a Jewish belief that during the Days of Awe, that begin on Rosh Hashanah, and extend through the completion of the Day of Atonement, “through the Jews’ repentance,” they can alter God’s decree that He issued on Rosh Hashanah, as to whom will live for another year. During the Days of Awe, Jews may greet each other with the following words.

1. “L’Shanah Tovah” (li-SHAH-nuh TOH-vuh; li-shah-NAH toh-VAH)
Hebrew. Lit. for a good year. A common greeting during Rosh Hashanah and Days of Awe. It is an abbreviation of L’shanah tovah tikatev v’taihatem (May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year). The second pronunciation above is the proper Hebrew pronunciation, but I more commonly hear the first pronunciation, which is Yiddish style. The greeting may also be spoken as, “may your name be found in the Book of Life.”
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/174683/jewish/New-Year-Greetings-Explained.htm

2. A verse that shows the removal of someone from the book of life, is as follows. (Please remember that the verse has nothing to do with a loss of eternal life.)

a. Exodus 32:32 (NASB) “But now, if You will, forgive their sin–and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!”

b. MacArthur Study Bible note. 32:32 blot me out of Your book. Nothing more strongly marked the love of Moses for his people than his sincere willingness to offer up his own life rather than see them disinherited and destroyed. The book to which Moses referred, the psalmist entitled “the book of the living” (Ps. 69:28). Untimely or premature death would constitute being blotted out of the book. The Apostle Paul displayed a similar passionate devotion for his kinsmen (Rom. 9:1–3).

c. Ryrie Study Bible note. “book.” A register of the physically living. To be blotted out meant to experience an untimely death. By contrast, the NT book of life (Rev 13:8, etc) is the register of those whom have eternal life.

d. My note. Moses was telling God to take his mortal life; it was for a cause. There is nothing in this verse to say that Moses wanted his eternal life or spirit to be taken from him by God.

XI. It is incorrect to believe that because a person has been given a premature death by God, that such a person has lost their salvation, such as has been suggested in the case of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11). If that couple had been born again, they would not have been unborn, and would not have become unsaved. Once we have been born again, having come to belief in Christ as our Lord in Savior, our eternity with Christ has been sealed in the Lamb’s Book Of Life…forever (Ephesians 1:13, Revelation 3:5). The key question for each person is: “have you been born again; do you know Christ as your Lord and Savior?”

A. Let’s consider Ananias and Sapphira. It is obvious by their actions that they had become an embarrassment upon God’s people, and also upon God. The same thing can happen today. If a born again believer in Christ begins to act in a way that is embarrassing to God, or to the body of Christ, such a backslider may be given “an early death.”

B. 1 John 5:16 (NASB) If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this.

C. Death may refer either to spiritual or physical death, though physical death is probably the case in 1 Jn 5:16 . The “Brother” does not lose his salvation, but leaves this life prematurely. For the unbeliever, “unbelief in Christ” is the sin that results in eternal spiritual death; its finality is realized after physical death occurs (John 3:18), when he is resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:10-15). The born again believer in Christ, after death or resurrection, has the promise of “not being condemned” (Rom 8:1).

XII. Consider the following scriptures that tell of the Day of Atonement, and its fulfillment in Christ. The fulfillment of the Day of Atonement comes through the Substitutionary Sacrifice by Christ.

A. Hebrews 10:10 (NASB) By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

MacArthur Study Bible note. 10:10 sanctified. “Sanctify” means to “make holy,” to be set apart from sin for God (cf. 1 Thes. 4:3). When Christ fulfilled the will of God, He provided for the believer a continuing, permanent condition of holiness (Eph. 4:24; 1 Thes. 3:13).

B. Romans 11:26 (NASB), “and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.”

1. MacArthur Study Bible note. 11:26 all Israel. All the elect Jewish people alive at the end of the Tribulation, not the believing remnant of Jews within the church during this church age (see notes on vv. 5, 17). Since the remnant has already embraced the truth of the gospel (see note on v. 25), it could not be in view here, since it no longer needs the salvation this verse promises. The Deliverer will come out of Zion. See Pss. 14:7; 53:6; Is. 46:13. The Lord Jesus Christ’s millennial rule will be associated with Mt. Zion (see notes on Ps. 110:2; Heb. 12:22). Zion. See note on 9:33.

