Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 19

What are Six Differences Between the Rapture and the Second Coming of Christ?


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Dr. Renald Showers, Th. M., Th., D. 1935-2019.


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.)


A. 19:1-6 – Rejoicing in heaven over destruction of the great prostitute.

B. 19:7-10 – Marriage of the Lamb.

C. 19:11-16 – Second coming of Christ in Glory.

D. 19:17:19 – Armageddon.

E. 19:20 – Doom of beast and false prophet.

F. 19:21 – Doom of kings and armies.


III. Overview.


A. Dr. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div.; Ph. D.) The Book of Revelation, Holman New Testament Commentary.


In this chapter, Jesus is portrayed first as a “Bridegroom” ready to enjoy his wedding and wedding supper, then as a warrior “King”  charging forth to do battle against His enemies. In the next chapter we will see him as “Judge.”


B. Dr. David Jeremiah. (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible. 


Heaven Exults over Babylon (vs 1-10). Christ on a White Horse (vs 11-16). The Beast and His armies Defeated (vs 17-21).


C.  Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 


The Results of the Fall of Babylon (18:21-19:6).The True Bride Seen (19:7-10). The Tragic Battle Stilled (19:11-21). 

D. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. D., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

The Second Coming of Christ (19:1-21). [The Celebrations of God’s Servants (19:1-10); The Return of Christ (19:11-21)]. 

E. Dr. Robert L. Thomas  (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.

The nineteenth chapter of Revelation has two main segments; songs of rejoicing triggered by the fall of Babylon (19:1-10) and the sequence of events surrounding the Lamb’s return to earth (1911-21).

F. Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1909-1995).

(19:1-21) The Supper of the Lamb and the Supper of God. The events toward which the book of Revelation has steadily been leading are recorded here. Until the usurper on earth (the harlot) is judged, the bride (the church) is not made manifest. The harlot and the bride do not occupy the scene of action at the same time.  (19:1-6) Alleluias in Heaven. (19:7-10) The Marriage of the Lamb. (19:11-16) The Visible Coming of Christ. (19:17-19) The Supper of God: Armageddon. (19:20-21) Judgment of the Beast and False Prophet.  

G. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) The Revelation of Jesus Christ.

Chapter 19 marks a dramatic change in the tone of Revelation. The destruction of Babylon, the capital of the Beast’s kingdom, marks the end of the Great Tribulation. The somber gives way to song. The transfer is from darkness to light, from black to white, from dreary days of judgment to bright days of blessing. This chapter makes a definite bifurcation in Revelation, and ushers in the greatest event for this earth— the Second Coming of Christ. It is the bridge between the Great Tribulation and the Millennium.

H. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2014) Things To Come:

1. P392. a. The second advent is premillennial. The literal method of interpreting the Scriptures makes necessary a premillennial coming of the Lord. b. The second advent is a literal event. In order to fulfill the promises made in the Word concerning (Acts 1:11), His advent must be literal. This necessitates the bodily return of Christ to the earth. c.  The second advent is necessary. The large body of unfulfilled prophecy makes the second advent absolutely essential (Acts 1:11; John 5:28; Luke 12:37; Zech 14:4; 2 Thes 1:8; Matt 24:30; 1 Pet 1:7, 4:13; Job 19:25; 1 Thes 3:13; Jude 14; Rev 1:7; 2 Thes 2:8; Matt 25:31; Rev 5:13; Matt 25:32; Isa 9:6-7; Ezek 21:25-27; Jer 23:5-6; Dan 7:13-14, 18-27 Ps 72:11; Isa 49:6-7, etc.

2. P393. The second advent will be visible (Acts 1:11; Rev 1:7; Matt 24:30; Matt 16:27, 25:31; Rev 14:7, 18:1, 19:1). 

3. P395. The Old Testament associated the hope of resurrection with the Messianic hope of the Day of the Lord (Dan 12:1, 2; Isa 26:19-21). 

4. P395, 396. The Kinds of Resurrection. 

a. The resurrection to life (Luke 14:13-14; Phil 3:10-14; Heb 11:35; John 5:28-29; Rev 20:6). 

b. The resurrection to damnation (John 5:29; Rev 20:5). 

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 19 (NASB 1995). Link pasted from Bible Gateway. 

Revelation Chapter 19 NASB

V. Verse Examination. Revelation 19.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible).

A.  19:1-6. “Hallelujah” = Praise the Lord. The word occurs only in this chapter in the entire NT. It does appear as a brief doxology in several psalms, e.g., 150:1, 6. The praise is for salvation (v.1), for righteous retribution (vv. 2-3), for God Himself (vv. 4-5), and for His reign (v. 6.). 

B. 19:8. “the righteous acts of the saints.” The good works of believers will constitute the wedding garment when the congregation of the faithful are joined to Christ in marriage (cf. 2 Cor 11:2; Eph 5:26-27). 

C. 19:9. “marriage supper.” On Jewish weddings, see Matt 25:1.

D. 19:10. “Do  not do that.: Men are not to worship angels, only God. “For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” Prophecy is designed to reveal the Lord Jesus.

E. 19:11. “heaven opened.” This is the second coming of Christ to the earth—during the war of Armageddon, in which He will be the Victor and in which all who oppose Him will be slain (vv. 19, 21). See 14:20, 16:14, 16 . “Faithful and true.” These terms have been used previously of Christ (1:5; 3:7). 

F. 19:12. “His eyes are a flame of fire.” (See 1:14, 2:18).  “a name written….which no one knows.” This is perhaps the same name He will write on the overcomer (2:17; 3:12).

G. 19:13. “dipped in the blood” of the enemies. He conquers at His coming. “The Word.” This name applied here to Christ, is found only in the writings of John (cf. John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1). 

H. 19:15. “rule.” Lit., shepherd. Christ will be a shepherding autocrat. “wine press.” It consisted of two receptacles, or vats, placed at different angles, in the upper one of which the grapes were trodden, while the lower one received the juice (cf 14:20).

I. 19:17-18. So great will be the slaughter in the war of Armageddon that an angel will call together the fowls of heaven to eat the flesh of those who fall in battle.

m. 19:20. The beast and his false prophet will be the first occupants of the “lake of fire;” other unbelievers, now in hades, will join them at the end of the Millennium. (20:14).

VI. Summary.

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this nineteenth chapter of Revelation, we consider the following: 1 Much people in heaven praise God for agenging the blood of the saints; 7 and rejoice that the marriage of the Lamb is come. 10 The angel will not be worshipped. 11 The Word of God with His enemies. 17 The fowls called to the slaughter. 19 The beast and the false prophet cast into a lake of fire. 

VII. Parting Thought.

As was stated in the opening video, there is nothing that is necessary to take place in order for the catching up of the saints [(Rapture (English); Harpazo (Greek); Rapio (Latin)] to occur. From the time that the Holy Spirit fell on Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost, until the day in which we are now living, the Rapture is said to be “imminent,” in that nothing is holding it back. You may want to check the following rapture passages to see such imminence: John 14:1-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thess 4:13-18; 2 Thess 2:1; Titus 2:13. Notice that the statement of the Rapture was made, without any qualifiers for it to take place. God’s Word was spoken, and written, to let believers in Christ know that such an action of God will happen, independent of anything “paving the way” for God to act. God has made a plan for His creation, and does not wait for any action, or actions, of mankind to take place that will make God act. God is not a God of reaction to circumstances; God is a God of His sovereign intention and design, which is His plan for the ages “from eternity to eternity”.

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapters 17-18


Why is Babylon singled out for destruction?


I. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).

The Doom Of Babylon, Revelation Chapters 17-18


A. 17:1-6 – The great prostitute exerts power over the revived fourth world empire.

B. 17:7-13 – The prostitute is overthrown.

C. 18: 1-8 – Babylon destroyed.

D. 18:9-19 – Earth dwellers bewail Babylon’s destruction.

E. 18:20-24 – Heaven rejoices over Babylon’s fall.


III. Overview.


A. Dr. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div.; Ph. D.) The Book of Revelation, Holman New Testament Commentary.


“Babylon the Great,” mistress of the world. God will judge her directly and dramatically. 


B. Dr. David Jeremiah. (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible. 


Babylon, in all its religious, political, and economic glory, will be reduced to an ash heap by One with greater authority and glory.


C.  Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 


The Babylonish system is both religious and political. The religious system paves the way for the political system, but in the end the political system supplants the religious one. The religious system is symbolized as the Babylonian mother; the political system is symbolized as the Babylonian monster. 

D. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. D., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

This part of John’s revelation describes the end for the city of Babylon on the Euphrates, and the world of people that followed her ways. It highlighted the truth of the apostle’s earlier writing (1 Jn 2:15-17). All who loved the power, idolatry, and riches of the world so exemplified by the city would see their dreams destroyed before their eyes. 

E. Dr. Robert L. Thomas  (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.

The seventh bowl description does not terminate at the end of Chapter 16, but continues into Chapters 17-18 with a detailing of Babylon’s downfall. 

F. Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1909-1995).

That the theme of Babylon is an important one in the Revelation can be seen from the fact that the Spirit of God devotes two chapters in this essential book of prophecy to the subject. From Genesis 10:10, which is the first mention, to (Rev) 18:21, which is the last reference, this subject of biblical revelation and prophecy is given extraordinary prominence. 

G. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) The Revelation of Jesus Christ.

Chapters 17 and 18 of Revelation are dedicated to the description of the final destruction of Babylon in both its ecclesiastical and political forms. John is shown the vision of the destruction of Babylon, as representing false religion, by one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and is invited to behold the judgment of a woman, the symbol of Babylon, described as the great whore (Gr., porne„, usually translated “harlot”), who is seen sitting on many waters. The interpretation of “waters” is that these are the many nations ruled by Babylon. In chapter 18, the context seems to indicate that Babylon here is viewed in its political and economic character rather than in its religious aspect. It seems that chapter 17 deals with the religious aspect and chapter 18 with the political and economic aspects of Babylon. 18:4-8: A voice from Heaven instructed the people of God to leave the city so that they would escape the judgment to come on it (vv. 4-5). Death, mourning, and famine, also fire, will come on the city in one day (v. 8). [See Ryrie comment below (18:4)]

H. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2014) Things To Come:

1. P195. The  nature of  the 70th week (The Tribulation) is divine “wrath”  and divine “judgment” (Rev 17:1). Jesus bore for us (believers in Christ) His judgment; therefore we who are in Him “shall not come into Judgment” (1 Thes 5:9).

2. P 215. The only organized church ever mentioned in the tribulation period is the Jezebel system (Rev 2:22) and the harlot system (Rev. 17-18).  If the true church were on earth, since it is not mentioned as separate from the apostate system, it must be a part of that apostasy. Such a conclusion is impossible. The believing witnesses, converted during the period, are specifically said to have kept themselves from defilement by this apostate system (Rev 14:4). Since the church is not mentioned as also having kept herself from this system it must be concluded that the church is not there. 

3. P231. “The events of the Day of the Lord” will include the overthrow of the false professing church (Rev 17-18). 

4. P354. The invasion of the land of Israel by the northern confederacy will bring the Beast and his armies to the defense of Israel as her protector. (Daniel 11:40-45)

5. P356. The Beast moves his headquarters into the land of Israel and assembles his armies there. It is there that his destruction will come (Daniel 11:40-45). During the time that the Beast  (Antichrist) is headquartered in Israel, he will make a covenant with Israel, and midway during the covenant period, he will break that covenant with Israel (P 234).

6. P357. With the King of the South defeated by the armies of the Beast, and the northern confederacy defeated by the Lord on the mountains of Israel, we find two opposing forces drawn up in battle array — the armies of the Beast and the armies of the Kings of the East ((Daniel 11:40-45). 

7. P364. The religious system under the Beast is an organized system of worldwide scope (Rev 17:15). The system will be destroyed by the Beast, so that his supremacy may not be threatened (Rev 17:16-17)

8. P368. Regarding the Judgment of the Beast and his armies. In tracing the campaign of Armageddon, it has been seen how God judges the Gentile world powers and brings about their downfall. The northern confederacy was judged by God upon the mountains of Israel in the middle of the Tribulation period. The Kings of the East and their forces, and the armies of the Beast were seen to be destroyed at the second coming of Christ to the earth.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapters 17-18 (NASB 1995). Link pasted from Bible Gateway. 

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+17-18&version=NASB1995

Revelation Chapters 17-18 New American Standard Bible 1995


V. Verse Examination. Revelation 17-18.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 17:1. Babylon is represented as a “whore ” whose unfaithfulness affects many people and nations (the “waters” as explained in v. 15). 

B. 17:3. “a scarlet beast.” A reference to Antichrist and his allies on whom Babylon sits (controls).

C. 17:8. This would place the events of this chapter (17) in the first half of the Tribulation before Antichrist comes out of the abyss at its midpoint (cf. 11:7; 13:11).

D. 17:10. “seven kings.” The seven heads of vs. 9, are seven kings, probably a selective list either of Roman emperors or world empires.

E. 17:12. “ten kings.” The 10-nation federation that will be headed by Antichrist. “one hour.”  I.e., for one purpose (as in Luke 22:53). 

F. 17:15. The apostate church will be ecumenical, or worldwide.

G 17:16. “these will hate the harlot.” The political power headed by Antichrist will overthrow the false church organization (probably at mid-point of the Tribulation). 

H. 18:2  “fallen.” The Kings lament this destruction (vs. 9), which apparently will occur at the end of the Tribulation. 

I. 18:4. “my people.” God’s people are to separate themselves from the Babylonian system. (See Walvoord comment above, 18:4).

J. 18:8. “in one day.” The judgment will be consummated in a single day, as it happened once before to Babylon, when it was taken by Darius (Dan. 5:1, 3-5, 30). 

K. 18:20. “God has pronounced judgment for you against her. I. e., Heaven and the martyrs may now rejoice.

L 18:21. Babylon will sink into the sea like a rock. 

V. Summary.

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In these seventeenth and eighteenth chapters of Revelation, we considered the following: 17:1 A woman arrayed in purple and scarlet, with a golden cup in her hand, sits upon the beast. 5 The mystery of the woman is explained. 18:1 The fall of Babylon. 4 The people of God commanded to come out of her. 9 The lamentation of kings, 11 of merchants, 17 and of seamen, over her fall. 20 The saints are bidden to rejoice. 21 Babylon shall be found no more. 

VI. Parting Thoughts. 

A. The name, Babylon, is written 273 times in the Bible. There is no reason to believe that in Revelation Chapters 14-18, another name is intended for Babylon. Some people have said that when Peter mentions “Babylon” in 1 Peter 5:13, he is using a code that means that he is actually writing from Rome. There is no evidence that Peter was ever in Rome. Paul was said to be the Apostle to the Gentiles (Rom 11:13), with Peter being the Apostle to the Jews (Gal 2:7). Consider Romans 1:11, “I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established.” Is Paul saying that since Peter didn’t do a good enough job in Rome, that Paul is going there “to clean up his mess?” If Peter had been in Rome, Paul would not have written such words (Rom 1:11). In 536 B.C. 49, 897 Jews returned to Jerusalem from 70 years of Babylonian captivity. However, many remained in Babylon (Ezra 2:64-65) (Ryrie Study Bible).  The Book of Esther (465 B. C.) describes life for the Jews who remained in Babylon, and the attempted annihilation of the Jews by Haman (Esther 3:1-15, 474 B.C.). There is every reason to believe that Babylon means Babylon. 

B. The words of Revelation 17:5 are important to be considered in context. 

(CSB) On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: Babylon the Great, the Mother of Prostitutes and of the Detestable Things of the Earth.

(ESV) And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth’s abominations.”


(HCSB) On her forehead a cryptic name was written: BABYLON THE GREAT THE MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE VILE THINGS OF THE EARTH.


(NASB 1995) and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”


(NET) On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the Great, the Mother of prostitutes and of the detestable things of the earth.”


(NIV) The name written on her forehead was a mystery: Babylon the great the mother of prostitutes and of the abominations of the earth.


(NLT) A mysterious name was written on her forehead: “Babylon the Great, Mother of All Prostitutes and Obscenities in the World.”

(KJV) And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother Of Harlots And Abominations Of The Earth.


(NKJV) And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

C. Rev 17:7 discusses “the mystery” of Babylon. 


1. (NASB) “And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.”


2. The development of evil unto its culmination in the man of sin (2 Thess. 2:7) and the development of the great apostate system religious system (Rev. 17:5, 7) both constitute that which was called a mystery (Pentecost, Things to Come, p 135).


D.  Rev 17:18 shows that Babylon is the name of a city, and not the second word of the incorrect rendering of,  “MYSTERY, BABYLON.”


(NASB 1995). The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

E. Context is necessary for the understanding of Scripture.  All of the Bible is for us, but not all of the Bible is about us. Lev 24:23 was in context, in the Jewish understanding of Scripture during the time of the Law.  However, it is out of context to say that we stone people today who act improperly. Israel is Israel, and the church is the church; both are addressed in the New Testament (78 times for Israel, and 112 times for the Church.) Israel consists of Jews of the bloodline of Abraham, through Isaac and Jacob. The church consists of the body of Christ (Col 1:24). Gentiles can never become Jews, thereby entering into the Jewish bloodline (whether the Gentiles are Christian, or not). Jews, on the other hand, can become part of the body of Christ, as can Gentiles, through belief in Christ (John 14:20, 2 Cor 5:17).  When we are born again (John 3:3), our spirit enters into the Spirit of Father, Son and Holy Spirit (1 Jn 1:5), with the Spirit of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, dwelling within our spirit (Col 1:27). However, it is not until we are physically in the Kingdom on the earth that we will be grafted into the blessings of the Jews, at which time the Abrahamic Covenant will have been fulfilled. Jesus told the Jews to pray for the Kingdom come (Matt 6:10). At the time that Jesus was to ascend to Heaven (Acts 1:4-7), after the Apostles asked Him if He would, at that time, restore the Kingdom to Israel, that He said, “it was not for them to know the times or the seasons which the Father had put in His own power,” which meant that “the kingdom had not yet come.” During our study of the Kingdom, we will also discuss the roles of Jesus as Prophet (past), Priest (present), and King (future).


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 16


What happens to the earth as a result of the vial Judgments?

I. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). Notice that Dr. DeYoung uses the correct title, “Campaign of Armageddon,” as opposed to the often used, “Battle of Armageddon.”


II. Introduction. 

Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).


A. The seven bowls of wrath. B. Parenthetic: Armageddon.


III. Overview.

The following views of different highly respected theologians discuss the outpouring of the bowl (vial) judgments of God on the earth during the second half of the Tribulation. Yet, the “earth dwellers” do not repent. Earth dwellers are those who will be left behind from the Rapture (1 Thes 4:16-17). Earth dwellers identified (Rev 3:10; 6:10; 8:13; 11:10; 13:8; 13:14; 17:8). Earth dwellers not repentant (Rev 16:9; 16:11; 16:21).


A. Dr. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div.; Ph. D.) The Book of Revelation, Holman New Testament Commentary.


John witnesses the brief, but intense, scenes of the seven bowls of wrath being poured out on the earth.


B. Dr. Paige Patterson (B.A., D.D., D.D., Th. M., Ph. D.) Revelation Commentary, The New International Version, The New American Commentary. 


In rapid succession the bowls of God’s wrath are poured out on the earth. The crass rebellion of the human heart is displayed through these tragedies; men do not repent.

C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 

A world ruined by man, and a world ruled by Satan, has been described. Now, the time has come for the world to be rescued by God. Down into the arena of human affairs He comes, shortening the days and making a swift, sudden end of the Beast and his hideous strength. The vials, shallow bowls used in the temple worship, are filled now with wrath and are swiftly out-poured.

D. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. D., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

1. First Bowl – Painful sores (16:1-2); 2. Second Bowl – The sea turned to blood (16:3); 3. Third Bowl – Fresh water turned to blood (16:4-7); 4. Fourth Bowl – A scorched earth (16:8-9); 5. Fifth Bowl – Darkness (16:10-11); 6. Sixth Bowl – Demonic assault; 7. Seventh Bowl – Worldwide devastation (16:17-21). 

E. Dr. Robert L. Thomas  (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.

1. First Bowl: Incurable sores on the Beast worshippers (16:1-2). 2. Second Bowl: Death to all sea life (16:3). 3. Third Bowl: Transforming of all fresh water into blood (16:4-7); 4. Fourth Bowl: Scorching of all through the sun’s intensity (16:8-9); 5. Fifth Bowl: Darkening of the Beast’s kingdom (16:10-11); 6. Sixth Bowl: Preparation for the doom of earth’s kings (16:12-16); 7. Seventh Bowl: The destruction of Babylon (16:17-18:24).

F. Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.,, Ph. D., 1909-1995).

1. Six Vials of Judgment are seen in Rev 16:1-12:

a. Command to empty the vials (16:1); b. Plague on the earth (16:2); c. Plague on the sea (16:3); d. Plague on the rivers and waters (16:4-7); e. Plague on the sun (16:8-9); f. Plague on the beast’s seat (16:10-11); g. Plague on the Euphrates River (16:12).

2. Preview of Armageddon (16:13-18).

3. The Seventh Vial (16:17-21):

a. Plague on the air (16:17-18); b. The fall of Babylon (16:19);  Nature in upheaval (16:20-21).

G. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.

Chronologically, this chapter is close to the time of the second coming of Christ, and the judgments described fall in rapid succession. There can be no doubt here, not only that the series reaches on to the time of the end, but that the whole of it is to be placed close to the same time. Daniel indicated that these closing days of the Tribulation will be a time of world war (Dan 11:36-45). World events are now pictured by John as coming to their climax. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.

H. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 363.

The third series of judgments, which complete the outpouring of divine wrath, are the vials (Rev. 16:1-21). Although four of these vials are poured out on the same areas as the trumpets, they do not seem to be the same judgments. The trumpets begin in the middle of the tribulation and depict events during the entire second half of the week (Daniel’s 70th week). The vials seem to cover a very brief period at the end of the tribulation, just prior to the second advent of Christ. These bowls seem to have particular reference to unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God (16:9, 11), and have special reference to the beast and his followers (16:2).

IV. Verse Examination. Revelation Chapter 16, NASB, Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

Revelation Chapter 16 NASB 1995

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 16:1. Though there are similarities between the bowl judgments and some of the trumpet judgments in chaps. 8-9 there are differences as well, the bowl judgments being more intensive and extensive. Thus, it is best not to see the bowls as repeating the trumpets but as a distinct series of judgments following the trumpets.

B. 16:2. “a loathsome and malignant sore.” LIt., foul and evil sore. Probably, a plague of ulcers. The brief descriptions of these last seven judgments (vv 2-12, 17-21) may suggest that they occur in rapid succession upon a world already battered and bloodied.

C. 16:3. “every living thing in the sea died.” (see 8:9). Imagine the stench and disease that will accompany this event.

D. 16:4. Though drinking bloody salt water would be toxic, drinking bloody fresh water, though disgusting, would not be. 

E. 16:6. “They deserve it .” I.e., they deserve to drink blood because they shed the blood of saints and prophets.

F. 16:8. Side effects of this scorching heat will drastically affect the climate, possibly including excessive evaporation and melting of the great ice areas of the world.

G. 16:9. “they did not repent.” See verse 11 and 9:21. 

H. 16:11. “their sores.” I.e., those referred to in verse 2.

I. 16:12. “the kings from the east.” Lit., the kings from the rising of the sun. The armies of the nations of the Orient will be raided in their march toward Armageddon by the supernatural drying up of the Euphrates River.

J. 16:3. “the dragon.” Satan. the” beast.” Antichrist (13:1-10). “the false prophet.” the lieutenant (13:11-18).

K. 16:14. “the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.” The war will consist of several battles, beginning with Antichrist’s campaign into Egypt (Dan. 11:40-45) and including a siege of Jerusalem (Zech. 14:2) as well as the final battle at Armageddon (v. 16). 

L. 16:15. A call to surviving believers to watch and be alert. The “clothes” of a guard caught asleep on duty were taken from him, leaving him “naked” and disgraced.

M. 16:16. “Har-Mageddon,” or Armageddon. Lit., Mount of Megiddo, near the city of Megiddo at the head of the plain of Esdraelon. This area was the scene of many OT battles, notably those of Barak with the Canaanites (Judg. 4) and of Gideon with the Midianites (Judg. 7).

