Honoring The Sabbath

“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, Exodus 20:8.

To honor the Sabbath, as being of God’s handiwork.

We met together as believers in Christ to honor the Sabbath. It was five o’clock on the evening of a Friday. I began reading God’s Holy Word.

Genesis 1:5, “Evening came and then morning: the first day.”
Genesis 1:8, “Evening came and then morning: the second day.”
Genesis 1:13, “Evening came and then morning: the third day.”
Genesis 1:19, “Evening came and then morning: the fourth day.”
Genesis 1:23, “Evening came and then morning: the fifth day.”
Genesis 1:31, “Evening came and then morning: the sixth day.”
Genesis 2:1-3, “1 So the heavens and the earth and everything in them were completed. 2 By the seventh day God completed His work that He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work that He had done. 3 God blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, for on it He rested from His work of creation.”

At the beginning of this darkened Friday morning, just as it occurs each day, darkness began turning into dawn. Then, dawn turned into daylight; daylight turned into dusk; and, as we were reading God’s Holy Word, dusk began turning into darkness. In our presence, Sabbath began to grace us, and everybody else in our community. Sabbath would continue until sundown on Saturday. In our group we were experiencing a true “Shabbat Shalom,” which means in Hebrew, “sabbath of peace.”

During our time of honoring the Sabbath, we participated in a Passover meal, as described in Matthew 26:17-30. We continued with a discussion of Matthew 5:17, as our Lord said, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.” The Law was fulfilled in Christ: “It is finished” (John 19:30). In Galatians 3:24, we see the purpose of the Law: “Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.”

During this time of of honoring the Sabbath, we discussed true worship. Our scripture text was taken from John’s Gospel, Chapter 4. We discussed the encounter of the Samaritan woman with Christ, verses 19-24., The topic was worship. The woman pointed out the differences of worship between Jews and Samaritans; she said that Jews worshiped at the temple in Jerusalem, but Samaritans worshiped elsewhere (John 4:20). So, the woman was saying, “what gives?” (mine). Our Lord gave a simple answer to the woman. The Samaritan woman had addressed times, days, and places of worship. Plain and simple, Christ said in verse 24, “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” In AD 70, the temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed, so that would take care of the “time, day, and place situation.” Christ added that true worship is that of “spirit and truth.” It is a worship that includes, “all that we are,” for “all that God is.” Note that “God is Spirit,” and not “a spirit.” If God were, “a spirit,” He would be one of many spirits, of which God is not.

Remember the words,”God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.” God made the seventh day. God made the seventh day holy. I choose to honor the seventh day. I try to keep every Friday free of mental conflict, and try to keep my mind on the “sure to arrive” weekly Sabbath. I cherish the time of the arrival of Friday’s sunset, as I know that a “God moment” is in the making. I consider the things of Elohim/Theos and His creation week (Genesis 1:1; Matthew 1:23; John 1:1).


I worship God for all that He has done to give us the world that we are blessed to inhabit. I thank God for Christ, Who is “God with us,” (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23). Maybe you will find your own way of honoring the Sabbath.

Before we go our separate ways, let us again consider honoring the Sabbath. The worshipful video that was seen in the opening of this article was
produced by George Payne. The title of the video is: Randy Spencer playing the Shofar – Song 2 – Savannah, Georgia – 2001.

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End Times 18, Revelation 11:14, “Trumpets, Woes, Judgments, Rewards”

Video Title. “The Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8-11.”

Article Title. End Times 18, Revelation 11:14, “Trumpets, Woes, Judgments, Rewards”


The opening video has been shown in a prior article in this study of the End Times. While viewing this opening video, it is important to understand that God revealed key prophecy to the Jewish Prophet Jeremiah of information that tells of the “yet to happen time” of “Jacob’s distress,” which is known as the Tribulation. The prophecies that God revealed to Jeremiah were then spoken to the Jews in Israel (Jeremiah 2:1,4, 629 B.C.- 588 B.C.). Jeremiah 30:7 (606 B.C.) tells of the specific event of the Tribulation on Israel, “‘Alas! for that day is great, There is none like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s distress, But he will be saved from it.” Consider the Ryrie note: “the time of Jacob’s distress.” The coming days of tribulation that will come upon all Israel (Jacob).

The prophet Daniel prophesied of the time of the occurrence of the Tribulation after he had been taken captive to Babylon from Jerusalem. Daniel was taken to Babylon in 605 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 24:1.) A second deportation of Jews occurred in 597 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 24:10). The final deportation took place in 586 B.C. (Ryrie note, 2 Kings 25:1-16). In the third deportation the Babylonians destroyed Solomon’s Temple and the city of Jerusalem.

While in exile, Daniel prayed to God about “Israel’s sin against God” (Daniel 9:3-19, 538 B.C.). While Daniel was “praying and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel” (Daniel 9:20), the angel Gabriel appeared to Daniel (Daniel 9:21) and told Daniel of God’s plan for Israel (Daniel 9:22-27). In Daniel 9:1-2, the seventy years of captivity that Jeremiah had prophesied of Israel (Jeremiah 25:11-12, 607 B.C.), had been made known to Daniel from reading the prophesies of Jeremiah. Gabriel’s answer to Daniel’s prayer involved “seventy weeks of years,” or 490 years. In Daniel 9:27, Gabriel told of the time that “Jacob’s distress” (Jer 30:7) would take place:

Daniel 9:27, “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” (My note. The antichrist will make a covenant (peace treaty) with Israel, which will be in the last of the 70th week (of weeks). The antichirst will break the covenant midway through the 70th week, which is when “Jacob’s distress,” the Tribulation, will begin.” Click onto the following link for MacArthur’s note on this verse:

The importance of understanding God’s timing of the Tribulation is to know that it will be God’s decision as to when the Tribulation will begin, and that the Tribulation is based on a relationship problem that exists between God and Israel, “God’s chosen people,” Deuteronomy 14:2. Prior to the Tribulation, the born again believers in Christ will be taken to heaven in the Rapture (John 14:2,3,6). After the catching up of the Church, God will deal unbelieving Jews through the judgments of the Tribulation to draw them to saving faith in Christ as Messiah (Psalm 118:26; Matthew 23:39; Zechariah 12:10).

Trumpets And Woes

Revelation 11:14: “Announcement of the Third Woe.”

14 “The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.”

The second woe is brought to its completion and is evidently regarded as the final phase of the sixth trumpet. The third woe, contained in the seventh trumpet, is announced as coming quickly. The end of the age is rapidly approaching. The woes relate to the trumpets. The fifth trumpet (9:1-12) is the first woe. The sixth trumpet (9:13-21) is the second woe. The seventh trumpet (9:15-19) is the third woe. Each woe brings about increasingly more severe Godly judgments on those whom will be left behind from the Rapture. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17).

The seventh seal (Revelation 8:1) opens the seven trumpet judgments (Rev 8:1-9:21). The seventh trumpet (Rev 11:15) opens the seven bowl judgments (Rev 16:1-21). The seventh bowl judgment (Rev 16:17-21) brings about widespread destruction. Rev 15:1-8 shows a prelude to the bowl judgments. Rev 16:1-21 explains the bowl judgments.

Between the sixth seal (Rev 6:12-17) and the seventh seal (Rev 8:1) there is a pause (Rev Chap 7, the 144,000 sealed Jews). Between the the sixth trumpet (9:13) and the seventh trumpet (11:15-21), there is a pause (Rev 12-14, Israel’s flight to safety…Rev 12:6; Matt 24:16). Between the sixth bowl (16:12-16) and the seventh bowl (16:17-21) there is a pause (Rev 17-18, Babylon falls).

Consider the severity of the third woe, which is the seventh trumpet judgment. The seventh trumpet judgment is the worst of all of God’s judgments, in that all of the bowl judgments are contained within the seventh trumpet judgment, “the third woe.”

Revelation 11:15 is key to our study of the end times. “Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying,
“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.”

Consider the words, “The Kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ.” This verse explains that the Kingdom “is not now.” It was after the fall of Adam and Eve in Genesis 3 that the ruler of the world, from that point in time until the day that Christ returns to earth from Heaven, is Satan. We are not in the Kingdom, “now.” The church can not “usher in the Kingdom.” God keeps Jupiter from bumping into Mars, but the following verses show that Satan is the ruler of this world, and is running this current world system, due to God’s permission (Psalm 103:19).

Job 1:7, 2:2; Luke 4:5-7; John 12:31, 16:11; 2 Cor 4:4; Ephesians 2:1-2; 1 John 5:19; 1 Peter 5:8.

In this seventh trumpet, we are seeing the kingdom of this world becoming the Kingdom of Christ “which will last forever and ever” (Daniel 7:14, 27; Matthew 6:10).

Rev 11:16 shows the raptured church (24 elders) in heaven, while the tribulation judgments are taking place on earth.

“And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God.”

Rev 11:17 shows the 24 worshipers praising Christ even before He began taking power and reign of the world.

“We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign.”

Judgments And Rewards

Rev 11:18 tells of judgment and rewards for those who were left behind from the rapture. Judgment will come upon those “whom will not” come to saving faith in Christ during the Tribulation. Rewards will come to those “whom will come to saving faith in Christ” during the Tribulation. [Re: Walvoord Commentary: The return to the divine judgment upon those on the earth in the latter part of verse 18 seems to destroy a strict antithesis of the wicked versus the righteous. Rather, the verse teaches that in general it is a time of divine wrath, a time of resurrection of the dead and their reward, and a time of special dealing with those living on the earth. All of these aspects of the second coming of Christ are borne out in later prophecies in the book of Revelation.]

“And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants, the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth” (Rev 11:18).

Let’s consider the two groups of people whom will be left behind from the rapture, and are being addressed in this passage. One group is that of those whom do not come to saving faith in Christ, through belief, during the Tribulation. The other groups is that of those whom do come to saving faith in Christ, through belief, in the Tribulation. We must consider those whom will die during the Tribulation, and those whom will survive the Tribulation.

The judgment of the unbelievers whom will die during the Tribulation is stated in Rev 20:11-15. See vs 15: “And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

The deceased Tribulation unbelievers will remain in a state of death, from the time of their death, until the end of the millennium when they will be raised to stand at the Great White Throne Judgment. It is at this time that they will be raised from death (body, soul, and spirit being reunited) and will be judged to be thrown into the lake of fire. Concerning Hades, see Luke 16:23 of Luke 16:19-26:

During their death, the body of each unbeliever will stay in the grave; there will be no soul sleep. As seen by the rich man, he is under constant torment in Hades (the place of the wicked dead), and is conscious of his surroundings and state of death.