2. NKJV Study Bible note. 11:26 All Israel does not mean that every individual in the nation will turn to the Lord. It means that the nation as a whole will be saved, just as the nation as a whole (but not every individual in it) was now rejecting the Lord.

3. Consider the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:21 (NASB) “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

b. Because of Adam’s sin, and the following curse that came upon all of God’s creation, we were born “to be sin”. Sin was our eternal state upon our becoming an embryo; we “were” fully sin, “spirit, soul and body.” Christ who, “was not sin,” became sin even though He “did not sin,” so that He could pay sin’s penalty on our behalf. We became the righteousness of God when we were born again. We were spiritually born again to spiritually dwell “in the Spirit of Christ” (please notice the word “spiritually”).

c. Romans 3:25 (NASB) “whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;”

(1). MacArthur Study Bible note. 3:25. propitiation. Crucial to the significance of Christ’s sacrifice, this word carries the idea of appeasement or satisfaction—in this case Christ’s violent death satisfied the offended holiness and wrath of God against those for whom Christ died (Is. 53:11; Col. 2:11–14). The Heb. equivalent of this word was used to describe the mercy seat—the cover to the ark of the covenant—where the High-Priest sprinkled the blood of the slaughtered animal on the Day of Atonement to make atonement for the sins of the people (see Heb 2:17, 1 John 2:1, 4:10). But in reality, man is incapable of satisfying God’s justice apart from Christ, except by spending eternity in hell.

(2). The result of Christ’s becoming sin, “on our behalf,” is known as propitiation, per the Merriam Webster definition. Notice, “atoning sacrifice.”

(3). Definition of propitiation.

(a). the act of propitiating
(b). something that propitiates; specifically, an atoning sacrifice

XIII. To Live Or Die. Based on the Jewish beliefs of Yom Kippur, Jews may be lead to believe that if they are alive on The Day Of Atonement, “God has accepted their repentance, forgiven their sins, and sealed their verdicts for a year of life, health and happiness.” Consider the alternative to that belief.

XIV. Let’s consider the sins, of “omission, commission and unbelief.”

A. If a person fails to do something that they should have done, or has done something that they should have not done, a break in relationship can occur. The situation can develop that is so severe “that you can cut it with a knife.” In such sins of relationship, God has provided the following verse. “confess your sins to one another,” (James 5:16).

B. If a believer in Christ shows a lack of respect for God, in what is said or done, their prior “God to mankind” relationship can be damaged. God has provided a way for the sinning man, or woman, to correct such a damaged relationship, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness,” (1 John 1:9).

C. In neither of the two above examples, will a person lose their salvation. However, there is a sin that will prevent a person from spending eternity with God in Heaven. Such a sin is “the sin of unbelief,” which comes from someone not being born again (John 1:29, 3:3-8, 3:16-18, Rom 8:1). Notice that it is the sin of unbelief that Christ came to “take away” (Jn 1:29). A person can murder another person; God can restore the murderer to their prior relationship, but the person that was murdered does not return to life. A bank robbery can not be undone; the robbery took place; nothing can change that sin; but relationships can be restored. The key to sins of omission and commission is that damaged relationships can be restored, whether “believer to believer,” or “believer to God.”

D. Sins of omission and commission do not prevent a person from going to heaven. It is the sin of unbelief that has the most serious affects, and is the sin that only “Christ, The High Priest” can resolve. It is only through the new birth that anyone can dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), and spend eternity with God (John 3:3, 1 John 1:5). The condemning sin of Judas Iscariot would not have been that he betrayed Christ, but that he was not “born again.”

E. There is a scripture that was given to the Jews, “Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean;
Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow” (Ps 51:7).

