Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 3

What does the Book of Daniel tell us about the Revived Roman Empire?


NEW WEBSITE – THY KINGDOM COME – SEE THE LINK AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE – PLEASE FOLLOW  THE NEW SITE.


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).


VS 1-7: Nebuchadnezzar’s pride: the image of gold. VS 8-18: Daniel’s three companions refuse to worship the image. VS 19-25: Daniel’s companions protected in the fiery furnace. VS 26-28: Nebuchadnezzar recognizes the deliverance to be of God. VS 29-30: Nebuchadnezzar’s decree and the promotion of the three Hebrew young men.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.


The account of the golden image which was erected on the plain of Dura records Nebuchadnezzar’s reaction to the revelation of chapter 2 in which he was symbolized by the head of gold. The astounding courage and deliverance of Daniel’s companions, who refused to worship the image, has inspired the people of God in similar times of trial. The chapter as a whole, however, is often regarded as merely providing historical insight into the characteristics of this period. Works devoted to study of the prophecies of Daniel often omit consideration of chapter 3 entirely as do S. P. Tregelles and Robert D. Culver. Others, such as Geoffrey R. King, interpret the chapter as not only history but parable and prophecy. The introduction of the golden image of Nebuchadnezzar in chapter 3 immediately following Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the great image depicting Gentile times, even if its parabolic implications are ignored, obviously is intended to convey not only spiritual truth in general, but characteristics of the times of the Gentiles. Its study, accordingly, not only provides spiritual insights but contributes to the overall presentation of prophecy in Daniel.  


IV. Scripture Text. See below.

Daniel 3:1-30. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+3&version=NASB1995


V. Verse Examination. 


A. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

https://www.amazon.com/Charles-Caldwell-Ryrie/e/B001HMRTWW


3:1: “an image of gold.” Probably the image was in human form (though not necessarily an image of Nebuchadnezzar) overlaid with gold, rather than with solid gold (Isa. 40:19). It was 90 x 9 ft (27×2.7 m), probably including a pedestal. 3:2: “satraps.” Leaders of the various provinces. 3:5: “horn.” A wind instrument. “trigon.” A triangular instrument with four strings that played high notes. “psaltery.” Another triangular instrument whose strings were beneath the sounding board. 3:6: The command to “worship” shows that this act had not only a political significance but a religious one as well, requiring the recognition of Nebuchadnezzar’ gods (v. 12). 3:12: “they do not serve your gods or worship the golden image.” Strictly forbidden by the law (Ex. 20:3-5). 3:17-18: They do not make any conditions with God; deliverance or martyrdom were equally possible in His plan. 3:25: The fourth form Nebuchadnezzar saw in the furnace was like a divine being. It may have been an angel or possibly a pre-incarnate appearance of Christ, though the king would not have known who He was. But, Nebuchadnezzar realized that this being was mightier than his gods, who would never have delivered men. 3:27-30: There can be no natural explanation for such complete deliverance (cf. v. 22). Their faith brought deliverance, protection, reward, and glory to God (cf. 1 Peter 4:14). 


B. Dr. Ron Rhodes  (Th.M., Th.D.) 40 Days Through

Daniel. http://www.ronrhodesresources.com/About_Me.html


Daniel 3:6. But whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be cast into the midst of a furnace of blazing fire.”


The penalty for refusing to bow down and worship the image was incineration in what was apparently an industrial-sized oven used for smelting metals and baking bricks. This is punishment that Nebuchadnezzar had elsewhere used for two Judean false prophets, Zedekiah and Ahab (Jer 29:22). The code of Hammurabi (section 25, 110, and 157 ) indicates that this may have been a common Babylonian means of execution.


C. Dr. Charles H. Dyer (Th.M., Ph. D.) The Moody Bible Commentary.

https://www.moodypublishers.com/authors/d/charles-dyer/


Jeremiah 29:22.  Because of them a curse will be used by all the exiles from Judah who are in Babylon, saying, “May the Lord make you like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire, 
Jeremiah singled out two of the false prophets in Babylon, “Ahab the son of Koliah,” and “Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah” who were “prophesying”….falsely and committing “adultery with their neighbors’ wives.” The Lord would judge them by delivering “them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.” For rebellion against Babylon, they would be publicly executed, “roasted in the fire,”  a form of execution often used in Babylon (cf. Dn 3:6, 11, 15, 17, 19-23). Their death by fire would give rise to a “curse” the captives would use. These false prophets had said Nebuchadnezzar would not capture the city; when Babylon captured Jerusalem they were among the first to die for their insolence against mighty Babylon.


