133 – The Jewish Prophet Haggai

Israeli soldiers sing alongside Idan Raichel | Hebrew songs Israeli army IDF song Ethiopian Jewish. Consider the following account of an Ethiopian Jew: “There was an Ethiopian man, a eunuch and high official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of her entire treasury. He had come to worship in Jerusalem and was sitting in his chariot on his way home, reading the prophet Isaiah aloud.” (See the context: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=acts+8%3A26-38&version=HCSB )

Consider the following video which gives a quick introduction to the book of Haggai.

What Is the Message of the Book of Haggai? James M. Hamilton Jr., Ph. D. (Bio at bottom of page)

Key To Understanding Haggai

The book of Haggai was written by a Jew, to other Jews, about Jewish matters. There is nothing allegorical about this prophecy; it clearly relates to facts, as opposed to symbolism. The characters in the book can only be identified as being Jews. Nothing can be found in the book of Haggai that detracts from the Jewishness of the characters, or from the problems that are also clearly related to the Jewish people of Jerusalem. Haggai pointed out the problems that existed between God and the Jews; the Church does not enter into the dialog.

Haggai Overview

Of all of the books of the Bible, the book of Obadiah is the shortest; the book of Haggai is the second shortest. Haggai was the first prophet which prophesied to Israel during the postexilic period. The time of Judean Jewish exile was the seventy years of their being held captive in Babylon. Their deportation followed the 605 B.C.- 586 B.C. assault on Jerusalem by the Babylonians. The ministry of Haggai was to call the Jews in Jerusalem to finish the construction of the Temple which had been destroyed by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C.

The following paragraph shows a chronology of events that encompassed Haggai’s ministry. Haggai was a contemporary of Zechariah, whose ministry followed his, and Ezra, who recorded the first return of exiled Jews to Jerusalem.

The construction of the Jerusalem Temple began in 535 B.C., and was halted in 530 B.C. The prophecies of Haggai were most likely given toward the end of 520 B.C. Through the encouragement of Haggai, the Temple was completed in 515 B.C. Haggai most likely returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel, who became the Governor of Judea. Haggai spoke his prophetic words to Zerubbabel, and to Joshua, who was the high priest, as well as to all of the Jews who were living in Jerusalem.

Consider the following outline of the book of Haggai.

1. Message of rebuke (1:1-11). 2. Word of encouragement (1:12-15). 3. Second message of encouragement (2:1-9). 4. Second message of rebuke (2:10-19). 5. Final message of encouragement (2:20-23).

Consider the following key points of the book of Haggai.

1. Haggai 1:1-11

Message of rebuke

The returning Jews were discouraged by the people who were already living in Jerusalem (Ezra 4:1–5, 24). It was the wrong conclusion of these returning Jews that it was not yet time for them to rebuild the temple (vs 2). But, God reminded them that it was not right for them to live in their own finished homes while the temple still was in a state of ruin (vs 4). God “urged” them to consider the error of their way, and the consequences that would follow if they would not finish the Temple (vs 5–11).

2. Haggai 1:12-15

Word of encouragement

God’s call to the Jews to “carefully, consider your ways” (vs 5, 7), caused the people to repent and obey Haggai’s message to complete the construction of the temple (vs 12). Haggai’s new message of God to the Jews, “I am with you,” resulted in the stirring of the Jews to action (vs 13-14).

3. Haggai 2:1-9

Second message of encouragement

With the building of the temple going strong, God gave a strong encouraging Word, in particular to those whom were elderly and had seen Solomon’s temple. Even though Solomon’s temple was much more majestic, God urged the people to be courageous. He assured the Jews that He would be present among them (vs 4). God also reminded the people of His faithfulness to His covenant promises (vs 5), and of His promises of a greater, and much more glorious temple in the future in the millennial kingdom (vs 6–9). A description of the Millennial Temple is shown in the book of Ezekiel, Chapters 40-48.

Verses 6-7, “I will shake,” relates to: (1) the cataclysmic disturbances in the universe that are described in Revelation, Chapters 6–19; (2) the dominance of the nations by the Messiah; and (3) the setting up of the Messianic kingdom which will never be destroyed (Daniel 2:44; 7:27; Zechariah 14:16–21; Matthew 25:32; Luke 21:26; Hebrews 12:26; Revelation 19:19–21). In essence, we see the events of the tribulation leading to the setting up of the millennium, with the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 19:17-21) being the key event during that transition. The preparation of the nations of the Earth, for their assault on Jerusalem in the Battle of Armageddon, begins in Revelation 16:12.