N. 16:19. “The great city.” Either Jerusalem (11:8; cf. Zech. 14:4) or Babylon (18:2).

O. 16:20-21. The topography of the earth will be drastically changed, and unbelieving survivors of the hailstorm will curse God instead of turning to Him.

V. Summary.

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this sixteenth chapter of Revelation we considered: The seven angels in succession pour out their vials of wrath upon the earth, and great plagues follow thereupon.


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 15


What happens to the earth as a result of the vial judgments?


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021)

II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.), and others.


The Seven Bowl Judgments. A glorious heavenly scene.


III. Overview.


A. Dr. Tim LaHaye (D. Min., D. Litt.; 1926-2016). Revelation Illustrated & Made Plain. Chapter 15 concludes the events revealed in chapters 10 through 15, concerning visions in heaven or conditions on the earth to the middle of the Tribulation period. The chapter (15) serves as an introduction to the Great Tribulation, which is the latter half of the Tribulation Period described in chapter 16, when the seven angels pour out the bowls of the wrath of God.

B. Dr. Paige Patterson (B.A., D.D., D.D., Th. M., Ph. D.) Revelation Commentary, The New International Version, The New American Commentary. Chapter 15 constitutes an interlude that is also an introduction to the final plagues, which will be enumerated in chap. 16 as part of the tribulation period. However, the interlude is replete with importance for adequate comprehension of what follows in the outpouring of the bowls of wrath. The reader is first introduced to a scene of triumph in heaven where specifically those who withstood the siren songs and the threats of the false prophets are gathered. These extol the majesty of the King. The way is prepared for the introduction of the angels who are the waiters serving up the wrath of God.


C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.  A scene in heaven precedes the bowl series as happened with the seals (chaps. 4-5) and the trumpets (8:2-6) too. Chapter 15 is a sort of celestial interlude to introduce the pouring out of the seven bowls of the wrath in chapter 16. The former facilitates an understanding of the latter. It is time for what has been anticipated in the cup of wine (14:10), the harvest (14:14-16), and the vintage (14:17-20) to be delineated in its chronological fulfillment. Correspondences between chapter 14 and 15-16 reflect how the visions have prepared the way up to now. Following the sign of the seven angels with the seven last plagues, the fifteenth chapter has two visions, the first one picturing the victors  fresh from their triumph and the second describing the white-and-gold clad angels who hold the seven bowls. 

D. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) The Revelation of Jesus Christ. Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. 


E. Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible. The chapters now under consideration form a literary unit that follows logically after chapter 11, giving the third series of the septenary judgments of God. Why need there be three series of these judgments? They evidently follow the pattern of warfare as men know it: first, the initial encounter; then, the intensive assaults; finally, the consummating blows. Undoubtedly, the vial judgments take place in the Great Tribulation in its last stages. The implication seems to be that they will transpire in a very brief period of time. They will be both rapid and severe. The Revelation does deal repeatedly with judgments, but not exclusively so; for the final prospect is bright indeed.


F. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2014) Things To Come, pp 236-238. From these Scriptures it can not be denied that this period is peculiarly the time when God’s wrath and judgment fall upon the earth. This is not wrath from men, nor from Satan, except as God may use these agencies as channels for the execution of His will; it is tribulation from God. This period differs from all preceding tribulation, not only in intensity but also in the kind of tribulation, since it comes from God Himself. The first great purpose of the tribulation is to prepare the nation of Israel for her Messiah. The prophecy of Jeremiah (30:7) makes it clear that this time that is coming has particular reference for Israel, for it is “the time of Jacob’s trouble.” God’s purpose for Israel in the Tribulation is to bring about the conversion of a multitude of Jews, who will enter the blessings of the kingdom, and experience the fulfillment of all Israel’s covenants. The second great purpose of the tribulation is to pour out judgment on unbelieving man and nations. It is stated in Revelation 3:10, “I will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.” From these Scriptures it will be seen that God is judging the nations of the earth because of their godlessness. 

.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 15. NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway

Revelation Chapter 15

V. Verse Examination. Revelation Chapter 15.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 15:2-3. The martyrs sing “the song of Moses,” praising God for His faithfulness and deliverance (Ex. 15 and Deut. 32)  and magnifying God’s holiness and righteousness.

B. 15: 5. “the temple of the tabernacle of testimony.” I.e., the “Holy of Holies.”

VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this fifteenth chapter of Revelation, we have considered: 1 Seven angels with the seven last plagues. 3 The song of those that overcome the beast. 7 Seven golden vials full of the wrath of God.


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 14


Does God Specifically Protect The 144,000, And If So, Why?


I. Opening Video. John Ankerberg Show. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.) ; Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J.D., Ph. D.)


II. Introduction. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.)


Parenthetic. 1. The Lamb and the 144,000 on Mount Zion (14:1-5). 2. Vision of the angel and the eternal Gospel (14:6-7). 3. Babylon’s fall foretold (14:8). 4. Doom to come on worshippers of the beast (14:9-12). 5. Blessedness of the holy dead (14:13).6. Vision of Armageddon (14:14-20).


III. Overview. 


A. Dr. David Jeremiah. (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible.

These seven visions are not in chronological sequence; they are more like a panoramic view of the Tribulation period. In some respects, this chapter is like a table of contents for the rest of the Book of Revelation, chronicling the salvation of God’s people, the fall of Babylon, the final battle, and God’s judgment on unbelieving humanity.


B. Dr. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div., Ph. D.) Holman New Testament Commentary – Revelation.

In this chapter, John has written for us images, both glorious and terrible. For the righteous, there will be glory and honor, for the Lamb has protected and gathered His people. For the wicked, there will be shame and torment, for the winepress of God’s fury will bring it to pass.


C. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, p 301.

The “destiny” of the remnant. Speaking of those brought to the Lord through the ministry of the 144,000 in Revelation 7:15-16, they are seen “before the throne” (Rev 14:3). Thus the destiny of this remnant is the kingdom over which Christ will rule from the “throne of David.” Those promises are not heavenly, but earthly, and will be fulfilled in the millennium.

D. Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.,1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible.

Chapter 14 is the sequel and God’s answer to the wickedness of the persons in Chapter 13. God intervenes in grace and judgment. As stated earlier, Chapters 12-14 form a series of their own and are placed between the trumpet and vial judgments, intending to emphasize the individuals who are prominent in the end time. R.H. Charles claims: “The entire chapter is proleptic in character. That is, the orderly development of future events, as set forth in the successive visions is here … abandoned, and all the coming judgments from 16:17, to 20:7-10, are summarized in 6:6-11, 14, 18-20″ (The Revelation of St. John II, p 1).


E. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) The Revelation of Jesus Christ.

Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked.


IV. Verse Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

Revelation Chapter 14 New American Standard Bible 1995

A. 14:1. “the Lamb.” I.e., Christ. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” Evidently the same group that was introduced in 7:4, though now their work on earth is finished and they are in heaven. Another interpretation takes “Mount Zion” as the earthly Jerusalem and the 144,000  as surviving the Tribulation on earth.

B. 14:4. “not … defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (cf. 2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits.” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (cf. Isa, 2:3; Rom 11:15).

C. 14:6. “an eternal gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace to the world before the return of Christ in judgment.

D. 14:8. “fallen is Babylon.” This fall is described in detail in chaps. 17-18. 

E. 14:10-13, The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever, with no hope of annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

F. 14:12: Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vv. 9-11).G. 14:20. Apparently a reference to Armageddon (16:16; cf. 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles (290 km) to the depth of about 4.5 feet (1.3 m). The blood or horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.


V. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this fourteenth chapter of Revelation, we have considered: 1 The Lamb on Mount Zion with His company. 6 The triumph of the gospel. 8 The fall of Babylon. 9 The worshiper of the beast and his image threatened. 13 The reward of the faithful. 15. The harvest of the world.

 
VI. Parting Thought.


A. In Rev 14:3, we see the 144,000 Jews of Rev 7:4.  In 7:4 these Jewish evangelists are “sealed.” In 14:3, these same 144,000 are still alive, having survived the Tribulation. Born again believers in Christ will be saved “from the tribulation,” by the Rapture (John 14:1-6, 1 Cor 15:50-58, 1 Thes 4:13-18, Titus 2:13). These Jews. who were not believers in Christ, at the time of the Rapture, were left behind “from the Rapture” to be present “in the Tribulation.” God sealed them for protection which saved them “through the Tribulation.” The number of these sealed Jews is 144,000  is shown in Rev 7:4, prior to the beginning of their Tribulation ministry. The number of these same Jews is shown to also be 144,000 in Rev 14:3, at the end of the Tribulation. 


B. Rev 14:4 says that these 144,000 Jews “have not defiled themselves with women, for they have kept themselves chaste.” Per the remainder of this verse, it appears that these Jews, whether sexually virgins, or not, were “sold out to Christ.”  In Walvoord’s, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, Dr. Walvoord gave a plausible understanding of these Jews, “referring to spiritual purity, that is, they are not defiled by love of the world or compromise with evil, but keep themselves pure in a world situation which is morally filthy.”


C. In Rev 14:19 the angel, in response to the entreaty, thrusts or “casts” (Gr., ebalen) his sickle into the earth and harvests its vintage casting it into what is described as “the great winepress of the wrath of God.” This action is actually fulfilled in Revelation 19:15, where the same figure of speech is used. (Revelation of Jesus Christ, Walvoord). 

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 13


I. Video Data. Target Israel – Antichrist And The False Prophet. 100huntley. Dr. Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.)


II. Introduction. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.)


A. Rev 13. The Rise and Reign of the Beast and the False Prophet. 13:1-10: The beast out of the sea; the deadly wound healed. 13:11-18: The beast out of the earth; the number of a man 666.

B. Revelation Chapter 13 unveils the conditions on the earth at the end of the age when the following factors will be manifest:

C. The first beast of Revelation 13: 1. the world ruler is satanically energized (vv 2, 4). 2. he and his image are worshipped (vv 4, 8, 12, 15). 3. he is acknowledged as possessing supreme military power (v 4). 4. he exercises a universal authority (v 7). 5. he persecutes believers in Christ (vv 6-7).

D. The second beast of Revelation Chapter 13. 1. is a deceiver (vv 13-14). 2. exercises economic dictatorship (vv 16-17).

III. Overview.  


A.  Dr. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.) 1909-1995).Liberty Commentary Bible.


The Apostle John continues the delineation of the chief participants of the end times in this chapter, adding to more to those given in chapter 12. A study of Daniel 7, 9, and 11 is essential to the understanding of this vital chapter of the Apocalypse. (See following note).


B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.(Rev 1:1 note).


The word “revelation” is a translation of the Greek “apokalypsis,” meaning  “an unveiling” or a “disclosure.” From this word comes the English “apocalypse”


C. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Every Prophecy of the Bible, p 580.

This narrative covers the remaining 3 1/2 years of the 7 year Tribulation.
In this chapter prophecy focuses on the coming world government and the beast and the false prophet who lead it. This gathers in many prophecies throughout Scripture that speak of this crucial end time of three-and-a half years, culminating in the second coming of Christ. 


D.  Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, p 231. The events of the Day of the Lord (Tribulation and Millennium) will include:


1. Daniel 2 and 7. The prophesied events of the tribulation period, such as the federation of states into a Roman Empire. 2. Daniel 9:27 and Rev 13:1-10. The rise of a political leader who made a covenant with Israel. 3. Rev 13: 11-18.The formulation of a false religious system under the false prophet.


E. Dr. David Hocking. (M. Div., D. Min., Ph. D.)


In Rev 12, the dragon was described as having “seven heads and ten horns.” That description is a prelude to what we discover in Rev 13. It is Satan himself who brings two world leaders to power, one political and the other religious. Both are called “beasts,” one “rising out of the sea” and the other “coming out of the earth.” This unholy trinity includes the following: 1. First beast out of the bottomless pit: Satan. 2. Second beast out of the sea: Antichrist. 3. Third beast out of the earth: False Prophet.


F. Dr. David Jeremiah. (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible.

1. 13:1-10. The beast that John saw coming out of the sea is a composite of the four wild animals that Daniel saw (Dan 7:2-8). These four creatures (leopard, bear, lion, dragon) represent the four kingdoms that would arise, one after another (Babylon, Greece, Persia and Rome. This beast is the Antichrist (12:3; 17:3; Dan 7:7-8). 2. 13:11-18. John’s vision includes something that Daniel never saw – another beast, rising out of the earth. This beast is the false prophet, referred to in chapters 16, 19, 20. He looks like a lamb – meek and mild. In reality, this leader possessed by Satan has the heart of a serpent, the voice of a dragon, and the authority of the Antichrist. His miracles (great signs) will cause the whole world to bow down to the Antichrist and his image (Matt 7:15).

IV. Verse Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. See 11:7. Many emperors of Rome deified themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that will give their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13). 

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives his power.” Satan gives Antichrist his power.

C. 13:3. “had been slain.”  The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently, Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.

D. 13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently, the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.

E. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in heaven. 

F. 13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase “from the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf. 17:8).

G.13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. 

H. 13:11. “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (v 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vv 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (v 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vv 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and his second beast form an evil trinity.

I. 13:18. “his number is 666.” Somehow unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.

V. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this thirteenth chapter of Revelation, we have considered the following flow of details: (1) A beast arises out of the sea with seven heads and ten horns, to whom the dragon gives his power. (11) Another beast comes up out of the earth, and causes men to worship the first beast, (16) and to receive his mark.

VI. Parting Thought.

All of the individuals who are seen in the Book of Revelation, beginning in Chapter 6, are those who were left behind from the Rapture (John 14:1-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Titus 2:13). The Rapture will take place only after “the fullness of the Gentiles comes in” (Rom 11:25), with that fullness being determined by God, which relates to a certain number of Gentiles coming to belief in Christ. The Rapture relates only to “the church,” which consists of the born again body of believers in Christ, whether they were prior Jews or Gentiles. The Tribulation is a time in which God will deal with unbelieving Jews (Jer 30:7), to draw them to belief in Christ. During the Tribulation, unbelieving Gentiles who will be left behind from the rapture will also have the ability to come to belief in Christ. Regardless of which group of unbelievers are present on Earth during the Tribulation, they will all have the opportunity to come to belief in Christ as Messiah, as Lord and Savior. The Tribulation will begin only after the Antichrist confirms a covenant with Israel (Daniel 9:27), thereby making the Tribulation an event that relates to Israel, and not to the Church. The Tribulation will not begin immediately after the Rapture takes place, but only after the Antichrist confirms a covenant with Israel (a peace covenant of safety, J. Dwight Pentecost, Bible Knowledge Commentary). The length of time that will exist between the Rapture and the Tribulation is unknown. There are reputable theologians who believe that there may be as much as a fifty-year period of time, or a lesser time period, between the Rapture and the time that the Antichrist confirms a covenant with Israel. The conditions of Revelation 13 are consistent with the headlines of world events that are taking place today. We must understand that the provisions of Romans 11:25 have to take place prior to the Rapture. We must also understand that the events of Revelation, Chapter 6 and following chapters, will not take place until after the Rapture takes place. So, why does so much of current world events especially relate to Revelation 13, as well as to other chapters in the Book of Revelation? The answer to that question is quite simple. The effects of the fall of Adam and Eve, with the resulting curse (Gen 3:14), are easily recognizable in the world today, and will be present until the curse is removed, as is written in Rev 22:3, having been enacted in Rev 21:1. All of the perfection of the Garden conditions of Genesis 1 and 2 are “no more.” Ephesians 2:2, speaks of “the prince of the power of the air” (who is Satan, Ryrie Study Bible), “that is now working in the sons of disobedience.” Born again believers in Christ have the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirits, prompting them to righteousness (2 Cor 5:17, 21). Those of whom have not been born again, do not have the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their Spirits, and, therefore are prompted to unrighteousness by Satan. Everyone makes mistakes, but believers in Christ recognize their sinful mistakes and ask for God to lead them to righteous living (1 John 1:9). Unbelievers lead lifestyles that are not consistent with Godly teaching (1 Cor 6:9-11), and lead lifestyles that will lead them to the eternal lake of fire (Rev 20:15), due to their not being born again.. In the meantime, we are seeing the outward effects of the decisions of unbelievers as they are trying to lead our world into a society that exists to make our world into one that is totally opposed to the teachings of God’s Holy Word.  Nobody can claim to be a born again believer in Christ, yet support abortion or homosexuality which is the focus of most of our world’s leaders today. There is no great world-wide revival that is discussed in Scripture that will reverse the effects of sin which is gradually, and, totally. taking over the minds and actions of most of our world’s leaders. So, as believers in Christ, our responsibility is to lead unbelievers to a belief in Christ as Lord and Savior (John 3:16-18), where such new believers will be “born again” (John 3:3), with the result of the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their Spirits, prompting them to righteous lifestyles. There will be revival during the Tribulation, for those who will  be left behind from the Rapture, but it will be difficult for them to come to belief in Christ (2 Thes 2:11, “they will believe what is false,” Ryrie Study Bible note… men will believe what is false, as Satan works through Antichrist); such Tribulation saints will also come under great persecution and death during the Tribulation (Rev 6:9-11).

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 12

Who is the woman described in Revelation 12?

Who is the child mentioned in Revelation 12?


II. Overview.


A. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.)


Prominent Personages. 12:1-2, The woman, Israel, gives birth to the male child, Christ. 12:3-4, The red dragon: Satan. 12:5-6, The male child: Christ. 12:7-12, The archangel: Michael. 12: 13-17, Jewish remnant assaulted by Satan.

B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.

1. 12:1. The woman symbolized Israel, as indicated by Genesis 37:9-11, where the sun and moon referred to Jacob and Rachel, Joseph’s parents. The stars in the woman’s crown clearly related to the 12 sons of Jacob, and identified the woman as Israel, fulfilling the Abrahamic Covenant. J.B. Smith cites Isaiah 60:1-3, 20, as proof that the sun relates to Israel’s future glory (A Revelation of Jesus Christ, p 182).
2. 12:4. The casting down of a third of the stars out of the sky seemed to imply the satanic power which extended to the heavens and the earth. Satan was seen here to extend his power over those who opposed him spiritually or politically. 

C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary.

1. 12:2. This is the figure of Israel as a travailing woman, as occurs so often in the OT (Isa 13:8, 21:3, 26:17-18, and others). Just as a woman feels the pains of childbirth, so did the nation in preparation for the coming of Christ. The cause of these pains, at least in part, is the persecution of the nation inspired by Satan in an attempt to stop the birth and destroy this people of God. Israel was in travail at the time of Christ’s first coming.
2. 12:3. Establishing the identity of the dragon as Satan is not difficult because of explicit statements of who he is in 12:9 and 20:2. 

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 215, 296.

12:5. This verse can only refer to Christ, the one whose right it is to rule. The Psalmist confirms this interpretation in Psalm 2:9, which is admittedly Messianic. The one from whom Christ came can only be Israel. 
12:7-17. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads (Rev 12:3), which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen through seventeen. It is plainly stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s “remnant” (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 12. NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway

Revelation Chapter 12


IV. Verse Examination.

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

1. 12:1. “a woman.” She represents Israel, who gave Christ to the world (v 5) and who will be persecuted during the Tribulation (v 13).
2. 12:3. “a great red dragon.” Satan (v 9).
3. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” This may refer to Satan’s past rebellion against God (Ezek 28:13); if so it suggests that a third of the angels joined Satan and were cast out of heaven with him. Or, the reference may be to a meteor shower judgment on the earth.
4. 12:5. The earthly life and death of Christ are not mentioned, only His birth and ascension.
5. 12:6. “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” The last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation will see intense persecution of Israel. Details are given in verse 13-17. No mention is made of the many hundreds of years between the Ascension (v 5) and the future Tribulation (v 6). See Daniel 9:27; Matt 24:14, 21; 1 Thes 4:17.
6. 12:7. “Michael …. the dragon.” This likely will occur at the midpoint of the Tribulation. Michael is the only angel designated an archangel in the Bible (Jude 9).
7. 12:9-11. Notice two of Satan’s activities in these verses: to deceive the world and to accuse the brethren. The believer’s defense against Satan is: (1) to bank on the merits of Christ: (2) to be active in witnessing, and: (3) to be willing to make any sacrifice, including death (v 11).
8. 12:9. Several judgments have, and will be passed on Satan: (1) his removal from guarding the throne of God (Ezek 28:14, 16 ); (2) the prophecy in the garden of Eden (Gen 3:15); (3) his defeat at the Cross (John 12:31); (4) his being barred from heaven (here in v 9); (5) his confinement in the abyss (20:3); and (6) his torment in the lake of fire forever (20:10). 
9. 12:14. Persecuted Israel will flee quickly as if on “wings” to an unspecified place in the “wilderness” where she will have protection and care.
10. 12:15-16 . In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water.
11. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. 

V. Additional Examination. Revelation 12:4. Remember the importance of “context.” Consider, also, the above 12:4 comments of Drs. Walvoord and Ryrie.

A. Robert H. Mounce, (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019), The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977. “The cataclysmic action emphasizes the tremendous size and awesome power of the dragon. That he casts down a third part of the stars indicates no more than a great number. John is not teaching a theology of fallen angels, but reporting a great pageant enacted in the heavens. 

B. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div., Ph. D., (1949 – ) Holman New Testament Commentary – Revelation, 1998. “The seven heads suggest complete wisdom; the seven crowns point to blasphemous kingly claims; the ten horns mean power. (Daniel had a vision of a powerful single-headed, ten-horned beast (Dan 7:7, 20). Who is this sky-dragon? He, too, exists throughout the ages of time. Verse 9 will identify him as the devil. As God sees him throughout the ages, he is a vile dragon. In verse 4, John sees an illustration of his power: with a single mighty swish his tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky. “

C. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., Ph. D., 1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible, 1994. “The tail symbolizes delusive power (cf. Isa 9:15), which Satan uses to accomplish the moral ruin of those in the highest position. But, he is not successful with all, only a third. Upon whom was the venom of Satan poured out? The answer is clear; the woman’s child, as soon as it was born (cf. Mt 2 with Gen 3:15). Herod was merely a tool of Satan’s power, but he was nevertheless responsible. 

VI. Additional Thought. There has been discussion as it relates to the rapture of the church (born again believers of Christ) occurring during the Feast Of Trumpets (Lev 23:23-25; Num 29:1-6); relating it to the rapture passages of John 14:1- 6; 1 Cor 15:50-54, 1 Thes 4:13-18; Tit 2:13, and equating it to Matt 24:31. We will discuss that matter now. It is important to remember that the Feast of Trumpets took place around the fall of each year. The blowing of a trumpet signaled the beginning of the civil new year (Ryrie Study Bible, Lev 23:24 note). For the Israelites, the blowing of the horn represented God calling to His people to prepare for a holy assembly (Moody Bible Commentary, Rev 23:23-25 note). Notice that the Feast of Trumpets relates to Jews, and not to Gentiles, or to the church being caught up in the Rapture. We will continue.

A. In this Chapter, the conversation revolves around Israel, who is the main conversation piece of all of Biblical prophecy. From the beginning of Revelation Chapter 6, through the end of the Book, no mention is ever made of the Church.

B. Ryrie Study Bible. It is from the Jewish prophet, Jeremiah, that the Jews are told that the Tribulation is focused on the nation of Israel (Jer 30:7). It is from the Jewish prophet, Daniel, that the Jews are told that the Tribulation will come after the Anti-Christ makes a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27), and that the Anti-Christ will break that covenant mid way through the Tribulation. It is from the Jewish prophet, Isaiah, that the Jews are told of the judgments of the tribulation period, and blessings of the millennial age (Isa 24:1). It is from the Jewish prophet Daniel that the Jews are told of the second coming Christ to earth, in that He will have dominion over the world (Dan 9:13-14). 

C. J. Dwight Pentecost, Things To Come. Re: Matt 24:31: p 196: Since every passage dealing with the tribulation relates to God’s program for Israel, that the scope of the Tribulation prevents the church from participating in it. p 197: Since the Father never sees the church, except in Christ, perfected in Him, this period can have no reference to the church, for the true church does not need to be tested to see if her faith is genuine. p 282: The Lord is indicating that the regathering of Israel (Matt 24:31), the next event, will be the judging of Israel on the earth to determine who will go into the kingdom. (MT 24:31…THE REGATHERING OF ISRAEL). p 425: In Matt there is no resurrection before the judgment, but only a gathering of His elect (Matt 24:31). (The elect is Israel “Deu 14:2, mine). 

D. John F. Walvoord, Every Prophecy of the Bible. p 36: The Feast of Trumpets anticipates the future regathering of Israel (Lev 23:23-25). p 39: God promised to restore His people when they turn to Him in repentance and submission (Deu 30:1-10). In Matt 24:30, Matthew was not talking about the Rapture of the church, which is described in totally different language (1 Thes 4:16). When Christ comes to earth He will send out His angels to assemble the elect (Israel; Deu 14:2) “And He will send His angels with a loud trumpet call and they will gather His elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other (Matt 24:31). Mark described the same event as the assembling of the elect both from earth and heaven (Mk 13:27). 

E. Eugene H. Merrill, Ph. D. The New American Commentary, Deuteronomy. The Lord would undertake His work of restoration. From the ends of the earth He would bring back those whom He had banished in Judgment (Deu 30:3; 4:27-31). (Deu 30:2-4). 

F. MacArthur Study Bible. The Feast of Trumpets, Rosh Hashanah (Num 29:1-6). Fulfilled in Israel’s regathering by Christ (Matt 24:31). Matt 24:31 note: All the elect from heaven and earth are gathered and assembled before Christ, ushering in the millennial reign of Christ. 

G. Neither the Church, nor the Rapture, was known to Jewish prophets, therefore both were “mysteries” until the time in which they were revealed in the New Testament. Consider the following verses:

1. 1 Cor 15:51, “Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will be changed.” Ryrie Note. The rapture of the church described in verses 51-58 was a “mystery,” unknown in the OT but now revealed. “we will not all sleep.” I.e., not all die (1 Thes 4:15). Some will be alive when the Lord returns, but all will be “changed.”

2. Eph 5:32. “This ‘mystery’ is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.” 

H. The term “immiency” is key to a proper understanding of the Rapture, which means that the Rapture can happen at any time of the day, week, month, or year. Consider the following verses that show that the Rapture is not confined to the fall months of the year.

1. John 14:2-3,  “2 I am going there to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I am coming again and will take you to Myself, so that where I am, there you also will be. (Note. Jesus was talking to Jews, If he had a plan to return on a feast day, this would have been the perfect occasion for such a discussion).

2. 1 Thes 4:16-17, 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive, who remain, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. (Note. Paul explained the rapture without making any mention of a time of the Rapture).

3. 1 Cor 15: 52, “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.” (Paul makes no statement of a time for the rapture.).

4. Tit 2:13, “looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,” (Note: The early church was looking for the appearance of the Lord in the rapture, and not for a particular time of year. 

I. Early Christians were not given a course of study in the Old Testament. The message of the New Testament was, “Christ and Him crucified.

1. 1 Cor 1:23, “but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block, and to Gentiles foolishness”

2. 2 Cor 2:2, “For I determined to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ, and Him crucified.”

J. As the early church spread out beyond the borders of Israel, some of those who spread the message of Christ were Gentile, and some were Jew. Their purpose in teaching of Christ was of Him, and of Him crucified. Those early missionaries had no reason to teach the feasts of Israel, or anything else of the Old Testament. A good example of the witness of these early disciples was that of Acts 16:31, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved.”

K. The rapture of the church will take place only after “the fullness of the Gentiles comes in” (Rom 11:25), i.e., the full number of Gentiles who will be saved (Ryrie Study Bible), and not based on any other standard.  

L. The Old Testament prophets spoke to Jews about things that they knew about, such as the Tribulation and Kingdom Age (Millennium), i.e., Isa 24-27. Chs 24-27 deal with judgment and blessing in the last days, the time of God’s final victory over the forces of evil (NASB Study Bible). The end times is a subject that is based on spoken prophecy from God, to Jewish Prophets, to Jewish people. The Rapture is not a matter of prophecy, and relates only to born again believers in Christ. The Tribulation is a matter of prophecy, and relates only to Jews (and Gentiles) who are not born again believers in Christ. The Kingdom Age (Millennium) is a matter of prophecy and relates to the earthly Kingdom that Christ will establish and oversee for 1,000 years, with only born again believers in Christ (John 3:3, Jew and Gentile) being the subjects of Christ (Isa 2:1-4; Zech 14:1-5 9). Old Testament Jews “watched” for the prophecies to be fulfilled, based on the teachings and fulfillment of those teachings of the Jewish prophets. New Testament believers in Christ “wait” for our Lord’s return, without any particular season of the year having to come into view. If the rapture of the church was supposed to occur on the Feast of Trumpets, such a fact would have been clearly stated in Scripture, and would have been taught by Old Testament Jewish prophets, and by New Testament Apostles, neither of which happened. 

VII. Summary.

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this twelfth chapter of Revelation, we considered the following flow of details:  (1)  A woman clothed with sun travails. (3)  A great dragon stands ready to devour her child. (5)  Being delivered, and the child caught up to God, the woman flees into the wilderness. (7)  Michael and his angels overcome the dragon. (13) The dragon, cast down into the earth, persecutes the woman.  

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 11

Who are the two witnesses, and what is their purpose?

What happens to the two witnesses in the book of Revelation.

I. Opening Videos’ Speakers. John Ankerberg Show. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); Ron Rhodes (Th.M.,Th.D.); Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.); Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J.D., Ph. D.)


II. Overview.

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary,

1. John was instructed to measure the temple and the altar, but not the outer court, meaning he was to measure the holy place and the holy of holies. While others could come into the outer court, only priests could enter into two temple rooms. The explanation was given that this would be under the control of the Gentiles, who would trample on the holy city for 42 months. The times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24) will not end until the second coming of Christ to the earth to set up His Kingdom. Though Jews may possess Jerusalem temporarily, as they have in this century, they will lose possession in the Great Tribulation.

2. At the same moment of  the rapture of the two witnesses an earthquake occurred in Jerusalem, with 1/10 of the city collapsing and 7,000 people being killed. The survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. So ended the second woe, leaving only the seventh trumpet, the final and third woe, to come. Though the full results from the sounding of the seventh trumpet are only introduced here, and not brought to finality (as they will be in chap 16), the introduction of the seventh trumpet is dramatic. As the trumpet sounded, voices were heard in heaven: “the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever. (Cf. predictions of the earthly kingdom of Christ in Ezek 21:26-27; Dan 2:35, 44; 4:3; 6:26; 7:14, 26 -27; Zech 14:9). The fact that this will be fulfilled at the Second Coming makes it clear that the period of the seventh trumpet chronologically reaches to Christ’s return. Therefore, the seventh trumpet introduces and includes the seven bowl judgments of the wrath of God revealed in chapter 16. In contrast with previous trumpets where a single voice was heard, here a mighty chorus from heaven joined in the proclamation.


B. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary.

1. The temple as the dwelling place of God is not in view here, It is the Jewish temple in Jerusalem which is hardly a suitable picture of the church which is largely Gentile. The outer court and the entire city experience trampling by the Gentiles, signifying that the temple and the court stand for something that best contrasts with the Gentiles, i.e., something Jewish. The mention of the sanctuary, the altar, the court of the Gentiles, and the holy city shows unmistakably that the discussion at this point is on Jewish ground. But most obvious of all is the logical fallacy that if the sanctuary represents the church of the Messianic community, who are the worshipers that are measured along with the sanctuary and the altar?

2. This is a literal temple that will exist in actuality during the future period just before Christ returns. The false Messiah will desecrate it and turn it into a place for people to worship him (cf. Dan 9:27; 12:11; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15). This allows for a distinction between the temple and the worshipers in it, Jesus’ anticipation of the future abomination of desolation (Matt 24:15) and Paul’s prophecy regarding the future temple (2 Thes 2:4) require a literal temple in the future. 

C. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 215, 295.

1. Page 215. Chronologically, in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 1-3 present the development of the church in this present age. Chapters 4-11 cover the events of the entire 70th week of Daniel and conclude with the return of Christ to the earth to reign in 11:15-18. According to the instructions given in John 10:11, chapters 12-19 survey the 70th week a second time, this time with a view to revealing the actors on the stage of the drama. 

2. Page 295. When the nation of Israel is brought back to her land after the rapture by the covenant enacted by the head of the the Revised Roman Empire (Dan 9:27), Israel is still in unbelief. God, however, is very definitely dealing with that nation to bring it to salvation. The whole 70th week of Daniel is a period of preparation for the coming of the King. The gospel of “the kingdom” (Mt 24:14), which requires repentance, will be preached. There will be the ministry of the 144,000 sealed of Israel (Rev 7) and the ministry of the two witnesses (Rev 11), all with the intent of bringing the nation (Israel) to repentance and salvation. The outpouring of the wrath of God is seen for the purpose of bringing men to repentance (Rev 16:9-10). While the majority will not repent, some may be turned to God by these signs.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 11. NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway

Revelation Chapter 11

IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Apparently the temple that will be built during the Tribulation, in which Jewish worship will be carried on during the first part of that seven-year period and in which, at the midpoint, the man of sin will exalt himself to be worshipped (2 Thes 2:4).

B. 11:2. “forty-two months.” This equals 3 1/2 years and probably refers to the last of the tribulation period during which Jerusalem will be under some sort of Gentile (the nations) control. Thus, “the times of the Gentiles” (see Luke 21:24) will not conclude until the end of the Tribulation.

C. 11:3. “1260 days.” This also equals 3 1/2 years and refers to the period of the ministry of the two witnesses. Whether the two witnesses will prophesy during the first half or the last half of the Tribulation is not stated, though the first half seems more likely, since their termination by Antichrist (v 7) fits better at the midpoint of the Tribulation than at the end.

D. 11:4. “two olive trees.” For the symbolism, see Zechariah 4:12 and 14. “two lampstands” that give out a witness (v 3). 

E. 11:5-6. The miraculous powers of the two unnamed witnesses are reminiscent of those of Elijah and Moses (cf. Ex 7:20; 8:1-12:29; 1 Kings 17:1; 18:41-45; 2 Kings 1:10-12).

F. 11:7. “the beast.” The Antichrist, also called “the man of lawlessness”  (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in 6:2; 13:1; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 17:3, 13; 19:20; 20:10. He can not kill these two witnesses until God allows him to.

G. 11:8. “the great city.” I.e., Jerusalem, which in these coming days will be like “Sodom” (filled with perverted sex) and “Egypt” (persecuting God’s people).

H. 11:9-10. So corrupt are peoples’ hearts that they will refuse burial and have a 3 1/2 day celebration of Antichrist’s victory over the two witnesses.

I. 11:11. “and they stood on their feet.” Imagine the effect the resurrection of these two men will have on those who, only the moment before, were viewing their corpses in the street or were watching TV news!

J. 11:13. “the rest.” Those who were not killed by the earthquake. “gave glory to the God of heaven” momentarily, for soon they would again curse the God of heaven (16: 11).

K. 11:15. The end is near enough now that the announcement of it can be made.

L. 16-19.The announcement evokes praise from the “elders” (vv 16-17) and anger from the “nations;” and soon will come judgment on the “dead” and the rewarding of the “saints.” 

V. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

In this Eleventh Chapter of Revelation, we have considered: 1 John is directed to measure the temple. 3 The two witnesses, 6 and their power. 7  The beast shall kill them. 8 Their bodies unburied, 11 after three days and a half are raised to life. 14 The second woe is past. 15 The seventh angel sounds, and there is rejoicing in heaven. 

VI. Added Thought.

When we consider whether the two witnesses are Enoch and Elijah, or Moses and Elijah, there are couple of key things to take into consideration. During the time of the Tribulation, when the two witnesses will be preaching for the world to hear their message, their message will relate to “The Gospel of The Kingdom,” (Matt 24:14, John 3:2; Matt 4:17; Matt 10: 7; Luke 10:9). Moses and Elijah were Jews; Moses died, but Elijah did not die, having been caught up to heaven. Enoch was a Gentile, having lived on this earth before the nation of Israel came into existence (Gen 5:21), and never knew anything about the Law, also having been caught up to heaven without dying. Moses represented the Law, and Elijah represented the Prophets. Per the opening video, Moses and Elijah appeared with Christ on the Mount of Transfiguration; Enoch did not. Some people point to Hebrews 9:27, ” it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment.” But, Heb 9:27 is a general statement. Consider Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from death (John 11:43-44); he died a second death. All of us who will be caught up in the rapture (if the Lord wills it to happen in our lifetime), will not have to taste death.

VII. My Bucket List  shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 10


What is the “little book” that John was told to eat?


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Speakers are Drs: John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); Ron Rhodes (Th.M., Th.D.);  Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.); Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J.D., Ph. D.)


II. Overview.


A. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.

1. With the completion of the sixth trumpet, also called the second woe, the seventh trumpet does not come immediately, but awaits the setting of the stage for its sounding. Two preliminary elements must prepare the way for this last in the trumpet series: the announcement of the end of delay (10:1-11) and the measurement of the temple and its worshippers (11:1-14).

2. 10:1a. John sees the angel in the process of his descent from heaven, as he does the angel in 20:1. This confirms that John has moved from heaven, where he has been since 8:2, to the earth. Being “clothed in a cloud” enhanced the glory of the angel’s appearance.  Clouds are often the vehicles on which heavenly beings ascend or descend, usually in an eschatologial setting (Ps 104:3; Dan 7:13; Isa 19:1; Acts 1:9; Rev 1:7). 

3. 10:1b. The angel’s function is shown in relation to the trumpet judgments, past and future. This association adds reinforcement to the theme of judgment suggested by the fire, tempered by mercy already seen in the rainbow.

4. 10:7. The period of the seventh trumpet includes the seven bowls (16 :1 ff.), which culminate in the destruction of Babylon, and consummation of all things.

B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, pp 187-190.

1. 10:7. (1) The trumpet of 1 Cor 15:52, sounds before the wrath of God descends, while, the chronology of Revelation indicates that the trumpet in Rev 11:15 sounds at the end of the time of wrath, just prior to the second advent. (2) The trumpet that summons the church is called “the trump of God,” while the seventh trump is an angel’s trumpet. (3) The trumpet for the church is singular. No trumpets have preceded it so that it can not be said to be the last of a series. The trumpet that closes the tribulation period is clearly the last of a series of seven. (4) In 1 Thes 4:16-17, the voice associated with the sounding of the trumpet summons the dead and the living, and consequently is heard before the resurrection. In the Revelation, while a resurrection is mentioned (11:12), the trumpet does not sound until after the resurrection, showing that two different events must be in view. (5) The trumpet in 1 Thessalonians issues in blessing, in life, in glory, while the trumpet in Revelation issues in judgment upon the enemies of God. (6) In the Thessalonian passage the trumpet sounds “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye.” In Rev 10:7, the indication is that the seventh trumpet shall sound over a continued period of time, probably for the duration of the judgments that fall under it, for John speaks of the angel that shall “begin to sound.”  The duration gives the evidence of the distinction in these two. (7). The trumpet in 1 Thes is distinctly for the church. Since God is dealing with Israel in particular, and Gentiles in general, in the tribulation, this seventh trumpet, which falls in the period of the tribulation, could not have reference to the church without losing the distinctions between the church and Israel. (8) The passage in Revelation depicts a great earthquake in which thousands are slain, and the believing remnant that worships God is stricken with fear. In the Thes passage there is no earthquake mentioned. There will be no believing remnant left behind at the rapture to experience the fear of Rev 11:13. (9) While the church will be rewarded at the time of the rapture, yet the reward given to “thy servants the prophets, and to the saints” can not be that event. The rewarding mentioned in Rev 11:18 is seen to take place on the earth after the second advent of Christ, following the judgment on His enemies. Since the church is rewarded in the air, following the rapture, these must be two distinct events. 

2. 10:11. John has outlined the events of the first half of the tribulation under the seals (4:1-7:17), the last half of the tribulation under the trumpets (8:1-11:14), and  closes the period with the return of the Lord to reign (11:15-18). Between the sixth and seventh trumpets, John is told (10:11) that “it is necessary for you to prophesy again concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.” Concerning the word “again”, “it denotes renewal or repetition of the action.” This would seem to be a divine notice that, since John has taken us through the entire period once, it is God’s intention to have him retrace his way through the period again. Therefore, beginning in Chapter 12, John surveys the period a second time, placing emphasis on the individuals who play so important a part in the events of the 70th week. The bowls (Rev 16:1-17) evidently come at the close at the period and occupy only a brief period of time and can not be spread over the last 3 1/2 years of the period. This second survey, like the first, terminates the period by the return of Christ, and the consequent judgment of His enemies (Rev 19). 

C.  Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M.,Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.

1. 10:1. Revelation 10:1-11:14 gives additional information as a background to the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments. Another angel is introduced, but apparently was not one of the seven angels sounding the trumpets. There is no evidence other than his being a mighty angel, (cf. Rev 5:2), perhaps, Michael the Archangel. In contrast with the seven-sealed scroll held by the Lamb (5:1), this angel held a small scroll, also used in 10:9-10. This scroll apparently contained the angel’s written order for the mission he was about to fulfill.

2. 10:5-7. The angel declared, “there will be delay no longer.” Announcement was made that the “seventh trumpet” would bring about the accomplishment of the mystery of God. This mystery had been previously announced to God’s prophets. The reference, therefore, is not to hidden truth, but to the fulfillment of many Old Testament passages which refer to the glorious return of the Son of God and the establishment of His Kingdom of righteousness and peace on the earth.  Here again is evidence that the seventh trumpet introduces the seven bowl judgments of God’s wrath in Revelation 16.

3. 10:9-10. “The ordinances of the Lord are sure and altogether righteous. They are more precious than pure gold, than pure gold; they are sweeter than honey from the comb” (Ps 19:9-10). Though the Word is sweet to believers, it will be bitter to unbelievers when it brings divine judgment to them.

III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 10, NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway.

Revelation Chapter 10


IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph., D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 10:6. “there will be no longer.” I.e., when the seventh angel sounds his trumpet (11:15), the bowl judgments will be poured out. 

B. 10:7. “the mystery of God.” Truth concerning God, Himself, which will not be revealed until His kingdom is established on earth.

C. 10:9-10. The eating of the “little book” (scroll) was to remind John that, although these truths from God may be pleasant to his taste, they were bitter when digested because they spoke judgment. The revelation of God’s judgment, on careful reflection, should always bring heaviness of heart to the child of God. Compare Ezek 2:8-3:3. 

V. Summary.

In this Tenth Chapter of Revelation, we have considered: 1. A mighty angel appears with an open book, and, 6 swears by Him that lives forever, that time shall be no longer. 8. John is commanded to take and eat the book. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 9

I. Video Data. What Happens To The Earth During The Trumpet Judgments? John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021)


II. Overview.


A. The Bible presents hell as a literal place designed to punish those who rebelled against God while on earth. It is not a state of mind, or a myth, as many modern religions claim. This chapter presents a preview of the horrors of hell on earth during the Great Tribulation. As horrible as it will be, it is only temporary. Hell, itself, is worse, not in the least because it never ends.  Dr. David Jeremiah, (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible.


B. John required but six verses to set forth the first four trumpet-plagues (8:7-12). But, now, he is about to devote an entire chapter to the first two Woes. This additional attention corresponds to the seriousness of the calamities which follow. Men, who were earlier discomforted by judgments upon the world, are now directly subjected to torments which arise from the underworld. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019) The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament.


C. We see the true evil empire in the Book of Revelation. The empire of Satan unleashes its unholy war, not only against God’s people, but against all humanity. Demonic plagues emerge as the dominant source of tribulation in Chapter 9. The natural phenomenon of locust and horse demon invasions provides for the terrible supernatural invasions of Revelation 9. These are unleashed during the Great Tribulation when the fifth and sixth trumpet angels blow their horns. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div.; Ph. D.) The Book of Revelation, Holman New Testament Commentary.


D. Already introduced by the eagle’s proclamation in 8:13, the fifth trumpet sets the tone for the last three trumpets in its specificity and independence of the two to follow. The feature marks the last three seals too. The seventh trumpet also resembles the seventh seal in the way it solemnly concludes the whole, and contains the next series within its scope. As with the seals also, two episodes intervene between the sixth and seventh members. In so doing, set the stage for the  seventh trumpet. With the sixth trumpet, the severity of the judgments increases even more than with the fifth. In this case, for the first time, the trumpet angel, in addition to blowing his trumpet, assumes an active role in initiating the visitation.  Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary.


E. The threefold cry of woe from the call of the angel (8:13) has nothing to do with the four trumpets that have just sounded, but rather with the trumpet blasts sounded by the other three angels, a fact often unnoticed. The significance of the declaration by John must have been devastating. The calamities unleashed by the blasts of the first four trumpets are beyond anything imaginable to the inhabitants of the earth today, but the woes announced by the eagle have to do with profoundly serious judgments yet to come. Paige Patterson (B.A., D.D., D.D., Th. M., Ph. D.) Revelation Commentary, The New International Version, The New American Commentary. 


F. The trumpets continue to bring war, but war to which woe is added. The war to be described next is probably one of the more important in the Bible. Trumpets five and six move matters on earth along to the point where Satan’s man is left undisputed master of the globe — for a season. First, men are brainwashed by the Beast and are psychologically prepared to embrace the ultimate lie. Then, the Beast consolidates his position in the west, deals decisively with the great foe to the north, brings to heel for a while the awakened millions of the east, throws off all pretense, and sets himself up as this world’s god.  Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 


G. Because of the “he” in verse 2 and “king” in verse 11, the “star” that fell to the earth was a person rather than a fragment of a star (cf. Isa. 14:12-17 Luke 10:18). Even in modern terminology it is customary to speak of an unusual athlete or performer as a star. This star, probably representing Satan cast out of heaven at the beginning of the Great Tribulation (Rev 12:9), was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss (“bottomless pit”).  The “Abyss”  (“abyssos”) is the home of demons (cf. Luke 8:31; Rev 9:11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3; in Rom. 10:7 it is translated “deep.”). Satan will be confined for a thousand years in the Abyss during the reign of Christ on earth (Rev 20:1-3). Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 9, NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway.

Revelation Chapter 9


IV. Verse Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.


A. 9:1. “a star” represents an intelligent creature, apparently “the angel of the abyss” v. 11). Notice the “he” in verse 2. “the bottomless pit.” Lit,, the shaft of the abyss. For other uses of this phrase, see Luke 8:31; Rom 10:7; Rev 9:11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3. Luke 8:31 indicates that this is the abode of the demons. 

B. 9:3. “locusts.” That these creatures come from the abyss and are described in unusual terms in verses 7-11 indicates that they were demonic. 

C. 9:4-5. The limitations that God places upon the activities of these creatures show that He is still in full control of these events. Only the 144,000 will escape the torment on people.

D. 9:6. Suicide, though desired, will be impossible.

E. 9:7-10. In describing these creatures John often has to use the word “like.”

F. 9:10. Two glands in the tail of a scorpion emit a  poison that produces a painful, but usually not lethal, wound.

G. 9:11. “Abaddon … Apollyon.” Both words mean “destruction.”

H. 9:14-15. These “four angels” (demons) are released in order to kill one-third of the remaining population of the earth. Added to the one-fourth who were killed under the fourth seal judgment (6:4) these two judgments alone destroy one-half of the population, not including those who are killed by wars, famines, and diseases. “the hour” (v. 15). Lit., this particular hour.

I. 9:16. “the armies.” The 200,000,000 creatures who compose this supernatural cavalry may be human beings, or demons, or demon-possessed humans. For other supernatural armies, see 2 Kings 2:11; 6:14-17; Rev 19:14. 

J. 9:18. “by these plagues.” I.e., by the fire, smoke, and brimstone.

K. 9:20. The religion of many will involve demon and idol worship.

L. 9:21. “sorceries.” I.e., magical arts, potions, and poisons (See Gal. 5:20; Rev 18:23; 21:8; 22:15). From the Greek word, we derive the English word “pharmacies.” This chapter shows (1) the reality and some of the activity of the unseen world of Satan and demons and (2) the hardness of human hearts. 

V. Summary.


In this Ninth Chapter of Revelation, we considered the following events. 1. The fifth angel sounds, and the bottomless pit is opened, and smoke and locusts issue from it. 7. These locusts described. 12.The first woe is past. 13. The sixth angel sounds, and four angels are let loose for the work of destruction. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 8

I. Video Data. The Seven Trumpets Of Revelation 8-11. Revelation One Three Publishing.


II. Overview. 


A. With the breaking of the seventh seal comes the silence that precedes earth’s most awesome and ominous storm. In the OT, the trumpet summoned people to worship (Num. 10;23; 1 Chron. 16) and prepared people for war (Num 10; Judg 3; Neh 4). The seven trumpets declare the Lord’s final intervention, bringing judgment on the earth. [Dr. David Jeremiah (Th. M., D. D.) Jeremiah Study Bible]  


B. Following the two parenthetical visions of Chapter 7, the Lamb opens the seventh, and final seal. There follows a dramatic pause during which the prayers of the saints rise to God as incense from the golden altar. An angel casts fire upon the earth and the seven trumpet-angels raise their instruments in preparation to sound another series of seven judgments (8:7-11:19; with 10:1-11:13 a parenthesis between the sixth and seventh elements as in the seals). [Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., 1921 – 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament]     

                       
C. This chapter opens with the announcement that the seventh seal is opened. This is the last of the seven seals marking the prophetic judgments of God. With the opening of the seventh seal the narrative is resumed from the close of chapter 6. Though simply introduced, the seventh seal is obviously the most important development up to this point. Contained in the seventh seal are all the subsequent developments leading to the second coming of Christ, including the seven trumpets and the seven bowls of the wrath of God. [Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary]


D. The world is now to be presented with Satan’s man, the devil’s messiah. The seals have been broken , the cries have rung out, the riders have appeared and conditions on earth have grown rapidly worse. Men have become horrified, and imagining that the day of wrath has dawned, have called on the mountains and rocks to fall upon them and hide them from the Lamb. But worse is to come. Seven trumpets have yet to be blown, and wars worse than anything history records have yet to be fought. The war and famines, persecutions and pestilences under the seals are, after all, but the beginning of sorrows. During the trumpet judgments, Satan is cast out of heaven and produces his trump card on earth — a superman. Men, no longer concerned about the Lamb, will be ready for the Beast. Before the trumpets are blown, one of the seals remains to be broken. The breaking of this seal (8:1) produces a deep silence in heaven, a silence that is caused by the prayers of God’s beleaguered saints on earth. Two items of great interest are to be noted about these prayers. (1) God holds up the entire process of judgment while He receives and weighs the prayers on His own. (2) In direct answer to prayer, God acts by setting in motion the trumpet judgments. [Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary] 


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 8. NASB. Pasted from Bible Gateway.


IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.


A. 8:1. “broke the seventh seal.” With the breaking of the seventh seal comes the second series of judgments —  the seven trumpets. Apparently, the judgments, announced by the trumpets, follow chronologically those of the other seals.
B. 8:4. The “prayers” likely petition God to judge evil and to inaugurate His kingdom quickly. A token judgment follows (v. 5).
C.8:7. Though the implications are staggering, there is no reason not to understand this and the other judgments plainly.
D. 8:8-9. The impact of this judgment on the world economy is beyond imagination. 
E. 8:11. “Wormwood.” Many species of wormwood (a woody herb) grow in the land of Israel, and all have a strong, bitter (not poisonous) taste, which causes the plant to be used as a symbol of bitterness, sorrow and calamity. This plague will make a third part of the fresh water supply of the earth unfit for human consumption.
F. 8:12. This could mean that the 24-hour cycle of day and night will be shortened to 16 hours, or that the power of the sun, moon, and stars will be reduced by one-third.


V. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this eighth chapter of Revelation we considered: 1. The seventh seal opened. 2. To seven angels, seven trumpets are given. 3. Another angel offers incense with the prayers of the saints. 6. Four angels sound their trumpets, and great plagues follow.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/.


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 7


I. Video Data 1.

Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them? 


II. Overview.


A. In chapter seven, the 144,000 are sealed by God, set apart to a special ministry, before the great tribulation begins. They seem to be sealed at the very outset of the tribulation period. In all probability the multitude of Gentiles, described in the passage that follows (Rev 7 :9-17), has come to a knowledge of salvation through the ministry of this group. In Chapter 14, the same group is pictured at the termination of the tribulation, when the kingdom is established. 2

B. Chapter 7 comes as a parenthesis between the sixth and seventh seals — a stylistic feature repeated in the trumpet sequence (10:1-11:13) but not with the bowls (cf. 16:12-11). It is not intended to take the reader back to a time before the Four Horsemen are released in order to parallel the trumpets with the seals. It contrasts the security and blessedness which await the faithful with the panic of a pagan world fleeting from judgment. In a sense it answers the question just posed, “Who is able to stand?” (6:17). 3      

C. The first interlude of the book develops the contrast between the peril of the godless inhabitants of the earth and God’s faithful. The former would experience desperation and destruction, while the latter would enjoy protection on earth and exhilarating worship in heaven. Four angels were commissioned to delay the winds of judgment until God’s bond-servants would be sealed for protection. The “seal” indicates God’s ownership and thus protection by God. No more judgment would be exacted against the earth until their safety was assured. These can stand the wrath of the Lamb because they are rightly related to the Father and bear His seal upon their foreheads. They appear in stark contrast to those who are later seen as identifying with the beast by accepting his mark (13:16).   4 

D. In contrast to chapter 6 which seems to give the chronological sequence of major events of the great tribulation, chapter 7 does not advance the narrative but directs attention to two major groups of saints in the tribulation. The opening portion of the chapter pictures the 144,000, which are representative of the Godly remnant of Israel on earth in the great tribulation. The latter part of the chapter describes a great multitude of martyred dead in heaven, those who died as a testimony to their faith from every kindred, tongue, and nation.  5 

E . The Slaves Of God. 6


1. Those On Earth: The 144,000 (7:1-8). The assertion that no one will survive the crescendo of God’s wrath, as implied in the question of panic-stricken humanity (617), is corrected by two new visions injected after the conclusion of the sixth seal. The first pictures angelic actions of restraint and sealing 


2. Those In Heaven: The Innumerable Multitude (7:9-17). The second picture injected under the sixth seal (cf. 6:17) has its setting in heaven. This group, like the 144,000, is unhurt by the effects of God’s wrath, but for a different reason. They have, at this point, been removed from the earthly scene of the wrath and have no need of protective sealing. Someone might ask, “Are the 144,000 the only ones who have maintained their composure under the first six seals?” This vision responds to such a question negatively. A vast throng has turned to God during this period and have now passed into His immediate presence through death.


III. Scripture Text. 7


IV. Verse Examination. 8


A. 7:3. The judgments are delayed until these 144,000 Jewish people can be “sealed;” i.e., protected supernaturally.

B. 7:4. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” These are Jews from the 12 tribes (12,000 each) who are protected in order to perform service for God during those days.

C. 7:9. “a great multitude.” This magnitude is composed of many racial and geographic groups who will be redeemed during the Tribulation (v. 14). In those difficult days, many will find Christ as Savior. 

D. 7:15-17. Having died or been martyred during the Tribulation, this great multitude are seen in heaven enjoying the blessings. 


V. Summary


In this seventh chapter of Revelation we considered: 1. An angel seals the servants of God in their foreheads. 4. The number that were sealed. 9. A countless multitude of the redeemed in heaven ascribe salvation to God and the Lamb. 13. The glory and happiness of those who came out of great tribulation.


VI. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Speakers are Drs. : Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.); Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.); Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J. D., Ph. D.)

2. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2014) Things To Come, p 300.


3. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., 1921 – 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament.


4. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. D., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

5.  Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary.


6. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D., 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.


7. Pasted from Bible Gateway, Revelation Chapter 7.


8. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.


9. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/.


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 6

I. Video Data. 1


What happens during the Seal Judgments?


II. Overview.


A. Worship is the theme of Revelation 4 and 5, but wrath is the subject of Revelation 6-19. The God who has been worshipped, now pours out His judgment. 2

B. The source of the seven-sealed scroll is now fully described. The scene is set and the time has arrived to begin breaking the seals, “one by one.” Re: 6:16-17: Man in his rebellion correctly analyzes the cosmic and terrestrial disturbances as a part of the great end-time day of wrath from the one sitting on the throne, and from the Lamb. The verb elthen (“has come”) is aorist indicative, referring to a previous arrival of the wrath, not something that is about to take place. 3

C. The seals are broken “one by one,” and restraint is increasingly removed from the earth. Vile human passions are given free rein, and the earth reaps the full harvest of man’s sin. 4


D. In Chapter 6 of the Seal Judgments: The first seal is that of Conquest (6:1-2). The second seal is that of War (6:3-4). The third seal is that of Inflation and Famine (6:5-6). The fourth seal is that of Death (6:7-8). The fifth seal is that of Martyrdom (6:9-11). The sixth seal is that of Cosmic Upheaval (6:12-17). The entire tribulation is a period of God’s wrath, not simply the latter portions of it as required by the mid-tribulation, pre-wrath, and post-tribulation approaches. While John often emphasized love in his writings, he did not hesitate to mention the severity of God toward the rebellious. 5


E. As each seal is removed, we are introduced to a series of preliminary judgments representing forces operative throughout history by means of which the redemptive and judicial forces of God are being carried out prior to the end. The prophet Joel described the day of the Lord as “great and very terrible” (Joel 2:11; cf. vs. 31). It is a day of wrath and retribution (Zeph. 1:14-18). According to those attempting to escape the presence of God and the Lamb, this day of wrath has come. Their rhetorical question (6:17) “who is able to stand?” echoes Nahum 1:6 (“Who can stand before his indignation?” Who can endure the heat of His anger?” –cf. Mal 3:2). The announcement of the end need not be understood as the mistaken opinion of terrified mankind. The beginning of the end has arrived, and the plagues of 8:7-9:21 and 16:2-21 follow the actual opening of the seven-sealed scroll. The wrath of God is neither personal vindictiveness, nor an impersonal process of retribution which works itself out in the course of history. It is the response of [God’s] holiness to persistent and impenitent wickedness. 6

F. The opening of chapter 6 of the book of Revelation marks an important milestone in the progressive revelation of the end of the age. In chapter 5 John is introduced to the seven-sealed book in the hand of Christ. In chapter 6 the first six seals are opened with the resultant tremendous events occurring in the earth. The interpretation of these events depends upon the understanding of other portions of the prophetic Word. If the events portrayed are taken in any literal sense, it should be clear that they describe an event yet future, in the words of Christ, “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). Van Ryn expresses the common pretribulation position: The opening of the seals ushers in the terrible judgments to fall upon this earth after the Church has been caught up to glory, as we saw in chap. 4:1. 7

III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter. 8

IV. Verse Examination 9

A. 6:2. “he who sat on it.” Evidently a reference to Antihrist. His method of conquest at first does not seem to include open warfare, since peace is not removed from the earth until the second seal is opened (v. 3). This corresponds to the description of delusion in 1 Thes. 5:3.

B. 6:3-4. Everything about the second seal judgment indicates bloodshed (e.g., “red horse, take peace from, sword”).

C. 6:6. “a denarius.” A Roman silver coin that had a normal purchasing power of 10 qt (9.5 lit) of wheat, or 30 qt (28.5 lit) of barley. One qt (.95 lit) of wheat was the daily ration for a soldier. Thus, a daily wage will buy food for only one person, who will have to share with his family.

D. 6:8. “ashen”= a sickly, yellowish green. Probably representing the inevitable result of disease that accompanies war and famine. “Death” claims the bodies, and “Hades” the souls and spirits, of one-fourth of the world’s population in this single judgment (cf. 9:18).

E. 6:9. “the souls of those who had been slain.” Evidently the martyrs of the first months of the tribulation period.

F. 6:10. Notice that these martyrs are alive and conversing with the Lord in His presence.

G. 6:11. “rest for a little while longer.” I.e., wait a little while. It is difficult for these martyrs to understand why God would allow their murderers to live; yet, God asks these saints to trust Him. 

H. 6:12. These cosmic disturbances are predicted elsewhere in Scripture (Isa. 34:4; Joel 2:30-31; Matt 24:29). 

I. 6:16. When the Tribulation comes, men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand, not simply talk as if it were.

V. Summary. 10

In this sixth chapter of Revelation we considered, by verse: 1 What the apostle saw when the Lamb opened the first seal; 3 the second seal, 5 the third seal, 7 the fourth seal, 9 the fifth seal, 12 and the sixth seal.

VI. Additional Thoughts.

Notice that it is Christ (the Lamb) who broke open these seals which brought judgment on all who reside on the earth. The seal judgments are not a source of Satan, the Antichrist, mankind, or anyone other than Christ. Those who are left on the earth after the Rapture takes place, are left because they have not been born again, having the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirits, making their spirits as righteous as the Spirit of God (2 Cor 5:17, 21). Those who are left behind are known as “earth dwellers,” or “those who dwell upon the earth” (Rev 3:10; 6:10; 8:13; 11:10; 13:8, 14; 17:8). Even as judgments on earth dwellers become increasingly more severe, many earth dwellers continue to defy God. Earth dwellers chose earth over citizenship in Heaven (Phil. 3:20). We who are believers in Christ have been told, “God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Thes 5:9). Per J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. M., Th. D., “Things To Come,” p 195: “Wrath for others, but salvation for us at the Rapture, whether we wake or sleep.” Re: Rev 6:16-17: pp 183-184: “According to the observation of John, that the program there being unfolded is related to the ‘wrath of the Lamb.’ ” The aorist tense in verse 17, elthen (has come) signifies, not something that is about to happen, but that which has taken place. Thus, in unfolding the program of the seals, John announces that these represent “the wrath” that has already come.

VII. Footnotes.

1. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 

2.  Dr. David Jeremiah, (Th. M., D.D.) Jeremiah Study Bible

3.   Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.

4.   Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 

5. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary.

6. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament.

7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary.

8. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

9. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

10. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor)


VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/ 


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Preview of Tribulation Judgments

I. Video Data. 1


The judgments of the tribulation.


II. Overview. Revelation. Chapters 6:1-18:24. 


A. Revelation 6:1 begins the first of three series of judgments in the book (seals, chap. 6; trumpets, chap. 8-9; bowls, chap. 16). Some see the later series as recapitulating the earlier series. But, more likely, the three series are consecutive, each succeeding one following the preceding one. Rev 6:2. A reference to the Antichrist. Also see Matthew 24. 2

1. Matthew 24:3. Verses 4-14 list characteristics of the first half of the tribulation period, whereas verses 15-28 deal with the second half. 2


2. Matthew 24:6-7. See the same judgments outlined in Rev 6:1-8. 2


3. Matthew 24:14. “The gospel of the kingdom. This is the good news that will be preached during the tribulation days concerning the coming of Messiah and setting up of His kingdom. See Matt 3:2. Evidently, many will respond (Rev 7:9-10). 2


4. Matthew 24:15. “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION.” This is the man of sin (2 Thes 2:4), the Antichrist, who at this midpoint of the Tribulation breaks the covenant he made with the Jewish people at the beginning of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27) and demands that they and the world worship him. Those who resist will be persecuted, and many will be martyred; that is the reason for the urgency of the instructions of verses 16-22. 2


5. Matthew 24:29-30. “THE SUN…THE MOON…THE STARS.” These astral phenomena, which will accompany the return of the Son of Man, are foretold in Isa. 13:9-10 and Joel 2:31; 3:15. 2


B. Revelation chapters (6:1-18:24) describe the tribulation, during which God will exercise His wrath toward rebellious sinners, and work to bring Israel to repentance. This section assured first century believers that persecutors of God’s people would not ultimately escape justice. Seals, trumpets, and bowls are labels that John used to describe the judgments of this time period.  3


C. The vision of the glorified Son of man in chapter 1 led to the writing of the seven letters to the churches (chaps. 2-3), Similarly, the throne room vision of chapters 4-5  sets the stage for the opening of the scroll with its sequence of seals, trumpets, and bowls (chaps. 6-16). The dramatic portrayal of God’s righteous judgment is now under way. 4


D. Chapter 6 introduces the seal judgments, which make up the first quarter of the Tribulation Period. The seventh seal then introduces the seven trumpets, which indicates that we are carried to the second quarter of the Tribulation. The seventh trumpet, in turn, introduces the seven bowl judgments, which comprise the last half of the Tribulation Period. Everything else between chapters 7 and 8 must be placed within the consecutive events of these three judgments. John saw the seven seals broken, one at a time; then, the seventh one introduced the seven trumpets, and finally the seventh trumpet introduced the seven bowls. Each of these judgments, whether breaking a seal, blowing a trumpet, or pouring out a bowl, is a symbolic announcement in heaven of an event that actually takes place on earth. These judgments take place consecutively. 5 


E. The opening of chapter 6 of the book of Revelation marks an important milestone in the progressive revelation of the end of the age. In chapter 5 John is introduced to the seven-sealed book in the hand of Christ. In chapter 6 the first six seals are opened with the resultant tremendous events occurring in the earth. The interpretation of these events depends upon the understanding of other portions of the prophetic Word. If the events portrayed are taken in any literal sense, it should be clear that they describe an event yet future, in the words of Christ “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). The opening of the seals ushers in the terrible judgments to fall upon this earth after the Church has been caught up to glory, as we saw in chap. 4:1. 6


1. The events here revealed also depend for their interpretation on the question of whether a translation of the church has already taken place. Though the book of Revelation itself does not determine this important question with finality, it is significant that the church so prominent in chapters 2 and 3 is not mentioned again until 22:16 except as the wife of the Lamb at the close of the tribulation. Nowhere in scenes of earth which describe the end time (chaps. 6-19) is the church pictured as involved in the earthly struggle. Further, the hope of the rapture mentioned to the church of Thyatira and the church at Philadelphia does not appear in the detailed prophetic program which unfolds in the book of Revelation. This lends credence to the conclusion that the rapture of the church has occurred before the events pictured beginning with chapter 4. 6

2. There is a remarkable similarity between the progress of chapter 6 as a whole and the description given by our Lord of the end of the age in Matt 24:4-31. In both passages the order is (1) war (Matt 24:6-7; Rev 6:3-4), (2) famine (Matt 24:7; Rev 6:5-6), (3) death (Matt 24:7-9; Rev 6:7-8), (4) martyrdom (Matt 24:9-10, 16-22; Rev 6:9-11), (5) the sun darkened, the moon darkened, and the stars falling (Matt 24:29; Rev 6:12-14), (6) a time of divine judgment (Matt 24:32-25:26; Rev 6:15-17). The general features of Matthew 24 are obviously quite parallel to the events of the book of Revelation beginning in chapter 6. Walvoord. 6

III. Context.


A. A message that is not given within its proper context, becomes a pretext, which means that “it’s not true.”


B. The above noted scholars have made the point that the events of Revelation 6:1 through 18:24 find their place in future prophetic events that relate to the Tribulation, the Antichrist, and God’s judgment on those who will be left behind from the rapture of the church. The severity of the time is described by Jesus in Matthew 24:21: “For there will be a great Tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.” The context  of Matt 24:21 will dictate that nothing, even within the worldwide flood of Genesis 7:10 through Genesis 7:24, will be as severe as the judgments that God will pour out upon the earth during the time of Matthew  Chapter 24, or anywhere within Revelation Chapters 6 through 18.Yet, there are pastors, teachers and other theologians, who will take a verse out of Matthew 24, in particular, as well as Revelation 6-18, and try to match it to a condition of the world that is taking place now; that is pretexting. A passage that can be used to relate to the events of today is 2 Timothy 3:1-5. The Matthew and Revelation passages that are addressed in this paragraph relate to the time of the Tribulation which will take place after the rapture of the church. The 2 Timothy passage addresses conditions that are present upon our earth now, and are confined to the church age, and will be present on our earth until the time of the rapture. 


C. The time and conditions which will be present upon our earth when the Tribulation begins is found in Daniel 9:27:


1. “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” Daniel 9:27, NASB.


2. Ryrie notes. (Daniel 9:27). “he.” The Antichrist will make a pact with many (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. “But 3 1/2 years later Antichrist will break his covenant, and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself. (See notes on Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4). At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20). 2

3. Before the time of the events of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-18 occur, the Antichrist will make a pact with unsaved Israel, which has not happened yet, and will not occur until the church is raptured from Earth to heaven (John 14:1-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18; Tit 2:13.

4. “The Day of the Lord” relates to the Tribulation and Millennium, as was written by the Old Testament Jewish Prophets (Zeph 1:14; Joel 1:15; Isa 13:6; Ezek 30:3; Joel 2:1. Rryrie. 2

5. “The Day of Christ” (Phil 1:6, 10; 2:16) relates to the return of Christ for the rapture of the Church (Ryrie).] “Rapture” is taken out of context when it is used to mean “Day of the Lord.”


IV. Conclusion.


A. God’s plan for eternity is not based on the ungodly actions of His created beings. God has already made a plan that is based on His sovereign eternal purpose; i.e., Rom 11:25, which is the “fullness of the Gentiles.” Such a fullness is the time when a Godly determined number of Gentiles comes to belief in Christ as Lord and Savior, Messiah. At such a time (Rom 11:25), the hardening of the Jews toward Jesus will be removed and the Rapture will take place, with Jesus coming in the air, taking His believers to Heaven with Him (John 14:1-6); the Antichrist will be revealed with His pact with unsaved Israel taking place (Daniel 9:27); the Tribulation will begin, with the judgments of Matthew 24 and Revelation 6:1-18:24 being poured out on earth by God, through Christ and God’s angels, on all (unbelievers, Jew and Gentile) who remain on the earth (See Rev 6:1, 6:3, 6:5, 6:7, etc.). The judgments of the Tribulation do not come at the hands of Satan, the Antichrist, mankind, or “mother nature” (there is no mother nature!). 


B. It is important to know that the judgments of Matthew 24 are shown in a capsule view of the judgments of Revelation. Those judgments have not begun yet, and will not begin until after the Rapture of the church takes place. No one should relate any event that is taking place on earth now, to any judgment that is prophesied to happen in either Revelation 24 or the Book of Revelation. The fall of Adam and Eve, with the resulting curse (Gen 3:17), has affected, and will continue to affect all of the perfection that is shown in Genesis 1 and 2, until the curse is removed in the eternal state (Rev 22:3). 


C. As opposed to Jesus coming in the air at the Rapture to take His church with Him to Heaven, these verses: “Zechariah 14:1-5, 9, Matthew 24:29-30 and Rev 19:11-21” show Christ returning to earth with believers of all times, and angels, to set up His prophesied “earthly, millennial kingdom on earth,” where Christ will rule and reign for 1,000 years. After 1,000 years, the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem will be the reigning place of God, and of Christ ( Rev 21:1-3, 22).


D. Much more can be said on the subject of Matthew 24, and how it relates to the prophecies of the Book of Revelation, but I will stop here.


V. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 

2. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary.

4. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament.

5.  Dr. Tim LaHaye (D. Min., D. Litt.; 1926-2016). Revelation Illustrated & Made Plain.

6.  Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary.


VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy


Revelation Prophecy – Chapters 4 – 5

I. Video Data. 1


When we get to heaven will we see God with our own eyes?


II. Overview.


A. Here begins the third section of the book (see 1:19) describing what is yet future. This section can be divided into three parts: the coming Tribulation (chaps. 6-19), the Millennium (chap 20), and the new heavens and new earth (chaps. 21-22). 2


B. In Chapter 4, the primary focus is on God the Father, sitting on His throne, enjoying the worship of His creatures. In Chapter 5, the focus is on God the Son, the Messiah of Israel, our Lord Jesus Christ. 3 


C. In John’s first apocalyptic vision, the seven-sealed scroll arises in a heavenly vision setting that is dominated by a throne, more specifically by the one sitting on that throne. Chapter 4 focuses on God the Creator who delivers the seven-sealed scroll, and Chapter 5 on God (i.e., Christ) the Redeemer, the only one found worthy to take it and open the seals. 4 

D. The scene has changed from earth to heaven (4:1). The Apostle Paul was once caught up into the third heaven and saw things “not lawful for a man to utter” (2 Cor 12:4). Now, John is caught up and is shown things he has already been commanded to communicate to men (1:1). Three things are impressed indelibly upon his mind. He sees an unforgettable throne, and unforgettable throng, and experiences an unforgettable thrill. 5 


E. These chapters (4-5) look to the future for the first time in the book and contain John’s initial description of heaven. He was caught up in a vision where he saw the Father and the Son in the midst of a host of angels. The Father received praise for His creation of the world, and the Son for His redeeming work on the cross. The original readers would have been comforted by understanding that, while their world was most uncertain, heaven was properly focused and stable. 6 


F. Chapters 4 and 5 are the introduction and background of the tremendous sweep of prophetic events predicted in the rest of the book. If chapter 4 and succeeding chapters relate to the future, they provide an important clue concerning the interpretation of the vision and the prophetic events which unfold in those chapters. One of the principal reasons for confusion in the study of the book of Revelation has been the failure to grasp this point. If Revelation has no chronological structure and is merely a symbolic presentation of moral truth, its prophetic significance is reduced to a minimum. If, as others hold, the predictions of this section of Revelation are already fulfilled in the early persecution of the church, it also robs the book of any prophecy of the future. 7

 
III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapters 4 and 5. 8


https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+4-5&version=NASB1995

IV. Verse Examination. 9

A. 4:2. “I was in the spirit,” as in the 1:10 post.

B. 4:4. “24 elders.” Some understand these to be angelic beings, though it is likely that the 24 elders represent redeemed people, who are glorified, crowned, and enthroned. Angels are never said to be given crowns, though believers are (2 Timothy 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Revelation 2:10). 

C. 4:5. “7 Spirits of God,” as in the 1:4 post. 

D. 4:6. “4 living creatures,” or living ones. These may be angels, probably cherubim (cf. Ezek. 10:15-20), or they may be representations of the attributes of God, Himself (since they are said to be “in the center” of the throne).

E. 4:7. Many see a similarity between the 4 living ones and the fourfold manner in which Christ is portrayed in the Gospels. In Matthew He appears as the Lion of the tribe of Judah; in Mark He is the Servant who became the sacrifice for sin (the calf was a sacrificial animal, Heb 9:12, 19); Luke’s emphasis is on the Son of Man; and “a flying eagle” links Him with heaven, as does John’s gospel. 

F. 4:8-11. Here is a great anthem of praise by the 4 living ones and the 24 elders to God as creator. In 5:11-14 the focus of worship is on God as Redeemer.

G. 5:1. “a book.” Lit., a scroll. This may be called the “Book of Redemption,” as it contains the story of man’s fall through sin, and rise through Christ (Heb. 2:5-9). 

H. 5:5. “the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah.” The noblest and victorious of the kingly tribe (cf. Gen. 49:9). “the Root of David.” The one who fulfills the covenant with David (cf. Isa. 11:1, 10). The messiah, John is assured, is competent and worthy to break the 7 seals and open the scroll to release the plagues.

I. 5:6. “as if slain.” Christ, the Lamb, bears the marks of His death (See Luke 24:40; John 20:20, 27) even in His glorified state. “horns” are a symbol of strength (cf. 1 Kings 22:11; Zech 1:18). 

J. 5:8. “bowls,” like saucers.

K. 5:9-10. The Lamb is worthy because He died in the past to pay the ransom price for the sins of the world, positioned  us in the present as a kingdom and priests before God, and gave us a promise of reigning on the earth in the future. A few mss. read “us” and “we” in verse 10 instead of “them” and “they.” In either case, the elders could be singing of their own redemption in either the first or third person. 

L. 5:13. All creation joins in praise to God and the Lamb.

M. 5:14. The heavenly scene of chaps. 4 and 5 give heaven’s perspective on the need for the awful judgments to follow, for Christ’s right to reign must be realized, and sin must be punished.


V. Additional Thoughts. The “redeemed” of Revelation 4:4.


A. The New Testament redeemed consists of those whom will be caught up in the resurrection and rapture of believers in Christ (John 14:2-6; 1 Corinthians 15:50-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). 

B. The Old Testament redeemed will have already been taken to Heaven, per Ephesians 4:8. 10 

C. Job spoke of his redeemer (Job 19:25-27).


VI. Summary.


In these fourth and fifth chapters of Revelation we considered: 4:1 John’s vision of the throne of God in heaven, 4:4 and of the twenty-four elders around it. 4:10 The elders worship him that sits on the throne. 5:1 The book sealed with seven seals. 5:3 No man is able to open it. 5:5 The Lamb that was slain takes the book; whereupon the elders and angels around the throne join in thanksgiving and praise to him. 11


VII. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show.  Speakers: Drs. Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (Th. M.; J. D., Ph. D.).

2. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

3. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.

4. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary.


5. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Revelation Commentary. 

6. Dr. Daniel D. Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary.

7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary. 

8. Scripture link pasted from Bible Gateway, New American Standard Bible.

9. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

10. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) Ephesians Commentary. 

11.  Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor)


VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapters 2 And 3

I. Video Data. Are the letters to the seven churches relevant to us today? 10


II. Overview. 


A. These are letters dictated by the risen Lord to seven literal churches in western Asia Minor toward the end of the first century of the Christian era. 1


B. Chapters 2-3 are devoted to describing practical standards of behavior for the seven churches, and that the Apocalypse was written for a distinctively practical purpose. 2


C. The seven churches are addressed here. They have a common structure that includes:  (1) a greeting, (2) commendations , (3) corrections, (4) an exhortation to repent, and (5) a promise of reward for those who overcome. Most are also encouraged by some aspect Christ’s character from 1:4-20. 3 


D. The seven churches addressed in chapters 2 and 3 were actual churches of John’s day. But, they also represent conditions of churches of all generations. This idea is supported by the fact that only seven were selected out of many that existed and flourished in John’s time and by the statement at the close of each letter that the Spirit was speaking to the churches (vv 7, 11, etc.). 4 


E. The things that are said about each of these churches is a message intended for all churches. There are seven problems or descriptions to which all churches may at one time or another subscribe.  These troubles affect all Christians and churches not only when such matters specifically begin to influence us, but also when a given period of time is generally characterized by these problems. 5 


F. The seven letters are, with minor exceptions, organized in the following general pattern: (1) a description of Christ derived from the vision of ch. 1; (2) a commendation of the congregation; (3) a rebuke for spiritual deficiencies; (4) a correction for what is wrong; and (5) a promise to overcomers. The seven churches were congregations in Asia Minor in John’s day. Sometimes they are interpreted as representing seven stages of church history. But this interpretation is unlikely, since there is disagreement among interpreters about what part of Revelation represents which period in history. More likely, these seven assemblies are examples of the kind of churches that exist throughout history (2:7). This means that all seven letters are warnings to every church in every age (see 2:7). 6

G. In the second chapter of the book of Revelation the second major division of the book begins. As previously mentioned, chapter 1 seems to fulfill the command of 1:19, “Write the things which thou hast seen.” Beginning in chapter 4, the material deals with “the things which shall be hereafter” (1:19). In chapters 2 and 3 the messages to the seven churches are referred to as “the things which are” (cf. 1:19). These messages, therefore, contain divine revelation and exhortation pertaining to the present age; and, having special pertinence in the present situation in the church, they constitute one of the most incisive and penetrating exhortations in the entire New Testament in relation to church doctrine and Christian living.  7

H. Some people hold that these churches, in general,  represent the history of the church – the idea that the church in Ephesus represents the apostolic church, the others the progress of the church through the centuries, and the church at Laodicea as the final church at the time of Christ’s coming. There is, however, no scriptural verification of this type of interpretation.  8


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapters 2 and 3. 12

IV. Verse Examination. 11

A. 2:1-7. Ephesus. the church that had forsaken its first love (2:4).

B. 2:8-11. Smyrna. the church that would suffer persecution (2:10).

C. 2:12-17. Pergamum. the church that needed to repent (2:16).

D. Thyatira. 2:18-19, the church that had a false prophetess (2:20).

E. Sardis. 3:1-6. the church that had fallen asleep (3:2).

F. Philadelphia. 3:7-13. the church that had endured patiently (3:10).

G. Laodicea. 3:14-22. the church with the lukewarm faith (3:16).

V. Additional Thoughts.


As was mentioned in the Overview, there were problems in the churches that existed during the time of John, that also exist during the time in which we live now; such problems can interfere with the work of the church in evangelizing and in teaching the love of Christ. In every congregation, the love of Christ should be visible, and without anyone being forced to look for it.  Also, in every congregation, the Bible should be taught, and in its proper context. 

VI. Summary. 9


In these second and third chapters of Revelation we considered: 2:1 Christ’s message to the angel of the church in Ephesus. 2:8 in Smyrna. 2:12 in Pergamos. 2:18 in Thyatira. 3:1 in Sardis. 3:7 in Philadelphia. 3:14 Laodicea.


VII. Footnotes.  


1. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary. 
2. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.
3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014.
4. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.
5. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.
6. Dr. A. Boyd Luter (Th. M., Th. D. , Ph. D.) Holman Christian Standard Bible,  2010. 
7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 
8. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Every Prophecy Of The Bible, 1990, 1999, p 526
9. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor)
10. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 
11. Got Questions. 
12. New American Standard Bible, 1995, pasted from Bible Hub.

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Website

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Chapter 1

I. Video Data. How is Jesus described in Revelation, Chapter 1? 1


II. Overview.


A. The first chapter of Revelation describes how God prepared John to receive subsequent portions of the revelation that were to constitute the book. After John introduces the work  in its prologue (1:1-8), he describes a vision of Christ especially designed to direct the prophet’s thinking into channels appropriate to what follows in subsequent chapters (1:9-20). 2 


B. The content of the book was revealed by Jesus Christ (v 1). The transmission of the material began with God the Father and was given progressively to Jesus, an angel, the apostle himself, and finally the seven churches of Asia Minor. Blessings were promised for the one who would read the prophetic scroll to the various congregations, as well as to those who would hear and obey its teachings. 3

C. The opening verse of the first chapter introduces immediately the central theme of the book of Revelation, namely, Jesus Christ in His present and future glory. The futuristic and prophetic character of the book is indicated in the words “a revelation of Jesus Christ” in which God will declare to John “things which must shortly come to pass.” The word revelation is the translation of apokalypsis without the article, meaning a “revelation, disclosure, or unveiling.” It is a revelation of truth about Christ Himself, a disclosure of future events, that is, His second coming when Christ will be revealed. It is as well a revelation which comes from Christ. 4


III. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 1. 5

The Revelation of Jesus Christ

The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.

Message to the Seven Churches

John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood— and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

The Patmos Vision

I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet, 11 saying, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.”

12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands; 13 and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. 14 His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. 15 His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. 16 In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.

17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. 19 Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


IV. Verse Examination. 6


A. 1:1. “of Jesus Christ” = from Jesus Christ. Jesus gave this revelation from God, by means of an angel, to John. “soon.” This word does not indicate that the events described in this book will necessarily occur soon but that when they do begin to happen they will come to pass swiftly. (The same Greek word is translated “quickly” in Luke 18:8.)


B. 1:3. ‘Blessed.” There are seven beatitudes in Revelation. This is the first; the others are found in 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14. John wanted the book read at once, and preferable aloud, in the churches.


C. 1:4. “seven.” The number seven is associated with completion, fulfillment and perfection. In Revelation there are seven churches and seven spirits (1:4), seven lampstands (1:12), seven stars (1:16), seen seals on the scroll (5:1), seven horns and seven eyes of the Lamb (5:6), seven angels and seven trumpets (8:2), seven thunders (10:3), seven heads of the dragon (12:3), seven heads of the beast (13:1), seven golden bowls (15:7), and seven kings (17:10). “the seven spirits.” Many understand this to refer to the Holy Spirit in His perfect fullness (see 4:5a; Isa 11:2), though some take this as a reference to seven angels who are before God’s throne.


D. 1:5. “firstborn of the dead.” I.e., Christ was the first to receive a resurrection body that is immortal. See Col 1:15, where He is designated the firstborn of of every creature (cf. Ps 89:27). 


E. 1.6. “a kingdom, priests.” Description  of both Israel (Ex 19:6) and the church (1 Pet 2:9-10), indicating that we shall minister to Him forever.


F. 1:7. On “pierced” see Zech 12:10. “all…will mourn.” See Matt 24:29:30). 


G. 1:8. “the Alpha and the Omega.” The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, indicating that the Lord God is the beginning and end of all things. 


H. 1:9. “Patmos.” A small island in the Aegean Sea, SW of Ephesus.


I. 1:10. “in the Spirit.” I. e., in a state of spiritual “ecstasy.” “on the Lord’s day.” Likely not a reference to Sunday (which is called the first day of the week in the NT) but literally a “lordian day,” or an “imperial day” (the same adjective is used elsewhere only in 1 Cor 11:20), referring  to the contents of the vision that reveal the future time when Christ will judge and rule.


J. 1:12. “lampstands.” These represent the seven churches mentioned in verse 11 (see also v 20). 


K. 1:13. Christ’s clothing designates Him as priest and judge. Notice the description of the Ancient of Days in Dan 7:9. 


L. 1:14. “like white wool…..snow.” Pictures Christ’s wisdom and purity. “His eyes were like a flame of fire.”Piercing and penetrating in holiness. Compare the figure used in 1 Cor 3:13 in relation to judgment. 


M 1:15. His “feet” walked through the trials and limitations of His earthly life. No one will talk back to one who has such a “voice.”


N. 1:16-20. “In His right hand he held seven stars.” The right hand is the place of honor (cf. Eph 1:20). The stars are the “angels of the seven churches” (v 20). The word “angel” may mean “a superhuman being,” implying that each church has a special guardian angel or, more likely, it refers to the human leader of each local church. (See Luke 9:52 and James 2:25, where the word “angels,” translated “messengers,” is used of human beings.)  “sword.” A symbol both of the truth and of the severity of the Word of God (Heb 4:12). 


O. 1:17. “I am the first and the last.” In verse 8 God is called “the Alpha and the Omega.” Here, Christ gives Himself a similar title. 


P. 1:18. “the keys of death and of Hades.” The keys denote the authority of Christ over physical death and Hades, the place that temporarily holds the immaterial part of the unbeliever between death and the ultimate casting into the lake of fire (see 20:14).


Q. 1:19. This verse gives the basic outline of the book:  (1) “things which you (John) have seen,” as recorded in chap 1; (2) “things which are;” i.e., the present state of the churches (chaps 2-3); and (3) “things which will take place after these things.” The third section clearly begins with 4:1, since the same phrase is used there.


R. 1:20. “the….stars are the angels.” 


V. Additional Thoughts.


A. Rev 1:19, per Dr. Ryrie’s note:  (2) “things which are;” i.e., the present state of the churches (chaps 2-3). There is much teaching on the churches of Revelation Chapters 2 and 3, as to future date periods for each of the mentioned churches, from the date forward of the Revelation, such as:

The Church of Ephesus era occurred from 33-100 A.D.
The Church of Smyrna era, the Persecuted Church, occurred from 100-313 A.D.
The Church of Pergamos era occurred from 313-538 A.D.
The era of the Church of Thyatira, the Pagan Church 538-1514 A.D.
The Church of Sardis era, the Dead Church, occurred during the 1514 – 1798 A.D.
The era of the Church of Philadelphia occurred from 1798 – 1866 A.D.
The era of the Church of Laodicea, the Lukewarm Church, 1866 A.D. – present

B. Based on such flawed assumptions of when certain church periods will occur, the rapture of the church could not have been possible until present day. Per Paul’s writing of Titus 2:13, “l
ooking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,” Christians were looking forward to the return of Christ, from the time of Paul’s writing of Titus in the year 65 A.D. John Walvoord had a sign in his office at Dallas Theological Seminary with the words, “Maybe Today.” As in the time of the writing of the New Testament, until all years forward, there has always been a teaching of imminency in regard to the Rapture of the Church. However, if the above suggested church periods were true, the Rapture could not have occurred until sometime during the “present”? Laodicean Church age. Chapters 2 and 3 address churches as they were functioning at the time of John’s writing. As we move on to chapters two and three of Revelation, we will see that every church problem that The Revelation addresses, has been common to the churches of every era of time, from the time of the Revelation, through present day churches. 


C. In addition to the “church ages” incorrect teachings, it is important to address another incorrect teaching in reference to the Book of Revelation. Many people relate to “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, ” as to “the book of revelations.” But, per Rev 1:1, the correct wording is “The Revelation.” The Book of Revelation is “one revelation” (singular) that Jesus gave to the Apostle John, and “not many revelations” (plural).


VI. Summary. 7


In this first chapter of Revelation we considered: The preface (vs 1-3); John’s salutation to the seven churches of Asia (vs 4-6 ); the coming of Christ (vs 7-8); the Apostle’s vision in Patmos (vs 9-16); the effect of the vision of Patmos on the Apostle (vs 17-18); what the Apostle is commanded to write (vs 19-20).


VII. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show: Drs. Ron Rhodes (Th. M., Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (Th. M., J. D., Ph. D.).

2. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.

3. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014. 

4. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

5. Scripture Text. Revelation 1, New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

6. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.

7. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation Prophecy – Introduction

I. Opening Video Data.

What are the three main themes in the Book of Revelation? 1 


II. Introduction. 


This series of articles on the Book of Revelation will be a refining of previous posted articles on this subject. The purpose of this series of articles is to write each chapter in Revelation in a more concise narrative, thereby making it easier for someone to understand and explain to others. The website category for this series of articles is “About Revelation.”


III. Overview. 2


Revelation WRITER: The Apostle John (1:1) 


DATE: A.D. 96 


THEME: The theme of the Revelation is Jesus Christ ( 1:1), presented in a threefold way: 


1. As to time: “which is, and which was, and which is to come” (1:4); 
2. As to relationships–the churches (1:9-3:22), to the tribulation (4:1-19:21), to the kingdom (20:1-22:21); 3. In His offices–High Priest (8:3-6), Bridegroom (19:7-9), King-Judge (20:1-15). 


But while Christ is thus the central theme of the book, all of the events move toward one consummation, the bringing in of the covenanted kingdom. The key-phrase is the prophetic declaration of the “great voices in heaven” (11:15), “The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. .” The book is, therefore, a prophecy (1:3). 


The three major divisions of Revelation must be clearly held if the interpretation is to be sane and coherent. John was commanded to “write” concerning three classes of “things” (1:19): 


1. Things past, “the things thou hast seen,” i.e. the Patmos vision, 1:1-20. 
2. Things present, “the things which are,” i.e. things then existing–obviously the churches. The temple had been destroyed, the Jews dispersed: the testimony of God had been committed to the Churches (1 Timothy 3:15). Accordingly we have seven messages to seven representative churches, 2:1-3:22. It is noteworthy that the church is not mentioned in chapters 5-18. 
3. Things future, “things which shall be hereafter,” lit. “after these,” i.e. after the church period ends, 4:1-22:21. The third major division, as Erdman (W.J.) has pointed out, falls into a series of six sevens, with parenthetical passages, making, with the church division, seven sevens. The six sevens are: 


1. The seals, 4:1-8:1. 
2. The seven trumpets, 8:2-11:19. 
3. The seven personages, 12:1-14,20. 
4. The seven vials (bowls), 15:1-16:21. 
5. The seven dooms, 17:1-20:15. 
6. The seven new things, 21:1-22:21. 

The parenthetical passages are: 


1. The Jewish remnant and the tribulation saints, 7:1-17. 
2. The angel, the little book, the two witnesses, 10:1-11:14. 
3. The Lamb, the Remnant, and the everlasting Gospel, 14:1-13. 
4. The gathering of the kings at Armageddon, 16:13-16. 
5. The four alleluias in heaven, 19:1-6. 


These passages do not advance the prophetic narrative. Looking backward and forward they sum up results accomplished, and speak of results yet to come as if they had already come. In 14:1, for example, the Lamb and Remnant are seen prophetically on Mount Sion, though they are not actually there till 20:4-6. The end of the church period (2-3) is left indeterminate. It will end by the fulfilment of 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17. Chapters 4-19 are believed to synchronize with Daniel’s Seventieth Week (See Scofield Daniel 9:24). The great tribulation begins at the middle of the week, and continues three and a half years (11:3-19:21). The tribulation is brought to an end by the appearing of the Lord and the battle of Armageddon (Matthew 24:29,30; Revelation 19:11-21). The kingdom follows (20:4,5); after this the “little season” (20:7-15), and then eternity. 


Interpreters of the Revelation should bear in mind two important passages: 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Peter 1:20,21. Doubtless much which is designedly obscure to us will be clear to those for whom it was written as the time approaches. 


IV. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.; 1940-2021). 
2. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921),  Scofield Reference Notes 1917.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 22 Prophecy – The New Jerusalem


I. Opening Video Data. How does John describe New Jerusalem? 1


II. Introduction. 2


In this twenty-second chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following:   a. The river and tree of life; the blessedness of God’s servants. b. The conclusion: sundry directions, promises and exhortations. c. Nothing may be added to, or taken from, the words of this book.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 22 (NASB). 3.

The River and the Tree of Life

1 And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illuminate them; and they will reign forever and ever.

And he said to me, “These words are faithful and true”; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.

“And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”

I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. And he *said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brothers the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book. Worship God!”

The Final Message

10 And he *said to me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 Let the one who does wrong still do wrong, and the one who is filthy still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous still practice righteousness, and the one who is holy still keep himself holy.”

12 “Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to reward each one as his work deserves. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”

14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they will have the right to the tree of life, and may enter the city by the gates. 15 Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral persons, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.

16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you of these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”

17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires, take the water of life without cost.

18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.


IV. Verse Examination. 4


A. 22:1-2. These descriptive phrases indicate fullness of life and continuous blessing in the New Jerusalem.


B. 22:3-5.  The “curse” and all darkness will be excluded, and service, communion, and reigning will be the believers’ privileges


C. 22:8-9. Again, John is commanded not to worship angels (See 19:10).


D. 22:11. When Christ comes, there will be no more opportunity for a man to change his destiny. What he is then will be forever.


E. 22:12. Salvation is not of works, but rewards are.


F. 22:14. “Blessed are those who wash their robes.” I.e., believers.


G. 22:15. “dogs.” Not animals, but people of low character (cf. Phil 3:2).


H. 22:16-17. Jesus is gracious because (1) He gave the book of Revelation to the churches, (2) as the son of “David” He will fulfill Israel’s promises, (3) He is the “morning star,” the precursor of the new day, and (4) He offers the “water of life” freely.


I. 22:18: For similar OT warnings against additions or omissions, see Deu 4:2; 12:32, Prov 30:6.


J. 22:20. “Yes, I am coming quickly.” The third occurrence of this promise (see vv 7, 12). The believer’s reaction is, “Do come quickly, Lord Jesus.”


V. Reinforcement.


A. The description of the New Jerusalem, which began at 21:9, continues on through the fifth verse of chapter 22. Throughout this section, John employs the imagery of a magnificent city to describe the people of God in the glorious and eternal age to come. 5. 


B. Water is sometimes used figuratively for God, who brings peace from chaos (Isa 8:6; 33:21-24), but that is not likely here. More, to the point, is a continuing parallel with Eden (Gen 2:10-17; 3:22-24). Paradise will be regained. It may be that the river will flow under a dual throne that straddles it. The presence of a “healing” tree (v 2) has led some to place this paragraph back in the millennium, but this would ruin the clear sequence of the text. Better is the view that it symbolizes God’s work in maintaining the invulnerable state of the redeemed. Verses 3-5 reveal some of heaven’s wonderful blessings: absence of death through the removal of the Edenic curse (v 3; see Gen 3:1-24), opportunity to “serve” God, and the privilege of ruling as had been intended originally (v 5; see Gen 1:28). Believers in the new Jerusalem would be servant-kings, ever praising and serving God, yet reigning, themselves,  for eternity. 6.


C. The whole of the things described in the remaining portion of the book are subsequent to the general judgment, and descriptive of the consummation of the triumph and bliss of Christ’s people with Him in the eternal kingdom of God. As a provision for the saints and in keeping with the complete holiness and purity of the heavenly city, John sees a pure river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. This is not to be confused with the river issuing from the millennial sanctuary (Ezek 47:1, 12) nor with that of the living waters going forth from Jerusalem (Zech 14:8)  also in the millennial scene. These millennial streams anticipate, however, this future river which is in the new Jerusalem, which speaks of the power, purity, and eternal life manifest in the heavenly city. This river corresponds to the present believer’s experience of the outflow of the Spirit and eternal life. The throne is indicated as that of both God and the Lamb; this confirms that Christ is still on the throne in the eternal state, though the throne has a different character than during His mediatorial rule over the earth. 7.


VI. Footnotes.


1. John Ankerberg Show. Speakers are Dr. Ron Rhodes (Th.M.,Th.D.), Dr. Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), and Dr. Mark Hitchcock (J.D., Th. M., Ph. D.)


2. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


3.  New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995), pasted from Bible Gateway.

4. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


5. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977; NIV Study Bible, 2008.


6. Dr. Daniel Green. Th. M.; D. Min. The Moody Bible Commentary On Revelation, 2014. 


7. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974. 


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 21 – The Eternal State

I. Opening Video Data.


John Ankerberg Show. Drs.: Ron Rhodes (Th. M. ,Th. D.), Ed Hindson (Th. M., Th. D., D. Min., Ph. D.), Mark Hitchcock (J.D., Th. M., Ph. D.)


II. Introduction.


Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 Orville J. Nave (Editor), Anna Seamans Nave (Editor) . 


In this twenty-first chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following: 1 A new heaven and new earth. 3 The blessings of God’s people. 8 The doom of the wicked. 9 The heavenly Jerusalem described. 22 No temple there. 23 The light and glory of the city. 27 Nothing that defiles can enter therein.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 20. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995).

The New Heaven and Earth

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among the people, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”

And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.” Then He said to me, “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give water to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life, without cost. The one who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son. But for the cowardly, and unbelieving, and abominable, and murderers, and sexually immoral persons, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, full of the seven last plagues, came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

The New Jerusalem

10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very valuable stone, like a stone of crystal-clear jasper. 12 It had a great and high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on the gates, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, twelve thousand stadia; its length, width, and height are equal. 17 And he measured its wall, 144 cubits, by human measurements, which are also angelic measurements18 The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundation stones of the city wall were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. 25 In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; 26 and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; 27 and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.


IV. Verse Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 21:1. “a new heaven and a new earth.” The present creation will be destroyed so that it may be cleansed from all the effects of sin (2 Peter 3:7, 10, 12). No more “sea” because climatic and human conditions will be completely different.


B. 21:2. “new Jerusalem.” This heavenly city will be the abode of all the saints (Heb 12:22-24), the bride of Christ (vv 9-10), and the place Christ is preparing for His people (John 14:2). During the Millennium the New Jerusalem (described in Rev 21:9-22:25) apparently will be suspended over the earth, and it will be the dwelling place of all believers during eternity (as is emphasized in 21:1-8).


C. 21:3-4. People will enjoy a new intimacy with God, and the elimination of those sorrows that sin brings.


D. 21:8. Those whose lives can be characterized in these ways will be cast into the lake of fire, because they have shown themselves to be unbelievers. “brimstone”=sulphur.


E. 21:11. The city will shine with the “glory of God,” like “crystal-clear Jasper,” which will allow that glory to shine brilliantly.


F. 21:12-14. Though both Jewish saints and Christian saints will inhabit the city, the names of the “twelve tribes” and the “twelve apostles” are a witness to their continued distinction.


G. 21:16-17. Shaped foursquare like a cube, the city is 1380 mi (2220 km) on each face, including height, with a wall 72 yd (66 m) thick. It has been calculated that even if only 25 percent of this space were used for dwellings, 20 billion people could be accommodated spaciously.


H. 21:19-20. “chalcedony.” Probably a greenish agate stone. (The exact composition and color of all these precious stones is unknown.) “sardonyx.” Red and white stone. “sardius.” Bright red. “chrysolite.” Golden in color. “beryl.” Sea green. “topaz.” Yellow-green. “chrysoprase.” Apple green. “jacinth.” Blue. “amethyst.”  Purple.


I. 21: 24. Whether these “nations” and “kings” are millennial people or resurrected people in the eternal state is unclear. In either case, only the redeemed will be allowed into the city (v 27).


V. Discussion. 


A. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M.; D. Min). The Moody Bible Commentary On Revelation, 2014. 


The eternal state is pictured as a physical place. It includes land, buildings, trees, and water. Believers will interact with one another and engage in meaningful service for God.


B. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977; NIV Study Bible, 2008.


In the closing chapters of Isaiah, God promised that He would “create new heavens and a new earth” (Isa 65:17) which would remain before Him forever (Isa 66:22). The fulfillment of this promise begins to unfold in John’s vision of the New Jerusalem coming down out of heaven to take its place on the new earth. It comprises the last major unit of the Apocalypse (Rev 21:1- 22:5). “The Holy City” combines elements of Jerusalem, the temple and the Garden of Eden. 


C. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 


Following the judgment of the great white throne depicted in the closing verses of chapter 20, John’s attention is next directed to the new heaven and the new earth which replace the old heaven and the old earth which fled away (20:11). The expression “And I saw” is the first of three such statements in this chapter marking the major elements of the revelation (cf. 21:2, 22). The new heaven and new earth presented here are evidently not simply the old heaven and earth renovated, but an act of new creation (cf. discussion at 20:11). No description is given of either the new heaven or the new earth in verse 1 except for the cryptic statement “There was no more sea.” There is remarkably little revealed in the Bible concerning the character of the new heaven and the new earth, but it is evidently quite different from their present form of existence. Most of the earth is now covered with water, but the new earth apparently will have no bodies of water except for the river mentioned in 22:2.

D. Mine.

Rev 21:8. The context of this verse is that of people who had been born during the Millennium, but had not been born again with the Spirit of Christ dwelling within their spirit, prompting them to righteous living. These Rev 21:8 people had been born from parents who had survived the Tribulation and had entered the Millennium in mortal bodies, being able to procreate; the parents had been born again but had not yet received resurrected bodies. Those who will be born during the Millennium will have to accept Christ as Lord and Savior (per John 3:16) in order for them to be born again so that they can enter the Eternal State, which must be in resurrected bodies. These Rev 21:8 “millennial unbelievers” will find their fate in the Lake of Fire (Rev 20:15). Rev 21:8 shows lifestyles in these millennial people that are not consistent with those who had believed in Christ through the personal teachings of Christ, during the Millennium (Isa 2:2-3). The context of the ministry of Jesus in Matt 7:23 to first century Jews (“I never knew you”) is that of Jews who will survive the Tribulation but will not come to belief in Christ as Lord and Savior, “during the Tribulation.” John 3:3 dictates the situation, “you must be born again.” 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 shows another context, which is of the Church Age, during which time we are now living. This passage shows ungodly lifestyles which are inconsistent with people who have been born again, which will prevent them from entering the Eternal State. The passage also shows the necessary change that is needed in the lives of those who have not been born again, so that they can enter the Eternal State, per John 3:3, “you must be born again.” John 3:3 relates to every person, regardless of their time of life on earth, whether “past, present or future.” During the Millennium, unbelievers will have the direct Presence and teaching of Christ. In this “Church Age,” we have the benefit of the saving ministry of God’s Holy Spirit and His written biblical Word. The truth of the words of John 3:3 can not be undermined: “Jesus responded and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless someone is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God” (per John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life”).

VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 20 – The Millennial Kingdom

I. Opening Video.

Marking The Times Episode 29: Millennial Kingdom. Dr. Mark Hitchcock (J. D., Th. M., Ph. D.) answers your questions relating to the role of believers after the Millennial Kingdom and Christ sitting on King David’s throne.


II. Introduction. 


Revelation Chapter 20 discusses the Kingdom Age of the Millennium. The Kingdom will be an earthly existence. The Millennium is the length of time that the Kingdom, or Kingdom Age, will last. Key verses will be examined that relate to the Kingdom, in its prophesied earthly existence. Following, will be discussions on the events of the Kingdom Age. Those who will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium are described in the following verses: Daniel 12:1-3 (Pre-Church Age Saints); Matthew 19:28 (Apostles of Christ); 1 Corinthians 6:2 (Church Age Saints).


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 20. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995).

Satan Bound

1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he took hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he threw him into the abyss and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.

Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their foreheads and on their hands; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with Him for a thousand years.

Satan Freed and Doomed

When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

Judgment at the Throne of God

11 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them; and they were judged, each one of them according to their deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.


IV. Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,

A. 20:1. “the abyss.” The place where all evil spirits will ultimately be consigned. See Luke 8:31.


B.20.2. “a thousand years” (mentioned six times in this chapter). Since the Latin equivalent for these words is “millennium,” this period of time is called the Millennium. It is the time when Christ shall reign on this earth (Isa 2:3; Dan 7:14; Zech 14:9). Satan will not be free to work (here in v 2), righteousness will flourish (Isa 11:3-5), peace will be universal (Isa 2:4), and the productivity of the earth will be greatly increased (Isa 35:1-2). At the conclusion of the time Satan will be loosed to make one final attempt to overthrow Christ, but without success (vv 7-9).


C. 20:4. The occupants of the “thrones” are not identified. Some think they are the 12 disciples (Luke 22:29-30), others that they are the church saints (1 Cor 6:2; 2 Tim 2:12). “the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus.” These are the martyrs of the tribulation days who will be resurrected to share the joys of the millennial kingdom.


D. 20:5. “The rest of the dead.” The wicked dead will be raised and judged after the Millennium. “the first resurrection.” Refers back to the end of verse 4. This resurrection includes all the righteous (the resurrection of life, John 5:29, and the resurrection of the righteous, Luke 14:14). who will be raised before the Millennium begins.


E. 20:8. “God and Magog.” The worldwide enemies of Christ. Not the same battle as described in Ezek 38-29. The large number of rebels will come from the many people born during the Millennium, who, though giving outward obedience to the King, never accept Him.


F. 20:11-15. Here is pictured the judgment of the unbelieving dead. It occurs at the close of the Millennium. It is based on works in order to show that the punishment is deserved (v 12, though of course those unsaved people are first of all in this judgment  because they rejected Christ as Savior during their lifetimes); and it results in everyone in this judgment being cast into the lake of fire. This is the resurrection of judgment. 


G. 20:12. “before the throne,” upon which Christ sits as Judge (see v 11; John 5:22, 27). 


H. 20:13. The wicked dead will receive some kind of resurrection body in which they will be tormented forever.


V. Discussion.


A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.

This commentary understands the millennium portrayed as an earthly reign which follows the second coming of Christ.

B. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

This chapter presents the fact that Christ will reign on earth for a thousand years. If this chapter is taken literally, it is relatively simple to understand what is meant. However, because many Bible interpreters have rejected the idea that there will be a reign of Christ on earth for a thousand years after His second coming, this chapter has been given an unusually large number of diverse interpretations, all designed to eliminate a literal millennial reign.


C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary. 


The golden age has come. The armies of the nations have been disbanded, and the great military academies have fallen into ruin and decay. The machinery of war has all been smelted down and converted to the implements of peace. Jerusalem has become the world’s capital. The throne of David is there, and the twelve apostles are there judging the twelve tribes of Israel, for Israel rules the world. The millennial Temple has been built, and the nations of the world go there to worship the living God. Prosperity is evident from pole to pole and from the new river, which now graces Jerusalem to the ends of the earth. Poverty is unknown. Every man has all that a heart can desire. There are no prisons, no hospitals, no mental institutions, no barracks, no saloons, no houses of ill repute, no gambling dens, no homes for the aged and infirm; such things belong to a past and lesser age. The bloom of youth is on everyone’s cheek, for a man is a stripling at a hundred years of age. Cemeteries are crumbling relics of the past, and tears are rare. The wolf and lamb, the calf and the lion, the cow and the bear, the child and the scorpion are all at peace. Jesus has come, and the Millennium is here. The golden age, so frequently heralded by the prophets of Israel’s past, has dawned at last, and the earth is filled with the knowledge of God. Jesus is Lord, and he rules the nations with a rod of iron. His reign is righteous, and the nations obey. The principles of the Sermon on the Mount are the laws of the kingdom, and men obey them because infractions are not allowed. Sin is visited with swift and certain judgment. This era lasts for a thousand years.


VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Revelation 19 – Christ Returns To Earth, The Tribulation Ends, Judgment Begins.

I. Video Data.


Revelation Station: REVELATION is a compilation of movie clips edited into a high intensity visual aid BASED off events prophesied in the book of Revelation and elsewhere in the Bible. Viewers take note the video is NOT meant to be a DEFINED GUIDE to the Book of Revelation.

II. Introduction (Mine).


A. THE THINGS THAT ARE SHOWN IN THE OPENING VIDEO.WILL HAPPEN! The scenes in the video show a world of people, which have turned their backs on Christ as their Lord and Savior, and have found themselves in the Tribulation. Those whom have accepted Christ have been removed from the world and taken to Heaven by Christ prior to the events of the Tribulation judgments on the world, which come from Christ and His angels. God has chosen the Tribulation judgments to draw those, whom had previously rejected Christ, to saving faith in our Lord. 

B. It is at the end of the Great Tribulation that Israel is being attacked by all of the nations of the world at the Battle of Armageddon; the USA is one of those worldly attackers. The Jews see no way out of their impending destruction. Israel, and Jews everywhere, have denied Christ for centuries, but now they call on Him, in faith, to save them, which our Lord does. Christ descends from heaven with angels, and OT and NT saints, whom were resurrected or raptured prior to the beginning of the tribulation; they were then taken to Heaven where they have been waiting for this prophetic event for the salvation of God’s chosen people, the Jews (Deu 14:2). This article will discuss the second coming of Christ, when He will stand on planet earth. 


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 19. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Fourfold Hallelujah

1. After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying,

“Hallelujah! Salvation, glory, and power belong to our God, because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great prostitute who was corrupting the earth with her sexual immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her.” And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises forever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne, saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” And a voice came from the throne, saying,

“Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.” Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying,

“Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.

Marriage of the Lamb

Let’s rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, because the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His bride has prepared herself.” It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

Then he *said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb.’” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.” 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brothers and sisters who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

The Coming of Christ

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many crowns; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written: “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great feast of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, both free and slaves, and small and great.”

19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies, assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse, and against His army.

Doom of the Beast and False Prophet

20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire, which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.


IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 19:8. “the righteous acts of the saints.” The good works of believers will constitute the wedding garment when the congregation of the faithful are joined to Christ in marriage (2 Cor 11:2; Eph 3:26-27).

B. 19:9. “marriage supper.” Christ will take His bride, the church, to heaven before the tribulation begins; then, He will return with His bride at His second coming to the marriage supper on earth.

C. 19:11. “heaven opened.” This is the second coming of Christ to the earth — during the war of Armageddon, in which He will be the Victor and in which all who oppose Him will be slain (vv. 19, 21). “Faithful and true.” These terms have been used previously of Christ (1:5; 3:7).

D. 19:12. “His eyes are a flame of fire.” (See 1:14; 2:18). “a name written.” This is perhaps the same name He will write on the overcomer (2:17; 3:12). 

E. 19:13. “Dipped in the blood” of the enemies He conquers at His second coming. “The Word.”  This name, applied here to Christ is found only in writings of John (cf. John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1). 

F. 19:15. “rule.” Lit., shepherd. Christ will be a shepherding autocrat. “wine press.” It consisted of two receptacles, or vats, placed at different levels, in the upper one of which the grapes were trodden, while the lower one received the juice (cf, 14:20).

G. 19:17-18. So great will be the slaughter in the war of Armageddon that an angel will call together the fowls of heaven to eat the flesh of those who fall in battle.

H. 19:20. The beast and his false prophet will be the first occupants of the “lake of fire;” other unbelievers, now in hades, will join them at the end of the Millennium (20:14)


V. Reinforcement. 


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974. 

Revelation 4-18 dealt primarily with the events of the Great Tribulation. Beginning in Chapter 19 there is a noticeable change. The Great Tribulation is now coming to its end and the spotlight focuses on heaven and the second coming of Christ. For the saints and angels it is a time of rejoicing and victory.


B. Dr. Daniel Green (Th. M., D. Min.). The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014. 


Chapter 19 begins the description of the return of Christ. The first 10 verses refer to the celebrations taking place just prior to Christ’s return, and vv. 11-21 describe the details of the Messiah’s second advent in power. The second coming is an essential Christian doctrine, and the subject of extensive revelation (eg., Ps 2:1-2; Is 34:1-9; Dn 7:13-14; Zch 14:1-8; Mt 25:31-46; 1 Th 5:1-11).


C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017). Revelation Commentary, 1992.

The nineteenth chapter of Revelation has two main segments; songs of rejoicing triggered by the fall of Babylon (19:1-10) and the sequence of events surrounding the Lamb’s return to earth (19:11-21). Structurally speaking, 19:1-10 is the concluding part of the intercalation describing the demise of Babylon (17:1-18:24). The fourfold “hallelujahs” (19:1, 3, 4, 6) respond to the angel’s invitation to the heavenly community to rejoice (18:20). The formula of 19:9-10 concludes the section begun by the formula of 17:1-3, setting the intervening verses apart as a discussion of Babylon’s history up to the point of the seventh bowl. It is now time for the loudness of enthusiastic rejoicing to replace the silence of the ruined city (18:21-24).


VI.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 17-18 The Destruction Of Babylon


I. Opening Video Data.


John Ankerberg Show. From Our Series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021).


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002), Revelation Commentary, 1974.


The Book of Revelation was written in order in which the truth was revealed to John, but the events described are not necessarily in chronological order. This is especially true of Rev 17, which probably occurred during the first half of the last seven years. Chapter 17 is the destruction of ecclesiastical Babylon, or Babylon as a religion. Chap 18 is the destruction of Babylon, as a city, and as an empire.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 17-18. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Doom of Babylon

17. 1.Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of sexual immorality, and those who live on the earth became drunk with the wine of her sexual immorality.” And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls, holding in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her sexual immorality, and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery: “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

“The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who live on the earth, whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was, and is not, and will come. Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains upon which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11 The beast which was, and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

Victory for the Lamb

14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them because He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.”

15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the prostitute sits are peoples and multitudes, and nations and languages. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

Babylon Is Fallen

18 1. After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated from his glory. And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. For all the nations have fallen because of the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of sexual immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich from the excessive wealth of her luxury.”

I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive any of her plagues; for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and God has remembered her offenses. Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. To the extent that she glorified herself and lived luxuriously, to the same extent give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, ‘I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.’ For this reason in one day her plagues will come, plague and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong.

Grief over Babylon

“And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of sexual immorality and lived luxuriously with her, will weep and mourn over her when they see the smoke of her burning, 10 standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.’

11 “And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargo any more— 12 cargo of gold, silver, precious stones, and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk, and scarlet; every kind of citron wood, every article of ivory, and every article made from very valuable wood, bronze, iron, and marble; 13 cinnamon, spice, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, cattle, sheep, and cargo of horses, carriages, slaves, and human lives. 14 The fruit you long for has left you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and people will no longer find them. 15 The merchants of these things, who became rich from her, will stand at a distance because of the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls; 17 for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every passenger and sailor, and all who make their living by the sea, stood at a distance, 18 and were crying out as they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city is like the great city?’ 19 And they threw dust on their heads and were crying out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had ships at sea became rich from her prosperity, for in one hour she has been laid waste!’ 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her.”

21 Then a strong angel picked up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, “So will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with violence, and will never be found again. 22 And the sound of harpists, musicians, flute players, and trumpeters will never be heard in you again; and no craftsman of any craft will ever be found in you again; and the sound of a mill will never be heard in you again; 23 and the light of a lamp will never shine in you again; and the voice of the groom and bride will never be heard in you again; for your merchants were the powerful people of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your witchcraft. 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all who have been slaughtered on the earth.”

IV. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 17:1. Babylon is represented as a “whore” whose unfaithfulness affects many people and nations (the “waters.” as explained in v 15).

B. 17:3. “a scarlet beast.” A reference to Antichrist and his allies on whom Babylon sits (controls).

C. 17:5. In Chap. 17 Babylon represents the false religious system during the Tribulation. In Chap. 18 Babylon represents more the political and commercial aspect of the revived Roman Empire headed by Antichrist. Thus, the term stands both for a city and a system (religious and commercial). “MOTHER OF HARLOTS.” The family of false religions is unfaithful to the Lord and thus is described as a harlot (vv. 1, 15-16).

D. 17:8. This would place the events of this chapter in the first half of the Tribulation period before Antichrist comes out of the “abyss” at its midpoint (11:7; 13:11).

E. 17:10. In addition, the seven heads in verse 9 are seven kings, probably a selective list either of Roman emperors or world empires.

F. 17 :12. The 10-nation federation that will form in the West and will be headed by Antichrist. (See 13:1 and Dan 7:24). “one hour.” I.e., for one purpose (as in Luke 22:53).

G. 17:15. The apostate church will be ecumenical, or worldwide.

H. 17:16. “these will hate the harlot.” The political power headed by Antichrist will overthrow the false church organization (probably at the mid-point of the Tribulation).

I. 18:2. “fallen.” A different event from 17:16, where the political power destroys religious Babylon in the middle of the Tribulation. 

J. 18:8. “in one day.” The judgment will be consummated in a single day.

K. 18:20. “God has pronounced judgment for you against her.” I.e., God has judged her for her treatment of you. Heaven and the martyrs may now rejoice.

L. 18:21. Babylon will sink into the sea like a rock.

M. 18:22-23. No happiness will be found in Babylon anymore.


V. Revelation 17-18 Text Examination Reinforcement. 


A.  Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977, p 306.

Chapters 17 and 18 portray the judgment of God upon the great harlot, that citadel of pagan opposition to the cause of Christ.


B. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D.D., 1843-1921). Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).


The name “Babylon,” in prophecy, is sometimes used in a larger sense than mere reference to the ancient city or nation. There are two forms which Babylon is to have in the end-time: political Babylon and ecclesiastical Babylon. Political Babylon is the beast’s confederate empire, the last form of Gentile world dominion. Ecclesiastical Babylon is all apostate Christendom. It may very well be that this union will embrace all the religions of the world. Ecclesiastical Babylon is the “great prostitute,” and is to be destroyed by political Babylon, so that the beast may alone be the object of worship. The power of political Babylon will be destroyed by the return of the Lord in Glory (see Rev 19:7).


C. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 

Chapters 17 – 18 deal with the whole question of Babylon. In Chap 17, we have “the Babylonish system” to consider, in Chap 18, we have the “Babylonish city.” Thus, there are two Babylons, and the one grows out of the other. The Beast controls the first, and creates the second. The Babylonish system is both religious and political. The religious system paves the way for the political system. In the beginning, the religious system supports the political system, but in the end the political system supplants the political system. The religious system is symbolized in Rev 17 as the Babylonian mother; the political system is symbolized as the Babylonian monster.


D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 364.


Rev 17 outlines the judgment on the great harlot, the apostate religious system, that exists in the tribulation period. The unbelieving professing church went into the tribulation period (Rev 2:22; 3:10), and a great religious system, under the domination of the great harlot, arose. In the campaign of Armageddon it has been seen how God judges the Gentile world powers and brings about their downfall. The northern confederacy was judged by God upon the mountains of Israel in the middle of the tribulation period. The kings of the East and their forces and the armies of the Beast were seen to be destroyed at the second advent of Christ to the earth. A fuller description of this judgment upon the Beast and his citadel is given in Rev 18. There, the political empire is seen to have been so closely united with the false religious empire that both are called by the same name. The destruction of the seat of the Beast’s power is accomplished by a divine visitation of judgment by fire (Rev 18:8). 


E. Dr. Daniel Green. (Th. M., D. Min.) The Moody Bible Commentary, 2014.


“17:1-18:24.” This part of John’s vision described the end for the city of Babylon on the Euphrates and the world of people that followed her ways. It highlighted the truth of the apostle’s earlier warning (1 Jn 2:15-17). All who loved the power, idolatry, and riches of the world so exemplified by the city would see their dreams destroyed before their eyes. This section does not describe more judgments beyond the seals, trumpets, and bowls, but highlights certain aspects of them. “17:5-6.” The word “mystery” describes the city. It is not “mysterious,” suggesting a symbolic interpretation, but rather is something that was not known previously. “MOTHER OF HARLOTS” indicates that restored Babylon would be the worst of all unfaithful cities in history.


F. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.


The “seven hills” can, and probably does, have a nonliteral meaning as the end of v. 9 shows. The woman sits upon seven kings or kingdoms, as subsequent discussion will explain. The other alleged evidence for a Roman reference (to Babylon) is too general to be decisive. The references to “many waters” in v.1, and to the “wilderness” or “desert” in v. 3 are inapplicable to Rome, but fit quite well with Babylon on the Euphrates.


VI. My note. Revelation 17:5 Examination.


A. Translation Comparisons. “MYSTERY, BABYLON,” vs “a mystery, Babylon.”


1. KJV. “And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother Of Harlots And Abominations Of The Earth.”  


2. NKJV. “And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”


3. CSV. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: Babylon the Great, the Mother of Prostitutes and of the Detestable Things of the Earth.”


4. ESV. And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth’s abominations.”


5. NASB. “and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

6. NET. “On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the Great, the Mother of prostitutes and of the detestable things of the earth.”


7. NLT. “A mysterious name was written on her forehead: “Babylon the Great, Mother of All Prostitutes and Obscenities in the World.”


B. Dr. William D. Mounce (B.A., M. A., Ph. D.). Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament (Pasted from Bible Gateway).

5 And on her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of the abominations of the earth.”

https://reverseinterlinear.com/

https://www.billmounce.com/

https://www.biblicaltraining.org/biblical-greek/william-mounce

https://www.biblicaltraining.org/library/52-major-stories-of-the-bible/william-mounce


1. Rev 17:5 tells of a mystery, which is about Babylon, and does not tell about, “MYSTERY BABYLON,” (per KJV and NKJV).


2. The KJV and NKJV translations of “Mystery, Babylon,” are confusing and wrong.


3. Babylon means Babylon, and does not mean Rome (See above comments of Green and Thomas, and the closing video of Woods).

VII. Closing Video. This video has a duration of 29:31. It is a must for instruction, and is a keeper.

Closing Video Data. 

Andrew M. Woods (Th.M., J.D., Ph.D.)

Revelation (Crash Course) Part IX: Chapter 17-19. Oct 11, 2019. 29:31.
Unravelations. Dr. Andy Woods teaches 10 sessions of 30 minutes covering the entire Book of Revelation. These presentations were featured on the College of Biblical Studies’ TV program entitled “Up With the Son.

“VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 16 – The Bowl Judgments

I. Video Data.


What is the first bowl judgment? John Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation:” The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chronologically, this chapter is close to the time of the second coming of Christ, and the judgments described fall in rapid succession. There can be no doubt here, not only that the series reaches on to the time of the end, but that the whole of it is to be placed close to the same time. Daniel indicated that these closing days of the Tribulation will be a time of world war (Dan 11:36-45). World events are now pictured by John as coming to their climax. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 16. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

Six Bowls of Wrath

1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”

So the first angel went and poured out his bowl on the earth; and it became a loathsome and malignant sore on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image.

The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became blood like that of a dead man; and every living thing in the sea died.

Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying, “Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You judged these things; for they poured out the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. They deserve it.” And I heard the altar saying, “Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire. Men were scorched with fierce heat; and they blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues, and they did not repent so as to give Him glory.

10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became darkened; and they gnawed their tongues because of pain, 11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores; and they did not repent of their deeds.

12 The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates; and its water was dried up, so that the way would be prepared for the kings from the east.

Armageddon

13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs; 14 for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty. 15 (“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame.”) 16 And they gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.

Seventh Bowl of Wrath

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague was extremely severe.


IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 16:1. Though there are similarities between the bowl judgments and some of the trumpet judgments in chaps. 8-9 there are differences as well, the bowl judgments being more intensive and extensive. Thus, it is best not to see the bowls as repeating the trumpets but as a distinct series of judgments following the trumpets.


B. 16:2. “a loathsome and malignant sore.” LIt., foul and evil sore. Probably, a plague of ulcers. The brief descriptions of these last seven judgments (vv 2-12, 17-21) may suggest that they occur in rapid succession upon a world already battered and bloodied.


C. 16:3. “every living thing in the sea died.” (see 8:9). Imagine the stench and disease that will accompany this event.


D. 16:4. Though drinking bloody salt water would be toxic, drinking bloody fresh water, though disgusting, would not be. 


E. 16:6. “They deserve it .” I.e., they deserve to drink blood because they shed the blood of saints and prophets.


F. 16:8. Side effects of this scorching heat will drastically affect the climate, possibly including excessive evaporation and melting of the great ice areas of the world.


G. 16:9. “they did not repent.” See verse 11 and 9:21. 


H. 16:11. “their sores.” I.e., those referred to in verse 2.


I. 16:12. “the kings from the east.” Lit., the kings from the rising of the sun. The armies of the nations of the Orient will be raided in their march toward Armageddon by the supernatural drying up of the Euphrates River.


J. 16:3. “the dragon.” Satan. the” beast.” Antichrist (13:1-10). “the false prophet.” the lieutenant (13:11-18).


K. 16:14. “the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.” The war will consist of several battles, beginning with Antichrist’s campaign into Egypt (Dan. 11:40-45) and including a siege of Jerusalem (Zech. 14:2) as well as the final battle at Armageddon (v. 16). 


L. 16:15. A call to surviving believers to watch and be alert. The “clothes” of a guard caught asleep on duty were taken from him, leaving him “naked” and disgraced.


M. 16:16. “Har-Mageddon,” or Armageddon. Lit., Mount of Megiddo, near the city of Megiddo at the head of the plain of Esdraelon. This area was the scene of many OT battles, notably those of Barak with the Canaanites (Judg. 4) and of Gideon with the Midianites (Judg. 7).


N. 16:19. “The great city.” Either Jerusalem (11:8; cf. Zech. 14:4) or Babylon (18:2).


O. 16:20-21. The topography of the earth will be drastically changed, and unbelieving survivors of the hailstorm will curse God instead of turning to Him.


V. Reinforcement.


A. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, p 363.


The third series of judgments, which complete the outpouring of divine wrath, are the vials (Rev. 16:1-21). Although four of these vials are poured out on the same areas as the trumpets, they do not seem to be the same judgments. The trumpets begin in the middle of the tribulation and depict events during the entire second half of the week (Daniel’s 70th week). The vials seem to cover a very brief period at the end of the tribulation, just prior to the second advent of Christ. These bowls seem to have particular reference to unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God (16:9, 11), and have special reference to the beast and his followers (16:2).


B. My note concerning Dr. Pentecost’s above comment about unbelievers, as they undergo the special wrath of God. The words, “those who dwell on the earth,” relate to a group of unbelievers in the Tribulation who will refuse to repent, in spite of God’s judgments that continue to fall on them. Consider the following verses (NASB).


1. Rev 6:10. “and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”


2. Rev 8:13. Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth”

3. Rev 11:10. “And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.” 

4. Rev 13:8. “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb.” 

5. Rev 13:14. “And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast.” 

6. Rev 17:8. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.”


VI. Ryrie cross references for Rev 16 verses that have no examination.

A. 16:3. Ex. 7:17-21; Rev 8:8f; 11:6.

B. 16:5. John 17:25; Rev 11:17; 15:4; 6:10.

C. 16:7. Rev 6:9; 14:8; 1:8; 15:3; 19:2.

D. 16:10. Rev 13:2; Ex 10:21f; Isa 8:22;  Rev 8:12, 9:2.  

E. 16:17. Eph 2:2; Rev 11:15; 14:15; 10:6; 21:6.

F. 16:18. Rev 4:5; 6:12; Dan 12:1; Matt 24:21.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternityhttps://youtu.be/6RMwirEfPNE

Revelation 15 – Prelude To The Bowl Judgments


I. Video Data.

What happens to the earth as a result of the vial judgments? This clip is from our series entitled, “Step by Step through the Book of Revelations.” John Ankerberg Show. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D.) (1940 – 2021) is the video speaker.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.


Chapters 15 and 16 of Revelation bring to consummation the chronologically ordered events leading up to the second coming of Christ described in chapter 19. These are introduced in this chapter as “the seven last plagues” which are the divine judgments preceding the second coming of Christ. As previously indicated, the chronological order of events in Revelation is presented basically in the seven seals (6:1-17; 8:1). The seventh seal includes all of the seven trumpets (8:1-9:21; 11:15-19). The seven vials or bowls of divine judgment are included in the seventh trumpet. From this it can be seen that the order of events is one of dramatic crescendo, the seventh seal being all-inclusive of the end-time events including the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet including the events described in the seven vials. The second coming of Christ follows this order of events immediately after the seventh vial. The intervening sections such as 10:1-11:14; 13-14; 17-19 do not advance the narrative chronologically. Chapter 19 of Revelation follows immediately after chapter 16 in the chronological development.


III. Scripture Text. Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

A Scene of Heaven

1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels who had seven plagues, which are the last, because in them the wrath of God is finished.

And I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who had been victorious over the beast and his image and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, holding harps of God. And they *sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying,

“Great and marvelous are Your works,
O Lord God, the Almighty;
Righteous and true are Your ways,
King of the nations!
“Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name?
For You alone are holy;
For all the nations will come and worship before You,
For Your righteous acts have been revealed.”

After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of testimony in heaven was opened, and the seven angels who had the seven plagues came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and girded around their chests with golden sashes. Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.

IV. Examination. 


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995,


A. 15:2-3. The martyrs sing “the song of Moses,” praising God for His faithfulness and deliverance (Ex 15 and Deu 32) and magnifying God’s holiness and righteousness

B. 15:5. “the temple of the tabernacle.” I.e., the Holy of Holies.”


V. Reinforcement.  


A. Dr. David Hocking. Bachelor of Arts in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; Master of Divinity in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies and Languages; Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Studies.

1. The Seven Last Plagues: The scroll with seven seals is now opened. The 7th seal was opened in Rev 8:1, at which time we were introduced to seven angels, with seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet message is the longest, and began with the announcement of Rev 11:15. Within that 7th message are several signs and visions. 

2. Signs Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The woman. b. The dragon. c. The seven last plagues.

3. Visions Of The Seventh Trumpet: a. The beast with seven heads. b. The beast with two horns. c. The 144,000 Jews. d. The gospel and judgments. e. The final harvest. f. The heavenly temple and the seven last plagues.


B.  Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958. 

1. Page 235. The nature or character of this period is that of: “wrath, judgment, indignation, trial, trouble, destruction, darkness, desolation, overturning, punishment.” No passage can be found to alleviate, to any degree, whatsoever, the severity of this time that shall come upon the earth. 

2. Page 217. 

a. 1 Thes 5:9-10. 9 “For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him.”

b. Paul clearly teaches in this passage that our expectation and appointment is not to wrath and darkness, but rather to salvation, and verse 10 indicates the method that salvation, namely, “to live together with him.” Paul clearly indicates that our expectation is not of wrath, but of the revelation of “His Son from heaven.” This could not be unless the Son were revealed before the wrath of the 70th week falls on the earth.

c. Page 195. Our blessed Lord bore for us the wrath of God and His judgment; therefore, we who are in Him, “shall not come into judgment.” There can be no question that this period will see the wrath of God poured out upon the whole earth. Rev 3:10; Isa 24:1, 4-5, 16-17, 18-21, and many other passages make this very clear. And yet, while the whole earth is in view, this period is particularly in relation to Israel. Jeremiah 30:7, which calls this period, “the time of Jacob’s trouble,” makes this certain. The events of the 70th week (of Daniel) are events of the “Day of the Lord.” This use of the name of deity emphasizes God’s peculiar relationship to that nation. When this period is being anticipated in Daniel 9, God says to the prophet, “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city (v 24). This whole period then has special reference to Daniel’s people, Israel, and Daniel’s holy city, Jerusalem.


VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.

A.  15:1. Rev 12:1, 3; 15:6-8; 16:1; 17:1; 21:9; Lev 26:21; Rev 9:20. 

B. 15:4. Jer 10:7; Rev 14:7; Ps 86:9; Isa 66:23; Rev 19:8.

C. 15:6. Rev 1:13.

D. 15:7. Rev 4:6; 15:1; 5:8; 14:10; 15:1; 4:9.

E. 15:8. Ex 19:18; 40:34; Lev 16:2; 1 Kin 8:10; 2 Chr 5:13; Isa 6:4.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation 14 – The Song Of The 144,000 – The Angels’ Messages

I. Video Data. 

Who are the 144,000, and what power has God given to them?John Ankerberg Show. From the series, “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus,” featuring Drs. Ron Rhodes, Ed Hindson, and Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction.


Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Revelation Commentary, 1974.

Chapter 14 brings to a conclusion the material found in the section of chapters 12 through 14. Chapter 12 deals with the important characters of the period, chapter 13 with the wicked rulers of the period, and chapter 14 with the ultimate triumph of Christ. All of this material is not chronological but prepares the way for the climax which begins in chapter 15. Chapter 14 consists of a series of pronouncements and visions assuring the reader of the ultimate triumph of Christ and the judgment of the wicked. Much of the chapter is prophetic of events that have not yet taken place, but which are now impending. The chapter begins with the assurance that the Lamb will ultimately stand in triumph on Mount Zion with his followers, and it concludes with a series of pronouncements of judgments upon the wicked.


III. Scripture Text.

Revelation 14. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.


IV. Examination.  


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible, 1986, 1995.


A. 14:1. “the Lamb.” I.e., Christ. “one hundred and forty-four thousand.” Evidently, the same group introduced in 7:4, though now their work on earth is finished and they are in heaven.

B. 14:4. “not … defiled with women.” This may simply mean that the 144,000 were unmarried, or it may indicate their state of separation unto God (cf. 2 Cor 11:2). “first fruits.” The salvation of the 144,000 will precede the salvation of a larger group of Israelites, who will turn to the Lord at the end of the Tribulation (cf. Isa 2:3; Rom 11:15).

C. 14:6. “an eternal gospel to preach.” God’s last call of grace before the return of Christ in judgment.

D. 14:8. “fallen is Babylon.” This fall is described in detail in chaps 17-18. For “Babylon,” see 17:5. (My note, “a mystery, BABYLON,” NASB. vs “MYSTERY BABYLON,” KJV.) 

E. 14:10-13. The wicked will be tormented in the lake of fire forever, with no hope or annihilation or restoration. In contrast, the righteous will have rest forever.

F. 14:12. Saints will be able to endure, knowing that God will punish their enemies (vv 9-11). 

G. 14:20. Apparently, a reference to Armageddon (16:16, cf, 19:17-19), when the blood from the slaughter will flow 180 miles (290 km), to the depth of about 4.5  ft (1.3 m). The blood of horses added to that of the large armies of human soldiers could easily cause such an enormous river of blood.


V. Reinforcement. 

A. Dr. Robert H. Mounce (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019). The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977.


In order to keep before his readers the ultimate reward of their endurance, the author of Revelation intersperses glimpses of final blessedness among his presentations of judgment. The detailed description of the beast and the false prophet in the preceding chapter was a somber reminder of what lay in the immediate future. A note of encouragement is in order. John moves quickly beyond the storm about to break to the bright morning of eternity when the Lamb and his followers stand in the heavenly Zion with the anthem of redemption everywhere sounding like the roar of a mighty waterfall and the echo of thunder.


B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 301.


“They are seen before the throne” (Rev 14;3). The destiny of this remnant is the kingdom over which Christ will rule from the “throne of David.” These promises are not heavenly,  but earthly, and will be fulfilled in the millennium.

C. Scofield Study Bible. 1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921. Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th., M., Th. D.).


Concerning Revelation 14:6, “eternal gospel.”

1. The Gospel of the kingdom. This is the good news that God purposes to set up on the earth, in fulfilment of the Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:16, a kingdom, political, spiritual, Israelitish, universal, over which God’s Son, David’s heir, shall be King, and which shall be, for one thousand years, the manifestation of the righteousness of God in human affairs..

2.. Two preachings of this Gospel are mentioned, one past, beginning with the ministry of John the Baptist, continued by our Lord and His disciples, and ending with the Jewish rejection of the King. The other is yet future Matthew 24:14 during the great tribulation, and immediately preceding the coming of the King in glory.

VI. Ryrie cross references for verses that have no examination.


A. 14:2. Rev 1:15; 6:1; 5:8.

B. 14:3. Rev 5:9; 4:6; 4:4; 2:17; 7:4; 14:1.

C. 14:5. Ps 32:2; Zeph 3:13; Mal 2:6; John 1:47; 1 Pet 2:22; Heb 9:14; 1 Pet 1:19; Jude 24.

D. 14:7. Rev 15:4; 11:13; 4:11; 8:10.

E. 14:9. Rev 13:12; 14:11; 13:14; 13:16.

F. 14:14. Matt 17:5; Dan 7:13; Rev 1:13; Ps 21:3; Rev 6:2.

G. 14:15. Rev 11:19; 14:17; 15:6; 16:17; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:18; Jer 51:33; Matt 13:39-41.

H. 14:16. N/A

I. 14:17. Rev 11:19; 14:15; 15:6; 16:17.

J. 14:18. Rev 16:8; 6:9; 8:3; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; Rev 14:15.

K. 14:19. Isa 63:21; Rev 19:15.


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

$515 A Head (Unborn Babies)

It’s not your body. It’s your baby who has been being nourished by your body.

New Records Show Obama Admin Purchased Aborted Babies’ Heads for $515 Each

National  |  Judicial Watch  |   Sep 14, 2021   |   3:54PM   |  Washington, DChttps://www.facebook.com/v2.6/plugins/share_button.php?app_id=172525162793917&channel=https%3A%2F%2Fstaticxx.facebook.com%2Fx%2Fconnect%2Fxd_arbiter%2F%3Fversion%3D46%23cb%3Df32c78d6cabfcf4%26domain%3Dwww.lifenews.com%26is_canvas%3Dfalse%26origin%3Dhttps%253A%252F%252Fwww.lifenews.com%252Ff2b4a9b8c9f1e%26relation%3Dparent.parent&container_width=0&href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lifenews.com%2F2021%2F09%2F14%2Fnew-records-show-obama-admin-purchased-aborted-babies-heads-for-515-each%2F&locale=en_US&sdk=joey&type=box_count490

Judicial Watch announced today that it received 198 pages of records and communications from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) involving “humanized mice” research with human fetal heads, organs and tissue, including communications and contracts with human fetal tissue provider Advanced Bioscience Resources (ABR). Most of the records are communications and related attachments between Perrin Larton, a procurement manager for ABR, and research veterinary medical officer Dr. Kristina Howard of the FDA.

Judicial Watch received the records through a March 2019 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, of which the FDA is a part (Judicial Watch v. U.S. Department Health and Human Services (No. 1:19-cv-00876)). The lawsuit asks for all contracts and related documentation on disbursement of funds, procedural documents and communications between FDA and ABR for the provision of human fetal tissue to be used in humanized mice research. After successfully opposing the FDA’s redaction of certain information from its records, a federal court ordered HHS to release additional information about its purchases of organs harvested from aborted human fetuses – including “line item prices,” or the price per organ the government paid to ABR. The court also found “there is reason to question” whether the transactions violate federal law barring the sale of fetal organs. Documents previously uncovered in this lawsuit show that the federal government demanded the purchased fetal organs be “fresh and never frozen.”)

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” Although the initial award was for $12,000, the total estimated amount of funds allocated for the requisition was $60,000. Under “Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition,” the FDA writes:

Scientists within the FDA and in the larger field of humanized mouse research have searched extensively over the past several years and ABR is the only company in the U.S. capable of supplying tissues suitable for HM research. No other company or organization is capable of fulfilling the need.***

Costs are estimated [for the fetal parts] at $230 per tissue x two tissues per shipment = $460 plus $95 shipping = $555 per shipment. A total of 21 shipments = $11,655.00.

HELP LIFENEWS SAVE BABIES FROM ABORTION! Please help LifeNews.com with a donation!

An April 1, 2013, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract” form that shows the FDA purchased fetal livers and thymuses from ABR going back to at least October 2012, billing $580 per liver/thymus set, but later paying a unit price of $685.

A January 1, 2013, “Fees for Services Schedule” provided by ABR to the FDA includes:

FETAL CADAVEROUS PROCUREMENT                                                            SERVICE FEE

2nd trimester D&E [Dilation and Evacuation abortion] (13-24 weeks)       per specimen     $275

1st trimester aspiration [abortion] (8-12 weeks)                                        per specimen     $515

Intact Calvarium [baby’s skull] (8-24 weeks)”                                        per specimen     $515

The fees for services schedule also includes “Special Processing/Preservation” of the fetal parts, such as “Tissue ‘Cleaning,’” “Snap freezing” and “Passive freezing (Dry ice).”

In a September 9, 2014, “Order for Supplies or Services,” the FDA writes regarding a $9,900 order:

The Contractors shall ship 2nd Trimester thymus $325, 2nd Trimester liver $325. Overnight deliver $150 and EFT wire transfer fee $25, for a total per delivery of $825. Total of this contract not to exceed $9,900.00.

As the result of an August 21, 2015, “Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract,” ABR bumped up the price of baby livers and thymuses from $325 each to $340 each.

A “Tissue Acquisition Quote” sent by ABR to Howard on July 5, 2017, provided a quote of $5,440 each to provide 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) livers and 16 sets of second trimester (16-24 weeks) thymuses at $340 per “sample.” The request for the quote notes that “tissue known to be positive for HIV, HepA, HepB, HepC or chromosomal abnormalities are not acceptable.”

On June 28, 2017, a redacted FDA contract specialist sends Larton at ABR a request for a quote (RFQ) of pricing for human fetal tissue, aged “16-24 weeks,” including a “Statement of Needs”:

The HM [humanized mice] are created by surgical implantations of human tissue into mice that have multiple genetic mutations that block the development of the mouse immune system at a very early stage. The absence of the mouse immune system allows the human tissues to grow and develop into functional human tissues…. In order for the humanization to proceed correctly we need to obtain fetal tissue with a specific set of specialized characteristics.

A May 2018, report from a company named “LABS,” which was employed by ABR to test fetal parts and their mothers for hepatitis and HIV, notes in its “methodology description” that they are approved by the FDA “for living and cadaveric donor screening.”

The records include a recitation of requirements by the FDA for “Payment by Electronic Funds Transfer,” in which ABR must adhere to regulations relating to “Convict Labor” and “Child Labor-Cooperation with Authorities and Remedies.”

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract:

Based on the terms and conditions of the Purchase Order as awarded to Advanced Bioscience Resources, Inc. (“ABR”) on July 27, 2018, the Government is not sufficiently assured that the human tissue provided to the Government to humanize the immune systems of mice will comply with the prohibitions set forth under 42 U.S.C. § 289g- 2. Furthermore, the Government has concerns with the sufficiency of the sole-source justification. Therefore, pursuant to FAR [Federal Acquisition Regulation] clause 52.213-4(f), the Purchase Order is being terminated effective September 24, 2018.

“Chopping up aborted human beings for their organs and tissue is a moral and legal outrage,” said Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton. “This issue should be front and center in any debate about America’s barbaric abortion industry.”

In February 2020, Judicial Watch first uncovered through this lawsuit hundreds of pages of records from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) showing that the agency paid thousands of dollars to a California-based firm to purchase organs from aborted human fetuses to create “humanized mice” for HIV research.

In May 2021, this lawsuit uncovered FDA records showing the agency spent tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars to buy human fetal tissue from ABR. The tissue was used in creating “humanized mice” to test “biologic drug products.” The records indicated the FDA wanted tissue purchases “Fresh; shipped on wet ice.”

On August 3, 2021, Judicial Watch announced that it and The Center for Medical Progress (CMP), through a separate lawsuit, received 252 pages of new documents from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that reveal nearly $3 million in federal funds were spent on the University of Pittsburgh’s quest to become a “Tissue Hub” for human fetal tissue ranging from 6 to 42 weeks’ gestation. The Pitt scientists note that, “All fetal tissue is collected through a collaborative process including Family Planning, Obstetrics and Pathology.” Pitt anticipated “being able to harvest and distribute quality tissue and cells … [and] do not anticipate any major problems related to the acquisition and distribution of the tissues.” Pitt’s target goal “is to have available a minimum of 5 cases (tissues and if possible other biologicals) per week of gestational age for ages 6-42 weeks.

Added examination.

Revelation 20:15. NASB.

“And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

The records include an FDA generated contract with ABR, based on a “requisition” it issued on July 27, 2012, for $12,000 worth of “tissue procurement for humanized mice,” indicates the requisition was for a “non-competitive award.” (Obama, Biden)

On September 24, 2018, the Trump FDA terminated its contract with ABR for human tissue purchases and began an audit of its acquisitions of baby body parts. The records include the FDA’s letter terminating the contract: (Trump, Pence)

Revelation 13 – The Beast From The Sea – The Beast From The Earth

I. Video Data.

What does the false prophet do to honor the Antichrist?  John Ankerberg Show. “Through the Book of Revelation,” with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung.

II. Introduction.  Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this thirteenth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details: (1) A beast arises out of the sea with seven heads and ten horns, to whom the dragon gives his power. (11) Another beast comes up out of the earth, and causes men to worship the first beast, (16) and to receive his mark.

III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees two beasts, one from the sea and one from the earth, symbolizing the Antichrist and his false prophet.


I. The Beast Out Of The Sea (13:1-10): This is the Antichrist.

A. His appearance (13:1-2).

1. He has ten horns (each with a crown) and seven heads (each with a blasphemous name) (13:1).

2. He looks like a leopard, with feet like a bear and a mouth like a lion (13:2a).

B. His authority (13:2b): It comes from Satan himself.

C. His assassination (13:3a): Some believe he will be killed and then rise from the dead.

D. His adulation (13:3b-4, 8): Following this, the entire world is astonished and worships him.

E. His arrogance (13:5-6): For a period of forty-two months, he blasphemes God.

F. His activities (13:7, 9-10).

1. In regard to God’s people (13:7a, 9-10).

a. The cruelty (13:7a, 9-10a): He persecutes and conquers them.

b. The challenge (13:10b): They are exhorted to display endurance and faithfulness.

2. In regard to all people (13:7b): He rules over them.


II. The Beast Out Of The Earth (13:11:-18): This is the false prophet.

A. His mission (13:11-12): With the appearance of a lamb, but the voice of a dragon, he forces the world to worship the Antichrist.

B. His miracles (13:13, 15): He performs great miracles.

1. He calls down fire from heaven (13:13).

2. He gives life to a statue (13:14-15): This statue bears the image of the Antichrist.

C. His mark (13:16-18).

1. What it is (13:18): It is the number 666.

2. Where it is applied (13:16): Either on the right hand or the forehead.

3. Why it is applied (13:17): No one is able to buy, sell, etc., without it.


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 13. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Beast from the Sea

A1 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore.

Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names. And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast; they worshiped the dragon because he gave his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?” There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him. And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.

It was also given to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them, and authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was given to him. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain. If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 If anyone is destined for captivity, to captivity he goes; if anyone kills with the sword, with the sword he must be killed. Here is the perseverance and the faith of the saints.

The Beast from the Earth

11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb and he spoke as a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. And he makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the presence of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life. 15 And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, 17 and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.


V. Examination.  Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986. 


A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. See 11:7. Many emperors of Rome deified themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that will give their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13). 

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives his power.” Satan gives Antichrist his power.

C. 13:3. “had been slain.”  The same word is used in 5:6 of Christ’s actual death, though here it may indicate a wound that normally would be fatal. “his fatal wound was healed.” Apparently, Satan will miraculously restore Antichrist to life in imitation of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder the world will acclaim Antichrist.

D. 13:5. “forty-two months.” Apparently, the last 3 1/2 years of the tribulation period during which Antichrist’s power is practically unrestrained.

E. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in heaven. 

F. 13:7-8. Antichrist’s rule will extend to all, except believers whose names have been written in the “book of life.” The phrase “from the foundation of the world” relates to the writing of the names, not to the crucifixion (cf. 17:8).

G.13:10. Assurance that God will punish evildoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. 

H. 13:11. “another beast.” This man is Antichrist’s lieutenant, who will enforce the worship of Antichrist by performing miracles (v 13), by making and animating an image of Antichrist (vv 14-15), by sentencing to death those who disobey (v 15), and by requiring a mark on the hand or forehead in order that men may buy and sell (vv 16-17). Satan, the Antichrist, and his second beast form an evil trinity.

I. 13:18. “his number is 666.” Somehow unknown to us, this number will play an important part in the identification of the Antichrist in a future day.


VI. Reinforcement. 


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord  (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974


In the first ten verses of chapter 13, a character is introduced of central importance to the events of the great tribulation. This passage is first of all a revelation of the revived Roman Empire in its period of worldwide dominion, but more especially this paragraph directs attention to the evil character who exercises satanic power as the world dictator.

B. Dr. John Phillips (D. Min; 1927-2010) John Phillips Revelation Commentary (p 165, 169, 170). 


The Beast of Revelation 13 is both an emperor and an empire. The first part of the chapter deals with the coming of Satan’s false prince; the remainder of the chapter has to do with the second mysterious person conjured up by Satan to act as the propaganda chief for the Beast. This person is called the false prophet. The first beast is possibly a Gentile, or at least partly a Gentile, since he comes up from the sea. The second beast, the lamblike beast, is probably a Jew. He comes up out of the earth (a Bible symbol for the Hebrew nation for God’s earthly people). The great function of the second beast is to glorify the first beast. Thus Satan, the Beas, and the false prophet form a satanic trinity.


C. Scofield Study Bible, 1909 (Editor, C.I. Scofield, D.D., 1843-1921, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Member, John. F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th, M., Th. D.).


1. Revelation Chapter 13 unveils the conditions on the earth at the end of the age when the following factors will be manifest:

a. the world ruler is satanically energized (vv 2, 4).

b. he and his image are worshipped (vv 4, 8, 12, 15).

c. he is acknowledged as possessing supreme military power (v 4).

d. he exercises a universal authority (v 7).

e. he persecutes believers in Christ (vv 6-7).

2. The second beast of Revelation Chapter 13 :

a. is a deceiver (vv 13-14).

b. exercises economic dictatorship (vv 16-17).


VII. Additional Examination.

Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp  286, 231.


1. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns , which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen and seventeen. It is most plainly  stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s remnant (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.

2. The events of the Day of the Lord will include the prophesied events of the tribulation period, such as:

a. the rise of the political ruler, of the federation of states of a Roman Empire (Dan 2 and 7), who makes a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27 ; Rev 13:1-10).

b. the formulation of a false religious system under the false prophet (Rev 13:11-18).

c. the pouring out of the judgments under the seals (Rev 6).

d. the separation of the 144,000 witnesses (Rev 7).

e. the trumpet judgments (Rev 8-11).

f. the rise of God’s witnesses (Rev 11).

g. the persecution of Israel (Rev 12).

h. the pouring out of the bowl judgments (Rev 16).

i. the overthrow of the false professing church (Rev 17-18).

j. the events of the campaign of Armageddon (Ezek 38-39; Rev 16:16; 19:27-21).

k. the proclamation of the gospel “of the kingdom” (Matt 24:14).

3. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include the prophesied events connected with the second advent, such as:

a. the return of Christ (Matt 24:29-30).

b. the resurrection of the Old Testament and tribulation saints (John 6:39-40; Rev 20:4).

c. the destruction of the Beast and all his armies and the False Prophet and his followers in the Beast worship (Rev 19:11-21).

d. the judgment of the nations (Matt 25:31-46).

e. the regathering of Israel (Ezek 37:1-14).

f. the judgment on living Israel (Ezek 20:33-38).

g. the restoration of Israel to the land (Amos 9:15).

h. the binding of Satan (Rev 20:2-3).

4. The events of the Day of the Lord will also include all the events of the millennial age, with:

a. the final revolt of Satan (Rev 20:7-10).

b. the great white throne judgment (Rev 20:11-15).

c. the purging of earth (2 Pet 3:10-13). 


VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity


Revelation 12 – The Woman, Israel – The Red Dragon, Satan – The Male Child, Christ – The Angel, Michael

I. Video Data.


Who is the child mentioned in Revelation 12?John Ankerberg Show From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and Dr. Mark Hitchcock.


II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this twelfth chapter of Revelation, we will consider the following flow of details:  (1)  A woman clothed with sun travails. (3)  A great dragon stands ready to devour her child. (5)  Being delivered, and the child caught up to God, the woman flees into the wilderness. (7)  Michael and his angels overcome the dragon. (13) The dragon, cast down into the earth, persecutes the woman.


III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 

John sees an interplay between a woman and a dragon, symbolizing the nation of Israel and Satan.


I. Satan’s Former Hatred For God And His People (12:1-5).


A. Satan’s persecution of God’s nation (12:1-2).
B. Satan’s persecution of God’s Son (12:4b, 5b).
a. The birth of Jesus (12:4a. 5a).
b. The ascension of Jesus (12:5c).


II. Satan’s Future Hatred For God And His People (12:6-18).


A. The woman in the wilderness (12:6, 13-18): The woman here is the nation of Israel.
1. Israel will be persecuted by Satan during the Great Tribulation (12:13, 15, 17-18).
2. Israel will be protected by God during the Great Tribulation (12:6, 14, 16). 
B. The war in the heavens (12:7-12): Some believe this will occur in the middle of the Great Tribulation.
1. The results (12:7-9).
a, The defeat of Satan (12:7-8): Michael the archangel will defeat him.
b. The dismissal of Satan (12:9): He will be cast down to the earth.
2. The reaction (12:10-12).
a. Satan will be filled with wrath (12:10b, 12c).
b. Saints will be filled with joy (12:10a, 11-12a).
c. Sinners will be filled with fear (12:12b).


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation 12. New American Standard Bible (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Woman, Israel

1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; and she was with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.

The Red Dragon, Satan

Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

The Male Child, Christ

And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

The Angel, Michael

And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying,

“Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”

13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.


V. Examination.


Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.


1. 12:1. “a woman.” She represents Israel, who gave Christ to the world (v 5) and who will be persecuted during the Tribulation (v 13).
2. 12:3. “a great red dragon.” Satan (v 9).
3. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” This may refer to Satan’s past rebellion against God (Ezek 28:13); if so it suggests that a third of the angels joined Satan and were cast out of heaven with him. Or, the reference may be to a meteor shower judgment on the earth.
4. 12:5. The earthly life and death of Christ are not mentioned, only His birth and ascension.
5. 12:6. “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” The last 3 1/2 years of the Tribulation will see intense persecution of Israel. Details are given in verse 13-17. No mention is made of the many hundreds of years between the Ascension (v 5) and the future Tribulation (v 6). See Daniel 9:27; Matt 24:14, 21; 1 Thes 4:17.
6. 12:7. “Michael …. the dragon.” This likely will occur at the midpoint of the Tribulation. Michael is the only angel designated an archangel in the Bible (Jude 9).
7. 12:9-11. Notice two of Satan’s activities in these verses: to deceive the world and to accuse the brethren. The believer’s defense against Satan is: (1) to bank on the merits of Christ: (2) to be active in witnessing, and: (3) to be willing to make any sacrifice, including death (v 11).
8. 12:9. Several judgments have, and will be passed on Satan: (1) his removal from guarding the throne of God (Ezek 28:14, 16 ); (2) the prophecy in the garden of Eden (Gen 3:15); (3) his defeat at the Cross (John 12:31); (4) his being barred from heaven (here in v 9); (5) his confinement in the abyss (20:3); and (6) his torment in the lake of fire forever (20:10). 
9. 12:14. Persecuted Israel will flee quickly as if on “wings” to an unspecified place in the “wilderness” where she will have protection and care.
10. 12:15-16 . In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water.
11. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. 


VI. Reinforcement.


A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974

1. 12:1. The woman symbolized Israel, as indicated by Genesis 37:9-11, where the sun and moon referred to Jacob and Rachel, Joseph’s parents. The stars in the woman’s crown clearly related to the 12 sons of Jacob, and identified the woman as Israel, fulfilling the Abrahamic Covenant. J.B. Smith cites Isaiah 60:1-3, 20, as proof that the sun relates to Israel’s future glory (A Revelation of Jesus Christ, p 182).
2. 12:4. The casting down of a third of the stars out of the sky seemed to imply the satanic power which extended to the heavens and the earth. Satan was seen here to extend his power over those who opposed him spiritually or politically. 


B. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.

1. 12:2. This is the figure of Israel as a travailing woman, as occurs so often in the OT (Isa 13:8, 21:3, 26:17-18, and others). Just as a woman feels the pains of childbirth, so did the nation in preparation for the coming of Christ. The cause of these pains, at least in part, is the persecution of the nation inspired by Satan in an attempt to stop the birth and destroy this people of God. Israel was in travail at the time of Christ’s first coming.
2. 12:3. Establishing the identity of the dragon as Satan is not difficult because of explicit statements of who he is in 12:9 and 20:2. 


C. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. M., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 215, 296.


12:5. This verse can only refer to Christ, the one whose right it is to rule. The Psalmist confirms this interpretation in Psalm 2:9, which is admittedly Messianic. The one from whom Christ came can only be Israel. 
12:7-17. The dragon is seen to have seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads (Rev 12:3), which are the same as the beast possesses in chapters thirteen through seventeen. It is plainly stated in 13:2 that this individual derives his authority from Satan. This shows us that Satan is seeking a governmental authority over the woman’s “remnant” (12:7), which authority rightly belongs to Christ Himself.


VII. Additional Examination. Revelation 12:4. Remember the importance of “context.” Consider, also, the above 12:4 comments of Drs. Walvoord and Ryrie.


A. Robert H. Mounce, (Th. M., Ph. D., December 30, 1921 – January 24, 2019), The Book Of Revelation, The New International Commentary On The New Testament, 1977. “The cataclysmic action emphasizes the tremendous size and awesome power of the dragon. That he casts down a third part of the stars indicates no more than a great number. John is not teaching a theology of fallen angels, but reporting a great pageant enacted in the heavens. 


B. Kendell H. Easley (M. Div., Ph. D., (1949 – ) Holman New Testament Commentary – Revelation, 1998. “The seven heads suggest complete wisdom; the seven crowns point to blasphemous kingly claims; the ten horns mean power. (Daniel had a vision of a powerful single-headed, ten-horned beast (Dan 7:7, 20). Who is this sky-dragon? He, too, exists throughout the ages of time. Verse 9 will identify him as the devil. As God sees him throughout the ages, he is a vile dragon. In verse 4, John sees an illustration of his power: with a single mighty swish his tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky. “


C. Charles L. Feinberg (Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., Ph. D., 1909-1995). Liberty Commentary Bible, 1994. “The tail symbolizes delusive power (cf. Isa 9:15), which Satan uses to accomplish the moral ruin of those in the highest position. But, he is not successful with all, only a third. Upon whom was the venom of Satan poured out? The answer is clear; the woman’s child, as soon as it was born (cf. Mt 2 with Gen 3:15). Herod was merely a tool of Satan’s power, but he was nevertheless responsible. 


VIII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

IX. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

Revelation 11 – The Two Witnesses – The Seventh Trumpet (Christ’s Reign Foreseen)

I. Video Data:

The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11. Revelation One Three Publishing.

II. Introduction. Dr. Orville J. Nave (D.D., LL.D.;1841-1917) Nave’s Study Bible.


In this eleventh chapter of the book of Revelation, we will consider the following items of scripture:  (1) John is directed to measure the temple. (3) The two witnesses, (6) and their power. (7) The beast shall kill them. (8) Their bodies unburied, (11) after three days and a half, are raised to life. (14) The second woe is past. (15) The seventh angel sounds and there is rejoicing in heaven.


III. Outline. Dr. Harold L. Wilmington (D. MIn.;1932-2018) The Outline Bible, 1999. 


John sees the two witnesses of God carrying out their 1,260 day ministry before being murdered by the Antichrist. The seventh trumpet is blown.


I. The Temple of God (11:1-2). 


A. The Command (11:1a): John is told to measure the Tribulation Temple.

B. The count (11:1b): He is to number the worshipers.

C. The court (11:2a): He is to exclude the outer court, which has been given to the Gentiles.

D. The contempt (11:2b): The Gentiles will trample the Holy City for forty-two months.


II. The two witnesses of God (11:3-14).


A. The ministry of these two witnesses (11:3-6).

1. The duration of their ministry (11:3): They will prophesy for 1260 days.

2. The dedication of their ministry (11:4): They function as God’s two olive trees and lampstands.

3. The devastation caused by their ministry (11:5-6):

a. They devour their enemies by supernatural fire (11:5).

b. They cause a 3 1/2 year drought (11:6a).

c. They turn the waters into blood (11:6b).d. They strike the earth with plagues (11:6c).


B. The martyrdom of the two witnesses (11:7-10). 

1. The corrupt one causing their deaths (11:7-9).

a. Who he is (11:7a): He is the Antichrist himself.

b. Where he comes from: (11:7b): The bottomless pit.

c. What he does (11:9b): He refuses to permit anyone to bury the bodies of the witnesses.

d. Where he does it (11:8): They lie in the streets of Jerusalem.

e. Why he does it (11:9a): To show his utter contempt for the two witnesses.

2. The celebration following their deaths (11:10): The entire world rejoices over their deaths.


C. The metamorphosis of the two witnesses (11:11-14).

1. Resurrection (11:11-12): They are raptured up to heaven.

2. Destruction (11:13-14): An earthquake destroys 1/10 of Jerusalem, leaving 7,000 dead.


III. The trumpet of God (11:15-19). 


A. The testimony of heaven (11:15-18): All heaven praises and worships God at the sounding of the seventh trumpet:

1. For His universal reign (11:15-16).

2. Thanking Him for His great power (11:17).

3. For His righteous judgments (11:18):

a. In rewarding the saints (11:18b).

b. In punishing sinners (11:18a, c).


B. The Temple in heaven (11:19): John sees the Temple and the Ark of the covenant.


IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 11 (NASB 1995). Pasted from Bible Gateway.

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.” These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

The Seventh Trumpet—Christ’s Reign Foreseen

15 Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying,

“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying,

“We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign. 18 And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”

19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.


V. Examination.


A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible, 1986.

1. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Apparently the temple that will be built during the Tribulation, in which Jewish worship will be carried on during the first part of that seven-year period and in which, at the midpoint, the man of sin will exalt himself to be worshipped (2 Thes 2:4).

2. 11:2. “forty-two months.” This equals 3 1/2 years and probably refers to the last of the tribulation period during which Jerusalem will be under some sort of Gentile (the nations) control. Thus, “the times of the Gentiles” (see Luke 21:24) will not conclude until the end of the Tribulation.

3. 11:3. “1260 days.” This also equals 3 1/2 years and refers to the period of the ministry of the two witnesses. Whether the two witnesses will prophesy during the first half or the last half of the Tribulation is not stated, though the first half seems more likely, since their termination by Antichrist (v 7) fits better at the midpoint of the Tribulation than at the end.

4. 11:4. “two olive trees.” For the symbolism, see Zechariah 4:12 and 14. “two lampstands” that give out a witness (v 3). 

5. 11:5-6. The miraculous powers of the two unnamed witnesses are reminiscent of those of Elijah and Moses (cf. Ex 7:20; 8:1-12:29; 1 Kings 17:1; 18:41-45; 2 Kings 1:10-12).

6. 11:7. “the beast.” The Antichrist, also called “the man of lawlessness”  (2 Thes 2:3). The same person is mentioned in 6:2; 13:1; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 17:3, 13; 19:20; 20:10. He can not kill these two witnesses until God allows him to.

7. 11:8. “the great city.” I.e., Jerusalem, which in these coming days will be like “Sodom” (filled with perverted sex) and “Egypt” (persecuting God’s people).

8. 11:9-10. So corrupt are peoples’ hearts that they will refuse burial and have a 3 1/2 day celebration of Antichrist’s victory over the two witnesses.

9. 11:11. “and they stood on their feet.” Imagine the effect the resurrection of these two men will have on those who, only the moment before, were viewing their corpses in the street or were watching TV news!

10. 11:13. “the rest.” Those who were not killed by the earthquake. “gave glory to the God of heaven” momentarily, for soon they would again curse the God of heaven (16: 11).

11. 11:15. The end is near enough now that the announcement of it can be made.

12. 16-19.The announcement evokes praise from the “elders” (vv 16-17) and anger from the “nations;” and soon will come judgment on the “dead” and the rewarding of the “saints.” 


B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. M., Th. D; 1910-2002) Revelation Commentary, 1974.

11:1-2. John was instructed to measure the temple and the altar, but not the outer court, meaning he was to measure the holy place and the holy of holies. While others could come into the outer court, only priests could enter into two temple rooms. The explanation was given that this would be under the control of the Gentiles, who would trample on the holy city for 42 months. The times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24) will not end until the second coming of Christ to the earth to set up His Kingdom. Though Jews may possess Jerusalem temporarily, as they have in this century, they will lose possession in the Great Tribulation.11:13-14. At the same moment of  the rapture of the two witnesses (11:11-12), an earthquake occurred in Jerusalem, with 1/10 of the city collapsing and 7,000 people being killed. The survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven. So ended the second woe, leaving only the seventh trumpet, the final and third woe, to come.11:15, Though the full results from the sounding of the seventh trumpet are only introduced here, and not brought to finality (as they will be in chap 16), the introduction of the seventh trumpet is dramatic. As the trumpet sounded, voices were heard in heaven: “the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever. (Cf. predictions of the earthly kingdom of Christ in Ezek 21:26-27; Dan 2:35, 44; 4:3; 6:26; 7:14, 26 -27; Zech 14:9). The fact that this will be fulfilled at the Second Coming makes it clear that the period of the seventh trumpet chronologically reaches to Christ’s return. Therefore, the seventh trumpet introduces and includes the seven bowl judgments of the wrath of God revealed in chapter 16. In contrast with previous trumpets where a single voice was heard, here a mighty chorus from heaven joined in the proclamation.
C. Dr. Robert L. Thomas (Th. M., Th. D.; 1928-2017) Revelation Commentary, 1992.11:1. The temple as the dwelling place of God is not in view here, It is the Jewish temple in Jerusalem which is hardly a suitable picture of the church which is largely Gentile. The outer court and the entire city experience trampling by the Gentiles (11:2), signifying that the temple and the court stand for something that best contrasts with the Gentiles, i.e., something Jewish. The mention of the sanctuary, the altar, the court of the Gentiles, and the holy city shows unmistakably that the discussion at this point is on Jewish ground. But most obvious of all is the logical fallacy that if the sanctuary represents the church of the Messianic community, who are the worshipers that are measured along with the sanctuary and the altar? This is a literal temple that will exist in actuality during the future period just before Christ returns. The false Messiah will desecrate it and turn it into a place for people to worship him (cf. Dan 9:27; 12:11; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15). This allows for a distinction between the temple and the worshipers in it, Jesus’ anticipation of the future abomination of desolation (Matt 24:15) and Paul’s prophecy regarding the future temple (2 Thes 2:4) require a literal temple in the future. 


D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. D., Th. D.; 1915-2014) Things To Come, 1958, pp 295, 215.

1. 11:1. When the nation of Israel is brought back to her land after the rapture by the covenant enacted by the head of the the Revised Roman Empire (Dan 9:27), Israel is still in unbelief. God, however, is very definitely dealing with that nation to bring it to salvation. The whole 70th week of Daniel is a period of preparation for the coming of the King. The gospel of “the kingdom” (Mt 24:15), which requires repentance, will be preached. There will be the ministry of the 144,000 sealed of Israel (Rev 7) and the ministry of the two witnesses (Rev 11), all with the intent of bringing the nation (Israel) to repentance and salvation. The outpouring of the wrath of God is seen for the purpose of bringing men to repentance (Rev 16:9-10). While the majority will not repent, some may be turned to God by these signs.

2. 11:15. Chronologically, in the Book of Revelation, Chapters 1-3 present the development of the church in this present age. Chapters 4-11 cover the events of the entire 70th week of Daniel and conclude with the return of Christ to the earth to reign in 11:15-18. Thus, the seals are the events of the first 3 1/2 years, and the trumpets are events of the last 3 1/2 years. According to the instructions given in John 10:11, chapters 12-19 survey the 70th week a second time, this time with a view to revealing the actors on the stage of the drama. 


VI. A Parting Thought.

The opening video shows a time in which the tribulation judgments of God will fall on the earth, with the purpose of bringing to belief in Christ, those who will be left behind from the rapture. Those of us who have been born again, have spirits which are as spiritually pure as the Spirit of Christ (2 Cor 5:17, 21); nothing in the time of the Tribulation can make any “born again believer in Christ,” any more righteous than they are after they have been declared righteous by God. The Church is the bride of Christ (Eph 5:24-27; 2 Cor 11:2; Rev 19:7-9). Jesus is the Bridegroom “of all bridegrooms;” there is nothing within His nature to cause Him to force His bride to be subjected to the judgments of the Tribulation, of which He and His angels release the judgments on those who will be the targets of those judgments (Rev 6:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12; 8:1, etc.). 


VII.  My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/

VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Web Site

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

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