Revelation 20 – The Millennial Kingdom

I. Opening Video.

Marking The Times Episode 29: Millennial Kingdom. Dr. Mark Hitchcock (J. D., Th. M., Ph. D.) answers your questions relating to the role of believers after the Millennial Kingdom and Christ sitting on King David’s throne.

II. Introduction. 

Revelation Chapter 20 discusses the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. The Kingdom will be an earthly existence. The Millennium is the length of time that the Kingdom, or Kingdom Age, will last. Key verses will be examined that relate to the Kingdom, in its prophesied earthly existence. Following, will be discussions on the events of the Kingdom Age. Those who will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium are described in the following verses: Daniel 12:1-3 (Pre-Church Age Saints); Matthew 19:28 (Apostles of Christ); 1 Corinthians 6:2 (Church Age Saints).

III. Scripture Text. Revelation 20. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995).

Satan Bound

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he took hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he threw him into the abyss and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their foreheads and on their hands; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with Him for a thousand years.

Satan Freed and Doomed

When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

Judgment at the Throne of God

11 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them; and they were judged, each one of them according to their deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.

IV. Examination.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,

A. 20:1. “the abyss.” The place where all evil spirits will ultimately be consigned. See Luke 8:31.

B.20.2. “a thousand years” (mentioned six times in this chapter). Since the Latin equivalent for these words is “millennium,” this period of time is called the Millennium. It is the time when Christ shall reign on this earth (Isa 2:3; Dan 7:14; Zech 14:9). Satan will not be free to work (here in v 2), righteousness will flourish (Isa 11:3-5), peace will be universal (Isa 2:4), and the productivity of the earth will be greatly increased (Isa 35:1-2). At the conclusion of the time Satan will be loosed to make one final attempt to overthrow Christ, but without success (vv 7-9).

C. 20:4. The occupants of the “thrones” are not identified. Some think they are the 12 disciples (Luke 22:29-30), others that they are the church saints (1 Cor 6:2; 2 Tim 2:12). “the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus.” These are the martyrs of the tribulation days who will be resurrected to share the joys of the millennial kingdom.

D. 20:5. “The rest of the dead.” The wicked dead will be raised and judged after the Millennium. “the first resurrection.” Refers back to the end of verse 4. This resurrection includes all the righteous (the resurrection of life, John 5:29, and the resurrection of the righteous, Luke 14:14). who will be raised before the Millennium begins.

E. 20:8. “God and Magog.” The worldwide enemies of Christ. Not the same battle as described in Ezek 38-29. The large number of rebels will come from the many people born during the Millennium, who, though giving outward obedience to the King, never accept Him.

F. 20:11-15. Here is pictured the judgment of the unbelieving dead. It occurs at the close of the Millennium. It is based on works in order to show that the punishment is deserved (v 12, though of course those unsaved people are first of all in this judgment  because they rejected Christ as Savior during their lifetimes); and it results in everyone in this judgment being cast into the lake of fire. This is the resurrection of judgment. 

G. 20:12. “before the throne,” upon which Christ sits as Judge (see v 11; John 5:22, 27). 

H. 20:13. The wicked dead will receive some kind of resurrection body in which they will be tormented forever.

V. Discussion.

A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.

This commentary understands the millennium portrayed as an earthly reign which follows the second coming of Christ.

B. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

This chapter presents the fact that Christ will reign on earth for a thousand years. If this chapter is taken literally, it is relatively simple to understand what is meant. However, because many Bible interpreters have rejected the idea that there will be a reign of Christ on earth for a thousand years after His second coming, this chapter has been given an unusually large number of diverse interpretations, all designed to eliminate a literal millennial reign.

C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary. 

The golden age has come. The armies of the nations have been disbanded, and the great military academies have fallen into ruin and decay. The machinery of war has all been smelted down and converted to the implements of peace. Jerusalem has become the world’s capital. The throne of David is there, and the twelve apostles are there judging the twelve tribes of Israel, for Israel rules the world. The millennial Temple has been built, and the nations of the world go there to worship the living God. Prosperity is evident from pole to pole and from the new river, which now graces Jerusalem to the ends of the earth. Poverty is unknown. Every man has all that a heart can desire. There are no prisons, no hospitals, no mental institutions, no barracks, no saloons, no houses of ill repute, no gambling dens, no homes for the aged and infirm; such things belong to a past and lesser age. The bloom of youth is on everyone’s cheek, for a man is a stripling at a hundred years of age. Cemeteries are crumbling relics of the past, and tears are rare. The wolf and lamb, the calf and the lion, the cow and the bear, the child and the scorpion are all at peace. Jesus has come, and the Millennium is here. The golden age, so frequently heralded by the prophets of Israel’s past, has dawned at last, and the earth is filled with the knowledge of God. Jesus is Lord, and he rules the nations with a rod of iron. His reign is righteous, and the nations obey. The principles of the Sermon on the Mount are the laws of the kingdom, and men obey them because infractions are not allowed. Sin is visited with swift and certain judgment. This era lasts for a thousand years.

VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow. Eternity Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy


Revelation 19 – Christ Returns To Earth, The Tribulation Ends, Judgment Begins.

I. Video Data.

Revelation Station: REVELATION is a compilation of movie clips edited into a high intensity visual aid BASED off events prophesied in the book of Revelation and elsewhere in the Bible. Viewers take note the video is NOT meant to be a DEFINED GUIDE to the Book of Revelation.

II. Introduction (Mine).

A. THE THINGS THAT ARE SHOWN IN THE OPENING VIDEO.WILL HAPPEN! The scenes in the video show a world of people, which have turned their backs on Christ as their Lord and Savior, and have found themselves in the Tribulation. Those whom have accepted Christ have been removed from the world and taken to Heaven by Christ prior to the events of the Tribulation judgments on the world, which come from Christ and His angels. God has chosen the Tribulation judgments to draw those, whom had previously rejected Christ, to saving faith in our Lord. 

B. It is at the end of the Great Tribulation that Israel is being attacked by all of the nations of the world at the Battle of Armageddon; the USA is one of those worldly attackers. The Jews see no way out of their impending destruction. Israel, and Jews everywhere, have denied Christ for centuries, but now they call on Him, in faith, to save them, which our Lord does. Christ descends from heaven with angels, and OT and NT saints, whom were resurrected or raptured prior to the beginning of the tribulation; they were then taken to Heaven where they have been waiting for this prophetic event for the salvation of God’s chosen people, the Jews (Deu 14:2). This article will discuss the second coming of Christ, when He will stand on planet earth. 

III. Scripture Text. Revelation 19. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Fourfold Hallelujah

1. After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying,

“Hallelujah! Salvation, glory, and power belong to our God, because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great prostitute who was corrupting the earth with her sexual immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her.” And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises forever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne, saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” And a voice came from the throne, saying,

“Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.” Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying,

“Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.

Marriage of the Lamb

Let’s rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, because the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His bride has prepared herself.” It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

Then he *said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb.’” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.” 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brothers and sisters who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

The Coming of Christ

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many crowns; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written: “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great feast of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, both free and slaves, and small and great.”

19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies, assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse, and against His army.

Doom of the Beast and False Prophet

20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire, which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

IV. Examination. 

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

A. 19:8. “the righteous acts of the saints.” The good works of believers will constitute the wedding garment when the congregation of the faithful are joined to Christ in marriage (2 Cor 11:2; Eph 3:26-27).

B. 19:9. “marriage supper.” Christ will take His bride, the church, to heaven before the tribulation begins; then, He will return with His bride at His second coming to the marriage supper on earth.

C. 19:11. “heaven opened.” This is the second coming of Christ to the earth — during the war of Armageddon, in which He will be the Victor and in which all who oppose Him will be slain (vv. 19, 21). “Faithful and true.” These terms have been used previously of Christ (1:5; 3:7).

D. 19:12. “His eyes are a flame of fire.” (See 1:14; 2:18). “a name written.” This is perhaps the same name He will write on the overcomer (2:17; 3:12). 

E. 19:13. “Dipped in the blood” of the enemies He conquers at His second coming. “The Word.”  This name, applied here to Christ is found only in writings of John (cf. John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1). 

F. 19:15. “rule.” Lit., shepherd. Christ will be a shepherding autocrat. “wine press.” It consisted of two receptacles, or vats, placed at different levels, in the upper one of which the grapes were trodden, while the lower one received the juice (cf, 14:20).

G. 19:17-18. So great will be the slaughter in the war of Armageddon that an angel will call together the fowls of heaven to eat the flesh of those who fall in battle.

H. 19:20. The beast and his false prophet will be the first occupants of the “lake of fire;” other unbelievers, now in hades, will join them at the end of the Millennium (20:14)

V. Reinforcement. 

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

Revelation 4-18 dealt primarily with the events of the Great Tribulation. Beginning in Chapter 19 there is a noticeable change. The Great Tribulation is now coming to its end and the spotlight focuses on heaven and the second coming of Christ. For the saints and angels it is a time of rejoicing and victory.

B. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014. 

Chapter 19 begins the description of the return of Christ. The first 10 verses refer to the celebrations taking place just prior to Christ’s return, and vv. 11-21 describe the details of the Messiah’s second advent in power. The second coming is an essential Christian doctrine, and the subject of extensive revelation (eg., Ps 2:1-2; Is 34:1-9; Dn 7:13-14; Zch 14:1-8; Mt 25:31-46; 1 Th 5:1-11).

C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.

The nineteenth chapter of Revelation has two main segments; songs of rejoicing triggered by the fall of Babylon (19:1-10) and the sequence of events surrounding the Lamb’s return to earth (19:11-21). Structurally speaking, 19:1-10 is the concluding part of the intercalation describing the demise of Babylon (17:1-18:24). The fourfold “hallelujahs” (19:1, 3, 4, 6) respond to the angel’s invitation to the heavenly community to rejoice (18:20). The formula of 19:9-10 concludes the section begun by the formula of 17:1-3, setting the intervening verses apart as a discussion of Babylon’s history up to the point of the seventh bowl. It is now time for the loudness of enthusiastic rejoicing to replace the silence of the ruined city (18:21-24).

VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 17-18 The Destruction Of Babylon

I. Opening Video Data.

John Ankerberg Show. From Our Series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021).

II. Introduction.

Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974.

The Book of Revelation was written in order in which the truth was revealed to John, but the events described are not necessarily in chronological order. This is especially true of Rev 17, which probably occurred during the first half of the last seven years. Chapter 17 is the destruction of ecclesiastical Babylon, or Babylon as a religion. Chap 18 is the destruction of Babylon, as a city, and as an empire.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation 17-18. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Doom of Babylon

17. 1.Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of sexual immorality, and those who live on the earth became drunk with the wine of her sexual immorality.” And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls, holding in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her sexual immorality, and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery: “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

“The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who live on the earth, whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was, and is not, and will come. Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains upon which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11 The beast which was, and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

Victory for the Lamb

14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them because He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.”

15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the prostitute sits are peoples and multitudes, and nations and languages. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

Babylon Is Fallen

18 1. After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated from his glory. And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. For all the nations have fallen because of the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of sexual immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich from the excessive wealth of her luxury.”