Verse 7: “I will fill this temple with glory.” When we consider “the temple,” we must go back to a time when there was no Jewish temple; such a time is described in Exodus 33:7 (1491 B.C.). From there, we turn around and go forward as far as we possibly can go. So, hop on board! You’ll enjoy the ride!

“Now Moses took a tent and set it up outside the camp, far away from the camp; he called it the tent of meeting. Anyone who wanted to consult the Lord would go to the tent of meeting that was outside the camp.”

While the tent of Moses was being used as a tent of meeting, the Israelites were constructing a tabernacle, or a sanctuary, which has been called “the tabernacle in the desert.” At times, the terms, “tent of meeting,” and “tabernacle,” are used interchangeably. Consider the following chronology.

God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
God commissioned King Solomon to build the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
Herod’s Temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
Herod’s Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. https://www.preteristarchive.com/Ancient_Revelations/archeology/2001_harvardhouse_scientific-dating.html
The prophecy of the destruction of the temple was made by Christ in Matthew 24:1-2 (30 A.D.) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew+24%3A1-2&version=HCSB

There will be a temple that will be built in Jerusalem during the time of the Tribulation. The Tribulation Temple will not be one where God dwells. The Anti-Christ will most likely authorize the construction of the temple during the first part of the Tribulation, and place it on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. See the following article on the Tribulation temple. http://www.pre-trib.org/articles/view/the-tribulation-temple

There will be a Temple that will be placed by God in Jerusalem during the Millennium (Ezekiel 37:26), following the Tribulation. The Glory of the Lord had previously been seen by the Jewish Prophet Ezekiel departing the temple in 594 B.C. (Ezekiel 9:3; 10:4; 10:18-19, 11:22-23). The Glory will not return until the future kingdom of Messiah, in the Millennial Temple (Ezekiel 43:2–7; 44:4), as was seen by Ezekiel in 574 B.C. At the time that Ezekiel saw the Glory of God leaving the Jerusalem Temple, the city was under siege by the Babylonians. There is no scriptural proof of the Glory of God returning to the rebuilt or remodeled temples of Zerubbabel or Herod. There is presently no temple in Jerusalem. The tribulation temple will not be one of Godly legitimacy. It will only be when Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom that there will be a Godly Temple in Jerusalem.

4. Haggai 2:10-19

Second message of rebuke

The fourth message of Haggai to the Jews was delivered on December 18, 520 B.C. Just a month earlier, the Jewish Prophet Zechariah began his ministry (Zechariah 1:1). This message of Haggai was meant to show that the Jews’ lack of obedience to God had caused His blessings to them to be withheld. The obedience of these Jews to God would cause His blessings to be showered upon them. This blessing is a reminder of future blessings that God will shower upon the Jews during the Kingdom Age/Millennium. It is a time of God’s restoration of Israel, which was prophesied by the Jewish Prophet Ezekiel in Ezekiel 34:11-31. The particular scripture reference is Ezekiel 34:25-26: “I will make them and the area around My hill a blessing: I will send down showers in their season—showers of blessing.” Often times, Christian congregations sing a song that is titled, “There Shall Be Showers Of Blessing,” without realizing that the verses of reference for that song were given as encouragement to the dispersed Jews in Babylon in 587 B.C., and relate to the blessings that God will shower upon Israel during the millennium. The prophecy relates to the New Covenant of God with Israel, per Jeremiah 31:31–34 and Ezekiel 37:26.

5. Haggai 2:20-23

Final message of encouragement

This fifth message was directed to Zerubbabel, who was the governor of Judah (vs 20). It came on the same day as the fourth message, and returned to the theme of vs 6–9, which related to the millennial reign of the Messiah. The message dealt with the overthrow of the kingdoms of the world and the establishment of the Messianic kingdom (Daniel 2:44 and 7:27). Due to the prophesied events not occurring historically, the promise relates to the royal line through whom the Messiah will come. It looked to the day when the Messiah will reign on earth (Psalm 2; Revelation Chapters 19-20). The following passages tell more about the blessings of the Messianic Kingdom, and God’s promises of Israel’s presence in the Kingdom. (See Isaiah 32:18, below.)

