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Genesis 9:1, ” So God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them: “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”
During our most recent church service, we had a discussion on the relationship that exists between the Passover Seder and the Lord’s Supper, which was instituted by Jesus while He was observing Passover with His disciples. Our church is intentional in relating the teachings that are contained in the Old Testament to their fulfillment that is shown in the New Testament. We are placing a lot of emphasis on the holiness that is contained in the creation story that is found in Genesis Chapters 1 and 2. Much of those those two chapters are read from our pulpit each Friday evening when we meet as a church. There is also a lot of emphasis placed on the holiness that God placed on the seventh day, in the creation story, when God rested from His work and set that day, The Sabbath, apart from all of the other days. That is not to say that the Sabbath day is the only day for us to worship God, but it is to say that The Sabbath Day is the seventh day, and is no other day of the week. There is something that I have explained to our church, as it relates to each Friday, and I would like to share it in this writing. As Thursday night ends, and Friday morning is beginning, we experience the following cycle. Darkness turns to dawn. Dawn turns to daylight. Daylight turns to dusk, and dusk turns to darkness. As Friday afternoon becomes afternoon, and afternoon becomes evening and sundown approaches, Sabbath is beginning. That is at about the time that our worship service begins. We are beginning to experience a greater appreciation for that time of day, when we read, “and evening and morning were the seventh day, The Sabbath Day. From sundown on Friday evening until sundown on Saturday evening, we are experiencing God’s Holiness that He has so freely bestowed upon us, whether we realize it or not. At the end of each of our Friday Sabbath Worship Services, we reenact the account of the Passover (The Last Supper) where Jesus initiated the Lord’s Supper. We “experience communion.” We don’t “have communion.” We, the body of Christ, “are the communion.” We invite people from other churches to share in this experience with us. Such a participation in communion with us can be spiritually beneficial and should be shared with other believers in Christ.
Notes For Friday Sabbath Worship Service, February 14, 2014, 6:30 P.M.
CC Sermon 021414, A Passover/Communion Discussion, Genesis 9:1
New King James Version (NKJV)
God’s Promise to Noah (The Beginning Of The Jews And The Gentiles)
9:1 So God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them: “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”
New King James Version (NKJV)
Noah and His Sons (Shem, the father of the Jews; Ham and Japheth, the fathers of the Gentiles.)
“18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth,,,”
The world had been decimated. A family was chosen by God to repopulate the earth. One part of the family was also chosen by God to be the blood line that would lead to the Savior of mankind.
While God had love for all of the world (John 3:16), He had a special relationship with Shem and his descendants. It would be through Shem that Jesus, who is “the Lamb that takes away the sin of the world,” (John 1:29), and who is “God with us,” (Matthew 1:23), would enter the world through normal child birth through the virgin Mary (Matthew 1:25).
God’s Holy Spirit has always been present to the whole world with His influence (John 1:9, Romans 1:20). However, He chose the descendants of Shem to lead the world to salvation (John 4:22). However, please do not consider that God has provided a universal salvation, even as Jesus spoke that truth to the Jews in John 3:3, “Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” The solution to John 3:3 is John 3:16,
“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.” The proof of the born again experience is a belief in
Jesus, which is a spiritual intimacy with God The Father, through God The Son, Jesus, per John 17:3,”And this is eternal life, that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.”
With the knowledge of the special relationship that God had with the descendants of Shem, which was shown through Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, it is important to hold firmly to the truth that God was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and that it is also true that God did not have that same special and intimate relationship with Abraham’s descendants through Ishmael. Neither did God have that close relationship with Ham and Japheth and their descendants. Through feasts, God began preparing the Jews for their part in the fulfillment of God’s promise that He made in Genesis 3:15, when He said, “And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”This verse is prophetic of the coming of Jesus, (God with us, Matthew 1:23). The feasts were given to Jews, and only to Jews (Exodus 12:3). They were not given to the descendants of Ham or Japheth. Those people had no need or reason to “keep the feasts” or to even know about the feasts. Any non-Jew came into this world as a Gentile. The Messiah, Jesus Christ, fulfilled all of the feasts; scriptures show that. Galatians 3:28/29 tells us: “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ. And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” It was through the Jews, the descendants of Shem, that Gentiles learned of the savior Jesus. The Gentiles had no such knowledge of the Messiah ,or of God, the Father, who was to be worshipped, as Jesus explained to the Samaritan woman in John 4:22, “You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews.”
Christians, those of us who are believers in Christ Jesus, have a great need to have a thorough understanding of the feasts that God gave to the Jews. Participating in the feasts brings about a better understanding of the teachings that lead to a greater understanding of the prophesied Messiah, Jesus Christ. It should be noted that Christians are not to believe that the Apostles discontinued their observance of the feasts. (Acts 18:21, Acts 20:6, 1 Cor 5:8) They were Jews, religious Jews. Religious Jews would not have shown such a lack of respect to their heritage. The difference that occurred with the disciples/apostles is that their born-again experience changed them from Jews who did not believe in Jesus as their Lord and Savior, to Jews who “did” believe in Jesus as teir Lord and Savior. When we are reading God’s Word about “the Jews,” it is important for us to properly identify them as being “believing Jews” or “unbelieving Jews. Therefore, we will discuss the relationship that exists between the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread, with Communion, The Lords Supper, and Breaking Of Bread.
New King James Version (NKJV)
3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel,
The Passover Instituted
12 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire—its head with its legs and its entrails. 10 You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11 And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover.
12 ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
In verse 3 of this passage, we see that God is speaking to Jews, and not to Gentiles, about their responsibility for keeping the Feast of Passover.
