End Times 11-Revelation 7:9-17-A Multitude-Martyrs & Survivors

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video; details follow.

I. Introduction.

A. The opening video is about the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles. The importance of things of “Jewishness” will be discussed in this article, as they relate to the time period that immediately follows the Tribulation. The information that is provided in this article is very important to an understanding of the “end times study.” Credentials of the video speakers can be found in I.M. The conclusion to this article has good scriptural information on the current situation of our country, and of the world.

B. In this article there we are still in the pause between the sixth and seventh seal judgments of the Tribulation. In End Times 10, we saw the sealing of 144,000 Jews, who were left behind from the rapture of the church (1 Cor 15:50-54); God will seal these chosen Jews for salvation, service, and personal protection. These Jews will serve as missionaries to the whole world during the tribulation until Christ comes from Heaven with His raptured saints and angels at the Battle of Armageddon (Matt 24:14; 29-31; Zech 14:5; Rev 19:11-21). In this article we will see “a Great multitude,” which will include mainly Gentiles. Because there will be more than 144,000 Jews that will be left behind from the Rapture, and will not be of those that were sealed in Rev 7:4, the Great Multitude will also include Jews. At this time in history, Jews are returning to Israel from all over the world, but in a state of unbelief (in Christ). It will not be until the Battle of Armageddon that these unbelieving Jews (whom will be left behind from the rapture) will call on the Name of Christ “to save them (from annihilation;” Matt 24:22-23; Zech 12:10). (The elect of Matt 24 are Jews, Deu 14:2).

C. It is common-place among non-Jewish teachers to remove the “Jewishness” from the period of time that immediately follows the Tribulation; all too often, the word that is used to identify that time period is “the millennium.” However, the correct name is not “millennium,” but “Kingdom,” or Kingdom Age. Millennium relates to the length of time of the Kingdom age, which will be one thousand years (Rev 20:1-7).

D. In Exodus 19:5-6, God promised the Jews that they would be a Kingdom of priests and a holy nation. It will be at the event of Zech 14:10, that the Jews will accept the offer of being a Kingdom “to God.” In 2 Sam 7:8-16, God describes the government of the Kingdom, which is called the Davidic Kingdom. In Isaiah 2:1-4, God describes the conditions of the Kingdom.

E. The gospel (good news) of the Kingdom (Matt 24:14) is that of, the Abrahamic Covenant (Rev 12:1-3) and of the Davdic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16). It was the gospel of the Kingdom that was the subject of the preaching of John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), of Christ (Matt 4:17), of the disciples (Matt 10:7), and of the seventy (Luke 10:1,11). The gospel of the “death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8) will also be included in the preaching of the 144,000 Jews; this is because our Lord will be “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev 19:16), and will teach and rule and reign from Jerusalem (Isa 2:1-4) for one thousand years (Rev 20:4), which will be for the duration of the Kingdom Age.

F. In Matt 3:2, John the Baptist tells the Jews that “the Kingdom of Heaven” is at hand, which meant that Israel was being offered the Kingdom at that time; but the Jews would have to accept Christ as Messiah in order for them to receive the Kingdom. In Matt 4:17, Christ repeated the challenge of Matt 3:2, and He went on teach about the Kingdom (expounding on Isa 2:1-4). The prophecy of Isa 7:14, with its fulfillment in Matt 1:23, that Christ is “God with you,” was the factor of acceptance for Israel to enter the Kingdom (“the Kingdom of heaven is at hand”). “Repent” has a lexicon meaning of: 3340. metanoeó. Transliteration: metanoeó. Definition: to change one’s mind or purpose. Usage: I repent, change my mind, change the inner man (particularly with reference to acceptance of the will of God), repent.

G. Because national Israel did not accept Christ as Messiah, Christ removed the promise of the Kingdom from them, ” Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it” (Matt 21:43). If he kingdom of God has been taken from them….the kingdom of God is the sphere of true faith in God …The Lord is saying to these Jews that, because they had rejected Him, they could not enter the kingdom of God, for “except a man be born again, he can not see the Kingdom of God (John 3:3). From whom was the kingdom of God taken? It seems clear the “you” refers to the generation to whom the Lord was speaking. To whom would the kingdom be given? By application, “the nation bringing forth the fruits thereof,” may mean any generation which will turn to Christ; but in its strict interpretation it refers to the nation Israel when she shall turn to the Lord and be saved before entering the millennial kingdom. (Things To Come, pp 90-91, J. Dwight Pentecost).

H. The Shepherd in 7:16-17 tells the truth of the Shepherd in the twenty-third Psalm, where He will be the Shepherd. The 23rd Psalm is often used for hospital visits and graveside sermons. But, as we see in today’s life, there are many problems of life that will not go away. However, in the Kingdom Age, every verse of the 23rd Psalm will be fulfilled through the Messiah, Christ. The Jews are the direct object of the psalm, but the peacefulness of the Kingdom age will affect saved Gentiles too.

I. The temple in 7:15 will be the millennial Temple that is promised in Ezekiel 37:26-28, and seen in Ezekiel 40-48. In Ezekiel 10:1, the Glory of God is seen by Ezekiel departing the Temple. In Ezekiel 43:4, the Glory of the Lord is seen entering back into the Temple. It was prior to the destruction of Jerusalem, and the Temple, in 586 B.C., that Ezekiel had the prophetic vision of the Glory of God departing the Temple. There has been a lot of discussion about a temple being built in Jerusalem, but this “news headline temple” will only be a structure; it will not have the Glory of God dwelling within the temple. The tribulation temple is written in Rev 11:1-2, 13:14-15, and will be built under the authority of the antichrist (Daniel 9:27; 12:11-12), prior to the beginning of the last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation. The white horse of Rev 6:2 represents the antichrist and is shown in the opening of the tribulation; he goes about deceiving those of whom will be left behind from the rapture, “in a stealth manner” (1 Thes 5:3). The antichrist will enter the tribulation temple and present himself as God (2 Thes 2:4) during the first half of the Tribulation.

J. The tabernacle in 7:15 relates to the Feast of Tabernacles, where God “tabernacled” with the Jews during the forty-years of their wilderness experience. During the wandering of the Jews, God provided all of their needs. During the upcoming Kingdom Age, God will also tabernacle with saved Jews through Messiah/Christ.

K. Prophecy tells of the blessings that God has made for the Jews, and will provide for all of their needs during the Kingdom age. Isaiah 2:1-4 provides a quick look at the peaceful conditions of the Kingdom age. Zech 8:12-13 tells of the blessings that God will provide for the Jews. Zech 10:1-2 and Ezek 34:26 are often sung from Christian songbooks, “Showers of Blessing,” but the verses relate to the blessings that God will provide for saved Jews during the Kingdom age.

L. Jewish festivals will also be observed during the Kingdom age, by Jew and Gentile saved people.

a. Feast of Tabernacles/Booths. Zech 14:16 “Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them.” Feast of Tabernacles historical background can be found in Lev. 23:33–36; Num. 29:12–38; Deut. 16:13–17. “The nations that went against Jerusalem” (Zech 14:16) relates to Gentiles who came to saving faith in Christ before Christ ended the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21).

b. In addition to the Feast of Tabernacles, two other feasts will be celebrated in the Millennium, i.e., 1) Feast of the New Year (Ezek. 45:18–20) and 2) Passover (Ezek. 45:21–25) (MAC).

M. The opening video shows a discussion on the Feast Of Tabernacles. An article that I wrote on this particular feast can provide important information on the subject of this article. The key speakers of the opening video of this article,, and of the first and second videos in the article are Avner Boskey, Michael Brown, and Michael Rydelnik. The credentials of Brown and Rydelnik can be found in my Equipping Site Page, About Sources: https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/
The article that I wrote on the Feast of Tabernacles can be seen by clicking on the following link:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/10/11/israel-feast-of-tabernacles-god-tabernacles-with-his-people/

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 7:9-17.

9 After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches were in their hands; 10 and they cry out with a loud voice, saying,

“Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.” 11 And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, 12 saying,

“Amen, blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen.”

13 Then one of the elders answered, saying to me, “These who are clothed in the white robes, who are they, and where have they come from?” 14 I said to him, “My lord, you know.” And he said to me, “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 For this reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne will spread His tabernacle over them. 16 They will hunger no longer, nor thirst anymore; nor will the sun beat down on them, nor any heat; 17 for the Lamb in the center of the throne will be their shepherd, and will guide them to springs of the water of life; and God will wipe every tear from their eyes.”

IV. Comments of Theologians. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary); SRN=Scofield Reference Notes.

A. RSB

1. 7.9 “a great multitude.” This multitude is composed of many racial and geographic groups who will be redeemed during the Tribulation (v 14). In these difficult days, many will find Christ as Savior.

B. NKJV

1. 7.9-10 “The great multitude,” in addition to praising God and the Lamb for providing salvation. Palm branches were typically waved by crowds at victory celebrations (see John 12:13).

2. 7.14 This vast multitude has come out of the great tribulation, referring to “the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world” (3:10). In view of the great loss of life during this time period, martyrdom is most likely the means of their escape. Tribulation was already being experienced by the church in John’s day (see 2:10; Acts 14:22). However, the great tribulation, predicted in Dan. 12:1, will be of an intensity “such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be” (Matt. 24:21).

3. 7.15 Temple actually refers to the inner sanctuary of the temple rather than the outer courts (11:19).

4. 7.17 (This) recalls Ps. 23. The Lord who is the Shepherd in Ps. 23:1 is equated here with the Lamb. Both King David and the great multitude (v. 9) will “dwell in the house of the Lord forever” (Ps. 23:6), with Christ as their shepherd. (my note: The 23rd Psalm is a picture of the kingdom age of the millennium.)

C. MAC

1. 7.1-7.17. 144,000 Jewish evangelists on earth (vv. 1–8) and 2) their converts in heaven (vv. 9–17).

2. 7:9 “a great multitude.” While the tribulation period will be a time of judgment, it will also be a time of unprecedented redemption (cf. v. 14; 6:9–11; 20:4; Is. 11:10; Matt. 24:14). all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues. All the earth’s people groups. white robes. See note on 3:4. palm branches. In ancient times, they were associated with celebrations, including the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:40; Neh. 8:17; John 12:13).

3. 7:10 “Salvation belongs to our God.” Salvation is the theme of their worship, and they recognize that it comes solely from Him.

4. 7:13 white robes. See note on 3:4. The white garments of all the redeemed (cf. 6:11; 7:9, 13; 19:8, 14) speak of holiness and purity. Such white robes are reserved for Christ (Matt. 17:2; Mark 9:3), holy angels (Matt. 28:3; Mark 16:5), and the glorified church (19:8, 14). In the ancient world, white robes were commonly worn at festivals and celebrations.

5. 7:14 the great tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1, 9, 12. These people didn’t go with the raptured church, since they were not yet saved. During the 7-year period they will be saved, martyred. Though it is a time of unparalleled judgment, it is also a time of unparalleled grace in salvation (cf. Matt. 24:12–14). washed their robes. Cf. 19:8. Salvation’s cleansing is in view (see Titus 2:11–14). blood of the Lamb. This refers to the atoning sacrifice of Christ (cf. 1:5; 5:9; Rom. 3:24, 25; 5:9).

6. 7.15 “His temple.” This refers to the heavenly throne of God (see note on 11:19). During the Millennium there will also be a temple on earth—a special holy place where God dwells in a partially restored, but still fallen, universe (see Ezek. 40–48). In the final, eternal state with its new heavens and earth, there is no temple; God Himself, who will fill all, will be its temple (21:22).

7. 7:17 “shepherd.” In a beautiful mix of images, the Lamb has always been the Shepherd (Ps. 23; John 10:14ff.; Heb. 13:20).

D. SRN

1. 7.14a The great tribulation is the period of unexampled trouble predicted in the passages cited under that head from Psalms 2:5 to Revelation 7:14 and described in Revelation 11-18. Involving in a measure the whole earth Revelation 3:10 it is yet distinctly “the time of Jacob’s trouble” Jeremiah 30:7 and its vortex Jerusalem and the Holy Land. It involves the people of God who will have returned to Palestine in unbelief. Its duration is three and a half years, or the last half of the seventieth week of Daniel. (See Scofield “Daniel 9:24”). Revelation 11:2; Revelation 11:3.

2. 7.14b The great tribulation will be, however, a period of salvation. An election out of Israel is seen as sealed for God Revelation 7:4-8 and, with an innumerable multitude of Gentiles Revelation 7:9 are said to have come “out of the great tribulation” Revelation 7:14. The great tribulation is immediately followed by the return of Christ in glory, and the events associated therewith Matthew 24:29; Matthew 24:30.

E. NAC

1. 7.9 Verses 1-8 show the sealing of the 144,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel; the remainder of the chapter focuses on those who come from beyond the Jewish community and are yet included as the beneficiaries of the grace of God. In vv 9-12, the focus is on those who come from beyond the Jewish community and are yet included as the beneficiaries. John sees this multitude standing before the throne, in front of the Lamb, wearing white robes and holding palm branches. The white robes are understood to be imputed righteousness or holiness. Some have suggested that those white robes represent glorified bodies. The palm branches indicate a festive season of joy and victory, and were often a part of the Feast of Tabernacles. When the Lord made His triumphal entry into the city of Jerusalem, palm leaves were strewn in the way before Him, as well as waved over Him as He rode into the city.

2. 7.10 The text proceeds to describe God in two ways; first, God is the one who sits on the throne; and second, as the Lamb.

3. 7.11-12. “all the angels that surround the throne, the elders, and the four living creatures. Here, the angels who are standing around the throne are clearly distinguished from the elders, and perhaps even from the four living creatures. The elders are not angels. The four living creatures quality as angels, though distinct from those standing around the throne. All of these are moved to the worship of God.

4. 7.13-14. The verse does not say how “the great company of Gentiles” exactly have made their exit from the great tribulation. The assumption of martyrdom might be appropriate but is not necessary in every case. The robes represent the spiritual attire of these tribulation saints, but they have been made white through washing in the blood of the lamb. (Mine: some will be martyred, and some will die from other causes.)

5. 7.15-17. Those who have come out of the tribulation find themselves before the throne of God and serve Him day and night in the temple.

V. Conclusion.

A. The Tribulation is shown in Chapters six through nineteen in the Book of Revelation. There are many people who are teaching that, either, the Tribulation is an allegory, or is with us now. I have shown in many scriptures that neither of those considerations are true. More common now is the teaching that we are in the Tribulation now. Such teachers take Matthew 24 out of context, by not connecting it to the Old Testament prophecies that show that the Tribulation relates to Israel, and that the signing of a peace treaty between the antichrist and the Jews will bring in the Tribulation.

B. In view of the current lawlessness that is spreading out through much of the USA and the world, what can we say about its Biblical application? First of all, there is no Biblical prophecy that puts us in the Tribulation. There is, however, a verse of scripture that has applied to many times in world history, and was spoken to Christians by the Apostle Paul, and has no bearing on the Tribulation: “But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come” (2 Tim 3:1). Concerning the fall, and the resulting curse, Gen 19:1-25 tells of the sin that gripped the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah being “exceedingly grave” (Gen 18:20). The Civil War of the USA had 618,222 deaths. The Spanish Flu of 1918 affected 500 million people, and killed 100 million of them. In World War I there were 20 million deaths and 21 million wounded. World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history. An estimated total of 70–85 million people perished, which was about 3% of the 1940 world population. During the Korean War, nearly 5 million people died. In 1978 an estimated 1,353,000 total deaths in North and South Vietnam occurred during the period 1965–1974. The situation that we are experiencing now, as severe as it is, is another product of the fall of Adam and Eve (Gen 3:14-19). It is not sin or catastrophy that will cause God to rapture His people out of this world. But, it will be when a predetermined number of people come to saving faith in Christ, which is called “the fullness of the Gentiles” (Rom 11:25, “For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not be wise in your own estimation—that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.”) As I have written on the timing of the Tribulation, it will follow the rapture of the church, after Israel and the antichrist enter into a peace treaty; such an event has not yet happened; but, it will happen. The “difficult times” that we are experiencing in the world now are miniscule, in relation to the seven years of God’s Tribulation judgments, which will escalate in severity until the Battle of Armageddon occurs; this spiritual battle is won by Christ, being followed by His raptured saints, all whom are coming to earth from Heaven (Rev 19:11-21, Zech 14:1-5).

VI. Additional information on Rev 7:9-17 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Ep. 26 So Great a Salvation. Rev.7:9-17

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Messianic Jewish Reflections on the Feast of Tabernacles

B. ASKDrBrown

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 10, Revelation 7:1-8, 144,000 Jews Sealed

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video; details follow.

I. Introduction.

A. In this article we see a pause between the sixth and seventh seal judgments of the Tribulation. Looking back, we saw the following preceding seal judgments, in order: 1 Antichrist. 2 War. 3 Famine. 4 Death 5. Martyrs’ prayers. 6 Great Earthquakes. We also saw that each seal judgment was released by Christ, the Lamb, on the earth: See Rev 6:1, 6:3, 6:5, 6:7, 6:9, 6:12. Great severity was seen in the fourth seal judgment where one-fourth of the earth’s population died. In the fifth seal judgment we saw the martyrdom of those which were left behind from the rapture, and whom had come to saving faith in Christ. In the sixth seal judgment, we saw great cosmic disturbances.

B. In the opening of this seventh chapter of Revelation we see these words, “after this.” It is at this point in John’s vision, that there is a pause that takes place before the opening of the seventh seal judgment in Rev 8:1. During this pause, John sees the sealing of 144,000 Jews in Rev 7:4-8. The significance of the sealing is that in Rev 14:1 all of the 144,000 Jews that are sealed in Rev 7:1 are still alive; their lives will be sealed from death. These 144,000 Jews are also being sealed for Salvation. In Rev 3:10, we see that the raptured born again believers in Christ will be saved from “the tribulation.” In Rev 14:1, we see that the Jews that were sealed in 7:1 will be sealed and saved “through the tribulation.” The sealing of those that will be raptured (1 Cor 15:50-54) prior to the Tribulation, will take place when they believe in Christ (Eph 1:13); at that time believers are sealed for salvation. Those whom believe in Christ prior to the rapture will be kept “from the hour of testing which will come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on earth,” (Rev 3:10).

C. The opening video shows a discussion of highly acclaimed theologians, Drs. John Ankerberg, Ron Rhodes, Ed Hindson, and Mark Hitchcock. The gentlemen make the point that the 144,000 people that are being sealed are Jews, and that these Jews will preach “the gospel of the Kingdom” (Matt 24:14), throughout the world, at which time the end of the Tribulation will come. Credentials for each of these men are shown in the following link: https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/about-sources/

D. The gospel (good news) of the Kingdom is that of, the Abrahamic Covenant (Rev 12:1-3) and of the Davdic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16); it is also of the preaching of John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), of Christ (Matt 4:17), of the disciples (Matt 10:7), and of the seventy (Luke 10:1,11). The gospel of the “death, burial and resurrection of Christ” (1 Cor 15:1-8) will also be included in the preaching of the 144,000 Jews, as our Lord will be “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev 19:16), and will teach and rule and reign from Jerusalem (Isa 2:1-4) for one thousand years (Rev 20:4), which will be for the duration of the Kingdom Age.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 7:1-8.

An Interlude
1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the earth or on the sea or on any tree. 2 And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the sun, having the seal of the living God; and he cried out with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and the sea, 3 saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God on their foreheads.”

The 144,000
4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred and forty-four thousand sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:

5 from the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand were sealed, from the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand, from the tribe of Gad twelve thousand, 6 from the tribe of Asher twelve thousand, from the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand, from the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand, 7 from the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand, from the tribe of Levi twelve thousand, from the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand, 8 from the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand, from the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, from the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed.

IV. Comments. (MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

A. (WRC)

The question has often been asked, “Will anyone be saved after the rapture?” The Scriptures clearly indicate that a great multitude of both Jews and Gentiles will trust in the Lord after the church is caught up to glory. Though the children of God living on earth at the time will be translated when Christ comes for His church, immediately a testimony will be raised up to the name of Christ through new converts among Jews and Gentiles. Though these are never described by the term “church,” they are constantly called saints, that is, those set apart as holy to God and saved through the sacrifice of Christ. https://bible.org/seriespage/7-saints-great-tribulation

B. (NAC)

1. 7:1 The interlude of chap 7 begins with the apocalypticist observing the four angels standing at the four corners of the earth engaged in physically restraining four winds, preventing the wind from blowing on the land, sea, or trees.

C. (MSB)

1. 7.2 “seal of the living God.” “Seal” often refers to a signet ring used to press its image into wax melted on a document. The resulting imprint implied authenticity and ownership, and protected the contents (cf. 9:4; Ezek. 9:3, 4). In this case, the mark is the name of God (14:1).

2. 7:4 “One hundred and forty-four thousand.” A missionary corps of redeemed Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (vv. 9–17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (v. 4; Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel will be the witness nation she refused to be in the OT (see notes on Rom. 11:25–27). “all the tribes of the children of Israel.” By sovereign election, God will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising His protection while they accomplish their mission.

D. (RSB)

1. 7:3 These judgments are delayed until these 144,000 Jewish people can be “sealed;” i.e., protected supernaturally.
2. 7:4 “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” These are Jews from the 12 tribes (12,000 each) who are protected in order to perform some service for God during these days. Perhaps they are evangelists. The omission of the tribe of Dan may be because Dan was guilty of idolatry on many occasions (Lev 24:11; Judg 18:1; 1 Kings 12:28, 29).

V. Conclusion.

1. God has given us a timeline of events that will occur based on His sovereign purposes. The Tribulation is one of those sovereign events that will occur within God’s plan for the ages. God does not wait for anyone’s thoughts, decisions, or actions to affirm, or negate, His sovereign will. God’s calling, for God’s purpose, is clearly seen throughout God’s Holy Word.

a. Romans 8:28. “And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.”

b. Daniel 9:27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”

(1) (Mine) This week is a period of seven years, as opposed to a week of seven days. God’s details can not be overlooked, as they relate to God’s purpose. The seven years of Tribulation can not be lessened, or lengthened; neither can the Tribulation be spiritualized., nor negated.

(2) (MSB) These 7 years constitute the 70th week of Daniel. “middle of the week.” This is the halfway point of the 70th week of years, i.e., 7 years leading to Christ’s second coming. The Antichrist will break his covenant with Israel (v. 27a), which has resumed its ancient sacrificial system. Three and a half years of tribulation remain, agreeing with the time in other Scriptures (7:25; Rev. 11:2, 3; 12:14; 13:5, called “Great Tribulation,” cf. Matt. 24:21) as God’s wrath intensifies.

2. Consider the following examples of God’s sovereign will for individuals that He has chosen to be instruments of fulfilling His will.

a. Gen 12;1-3. God chose Abraham for salvation and service. Abraham was not seeking God. Abraham was an idol worshiper (Josh 24:2).

b. Jer 1:5. God chose Jeremiah for salvation and service before he was born.

c. Matt 10:1-4. God chose 12 disciples for service; he chose 11 for salvation. (Judas betrayed Christ 10:4).

d. Rom 1:15. God chose Saul (Paul) for salvation and service before he was born.

e. Deu 14:2. God chose national Israel, above all other nations, to be His own possession (God’s chosen people).

f. God will choose 144,000 Jews, whom will be left behind from the rapture, to be sealed for salvation and service.

VI. Additional information on Rev 7:1-8 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Ep. 25 Gods Faithfulness. Revelation 7:1-8

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them?

B. John Ankerberg Show

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Memorial Day – May 25, 2020 – Lest We Forget

Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends (John 15:13).

At the end of the video the saluting Marine stands before a weapon, a helmet, and boots, all of which represent a fallen military member. Missing from the scene are dog tags. The following information tells of the dog tags. “Military identification tags, aka dog tags, serve many different purposes, but the primary one is offering a means for identifying a fallen soldier, according to previous Fort Morgan VFW Post Commanders…Every military personnel gets issued two dog tags, one with a short chain and one with a long chain…The reasons for having those different chain lengths is significant. After a soldier is killed in battle, fellow soldiers or officers can use the two tags to mark the body. One tag goes between the top and bottom front teeth, and the other goes between the toes. (Per, Fort Morgan Times, Nov 11, 2019)…The life of every Soldier, Sailor, Airman, Marine, and Coast Guard matters, whether “Active Duty, Reserve, National Guard, Retired, Deceased, MIA, or KIA.”

Rolling Thunder https://www.rollingthunderrun.com/

Rolling Thunder Washington, DC, Inc’s mission is to educate, facilitate, and never forget by means of a demonstration for service members that were abandoned after the Vietnam War. The Rolling Thunder First Amendment Demonstration Run has also evolved into a display of patriotism and respect for all who defend our country.

Lest we forget (phrase)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lest_we_forget_(phrase)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The phrase “Lest we forget” is commonly used in war remembrance services and commemorative occasions in English speaking countries, in particular Remembrance Day and ANZAC Day.[1] Before the term was used in reference to soldiers and war, it was first used in an 1897 Christian poem written by Rudyard Kipling called “Recessional”. The phrase occurs eight times; and is repeated at the end of the first four stanzas in order to add particular emphasis regarding the dangers of failing to remember.

‘God of our fathers, known of old,
Lord of our far-flung battle line,
Beneath whose awful hand we hold
Dominion over palm and pine—
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget—lest we forget!’

The concept of ‘being careful not to forget’ was already present in the Bible (Deuteronomy 4:7-9):

7″For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the Lord our God is in all things that we call upon him for? 8 And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
9 Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy son’s sons ….”[2]

This Biblical quote is probably a direct source for the term in the 1897 poem.[according to whom?] This is consistent with the main theme of the “Recessional” poem – that if a nation forgets the true source of its success (the “Lord God of Hosts” and His “ancient sacrifice” of “a humble and contrite heart”) – its military or material possessions will be insufficient in times of war.[citation needed]

The poem “Recessional” also appears as a common hymn at war remembrance services; and the phrase “Lest We Forget” can hence be sung.[3]

The phrase later passed into common usage after World War I across the British Commonwealth, especially becoming linked with Remembrance Day observations; it became a plea not to forget past sacrifices, and was often found as the only wording on war memorials,[4] or used as an epitaph.

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End Times 9-Revelation 6:9-17-Martyrs And Terrror

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Introduction.

A. In this article we will discuss the fifth and sixth seal judgments that “the Lamb, “Christ,” unleashes upon the earth (vv 7, 9). It is important to remember that Christ is responsible for these judgments being poured out on the unbelievers that are left behind from the rapture. Christ is no longer seen as the “Lamb of God;” per John 1:29, ““Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” Christ has become “the Lion of the tribe of Judah,” per Rev 5:5, “behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”

B. The opening video shows people whom were left behind from the rapture, and have come to saving faith in Christ. These tribulation saints are seen being martyred at the hands of the forces of the antichrist. The “2012” at the end of the video is irrelevant.

1. In the video we see the superimposed words of Matthew 24:13, as follows: “But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.” [Consider the MSB note on vs 13: endures to the end . . . be saved. Cf. 10:22. The ones who persevere are the same ones who are saved. This does not suggest that our perseverance secures our salvation. Scripture everywhere teaches precisely the opposite: God, as part of His saving work, secures our perseverance.]. The words of Matthew 24 were spoken by Christ to Jews about the conditions that will confront Jews during the Tribulation through the forces of the antichrist; these will be Jews that will be left behind from the rapture. The persecution of the antichrist will also come against Gentiles who are left behind and come to saving faith in Christ.

2. Daniel 9:27 tells us that the antichrist will make a treaty with Israel, which marks the beginning of the Tribulation. Midway through the seven-year Tribulation the antichrist will break that covenant, which will be the beginning of the Great Tribulation. Revelation 12:7-17 tells us about the resulting attack that Satan makes on Israel. Revelation 12:6 tells us that Israel will flee from the forces of the antichrist for three and a half years, which will be until the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21). In Matthew 24:15-20 Christ tells about the Jews fleeing from the antichrist during the Tribulation, which corresponds to Rev 12:6. The reason for the contents of this paragraph is to show that Jews, in total, will be the target of the antichrist throughout all of the Tribulation. The events of the opening video, and Matthew 24:13, relate to all Jews whom are left behind from the rapture, regardless of whether those Jews have will have accepted Christ as Messiah, or not.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 6:9-17.

The Fifth Seal—Martyrs
9 When the Lamb broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained; 10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 And there was given to each of them a white robe; and they were told that they should rest for a little while longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, would be completed also.

The Sixth Seal—Terror
12 I looked when He broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood; 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree casts its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind. 14 The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. 15 Then the kings of the earth and the great men and the commanders and the rich and the strong and every slave and free man hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains; 16 and they *said to the mountains and to the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17 for the great day of their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”

IV. Comments. (MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

A. 6:9-11 (NAC)

1. “the souls of those who had been slain.” These are the souls of those who have been slain because of their testimony to Christ, and because of their adherence to the word of God remain in a disembodied state, until all of the saints who are to be killed in the Tribulation have completed their destiny.
2. ““How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” They are asking how long before all of these things will be completed.
3. “there was given to each of them a white robe.” The white robe assigned each of these martyr-spirits as a pledge of future and final glory, and a consoling proof that no judgment awaited them.

B. 12-17. (MSB)

1. 6:12. sixth seal. The force described in this seal is overpowering fear (cf. Luke 21:26). While the first 5 seals will result from human activity that God used to accomplish His purposes, at this point He begins direct intervention (cf. Matt. 24:29; Luke 21:25). The previous 5 seals will be precursors to the full fury of the day of the Lord which will begin with the sixth seal (v. 17). The events described in this seal unleash the seventh, which contains the trumpet judgments (chaps. 8, 9; 11:15ff.) and the bowl judgments (chap. 16). “great earthquake.” There have been many earthquakes prior to this (Matt. 24:7), but this will be more than an earthquake. All the earth’s faults will begin to fracture simultaneously, resulting in a cataclysmic, global earthquake. “moon became like blood.” Accompanying the earthquake will be numerous volcanic eruptions; and large amounts of ash and debris will be blown into the earth’s atmosphere, blackening the sun and giving the moon a blood-red hue (cf. Zech. 14:6, 7).

2. 6:13. “stars of heaven fell.” The word “stars” can refer to any celestial body, large or small, and is not limited to normal English usage. The best explanation is a massive asteroid or meteor shower. “late figs.” Winter figs that grow without the protection of leaves and are easily blown from the tree.

3. 6:14. “sky receded as a scroll.” The earth’s atmosphere will be somehow dramatically affected and the sky as we know it disappears (cf. Is. 34:4). “every mountain and island was moved.” Under the stress created by the global earthquake, great segments of the earth’s plates will begin to slip and shift, realigning whole continents.

4. 6:16. “wrath of the Lamb.” Earth’s inhabitants will recognize for the first time the source of all their trouble (see note on 9:6). Incredibly, prior to this they will be living life as usual (Matt. 24:37–39).

5. 6:17. “great day.” The sixth seal will commence what the prophets call “the Day of the Lord.”

C. (RSB).

1. 6:11. “rest for a little while longer.” I.e., wait a little while. It is difficult for these martyrs to understand why God would allow their murderers to live; yet, God asks these saints to trust Him.

2. 6:12. These cosmic disturbances are predicted elsewhere in scripture (Isa 34:4; Joel 2:30-31; Matt 24:29).

3. 6:16. When the Tribulation comes, men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand, not simply talk as if it were.

D. (WRC).

6:17. “Who shall be able to stand?” The answer is obvious: Only those who avail themselves of the grace of God, even though they suffer a martyr’s death in this future tragic period. This is brought out in the next chapter. The given revelation emphasizes the importance of partaking of the grace of God in this present age with the bright prospect of the Lord coming for His own.

V. Conclusion.

A. It is important to know that all of the individuals that are mentioned in the Tribulation are Jew and Gentile unbelievers whom were left behind from the rapture of the church (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). As I have mentioned in previous articles, the purpose of the Tribulation is to draw unbelieving Israel to saving faith in Christ. Unbelieving Gentiles will be blessed by the judgments that are being poured out on the Jews, and Gentiles. Without the tribulation, all unbelievers would have an appointment with Rev 20:15. It will be through the judgments of the Tribulation that unbelieving Jews and Gentiles will bypass the Great White Throne Judgment (for unbelievers) of Rev 20:15, and proceed to the Eternal State of the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-3), where they will spend eternity with God. However, those whom come to faith in Christ during the Tribulation will most likely be martyred by the forces of the antichrist.

B. In Genesis Chapters 1 and 2, we see perfection in the creation of God. Whether it was human, animal or natural, there was no flaw present. “There was not a tear to be shed. Neither was there death or mourning or crying or pain,” as will be the condition of the eternal state (Rev 21:4). There were no natural phenomena of disasters; alligators didn’t eat little dogs. But, the perfection that we see in the opening two chapters of Genesis ended with the sin of Adam and Eve. The resulting curse brought about death and flaw, in human, animal and natural. During the Tribulation we see the result of the curse being used by God to draw unbelieving mankind back to the fellowship that was present between God and mankind in the Genesis account of creation, before the onset of the fall and curse. As we view the world now, and later in the Tribulation, we can see that the flawed world “of human, animal and natural,” is not what God had planned for His creation. All of the perfection of Genesis Chapters 1-2 is gone. Such perfection will be present in a limited capacity during the Kingdom Age of the millennial reign of Christ, but will be just as perfect in the Eternal State, as it was in the creation of God (Revelation 21:5, ” “Behold, I am making all things new.”).

VI. Additional information on Rev 6:9-17 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 24. God’s Perfect Timing. Revelation 6:9-17

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s teachings provide provide a great deal of understanding of the Bible.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. Revelation Martyrs.

B. SmokingAlien3

VIII. Please follow this site.

End Times 8 , Revelation 6:1-8, Tribulation, 1/4 Of World’s Population Killed

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Introduction.

A. As we move into this sixth chapter of the Book of Revelation, we will consider significant things that are often overlooked. We will look into the reason that there will be a time of Tribulation which will come upon everyone whom will be present on the earth. We will look at the reason for there to be such an emphasis that God has placed upon Israel, as it relates to the Tribulation and the following Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ. We will also discuss whether any person or nation on earth will be the cause of the Tribulation. A discussion will also ensue that will examine the “who and who not” equation of those whom will be left on earth from the Rapture to dwell upon the earth while the Tribulation will be taking place. In future articles we will examine which groups of people will be present on earth, spiritually and mortally, during the the Kingdom Age and the following eternal state of the new heavens, new earth and new Jerusalem.

B. The opening video is very descriptive of things that will happen during the seal judgments of the Tribulation. The fact of the judgments being caused by Godly actions are severe. Some may wonder why God would be causing so much pain and suffering for “all whom dwell upon the earth;” we will learn of the reason for such Divine acts. We will also learn that it will be God, and only God, Who will be responsible for everything that will happen during the Tribulation. We will learn that the rapture of the church is based on God’s timing, and will have nothing to do with “any action” of mankind, whether individually or as a group. We will also learn that the relationship between God and Israel is the reason, and only reason, for the Rapture, the Tribulation, the Kingdom Age, and the Eternal State. We will learn why the word “mystery,” is key in this study of the end times, and why the key which unlocks the truth of the end times is “God’s love or Israel.” All of these issues will not be addressed in this article. However, a thorough study of each of these God-ordained factors will be addressed as we continue our study of the end times.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 6:1-8.

The First Seal—Rider on White Horse
1 Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, “Come.” 2 I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.

The Second Seal—War
3 When He broke the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come.” 4 And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that men would slay one another; and a great sword was given to him.

The Third Seal—Famine
5 When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come.” I looked, and behold, a black horse; and he who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand. 6 And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

The Fourth Seal—Death
7 When the Lamb broke the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, “Come.” 8 I looked, and behold, an ashen horse; and he who sat on it had the name Death; and Hades was following with him. Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by the wild beasts of the earth.

IV. Comments. (RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; SSB=Scofield Study Bible).

A. 6:1–19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 “seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments” to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21). (MSB)

B. 6:1 Here begins the first of three series of judgments in the book (seals, chap 6; trumpets, chaps 8-9; bowls, chap 16). The three series are consecutive, each succeeding one following the preceding one. (RSB)

C. 6.2 “he who sat on it.” Evidently a reference to the anti-Christ. His method of conquest at first does not seem to include warfare, since peace is not removed from the earth until the second seal is opened (v.e). This corresponds to the description of delusion in 1 Thes 5:3, [While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.”] (RSB)

D. 6:3-4 Everything about the second seal judgments bloodshed (e.g., “red horse, take peace from, sword.”) (RSB)

E. 6:5 “black horse.” Black signifies famine (cf. Lam. 5:8–10). Worldwide war will destroy the food supply which spawns global hunger. “pair of scales.” The common measuring device—two small trays hung from each end of a balance beam—indicates that the scarcity of food will lead to rationing and food lines. (MSB)

F. 6:6 “quart of wheat.” The approximate amount necessary to sustain one person for one day. “denarius.” One day’s normal wage. One day’s work will provide enough food for only one person. “three quarts of barley.” Usually fed to animals, this grain was low in nutrients and cheaper than wheat. A day’s wage provides enough for only a small family’s daily supply. “oil and the wine.” Although the point could be that these foods will not be affected by the famine, a more straightforward meaning is that bare staples—oil was used in the preparation of bread, and wine was considered necessary for cooking and purifying water—suddenly will become luxuries that have to be carefully protected.(MSB)

G. 6:6 A daily wage will buy food for only one person, who will have to share with his family. (RSB)

H. 6:8 “pale horse.” “Pale,” the Gr. word from which the Eng. word “chlorophyll” comes, describes the pale, ashen-green, pallor characteristic of the decomposition of a corpse. God grants this horseman the authority to bring death to 25 percent of the world’s population. “Hades.” See note on Luke 16:23. The place of the dead, which is identified as a common and fitting partner for death (20:13; see note on 1:18).