1. Mac Arthur Study Bible Note. 51:7 hyssop. Old Testament priests used hyssop, a leafy plant, to sprinkle blood or water on a person being ceremonially cleansed from defilements such as leprosy or touching a dead body (cf. Lev. 14:6ff.; Num. 19:16–19). Here hyssop is a figure for David’s longing to be spiritually cleansed from his moral defilement. In forgiveness, God washes away sin (cf. Ps. 103:12; Is. 1:16; Mic. 7:19).

2. The atoning question for all people of all times is, “have you been born again?” (Ez 36:24-29, John 3:3, 2 Cor 5:17), with your righteous and born again spirit dwelling within the Righteous Spirit of God (John 14:20, 2 Cor 5:21).

XV. Video Details (Videos 1 and 2)

A. Video Details 1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) 2017, Seeds of Revelation. 10,921 views•Sep 29, 2017.Discovering the Jewish Jesus with Rabbi Schneider. 91.5K subscribers. The penalty for sin is death, but did you know that Jesus fulfilled Yom Kippur once and for all?Leviticus 17: 11, says, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”

B. Video Details 2. What is Yom Kippur? The Jewish High Holiday 167,643 views•Sep 12, 2017. BimBam. 37.9K subscribers.Learn the basics of the Day of Atonement in 3 minutes. Yom Kippur is the most holy day of the Jewish year and it is full of spiritual opportunity if you open yourself up to its customs, prayers and melodies. This short video is a basic primer on what Yom Kippur is, for everyone. It explains what the holiday is about, where it comes from, what to expect at a service and how to break the fast! A great intro for Jews and non-Jews alike – share with your curious coworker or family member. This video was made possible with generous support from The Koret Foundation, as part of its Initiative on Jewish Peoplehood.–

Shabbat Shalom

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Israel – The Feast Of Trumpets – Rosh Hashanah

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

I. Opening Video. The Fall Feasts. Join Michael Rydelnik, Avner Boskey, and Michael Brown, as they discuss the Fall Feasts of Israel in this clip from our video the Feast of Tabernacles. Bios on Michael Rydelnik and Michael Brown can be found on my Page, “About Sources and Links.” (Details on the video are provided below)

A. The Feast Of Trumpets – Rosh Hashanah.

1. We are entering into the time of the Jewish fall feasts. There is great significance in each of the feasts as to how they relate to Israel in the end times. The list of the feasts is provided by a Jewish site which is known as Chabad.org and is shown in I.A.3. The significance of the feasts is that, even though they are said to be Jewish feasts, they are spoken by God as being “My feasts” (Leviticus 23:2, “these are My feasts.”).

2. Rosh Hashanah begins the Jewish year. https://www.chabad.org/search/results.asp?searchWord=head+of+the+year
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/564757/jewish/Rosh-Hashanah-Calendar.htm

3. Upcoming Jewish Holidays. https://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm Rosh Hashanah

4. Rosh Hashanah Dates.

a. Begins sunset of Sunday, September 29, 2019 – Ends nightfall of Tuesday, October 1, 2019. No work is permitted. The Month of Elul – September 1 – 29, 2019. Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year. It is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, and a day of judgment and coronation of G‑d as king.

b. On Sunday evening, following this weekly Sabbath, will be the beginning of the Feast of Rosh Hashanah/Feast Of Trumpets. The second video describes how Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah.

c. Based on my personal observation, the beginning of the Jewish New Year is much more cheerful a time than that which the rest of the world experiences on December 31-January 1 in its celebration of “bringing in the new year.”

D. The Jewish year 5779 is ending. This Feast of Trumpets announces the beginning of the Jewish year 5780.

E. Meaning of Rosh Hashanah.

1. Description of Rosh Hashanah. Literally meaning the “head of the year,” is the Jewish New Year. The biblical name for this holiday is Yom Teruah, literally “day of shouting or blasting.” It is the first of the Jewish High Holy Days specified by Leviticus 23:23–32 that occur in the early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere.
Observances: Praying in synagogue, personal reflection, and hearing the shofar.
Ends: End of second day of Tishrei. Also called: Jewish New Year.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Rosh+hashanah+definition&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&oq=Rosh+hashanah+definition&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.14831j1j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