I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive any of her plagues; for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her offenses. Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. To the extent that she glorified herself and lived luxuriously, to the same extent give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ For this reason in one day her plagues will come, plague and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

Grief over Babylon

“And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of sexual immorality and lived luxuriously with her, will weep and mourn over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargo any more— 12 cargo of gold, silver, precious stones, and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk, and scarlet; every kind of citron wood, every article of ivory, and every article made from very valuable wood, bronze, iron, and marble; 13 cinnamon, spice, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, cattle, sheep, and cargo of horses, carriages, slaves, and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has left you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and people will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and all who make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich from her prosperity, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

21 Then a strong angel picked up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will never be found again. 22 And the sound of harpists, musicians, flute players, and trumpeters will never be heard in you again; and no craftsman of any craft will ever be found in you again; and the sound of a mill will never be heard in you again; 23 and the light of a lamp will never shine in you again; and the voice of the groom and bride will never be heard in you again; for your merchants were the powerful people of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your witchcraft. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all who have been slaughtered on the earth.”

IV. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

A. 17:1. Babylon is represented as a “whore” whose unfaithfulness affects many people and nations (the “waters.” as explained in v 15).

B. 17:3. “a scarlet beast.” A reference to Antichrist and his allies on whom Babylon sits (controls).

C. 17:5. In Chap. 17 Babylon represents the false religious system during the Tribulation. In Chap. 18 Babylon represents more the political and commercial aspect of the revived Roman Empire headed by Antichrist. Thus, the term stands both for a city and a system (religious and commercial). “MOTHER OF HARLOTS.” The family of false religions is unfaithful to the Lord and thus is described as a harlot (vv. 1, 15-16).

D. 17:8. This would place the events of this chapter in the first half of the Tribulation period before Antichrist comes out of the “abyss” at its midpoint (11:7; 13:11).

E. 17:10. In addition, the seven heads in verse 9 are seven kings, probably a selective list either of Roman emperors or world empires.

F. 17 :12. The 10-nation federation that will form in the West and will be headed by Antichrist. (See 13:1 and Dan 7:24). “one hour.” I.e., for one purpose (as in Luke 22:53).

G. 17:15. The apostate church will be ecumenical, or worldwide.

H. 17:16. “these will hate the harlot.” The political power headed by Antichrist will overthrow the false church organization (probably at the mid-point of the Tribulation).

I. 18:2. “fallen.” A different event from 17:16, where the political power destroys religious Babylon in the middle of the Tribulation. 

J. 18:8. “in one day.” The judgment will be consummated in a single day.

K. 18:20. “God has pronounced judgment for you against her.” I.e., God has judged her for her treatment of you. Heaven and the martyrs may now rejoice.

L. 18:21. Babylon will sink into the sea like a rock.

M. 18:22-23. No happiness will be found in Babylon anymore.

V. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination Reinforcement. 

A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977, p 306.

Chapters 17 and 18 portray the judgment of God upon the great harlot, that citadel of pagan opposition to the cause of Christ.

B. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D.D., 1843-1921). Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).

The name “Babylon,” in prophecy, is sometimes used in a larger sense than mere reference to the ancient city or nation. There are two forms which Babylon is to have in the end-time: political Babylon and ecclesiastical Babylon. Political Babylon is the beast’s confederate empire, the last form of Gentile world dominion. Ecclesiastical Babylon is all apostate Christendom. It may very well be that this union will embrace all the religions of the world. Ecclesiastical Babylon is the “great prostitute,” and is to be destroyed by political Babylon, so that the beast may alone be the object of worship. The power of political Babylon will be destroyed by the return of the Lord in Glory (see Rev 19:7).

C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 

Chapters 17 – 18 deal with the whole question of Babylon. In Chap 17, we have “the Babylonish system” to consider, in Chap 18, we have the “Babylonish city.” Thus, there are two Babylons, and the one grows out of the other. The Beast controls the first, and creates the second. The Babylonish system is both religious and political. The religious system paves the way for the political system. In the beginning, the religious system supports the political system, but in the end the political system supplants the political system. The religious system is symbolized in Rev 17 as the Babylonian mother; the political system is symbolized as the Babylonian monster.

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 364.

Rev 17 outlines the judgment on the great harlot, the apostate religious system, that exists in the tribulation period. The unbelieving professing church went into the tribulation period (Rev 2:22; 3:10), and a great religious system, under the domination of the great harlot, arose. In the campaign of Armageddon it has been seen how God judges the Gentile world powers and brings about their downfall. The northern confederacy was judged by God upon the mountains of Israel in the middle of the tribulation period. The kings of the East and their forces and the armies of the Beast were seen to be destroyed at the second advent of Christ to the earth. A fuller description of this judgment upon the Beast and his citadel is given in Rev 18. There, the political empire is seen to have been so closely united with the false religious empire that both are called by the same name. The destruction of the seat of the Beast’s power is accomplished by a divine visitation of judgment by fire (Rev 18:8). 

E. Dr. Daniel Green. (Th. M., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014.

“17:1-18:24.” This part of John’s vision described the end for the city of Babylon on the Euphrates and the world of people that followed her ways. It highlighted the truth of the apostle’s earlier warning (1 Jn 2:15-17). All who loved the power, idolatry, and riches of the world so exemplified by the city would see their dreams destroyed before their eyes. This section does not describe more judgments beyond the seals, trumpets, and bowls, but highlights certain aspects of them. “17:5-6.” The word “mystery” describes the city. It is not “mysterious,” suggesting a symbolic interpretation, but rather is something that was not known previously. “MOTHER OF HARLOTS” indicates that restored Babylon would be the worst of all unfaithful cities in history.

F. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.

The “seven hills” can, and probably does, have a nonliteral meaning as the end of v. 9 shows. The woman sits upon seven kings or kingdoms, as subsequent discussion will explain. The other alleged evidence for a Roman reference (to Babylon) is too general to be decisive. The references to “many waters” in v.1, and to the “wilderness” or “desert” in v. 3 are inapplicable to Rome, but fit quite well with Babylon on the Euphrates.

VI. My note. Revelation 17:5 Examination.

A. Translation Comparisons. “MYSTERY, BABYLON,” vs “a mystery, Babylon.”

1. KJV. “And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother Of Harlots And Abominations Of The Earth.”  


3. CSV. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: Babylon the Great, the Mother of Prostitutes and of the Detestable Things of the Earth.”

4. ESV. And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth’s abominations.”

5. NASB. “and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

6. NET. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the Great, the Mother of prostitutes and of the detestable things of the earth.”

7. NLT. “A mysterious name was written on her forehead: “Babylon the Great, Mother of All Prostitutes and Obscenities in the World.”

B. Dr. William D. Mounce (B.A., M. A., Ph. D.). Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament (Pasted from Bible Gateway).

5 And on her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of the abominations of the earth.”

1. Rev 17:5 tells of a mystery, which is about Babylon, and does not tell about, “MYSTERY BABYLON,” (per KJV and NKJV).

2. The KJV and NKJV translations of “Mystery, Babylon,” are confusing and wrong.

3. Babylon means Babylon, and does not mean Rome (See above comments of Green and Thomas, and the closing video of Woods).

VII. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31. It is a must for instruction, and is a keeper.

Closing Video Data. 

Andrew M. Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.)

Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.

“VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

IX. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 16 – The Bowl Judgments

I. Video Data.

What is the first bowl judgment? John Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation:” The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

II. Introduction.

Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chronologically, this chapter is close to the time of the second coming of Christ, and the judgments described fall in rapid succession. There can be no doubt here, not only that the series reaches on to the time of the end, but that the whole of it is to be placed close to the same time. Daniel indicated that these closing days of the Tribulation will be a time of world war (Dan 11:36-45). World events are now pictured by John as coming to their climax. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation 16. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

Six Bowls of Wrath

1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”

So the first angel went and poured out his bowl on the earth; and it became a loathsome and malignant sore on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image.

The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became blood like that of a dead man; and every living thing in the sea died.

Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying, “Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You judged these things; for they poured out the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. They deserve it.” And I heard the altar saying, “Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire. Men were scorched with fierce heat; and they blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues, and they did not repent so as to give Him glory.

10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became darkened; and they gnawed their tongues because of pain, 11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores; and they did not repent of their deeds.

12 The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates; and its water was dried up, so that the way would be prepared for the kings from the east.


13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs; 14 for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty. 15 (“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame.”) 16 And they gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.

Seventh Bowl of Wrath

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague was extremely severe.

IV. Examination. 

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

A. 16:1. Though there are similarities between the bowl judgments and some of the trumpet judgments in chaps. 8-9 there are differences as well, the bowl judgments being more intensive and extensive. Thus, it is best not to see the bowls as repeating the trumpets but as a distinct series of judgments following the trumpets.

B. 16:2. “a loathsome and malignant sore.” LIt., foul and evil sore. Probably, a plague of ulcers. The brief descriptions of these last seven judgments (vv 2-12, 17-21) may suggest that they occur in rapid succession upon a world already battered and bloodied.

C. 16:3. “every living thing in the sea died.” (see 8:9). Imagine the stench and disease that will accompany this event.

D. 16:4. Though drinking bloody salt water would be toxic, drinking bloody fresh water, though disgusting, would not be. 

E. 16:6. “They deserve it .” I.e., they deserve to drink blood because they shed the blood of saints and prophets.

F. 16:8. Side effects of this scorching heat will drastically affect the climate, possibly including excessive evaporation and melting of the great ice areas of the world.

G. 16:9. “they did not repent.” See verse 11 and 9:21. 

H. 16:11. “their sores.” I.e., those referred to in verse 2.

I. 16:12. “the kings from the east.” Lit., the kings from the rising of the sun. The armies of the nations of the Orient will be raided in their march toward Armageddon by the supernatural drying up of the Euphrates River.

J. 16:3. “the dragon.” Satan. the” beast.” Antichrist (13:1-10). “the false prophet.” the lieutenant (13:11-18).

K. 16:14. “the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.” The war will consist of several battles, beginning with Antichrist’s campaign into Egypt (Dan. 11:40-45) and including a siege of Jerusalem (Zech. 14:2) as well as the final battle at Armageddon (v. 16). 

L. 16:15. A call to surviving believers to watch and be alert. The “clothes” of a guard caught asleep on duty were taken from him, leaving him “naked” and disgraced.

M. 16:16. “Har-Mageddon,” or Armageddon. Lit., Mount of Megiddo, near the city of Megiddo at the head of the plain of Esdraelon. This area was the scene of many OT battles, notably those of Barak with the Canaanites (Judg. 4) and of Gideon with the Midianites (Judg. 7).

N. 16:19. “The great city.” Either Jerusalem (11:8; cf. Zech. 14:4) or Babylon (18:2).

O. 16:20-21. The topography of the earth will be drastically changed, and unbelieving survivors of the hailstorm will curse God instead of turning to Him.

V. Reinforcement.

A. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 363.

The third series of judgments, which complete the outpouring of divine wrath, are the vials (Rev. 16:1-21). Although four of these vials are poured out on the same areas as the trumpets, they do not seem to be the same judgments. The trumpets begin in the middle of the tribulation and depict events during the entire second half of the week (Daniel’s 70th week). The vials seem to cover a very brief period at the end of the tribulation, just prior to the second advent of Christ. These bowls seem to have particular reference to unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God (16:9, 11), and have special reference to the beast and his followers (16:2).

B. My note concerning Dr. Pentecost’s above comment about unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God. The words, “those who dwell on the earth,” relate to a group of unbelievers in the Tribulation who will refuse to repent, in spite of God’s judgments that continue to fall on them. Consider the following verses (NASB).