Exodus 12:14-21(Feast Of Unleavened Bread)
New King James Version (NKJV)
14 ‘So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat—that only may be prepared by you. 17 So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance. 18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”
In verse 14 of this passage, we see that God is speaking to Jews, and not to Gentiles, about their responsibility for keeping the Feast Of Unleavened Bread. After the day of Passover ends, Unleavened Bread immediately follows it for a period of seven days.
Exodus 12:42-49 (Passover)
New King James Version (NKJV)
42 It is a night of solemn observance to the Lord for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the Lord, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
In verse 42, we see that God is telling the Jews, and not Gentiles, to observe a solemn observance of Passover.
43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it.44 But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it. 45 A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it. 46 In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.48 And when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it. 49 One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you.”
In 47, all Jews are directed to observe Passover. There are no exceptions and no exclusions for the Jews. Others who dwell among the Jews are also required to observe Passover, but they must be circumcised, which would exclude female Gentiles.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Three Annual Feasts
14 “Three times you shall keep a feast to Me in the year: 15 You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt; none shall appear before Me empty); 16 and the Feast of Harvest, the first fruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of In-gathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field. 17 “Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God.
In verse 14, God tells the Jews to keep three specific feasts. In verse 15, 16, and 17, God identifies the feasts as being: 1. Unleavened Bread; 2. Harvest/First Fruits/Weeks/Shavuot/Pentecost; 3. In-Gathering/Tabernacles. In verse 17, we see that all Jewish males were required to attend all three of the feasts. There were no exceptions, and no exclusions.
It should be noted that we are not to believe that the Apostles discontinued their observance of the feasts. (Acts 18:21, Acts 20:6, 1 Cor 5:8) We will now discuss the relationship that exists between the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread, with Communion, The Lords Supper, and Breaking Of Bread.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Jesus Celebrates Passover with His Disciples
17 Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?”
18 And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”
19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover.
20 When evening had come, He sat down with the twelve. 21 Now as they were eating, He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.”
Just as any religious Jew would do, Jesus celebrated Passover. His 12 disciples celebrated it with Him, and ate a Passover seder (meal). They recalled the deliverance of the Jews from Egypt. There were no exclusions of any of the disciples, including Judas Iscariot.
Jesus Institutes the Lord’s Supper
26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said,“Take, eat; this is My body.”
27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
30 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
It was during the Passover meal, that Jesus spoke of His imminent death on the cross. He used the bread and wine that were items for consumption in the seder that Jesus used to relate to his body, that would be crucified on a cross, and his blood that would be shed. Then, he looked to the time when, in the Kingdom of God, (The Millennium, the thousand year reign of Christ) that He would partake of the Passover again. There were no exclusions of any of the disciples, including Judas Iscariot.
Summary, and looking ahead:
Please note that the Passover Seder was a meal. At the point at which Jesus changed the focus from the past to the future, and initiated the Lord’s Supper, also known as the Last Supper, the bread that He broke did not become His body, neither did the wine that he poured for the disciples become His blood. The bread and wine were part of the seder items of food. The disciples continued eating the seder food and drink items. The meal of the Passover, the Passover Seder, which became part of the Lord’s Supper, would become a part of the times of remembrance of the death of Jesus for the Apostles and other future believers in Christ. We will see in other scriptures that it was during fellowship meals that congregations did the same thing that the disciples did when Jesus used bread and wine from the Passover meal to remember His death. Congregations would have fellowship meals and would use bread and wine from those meals to remember the death of Jesus. There was no such thing as “the Communion.” Believers are “the Communion.” What is now called as “The Lord’s Supper,” where a small wafer of bread, and a little sip of grape juice, or wine, is not what the early church did. The early church had a fellowship meal. During that meal, they would remember the death of the Lord Jesus. The bread did not become the body of Christ. The wine or juice did not become the blood of Christ. There were no exclusions from the meal. We will study this situation in depth, at the appropriate time. We will also determine if there is “a list” that specifies acts that may be concluded to be “in an unworthy manner, or unworthily.”
Immediately following is an explanation of the Passover Seder by Wikipedia. Following it will be a photograph of a table that contains the food items that can be found on a Jewish Passover table.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“Seder” redirects here. For other uses, see Seder (disambiguation).
The Passover Seder (Hebrew: סֵדֶר [ˈsedeʁ], “order, arrangement”; Yiddish: Seyder) is a Jewish ritual feast that marks the beginning of the Jewish holiday ofPassover. It is conducted on the evenings of the 14th day of Nisan in the Hebrew calendar, and on the 15th by traditionally observant Jews living outside Israel. This corresponds to late March or April in the Gregorian calendar. Passover lasts for 7-8 weeks
The Seder is a ritual performed by a community or by multiple generations of a family, involving a retelling of the story of the liberation of the Israelites from slavery inancient Egypt. This story is in the Book of Exodus (Shemot) in the Hebrew Bible. The Seder itself is based on the Biblical verse commanding Jews to retell the story of the Exodus from Egypt: “You shall tell your child on that day, saying, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.'” (Exodus 13:8) Traditionally, families and friends gather in the evening to read the text of the Haggadah, an ancient work derived from the Mishnah (Pesahim 10). The Haggadah contains the narrative of the Israelite exodus from Egypt, special blessings and rituals, commentaries from the Talmud, and special Passover songs.
Seder customs include drinking four cups of wine, eating matza, partaking of symbolic foods placed on the Passover Seder Plate, and reclining in celebration of
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The following worship and praise video is one that will bless you beyond measure.
It absolutely draws me to deep and close worship of God. I trust that it will do the
same for you.
Note: In order for you to view the worship video, and other posts and comments,
please click onto the post.
Feast Of Tabernacles, Jerusalem Arise, Paul Wilbur 57 minutes.
Philippians 3:10, “That I might know Him.”