Revelation 11:14-19 – The Three Woes

Left Behind: The Movie – Bruce and Ray’s Salvation – Josho456123 – Published on Jul 13, 2010
(Click onto the image to see the video and the accompanying article)

Another inspiring scene from the Left Behind series. This scene is from the first film, Left Behind: The Movie. Bruce and Rayford have missed the Rapture that has taken their wives and children. Now, they need to ask God to forgive them and help them with what’s to come in the next seven years… Starring Clarence Gilyard as Bruce Barnes and Brad Johnson as Rayford Steele. © 2000 Cloud Ten Productions, Inc. and Namesake Entertainment, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

This article is one of others that can be found in my Word Press blog that teaches, not only about Israel, not only about the end times, not only about Israel “and” the end times, but about Israel “in” the end times. The emphasis that is placed on Israel in these articles is due to the promise of God to Israel in the Abrahamic Covenant, as formed in Genesis 12:1-4, and confirmed in Genesis 13:14-17; 15:1-7,18-21; 17:1-8, and has three main aspects. The third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham has great emphasis as it relates to non-Jews.

1. Genesis 12:2 (NASB). 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing;
2. Genesis 12:3a (NASB). 3a And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.
3. Genesis 12:3b (NASB). 3b and in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

The opening video in this article comes from the movie, “Left Behind 2,” and relates to a pastor, and an airline pilot, both of whom were left behind from the rapture. In the scene, both of the men are shown coming to saving faith in Christ. Neither of these men had been born again at the time of the rapture of the church, so they were “left behind” (John 14:2-3, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; John 3:3). The movie also shows other unbelievers, whom were also left behind, coming to saving faith in Christ, and becoming a “tribulation force” of believers.

Immediately after all born again believers in Christ are caught up in the rapture, no one will be left on earth that has the indwelling presence of God’s Holy Spirit. Lacking the individual prompting of God’s Holy Spirit to righteous living, there will be rampant lawlessness throughout the world (John 14:26; 16:8). In a nutshell, godless people will be leading godless nations, which will consist of godless citizens, who will all be under the control of a godless United Nations. The United States of America will no longer be a force of law and order. The hatred of the nations of the world toward Israel will escalate, and will end in a failed world-wide attack on Israel at the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-19:21). The events of this Eleventh Chapter of Revelation take place during the time of the Tribulation, which follows the rapture. During the tribulation all of the people that were not taken to heaven in the rapture (John 14:2,3,6) will come under: (1) the oppression of the antichrist, and (2) the judgments of God. Revelation Chapter 6 shows the beginning of these two events; the antichrist will be a tool of God. In Matthew 24:4-28 Christ speaks to the disciples about the signs of the end of the age; vs 4-14, lists characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas vs 15-28 deal with the second half (Ryrie Study Bible).

The following scripture texts, along with comments, are from the MacArthur Study Bible. (Everyone should have a MacArthur Study Bible.)

Revelation 11:14
14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

Let’s discuss the three woes.

Revelation 8:13 The Three Woes Announced
13 Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

8:13 The announcement of the three woes. “Woe, woe, woe.” One for each remaining trumpet blast. Although the first 4 trumpets are unimaginable, they will be nothing like the 3 to come (9:1–21; 11:15ff.).

Revelation 9:12 – First Woe – The Fifth Trumpet – The first of the final 3 trumpets has passed.
12 The first woe is past; behold, two woes are still coming after these things.

9:1-11 (Mine) The fifth trumpet is described in Revelation 9:1-11.
9:4-5 (Ryrie Study Bible) Only the 144,000 will escape the torment on people of the fifth trumpet.
9:12 (The Bible Knowledge Commentary) The fifth trumpet described as the first woe is now to be followed by the two final trumpets, also known as “woes” (cf.8:13).

Revelation 11:11-14 – Second And Third Woes
11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. 14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

11:14 Second woe. The sixth trumpet. The interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets ends (see note on 10:1). Israel’s repentance will shortly usher in the millennial kingdom (Acts 3:19–21; Rom. 11:25, 26). But first will come the final, climactic judgments.
9:13-21 (Mine) The sixth trumpet is found in Revelation 9:13-21.
9:15 (Ryrie Study Bible). One-third of mankind will die during the sixth trumpet.

11:11–14 Third woe. The seventh trumpet. The two witnesses are brought back to life, and then taken up into heaven. Their enemies react in fear, since their resurrection is incontrovertible proof that their message was true and that Jesus is God and Messiah. An earthquake kills seven thousand men. (Compare the earthquake that opened tombs and allowed many to be raised at the time of Christ’s death—Matt. 27:51–53.) The remnant are the “rest,” those who are not killed by the earthquake. Many of them repent and give glory to God. The parenthesis begun with chapter 10 ends here. The third woe is the seventh trumpet, which cometh next (v. 15).

11:15-19 The Third Woe (The Seventh Trumpet— – Christ’s Reign Foreseen).

Revelation 11:15-19
15 Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying, “We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign. 18 And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.” 19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.

11:15-19 (Mine) The seventh trumpet is found in Revelation 11:15-19.
11:15 (Ryrie Study Bible) The end is near enough now that the announcement of it can be made.
11:16-19 (Ryrie Study Bible) The announcement evokes praise among the elders (vv 16-17) and anger from the nations; and soon will come judgment on the dead and the rewarding of the saints.
11:18 (MacArthur) dead…judged. The final outpouring of God’s wrath includes judging the dead (cf. Matt. 25:31–46; John 5:25–29). The judgment has two parts:
(1) God rewards OT saints (Dan. 12:1–3; cf. 22:12; 1 Cor. 3:8; 4:5), the raptured church (1 Cor. 15:51, 52; 1 Thess. 4:13–18), and Tribulation saints (20:4).
(2) God condemns unbelievers to the lake of fire forever (20:15).

It is important to remember a major purpose of the leaders of every congregation.

Ephesians 4:11-12 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
11 And He personally gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, some pastors and teachers, 12 for the training of the saints in the work of ministry, to build up the body of Christ,

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The Life Of Christ – John 3:1-21

Talk with Nicodemus | English | The Life of Jesus | 6 of 49

Published on Mar 12, 2017 (See details below)

Translation In Video

John 3:1-21 Good News Translation (GNT)

Jesus and Nicodemus

1 There was a Jewish leader named Nicodemus, who belonged to the party of the Pharisees. 2 One night he went to Jesus and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher sent by God. No one could perform the miracles you are doing unless God were with him.”

3 Jesus answered, “I am telling you the truth: no one can see the Kingdom of God without being born again.”

4 “How can a grown man be born again?” Nicodemus asked. “He certainly cannot enter his mother’s womb and be born a second time!”

5 “I am telling you the truth,” replied Jesus, “that no one can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit. 6 A person is born physically of human parents, but is born spiritually of the Spirit. 7 Do not be surprised because I tell you that you must all be born again. 8 The wind blows wherever it wishes; you hear the sound it makes, but you do not know where it comes from or where it is going. It is like that with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

9 “How can this be?” asked Nicodemus.

10 Jesus answered, “You are a great teacher in Israel, and you don’t know this? 11 I am telling you the truth: we speak of what we know and report what we have seen, yet none of you is willing to accept our message. 12 You do not believe me when I tell you about the things of this world; how will you ever believe me, then, when I tell you about the things of heaven? 13 And no one has ever gone up to heaven except the Son of Man, who came down from heaven.”

14 As Moses lifted up the bronze snake on a pole in the desert, in the same way the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life. 16 For God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not die but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to be its judge, but to be its savior.

18 Those who believe in the Son are not judged; but those who do not believe have already been judged, because they have not believed in God’s only Son. 19 This is how the judgment works: the light has come into the world, but people love the darkness rather than the light, because their deeds are evil. 20 Those who do evil things hate the light and will not come to the light, because they do not want their evil deeds to be shown up. 21 But those who do what is true come to the light in order that the light may show that what they did was in obedience to God.

Video text – Modern Translation
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Good-News-Translation-GNT-Bible/
https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&ei=L0rpXMXZBu2ygge-rIPAAQ&q=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+good+news+translation&oq=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+good+news+translation&gs_l=psy-ab.12..0i22i30.5289.11834..14244…1.0..0.136.2672.10j16……0….1..gws-wiz…….0i71j35i39j0j0i20i263j33i22i29i30j33i299.Y4zrKLuz3lU

My Daily Reading Translation

John 3:1-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The New Birth

1 Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; 2 this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.” 3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

4 Nicodemus *said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?” 5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going; so is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

9 Nicodemus said to Him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel and do not understand these things? 11 Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know and testify of what we have seen, and you do not accept our testimony. 12 If I told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven, but He who descended from heaven: the Son of Man. 14 As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; 15 so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life.

16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19 This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20 For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21 But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

NASB Translation – Formal Equivalence

https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/

https://www.google.com/search?q=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+NASB&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&oq=what+kind+of&aqs=chrome.1.69i59l2j0l4.11911j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

Study Tools (1) https://biblehub.com/ (2) https://www.biblegateway.com/

Video Series Information

The History Of The Jesus Film Project https://www.jesusfilm.org/about/history.html

The life of Jesus Published on Mar 12, 2017
————————————————-
The Gospel of John was written two generations after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
It is set in a time when the Roman Empire controlled Jerusalem.
Although crucifixion was the preferred Roman method of punishment, it was not one sanctioned by Jewish law.
Jesus and all his early followers were Jewish.
The Gospel reflects a period of unprecedented polemic and antagonism between the emerging church and the religious establishment of the Jewish people.