Isaiah 2:4 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“He will settle disputes among the nations and provide arbitration for many peoples. They will turn their swords into plows and their spears into pruning knives. Nations will not take up the sword against other nations, and they will never again train for war.”

Isaiah 11:6-8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

6 The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the goat. The calf, the young lion, and the fatling will be together, and a child will lead them. 7 The cow and the bear will graze, their young ones will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 An infant will play beside the cobra’s pit, and a toddler will put his hand into a snake’s den.

Isaiah 32:16-18 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

16 Then justice will inhabit the wilderness, and righteousness will dwell in the orchard. 17 The result of righteousness will be peace; the effect of righteousness will be quiet confidence forever. 18 Then my people will dwell in a peaceful place, in safe and secure dwellings.

The promises of God to His chosen people, Israel, are firm. (Deuteronomy 7:6)

About the Holman Christian Standard Bible

About James M. Hamilton Jr., Ph. D.

LAST TRUMPET – LAST SHOFAR Blast: Yeshuah Returning SOON.

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132 – Israel 931 B.C. – 586 B.C.

Why Did Hitler Hate Jewish People? As you consider the information that is contained in the opening video, also consider why the Jews fared so well in Germany during the depression. This post will answer the question about Jews that is misunderstood by most of the world.

Deuteronomy 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth”

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

Israel: From 931 B.C. to 586 B.C.

When the first dispersal of the Jews occurred in 722 B.C., by Shalmaneser, King of Assyria, those conquered Jews were living in the northern kingdom of Israel. The record of the northern Jews being carried away to Assyria can be found in 2 Kings 17:1-41. The account of the 722 B.C. diaspora was documented by the Jewish prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 3:6-11). The land in which those Jews had settled in 931 B.C., under the leadership of King Jeroboam, and from where they were dispersed, was known as Samaria. (We’ve all heard the story of the “good Samaritan.”) After the 722 B.C. diaspora, the Assyrians began moving non-Jews into the vacated Jewish lands (Connect 2 Kings 17:5-6 to 2 Kings 17:24).

It was after the death of Israel’s King Solomon, in 931 B.C. (1 Kings 11:43), that Israel became a divided kingdom. Ten of the twelve tribes of Israel followed King Jeroboam and settled north of Jerusalem, in a land that became known as the Northern Kingdom Of Israel, in the land of “Samaria”. The remaining two tribes, Judah and Benjamin, stayed in Jerusalem, which became known as the Southern Kingdom Of Israel, and was also called “Judah.” These Judeans (2 Kings 18:26; Isaiah 36:13) were loyal to Rehoboam as their King. Just as the northern ten tribes (Israel) were taken into exile in 722 B.C., the southern tribes (Judah) would be taken in exile to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. There were three deportations of Jews from Judah, beginning in 605 B.C., with the last one occurring in 586 B.C. The siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar, as was stated in 2 Kings 24:10, ended with the final siege of Jerusalem that began in January, 588 B.C., and lasted for a year and a half (per Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Dallas Theological Seminary). A good way of remembering the names of Jeroboam and Rehoboam, as they are associated with their northern and southern kingdoms, is that Jeroboam “jumped” to the north, and Rehoboam “remained” in the south. (Check out the following link for information on the divided kingdom: https://www.jewishhistory.org/the-divided-kingdom/)

Even though the Jews of Judea had been taken to Babylon, they were told by the prophet Ezekiel that God would return them to their promised land of Israel, per Ezekiel 36:24-29 (587 B.C.). Ezekiel was one of the exiles from Jerusalem who were taken to Babylon in 597 B.C. The Jewish prophet, Daniel, was also in Babylon, having been taken there in 605 B.C. The Judean Jewish Prophet Jeremiah prophesied from 627 B.C. until about 574 B.C. Prior to the Babylonian assault on Jerusalem, Jeremiah was jailed in Jerusalem by the Babylonian-appointed Judean King Zedekiah. After Jerusalem fell to Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah was allowed to remain in Jerusalem; soon after, he was taken by force to Egypt by Jews which had survived the Babylonian assault on Jerusalem. Jeremiah prophesied in Egypt until his death. The accounts of the diaspora of Judah can be found recorded in 2 Kings 24:1 through 2 Kings 25:21. The prophesied return of Judah and Israel to their promised lands will take place during the time that is known as the Kingdom Age/Millennium/1000 Year Reign Of Christ (Revelation 20:4). Following the Kingdom Age will be the Eternal State of the “New Heaven, New Earth, New Jerusalem” (Revelation 21:1-5).