The judgment of unbelievers, whom will survive the Tribulation, is the same as that of those whom will die during the tribulation. However, each living unbeliever will be taken in death from the end of the Tribulation to the Great White Throne Judgment. Matthew 24:40-41 tells of Jews whom are alive at the end of the Tribulation. Those Jews that are taken, are taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment. The Jews that are left, are allowed to enter the Kingdom Age of the millennium. Please remember that these are Jews that will be left behind from the Rapture.

The surviving Tribulation believers will enter the Kingdom Age, having born again spirits, but not having redeemed bodies and souls. The Apostle Paul explains in 1 Cor 15:50-54 that nothing mortal can enter the Kingdom of God, that “we must be changed,” vs 51 (body, soul and spirit, 1 Thessalonians 5:23). In 1 Cor 15:50-54, Paul is addressing people during the church age, who will be “raptured or resurrected,” and taken to heaven (1 Thes 4:16-17, John 14:2,3,6, 1 Cor 15:50-54), and will go into the eternal state (new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem, Rev 21:1-2), after having ruled and reigned with Christ during the millennium (1 Cor 6:2).

Jews and Gentiles, “whom are born again” during the Tribulation (through belief in Christ), will have born again spirits; they will enter the Kingdom Age and will be given redeemed bodies and souls prior to their entry into the eternal state, per 1 Cor 15:50, “flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.”

Surviving Tribulation Gentiles will be found to have been born again, due to their compassionate treatment of Jews during the Tribulation (Mt 25:31-40). Surviving Gentiles will be found “not to have been born again,” due to their lack of compassionate treatment of Jews during the Tribulation (Mt 25:41-46). Born again Gentiles will enter the Kingdom Age, “having born again spirits.” Gentiles, “whom will not have been born again,” will be taken in death to the Great White Throne Judgment at the end of the millennium; they will suffer the same Hades torment and the same Rev 20:15 Judgment, as any other person whom has not been born again.

Kingdom Promises

God’s Promises To Israel For The Kingdom Age Of The Millennium. Ezekiel 38:25-26, 587 B.C.

25 ‘Thus says the Lord God, “When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and will manifest My holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they will live in their land which I gave to My servant Jacob. 26 They will live in it securely; and they will build houses, plant vineyards and live securely when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.”’”

MacArthur note.

28:25, 26 When I have gathered. In this brief excursus of hope, God promised to restore Israel to their land (cf. chaps. 34, 36–39; Is. 65:21; Jer. 30–33; Amos 9:14, 15). This looks to Messiah’s earthly kingdom.

Dates in this article come from the Scofield Study Bible, 1909.

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End Times 17, Revelation 11:1-2, The Temple And Its Destruction

Video Title. What events will have to happen before the temple can be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

Article Title. End Times 17, Revelation 11:1-2, The Temple And Its Destruction

In the opening video, host John Ankerberg and guest Jimmy DeYoung discuss the building of the Tribulation Temple. Credentials of each speaker can be found in my Page, About Sources. In this article we will discuss the timing of the construction of the Tribulation Temple, the time in the Tribulation when the Temple will be built, and the destruction of the Temple, which will not be a place of God’s Presence. A comment was made during the video discussion about “The Abomination of Desolation;” we will also discuss that subject.


Revelation 11:1-2 The Measuring Rod of God (11:1-2)

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

Walvoord Revelation Commentary Excerpts.

These first two verses help us to understand the things that will happen in Jerusalem during the first and second halves of the seven years of the Tribulation.

In the first verse, although John is commanded to measure the Temple and the altar and them that worship therein, he is instructed not to measure the court without the Temple. The explanation given is that this is given to the Gentiles and that the outer court, as well as the entire holy city, will be under Gentile dominion for forty-two months.

The second verse adds further light to the situation in that, “instruction is given not to measure the outer court because it is given to the Gentiles along with the holy city for a period of forty-two months.” Here again is the familiar three-and-one-half-year period or half of the seven-year period predicted by Daniel the prophet (Dan. 9:27) in which Israel’s history will be consummated with Christ’s returning at its close.

It is in the latter half of the week, or the last three and one-half years, prior to the second coming, that the Gentiles have control of the outer court and the city.

It would seem that under the covenant relationship between the beast and the children of Israel, they are given considerable freedom in their worship for the first three and one-half years, and this would probably preclude the Gentiles trampling on the outer court, even though the holy city as such is under Gentile dominion.

Since the Gentiles are said to tread the holy city underfoot only forty-two months, this ill treatment better fits the latter half of the week. If the former half were mentioned, Jerusalem would be trodden underfoot for the entire seven-year period rather than for only forty-two months. The passage seems to anticipate freedom from Gentile dominion after the three and one-half years have run their course, which would mean that the second half of the seven-year period is in view.

The statement that the holy city is under Gentile control is borne out by the prophecy of Christ in Luke 21:24 where He predicted of the people of Israel, “They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” The times of the Gentiles end at the second coming of Christ when Gentile dominion is destroyed and Christ establishes His kingdom. This is predicted in the seventh trumpet revealed later in this chapter. The first two verses then signify that while God is permitting Gentile dominion and persecution of Israel, God Himself will be the judge of her persecutors.

The Temple here is apparently that which will be in existence during the great tribulation. Originally constructed for the worship of the Jews and the renewal of their ancient sacrifices, during the great tribulation, it is desecrated and becomes the home of an idol of the world ruler (cf. 2 Thes. 2:4; Rev. 13:14-15; Dan. 9:27; 12:11).

Several passages of Scripture indicate that the activities of the Antichrist involve a future Jewish Temple, as folllows:


Daniel Dan. 9:27 – The prince who is to come confirms a covenant for the duration of The 70th Week of Daniel. In the middle of the week, “he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.” This implies an preexisting Temple within which sacrifice and offering had been taking place. (The prince to come is the antichrist)
Daniel Dan. 12:11 – The daily sacrifice will be taken away and the Abomination of Desolation is set up. The context indicates that this occurs during “a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a [Jewish] nation” (Dan. Dan. 12:1). A Temple must have been standing in which the daily sacrifices were being offered.(The time of trouble will be the Great Tribulation, Mt 24:11)
Matthew Matt. 24:15 – Jesus predicted that the Abomination of Desolation would stand “in the holy place.” This refers to a location within the Temple.
2 Thessalonians 2Th. 2:4 – Paul indicated that one of the acts of the man of sin would be to exalt himself “above all that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.” [emphasis added]
Revelation Rev. 11:1+ – John is told to measure “the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there.” The context is during the Tribulation, prior to the return of Christ.

Matthew 24:16, “then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.”

Vs 15 tells of the abomination of desolation. Verse 16 tells of the flight of Jews from Jerusalem to the mountains for safety. Within this verse is the truth that we, whom are believers in Christ, will not be fleeing Jerusalem. Vs 20 says to pray that such a flight is not on a Sabbath. In today’s dispensation of grace, Christians are not bound by the Sabbath. Gentiles whom are left left behind from the Rapture, will have no knowledge of the Sabbath. Jews will flee Jerusalem for personal safety, but will have to deal with legalist Jews in Jerusalem, who will condemn such “Sabbath breaking.” Per Acts 1:12, “a Sabbath day’s journey.” i.e., One-half of a mi. (about 2,000 cubits), the farthest distance a faithful Jew could travel on the Sabbath to accommodate the prohibition of Ex. 16:29. (MacArthur note).


The Abomination of Desolation Described.

Matthew 24:15, “Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),”

Following commentary by Dr. Thomas Ice (Check his credentials in my Page, “About Sources.”)

We have now reached the midpoint of the tribulation in the chronological progress of this passage. Christ mentions the key event upon which the entire passage turns when He speaks of the abomination of desolation. What is He speaking about?


The key passages in Daniel that mention the term “abomination of desolation” are Daniel 9:27; 11:31 and Daniel 12:11. This is a technical term, which means that it has a precise and consistent meaning in all three passages. The phrase refers to an act of abomination that renders, in this case, the Temple, something unclean. Daniel 11:31 speaks of an act that was fulfilled in history before the first coming of Christ. Dr. John Walvoord explains:

In Daniel 11:31, a prophecy was written by Daniel in the sixth century B. C. about a future Syrian ruler by name of Antiochus Epiphanes who reigned over Syria 175-164 B. C., about 400 years after Daniel. History, of course, has recorded the reign of this man. In verse 31, Daniel prophesied about his activity: “…they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.” This would be very difficult to understand if it were not for the fact that it has already been fulfilled. Anyone can go back to the history of Antiochus Epiphanes and discover what he did as recorded in the apocryphal books of 1 and 2 Maccabees. He was a great persecutor of the children of Israel and did his best to stamp out the Jewish religion and wanted to place in its stead a worship of Greek pagan gods.…

One of the things he did was to stop animal sacrifices in the temple. He offered a sow, an unclean animal, on the altar in a deliberate attempt to desecrate and render it unholy for Jewish worship (cf. 1 Macc. 1:48). First Maccabees 1:54 specifically records that the abomination of desolation was set up, fulfilling Daniel 11:31. In the holy of holies, Antiochus set up a statue of a Greek god.…In keeping with the prophecy the daily sacrifices were stopped, the sanctuary was polluted, desolated and made an abomination.

Dr. Thomas Ice continues.

Dr. Randall Price agrees: “In my own study of the phrase in the context of Temple desecration I discovered the phrase served as a technical reference to the introduction of an idolatrous image or an act of pagan sacrilege within the Sanctuary that produces the highest level a of ceremonial impurity, Temple profanation.”

This passage sets the pattern and provides details about what the abomination of desolation consists of. The Daniel 9:27 passage says that this abomination is to take place in the middle of a seven year period. The passage says, “in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate.” “In other words, the future prince will do at that time exactly what Antiochus did in the second century B.C.” But Daniel goes on to say that the one who commits this act will be destroyed three and a half years later. Daniel 12:11 provides “the precise chronology.” The text says, “And from the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.”

In addition to the three passages in Daniel, the two references by our Lord in Matthew and Luke, 2 Thessalonians 2:4 and Revelation 13:14-15 also have this event in view. Therefore, the abomination of desolation, which the reader is to understand, includes the following elements:

It occurs in the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (Daniel 11:31; 2 Thes 2:4).
It involves a person setting up a statue in place of the regular sacrifice in the holy of holies (Dan 11:31; 12:11; Rev 13:14-14).
This results in the cessation of the regular sacrifice (Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11).
There will be a time of about three-and-a-half years between this event and another event and the end of the time period (Dan 9:27; 12:11).
It involves an individual setting up a statue or image of himself so that he may be worshiped in place of God (Dan 11:31; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15).
The image is made to come to life (Rev 13:14).
A worship system of this false god is thus inaugurated (2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:14-15).
At the end of this time period the individual who commits the act will himself be cut off (Dan 9:27).

The Destruction Of The Tribulation Temple.

It is important to know that the Tribulation Temple was never a Temple that God had as a place of habitation (See my article, “End Times 16”). However, there are key verses of scripture that tell of the conditions that can cause the destruction of the Tribulation Temple.

Let’s consider Isaiah’s prophecy of the end of the Tribulation. Isaiah 24:18-19. 712 B.C.

Isaiah 24:18-19. “18 ….the foundations of the earth shake. 19 The earth is broken asunder, The earth is split through, The earth is shaken violently.” [See the MacArthur commentary note: Unparalleled earthquakes will mark the future visitation during and after the fulfillment of Daniel’s 70-week prophecy (see note on 13:13; cf. Matt. 24:7; Rev. 6:12, 14; 8:5; 11:19; 16:18).]

Let’s consider Zechariah’s prophecy of the end of the Tribulation. Zechariah 14:1-5. 487 B.C.

1 Behold, a day is coming for the Lord when the spoil taken from you will be divided among you. 2 For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city will be captured, the houses plundered, the women ravished and half of the city exiled, but the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city. 3 Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. 4 In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. 5 You will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord, my God, will come, and all the holy ones with Him! (vs 5, Re Isa 66:15-16, 18)

Consider the severity of the earthquake (vs 4). Consider the city of Jerusalem (vs 2).

Let’s consider the seventh bowl judgment. Revelation 16:17-21. 96 A.D.

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done.” 18 And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty. 19 The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of His fierce wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And huge hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, *came down from heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague *was extremely severe.

Consider the severity of the earthquake (vs 18). Consider the great city, which is Jerusalem (vs 19). The earth will quake, not only in Jerusalem, but also in cities all around the world. It is easy to understand how the Tribulation Temple, which was built under the authority of the antichrist, will be destroyed by the earthquake of God’s seventh bowl judgment. “This seventh bowl judgment will be the completion of God’s plan, preceding the establishment of the Kingdom Age” (Dr. David Hocking sermon, Armaggedon, Rev 16:12-21). https://hftmedia.org/archive/revelation/nt27-message-36-40/

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End Times 16, Revelation 11:1-14, Jewish Temples And Witnesses

Video title. Left Behind II. Ben-Judah, who is a Jew, and rabbinical scholar, confronts the two witnesses, who testify to him that Christ is Messiah.

Article title. End Times 16, Revelation 11:1-14, Jewish Temples And Witnesses.

I. Preface.

A. Let us remember the purpose for all Scripture, in that all Scripture is based on “The Purpose Of God, (Isaiah 46:10).”

1. In our study of the End Times, we consider God’s purposes for Israel: Nehemiah 1:8-9:

8 Remember the word which You commanded Your servant Moses, saying, ‘If you are unfaithful I will scatter you among the peoples; 9 but if you return to Me and keep My commandments and do them, though those of you who have been scattered were in the most remote part of the heavens, I will gather them from there and will bring them to the place where I have chosen to cause My name to dwell.’

2. God has given severe warnings for those who would harm His chosen people: Numbers 24:9:

“He couches, he lies down as a lion, And as a lion, who dares rouse him? Blessed is everyone who blesses you, And cursed is everyone who curses you.”

B. We will begin this article, and each following article, with a Scripture that relates to God’s plans for Israel.

1. Jeremiah 2:1-2:” Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, 2 “Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem…;” 2:4. “Hear the word of the Lord, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel.” (Notice that the book of Jeremiah was written to Jews, by a Jew (Jeremiah), about Jewish things.)

2. Jeremiah 3:17: “At that time they will call Jerusalem ‘The Throne of the Lord,’ and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord; nor will they walk anymore after the stubbornness of their evil heart.”

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary);

IV. Introduction.

A. Consider the chronology of Jewish places of worship that precede the Tribulation Temple.

1. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
2. The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
3. God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
4. Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
5. The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
6. The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
7. Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
8. The glory of the LORD (Yahweh) was present in the Tabernacle in the desert (Ex 40:34-38), as was the case in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:10-11).
9. As will be shown below, the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departed from Solomon’s Temple prior to its looting and destruction by the Babylonians, and will not return until the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) places the Millennial Temple in Jerusalem.

B. As this chapter opens (v 1), we see “the Temple of God,” which is a fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy, Daniel 9:27, “…And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering…” A temple was required for such Jewish practices. This “Tribulation Temple,” will be built under the graces of the antichrist. However, the words, “Temple of God,” show that God is in control of everything about the temple. The phrase, “in the middle of the week,” means “halfway through the Tribulation.” A discussion of the Millennial Temple will show that God does not reside in the Tribulation Temple. Also, when Christ was on earth, He never went into the Holy of Holies of the remodeled Herod’s Temple of Zerubbabel’s reconstruction of the destroyed Solomon’s Temple. Christ was/is the Holy of Holies. Had Christ been accepted as Messiah, at His first coming, He presumably would have entered the Temple (RSB Ezekiel 10:18-19 note). Preceding the time of the treaty between the antichrist and the Jews, the rapture of the church will take place (1 Thes 4:16-17), leaving behind on earth only those whom will not have been born again. The purpose for the tribulation (Jer 30:7) is for God to deal with unbelieving Jews, to draw them to saving faith in Christ as Messiah (Matt 23:39).

1. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 594 B.C.,(Ezek 10:18) tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departing from Solomon’s Temple. Ezekiel had a prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem (Ezek 10:1-22, 594 B.C.). Ezekiel prophesied of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Ezek 24:1-2, 593 B.C.) (Jer 39:1-10, 589 B.C.).

2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 587 B.C., (Ezek 37:26-28), tells of the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) putting the Temple in the Millennium.

2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 574 B.C., (Ezekiel 43:5), tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) returning, and entering the Temple, which will be the Millennial Temple; this will take place when Christ returns from Heaven at the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:9).

3. In Rev 21:22, we read, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.” (This verse refers to the Eternal State.) (“Lord God”….”kurios theos”)

C. Consider The Two Witnesses.

1. From the time of the antichrist breaking the covenant with Israel, 3 1/2 years remain until the end of the Tribulation, during which time Jerusalem will be under Gentile control (Rev 11:2). The period of time from the destruction of Solomon’s Temple, until the time that Christ reigns on the Throne in the Kingdom, is known as the “Times Of the Gentiles” (Luke 21:24). The expression, “Times of the Gentiles,” identifies the era from Israel’s captivity (ca. 586 B.C. to Babylon; cf. 2 Kin. 25) to her restoration in the kingdom (Rev. 20:1–6). It has been a time during which, in accord with God’s purpose, Gentiles have dominated or threatened Jerusalem (MAC).

2. The two witnesses, “olive trees,” will prophecy during the first half of the Tribulation (RSB), and will be protected from harm. They will also exhibit miraculous powers (Rev 11:3-6).

4. After the two witnesses have finished their mission (God is in control), the anticrist (beast) comes on the scene, and kills the two witnesses. The bodies lie in the city of sodomite Jerusalem for 3 1/2 days, as an element of dishonor for the witnesses. The world sees the dead bodies of the witnesses (satellite video); great rejoicing goes on by those “earth dwellers” (Rev 3:10), due to their deaths (Rev 11:7-10).

5. The martyred two witnesses come back to life; great fear comes upon those who see this miracle. The witnesses are caught up (Raptured) to heaven, in clear view of the “earth dwellers.” A great earthquake causes a tenth of Jerusalem to collapse; seven thousand people die; the survivors give glory to God, but not for long. Soon, they will again curse God (Rev 16:11) (Rev 11:11-13).

V. Consider Israel: Past, Present, Future.

A. At this time in the history of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deu 14:2) are returning to Israel in a state of unbelief. When the Rapture occurs (1 Thes 4:16-17), all unbelieving Jews, and Gentiles, will be left behind on earth to undergo the persecution of the antichrist (under God’s control) and the judgments of God. There will be millions of people, “Jew and Gentile,” that will be left behind from the Rapture. God chose Israel to be His chosen people; Israel did not choose God.

B. In today’s world, many Jews are atheistic, and many are in a total state of dishonoring Christ; the same situation applies to Gentiles. But, it is God’s purpose for His chosen people to come to saving faith in Christ, and to be saved from the eternal damnation that will come from such of a lack of belief in Christ as Messiah, as will be the case of unbelieving Gentiles. Anti-Jew verbal attacks are numerous today from such organizations as: news and media, entertainment and globalists, academia and new world order types, and unbelieving members of government, large corporations, and the world community. Unbelieving Jews are found in all of those groups of other unbelievers. Jews do things that are wrong. However, God’s Word will not be changed or negated, in regard to His plan for His chosen people in the Tribulation and Kingdom Age, which are based on His unconditional covenants with Israel (Abrahamic and Davidic).

C. God’s covenant with Abraham (Gen 12:1-3) guarantees the covenant seed of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, “a people and a land and a blessing”, which will be fulfilled in an expanded Israel in the Kingdom Age. God’s Davidic covenant with Israel (2 Samuel 7:8-16) guarantees that an heir of David, who will be Christ, will rule and reign over the expanded Israel during the Kingdom Age. God has guaranteed that Jews of the Old Testament age, including the time of the Gospels, will rule and reign with Christ during the Kingdom Age (Matt 19:28; Dan 12:1-3). God has also specified that for individual Jews to be included in those of national Israel to enter the Kingdom of God, they must believe in Christ as Lord and Savior (John 3:16).

D. John 3:16 is quoted by many Christians as being the key to their eternal life, but the words of that verse were spoken to Jews by Christ. “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16). The necessity for such belief in Christ is echoed in New Testament scriptures.

E. Concerning national Israel, “they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel” (Romans 9:6). Not all Jews will have been born again (John 3:3); not all will have believed in Christ as Messiah (John 3:16-18; Romans 8:1). Christ is God (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23).

F. Concerning the believing Jews who will survive the Tribulation, per Romans 11:26: “all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.” (Per Zechariah 12:8-10, believing Jews will call on Christ to save them at the end of the Tribulation, as they are being attacked by all of the nations of the world.)

VI. Video Discussions.

A. Opening Video. In the Left Behind movie, Ben-Judah was commissioned by the Israel I government three years before the Rapture to undertake a study as to how the Jews would recognize the Messiah when he comes. Ben-Judah was beginning to conclude that Jesus of Nazareth met the descriptions of prophecy, but had not committed himself when Christ raptured His church. Video info. Dr. Tsion Ben-Judah is a character in the Left Behind series, is a Jew, a rabbinical scholar. ararat4life. a clip from left behind 2. This video is not my own, it belongs to Cloud Ten pictures. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Left_Behind_characters

B. Second Video, seen by clicking on the following link.

The Two Witnesses – Jon Ankerberg

1. Jon Ankerberg Show. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

2. Speaker credentials, including those of the moderator, Jon Ankerberg, can be seen on my site Page, “About Sources.”

VII. Two Witness Discussions.

A. MacArthur Study Bible note, from Rev 11:5-6. The Two Witnesses Identity. 11:5, 6 While it is impossible to be dogmatic about the identity of these two witnesses, several observations suggest they might be Moses and Elijah: 1) like Moses, they strike the earth with plagues, and like Elijah, they have the power to keep it from raining; 2) Jewish tradition expected both Moses (cf. Deut. 18:15–18) and Elijah (cf. Mal. 4:5, 6) to return in the future (cf. John 1:21); 3) both Moses and Elijah were present at the Transfiguration, the preview of Christ’s second coming; 4) both Moses and Elijah used supernatural means to provoke repentance; 5) Elijah was taken up alive into heaven, and God buried Moses’ body where it would never be found; and 6) the length of the drought the two witnesses bring (3 1/2 years; cf. v. 3) is the same as that brought by Elijah (James 5:17).

B. My note. There is a lot of discussion about the identity of the witnesses. Such discussion relates to two key Old Testament characters “who did not die”, and were “caught up” to Heaven (Rapture). In Genesis 5:24, we read: “Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.: In Second Kings 2:11, we read: “Elijah went up by a whirlwind to heaven.” The accounts of Enoch and Elijah tell of their being “caught up” to Heaven without having suffered death. But, at the time of the Rapture, millions of born again believers in Christ, all around the world, will also be “caught up” and be taken to Heaven without suffering death. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, “16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be “caught up” together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.” [“caught up,” Italics mine]

VIII. Text: Revelation 11:1-14

The Two Witnesses

1 Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. 3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.” 4 These are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands that stand before the Lord of the earth. 5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. 6 These have the power to shut up the sky, so that rain will not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

7 When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. 8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. 9 Those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them and celebrate; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” Then they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

IX. Comments.


1. 11:1. “the temple of God.” Refers to the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place, not the entire temple complex (cf. v. 2). A rebuilt temple will exist during the time of the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:4). “altar.” The reference to worshipers suggests this is the bronze altar in the courtyard, not the incense altar in the Holy Place, since only the priests were permitted inside the Holy Place (cf. Luke 1:8–10).

2: 11:2. “court which is outside.” The court of the Gentiles, separated from the inner court in the Herodian temple by a low wall. Gentiles were forbidden to enter the inner court on penalty of death. That John is instructed not to measure the outer court symbolizes God’s rejection of the unbelieving Gentiles who have oppressed His covenant people. “tread the holy city underfoot.” Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome all oppressed Jerusalem in ancient times (cf. 2 Kin. 25:8–10; Ps. 79:1; Is. 63:18; Lam. 1:10). This verse refers to the future devastating destruction and oppression of Jerusalem by the forces of the Antichrist. “forty-two months.” This 3 1/2 year period covers the second half of the Tribulation and coincides with the visibly evil career of the Antichrist (v. 3; 12:6; 13:5). During this same time, the Jews will be sheltered by God in the wilderness (12:6, 14).

3. 11:3. “two witnesses.” Individuals granted special power and authority by God to preach a message of judgment and salvation during the second half of the Tribulation. The OT required two or more witnesses to confirm testimony (cf. Deut. 17:6; 19:15; Matt. 18:16; John 8:17; Heb. 10:28), and these two prophets will be the culmination of God’s testimony to Israel: a message of judgment from God and of His gracious offer of the gospel to all who will repent and believe. “sackcloth.” Coarse, rough cloth made from goat or camel hair. Wearing garments made from it expressed penitence, humility, and mourning (cf. Gen. 37:34; 2 Sam. 3:31; 2 Kin. 6:30; 19:1; Esth. 4:1; Is. 22:12; Jer. 6:26; Matt. 11:21). The witnesses are mourning because of the wretched wickedness of the world, God’s judgment on it, and the desecration of the temple and the holy city by the Antichrist.

4. 11:4. This imagery is drawn from Zech. 3, 4 (see notes there). Zechariah’s vision had both a near fulfillment (the rebuilding of the temple by Joshua and Zerubbabel) and a far future fulfillment (the two witnesses, whose ministry points toward Israel’s final restoration in the Millennium). “two olive trees and the two lamp stands.” Olive oil was commonly used in lamps; together the olive trees and lamp stands symbolize the light of spiritual revival. The two witnesses’ preaching will spark a revival, just as Joshua’s and Zerubbabel’s did in Israel after the Babylonian captivity.

5. 11:5. “fire proceeds . . . and devours.” Probably this refers to literal fire. These two will be invincible during their ministry, protected by supernatural power. The false prophet will counterfeit this sign (13:3).

6. 11:6. “power to shut heaven.” Miracles have often authenticated God’s messengers. Here, bringing a ‘3 1/2 year’ drought (as did Elijah before them) will add immeasurable torment to those experiencing the worldwide disasters of the Tribulation—and exacerbate their hatred of the two witnesses. “waters to turn them to blood.” The earth’s water, already devastated by the effects of the second and third trumpets, will become undrinkable, adding immensely to the suffering caused by the drought.

7. 11:7. “the beast.” The first of 36 references to this person in Revelation, who is none other than the Antichrist (see chap. 13). That he will ascend out of the bottomless pit indicates that his power is satanic. “kill them.” Their ministry completed, God will withdraw the two witnesses’ supernatural protection. The beast will then be able to accomplish what many had died trying to do.

8. 11:8. “bodies will lie in the street.” Refusing to bury one’s enemies was a way to dishonor and show contempt for them (cf. Acts 14:19). The OT expressly forbids this practice (Deut. 21:22, 23). “the great city.” Identifying Jerusalem as a city like Sodom and Egypt stresses the city’s wickedness. Its Jewish population will apparently be the focus of the witnesses’ ministry, leading to the conversions of v. 13.

9. 11:9. “three-and-a-half days.” The entire world will watch (undoubtedly on the latest form of visual media) and glorify the Antichrist as the bodies of the dead prophets who have been killed begin to decay.

10. 11:10. “rejoice . . . make merry . . . send gifts.” Wild with joy over the death of their tormentors, those who dwell on the earth (a phrase used 11 times in Revelation to speak of unbelievers) will celebrate the two witnesses’ deaths as a holiday.

11. 11:11. “breath of life from God entered them.” The festivities, however, are short-lived as God vindicates His faithful witnesses by resurrecting them.

12. 11:12. “ascended to heaven in a cloud.” Some may wonder why God will not allow them to preach, assuming their message would have more force following their resurrection. But that ignores Christ’s clear statement to the contrary (Luke 16:31). “enemies saw them.” Those who hated and dishonored the two witnesses will watch their vindication.

13. 11:13. “earthquake.” God punctuates the ascension of His prophets with a shattering earthquake. The destruction and loss of life may be primarily among the leaders of the Antichrist’s forces. “the rest.” This refers to the Jews still living, who will not yet have come to faith in Christ. “gave glory to the God of heaven.” A genuine experience of the salvation of Jews (cf. Luke 17:18, 19), in contrast to those who blaspheme and refuse to glorify God (16:9). This makes a key fulfilment of Zechariah’s prophecy (12:10; 13:1) and Paul’s (Rom. 11:25–27).

14. 11:14. “second woe.” The sixth trumpet (see note on 9:12). The interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets ends (see note on 10:1). Israel’s repentance will shortly usher in the millennial kingdom (Acts 3:19–21; Rom. 11:25, 26). But first will come the final, climactic judgments.


a. 11:14. The second woe includes the sixth trumpet (9:12–21) and a second interlude (10:1–11:13).

b. 11:14. The third woe is apparently the seventh trumpet (vv. 15–19), since it is said to be coming quickly, and since 8:13 relates the woes to the last three blasts of the trumpet. The final woe may extend further since the word woe recurs in 12:12.

X. Closing.

A. After the second woe has ended (Rev 11:14), only the seventh trumpet, which is the third and final woe, is left to come. Even more severe Godly judgments are waiting to be released by God on the earth, and on “the earth dwellers.”

B. It has been said that, “an earth dweller,” is an “earth dweller,” is an “earth dweller.” From the scriptures that tell about the earth dwellers, it is easy to see that those defiant people who have been left behind from the rapture will not come to repentance and change their minds about the deity of Christ, the Messiah. The earth dwellers show a hardening of their hearts, even in the presence of the increasing severity of God’s judgments on the earth, and on everyone that will be present on earth.

C. The following verses refer to earth dwellers of the Tribulation. Rev 3:10; 6:10; 8:13; 11:10; 13:8, 14; 17:8.

XI. Please follow this site.

Because He Lives

“so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth,” Philippians 2:10

Because He Lives

Kristin Chenoweth

God sent His son, they called Him Jesus
He came to love, heal and forgive
He lived and died to buy my pardon
An empty grave is there to prove my savior lives
Because He lives, I can face tomorrow
Because He lives, all fear is gone
Because I know He holds the future
And life is worth the living, just because He lives
How sweet to hold a newborn baby
And feel the pride and joy He gives
But greater still the calm assurance
This child can face uncertain day, because He lives
Because He lives, I can face tomorrow
Because He lives, all fear is gone
Because I know He holds the future
And life is worth the living, just because He lives
And then one day, I’ll cross the river
I’ll fight life’s final war with pain
And then, as death gives way to victory
I’ll see the lights of glory and I’ll know He reigns
Because He lives, I can face tomorrow
Because He lives, all fear is gone
Because I know He holds the future
And life is worth the living, just because He lives
I can face tomorrow
Because He lives, all fear is gone
Because I know He holds the future
And life is worth the living, just because He lives

Source: LyricFind

Songwriters: Gloria Gaither / William J. Gaither

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American History And Slavery – 2

Did Christopher Columbus corrupt the Americas?

Much has been said about how Christopher Columbus corrupted the entire areas of North, Central and South America. A question should be considered, such as, “how could such a small contingent of Columbus’s guest explorers and travelers” be so successful as to ruin the lives of people, who lived as far south as the southern tip of South America, all of the way to the northern tip of Canada? Facts do not allow such a conclusion for the wicked prowess of these people who explored and settled in small coastal areas of Central and South America. Columbus never traveled to North America (USA and Canada). At the time of Columbus’s voyages, the Americas were inhabited by Indigenous Americans, descendants of Paleo-Indians who crossed Beringia from Asia to North America; such people were hardened survivors, who would not be easily manipulated by European explorers and colonists. A greater study of the peoples of the Americas that traveled from Asia to Alaska, can be found in an article that I wrote, and is located at the bottom of this page.

The following information shows pertinent information that relates to the four voyages of Columbus, to include maps that depict his areas of exploration. You will notice dates of voyages, numbers of ships, and numbers of people on each journey. One thing that you will notice is that among the people who traveled with the crews of Columbus, is that none of them were identified as being slaves.

Columbus was an Italian-born navigator sailing for the Crown of Castile (Spain) in search of a westward route to the Indies. Therefore, the colonists that Columbus took to the new world would have been primarily Catholic. In addition to this, plans were made to maintain friars and clergymen. Based on this paragraph’s information, it is easy to see why Central and South America have such a large Catholic populace.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus


From the above link, the following information was extracted.

In 1492, a Spanish-based transatlantic maritime expedition led by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus encountered the Americas, continents which were virtually unknown in Europe, Asia and Africa and were outside the Old World political and economic system. The four voyages of Columbus led to the widespread knowledge that a continent existed west of Europe and east of Asia. This breakthrough in geographical knowledge inaugurated a period of exploration, conquest, colonization, biological exchange, and trans-Atlantic trade, whose effects and consequences persist to the present, and are sometimes cited as the start of the modern era.

It was long believed that Columbus had been the first European explorer to reach the Americas, but in fact he had been preceded by the Viking expedition led by Leif Erikson in the 11th century. However, Columbus’s voyages were the ones that led to ongoing European contact with the Americas.

Columbus was an Italian-born navigator sailing for the Crown of Castile (Spain) in search of a westward route to the Indies, the vaguely rumored East Asian sources of spices and other precious oriental goods obtainable only through arduous overland routes. Although he did not realize it, this search failed when he encountered the New World between Europe and Asia. Columbus made a total of four voyages to the Americas between 1492 and 1502.

At the time of Columbus’ voyages, the Americas were inhabited by Indigenous Americans, descendants of Paleo-Indians who crossed Beringia from Asia to North America.

First voyage (August 3, 1492 – March 15, 1493) Christopher Columbus, Three Ships, Ninety Sailors.

The map of Columbus’s first exploration of the Americas is shown in the following link; you will notice a pause.

Second voyage (September 24, 1493 – June 11, 1496) Columbus, Seventeen Ships, 120 Colonists,

Before he left Spain on his second voyage, Columbus had been directed by Ferdinand and Isabella to maintain friendly, even loving, relations with the natives.He set sail from Cádiz, Spain, on September 24, 1493.

The map of Columbus’s second exploration of the Americas is shown in the following link.

Third voyage (May 30, 1498 -Nov 1500), Columbus, Six Ships and The Following Individuals.

After his second journey, Columbus had requested that 330 people be sent to stay permanently (though voluntarily) on Hispaniola, all on the King’s pay. Specifically, he asked for 100 men to work as wood men soldiers and laborers, 50 farmers, 40 squires, 30 sailors, 30 cabin boys, 20 goldsmiths, 10 gardeners, 20 handymen, and 30 women. In addition to this, plans were made to maintain friars and clergymen, a physician, a pharmacist, an herbalist, and musicians for entertaining the colonists. Fearing that the King was going to restrict money allotted for wages, Columbus suggested that Spanish criminals be pardoned in exchange for a few years unpaid service in Hispaniola, and the King agreed to this. A pardon for the death penalty would require 2 years of service, and one year of service was required for lesser crimes. They also instructed that those who had been sentenced to exile would also be redirected to be exiled in Hispaniola.

The map of Columbus’s third exploration of the Americas is shown in the following link.

Fourth voyage (May 12, 1502 – November 7, 1504) Columbus, Four Ships, and 147 men.

The map of Columbus’s fourth exploration of the Americas is shown in the following link.

Opening Video Information. The video comes from a movie that was made about World War II that was released in 1945.

U.S. Marines on Parade in Dress Blues

An excerpt from the 1942 movie, To The Shores Of Tripoli with Randolph Scott and John Payne.

Please read the following article, which discusses the journeys of those peoples whom would travel from Asia to Alaska, and would settle the Americas.

The Making Of America – 2 – Native Americans (?) – They Came Here Too!


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American History And Slavery – Part 1

“The Spanish, Portuguese and English were co-conspirators in what we would now consider a crime against humanity.” 

The above, and following quote, come from the article on slavery that follows the American History Timeline.

“To ignore what had been happening with relative frequency in the broader Atlantic world over the preceding 100 years or so understates the real brutality of the ongoing slave trade, of which the 1619 group were undoubtedly a part, and minimizes the significant African presence in the Atlantic world to that point,” Guasco explains. “People of African descent have been ‘here’ longer than the English colonies.”


Scroll down on the following link to “American History Timeline” to see the following dates, which are printed below the link.


American History Timeline  

1001 Leif Ericson explores North America        
1492 Christopher Columbus discovers America        
1497 John Cabot claims North America for England        
1501 Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of South America        
1519 Ferdinand Magellan is the first to go around the world
Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America        
1524 Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay        
1528 Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida
Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico        
1534 Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River        
1539 Hernando de Soto explores south-eastern North America        
1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores south-western North America
Discovery of the Grand Canyon by Garcia Lopez de Cardenas        
1541 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas        
1542 Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coast
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovers San Diego Bay, California        
1559 Tristan de Luna explores North America        
1563 Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico        
1576S ir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait        
1577 Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the world – December 13 1577 to September 26 1580        
1584 Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina        
1585 March 25: Walter Raleigh receives the patent to explore and settle in North America
June: Walter Raleigh’s fleet of seven vessels under Richard Grenville and Ralph Lane, with 108 men, reach Roanoke Island
June 4: Virginia colony of Roanoke Island established by Walter Raleigh        
1598 Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado        
1607 Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown        
1609 Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River

Go down 167 years to when the thirteen British Colonies declared their independence from Great Britain. The following is a list of the thirteen colonies. (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia) https://www.history.com/topics/colonial-america/thirteen-colonies

1776 July 4. Thomas Jefferson presents the United States Declaration of Independence


America’s History Of Slavery Began Long Before Jamestown 1619

The following information was extracted from a much larger article from the following link.


In late August 1619, the White Lion, an English privateer commanded by John Jope, sailed into Point Comfort and dropped anchor in the James River. Virginia colonist John Rolfe documented the arrival of the ship and “20 and odd” Africans on board. His journal entry is immortalized in textbooks, with 1619 often used as a reference point for teaching the origins of slavery in America. But the history, it seems, is far more complicated than a single date.

It is believed the first Africans brought to the colony of Virginia, 400 years ago this month (August 26, 2019), were Kimbundu-speaking peoples from the kingdom of Ndongo, located in part of present-day Angola.

As noted by Rolfe, when the White Lion arrived in what is now present-day Hampton, Virginia, the Africans were offloaded and “bought for victuals.” Governor Sir George Yeardley and head merchant Abraham Piersey acquired the majority of the captives, most of whom were kept in Jamestown, America’s first permanent English settlement.

The arrival of these “20 and odd” Africans to England’s mainland American colonies in 1619 is now a focal point in history curricula. The date and their story have become symbolic of slavery’s roots, despite captive Africans likely being present in the Americas in the 1400s and as early as 1526 in the region that would become the United States.

Some experts, including Michael Guasco, a professor at Davidson College and author of Slaves and Englishmen: Human Bondage in the Early Modern Atlantic World, caution about placing too much emphasis on the year 1619.

“To ignore what had been happening with relative frequency in the broader Atlantic world over the preceding 100 years or so understates the real brutality of the ongoing slave trade, of which the 1619 group were undoubtedly a part, and minimizes the significant African presence in the Atlantic world to that point,” Guasco explains. “People of African descent have been ‘here’ longer than the English colonies.”

European trade of enslaved Africans began in the 1400s.

Africans also played a role in England’s early colonization efforts. Enslaved Africans may have been on board Sir Francis Drake’s fleet when he arrived at Roanoke Island in 1586.

“The English took note of their fellow Europeans’ role in enslavement and the slave trade,” says Mark Summers, a public historian at Jamestown Rediscovery. In the context of the broader Atlantic world, the colony and institution of slavery developed from a chain of events involving multiple actors.

While Heywood and Thornton acknowledge that 1619 remains a key date for slavery in America, they also argue that focusing too much on the first enslaved people at Jamestown can distort our understanding of history.

In 1619, slavery, as codified by law, did not yet exist in Virginia or elsewhere in places that would later become the United States.

As Guasco puts it, “The Spanish, Portuguese and English were co-conspirators in what we would now consider a crime against humanity.”

America History And Slavery – Part 2 will provide additional information that will help us to understand the facts of slavery, as it was introduced into the Americas.

The video was that of Prestonwood Baptist Church


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I. Dispensations.

A. “A dispensation is a period of time during which man is tested in respect of obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God.”

B. http://biblecentre.org/content.php?mode=7&item=814

II. The Seven Dispensations

A. In the Scofield Bible seven dispensations are addressed: (1) The Dispensation of Innocency: before the Fall; (2) The Dispensation of Conscience: before the Flood; (3) The Dispensation of Human Government; (4) The Dispensation of Promise: from the calling of Abraham until Mt. Sinai; (5) The Dispensation of the Law: from Mt. Sinai to the cross of Christ; (6) The Dispensation of Grace: from the cross of Christ to the Second Advent; (7) The Dispensation of the Kingdom: the Millennium.

B. https://www.the-highway.com/Scofield.html

III. The Dispensation of the Kingdom: the Millennium (7).

A. Revelation 20:4. Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

B. The seventh and final dispensation brings about the culmination of life on Earth and the closest thing yet to how God really wanted to live with us on this planet. As its name suggests, the Millennial Kingdom of Christ will last for 1,000 years. The Millennial Kingdom is the seventh dispensation (Revelation 20:1-10). https://www.gotquestions.org/dispensation-of-Millennial-Kingdom.html

C. The Kingdom Age (The thousand year Millennium) begins at the end of the Tribulation, when the surviving Jews who were left behind from the rapture of the church, call on Christ in faith to save them from total annihilation from the forces of the world which are attacking Jerusalem (Zech 12:8-11; Matt 24:29-31). Accompanying Christ, as He descends from Heaven to save Israel, will be angels and the resurrected and raptured believers in Christ (Zech 14:1-5, 9; Rev 19:11-21).

D. The Gospel of the Kingdom (Matt 24:14) is not the same as, or identical to, the Gospel of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-8). The Gospel of the Kingdom, relates to life in the Kingdom and, will be preached unto the whole world during the Tribulation, and then Christ will return for the Battle of Armageddon (Rev 16:13-16). Just as John the Baptist told the Jews in Matt 3:2, ““Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand,” Christ began to teach about the Kingdom, as was written in Matt 4:17, “From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” In the Tribulation, Jews that accept Christ as Messiah, will do as Christ instructed His disciples in Matt 10:7, “And as you go, preach, saying,‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.” It is reasonable to think that Tribulation born again Gentiles will also tell others about the Gospel of the Kingdom, which will include a teaching about Christ as being Messiah. Such teaching may come from articles such as this one, from teachings on video tapes, and from Bibles and Christian books that may survive the persecution of the forces of the antichrist, and the judgments of the Tribulation. A prophecy to Jews from the Prophet Joel in 800 B.C. will also enter the arena of thought. The work of the Holy Spirit in 30 A.D. reaffirmed Joel’s prophecy to Jews who were in Jerusalem for the annual Feast of Pentecost. Both of those passages tell of the work of the Holy Spirit that will take place in the Tribulation.

1. Joel 2:28-32.

The Promise of the Spirit
28 “It will come about after this
That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and daughters will prophesy,
Your old men will dream dreams,
Your young men will see visions.
29 “Even on the male and female servants
I will pour out My Spirit in those days.

The Day of the Lord
30 “I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,
Blood, fire and columns of smoke.
31 “The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood
Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
32 “And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the Lord
Will be delivered;
For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem
There will be those who escape,
As the Lord has said,
Even among the survivors whom the Lord calls.

2. Acts 2:16-21

16 but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel:

17 ‘And it shall be in the last days,’ God says,
‘That I will pour forth of My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
And your young men shall see visions,
And your old men shall dream dreams;
18 Even on My bondslaves, both men and women,
I will in those days pour forth of My Spirit
And they shall prophesy.
19 ‘And I will grant wonders in the sky above
And signs on the earth below,
Blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke.
20 ‘The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and glorious day of the Lord shall come.
21 ‘And it shall be that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’

3. Note. Joel 2:28-32. See Introduction: Interpretive Challenges; see notes on Acts 2:16–21. (MacArthur Study Bible note.)
Some have viewed the phenomena of Acts 2 and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 as the fulfillment of the Joel passage, while others have reserved its fulfillment to the final Day of the LORD only—but clearly Joel is referring to the final terrible Day of the LORD. The pouring out of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost was not a fulfillment, but a preview and sample of the Spirit’s power and work to be released fully and finally in the Messiah’s kingdom after the Day of the LORD. See note on Acts 2:16–21. (MacArthur Study Bible note.)

4. Note. Acts 2:16–21 See Introduction to Joel: Interpretive Challenges; see notes on Joel 2:28–32. Joel’s prophecy will not be completely fulfilled until the millennial kingdom. But Peter, by using it, shows that Pentecost was a pre-fulfillment, a taste of what will happen in the millennial kingdom when the Spirit is poured out on all flesh (cf. 10:45). (MacArthur Study Bible note.)

5. Note. “Day of the Lord.” The future “Day of the Lord,” which unleashes God’s wrath, falls into two parts: 1) the end of the 7-year tribulation period (cf. Rev. 19:11–21), and 2) the end of the Millennium. These two are actually 1,000 years apart, and Peter refers to the end of the 1,000-year period in connection with the final “Day of the Lord” (cf. 2 Pet. 3:10; Rev. 20:7–15). Here, Paul refers to that aspect of the “Day of the Lord,” which concludes the tribulation period. “a thief in the night.” This phrase is never used to refer to the rapture of the church. It is used of Christ’s coming in judgment on the day of the Lord at the end of the 7 year tribulation which is distinct from the rapture of the church (see note on 4:15) and it is used of the judgment that concludes the Millennium (2 Pet. 3:10). (MacArthur Study Bible note)

E. “Of that day and hour, no one knows” (Matt 24:36), is a verse that relates to the second coming of Christ at the end of the Tribulation. The context of Matt 24:36 does not allow it to refer to the rapture of the church (1 Cor 15:50-54) but, it is true that no one knows the day or hour that Christ will return in the air to catch up His born again believers (1 Thes 4:16-17), and take them to Heaven with Him (John 14:2,3,6).

F. Key to a proper understanding of the Kingdom Age is that, “not until Christ takes His rightful position on His rightful throne in Jerusalem,” will the Kingdom Age be established (Rev 19:16; Zech 14:9). “Thy Kingdom Come, Thy will be done, in earth as it is in Heaven” (Matt 6:9-10) refers to the Kingdom Age.

G. The Kingdom is a promise from God to Jews, as it is written in the (1) Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3, 13:15, 15:18-21, 17:5); in the (2) Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7:8-16; 1 Chron 17:11-14; 2 Chron 6:16); and in the words of the (3) Jewish prophets (Isa 9:7; Jer 33:14; Ezek 37:24; Dan 2:44, 4:3, 4:34, 6:26, 7:14, 7:18; Oba 1:21; Mic 4:8). The Gospels, which are also Old Testament books, continue with teachings on the Kingdom; i.e.; Matt 3:2, “the Kingdom of God is at hand;” 4:23, “Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom;” 10:7, “And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand;” 13:11, “Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.” (Christ allowed His disciples to know things that other Jews were not able to discern.)

H. The “mysteries of the Kingdom,” as stated in Matt 13:11, is key to an understanding of the Kingdom Age; many facts were written by the Old Testament writers. But, Christ taught things about the Kingdom that were not taught until He came into the world as, “Immanuel, God with us;” (Matt 1:23). A key example of a “mystery” is found in 1 Cor 2:7, “but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory.” Consider the Ryrie Study Bible note. “mystery.” The gospel Paul proclaimed, which is understood only by divine revelation.”

I. Consider a major reason that we are not in the Kingdom now. The Jewish prophet Isaiah stated why we are not in the Kingdom, now?

1. Consider Isaiah 2:3-4. Can we read those verses and conclude that we are in the Kingdom, now?

3 And many peoples will come and say,
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob;
That He may teach us concerning His ways
And that we may walk in His paths.”
For the law will go forth from Zion
And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
4 And He will judge between the nations,
And will render decisions for many peoples;
And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.
Nation will not lift up sword against nation,
And never again will they learn war.

2. Consider Isaiah 11:6-7. Can we read those verses and conclude that we are in the Kingdom, now?

6 And the wolf will dwell with the lamb,
And the leopard will lie down with the young goat,
And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
And a little boy will lead them.
7 Also the cow and the bear will graze,
Their young will lie down together,
And the lion will eat straw like the ox.

J. Christ explained to His disciples in His Mount of Olivet discourse in Matt 24-25, of the time that He will sit on His earthly throne. Matt 25:31. “When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory” (Consider also: Zech 14:1-5, 9; Matt 19:28; Acts 2:30; Rev 19:14, 20:4).

K. We are not in the Kingdom. The church will not usher in the Kingdom. Only the return of Christ, at the end of the Tribulation, will bring about the Kingdom (Matt 24:29-31).

L. At the end of the Kingdom, Christ will turn over the Kingdom to “God the Father.”

a. 1 Cor 15:24, “then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.”

b. Consider the comment of the MacArthur Study note: “He delivers the kingdom to God.” In the culmination of the world’s history, after Christ has taken over the restored world for His Father and reigned for 1,000 years, all things will be returned to the way they were designed by God to be in the sinless glory of the new heavens and new earth (see Rev. 21, 22).

IV. Dispensation Of Study.

A. The direction of Biblical study in my articles leads to the seventh dispensation, the Kingdom dispensation, Revelation 20:4.

B. Equipping Blog has been, and will continue to be, the platform that I use for publishing articles that relate to the Kingdom, and maters that relate to the Kingdom.

V. Video Information

A. What is the good news of the millennial kingdom?

B. John Ankerberg Show

C. From the series “Revelation: The Last Words of Jesus” featuring very special guests Dr. Ron Rhodes, Dr. Ed Hindson, and, Dr. Mark Hitchcock.

D. Credentials of the guest, and speakers, of the video can be seen on my Page, About Sources.

VI. Please follow this site.

The Declaration Of Independence

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The song “God Bless The U.S.A.”, sung by Lee Greenwood is copyrighted by UMG.

“We Will Never Forget” 9/11/2001. Billie Pirtle.
A tribute to all the innocent men, women, and children that died in the World Trade Centers on September 11, 2001. God bless the victims of September 11…not just today, but always! God bless the United States Of America.

On 911 America prayed for New York. NYPD, NYFD, EMS, Citizens, Families and Survivors. New York was One!

The Declaration Of Independence

The identification, “Fourth of July” muddies the waters of blood that many colonists shed as they fought to free these first citizens of the United States of America from the tyranny that was coming at the hands of the King of England. The correct term that should be used is “Independence Day.” It was a declaration that started our nation on the road to being the most prosperous nation that the world has ever known. It is the Judaeo-Christian mindset that has made our nation the strongest nation in the world. There is a Bible verse that has been a driving force for our nation to support God’s Chosen People of the Nation of Israel. Genesis 12:3:

“And I will bless those who bless you,
And the one who curses you I will curse.
And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

The United States of America was commissioned by God to protect “His Chosen People.” Deuteronomy 14:2:

“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.”

The United States of America is the only nation in the world that has held strong in its protection and support of Israel. The countries of the United Nations have consistently opposed “God’s Chosen People.”

United Nations Resolutions

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions saying that the strategic relationship with the United States encourages Israel to pursue aggressive and expansionist policies and practices.[3] The 9th Emergency Session of the General Assembly was convened at the request of the Security Council when the United States blocked efforts to adopt sanctions against Israel.[4] The United States responded to the frequent criticism from UN organs by adopting the Negroponte doctrine of opposing any Security Council resolutions criticizing Israel that did not also denounce Palestinian militant activity.


The Declaration of Independence Statement

The Declaration of Independence was the first formal statement by a nation’s people asserting their right to choose their own government.

When armed conflict between bands of American colonists and British soldiers began in April 1775, the Americans were ostensibly fighting only for their rights as subjects of the British crown. By the following summer, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, the movement for independence from Britain had grown, and delegates of the Continental Congress were faced with a vote on the issue. In mid-June 1776, a five-man committee including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin was tasked with drafting a formal statement of the colonies’ intentions. The Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence—written largely by Jefferson—in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.


The Declaration of Independence – Transcript

In Congress, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.


Grievances continue in the above transcript, but are also shown in the following link.


The grievances/complaints was a section from the Declaration of Independence where the colonists listed their problems with the British government, specifically George III. The United States Declaration of Independence contains 27 grievances against the decisions and actions of George III of Great Britain. Historians have noted the similarities with John Locke’s works and the context of the grievances.[1] Historical precedents such as Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights 1689 had established the principle that the King was not to interfere with the Rights of Englishmen held by the people. In the view of the American colonies, the King had opposed the very purpose of government by opposing laws deemed necessary for the public good.[2]


The formation of our nation was costly in deaths, injuries, and colonists being taken captive. The colonists were fighting for freedom from a tyrant nation; they also wanted to be free and to have rights that would be guaranteed as civil liberties. There was no paycheck for the colonists; there were no widows’ pensions

The Thirteen Colonies

The 13 colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia) came together to form the United States.


Colonists Serving, Killed, Wounded

How many soldiers served in the war?

Over the course of the war, about 231,000 men served in the Continental Army, though never more than 48,000 at any one time, and never more than 13,000 at any one place. The sum of the Colonial militias numbered upwards of 145,000 men. France also dispatched a substantial force to North America beginning in 1779, with more than 12,000 soldiers and a substantial fleet joining the Colonial Americans by wars end.

At its peak, the British Army had upwards of 22,000 men at its disposal in North America to combat the rebellion. An additional 25,000 Loyalists, faithful to Great Britain, participated in the conflict as well. Nearly 30,000 German auxiliaries, or Hessians, were hired out by German princes and served alongside the British for the duration of the war.

How many were killed or wounded?

Throughout the course of the war, an estimated 6,800 Americans were killed in action, 6,100 wounded, and upwards of 20,000 were taken prisoner. Historians believe that at least an additional 17,000 deaths were the result of disease, including about 8,000–12,000 who died while prisoners of war.

Unreliable imperial data places the total casualties for British regulars fighting in the Revolutionary War around 24,000 men. This total number includes battlefield deaths and injuries, deaths from disease, men taken prisoner, and those who remained missing.

Approximately 1,200 Hessian soldiers were killed, 6,354 died of disease, and another 5,500 deserted and settled in America afterward.


Today’s Opposition To The Declaration Of Independence

There are people today who say that the colonists should not have declared their independence from Great Britain. However, as we look around the world today, we can find no nation that matches the United States of America, in regard to personal freedom, economic opportunity or military protection. Consider World War II. Had it not been for the intervention of the United States of America into the Second World War, Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito would have taken freedom from the nations of the world, and then from the United States. Many of today’s nations, who are vocal adversaries of the United States, would be under the control of the axis powers of World War II, that were defeated, due to the Americans who fought and died for world freedom.

Let’s Roll

09.21.01: The final call from Flight 93
CBS News

Cynthia Bowers talks to operator Lisa Jefferson, who took the final call from United Flight 93. She recalls her conversation with passenger Todd Beamer. (This report was from a DVD included with the tenth anniversary edition of the CBS News/Simon & Schuster book, “What We Saw: The Events of September 11, 2001, in Words, Pictures, and Video.”)

Todd Beamer’s last known words, “Let’s Roll.”

It is because of the Colonists’ decision to defy Great Britain, that we are Americans. It is because we are Americans that 9-11 happened. The United States of America is still under attack by enemies, “foreign and domestic.” We must have the resolve of the Colonists of 1776.

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Translation Considerations

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Please read this article very carefully.

“The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that address God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

Please remember that I am explaining something that is important to me, about the way that I write and my convictions about honoring God. Everybody has their own way of writing. I am glad that we all have our own ways of expressing our thoughts and convictions. But, this memo is about me, and about my thought processes in writing.

My first Bible was a KJV. The first scripture that I memorized was Matthew 28:18-20. “18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”… Of course, we don’t say, “ye,” in today’s world, but it’s okay. But, in time I learned that unto “the end of the world,” was incorrect. The correct statement is: [of the age.”αἰῶνος 165: a space of time, an age.]

Walvoord Commentary states: “the end of the present age,” which would culminate in His coming for them.

There are two passages that correctly relate to worldly destruction (Matt 28:20), and also to newness. One precedes the other, at the end of the Millennium, and preceding the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2).

2 Peter 3:10 (NASB) A New Heaven and Earth. 10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.

Revelation 21:1-3 (NASB) The New Heaven and Earth. 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.

In Matt 28:20, The KJV indicates an ending of all of the world, to include our solar system, with its sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.; and the universe, with all of its galaxies. But, as we have seen there will be a destruction of the old, followed by the new, with the “new Jerusalem” having already been in existence, hovering above the earth, where Christ made it to be a place for His believers that He will take with Him at the time of the Rapture (John 14:2,3,6).

I have a Nave’s KJV Study Bible, that has “a gazillion” notes, and has a glossary of archaic words that also shows current-day word meanings. One of the archaic words that comes from the KJV is found in 2 Kings 18:27, “But Rabshakeh said unto them, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men which sit on the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?”… I don’t know about you, but there is now way that I would read that KJV translated verse to my child, or in a church gathering. There are many other such archaic words that are not otherwise used in today’s world. The purpose of the KJV1611 was to put the scriptures in the language of the common person. Today, we don’t speak A.D. 1611 English. We don’t say, “betwixt me and thee,” (Gen 26:28). We don’t say, “froward”, which means “eager”, “hastening” (Gal 2:10).

A clear account of the resurrection of Christ is essential to having an understanding of all of the Bible. We will consider the following accounts (plural) of the resurrection of our Lord, and of the great commission. We will consider the account of Matthew and the accounts (plural) of Mark. It is clear that the KJV shows two accounts of the resurrection and great commission.

Resurrection Differing Accounts.

Matthew 28:1-8 Resurrection. One Account (NASB). 1 Now after the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. 2 And behold, a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. 3 And his appearance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow. 4 The guards shook for fear of him and became like dead men. 5 The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid; for I know that you are looking for Jesus who has been crucified. 6 He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying. 7 Go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the dead; and behold, He is going ahead of you into Galilee, there you will see Him; behold, I have told you.” 8 And they left the tomb quickly with fear and great joy and ran to report it to His disciples.

Mark 16:1-8 Resurrection. First Account (KJV). 1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun. 3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre? 4 And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 5 And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. 7 But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you. 8 And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre; for they trembled and were amazed: neither said they any thing to any man; for they were afraid.

Mark 16:9-13 Resurrection. Second Account (KJV). 9 Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. 10 And she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11 And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. 12 After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country. 13 And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them.

Great Commission Differing Accounts.

Great Commission. Matthew 28:16-20 (NASB). In Scripture context.

16 But the eleven disciples proceeded to Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had designated. 17 When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some were doubtful. 18 And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”

Great Commission. Mark 16:14-15 (KJV). First Account. Consistent with Scripture context.

14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. 15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

Great Commission. Mark 16:16-18 (KJV). Second Account. Inconsistent with Scripture context.

16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. 17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; 18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.

Notes on differing translations on the resurrection of Christ and on the great commission.

Mark 16:9–20 MacArthur Study Bible note. The external evidence strongly suggests these verses were not originally part of Mark’s gospel (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Mark 16:15-16 Similar to Matthew’s account of the Great Commission, with the added contrast of those who have been baptized (believers) with those who refuse to believe and are condemned. Even if v. 16 is a genuine part of Mark’s gospel, it does not teach that baptism saves, since the lost are condemned for unbelief, not for not being baptized (see note on Acts 2:38) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Mark 16:17-18 These signs were promised to the apostolic community (Matt. 10:1; 2 Cor. 12:12), not all believers in all ages (cf. 1 Cor. 12:29, 30). All (with the exception of drinking poison) were experienced by some in the apostolic church and reported in Scripture (e.g., Acts 28:5), but not afterward (cf. v. 20) (MacArthur Study Bible note).

Mark 16:9-20 Ryrie Study Bible note. These verses do not appear in two of the most trustworthy mss. of the NT, though they are part of many other mss. and versions. If they are not a part of the genuine text of Mark, the abrupt ending at verse 8 is probably because the original closes verses were lost. The doubtful genuineness of verses 9-20 makes it unwise to build a doctrine, or base an experience on them (esp vv 16-18).

Mark 16:16 Ryrie Study Bible note. “baptized.” This may be a reference to the baptism of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 12:13). If this refers to water baptism, notice that it is unbelief, not failure to be baptized, that condemns. Water baptism does not save.

Mark 16:16 My note. “baptized.” The words of Christ are clear in John 3:3-8, that one must be born again to be saved. In John 3:16-18, it is belief vs unbelief that determines salvation. If we have been born again, we believe. If we believe, we have been born again.

Mark 16:18 Ryrie Study Bible note. The NT records no instance of anyone drinking poison without harm.

Differing of translations of the woman caught in adultery.

John 7:53–8:11 This section dealing with the adulteress most likely was not a part of the original contents of John (MacArthur Study Bible note). My note. KJV makes no comment on this passage. NKJV, NASB, NIV, ESV have comments that agree with the MacArthur note.

The purpose of the Bible is to glorify God through our reading of His Word, with understanding. Rev 1:3,”Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.” In order for us to honor God in the reading of His Word, we must give honor to God in the way that His Name is written. We must never write the Name of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), or pronouns that refer to God, without capitalizing the first letter of such names, or words. Consider, and compare Rev 21:3 in NASB and KJV.

Revelation 21:3 (NASB) 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them.

Revelation 21:3 King James Version (KJV) 3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

These two translations of Rev 21:3 make my point of why I use the NASB in my articles. In the KJV translation, a capital letter is not used in the first letter of the pronouns that refer to God.

The Bible has been translated into many languages from its original languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. The Latin Vulgate translation was dominant in Western Christianity through the Middle Ages. Since then, the Bible has been translated into many more languages. English Bible translations also have a rich and varied history of more than a millennium.

Vulgate, (from the Latin editio vulgata: “common version”), Latin Bible used by the Roman Catholic Church, primarily translated by St. Jerome. In 382 Pope Damasus commissioned Jerome, the leading biblical scholar of his day, to produce an acceptable Latin version of the Bible from the various translations then being used. His revised Latin translation of the Gospels appeared about 383. Using the Septuagint Greek version of the Old Testament, he produced new Latin translations of the Psalms (the so-called Gallican Psalter), the Book of Job, and some other books. Later, he decided that the Septuagint was unsatisfactory and began translating the entire Old Testament from the original Hebrew versions, a process that he completed about 405. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Vulgate

In the following link is a list of the English language translations of the Bible. These translations followed the Latin Vulgate. Notice that the first translation into English was handwritten by John Wycliffe.
The first hand-written English language Bible manuscripts were produced in the 1380’s AD by John Wycliffe, an Oxford professor, scholar, and theologian. Wycliffe, (also spelled “Wycliff” and, “Wyclif”), was well-known throughout Europe for his opposition to the teaching of the organized Church, which he believed to be contrary to the Bible. With the help of his followers, called the Lollards, and his assistant Purvey, and many other faithful scribes, Wycliffe produced dozens of English language manuscript copies of the scriptures. They were translated out of the Latin Vulgate, which was the only source text available to Wycliffe. The Pope was so infuriated by his teachings and his translation of the Bible into English, that 44 years after Wycliffe had died, he ordered the bones to be dug-up, crushed, and scattered in the river! https://www.greatsite.com/timeline-english-bible-history/index.html

In this article, I will show that the King James Bible was not the first English translation of the Bible, and that The KJV 1611 translation of John 3:16 may be difficult for some to read, as follows, which comes from the Greatsite.com link.1st Ed. King James (1611):

“For God so loued the world, that he gaue his only begotten Sonne: that whosoeuer beleeueth in him, should not perish, but haue euerlasting life.”

In 1611 AD, the King James Bible was printed; Originally with All 80 Books. The Apocrypha was Officially Removed in 1885 Leaving Only 66 Books. If the KJV 1611 translation was the best translation of all translations, why was any part of it removed?

King James was not a nice man, yet he chose the translators of the KJV1611. It would be like a President of today, who was also not a nice man, “who supported the killing of unborn babies, sanctioned same-sex marriage, opposed Israel and our national borders,” yet would chose writers for a Bible translation.

Consider this following article about the brutality of King James (See the link below the following two paragraphs.).

One of the most active centres of witch-hunting was Scotland, where perhaps �4,000 people were consigned to the flames – �a striking number for such a small country, �and more than double the execution rate in England. The ferocity of these persecutions can be attributed to the most notorious royal witch-hunter: King James VI of Scotland, who in 1603 became James I of England.

James was so appalled when he heard such tales that he decided to personally superintend the interrogations. He had one of the main suspects, Agnes Sampson, brought to Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh so that he could question her himself. When she “stood stiffly in denial” of the charges against her, she “had all her hair shaved off, in each part of her body, and her head thrawn [wrenched] with a rope according to the custom of that country, being a pain most grievous”. All of this continued for an hour, while the king looked on with “great delight”.


Consider King James and the KJV. King James gave the translators instructions that were intended to ensure that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology of the Church of England, and would reflect the episcopal structure of the Church of England (from following information).

In January 1604, King James convened the Hampton Court Conference, where a new English version was conceived in response to the problems of the earlier translations perceived by the Puritans, a faction of the Church of England. James gave the translators instructions intended to ensure that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology of, and reflect the episcopal structure of, the Church of England and its belief in an ordained clergy. The translation was done by 6 panels of translators (47 men in all, most of whom were leading biblical scholars in England) who had the work divided up between them: the Old Testament was entrusted to three panels, the New Testament to two, and the Apocrypha to one. In common with most other translations of the period, the New Testament was translated from Greek, the Old Testament from Hebrew and Aramaic, and the Apocrypha from Greek and Latin. In the Book of Common Prayer (1662), the text of the Authorized Version replaced the text of the Great Bible for Epistle and Gospel readings (but not for the Psalter, which substantially retained Coverdale’s Great Bible version), and as such was authorized by Act of parliament.

A Bible translator has a special calling from God, with the most important calling, “of being born again.” It is hard to imagine that the chosen translators of the KJV writing team were all born again believers in Christ. Also, it is hard to imagine that in the minds of the translators that there was no thought of Kingly repercussion for a Bible that would not meet the King’s demand that: “the KJV Bible would conform to the ecclesiology of the Church of England.”

I must identify certain facts about the KJV1611, of which few would be able to read and understand in today’s world. Consider the following: https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/1-John-Chapter-1_Original-1611-KJV/ This is the text and a scan of the actual, original, first printing of the 1611 King James Version, the ‘HE’ Bible, for 1 John Chapter 1. The KJV does not get more original or authentic than this. View 1 John Chapter 1 as text-only. Click to switch to the standard King James Version of 1 John Chapter 1 https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/King-James-Bible-English/

In the above link you will see updates of the KJV: (1) The 1611 original (with Gothic type): (see entire chapter) (2) A 1833 copy of a 1617 version (with Roman folio letters): (3) A 1900-1970 Cambridge Edition of King James Bible (based on 1769 version).

The KJV1611 Bible is said to be the most correct translation of all other translations. If this is correct, why were updates added to the KJV1611, which would change the 1611 text? There are international versions of the KJV, which make them not, “the 1611 text.” There is no word for word translation, for all words that are contained in the KJV, or in any other Bible translation. We can’t have it both ways. Either people who do not speak English must learn English, and purchase an English language KJV to read, or they will not be reading the “perfect and original Bible translation,” as many give credit to the KJV1611.

Why do Jehovah’s Witnesses like the KJV and ASV so much? It is because those translations use Jehovah. The NASB does not include the word “Jehovah” in its translation. There is no letter J in either the Hebrew or Greek alphabets. Consider the following information:

“Shalam to all who seek truth and understanding. We must understand and know that the letter J is the newest letter added to the English alphabet. Also we must understand that in the Latin, Greek, and the Hebrew alphabet there is no J. By us knowing this we should know that the Messiah name isn’t Jesus. Christ was a Jew (Yehudah,) from the tribe of Judah who spoke Hebrew. Please read this in depth study about the letter J, Shalam.” http://www.israelitesunite.com/the-letter-j-exposed.html

Consider the following verses:

Psalm 83:18 (KJV) That men may know that thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art the most high over all the earth.
Psalm 83:18 (ASV) That they may know that thou alone, whose name is Jehovah, Art the Most High over all the earth.
Psalm 83:18 (NASB) That they may know that You alone, whose name is the LORD, Are the Most High over all the earth. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/psalms/83-18.htm “is the LORD,” יְהוָ֣ה (Yah·weh) 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel.

Consider the following lexicon information on Psalm 83:18, “LORD” (notice all capital letters).

“is the LORD.” יְהוָ֣ה (Yah·weh). 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel. from havah.

Strong’s Concordance

3068. Yhvh: the proper name of the God of Israel.
Transliteration: Yhvh
Phonetic Spelling: (yeh-ho-vaw’)
Definition: the proper name of the God of Israel

from havah. 1933b. havah
havah: to become
Definition: to become

Brown-Driver-Briggs Concordance

proper name, of deity Yahweh, the proper name of the God of Israel — (

My note. Notice that under 3068, the phonetic spelling of Yhvh is “yeh-ho-vaw’, and not “jehovah.”

My note. Notice in the video that the choir enunciates “yeh-ho-vaw”

Until about 500 years ago, there was no letter J in any alphabet. Consider the following information:

500 years ago the letter “J” did not exist in any language on this earth, so NO letter “J” 500 years ago, and NO name “Jesus” 2,000 years ago. The letter “J” is a fairly recent addition to the alphabet (around the 1500’s), and unbiased research / historical data prove it’s IMPOSSIBLE for the names JESUS or JeHoVaH to even have been on the planet back in the ancient times.


The selection of the word, “Jehovah,” in any Bible translation, is a major concern for me; the KJV and ASV both use Jehovah. The capitalizing of the first letters of pronouns that refer to God is also a great concern for me. These two factors weigh heavily in my reasoning to use the NASB for printed scriptures in my articles. The NASB has a history of correctness in translation. I am not saying that the NASB is the most correct translation.

I will continue to read my KJV, as well as the NKJV and KJ21, and other translations, such as the NLT, ESV, HCSB, but will use the NASB when I include scriptures in an article. I will also honor God with the proper spelling of His Name.

Video Details.

Lord You’re Holy | Prestonwood Baptist Church | Worship Choir & Orchestra | September 23, 2018.

Angel Lugo. Lord You’re Holy by The Prestonwood Choir & Orchestra.

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