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Revelation 11:1-13 – The Two Witnesses

Left Behind 2 Scene – ararat4life – Published on Jan 24, 2009 – a clip from left behind 2 – This video is not my own, it belongs to Cloud Ten pictures.

This article is one of others that can be found in my Word Press blog that teaches “not only about Israel, not only about the end times, not only about Israel ‘and’ the end times, but about Israel ‘in’ the end times’ (from the Old Testament, as well as from the New Testament). The emphasis that is placed on Israel in these articles is due to the promise of God to Israel in the Abrahamic Covenant, as formed in Genesis 12:1-4, and confirmed in Genesis 13:14-17; 15:1-7,18-21; 17:1-8, and has three main aspects. The third aspect of God’s covenant with Abraham has great emphasis as it relates to non-Jews.

1. Genesis 12:2 (NASB). 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing;
2. Genesis 12:3a (NASB). 3a And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.
3. Genesis 12:3b (NASB). 3b and in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

The opening video in this post comes from the movie, “Left Behind 2,” and relates to the two witnesses that are discussed in this article (Moses and Elijah?). Rabbi Ben-Judah is confronted with the truth of God’s Word concerning Christ, as being the promised Messiah. The following video shows the effect that God’s Word had on Ben Judah, and on many others, whom also had been left behind after Christ caught up His born again believers in the rapture.

Left Behind 2 movie comments. None of the people that are seen in this Left Behind video had been born again at the time of the rapture of the church (John 14:2-3, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). The movie shows some of those people coming to saving faith in Christ, and becoming a “tribulation force” of believers. Rabbi Ben-Judah is one of those “former unbelievers” coming to saving faith in Christ, to include the pastor of African descent (John 3:3; 16-18).

Consider the effect that the Word of God has on Rabbi Ben-Judah in the following video; notice the reaction of the antichrist.

Hebrews 4:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

Testimony of Ben-Judah – gregorija1 – Published on Jan 4, 2009 – From “Left Behind – Tribulation Force”

Comments on Rabbi Ben-Judah. The following links come from another series of Left Behind movies that followed the videos that are shown in this article.

Dr. Tsion Ben-Judah, who is a character in the Left Behind series, is a Jew, a rabbinical scholar, and former student of Chaim Rosenzweig. Dr. Chaim Rosenzweig (KI-am Rozen-zvieg) is introduced as a chemical engineer and politician from Israel. The reader first meets Dr. Rosenzweig as he is being interviewed by Cameron “Buck” Williams as Global Weekly’s Man Of The Year. Dr. Rosenzweig is a man of science, somewhat stubborn and takes his Israeli heritage lightly. Rosenzweig believes that God is basically an idea.
https://leftbehind.fandom.com/wiki/Tsion_Ben-Judah

Dr. Rosenzweig’s character is often used by authors Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins as a “bridge character.” That is the character of Rosenzweig, through his many contacts, helps bring the other characters of the series together. https://leftbehind.fandom.com/wiki/Chaim_Rosenzweig

Immediately after all born again believers in Christ are caught up in the rapture, no one will be left on earth, that has the indwelling presence of God’s Holy Spirit. Lacking the individual prompting of God’s Holy Spirit to righteous living, there will be rampant lawlessness throughout the world (John 14:26; 16:8). In a nutshell, godless people will be leading godless nations, which will consist of godless citizens, who will all be under the control of a godless United Nations. The United States of America will no longer be a force of law and order. The hatred of the nations of the world toward Israel will escalate, and will end in a failed world-wide attack on Israel at the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-19:21). The events of this Eleventh Chapter of Revelation take place during the time of the Tribulation, which follows the rapture. During the tribulation all people on earth will come under the oppression of the antichrist, as well as under the judgments of God; Revelation Chapter 6 shows the beginning; the antichrist will act under the control of God. In Matthew 24:4-28 Christ speaks to the disciples about the signs of the end of the age; 4-14, is a list of the characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (Ryrie Study Bible).

The scripture text of Revelation 11:1-13, along with comments, is provided, as follows:

Revelation 11 (NASB) (Unless otherwise noted, comments are from the MacArthur Study Bible. Everyone should have a MacArthur Study Bible.)

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it.

Note. 11:1 Measuring the temple signified God’s ownership of it (cf. 21:15; Zech. 2:1–5). the temple of God. Refers to the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place, not the entire temple complex (cf. v. 2). A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4). altar. The reference to worshipers suggests this is the bronze altar in the courtyard, not the incense altar in the Holy Place, since only the priests were permitted inside the Holy Place (cf. Luke 1:8–10).