The atrocities that came upon the city of Jerusalem, the Jews and the temple, at the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar and his forces, are documented by Jeremiah in 2 Kings 24 and 2 Kings 25. In order for anyone to understand the plight of the Jews, there must be understanding of the things that happened to the Jews as they were being forced from their city of Jerusalem, and were being taken captive to Babylon, which is located in the present day nation of Iraq. It is also important to know the things that happened to the Jews while they were held captive by the Babylonians for 70 years. Babylon was located 59 miles southwest of present-day Baghdad. Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein viewed himself as being the reincarnated King Nebuchadnezzar. More of the story of the treatment of the dispersed Jews in Babylon can be found in the book of Daniel. It is important to remember that the writings of the Jews were maintained by Jews. As a human being, I am appalled at the atrocities that the Babylonians inflicted upon those Jews.

Dr. John MacArthur provides excellent commentary on Chapters 24 and 25 of the book of Second Kings. His notes can be found in the MacArthur Study Bible. The MacArthur notes can also be found in Bible Gateway, by clicking onto the link: https://www.biblegateway.com/

2 Kings 24 New American Standard Bible (See verses in link)
(NASB) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+kings+24&version=NASB

Babylon Controls Jehoiakim vs 1-5
Jehoiachin Reigns vs 6-9
Deportation to Babylon vs 10-16
Zedekiah Made King vs 17-20
2 Kings 25 New American Standard Bible (NASB) (See verses in link)

Nebuchadnezzar Besieges Jerusalem vs 1-7
Jerusalem Burned and Plundered vs 8-21
Gedaliah Made Governor vs 22-30

Check the credentials of Dr. John MacArthur by clicking onto the following link:
John MacArthur, https://www.gracechurch.org/Leader/MacArthur/John?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1

Other sources of reference, that work consistently with the writings of John MacArthur, are provided by the following link. Each person that is included in the link has great knowledge of Israel and of the end times. https://success2693.wordpress.com/sources-of-information-preparation-of-articles/ This link goes to one of my archive blogs that I maintain for information purposes.

About the NASB: https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/

Consider why the Jews fared so well in Germany during the depression. Consider the following two verses of scripture.

Deuteronomy 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 1446 B.C.
“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth”

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB) 755 B.C.
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

Sonido del Shofar HD

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Nice People – Jerry Butler, Betty Everett, The Platters, Lenny Welch, Lionel Richie

Let It Be Me – Jerry Butler and Betty Everett…If a title could be given to this post, it could easily be, “When People Knew How To Sing.” The last two black and white Platters videos were made as part of a movie. The “youngster” in this grouping of talent is Lionel Richie….what can I say? The songs…well they… “take me back.” It was hard to stop adding songs. I hope that others feel the same way about these true artists and the songs that they recorded.

Your Precious Love…Jerry Butler, The “Ice Man”… PBS Special

The Platters ~ Smoke Gets In Your Eyes

The Platters Twilight Time HQ Stereo 1958

The Platters Remember When

The Platters – Only You (And You Alone) (Original Footage HD)

The Platters – My Prayer

Lenny Welch – Ebb Tide

Lionel Richie Lady

Lionel Richie – Hello

Lionel Richie – Three times a lady

131 – Israel 1446 B.C. – 931 B.C.

Hatikva- Israeli national anthem. The Holocaust and Second World War had ended. Surviving Jews, of both, began their journey to their covenant home land of Israel. The fulfillment of Isaiah 66:7-8 had occurred, with the re-establishment of Israel occurring in one day. On May 14, 1948, Israel was granted statehood by the United Nations. The eternal covenant promises of God to Israel are yet to be fulfilled, per the following link: http://christinprophecy.org/articles/the-jews-in-end-time-bible-prophecy/

This article discusses the history of Israel. It goes back to the year of Israel’s exodus from Egypt, which took place in 1446 B.C. The Israelites had been living under bondage in Egypt for more than 400 years. Suddenly, they found themselves dwelling in the wilderness, being led by Moses who is considered by Jews to be a prophet of God to Israel. The account of the exodus of Israel from Egypt is provided in the following link: http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/1663/jewish/The-Exodus.htm