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this third chapter of Daniel we have considered: 1-3 Nebuchadnezzar dedicates a golden image, 4-12 and commands all to worship it. 13-18 Their declaration before the king. 19-23 They are cast into the fiery furnace. 24-25 Their miraculous preservation. 26-30 The king thereupon acknowledges the God of Israel.


VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 2


What are the major prophetic passages in Daniel?


I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).


“Nebuchadnezzar’s Vision of the Statue.” VS 1-13: The forgotten dream. VS 14-18: Daniel requests time; seeks mercy from God. VS 19-30: The mystery revealed to Daniel. VS 31-35: The dream: the great image. VS 36-38: The interpretation: first world empire, Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar (cp. 7:4). VS 39: Second and this world empires: Medo-Persia (cp. 7:5: 8:20) and Greece (cp. 7:6; 8:21). VS 40-43: Fourth world empire: Rome (cp. 7:7; 9:26). VS 44-45: Christ’s kingdom to be established on earth (see Mt. 3:2 note). VS 46-49: Daniel promoted.


III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.


Beginning with the second chapter of Daniel, the grand outline of the program of God for the period of Gentile supremacy and chastisement of Israel is presented for the first time. Tregelles, in his introduction to chapter 2 of Daniel, observes, “The book of Daniel is that part of Scripture which especially treats of the power of the world during the time of its committal into the hands of the Gentiles, whilst the ancient people of God, the children of Israel, are under chastisement on account of their sin.

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 2.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+2&version=NASB1995

V. Verse Examination. Daniel 2:1-49. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible).


2:2: “magicians.” Textual scribes of the religious ritual. “conjurers.” Enchanters. “sorcerers.” Those who deal in magic potions ; also enchanters. “Chaldeans.” Not all the Babylonians (as in 1:4) but a class of wise men priests. 

2:4: “Aramaic” was the common language of the Assyrian Empire, and was used in both the neo-Babylonian and Persian empires as a diplomatic and commercial language. It is used appropriately in the Gentile-related portion of the book (2:4-7:28).

2:5: “The command from me is firm,” or the thing is gone, or the dream is certain to me. It is uncertain whether or not the king had forgotten the dream. If not, he was putting the wise men to the ultimate test, asking them to recall the past in order to give credence to their predictions about the future. 

2:10-11: In effect, the wise men admitted that their previous interpretations were inaccurate and deceptive. 

2:14-15: Apparently Daniel, keeping himself untainted by the heathen magic, had not gone to the king with the Babylonian wise men.

2:18: “mystery.” Something unknown (the dream and its interpretation in this instance) but later revealed and containing higher or deeper information. See note on Eph 3:3.2:27-30: Daniel disclaimed any natural or magical ability but credited the Lord with the revelation of the dream.

2:35: “the stone…filled the whole earth.” To refer this to the first coming of Christ and the victory of the gospel in the whole world is contrary to such verses as Matt:13:24-30, 36-43 and 2 Tim 3:1-13. It is a reference to the future millennial kingdom of Christ.

2:37-38: ‘The gold head of the image (v. 32) is interpreted as representing Babylon.

2:39: “The “beast and … arms of silver” v. 32) represented the kingdom that followed Babylon, i.e., the kingdom of the Medes and Persians (538-333 B.C.). The “belly and … thighs of bronze” (v. 32) stood for Greece (333-63 B.C.; cf. 8:20-21). 

2:40: The “fourth kingdom (legs and feet, v. 33) was Rome.

2:41: “divided.” Better, composite, for it was composed of strong peoples (iron) and weak ones (clay).

2:42: “the toes.” Explained in verse 44 as 10 kings (or kingdoms) that will exist concurrently at the time God sets up His kingdom at the second coming of Christ (7:24). The present age of the church is omitted in the vision (not an unusual phenomenon; cf. Isa. 6:1-2). 

2:44: This does not refer to the first coming of Christ (which would make the kingdom = the church), since Christ did not destroy the Roman Empire at His first coming, nor were there 10 kings ruling at the same time.

2:49: “the king’s court.” The royal offices, the chancellery. 


VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).


In this second chapter of Daniel we have considered: 


VS 1-9: Nebuchadnezzar, forgetting his dream, requires his wise men to show it. VS 10-13: They (wise men) being unable are condemned to die. VS 14-18: Daniel obtains some respite. VS 19: The dream is revealed to him (Daniel).VS 20-23: His (Daniel’s) thanksgiving. VS 24-30: He (Daniel) is brought before the king. VS 31-35: The dream. VS 36:-45: Its (the dream’s)  interpretation. VS 46-49: Daniel’s promotion. 


VII. Parting Thought. 


A. Daniel’s prophecy is of the world empires that will face Israel from the time of his prophecy, until the time of the revived Roman Empire which will be present during the Tribulation (Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, and Final World Empire). In the following information, Dr.John Walvoord shows the preceding world empires that affected Israel, prior to the time of the Babylonian Empire’s overthrow of Israel.


B. Dr. John Walvoord’s Chart of World Empires Of The Bible In The History Of Israel (Every Prophecy Of The Bible).


1. Egypt: Gen 46 – Deu 34. Jacob and Family in Egypt until Exodus.

2. Assyria: 722 B.C. – 605 B.C. 10 Tribes of Israel in Captivity.

3. Babylon: 605 B.C. – 539 B.C. 2 Tribes in Captivity.

4. Medo-Persia: 539  B.C. – 331 B.C. Captives of Israel Return 536  B.C.

5. Greece: 321 B.C. – 63 B.C. Israel under Control of Syria.

6. Rome: 63 B.C. – A.D. 70. Israel under Rome. Jerusalem Destroyed A.D. 70. Decline of Rome in Church Age. Rome to Be Revived after the Rapture.

7. Millennial Kingdom Final World Empire. 


Re: Daniel 2:44-45, The Millennial Kingdom, The Final World Empire, see the following comments from Walvoord’s Daniel Commentary. 


The crux of the interpretation of the entire symbolic vision is found in the prediction of a kingdom which the God of heaven will set up. According to verse 44, this is a kingdom which will never be destroyed, will never be left to other people, shall destroy and break in pieces the preceding kingdom, and will stand forever. The kingdom which shall not be destroyed is indeed the kingdom of God…, the kingdom of God which is here mentioned is that which was introduced by Christ at His first coming….. There is certainly no evidence, nineteen hundred years after Christ, that the kingdom of God has conquered the entire world. Not only is there no scriptural evidence whatever that the first coming of Christ caused the downfall of Gentile world power, which is still very much with us today, but express prophecies relating to the second advent of Christ, picture just such a devastating defeat of Gentile power….Revelation 19:11-21 is a picture of the second coming of Christ, is expressly the time when Jesus Christ assumes command as King of kings and Lord of lords. It is declared that at that time “He should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron” (Rev 19:15). 


C. Dr. John Walvoord’s Eschatological Works. 

1. John Flipse Walvoord (1910–2002) was a renowned American theologian, pastor, teacher, and author. In 1928 Walvoord entered Wheaton College, majoring in Greek and minoring in Latin. With additional course work one summer at the University of Colorado, he was able to complete his undergraduate degree in 1931 with honors. Upon entering the Evangelical Theological College (today, Dallas Theological Seminary), Walvoord pursued a regular curriculum of seminary studies, graduating with both a ThB and a ThM degree in 1934. By 1936 he completed a ThD degree.

2. Along with the presidency of Dallas Theological Seminary, Walvoord was editor of Bibliotheca Sacra for 33 years and contributed a total of 127 articles between 1937 and 1990. Furthermore, he authored 30 books including, The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook available in Libronix. He is also the editor of several works such as The Bible Knowledge Commentary and Systematic Theology, and served on the committee that produced the New Scofield Reference Bible.

3. https://www.logos.com/search?filters=author-8987_Author&sortBy=Relevance&limit=30&page=1&ownership=all&geographicAvailability=all

D. Daniel 2:44: Scofield Study Bible note: This passage fixes, in relation to other predicted events, the time when the millennial kingdom will be established. It will be “in the days of those kings,” that is the days of the ten kings (compare 7:24-27) symbolized by the image of the image. The ten kings did not exist at the advent of Messiah, nor was the federation even possible until the dissolution of the Roman Empire and the rise of the present nationalistic world system.

E. Daniel 2:44-45: The method by which the millennial kingdom will be established is repeated from vv. 34-35, that is the Striking Stone will crush the statue that represents the world powers that are hostile to God (Ps. 2:1-6, “Christ the Coming King;” Zech 14:1-9,”The Lord’s triumphant return to earth to bring deliverance; The kingdom set up on earth”.)

F. The Ryrie Study Bible shows the context of  Zech 14 as, “The Lord’s second coming to Jerusalem. The prophecy is Messianic and relates to Israel. This takes place at the end of the Tribulation when Israel believes it will be decimated, and calls on Messiah (Jesus), in faith, to save them, Zech 12:10 (Ryrie note: At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize Jesus as her Messiah, acknowledging with deep contrition that He was the One whom their forefathers pierced (John 19:37). Prophecy is being fulfilled from Matt 23:39, “for I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, “Blessed is He who comes in the Name of the Lord,” (Re: Psalm 118:26). Gentiles who will be left behind from the Rapture (1 Thes 4:13-18) will also witness the events of the Tribulation and Second Coming of Christ, which will initiate the Kingdom Age (Matt 3:2, “the Kingdom is at hand.” The kingdom was near, “but not here,” which was based on Israel accepting God’s choice of her king, with “Jesus” being God’s choice (Deu 17:15); but Israel did not accept Jesus as their King at that time, nor since then.

G. The kingdom will not come (Matt 6:10) until at the end of the Tribulation. The Matt 23:39 prophecy was spoken by Jesus to Jews (Matt 23:29), with the meaning of “Jew,” being Israel, which is the blood line of “Jacob, Israel” (Gen 28:13-14; 35:9-12). The words that Jesus spoke in Matt 23:39 were to Jews, and not to “the church,” or to any Gentiles, and related only to “Jews, Israel.” The words that God spoke to the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament were spoken to Jews, about the nation of Israel, and were to be fulfilled in Jews, and not in the Church or in any Gentiles. The Church will not be present during the Tribulation; un-raptured Gentiles and Jews will be present. Only un-raptured Gentiles and Jews will see the fulfillment of Matt 24:29-30, when “the whole world” will see the return of Christ to earth to set up His earthly kingdom (Zech 14:1-5, 9). It is important to remember that “salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22), and comes only through Jesus (John 14:6).

H. In the closing video we see Paul Wilbur leading the singing of the fulfillment of the prophecy of Matt 23:39, which is about believing Jews calling on the Name of Jesus (Zech 12:10). 

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 1


What can the book of Daniel tell us about God’s plan for our future?


I. Video Data.  John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).

Daniel’s Early Life in the Babylonian Court. vs 1-7, Daniel in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar. vs 8-21, Daniel’s resolve.


III. Overview. Consider the points of focus that are provided by highly respected theologians of this first chapter of Daniel.


A. Dr. Stephen R. Miller (Th. D.; Ph. D). The New American Commentary, Daniel. The first chapter of the book serves primarily as an introduction; it sets the scene for the other stories and the visions (chs. 7-12) that make up the rest of the book. Here, the reader is furnished information concerning Daniel’s identity, his circumstances, his character, and how he rose to his position of responsibility in Babylon.


B. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Daniel Commentary. The first chapter of Daniel is a beautifully written, moving story of the early days of Daniel and his companions in Babylon. In brief and condensed form, it records the historical setting for the entire book. Moreover, it sets the tone as essentially the history of Daniel and his experiences in contrast to the prophetic approach of the other major prophets, who were divine spokesmen to Israel. In spite of being properly classified as a prophet, Daniel was in the main a governmental servant and a faithful historian of God’s dealings with him. 

C. Dr. James A. Borland, (M Div., Th. M., Th. D. Th. D.) Liberty Commentary Bible. DANIEL’S REMOVAL TO BABYLON BY NEBUCHADNEZZAR. 1. The subjugation of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, vs 1-2. 2. The test of Daniel’s character, vs 3-7. 3. The determination of Daniel to be true to his God, vs 8-13. 4. The faithfulness of God to His obedient children, vs 14-21. 

IV. Scripture Text. Daniel 1 (NASB 1995). Link pasted from Bible Gateway.

V. Verse Examination.  

Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible. 1:1 “in the third year.” 605. B.C. 1:2. The captivity came because of Israel’s idolatry and failure to keep the sabbatical year for the land. “the vessels of the house of God.” Taken as a prize and as proof of Nebuchadnezzar’s gods. “Shinar.” Babylonia. 1:3 “officials.” Lit., eunuchs. The word does mean those who were castrated; it also stood for officials in general. It is uncertain whether Daniel and his friends were emasculated. 1:4. “literature and language.” Various subjects such as agriculture, astrology, astronomy, mathematics, and the Akkadian language. 1:5 The accession year of Nebuchadnezzar was the first year of the youths’ training; the first full year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign was the second year of training; the second year of his reign was the third year of training. 1:7 In order to make these young men more Babylonian, their names were changed. In each case, the Hebrew name contains a name of the true God (either “el” or “iah,” and abbreviation for Yahweh), and the Babylonian name contains the name of a heathen god. 1:8 “he would not defile himself.” By eating meat that doubtless had not been slain in accordance with the Mosaic Law and that, along with the “wine,” had been offered to a pagan God (cf. Ex. 34:15). 1:17 Only God, not human wisdom, can instruct how to interpret “visions” and “dreams” accurately. 1:21 “continued.” Daniel, who was among the first captives taken, lived to see the official end of the Exile in the “first year of Cyrus king of Persia” (Ezra 1:1). Daniel did not die then but lived a few years longer (10:1). 

VI. Summary. 

Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).

1. Jehoiakim’s captivity. 3. Daniel and three others selected to be taught the learning of the Chaldeans. 8. They refuse to eat the king’s meat. 17. Their great attainments in wisdom. 

VII. Parting Thought.

A. In the Book of Daniel, we learn of the faithfulness of Daniel to God. As children in Sunday School, we learned about Daniel in the fiery furnace (Dan 3) and Daniel in the Lion’s den (Dan 6). But, there is much of the Book of Daniel that is not taught to maturing Christians. Daniel, being a Jew, was given by God, prophecy that related to Israel, such as God’s people Israel in the Times of the Gentiles (Daniel 8:1-12:13). During the times of the Gentiles, there is not a Jewish king of Israel. During the times of the Gentiles, Israel will come under great oppression from the Antichrist during the Tribulation (Dan 9:24-27). Matthew 24:4-31, Mark 13:1-37, Luke 21:5-36, Revelation 6:-19, and Zechariah 12:1-14:21) also describe Israel coming under oppression during the Tribulation by the Antichrist, Satan, and the unbelieving world that is left behind from the rapture. God gave prophecies to other Jews about God and Israel, such as: the dispersion of Israel, the overthrow of Jerusalem by Babylon, the Tribulation and the Kingdom Age. The Jewish prophecies were spoken by God to Jewish prophets, which were then made known to the Jews of Israel. Due to the proximity of Gentiles to the fulfillment of the Jewish prophecies, such prophecies have affected Gentiles, and will affect Gentiles. In the Church age, God gave a prophetic ministry, “to some,” that is described in Ephesians 4:11-12. The church age prophets’ ministry is to be, “equipping the saints for the works of ministry, for the building up of the body of Christ.” The ministries of Jewish and church age prophets are clearly defined in Scripture. 

B. God’s relationship with Israel is clearly stated in Deuteronomy 14:2:

“For you are a holy people to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” 

C. The longevity of God’s relationship with Israel is unending, per Jeremiah 31:35-36:

35 Thus says the Lord,
Who gives the sun for light by day
And the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night,
Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar;
The Lord of hosts is His name:
36 “If this fixed order departs
From before Me,” declares the Lord,
“Then the offspring of Israel also will cease
From being a nation before Me forever.”

D. The provisions for Israel, and only Israel, are stated in Psalm 147:19-20:

19 He declares His words to Jacob,
His statutes and His ordinances to Israel.
20 He has not dealt thus with any nation;
And as for His ordinances, they have not known them.
Praise the Lord!

E. The point of focus, as it relates to Israel being identified as the recipient of God’s prophecies, are shown for each of the following Jewish prophets (and other Jewish prophets) to be spoken to Jews:

1. Isaiah 1:1, “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” Isaiah 2:1, “The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem., “

2. Jeremiah 2:1-2, “Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, 2 “Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord,…”

3. Ezekiel 2:3, “Then He said to me, “Son of man, I am sending you to the sons of Israel, to a rebellious people who have rebelled against Me; they and their fathers have transgressed against Me to this very day.”

4. Daniel 9:20: “Now while I was speaking and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my God in behalf of the holy mountain of my God,”

F. Believers in Christ are clearly identified as “The Church,” per the following verses:

1. Col 1:24, “Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is the church,”

2. 1 Cor 12:27, “Now you are Christ’s body, and individually members of it.”

3. Eph 5:23,  “For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body.”

G. Israel is Israel, and the church is the church. Israel is mentioned in both the old and new testaments. 

1. Acts 2:36, “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”

2. Philippians 3:5, circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the Law, a Pharisee;”

H. The church was not mentioned in the Old Testament, due to its being a “mystery,” which means that it was not known until it was revealed by God.

Ephesians 5:32, “This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.” [Mystery” refers to some aspect of God’s plan that was previously hidden, but which now, in the gospel, has been made known (Moody Study Bible).] My note: “mystery,” as noted in the Bible is not like a “murder mystery, which is meant to be confusing;” but is informaiton that had not been disclosed, until God determined to make such information clearly known.

VIII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


IX. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

Daniel Prophecy – Introduction

How does the information in the book of Daniel fit into the  information found in  Revelation?


I. Video Data.   John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).


II. Introduction.  I apologize that I have had to republish this article. Please read the final parting thought on the Obadiah Prophecy, as it relates to God’s overall prophecies of Major and Minor Prophets.


A. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.)

1. Daniel, like Ezekiel, was a Jewish captive in Babylon. He was of royal or princely descent (Daniel 1:3). For his rank and comeliness he was trained for palace service. In the polluted atmosphere of an oriental court he lived a life of singular piety and usefulness. His long life extended from Nebuchadnezzar to Cyrus. He was a contemporary of Jeremiah, Ezekiel (Daniel 14:20), Joshua, the high priest of the restoration, Ezra, and Zerubbabel.

2. Daniel is the indispensable introduction to New Testament prophecy, the themes of which are, the apostasy of the Church, the manifestation of the man of sin, the great tribulation, the return of the Lord, the resurrections and the judgments. These, except the first, are Daniel’s themes also.

3. But Daniel is distinctively the prophet of the “times of the Gentiles” (Luke 21:24). His vision sweeps the whole course of Gentile world-rule to its end in catastrophe, and to the setting up of the Messianic kingdom.

4. Daniel is in four broad divisions: Introduction. The personal history of Daniel from the conquest of Jerusalem to the second year of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 1:1-27; 1:21). The visions of Nebuchadnezzar and their results (Daniel 2:1-27; 4:37). The personal history of Daniel under Belshazzar and Darius (Daniel 5:1-27; 6:28). The visions of Daniel (Daniel 7:1-27; 12:13).

5. The events recorded in Daniel cover a period of 73 years (Ussher).

B. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D., 1925-2016). Ryrie Study Bible.

The Prophet. Daniel, whose name means “God is my judge,” was a statesman in the court of heathen monarchs. Taken captive as a youth to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 605 B.C., he spent the rest of his long life there as a governmental official and as a prophet to the true God. He claimed to have written this book (12:4), and Jesus Christ identified him as a prophet (Matt 24:15; Mark 13:14). Since he did not occupy the prophetic office, the book is found in the third division of the Hebrew Bible, the “Writings,” rather than in the second, the Prophets. Throughout his life, he was uncompromising and faithful to his God.

C. Dr. John F. Walvoord. (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). Daniel Commentary. 

The book of Daniel, according to its own testimony, is the record of the life and prophetic revelations given to Daniel, a captive Jew carried off to Babylon after the first conquest of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in 605 b.c. The record of events extends to the third year of Cyrus, 536 B.C., and, accordingly, covers a span of about seventy years. Daniel himself may well have lived on to about 530 b.c, and the book of Daniel was probably completed in the last decade of his life. Although Daniel does not speak of himself in the first person until chapter 7, there is little question that the book presents Daniel as its author. This is assumed in the latter portion of the book and mentioned especially in 12:4. The use of the first person with the name Daniel is found repeatedly in the last half of the book (7:2, 15, 28; 8:1,15, 27; 9:2, 22; 10:2, 7, 11, 12; 12:5). As most expositors, whether liberal or conservative, consider the book a unit, the claim of Daniel to have written this book is recognized even by those who reject it.

D. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost.  (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2014)Things To Come.

1. Page 314. The Gentiles In The Tribulation. There is a divine program for the Gentile nations that is to come to fulfillment in the tribulation period. A great body of prophecy is devoted to this subject, which must be developed in order to have a clear picture of the events of the tribulation.

2. Page 314. “The tribulation and the times of the Gentiles.” The time period that is called by the Lord “the Times of the Gentiles” in Luke 21:24, where He says: “Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled,” is one of the important time periods in prophetic Scriptures. The relation to Israel to the tribulation has been studied. Consideration is now given  to the events related to the Gentiles as attention is directed to the “times of the Gentiles.”

3. Page 315. “The duration of the times of the Gentiles.” “The times of the Gentiles” has been defined by the Lord as that period of time in which Jerusalem was under the dominion of Gentile authority (Luke 21:24). This period began with the Babylonian captivity when Jerusalem fell into the hands of Gentiles. It has continued unto the present time and will continue through the tribulation period, in which era the Gentile powers will be judged. The dominion of the Gentiles ends at the second advent of Messiah to the earth. 

4. Page 316. “The course of the times of the Gentiles.” The fullest description of the period is given to us in the prophet Daniel. What we have in Daniel is …. the course and character of Gentile powers, from the destruction of Jerusalem onto the appearing of Christ, together with the position of the remnant, and the sufferings of the Jewish people, while the Gentiles possess the dominion, until at last God, in His faithfulness in pursuance or His purposes, interposes, and for His own glory, works for the rescue and blessing of His elect earthly people. 

E. Dr Michael Rydelnik. (Th. M., D. Miss.) The Moody Bible Commentary. 

The book of Daniel is set during the Babylonian captivity. The book opens after King Nebuhadnezzar’s first siege of Judah (605 B.C.), when he brought Daniel and his friends to Babylon along with other captives of the Judean nobility. Nebuchadnezzar assaulted Judah again in 597 B.C. and brought 10,000 captives back to Babylon. In 586 B.C. he once again besieged Jerusalem, but this time destroyed the city and the holy temple, and exiled the people of Judah to Babylon.  Daniel’s ministry began with the arrival of the first Jewish captives in Babylon (605 B.C.), extended throughout the Babylonian captivity (539 B.C.), and concluded some time after the third year of the Medo-Persian king, Cyrus the Great (537/536 B.C.).

F. Dr. Ron Rhodes (Th.M., Th. D.) 40 Days Through Daniel. 

Page 8. Daniel was born into a royal family (1:3, 6 ) and was apparently physically attractive (1:4). He became one of the major prophets of the Old Testament; his name means “God is my judge.” He was uncompromising in his faithfulness to God. His contemporaries  acknowledged both his righteousness and his wisdom (See Ezekiel 14:14, 20: 28:3). There were actually three deportations involved in Babylon’s victory over Juday. The first took place in 605 B.C., and included Daniel and his friends. The second took place in 597 B.C., and included Ezekiel. The third took place in 586 B.C., when the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem and the temple. 

G. Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey (Th. M., Ph. D., 1948-2012). Countdown To The Apocalypse. 

Pages 6-8. While serving in Babylon’s royal courts, Daniel saw remarkable visions and interpreted inspired dreams. Many of his visions foretold the upheaval in the world that came to pass more than two thousand years ago. In fact, the fulfillment of those prophecies verify that Daniel was truly God’s prophet. His predictions came true exactly as they were given. However, many of Daniel’s most intriguing prophecies describe events that are still to come. Daniel’s ancient Babylonian prophecies give us a precise time line that reveals the sequence of events and the amount of time that will separate the major developments of the last days. 

H. Dr. David Hocking. Daniel Commentary. (B. A. in Bible, Greek and Ancient History; M. Div. in Biblical Studies & Systematic Theology; Ph. D. in Biblical Studies and Languages; D. Min. in Pastoral Studies)

Introduction. Daniel predicts in detail all of the nations of the world from Babylon forward, to Antiochus Epiphanes. Daniel told of Medo-Persia before it existed. He talked about Greece before it came into being. He explained the break-up of the empire of Alexander the Great, and the four generals who followed him, as well as the coming Roman Empire. He described the battles of Prolemies and Seleucids over Israel in the break-up of Alexander’s Grecian Empire. He gives it blow by blow, and king by king. The historical accuracy of Daniel, Chapter 11, is unquestioned. Therefore, some people say there is no way he could have written this book before it happened. From the third century A.D., there have been people writing against this book. There isn’t a book in the Bible that is so clearly predictive in its prophecy, and so accurate! It has been substantiated by history outside of the Bible.

I. Dr. James A. Borland, (M Div., Th. M., Th. D. Th. D.) Liberty Commentary Bible.

The book of Daniel is most commonly divided into two parts, nearly equal in length – the historical and the prophetical.The historical portion begins with young Daniel’s capture by Nebuchadnezzar and his subsequent deportation to Babylon, and it ends with Daniel being freed after spending a night in a den of lions, some seventy years later. The prophetical portion covers visions and prophecies received by Daniel during the years of his historical sojourn in Babylon and Persia.

J. Dr. Stephen R. Miller (Th. D.; Ph. D.) The New American Commentary, Daniel Prophecy. 

Introduction. As the book opens, the reader is introduced to a young Daniel, being taken captive to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar in 605 B.C. Since Daniel, the author, also recorded the downfall of Babylon (539 B.C.) and subsequent events, he must have resided in Babylon from 605 B.C. until about 535 B.C. According to the testimony of the book, therefore, Daniel lived throughout the entire Neo-Babylonian period, and even into the time of Persian dominance. He lived a long, eventful life and a mystery that spanned about  seventy years. If Daniel was taken into captivity at about fifteen years of age, he would have lived to the age of about eighty-five years. Tradition has assigned two locations to Daniel’s tomb: in the royal vault in Babylon, a little west of the acropolis, and in one of the Synagogues of Susa. 

III. Parting Thought.

 A. We are now embarking on a very interesting and important part of Scripture. The Book of Daniel, as well as the other Old Testament Jewish books of prophecy were addressed to the nation of Israel. God gave prophecy to Jewish prophets who, In turn, gave those same words of God to Jews. Context is key to understanding Scripture; we will keep that key at the door of every prophecy that we unlock. As these prophecies become fulfilled in the Tribulation, and Kingdom Age of the Millennium, we will see how Gentiles enter the arena of judgment or blessing. In the Tribulation, unsaved Gentiles will come under the same judgments that God will be pouring out on the earth on all, Jews or Gentiles, who will have been left behind from the Rapture.  In the Kingdom Age, Gentile believers will be grafted into the blessings of Israel that will be fulfilled in accordance with the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant. We, who are saved Gentiles, are heirs of the Abrahamic Covenant, but will have to wait until the Kingdom Age when “heirs will  receive their blessings” upon the will of the Abrahamic Covenant “being probated.” Opening videos will continue to be a part of each article, but there may be difficulty in matching each article with a corresponding Daniel video. Needless to say, a great wealth of information can be obtained from each, and all, of the videos that will be posted.

B. You will notice a change in the title of one of the websites that is listed below in my bucket list. That which had been named “Equipping The Saints,” has been renamed as “Commentary Preparation.” The reason for the name change is that I will be creating articles that are more suited for a Bible commentary. I will be changing the content and format of articles that you may have already read. I will make each article much easier to read and understand. In time, books of articles will be completed and made available for publishing and distribution via bookstores and on-line purchases. However, anyone who follows my Commentary Preparation site, will have access to the finished commentaries as soon as each one has been published on my site. 

C. As you read through the Bible, it is important to understand that words are important to be understood by their proper meaning and in their proper context. Here are three words that have especially important meanings: Israel means Israel; church means church; Babylon means Babylon. It is also important to understand that prophecies of the Bible will be fulfilled.

D. Obadiah Prophecy. Dr. Walter L. Baker (B.A., Th. M., D.D.) Bible Knowledge Commentary. The Book of Obadiah contains a prophecy that is different from other Old Testament Words of God. In a sense, Obadiah is a miniature profile of the message of all the writing prophets. In his thumbnail sketch, the Prophet Obadiah spoke of God’s judgment on unbelieving Gentiles who oppressed the nation Israel. He also wrote of God’s grace to believing Israel. This double thread is woven throughout the Major and Minor prophets.

IV. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/bucket-list/embed/


V. My Websites To Follow.


https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Commentary Preparation

https://thechurchoftheopendoor.wordpress.com/ Israel Website

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

 

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