2. Images of Rosh Hashanah.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Rosh+hashanah+definition&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&sxsrf=ACYBGNRvxCTbdpRGR-4MMYOsXjLpQd5tfA:1569672527616&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=Ma2ZT7Zjj_mQeM%253A%252C8Qdi0eagngHqdM%252C%252Fm%252F0dthp&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kSfbdmwV83lRZoEzwBFuJxChn-Xcw&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjD2qnrvfPkAhVrmuAKHR5ACsgQ_B0wHXoECAoQAw#imgrc=Ma2ZT7Zjj_mQeM:

II. Second Video. 4 Things Jews Do on Rosh Hashanah, Mayim Bialik (Details on the video are provided below).

III. The scriptural significance of “Rosh Hashanah/The Feast Of Trumpets” relates to the regathering of Israel at the end of the tribulation (Matthew 24:29-31), which allows the Jews to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, per Matt 24:40-41. (Those taken will be taken to judgment. Those left with be left to enter the Kingdom age. This event is not the rapture of the church, where believers in Christ will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:1-3, 6), and where unbelievers will be “left behind” to suffer in the tribulation (Rev 3:10). Consider the following information.

A. Civil New Year – Regathering Of Israel (to enter the Kingdom Age).

B. The Feast Of Trumpets has a two-fold purpose, per Ryrie and MacArthur study bibles.

1. Ryrie Study Bible, “the Feast of Trumpets” celebrates the beginning of the Jewish civil new year (Lev 23 note).

2. MacArthur Study Bible, “the Feast of Trumpets” celebrates Israel’s regathering by Christ (Matt. 24:31, Lev 23 note). (My note: The regathering of Israel is not the same event as the Rapture of the Church, which precedes the regathering: John 14:1-6, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18).

3. The Feast of Trumpets and Second Coming of Christ binding scriptures:

a. The regathering of Israel occurs at the second coming of Christ (Matt 24:29-31), where He returns to earth with His raptured saints to save Israel (those whom had not been raptured) from the certain doom of their attackers (Matt 24:21-22, Zech 14:1-3, Rev 19:11-21).

b. The verses (Matt 24:36, 44) relate to “the second coming of Christ, the regathering, the Feast of Trumpets.” 36 “But of that day and hour no one knows..” 44 “the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

c. The Feast of Trumpets relates to the time of the resurrection of the Old Testament Jews (Daniel 12:1-3). The Just will be resurrected at the time of the second coming of Christ, and will enter the Kingdom Age. The unjust will not be brought back to life until at the time of the end of the Kingdom age for judgment at the Great White Throne Judgment (Matt 24:40-41; Rev 20:5, 10-15) (Rev 20:5, “the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished”).

d. The Feast of Trumpets relates to deceased tribulation saints, in that they will be raised from death to rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age/Millennial reign of Christ (Rev 20:4, “they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years”)

e. Prior to the tribulation, at the time of the rapture, “the dead in Christ” (the deceased believers in Christ), will be raised from death to be taken to Heaven by Christ (along with the raptured living believers in Christ) (John 14:2,3,6, 1 Cor 15:51-52, 1 Thes 4:16-17).

4. Will Jews be celebrating The Feast Of Trumpets during the Great Tribulation, preceding the second coming of Christ? Hardly! It is important to understand that the following events relate to Jews: The Feast Of Trumpets, the Second coming of Christ, and the Olivet discourse of Matthew Chapter 24-25 (Mt 24:20, “pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the “Sabbath.”). In the Olivet discourse, Christ was teaching Jews, and not gentiles. Only Jews had a relationship with the Sabbath, which had no significance in the lives of gentiles. This teaching relates to the Jews that were left behind from the rapture. They will be “running for their lives!” They will not be celebrating the Feast of Trumpets, unless in a hidden setting.

C. Specific scriptures that relate to the Feast of Trumpets are shown in the following verses.

1. Lev 23:23-25 (NASB). 23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

a. Note: MacArthur Study Bible. 23:23–25 memorial of blowing of trumpets. This feast, called the Feast of Trumpets, consecrated the seventh month (Sept./Oct.) as a sabbatical month (cf. Num. 29:1–6).

b. Note: NKJV Study Bible. 23:24 The seventh month … first day falls in mid-September. a memorial: Israel remembered God’s goodness, which was expressed in the covenant, and asked God to continue to remember that covenant. Blowing of trumpets marked solemn, joyful, and urgent occasions in ancient Israel.

2. Numbers 29:1-6 (NASB). Offerings of the Seventh Month. 1 “Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets. 2 You shall offer a burnt offering as a soothing aroma to the Lord: one bull, one ram, and seven male lambs one year old without defect; 3 also their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram, 4 and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 5 Offer one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you, 6 besides the burnt offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the continual burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the Lord.”

a. Note: NKJV Study Bible. 29:1–6 The celebration of the Feast of Trumpets involved blowing rams’ horns (contrast the silver trumpets in 10:2). Later, this festival became identified with the new year festival.

b. Note: NIV Study Bible. 29:1–6 The Festival of Trumpets came at the beginning of the seventh month, a busy month for the worship of the Lord in holy festivals (see Lev 23:23–25; see also chart). Later in Jewish tradition this festival came to commemorate the New Year (Rosh Hashanah). The trumpet used was the ram’s horn (shophar).

3. Numbers 10:2 (NASB) 2 “Make yourself two trumpets of silver, of hammered work you shall make them; and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for having the camps set out.”

a. Note. NIV Study Bible. 10:2 trumpets. Long, straight, slender metal tubes with flared ends. They were blown for order and discipline.

b. Note: MacArthur Study Bible. 10:2 trumpets. According to a Jewish tradition, these instruments were between 12 and 20 in. long and had a narrow tube that was flared at the end. hammered work. The same description is given concerning the cherubim above the mercy seat. See Ex. 25:18; 37:7.

IV. God’s Appointed Times. God has identified certain days and feasts as being “appointed times.” The Feast of Trumpets, also known Rosh Hashannah, is one of those appointed times (NASB).

A. God’s Appointment. Lev 23:1-2 “The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:”

B. Appointed people. Lev 23:1-2 1 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel.”

C. Appointed times. Lev 23:2 “The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these”

D. Appointed Feast of Trumpets. Lev 23:23-25. 23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.’”

E. Appointed Holy convocations. Listed in Lev 23:3-44.

F. Appointed people restated. (Lev 23:44) “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these: (beginning with Lev 23:3).

V. The Jewish year 5780 is approaching. The following link has a view of the Jewish year 5779, as it relates to things that affected Jews around the world.
https://www.chabad.org/tools/subscribe/email/view_cdo/i/8A35D917402345A2:479F3DE43C78F1C847FDA04E6B86C2EA3371FAD22FB9601A7DAFE38B2A24F425#utm_medium=email&utm_source=14_news_en&utm_campaign=en&utm_content=header

VI. Video Credits.

A. The Fall Feasts. 2,957 views•Jul 26, 2013. Day of Discovery 9.22K subscribers. View part 4 of The Appointed Times at http://dod.org/programs/the-appointed…Today in Israel and throughout the Jewish world the annual cycle of holy days continues to be observed. See in stunning detail how together, the sacred feasts of Israel unfold God’s grand story of redemption for the entire world. Join Michael Rydelnik, Avner Boskey, and Michael Brown as they discuss the Fall Feasts of Israel in this clip from our video the Feast of Tabernacles. ©2013 Our Daily Bread Ministries. All Rights Reserved. Follow Day of Discovery on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/dayofdiscovery

B. 4 Things Jews Do on Rosh Hashanah. Mayim Bialik. 737K subscribers. Hi everyone! Mayim Bialik here from The Big Bang Theory and Blossom. We release a video each week, so make sure to subscribe! This week, I talk about what all the Jewish people you know do on the Jewish new year (it starts Wednesday night and ends Friday night!). If you don’t already know, this fun little video about #RoshHashanah will get you in the know.
Find me on social media: https://www.facebook.com/MissMayim/

Shabbat Shalom!

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