An account of the time that the Israelites spent in Egypt is provided in the following link:

Moses died in the year of 1406 B.C. His successor was Joshua, who led the Israelites across the Jordan River into the Promised land of Canaan in the year of 1406 B.C. The story of Joshua’s leadership of the Israelites is provided in the following link: http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/111849/jewish/Joshua.htm

The history of the Israelites, from their entry into Canaan, until their exile in 586 B.C., is provided in the following link: http://bibleresources.americanbible.org/resource/from-joshua-to-the-exile-the-people-of-israel-in-the-promised-land

The Israelites believed that they were “God’s chosen people.” They believed that God spoke to Moses, and that God’s Words of His national election of Israel were written by Moses in the Jewish writings (Deuteronomy 7:6, of the Tanakh, 1451 B.C.). The Israelites heard the Words of God that were spoken to Moses by God, as they were spoken by Moses to the Israelites while they were in the wilderness between Egypt and Canaan. The Israelites also saw God’s hand of protection and provision while they were living in the wilderness for forty years. See the following link for the words of Deuteronomy 7:6 of: The Book of D’varim (Deuteronomy): Chapter 7, of the Torah – Pentateuch: of the Tanakh. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/d-varim-deuteronomy-chapter-7

The Jews believed, and still believe, that they were chosen by God to bring the Messiah into the world. God’s chosen people have been known as Hebrews, Israelites and Jews, per the following link: http://www.jewfaq.org/whoisjew.htm

God repeated His choice of Israel, through His words to the Jewish prophet Amos (762-752 B.C.), as follows:

Amos 3:2a New American Standard Bible (NASB)
“You only have I chosen among all the families of the earth”

It was through the Jewish prophet, Zechariah, that God announced a warning to the nations which harm His chosen people, Israel, as follows:

Zechariah 2:8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (520 B.C.)

“For the Lord of Hosts says this: “He has sent Me for His glory against the nations who are plundering you, for anyone who touches you touches the pupil of His eye.”

In the Bible, Jews were called Hebrews or Children of Israel. The terms “Jew” and “Judaism” come from the name of the tribe of Judah.

The Jews also believed that they were chosen by God to live in the land of Canaan, as was spoken by God to Abraham, Issac and Jacob (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 17:22; Genesis 26:3-5, 24; Genesis 27:28-29; Genesis 28:14-15). The books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were written by Moses. Jews believe that God spoke the words of those books to Moses (Documented in notes by Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Dallas Theological Seminary). The following link describes Canaan as being the land that God had promised to the Jews. http://www.jewfaq.org/israel.htm

The Promised Land

The history of the Jewish people begins with Abraham, and the story of Abraham begins when G-d tells him to leave his homeland, promising Abraham and his descendants a new home in the land of Canaan. (Gen. 12). This is the land now known as Israel, named after Abraham’s grandson, whose descendants are the Jewish people. The land is often referred to as the Promised Land because of G-d’s repeated promise (Gen. 12:7, 13:15, 15:18, 17:8) to give the land to the descendants of Abraham.

It is important to know that Jews wrote and maintained the books of the Tanakh. Christians refer to those writings as being the Old Testament of the Bible. The following information provides information on the Tenakh: http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/hebrew-bible/

Hebrew Bible: Torah, Prophets and Writings (Extracted from the above link)

The Bible, also known as Tanakh, is the founding document of the Jews.

The Hebrew Bible, also known as Mikra (“what is read”) or TaNaKh, an acronym referring to the traditional Jewish division of the Bible into Torah (Teaching), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings), is the founding document of the people of Israel, describing its origins, history and visions of a just society.

Consider the promised land of Israel, the covenant seed of Abraham.

According to Genesis 15:18 and Joshua 1:4, the land God gave to Israel included everything from the Nile River in Egypt to Lebanon (south to north) and everything from the Mediterranean Sea to the Euphrates River (west to east). So, what land has God stated belongs to Israel? All of the land modern Israel currently possesses, plus all of the land of the Palestinians (the West Bank and Gaza), plus some of Egypt and Syria, plus all of Jordan, plus some of Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Israel currently possesses only a fraction of the land God has promised. (Above extracted from https://www.gotquestions.org/Israel-land.html)

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130 – The Jewish Prophet Zephaniah

Joshua Aaron – Kadosh Ata. Prophecy and worship. This post has both. The opening song is sung by Messianic believing Jews. Consider the verses of worship that follow.

2 Chronicles 5:13-14 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

13 And they were as one, blowing trumpets, and singing, and made one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord, and when they lifted up their voice with trumpets, and with cymbals, and with instruments of music, and when they praised the Lord, singing, For he is good, because his mercy lasteth forever) then the house, even the house of the Lord was filled with a cloud,

14 So that the Priests could not stand to minister, because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of God.

2 Chronicles 6:12-14 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

12 And the king stood before the altar of the Lord, in the presence of all the Congregation of Israel, and stretched out his hands,

13 (For Solomon had made a brazen scaffold, and set it in the midst of the court, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits of height, and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the Congregation of Israel, and stretched out his hands toward heaven.)

14 And said, O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee in heaven nor in earth, which keepest covenant and mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their heart.

2 Chronicles 7:1-3 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

1 And when Solomon had made an end of praying, fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices: and the glory of the Lord filled the house,

2 So that the Priests could not enter into the house of the Lord, because the glory of the Lord had filled the Lord’s house.

3 And when all the children of Israel saw the fire, and the glory of the Lord come down upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the earth upon the pavement, and worshipped and praised the Lord, saying, For he is good, because his mercy lasteth forever.

The following video is an overview of the Book of Zephaniah.

Read Scripture: Zephaniah

Consider the key points of the book of Zephaniah.

Zephaniah’s prophecy was directed to Judah, which was the southern kingdom of Israel. He ministered during the reign of King Josiah, who reigned between 640-609 B.C. Zephaniah may have been a distant relative of Josiah. He was also a contemporary of the Jewish prophets, Jeremiah and Nahum, and maybe Habakkuk. The recovery of the Law by Hilkiah in 622 B.C. (2 Kings 22-23; 2 Chronicles 34) was the high point of Josiah’s reign, which led to a revival of Israel’s spirituality. Baal worship was cut off (Zephaniah 1:4), but Judah’s sinful moral condition continued. The severe immorality of the people of Judah justified the severe judgments that were prophesied by Zephaniah. The wicked King Manasseh preceded King Josiah. The revival of Josiah’s reign was not strong enough to bring about a significant change in the practices of Assyrian worship that Manasseh allowed to find a stronghold in Judah.

It was during the time that Josiah was king of Judah that Assyria was losing its Kingdom power. Assyria was a brutal empire. The way that they treated their victims, especially the defeated leaders, was so severe that I am not even going to describe it in this article. A link at the bottom of this page will provide such information.

Assyria had overthrown the northern ten tribes of Israel in 722 B.C. Nineveh was the capital of Assyria It was destroyed in 612 B.C. by the combined forces of the Medes and Babylonians, which resulted in the total overthrow of the Assyrian Empire. It was due to the sinful spiritual state of Judah, that Zephaniah’s prophesy was largely focused on the coming of the Judgment of God, which is also known as the “Day Of Yahweh,” or “Day Of the Lord.”

It is best to understand the meaning of the Day of the Lord as being a time when God aims His judgment directly on the world. It can also be a time of blessing, such as that which occurs during the Kingdom Age/1000 Year Reign Of Christ/Millennium. The Second Coming Of Christ is a key element of the Day of the Lord. Facing Judah in Zephaniah’s prophecy was the Babylonian captivity; it was seen as the Day of the Lord for the Judeans of that time. It was between 605-586 B.C. that the Babylonians overthrew Judah. During three deportations, Jews of Judah were taken to Babylon where they would serve 70 years of captivity; they would return to their home, per the prophecy of the Jewish prophet Jeremiah in 597 B.C (Jeremiah 29:10).

Jeremiah 29:10 New Living Translation (NLT)

10 This is what the Lord says: “You will be in Babylon for seventy years. But then I will come and do for you all the good things I have promised, and I will bring you home again.

Consider the following outline of the book of Zephaniah.

The Day of the Yahweh

The ultimate judgment of the Day Of Yahweh on all of the earth. (1:1-3).
The impending judgment of the Day of Yahweh on Judah (1:4-18).
The plea of Zephaniah for Judah to repent (2:1-3).
The judgment of the Day of Yahweh to fall on surrounding nations (2-4-15).
Israel’s apostasy that led to her captivity (3:1-7).
The restoration of Israel (3:11-13)
God’s blessing in the restoration of Israel (3:14-20).

The coming judgment of God on all of the earth is also seen in the fulfilling prophecy of the Day of the Lord. Zephaniah’s prophecy concludes with the ultimate restoration of Israel which will take place during the millennium, after the second coming of Christ.

Consider the following verses of prophecy that relate to the restoration of Israel by God. The notes come from the MacArthur Study Bible, and are posted on BibleGateway.com (Every serious student of the Bible should have both of these tools.)

Isaiah 11:11-12 New Living Translation (NLT)

11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time
to bring back the remnant of his people—
those who remain in Assyria and northern Egypt;
in southern Egypt, Ethiopia, and Elam;
in Babylonia, Hamath, and all the distant coastlands.
12 He will raise a flag among the nations
and assemble the exiles of Israel.
He will gather the scattered people of Judah
from the ends of the earth.

11:11 second time. The first return of Israel to her Land was from Egyptian captivity (Ex. 14:26–29). The second will be from her worldwide dispersion (51:9–11; see note on 10:20).

11:12 four corners of the earth. This figurative expression depicts the whole world (Rev. 20:8). The faithful remnant of Israel will return from a worldwide dispersion to their Land.

Jeremiah 23:3-4 New Living Translation (NLT)

3 But I will gather together the remnant of my flock from the countries where I have driven them. I will bring them back to their own sheepfold, and they will be fruitful and increase in number. 4 Then I will appoint responsible shepherds who will care for them, and they will never be afraid again. Not a single one will be lost or missing. I, the Lord, have spoken!

23:3, 4 I will gather. God pledged to restore exiled Israelites to their ancient soil. Cf. similar promises in chaps. 30–33, and 16:14, 15. The land in view was lit. Palestine, being contrasted with all the other countries (v. 3), thus assuring that the regathering would be as literal as the scattering. The restoration of Judah from Babylon is referred to in language which in its fullness can only refer to the final restoration of God’s people (“out of all countries”and v. 8), under Messiah. “Neither shall they be lacking” indicates that no one will be missing or detached. These are prophecies not yet fulfilled. Cf. 32:37, 38; Is. 60:21; Ezek 34:11–16.

Ezekiel 37:21-23 New Living Translation (NLT)

21 And give them this message from the Sovereign Lord: I will gather the people of Israel from among the nations. I will bring them home to their own land from the places where they have been scattered. 22 I will unify them into one nation on the mountains of Israel. One king will rule them all; no longer will they be divided into two nations or into two kingdoms. 23 They will never again pollute themselves with their idols and vile images and rebellion, for I will save them from their sinful apostasy. I will cleanse them. Then they will truly be my people, and I will be their God.

37:21–23 God made 3 promises that summarized His future plans for Israel: 1) restoration, v. 21; 2) unification, v. 22; and 3) purification, v. 23. These promises bring to fulfillment: 1) the Abrahamic Covenant (cf. Gen. 12); 2) the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7); and 3) the New Covenant (cf. Jer. 31), respectively.

Worship – Followed by verses and MacArthur Study Bible notes.

Consider the hand of Yeshua Ha-Mashiach, ” The Christ, The Anointed One”, “The Messiah”, resting on your shoulder.

Sarah Liberman – Fire of Your Spirit

Joshua 5:13-15 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

13 ¶ And when Joshua was by Jericho, he lift up his eyes and looked: and behold, there stood a man against him, having a sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou on our side, or on our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay, but as a captain of the host of the Lord am I now come: then Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith the Lord unto his servant?

15 And the captain of the Lord’s host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe of thy foot: for the place whereon thou standest, is holy: and Joshua did so.

5:13–15 Commander. The Lord Jesus Christ (6:2; cf. 5:15 with Ex. 3:2, 5) in a pre-incarnate appearance (Christophany). He came as the Angel (Messenger) of the Lord, as if He were a man (cf. the one of 3 “angels,” Gen. 18). Joshua fittingly was reverent in worship. The Commander, sword drawn, showed a posture indicating He was set to give Israel victory over the Canaanites (6:2; cf. 1:3).

Consider the Geneva Bible

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