2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

Note. 11:2 court which is outside. The court of the Gentiles, separated from the inner court in the Herodian temple by a low wall. Gentiles were forbidden to enter the inner court on penalty of death. That John is instructed not to measure the outer court symbolizes God’s rejection of the unbelieving Gentiles who have oppressed His covenant people. tread the holy city underfoot. Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome all oppressed Jerusalem in ancient times (cf. 2 Kin. 25:8–10; Ps. 79:1; Is. 63:18; Lam. 1:10). This verse refers to the future devastating destruction and oppression of Jerusalem by the forces of the Antichrist. forty-two months. This 3½ year period covers the second half of the Tribulation and coincides with the visibly evil career of the Antichrist (v. 3; 12:6; 13:5). During this same time, the Jews will be sheltered by God in the wilderness (12:6, 14).

3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.”

Note. 11:3 two witnesses. Individuals granted special power and authority by God to preach a message of judgment and salvation during the second half of the Tribulation. The OT required two or more witnesses to confirm testimony (cf. Deut. 17:6; 19:15; Matt. 18:16; John 8:17; Heb. 10:28), and these two prophets will be the culmination of God’s testimony to Israel: a message of judgment from God and of His gracious offer of the gospel to all who will repent and believe. one thousand two hundred and sixty days. Forty-two months or 3½ years (cf. 12:6; 13:5; see note on v. 2). sackcloth. Coarse, rough cloth made from goat or camel hair. Wearing garments made from it expressed penitence, humility, and mourning (cf. Gen. 37:34; 2 Sam. 3:31; 2 Kin. 6:30; 19:1; Esth. 4:1; Is. 22:12; Jer. 6:26; Matt. 11:21). The witnesses are mourning because of the wretched wickedness of the world, God’s judgment on it, and the desecration of the temple and the holy city by the Antichrist.

4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

Note. 11:4 This imagery is drawn from Zech. 3, 4 (see notes there). Zechariah’s vision had both a near fulfillment (the rebuilding of the temple by Joshua and Zerubbabel) and a far future fulfillment (the two witnesses, whose ministry points toward Israel’s final restoration in the Millennium). two olive trees and the two lampstands. Olive oil was commonly used in lamps; together the olive trees and lampstands symbolize the light of spiritual revival. The two witnesses’ preaching will spark a revival, just as Joshua’s and Zerubbabel’s did in Israel after the Babylonian captivity.

5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. 6 These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

Notes 11:5-6. While it is impossible to be dogmatic about the identity of these two witnesses, several observations suggest they might be Moses and Elijah: 1) like Moses, they strike the earth with plagues, and like Elijah, they have the power to keep it from raining; 2) Jewish tradition expected both Moses (cf. Deut. 18:15–18) and Elijah (cf. Mal. 4:5, 6) to return in the future (cf. John 1:21); 3) both Moses and Elijah were present at the Transfiguration, the preview of Christ’s second coming; 4) both Moses and Elijah used supernatural means to provoke repentance; 5) Elijah was taken up alive into heaven, and God buried Moses’ body where it would never be found; and 6) the length of the drought the two witnesses bring (3½ years; cf. v. 3) is the same as that brought by Elijah (James 5:17).

Note. 11:5 fire proceeds…and devours. Probably this refers to literal fire. These two will be invincible during their ministry, protected by supernatural power. The false prophet will counterfeit this sign (13:3).

Note. 11:6 power to shut heaven. Miracles have often authenticated God’s messengers. Here, bringing a 3½ year drought (as did Elijah before them) will add immeasurable torment to those experiencing the worldwide disasters of the Tribulation—and exacerbate their hatred of the two witnesses. waters to turn them to blood. The earth’s water, already devastated by the effects of the second and third trumpets, will become undrinkable, adding immensely to the suffering caused by the drought.

7 When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them.

Note. 11:7 the beast. The first of 36 references to this person in Revelation, who is none other than the Antichrist (see chap. 13). That he will ascend out of the bottomless pit indicates that his power is satanic. kill them. Their ministry completed, God will withdraw the two witnesses’ supernatural protection. The beast will then be able to accomplish what many had died trying to do.

8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.

Note. 11:8 bodies will lie in the street. Refusing to bury one’s enemies was a way to dishonor and show contempt for them (cf. Acts 14:19). The OT expressly forbids this practice (Deut. 21:22, 23). the great city. Identifying Jerusalem as a city like Sodom and Egypt stresses the city’s wickedness. Its Jewish population will apparently be the focus of the witnesses’ ministry, leading to the conversions of v. 13.

9 Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.

Note. 11:9 three-and-a-half days. The entire world will watch (undoubtedly on the latest form of visual media) and glorify the Antichrist as the bodies of the dead prophets who have been killed begin to decay.

10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

Note. 11:10 rejoice…make merry…send gifts. Wild with joy over the death of their tormentors, those who dwell on the earth (a phrase used 11 times in Revelation to speak of unbelievers) will celebrate the two witnesses’ deaths as a holiday.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them.