1. Rev 6:10. “and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”

2. Rev 8:13. Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth”

3. Rev 11:10. “And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.” 

4. Rev 13:8. “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb.” 

5. Rev 13:14. “And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast.” 

6. Rev 17:8. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.”

VI. Ryrie cross references for Rev 16 verses that have no examination.

A. 16:3. Ex. 7:17-21; Rev 8:8f; 11:6.

B. 16:5. John 17:25; Rev 11:17; 15:4; 6:10.

C. 16:7. Rev 6:9; 14:8; 1:8; 15:3; 19:2.

D. 16:10. Rev 13:2; Ex 10:21f; Isa 8:22;  Rev 8:12, 9:2.  

E. 16:17. Eph 2:2; Rev 11:15; 14:15; 10:6; 21:6.

F. 16:18. Rev 4:5; 6:12; Dan 12:1; Matt 24:21.

VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VIII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments

I. Video Data.

What happens to the earth as a result of the vial judgments? This clip is from our series entitled, “Step by Step through the Book of Revelations.” John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021) is the video speaker.

II. Introduction.

Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

A Scene of Heaven

1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels who had seven plagues, which are the last, because in them the wrath of God is finished.

And I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who had been victorious over the beast and his image and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, holding harps of God. And they *sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying,

“Great and marvelous are Your works,
O Lord God, the Almighty;
Righteous and true are Your ways,
King of the nations!
“Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name?
For You alone are holy;
For all the nations will come and worship before You,
For Your righteous acts have been revealed.”

After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of testimony in heaven was opened, and the seven angels who had the seven plagues came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and girded around their chests with golden sashes. Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.

IV. Examination. 

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,

A. 15:2-3. The martyrs sing “the song of Moses,” praising God for His faithfulness and deliverance (Ex 15 and Deu 32) and magnifying God’s holiness and righteousness

B. 15:5. “the temple of the tabernacle.” I.e., the Holy of Holies.”

V. Reinforcement.  

A. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.

1. The Seven Last Plagues: The scroll with seven seals is now opened. The 7th seal was opened in Rev 8:1, at which time we were introduced to seven angels, with seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet message is the longest, and began with the announcement of Rev 11:15. Within that 7th message are several signs and visions. 

2. Signs Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The woman. b. The dragon. c. The seven last plagues.

3. Visions Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The beast with seven heads. b. The beast with two horns. c. The 144,000 Jews. d. The gospel and judgments. e. The final harvest. f. The heavenly temple and the seven last plagues.

B.  Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958. 

1. Page 235. The nature or character of this period is that of: “wrath, judgment, indignation, trial, trouble, destruction, darkness, desolation, overturning, punishment.” No passage can be found to alleviate, to any degree, whatsoever, the severity of this time that shall come upon the earth. 

2. Page 217. 

a. 1 Thes 5:9-10. 9 “For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him.”

b. Paul clearly teaches in this passage that our expectation and appointment is not to wrath and darkness, but rather to salvation, and verse 10 indicates the method that salvation, namely, “to live together with him.” Paul clearly indicates that our expectation is not of wrath, but of the revelation of “His Son from heaven.” This could not be unless the Son were revealed before the wrath of the 70th week falls on the earth.

c. Page 195. Our blessed Lord bore for us the wrath of God and His judgment; therefore, we who are in Him, “shall not come into judgment.” There can be no question that this period will see the wrath of God poured out upon the whole earth. Rev 3:10; Isa 24:1, 4-5, 16-17, 18-21, and many other passages make this very clear. And yet, while the whole earth is in view, this period is particularly in relation to Israel. Jeremiah 30:7, which calls this period, “the time of Jacob’s trouble,” makes this certain. The events of the 70th week (of Daniel) are events of the “Day of the Lord.” This use of the name of deity emphasizes God’s peculiar relationship to that nation. When this period is being anticipated in Daniel 9, God says to the prophet, “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city (v 24). This whole period then has special reference to Daniel’s people, Israel, and Daniel’s holy city, Jerusalem.

VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.

A.  15:1. Rev 12:1, 3; 15:6-8; 16:1; 17:1; 21:9; Lev 26:21; Rev 9:20. 

B. 15:4. Jer 10:7; Rev 14:7; Ps 86:9; Isa 66:23; Rev 19:8.

C. 15:6. Rev 1:13.

D. 15:7. Rev 4:6; 15:1; 5:8; 14:10; 15:1; 4:9.

E. 15:8. Ex 19:18; 40:34; Lev 16:2; 1 Kin 8:10; 2 Chr 5:13; Isa 6:4.

VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VIII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 14 – The Song Of The 144,000 – The Angels’ Messages

I. Video Data. 

Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them?John Ankerberg Show. From the series, “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus,” featuring Drs. Ron Rhodes, Ed Hindson, and Mark Hitchcock.

II. Introduction.

Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked.

III. Scripture Text.

Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

IV. Examination.  

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

A. 14:1. “the Lamb.” I.e., Christ. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” Evidently, the same group introduced in 7:4, though now their work on earth is finished and they are in heaven.

B. 14:4. “not … defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (cf. 2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits.” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (cf. Isa 2:3; Rom 11:15).

C. 14:6. “an eternal gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace before the return of Christ in judgment.

D. 14:8. “fallen is Babylon.” This fall is described in detail in chaps 17-18. For “Babylon,” see 17:5. (My note, “a mystery, BABYLON,” NASB. vs “MYSTERY BABYLON,” KJV.) 

E. 14:10-13. The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever, with no hope or annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

F. 14:12. Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vv 9-11). 

G. 14:20. Apparently, a reference to Armageddon (16:16, cf, 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles (290 km), to the depth of about 4.5  ft (1.3 m). The blood of horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.

V. Reinforcement. 

A. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.

In order to keep before his readers the ultimate reward of their endurance, the author of Revelation intersperses glimpses of final blessedness among his presentations of judgment. The detailed description of the beast and the false prophet in the preceding chapter was a somber reminder of what lay in the immediate future. A note of encouragement is in order. John moves quickly beyond the storm about to break to the bright morning of eternity when the Lamb and his followers stand in the heavenly Zion with the anthem of redemption everywhere sounding like the roar of a mighty waterfall and the echo of thunder.

B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 301.

“They are seen before the throne” (Rev 14;3). The destiny of this remnant is the kingdom over which Christ will rule from the “throne of David.” These promises are not heavenly,  but earthly, and will be fulfilled in the millennium.

C. Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).

Concerning Revelation 14:6, “eternal gospel.”

1. The Gospel of the kingdom. This is the good news that God purposes to set up on the earth, in fulfilment of the Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:16, a kingdom, political, spiritual, Israelitish, universal, over which God’s Son, David’s heir, shall be King, and which shall be, for one thousand years, the manifestation of the righteousness of God in human affairs..

2.. Two preachings of this Gospel are mentioned, one past, beginning with the ministry of John the Baptist, continued by our Lord and His disciples, and ending with the Jewish rejection of the King. The other is yet future Matthew 24:14 during the great tribulation, and immediately preceding the coming of the King in glory.

VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.

A. 14:2. Rev 1:15; 6:1; 5:8.

B. 14:3. Rev 5:9; 4:6; 4:4; 2:17; 7:4; 14:1.

C. 14:5. Ps 32:2; Zeph 3:13; Mal 2:6; John 1:47; 1 Pet 2:22; Heb 9:14; 1 Pet 1:19; Jude 24.

D. 14:7. Rev 15:4; 11:13; 4:11; 8:10.

E. 14:9. Rev 13:12; 14:11; 13:14; 13:16.

F. 14:14. Matt 17:5; Dan 7:13; Rev 1:13; Ps 21:3; Rev 6:2.

G. 14:15. Rev 11:19; 14:17; 15:6; 16:17; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:18; Jer 51:33; Matt 13:39-41.

H. 14:16. N/A

I. 14:17. Rev 11:19; 14:15; 15:6; 16:17.

J. 14:18. Rev 16:8; 6:9; 8:3; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:15.

K. 14:19. Isa 63:21; Rev 19:15.

VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VIII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

$515 A Head (Unborn Babies)

It’s not your body. It’s your baby who has been being nourished by your body.

New Records Show Obama Admin Purchased Aborted Babies’ Heads for $515 Each

National  |  Judicial Watch  |   Sep 14, 2021   |   3:54PM   |  Washington, DC

Judicial Watch announced today that it received 198 pages of records and communications from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) involving “humanized mice” research with human fetal heads, organs and tissue, including communications and contracts with human fetal tissue provider Advanced Bioscience Resources (ABR). Most of the records are communications and related attachments between Perrin Larton, a procurement manager for ABR, and research veterinary medical officer Dr. Kristina Howard of the FDA.

Judicial Watch received the records through a March 2019 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, of which the FDA is a part (Judicial Watch v. U.S. Department Health and Human Services (No. 1:19-cv-00876)). The lawsuit asks for all contracts and related documentation on disbursement of funds, procedural documents and communications between FDA and ABR for the provision of human fetal tissue to be used in humanized mice research. After successfully opposing the FDA’s redaction of certain information from its records, a federal court ordered HHS to release additional information about its purchases of organs harvested from aborted human fetuses – including “line item prices,” or the price per organ the government paid to ABR. The court also found “there is reason to question” whether the transactions violate federal law barring the sale of fetal organs. Documents previously uncovered in this lawsuit show that the federal government demanded the purchased fetal organs be “fresh and never frozen.”)

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” Although the initial award was for $12,000, the total estimated amount of funds allocated for the requisition was $60,000. Under “Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition,” the FDA writes:

Scientists within the FDA and in the larger field of humanized mouse research have searched extensively over the past several years and ABR is the only company in the U.S. capable of supplying tissues suitable for HM research. No other company or organization is capable of fulfilling the need.***

Costs are estimated [for the fetal parts] at $230 per tissue x two tissues per shipment = $460 plus $95 shipping = $555 per shipment. A total of 21 shipments = $11,655.00.


An April 1, 2013, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract” form that shows the FDA purchased fetal livers and thymuses from ABR going back to at least October 2012, billing $580 per liver/thymus set, but later paying a unit price of $685.

A January 1, 2013, “Fees for Services Schedule” provided by ABR to the FDA includes:

FETAL CADAVEROUS PROCUREMENT                                                            SERVICE FEE

2nd trimester D&E [Dilation and Evacuation abortion] (13-24 weeks)       per specimen     $275

1st trimester aspiration [abortion] (8-12 weeks)                                        per specimen     $515

Intact Calvarium [baby’s skull] (8-24 weeks)”                                        per specimen     $515

The fees for services schedule also includes “Special Processing/Preservation” of the fetal parts, such as “Tissue ‘Cleaning,’” “Snap freezing” and “Passive freezing (Dry ice).”

In a September 9, 2014, “Order for Supplies or Services,” the FDA writes regarding a $9,900 order:

The Contractors shall ship 2nd Trimester thymus $325, 2nd Trimester liver $325. Overnight deliver $150 and EFT wire transfer fee $25, for a total per delivery of $825. Total of this contract not to exceed $9,900.00.

As the result of an August 21, 2015, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract,” ABR bumped up the price of baby livers and thymuses from $325 each to $340 each.

A “Tissue Acquisition Quote” sent by ABR to Howard on July 5, 2017, provided a quote of $5,440 each to provide 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) livers and 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) thymuses at $340 per “sample.” The request for the quote notes that “tissue known to be positive for HIV, HepA, HepB, HepC or chromosomal abnormalities are not acceptable.”

On June 28, 2017, a redacted FDA contract specialist sends Larton at ABR a request for a quote (RFQ) of pricing for human fetal tissue, aged “16-24 weeks,” including a “Statement of Needs”:

The HM [humanized mice] are created by surgical implantations of human tissue into mice that have multiple genetic mutations that block the development of the mouse immune system at a very early stage. The absence of the mouse immune system allows the human tissues to grow and develop into functional human tissues…. In order for the humanization to proceed correctly we need to obtain fetal tissue with a specific set of specialized characteristics.

A May 2018, report from a company named “LABS,” which was employed by ABR to test fetal parts and their mothers for hepatitis and HIV, notes in its “methodology description” that they are approved by the FDA “for living and cadaveric donor screening.”

The records include a recitation of requirements by the FDA for “Payment by Electronic Funds Transfer,” in which ABR must adhere to regulations relating to “Convict Labor” and “Child Labor-Cooperation with Authorities and Remedies.”

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract:

Based on the terms and conditions of the Purchase Order as awarded to Advanced Bioscience Resources, Inc. (“ABR”) on July 27, 2018, the Government is not sufficiently assured that the human tissue provided to the Government to humanize the immune systems of mice will comply with the prohibitions set forth under 42 U.S.C. § 289g- 2. Furthermore, the Government has concerns with the sufficiency of the sole-source justification. Therefore, pursuant to FAR [Federal Acquisition Regulation] clause 52.213-4(f), the Purchase Order is being terminated effective September 24, 2018.

“Chopping up aborted human beings for their organs and tissue is a moral and legal outrage,” said Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton. “This issue should be front and center in any debate about America’s barbaric abortion industry.”

In February 2020, Judicial Watch first uncovered through this lawsuit hundreds of pages of records from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) showing that the agency paid thousands of dollars to a California-based firm to purchase organs from aborted human fetuses to create “humanized mice” for HIV research.

In May 2021, this lawsuit uncovered FDA records showing the agency spent tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars to buy human fetal tissue from ABR. The tissue was used in creating “humanized mice” to test “biologic drug products.” The records indicated the FDA wanted tissue purchases “Fresh; shipped on wet ice.”

On August 3, 2021, Judicial Watch announced that it and The Center for Medical Progress (CMP), through a separate lawsuit, received 252 pages of new documents from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that reveal nearly $3 million in federal funds were spent on the University of Pittsburgh’s quest to become a “Tissue Hub” for human fetal tissue ranging from 6 to 42 weeks’ gestation. The Pitt scientists note that, “All fetal tissue is collected through a collaborative process including Family Planning, Obstetrics and Pathology.” Pitt anticipated “being able to harvest and distribute quality tissue and cells … [and] do not anticipate any major problems related to the acquisition and distribution of the tissues.” Pitt’s target goal “is to have available a minimum of 5 cases (tissues and if possible other biologicals) per week of gestational age for ages 6-42 weeks.

Added examination.

Revelation 20:15. NASB.

“And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” (Obama, Biden)

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract: (Trump, Pence)

Revelation 13 – The Beast From The Sea – The Beast From The Earth

I. Video Data.

What does the false prophet do to honor the Antichrist?  John Ankerberg Show. “Through the Book of Revelation,” with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung.

II. Introduction.  Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.

In this thirteenth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details: (1) A beast arises out of the sea with seven heads and ten horns, to whom the dragon gives his power. (11) Another beast comes up out of the earth, and causes men to worship the first beast, (16) and to receive his mark.

III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees two beasts, one from the sea and one from the earth, symbolizing the Antichrist and his false prophet.

I. The Beast Out Of The Sea (13:1-10): This is the Antichrist.

A. His appearance (13:1-2).

1. He has ten horns (each with a crown) and seven heads (each with a blasphemous name) (13:1).

2. He looks like a leopard, with feet like a bear and a mouth like a lion (13:2a).

B. His authority (13:2b): It comes from Satan himself.

C. His assassination (13:3a): Some believe he will be killed and then rise from the dead.

D. His adulation (13:3b-4, 8): Following this, the entire world is astonished and worships him.

E. His arrogance (13:5-6): For a period of forty-two months, he blasphemes God.

F. His activities (13:7, 9-10).

1. In regard to God’s people (13:7a, 9-10).

a. The cruelty (13:7a, 9-10a): He persecutes and conquers them.

b. The challenge (13:10b): They are exhorted to display endurance and faithfulness.

2. In regard to all people (13:7b): He rules over them.

II. The Beast Out Of The Earth (13:11:-18): This is the false prophet.

A. His mission (13:11-12): With the appearance of a lamb, but the voice of a dragon, he forces the world to worship the Antichrist.

B. His miracles (13:13, 15): He performs great miracles.

1. He calls down fire from heaven (13:13).

2. He gives life to a statue (13:14-15): This statue bears the image of the Antichrist.

C. His mark (13:16-18).

1. What it is (13:18): It is the number 666.

2. Where it is applied (13:16): Either on the right hand or the forehead.

3. Why it is applied (13:17): No one is able to buy, sell, etc., without it.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 13. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Beast from the Sea

A1 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore.

Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names. And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast; they worshiped the dragon because he gave his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?” There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him. And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.

It was also given to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them, and authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was given to him. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain. If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 If anyone is destined for captivity, to captivity he goes; if anyone kills with the sword, with the sword he must be killed. Here is the perseverance and the faith of the saints.

The Beast from the Earth

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb and he spoke as a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. And he makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the presence of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life. 15 And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, 17 and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.

V. Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986. 

A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. See 11:7. Many emperors of Rome deified themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that will give their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13). 

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives his power.” Satan gives Antichrist his power.

C. 13:3. “had been slain.”  The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently, Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.

D. 13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently, the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.

E. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in heaven. 

F. 13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase “from the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf. 17:8).

G.13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. 

H. 13:11. “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (v 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vv 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (v 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vv 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and his second beast form an evil trinity.

I. 13:18. “his number is 666.” Somehow unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.

VI. Reinforcement. 

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974

In the first ten verses of chapter 13, a character is introduced of central importance to the events of the great tribulation. This passage is first of all a revelation of the revived Roman Empire in its period of worldwide dominion, but more especially this paragraph directs attention to the evil character who exercises satanic power as the world dictator.

B. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 

The Beast of Revelation 13 is both an emperor and an empire. The first part of the chapter deals with the coming of Satan’s false prince; the remainder of the chapter has to do with the second mysterious person conjured up by Satan to act as the propaganda chief for the Beast. This person is called the false prophet. The first beast is possibly a Gentile, or at least partly a Gentile, since he comes up from the sea. The second beast, the lamblike beast, is probably a Jew. He comes up out of the earth (a Bible symbol for the Hebrew nation for God’s earthly people). The great function of the second beast is to glorify the first beast. Thus Satan, the Beas, and the false prophet form a satanic trinity.

C. Scofield Study Bible, 1909 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Member, John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th, M., Th. D.).

1. Revelation Chapter 13 unveils the conditions on the earth at the end of the age when the following factors will be manifest:

a. the world ruler is satanically energized (vv 2, 4).

b. he and his image are worshipped (vv 4, 8, 12, 15).

c. he is acknowledged as possessing supreme military power (v 4).

d. he exercises a universal authority (v 7).

e. he persecutes believers in Christ (vv 6-7).

2. The second beast of Revelation Chapter 13 :

a. is a deceiver (vv 13-14).

b. exercises economic dictatorship (vv 16-17).

VII. Additional Examination.

Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp  286, 231.

1. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns , which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen and seventeen. It is most plainly  stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s remnant (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.

2. The events of the Day of the Lord will include the prophesied events of the tribulation period, such as:

a. the rise of the political ruler, of the federation of states of a Roman Empire (Dan 2 and 7), who makes a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27 ; Rev 13:1-10).

b. the formulation of a false religious system under the false prophet (Rev 13:11-18).

c. the pouring out of the judgments under the seals (Rev 6).

d. the separation of the 144,000 witnesses (Rev 7).

e. the trumpet judgments (Rev 8-11).

f. the rise of God’s witnesses (Rev 11).

g. the persecution of Israel (Rev 12).

h. the pouring out of the bowl judgments (Rev 16).

i. the overthrow of the false professing church (Rev 17-18).

j. the events of the campaign of Armageddon (Ezek 38-39; Rev 16:16; 19:27-21).

k. the proclamation of the gospel “of the kingdom” (Matt 24:14).

3. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include the prophesied events connected with the second advent, such as:

a. the return of Christ (Matt 24:29-30).

b. the resurrection of the Old Testament and tribulation saints (John 6:39-40; Rev 20:4).

c. the destruction of the Beast and all his armies and the False Prophet and his followers in the Beast worship (Rev 19:11-21).

d. the judgment of the nations (Matt 25:31-46).

e. the regathering of Israel (Ezek 37:1-14).

f. the judgment on living Israel (Ezek 20:33-38).

g. the restoration of Israel to the land (Amos 9:15).

h. the binding of Satan (Rev 20:2-3).

4. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include all the events of the millennial age, with:

a. the final revolt of Satan (Rev 20:7-10).

b. the great white throne judgment (Rev 20:11-15).

c. the purging of earth (2 Pet 3:10-13). 

VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

IX. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 12 – The Woman, Israel – The Red Dragon, Satan – The Male Child, Christ – The Angel, Michael

I. Video Data.

Who is the child mentioned in Revelation 12?John Ankerberg Show From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.

In this twelfth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details:  (1)  A woman clothed with sun travails. (3)  A great dragon stands ready to devour her child. (5)  Being delivered, and the child caught up to God, the woman flees into the wilderness. (7)  Michael and his angels overcome the dragon. (13) The dragon, cast down into the earth, persecutes the woman.

III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees an interplay between a woman and a dragon, symbolizing the nation of Israel and Satan.

I. Satan’s Former Hatred For God And His People (12:1-5).

A. Satan’s persecution of God’s nation (12:1-2).
B. Satan’s persecution of God’s Son (12:4b, 5b).
a. The birth of Jesus (12:4a. 5a).
b. The ascension of Jesus (12:5c).

II. Satan’s Future Hatred For God And His People (12:6-18).

A. The woman in the wilderness (12:6, 13-18): The woman here is the nation of Israel.
1. Israel will be persecuted by Satan during the Great Tribulation (12:13, 15, 17-18).
2. Israel will be protected by God during the Great Tribulation (12:6, 14, 16). 
B. The war in the heavens (12:7-12): Some believe this will occur in the middle of the Great Tribulation.
1. The results (12:7-9).
a, The defeat of Satan (12:7-8): Michael the archangel will defeat him.
b. The dismissal of Satan (12:9): He will be cast down to the earth.
2. The reaction (12:10-12).
a. Satan will be filled with wrath (12:10b, 12c).
b. Saints will be filled with joy (12:10a, 11-12a).
c. Sinners will be filled with fear (12:12b).

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 12. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Woman, Israel

1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; and she was with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.

The Red Dragon, Satan

Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

The Male Child, Christ

And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

The Angel, Michael

And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying,

“Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”

13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.

V. Examination.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.

1. 12:1. “a woman.” She represents Israel, who gave Christ to the world (v 5) and who will be persecuted during the Tribulation (v 13).
2. 12:3. “a great red dragon.” Satan (v 9).
3. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” This may refer to Satan’s past rebellion against God (Ezek 28:13); if so it suggests that a third of the angels joined Satan and were cast out of heaven with him. Or, the reference may be to a meteor shower judgment on the earth.
4. 12:5. The earthly life and death of Christ are not mentioned, only His birth and ascension.
5. 12:6. “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” The last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation will see intense persecution of Israel. Details are given in verse 13-17. No mention is made of the many hundreds of years between the Ascension (v 5) and the future Tribulation (v 6). See Daniel 9:27; Matt 24:14, 21; 1 Thes 4:17.
6. 12:7. “Michael …. the dragon.” This likely will occur at the midpoint of the Tribulation. Michael is the only angel designated an archangel in the Bible (Jude 9).
7. 12:9-11. Notice two of Satan’s activities in these verses: to deceive the world and to accuse the brethren. The believer’s defense against Satan is: (1) to bank on the merits of Christ: (2) to be active in witnessing, and: (3) to be willing to make any sacrifice, including death (v 11).
8. 12:9. Several judgments have, and will be passed on Satan: (1) his removal from guarding the throne of God (Ezek 28:14, 16 ); (2) the prophecy in the garden of Eden (Gen 3:15); (3) his defeat at the Cross (John 12:31); (4) his being barred from heaven (here in v 9); (5) his confinement in the abyss (20:3); and (6) his torment in the lake of fire forever (20:10). 
9. 12:14. Persecuted Israel will flee quickly as if on “wings” to an unspecified place in the “wilderness” where she will have protection and care.
10. 12:15-16 . In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water.
11. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. 

VI. Reinforcement.

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974

1. 12:1. The woman symbolized Israel, as indicated by Genesis 37:9-11, where the sun and moon referred to Jacob and Rachel, Joseph’s parents. The stars in the woman’s crown clearly related to the 12 sons of Jacob, and identified the woman as Israel, fulfilling the Abrahamic Covenant. J.B. Smith cites Isaiah 60:1-3, 20, as proof that the sun relates to Israel’s future glory (A Revelation of Jesus Christ, p 182).
2. 12:4. The casting down of a third of the stars out of the sky seemed to imply the satanic power which extended to the heavens and the earth. Satan was seen here to extend his power over those who opposed him spiritually or politically. 

B. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.

1. 12:2. This is the figure of Israel as a travailing woman, as occurs so often in the OT (Isa 13:8, 21:3, 26:17-18, and others). Just as a woman feels the pains of childbirth, so did the nation in preparation for the coming of Christ. The cause of these pains, at least in part, is the persecution of the nation inspired by Satan in an attempt to stop the birth and destroy this people of God. Israel was in travail at the time of Christ’s first coming.
2. 12:3. Establishing the identity of the dragon as Satan is not difficult because of explicit statements of who he is in 12:9 and 20:2. 

C. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 215, 296.

12:5. This verse can only refer to Christ, the one whose right it is to rule. The Psalmist confirms this interpretation in Psalm 2:9, which is admittedly Messianic. The one from whom Christ came can only be Israel. 
12:7-17. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads (Rev 12:3), which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen through seventeen. It is plainly stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s “remnant” (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.

VII. Additional Examination. Revelation 12:4. Remember the importance of “context.” Consider, also, the above 12:4 comments of Drs. Walvoord and Ryrie.

A. Robert H. Mounce, (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019), The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977. “The cataclysmic action emphasizes the tremendous size and awesome power of the dragon. That he casts down a third part of the stars indicates no more than a great number. John is not teaching a theology of fallen angels, but reporting a great pageant enacted in the heavens. 

B. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div., Ph. D., (1949 – ) Holman New Testament Commentary – Revelation, 1998. “The seven heads suggest complete wisdom; the seven crowns point to blasphemous kingly claims; the ten horns mean power. (Daniel had a vision of a powerful single-headed, ten-horned beast (Dan 7:7, 20). Who is this sky-dragon? He, too, exists throughout the ages of time. Verse 9 will identify him as the devil. As God sees him throughout the ages, he is a vile dragon. In verse 4, John sees an illustration of his power: with a single mighty swish his tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky. “

C. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., Ph. D., 1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible, 1994. “The tail symbolizes delusive power (cf. Isa 9:15), which Satan uses to accomplish the moral ruin of those in the highest position. But, he is not successful with all, only a third. Upon whom was the venom of Satan poured out? The answer is clear; the woman’s child, as soon as it was born (cf. Mt 2 with Gen 3:15). Herod was merely a tool of Satan’s power, but he was nevertheless responsible. 

VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

IX. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 11 – The Two Witnesses – The Seventh Trumpet (Christ’s Reign Foreseen)

I. Video Data:

The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11. Revelation One Three Publishing.

II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.

In this eleventh chapter of the book of Revelation, we will consider the following items of scripture:  (1) John is directed to measure the temple. (3) The two witnesses, (6) and their power. (7) The beast shall kill them. (8) Their bodies unburied, (11) after three days and a half, are raised to life. (14) The second woe is past. (15) The seventh angel sounds and there is rejoicing in heaven.

III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees the two witnesses of God carrying out their 1,260 day ministry before being murdered by the Antichrist. The seventh trumpet is blown.

I. The Temple of God (11:1-2). 

A. The Command (11:1a): John is told to measure the Tribulation Temple.

B. The count (11:1b): He is to number the worshipers.

C. The court (11:2a): He is to exclude the outer court, which has been given to the Gentiles.

D. The contempt (11:2b): The Gentiles will trample the Holy City for forty-two months.

II. The two witnesses of God (11:3-14).

A. The ministry of these two witnesses (11:3-6).

1. The duration of their ministry (11:3): They will prophesy for 1260 days.

2. The dedication of their ministry (11:4): They function as God’s two olive trees and lampstands.

3. The devastation caused by their ministry (11:5-6):

a. They devour their enemies by supernatural fire (11:5).

b. They cause a 3 1/2 year drought (11:6a).

c. They turn the waters into blood (11:6b).d. They strike the earth with plagues (11:6c).

B. The martyrdom of the two witnesses (11:7-10). 

1. The corrupt one causing their deaths (11:7-9).

a. Who he is (11:7a): He is the Antichrist himself.

b. Where he comes from: (11:7b): The bottomless pit.

c. What he does (11:9b): He refuses to permit anyone to bury the bodies of the witnesses.

d. Where he does it (11:8): They lie in the streets of Jerusalem.

e. Why he does it (11:9a): To show his utter contempt for the two witnesses.

2. The celebration following their deaths (11:10): The entire world rejoices over their deaths.

C. The metamorphosis of the two witnesses (11:11-14).

1. Resurrection (11:11-12): They are raptured up to heaven.

2. Destruction (11:13-14): An earthquake destroys 1/10 of Jerusalem, leaving 7,000 dead.

III. The trumpet of God (11:15-19). 

A. The testimony of heaven (11:15-18): All heaven praises and worships God at the sounding of the seventh trumpet:

1. For His universal reign (11:15-16).

2. Thanking Him for His great power (11:17).

3. For His righteous judgments (11:18):

a. In rewarding the saints (11:18b).

b. In punishing sinners (11:18a, c).

B. The Temple in heaven (11:19): John sees the Temple and the Ark of the covenant.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 11 (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.” These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

The Seventh Trumpet—Christ’s Reign Foreseen

15 Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying,

“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying,

“We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign. 18 And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”

19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.

V. Examination.

A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.

1. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Apparently the temple that will be built during the Tribulation, in which Jewish worship will be carried on during the first part of that seven-year period and in which, at the midpoint, the man of sin will exalt himself to be worshipped (2 Thes 2:4).

2. 11:2. “forty-two months.” This equals 3 1/2 years and probably refers to the last of the tribulation period during which Jerusalem will be under some sort of Gentile (the nations) control. Thus, “the times of the Gentiles” (see Luke 21:24) will not conclude until the end of the Tribulation.

3. 11:3. “1260 days.” This also equals 3 1/2 years and refers to the period of the ministry of the two witnesses. Whether the two witnesses will prophesy during the first half or the last half of the Tribulation is not stated, though the first half seems more likely, since their termination by Antichrist (v 7) fits better at the midpoint of the Tribulation than at the end.

4. 11:4. “two olive trees.” For the symbolism, see Zechariah 4:12 and 14. “two lampstands” that give out a witness (v 3). 

5. 11:5-6. The miraculous powers of the two unnamed witnesses are reminiscent of those of Elijah and Moses (cf. Ex 7:20; 8:1-12:29; 1 Kings 17:1; 18:41-45; 2 Kings 1:10-12).

6. 11:7. “the beast.” The Antichrist, also called “the man of lawlessness”  (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in 6:2; 13:1; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 17:3, 13; 19:20; 20:10. He can not kill these two witnesses until God allows him to.

7. 11:8. “the great city.” I.e., Jerusalem, which in these coming days will be like “Sodom” (filled with perverted sex) and “Egypt” (persecuting God’s people).

8. 11:9-10. So corrupt are peoples’ hearts that they will refuse burial and have a 3 1/2 day celebration of Antichrist’s victory over the two witnesses.

9. 11:11. “and they stood on their feet.” Imagine the effect the resurrection of these two men will have on those who, only the moment before, were viewing their corpses in the street or were watching TV news!

10. 11:13. “the rest.” Those who were not killed by the earthquake. “gave glory to the God of heaven” momentarily, for soon they would again curse the God of heaven (16: 11).

11. 11:15. The end is near enough now that the announcement of it can be made.

12. 16-19.The announcement evokes praise from the “elders” (vv 16-17) and anger from the “nations;” and soon will come judgment on the “dead” and the rewarding of the “saints.” 

B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. M., Th. D; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

11:1-2. John was instructed to measure the temple and the altar, but not the outer court, meaning he was to measure the holy place and the holy of holies. While others could come into the outer court, only priests could enter into two temple rooms. The explanation was given that this would be under the control of the Gentiles, who would trample on the holy city for 42 months. The times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24) will not end until the second coming of Christ to the earth to set up His Kingdom. Though Jews may possess Jerusalem temporarily, as they have in this century, they will lose possession in the Great Tribulation.11:13-14. At the same moment of  the rapture of the two witnesses (11:11-12), an earthquake occurred in Jerusalem, with 1/10 of the city collapsing and 7,000 people being killed. The survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. So ended the second woe, leaving only the seventh trumpet, the final and third woe, to come.11:15, Though the full results from the sounding of the seventh trumpet are only introduced here, and not brought to finality (as they will be in chap 16), the introduction of the seventh trumpet is dramatic. As the trumpet sounded, voices were heard in heaven: “the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever. (Cf. predictions of the earthly kingdom of Christ in Ezek 21:26-27; Dan 2:35, 44; 4:3; 6:26; 7:14, 26 -27; Zech 14:9). The fact that this will be fulfilled at the Second Coming makes it clear that the period of the seventh trumpet chronologically reaches to Christ’s return. Therefore, the seventh trumpet introduces and includes the seven bowl judgments of the wrath of God revealed in chapter 16. In contrast with previous trumpets where a single voice was heard, here a mighty chorus from heaven joined in the proclamation.
C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.11:1. The temple as the dwelling place of God is not in view here, It is the Jewish temple in Jerusalem which is hardly a suitable picture of the church which is largely Gentile. The outer court and the entire city experience trampling by the Gentiles (11:2), signifying that the temple and the court stand for something that best contrasts with the Gentiles, i.e., something Jewish. The mention of the sanctuary, the altar, the court of the Gentiles, and the holy city shows unmistakably that the discussion at this point is on Jewish ground. But most obvious of all is the logical fallacy that if the sanctuary represents the church of the Messianic community, who are the worshipers that are measured along with the sanctuary and the altar? This is a literal temple that will exist in actuality during the future period just before Christ returns. The false Messiah will desecrate it and turn it into a place for people to worship him (cf. Dan 9:27; 12:11; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15). This allows for a distinction between the temple and the worshipers in it, Jesus’ anticipation of the future abomination of desolation (Matt 24:15) and Paul’s prophecy regarding the future temple (2 Thes 2:4) require a literal temple in the future. 

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. D., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 295, 215.

1. 11:1. When the nation of Israel is brought back to her land after the rapture by the covenant enacted by the head of the the Revised Roman Empire (Dan 9:27), Israel is still in unbelief. God, however, is very definitely dealing with that nation to bring it to salvation. The whole 70th week of Daniel is a period of preparation for the coming of the King. The gospel of “the kingdom” (Mt 24:15), which requires repentance, will be preached. There will be the ministry of the 144,000 sealed of Israel (Rev 7) and the ministry of the two witnesses (Rev 11), all with the intent of bringing the nation (Israel) to repentance and salvation. The outpouring of the wrath of God is seen for the purpose of bringing men to repentance (Rev 16:9-10). While the majority will not repent, some may be turned to God by these signs.

2. 11:15. Chronologically, in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 1-3 present the development of the church in this present age. Chapters 4-11 cover the events of the entire 70th week of Daniel and conclude with the return of Christ to the earth to reign in 11:15-18. Thus, the seals are the events of the first 3 1/2 years, and the trumpets are events of the last 3 1/2 years. According to the instructions given in John 10:11, chapters 12-19 survey the 70th week a second time, this time with a view to revealing the actors on the stage of the drama. 

VI. A Parting Thought.

The opening video shows a time in which the tribulation judgments of God will fall on the earth, with the purpose of bringing to belief in Christ, those who will be left behind from the rapture. Those of us who have been born again, have spirits which are as spiritually pure as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17, 21); nothing in the time of the Tribulation can make any “born again believer in Christ,” any more righteous than they are after they have been declared righteous by God. The Church is the bride of Christ (Eph 5:24-27; 2 Cor 11:2; Rev 19:7-9). Jesus is the Bridegroom “of all bridegrooms;” there is nothing within His nature to cause Him to force His bride to be subjected to the judgments of the Tribulation, of which He and His angels release the judgments on those who will be the targets of those judgments (Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12; 8:1, etc.). 

VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VIII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation 10- The Mighty Angel – The Little Book

I. Video Data: 

From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

II. Introduction.

Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th.M., Th. D.;1928-2017).) Revelation Commentary.

With the completion of the sixth trumpet, also called the second woe, the seventh trumpet does not come immediately, but awaits the setting of the stage for its sounding. Two preliminary elements must prepare the way for this last in the trumpet series: the announcement of the end of delay (10:1-11) and the measurement of the temple and its worshippers (11:1-14).

III. Outline.

Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. Min.; 1932-2018) The Outline Bible.

A. John is given a small scroll and is told to eat it. He does, and as predicted, it tastes sweet in his mouth but makes his stomach sour.

B. The messages given by the angel of God (10:1-7).

1. The appearance of this angel (10:1).

a. He is robed in a cloud with a rainbow over his head (10:1a).

b. His face is as the sun, and his legs as fiery pillows (10:1b).

2. The actions of this angel (10:2-7).

a. What he holds (10:2a): He holds an open scroll in his hand.

b. What he does (10:2b): He stands on the land and sea.

c. What he says (10:3-7).

(1) First message (10:3-4): John hears what is said, but is forbidden to write it down. 

(2) Second message (10:5-7): The angel says God’s message will be revealed at the sound of the seventh trumpet.

C. The mission given to the Apostle of God (10:8-11). 

1. To partake (10:8-9a): He is to eat the scroll  held by the angel:

a. It will taste like honey in his mouth (10:9b, 10:a).

b. It will turn sour in his stomach (10:9c, 10b). 

2. To prophesy (10:11): He is to write concerning nations, tribes, and kings.

IV. Scripture Text.

Revelation Chapter 10 (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Hub.

1 I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire; and he had in his hand a little book which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land; and he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars; and when he had cried out, the seven peals of thunder uttered their voices. When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them.” Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer, but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.

Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.” So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. And he said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.” 10 I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and in my mouth it was sweet as honey; and when I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. 11 And they said to me, “You must prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.”

V. Examination. 

A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph., D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

1. 10:6. “there will be no longer.” I.e., when the seventh angel sounds his trumpet (11:15), the bowl judgments will be poured out. 

2. 10:7. “the mystery of God.” Truth concerning God, Himself, which will not be revealed until His kingdom is established on earth.

3. 10:9-10. The eating of the “little book” (scroll) was to remind John that, although these truths from God may be pleasant to his taste, they were bitter when digested because they spoke judgment. The revelation of God’s judgment, on careful reflection, should always bring heaviness of heart to the child of God. Compare Ezek 2:8-3:3. 

B.  Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. M.. Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.

1. 10:1. Revelation 10:1-11:14 gives additional information as a background to the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments. Another angel is introduced, but apparently was not one of the seven angels sounding the trumpets. There is no evidence other than his being a mighty angel, (cf. Rev 5:2), perhaps, Michael the Archangel. In contrast with the seven-sealed scroll held by the Lamb (5:1), this angel held a small scroll, also used in 10:9-10. This scroll apparently contained the angel’s written order for the mission he was about to fulfill.

2. 10:5-7. The angel declared, “there will be delay no longer.” Announcement was made that the “seventh trumpet” would bring about the accomplishment of the mystery of God. This mystery had been previously announced to God’s prophets. The reference, therefore, is not to hidden truth, but to the fulfillment of many Old Testament passages which refer to the glorious return of the Son of God and the establishment of His Kingdom of righteousness and peace on the earth.  Here again is evidence that the seventh trumpet introduces the seven bowl judgments of God’s wrath in Revelation 16.

3. 10:9-10. “The ordinances of the Lord are sure and altogether righteous. They are more precious than pure gold, than pure gold; they are sweeter than honey from the comb” (Ps 19:9-10). Though the Word is sweet to believers, it will be bitter to unbelievers when it brings divine judgment to them.

C.  Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary.

1. 10:1a. John sees the angel in the process of his descent from heaven, as he does the angel in 20:1. This confirms that John has moved from heaven, where he has been since 8:2, to the earth. Being “clothed in a cloud” enhanced the glory of the angel’s appearance.  Clouds are often the vehicles on which heavenly beings ascend or descend, usually in an eschatologial setting (Ps 104:3; Dan 7:13; Isa 19:1; Acts 1:9; Rev 1:7). 

2. 10:1b. The angel’s function is shown in relation to the trumpet judgments, past and future. This association adds reinforcement to the theme of judgment suggested by the fire, tempered by mercy already seen in the rainbow.

3. 10:7. The period of the seventh trumpet includes the seven bowls (16 :1 ff.), which culminate in the destruction of Babylon and consummation of all things.

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, pp 187-190.

1. 10:7. (1) The trumpet of 1 Cor 15:52, sounds before the wrath of God descends, while, the chronology of Revelation indicates that the trumpet in Rev 11:15 sounds at the end of the time of wrath, just prior to the second advent. (2) The trumpet that summons the church is called “the trump of God,” while the seventh trump is an angel’s trumpet. (3) The trumpet for the church is singular. No trumpets have preceded it so that it can not be said to be the last of a series. The trumpet that closes the tribulation period is clearly the last of a series of seven. (4) In 1 Thes 4:16-17, the voice associated with the sounding of the trumpet summons the dead and the living, and consequently is heard before the resurrection. In the Revelation, while a resurrection is mentioned (11:12), the trumpet does not sound until after the resurrection, showing that two different events must be in view. (5) The trumpet in 1 Thessalonians issues in blessing, in life, in glory, while the trumpet in Revelation issues in judgment upon the enemies of God. (6) In the Thessalonian passage the trumpet sounds “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye.” In Rev 10:7, the indication is that the seventh trumpet shall sound over a continued period of time, probably for the duration of the judgments that fall under it, for John speaks of the angel that shall “begin to sound.”  The duration gives the evidence of the distinction in these two. (7). The trumpet in 1 Thes is distinctly for the church. Since God is dealing with Israel in particular, and Gentiles in general, in the tribulation, this seventh trumpet, which falls in the period of the tribulation, could not have reference to the church without losing the distinctions between the church and Israel. (8) The passage in Revelation depicts a great earthquake in which thousands are slain, and the believing remnant that worships God is stricken with fear. In the Thes passage there is no earthquake mentioned. There will be no believing remnant left behind at the rapture to experience the fear of Rev 11:13. (9) While the church will be rewarded at the time of the rapture, yet the reward given to “thy servants the prophets, and to the saints” can not be that event. The rewarding mentioned in Rev 11:18 is seen to take place on the earth after the second advent of Christ, following the judgment on His enemies. Since the church is rewarded in the air, following the rapture, these must be two distinct events. 

2. 10:11. John has outlined the events of the first half of the tribulation under the seals (4:1-7:17), the last half of the tribulation under the trumpets (8:1-11:14), and  closes the period with the return of the Lord to reign (11:15-18). Between the sixth and seventh trumpets, John is told (10:11) that “it is necessary for you to prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.” Concerning the word “again”, “it denotes renewal or repetition of the action.” This would seem to be a divine notice that, since John has taken us through the entire period once, it is God’s intention to have him retrace his way through the period again. Therefore, beginning in Chapter 12, John surveys the period a second time, placing emphasis on the individuals who play so important a part in the events of the 70th week. The bowls (Rev 16:1-17) evidently come at the close at the period and occupy only a brief period of time and can not be spread over the last 3 1/2 years of the period. This second survey, like the first, terminates the period by the return of Christ, and the consequent judgment of His enemies (Rev 19). 

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Revelation Chapter 9- Fifth And Sixth Trumpet Judgments – Demonic Attacks

I. Introduction.

A. The opening video of this article tells us about the trumpet judgments that accompany the sounding of the fifth and sixth angels. In this article, we will consider those who will be left behind from the rapture, which are those who will be tormented by demons that appear as locusts. It must be noted that the previously sealed 144,000 Jews of Rev 7:3-4, will not be hurt, and that none of them will lose their lives during the fifth and sixth trumpets. We will see that the pain of the unsealed people of Rev 9  will be so severe that they will attempt suicide, with death not being successful for them. All scriptures will come from the New American Standard Bible.

B. Already introduced by the eagle’s proclamation in 8:13, the fifth trumpet sets the tone for the last three trumpets through its specificity and independence of the two to follow. This feature marks the last three seals too. The seventh trumpet also resembles the seventh seal in the way it solemnly concludes the whole, and contains the next series within its scope. As with the seals also, two episodes intervene between the sixth and seventh members. In so doing, the episodes set the stage for the seventh trumpet ( R, L. Thomas, Revelation Commentary).

II. Examination.

A. Text: Revelation 9:1-12.

The Fifth Trumpet—Men Smitten.

1 Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him. 2 He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke came locusts upon the earth, and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not permitted to kill anyone, but to torment for five months; and their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it stings a man. 6 And in those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will long to die, and death flees from them.

7 The appearance of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle; and on their heads appeared to be crowns like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like the hair of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions. 9 They had breastplates like breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to battle. 10 They have tails like scorpions, and stings; and in their tails is their power to hurt men for five months. 11 They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon.

12 The first woe is past; behold, two woes are still coming after these things.

B. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible (Rev 9:1-12) (Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.)

1. 9:1. “a star” represents an intelligent creature, apparently “the angel of the abyss” (v 11). Notice the “he” in verse 2. “the bottomless pit.” Lit., the shaft of the abyss. For other uses of this phrase, see Luke 8:31; Rom 10:7; Rev 9:11, 11:7, 17:8, 20:1,3. Luke 8:31 indicates that this is the abode of the demons.

2. 9:3. “locusts.” That these creatures come from the abyss and are described in unusual terms in verses 7-11 indicate that they are demonic. 

3. 9:4-5. The limitations that God places upon the activities of these creatures show that He is still in full control of these events. Only the 144,000 will escape the torment on people.

4. 9:6. “Suicide,; though desired, will be impossible.

5. 9:7-10. In describing these creatures, John often has to use the word “like.” 

6. 9:10. Two glands in the tail of a scorpion emit a poison that produces a painful, but usually not a lethal wound.

7. 9:11. “Abaddon…Apollyon.” Both words mean “destruction.”

C. Text. Revelation 9:13-21.

Sixth Trumpet – Army From The East – Men Killed.  

13 Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 And the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released, so that they would kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of the armies of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And this is how I saw in the vision the horses and those who sat on them: the riders had breastplates the color of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone; and the heads of the horses are like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths proceed fire and smoke and brimstone. 18 A third of mankind was killed by these three plagues, by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which proceeded out of their mouths. 19 for the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents and have heads, and with them they do harm. 20 The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; 21 and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts.

D. Comments. Ryrie Study Bible (Rev 9:13-21). 

1. 9:14-15. These four angels (demons) are released in order to kill one-third of the remaining population of the earth. Added to the one-fourth who were killed under the fourth seal judgment (6:4) these two judgments, alone, destroy one-half of the population, not including those who are killed by wars, famines, and diseases (v 15). Lit., this particular hour.

2. 9:16. “the armies.” The 200,000 creatures who compose this supernatural cavalry may be human beings or demons or demon-possessed  humans. For other supernatural armies, see 2 Kings 2:11; 6:14; Rev 19:14. 

3. 9:18. “by these three plagues.” I.e., by the fire, smoke and brimstone.

4. 9:20. The religion of many will involve demon and idol worship. 

5. 9:21. “sorceries.” I.e., magical arts, potions, and poisons (see Gal 5:20; Rev 18:23; 21:8; 22:15) from the Greek word, we derive the English word, “pharmacies.” This chapter shows (1) the reality and some of the activity of the unseen world of Satan and demons, and (2) the hardness of human hearts.

E. Comments. John F. Walvoord, Th. D., Revelation Commentary.

1. The rising crescendo of judgments on the earth now introduces the first woe, a dramatic event described by John in the first twelve verses of this chapter. In 9:12, John records that the first woe is past (vs 1-11), and that two woes are still to come. In 11:14, John records that the second woe is past, and the third woe is coming quickly.

2. Rev 9:1. As the trumpet of the fifth angel is sounded, John records that he sees a star fallen from heaven having the key to the bottomless pit. The star here mentioned seems to refer to a person rather than a literal star or meteor. The person referred to as the star is given the key of the bottomless pit, or the pit of the abyss, as it is better translated. No explanation is offered in the passage itself concerning the identity of this person, but the occasion may be the aftermath of warfare in heaven mentioned in Rev 12:7-9, where the devil is cast out into the earth; this act of God was probably at the beginning of the great tribulation. 

3. Rev 9:1. The pit of the abyss is none other than the place of detention of wicked angels. It is here that Satan himself is confined for a thousand years during the reign of Christ on earth (20:1-3). The opening verse of this chapter, therefore, presents Satan as having the key to the pit of the abyss with power to release those who are confined there.

4. Rev 9:2. The second verse records the use of the key (9:1). The pit of the abyss is opened, and out of it comes a smoke as the smoke of a great furnace which darkens the sun and the air. It is evident that this event causes that which is contained in the pit of the abyss to erupt, polluting the air and darkening the light of day. It seems to portend the spiritual corruption which will be caused by these demons released from their confinement, and it identifies the character of the judgment involved in the fifth trumpet as that of demonic and satanic oppression.

5. Rev 9:15-18. Having declared the purpose of the army, John now gives details. Most impressive is the astounding number of the army of horsemen, 200 million, or literally “twice ten thousand times ten thousand.” Considering the millions of people in the Orient, the literal interpretation is not impossible, especially in view of the population explosion.  It may be that the army here described continues to fight until the time of the second coming of Christ, and the number slain is the total number involved in the conflict. Per Time (May 21, 1965, p. 35), Red China alone claims to have a man-and-woman militia of 200,000,000, exactly the figure of  Rev 9:16.

6. Rev 9:20-21. The trumpet judgments clearly grew in escalation, becoming worse and more devastating. In spite of the clear evidence of God’s power to judge the world, no evidence was given to John (writer of Revelation)  that there would be any change of heart on the part of the great mass of humanity. Though the sixth judgment produced fear, it did not produce repentance .

F. Comments. Robert L. Thomas Revelation Commentary (Th. M., Th. D.)

1. Rev 9:16. God’s use of human armies of heathen nations to fulfill His purposes in the OT accords with this understanding (cf. Isa 10:6-7, 25-26; 44-27-45:7; Hab 1:6-11, Jer 51:11, 28) [Hailey]). 

2. Rev 9:18. It is through these three plagues that a third of mankind perishes (fire, smoke, brimstone).

G. Comments. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., “Things To Come.

1. The fifth trumpet judgment, which is the first woe (9:1-2), pictures an individual energized by hell who can let torment of unprecedented dimension loose on the earth. It is generally accepted that these are not literal locusts, in that they do not feed on that which is natural to the locust. The sixth trumpet judgment, which is the second woe (9:13-19), is seen to be a great army turned loose to march with destructive force across the face of the earth (p 362).

2. Concerning the two woe judgments:  “First of all, a tormenting Woe falls on the land, but not on those sealed of the twelve tribes of Israel.” (William Kelly, The Revelation Record, P 104, printed in Things To Come, p 362).

3. From Kelly’s complete article (see 2 above). “This suggests that the two woes will be great marching armies, one against Israel and one against Gentiles, which will destroy a third of the earth’s population. Since Satan’s weapon against Israel is the northern confederacy, it may be depicted by the fifth trumpet and Gentile warfare depicted by the sixth ( “trumpet,” mine added). The seventh trumpet, and the third woe judgment (11:15). brings about the return of Christ to the earth and the subsequent destruction of all hostile powers at the conclusion of the Armageddon program (p 362).

4. “The destiny of the lost.” The  destiny of the lost is a place in the lake of fire (Rev 19:20; 20:10, 14-15; 21:8). This lake of fire is described as an everlasting fire (Matt 25:41; 18:8), and as unquenchable fire (Mark 9:43-44, 46, 48), emphasizing the eternal character of the retribution of the lost.” (p 555). In this connection, Chafer well observes: (para 5. below):

5. In attempting to write a comprehensive statement of the most solemn of the Bible, the term “retribution” is chosen in place of the more familiar word “punishment,” since the latter implies discipline and amendment, which idea is wholly absent  from the body of truth which discloses the final divine, dealing earlier and broader meaning, the term “retribute” was used for any reward, good or evil. The word is used … of the doctrine of hell only as reference is made to the eternal perdition of the lost (Lewis Sperry Chafer, Systematic Theology, V, 361). 

6. Concerning the retribution of the lost, it is important to observe that the lake of fire is a “place,” and not just a state, although a state is involved (p 555).

7. As heaven is a place and not a mere state of mind, in like manner those reprobated go to a place. This truth is indicated by the words “hades” (Matt 11:23; 16:18, Luke 10:15; 16:23; Rev 1:18; 20:13-14) and gehenna (Matt 5:22, 29-30; 10:28; James 3:6) — a place of “torment” (Luke 16:28). That it is a condition of unspeakable misery is indicated by the figurative term to describe its suffering: “bottomless pit” (Rev 9:2) (and others, mine). (Chafer, op. cit., IV, 429-431; Printed in Things To Come, p 555).

8. The Person And Ministry Of The Beast, The Head Of The Empire. Scripture has a great deal to say concerning the individual who will appear in the end time as the head of the Gentile powers in their ten kingdom confederation. He is a Gentile. Since he arises from the sea (Rev 13:1), and since the sea depicts the Gentile nations (Rev 17:15), he must be of Gentile origin. Many names are given to him in Scriptures: the Lawless one ((2 Thes 2:8,) the antichrist (1 John 2:22), “the angel of the bottomless pit” (Rev 9:11), the Beast (Rev 11:7)  (pp 333-334).

III. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

IV. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

Road To Tribulation 16 – Matthew 24:4-31 – Not Yet

I. Introduction.

John 3:16 is, without question, the most well-known verse in the whole Bible. “For God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life.” Simply stated, John 3:16 is the gospel in a nutshell. In this article we will consider the nutshell of scripture that is contained within Matthew 24: 4-31, which will include the Tribulation, the Second Coming of Christ (to Earth), and the Regathering of Israel, with judgments. All verses in this article are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB).

II. The Nutshell Overview.

A. Consider the Tribulation that is recorded in Revelation Chapters 6-16, which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:4-28. Notice that each Tribulation judgment is brought on by Christ and angels, e.g., Rev 6:1, 8:1-2, and not by mankind, the antichrist, or “mother nature” (there is no mother nature).

1. The Ryrie Study Bible (Charles C. Ryrie, Th. D., Ph. D.) states that in Matt 24, verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half (note from Matt 24:3).

2. The Ryrie Study Bible breaks down the judgments of the Tribulation, as they are noted in his Rev notes, as follows:

a. The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6). The seals include (1) Antichrist. (2) War. (3) Famine. (4) Death. (5) Martyrs’ prayers. (6) Great earthquakes.

b. The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21). The trumpets include (1) 1/3 of vegetation burned. (2) 1/3 of the sea judged. (3) 1/3 of fresh water-judged. (4) 1/3 of the luminaries darkened. (5) Increased demonic activity. (6) 1/3 of mankind killed.

c. The Seven Bowls (Rev 13:1-16:21). The Seven Bowls Include (1) Malignant sores. (2) Sea burned to blood. (3) Fresh waters to blood. (4) Men scorched with fire. (5) Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. (6) Invasion from the east. (7) Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction. 

B. Consider the Second Coming of Christ to earth that is recorded in Rev Chap 19:11-21, and which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:29-30.

1. The second coming of Christ (Rev 19:11-16).

2. Armageddon (Rev 19:17-21).

C. Consider the regathering of Israel that is recorded in Amos 9:14, 15, Deuteronomy 30:3, 5, Isaiah 11:11,12, Jeremiah 23:3, and Ezekiel 34:12,13, which is written in nutshell form in Matt 24:31, with corresponding judgment verses identified, as follows:

1. The regathering of unbelieving Jews (Matt 24:40).

2. The regathering of believing Jews (Matt 24:41).

III. The Nutshell Examination.

A.  Tribulation. There is teaching today that attempts to relate certain verses of Matt 24 to events of the world today. This article will show a proper application of Tribulation related passages of Scripture. The following verses are often used as a parallel to Matt 24:4-28. 

1. 2 Timothy 3:1-5. 1 But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, slanderers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3 unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, 4 treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, 5 holding to a form of godliness although they have denied its power; avoid such people as these.  

2. Matt 24:4-28 identifies certain events that are used as being a parallel to 2 Tim 3:1-5, as follows:  wars and rumors of wars; nations rising against nation, and kingdoms against kingdoms; famines and earthquakes; people being handed over to tribulation, being killed, and being hated by all nations because of the name of Jesus;. many falling away, and betraying and hating one another; lawlessness increasing; peoples’ love becoming cold. 

3. Whereas, the verses of 2 Tim 3:1-5  paint a bleak picture of the future, we must understand that the scope of time of that passage relates to the time in which we live now, which is the church age, and does not relate to the tribulation. The Matt 24:4-28 passage shows a much more severe period of time than that of 2 Tim 3. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. D., Things To Come, pg 129, states: Christ spoke of an unannounced period of time between His two advents, and indicated its distinctive features (Matt 13:1-51), and predicted a yet future time of “great tribulation,” and identified its character (Matt 24:9-31). There are last days for Israel (Isa 2:1-5) and last days for the Church (2 Tim 3:1-5). pg 154 states: Within this present age between the two advents of Christ, God is bringing to fulfillment two distinct programs; that with the Church, which will be completed at the Rapture of the Church, and that with Israel, which will be completed after the Rapture at the second advent of Christ.  The Ryrie Study Bible states that,  in 2 Pet 3:1-5  is, “the period between the writing of this letter and the Lord’s return.”

a. Consider the Tribulation judgements that will occur in Rev 6-16, and that are capsulized in Matt 24:4-28.

(1) The Seven Seals (Rev 6:1-8:6). The seals include (1) Antichrist. (2) War. (3) Famine. (4) Death. (5) Martyrs’ prayers. (6) Great earthquakes.

(2)  The Seven Trumpets (Rev 8:7-9:21). The trumpets include (1) 1/3 of vegetation burned. (2) 1/3 of the sea judged. (3) 1/3 of fresh water-judged. (4) 1/3 of the luminaries darkened. (5) Increased demonic activity. (6) 1/3 of mankind killed.

(3)  The Seven Bowls (Rev 13:1-16:21). The Seven Bowls Include (1) Malignant sores. (2) Sea burned to blood. (3) Fresh waters to blood. (4) Men scorched with fire. (5) Darkness over the kingdom of the Beast. (6) Invasion from the east. (7) Greatest earthquake and widespread destruction. 

b. Especially consider Matt 24:21, “For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will again.” 

(1) Nothing in 2 Tim 3:1-5 can match the degree of tribulation and destruction that is shown in Matt 24:15, or of any other condition of Matt 24:4-28

(2) The earthquake and destruction of the Bowl Judgments will greatly exceed the effects of the worldwide flood of Genesis 7.

(3) Context does not allow anyone to pick and choose certain parts of Matt 24, and try to put them into the times in which we are living now.

B. Second Coming Of Christ (to stand on planet Earth). The second coming of Christ, as is shown in Zech 14:1-5, 9 and Rev 19:11-21, is depicted also in Matt 24:29-30. There is erroneous teaching that confuses the Rapture of the Church with the Second Coming of Christ. Consider the following examples. 

1. The Rapture of the Church occurs prior to the Tribulation, where Christ takes His born again believers to Heaven with Him. There is no Scripture that states that the Rapture is visible to the unbelievers, who are left behind on earth, and who will come under the Godly Tribulation judgments and the oppression of the antichrist, who is also a Tribulation seal judgment of God. In the Rapture, Christ comes in the air, but does not stand on planet Earth. The Rapture is a joyous event (Titus 2:13).

2. The Second Coming of Christ, occurs at the end of the Tribulation, where He stands on the Mount of Olives, in Jerusalem, Israel. At the second coming of Christ, OT and NT believers who are in Heaven, and angels, will come with Christ to Earth (Zech 14:1-5, 9); the event is mournful for the unbelievers who were left behind from the Rapture (Zech 12:10; Matt 24:30; Rev 1:7). Everyone on earth will see Christ coming to earth (Matt 24:30; Rev 1:7). John Walvoord, Th. D., made the following statement in his Matthew Commentary, “Unlike the rapture of the church, which apparently the world will not see or hear, the second coming of Christ will be witnessed both by believers and unbelievers who are on the earth at that time. ” This will be a coming of the Lord to judge and subdue the earth and to bring in His earthly kingdom, and is in contrast to the rapture of the church, which is an entirely different event and with a different purpose.  Taken as a whole, the second coming of Christ is a majestic event, not instantaneous like the rapture, but extending over many hours. This perhaps explains why everyone can see it, because in the course of a day, the earth will rotate and the entire world will be able to see the approach of Christ accompanied by the hosts of heaven, which will descend to the earth in the area of the Mount of Olives (Zech 14:4).

C. The Regathering Of Israel.

1. This event, which is of prophecy in OT Scriptures, e.g.,  Amos 9:14, 15, Deuteronomy 30:3, 5, Isaiah 11:11,12, Jeremiah 23:3, and Ezekiel 34:12,13, is found written in Matt 24:31.

2. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost,  Th. D., Things To Come, pg 282,  describes “the regathering of Israel,” in Matt 24:31.  He states that the next event (after the regathering of Israel) will be the judging of Israel on the earth to determine who will go into the kingdom. This is anticipated  in Matt 24:28, where unbelieving Israel is likened unto a lifeless corpse which is consigned to the vultures, a picture picture of judgment. 

3. The “elect” of Matt 24:31, being Jews, is the conclusion of Dr. Pentecost in the above statement. Deu 14:2, and Amos 3:2 tell of God’s choosing of Israel.” It is important to keep “elect,” of this verse, in its proper context, as opposed to the NT elect of Romans 8:28-30, 33.

Matt 24:31 “And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet blast, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.”

4. There is frequent  error in the teaching of Matt 24:31, in that the Rapture is taught to be the event of this verse. However, verse 2 above refutes the Rapture teaching. Matt 24:40-41 shows the disposition of “the elect,” who are Jews, as follows: “40 at that time there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left.”

a. At the second coming of Christ, the ones “taken” will be taken to judgment and death. The ones “left” will be left to enter the blessings of the millennial kingdom (Ryrie Study Bible). 

b. At the time of the Rapture, those who are taken, are taken by Christ to Heaven to avoid the Tribulation (John 17:1-3; 1 Thes 5:9-10); those who are left behind will enter the time of tribulation (Col 3:6; Rev 3:10).  

IV.  The Mount Of Olives Discourse. The subjects and discussion of Matt 24:4-31 are clearly Jewish. The following events lead up to the teaching of Christ with His disciples on the Mount of Olives.

A. Matt 21:43, “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people producing its fruit.” [Ryrie Note. “taken away from you and given to a people.” I.e., taken from the Jews and given to the church, which is composed largely of Gentiles (1 Pet 2:9)]. 

B. Matt 23:37-39, ““37 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. 38 Behold, your house is being left to you desolate! 39 For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is the One who comes in the name of the Lord!’” [Ryrie Note. 23:38, “your house” = the Temple and the city of Jerusalem. 23:39, “from now on you will not see Me. I.e., I will no longer teach publicly, “until you say.” At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize and welcome their rejected Messiah (Zech 12:10)]. It is when Jews recognize Jesus as the promised Messiah, they will receive the Kingdom that had been postponed for their possession. The unconditional ownership of the promised land was a result of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15:18-21;17:6-8).

C. Matt 24:1-3, ” 1 Jesus left the temple area and was going on His way when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him. 2 But He responded and said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another, which will not be torn down.”

3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” [Ryrie note. 23:3. “the Mount of Olives, just East of Jerusalem across the Kidron Valley. “the disciples.” Only Peter, James, John, and Andrew (Mark 13:3). In this discourse Jesus answered two of the three questions the disciples asked. He does not answer, “when will these things happen?” He answers “what will be the sign of Your coming.” In verses 29-31, and He speaks of  the signs of the end of the age in verses 4-28. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. Notice that the disciples came to Jesus “privately,” which is the manner in which the disciples questioned Jesus (Matt 24:3; Mark 13:3).

D. Jesus and His disciples had come from the Jewish leaders, where Jesus had postponed the kingdom that had been offered to Israel, but which it had rejected. Jesus, then, said that He would not return until Jews accepted Him as Messiah. The key element of the discussion of Jesus with the Jewish leaders is that not until Israel accepts Him as Messiah, will he return from Heaven and set up His earthly kingdom. Regardless of the Gentile acceptance of Christ as Lord and Savior, He will not return to Earth to set up His earthly kingdom, until after Israel accepts Him (Christ) as Messiah (Zech 12:10-14, Ryrie) (Matt 24:30, Pentecost). 

V. Conclusion. There are people who will ask someone else, “what does that verse of scripture say to you? Such a question should not even be considered. God’s Word is God’s Word, and should not be made to apply to a particular situation. Other people will take an Old Testament prophetic Scripture, “and claim it for themselves.” A verse that tells of God’s plan for Israel can not be “claimed” for any other purpose. God’s intended purpose that He has laid out in Scripture for Israel has to be respected for such a Godly purpose, and should not be taken out of context.  We can learn from prophecies, but we can not divert them in any way to that which we choose. 

A. Matt 24:13 has words that are not evangelistic, that is, they are not for the purpose of salvation of the soul and spirit.  “But the one who endures to the end is the one who will be saved.”  Per Walvoord’s Matthew Commentary, ” The age in general, climaxing with Christ’s return, has the promise that those who endure to the end. that is, survive the tribulation and are still alive, will be saved, or delivered by Christ at His coming. This is not a reference to salvation from sin, but rather the deliverance of survivors at the end of the age.

B. Matt 24:14 has words that are also incorrectly taught and understood, as they relate to the “Gospel:”

1. “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.” 

2. The “gospel of the kingdom” is that which was preached to Jews in first century Israel, by John the Baptist (Matt 3:2), Jesus (Matt 4:17), the disciples (Matt 10:7), and “the Seventy (Luke 10:9). 

3. The gospel of the kingdom was to be preached only to Israel, and not to Gentiles or to half-breed Jews of Samaria (Matt 10:5-6).

4. The gospel of the kingdom is not that which we preach today. We preach the “gospel” of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-8). The Gospel of the Kingdom is of no relevance to those of us of the Church age.  Individual salvation (Jew or Gentile) is only in the Name of Jesus (Acts 4:12). The national salvation of Israel will be the result of the Jewish acceptance of Christ as “God’s chosen King” (Deu 17:15).

5. The key aspect of the “gospel of the kingdom teaching” is to recognize Jesus as the King of God’s choosing (Deu 17:15), Who is Jesus (Micah 5:2Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; Matt 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-33). 

C. In the context of the Matt 24:1-3 “questions from the disciples” to Jesus, “the disciples came to Him privately” (Matt 24:3). The questions of the disciples were very clear, with the second and third questions being linked together (Walvoord Matthew Commentary, pg 317). 

1. When will these things happen? 

2. What will be the sign of Your coming?

3. What will be the sign of the end of the age?

D. Jesus answered the disciples with answers that related to Jews, and only Jews.  There was nothing in the Mount Olivet conversation, between Jesus and His disciples of Matt 24:4-31, that had anything to do with any people, other than Jews, and at a time that will be other than the Tribulation, the Second Coming Of Christ to Planet Earth, and the Regathering and Judging of Jews who are alive at the end of the Tribulation.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

VII. My Websites To Follow. Equipping The Saints Web Site Israel Web Site Israel, History And Prophecy Eternity

%d bloggers like this: