Introduction To Daniel’s Fulfillment -1

I. Video. Ezekiel 38 War: Nations mentioned in the Bible.

II. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021). 

 III. Video Comment.

God brings about the Ezekiel 38-39 Russian attack on Israel. 38:4 “I will put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out.” [Note from the 1909 Scofield Study Bible, “The northern powers have often been the persecutors of dispersed Israel, and is congruous both with divine justice and with the covenants of God that destruction should fall in connection with the attempt to exterminate the remnant of Israel in Jerusalem. The entire prophecy belongs to the yet future day of the Lord.”] [Moody Bible Commentary note,” All of the countries mentioned by Ezekiel here are today Muslim countries, including much of Russia, which will lead this Islamic invasion, with the invasion under the leadership of these Muslim governments.”]

IV. Introduction To Daniel’ Fulfillment.

A. In the previous articles of Daniel Prophecy we looked into the chapters and verses of the first twelve chapters of the prophecy. In this series of articles, we will look outward from the each chapter, and discuss how Daniel was given visions of the world system that began during the Times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:4), and will proceed through the Tribulation period (Jeremiah 30:7; Daniel 12:1), and will end at the beginning of the thousand-year millennial age of the Kingdom, which, even in today’s world, is “yet to come,” (Mattthew 24:29-30; Zechariah 14:1-21; Revelation 19:11-20;4-6; Matthew 25:31-34; 41-46 ). 

B. The Times of the Gentiles is that period of time during which Israel does not have a King on the throne. The beginning of the time follows the invasion of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzer (607-586 B.C.), and will proceed through the Tribulation and will end at the second coming of Christ, when He will return from heaven with His redeemed saints, and set up the Kingdom, which will come, then. While Christ was on earth, offering the Kingdom to Israel, he told those Jews to pray for the Kingdom to come (Matthew 6:10).There can be no kingdom when there is no King seated on the throne.  

C. During this course of study we will consider such sayings of “latter years,”  “last days” and “day of the Lord.” Of course, context must be considered as we examine such related Scriptures.

D. Ezekiel uses two expressions in chapter thirty-eight which may give an indication as to the time of this invasion. In verse eight, there appears the expression “latter years,” and in verse sixteen is the “last days” of Israel’s history. This, of course, can have no reference to the “last days” of the church age, for God is dealing with Israel in His divine economy at this time of the invasion of Israel.  (Things To Come, p 351, Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost, Th. B., Th. M., Th., D., 1915-2014).

E. Consider three verses that relate to latter years and last days (NASB 1995 translation).

1. Ezekiel 38:8. After many days you will be summoned; in the latter years you will come into the land that is restored from the sword, whose inhabitants have been gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel which had been a continual waste; but its people were brought out from the nations, and they are living securely, all of them.

2. Ezekiel 38:16.  and you will come up against My people Israel like a cloud to cover the land. It shall come about in the last days that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me when I am sanctified through you before their eyes, O Gog.”

3. 2 Timothy 3:1. But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come.

F. Consider the following introduction and verses that relate to “the Day of the Lord,” with the following explanation. (NASB 1995).

1. Joel 1:15 Alas for the day! For the day of the Lord is near, And it will come as destruction from the Almighty.

2. Note: Ryrie Study Bible. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016). 

3. Joel Introduction. The Day of the Lord, the major theme of this prophecy, involves God’s special intervention in the affairs of human history. Three facets of the Day of the Lord are discernable: (1) the historical, that is, God’s intervention in the affairs of Israel (Zeph 1:14-18; Joel 1:15) and heathen nations (Isa 13:6; Jer 46:10; Ezek 30:3); (2) the illustrative, whereby an historical incident represents a partial fulfillment of the eschatalogical Day of the Lord (Joel 2:1-11; Isa 13:6-13); (3) the eschatological. This eschatologial “day” includes the time of the Great Tribulation (Isa 2:12-19; 4:1), the second coming of Christ (Joel 2:30-32, and the Millennium (Isa 4:2; 19:23-25; Jer 30:7-9). 

4. Joel 2:1. Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, For the day of the Lord is coming; Surely it is near (Ryrie note: 2:1-11. The locust army is regarded as a foretaste of an invading army in the “day of the Lord (vs 1); i.e., in the tribulation period. The future reference may be to the demon-locusts described in Rev 9:1-12, or to the invasion of the king of the North (Ezek 38:15; Dan 11:40). Resembling the Garden of Eden before the invasion, the land of Israel will be reduced to a wilderness afterward (v 3). The same (or similar) disturbances described in verse 10 are predicted in Rev 6:12-13; 8:12. 

5. Daniel 11:40-45 note. “in the tribulation period “the king of the South and the king of the North” will attempt a pincer movement against Antichrist (v 40).  But with Israel as his base (v 41), he will first defeat Egypt, then Libya and Ethiopia (Sudan). “will follow at his heels (v 43). Shall be part of his dominion. “rumors from the East and from the North” (v 44). May relate to the armies of Rev 9:13-21; 16;12, The threat of these armies will cause Antichrist to return to Israel, making his headquarters between Jerudalem and the Mediterranean (v 45). But he will “come to his end” at the hands of the victorious, returning Christ. 

V.  Mysteries of Scripture For The New Testament.

A. It is important to understand that the Jewish Prophets of the Old Testament had been given no prophecies by God that relate to the period of the church age. Such a time period is known as a “mystery.” Such a mystery is not something that can not be understood, but revelation that comes from God only at the time that “the mystery” is received by God’s intended recipient. Notice that such “mysteries” were not known during the OT. See the Ryrie note for Romans 16:25-26.  Romans 16: 25 “…according to the revelation of “the mystery” which has been kept secret for long ages past,” 

B. Ryrie note: “the mystery” (Rom 16:25). A definition of a scriptural mystery: something unknown in times past, but revealed in the NT. See note on Eph 3:3-5. Here the mystery is the gospel of Christ. OT prophecies of Messiah could now be understood, once the mystery was revealed (Eph 5:32; 6:19; 1 Cor 15:50-51; Col 1:26-27; Rom 11:25).

C. The inter advent age of Matthew 13, Christ and the church, and the rapture, were not known during the OT. The OT prophets were given prophecies that related to the tribulation and millennium, because those time periods were pertinent to Israel, and only to Israel. Unsaved Gentiles will be left behind from the rapture (1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:50-54), and will suffer from the same tribulation judgments of God that will come upon unsaved Jews; both groups are “all who dwell upon the earth” (Rev 3:10), who will be left behind from the rapture.

D. Anyone who is left behind from the rapture will not be allowed to enter the millennium without having come to accept Jesus as God’s chosen king (Deu 17:15).  Gentiles and Jews who accept Jesus as “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS,” (Rev 19:16) during the tribulation may be martyred (Rev 7:9,15-17); they may also survive the tribulation (Jews, Matt 24:39-41…not the rapture),  and (Gentiles, Matt 25:31-33…not the rapture).

E. The key provision of the tribulation is to bring Israel to belief in Messiah/Christ (Jer 30:7). The key provision of the millennial age of the kingdom is for Israel to receive Christ as God’s chosen king (Deu 17:15), and for Christ to rule and reign from the throne of David in the physical land of Israel (2 Sam 7:8-17; Mt 24:29-30; Rev 19:11-16; 20:6).

F. As will be discussed in this study, the kingdom is not the born again experience, but is a physical blessing upon Israel (2 Samuel 7:8-17), and Gentiles who will be blessed by Israel (Gen 12:3), and will be grafted into the blessings of the Jews (Rom 11:17-24). Gentiles are a bloodline of “nations.” Jews are a bloodline of the promise of the Abrahamic covenant which runs through Isaac and Jacob, with the bloodline of Judah being the bloodline of Mary and the birth of Jesus. Gentiles will not be grafted into the Jewish bloodline, but will be grafted into the promises of the Abrahamic covenant’s blessings for Israel.

VI. A Study Of New Testament Mysteries.

A. This course of study will lead to areas of Scripture that relate to current times of pre-tribulation, which is also known as the “Times Of The Gentiles.” We will study “mystery times of Scripture,” of which OT Jewish prophets had no revelation. Such areas of “mystery” will relate to the Matthew Chapter 13 parables, which discuss a “mystery form of the kingdom,” and form an inner advent age, which covers a time period which began when Israel formally rejected the offer of the Kingdom in Matthew 12:24, and will extend until the second coming of Christ in Matthew 24:29-30.

B. Consider the exchange between Jesus and His disciples in Matthew 13:10-11,”10 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?” 11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. At the time of the rejection of Christ by Israel, Jesus began a personal ministry to his disciples for them to be prepared for the Great Commission (Matt 28:18-20).

C. As mentioned V. C., above, we will study the mysteries of Christ and the Church, to include the mystery of the rapture and resurrection of church age deceased believers. Revelation Chapters 2-3, closely parallel Chapter 13 of Matthew. Because the Church is a mystery to OT prophets, this inner advent age will also be discussed.

D. Because the prophecies of Daniel lead to the tribulation and millennial age of the Kingdom, we will study those two areas of Israel’s future, that are described in Scripture as being latter days, latter years, last days. We will also study the last days of the church age, which are also known as the last times of the church age.

E. It is important for us to not choose terms that relate to Israel in their time of tribulation and kingdom, and place the church in those same passages of Scripture, or word and time context. At the time of the rapture, the church will be caught up from the earth and will never again be mentioned as “the church.” The mission of the church will end when it is caught up and taken to heaven. Everyone who is present on earth during the Kingdom Age, including the raptured former church which returns to earth with Christ, will be expected to participate in the feasts that Jews were required to observe prior to the time of tribulation and Kingdom Age: (Passover, Ezekiel 45:21-25, Matthew 26:17, 29; Tabernacles, Zechariah 14:16). 

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.


Context In Scripture – Psalms

Paul Wilbur Baruch Haba Blessed Is He Who Comes

Psalm 147:19: “He declares His words to Jacob, His statutes and His ordinances to Israel.” (My note: Other Scriptures in the Old Testament also point to Israel, as follows. (Ryrie note: His word commands the forces of nature (vv 15-18), but particularly communicated His laws to Israel, thus distinguishing her from all other nations (vv 19-20).

Scriptural context is key to understanding God’s Word. Consider Psalm 147:19, in relation to the following discussion of God’s timeline.

There is current day teaching that physical protection is guaranteed by Scripture in our world now, in such writings as in the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms. However, the perfection and protection that are written in those psalms, and other writings, will not be present until Christ’s rule takes place during the millennial Kingdom Age. We have to be honest with our thoughts and recognize that horrible things happen to God’s people, and will continue to happen to God’s people as long as we are alive in this time of world history. If the physical protections that are addressed in the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms are available to some of God’s people, now, they must be available to all of God’s people, now, which is not the case at this time in God’s timeline.

Consider the environment of righteousness that will possess the world when Jesus sits on His throne in Jerusalem during the millennial age of the Kingdom: Isaiah 2:1-4; 11:4-9; 65:19-24; Zechariah 14:1-5, 9. It will only be when Christ rules over the world as “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Revelation 19:16) that the perfection of the twenty-third and ninety-first psalms will be provided to all of God’s people.

Psalm 23

1 The Lord is my shepherd,
I shall not want.
He makes me lie down in green pastures;
He leads me beside quiet waters.
He restores my soul;
He guides me in the paths of righteousness
For His name’s sake.

Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I fear no evil, for You are with me;
Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
You have anointed my head with oil;
My cup overflows.
Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life,
And I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.

Psalm 91

He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High
Will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.
I will say to the Lord, “My refuge and my fortress,
My God, in whom I trust!”
For it is He who delivers you from the snare of the trapper
And from the deadly pestilence.
He will cover you with His pinions,
And under His wings you may seek refuge;
His faithfulness is a shield and bulwark.

You will not be afraid of the terror by night,
Or of the arrow that flies by day;
Of the pestilence that stalks in darkness,
Or of the destruction that lays waste at noon.
A thousand may fall at your side
And ten thousand at your right hand,
But it shall not approach you.
You will only look on with your eyes
And see the recompense of the wicked.
For you have made the Lord, my refuge,
Even the Most High, your dwelling place.
10 No evil will befall you,
Nor will any plague come near your tent.

11 For He will give His angels charge concerning you,
To guard you in all your ways.
12 They will bear you up in their hands,
That you do not strike your foot against a stone.
13 You will tread upon the lion and cobra,
The young lion and the serpent you will trample down.

14 “Because he has loved Me, therefore I will deliver him;
I will set him securely on high, because he has known My name.
15 “He will call upon Me, and I will answer him;
I will be with him in trouble;
I will rescue him and honor him.
16 “With a long life I will satisfy him
And let him see My salvation.”

My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 12

I. Video. What can the book of Daniel tell us about God’s plan for our future?

II.  Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910- 2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. The material described as the fourth vision of Daniel beginning in chapter 10 has its climax in the great tribulation and the resurrection which follows, mentioned in the early verses of chapter 12. This is also the high point in the book of Daniel itself and the goal of Daniel’s prophecies relating both to the Gentiles and to Israel. It is comparable to Revelation 19, the high point of the last book of the Bible.

B. The chapter division at this point is unfortunate as the narrative of chapter 11 naturally extends through the first three verses of chapter 12. The first four verses of chapter 12 are the completion of the long section which began with chapter 10. They give in remarkably brief compass and restrained language the writer’s expectation of what the divinely appointed end would be like. It would be the climax of which Israel would be the centre, as is shown by the fact that Michael, the patron angel of Israel, is to play the decisive part on God’s behalf. The great tribulation will come to a head but Israel will escape, all those in Israel, that is to say, whose names are written in the book of life  (Phil 4:3; Rev 3:5). God already knows His own.

C. Added to the previous revelation are the important disclosures (1) that the time of the end has a special relationship to “the children of thy people,” that is, Israel, (2) that Israel will experience at that time a special deliverance to be realized by those in Israel who worship God, and (3) that the doctrine of resurrection which climaxes the time of the end is the special hope of those who are martyred.

D. The entire section from Daniel 11:36 to 12:3 constitutes a revelation of the major factors of the time of the end which may be summarized as follows: (1) a world ruler, (2) a world religion, (3) a world war, (4) a time of great tribulation for Israel, (5) deliverance for the people of God at the end of the tribulation, (6) resurrection and judgment, and (7) reward of the righteous. All of these factors are introduced in this section. Added elsewhere in the Scriptures are the additional facts that this time of the end begins with the breaking of the covenant by “the prince that shall come” (Daniel 9:26-27); that the “time of the end” will last for three and one-half years (Dan 7:25; 12:7; Rev 13:5); that the time of the end is the same as the time of Jacob’s trouble and the great tribulation (Jer 30:7; Mt 24:21). Many additional details are supplied in Revelation 6-19.

E. The fact that the opening section of chapter 12 is obviously eschatologically future, constitutes a major embarrassment to liberals who attempt to find Antiochus Epiphanes in 11:36-45. Chapter 12, which is naturally connected to the preceding section, clearly does not refer to Antiochus Epiphanes but to the consummation of the ages and the resurrection and reward of the saints. Nowhere does the attempt to make Daniel entirely history fail more miserably than here, as the detailed exegesis of these verses demonstrates.

F. The opening phrase of chapter 12, and at that time, makes clear that this passage is talking about the same period of time as the previous context, that is, “the time of the end” (11:40). The action here in verse 1 is not subsequent to the preceding events but coincides with them chronologically. Chapter 11 had dealt primarily with the political and religious aspects of the time of the end. Chapter 12 relates this now to the people of Israel. Here is stated in clear terms that this is the time of trouble for the people of Israel, “such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time.” To take the expression the children of thy people in any other sense than that of Israel is to ignore the uniform meaning of thy people throughout the book of Daniel. The people involved are a nation, that is, the nation Israel.

G. The unprecedented time of trouble here mentioned is a major theme of both the Old and New Testament. As early as Deuteronomy 4:30, it was predicted that “in the latter days” the children of Israel would be “in tribulation.” Jeremiah had referred to it as “the time of Jacob’s trouble,” in his lament, “Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it” (Jer 30:7).

H. Christ described the great tribulation as beginning with “the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet”(Mt 24:15), a reference to the breaking of the covenant and desecration of the temple in Daniel 9:27. Christ’s warning to the children of Israel at that time was that they should “flee into the mountains,” not taking time to secure clothes or food. Christ graphically described the period in these words, “For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened” (Mt 24:21-22). 

1. This description of the time of the end confirms Daniel’s revelation that the time of the end will be a period of trouble such as the world has never known, trouble of such character that it would result in the extermination of the human race if it were not cut short by the consummation, the second coming of Jesus Christ. This is made clear from a further study of Revelation 6-19, where the great catastrophies which overtake the world in the breaking of the seals, the blowing of the trumpets, and the emptying of the vials of divine judgment decimate the world’s population. All of these Scriptures agree that there is no precedent to this end-time trouble. 

2. Numerous other allusions in Scripture to this period indicate that it is indeed a time of supreme trial for Israel. Zehariah 13:8 declares of this period, “And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the Lord, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein.” Zechariah goes on to picture the refining process until the people of Israel acknowledge the Lord as their God. The very next verses describe the final struggle for Jerusalem and the second advent of Christ which delivers Israel. This time of trouble is parallel to the warfare described in Daniel 11:40-45.

I. In their distress, the children of Israel are especially aided by Michael, the archangel (Jude 9). As the head of the holy angels, Michael is given the special responsibility of protecting the children of Israel. Although Calvin preferred the interpretation that Michael was the person of Christ,there is no justification for confusing Michael and Christ. Earlier in Daniel itself, mention was made of Michael in Daniel 10:13-21, where Michael participated in the angelic warfare which had prevented the messenger from reaching Daniel promptly. Michael was indeed a “great prince” among the angels whose activity is especially directed to the children of Israel in their time of great trouble.

J. Because of the purpose of God and the ministry of Michael, it is revealed to Daniel that “at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.” This obviously refers to the end of the tribulation, at which time some of the children of Israel, who by miraculous divine protection had been preserved, will be delivered from their persecutors (Dan 7:18, 27). The repeated reference to “thy people,” twice in one verse, seems to limit this to the people of Israel, rather than to all the saints as Young and Leupold interpret it, after Calvin. This is in keeping with the whole tenor of Daniel which deals with Israel as Daniel’s people. The deliverance will not extend to all Israel, in that unbelieving or apostate Israel is excluded; and even here, it refers only to those actually living at the time of the return of Christ as many others may be martyred. The prophecy assures, however, that in spite of satanic efforts to exterminate the people of Israel, a godly remnant will be ready to greet their Messiah when He returns (Zee 12:10; 13:8-9). The people of Israel who have endured the times of the Gentiles ever since the days of Nebuchadnezzar will be delivered “at that time,” an expression repeated twice in this verse. (Ryrie Study Bible Luke 21:24 note: “the times of the Gentiles.” The period of Gentile domination of Jerusalem, which probably began under Nebuchadnezzar (587 B.C., was certainly in effect in A.D. 70 and continues into the Tribulation (cf Rev 11:2.)

K. The reference to “every one that shall be found written in the book” conveys the thought that those delivered have their names inscribed in the book of life (Rev 13:8; 17:8; 20:15; 21:27). At the second coming of Christ, not every individual Israelite is spiritually prepared for His return, as Ezekiel 20:33-38 makes clear, describing the purging out of the rebels in Israel at the time of the second advent. Although Israel as a nation will be delivered from their persecutors (Rom 11:26), individual Israelites will still face the searching judgment of Christ as to their spiritual preparation to enter the kingdom. For Jew as well as Gentile, the issue will be whether they have eternal life. 

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 12. Link pasted from Bible Gateway

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 12:1. “at that time.” The time of the events of 11:36-45, the Great Tribulation. “Michael.” See note on 10:13. “such as never occurred” C.f. Jesus’ words in Matt 24:21.

B. 12:2. The verse predicts the resurrection of the righteous dead of OT times, as well as the righteous martyrs of the Tribulation at the second coming of Christ (Rev 20:4-6). Believers of the church age will already have been changed and raised at the Rapture (The resurrection of the wicked does not occur at the same time, but after the Millennium (Rev 20:5). 

C. 12:3. “Those who have insight ” will see through Antichrist’s deception. They will also lead others to the truth during the tribulation period.

D. 12:4. “seal up the book.” Not that its meaning was left to be unexplained, but that the book was to be kept intact so as to help those living in the future tribulation days. “many will go back and forth.” As the end approaches, people will travel about seeking to discover what the future holds.

E. 12:5. Likely two angels.

F. 12:7. The events of the Tribulation will be consummated when the “time, times, and half a time” (the last 3 1/2 years of that 7 year period) come to a close. These last 3 1/2 years constitute the Great Tribulation (cf Mt 24:21).

G. 12:8. Even Daniel did not understand all these prophecies.

H. 12:11. “the abomination of desolation.” At the midpoint of the tribulation “week” Antichrist will abolish the Jewish sacrifices (9:27; Matt 24:15 note). From that point to the end will be 1290 days. Normally 3 1/2 years (of 360 days per year) would include only 1260 days. The extra 30 days mentioned  here allow for the judgments that will take place after the second coming of Christ (See notes at Ezek 20:33-44; Joel 3:2-3; Matt 25:32). 

I. 12:12. Because the one who lives 75 days after the second advent (1335 days from the midpoint of the Tribulation) is called blessed, this must mark the beginning of the actual functioning of Christ’s millennial kingdom.

J. 12:13. “you will enter rest.” I.e., Daniel would die but is promised that he will “rise” (be resurrected) and receive his inheritance (portion) in our Lord’s millennial kingdom.

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can check it in my list of Pages.

VII. My Websites To Follow: Eternity Book Prep Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 11

I. Video. Who Is The Son Of Man In Daniel 7?

II. Video Data. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Darrell L. Bock (Th. M., Ph. D.), Walter C. Kaiser (B.D., M.A., Ph. D.) (Bock is a Messianic Jew).

III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

The long introduction of chapter 10 to the fourth and final vision given to Daniel is followed in chapter 11 by the revelation of important events beginning with Darius the Mede (539 b.c.) and extending to the last Gentile ruler in the time of the end. Chapter 11 naturally divides into two major sections. The first, verses 1-35, describes the major rulers of the Persian Empire and then gives in great detail some of the major events of the third empire following Alexander the Great, concluding with Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 b.c. ). The entire period from the death of Antiochus Epiphanes to the time of the end is skipped over with no reference to events of the present church age, and the second section, verses 36-45, deals with the last Gentile ruler who will be in power when Christ comes in His second advent. This is followed in chapter 12 by further prophecy of the last 1335 days, a period including the great tribulation, the second advent, and the beginning of the millennial kingdom.

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 11. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 11:2. Here begins a remarkable section of detailed prophecy, first about Persia (v 2), followed by Alexander the Great, and others in following verses.

B. 11:3-4. “a mighty king.” Alexander the Great (see note on 8:8).

C. 11:5-20. This section traces the various struggles between the kings of the S (the Ptolemies of Egypt) and the kings of the N (the Seleucids of Syria). “The king of the South” in verse 5 is Ptolemy I (323-285 B.C.), who ruled Egypt, and “one of his princes” was Seleucus I Nicator, whose kingdom eventually stretched from Israel to India.

D. 11:6. Ptolemy II (285-246 B.C.) gave his daughter in marriage to Antiochus I, a Seleucid, but Antiochus deserted her and was later murdered.

E. 11:7-8. “one of his descendants … will come.” Ptolemy III (246-221 B.C.) invaded Syria in 246.

F.  11:9-13. A description of the seesaw struggles between the Selcucids and the Ptolemies between 223 and 200 B.C.

G. 11:15-20. Antiochus III (the Great) defeated the Egyptian army in Sidon (vv 15-16). He came to terms with Ptolemy V, and gave him his daughter in marriage (v 17). He annexed the coastlands of Asia Minor and unsuccessfully tried to invade Greece (v 18). He was defeated by the Romans at Magnesia in 190 B.C., was forced to pay tribute, and soon died (v 19). He was succeeded by his son Seleucus IV (Philopator) who heavily taxed the people of Israel (v 20).

H, 11:21-35. These verses describe the career of Antiochus IV (Epiphanes, 175-164 B,C,), who came to the throne by intrigue (v 21), made several expeditions into Egypt (vv 24-27), then turned his hatred on Israel ( v 28). The “ships of Kittim” (v 30) refer to Roman power that came from the west past Kittim (Cyprus) to defeat Antiochus in Egypt. Venting his anger on the Jews, Antiochus declared Mosaic ceremonies illegal, and erected in the Holy Place a statue of Zeus (v 31). Some Jews resisted and were martyred (vv 32-33) 

I. 11:36-45. This section gives details of Anti-christ’s future career. Though some refer the section entirely to Antiochus, the scope also requires reference to some details of Israel’s last days (10:14 and 12:1-2).

J. 11:37: “the gods of his fathers.” Antichrist will have no respect for religion or religious heritages. The phrase does not mean that Antichrist must be a Jew. He will be unkind, cruel and inhumane.

K. 11:38. Antichrist’s “god” will be military power and activity.

L. 11:40-45. In the tribulation period the “kings of the South” and “the king of the North” will attempt a pincer movement against Antichrist (v 40). But, with Israel as his base (v 41), he will first defeat Egypt, then Libya and Ethiopia (Sudan). “will follow” at his heels (v 43). Shall be part of his dominion. “rumors from the East and from the North (v 44). May relate to the armies of Rev 9:13-21; 16:12. The threat of these armies will cause Antichrist to return to Israel, making his headquarters between Jerusalem and the Mediterranean (v 45). But he will “come to his end” at the hands of the victorious, returning Christ (Rev 19:11-21). 

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can find it in my list of Pages.

VII. My Websites To Follow: Eternity Book Prep Thy Kingdom Come

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