Note. 11:11 breath of life from God entered them. The festivities, however, are short-lived as God vindicates His faithful witnesses by resurrecting them.

12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them.

Note. 11:12 ascended to heaven in a cloud. Some may wonder why God will not allow them to preach, assuming their message would have more force following their resurrection. But that ignores Christ’s clear statement to the contrary (Luke 16:31). enemies saw them. Those who hated and dishonored the two witnesses will watch their vindication.

13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Note. 11:13 earthquake. God punctuates the ascension of His prophets with a shattering earthquake. The destruction and loss of life may be primarily among the leaders of the Antichrist’s forces. the rest. This refers to the Jews still living, who will not yet have come to faith in Christ. gave glory to the God of heaven. A genuine experience of the salvation of Jews (cf. Luke 17:18, 19), in contrast to those who blaspheme and refuse to glorify God (16:9). This makes a key fulfillment of Zechariah’s prophecy (12:10; 13:1) and Paul’s (Rom. 11:25–27).

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The Life Of Christ – John 2:13-25

Cleaning the Temple | English | The Life of Jesus | 5 of 49

Published on Mar 12, 2017 (See details below)

Translation In Video

John 2:13-25 Good News Translation (GNT)

Jesus Goes to the Temple

13 It was almost time for the Passover Festival, so Jesus went to Jerusalem. 14 There in the Temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and pigeons, and also the moneychangers sitting at their tables. 15 So he made a whip from cords and drove all the animals out of the Temple, both the sheep and the cattle; he overturned the tables of the moneychangers and scattered their coins; 16 and he ordered those who sold the pigeons, “Take them out of here! Stop making my Father’s house a marketplace!” 17 His disciples remembered that the scripture says, “My devotion to your house, O God, burns in me like a fire.”

18 The Jewish authorities came back at him with a question, “What miracle can you perform to show us that you have the right to do this?”

19 Jesus answered, “Tear down this Temple, and in three days I will build it again.”

20 “Are you going to build it again in three days?” they asked him. “It has taken forty-six years to build this Temple!”

21 But the temple Jesus was speaking about was his body. 22 So when he was raised from death, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the scripture and what Jesus had said.

Jesus’ Knowledge of Human Nature

23 While Jesus was in Jerusalem during the Passover Festival, many believed in him as they saw the miracles he performed. 24 But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew them all. 25 There was no need for anyone to tell him about them, because he himself knew what was in their hearts.

Video text – Modern Translation
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Good-News-Translation-GNT-Bible/
https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&ei=L0rpXMXZBu2ygge-rIPAAQ&q=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+good+news+translation&oq=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+good+news+translation&gs_l=psy-ab.12..0i22i30.5289.11834..14244…1.0..0.136.2672.10j16……0….1..gws-wiz…….0i71j35i39j0j0i20i263j33i22i29i30j33i299.Y4zrKLuz3lU

My Daily Reading Translation

John 2:13-25 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

First Passover—Cleansing the Temple

13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 16 and to those who were selling the doves He said, “Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.” 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house will consume me.” 18 The Jews then said to Him, “What sign do You show us as your authority for doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 The Jews then said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?” 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing. 24 But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, 25 and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.

NASB Translation – Formal Equivalence

https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/

https://www.google.com/search?q=what+kind+of+translation+is+the+NASB&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS751US752&oq=what+kind+of&aqs=chrome.1.69i59l2j0l4.11911j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

Study Tools (1) https://biblehub.com/ (2) https://www.biblegateway.com/

Video Series Information

The History Of The Jesus Film Project https://www.jesusfilm.org/about/history.html

The life of Jesus Published on Mar 12, 2017
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The Gospel of John was written two generations after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
It is set in a time when the Roman Empire controlled Jerusalem.
Although crucifixion was the preferred Roman method of punishment, it was not one sanctioned by Jewish law.
Jesus and all his early followers were Jewish.
The Gospel reflects a period of unprecedented polemic and antagonism between the emerging church and the religious establishment of the Jewish people.

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19 Israel – Honoring The Seventh Day – Keeping The Law – A Discussion

What is Shabbat? Intro to the Jewish Sabbath – BimBam – Published on Mar 15, 2018

Lest I be misunderstood, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).

Consider the comments of the video’s author, as they relate to “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

What is Shabbat? Shabbat (the Jewish Shabbath) is a weekly 25-hour observance that begins just before sundown each Friday and ends at nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is a dedicated time each week to stop working and focus more on the pleasures of life.

Consider my study of “Shabbat, Shabbos, Sabbath.”

The Sabbath (in Hebrew, Shabbat , pronounced shah-BAHT–or in some communities, Shabbos, “SHAH-bis”) may be Judaism’s most distinctive and characteristic practice, as well as one of its most pervasive and long-lasting gifts to Western civilization. https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/shabbat-101/

IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! IMPORTANT! Read the following chronology carefully.

The reason for the following chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America. The significance of this information is that those migrates would have never been exposed to the Mosaic Law, and to its Torah requirements, to include the requirements of Sabbath rest.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.) and Isaac (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

https://books.google.com/books?id=P2HKD9PgC6wC&pg=PA289&dq=people+in+north+america+in+1400+BC&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkrrHLqZ_jAhUqhOAKHa7SAqIQ6AEIRzAF#v=onepage&q=people%20in%20north%20america%20in%201400%20BC&f=false

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=people+of+japheth+in+north+america+in+1400+BC

The Israelites/Jews/ of this study are the covenant Shemites, through the bloodline of Abraham, through his covenant son Isaac, and through his grandson Jacob (Gen 25:26, born 1800 B.C., who became known as Israel, Genesis 32:28, 1739 B.C.).

The reason for the above chronology, describing the movement of the descendants of Noah throughout the world, is to show that only the covenant descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob became Jews, and were the only people whom were given the Law, to include the Sabbath.

The term “Jew” is derived from the name of Jacob’s fourth son, Judah–Yehudah, in the Hebrew—
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/640221/jewish/What-is-the-Meaning-of-the-Name-Jew.htm

Honoring The Seventh Day

About The Complete Jewish Bible
https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Complete-Jewish-Bible-CJB/

Genesis 2 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) (4094 B.C.,and all other dates, Scofield Study Bible)

2:2 God (elohim) plural in number. divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2).

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. 2 On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.

NKJV MacArthur Study Bible Notes

2:1–3 These words affirm that God had completed His work. Four times it is said that He finished His work, and 3 times it is said that this included all His work. Present processes in the universe reflect God sustaining that completed creation, not more creation (cf. Heb. 1:3).

2:2 ended…rested. God certainly did not rest due to weariness; rather, establishing the pattern for man’s work cycle, He only modeled the need for rest. Later, the Sabbath ordinance of Moses found its basis in the creation week (cf. Ex. 20:8–11). The Sabbath was God’s sacred ordained day in the weekly cycle. Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for man…” (Mark 2:2) and Gen. 2:3 stated that God “sanctified” or set apart the Sabbath day because He rested in it. Later, it was set aside for a day of worship in the Mosaic law (see note on Ex. 20:8). Hebrews 4:4 distinguishes between physical rest and the redemptive rest to which it pointed. Colossians 2:16 makes it clear that the Mosaic “Sabbath” has no symbolic or ritual place in the New Covenant. The church began worshiping on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection of Christ (Acts 20:7).

Consider the Law.

The Sabbath was first celebrated in scripture, in 1491 B.C., and was celebrated only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:4-36
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+16%3A4-36&version=NASB

16:4 The LORD (Yah·weh, 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel) prepared the Jews for six days of work, then a sabbath day of rest. The Sabbath will be a holy Sabbath to the Lord, and a gift from God to the Jews. 16:12 “I am the Lord your God.” LORD (Yah·weh); God (Elohim).

Exodus 16:4-5, 22-23 (NASB)
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”…22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”

The Sabbath was announced by Moses to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath arrives, and is observed by the Jews, and only by the Jews.

Exodus 16:24-26 (NASB) 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.”

The Sabbath is a gift by God to the Jews, and only to the Jews.

Exodus 16:29 (NASB) 29 See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 31:12-17
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+31%3A12-17&version=NASB

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews, and only the Jews.

Exodus 31:16-17 (NASB) 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Exodus 31:18 (NASB) 18 When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.

The giving of the Law to the Jews, and only to the Jews (1491 B.C.).

Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:1-17).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+19%3A1-17&version=NASB

God visits Mt. Sinai (Exodus 19:18-25).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ex+19%3A18-25&version=NASB

God gives the Ten Commandments to the Jews, and only to the Jews (Exodus 20:1-17).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+20%3A1-17&version=NASB

The Law In Leviticus

The original Hebrew title of this third book of the law is taken from the first word, translated “And He called.” The opening and closing words of thee book of Leviticus show God’s law for the Jews to, “comply with,” thereby creating the term, “Torah Compliant.” No one is Torah complaint without complying with all of the Law, which points out the fact that following the Law involves much more than Sabbath worship.

James 2:10 (NASB) 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all.

Leviticus 1:1-2 (NASB) 1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them,

Leviticus 27:34 (NASB) 34 These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

All of the commands to the Jews in the Book of Leviticus, as well as the other books of the Torah, are commands that must be followed for a Jew to be Torah compliant. The following examples of the Torah law should show that being Torah complaint can not be attained. Also, salvation does not come through the law (John 3:16-18). However, if anyone think that he, or she, is keeping the law, the following Torah requirements should shed light on that subject. Please notice that not all chapters of Leviticus are listed.