I. 6:8 “ashen” = a sickly, yellowish-green. Probably representing the inevitable result of disease that accompanies war and famine. “Death” claims the bodies, and “Hades” the souls and spirits of one-fourth of the world’s population in this single judgment.

J. Notice that each of these first four of the seal judgments are brought about by Christ (v.1,3,5,7), and not by Satan or the anti-Christ. Anyone who brings about any kind of persecution or judgment in the Tribulation is used as a tool of God for God’s purposes.

K. In 16:1, the bowl judgments begin. The words, “the seven bowls of the wrath of God,” are taught by some to indicate a pre-wrath rapture. Such a late catching up of believers in Christ would have those who accepted Christ as Lord and Savior, prior to the Tribulation, to remain on earth during each of the seal and trumpet judgments, then be raptured to Heaven. But, as Andy says in his sermon, Christ is not going to beat up on His bride “on the way to the Marriage.” Also, as Andy Woods states in his referenced sermon of this article, all of the judgments (seal, trumpet, bowl), are God’s wrath. As I have stated many times in my previous articles, “there is no reason for the church to go through the Tribulation, which was designed to bring Israel to saving faith in Christ ( Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). If the church were to be left behind from the rapture, none of the judgments could make the saints (whom are as spiritually pure as Christ) to become any more righteous by being subjected to the judgments that God will cause to be poured out on a world of unbelievers (cf. 3:10).

L. In order to understand the Tribulation, it is important to understand the two key parties, whom are the anti-Christ and Israel. For most Christians, John 3:16 is supreme, and the end of the road. But, when we view God’s plan for the ages in its completeness, there are other key verses that tell of such Divine design, and completion.

M. Matthew 3:2 offered the promise of the Kingdom to Israel. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Conditions of the Kingdom were taught in Isaiah 65:25. 698 B.C. (SSB). Notice that peace will reign in Israel during the Kingdom. “The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent’s food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain,” says the Lord.”

N. Christ taught the Jews about the Kingdom; He went to the Jews: (John 1:11) “He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.” If the Jews had accepted Christ as Messiah, they would have gone immediately into the Kingdom Age of the Millennial reign of Christ…..and….. we wouldn’t be here today.

O. The message of Christ to the Jews dealt with the Kingdom. The Kingdom, in relation to national Israel, was given in the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants. But, in order for any Jew to be able to enter the Kingdom, “they must have been born again;” they must be spiritually cleansed by God’s Holy Spirit. 1. See the following prophecy (Ez 36:24-29) from 587 B.C.(Scofield Study Bible). 2. John 3:3-5 is taught by many as being a requirement for Christian baptism. But, in verses 5-8, Christ explains that the new birth is a spiritual act of God, which is similar to Ez 36:24-29. The teachings of Ezekiel 36 and John 3 were addressed to the Jews about personal entry into the Kingdom age. The church didn’t even exist in either times of those teachings. 3. Paul also addressed the new birth in 2 Cor 5:17, in regard to Spiritual regeneration. Paul’s teaching deals with the Kingdom age of the Millennial reign of Christ, which will follow the Rapture and Tribulation. 4. It is important to know that the new birth guarantees those whom have been born again, an eternity with Christ in the Eternal State (Rev 21:1-3).

1. Ezekiel 36:24-29
24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. John 3:3.
Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. 2 Cor 5:17.
Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.

4. Rev 21:1.
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea.

P. Consider the following verses that relate to Christ’s teachings about the Kingdom.

Matt 4:17, From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
Matt 4:23, Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom…”

Q. In the sermon on the mount (Matt 5-7; Luke 6:20-49), Christ’s teachings (to Jews) were about the Kingdom age.

R. There was no prophecy of the church in the Old Testament. When the church was first mentioned in the New Testament, per Eph 5:32 “This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church,” it was discussed as a mystery because the church had not been mentioned by the Old Testament prophets. [Rom 11:25 note: “In scripture, a mystery is not a truth difficult to understand, but a truth previously unrevealed (and therefore unknown), which is not publicly proclaimed.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament.]

S. Going back to John 1:11, it was Christ’s mission to tell the Jews about the good news of the Kingdom (the Gospel of the Kingdom). In John Chap 4, Christ engages a Samaritan woman in conversation, and identifies Himself to her as being the Messiah (John 4:25-26), but does not discuss the Kingdom. Samaritans were the northern ten tribes that broke from the southern Kingdom in 931 B.C. (1 Kings 12:25); they were conquered by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. (2 Kings 17:6). The people of the northern tribes were taken from their land and carried them away into Assyria. The Assyrians moved non Jews into the vacated Jewish lands. When thode displaced Jews began to return to their former lands, they intermarried with the pagans who took the Jews’ lands. Therefore, the more pure Jews of the southern Kingdom had great disdain for their northern “half breed” Jewish relatives. (Everybody remembers the story of “the good Samaritan” (Luke 10:25-37).

T. In John 12:20-26, Greeks who were attracted to Judaism, and worshiped in their synagogues, and attended Feasts but were not proselytes, asked to see Jesus; but He denied their request.

U. The Jews had been taught about the Abrahamic covenant’s promise of a promised land, which will extend from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21). They had also been taught about the Davidic covenant, where the Messiah would rule and reign in the Kingdom from Jerusalem (2 Sam 7:12-16). The Jews had been taught about the conditions of the Kingdom (Isa 2:1-4). Christ taught the Jews about the Kingdom on the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 5-7, Luke 6:20-49).

V. The Jews were fully expecting a Kingdom of Jews, that would be ruled by a Messiah, also a Jew. But, in Matt Chap 8:11, they were probably astonished when Christ, being all-knowing said to them, “I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.” Christ knew that the Jews would reject Him as Messiah, and that Gentiles would accept Him as Messiah. (Ryrie note: Gentiles will be included in the blessings of the millennial reign of Christ on this earth.)

W. Despite the prophecies of the Messiah, and the personal teachings of Christ, we see His being rejected by Israel in Matt 21:1-23:39. The words of Christ to the Pharisees were very pointed:

1. 21:43: “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it.”
Ryrie note. “taken away from you and given to a people, i.e., taken from the Jews and given to the church, which is composed largely of Gentiles (1 Pet 2:9).

2. 23:39, For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’”
Ryrie note. “from now on you will not see Me. I.e., I will no longer teach publicly. “until you say.” At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zech 12:10).

X. Throughout Christ’s time with the Jews, His message to them was based on Old Testament prophecies. He should have been known by the Jews as, “God with you,” (Isa 7:14, Matt 1:23).

1. Micah 5:2. born in Bethlehem. Fulfilled in Matt 2:5-6. John 7:42.

2. Isaiah 7:14. born of a virgin. Fulfilled in Matt 1:23.

3. Psalm 118:22-23. rejected by His people. Fulfilled in Matt 21:42-43.

4. Isaiah 53:5. died for Israel’s spiritual healing. spoken to Israel (Isa 1:1), “our” “our” “our” (53:5). Fulfilled in Zech 12:10.

5. Isaiah 53:12. suffered for Israel, and for Gentiles through the Abrahamic covenant (Gen 12:3).” Fulfilled in Matt 27:38. Mark 15:2. Luke 23:32-33.

6. Isaiah 35:5-6. performed miracles. Fulfilled in John 11:47. Luke 7:21.

7. John 14:9. a direct statement to Jews of Christ’s deity. “He who has seen Me has seen the Father.”

Y. It is important to keep in mind that the Old Testament of the Bible, which includes the four Gospels and Acts 1, relates to Israel. The New Testament has not pushed God’s chosen people aside (Deu 14:2; Rom 11:1, 29). Gentiles will be blessed through the Jews (Gen 12:3). 80% of the Bible is OT, and covers 4000 years; 20% is NT, and covers about 62 years. I used a page count from my 1977 NASB, which has few notes on each page, to determine the percentages of OT vs NT. This is not to say that we are under the Law. If you will read the sermon on the mount you will see OT teachings. With that in mind, consider whether you believe that we are held to Luke 6:30, “Give to everyone who asks of you, and whoever takes away what is yours, do not demand it back.” Here is food for thought. Consider going to a John Deere dealership and demanding a tractor, based on Luke 6:30.

V. Conclusion.

A. We opened this discussion of Matt 3:2, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” From that point forward, if the Jews had accepted Christ as Messiah, Israel would have gone into the Kingdom Age. The scriptures show that Gentiles had noting to do with Israel accepting, or rejecting, Israel’s gift of the Kingdom; it was all about Christ and the Jews.

B. When Israel rejected the gift of the Kingdom, the door became open for Gentiles to “also” inherit the Kingdom, which will come from a combination of: (1) the rapture/resurrection and, (2) the return to earth with Christ after the Tribulation, which Christ discussed in Matt 24:3-31.

C. Because the Kingdom has been set aside for the Jews (Matt 21:43), the Tribulation will be used by God to draw Jews to saving faith in Christ (Matt 23:39), at which time the Jews will enter the Kingdom and will be governed by Christ (Zech 12:10, 13:9, 14:9, 2 Sam 7:10, 16).

D. The Tribulation is seen in a capsule view in Matthew 24. The expanded view of the Tribulation is seen in Revelation 6-19. The Millennium/Kingdom Age, is seen in Revelation 20, Zechariah 14:8-21, and other Old Testament scriptures.

VI. Information on Rev 6:1-8 can be found in a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

A. See YouTube: Revelation Episode 23 – Our Deepest Longing. Revelation 6:1-8

B. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s videos provide provide a great understanding of the Bible, as they have given me many fresh thoughts that have entered into articles that I have written.

VII. Video Details Of This Article.

A. The Four Horsemen of the Bible | Revelation 6

B. The Bible and the Earth

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End Times 7-Revelation 5:11-14-Belief In Christ

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video. Video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

I. Introduction.

A. In the opening video we hear the words of Isaiah 9:6-7. Listen very carefully to the words of the song. The first line of v.6 tells of the first coming of Christ. The remaining lines of v.6, and all of v.7 tell of the second coming of Christ, and His power and majesty which will rule over the whole earth for 1,000 years. V.7 also tells of the fulfillment of the Davidic Kingdom, as it is described in 2 Samuel 7:8-16. As with the forming of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-4), and confirmed (Gen 13:14-17, 15:1-7, 15:18-21, 17:1-8), both of these covenants are unconditional in fulfillment, which means that God will make sure that these covenants will be fulfilled, regardless of anything that may oppose God’s plan for the ages. In our world today, there is great opposition to God and Israel. But, God “will fulfill” the promises that he made to His Chosen People, Israel (Deu 14:2). God will choose the measures that are necessary to protect Israel, and His plans for Israel. Consider Isaiah 37:33, 35, 36. “33 “Therefore, thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, ‘He will not come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not come before it with a shield, or throw up a siege, 35 ‘For I will defend this city to save it for My own sake and for My servant David’s sake, 36, Then the angel of the Lord went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were dead.’” Ryrie Note. 36,”The Lord used a sudden outbreak of a particularly plague to slay the Assyrian army…The army was infected by mice (or rats) (See 2 Kings 19:35). The Abrahamic Covenant will not be fulfilled until when Christ returns at the end of the Tribulation (Ryrie note. Gen 15:18-21).

B. In the following verses of Isaiah Chapter 9, notice the names that refer to Christ, which show that He is part of the God-head, and that “He is God with us,” as is written in Isa 7:14 and Matt 1:23.

6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;
And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

C. Consider the comment of the MacArthur Study Bible on Isa 9:6-7. Notice that only the first line of v 6 relates to Christmas.

9:6 Child . . . Son. These terms elaborate further on Immanuel, the child to be born to the virgin (7:14). The virgin’s child will also be the royal Son of David, with rights to the Davidic throne (9:7; cf. Matt. 1:21; Luke 1:31–33; 2:7, 11).

9:7 throne of David. The virgin’s Son will be the rightful heir to David’s throne and will inherit the promises of the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7:12–16; cf. Ps. 89:1–37; Matt. 1:1).

D. Consider the comments of the Ryrie Study Bible on the Davidic Covenant of 2 Sam 7:12-16. This great covenant that God graciously made with David included the following provisions.

1. David would have a son who would succeed him and establish his kingdom (v 12).

2. David’s son (Solomon), rather than David, would build the Temple (v 13a).

3. The throne of Solomon’s kingdom would be established forever (v 13b).

4. Though David’s sins justified chastening, God’s “lovingkindness” would be forever (vv 14-15).

5. David’s house, kingdom, and throne, would be established forever (v 16).

6. The covenant did not guarantee uninterrupted rule by David’s family, but it did promise that the right to rule would always remain with David’s dynasty. Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of these promises (Luke 1:31-33), and at His second coming He will assume this throne.

E. In this article, we will see the raptured (1 Thes 4:16-17) believers in Christ in Heaven, as they are worshiping God, Father and Son. Beginning with the next article, we will see the Godly judgments and persecutions that will come upon all whom will have been left behind from the rapture. Those in heaven during the Tribulation will worship God because of the Truth that He is. Those whom will be left behind will find themselves in a “forced worship” of the anti-Christ, “who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God” (2 Thes 2:4). Consider Rev 13:8, “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.” Consider the note from the Walvoord Commentary 13:8, “the names of those who would be saved were written in the book of life from eternity past. This was made possible by anticipation of the future death of the Lamb on their behalf. The ultimate meaning is that all who are not saved will worship the beast and that those who are saved will not worship him.” Rev 21:27, “the Lamb’s book of life,” clarifies the meaning of “the book of life of the Lamb.” Those whom are left behind from the rapture, but accept Christ during the Tribulation, will most likely be martyred. From Walvoord Commentary, 13:9-10, “In that day, true believers in Christ will be separated from this world religion and will be the objects of its fearful persecution.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 5:11-14.

11 Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands,

12 saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.”

13 And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, “To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.”

14 And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen.” And the elders fell down and worshiped.

IV. Comments. (RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible).

5:11. “ten thousand times ten thousand.” Lit. “myriads of myriads.” The number is to express an amount beyond calculation. The Gr. expression can also be translated “innumerable” (Luke 12:1; Heb. 12:22). (MSB).

5:12. “power . . . and blessing.” This doxology records 7 qualities intrinsic to God and to the Lamb that demand our praise. (MSB)

5:13. All creation joins in praise to God and the Lamb (RSB).

5:14. The heavenly scene in chaps. 4 and 5 give heaven’s perspective on the need for the awful judgments to follow, for Christ’s right to reign must be realized and sin must be punished (RSB).

V. The following notes come from a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

See YouTube: “Revelation Episode 22. The Right Response. Rev. 5:8-14”

A. Dr. Andy Woods has a law degree from Whittier College and a PhD in Bible Exposition from Dallas Theological Seminary. He was a Full-Professor of Bible and Theology at the College Biblical Studies in Houston, TX (2009-2016). He is currently the President of Chafer Theological Seminary and Pastor of Sugar Land Bible Church. Andy also speaks on a variety of topics at Christian Conferences worldwide. Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.” I encourage everyone to purchase Andy’s book, “The Coming Kingdom (Andrew M. Woods). Andy’s videos provide provide a great understanding of the Bible, as they have given me many fresh thoughts that have entered into articles that I have written.

B. John is looking forward to a future event, when the rapture (John 14:2.3, 6) of all believers in Christ takes place; those whom have been raptured are the 24 elders that John saw in his vision of heaven. The 24 elders are singing praises of their salvation. In Isa 6:5 a view of heaven is also shown, with God and angels being present in the scene. Notice that there are no “24 elders” seen in Isaiah’s vision. The reason is that the church has not yet been raptured; therefore, the elders are not recorded as being in Isaiah’s vision of heaven. The number 24 is a number relating to the priesthood, the priesthood of all believers.

C. Let’s touch on the subject of Christ forcing the Church to go through the tribulation, or through any part of it. Christ is the Bridegroom, and the Church is the Bride (2 Cor 11:2). Christ gave His life for His Bride (Eph 5:25). As Christ is taking His Bride to His Father’s house (John 14:2,3,6), He is not going to beat her up on the way by submitting her to the Judgments that He will be pouring out on the entire earth. Nothing of the Tribulation will make the Bride anymore righteous than she has already been stated as being (2 Cor 5:21). The purpose of the Tribulation is to bring Israel to saving faith in Christ (Jer 30:7; Ps 118:25-26; Matt 21:9; Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10).

VI. We will now take a quick look forward from where we are in Revelation Chapter 5, to the end of God’s written Word. This area of study relates directly to the following Chapters of Revelation.

A. Beginning with the next article, we will see the judgments of God being opened on a world of unbelievers. The judgments (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl) will be unleashed on the entire world, which will consist of those whom will be left behind from the rapture of the church (1 Thes 4:13-18). All of the raptured saints in heaven will have previously been given eternal heavenly spiritual gifts (2 Cor 5:10); they will have been taken by Christ to the Marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8). The saints in heaven will remain there with Christ “in His Father’s house” (John 14:2,3,6) until Christ is called on by Israel to save them at the end of the Tribulation (Matt 23:39, Zech 12:10). Then Christ, the saints, and angels will return to Earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:1-4, Matt 24:29-30, Rev 19:11-21). The Kingdom Age of the Millennium will begin, and Christ will rule and reign over the whole earth for 1,000 years (Zech 14:9, Rev 20:4). At the end of the 1,000 years the present earth will be destroyed (2 Pet 3:10); then, there will be a new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). All of God’s people will spend eternity with “God and the Lamb” (Rev 21:3,22), in perfection (Rev 21:4). Those whom will not have been born again will not be present in the eternal state (Rev 21:8).

B. We will now examine scriptures that relate to those whom will, and will not, be allowed into heaven. The starting point in this conversation begins with the new birth. There are three passages that clearly state that in order for anyone to be in heaven, they must have been born again. The first two passages were stated in Old Testament scriptures. The third passage was stated in the New Testament. The first two passages were addressed to Jews. The third passage was addressed to all whom have been born during the church age. The new birth provides each new born person with a spirit that is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:21). The first of the following verses explains the cleansing of the spirit by God. The third passage describes the old and new human spirits. The old spirit was flawed; the new spirit is righteous. There is a fourth passage that states that we, whom have been born again, whom were formerly darkness are “in God” because we are no longer darkness, due to new birth. The fifth passage explains the darkness that “we all were,” prior to our new birth.

1. Ezekiel 36:24-29. 24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. John 3:3. Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. 2 Corinthians 5:17,21. 17 Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come. 21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

4. 1 John 1:5. This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.

5. John 1:9. There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.

C. There are two passages that describe the lifestyles of those whom have not been born again. A persistent lifestyle describes a person whom has, or has not, the indwelling of God’s Holy Spirit in their spirit. A person that has been born again, will have God’s indwelling Holy Spirit prompting them to righteousness (John 14:26; 16:7-8). The first passage was given during the church age. The second passage was given at the end of the Millennium.

1. 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 . 9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God.

2. Revelation 21:8. But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

D. It is easily identifiable that Rev 21:8 has some lifestyle issues that may be confusing. Such as, why would anyone be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15), if they are cowards or liars? A key word that must be considered in this verse is “unbelieving.”

E. During the 1,000 year reign of Christ (Rev 20:4), there will be many people who will be born of “survivors of the Tribulation” (“those whom accepted Christ during the Tribulation”). These Tribulation saints will be given born again spirits, and will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Matt 25:31-34) in mortal bodies that God will make perfect before they enter the eternal state (Rev 21:1-2). Because tribulation saints will enter the Millennium in mortal bodies, they will have children. Any person that will be born during the Millennium will be born having flawed/perishable “spirits, souls, and bodies” (1 Thes 5:23). But, to enter into Heaven, everyone must have been born again (John 3:3) and have a resurrection body, which is described in 1 Cor 15:50-54 as being imperishable.

F. During the church age, born again believers in Christ (dead or alive) will receive imperishable bodies at the time of the rapture. Those dead, will be raised and given immortal/resurrection bodies; those alive will be caught up and given immortal/resurrection bodies (1 Thes 4:16-17). Tribulation saints who enter the Millennium will be given resurrection bodies so that they can enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).

G. Christ will rule and reign during the Millennium, and will teach the Word of God (Isa 2:1-3). No one will enter the Millennium from the Tribulation that will not have been born again (Matt 25:31-33, 41; Zech 14:21). No one will be able to enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2) without having been born again. Those that will be born during the millennium will have to accept Christ as Lord and Savior, or they will suffer the condemnation of Rev 20:15. Old Testament saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, and will rule and reign with Christ in the promised land of Gen 15:18-21, (Dan 12:1-3; Matt 19:28). New Testament saints (1 Cor 6:2) and Tribulation saints (Rev 20:4) will rule and reign with Christ outside of the promised land (Zech 14:16-19). Martyred Tribulation saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Rev 20:4). The promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant was a promise to Israel (Gen 15:18-21, Ryrie and MacArthur notes), and extends from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (1 Kings 4:21, Ryrie note).

H. Not all of the people whom are born during the Millennium will come to saving faith in Christ, even though they will have been under His teaching, and will have been in His Presence (Isa 2:1-3). This situation relates to Rev 21:8, “unbelieving.” Because Christ will be visibly present to all whom reside on the Earth, and will teach all whom reside on the earth, no one will have an excuse for being a part of, “the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars,” of Rev 21:8. The truth of John 3:18 fits well into the scenario of these unbelieving people, “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”

I. The truth of the unbelievers of the Millennium is made very clear. After the Battle of Armageddon, Satan is bound for 1,000 years; then he will be released for a short time (Rev 20:1-3). When Satan is released, he will lead a rebellion of the unsaved of all of the world, against Jerusalem and the people of God (Rev 20:7-9). These rebels will be those whom will be born during the Millennium; they will be in the visible Presence of Christ, and will hear His teachings. Still, these Millennium rebels will continue to be “unbelievers,” not accepting Christ as Lord and Savior, thereby refusing the promise of eternal life that is guaranteed in John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.”

VII. Video Details.

A. We Glorify The Lamb // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival

B. Terry MacAlmon Official

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End Times 6 – Revelation 5:1-10 – A Book With Seven Seals

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video. Video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

I. Introduction.

A. As we consider the words of the opening video, we should take with us an attitude of worship as we continue our study of the text, and as we go about every duty, detail, and day of our lives, whether we are inside of a church sanctuary, or elsewhere. As we consider the words of this article, it is important for every born again believer in Christ to understand that the teachings of Revelation Chapters 4 and 5 will be real. The things that we read in these two chapters, WILL HAPPEN! This is a reality that should encourage all whom know Christ as Lord and Savior “to live for that day,” when WE WILL BE caught up in the sky by Christ, and taken to the special place in Heaven that our Lord called “My Father’s House” (John 14:2).

B. Consider being in the Presence of God the Father, God the Son, the angels, and all of the other raptured saints who continue in the worship of God, as was described by Christ in John 4:23-24. 23: “But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers.” 24 “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” The KJV translation is, “God is a spirit.” God “is not” one spirit among many, which the KJV states. God “IS” Spirit, having no competitors being “Spirit,” or other competing Gods, per Deu 6:4, “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!” From Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary, consider the meanings of Deity in Deu 6:4: LORD=Yahweh, God=Elohim, LORD=Yahweh. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/deuteronomy/6-4.htm

C. Worship is a response to truth. When we find ourselves in Heaven, in the Presence of God the Father and God the Son, we will see the Words of John 14:6,”being made truth to us, far beyond the truth of any written words on any other sheet of paper that we have ever seen. Consider the action words of John 14:6 “Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”

D. It will be through our faith in Christ, and through our flight to Heaven, where Christ will take us, that we will find ourselves in Revelation Chapters 4 and 5, in true worship of God the Father and God the Son, “forever and ever.” In the following verses, the elders are all born again believers in Christ. Angels are not redeemed.

1. Rev 5:13b “To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.” 14 And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen.” And the elders fell down and worshiped.

2. In the above verses, the elders are all previously raptured, born again, believers in Christ; they are not angels.

3. Gal 3:28, “…there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.”

E. Christ is planning a trip that He will be piloting into “far outer space…to Heaven.” There will be passengers on that space craft, “The Godship 3:16.” But, who will be on that space ship? Not just anyone will be taken by Christ to heaven. Only those having an intimate relationship with Christ will find themselves being taken to heaven where they will be “the chorus of the eternal heavenly singers” of Revelation Chapters 4 and 5. Our Lord won’t be selling or collecting tickets; He’s already paid for everyone’s fare. But, to get on board, “ya gotta know Em!” Consider the following verses.

1. John 8:32, “and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.” The “truth” of this verse relates to the word “know.” To simply “know about” Christ will not make us free from sin, and eternal separation from God, from which we must be made free (Rom 3:23) in order for us to find our eternity in the immediate Presence of God. We must have a “knowing of intimacy” with Christ that will free us from the penalty of sin (Rom 6:23) give us eternal life with Christ.

2. Consider the Greek meaning of the word “know:” 1097 ginṓskō – properly, to know, especially through personal experience (first-hand acquaintance). 1097 /ginṓskō (“experientially know”) is used for example in Lk 1:34, “And Mary [a virgin] said to the angel, ‘How will this be since I do not know (1097 /ginṓskō = sexual intimacy) a man?'”
https://biblehub.com/lexicon/john/8-32.htm
https://biblehub.com/greek/1097.htm

3. John 17:3, “3 This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.” The Ryrie Study Bible provides a simple explanation of this verse: “This is Christ’s definition of salvation, especially if we add what is clearly understood; “sent” to be the Savior of the world (John 3:16, 4:42, 6:33; 1 John 4:14, 5:20). Mine. I see a simple message of salvation, having an intimate relationship with God the Father, through God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit.

4. All that is stated in the above verses on “knowing God,” can be wrapped up in this key verse: John 3:3,”… unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

5. “To know God…to be born again.” Let me add this verse. John 3:16, “16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.” To be born again is to believe in Christ; to believe in Christ is to be born again; both mean to have an intimate relationship with Christ.

6. John 3:18 adds information on the word “belief.” “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” Consider The MacArthur Study Bible note. This phrase (Lit,”to believe into the name”) means more than mere intellectual assent to the claims of the gospel. It includes trust and commitment to Christ as Lord and Savior which results in receiving a new nature (v.7) which produces a change in heart and obedience to the Lord.

7. Romans 8:1 “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” MacArthur Study Bible note. No sin a believer can commit—past, present, or future—can be held against him, since the penalty was paid by Christ and righteousness was imputed to the believer. And no sin will ever reverse this divine legal decision.

8. The Judgment that is stated in John 3:18, and the condemnation that is addressed in Romans 8:1, are waiting in the Tribulation (Rev 6-20) for all whom do not have an intimate relationship with Christ. The Tribulation is reserved, “night now,” for those whom have not been born again. The only way to cancel such a reservation in the tribulation is to come to saving faith in Christ through a relationship of belief.

9. The mercy ship to Heaven, as piloted by Christ, our Lord and Savior, will provide a wonderful one-way-trip to eternity. But, to get on board, we must “know the Pilot.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text: Revelation 5:1-10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

1 I saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book written inside and on the back, sealed up with seven seals. 2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the book and to break its seals?” 3 And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the book or to look into it. 4 Then I began to weep greatly because no one was found worthy to open the book or to look into it; 5 and one of the elders *said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”

6 And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. 7 And He came and took the book out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne. 8 When He had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each one holding a harp and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. 9 And they *sang a new song, saying,

“Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.

10 “You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.”

IV. Comments.

A. 5:1. “a book.” Lit., a scroll. This may be called the “Book of Redemption,” as it contains the story of man’s fall through sin and rise through Christ. See Heb 2:5-9 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=heb+2%3A5-9&version=NASB (Ryrie Study Bible)

B. 5:2 strong angel. The identity of this angel is uncertain, but it may refer to the angel Gabriel, whose name means “strength of God” (Dan. 8:16). (MacArthur Study Bible)

C. 5:3 heaven or on the earth or under the earth. A common biblical expression denoting the entire universe and not intended to teach 3 precise divisions. (MacArthur Study Bible)

D. 5:5. “the lion of the tribe of Judah.” The noblest and victorious of the kingly tribe (cf. Gen 49:9). “the Root of David.” The one who fulfills the covenant with David (cf., Isa 11:1, 10). The Messiah, John is assured, is competent and worthy to break the seven seals and open the scroll to release the plagues. (Ryrie Study Bible)

E. 5:6. “as if slain.” Christ, the Lamb, bears the marks of His death (see Luke 24:40; John 20:20, 27) even in His glorified state. “horns” are a symbol of strength (cf. 1 Kings 22:11; Zech 1:18). (Ryrie Study Bible)

F. 5:8. “Bowls,” like saucers. (Ryrie Study Bible)

G. 5:8. prayers of the saints. Specifically, these prayers represent all that the redeemed have ever prayed concerning ultimate and final redemption. (MacArthur Study Bible)

H. 5:9-10. The Lamb is worthy because He died in the past to pay the ransom price for the sins of the world, positioned us in the present as a kingdom and priests before God, and gave us a promise of reigning on the earth in the future. (Ryrie Study Bible)

V. The following notes come from a sermon of Dr. Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.). See YouTube, “The book of Revelation Episode 21. A Reason for Optimism. Rev. 5:1-7.” Credentials of Dr. Woods can be found on my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources.”

A. In Rev 4, we see the God-head member being the Father, with His role being “Creator,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Creation (Rev 4:11).

B. Rev 5, we see the God-head member being the Son, with his role being “Redeemer,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Redemption (Rev 5:9, 12).

C. 5:5-6. The elders = the redeemed church in Heaven (the Jews have not been redeemed yet). “The Lamb (Christ) is worthy to open the scroll. 1. He is from the right tribe (Gen 49:10; Judah). 2. He is from the right lineage (2 Sam 7:12-16; David). 3. He has the right victory (John 16:33, has already overcome the word). 4. He has the right mission (John 1:29, has taken away the sin of world).

D. 5:6. The seven spirits represent the fullness of “God, the Spirit of God, God’s Holy Spirit” (Isa 11:2, John 4:24).
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=isa+11%3A2&version=NASB
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=john+4%3A24&version=NASB

E. 5:7. Christ, God the Son, takes the scroll out of the hand of God, the Father. The scroll, the book, contains the judgments of God that will be poured out on the earth by Christ and the angels (Seal Judgments, Trumpet Judgments, Bowl Judgments) beginning in Revelation Chapter 6. These judgments are not a matter of accident of occurrence, or an act of Satan, or an act of the anti-Christ. Satan will be defeated and judged (Rev 20:10); unsaved Israel will be drawn to saving faith in Christ (Zech 12:10).

VI. The sin of unbelief. John 1:29, “The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” It is the “sin” of unbelief (singular) that keeps someone from eternal life, and is the only sin that will keep us from eternal life. Once we believe in Christ, we enter eternal life. John 17:3, “this ‘is’ eternal life, that they may know you.” Stealing a car is a sin, but will not keep a person from eternal life. A repeated history of stealing cars (or other repeated sins) may show that such a person has not been born again.

VII. Video Details.

A. All The Glory // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival

B. Terry MacAlmon Official

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End Times 5 – Revelation 4:1-11 – Our Worship Of God In Heaven

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1. The words in the song of the opening video relate very closely to the message of this article. Consider what it will be like for us to be in the Presence of God. The reverence that is addressed in the song, and in the verses of this article, relate to the Holiness of God, and to the reverence that is due to Him, “by everyone.” Consider the message that the following paragraph about Translation Considerations.

a. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.” 

2. Have you ever wondered what you will do in Heaven? Of course, many people have no idea of the details of Heaven, e.g., where it will be, when it will be, and who will be there. We have discussed the details of Heaven in past articles; we will begin a review of those details, which will help us to understand the details of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, especially as to who will be there. Additionally, a better understanding of Heaven, and those who will occupy it, will help us to understand who will be in Heaven during Revelation, Chapters 6 through 19. As we learn more about Heaven, we will learn more about who will occupy “the eternal state of the new Heaven, new Earth, and new Jerusalem, of Revelation, Chapters 21 and 22, as the eternal state is introduced in Revelation 21:1-2.

3. In this article we will discuss the events that are recorded in Revelation 4:1-11, as to timing, events, and participants. Through this study of the Throne Room of God, we should gain an increased desire to be in constant worship of God. We should also come to understand that the primary purpose of mankind is not to lead souls to saving faith in Christ, but to glorifying God, whether, inside or outside of a Church sanctuary. If we don’t glorify God, soul winning can become an academic exercise, based on “how many people” may have led “how many other people” to Christ. However, whenever a soul is saved, God is glorified.

4. Consider the following verses, and also consider how many people do not heed the teaching that is made so very clear.

a. Ecclesiastes 12:12-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
12 But beyond this, my son, be warned: the writing of many books is endless, and excessive devotion to books is wearying to the body.
13 The conclusion, when all has been heard, is: fear God and keep His commandments, because this applies to every person.

5. Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary, shows a number of possibilities of meaning for “fear and God,” as they relate to Ecc 12:12. Consider the experience that Isaiah had when he came “face to face” with God.

a. Isaiah 6:5 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 5 Then I said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined!Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts.”

6. Consider the Hebrew words for “fear and God,” as they relate to Ecc 12:12-13. “to fear, to revere, to frighten. There are other words that come from those root meanings See Strong’s Hebrew And Aramaic Dictionary meanings in the following two examples.

a. The Hebrew word for fear in this scripture is: 3372a, ye·ra. Its meaning is expressed in a number of words, to include: afraid (100), awesome (21), awesome acts (1), awesome things (4), became afraid (1), became…frightened (2), become frightened (1), cautious (1), dismayed (1), fear (165), fear and awesome (1), feared (36), fearful (1), fearful thing (1), fearfully (1), fearing (5), fears (9), frighten (4), frightened (1), have…fear (1), made me afraid (1), revere (10), revered (3), reverence (3), showed reverence (1), stand in awe (1), terrible (3), terrible things (1), terrifying (2). The parenthesis shows the number of times that the word is used.

b. The Hebrew word for God in this scripture is: 430. elohim. Its meaning is also expressed in a number of words, to include: divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

c. My thought of “fearing God,” is to have a loving fear, a reverence, for the creator of the universe, knowing that He can make things “start, stop, turn, spin, and be destroyed,” as well as many other things that only He can do. Let’s consider what it must have been like for the Apostle John, and the other “caught up” believers, as they were face to face with “Elohim,” (Gen 1:1).

7. In Rev 4, we see the God-head member being the Father, with His role being “Creator,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Creation (Rev 4:11).

8. Rev 5, we see the God-head member being the Son, with his role being “Redeemer,” with the reason for His being worshiped due to His role in Redemption (Rev 5:9, 12).

9. The events of Rev 4 and 5 show the events in Heaven, preceding and during the Godly judgments of the Tribulation (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl), which will be released on earth, “by God,” through the Lamb (the Risen and Glorified Christ) and the angels of God. Re: Rev 6:1 “Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals.” Re: 8:6-7. “6 And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound them. 7 The first sounded, and there came hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.” Re: Rev 16:1, “Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”… We will go into greater detail of the judgments of God (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl), that will be poured out on the earth, which will affect all whom will be left behind from the “catching up” of the born again believers in Christ (Rev 3:10,”…the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” Born again believers in Christ have no need to be tested; “we” have passed the test by knowing Christ as our Lord and Savior.) The catching up of the believers in Christ is known as the rapture (English), harpazo (Greek), rapio (Latin); (John 14:2-6, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18).

10. Rev 4:1 shows John at the “door standing open in Heaven.” John could only have had access to Heaven by having been born again (John 3:3, “you must be born again”). We, also, will be caught up to Heaven (after also having been born again). This view of Heaven is the same one that is described in John 14:1-6. Consider the following verses that relate to Heaven, and to a special place “in My Father’s house” in heaven, where Christ will be taking “His” bride (the born again believers in Christ), at the time of the rapture. Think! Christ will take His bride to a place in His Father’s house that will be specially made for His (Christ’s) bride. Let me add this thought. On the way to that specially built place in the Father’s house, the Bride will not be “brow beat” at the Judgment Seat of Christ, and will not be subjected to the Godly judgments of the Tribulation. Additionally, Scripture has no such promise for anyone, other than the born again believers in Christ, to being taken to “a specially prepared place” in “My Father’s house.” The promise is not made to the Old Testament saints or to the Tribulation saints; the promise is made only to those whom will be caught up in the resurrection and rapture of believers in Christ (John 14:2-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

a. John 14:2 “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.” (Christ told the disciples that He was going to prepare a place in Heaven.)

b. John 14:3 “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.” (Christ will prepare such a place in Heaven where He will His take born again believers.)

c. John 14:6 Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. (This verse is often related to faith in Christ as being the only way to heaven, which is true. But, the words in the verse show this to be an event of action, where Christ will take His born again believers to Heaven, and that He is the only one who can take His believers to Heaven.)

11. The Heaven that Christ describes in John 14:2-6, is the place where all raptured saints will be taken after they have been caught up by Christ. On the way to Heaven (John 14:2-3), these born again saints will be taken to the Judgment Seat of Christ where they will receive spiritual rewards (2 Cor 5:10). I like the wording of the HCSB, which also capitalizes pronouns that refer to God.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
10 For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless.

b. From the Judgment Seat of Christ, we are on our way to an eternity with our Lord. On our way to Heaven (as is described in John 14:2,3), as we are taken by Christ (John 14:6), we and Christ are present at the Marriage of the Lamb.

(1) Revelation 19:7-8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Marriage of the Lamb
7 Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready.” 8 It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

(2) The born again believers in Christ are the Bride of Christ, and are clothed in righteousness (no need to go through the Tribulation).

(3) 2 Corinthians 11:2 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you as a pure virgin.

12. While the righteous Bride of Christ is present in Heaven with Christ, the following events will take place.

a. Revelation, Chapters 4-5 will precede the Tribulation. The “One” sitting on the throne (Rev 4:2) is God, the Father. The twenty-four elders (Rev 4:4) are the redeemed, whom are the raptured born again believers in Christ. Israel is not included in the number of the twenty-four elders; they will not be redeemed until they call on Christ to save them at the end of the Tribulation (Psalm 118:26/Matt 23:39/Zech 12:10). The seven Spirits of God (Rev 4:5) represent the fullness of God (John 4:24, “God is Spirit;” not, God is a spirit, which would make Him being “one of many spirits.”). The four living creatures (Rev 4:6) are angels, probably Cherubim (Ezek 10:15-20). The redeemed saints (body of Christ) will worship God (the Father), and cast “their” crowns at the feet of God (the Father), in Rev 4:9-11.

13. We will now discuss the crowns that we will “throw, or cast” at the feet of God.

a. Will we throw “our” crowns at the feet of God, and “leave them there” or, will we pick them up, and cast them at the feet of God again? Will we have only one occurrence of such worship (Rev 4:9-11) during the seven years of tribulation, when we are in heaven, when we will “fall down before God” (vs 10), and “cast our crowns before God,” (vs 10), and say, ““Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created” (vs 11)? I think not.

b. Let’s consider the crowns.

(1) 2 Cor 5:10 a, “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body”

1. The Imperishable Crown – (1 Corinthians 9:24-25)
2. The Crown of Rejoicing – (1 Thessalonians 2:19)
3. The Crown of Righteousness – (2 Timothy 4:8)
4. The Crown of Glory – (1 Peter 5:4)
5. The Crown of Life – (Revelation 2:10)

(2) The crowns that we cast at the feet of God are “our crowns.” I believe that we will continue in our worship of God in Heaven throughout the entire seven year period of time of the Tribulation, and that we will repeatedly cast our crowns at the feet of God. Scripture shows that the crowns are our crowns, as follows.

(3) Rev 2:10, “I will give you the crown of life.”

(4) Rev 3:11, “hold fast what you have, so that no one will take your crown.” (Salvation can not be lost, but a crown can be (lost), 2 John 8, “Watch yourselves, that you do not lose what we have accomplished, but that you may receive a full reward.”

14. The events of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, take place after the rapture of the church and before the time of the Tribulation.

15. The events that follow Revelation, Chapter 5, take place during Revelation, Chapters 6 through 19, which are the Tribulation’s seven years.

16, In Matt 24:3, “the disciples came to Christ “privately,” saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” (Notice that the conversation is only among Christ and His disciples; no Gentiles are present.)

a. The events of Matthew, Chapters, 24:3-25:46, take place during Revelation, Chapters 6-19. The Ryrie Study Bible states that Matt 24:29-31 speaks of the sign of “Christ’s coming.” (second coming, mine) 25:4-28 speaks of the sign of the end of the age. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (of the Tribulation, mine). This passage is called the Olivet discourse, which was given by Christ (a Jew), to His disciples (also Jews), about Jews in the Tribulation. For example, are we concerned about, “fleeing Judea to the mountains, and if our flight will happen on a Sabbath?” (Matt 24:16-18). Such things will be of significance to the Jews that will have been left behind from the rapture, and who will be experiencing the persecutions and judgments that will be taking place during the Tribulation.

b. During Rev 6-19, the raptured, born again believers in Christ, will be in Heaven worshiping God. At the call of Israel to Christ to save them, (at the end of the Tribulation, Zech 12:10), Christ, His Bride and angels, will descend to earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21), where He will stand on the Mount of Olives, and defeat the forces of the world that are attacking Israel (Zech 14:1-15) (Consider China in Rev 16:12.) The battle victory will come quickly (Rev 19:15).

c. Christ and His believers of all times will rule and reign for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4, Tribulation resurrected martyrs); (Dan 12:1-3 and Matt 19:28, Old Testament resurrected saints); (1 Cor 6:2, Church age saints).

d. At the end of the 1,000 years (millennium/Kingdom Age), those whom have not been born again, from all of the ages, will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15). The born again believers of all ages will enter the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2). At this time the New Jerusalem, which has been hovering above the earth, will begin its ascent to our present earth, which will have been destroyed by God.

e. 2 Peter 3:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
A New Heaven and Earth
10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.

17. Considering Heaven.

a. Three heavens are described in 1 Cor 15:40: the first heaven, “terrestrial,” is where the birds fly; the second heaven, “celestial,” is where the astronauts fly; and the third heaven, being the Presence of God, is where God “doesn’t need to fly.”

b. The Apostle Paul described his trip to the Presence of God. In the following passage; Paul is the man.

c. 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Paul’s Vision
1 Boasting is necessary, though it is not profitable; but I will go on to visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I know how such a man—whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows— 4 was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak.

d. We must not forget the place, in “my Father’s house,” that Christ promised to His bride, His born again believers.

(1) John 14:2-3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.

(2) As stated above, it is in “The Father’s House” that Christ has been preparing a place for His Bride, whom are the born again believers in Christ. No such promise has been made to any other group of people in all of history. A bride is the joy of every bride groom. No loving bride groom is going to subject his bride to the persecution and judgments, as those which will take place during the Tribulation. Neither will a bride groom “stop off on the way to the wedding alter” to treat his bride with great disrespect, such as has been the teaching of many about the Judgment Seat of Christ.

e. The New Heaven will exist in the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).

18. Church! We are “the Bride!” We are special! Don’t let anybody tell you anything less about your place in Christ! If we are not raptured, we can not be taken to the Marriage of the Lamb in Heaven. If we are not “raptured and taken to Heaven,” we can not return with Christ from Heaven for the Battle of Armageddon. If the church is not raptured, we will be left on earth to go through the tribulation.

a. There are many people who are saying that we are in the Tribulation, because of COVID-19. I must add this thought. During 1918-1920, an estimated 500 million people from the South Seas to the North Pole fell victim to Spanish Flu. The deaths that we are experiencing now, are minuscule, in relation to the number of deaths that occurred during the Spanish Flu.
https://www.livescience.com/worst-epidemics-and-pandemics-in-history.html

b. The Tribulation can come only after a peace treaty is made between the anti-Christ and Israel.

(1) Jeremiah 30:7, “Jacob’s distress.” The coming days of Tribulation that will come upon all Israel (Jacob) [Ryrie Study Bible].

(2) Daniel 9:24:27, vs 27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” “he”. the anti-Christ, will make a pact with many (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the Tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (i.e., 3 1/2 years later) anti-Christ will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it. At Christ’s second coming, anti-Christ and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20). [Ryrie Study Bible]. {mine. No such pact has been made. No such temple exists.}

(3) Ezekiel 38:11, “the land of unwalled villages.” This passage relates to the peace in Israel during the period of anti-Christ’s short-lived treaty with them (Daniel 9:27), in the first half of Daniel’s 70th week. References to “unwalled cities” relate to that period of 3 1/2 years when Israel is secure under the protection of the world-ruling “prince that shall come,” called anti-Christ (Daniel 9:27). After anti-Christ turns on Israel, there is an escalation of hostility until the end of the 7 year time when this great force (38:10-12) comes to plunder Jerusalem and the Promised Land (vs 12). [MacArthur Study Bible]. {mine. Israel is not living in peace.}

19. Conclusion. The events of Revelation, Chapters 4 and 5, will occur after the rapture of the church occurs (Jn 14:2-6, 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18). The raptured church will not be on earth while the tribulation is taking place, but will be in Heaven worshiping God. We are not in the tribulation now. The anti-Christ has not made a peace treaty with Israel, which will mark the beginning of the Tribulation. Israel is not now living in peace.

20. Question. What is necessary for a person to be present during the worship of God, as explained in Revelation, Chapter 4?

a. We must be born again. John 3:3, “unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

b. We must have an intimate relationship with God the Father, through God the Son, being empowered by God the Holy Spirit. John 17:3,

“This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

21. Video Details. In The Presence Of Jehovah // Terry MacAlmon // Pikes Peak Worship Festival // Terry MacAlmon Official

22. More detailed information about this article can be obtained by viewing the following video teachings of Andy Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.).

a. Revelation Episode 19. Our Heavenly Destiny. Revelation 4:1-5.
b. Revelation Episode 20. True Worship. Revelation 4: 6-11.

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End Times 4 – Revelation 4:1-4 – John Caught Up To Heaven

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I. Subject.

A. End Times 4 – Revelation Chapter 4:1-4 – John Caught Up To Heaven

B. Video Support. Is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage? Details will be shown at the bottom of this page.

II. Translation Considerations.

“The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Text. Revelation 4:1-4 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

A. Scene in Heaven.

1 After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet speaking with me, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after these things.” 2 Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne. 3 And He who was sitting was like a jasper stone and a sardius in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, like an emerald in appearance. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.

B. Comments. MacArthur Study Bible.

4:1(a) Come up here. This is not a veiled reference to the rapture of the church, but a command for John to be temporarily transported to heaven “in the Spirit” (see note on 1:10) to receive revelation about future events.

4:1(a)(1) 1:10 in the Spirit. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

4:1(b) things which must take place after this. According to the outline given in 1:19, this begins the third and final section of the book, describing the events that will follow the church age.

4:1(b)(1) 1:19 This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22).

4:2(a) I was in the Spirit. See note on 1:10. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

4:2(b) throne. Not so much a piece of furniture, but a symbol of sovereign rule and authority (7:15; 11:19; 16:17, 18; cf. Is. 6:1). It is the focus of chap. 4, occurring 14 times, 11 times referring to God’s throne.

4:3 emerald. A cool, emerald-green hue dominates the multicolored rainbow surrounding God’s throne (cf. Ezek. 1:28). From the time of Noah, the rainbow became a sign of God’s faithfulness to His Word, His promises, and His Noahic covenant (Gen. 9:12–17).

4:3(a) Ezekiel 1:28 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
28 As the appearance of the rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the surrounding radiance. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. And when I saw it, I fell on my face and heard a voice speaking.

4:3(a)(1) Ezekiel 1:28(a) the glory of the LORD. That glory shines fully in the person of Jesus Christ (cf. 2 Cor. 4:6), which is a constant theme in Ezekiel.

4:3(a)(2) Ezekiel 1:28(b) fell on my face. John, in Rev. 1:17, had the same reaction to seeing the glory of the Lord.

4:4 twenty-four elders. Their joint rule with Christ, their white garments (19:7, 8), and their golden crowns (2:10) all seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed (vv. 9–11; 5:5–14; 7:11–17; 11:16–18; 14:3; 19:4). The question is which redeemed? Not Israel, since the nation is not yet saved, glorified, and coronated. That is still to come at this point in the events of the end. Their resurrection and glory will come at the end of the 7-year tribulation time (cf. Dan. 12:1–3). Tribulation saints aren’t yet saved (7:9, 10). Only one group will be complete and glorified at that point—the church. Here elders represent the church, which sings the song of redemption (5:8–10). They are the over-comers who have their crowns and live in the place prepared for them, where they have gone with Jesus (cf. John 14:1–4).

C. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible.

1. 4:1 The things which will take place after these things.”

a. 4:1 These are the things which occur from 4:1 through 22:5.
b. 4:1 The Tribulation Period occurs from 4:1 through 19:21.
c. 4:1 The throne in heaven is discussed in 4:1 through 4:11.
d. 4:1 The throne is discussed in 4:1-4:3.

2. 4:1 Ryrie comments on 4:1. Here begins the third section of the book (see 1:19 and note there) describing what is yet future. This section can be divided into three parts: the coming Tribulation (chaps. 6-19), the Millennium (chap. 20), and the new heaven and new earth (chaps. 21-22).

3. 4:2 “I was in the Spirit.” as in 1:10.

4. 4:4 “twenty-four elders.” Some understand this to be angelic beings, though it is likely that the 24 elders represent redeemed who are glorified, crowned, and enthroned. Angels are never said to be given crowns, though believers are (2 Tim 2:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Rev 2:10).

D. My comments. I will touch on one aspect of Revelation 4:1, “Come up here.”

1. 4:1 “Come up here.” John is shown in this verse, which is not the first account in the Bible of someone being caught up to Heaven. We will discuss other instances of such “raptures” in the following verses.

4:1(a) Gen 5:24. Enoch was caught up to Heaven.
4:1(b) 2 Kings 2:1. Elijah was caught up to Heaven.
4:1(c) Acts 1:9 Christ was caught up to Heaven. He will return to earth at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:30; Rev 19:11-21; Zech 14:1-4).
4:1(d) Acts 8:38-40. Philip was snatched away from the place where he had baptized the Ethiopian, to the city of Azotus where he began to tell others about Christ.
4:1(e) 2 Cor 12:1-3. Paul was caught up to the Presence of God, in the third heaven, and came back to earth.
4:1(f) Rev 11:11-12. The two witnesses, whom will be murdered in Jerusalem, will be raised to life, and be told “Come up here.” They will be taken to the Presence of God.

2. 4:1 All of the above people whom were taken to the Presence of God, and made that trip in perfect resurrected bodies, soul and spirits.

4:1(a) In order for anyone to appear before God, whom is Holy, such a person must also be Holy.
4:1(a)1 1 Cor 15:50. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.

3. 4:1 John 3:3. “You must be born again…to see the Kingdom of God.” A person having a flawed spirit (this applies to all whom have ever been conceived) must be given a spirit that is “without flaw,” that is as righteous as the Spirit of God. All whom are in the Presence of the Risen Christ must be, and will be, as Holy as Christ, “body, soul and spirit.” The born again experience causes the spirit of those whom have been born again to dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). Also, the Spirit of God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) will dwell within the spirit of each born again believer in Christ. No person whom has not been born again has any place in the Presence of God, nor can reside within the Spirit of God.

4. 4.1 All of those whom have been identified as being taken to the Presence of God have had one satisfied condition in common: John 3:3, Ezekiel 36:24-29, 2 Cor 5:17; they were all born again, and possessed a resurrection body and soul (soul is our consciousness, emotion, mind). In essence, each of them had Godly provided resurrection bodies.

4:1(a) John 14:20. “In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.”
4:1(b) 2 Cor 5:17. “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.” The new creature is the new born again spirit, which is as pure as the Spirit of Christ.
4:1(c) 2 Cor 5:21. ” He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” The born again spirit dwells within the perfect Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). Christ did not sin, but was made to “be sin” so that He could pay the sin debt for everyone whom has been born again (Rom 3:23, 6:23, 5:8).
4:1(d) Col 1:27. “…Christ in you, the hope of glory.” The perfect Spirit of Christ will dwell within the perfect spirits of all whom have been born again.
4:1(e) 1 John 3:2 “We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.” Christ is perfect; born again believers in Christ will be “just like Him;” “Holy!” “Body, soul, and spirit” (1 Thes 5:23).
4:1(f) 1 John 3:5-6 ” 5 You know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin. 6 No one who abides in Him sins; no one who sins has seen Him or knows Him.” After we have been born again, there is no sin within our born again spirit. When we come face to face with God, our total, “body, soul and spirit” will be as sinless, and without defect, as God; there is no sin in God, and there will be no sin in His born again believers.

5.4:1 An event will take place that will cause millions of born again believers in Christ to be taken to the Presence of God. The event is called the “rapture” (English), “harpazo” (Greek), and “rapio” (Latin), which means “to catch up,” or, “to snatch away.” https://biblehub.com/lexicon/1_thessalonians/4-17.htm

5.4:1(a) John 14:1-6. “2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. 4 And you know the way where I am going.” 5 Thomas *said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?” 6 Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”
5.4:1(a)(1) vs 2 Christ will be taken from this earth to prepare a place for all of His born again believers of the Church age to dwell with Him during the tribulation. vs 3. Christ will return to earth “in the air” to personally take His believers back with Him. vs 6. This verse is more than a “belief” scripture. It is an action statement of Christ personally taking His believers to Heaven with Him. The proof, which is often not believed, is that “only Christ” will take His believers to Heaven. Only church age saints will be caught up and taken to Heaven. At the end of the Kingdom Age, the “new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem,” will be made the dwelling place of all born again believers “of all times.” The new Jerusalem, which will have been hovering above our present earth, ever since John 14:2, will come down from Heaven (Rev 21:1-2).
5.4:2(a) 1 Thessalonians 4:16-18. “16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.
5.4:2(a)(1) vs 16 Christ comes from Heaven. Deceased believers in Christ will be resurrected from their places of death. vs 17 Living believers will caught up (raptured). Both, the deceased and living believers, will be caught up in the air and will always be with Christ. vs 18 This is a verse of comfort.
5.4:3(a) 1 Cor 15:50-53. “50 Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality.
5.4:3(a)(2) vs 50 In order for us to be allowed into the Kingdom of God, we must be changed from “flesh and blood beings,” to “spiritual beings of perfection. vs 51 A mystery is a truth that had never been revealed, such as all deceased and living believers in Christ “will be given perfect resurrection bodies.” vs 52 the deceased saints will be resurrected, and the living saints will be “changed” and be given resurrection bodies. vs 53 Perfected dead and living believers will be given resurrection bodies that will never suffer from illness, and will never die.

6. When the Apostle Paul was caught up to the Presence of God, he mentions “the third heaven.” Let’s consider the three heavens, per the MacArthur Study Bible description of 2 Cor 12:2-4.

6.1 Since it took place 14 years before the writing of 2 Corinthians, the specific vision Paul relates cannot be identified with any incident recorded in Acts. It probably took place between his return to Tarsus from Jerusalem (Acts 9:30) and the start of his missionary journeys (Acts 13:1–3). caught up to the third heaven . . . caught up into Paradise. Paul was not describing two separate visions; “the third heaven” and “Paradise” are the same place (cf. Rev. 2:7, which says the tree of life is in Paradise, with Rev. 22:14, which says it is in heaven). The first heaven is the earth’s atmosphere (Gen. 8:2; Deut. 11:11; 1 Kin. 8:35); the second is interplanetary and interstellar space (Gen. 15:5; Ps. 8:3; Is. 13:10); and the third is the abode of God (1 Kin. 8:30; 2 Chr. 30:27; Ps. 123:1).

6.2 The three heavens are also described in 1 Cor 15:40: the first heaven, “terrestrial,” is where the birds fly; the second heaven, “celestial,” is where the astronauts fly; and the third heaven, being the Presence of God, is where God “doesn’t need to fly.”

7. As has been shown above, only church age born again believers in Christ will be caught up from earth to be with Christ in Heaven; they will remain there with Christ during the seven year tribulation period. At the end of the tribulation, Christ and His resurrected and raptured saints will descend from Heaven to earth for the Battle of Armageddon. For those whom will be left behind from the rapture, the words in 1 Thes 4:18 are meaningless to them: “comfort one another with these words.” Those whom will be undergoing God’s judgments during the tribulation will have words and feelings of grief, torment, and fear, as follows in Matt 24:29-31.

7.1 Matt 24:29-31 “29 “But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. 31 And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.
7.1(a) vs 29 The rapture takes place before the tribulation. The second coming of Christ, as shown in these verses, comes at the end of the tribulation. There will be great cataclysmic disruptions. vs 30 The tribes of the earth are the Jews; they had rejected Christ as Messiah. The mourning comes from their knowledge of the Godly judgment that will come upon them, as well as upon unbelieving Gentiles. vs 31 Christ will send His angels to gather His elect (the Jews, Deu 14:2) from all over the world for judgment (Matt 24:40-41). Those whom came to belief in Christ will enter into the Kingdom Age. Those whom will still be in a state of unbelief will be taken in death to the end of the Kingdom Age for the Great White Throne Judgment, where they will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15).
7.1(b) Matt 24:40-41. 40 Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left.
7.1(c). The ones whom are left, will be left to enter the Kingdom Age of the 1,000 year millennium. Those whom will be taken, will be taken to the great white throne judgment. In the rapture, the reverse will happen. Those “taken” will be taken from earth to be with Christ; those “left” will be left behind on earth to face the judgments of God, which will include the persecution of the anti-Christ.

8. In coming articles, we will discuss what will happen to people of the Old Testament, as they await eternal life with Christ or eternity apart from Christ. We will also discuss what will happen to those whom will be left behind from the rapture, as they also await eternal life with Christ or eternity apart from Him.

9. Video Data.

9.1 Is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage? May 29, 2009. John Ankerberg Show.

9.2 This clip is from our series “35 most asked questions concerning Bible Prophecy”. This clip answers the question: Why is John 14:1-3 a rapture passage?

IV. Conclusion.

A. The words that were spoken to the Apostle John in Rev 4:1, “come up here,” are of essential importance to all whom whom are present in the world today. Had the Apostle not “been born again,” he would not have received the call, and would not have taken the heavenly journey, that allowed him to be shown “what must take place after these things.” The key words “you must be born again,” are eternally important. The body of Christ is called to make known, to all whom they may meet, the truth of the following new birth scriptures.

1. A scripture of truth by Ezekiel to Jews in 587 B.C.

Ezekiel 36:24-29 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
24 For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you.

2. A scripture truth of Christ to Jews in 30 A.D.

John 3:3 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. A scripture truth of the Apostle Paul to the Church at Corinth in 60 A.D.

2 Corinthians 5:17 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.

B. The message is clear, “you must be born again.”

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End Times 3 – Revelation 2-3 – Letters From Christ – The Rapture

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Subject. End Times 3 – Revelation 2-3 – Letters From Christ – The Rapture

I. Introduction.

A. Translation considerations. Text and Comments. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Comments will come from various sources, as noted.

B. Terms. Repetition will be used.

1. Revelation 1:1-20. New American Standard Bible (NASB), selected verses.

1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

a. 1:1 The revelation. [ MacArthur Study Bible] The Gr. word from which the Eng. word “apocalypse” comes lit. means “to uncover, or to reveal.”

(1) {Mine} The whole Book of Revelation is “a revelation” (singular) of Christ, and “not a book of revelations,” (plural). [ MacArthur Study Bible. “apocalypse” relates to an “uncovering or revelation,” as opposed to “a happening,”].

(2) {Mine} The path of the revelation is from “God the Father,” to “God the Son,” via “Angel,” to “John the apostle, to seven churches.”

b. 1:3 The blessing. [ MacArthur Study Bible. This is the only biblical book that comes with a blessing for the one who listens to it being read and explained and then responds in obedience. {Mine} It is clear that many people who claim to be believers in Christ are ignorant of the facts of the Book of Revelation.]

c. 1:3. The reality of imminency. “for the time is near.” [Walvord Commentary note. “For the time is near.” The Greek word for “time” here is “kairos,” which means a season of time in contrast to the term “hour,” which means time on a calendar or clock. The next great event on God’s prophetic calendar, the imminent return of Christ to rapture His church, is near from the standpoint of prophetic revelation and could occur at any moment.] {Mine. It is important to remember the term, “imminency,” when we consider the seven churches of Revelation 2-3.}

d. 1:4. The distribution. “John to the seven churches that are in Asia.”

(1) 1:11. Instructions to John. “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.” [Mine. Notice the names of the recipient churches that are included in this verse. Notice that the church at Rome is not named, even as being an “info-addressee.”] { MacArthur Study Bible. “book” is a Gr. word that refers to a scroll made of parchment formed from papyrus.}

(2) 1:19. The order of things to be written. “Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things.” [ MacArthur Study Bible. This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22).]

C. Looking back. [Mine. The instruction from Christ to the churches was for the churches to study “the revelation.” However, that instruction has largely fallen on deaf ears. Consider the reasons that pastors have given for not teaching the book of Revelation, or the other books of prophecy that give scriptural support for a Revelation teaching. If anyone finds it difficult to understand the Book of Revelation, please allow me to recommend that you purchase two invaluable study tools. First, The Ryrie Study Bible provides information that is “quick, and to the point.” Second, the MacArthur Study Bible, provides notes that go into much greater detail than any other study Bible that I have ever seen.]

D. Looking forward. [Mine. Revelation, Chapters 2 and 3, point to situations that have existed within churches, from the time that the revelation was given to the Apostle John, until today. Such church conditions will continue until the day that Christ comes to catch up His born again believers and takes them to Heaven with Him. Following the rapture (1 Thes 4:16-17), the anti-Christ will make his presence known to the world; his motives will be revealed when he signs a peace treaty with Israel, at which time The Tribulation begins. Mid-way through the seven-year tribulation, the anti-Christ will break his treaty with the Jews, then, the Great Tribulation begins. Revelation Chapter 6 shows the seal judgments which Christ will send to earth; those judgments will include the anti-Christ and his deceptive influence and persecution upon those on the earth. Christ will use the force of seal, trumpet and bowl judgments to draw unsaved Jews, who were left behind from the rapture, to saving faith in Christ. The judgments of The Tribulation will be severe, becoming much more severe as the judgments follow, one after the other. Israel will see their demise as being imminent, meaning that it can happen at any moment. It will be when Jews call upon Christ to save them from utter destruction and annihilation, that Christ and his raptured believers will return from heaven to earth at the Battle of Armageddon. After Christ is victorious in this battle (Armageddon), The Great Tribulation will end, and the 1000 year millennial reign of Christ will begin (We will continue this timeline in following articles). After Revelation Chapter 3, the church is mentioned no more. The church will have served her purpose. With the church having been removed from the earth, God will then begin to deal with Israel, through the judgments that He will force upon the earth. God’s judgments will be experienced by everyone on the earth, from Revelation Chapter 6 until Revelation Chapter 20. It is important to know that it is God whom is in total control of the events of The Tribulation, and the Great Tribulation. It is the purpose of God that, by using His judgments of the seven-year Tribulation, Jews whom will be left behind from the rapture, may call on Christ to save them. It is also important to remember that the judgments of the tribulation period are God’s judgments that He forces on the earth, and “are not” judgments of accident, or are judgments that are under the control of Satan and/or the anti-Christ.

E. All that is written in the above paragraph, D., is the reason that the Book of Revelation, “must be heard, and everyone must heed the things which are written in it,” (Rev 1:3). Because the letters of the Revelation were sent to churches, it is incumbent upon church pastors to ensure that the words of Revelation are made known to the members of each church (Rev 1:4).

F. The events of The Tribulation “will happen!” Many pastors are telling their congregations that “it is all an allegory.” Yet, the Book of Revelation is very clear as to its teaching having a literal meaning. Many pastors are also telling their congregations that Christians will have to go through The Tribulation, or some parts of it. Everyone needs to understand the love that exists between “Christ and His bride, the Church:” Eph 5:25 “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her.” No loving husband would put his bride in the midst of such judgments as those that will come upon the earth during The Tribulation.

G. Here is a word to remember: “imminency.” The Tribulation “will happen.” The “imminency” of The Tribulation can not be shoved aside. For something to be “imminent” means that its happening can occur “at any moment.” Imminency is the meaning of Rev 1:3, “for the time is near.”

II. Current lesson background. A discussion about the the seven letters that were written to the seven churches.

A. Imminency is a term that must be understood in the discussion of the churches that are shown in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 2 and 3.

B. The churches of Rev 2-3 are common in behavior among many congregations that have come into existence ever since the first church was established in Jerusalem, in A.D. 33. Because of the teaching of imminency (Rev 1:3), Christ could have returned to earth in the rapture, to take His born again saints to Heaven with Him, at any time after he ascended to Heaven (Acts 1:7, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority.”).

C. The following is a brief description of the churches of Rev 2-3.

Ephesus. Rev 2:1-7. Loveless… Smyrna. Rev 2:8-11. Persecuted… Pergamum. Rev 2:12-17. Compromised… Thyatira. Rev 2:18-29. Compromised… Sardis. Rev 3:1-6 Dead… Philadelphia. Rev 3:7-13. Missionary… Laodecia. Rev 3:14-22. Man-centered.

III. Lesson verses. Revelation 2:1-3:22.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+2%3A1-3%3A22&version=NASB

IV. Key verse.

A. Revelation 3:10 (NASB)

1. Verse. Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.

2. My note. The verse was written to the Church in Philadelphia. However, the promise to that church is a promise to believers of all times. The promise relates to the pre-tribulation rapture of all born again believers in Christ (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

3. The following commentary note comes from the MacArthur Study Bible.

3:10 keep you from the hour of trial. Christ’s description—an event still future that for a short time severely tests the whole world—must refer to the time of tribulation, the 7-year period before Christ’s earthly kingdom is consummated, featuring the unleashing of divine wrath in judgments expressed as seals, trumpets, and bowls. This period is described in detail throughout chaps. 6–19. The latter half is called “the Great Tribulation” (7:14; Matt. 24:21) and is identified as to time in 11:2, 3; 12:6, 14; 13:5. The verb “to keep” is followed by a preposition whose normal meaning is “from” or “out of”—this phrase, “keep . . . from” supports the pre-tribulational rapture of the church (see notes on John 14:1–3; 1 Cor. 15:51, 52; 1 Thess. 4:13–17). This period is the same as Daniel’s 70th week (see notes on Dan. 9:24–27) and “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (see notes on Jer. 30:7).

B. Consider earth dwellers.

1. Rev 3:10, “to test those who dwell on the earth.”

2. Revelation 6:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”

3. Revelation 8:13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
13 Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in mid-heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

4. Revelation 11:10 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

5. Revelation 13:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain.

6. Revelation 13:14 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life.

7. Revelation 17:8 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.

C. Earth dwellers are those whom will be left behind from the rapture of the Church; they chose earth over heaven, by refusing to know Christ as their Lord and Savior. During The Tribulation, earth dwellers will continue to defy God; they will have the opportunity to come to saving faith in Christ, but most will remain in their states of unbelief. Consider the account of Lazarus and the rich man in Luke 16:19-31. The rich man, whom is in Hades, makes a request concerning his family whom is still alive, but is surely also headed for Hades upon their deaths: “v. 30. if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent!” v.31. But, the response to the rich man is: “If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be persuaded even if someone rises from the dead.” The earth dwellers whom continue to defy God during The Tribulation will have much of the mindset of the family of the rich man in Luke 16, even as the conditions of The Tribulation become increasingly more severe.

D. All born again believers in Christ have a heavenly citizenship that exists from the time of their new-birth.

Philippians 3:20-21 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
20 For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; 21 who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself.

E. Nothing stands between us and the time that Christ will come in the air (rapture) to take His born again believers to Heaven with Him, both Jew and Gentile (John 14:2,3,6); “it can happen at any time.” After the rapture takes place, those whom will be left behind from the rapture, Jew and Gentile, will face the deception and persecution of the anti-Christ, as well as the the other judgments of God during the seven-year tribulation. God will bring the anti-Christ into power, and will bring about all of the other judgments of The Tribulation, in order that unbelieving Israel may be brought to saving faith in Christ (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10).

V. Video details.

A. “What are the Prophecies that need to be Fulfilled before the Rapture? 100huntley. October 30, 2015.”

B. Dr. Ed Hindson, co-author of “Target Israel”, explains about the bible prophecies – what has been fulfilled and what is to come.

C. Credentials for Ed Hindson can be seen in my Page, “About Sources.”

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End Times 2 – COVID-19 – The Tribulation?

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Subject. End Times 2 – COVID-19 – The Tribulation?

Part I. Introduction.

A. Disasters, plagues and death. There have been many deaths in the history of our world that have been the result of disasters and plagues. There are many people who believe that significant catastrophic occurrences, including the current COVID-19 virus, are signs that we are in The Tribulation. There are many believers in Christ who also believe that they will be included in the great number of people who will be part of the tribulation population. This article will discuss, and refute, each of these non-factual theories and beliefs.

1. The following timeline of disasters date back to 3000 B.C. In 1887 China’s Huang Ho (Huang He, Yellow River) flooded and killed about 900,000 people. Up to 2.5 million people are thought to have drowned or died from disease and starvation. (Click onto the following link for more disasters. https://timelines.ws/subjects/Disasters.HTML

2. Plagues and epidemics have ravaged humanity throughout its existence, often changing the course of history. Throughout the course of history, disease outbreaks have ravaged humanity, sometimes changing the course of history and, at times, signaling the end of entire civilizations. Here are 20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics, dating from prehistoric to modern times. In the Spanish Flu: 1918-1920, an estimated 500 million people from the South Seas to the North Pole fell victim to Spanish Flu. One-fifth of those died, with some indigenous communities pushed to the brink of extinction. Click onto the following link for more plagues and epidemics. https://www.livescience.com/worst-epidemics-and-pandemics-in-history.html

a. People, whom were present in the above histories of disasters and epidemics, may have thought that either, the world was coming to an end, or that they were entering into The Tribulation. But, as history has proven, none of the plagues or disasters of the past, regardless of the number of associated deaths, have had any bearing on the order of events of the end times, of which The Tribulation is a key occurrence in Scriptural prophecy. Scripture will prove that this current COVID-19 tragedy has nothing to do with the end of the world or the beginning of The Tribulation. Comments will be made in this article on some basic scriptural reasons that should provide assurance that we are not in The Tribulation, and that the end of the world is also a prophetic Scriptural event that has no basis on “Mother Nature” or a lack of United Nations mandated climate control legislation. There is no Mother Nature.

b. In relation to The Tribulation, there must necessarily be a key figure to emerge, who will be known as the anti-Christ. There have been many figures in history, whom have been said to be the anti-Christ. It is amazing that a number of U.S. Presidents have been included in the anti-Christ list. The all-time most popular contender for the title of Antichrist was not any individual but an office, the Roman Catholic Papacy. The following link shows the list of those whom have been thought to be the anti-Christ. https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/the-7-most-popular-contenders-for-the-antichrist/

c. This article will discuss whether the current COVID-19 virus is a part of the end times scenario of the anti-Christ and The Tribulation, which are tools of God to bring Israel, and Jews everywhere, to saving faith in Christ. It must be noted that the facts and conclusions that are stated in this article come from many years of end times study, and find mutual agreement with the facts and conclusions of the many highly acclaimed sources of information that can be found in my Page, “About Sources,” in this site. These sources have had many more years of end times study than I have had. They have studied the original languages of the Bible, of which I have not. I have found it is best, “not to reinvent the wheel.” J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., taught biblical subjects for over 60 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. Charles Ryrie, Ph. D., taught biblical subjects for 38 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. John Walvoord, Th. D., taught biblical subjects for 50 years, and wrote many books relating to eschatology. These three exceptional theologians are deceased, and taught the majority of their careers at Dallas Theological Seminary. While preparing articles for my site, I follow the leading of the Holy Spirit, which begins with prayer. My thoughts design each article, which consist of many biblical facts. However, before I include a conclusion in a writing, I will base my conclusion on facts that have been made by theologians, such as the ones that I have discussed in this paragraph. We all read books that are written by other people; it is my responsibility to choose authors that pass the test of scriptural scrutiny.

B. Tribulation and Scripture examined. There are many scriptural identifiers that let us know of the events that must precede the tribulation. Scripture also identifies those whom will, and will not, be occupants of the tribulation.

1. The events that must precede the tribulation will be (1) The Rapture (catching up) of the born again believers in Christ, and (2) the peace treaty being signed by the anti-Christ and the nation of Israel. (Rapture, English; Rapio, Latin, Harpazo, Greek)

2. Those whom will not have to go through “any part” of the tribulation are the church, whom will be born again believers in Christ, to include small children whom God will cause to be born again.

3. Those whom will have to go through the tribulation will be those whom are not born again at the time of the rapture. Gentiles and Jews will go through the tribulation if they have not been born again, which means they have not come to saving faith in Christ. The purpose of The Tribulation is for God to judge sin, and to draw Jews to saving faith in Christ. At the end of the tribulation when the Jews are about to be destroyed from the face of the earth, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) will call on Christ to save them (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10). During the tribulation, Jews and Gentiles may accept Christ as Lord and Savior and will be allowed to enter into the Kingdom Age of the millennium (1000 years), and the following eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (endless time). However, such tribulation believers may very easily become tribulation martyrs (Rev 6:9-11).

4. The reason for believers in Christ to be caught up from the earth, preceding the tribulation, is for God to deal with Israel, as was stated in paragraph 3, above. Unbelieving Jews must be born again to enter the eternal state. Believing Jews and Gentiles are one in Christ (Gal 3:28) at the time of the rapture because of having been born again. Unbelieving Jews and Gentiles are “not in Christ;” they have not been born again (John 3:3). We are born again by an act of the Holy Spirit (John 3:8); and have the indwelling of the Spirit of God, (“Father, Son, and Holy Spirit”), within our spirit (John 14:20). God’s Holy Spirit teaches born again believers of things of Christ (John 14:26; 16:7-11), and will abide with us forever (John 14:16; John 10:27-30); there is no “if” involved. Once we have been born again, we can not be unborn. God’s Holy Spirit gave us a new spirit, and no one, not even one whom has been born again, can undo that which the Holy Spirit has done within us. Born again believers’ spirits dwell within the Spirit of Christ, and have a spirit as righteous as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17, 21). We have the Spirit of Christ dwelling within our spirit (Col 1:27). Our spirit dwells within the Spirit of God, because “God is light, and in Him is not darkness at all” (1 John 1:5). At the time of the rapture, our body and soul (living or dead) will be caught up from this earth (1 Cor 15:50-54). In verse 50 it says that “flesh and blood can not inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.” In verse 51 it says that “we shall be changed.” Our spirit was changed when we were born again, so our body and soul will be changed to be as perfect as our spirit in this event. In verse 52 it says that “the dead will be raised (resurrected) imperishable (perfect), and “we shall be changed,” (from perishable to imperishable) meaning that those who are alive when the rapture takes place will also be given perfect bodies and souls. Only the dead in Christ, and the living in Christ (we who have been born again), will be caught up by Christ and taken to Heaven (1 Thes 4:13-18). Christ is the One who will take us to Heaven (John 14:6). On the way to heaven we are absent from our earthly body, but are present with Christ (2 Cor 5:8); we will be given rewards (2 Cor 5:10), and will participate in the Marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7-8). Born again believers in Christ are the bride of “Christ (2 Cor 11:2) Who died for us, His bride” (Eph 5:32). When the rapture takes place, Christ takes His bride to her dwelling place in Heaven (John 14:2,3,6). Christ and His bride remain in Heaven throughout The Tribulation, until both return to earth for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 19:11-21), because Israel has called upon the Name of Christ to be saved (Matt 23:39; Zech 12:10; Rom 10:13; Joel 2:32). Satan is bound for 1,000 years (Rev 20:1-3). Christ and His saints rule and reign for 1,000 years (Rev 20:4-6). The unsaved dead of all ages remain in their death state until the end of the 1,000 years (Rev 20:5). Satan is released and leads a rebellion (more on this later) (Rev 20:7-9). Satan is tormented forever (Rev 20:10). The Great White Throne Judgment sends those whom have not been born again into the lake of fire (Rev 20:15). Born again believers of all ages enter the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth, and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-3). Everything about the eternal state is discussed in Rev 21:4-22:21); everything is wonderful, and Holy.

5. The tribulation relates to Israel, and only Israel (Jer 2:2 30:7; Daniel 9:3-19; 9:24-29); the church has been taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6). Notice in Jer 2:2 that the prophecy of Jeremiah relates to Israel, and in Dan 9:2-19, that The Tribulation is a horrible time that unsaved Jews will have to go through. The anti-Christ makes a treaty with Israel and breaks it midway through the seven-year period (The Tribulation) (Dan 9:27), which brings about The Great Tribulation. See Matt 24:4-28: [4:-14, tribulation; 15-28, great tribulation.] [24:6-7, see the same judgments outlined in Rev 6:1-8, Ryrie Study Bible]. God is in charge of bringing the seal judgments of Rev 6 on the earth. God is also in charge of the following trumpet and bowl judgments, which will be of greater severity. Rev 6:1-2, Christ breaks the first seal which brings the anti-Christ onto the scene, who begins to deceive the world and brings about a peace treaty with Israel, but breaks it (Dan 9:27, Ezek 38:11). Rev 6:3-4, Christ breaks the second seal, which brings about war; bloodshed, peace taken from the earth. Rev 6:5-6, Christ breaks the third seal, which brings about famine; great inflation. Rev 6:7-8, Christ breaks the fourth seal, which brings about death; disease accompanies war and famine; one-fourth of the world’s population will die. Rev 6:9-11; Christ breaks the fifth seal, which is the beginning of the Great Tribulation; it brings about martyrdom. The martyrs are people who were left behind from the rapture, and had come to saving faith in Christ, and were martyred because of their faith in Christ. Rev 6:12-17, Christ breaks the sixth seal, which brings about great earthquakes and cosmic disturbances; men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand. Yet, more judgments are to come, in the form of trumpet judgments and bowl judgments. Then, the battle of Armageddon will occur, and the Jews will believe that they are about to be exterminated from the face of the earth (Matt 24:22; Zech 12:3-4; 14:1-4).

6. The church is not mentioned anywhere about being in the tribulation. God removes the church from the earth so that He can deal with Israel, and draw Jews to saving faith in Christ. Christ is the Groom, the Husband, of the church. No husband is going to submit His bride to the judgments of the tribulation, of which He is causing to happen. From para 4, above, When we are born again, our spirit dwells within the Spirit of Christ, and His Spirit dwells within our spirit. Our spirit is as righteous as is the Spirit of Christ. In order for our spirit to dwell within the Spirit of God, our spirit must be flawless.

7. If the born again believers in Christ are not taken to Heaven with Christ, after the marriage of the Lamb, how will the bride and groom return to earth to save the Jews at the end of the tribulation? (Rev 19:11-21). If anybody thinks that we are in the “kingdom now,” consider the kingdom as it is described in Isaiah 2:1-4; none of that is going on now. The Kingdom Age of the Millennium (1,000 years) will not come until after Christ returns to earth with His born again believers at the end of the tribulation (Zech 12:10, Zech 14:1-12; Matt 24:29-31).

8. Rev 3:10 states:”Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I will also keep you from “the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.” The earth dwellers, or those that dwell on the earth,” appears again in: 6:10, 8:13, 11:10, 13:8, 13:14, 17:8. In each case, the earth dwellers continue to defy God. Born again believers chose “citizenship in Heaven.” (Phil 3:20); but, earth dwellers chose earth. Believers in Christ “passed the test” when we were born again. Earth dwellers “will be tested on earth,” where they may be born again; however, coming to saving faith in Christ during The Tribulation will most likely result in death from the forces of the anti-Christ (Rev 6:9-11).

9. As I have said, the purpose of the tribulation is to bring unbelieving Jews to saving faith in Christ. Believers already “believe in” Christ. By Christians being in the tribulation, there is nothing that can happen to make our righteous spirit any more righteous. You might ask this question. “If my spirit is dwelling within the Spirit of Christ, and is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ, “why is my husband (Christ) doing all of those horrible things to me, and to my young child, the things that we are facing in The Tribulation?” To think that any born again believer in Christ will have to go through “any” of the seal judgments, we may also say to Christ: “You gave me a spirit that is as pure as Yours, then you gave me a body and soul that is just as righteous as yours. You took me to the marriage, our marriage, of the Lamb. You gave me rewards, and took me on to heaven to a place that you prepared for me. You brought me back to earth with You for the battle of Armageddon. Now! Lord! Please tell me how I ended up in the tribulation, where I will have to come under the control of the anti-Christ, where you will force on my young children and me the judgments of war, famine, death, martyrdom, great earthquakes, stars falling from the sky, up to one fourth of the earth’s population being killed by your judgments, which may include my child and me. Lord, I don’t understand a bit of this!”

Part 2. Conclusion. The conclusion to the matter is simple. (1) The anti-Christ has not come on the scene and signed a peace treaty with Israel. (2) Regardless of what the severity of COVID-19 may be, it is not the beginning of The Tribulation. (3) Only those whom have not been born again will be found in The Tribulation.

Part 3. Video information.

REVELATION. Aug 6, 2019. REVELATION STATION.

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‘REVELATION’ is a compilation of movie clips edited into a high intensity visual aid based off events prophesied in the book of Revelation and elsewhere in the Bible. Viewers take note the video is not meant to be a teachers guide to Revelation and perhaps
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End Times 1, Revelation 1:1-20, Introduction

Subject. End Times 1 – Revelation 1.

Part I. Introduction.

A. At this time in our world’s situation with the Coronavirus (COVID-19), it has become my strong belief that I should veer from my intended course of writing, and explain the prophetic events of the end times. There are voices in the Christian world that have attempted to place the things that are affecting our world in the “yet future tribulation.” The events of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6 are said “to be happening now,” without making any mention of Israel, or of Christ. Israel is key throughout the tribulation. God will cause the tribulation events to occur, which will include the persecutions of the antichrist. So, what can we say about the things of COVID-19? Is God aware of the world’s situation? Is God a distanced bystander?

B. The recent article that I wrote, “God’s Purposes,” it addresses our world from Genesis to Revelation, prior and beyond. Psalm 103:19 explains God’s power over the entire world: “The Lord has established His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.” The strength of Psalm 103:19 is that it is God, “who keeps Jupiter from bumping into Mars;” you can take that train of thought further. As we look closer to earth, Psalm 147:8 explains the governing hand of God: “Who covers the heavens with clouds, Who provides rain for the earth, Who makes grass to grow on the mountains.” Again, you can carry that thought further. In this study, we will also introduce and discuss “The Office of Theocratic Administrator.”

C. This study of Revelation will answer many questions about the current world situation as they relate to the end times, and will conclude that we are not presently in any part of the tribulation. The articles in this end times study will show the purposes of the tribulation, which do not relate to anything that is happening in our world today. These articles will also conclude that nothing that occurs during the tribulation will be outside of God’s purposes, and His plan for the salvation of Israel. There will not be an “end of the world, ” which will be caused by global warming, or by “Mother Nature.” God is in charge of global warming, and “there is no “Mother Nature!” I will tip my hand and go “way forward” into this series of articles, and let Scripture speak concerning the subject of world destruction.

(1) 2 Peter 3:7 (NASB) “But by His word the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.”

(2) Revelation 21:1 (NASB) “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea.”

D. That which has been tainted by sin will be replaced by that which is Holy, and will be based on God’s sovereign purposes. No other factor, outside of God’s plan for the ages, has any place in the affect of the end times, which is known as eschatology.

E. Translation considerations. Revelation 1 (NASB) Text and Comments. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Comments will come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted.

F. Sources of information. Everyone reads articles and books that have been written by other people. Whenever I choose an author, a speaker, or any other type of teacher for articles that I write, I try to find out as much as is possible about each potential source of information. I want to know about person’s reputation among their peers; I also want to know how their writings, or discussions, relate to my understanding of the subject that I will be discussing. A potential source’s length of service, in their field of expertise, is an extremely important factor in my search. The biographies of the sources that are mentioned in this article, as well as other related source data, can be found in my Page, “About Sources.”

Part II. Revelation Chapter 1 Study.

A. The Revelation of Jesus Christ (vv 1-3).

1. Verses. 1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

2. Comments.

a. 1:1. The Revelation. The Gr. word from which the Eng. word “apocalypse” comes lit. means “to uncover, or to reveal.” When it refers to a person, it means that person becomes clearly visible. [My note. Notice that Revelation, “singular,” is used. The entire book of Revelation is “one revelation,” and is not a book of revelations.]

b. 1:1. Jesus Christ. The gospels unveil Christ at His first coming in humiliation; Revelation reveals Him in His exaltation: (1) in blazing glory (vv. 7–20); (2) over His church, as its Lord (chaps. 2, 3); (3) in His second coming, as He takes back the earth from the usurper, Satan, and establishes His kingdom (chaps. 4–20); and (4) as He lights up the eternal state (chaps. 21, 22). The NT writers eagerly anticipate this unveiling (1 Cor. 1:7; 2 Thess. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:7).

c. 1:1. God gave Him. As a reward for Christ’s perfect submission and atonement, the Father now presented to Him the great record of His future glory (cf. Phil. 2:5–11). Readers eavesdrop on the gift of this book, from the Father to His Son.

d. 1:1. shortly. The primary meaning of this word (lit. “soon”; cf. 2:5, 16; 3:11; 11:14; 22:12; 2 Tim. 4:9) underscores the imminence of Christ’s return. [Walvoord Commentary note. That which Daniel declared would occur “in the latter days” is here described as “shortly” (Gr., en tachei), that is, “quickly or suddenly coming to pass,” indicating rapidity of execution after the beginning takes place. The idea is not that the event may occur soon but, that when it does, it will be sudden (cf. Luke 18:8; Acts 12:7; 22:18; 25:4; Rom. 16:20). A similar word, tachys, is translated “quickly” seven times in Revelation (2:5, 16; 3:11; 11:14; 22:7, 12, 20).

e. 1:3, Blessed. This is the only biblical book that comes with a blessing for the one who listens to it being read and explained and then responds in obedience. This is the first of 7 beatitudes in the book (v. 3; 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14). [ My note. The importance of churches studying the Book of Revelation can not be understated.]

f. 1:3. time is near. “Time” refers to epochs, eras, or seasons. The next great epoch of God’s redemptive history is imminent. But although Christ’s coming is the next event, it may be delayed so long that people begin to question whether He will ever come (cf. Matt. 24:36–39; 2 Pet. 3:3, 4). [Walvord Commentary note. “For the time is near.” The Greek word for “time” here is “kairos,” which means a season of time in contrast to the term “hour,” which means time on a calendar of clock. The next great event on God’s prophetic calendar, the prophetic calendar, the imminent return of Christ to rapture His church, is near from the standpoint of prophetic revelation and could occur at any moment.]

B. Message to the Seven Churches (vv 4-7).

1. Verses. 4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood— 6 and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 7 Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen. 8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

2. Comments.

a. 1:4 seven churches which are in Asia. Asia Minor, equivalent to modern Turkey, was composed of 7 postal districts. At the center of those districts were 7 key cities which served as central points for the dissemination of information. It is to the churches in those cities that John writes. [My note. Notice that John did not address the Church at Rome.]

b. 1:4. who is and who was and who is to come. God’s eternal presence is not limited by time. He has always been present and will come in the future. [Walvoord Commentary note. The “who” relates to “God” the Father.]

c. 1:4. the seven Spirits. There are two possible meanings: (1) a reference to Isaiah’s prophecy concerning the 7-fold ministry of the Holy Spirit (Is. 11:2); or (2) more likely, it is a reference to the lampstand with 7 lamps (a menorah) in Zechariah—also a description of the Holy Spirit (see notes on 4:5; 5:6; Zech. 4:1–10). In either case, 7 is the number of completeness, so John is identifying the fullness of the Holy Spirit.

d. 1:5. firstborn. Of all who have been or will be raised from the dead, He is the preeminent one, the only one who is the rightful heir (cf. 3:14; Ps. 89:27; Col. 1:15). [Walvoord Commentary note. Referring to Christ’s resurrection.]

e. 1:6. kings and priests. More accurately, “a kingdom and priests.” All who believe live in the sphere of God’s rule, a kingdom entered by faith in Jesus Christ. And as priests, believers have the right to enter God’s presence. [Ryrie Study Bible note. “A kingdom, priests.” Description of both Israel {Ex 19:6} and the church. See note on 1 Peter 2:9-10, indicating that we shall minister to Him forever.]

f. 1:7 coming with clouds. This echoes the promise of Daniel: The Son of Man will come with the clouds of heaven (Dan. 7:13)—not ordinary clouds but clouds of glory. In the OT, God often manifested Himself in an energized, blazing light, called the Shekinah or glory cloud. No one could see it fully and live (Ex. 33:20), so it had to be veiled. But when Christ returns, the glory will be completely visible. Cf. Matt. 24:29, 30; 25:31; see notes on 6:12–17. [My note. Not every eye will see Christ when He comes in the air at the rapture to take His born again believers to Heaven {John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17; 1 Cor 15:50-54}. At the 1:7 coming with clouds, every eye, of those whom were left behind from the rapture, will see Christ when He returns to earth from Heaven with His previously raptured born again believers {Zech 12:10; Matt 24:29-30}].

g. 1:7. they who pierced. Not a reference to the 4 Roman soldiers usually involved in crucifixion, but to the Jews who were actually responsible for Christ’s death (Acts 2:22, 23; 3:14, 15). Zechariah identified the ones who pierced Him as “the house of David” and “the inhabitants of Jerusalem,” and prophesied that they will weep tears of genuine repentance because of what they did to their Messiah (Zech. 12:10). [See my note in 1:7, above.]

h. 1:7. all the tribes…will mourn. The mourning of the rest of the earth’s inhabitants is not that which accompanies genuine repentance (cf. 9:21). It is the result of guilt for sin and fear of punishment (6:16; cf. Gen. 3:8–10). [My note. Tribes more directly relate to Jews, as they were the tribes of Israel; see Gen 49:16.]

i. 1:8 Alpha and the Omega. These are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. An alphabet is an ingenious way to store and communicate knowledge. The 26 letters in the English alphabet, arranged in almost endless combinations, can hold and convey all knowledge. Christ is the supreme, sovereign, alphabet; there is nothing outside of His knowledge, so as there are no unknown factors that can sabotage His second coming (cf. Col. 2:3).

j. 1:8. the Almighty. “Almighty God” occurs 8 times in Revelation, underscoring that God’s power is supreme over all the cataclysmic events it records (see also 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7, 14; 19:15; 21:22). He exercises sovereign control over every person, object, and event, and not one molecule in the universe is outside that dominion. [My note. See Introduction I.B., above.]

C. The Patmos Vision (vv 9-20).

1. Verses. 9 I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet, 11 saying, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.” 12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands; 13 and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. 14 His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. 15 His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. 16 In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. 19 Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

2. Comments.

a. 1:9–18. This vision of Christ is equaled in grandeur only by the vision of His final return as King of kings and Lord of lords (19:11–16).

b. 1:9 tribulation and kingdom and patience. Four characteristics that John and his believing readers share: (1) persecution for their faith; (2) membership in the redeemed community over which Christ serves as Lord and King; (3) eager anticipation of the glory of His coming millennial reign on earth; and (4) endurance and perseverance in spite of difficult times.

c. 1:9. island . . . called Patmos. Located in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) and part of a group of about 50 islands, Patmos is a barren, rocky, crescent-shaped island that is about 10 mi. long and less than 6 mi. at its widest point. Barren in John’s day, it served as a Roman penal colony. According to early Christian historian Eusebius, the emperor Nerva (A.D. 96–98) released John from Patmos.

d. 1:10. in the Spirit. This was not a dream. John was supernaturally transported out of the material world awake—not sleeping—to an experience beyond the normal senses. The Holy Spirit empowered his senses to perceive revelation from God (cf. Acts 10:11).

d. 1:10. “Lord’s Day.” [Ryrie Study Bible note. Likely not a reference to Sunday (which is called the first day of the week) in the NT) but a “Lordian day,” or an “imperial day” (the same adjective is used elsewhere only in 1 Cor 11:20), referring to the contents of the vision that reveal the future time when Christ will judge and rule]. {My note. See Isaiah 2:4a, “And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples.}

e. 1:10. loud voice. Throughout Revelation, a loud sound or voice indicates the solemnity of what God is about to reveal.

f. 1:11 book. The Gr. word refers to a scroll made of parchment formed from papyrus, a reed that grows plentifully along the Nile.

g. 1:12. lampstands. These were portable gold lampstands that held small oil lamps. Each lampstand represented a church (v. 20), from which the light of life shone. Throughout Scripture, 7 is the number of completeness, so these 7 lampstands are representative of all the churches. [Ryrie Study Bible note. “lampstands.” These represent the seven churches mentioned in verse 11 (see also v. 20).]

h. 1:13. Son of Man. According to the Gospels, this is the title Christ used most often for Himself during His earthly ministry (81 times in the Gospels). Taken from the heavenly vision in Dan. 7:13, it is an implied claim to deity. “garment.” Most occurrences of this word in the Septuagint, the Gr. OT, refer to the garment of the High-Priest. The golden sash across His chest completes the picture of Christ serving in His priestly role (cf. Lev. 16:1–4; Heb. 2:17).

h. 1:13.(1). garment. Most occurrences of this word in the Septuagint, the Gr. OT, refer to the garment of the High-Priest. The golden sash across His chest completes the picture of Christ serving in His priestly role (cf. Lev. 16:1–4; Heb. 2:17).

i. 1:14. white like wool. “White” does not refer to a flat white color but a blazing, glowing, white light (cf. Dan. 7:9). Like the glory cloud (or Shekinah), it is a picture of His holiness.

j. 1:14. eyes . . . flame of fire. Like two lasers, the eyes of the exalted Lord look with penetrating gaze into the depths of His church (2:18; 19:12; Heb. 4:13).

k. 1:15 feet . . . fine brass. The altar of burnt offering was covered with brass and its utensils were made of the same material (cf. Ex. 38:1–7). Glowing hot, brass feet are a clear reference to divine judgment. Jesus Christ with feet of judgment is moving through His church to exercise His chastening authority upon sin.

l. 1:15. voice . . . sound of many waters. No longer was His voice like the crystal clear note of a trumpet (v. 10), but John likened it to the crashing of the surf against the rocks of the island (cf. Ezek. 43:2). It was the voice of authority.

m. 1:16. seven stars. These are the messengers who represent the 7 churches (see note on v. 20). Christ holds them in His hand, which means that He controls the church and its leaders. [ Walvoord Commentary note. The seven stars Christ holds in His hand are identified in verse 20 as “the angels of the seven churches.” Since the word “angel” means “messenger, one who is sent,” it is best to understand these angels not as divine beings, but as the leaders in these churches who are responsible for their spiritual welfare. These messengers representing the churches are in Christ’s right hand, indicating possession, protection, and sovereign control.]

n. 1:16. a sharp two-edged sword. A large, two-edged broad sword. It signifies judgment (cf. 2:16; 19:15) on those who attack His people and destroy His church.

o. 1:17. fell at His feet. A common response to seeing the awesome glory of the Lord (Gen. 17:3; Num. 16:22; Is. 6:1–8; Ezek. 1:28; Acts 9:4).

p. 1:17. First and the Last. Jesus Christ applies this OT name for Yahweh (22:13; Is. 41:4; 44:6; 48:12) to Himself, clearly claiming to be God. Idols will come and go. He was before them, and He will remain after them.

q. 1:18. keys of Hades and of Death. See note on Luke 16:23. Death and Hades are essentially synonyms, but death is the condition and Hades, equivalent to the OT Sheol, the place of the dead (see note on 20:13). Christ decides who lives, who dies, and when.

r. 1:19. This verse provides a simple outline for the entire book: “the things which you have seen” refers to the vision John has just seen (chap. 1); “the things which are” denotes the letters to the churches (chaps. 2, 3); and “the things which will take place after this” refers to the revelation of future history (chaps. 4–22). [My comment. Chapters 2-3 relate to the church age, of which time we are a part today. So, we can look at Chapter 1, as being our past, and Chapters 2-3 being our present time, and Chapters 4-22 being our future. The church is never mentioned in the book of Revelation after the end of Chapter 3. After the rapture of the church occurs, the purpose of the church will have been fulfilled, and the church will be non-existent. Rev 21:1-3 describes those whom will inhabit the eternal state, of what many people refer to as heaven. The Bible says that God will create “a new heaven and a new earth,” and the New Jerusalem will descend from God to the new earth (Rev 21:1-2). In this new creation, “the dwelling of God is with men, and He will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God” (Rev 21:3). The word,”men,” relates to all whom are born again believers in Christ, as opposed to “unbelievers,” whom are identified in Rev 21:8. At present time, all Jewish and Gentile born again believers in Christ can take pride in knowing that “we are one in Christ” (Gal 3:28).]

s. 1:20. the angels. The word lit. means “messenger.” Although it can mean angel—and does throughout the book—it cannot refer to angels here because angels are never leaders in the church. Most likely, these messengers are the 7 key elders representing each of those churches (see note on v. 16). [Walvoord Commentary note. As earlier noted, the mystery of the seven stars is revealed to represent the messengers to the churches, and the seven golden lampstands are the churches themselves.]

III. Video details.

A. Revelation Song/Holy, Holy, Holy – FBC Jacksonville, FL. Mar 26, 2012. videos of blessings.

B. Revelation Song (Worthy Is the Lamb Who Was Slain) and Holy, Holy, Holy. Performed by Daniel Crews with the choir and orchestra of First Baptist Church, Jacksonville, FL. (Pastors’ Conference 2012)

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 2 Kings

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1-2 Kings -This video will provide a quick overview of the first and second books of Kings. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The author of 2 Kings was Jeremiah. The date of the writing was ca., 550 b.c.

B. The timeline for this study will be from 971 B.C. until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 2 Kings is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

C. Timeline of key events of 2 Kings: 931 B.C., Jeroboam becomes king of Israel (Northern Kingdom). 930 B.C., The Kingdom is divided. 848 B.C., Elisha begins prophetic ministry. 841 B.C., Jehu becomes king of Israel. 840 B.C., Obadiah begins prophetic ministry. 835 B.C., Joel begins prophetic ministry. 835 B.C., Joash becomes king of Judah. 789 B.C., Jeroboam II becomes king of Israel. 755 B.C., Amos begins prophetic ministry. 753 B.C., Hosea begins prophetic ministry. 742 B.C., Micah begins prophetic ministry. 740 B.C., Isaiah begins prophetic ministry. 727 B.C., Hezekiah becomes king of Judah. 722 B.C., Sargon II of Assyria conquers Israel. 640 B.C., Josiah becomes king of Judah. 627 B.C., Jeremiah begins prophetic ministry. 586 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquers Judah.

D. The history of Israel and Judah, that we have been studying, picks up in this Second Book of Kings and concludes at the end of 2 Kings. We will take another look at God’s chosen people in the following study of the books of First and Second Chronicles.

E. Picking up after the deaths of Ahab and Jehoshaphat, 2 Kings wraps up the life of Elijah and records the increasing moral and religious decline of both the northern and southern kingdom until Judah’s exile to Babylon in 586 BC. First and 2 Kings are a sobering historical illustration of the dire consequences for human sinfulness (Olive Tree Bible Overview).

III. Key Prophetic Events of 2 Kings. This study of Israel is prophecy based, as opposed to a verse by verse study. The destruction of the Northern Kingdom (Israel) is mentioned very heavily, as is the destruction of the Southern Kingdom (Judah). The many detailed notes of Dr. Ryrie are important for any student of the Bible to understand, and to explain to others. The following events of 2 Kings are discussed in greater detail in the Lesson Outline, where other events are also examined.

A. 2:11. The “rapture, the catching up.”In 2:11, Elihah the prophet was taken to heaven without dying. The verse says, “he went up by a whirlwind to heaven.” Strong’s Concordance shows the meaning of “went” (5927: to go up, ascend, climb). https://biblehub.com/lexicon/2_kings/2-11.htm Dr. Ryrie’s note shows an OT parallel event in Gen 5:22-24, where vs 22 says, “Enoch walked with God.” vs 24 says “God took him.” Strong’s Concordance shows the meaning of “took” (3947: to take). In the NT, John 14:2, 3, 6, Christ will come in the air, not to stand on the earth, and take His believers back to heaven with Him. In 1 Thes 4:17, we are told that we will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air. In John 14:3, “Christ says, I will come.” Strong’s says “2064: to come, go.” In John 14:6, the word “comes” has the same Greek Strong’s number and meaning. In 1 Thes 4:17, the words, we will be caught up together, have the Strong’s meaning, “726: to seize, catch up, snatch away; 260: at once.” The rapture, or catching up of the church in the NT, has the same meaning of Enoch and Elijah being caught up in the OT. This will also be the experience of believers living at the time of Christ’s return in he air (1 Cor 15:51-54, 1 Thes 4:17). This event, called the rapture of the church or the catching up of the church, takes place when Christ returns to earth in the air, but does not set food on the earth. The time that Christ will set foot on the earth will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4), and is the event which is known as the second coming of Christ.

B. 15:27-31. “Tiglath-pileser (III) of Assyria attacked northern Israel about 733 B.C., conquering it in 722 B.C. and ending the history of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

C. 17:1-6. The defeat of Israel (Northern Kingdom). 17:3. “Shalmaneser.” Shalmaneser V, son of and successor of Tiglath-Pileser III, reigned from 727-722 B.C. 17:4. “So King of Egypt. Osorkon IV (about 727-716 B.C.). 17:6. The king of Assyria. I.e., Shalmaneser, though Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) takes credit in his annals for the actual conquest of Samaria. Perhaps they were both involved, Shalmaneser as the king and Sargon as the general.

D. 17:7-23. The sin of Israel. 17:24-41. The resettlement of Israel. 17:24. The fall of Samaria/Israel. After the fall of Samaria, it was repopulated with people from “Cuthah” (in Babylon), “Avva” (on the Orontes River), “Hamath”(between Aleppo and Damascus), and “Sepharvaim” (possibly on the border between Damascus and Hamath). These people, by intermarriage with those left in Israel, began the new mongrel race known as the Samaritans. The Samaritans were descendants of colonists whom the Assyrian kings planted in Palestine after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. They were despised by the Jews because of their mixed Gentile blood and their different worship, which centered at Mount Gerizim (John 4:20-22). Luke 10 relates to “the good Samaritan, vs 33. The name, “Palestine,” is a word that has been applied to the Northern Kingdom, but has no scriptural validity. The KJV, in Joel 3:4 uses the word, “Palestine.” The NASB, in the same verse uses the word, “Philistia,” as does the NKJV, and refers to the Philistines. Based on Scripture, those whom say that they are Palestinians, are actually descendants of the Philistines (See Judges 16, re: Samson and Delilah.).

E. 18:1. “Hezekiah.” He was one of Judah’s best kings, pursuing an anti-Assyrian policy, which brought about a campaign against Judah by Sennacherib. 18:7. Sometime after Sennacherib replaced Sargon II as king of Assyria in 705 B.C., the Assyrian invasion occurred. 18:9. The contrast is startling: under Hezekiah, Judah was being led back to God at the same time that Israel, under Hoshea, was being taken in captivity. 18:13. In 701 B.C. “Sennacherib” captured the cities of Judah (46 according to his annals) except Jerusalem. Jerusalem would not fall to the Assyrians (vs 32-34). Sennacherib was God’s servant as God’s instrument. 19:35-36. “Then it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning behold, all of them were dead.” The Lord used a sudden particularly virulent plague to slay the Assyrian army. Herodotus records that the army camp was infected with mice (or rats).

F. 21:1 Manasseh. He was Judah’s worst and longest reigning King. 21:6. “He made his son pass through the fire” (concerning human sacrifice). Jerusalem would be judged according to the same righteousness standard as were Samaria and Ahab, and as a result would be destroyed. 21:16. According to tradition, Manasseh killed Isaiah (Isaiah was martyred by being sawed in two inside of a hollow log).

G. 23:29. Josiah’s reign (640-609 B.C.). “Pharoah Neco king of Egypt (609-594) went up to the king of Assyria to help him against Nabopolassar, king of Babylon.

H. 23:35. Jehoiakim (Eliakim). 23:35. “Jehoiakim” became a vassal to Egypt for four years, exacting the tribute from all the people.
24:1. After the battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. (which ended the rule of Egypt), Nebuchadnezzar entered Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim a vassal, and took Daniel and others to Babylon.

I. 24:10. Jehoiachin. The second invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C., stripping the Temple of its treasures.

J. 24:17. Zedekiah (Mattaniah). Rebellion against Babylon and destruction of the Temple. 25:1. The final siege of Jerusalem began in January 588 B.C. and lasted a year and a half. 25:4. The city was broken into on July 16, 586 B.C. 25:7. Third deportation to Babylon.

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 2 Kings – by C.I. Scofield

A. Book Introduction – 2 Kings

This book continues the history of the kingdoms to the captivities. It includes the translation of Elijah and the ministry of Elisha. During this period Amos and Hosea prophesied in Israel, and Obadiah, Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and Jeremiah in Judah.

B. Second Kings is in seven parts:

1. The last ministry and translation of Elijah, 2 Kings 1:1 to 2 Kings 2:11.

2. The ministry of Elisha from the translation of Elijah to the anointing of Jehu, 2 Kings 2:12 to 2 Kings 9:10.

3. The reign of Jehu over Israel, 2 Kings 9:11 to 2 Kings 10:36.

4. The reigns of Athaliah and Jehoash over Judah, 2 Kings 11:1 to 2 Kings 12:21.

5. The reigns of Jehoahaz and Joash over Israel, and the last ministry of Elisha, 2 Kings 13:1-25.

6. From the death of Elisha to the captivity of Israel, 2 Kings 14:1 to 2 Kings 17:41.

7. From the accession of Hezekiah to the captivity of Judah, 2 Kings 18:1 to 2 Kings 25:30.

The events recorded in Second Kings cover a period of 308 years. (Ussher)

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. The Divided Kingdom. 1:1-17:41.

A. The reign of Ahaziah in Israel (853-852 B.C.), 1:1-18.
1. 1:3. “the angel of the Lord.” See notes on Gen 16:9. A theophany, a self-manifestation of God. He here speaks with God, identifies himself with God, and claims to exercise the prerogatives of God. Because the angel of the Lord ceases to appear after the coronation (the triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem), it is often inferred that the angel in the OT is a pre-incarnate appearance of the second person of the trinity.
2. 1:9. “man of God.” A synonym for “prophet” in the books of Kings (cf. 1 Kings 12:22: 17:18; 2 Kings 4:7, etc.)

B. The reign of Jehoram (Joram) in Israel (852-841 B.C.), 2:1-8:15.
1. The translation o Elijah, 2:1-11.
a. 2:11. Elihah, like Enoch (See Gen 5:22-24), was taken to heaven without dying. This will also be the experience of believers living at the time of Christ’s return (1 Cor 15:51, 1 Thes 4:17). My note: this event, called the rapture of the church, or the catching up of the church, takes place when Christ returns to earth in the air, but does not set food on the earth. The time that Christ will set foot on the earth will take place at the end of the tribulation (Zech 14:1-4), and is the event which is known as the second coming of Christ.
2. The beginning of Elisha’s ministry, 2:12-25.
3. Jehoram’s expedition against Moab, 3:1-27.
a. 3:1. The double dating of the accession of “Jehoram” (cf.1:17) indicates a coregency with Jehoshaphat in Judah. Jehoram reigned from 852 to 841 B.C.
b. 3:2. “his mother.” Jezebel, who lived throughout his entire reign (9:30).
4. Elisha’s ministry, 4:1-8:15.
a. Elisha aids a widow, 4:1-7.
b. Elisha and the Shunammite woman, 4:8-37.
c. Elisha at Gilgal, 4:38-44.
d. Elisha and Naaman the the leper, 5:1-27.
e. Elisha recovers the axe head, 6:1-7.
f. Elisha thwarts Aram, 6:8-8:6.
g. Elisha in Damascus, 8:7-15.

C. The reign of Joram (Jehoram) in Judah (848-841 B.C.; 2 Chron 21:1-20), 8:16-24.

D. The reign of Ahaziah in Judah (841 B.C.; 2 Chron 22:1-9), 8:25-29.

E. The reign of Jehu in Israel (841-814 B.C.), 9:1-10:36.
1. Jehu anointed by Elisha, 9:1-10.
a. 9:8. “For the whole house of Ahab will perish” (NASB).
b. 9:10. “The dogs shall eat Jezebel in the territory of Jezreel, and none shall burn her” (NASB). Concerning Jezebel’s fate, see verses 35-37 and 1 Kings 21:23.
2. Jehu defeats Jehoram (Joram) of Israel, 9:11-10:17.
3. Jehu destroys Baal worshipers, 10:18-36.
a. 10:29. Though Jehu destroyed Baal worship, he did not eradicate the idolatry of Jehoram (see notes on 1 Kings 12:28,29) nor walk in the law of God (v. 31).
b. 10:36. Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria for 28 years.

F. The reign of Athaliah in Judah (841-835 B.C.; 2 Chron 22:10-23:15), 11:1-16.
a. 11:1. The story of Ahazia is resumed from 9:27. Athaliah was the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and he wife of Jehoram.
b. 11:2. Athaliah’s attempt to exterminate all rivals to the throne was thwarted by the hiding of Joash (=Jehoash of v.21) in the “bedroom” (a room where mattresses and couches were stored).
c. 11:12. “the testimony.” Probably a copy of the Mosaiac Law to remind the king of his obligations.
d. 11:12. “anointed.” On the significance of anointing, see note on 1 Sam 9:16. Anointing involved a consecration, or setting apart, for service. It was a religious act that established a special relationship between God and the king, who served as His representative and ruler over the people.
e. 11:16. Athaliah was put to death.

G. The reign of Jehoash (Joash) in Judah (835-796 B.C.; 2 Chron 23:16-24:27); 11:17-12:21).

H. The reign of Jehoahaz in Israel (814-798 B.C.), 13:1-9.

I. The reign of Jehoash (Joash) in Israel (798-782 B.C.), 13:10-25.

J. The reign of Amaziah in Judah (796-767 B.C.; 2 Chron 25:1-28), 14:1-22.

K. The reign of Jeroboam II in Israel (794-753 B.C.), 14:23-29).

L. The reign of Azariah (Uzziah) in Judah (790-739 B.C.; 2 Chron 26:1-23), 15:1-7.

M. The reign of Zechariah in Israel (753 B.C.), 15:8-12.

N. The reign of Shallum in Israel (752 B.C.) 15:13-15.

O. The reign of Menahem in Israel (752-742 B.C.), 15:16-22.
1. 15:19-20. “Pul,” Tiglath-{Pileser III (745-727 B.C.; 1 Chron 5:26) a general who took the reins of the Assyrian government and made its army into an efficient military machine. “a thousand talents” = 3,000,000 shekels. Therefore, about 60,000 men contributed to this levy.

P. The reign of Pekahiah in Israel (742-740 B.C.), 15:23-26.

Q. The reign of Pekah in Israel (752-732 B.C.), 15:27-31.
1. 15:27-31. A year after “Pekah” began to reign, Uzziah, king of Judah died as a leper, and Isaiah saw the great vision in Isa 6. Because Judah refused to join an anti-Assyrian alliance with Israel, she was successfully invaded by Israel (2 Chron 28:5-15). A second invasion a few months later was not successful because “Tiglath-pileser (III) of Assyria attacked northern Israel about 733 B.C. (v. 29; Isa 7), thus marking the beginning of the end for the Northern Kingdom. “Hoshea,” a puppet king and the last king of Israel, attempted an alliance with Egypt and was imprisoned by the Assyrians, who besieged Samaria, the capital, conquering it in 722 B.C. and ending the history of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

R. The reign of Jotham in Judah (750-731 B.C.; 2 Chron 27:1-9), 15:32-38.

S. The reign of Ahaz in Judah (731-715 B.C.; 2 Chron 28:1-27), 16:1-20.

T. The reign of Hoshea in Israel (732-722 B.C.), 17:1-41.
1. The defeat of Israel, 17:1-6. (My note. Israel is the Northern Kingdom, in this context.)
a. 17:3. “Shalmaneser.” Shalmaneser V, son of and successor of Tiglath-Pileser III, reigned from 727-722 B.C.
b. 17:4. “So King of Egypt. Osorkon IV (about 727-716 B.C.). On this conspiracy, see notes on 15:27.
c. 17:6. The king of Assyria. I.e., Shalmaneser, though Sargon II (722-705 B.C., Isa 20:1) takes credit in his annals for the actual conquest of Samaria. Perhaps they were both involved, Shalmaneser as the king and Sargon as the general (See note 18:10, “they”). “Halah.” An unidentified city or district in Mesopotamia. “Habor.” The modern Khabur River, one of the tributares of the upper Euphrates, the area of Gozan (=Guzzani in Assyrian records).
2. The sin of Israel. 17:7-23.
3. The resettlement of Israel. 17:24-41.
a. 17:24. After the fall of Samaria, it was repopulated with people from “Cuthah” (in Babylon), “Avva” (on the Orontes River), “Hamath”(between Aleppo and Damascus), and “Sepharvaim” (possibly on the border between Damascus and Hamath). These people, by intermarriage with those left in Israel, began the new mongrel race known as the Samaritans. See note on Luke 10:33. “Samaritan.” The Samaritans were descendants of colonists whom the Assyrian kings planted in Palestine after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. They were despised by the Jews because of their mixed Gentile blood and their different worship, which centered at Mount Gerizim (John 4:20-22). My note. The Luke 10 account relates to “the good Samaritan vs 33. The name, “Palestine,” is a word that has been applied to the Northern Kingdom, but has no scriptural validity. The KJV, in Joel 3:4 uses the word, “Palestine.” The NASB, in the same verse uses the word, “Philistia,” as does the NKJV, which refers to the Philistines (Ryrie note). Based on the Scripture, those whom say that they are Palestinians, are actually descendants of the Philistines (See Judges 16, re: Samson and Delilah.).

II. The Surviving Kingdom Of Judah, 18:1-25:30.

A. The reign of Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.; 2 Chron 29:1-32:33), 18:1-20:21.
1. His reforms (18:1-2).
a. 18:1. “Hezekiah” was one of Judah’s best kings, pursuing an anti-Assyrian policy, which brought about a campaign against Judah by Sennacherib.
b. 18:7. “rebelled” sometime after Sennacherib replaced Sargon II as king of Assyria in 705 B.C. This brought about the Assyrian invasion recorded in 18:13-19:36.
c. 18:9. The contrast is startling: under Hezekiah, Judah was being led back to God at the same time that Israel, under Hoshea, was being taken in captivity. My note: Judah=Southern Kingdom. Israel=Northern Kingdom.
2. His deliverance from Sennacherib’s two invasions, 18:13-19:37
a. 18:13. In 701 B.C. “Sennacherib” captured the cities of Judah (46 according to his annals) except Jerusalem.
b. 18:26. The Hebrew officials asked the Assyrians to speak “Aramaic,” the commercial and diplomatic language of the day, so that bystanders would not understand what was being said. Evidently the “Rabshakeh (commander) himself was speaking in Hebrew or through an interpreter.
c. 19:29-31. Jerusalem would not fall to the Assyrians (vs 32-34). Sennacherib was God’s servant as God’s instrument (vs 25).
d. 19:35-36. “Then it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning behold, all of them were dead.” On the Lord’s defeat of Sennacherib, see note on Isa 37:36. The Lord used a sudden particularly virulent plague to slay the Assyrian army. Herodotus records that the army camp was infected with mice (or rats).See Kings 19:35.
3. His illness and recovery, 20:1-11.
4. His foolishness before the Babylonians, 20:12-21.

B. The reign of Manasseh (695-642 B.C.; 2 Chron 33:1-20), 21:1-18.
1. 21:1. “Manasseh” was Judah’s worst and longest reigning King (cf 24:3).
2. 21:6. “He made his son pass through the fire.” Concerning human sacrifice, see 16:3.
3. 21:13. Jerusalem would be judged according to the same righteousness standard as were Samaria and Ahab, and as a result would be destroyed.
4. 21:16. According to tradition, Manasseh killed Isaiah (See introduction to Isaiah). The Prophet. According to tradition, Isaiah was martyred during the reign of Manasseh (696-642 B.C.) by being sawed in two inside of a hollow log (cf: Heb 11:37).

C. The reign of Amon (642-640 B.C.; 2 Chron 33:21-25) 21:19-26.

D. The reign of Josiah (640-609 B.C.; 2 Chron 34:1-35:27), 22:1-23:30.
1. He repairs the temple, 22:1-7.
2. He recovers the law, 22:8-20.
a. 22:8. “the book of the law.” Possibly the entire Pentateuch or perhaps the book of Deuteronomy or scripture portions such a Lev 26 and Deu 28, which speak of judgment. Manasseh had doubtless destroyed all the copes that had not been hidden.
b. 22:20. “in peace.” Without living to see the destruction of Jerusalem (Nebuchadnezzar’s first attack came four years after Josiah was killed in battle; 23:29-30).
3. He renews the covenant, 23:1-3.
4. He reforms the nation, 23:4-30.
a. 23:22. “such a Passover.” None had been observed in strict conformity to the law since the days of the judges, though the Passover was observed by Hezekiah (2 Chron 30). Further details of this Passover are recorded in 2 Chron 35.
c. 23:29. “Pharoah Neco king of Egypt (609-594) went up to the king of Assyria to help him against Nabopolassar, king of Babylon. Additional details are found in 2 Chron 35:20-24.

E. The reign of Jehoahaz (609 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:1-4), 23:31-33.

F. The reign of Jehoiakim (Eliakim; 609-597 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:5-8), 23:34-24:7.
1. 23:35. “Jehoiakim” became a vassal to Egypt for four years, exacting the tribute from all the people (though he built a luxurious palace for himself, Jer 22:13-14). See notes on Jer 25:1 and Dan 1:1.
2. 24:1. After the battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. (which ended the rule of Egypt), Nebuchadnezzar entered Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim a vassal, and took Daniel and others to Babylon.

G. The reign of Jehoiachin (597 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:9-10). 24:8-16.
1. 24:10. The second invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C. See introduction to Jeremiah for the chronology.
2. 24:13. Concerning Nebuchadnezzar’s stripping the Temple of its treasures, see note on Dan 1:2.

H. The reign of Zedekiah (Mattaniah; 597-586 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:11-21), 24:17-25:21.
1. Rebellion against Babylon and destruction of the Temple, 24:17-25:10.
a. 24:17. None of Jehoiachin’s sons reigned on Judah’s throne, as Jeremiah predicted (22:30).
b. 25:1. The final siege of Jerusalem began in January 588 B.C. and lasted a year and a half.
c. 25:4. The city was broken into on July 16, 586 B.C. “of the Arabah.” The Jordan Valley. King Zedekiah was captured at Jericho (v.5).
d. 25:7. Jeremiah had warned Zedekiah that he would see Nebuchadnezzar (Jer 32:4; 34:3), but Ezekiel predicted that he would not see Babylon (Ezek 12:13). How accurately bot these prophecies were fulfilled!
2. Third deportation to Babylon, 25:11-21.

I. Gedaliah, the Puppet Governor (586 B.C.), 25:22-26.
1. “Gedaliah.” A friend of Jeremiah (Jer 39:14), he was a worthy governor but was assassinated because he placed trust in unworthy men (v.23: cf. Jer 40:14).

J. The release of Jehoiachin in Babylon, 25:27-30.
1. 25:27-30. Babylonian tablets confirm that Jehoiachin, his sons and others received rations from Nebuchadnezzar’s stores. After the death of Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach, attempting to gain favor with the captive Jews, released Jehoiachin from prison and treated well.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: I and II Kings

A. #Kings #BibleProject #BibleVideo

B. Overview: 1-2 Kings. Apr 2, 2016. BibleProject.

C. Watch our overview video on the books of 1-2 Kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Kings, David’s son Solomon leads Israel to greatness, only to fail and lead Israel to a civil war and ultimately towards destruction and exile.

II. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

A. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
B. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
C. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

Please follow this site.

Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Kings

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1 Kings -This video will provide a quick overview of the first book of Kings. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The author of 1 Kings was Jeremiah. The date of the writing was ca., 550 b.c.

B. The timeline for this study will be from 1010 B.C. until 876 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 1 Kings is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

C. Key events of 1 Kings are: David becomes king of Judah, 1010 B.C. David becomes king over all Israel, 1003 b.c. Solomon born, 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king, 970 B.C. Temple completed, 959 B.C. Rehoboam becomes king of Judah, 931 B.C. Jeroboam becomes king of Israel, 931 B.C. King Shishak of Egypt attacks Jerusalem, 925 B.C. Asa becomes king of Judah, 911 B.C. Elijah begins prophetic ministry, 874 B.C. Ahab becomes king of Israel, 874 B.C. Jehoshaphat becomes king of Judah, 873 B.C.

D. When the Temple in Jerusalem was completed and dedicated, significant events of Holiness occurred.

1. 1 Kings 8:10-11. God’s Holy Spirit was so strong that the priests could not stand, “for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the LORD” (Ex 40:34-35; 2 Chron 7:1-2).

2. I Kings 8:12. Solomon recognized the cloud as the symbol of God’s presence and favor (Ex 19:9; Lev 16:2).

3. Solomon’s extreme reverence to God in the Temple dedication as he prayed, and in his posture of prayer (1 Kings 8:61, 2 Chron 6:1-7:3).

a. 1 Kings 8:22-23. 22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven. 23 He said, “O LORD, the God of Israel, there is no God like You in heaven above or on earth beneath, keeping covenant and showing lovingkindness to Your servants who walk before You with all their heart (NASB).

b. 1 Kings 8:54-56. 54 When Solomon had finished praying this entire prayer and supplication to the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread toward heaven. 55 And he stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying: 56“Blessed be the LORD, who has given rest to His people Israel, according to all that He promised; not one word has failed of all His good promise, which He promised through Moses His servant (NASB).

c. 1 Kings 8:65. The dedication of the Temple lasted “seven days” and the the Feast of Booths another seven days. See 2 Chron 7:9-10. (mine: the Feast of Booths is the same event as the Feast of Tabernacles; “God tabernacled with His people, Israel. During the Kingdom Age of the Millennium, God will also Tabernacle with His people (all saved Jews and Gentiles) through Christ who will be ruling from Jerusalem, Isa 2:1-4).

d. 1 Kings 9:25. Once the temple had been built, Solomon’s practice of sacrificing to God at the various high places ceased (cf. 3:2–4). He kept Israel’s 3 great annual feasts, Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, at the temple in Jerusalem. (MacArthur Study Bible). Deut 16:16, “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.

E. Jeroboam and Rehoboam are key figures in this study. They must be discussed in order to understand their individual significance in Israel after the death of Solomon in approximately 930 B.C.

1. How do we distinguish between Jeroboam and Rehoboam? They were not brothers. Jeroboam was the son of Nebat; Rehoboam was the son of King Solomon. 1 Kings 11:26-28 describes the relationship between Solomon and Jeroboam, in that Jeroboam was appointed over all the forced labor of the house of Joseph, which included the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (The Bible Knowledge Commentary – Old Testament).

2. Jeroboam “jumped;” Rehoboam “remained.” Jeroboam “jumped north” from Jerusalem with 10 tribes, and ruled over the northern kingdom, into an area that became known as Ephraim, Israel, and Samaria; they intermarried with pagans. Rehoboam “remained” in Jerusalem, and ruled over the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, which became known as Judah, and the southern kingdom. The northern kingdom was destroyed by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. The southern kingdom was destroyed in 586 B.C. by the Babylonians.

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 1 Kings – by C.I. Scofield

A. Book Introduction – 1 Kings

1. First Kings records the death of David, the reign of Solomon, the building of the temple, death of Solomon, division of the kingdom under Rehoboam and Jeroboam, and the history of the two kingdoms to the reign of Jehoram over Judah, and Ahaziah over Samaria.

2. First Kings Includes the mighty ministry of Elijah.

3. The events recorded in First Kings cover a period of 118 years (Ussher).

B. Book Breakdown. The book is in six parts:

1. From the rebellion of Adonijah to the death of David, 1 Kings 1:1 to 1 Kings 2:11.

2. From the accession of Solomon to the dedication of the temple, 1 Kings 2:12 to 1 Kings 8:66.

3. From the division of the kingdom to the death of Jeroboam and Rehoboam, 1 Kings 12:1 to 1 Kings 14:31.

4. The kingdoms to the accession of Ahab, 1 Kings 15:1 to 1 Kings 16:28.

5. Accession of Ahab to his death, 1 Kings 16:29 to 1 Kings 22:40.

6. From the reign of Jehoshaphat to the accession of Jehoram over Judah, and Ahaziah over Samaria, 1 Kings 22:41-53.

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. The United Kingdom. 1:1-11:43.

A. The accession of Solomon. (2 Chron 1:1-7) 1:1-3:1.
1. The struggle for the succession. 1:1-53.
2. The final charge of David to Solomon. 2:1-12.
3. The purge initiated by Solomon. 2:13-46.
4. The marriage of Solomon. 3:1.

B. The wisdom of Solomon. 3:2-4:34.
1. Solomon’s request for wisdom. 3:2-15.
2. Solomon’s display of wisdom. 3:16-28.
3. Solomon’s administration. 4:1-28.
4. Solomon’s fame. 4:29-34.

C. The temple of Solomon. (2 Chron 2:1-7:22) 5:1-8:66.
1. Preparations for the Temple. 5:1-18.
2. Description and construction of the Temple. 6:1-38.
a. 6:1. The date is 967 B.C. and Ziv is the second month (April-May). On the relation of this date to the Exodus, see the Introduction to Exodus.
b. 6:14. This Temple stood until destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.
c. 6:16-17. “the most holy place” (Holy of Holies) occupied one-third of the interior space of the Temple, and the Holy Place two-thirds.
d. 6:19-20. “inner sanctuary.” The Holy of Holies. “altar” of incense.”
e. 6:31-35. Olivewood doors separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place (apparently there was also a curtain, 2 Chron 3:14), and the doors in the Temple proper matched them.
f. 6:38. Seven years later, in “Bul” (Oct-Nov), the Temple was completed.
3. Construction of other buildings. 7:1-12.
4. Furnishing the Temple. 7:13-51.
a. 7:46. Excavations have shown that this area (“Succoth” was E of the Jordan and just N of the Jabbok River) was a center of metallurgy.
b. 7:48-50. On the articles in the Tabernacle similar to these, see notes on Ex 25.
c. 7:51. “things dedicated.” Likely an enormous amount of spoils taken in wars.
5. Dedication of the Temple. 8:1-66.
a. 8:2. Eleven months after the completion of the Temple (6:38).
b. 8:9. See Heb 9:4, which refers to the contents of the ark when it stood in the Tabernacle and contained the law, Aaron’s rod and manna. Apparently the latter two items had been lost by this time. (Some think they were never placed in the ark, but alongside it; cf Ex 16:33-34; Num 17:10.)
c. 8:10-11. God’s Holy Spirit was so strong that the priests could not stand, “for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the LORD.”
c. 8:12. Solomon recognized the cloud as the symbol of God’s presence and favor (Ex 19:9; Lev 16:2).
d. 8:22. (mine). See the reverence of Solomon for God. “Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven.”
e. 8:23-53. Solomon’s great prayer. (mine: See 8:30, “Your people Israel.”)
f. 8:54-55. (mine: see the reverence of Solomon for God.)

D. The fame of Solomon. (2 Chron 8:1-9:28), 9:1-10:29.
1. His covenant with God. 9:1-9.
a. 9:6-7. As far as the Temple, and people, are concerned, it is clearly stated that it will be destroyed, and they will into captivity if they are unfaithful; but the Davidic dynasty will nut be put aside (Ps 89:30-37).
b. 9:8. “a heap of ruins.” The text is uncertain, though the meaning is that the revered Temple will be destroyed (2 Chron 7:21).
2. His gifts to Hiram. 9:10-14.
3. His subjects. 9:15-25.
a. 9:15. Megiddo. An important fortification controlling a pass between the plains of Esdraelon and Sharon and the site of the future battle of Armageddon. See note on Rev 16:16.
b. 9:25. “three times in a year.”I.e., the feasts of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost and Booths.
4. His navy. 9:26-28.
5. His visit from the queen of Sheba. 10:1-13.
6. His wealth. 10:14-29.

E. The downfall of Solomon. 11:1-43.
1. The reasons. 11:1-8.
2. The warning. 11:9-13.
a. 11:11. (mine: “I will surely tear the Kingdom from you. (See comments on 11:13.)
b. 11:12. (mine: “I will tear it out of the hand of your son. (See comments on 11:13.)
c. 11:13. “one tribe.” I.e., Judah, to which small Benjamin was indissolubly connected, for Jerusalem straddled the territory of both tribes (cf. 11:32 and 12:21). Simeon, the tribe S of Judah, had apparently migrated N and was counted with the 10 northern tribes (cf. 1 Chron 12:23-25; 2 Chron 15:9; 34:6). (mine: Re: 11:11-12).
3. The Adversaries. 11:14-28.
4. The prophecy of Ahijah. 11:29-40.
a. 11:37. “one tribe.” The ten northern tribes.
b. 11:40. “Shishak.” Sheshonk I, who reigned 945-924 B.C. and gave political asylum to Jeroboam. Later (in 925) he invaded Jerusalem, exacting heavy tribute from Judah (14:25-26.
5. The death of Solomon. 11:41-43.
a. 11:42. Solomon reigned over Jerusalem for forty years.
b. 11:43. Solomon died; his son, Rehoboam reigned in his place.

II. The Divided Kingdom. 12:1-22:53.

A. The rupture in the Kingdom. 12:1-24.
1. The request of the northern tribes. 12:1-4.
a. 12:1. “Shechem.” First mentioned in Gen 12:6, it was in the territory of Ephraim, near present day Nabius (see also Judg 9:1).
b. 12:2. Jeroboam. See 11:26-40. “Jeroboam, the son of Nebat,…also rebelled against the King (Solomon). He became the spokesman to present the grievances of the people to the king.
2. The reply of Rehoboam. 12:5-15
3. The revolt of the northern tribes. 12:16-24.

B. The reign of Jeroboam in Israel (931-910 B.C.). 12:25-14:20.
1. Establishing religious worship centers. 12:25-33.
a. 12:25. “Penuel.” Located E of the Jordan, it served to keep those tribes who lived in that area from being invaded by Rehoboam or Shishak (14:24).
b. 12:29. Jeroboam placed one golden calf in Bethel, which was on the road to Jerusalem and 11 mi N of the city, and the other calf in the northernmost part of his kingdom, in Dan.
c. 12:31. Jeroboam also infiltrated the priesthood with non-Levites.
d. 12:32. “a feast.” Probably Booths, observed one month later (Lev 23:34).
2. Encountering the man of God. 13:1-32.
a. 13:2. This prediction, naming “Josiah,” was fulfilled about 300 years later (2 Kings 23:15-20).
b. 13:32. “Samaria.” Later the capital of the 10 northern tribes and here to designate that entire area.
3. Elevating non-Levites to the priesthood. 13:33-34.
4. Experiencing his son’s sickness and Ahijah’s prophecy. 14:1-18.
5. Expiring. 14:19-20.
a. 14:19. Jeroboam made war and reigned. (mine: Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, reigned over the 10 tribes of the northern kingdom.)
b. 14:20. Jeroboam died, having reigned 22 years. Nadab, his son, reigned in his place.

C. The reign of Rehoboam in Judah (931-913 B.C.; 2 Chron 10:1-12:16). 14:21-31.
1. Apostasy in Judah. 14:21-24.
2. Attack by Shishak of Egypt. 14:25-28.
3. Death of Rehoboam. 14:29-31.
a. 14:30. There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
b. 14:31. Rehoboam died, and his son, Abijam ruled in his place.

D. The reign of Abijam (Abijah) in Judah. (913-911 B.C.; 2 Chron 13:1-22). 15:1-8.

E. The reign of Asa in Judah. (911-870 B.C.; 2 Chron 14:1-16:14). 15:9-24.
1. His reforms. 15:9-15.
2. His war with Baasha. 15:16-24.

F. The reign of Nabab in Israel (910-909 B.C.) 15:25-31.

G. The reign of Baasha in Israel (909-886 B.C.) 15:32-16:7.

H. The reign of Elah in Israel (886-885 B.C.) 16:8-14.

I. The reign of Zimri in Israel (885 B.C.) 16:15-20.

J. The reign of Omri in Israel (885-874 B.C.) 16:21-28.

K. The reign of Ahab in Israel (874-853 B.C.) 16:29-22:40.
1. The beginning of Ahab’s reign. 16:29-34.
2. Elijah’s prediction of drought. 17:1.
3. God’ provision for Elijah. 17:2-24.
4. Elijah’s challenge to the priests of Baal. 18:1-46.
5. Elijah’s flight to Horeb. 19:1-18.
6. Elijah’s appointment of Elisha. 19:19-21.
7. Ahab’s Aramean victories. 20:1-43.
8. Ahab’s desire to have Naboth’s vineyard. 21:1-29.
9. Ahab’s final battle. 22:1-40.

L. The reign of Jehoshaphat in Judah (873-848 B.C.; 2 Chron 17:1-20:37). 22:41-50.

M. The reign of Ahaziah in Israel (853 B.C.). 22:51-53.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: 1-2 Kings.

A. #Kings #BibleProject #BibleVideo

B. Overview: 1-2 Kings. Apr 2, 2016. BibleProject.

C. Watch our overview video on the books of 1-2 Kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Kings, David’s son Solomon leads Israel to greatness, only to fail and lead Israel to a civil war and ultimately towards destruction and exile.

II. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

A. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
B. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
C. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 2 Samuel

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Opening Video Information. 2 Samuel -This video will provide a quick overview of the second book of Samuel. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. The timeline for this 2 Samuel study will be from 1050 B.C. until 970 B.C. (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986).

B. The key events of 2 Samuel are: Saul becomes king 1050 B.C. David born 1040 B.C. David becomes king of Judah 1010. David becomes king of all Israel 1003. Solomon born 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king 970 B.C.

C. In this article, we will discuss the events of the above stated time frame. In this study of the second Book of Samuel, we will find Scripture that will take us back to the Book of Genesis, which will carry us forward to the Book of Revelation.

D. The key passage of this book is found in chapter 7:8-17, which is the Davidic Covenant. Per the Scofield Study Bible, “The Davidic Covenant, upon which the future Kingdom Of Christ, ‘who was descended from David according to the flesh’ (Rom 1:3) was to be founded, provided for David:” See details of the Davidic Covenant in the following Scofield Reference Notes link: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-7.html Additional details are provided below in Part 3, Lesson Outline.

Part 2. Supportive Information.

I. Book of Samuel. See Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Samuel.

II. Abrahamic Covenant stated. Land, seed, and blessing. Genesis 12:1-3. (See Ryrie Study Bible notes for A., B., C. below.)

A. 12:1 The land, i.e., Canaan. Abraham was still in Haran when this call, originally given to him in Ur (Acts 7:2), was reiterated.

B. 12:2 The seed. “a great nation.” When God made this promise, Abraham had no son. The reference is to the Jewish nation (i.e., the descendants of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob). “I will bless you, And make your name great.” This promise was fulfilled in Abraham’s temporal blessings (13:2; 24:35), spiritual blessings (21:22), and fame (23:6; Isa 41:8). “so you shall be a blessing.” Lit., be a blessing, a certain consequence of God’s blessing upon Abraham.

C. 12:3 “bless…curse.” Abraham’s relation to God was so close that to bless or curse him was, in effect, to bless or curse God. See examples in 20:2-18; 21:22-34; 23:1-20. “in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” This promise was fulfilled in the coming of Abraham’s seed, Christ (Gal 3:8, 16).

III. Abrahamic Covenant confirmed. Boundaries of the land. Genesis 15:18:21.

A. The boundaries of the Promised Land are now given for the first time. This promise has not yet been fulfilled but will be when Christ returns (Ryrie Study Bible). See notes on Gen 17:8; Josh 21:43-45, below.
1. Genesis 17:8. The possession of Canaan is the only focus of this statement of the covenant. God said that this was fulfilled under Joshua (Josh 21:43). The fulfillment of the total territory promised in Gen 15:18 awaits the establishing of the millennial kingdom.
2. Joshua 21:43-45. God had kept His promise to give Israel the land of Canaan as recorded in Gen 17:8. It is true that the Israelites had not yet fully conquered it, but God had told them they would do so gradually. See note on Deu 7:22. The promise of Gen 15:18-20 involving a larger territory will be fulfilled in the Millennium.
3. Deuteronomy 7:22. The conquest of Canaan would be progressive so that there would not be an excessive accumulation of corpses and desolate land to attract dangerous animals.

B. The geographical boundaries of Israel’s land — “from the river of Egypt” (Wadi el-Arish, not the Nile River) “to the great river, the Euphrates.” Israel has never possessed this land in its entirety, but she will when Christ returns to reign as Messiah. The Canaanite tribes listed (Gen 15:19-21) were dispossessed later in the Conquest (The Bible Knowledge Commentary – Old Testament).

C. We will discuss more details about Israel and the Kingdom Age of the Millennium in future articles. The following post, “Rev 20 – The Millennium – To Rule And Reign With Christ,” goes into great detail as to whom will be allowed in the Kingdom; the link to that post is:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2020/02/02/rev-20-the-millennium-to-rule-and-reign-with-christ/

D. The intimate relationship that God has with Israel is undeniable. Consider: Deu 14:2, Neh 9:13, Ps 147:19-20, Ez 36:24-29.

E. In relation to the return of Christ to reign as Messiah, this event will take place at the end of the tribulation when Jews call on Him to save them from the destruction that they see facing them (Matt 23:39; 24:21-22; Zech 12:10; Rev 19:19-21; 20:4). The elect in Matt 24:22 are Jews, per Deu 14:2; they were left behind from the catching up of the saints (1 Thes 4:16-17). A music video that relates to Matt 23:39 can be found at the bottom of this article.

Part 3. Lesson Outline. The outline of 2 Samuel is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible. (See About Sources page of this site for bio of Dr. Ryrie.

I. David’s Coronation Over The Kingdom. 1:1-5:6.

A. The time of the coronation (After Saul’s death). 1:1-27.
1. The report of Saul’s death. 1:1-10.
2. The reaction to Saul’s death. 1:11-16.
3. The remorse over Saul’s death. 1:17-27.

B. The extend of the Kingdom (over Judah). 2:1-7.

C. The efforts to include the other tribes. 2:8-4:12.
1. The rival, Ish-bosheth. 2:8-11.
2. The civil war. 2:12-4:12.
a. Abner vs Joab. 2:12-32.
b. Abner deserts Ish-bosheth. 3:1-21.
c. Joab murders Abner. 3:22-39.
d. The murder of Ish-bosheth. 4:1-12.

D. David enthroned over All the Tribes. 5:1-6.

II. David’s Consolidation Of The Kingdom. 5:7-6:23.

A. The government established in Jerusalem. 5:7-25.

B. The ark brought to Jerusalem. 6:1-23.

III. David’s Covenant Concerning The Kingdom. 7:1-29.

Note. MacArthur Study Bible. 7:1–17 See 1 Chr. 17:1–15. These verses record the establishment of the Davidic Covenant, God’s unconditional promise to David and his posterity. While not called a covenant here, it is later (23:5). This promise is an important key to understanding God’s irrevocable pledge of a king from the line of David to rule forever (v. 16).

A. David’s proposal. 7:1-3.

B. God’s disposal. 7:4-29.
1. God’s promise. 7:4-17.
2. David’s praise. 7:18-29.

IV. David’s Conquests For The Kingdom. 8:1-10:19.

A. David defeats the Philistia, Moab, Zobah, Aram, Edom. 8:1-18.

B. David shows kindness to Mephibosheth. 9:1-13.

C. David defeats Ammon. 10:1-19.

V. David’s Crimes Within The Kingdom. 11:1-27.

A. Adultery. 11:1-13.

B. Murder. 11:14-17.

VI. David’s Conflicts In The Kingdom. 12:1-20:26.

A. The death of David’s baby, and his restoration to power. 12:1-31.

B. The incest of Ammon. 13:1-39.

C. The rebellion of Absalom. 14:1-18:33.
1. Absalom returns. 14:1-33.
2. Absalom revolts. 15:1-12.
3. Absalom routs David. 15:13-16:14.
4. Absalom rules in Jerusalem. 16:15-17:23.
5. Absalom is defeated and dies. 17:24-18:33.

D. Disorder in he Kingdom. 19:1-39.

E. Revolution in the Kingdom.19:40-20:26.

VII. David’s Conclusion In The Kingdom. 21:1-24:25.

A. The famine. 21:1-14.

B. The exploits. 21:15-22.

C. The song of David. 22:1-51.

D. The last words of David. 23:1-7.

E. The deeds of David’s mighty men. 23:8-39.

F. The census and plague. 24:1-25.

Part 4. Closing Video.

Paul Wilbur – Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes – Matthew 23:39

Part 5. Video Details.

I. Opening Video. 2 Samuel.

A. Video Overview: 2 Samuel. March 26, 2016. #Samuel #BibleProject #BibleVideo
Watch our overview video on the book of 2 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In 2 Samuel, David becomes God’s most faithful king, but then rebels, resulting in the slow destruction of his family and kingdom.

B. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

1. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
2. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
3. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

II. Closing Video. Paul Wilbur – Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes

Juan Rodriguez. December 12, 2010.

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Israel’s Kings And Conflicts – 1 Samuel

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Part 1. Introduction.

I. Video Information. 1 Samuel -This video will provide a quick overview of the first book of Samuel. Its video details can be found at the bottom of this page.

II. Lesson Overview.

A. In this series of studies, we will go back into the Old Testament. We will look at Israel, as “God’s chosen people” (Deu 14:2) continue their travel toward the promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant. We will discuss key events that take place from 1 Samuel, through the time of the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian troops. The timeline for this study will be from 1171 B.C., (Scofield Study Bible, Copyright 1909), until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986). The outline of 1 Samuel is taken from the same Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Timeline of 1 Samuel. Israel judged by judges 1375 BC. Samuel born 1085 BC. Saul born 1080 BC. Saul becomes king 1050 BC. David born 1040 B.C. David becomes king of Judah 1010 BC. David becomes king over all Israel 1003 BC. Solomon born 991 B.C. Solomon becomes king 970 BC. The Part III study outline of this 1 Samuel lesson comes from the Ryrie Study Bible (Bio can be found in my About Sources page of this site.)

C. We are continuing this study from where Israel fled Egypt and crossed through the Red Sea in the topic lesson
“Israel 10 – Exodus 15-24, dated April 7, 2019.” Our last topic lesson was “Judges 10-16 , Ruth, December 6, 2019.”

D. Beginning with this article, we will continue our study of Israel. We will cover the books of 1 Samuel through 2 Chronicles, and provide the highlights of each of these six books. As I have stated before, this is not a verse by verse study of each book. Instead, the study will be based on a prophetic timeline of God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2).

E. After King Solomon’s death, the Kingdom of Israel became divided into the northern and southern kingdoms. Of the kings of the northern kingdom, all of its nineteen kings were unrighteous. Of the kings of the southern kingdom, of its twenty kings, twelve were unrighteous and only eight were righteous. http://biblesanity.org/docs/kings.pdf

Part 2. Supportive Information. Scofield Reference Notes. Bio can be found in the About Sources page of this site.

I. Book Overview – 1 Samuel, by C.I. Scofield. This book represents the personal history of Samuel, last of the Judges. It records the moral failure of the priesthood under Eli, and of the Judges in Samuel’s attempt to make the office hereditary (1 Samuel 8:1). In his prophetic office Samuel was faithful, and in him begins the line of writing prophets. Henceforth the prophet, not the priest, is conspicuous in Israel. In this book the theocracy, as exercised through judges, ends (1 Samuel 8:7), and the line of kings begins with Saul.

II. Book Breakdown.

A. The story of Samuel to the death of Eli, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1:1 to 1 Samuel 4:22.

B. From the taking of the ark to the demand for a king, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 5:1 to 1 Samuel 8:22.

C. The reign of Saul to the call of David, 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 9:1 to 1 Samuel 15:35.

D. From the call of David to the death of Saul, 1 Samuel 16:1 to 1 Samuel 31:13.

E. The events recorded in First Samuel cover a period of 115 years (Ussher).

Part 3. Lesson Outline.

I. Samuel, the last judge. 1:1-8:22.

A. Samuel’s early life and call. 1:1-3:21
1. His mother. 1:1-2:10.
a. Her sorrow. 1:1-8.
b. Her supplication. 1:9-18.
c. Her son (Samuel). 1:19-23.
d. Her sacrifice. 1:24-28.
e. Her song. 2:1-10.
2. Samuel’s ministry. 2:11-3:21.
a. The situation in Shiloh. 2:11-36.
b. The summons to Samuel. 3:1-21.

B. Samuel’s war with the Philistines. 4:1-7:2.
1. The capture of the ark by the Philistines. 4:1-22.
a. The defeat of Israel. 4:1-11.
b. The death of Eli. 4:12-18.
c. The departure of the Glory: Ichabod. 4:19-22.
2. The curse of the ark on the Philistines. 5:1-12.
3. The return of the ark by the Philistines. 6:1-7:1.

C. Samuel’s revival ministry to Israel. 7:2-17.

D. Samuel’s warning to Israel concerning their demand for a king. 8:1-22.

II. Saul, the first king. 9:1-31:13.

A. The rise of Saul. 9:1-11:15.
1. The choosing of Saul. 9:1-27.
2. The coronation of Saul. 10:1-27.
3. The conquest of the Ammonites. 11:1-15.

B. The reminder by Samuel. 12:1-25.

C. The rejection of Saul. 13:1-15:35.
1. His sinful offering. 13:1-22.
2. His rash vows. 13:23-14:52.
3. His partial obedience. 15:1-35.

D. The replacement of Saul by David. 16:1-23.
1. David chosen and anointed. 16:1-13.
2. David employed at Saul’s court. 16:14-23.

E. The rise of David over Saul. 17:1-18:30.
1. David’s defeat of Goliath. 17:1-58.
2. David’s friendship with Jonathan. 18:1-4.
3. David’s relations with Saul. 18:5-16.
4. David’s marriage. 18:17-30.

F. The rejection of David by Saul. 19:1-26:25.
1. David protected by Jonathan. 19:1-10.
2. David protected by Michal. 19:11-17.
3. David protected by Samuel. 19:18:24.
4. David protected by Jonathan. 20:1-42.
5. David protected by Abimelech. 21:1-9.
6. David protected by Achish. 21:10-15.
7. David and his band of men. 22:1-26:25.
a. In the cave of Adullam and in Mizpah. 22:1-5.
b. Saul slays the priests. 22:6-23.
c. At Keilah. 23:1-12.
d. In the wilderness of Ziph. 23:13-29.
e. At Engedi, David spares Saul. 24:1-22.
f. David and Abigail. 25:1-44.
g. In the wilderness of Ziph, David spares Saul again. 26:1-25.

G. The refuge of David in Philistine Territory. 27:1-31:13.
1. David becomes a Philistine servant. 27:1-28:2.
2. Saul consults the medium at En-dor. 28:3-25.
3. David dismissed by the Philistines. 29:1-11.
4. David destroys the Amalekites. 30:1-31.
5. The Philistines and the death of Saul. 31:1-13.

Part 4. Video Details.

I. Video Overview: 1 Samuel. #Samuel #BibleProject #BibleVideo. BibleProject
Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In 1 Samuel, God reluctantly raises up kings to rule the Israelites. The first is a failure, and the second, David, is a faithful replacement

II. Website: http://www.thebibleproject.com

A. Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
B. Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
C. Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/

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Rev 22 – Life In The New Jerusalem

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I. Video Details.

Matt Redman – One Day (When We All Get To Heaven) (Acoustic). Oct 6, 2017. Matt Redman.
Matt Redman – Official Acoustic Video for “One Day (When We All Get To Heaven)” from Matt’s new album GLORY SONG, out now!
Subscribe to Matt Redman’s VEVO channel here: http://smarturl.it/MattRedmanVEVOsub
The new album GLORY SONG is available now here: http://capcmg.me/GlorySong?IQid=vevo.

II. Key Verses regarding the New Jerusalem and the Eternal State.

Revelation 21:1 New King James Version (NKJV)
1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.

Revelation 21:2 New King James Version (NKJV)
2 Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 22:3 (NKJV)
3 And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him.

Revelation 22:4 (NKJV)
4 They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads.

III. Introduction.

A. Overview of Rev 22.

In this area of scripture we see creation as God always intended it to be (before sin entered the picture) in the new heaven and new earth. We also see the city in the eternal state, the new Jerusalem, which is the city of our citizenship (Phil 3:20), which we will inhabit one day. It is important for believers in Christ to know that our destination is not the Garden of Eden, but a city. The story of the Bible is “a garden to a city, with a cross in between.” Of significance is that in the city, there is no tree of knowledge. There is no opportunity for us to sin; we have already been put to the test, and have passed that test by coming to saving faith in Christ. We are in our permanent environment, in our eternal and perfect resurrection body (1 Cor 15:50-54). The throne of God has become the throne of the lamb; there has been a merger of the two thrones (Rev 22:1). Rev 3:21 identifies the throne of the Lamb, and the throne of “God the Father.” Rev 22:2 says that the leaves of the tree of life were for the healing of the nations; “God is bringing them (nations) back to His original design for them.” It is important to remember that anyone in the eternal state, of the Kingdom Of God, has been born again (John 3:3). Rev 22:3 states that there will no longer be a curse (Rom 8:19-22, Gen 3:14-19). The Godly throne will be present. We, who have been born again (bond servants), will serve God. Restated in this verse, are that the throne of God, and the Lamb, will be present in New Jerusalem of the eternal state. Rev 22:4 tells us that we will see the face of God, and that God’s Name will be placed on our foreheads; which will be “a new name” (Rev 2:17); and, “the Name of My God, and My New Name” Rev 3:12. Rev 19:12, “He has a Name written on “Him” which no one knows except Himself”; this is perhaps the same name which He will write on the overcomer (Ryrie, 2:17, 3:12). Rev 19:16: He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” Rev 22:5, God will be the sole provider of all light. Believers will reign with Christ forever.

B. Comparison Of Eden (Gen 1-2) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Division: light/darkness. E 1:4. No night. ES 21:25.
Division: land/sea E 1:10. No sea ES 21:1.
Sun and Moon: E 1:16. No sun and moon ES 21:23.
Garden: E 2:8-9. City ES 21:1.
River flowing out of Eden E 2:10. River flowing from throne ES 22:1.
Gold in the land: E 2:12. Gold in the city ES 21:21.
Tree of life in the middle of garden E 2:9. Tree of life throughout city ES 22:2.
Bdellium and onyx stone. E 2:12. All manner of stones ES 21:19.
God walking in the garden. E 3:8. God dwelling with His people ES 21:3.

C. Comparison of Millennium (Rev 20) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Sin restrained M. Sin removed ES.
Curse restrained M. Curse removed ES.
Death M. No Death ES.
Mortals and those resurrected M. Only those resurrected ES.
Mortals destinies undecided M. All destinies sealed ES.
Temporary M. Eternal ES.
Transitional M. Non-transitional ES.

D. Comparison of Millennium (Rev 20:1-10) and Eternal State (Rev 21-22).

Time M Rev 20:4. ES Rev 22:5.
Luminaries M Isa 30:26. ES Rev 21:23; 22:5.
Temple M Ezek 40-48. ES Rev 21:22.
Death M Isa 65:20. ES Rev 21:4.
Satanic activity M 20:7. ES Rev 20:10.
Rebellion M 20:8-9. ES Rev 21:27.

E. Life In The Eternal City.

1. Scripture does not give details of life in the eternal Kingdom of God. However, there are glimpses in the Bible of what eternal life will be like in the Presence of God, and the Lamb (Rev 21:22), where “They share the same throne,” (Rev 22:1).

a. We are told that there will be a life of fellowship with Christ (John 14:3).
b. There will be a life of rest (Rev 14:13).
c. We will have a life of full knowledge (1 Cor 13:12).
d. There will be a life of holiness (Rev 21:27).
e. We will experience a life of joy (Rev 21:4).
f. Our eternal lives will be lives of service (Rev 22:3).
g. We will have lives of abundance (Rev 21:6).
h. Each of us will have lives of glory (Col 3:4).
i. We will have a life of worship (Rev 7:9-12).

2. Details of III., A-D, were taken from a video discussion of Dr. Andy Woods, Revelation 72. Identification Through Omission. Rev. 22:1-5 (youtube.com), and https://slbc.org/media/sermon-archives/ The credentials of Dr. Woods can be found in my About Sources Page.

3. Details on, III., E., 1.a.-i., “Life In The Eternal City,” come from a larger discussion that is provided by Dr. J.Dwight Pentecost, “Things To Come,” pages 580-583. The credentials of Dr. Pentecost (deceased) can be found in my About Sources Page.

IV. Scripture Study Details.

A. Translation considerations. Revelation 22 (NASB) Text and Comments. The NASB translation was chosen for the following scriptures of this article because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Scripture notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, due to the demonstrated knowledge of scripture of Dr. Charles Ryrie (Deceased), and because of the concise way that he makes his thoughts known. The credentials of Dr. Ryrie can be found in the About Sources Page of this site. Everybody should have a Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Text. Rev 22. New American Standard Bible.

The River and the Tree of Life

1. Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; 4 they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. 5 And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will reign forever and ever.

6 And he said to me, “These words are faithful and true”; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.

7 “And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is he who heeds the words of the prophecy of this book.”

8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 But he *said to me, “Do not do that. I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book. Worship God.”

The Final Message

10 And he *said to me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and the one who is holy, still keep himself holy.”

12 “Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to render to every man according to what he has done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”

14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter by the gates into the city. 15 Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.

16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”

17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost.

18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues which are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

C. Comments. Revelation 22. Ryrie Study Bible.

22:1-2. These descriptive phrases indicate fullness of life and continuous blessing in the New Jerusalem.
22:3-5. The “curse” and all darkness will be excluded; and service, communion, and reigning will be the believers; privileges.
22:8-9. Again John is commanded not to worship angels (see 19:10).
22:11. When Christ comes, there will be no more opportunity for a man to change his destiny. What he is then will be forever.
22:12. Salvation is not of works, but rewards are.
22:14. “Blessed are those who wash their robes.” I.e., believers.
22:15. “dogs.” Not animals, but people of low character (cf. Phil. 3:2).
22:16-17. Jesus is gracious because (1) He gave the book of Revelation to the churches, (2) as the son of “David” He will fulfill Israel’s promises, (3) He is the “morning star,” the precursor of the new day, and (4) He offers the “water of life” freely.”

V. Summary.

A. Having completed this last book of God’s Holy Word, we have seen the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:3). There are highly regarded theologians who see the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant as being in the Millennium (Rev 20). There are other highly regarded theologians who see the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant as being in the Eternal State (Rev 21-22). My belief is that the Abrahamic Covenant will be fulfilled in the Millennium, per Gen 15:18, where two major rivers are described. In Rev 21:1 there is no sea.

B. The MacArthur Study Bible says that there will be no water in the Eternal State; The New American Commentary on Revelation agrees. The Walvoord Commentary on Revelation on 21:1 states that “the new earth apparently will have no bodies of water.” Walvoord states in 22:1, “this river corresponds to the present believer’s experience of the outflow of the Holy Spirit.” Walvoord, also states in 22:2, “the river is not a broad body of water, but a clear stream sufficiently narrow for all, for this arrangement (of this verse). Gen 15 cites two major rivers; Rev 22 identifies “sorts of water” but no rivers. The sources, that I have cited, confirm that the Abrahamic Covenant will be fulfilled in the Millennium, where there will be two major rivers in the promised land.

VI. Looking Ahead.

In our next series of studies, we will go back into the Old Testament. We will look at Israel, as “God’s chosen people” (Deu 14:2) continue their travel toward the promised land of the Abrahamic Covenant. We will discuss key events that take place from 1 Samuel, through the time of the fall of Jerusalem at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian troops. The timeline for this next study will be from 1171 B.C., (Scofield Study Bible, Copyright 1909), until 586 B.C., (Ryrie Study Bible, Copyright 1986).

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Rev 21- Heaven Or Hell – Who’s Going Where?

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I. Video Details.

David Phelps – No More Night (Live). Oct 4, 2012. Gaither Music TV. In the opening video David Phelps sings of the conditions that will be present when the thousand year Kingdom Age ends, the present world is destroyed, and the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem is revealed to the Apostle John, who was the human writer of the Book of Revelation (Rev 1:11).

II. Key Verses. The following two verses describe the New Jerusalem as it will be in the Eternal State (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament, Dr. John F. Walvoord (Deceased)). Dr. Walvoord’s credentials can be found in my About Sources Page of this site.

Revelation 21:2 (KJV)
2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 21:10 King (KJV)
10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, (he is an angel of vs 9, mine).

III. Introduction. Most people use the terms of “Heaven and Hell” to relate to the eternal destinations for all of humanity, as to whether they have been “good or bad”. However, the eternal home for those whom have been born again will be in the New Jerusalem; such people are Christ’s (1 Cor 15:23), and relates to Old Testament saints, New Testament saints, and martyred Tribulation saints. Those whom are not Christ’s will find their eternal destination to be the in the “Lake Of Fire” (Rev 20:15). In this twenty-first chapter of Revelation we will discuss the subject of the Eternal State of “the New Heaven and New Earth, and the New Jerusalem.” We will discuss those whom will, and will not, enter the New Jerusalem. People whom are Christ’s have been born again. People whom are not Christ’s have not been born again. Being born again means to have one’s spirit, “born from above,” which is by an act of God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:8).

A. Let’s consider the inhabitants of the Kingdom Age of Rev 20, which is also known as the thousand year Millennium. It will be from the Kingdom Age that the occupants of the New Jerusalem will come. It will be necessary for all whom enter the New Jerusalem to have bodies and souls that are “sinless, perfect and eternal,” as a result of bodily perfection that will come from rapture or resurrection, per 1 Cor 15:50 (KJV), “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.” Additionally, all whom enter the New Jerusalem Kingdom Age must have been born again (John 3:3). In the following sub-paragraphs we will address those whom will, and will not, go from the Kingdom Age into the New Jerusalem.

1. Church age saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. Coming with Christ from Heaven to Earth for the Battle of Armageddon will be the resurrected and raptured born again believers in Christ. (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Rev 19:11-14).

2. Old Testament Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints, including those of the Gospels, will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Dan 12:1-2).

3. Tribulation Martyred Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Rev 20:4).

4. Surviving Tribulation Saints will inhabit the New Jerusalem. Those whom will be left behind from the rapture, and who later come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation, Jew and Gentile, will be allowed to enter the Kingdom Age. (Matt 24:40-41, Jews; Matt 25:34, Gentiles). These saints will enter the Kingdom Age in imperfect bodies and souls, but having been born again. They will be given eternal and perfect resurrection bodies (body and soul) during the Kingdom, which will allow them to inhabit the New Jerusalem. These saints will have children during the Kingdom Age, as is discussed in the next paragraph.

5. Those whom are born to surviving Tribulation saints during the Kingdom Age may, or may not, inhabit the New Jerusalem. No one whom is born during the Kingdom Age will have a born again spirit upon their birth; they must accept Christ as their Lord and Savior in order for them to enter the eternal state. They must have perfect eternal resurrection “bodies, souls and spirits,” which will come from their having accepted Christ as their Lord and Savior. (Rev 20:15).

6. Restated, the born again experience must take place in the life of each person before entry into the Kingdom Age and New Jerusalem are permitted. In addition to being born again, all whom enter into the New Jerusalem must have an eternal and perfect, “body, soul, and spirit,” all of which must have come from spiritual acts of God, “new-birth and resurrection.”

B. Who are the people which will not enter the Kingdom Age, “the thousand years prior to the New Jerusalem?” Such people are those whom will not have not been born again (Dan 12:1-2; John 3:3; Mt 24:40-41; Mt 25:41). These people are the unsaved dead of all times (Rev 20:11-13). The unsaved living survivors of the Tribulation will be taken in death, to be resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgement of Rev 20:15 (Matt 24:40-41; Matt 25:41).

C. Who will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age? These will be people whom have resurrection or raptured bodies.

1. Old Testament Saints (Dan 12:3; Matt 19:28.)
2. New Testament Saints (1 Cor 6:2.)
3. Tribulation Martyred Saints (Rev 20:4).

D. Who “will not” rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age?

1. All whom will be born again during the Tribulation. They will not have resurrection bodies and souls when they enter the Kingdom. Prior to the time of entering the New Jerusalem, these Tribulation saints will be given perfect and eternal, resurrection bodies and souls. During the Kingdom Age, these people will be busy being “students of Christ,” (Isa 2:1-3).
2. All children who will be born during the Kingdom Age. Upon birth, they will not have resurrection bodies, souls or spirits. If they accept Christ as Savior, they will be given “perfect, eternal, and resurrection” bodies, souls and spirits which will allow them to enter the New Jerusalem. During the Kingdom Age, these people should be busy being “students of Christ,” (Isa 2:1-3). However, they may not be as such (Zech 14:16-19, Rev 20:7-9).

E. During the time of the Kingdom Age, who will rule and reign over whom?

1. In the Abrahamic Covenant, Jews are promised the land of Gen 15:18-22, which will not occur, in full, until the Kingdom Age. Surviving, born again, Jews of the Tribulation will occupy the promised land in mortal bodies. OT saints having been resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, will have resurrection bodies, souls and spirits, and will rule and reign over the Tribulation Jews. The Abrahamic Covenant relates to Jews of all times, with details of that promise going back to the Davidic Covenant in 2 Sam 7. The promised land will extend from the River of Egypt (Wadi el-Arish) to the Euphrates River in Iraq (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Old Testament, Allen E. Poss).

2. Surviving, born again, Tribulation Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age in natural bodies, and will reside beyond the boundaries of the promised land; they will come and go, to and from, the promised land of Gen 15:18-22 (Zech 14:16-19). Born again saints of the Church Age, and the martyred and resurrected Gentiles of the Tribulation, will have resurrection bodies, souls, and spirits; they will rule and reign in the area that is beyond the promised land of Gen 15:18-22, over those Gentiles that do not have resurrected bodies, souls and spirits.

3. Resurrected and raptured saints of the church age will be caught up and taken to Heaven by Christ, never to be absent from His Presence (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17). We, “church age saints,” will travel from Heaven to Earth with Christ during the Millennium, and back to Heaven with Christ, as we rule and reign with Him….back and forth….back and forth….back and forth. We will go back and forth, from heaven to earth to heaven, for the 1000 year duration of the Kingdom Age. Because of the wording of 1 Thes 4:17, “so shall we ever be with the Lord,” church age saints will be present with Christ during the Kingdom Age, “ruling and reigning with Christ,” as He rules from Jerusalem. If Christ should leave the Promised Land, the church age saints will accompany Him.

4. Those in the Kingdom Age, having “perfect and eternal,” resurrection bodies, souls and spirits, will rule and reign over those not having such resurrection bodies. All of those whom will be in the New Jerusalem must have resurrection bodies. Imperfection and sin will be present during the Kingdom Age, as children are born, not having come to saving faith in Christ. Sin will escalate and lead to the Battle of Gog and Magog, as the Kingdom Age comes to an end (Rev 20:7-9). No imperfection will be allowed in the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:27, Ryrie Study Bible).

IV. Scripture Study Details.

A. Introduction. Revelation 21 (NASB) Text and Comments. The NASB translation was chosen for the following scriptures of this article because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation. Scripture notes come from the Ryrie Study Bible, due to the demonstrated knowledge of scripture of Dr. Ryrie, and because of the concise way that he makes his thoughts known. The credentials of Dr. Charles Ryrie (deceased) can be found in the About Sources Page of this site. Everybody should have a Ryrie Study Bible.

B. Text. Revelation 21 (NASB).

The New Heaven and Earth

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, 4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”

5 And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He *said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.” 6 Then He said to me, “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost. 7 He who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son. 8 But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

The New Jerusalem

10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very costly stone, as a stone of crystal-clear jasper. 12 It had a great and high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east and three gates on the north and three gates on the south and three gates on the west. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, and its gates and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, fifteen hundred miles; its length and width and height are equal. 17 And he measured its wall, seventy-two yards, according to human measurements, which are also angelic measurements. 18 The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundation stones of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. 25 In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; 26 and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; 27 and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

C. Comments. Revelation 21. Ryrie Study Bible.

21:1. “a new heaven and a new earth.” The present creation will be destroyed so that it may be cleansed from all the effects of sin (2 Peter 3:7, 10, 12). “No more sea” because climatic and human conditions will be completely different.
21:2. “new Jerusalem.” This heavenly city will be the abode of all the saints (Heb 12:22-24), the bride of Christ (vv 9-10), and the place Christ prepared for His people (John 14:2). During the Millennium the Jew Jerusalem (described in Rev 21:9-22:5) apparently will be suspended over the earth, and it will be the dwelling place of all believers during eternity (as is emphasized in 21:1-8).
21:3-4 People will enjoy a new intimacy with God and the elimination of those sorrows that sin brings.
21:8. Those whose lives can be characterized in these ways will be cast into the lake of fire, because they have shown themselves to be unbelievers. “brimstone = sulphur.
21:11. The city will shine with the “glory of God,” like “crystal-clear Jasper,” which will allow that glory to shine brilliantly.
21:12-14. Though both Jewish saints and Christian saints will inhabit the city, the names of the “twelve tribes” and the “twelve apostles” are a witness to their continued distinction.
21:16-17. Shaped foursquare like a cube, the city is 1380 mi (2,220 km) on each face, including height, with a wall 72 yd (66 m) thick. It has been calculated that even if only 25 percent of this space were used for dwellings, 20 billion people could be accommodated spaciously.
21:19-20. “chalcedony.” Probably a greenish blue agate stone. (The exact composition and color of all these precious stones is unknown.) “sardonyx.” Bright red. “chrysolite.” Golden in color. “beryl.” Sea green. “topaz.” Yellow-green. “chrysoprase.” Apple green. “jacincth.” Blue. “amethyst.” Purple.
21:24. Whether these “nations” and “kings” are millennial people or resurrected people in the eternal state is unclear. In either case, only the redeemed will be allowed to enter the city (v. 27).

V. Conclusion. Verses of judgment and condemnation. In the verses that follow, are the lifestyles of people whom have not been born again, “those whom are not Christ’s.” There are differences, however, in the verses that identify such non-believers. Those whom are alive during the time prior to the tribulation had been exposed to Christ by eyewitnesses of our Lord, and by those whom had been won to Christ by those whom had been won to Christ by converts of eyewitnesses (from the first century until now). Because only eyewitnesses of Christ had actually seen the Truth of Christ, “those whom had not/have not seen our Lord” based their decisions to accept Christ as Lord and Savior on faith, which will be the case of those which will be martyred tribulation saints. Those whom will live during the Kingdom Age as unbelievers will have the physical Presence of Christ in their lives, and will come under His teaching. In Rev 21:8 such words as “cowardly, fearful, liars,” along with the other verse qualifiers, show a lifestyle of unbelief in Christ, of not having been born again. All whom have direct access to the Person of Christ and to His teachings, should have no reason to be cowardly, fearful, or liars. But, because of their not having been born again, such Kingdom Age unbelievers will find their eternal destination to be in the Lake Of Fire (Rev 20:15), because they did not receive the Person and teaching of Christ; they were born in the Kingdom Age as unbelievers, and will exit the Kingdom Age as unbelievers. In essence, those of Rev 21:8, have not been born again (John 3:3). It is important to know that “Kingdom of God” can relate to the Millennium or to the Eternal State, depending on context. John 3:3 and 1 Cor 6:9-10 directly relate to the Millennium. However, those whom have been born again will also enter into the New Jerusalem of the Eternal State.

A. Pre-Tribulation

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (NASB)
9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (KJV)
9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

B. Post Tribulation.

Revelation 21:8 (NASB)
8 But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Revelation 21:8 (KJV)
8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

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Rev 20 – The Millennium – To Rule And Reign With Christ

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Opening Video Information.

What will Christians do during the millennial kingdom? Nov 21, 2012. John Ankerberg Show.

II. Key Verses. Joel 3:10, Micah 4:3 (All verses NASB).

A. In Rev 19 we concluded the events of the Tribulation.

B. In Rev 20 we will see the blessings of the Kingdom Age of the Millennium.

C. The following two verses focus on key features of the Tribulation and Millennium.

1. “Beat your plowshares into swords, And your pruning hooks into spears;” (Joel 3:10). This verse relates to the Tribulation, at the Battle of Armageddon (Ryrie Study Bible).

2. “Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. (Micah 4:3). This verse relates to the Kingdom Age of the Millennium (Ryrie Study Bible).

D. The Tribulation must precede the Millennium (Ryrie Study Bible, note on Joel 3:9-17). We will now discuss things of the Millennium.

III. Introduction (All verses NASB).

A. The millennium, as shown in Rev 20, is a fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant, as stated in 2 Sam 7:1-17.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+sam+7%3A9-17&version=NASB

1. MacArthur Study Bible Notes. 2 Samuel 7:1–17 See 1 Chr. 17:1–15. These verses record the establishment of the Davidic Covenant, God’s unconditional promise to David and his posterity. While not called a covenant here, it is later (23:5). This promise is an important key to understanding God’s irrevocable pledge of a king from the line of David to rule forever (v. 16). It has been estimated that over 40 individual biblical passages are directly related to these verses (cf. Pss. 89; 110; 132); thus, this text is a major highlight in the OT. The ultimate fulfillment comes at Christ’s second advent when He sets up His millennial kingdom on earth (cf. Ezek. 37; Zech. 14; Rev. 19). (The following notes come from 2 Sam).

a. 7:12 your seed. According to the rest of Scripture, it was the coming Messiah who would establish David’s kingdom forever (see Is. 9:6, 7; Luke 1:32, 33).
b. 7:15 This is an expression of the unconditional character of the Davidic Covenant. The Messiah will come to His glorious, eternal Kingdom and that promise will not change.
c. 7:16 your house…your kingdom…Your throne. Luke 1:32b, 33 indicates that these 3 terms are fulfilled in Jesus, “…and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.” forever. This word conveys the idea of 1) an indeterminately long time or 2) into eternity future. It does not mean that there cannot be interruptions, but rather that the outcome is guaranteed. Christ’s Davidic reign will conclude human history.

2. The Kingdom Age is a key part of the Olivet Discourse (Mt 24-25), where Christ told His “soon to be apostles” of the events that will take place during the prophesied seven-year tribulation. “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come (Mt 24:14 NASB). It is important to know that it is the “good news” of the Kingdom that will be preached during the Tribulation, as opposed to the “good news” of 1 Cor 15:1-8 (death, burial and resurrection of Christ). It is important to understand that the Olivet Discourse was taught by Christ to Jews, about Jewish things.

3. The Kingdom Age was preached by Isaiah the prophet to Israel in 760 B.C. (Scofield) to Jews in and around Jerusalem (Isa 1:1). Details: 2:1 “It will come about in the last days; 2:3 “And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways; 2:4, “And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.” 9:6-7 ” 6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.” 11:6 “And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.

B. The Kingdom is taught in the Gospels, as related to Jews.

1. Luke 1:31-33: “31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.”

2. The Kingdom was taught by Christ and His disciples about the Kingdom to first century Jews

a. “From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (Matt 4:17).

b. “Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom….” (Matt 4:23).

c. Jesus was going through all the cities and villages…..proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, (Mt 9:35 re: Matt 24:14).

d. Christ sent His disciples to Jews to teach about the Kingdom. Mt 10:5-7 “5 These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: “Do not go in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the Samaritans; 6 but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’”

C. The Kingdom Age was taught to Jews by Christ in the Sermon On The Mount (Matt 5-7 and Luke 6:17-49).

(Mt 5-7) 5:3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” 5:10 “Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” 5:12 “…they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” 5:19 “Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” 5:20 “For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Mt 6:10 “Your kingdom come. Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven.” 6:33 “But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.” Mt 7:12 “In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” It is important to know that the Sermon on the Mount was taught by Christ to Jews about Jewish things.

D. Christ taught about the fulfillment of prophecy to Jews.

1. “I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.” (Matt 8:11)

2. “Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom.” (Luke 12:32)

E. Christ told the disciples, who would soon become apostles, of their special role in the Kingdom.

1. Mt 16:19 “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.”

2. Luke 22:29-30: “29 and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you 30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”

F. The Kingdom: Reward and Stipulation.

1. The reward that Isaiah prophesied to Jews in III. A. 3., above, was reaffirmed by Christ: Matt 6:33 “But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.”

2. The stipulation for Jews of all times is that no Jew is promised life in the Kingdom, except by John 3:3. “… unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

3. The stipulation, for all whom are alive during the church age, is that no one will be able to enter the Millennium to rule and reign with Christ, unless they are born again: 2 Cor 5:17, “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.” Church age saints will be caught up by Christ and taken to Heaven when He returns “in the air” (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18) and will be with Him wherever He may be, and will rule and reign with Him during the Millennium (1 Cor 6:2). The dwelling place for church age saints during the Tribulation and Millennium is in Heaven (John 14:2-3). Resurrected and raptured church-age born again saints, will come to earth and return to Heaven with Christ, during the Millennium, each time that He comes to earth and returns to Heaven (1 Thes 4:18).

4. The stipulation for any Jew or Gentile, which may survive the Tribulation, is that they must be “righteous/born again” in order for them to be allowed by Christ to enter the Millennium, otherwise they will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment of Rev 20:15 (Jews, Matt 24:40-41: “the unrighteous taken to judgment; the righteous left to enter the Millennium;” Gentiles, Matt 25:31-33: “the righteous to enter the Millennium, Mt 25:34; the unrighteous to be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment, Mt 25:41).

5. The stipulation for anyone, of any time, is that no one can enter the Kingdom unless they have been born again. To be born again means that a person’s spirit is as pure as the Spirit of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (2 Cor 5:21). A believer’s born-again spirit must reside within the Spirit of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (John 14:16-17, 20; 2 Cor 5:17; Col 1:27; 1 John 1:5). Those whom have a born-again spirit will be prompted by God’s Holy Spirit of the things of righteousness (John 14:26, 16:7-11). Once we have been born again, and have been given God’s indwelling Holy Spirit, we will never have God’s Holy Spirit taken away, or removed, from our spirit. God’s Holy Spirit will eternally dwell within the spirit of all whom have been born again. Once we have been born again, we can not be “unborn” (John 10:27-30).

6. Conclusion. Everyone, of all time, “must be born again” in order for them to enter the Millennium/Kingdom Age.

IV. Preview of Rev 20. (All verses NASB)

A. Rev 20 is a view of the Kingdom Age in a nutshell. The duration of the Kingdom Age is 1,000 years, and is also known as the Millennial reign of Christ.

B. MacArthur Study Bible Note. Rev 20:1—22:21. Chapter 19 ends with the Battle of Armageddon and Christ’s second coming—events that mark the close of the Tribulation. The events of chap. 20—the binding of Satan, Christ’s 1,000 year earthly kingdom, Satan’s final rebellion, and the Great White Throne Judgment—fit chronologically between the close of the Tribulation and the creation of the new heaven and the new earth described in chaps. 21, 22.

C. Inhabitants of the Kingdom/Millennium.

1. Coming with Christ from Heaven for the Battle of Armageddon. These are the resurrected and raptured born again believers in Christ. (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Rev 19:11-14).

2. Old Testament Saints resurrected at the end of the Tribulation (Dan 12:1-2), which will include the OT saints of the Gospels.

3. Tribulation Martyrs (Rev 20:4). Surviving Tribulation Saints (those who came to Christ during the tribulation, Jew and Gentile). (Matt 24:40-41, Jews; Matt 25:34, Gentiles).

4. Those born to surviving Tribulation saints; these will have to accept Christ as Savior to enter the eternal state Rev 20:15)

D. Those not allowed into the Kingdom. Who are the people which will not enter the Kingdom Age? It will be those whom have not been born again. Dan 12:1-2; John 3:3; Mt 24:40-41; Mt 25:41. The unsaved dead of all times (Rev 20:11-13). The unsaved living survivors of the tribulation are put to death, to be resurrected at the Great White Throne Judgement of Rev 20:15 (Matt 24:40-41; Matt 25:41).

E. Those ruling and reigning with Christ during the Kingdom Age will be all of whom were born again prior to the Tribulation, and those whom were born again, AND MARTYRED, during the tribulation.

1. Old Testament Saints (Dan 12:1-2; Matt 19:28).
2. New Testament Saints (1 Cor 6:2).
3. Tribulation Martyred Saints (Rev 20:4).

F. Those “not” ruling and reigning with Christ during the Kingdom Age.

1. Those whom were born again during the Tribulation, but were not martyred (this will be discussed in the next Revelation article).
2. All children who will be born during the Kingdom Age have yet to be born again; if they accept Christ as Savior, they will be born again and have the influence of God’s Holy Spirit prompting them to righteousness (John 14:26, 16:7-11).

G. Who will rule and reign over whom?

1. In the Abrahamic Covenant, Jews are promised the land of Gen 15:18-22, which will not occur until the Kingdom Age. Surviving Jews of the Tribulation will occupy the promised land. Jews with resurrection bodies will rule and reign over the land of Gen 15:18-22.

2. Surviving Tribulation Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age, but will reside beyond the boundaries of the promised land. They will come and go, to and from, the promised land of Gen 15:18-22 (Zech 14:16-19). Born again saints of the Church Age, and the martyred and resurrected Gentiles of the Tribulation, will rule and reign in the area beyond the promised land of Gen 15:18-22. The church age saints may also rule and reign over the promised land (1 Thes 4:17).

3. Resurrected and raptured saints of the church age will be caught up and taken to Heaven by Christ, never to be absent from His Presence (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Thes 4:16-17). We, “church age saints,” will travel from heaven to earth with Christ during the Millennium, and back to Heaven with Christ, as we rule and reign with Him….back and forth….back and forth….back and forth. We will go back and forth, from heaven to earth to heaven, for the 1000 year duration of the Kingdom Age.

H. Looking ahead. We have discussed the stipulation for those whom will gain entry into the Millennium. There is also a stipulation for those whom will gain entry into the eternal state of Rev 21-22. In our next Revelation article we will discuss that which is necessary for anyone to spend eternity with God in the eternal state.

V. Rev 19 NASB 1995 Text and Comments (MacArthur Study Bible notes, unless otherwise noted). .

Satan Bound

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; 3 and he threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

Comments 1-3 KJV Study Bible. 20:1–3. The bottomless pit is simply the Abyss (Gr. abussos), the abode of evil spirits (cf. 9:1–11; Luke 8:31). The key shows authority, and the chain depicts imprisonment and binding. Before the millennial kingdom begins, Satan (cf. 12:9) is bound in the Abyss. The seal indicates God’s authority and guarantee that Satan will not be released until a thousand years have passed. During the Millennium (Latin for “one thousand years”) Satan will not be able to tempt or deceive the nations. Any temptation to sin during the Millennium must come from within those people who are born after the kingdom begins. It must be assumed that all of Satan’s demons or fallen angels are also imprisoned at this time (cf. Is. 24:21–23). Christ will reign on earth without opposition, and His kingdom will be characterized by righteousness, peace, and love (cf. Is. 2:3, 4; 11:3–5; 35:1, 2; Dan. 7:14; Zech. 14:9). However, after the thousand years Satan will be released for a short while (vv. 7–9).

4 Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.

Comments 4 the souls of those who had been beheaded. These are tribulation martyrs (cf. 6:9; 18:24; 19:2). The Gr. word translated “beheaded” became a general term for execution, not necessarily a particular method. his mark. See note on 13:16. Tribulation martyrs will be executed for refusing the mark of the beast. reigned. Tribulation believers, along with the redeemed from both the OT and NT eras, will reign with Christ (1 Cor. 6:2; 2 Tim. 2:12) during the 1,000 year kingdom.

Comments 5 the rest of the dead. The bodies of unbelievers of all ages will not be resurrected until the Great White Throne Judgment (vv. 12, 13). first resurrection. Scripture teaches two kinds of resurrections: the “resurrection of life” and “the resurrection of condemnation” (John 5:29; cf. Dan. 12:2; Acts 24:15). The first kind of resurrection is described as “the resurrection of the just” (Luke 14:14), the resurrection of “those who are Christ’s at His coming” (1 Cor. 15:23), and the “better resurrection” (Heb. 11:35). It includes only the redeemed of the church age (1 Thess. 4:13–18), the OT (Dan. 12:2), and the Tribulation (v. 4). They will enter the kingdom in resurrection bodies, along with believers who survived the Tribulation. The second kind of resurrection, then, will be the resurrection of the unconverted who will receive their final bodies suited for torment in hell.

Comments 6. Blessed. Those who die in the Lord (14:13) are blessed with the privilege of entering His kingdom (see note on 1:3). second death. The first death is only physical, the second is spiritual and eternal in the lake of fire, the final, eternal hell (v. 14). It could exist outside the created universe as we know it, outside of space and time, and be presently unoccupied (see note on 19:20). thousand years. See note on v. 2.

Satan Freed, Doomed

7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

Comments 7 Satan…released. He is loosed to bring cohesive leadership to the world of rebels born to the believers who entered the kingdom at the beginning. He is loosed to reveal the character of Christ-rejecting sinners who are brought into judgment for the last time ever.

Comments 8 Gog and Magog. The name given to the army of rebels and its leader at the end of the Millennium. They were names of ancient enemies of the Lord. Magog was the grandson of Noah (Gen. 10:2) and founder of a kingdom located N of the Black and Caspian Seas. Gog is apparently the leader of a rebel army known collectively as Magog. The battle depicted in vv. 8, 9 is like the one in Ezek. 38, 39; it is best to see this one as taking place at the end of the Millennium. For the difference, see notes on Ezek. 38, 39.

Comments 9 beloved city. Jerusalem (cf. Pss. 78:68; 87:2), the capital city during Christ’s millennial reign (Jer. 3:17). The saints will be living around the city where Christ reigns (cf. Is. 24:23; Jer. 3:17; Zech. 14:9–11). fire. Frequently associated in Scripture with divine judgment of wicked men (Gen. 19:24; 2 Kin. 1:10, 12, 14; Luke 9:54; 17:29).

Comments 10 deceived. Just as his demons will entice the world’s armies into the Battle of Armageddon, Satan will draw them into a suicidal assault against Christ and His people (16:13, 14). lake of fire and brimstone. See note on 19:20. tormented day and night. See note on 14:11. Continuous, unrelieved torment will be the final state of Satan, fallen angels, and unredeemed men.

Judgment at the Throne of God

11 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one of them according to their deeds. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.

Comments 11 great white throne. Nearly 50 times in Revelation there is the mention of a throne. This is a judgment throne, elevated, pure, and holy. God sits on it as judge (cf. 4:2, 3, 9; 5:1, 7, 13; 6:16; 7:10, 15) in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. See 21:5, 6; John 5:22–29; Acts 17:31. earth and the heaven fled away. John saw the contaminated universe go out of existence. Peter described this moment in 2 Pet. 3:10–13 (see notes there). The universe is “uncreated,” going into non-existence (cf. Matt. 24:35).

Comments 12 standing before God. In a judicial sense, as guilty, condemned prisoners before the bar of divine justice. There are no living sinners left in the destroyed universe since all sinners were killed and all believers glorified. books. These books record every thought, word, and deed of sinful men—all recorded by divine omniscience (see note on Dan. 7:9, 10, the verse that is the source of this text). They will provide the evidence for eternal condemnation. Cf. 18:6, 7. Book of Life. It contains the names of all the redeemed (Dan. 12:1; see notes on 3:5). judged according to their works. Their thoughts (Luke 8:17; Rom. 2:16), words (Matt. 12:37), and actions (Matt. 16:27) will be compared to God’s perfect, holy standard (Matt. 5:48; 1 Pet. 1:15, 16) and will be found wanting (Rom. 3:23). This also implies that there are degrees of punishment in hell (cf. Matt. 10:14, 15; 11:22; Mark 12:38–40; Luke 12:47, 48; Heb. 10:29).

Comment 13 Death and Hades. See note on 1:18. Both terms describe the state of death. All unrighteous dead will appear at the Great White Throne Judgment; none will escape. All the places that have held the bodies of the unrighteous dead will yield up new bodies suited for hell.

My Comment. 20:13. Luke 16:19-31. The rich man was dead, with his body in the grave; this man was dead, with his soul experiencing torment in Hades. Once a believer dies, the body is in the grave (so to speak) and the soul is in the Presence of God, in a state of comfort (as was Lazarus). At the time of the rapture and resurrection, the church age bodies of the “dead in Christ” will be raised to be physically in the Presence of Christ, forever (1 Thes 4:16-18). The righteous whom die prior to the church age, and in the tribulation, will have their deceased bodies raised at the end of the tribulation (Dan 12:2, Rev 20:4). As in the case of Lazarus, all deceased righteous saints, of all times, will have their souls (consciousness) in the Presence of God from the time of their death until the time of their bodily resurrection, at which time their “bodies, souls and spirits” (1 Thes 5:23) will be reunited. There is no such thing as soul sleep.

Comments 14 second death. See note on v. 6.

Comments 15 lake of fire. See note on 19:20. 19:20 beast was captured, and…the false prophet. In an instant, the world’s armies are without their leaders. The beast is Antichrist (see notes on 13:1–8); the false prophet is his religious cohort (see notes on 13:11–17). cast alive. The bodies of the beast and the false prophet will be transformed, and they will be banished directly to the lake of fire (Dan. 7:11)—the first of countless millions of unregenerate men (20:15) and fallen angels (cf. Matt. 25:41) to arrive in that dreadful place. That these two still appear there 1,000 years later (20:10) refutes the false doctrine of annihilationism (cf. 14:11; Is. 66:24; Matt. 25:41; Mark 9:48; Luke 3:17; 2 Thess. 1:9). lake of fire. The final hell, the place of eternal punishment for all unrepentant rebels, angelic or human (cf. 20:10, 15). The NT says much of eternal punishment (cf. 14:10, 11; Matt. 13:40–42; 25:41; Mark 9:43–48; Luke 3:17; 12:47, 48). fire…brimstone. See note on 9:17. These two are frequently associated with divine judgment (14:10; 20:10; 21:8; Gen. 19:24; Ps. 11:6; Is. 30:33; Ezek. 38:22; Luke 17:29).

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

Bible Hub

VI. Summary (All verses NASB).

A. The Kingdom of God is that, such as Isaiah prophesied, of a physical Kingdom which will be present on earth, with Christ ruling from Jerusalem (Isa 2:3, 9:6-7, etc.).

B. There is discussion today of “Kingdom Now Theology.” However, there can be no Kingdom without a King present and ruling. The King, Christ, is not presently ruling on earth, and will not be present on earth until the events of prophecy are fulfilled, such as those taken from Zech 12:9 and 14:1-4, at the end of the Tribulation, in the Battle of Armageddon:

1. “And in that day I will set about to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem” (Zech 12:9).

2. “Behold, a day is coming for the Lord…. (He) will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle…Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle….His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east;” (Zech 14:1-4).

C. Peace will not come upon the Earth until Christ returns from Heaven to Earth, and physically rules and reigns from Jerusalem.

1. “And the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one.” (Zech 14:9)

2. There will be only one religion in the entire world during the millennial reign of Christ. Ruling with a rod of iron (cf. Rev. 19:15), Christ will have done away with all false religions spawned by Satan. This will be the ultimate fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant providing a Jewish people, the nation of Israel, and the land given to Abraham; the Davidic Covenant which promised a king from the tribe of Judah and the line of David; and the New Covenant which held out the hope of spiritual redemption for Jew and Gentile. All of this will be fulfilled in and by the Lord Jesus Christ. (MacArthur Study Bible note).

D. If we were to think that we are in the Kingdom Age now, we would have to conclude that Christ is not doing a good job of ruling and reigning. Worldly peace is not present. The conditions of Isaiah 2 are nowhere to be found.

VII. Closing Video.

The closing video relates to Isaiah 2:3. “And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob.”

Up to Jerusalem – Paul Wilbur.flv. Dec 12, 2010. Juan Rodriguez.

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The Making Of America 3 – Events Leading To The Constitution – Conflict Today

Jay Sekulow SLAMS Nadler in Senate Impeachment Trial. Jan 22, 2020. TruthNation. Tump lawyer Jay Sekulow destroys Jerry Nadler for saying “executive privilege and other nonsense”. Sekulow is arguing that not giving documents and violating executive privilege in order to offer up witnesses is not nonsense, it’s Constitutional.

https://jewsforjesus.org/our-stories/jay-sekulow-how-a-jewish-lawyer-from-brooklyn-came-to-believe-in-jesus/
Jay Sekulow is a Messianic Jew, which means that he was born Jewish but is now a born again believer in Christ. His discussion in the opening video is a defense of our Constitution. Jerald Nadler, and other Democrats, have made an assault on the U.S. Constitution, with a liberal attack arrow being aimed at the Bill of Rights, as Jay Sekulow very clearly pointed out in his comments that were made to the members of the U.S. Senate in January 22, 2020, in the hearings where Democrats want to remove our President from office.

The Democrats in our country have made an unrelenting attack on the formation of our country, to include our Constitution. I have heard government educated types say that the colonists should never have declared their independence from Great Britain. In this article I will identify some of the things that were matters of oppression against the people whom had made their homes in America. The following timeline shows some of the things that were serous problems that were being forced on the Colonies; such things were in the minds of our founding fathers of the U.S.A. when they wrote our Constitution. Notice that the colonists eventually separated themselves from the oppressive British government. In this article, we will also discuss today’s attacks on our Constitution by Democrats.

Consider the following American History Timeline that leads to the formation of the United States Of America. I doubt that many students in American “government schools” are made aware of the true founding of America, with the establishing of the United States of America. Consider 1765, Mar 24 and the Bill of Rights. http://www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/14-american-history-timeline.htm

American History Timeline: 1688 – 1776

1688 The Glorious Revolution in England leads to a constitutional monarchy and passing of the Bill of Rights

1763 February 10: Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763). Canada east of the Mississippi River added to the British empire.
Pontiac’s Rebellion against the British
October 7: The Proclamation of 1763 issued by King George III after the end of the French and Indian War / Seven Years’ War to organize the new North American empire and stabilize relations with Native Americans. No British settlements allowed west of the Appalachian mountains. Settlers already in these areas required to return east

1764 February: James Otis urges a united response to the recent acts imposed by England. The phrase “Taxation without Representation is Tyranny” is usually attributed to James Otis
July: James Otis publishes “The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved.”
August: Boston merchants begin a boycott of British luxury goods

1765 March 22: The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament. March 24: The Quartering Act required American colonists to house British troops and supply them with food. July: The Sons of Liberty is formed – a secret organization opposed to the Stamp Act. December: Over 200 Boston merchants refuse to pay the Stamp Tax

1766 1766 March 18. Stamp Act repealed
January: New York assembly refuses to fully enforce the Quartering Act.
August: Violence breaks out in New York between British soldiers and members of the Sons of Liberty.

1768 July: Merchants in Boston and New York boycott British goods
September: English warships sail into Boston Harbor leaving two regiments of English troops to keep order.

1770 March: “The Boston Massacre” – Four workers shot by British troops in Boston

1773 December 16: The Boston Tea Party – Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protest against the British Tea Act by dumping crates of tea into Boston Harbor.

1774 March: The Coercive Acts (called Intolerable Acts by Americans)

1775 February 9: English Parliament declares Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion
April 19 Shots fired at Lexington and Concord where weapons depot destroyed. “Minute Men” force British troops back to Boston. George Washington takes command of the Continental Army.
June 15: George Washington appointed general and commander-in-chief of the new Continental Army.
June 17: Battle of Bunker Hill
July 6: Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms stating that Americans are “resolved to die free men rather than live as slaves.”
The American Revolution, the American War of Independence, led by George Washington was fought between Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and ended in a global war between several European great powers.

1776 May 2: The American revolution gains support from King Louis XVI of France
1776 July 4. Thomas Jefferson presents the United States Declaration of Independence.

The “BILL OF RIGHTS.” The protection of citizens from the U.S. Government.

https://www.ushistory.org/us/18a.asp

Ten Amendments

These first ten amendments to the Constitution became known as the Bill of Rights, and still stand as both the symbol and foundation of American ideals of individual liberty, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, and the rule of law. Most of the Bill of Rights concerns legal protections for those accused of crimes. For instance, the fourth through eighth amendments provide protection from unreasonable SEARCH AND SEIZURE, the privilege against SELF-INCRIMINATION, and the right to a FAIR AND SPEEDY JURY TRIAL that will be free from unusual punishments. The last two amendments, respectively, spell out that this list of individual protections is not meant to exclude other ones, and, by contrast, set forth that all powers claimed by the federal government had to be expressly stated in the Constitution.

The FIRST AMENDMENT, perhaps the broadest and most famous of the Bill of Rights, establishes a range of political and civil rights including those of FREE SPEECH, assembly, press, and religion.

Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

RE: RELIGION. Notice that this is the first protection for citizens against government overreach and control. The Democrat party often uses “Freedom Of Religion” to mean “Freedom From Religion.” There is no “great wall of separation,” as Democrats often state in their arguments against U.S. citizens who claim such First Amendment protection from our government. Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama both used the phrase, “Freedom of Worship.” Such an misunderstanding allows us to meet freely for worship, but puts controls on taking the knowledge that we learn in church services, by restricting an exercise of that which we have learned to evangelize “outside of a place of worship.” The wording of this constitutional right is very clear; it does not require a constitutional lawyer to make its meaning known. Consider the following linked information on why the colonists feared a government control of religion.

https://www.landofthebrave.info/glorious-revolution.htm
What effect did the Glorious Revolution have on the American Colonies?
The Glorious Revolution had a significant effect on the American colonies. King James II had created as many problems in the American colonies as he had for England. Under the rule of King James II the colonists were under the direct control of the monarch. James II ruled as he saw fit and there was no one to stop him:

Over half the governments of the colonies were under the direct control of James II.
James II refused to recognized the colonial charters that had been granted to the colonists.
He did not allow American colonists any say over laws and taxes.
As a staunch Catholic, James was attempting to replace Protestant institutions with Catholic ones.
The vast majority of Colonists were Protestants – Only 1.6% of the population were Catholics.
The Protestants detested the Catholics and feared the bloody persecutions they had left behind in Europe.

RE: FREEDOM OF SPEECH. No one has the freedom to go into a crowded theater and yell “FIRE!” No one has the right to go to a place of business and yell obscenities. Notice that the protections for free speech deal with government control of speech. As citizens, the government can not control our speech, regardless of agreement or disagreement with its content. Consider the protections of our speech that was on the minds of the colonists. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_speech_in_the_United_States

England. During colonial times, English speech regulations were rather restrictive. The English criminal common law of seditious libel made criticizing the government a crime. Lord Chief Justice John Holt, writing in 1704–1705, explained the rationale for the prohibition: “For it is very necessary for all governments that the people should have a good opinion of it.” The objective truth of a statement in violation of the libel law was not a defense. Until 1694 England had an elaborate system of licensing; no publication was allowed without the accompaniment of the government-granted license.

At Charlottesville, VA, a permit was granted for citizens to peacefully assemble and voice their objections concerning plans to remove a Confederate statue. Fake news addressed those whom had been granted the permit to assemble as, “white nationalists.” However, permission to protest is not based on anyone’s agreement, or disagreement, with the reason to assemble and protest on public property. The guarantee of FREE SPEECH if that If I can go there, you can go there too.

Scenes From the Deadly Unrest in Virginia

RE: FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. As is stated below, a FREE PRESS is needed to inform citizens of that which the government is doing. But, today, the press, which is primarily FAKE NEWS, has sided with the Democrat Party and liberal causes to oppose the opinions and freedoms that conservatives hold important to them. A key example is the fact that fake news has attacked our current President everyday of his presidency with false information, and biased guests and media reporters. The following information shows the concern that the colonists had concerning a free press that could honestly report on the actions of the developing government of “the United States of America.”
https://www.history.com/topics/united-states-constitution/freedom-of-the-press

Freedom of the press—the right to report news or circulate opinion without censorship from the government—was considered “one of the great bulwarks of liberty,” by the Founding Fathers of the United States. Americans enjoy freedom of the press as one of the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment.

The First Amendment, which protects freedom of the press, was adopted on December 15, 1791, as part of the Bill of Rights.

The Bill of Rights provides constitutional protection for certain individual liberties, including freedom of the press, freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to assemble and petition the government.

Origins Of Free Press. Before the thirteen colonies declared independence from Great Britain, the British government attempted to censor the American media by prohibiting newspapers from publishing unfavorable information and opinions.

Amendment II A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

RE: THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS. Consider the words, “TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS,” and the colonists’ concerns over the need for this amendment. Red Flag legislation violates this amendment, which is happening in the state of Virginia. Notice that Democrats favor striking this amendment from the Bill of Rights. https://www.independent.org/publications/books/summary.asp?id=72

Other legislation that has been filed includes banning indoor shooting ranges at offices where there are more than 50 employees. That would include a shooting range at the NRA headquarters, which is located in northern Virginia.
https://wset.com/news/at-the-capitol/guns-rights-bills-killed-in-house-by-virginia-democrats

Independence being declared in 1776, the states began adopting bills of rights, several of which recognized “the right of the people” to have arms for various purposes, such as self defense and the common defense. While some states saw no need for declarations of rights, the liberty of bearing arms was universally recognized. At the same time, militias composed of all male citizens were seen as necessary counter-weights to the threat of a standing army.

Consider the need for personal protection. Democrats ignore the violence in Baltimore: 12 shot, five dead, in single day of shootings in Baltimore https://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/12-shot-dead-single-day-shootings-baltimore-68232001

Consider the need for for personal protection in Chicago: 30 people have been killed this year. That is 9 more than 2019.
Data through Sunday, January 26 https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-chicago-homicides-data-tracker-htmlstory.html
Again, Democrats ignore the fact of violence and murder that can not be prevented by unarmed citizens.

During the Obama administration, law enforcement personnel were constantly being verbally assaulted by Democrats. As noble as police officers have shown themselves to be, there are not enough of them to protect citizens from violent attacks.

AG Sessions: Chicago Murder Rate Spiked Due to Obama’s Consent Decree: By Melanie Arter | September 21, 2018 | 3:46pm EDT
https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/melanie-arter/sessions-chicago-murder-rate-spiked-due-obamas-consent-decree-police

(CNSNews.com) – Attorney General Jeff Sessions on Wednesday blamed the spike in murders in Chicago on the Obama administration’s consent decree, which called for police reforms in response to police harassment and brutality claims.

“From 2014 to 2016, the violent crime rate went up by nearly seven percent. Assaults and rape went up nearly 10 percent. Murder shot up by more than 20 percent. Sadly, this was a nationwide phenomenon, but Chicago is, without a doubt, the most dramatic example,” he said.

Consider Detroit violence. https://apnews.com/c43536132a0996ba53d763cae281c084

DETROIT (AP) — Homicides in Detroit increased last year…End-of-year statistics show 273 homicides were committed in 2019 — up from 261 the year before, Chief James Craig said Friday. Detroit’s 767 nonfatal shootings last year were more than the 755 in 2018, while robberies also were up in 2019 — 2,337 to 2,309. Gang violence was responsible for an uptick in shootings in July and late November into December.

TCT investigates: Armed citizen packs heat to stay safe in Detroit. Oct 29, 2019. Fox News.

The attack on the Bill of Rights will continue by Democrats. As was seen in the last video, high-profile Democrats viciously lie in attacks on the NRA. Democrats are lying to our children and grandchildren about NRA members; I am an NRA member. Consider the mission statements of the National Rifle Association and the National Association for Gun Rights.

The fight for America to become a free country began with the Revolutionary War, and the events that led up to that war. The freedom of our country is under attack today by the Democrat Party. To vote for a Democrat is to vote against the Bill of Rights and the colonists that fought to make the U.S.A. a free country. Amendments three through ten will be discussed in the next article of “The Making Of America,” and will continue to show the attacks of Democrats on our Bill of Rights.

https://www.newsmax.com/fastfeatures/national-association-for-gun-rights-nra-differ/2014/10/12/id/600067/

The mission statements of two of the United States’ top pro-gun lobbies, the National Association for Gun Rights and the National Rifle Association, sound very similar.

The NRA’s mission statement, summarized from its bylaws, is: “To protect and defend the Constitution of the United States, especially with reference to the inalienable right of the individual American citizen guaranteed by such Constitution to acquire, possess, collect, exhibit, transport, carry, transfer ownership of, and enjoy the right to use arms.” The statement also includes a focus on promoting public safety, training in the safe and efficient handling of small arms, hunter safety, and shooting sport promotion.

The National Association for Gun Rights’ mission statement says the organization was “established to promote firearms education, legal advocacy and the promotion of the Second Amendment. In the compromise between good and evil, it is only evil that profits. In the compromise between food and poison, it is only death that wins.” The NAGR also “follows the courts closely” for purposes of legal advocacy and is working to start training programs nationwide.

At the writing of this article, our President is at a rally in Iowa. Lee Greenwood is singing, “God Bless The USA.” The crowd is shouting, “USA USA USA.” Yes. It is a shame that Democrats can’t sing in agreement with that wonderful song. May God protect our country, and may He richly bless The United States Of America.

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Rev 19 – Christ Returns – The Tribulation Ends – Judgment Follows

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Opening Video Information. End Times Signs – Jesus is Coming. May 7, 2016. OTG Ministry.

II. Introduction. It is at the end of the Great Tribulation that Israel is being attacked by all of the nations of the world at the Battle of Armageddon; the USA is one of those worldly attackers. The Jews see no way out of their impending destruction. Israel, and Jews everywhere, have denied Christ for centuries, but now they call on Him to save them, which our Lord does. Christ descends from heaven with angels, and with the born again believers in Christ whom were resurrected or raptured prior to the beginning of the tribulation, and then taken to Heaven where they have been waiting for this prophetic event for the salvation of God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2). This article will discuss the second coming of Christ, where He will stand on planet earth. We will also take a close look at those whom will come with Christ to save the Jews, whom will include resurrected and raptured Messianic Jews.

III. Preview of Rev 19.

A. The events of Rev 19 are identified in verse order, as follow: The Marriage of the Lamb (7-8); The Marriage Supper of the Lamb (9); The descent of Christ from Heaven with the raptured and resurrected believers of the church age and the angels, for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 11-16…Zech 14:5, Matt 24:29-31; Rev 17-21…Isa 66:15-17, Mark 13:24-28, Luke 21:25-27, Zech 12:2-3, Zech 14:1-6,12-17…Zech 12:16-17 is a glimpse of the following Kingdom Age, which is also known as the thousand year millennial reign of Christ). (The Ryrie Study Bible discusses the referenced verses).

B. With some repetition, at the second coming of Christ from heaven to stand on planet earth, the Tribulation comes to a close. In Rev 19 Christ returns to Earth to judge sin and to set up the prophesied Kingdom Age, also known as His thousand year millennial reign. Accompanying Christ, will be the living born again believers in Christ whom were caught up to heaven in the rapture of the church prior to the tribulation (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Also, with the returning Christ, will be the born again believers which died during the church age (prior to the tribulation), and were resurrected from death immediately prior to the living believers being raptured. At the time of the rapture, Christ will come in the air but will not stand on planet Earth. Those saints returning to earth with Christ will rule and reign with Him over those which will have survived the tribulation and whom will be present on earth during the Kingdom/Millennium; the Kingdom will immediately follow the Tribulation. In future articles we will discuss more about the survivors of the Tribulation. We will also discuss the Old Covenant saints and the martyred tribulation saints, as to their ruling and reigning with Christ in the Kingdom Age. Be sure to read the closing summary of this article.

IV. Rev 19 NASB Text and KJV Study Bible Comments (unless otherwise noted).

A. Rev 19:1-5. Text.

1 After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying,“Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God; 2 because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her.” 3 And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up forever and ever.” 4 And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” 5 And a voice came from the throne, saying, “Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.”

B. Rev 19:1-5. Comments.

19:1 “After these things.” MacArthur Study Bible. This is a time key. After the destruction of Babylon at the end of the Great Tribulation, just before the kingdom is established (chap. 20). This section bridges the Tribulation and the millennial kingdom.

19:1. XR Zech 14:5, “all the saints with you.” The Moody Bible Commentary. This term could refer to angels or perhaps to previously raptured believers, returning with their Lord to defend Israel.

19:1–5. Chapters 19 and 20 bring the climax of the Book of Revelation: the return of Christ to establish His millennial kingdom. But first, these five verses show heaven’s response to the judgment of the harlot. The multitude in heaven praises God for judging the great whore (Babylon, the harlot) and avenging the blood of the martyrs (cf. 7:9–17). The word alleluia is the Greek equivalent of hallelujah, and means “Praise Yahweh” or “Praise the Lord” (cf. Pss. 106; 111–113; 117; 135; 146—150). The eternal smoke symbolizes the permanence of Babylon’s destruction (cf. Is. 34:8–10). Amen derives from a Hebrew word meaning “to be firm,” and may be translated “truly” or “so be it.”

C. Rev 19:6-10. Text.

6 Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.7 Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready.” 8 It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. 9 Then he *said to me, “Write, ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.’” And he *said to me, “These are true words of God.” 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he *said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

D. Rev 19:6-10. Comments.

19:6–8. Omnipotent: God is all-powerful, and reigneth over His universe. The marriage of the Lamb: The wife or bride of Christ is the church (cf. Matt. 22:2–14; John 3:29; 2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 5:25–32), and the marriage is the eternal union of the church with Christ following the Rapture (cf. 1 Thess. 4:17). The fine linen, clean and white, represents the righteousness of the church. The marriage supper of the Lamb represents the millennial kingdom of Christ, which will take place on earth following the return of Christ (20:4; cf. Matt. 25:1–13; Luke 14:15–24). The Jewish marriage consisted of three major elements: (1) the betrothal; (2) the presentation; and (3) the marriage feast (supper). Figuratively, with reference to the church, (1) the betrothal takes place on earth during the church age; (2) the presentation will take place in heaven following the Rapture (cf. v. 7); and (3) the marriage feast will take place on earth following Christ’s return with the church (cf. vv. 11–14).

19:9. MacArthur Study Bible. 19:9 Blessed. See note on 1:3. those who are called. This is not the bride (the church) but the guests. The bride doesn’t get invited, she invites. These are those saved before Pentecost, all the faithful believers saved by grace through faith up to the birth of the church (Acts 2:1ff.). Though they are not the bride, they still are glorified and reign with Christ in the millennial kingdom. It is really differing imagery rather than differing reality. The guests also will include tribulation saints and believers alive in earthly bodies in the kingdom. The church is the bride, pure and faithful—never a harlot, like Israel was (see Hos. 2). So the church is the bride during the presentation feast in heaven, then comes to earth for the celebration of the final meal (the Millennium). After that event, the new order comes and the marriage is consummated (see notes on 21:1, 2). true sayings of God. This refers to everything since 17:1. It is all true—the marriage will take place after judgment.

19:10. KJV Study Bible. Worship: Only God is to be worshiped (cf. 22:8, 9; Acts 10:25, 26). Spirit of prophecy: The person and message of Jesus is the essence of all true prophecy.

E. Rev 19:11-13. Text.

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.

F. Rev 19:11-13. Comments.

19:11–13. This white horse is not that of 6:2. Here the True Messiah returns in victorious conquest. He is Faithful to His Word and promises. He will fulfill the twofold role of judge and warrior. His judgment of the earth will be totally righteous (cf. 16:5–7; 19:2; Ps. 96:13). The fire depicts glory and judgment. The crowns indicate total sovereignty and authority (contrast 12:3; 13:1). The secret name expresses the mystery and greatness of the person of Christ (cf. 2:17; 3:12; 19:13, 16; Phil. 2:9–11). The blood represents the judgment of Christ’s enemies (cf. 14:14–20; Is. 63:1–6). The name Word of God presents Christ as the revelation of God Himself (cf. John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1). In His first advent, Jesus especially revealed the love and grace of God (cf. John 1:17; Rom. 5:8). But in His second advent, He will reveal the holiness, justice, and judgment of God (cf. Heb. 4:12).

G. Rev 19:14-16. Text.

14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

H. Rev 19:14-16. Comments.

19:14. John F. Walvoord Revelation Commentary. Accompanying Christ on His second coming are those described as “the armies which were in heaven.” Some, such as J. B. Smith, have limited this army to the church, the Bride of Christ, on the basis that it is described as clothed in fine linen, white and clean.301 There is, however, no reason to limit this to the church, though the church is arrayed in fine linen. The church is not alone in having righteousness in the form of righteous deeds, and it is more probable that here not only the saints but also the holy angels are meant.

19:15–16. The sword from His mouth depicts judgment through His spoken Word (cf. 1:16; 2:12, 16; Is. 11:4; 2 Thess. 2:8). Smite the nations: Christ will destroy all unbelievers (cf. 19:21; Matt. 25:41, 46; 2 Thess. 1:8, 9). Rod of iron: Christ will subject all nations to Himself, and destroy all His enemies (cf. Ps. 2:8, 9; 1 Cor. 15:24, 25). Winepress: See 14:17–20. Words relating to wrath and anger are found 15 times in Revelation. KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS: Christ has universal sovereignty. He is King over all who call themselves kings, and Lord over all who call themselves lords (cf. 17:14; Deut. 10:17; Dan. 2:47; 1 Tim. 6:15).

I. Rev 19:17-18. Text.

17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great supper of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great.” 19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

J. Rev 19:17-18. Comments.

19:17, 18. The supper of the great God is different from the marriage supper of the Lamb (v. 9). Here, God calls the fowls or birds of the sky to gather to eat the flesh of those who have died in the Battle of Armageddon (cf. 16:14, 16; 19:21; Ezek. 39:17–20). All men indicates “all kinds of men”; not everyone at Armageddon will be an unbeliever (cf. Matt. 25:31–46).

K. Rev 19:19-21. Text.

19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

L. Rev 19:19-21. Comments.

19:19–21. The armies of the beast and of the kings of the East (and of all the earth) will gather in Palestine at Armageddon (cf. 16:12–16). Christ will immediately defeat and capture the Beast and the false prophet (cf. ch. 13). These will become the first inhabitants of the lake of fire (cf. 20:10). The rest of the kings and armies will be killed by the Word of Christ, and will be eaten by the birds (vv. 17, 18). The unbelieving survivors of the Tribulation will be judged by Christ and also sentenced to everlasting fire (cf. Matt. 25:41, 46).

V. Summary.

A. It is in this 19th chapter of Revelation that “the church,” will be identified, “as such,” for the last time in the Bible. Consider the things that must happen preceding the events of this chapter, in regard to born again believers in Christ.

John 14:2,3,6. Christ told His disciples that he will go to prepare a place for them in Heaven, and that He will return for them and take them back to Heaven with Him. Vs 6 tells of the catching up of the saints of the church age, dead and alive. Judas died before the church age began. Relating scriptures are 1 Cor 15:50-54, where those whom are resurrected or caught up will be given bodies and souls that are perfect and eternal. 1 Thes 4:13-18 explains that deceased believers will be resurrected prior to living believers being caught up/raptured.

1 Cor 6:2. Raptured and resurrected believers will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom/Millennium when they return to earth with Christ.

2 Cor 5:10. The Judgment Seat Of Christ. HCSB. “For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless. (We will discuss this event below.)

Rev 19:7-8. The Marriage of The Lamb to the Bride of Christ occurs after the rapture and resurrection have taken place. The Marriage takes place prior to the Bride being taken to Heaven by Christ, where her dwelling place has been prepared by Him (John 14:2-3). No bride would be taken to her dwelling place by her groom, where the groom would then read his list of grievances about his bride to her.

Rev 19:11. The Bride of Christ, and angels, will now descend from Heaven to earth for the Battle of Armageddon. There is no promise to Old Covenant believers about their being involved in the rapture, the marriage of the Lamb, or the return from Heaven to earth for the Battle of Armageddon at the end of the tribulation. We will discuss the things that are promised to the Old Testament saints in following articles. The Bride of Christ (church age believers) will be present in Heaven while the things of the Tribulation are taking place on Earth. Only born again believers have a place in Heaven (John 3:3). The tribulation relates to unbelieving Jews (Jer 30:7), and to unbelieving Gentiles (1 Thes 4:16-17). There is no reason for a born again believer in Christ to come under the judgments of God, none of which will make a believer “more holy or more born again.” The purpose of the tribulation is to draw unbelieving Jews to faith in Christ (Matt 23:38-39; Zech 12:10).

B. Consider the Church, the Bride of Christ, in relation to the Judgment Seat Of Christ.

2 Cor 5:10. Those whom have been resurrected or caught up will be judged for eternal rewards (The HCSB has a good translation for this Judgment Seat of Christ event). It is important to know that only “the Bride of Christ” will be judged for rewards at this event, and should be respected for having such a distinction. The Bride will be perfect in body, soul and spirit, and will be on her way to the marriage of the Lamb.

2 Cor 5:17 HCSB. “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away, and look, new things have come.” The old thing that has passed away is our sinful spirit. After we have been born again, we have a new and perfect spirit.

2 Cor 5:21 HCSB. “He made the One who did not know sin to be sin for us, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”
Once we have been born again, our spirit is as righteous as the Spirit of Christ.

Col 1:27 HCSB. “God wanted to make known among the Gentiles the glorious wealth of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” After we have been born again, the Spirit of Christ dwells within our spirit; this is our “only hope” of eternal life.

1 John 1:5 HCSB. “Now this is the message we have heard from Him and declare to you: God is light, and there is absolutely no darkness in Him.” If our spirit would not be as pure as the Spirit of Christ, we would not be able to dwell within the Spirit of God.

John 14:16-17 HCSB “16 And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Counselor to be with you forever. 17 He is the Spirit of truth. The world is unable to receive Him because it doesn’t see Him or know Him. But you do know Him, because He remains with you and will be in you.” The Holy Spirit of God dwells within the spirit of every born again believer in Christ.

John 14:20 HCSB. “In that day you will know that I am in My Father, you are in Me, and I am in you.”
The Spirit of Christ dwells within the Spirit of God the Father; the Spirit of God the Father, dwells within the Spirit of Christ; the Spirit of Christ dwells within our spirit.

C. The Judgment Seat of Christ is not a place for unbelievers, or for determining salvation or loss of it; it is a place where believers receive spiritual rewards. Once we have been born again our spirit is as pure as the spirit of Christ, and dwells within the Spirit of God, “Father, Son and Holy Spirit,” permanently.

John 10:27-30 HCSB. “27 My sheep hear My voice, I know them, and they follow Me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they will never perish—ever! No one will snatch them out of My hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 The Father and I are one.” Once we have been born again, we can not be unborn.” Once the Holy Spirit takes up residence within our spirit, nobody can force the Holy Spirit out of our spirit….not even us.

D. Consider what some may think about the Judgment Seat of Christ. After we have been raptured, will Christ, our Groom, read His list of grievances about us, to us, “His Bride,” (1) on our way to the Marriage of the Lamb, (2) or, on our way to the dwelling place in Heaven that He made for us, (3) or, on our way from heaven to earth to the Battle of Armageddon, (4) or, will it be at the end of the tribulation when the Old Testament saints and the Tribulation saints receive their rewards (Rev 11:18)? Think about it.

E. Consider 2 Cor 5:10. Those whom have been resurrected or caught up by Christ will be judged for eternal rewards (The HCSB has a good translation for this Judgment Seat of Christ event). It is important to know that it is “the Bride of Christ,” that will be present at this event, and should be respected for having such a distinction. The Bride will be perfect in body, soul and spirit, and will be on her way to the marriage of the Lamb, and on to Heaven with Christ. The Bride will accompany Christ from Heaven to Earth to be a part of the Battle of Armageddon, and then will rule and reign with Christ. Only believers whom have been born again, and having been given a perfect body and soul, will be present at the Judgment Seat Of Christ. Concerning those who are “called to the marriage feast” on earth during the millennium, it is not the bride (the church) “that is called,” but the guests; the bride doesn’t get invited, she invites. Those called will be the survivors of the tribulation that have accepted Christ and have entered into the Kingdom Age/Millenium. The sin problem, that each and every born again believer has to confront, is referred to by the Apostle Paul as “indwelling sin;” it is the result of our soul (mind) having not been born again until when the resurrection or catching up of the saints occurs. At the time of our new birth, our spirits were made worthy to dwell within the Spirit of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. At 1 Cor 15:50-54, our souls and bodies are made worthy to go on with Christ to everything beyond that event.

Romans 7:18-25 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

18 For I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my flesh. For the desire to do what is good is with me, but there is no ability to do it. 19 For I do not do the good that I want to do, but I practice the evil that I do not want to do. 20 Now if I do what I do not want, I am no longer the one doing it, but it is the sin that lives in me. 21 So I discover this principle: When I want to do what is good, evil is with me. 22 For in my inner self I joyfully agree with God’s law. 23 But I see a different law in the parts of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and taking me prisoner to the law of sin in the parts of my body. 24 What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this dying body? 25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with my mind I myself am a slave to the law of God, but with my flesh, to the law of sin.

1 Corinthians 15:50-53 J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS)

50 For I assure you, my brothers, it is utterly impossible for flesh and blood to possess the kingdom of God. The transitory could never possess the everlasting. 51-53 Listen, and I will tell you a secret. We shall not all die, but suddenly, in the twinkling of an eye, every one of us will be changed as the trumpet sounds! The trumpet will sound and the dead shall be raised beyond the reach of corruption, and we who are still alive shall suddenly be utterly changed. For this perishable nature of ours must be wrapped in imperishability, these bodies which are mortal must be wrapped in immortality.

VI. Closing Video.

A. This video reveals details of Matt 23:38-39 and Zechariah 12:10.

B. Paul Wilbur, whom is a Messianic Jews, led the worship in this video in Jerusalem, Israel, at the Feast of Tabernacles, in the year 1998.

Paul Wilbur Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes. Dec 12, 2010. Juan Rodriguez.

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Sacred Harp Singing – Nearer My God To Thee

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Psalm 46:10 King James Version (KJV)

10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.

Many of us are in a constant battle. There are times, though, that we must just sit back and confess that “God is God.”

A YouTube comment.

Rosa Delpidio
3 years ago (edited)
She sings her heart out here and any time she sings! I love this woman. When I was just a little girl she saved my life. I now call her mom! I’m so proud of her voice but more proud of her heart and the many lives she continues to touch! I’m thankful for the countless nights she calmed my heart and sang me to sleep! ❤ you mom!

YouTube information.

jwr50. May 25, 2008. Sacred Harp singing at Mount Pisgah in Stroud , Alabama. May 24,2008.

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Rev 18 – Babylon Destroyed

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I. Opening Video Information. Chosen People Ministries. Jan 9, 2020. Shalom Outreach honors the Biblical priority of proclaiming the Jewish Gospel to the Jewish people first. If you love to share your faith in Yeshua, care about the well-being of the Jewish people, and want to honor the Lord by making His priority your priority, we would love to team up with you this summer! Please visit chosenpeople.com/shalomoutreach for more details.

II. Subject Scripture. Rev 17:18.

Revelation Chapters 17 and 18 (NASB) have a number of references to a woman (woman, harlot, she, her). The identity of that woman is clearly stated in Rev 17:18, “The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.” Babylon is the city of Rev 17:18.

III. Babylon, A Quick Preview. The source of the following information comes from the closing video of this article.

A. Babylon, which is called Babylon, will be a literal city, and will be the headquarters of the Anti-Christ during the tribulation. Rev Chap 17 and 18 are not in chronlogical order. The events of Chap 17 will occur during the first half of the tribulation. The events of Chap 18 will occur during the last half of the tribulation, at the second coming of Christ. Babylon is not a religious system or a commercial system; it is a city that is highlighted in Rev Chap 17 and 18. Babylon will be the headquarters of a worldwide religion during the tribulation, as seen in Chap 17, and will be the headquarters of a one-world commercial system as seen in Chap 18. The seventh bowl of God’s wrath will bring about the destruction of Babylon. When Babylon is destroyed, the judgments of God are complete. It must be noted that the Judgments begin in Rev 6:1 (Seal, Trumpet, Bowl). Each judgment comes against an unbelieving world; God does not have an agenda against born again believers in Christ, whom will be taken out of the world prior to the tribulation and will be taken to heaven by Christ (John 14:2,3,6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). It will be Israel, and not Gentiles, who will call on Christ to save them from total destruction at the end of the tribulation (Deu 14:2; Jer 30:7; Mt 24:22; Zech 12:10).

B. MacArthur Study Bible Comment. Chapters and verses 6:1—19:21 This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation (see notes on 3:10) from its beginning with the opening of the first seal (vv. 1, 2) through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of Christ to destroy the ungodly (19:11–21).

C. Introduction To Scripture Text. This article will be one of the most important ones that will have come from this site. Rev 18 will show the world, minus the presence and influence of born again believers in Christ. The view of the “ten nation” Anti-Christ tribulation confederation, that was shown in the Tim LaHaye “Left Behind” series of books and videos, will be shown to be of fact (See MacArthur comment on 17:12). As you read through the verses and comments of this article, you will recognize a world that is much of which our unbelieving world would like to have as controlling factors today. Most of the United Nations member nations would like to see the Nation of Israel dissolved, destroyed and removed from the face of the earth; they would also like to negate the influence of believers in Christ. Not only has the United Nations proven to be a threat to Israel, the liberal forces of America’s Democrat Party have also shown a total lack of proper respect for “God’s Chosen People,” Israel (Deu 14:2), and an increasing militancy toward Israel. Those, of whom have a strong witness for Christ, are berated by members of the Democrat Party, fake news, academia, new world order and globalism types. After the rapture of the church takes place, the democrats will control all three houses of U.S. government, as the U.S.A. and all other nations, come under greater control of the Anti-Christ and United Nations; the truth of Matt 24:12 will be realized, “lawlessness is increased,” (NASB). I will not be writing the next end times article for about two weeks. Please take time to digest the details of this post.

IV. Revelation 18. NASB. Scripture Text (Notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted).

A. Babylon Is Fallen

1. Verses. 1-3. 1 After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illumined with his glory. 2 And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. 3 For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the passion of her immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich by the wealth of her sensuality.”

2. Comments: vs 1-3.

18:1 “earth was illuminated with his glory.” The fifth bowl (16:10) will have plunged the world into darkness. Against that backdrop, the sudden, blazing appearance of another angel (not the same as in 17:1, 7, 15) will certainly rivet the world’s attention on him and his message of judgment on Babylon (cf. 14:8).
18:2 “Babylon the great is fallen.” Cf. 14:8; see note on Is. 21:9, the verse from which these words come. The Gr. text views the results of this as if it had already taken place (see note on 14:8). But the seventh bowl is being referred to here and it is yet to come at this point (16:17–21). When it comes, devastation and annihilation will take place, leaving the place to demons.
18:3 “wine…of her fornication.” Religious Babylon (chap. 17) lures the nations into spiritual drunkenness and fornication with false gods (17:2, 4); commercial Babylon (chap. 18) seduces the unbelieving world into a materialistic stupor, so that the people of the world will become drunk with passion because of their relationship with Babylon. “kings…merchants.” Political rulers and corporate leaders alike are swept up in this worldwide system of commerce (14:8; 17:2).

3. Verses 4-8. 4 I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive of her plagues; 5 for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. 6 Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. 7 To the degree that she glorified herself and lived sensuously, to the same degree give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ 8 For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

4. Comments: vs 4-8.

18:4 “Come out of her, my people.” God will call His own to disentangle themselves from this evil system. This may also be God’s calling the elect to abandon the world system and come to faith in the Savior. In either case, the message is to abandon the system before it is destroyed (cf. 2 Cor. 6:17; 1 John 2:15). The judgment of God on that society living in sinful, arrogant self-indulgence can be avoided. Cf. Isaiah’s and Jeremiah’s message to their people to leave Babylon (Is. 48:20; Jer. 50:8; 51:6–9, 45).
18:5 “remembered.” See 16:19. God does not remember the iniquities of His people (Jer. 31:34), but does remember to protect them (Mal. 3:16—4:2). For unrepentant Babylon, there will be no such forgiveness, only judgment.
18:6, 7a “repay.” The angel calls for God to recompense wrath to Babylon in her own cup to repay her according to her deeds (see note on 17:4). This is an echo of the OT law of retaliation (Ex. 21:24) which will be implemented by God (Rom. 12:17–21).
18:6 “double.” Has the sense of “full,” or “overflowing.” The punishment will fit the crime (cf. Jer. 16:18). “cup.” The cup of wickedness from which so many have drunk (14:8; 17:2, 4, 6) will call for the cup of wrath (14:10; 16:19).
18:7b “am no widow.” A proud, but empty, boast of self-sufficiency, also made by historical Babylon (Is. 47:8). Cf. 1 Cor. 10:12.
18:8 “her plagues.” These could include those of 16:1ff., but must be the special destruction of the city as well, described as “death, mourning and famine.” “in one day.” See vv. 10, 17, 19. The special judgments on Babylon take place in a brief period of time. Daniel 5:30 records that Babylon of old fell in one day.

B. Lament for Babylon

1. Verses 9-10. 9 “And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her, will weep and lament over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

2. Comments. vs 9-10.

18:9–20 This section records the lament over Babylon’s destruction, not her sin, by those who were part of her system.

18:9 “kings.” The political leaders of the world will weep because the loss of his capital city will signal the doom of Antichrist’s empire, and with it, the source of their power. Cf. v. 3; 17:2. “weep and lament for her.” “Weep” means “to sob openly.” “Lament” translates the same Gr. word used to express the despair of the unbelieving world at the return of Christ (1:7).
18:10 one hour. Cf. vv. 8, 17, 19.

3. Verses 11-20. 11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargoes any more— 12 cargoes of gold and silver and precious stones and pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet, and every kind of citron wood and every article of ivory and every article made from very costly wood and bronze and iron and marble, 13 and cinnamon and spice and incense and perfume and frankincense and wine and olive oil and fine flour and wheat and cattle and sheep, and cargoes of horses and chariots and slaves and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has gone from you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and men will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and as many as make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich by her wealth, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

4. Comments. vs 11-20.

18:12, 13 Over half of their commodities appear in the list of Ezek. 27:12–22.
18:13 “bodies and souls of men.” The slave trade, long banned by the civilized nations of the world, will reappear in Antichrist’s debauched commercial system.
18:17 “shipmaster.” Ship captains will mourn the loss of Babylon and the lucrative transport business that went with it.
18:19 “threw dust on their heads.” An ancient expression of grief (cf. Josh. 7:6; 1 Sam. 4:12; 2 Sam. 1:2; 15:32; Job 2:12; Lam. 2:10; Ezek. 27:30). “in one hour.” Not just 60 minutes, but one brief period of swift judgment (see note on v. 8).
18:20 “God has avenged you on her.” The angel will exhort the tribulation martyrs (6:9–11) to rejoice, not over the deaths of those doomed to eternal hell, but, because God’s righteousness and justice will have prevailed.

5. Verses 21-24. 21 Then a strong angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will not be found any longer. 22 And the sound of harpists and musicians and flute-players and trumpeters will not be heard in you any longer; and no craftsman of any craft will be found in you any longer; and the sound of a mill will not be heard in you any longer; 23 and the light of a lamp will not shine in you any longer; and the voice of the bridegroom and bride will not be heard in you any longer; for your merchants were the great men of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your sorcery. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all who have been slain on the earth.”

6. Comments. vs 21-24.

18:21 “great millstone.” Millstones were large, heavy stones used to grind grain. This metaphor portrays the violence of Babylon’s overthrow. Cf. Jer. 51:61–64; see note on Matt. 18:6.
18:22, 23 The fall of Babylon ends whatever semblance of normalcy will still exist in the world after all the seals, trumpets, and bowls. Life will be totally disrupted and the end near. No more music, no industry, no preparing of food (“millstone”), no more power for light, and no more weddings because God will destroy the deceivers and deceived.
18:24 “blood of prophets and saints.” The religious and commercial/political systems embodied in Babylon will commit unspeakable atrocities against God’s people (cf. 6:10; 11:7; 13:7, 15; 17:6; 19:2). God will avenge that slaughter of His people (19:2).

V. Closing Video.

A. This video reveals details of Rev 17-19.

B. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31.

Andy Woods – Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.” For information on the credentials of Andy Woods, check our my Equipping Page, “About Sources.”

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The Making Of America – 2 – Native Americans (?) – They Came Here Too!

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Did they just pop up out of the ground; or, did they come from somewhere else?

Let’s consider the true “Native Americans,” whom should be more correctly known as the “First Americans.” We should also know that these true First Americans, “came here too,” from Asia, as will be shown in this article. We will consider from where they came, and who they were. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Americas (See History Of the America).

History of the Americas

The prehistory of the Americas (North, South, and Central America, and the Caribbean) begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an Ice Age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from the people of the “Old World” until the coming of Europeans in the 10th century from Iceland led by Leif Erikson and with the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492.

The ancestors of today’s American Indigenous peoples were the Paleo-Indians; they were hunter-gatherers who migrated into North America. The most popular theory asserts that migrants came to the Americas via Beringia, the land mass now covered by the ocean waters of the Bering Strait. Small lithic stage peoples followed megafauna like bison, mammoth (now extinct), and caribou, thus gaining the modern nickname “big-game hunters.” Groups of people may also have traveled into North America on shelf or sheet ice along the northern Pacific coast.

There are many things of America, and its history, of which children (and their parents), have no knowledge. Consider the details of this article, which relate to the founding of our nation. Consider the negative liberal progressive bias that comes in attack form against the European exploration and settling of the Americas. The opening video is evidence of the lack of correctly taught education that is a product of “government schools.” I have not heard of any anti-Asian bias regarding Asian exploration and settling of America. By the way, God made access available for Asians to cross from Asia to North America. He performed a similar miracle when He led fleeing Israelites from Egypt to Saudi Arabia and Mt. Sinai. https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/03/24/israel-9-exodus-14/
There are other supporting articles about the crossing of the Israelites into Saudi Arabia that can be found by navigating around the Israel 9 – Exodus 14 post.

The preceding History of the Americas is incomplete without information that identifies the origin of the people of Asia that entered into North America. Such a discussion can be found in my Equipping Site article:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2019/07/06/honoring-the-seventh-day-keeping-the-law-a-discussion/

North America inhabited approximately in 2000 B.C.

Prior to the time of the Jews’ exodus from Egypt, people had already migrated from Siberia into North America.

The following chronology is that of the bloodline of Noah to Shem to Abraham (Genesis 5:32, 10:1, 11:11-26), and of the descendants of Abraham. After the flood (Gen 7:11-13; 21-22) God told Noah’s sons, “Shem, Ham and Japheth,” to replenish the earth (Gen 9:1, 18; 10:1, 2348 B.C.). Abraham fathered Ishmael (Genesis 16:15, 1911 B.C.), and “Isaac” (Genesis 17:21, 1898 B.C.), who (Isaac) would be Abraham’s covenant son. The Arab nations are of the seed of Ishmael; the Israelites are of the covenant seed of Isaac. Therefore, the Jews are God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2). Therefore, the Law and the Sabbath relate to the Israelites, whom became known as Jews, and only to the Jews/Israelites. However, there are moral laws of God that are found in the Law, which relate to everyone, such as murder (Exodus 20:13), adultery (Exodus 20:14) and homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22), with eternal punishment for those whom maintain such lifestyles that are not of God’s design, permission or acceptance (1 Cor 6:9-10….11).

https://books.google.com/books?id=P2HKD9PgC6wC&pg=PA289&dq=people+in+north+america+in+1400+BC&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkrrHLqZ_jAhUqhOAKHa7SAqIQ6AEIRzAF#v=onepage&q=people%20in%20north%20america%20in%201400%20BC&f=false

Japheth’s and Shem’s descendants found their way into the northern regions we now call Russia, Alaska, Canada, North and South America … Native Americans, Eskimos began settling the regions called Alaska, Canada, and the Americas around 2000 BC. These Shemites would have been from Abraham through Ishmael, who was not the covenant son of Abraham (who was known as a Hebrew, Genesis 14:13).
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=people+of+japheth+in+north+america+in+1400+BC

There was no nation present in North America when the Asian people crossed over into North America from Siberia. No North American nation of “Native Americans,” more correctly identified as “First Americans,” existed at the time of the explorations of Europeans in the Americas. None of our European exploring ancestors conquered any existing established “Native American” nations when they began setting in the Americas. No Asian exploring ancestors conquered any existing established “Native American” nations when they began settling in the Americas. Liberals love “the survival of the fittest,” except when it doesn’t meet with their goals of rewriting history, especially that of American colonialism.

Consider the following American History Timeline of exploration. I doubt that many students in American “government schools” are made aware of the true founding of America, with the following establishing of the United States of America.
http://www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/14-american-history-timeline.htm

American History Timeline

1001 Leif Ericson explores North America

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers America

1497 John Cabot claims North America for England

1501 :Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of South America

1519 Ferdinand Magellan is the first to go around the world
Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America

1524 Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay

1528 Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida
Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico

1534 :Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River

1539 Hernando de Soto explores south-eastern North America

1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores south-western North America
Discovery of the Grand Canyon by Garcia Lopez de Cardenas

1541 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas

1542 Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coast
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovers San Diego Bay, California

1559 Tristan de Luna explores North America

1563 Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico

1576 Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait

1577 Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the world – December 13 1577 to September 26 1580

1584 Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina

1585 March 25: Walter Raleigh receives the patent to explore and settle in North America
June: Walter Raleigh’s fleet of seven vessels under Richard Grenville and Ralph Lane, with 108 men, reach Roanoke Island
June 4: Virginia colony of Roanoke Island established by Walter Raleigh

1598 Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado

1607 Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown

1609 Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River

Consider the following details that relate to the effects of “government school education” in the United States of America.

Anti-American Education Bias.

The liberal argument against much of the United States is that “we” (I guess of European descent), came to America, destroyed the “land of the Native Americans,” took away their nation, and have caused everything evil to come upon the “Native Americans.” As is shown in the opening video, our education system does not teach a correct and unbiased American History. The U.S. Department of Education has shown itself to be an inefficient, anti-God, anti-U.S.A., anti-Israel, anti-parent, anti-family, creation of the Carter administration. The result is that many such “ill-educated” citizens are basing their voting habits on an orchestrated negative bias of American History, which is being taught by liberal/progressive, “government schools” that are governed by the U.S. Department of Education. Therefore, if we want the education of our children to rise above the interests of the liberal government school system and teacher unions, we must continue to elect a non-democrat president, and elect a non-democrat congress so that the President’s choice for Education Secretary can not be blocked. See “Taxpayer Money Wasted,” below, which shows the inefficient spending that took place under the Bush 43 administration. See The Problem With Teacher Unions, below.

Taxpayer Money Wasted.

Under President George W. Bush, the department primarily focused on elementary and secondary education, expanding its reach through the No Child Left Behind Act. The department’s budget increased by $14 billion between 2002 and 2004, from $46 billion to $60 billion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Department_of_Education

The Problems with Teacher Unions.

Not everyone agrees that teacher unions are the solution – in fact, in an age of serious education reform discussion, many believe they are the primary problem instead. In a report on Fox News, John Stossel states that unions may be good for teachers, but they are bad for students. He refers to an ex-police detective in New Jersey, Jim Smith, who now makes a living investigating “bad” teachers and working through the union-led process of firing them. He describes the process he went through to get rid of a teacher who allegedly hit students. https://www.publicschoolreview.com/blog/are-teacher-unions-a-help-or-hindrance-to-public-education

Opening Video Details.

How ignorant is my generation?. Bodawg. A ‘Mark Dice’ style interview where I ask students at my high school basic knowledge questions. How screwed is our generation? Watch and decide for yourself.

At the time of this article being written, Democrats are trying to destroy our President. The only thing that overshadows their ignorance of the founding of our nation is their hatred of our President and the nation that he is trying to protect, to include the voters that put our President in office.

For a closing song, I am going to use a video that I am sure is very offensive to those that support the corrupt Democrat machine. But, for their benefit, I am going to put that video in this post. May God bless the USA.

RockNRollMedia Nov 5, 2018.
The standard opening song played at each campaign event with President Trump is Lee Greenwood’s recording of “God Bless The USA.” Lee Greenwood surprised the president with his live performance of the song at this MAGA Rally in Chattanooga, Tennessee Sunday night, November 4, 2018 only two days before the mid-term elections. The president was there to support Republican candidates including GOP candidate for Senator, Rep. Marsha Blackburn.

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Rev 17 – A City By Its Name – “MYSTERY, BABYLON,” or “a mystery, BABYLON”

Click on the image and see the text. Click on the arrow and see the video.

I. Opening Video Information. A Testimony. An Outspoken Jew for Jesus. Dec 3, 2007. The 700 Club. Bob Siegel was a Jew whose mind was poisoned against Jesus at an early age. Then, in college, two strangers shared a message that changed his heart.

II. Subject scripture. Rev 17:5. There are many opinions of this verse. We will discuss the factors of the verse, as well as those of the total 17th Chapter of Revelation. We will consider the worldwide ecumenical religion that is driven by the forces of the antichrist, that will be responsible for the persecution and murder of Jews and Gentiles which choose not to become a follower of this worldwide religion, and will not worship the image of the beast (Rev 13:4-17), but whom come to saving faith in Christ during the tribulation.

A. Revelation 17:5 (NKJV)
5 And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

B. Revelation 17:5 (NAS77)
5. and upon her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

III. Consider “mystery.”

A. Text. Matthew 13:11 (NAS95)
11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.

B. Note. MacArthur Study Bible. the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven. “Mysteries” are those truths which have been hidden from all ages in the past and revealed in the NT.

1. Consider “kingdom.” The following verses relate to mysteries being revealed during the time of the Gospels and following times. The Kingdom Of God had been taught to Jews by Old Testament writers. Christ began teaching on the Kingdom Age, which was a mystery to those whom were in His audience of Jews. It was the Gospel of the Kingdom that Christ directed His disciples to teach to Jews (Matt 10:1-8). It is the Gospel of the Kingdom Age that must be taught to all during the tribulation, and will precede the return of Christ to earth at the end of the tribulation (Matt 24:14). It is important to know that the Gospel of the Kingdom of God was taught to Jews prior to his ascension to Heaven (Acts 1:3-7). It is the context of Isa 2:2 (below) that tells of the Kingdom Age (the Kingdom of God). The Gospel of Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection, with evidence of His being seen (1 Cor 15:1-8), is the “good news” (Gospel) that the apostles and their disciples began to teach to unbelieving Jews and Gentiles, in obedience to Christ’s “great commission” (Acts 1:8, Matt 28:18-20).

2. Consider the “Kingdom Age” mystery, which is also known as the “thousand year” Millennial Reign Of Christ.

a. Isaiah 2:2. (NAS77)
2 In the last days, The mountain of the house of the Lord Will be established as the chief of the mountains,
And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it.

b. Note. MacArthur Study Bible. 2:2 in the latter days. The “latter (or last) days” is a time designation looking forward to the messianic era (Ezek. 38:16; Hos. 3:5; Mic. 4:1).

c. Other Mystery Texts. Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10; Rom 11:25, 16:25. 1 Cor 2:7, 15:51; Eph 1:9, 3:3-4, 3:9, 5:32, 6:19; Col 1:26-27, 2:2, 4:3; 2 Thes 2:7; 1 Tim 3:9, 16; Rev 1:20, 10:7, 17:5, 17:7.

d. Note. 4:11 mystery…parables. A “mystery” in the NT refers to something previously hidden and unknown but revealed in the NT

3. Consider scripture translation of Rev 17:5. “a mystery, Babylon” and “MYSTERY, BABYLON.”

a. Greek Interlinear states, “a mystery” Babylon https://biblehub.com/interlinear/revelation/17-5.htm
b. NIV, NASB, CSB, NET translations state, “a mystery, Babylon.” (The NIV 2011 translation).
c. NKJV, KJV, KJV 2000, American KJV, ASV, ERV translations state, “MYSTERY, BABYLON.”
d. Necessary conclusions.

(1) What is the correct Bible translation that relates to Rev 17:5?
(2) What is the mystery of Babylon?

4. Location Considerations.

a. The city of Babylon.
b. There are 259 OT scriptures that identify the literal place of Babylon. In the NT, the following verses clearly identify the literal location of Babylon (Matt 1:11, 12, 17; Acts 7:43; 1 Pet 5:13; Rev 18:10).

(1) 1 Peter 5:13 (NASB) “She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark.”
(2) Rev 18:10, “Babylon, the strong city!” 18:21, “Babylon, the great city.”

c. Babylon, “no great city.” Some may say that there is no such city in Iraq that represents the Revelation depiction of Babylon. The following link discusses how quickly cities can be built in the Middle East.
https://www.businessinsider.com/dubai-rapid-development-skyscrapers-expansion-warning-2018-12

IV. Full Text. Revelation 17 (NASB) (Notes taken from MacArthur Study Bible).

A. The Doom of Babylon. Chapters 17, 18 focus on one aspect of those bowl judgments, the judgment of Babylon.

1. Verses 1-7.

1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of immorality, and those who dwell on the earth were made drunk with the wine of her immorality.” 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality, 5 and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” 6 And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. 7 And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

2. Notes: 17:1-7.

vs 1: “great harlot.” Prostitution frequently symbolizes idolatry or religious apostasy. “sits on many waters.” This picture emphasizes the sovereign power of the harlot. The picture is of a ruler seated on a throne, ruling the waters, which symbolize the nations of the world (see v. 15)
vs 2. “committed fornication.” The harlot will ally herself with the world’s political leaders. Fornication here does not refer to sexual sin, but to idolatry. All the world rulers will be absorbed into the empire of Satan’s false christ. “wine of her fornication.” The harlot’s influence will extend beyond the world’s rulers to the rest of mankind. The imagery does not describe actual wine and sexual sin, but pictures the world’s people being swept up into the intoxication and sin of a false system of religion.
vs 3. “a woman.” The harlot of v. 1, Babylon. “scarlet beast.” The Antichrist, who for a time will support and use the false religious system to effect world unity. Then he will assume political control (cf. v. 16). “having seven heads and ten horns.” This pictures the extent of Antichrist’s political alliances.
vs 5. “forehead.” It was customary for Roman prostitutes to wear a headband with their name on it. The harlot’s forehead is emblazoned with a 3-fold title descriptive of the world’s final false religious system. “MYSTERY.” A NT mystery is truth once hidden, but in the NT revealed. Spiritual Babylon’s true identity is yet to be revealed. Thus, the precise details of how it will be manifested in the world are not yet known. “BABYLON THE GREAT.” This Babylon is distinct from the historical, geographical city of Babylon (which still existed in John’s day). “MOTHER OF HARLOTS.” All false religion stems ultimately from Babel, or Babylon (cf. Gen. 11; see note on 14:8).
vs 6. “the blood of the saints…martyrs of Jesus.” Some see the first group as OT saints, and the second as NT saints—an unimportant distinction since this pictures the martyrs of the Tribulation. John’s point is that the harlot is a murderer. False religion has killed millions of believers over the centuries, and the final false system will be far more deadly than any that preceded it.
vs 7. “mystery.” Not that Babylon is a false system of religion, because that is already known, but that the beast will fully support the harlot and together exert vast influence over the whole earth.

3. Verses 8-13.

8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come. 9 Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11 The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

4. Notes: Verses 8-13.

vs 8. “The beast.” Both a king and kingdom are referred to by this term. was, and is not, and will ascend. A reference to the Antichrist’s false resurrection (13:3, 4, 12–14). “out of the bottomless pit.” After his “resurrection,” the Antichrist will become possessed by a great demon from the abyss. “perdition.” “Eternal destruction. “This is the lake of fire, the place of Antichrist’s destruction (19:20). “Book of Life.” Written in eternity past by God.
vs 9. “seven mountains.” The Gr. word is often used of hills. the final worldwide system of false religion includes. the 7 mountains in context likely symbolize the 7 kingdoms and their kings of v. 10.
vs 10. “seven kings.” Representatives of the 7 great world empires (Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and that of the Antichrist). Cf. Daniel’s image in Dan. 2:37–45. Five have fallen, one is, and the other. When John wrote, the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian and Greek empires had gone out of existence; Rome still existed; and the Antichrist’s empire had not yet come. When it does, it will be brief (12:12; 13:5) and he will end in perdition.
vs 11. “and is not…the eighth.” The Antichrist’s kingdom is said to be both the seventh and eighth kingdoms because of his supposed demise and resurrection. He is the seventh king before and the eighth king after his “resurrection” when he destroys the harlot’s religious empire and demands exclusive worship of himself (v. 16).
vs 12. “ten kings.” (cf. Dan. 2:41, 42). These kings are sub-rulers under the Antichrist, whose empire will apparently be divided into 10 administrative districts. “no kingdom as yet.” Thus, the kings cannot be identified with any historical figures. “one hour.” Symbolic of the brief 3½ year period of time (cf. 11:2, 3; 12:6, 12, 14; 13:5; 18:10, 17, 19).
.
B. Victory for the Lamb.

1. Verses 14-18.

14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.” 15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

2. Notes. Verses 14-18.

vs 14. “make war.” A reference to the battle of Armageddon (16:14–16), where the Lamb will utterly destroy the kings (19:17–21). “Lord of lords and King of kings.” A title for God (19:16) that emphasizes His sovereignty over all other rulers to whom He has delegated authority.
vs 16. “these will hate the harlot.” After using the false religious system to unify the world kingdoms and gain control of all, the Antichrist—with the help of his 10 sub-rulers—will turn against the system, plunder and destroy it, and seize all power and worship for himself. They will be carrying out God’s will (v. 17). Cf. Gen. 50:20.
vs 18. “great city.” Here is another identification of the capital city of Babylon, centerpiece of Antichrist’s empire.

V. Conclusions.

A. Conclusion 1. “Babylon means Babylon.” The NIV (2011 Translation), NASB, CSB, and NET are correct in their translation of Rev 17:5, “a mystery, Babylon.” The closing video, that is provided by Dr. Andy Woods, provides a clarifying discussion of this subject. Check out my Equipping Site Page, “About Sources,” to see Andy’s credentials, “degrees and linked experiences.”

B. Conclusion 2. The MacArthur note on verse 7 provides the answer to the question about the mystery of the text: “mystery.” Not that Babylon is a false system of religion, because that is already known, but that the beast will fully support the harlot and together exert vast influence over the whole earth.

VI. Closing Video.

A. This video digs deep into the facts that reveal the location of Rev 17 Babylon.

B. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31.

Andy Woods – Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.”

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The Making Of America – 1 – Introduction

Click on the image to see the text. Click on the arrow to see the video.

As a student in Junior High School and High School, I was taught Civics, which explained the formation of our country. During the Carter administration, the Department of Education was established, which made education a political matter. At present time, the Secretary of Education is 15th in the line of succession to the Presidency. Civics is no longer taught in many schools, without putting a presidential political spin on the subject of the greatness of our country, or lack thereof. Cursive writing and sentence diagramming are gone. The “Three Rs” of education (reading, writing, arithmetic) have suffered greatly, as have other subjects of instruction. Instead, with a liberal President’s cabinet, our children can be expected to receive an education that reflects a mindset of homosexuality and abortion on demand, with no emphasis being placed on the colonial formation of the United States of America. Far in the past is the teaching of the greatness of our nation, which is the best nation that has ever been formed in our world. Some may wonder why children in our public schools (aka government schools) despised the school lunches that the Obama Department Of Education directed for them to consume; the reason is due to the Department of Education’s governing of every aspect of our schools’ operation. As a student, in elementary through secondary education, I didn’t have a problem with the meals that were prepared by the schools that I attended. During the Obama Administration, the First Lady spearheaded the change in menus to meet her view of nutrition; the kids hated that change.
https://www.fns.usda.gov/pressrelease/002312
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Department_of_Education
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_line_of_succession

The following description of the opening video shows very clearly that our “government schools” are failing in teaching our children the key elements of fundamental education. Of key concern for parents should be that their children are being taught, with truth and accuracy, the things of our country that will lead them to understand the greatness of the development of our nation. Such an education will create an informed citizenry and help them to make wise decisions when they vote for people who may lead our country. Our nation, as established, was lead in a direction of the Judeo-Christian fabric that made the United States Of America a nation that has been the desired destination of people all around the world who should want to immigrate, assimilate, and become Americans, and not “hyphenated Americans.”

Considering the opening video:

How Well Do Americans Know Their Presidents? Feb 19, 2018. PragerU. Happy #PresidentsDay! In honor of the occasion, PragerU’s Will Witt quizzes the inhabitants of Hollywood on America’s presidents! The results are not inspiring.

Considering the course of this study on the formation of our nation:

We will follow a Judeo-Christian perspective, and will go far back in world history to understand the true identity of “native Americans.” Current events will be included, if they are relevant. Being a “baby boomer,” I will be sharing facts that should be known, and acknowledged, by other boomers whom are key figures in American education, government and media circles. However, many liberal members of those three groups seem to have forgotten facts of our country’s establishment and development that don’t agree with their ungodly and progressive mindset of the direction that Americans should desire and be led. The left has as its agenda, an attack on the Bible, and anything Christian or Jewish. Such an agenda leads to its attack on the formation of the United States, its constitution, its laws, its borders, and its God-ordained distinctive roles for men and women. The attack on God’s people filters down to our children through many democrats in government, media, schools and entertainment outlets. As parents and grandparents, we must take the initiative in educating our children and grandchildren as to the truth of America and its core Jewish and Christian values. As opposed to the words of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, our Constitution’s Bill of Rights guarantees, “Freedom Of Religion (FOR),” as opposed to their statements of “Freedom Of Worship (FOW).” FOW guarantees a meeting place. FOR guarantees that we can take with us from our places of worship, that which we have learned, and use it to evangelize, “in the Name of Christ.” If we don’t tell such truths to our children, no one else will do that for us, to include many liberal and watered-down, “so called” churches.

The goal of “Remaking America” by Obama. The liberals loved it; the conservatives ignored it. We must be vigilant, or risk losing our country.

https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/10/01/obama_transforming_america_120170.html
Obama: Transforming America. By Victor Davis Hanson – October 1, 2013

Consider the statements of the Obamas, that were made leading up to the first election of BHO. Mihelle’s words were the most threatening to our Republic.

“We are five days away from fundamentally transforming the United States of America.” — Barack Obama, October 30, 2008

“We are going to have to change our conversation; we’re going to have to change our traditions, our history; we’re going to have to move into a different place as a nation.” — Michelle Obama, May 14, 2008

I must say how blessed I was by the public schools that I attended as a child. My teachers were thorough, serious and honest with the subjects that they taught. The names and personalities of those special people are deeply embedded in my mind, and will forever remain there.

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A Search For Truth

Click onto the image to see the text. Click onto the arrow to see the image.

This series of videos ties in with the story of Dr. Michael Rydelnik’s series of videos that tell of his “Search For Messiah.” The series was produced by Day Of Discovery. Once you click onto the opening video, the remaining eight videos will follow automatically, at the completion of the preceding one. The first six videos, and the ninth one are rather short; videos seven and eight are much longer. All of the videos tell a story which is important for any believer in Christ to understand; but, much more so, the video series is essential for understanding by any Jew, whom has not come to belief in Christ as Messiah. Each above video can be also seen individually, as they are listed below. Michael Rydelnik’s bio is shown below this paragraph, to include his degrees and his history. I encourage everyone to buy The Moody Bible Commentary, of which Michael is one of two general editors. Also, I encourage everyone to listen to Michael’s Saturday Moody Radio program, which is broadcast weekly at 10:00 A.M., Eastern Time.

About Dr. Michael Rydelnik.

Michael Rydelnik (Th.M., D.Miss.)

Michael Rydelnik

The following two paragraphs are shown in the above link.

Dr. Michael Rydelnik is Professor of Jewish Studies and Bible at Moody Bible Institute. He is the Host/Bible teacher on Open Line with Dr. Michael Rydelnik, answering listener Bible questions every Saturday morning for more than 200 stations across America. The son of Holocaust survivors, he was raised in an observant Jewish home in Brooklyn, New York. Michael trusted in Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah in high school and began teaching the Bible almost immediately. He graduated from Moody Bible Institute, Azusa Pacific University, Dallas Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where his doctoral research focused on the messianic hope of the Hebrew Bible.

Dr. Rydelnik is the co-editor of The Moody Bible Commentary and the author of Understanding the Arab Israeli Conflict and The Messianic Hope: Is the Hebrew Bible Really Messianic? He served on the translation team for the Holman CSB and has contributed to multiple study Bibles, books, and theological journals. Michael and his wife, Eva, have two adult sons who call and write all the time.

https://www.moody.edu/academics/faculty/rydelnik-michael/
More bio of Dr. Michael Rydelnik in above link.

Above videos, individually linked.

1. My Search for Messiah: Introduction 4:02

2. My Search for Messiah: Confronting Scripture 1:07

3. My Search for Messiah: Finding Messiah 4:02

4. My Search for Messiah: A Messiah Who Would Die 1:44

5. My Search for Messiah: Are there 2 Messiahs? 3:39

6. Jesus in the Feasts of Israel — Introduction 5:45

7. The Appointed Times 25:28

8. Spring Feasts — The Holidays of God 27:10

9. The Feast of Passover — Hiding the Matzah 2:28

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Psalm 27

Psalm 27 The Tabernacle and The Temple. Names of God Bible (NOG). By David.

1 Yahweh is my light and my salvation. Who is there to fear? Yahweh is my life’s fortress. Who is there to be afraid of? 2 Evildoers closed in on me to tear me to pieces. My opponents and enemies stumbled and fell. 3 Even though an army sets up camp against me, my heart will not be afraid. Even though a war breaks out against me, I will still have confidence in the Lord. 4 I have asked one thing from Yahweh. This I will seek: to remain in Yahweh’s house all the days of my life in order to gaze at Yahweh’s beauty and to search for an answer in his temple. 5 He hides me in his shelter when there is trouble. He keeps me hidden in his tent. He sets me high on a rock. 6 Now my head will be raised above my enemies who surround me. I will offer sacrifices with shouts of joy in his tent. I will sing and make music to praise Yahweh. 7 Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry aloud. Have pity on me, and answer me. 8 When you said, “Seek my face,” my heart said to you, “O Yahweh, I will seek your face.” 9 Do not hide your face from me. Do not angrily turn me away. You have been my help. Do not leave me! Do not abandon me, O Elohim, my savior! 10 Even if my father and mother abandon me, Yahweh will take care of me. 11 Teach me your way, O Yahweh. Lead me on a level path because I have enemies who spy on me. 12 Do not surrender me to the will of my opponents. False witnesses have risen against me. They breathe out violence. 13 I believe that I will see the goodness of Yahweh in this world of the living. 14 Wait with hope for Yahweh. Be strong, and let your heart be courageous. Yes, wait with hope for Yahweh.

VERSE 4. RYRIE NOTE. His “temple:” “tabernacle,” since Solomon’s Temple had not yet been built.
Verse 5. RYRIE NOTE. His “tabernacle:” “tent, a place of shelter.”

My note, vs 4-5. Tabernacle in the desert. God told Moses to build Him a “sanctuary,” Ex 25:8 (1491 B.C.) (All dates from Scofield Study). The tabernacle in the desert was finished being built in Ex 40:2 (tent of meeting). 40:17 (tabernacle). 1491 B.C. (Sanctuary, tabernacle, tent of meeting).

My note. Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was ordained by God to build a Temple. (1 Chron 22:7-11, 1017 B.C.). Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:1, 2 Chron 3:1, 1013 B.C.). Solomon finished building the Temple (1 Kings 7:51, 2 Chron 5:1, 1004). B.C.). Solomon dedicated the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-66, 2 Chron 5:1-7:11, 1004 B.C.). God appeared to Solomon the night after the dedication (2 Chr 2:12-22), which may have been in a dream. In 7:14 a promise is made to “My people, to heal their land,” (Deu 14:2, Rev 25:40), which refers to Jews, the nation of Israel, and only to “God’s chosen people” (Ps 118:26, Mt 23:39, Zech 12:10). The fulfillment of this prophecy will take place at the end of the tribulation, immediately preceding the millennium/kingdom age, when Christ rescues “God’s chosen people” from the effects of the tribulation (Matt 24:21-22, 29-30). 2 Chron 7:14 is not a promise made to the Christian Church, the USA, or to any other group of people, only to God’s chosen people. The church is not a land; only Israel is the land of 2 Chr 7:14.

Vs 9. NOG translates “Elohim,” for God. Ryrie Study Bible note, Gen 1:1, Elohim, a generic term for deity as well as a proper name for the true God. It is used as pagan gods (31:30; Ex 12:12); angels, “Ps 8:5;” men, “Ps 82:6;” judges, “Ex 21:6,” though most frequently of the true God. Its basic meaning is “strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.” The form of the word is plural, indicating plentitude of power and majesty and allowing for the NT revelation of the triunity of the Godhead.

Names Of God Bible. https://www.biblegateway.com/versio…/Names-of-God-NOG-Bible/

Psalm 27:9. me, O God. Hebrew, אֱלֹהֵ֥י. (e·lo·hei). Strong’s 430: God, god. Origin, pl. of eloah.

Strong’s Concordance. elohim: God, god. Original Word: אֱלהִים. Part of Speech: Noun Masculine. Transliteration: elohim. Phonetic Spelling: (el-o-heem’). Definition: God, god.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Word Origin, pl. of eloah. Definition, God, god.

NASB Translation, divine (1), divine being (1), exceedingly (1), God (2326), god (45), God’s (14), goddess (2), godly (1), gods (204), great (2), judges (3), mighty (2), rulers (1), shrine* (1).

For information on “Yahweh,” check the details of the Psalm 26 study.

Psalm 26

Psalm 26. A Prayer for Vindication from David To God. Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 Judge me, O Yahweh, because I have walked in my integrity, and I have trusted Yahweh and not wavered. 2 Prove me, O Yahweh, and test me. Try my innermost being and my mind. 3 Because your loyal love is before my eyes, and I walk about in your faithfulness. 4 I do not sit with deceitful people, nor will I go about with hypocrites. 5 I hate the crowd of evildoers, and with the wicked I will not sit. 6 I will wash my hands in innocence, and I will walk about your altar, O Yahweh, 7 to declare with a voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all your wondrous deeds. 8 O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides. 9 Do not destroy me with the sinners, nor my life with men of bloodshed, 10 in whose hands is an evil plan, and whose right hand is full of bribes. 11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity. Redeem me and be gracious to me. 12 My foot stands on level ground. In assemblies I will bless Yahweh.

King Lames Study Bible Note. Psalm 26. From the statements of the psalm itself we may easily deduce that David was being falsely accused. In light of this fact, his protestations of innocence are not pride, but the just complaint of a man of God (vv. 2–8). In addition to his self-defense, he petitions God for deliverance (vv. 1, 9–12a) and promises a public acknowledgment when it is accomplished (v. 12b).

Verse 1: LORD: ESV, KJV, NASB, NIV, NKJV.
Verse 1: Yahweh: LEB., NOG, WEB.

https://www.biblegateway.com/vers…/Lexham-English-Bible-LEB/

Yahweh. יְהוָ֗ה LORD (all caps). the proper name of the God of Israel. 3068. Yhvh, Strong’s Concordance. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel. Original Word: יְהוָֹה. Part of Speech: Proper Name. Transliteration: Yhvh. Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Key verse. 8. “O Yahweh, I love the dwelling of your house, and the place where your glory abides.” [NOTE: HCSB. House is not necessarily Solomon’s temple, but it may refer to the sanctuary in general. It was the place of Yahweh’s “glory,” symbolizing God’s Presence among His people. Ex 40:34-35 (LEB) “34 And the cloud covered the tent of assembly, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was unable to go into the tent of assembly because the cloud settled on it and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.]