1. Leviticus 1:1-17 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+1%3A1-17&version=NASB
The Law of Burnt Offerings
2. Leviticus 2:1-16 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+2%3A1-16&version=NASB
The Law of Grain Offerings
3. Leviticus 3 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+3%3A1-17&version=NASB
The Law of Peace Offerings
4. Leviticus 4 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+4%3A1-35&version=NASB
The Law of Sin Offerings
5. Leviticus 5 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+5%3A1-19&version=NASB
The Law of Guilt Offerings
6. Leviticus 11 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+11%3A1-47&version=NASB
Laws about Animals for Food – Avoid the unclean
12. Leviticus 12 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+12%3A1-8&version=NASB
Laws of Motherhood
13. Leviticus 13 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+13%3A1-59&version=NASB
The Test for Leprosy
14. Leviticus 14 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+14%3A1-57&version=NASB
Law of Cleansing a Leper and a Leprous house
15. Leviticus 15 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+15%3A1-33&version=NASB
Cleansing Unhealthiness
16. Leviticus 16 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+16%3A1-34&version=NASB
Law of Atonement and An Annual Atonement
17. Leviticus 17 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+17%3A1-16&version=NASB
Blood for Atonement
18. Leviticus 18 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+18%3A1-30&version=NASB
Laws on Immoral Relations
19. Leviticus 19 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+19%3A1-37&version=NASB
Idolatry Forbidden – Sundry Laws
20. Leviticus 20 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+20%3A1-27&version=NASB
On Human Sacrifice and Immoralities
23. Leviticus 23 New (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+23%3A1-44&version=NASB
Laws of Religious Festivals – The Day Of Atonement
24. Leviticus 24 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+24%3A1-23&version=NASB
The Lamp and the Bread of the Sanctuary – “An Eye For An Eye”
25. Leviticus 25 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+25%3A1-55&version=NASB
The Sabbatic Year – Year of Jubilee – The Law of Redemption – Of Poor Countrymen – Of Redeeming a Poor Man
26. Leviticus 26 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+26%3A1-46&version=NASB
Blessings of Obedience – Penalties of Disobedience
27. Leviticus 27 (NASB)
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+27%3A1-34&version=NASB
Rules concerning Valuations

613 Torah Laws

As you can determine, the Law contains more than the Ten Commandments. Consider the 613 Torah Laws. The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments.

Conclusion.

Salvation is through the Jews:

John 4:22 (NASB) 22 “…for salvation is from the Jews.”

The Jew through whom salvation is provided is Christ:

John 1:29 (NASB) 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Honoring the Seventh Day – My goal is to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy.”

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly-ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week. There is no such thing as a Christian Sabbath, other than for Christians to honor the seventh day of God’s creation.

Sabbath Worship/The Law – Christ has fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB) 17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

The work of Christ for salvation for all “whom accept Him as Lord and Savior,” was completed on the cross:

John 19:30 (NASB) 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

MacArthur study note: The entire work of redemption had been brought to completion.

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Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

Joshua Aaron – Shalom (Official Music Video) the “Shabbat Shalom Song” שבת שלום
Joshua Aaron – Published on Dec 23, 2016 – The “Shabbat Shalom” music video filmed in Jerusalem, Israel. – Joshua Aaron is an award winning, Messianic Jewish singer and Integrity – https://www.newreleasetoday.com/artistdetail.php?artist_id=6056

Honoring The Sabbath – Which Day Should We Meet For Worship?

In the opening video, Joshua Aaron has a very vivid way of describing how Jews celebrate and honor the Sabbath. The video shows smiling faces coming from happy people. Joshua is a Jew whom has accepted Yeshua as Christ. May your Shabbat be one of due honor of the seventh day, which God has sanctified. From sunset on each Friday, until sunset on each following Saturday, is a time for us to draw close to God. We don’t have to “do anything” to honor the Sabbath. The intimacy that is described in John 17:3, “of knowing God,” is key. God loves us; we love God. We show such a love of God by being intimate with Him. “Try it; you’ll like it!”

Question: “What was the Old Covenant?”
https://www.gotquestions.org/old-covenant.html

Answer: The Old Covenant was a conditional or bilateral agreement that God made with the Israelites. The Old Covenant was in effect during the dispensation of the Law. It is “old” in comparison to the New Covenant, promised by Jeremiah the prophet (Jeremiah 31:31, 33) and made effective by the death of the Lord Jesus (Luke 22:20). In the Old Covenant, the Israelites were required to obey God and keep the Law, and in return He protected and blessed them (Deuteronomy 30:15–18; 1 Samuel 12:14–15). In the New Covenant, things change and God becomes the proactive and unconditional source of salvation and blessing. In the New Covenant, “God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

The Old Covenant consists of much more than the Ten Commandments, of which the Sabbath is key.

Exodus 20:8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

The following is a brief listing of the 613 commandments (mitzvot), as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law, the “Mishneh Torah,” which contains 14 primary “books” or sections.
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-613-mitzvot-commandments

What is the New Covenant?
https://www.gotquestions.org/new-covenant.html

Answer: The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that God makes with humanity that He will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned toward Him. Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant, and His death on the cross is the basis of the promise (Luke 22:20). The New Covenant was predicted while the Old Covenant was still in effect—the prophets Moses, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel all allude to the New Covenant.

The New Covenant is “a Better Covenant.”
https://www.gotquestions.org/old-covenant.html

In the Old Covenant, God also established that the way to atone for sin is through the shedding of blood (Hebrews 9:22). That is why during the Last Supper on the night of His arrest, Jesus passed the cup to the disciples and told them, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you” (Luke 22:20). When Jesus was crucified, His blood provided for the forgiveness of the sins of the whole world—the basis of the New Covenant. “By calling this covenant ‘new,’ he has made the first one obsolete” (Hebrews 8:13). Salvation is now a free gift for any who will believe in Christ and trust that His blood takes away their guilt before God (John 3:16–17).

Consider the New Covenant.

Jeremiah 31:31-34 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord. 33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

As was mentioned in the discussion of the Old Covenant, Sabbath keeping was a key part of the Old Covenant. So, let’s consider the role of, or absence from, the Sabbath during the time of the New Covenant.

Let’s consider the Sabbath of the Old Covenant.

The Sabbath was a gift from God to the Jews, and only to the Jews. The Sabbath was not given to any other group of people in the world. Exodus 16:29 “See, the Lord has given you the sabbath;”

The Sabbath is a sign between God and the Jews. Exodus 31:13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.”

Let’s consider Christ fulfilling the Sabbath, as well as every other requirement of the Law.

Matthew 5:17-18 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

Believers in Christ are not required to worship on the Sabbath, but there should be an honor and appreciation for the Sabbath. God made the Sabbath; He made the Sabbath Holy. No one can move the Sabbath to any other day of the week to meet their own desires. The Sabbath will always begin on Friday at sunset, and will always last until the following Saturday at sunset. Nothing will ever change that Godly ordained time of each week from being the seventh day of the week.

Consider the memo from Back To The Bible.

As we have seen, the Sabbath in God’s plan concerns only Israel. Note these truths: (1) the Sabbath law was given in Exodus 16, 2500 years after creation; (2) it was given as a sign to Israel (Ex. 31:12-1); (3) since Israel is scattered, the Sabbath is not now observed; the Law was finished, according to Galatians 3:19, in Christ; (4) when the Jews are reestablished as God’s earthly nation, the Sabbath will again be observed. https://www.backtothebible.org/post/what-does-god-s-word-say-about-the-christian-keeping-the-sabbath

The Apostle Paul discussed Sabbath keeping with the the church at Colossae.

Colossians 2:16-17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
16 Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day— 17 things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. (Ryrie Study Bible: The command to observe the Sabbath is the only one of the Ten Commandments not repeated after Pentecost).

The Apostle Paul discussed the first day of the week as the day that the church met for worship at Corinth.

1 Corinthians 16:1-2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I directed the churches of Galatia, so do you also. 2 On the first day of every week each one of you is to put aside and save, as he may prosper, so that no collections be made when I come.

Let’s consider the discussion that Christ had with the woman at the well.

John 4:20-24 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
20 Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.” 21 Jesus *said to her, “Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”

The message of Christ to the woman is that neither “place, nor time,” is that which God expects from His people. God demands worship to be “in spirit and truth.”

Let’s come to a conclusion of this discussion on worship. If your church meets at sunset on Friday, that’s wonderful. If you church meets at 10 AM on Saturday, that’s wonderful, too. If your church meets at 8 PM on Saturday, “go for it!” If you church meets for worship on Sunday at 11 AM, no one can speak critically about meeting at that time, or at any other time, as long as you are meeting for worship, “in spirit and truth.”

But….. I must throw this passage into the discussion.

Acts 2:46 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
46 Day by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart,

The early Jews that accepted Yeshua as Christ, continued sabbath worship as well as meeting together in their homes as believers in Christ.

As for this Sabbath/Shabbat, I will say to you, “Shabbat Shalom.”
“Shabbat shalom” is a Hebrew greeting for the Jewish Sabbath. Its literal meaning is “Sabbath of Peace.” https://coffeeshoprabbi.com/2017/08/12/what-does-shabbat-shalom-mean/

I will also add the following verse of scripture, and close with a song of worship.

Psalm 122:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem