Israel In Isaiah, 3:1-4:1, 760 B.C., Notes

Israel In Isaiah, 3:1-4:1, 760 B.C., Notes

Paul Wilbur – For Your Name is Holy. Video details are at the foot of this page.

The Book of Isiah is about a prophecy that was given by God to Isaiah, who was a Jewish prophet who, in turn, spoke God’s prophecy to Jewish people about Jewish circumstances and situations.

Isaiah 1:1, “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”

The Book Of Isaiah.

Purpose of Writing: The Prophet Isaiah was primarily called to prophesy to the Kingdom of Judah. Judah was going through times of revival and times of rebellion. Judah was threatened with destruction by Assyria and Egypt, but was spared because of God’s mercy. Isaiah proclaimed a message of repentance from sin and hopeful expectation of God’s deliverance in the future. (gotquestions.org)

Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC=New American Commentary; NIV=NIV Study Bible; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

Dates of scriptures come from The Scofield Study Bible, copyright 1909.

Introduction. Isaiah 3:1-4:1. The Lord’s indictment against, and judgment of, Jerusalem and Judah continued. (MSB)
Text, in full. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+3%3A1-4%3A1&version=NASB 

Isaiah 3:1
For behold, the Lord GOD of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah
Both supply and support, the whole supply of bread
And the whole supply of water;

Note. 3:1. “remove.” Through Nebuchadnezzar (see 2 Kings 24:15-16). “supply and support.” Both words indicate something one leans on. (RSB)

Note. 3:1. the Lord (136) Adonay: Lord, the proper name of God. GOD (3068) Yahweh: the proper name of the God of Israel. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/isaiah/3-1.htm

Isaiah 3:2-3.
2 The mighty man and the warrior,
The judge and the prophet,
The diviner and the elder,
3 The captain of fifty and the honorable man,
The counselor and the expert artisan,
And the skillful enchanter.

Note. 3:1–3 “Takes away . . . expert enchanter.” God’s judgment was to include a removal of the people’s leadership. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:4-5
4 And I will make mere lads their princes,
And capricious children will rule over them,
5 And the people will be oppressed,
Each one by another, and each one by his neighbor;
The youth will storm against the elder
And the inferior against the honorable.

Note. 3:4-5. (children . . . honorable.) Inexperience in government was to lead to degeneration and irresponsibility at every level of national life. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:6-7
6 When a man lays hold of his brother in his father’s house, saying,
“You have a cloak, you shall be our ruler,
And these ruins will be under your charge,”
7 He will protest on that day, saying,
“I will not be your healer,
For in my house there is neither bread nor cloak;
You should not appoint me ruler of the people.”

Note. 3:6-7. “let these ruins . . . ruler of the people.” Conditions of anarchy were to be so bad that no one would accept a position of authority over the people. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:8
“For Jerusalem has stumbled and Judah has fallen,
Because their speech and their actions are against the Lord,
To rebel against His glorious presence.”

Note. 3:8 Jerusalem . . . Judah. The fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. was only a partial fulfillment of this prophecy. The final fulfillment awaits the times just prior to Christ’s second coming. against the LORD. The root of Zion’s problem surfaces: overt rebellion against the Lord. The people sinned shamelessly; they made no effort to conceal it (3:9).(MSB)

Forward Note: 3:10–15 This oracle against Judah’s leaders is in three parts: (1) an affirmation that God repays good and evil (vv. 10, 11); (2) an accusation that Israel’s leaders were leading people astray (v. 12); (3) a divine lawsuit against the leaders for exploiting their subjects (vv. 13–15; see 1:23). (NKJV)

Isaiah 3:9-11
9 The expression of their faces bears witness against them,
And they display their sin like Sodom;
They do not even conceal it.
Woe to them!
For they have brought evil on themselves.
10 Say to the righteous that it will go well with them,
For they will eat the fruit of their actions.
11 Woe to the wicked! It will go badly with him,
For what he deserves will be done to him.

Note. 3:9. Considered a horribly sinful city (1:9), Sodom had been destroyed by God (Gen. 19). Yet Judeans were parading their defiance against God just like the Sodomites. (NKJV)

Note. 3:10. “eat the fruit.” Compare this idea with 1:19. (NKJV)

Note. 3:11. paid back for what their hands have done. Cf. Pr 26:27 and note; Gal 6:7–9 and note on 6:7.(NIV)

Isaiah 3:12
“O My people! Their oppressors are children,
And women rule over them.
O My people! Those who guide you lead you astray
And confuse the direction of your paths.

Note. 3:12. “children . . . women.” Children and women were considered ill-suited for governmental leadership, so they figuratively depicted the incompetent rulers. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:13-15
13 The Lord arises to contend,
And stands to judge the people.
14 The Lord enters into judgment with the elders and princes of His people,
“It is you who have devoured the vineyard;
The plunder of the poor is in your houses.
15 “What do you mean by crushing My people
And grinding the face of the poor?”
Declares the Lord God of hosts.

Note. vs 14. “vineyard.” The spoiling of the vineyard by the leaders amounts to their inequities in ruling the nation. Isaiah gave a more detailed comparison of God’s people to a vineyard in 5:1–7. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:16-17
16 Moreover, the Lord said, “Because the daughters of Zion are proud
And walk with heads held high and seductive eyes,
And go along with mincing steps
And tinkle the bangles on their feet,
17 Therefore the Lord will afflict the scalp of the daughters of Zion with scabs,
And the Lord will make their foreheads bare.”

Note. “daughters of Zion.” When women cultivate beauty for beauty’s sake, they thereby reflect the moral decay of the nations and detract from the glory of God. Rather than emphasizing outward apparel and activities (vv. 16–24), ladies should cultivate the beauty of the inner person (1 Tim. 2:9, 10; 1 Pet. 3:3, 4). mincing as they go. Ornamental chains about the ankles necessitated shorter steps and produced tinkling sounds to attract attention. (MSB)

Isaiah 3:18-23, “18 In that day the Lord will take away the beauty of their anklets, headbands, crescent ornaments, 19 dangling earrings, bracelets, veils, 20 headdresses, ankle chains, sashes, perfume boxes, amulets, 21 finger rings, nose rings, 22 festal robes, outer tunics, cloaks, money purses, 23 hand mirrors, undergarments, turbans and veils.

Note. vs 18, “in that day.” The Day of the Lord. (See note on Isaiah 2:12). (RSB)

Isaiah 3:24-26
24 Now it will come about that instead of sweet perfume there will be putrefaction;
Instead of a belt, a rope;
Instead of well-set hair, a plucked-out scalp;
Instead of fine clothes, a donning of sackcloth;
And branding instead of beauty.
25 Your men will fall by the sword
And your mighty ones in battle.
26 And her gates will lament and mourn,
And deserted she will sit on the ground.

Note. 16-26. The fashionable women, seeking to lure other women’s husbands with their imported luxurious dress, would soon be destitute (cf. 1 Peter 3:3-4). (RSB)

Isaiah 4:1, For seven women will take hold of one man in that day, saying, “We will eat our own bread and wear our own clothes, only let us be called by your name; take away our reproach!” 

Note. 4:1. “seven women . . . one man.” In the day of the Lord (see note on 2:12), He will judge wicked women indirectly by allowing a slaughtering of males, thereby producing a shortage of husbands. (MSB)

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End Times 22, Revelation 13:1-10, The Antichrist

Video Title. Nicolae Carpathia

Article Title. End Times 22, Revelation 13:1-10, The Antichrist

I. In the above video we see people who have been left behind from the Rapture. The key figure is the Antichrist, as he is taking control of the world by creating ten global regions of nations that will come under his heavy-handed control (Revelation 13:1). This Left Behind movie, and others, came as a result of the Left Behind series of books that were written under the leadership of Dr. Tim LaHaye, whose credentials can be found in my “About Sources” page. The Left Behind books and movies tell of the upcoming time in our world when those whom are left behind from the rapture of the church have to deal with the persecution of the Antichrist, even more so if they come to saving faith in Christ. The Left Behind movies and books are very much in sync with the scriptures of the Bible that tell of the end of times event that we are studying, and relate heavily to the time of the Tribulation. Video details can be seen at the bottom of this page.

II. Text. Revelation 13:1-10. The Beast From The Sea.

1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. 2 Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 3 And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. 4 So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”

5 And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months. 6 Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. 7 It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

III. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

IV. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; MBC=Moody Bible Commentary; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

V. Comments. Revelation Chapter 13:1-10.

A. 13:1. “a beast.” The Antichrist. Many emperors of Rome defiled themselves, but Antichrist will far outstrip all of his predecessors in his blasphemous ways. “ten horns.” The 10 kings that gave their power and authority to the Antichrist (17:12-13) (RSB). The fact that the beast rises out of the sea is taken by many to indicate that he comes from the great mass of humanity, namely the Gentile powers of the world. Others take it as a reference to the Mediterranean, namely, that the beast will arise from the Mediterranean area. Probably both are true in that the beast is a Gentile and does come from the Mediterranean scene (WRC). Since Daniel identified this beast as arising from the world’s fourth great empire (Rome), this is understood by many to refer to a revived Roman empire (MBC). Daniel 7:7-8, “a fourth beast.” Rome. The 10 horns are explained in vs 24, and the little horn (Antichrist) in vs 24-25 (RSB).

B. 13:2. “the dragon gives him power.” Satan gives his power. (RSB)

C. 13:3-4. “One of his heads” may stand for a specific ruler, but more likely it stands for an empire. The unbelieving “world” is enticed (12:9) by Satan to follow and worship the beast. Those who “worshiped” the beast also unwittingly worshiped the devil, “who gave authority to the beast.” Any false worship or idolatry is ultimately demonic and satanic (see 1 Cor. 10:20–22). The beast is worshiped because the world is convinced that no one is “like” him and that no one can successfully “make war” against him. (MSB)

D. 13:5. “was given.” The sovereign God will establish the limits within which Antichrist will be allowed to speak and operate. God will allow him to utter his blasphemies, to bring the rage of Satan to its culmination on earth for 3 1/2 years (v. 5; 11:2, 3; 12:6, 13, 14). “forty-two months.” The final 3 1/2 years—1,260 days—of the “time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jer. 30:7) and Daniel’s 70th week (Dan. 9:24–27), known as the Great Tribulation (see notes on 11:2; 12:6; cf. Dan. 7:25). This last half is launched by the abomination of desolations (see note on Matt. 24:15). (MSB)

E. 13:6. “His name.” This identifies God and summarizes all His attributes (cf. Ex. 3:13, 14). “His tabernacle.” This is symbolic of heaven (cf. Heb. 9:23, 24). “those who dwell in heaven.” The angels and glorified saints who are before the throne of God and serve Him day and night. (MSB)

F. 13:6. “His tabernacle.” God’s dwelling place in Heaven. (RSB)

G. 13:6. “those who dwell in heaven.” These are they of the raptured and resurrected Church. End Times 4, Comment 4:4, following link:
https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/2020/04/19/end-times-4-revelation-41-4-john-caught-up-to-heaven/

H. 13:7. “make war with the saints.” The Antichrist will be allowed to massacre those who are God’s children (cf. 6:9–11; 11:7; 12:17; 17:6; Dan. 7:23–25; 8:25; 9:27; 11:38; 12:10; Matt. 24:16–22). See note on 17:6. (MSB)

I. 13:8. Just as the entire world is under the political domination of the beast, so all the world except the saints will worship him. All who are not saved will worship the beast; those who are saved will not worship him. These who worship the beast are described as not having their names written in the book of life, a book frequently mentioned in the Revelation (3:5; 17:8; 20:12, 15; 21:27; 22:19; cf. Luke 10:20; Phil. 4:3). Those worshiping the beast are the unsaved of both Jews and Gentiles in contrast to saved Jews and Gentiles whose names are written in the book of life. (WRC). The book of life is a book of the names of those whom are saved (RSB. Rev 3:5).

J. 13:9. Cf. 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22. This phrase omits “what the Spirit says to the churches” as in the 7 letters to the churches, perhaps because they have been raptured. (MSB)

K. 13:10. Assurance that God will punish evidoers sustains the faith of those who are persecuted during these days. (RSB)

VI. The Antichrist is described in Revelation 6:1-2, where he is given authority by the Lamb, “the resurrected Christ,” to deceive and conquer the nations. These two verses constitute the first of seven seal judgments of the Tribulation. Following the Seal judgments will be seven trumpet judgments, which will be followed by seven bowl judgments.

VII. Video details. Nicolae Carpathia. Carpathia establishes the 10 kingdoms on earth after the rapture. jscottonphillips.

VIII. Our next End Times article will discuss the False Prophet. Revelation 13:11-18.

IX. Please follow this site.

Israel In Isaiah, 2:10-22, Notes.

Israel In Isaiah, 2:10-22, 760 B.C.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem – See video details at the foot of this page.

The Book Of Isaiah.

Purpose of Writing: The Prophet Isaiah was primarily called to prophesy to the Kingdom of Judah. Judah was going through times of revival and times of rebellion. Judah was threatened with destruction by Assyria and Egypt, but was spared because of God’s mercy. Isaiah proclaimed a message of repentance from sin and hopeful expectation of God’s deliverance in the future. (gotquestions.org)

MacArthur Note. This section pictures conditions during the future day of the Lord. The tribulation period before Christ’s return will be the time for these judgmental horrors.  

Israel In Isaiah, 2:10-22, 760 B.C.

Dates come from the Scofield Study Bible (1909).

Full text. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+2%3A10-22&version=NASB   

2:12. For the Lord of hosts will have a day of reckoning
Against everyone who is proud and lofty
And against everyone who is lifted up,
That he may be abased.

Ryrie Note. “a day of reckoning.” The Day of the Lord. A time of God’s judgment, referring to Babylon’s coming conquest of Judah, and similar to events before the second coming of Christ.

2:19. Men will go into caves of the rocks
And into holes of the ground
Before the terror of the Lord
And the splendor of His majesty,
When He arises to make the earth tremble.

Ryrie Note. See Revelation 6:15, which vividly describes the desperate actions of people in the coming tribulation days:

6:15. Then the kings of the earth and the great men and the commanders and the rich and the strong and every slave and free man hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains;

6:16. and they *said to the mountains and to the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb;

Ryrie Note. 6:16. When the Tribulation comes, men will act as if they believe the end of the world is at hand, not simply talk as it were.

Ryrie Note. This Tribulation judgment is part of the Sixth seal: physical disturbances. Revelation 6:12-17.

6:12. These cosmic disturbances are predicted elsewhere in Scripture (Isaiah 34:4; Joel 2:20-31; Matthew 24:29).

God in Isaiah 2:12-22.

“LORD” (all capital letters). 2:12, 2:17, 2:21.

LORD. (Yahweh) 3068: the proper name of the God of Israel. https://biblehub.com/lexicon/isaiah/2-12.htm

Video Details.

Paul Wilbur – Shalom Jerusalem.

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From the album Shalom Jerusalem by Paul Wilbur
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Study Bibles. I encourage everyone to have the Ryrie and MacArthur study Bibles. These two Bibles are the ones that I use for study purposes, more than any other Bible.

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End Times 21, Revelation 12:7-17, War In Heaven-War On Earth

Video Title. What will be the outcome of the “battle in the heavenlies”?

Article Title. End Times 21, Revelation 12:7-17, War In Heaven-War On Earth.

See video details at the bottom of this page.

I. The Ryrie Study Bible (Daniel 9:27 note) describes the time period which is known as the seventieth week of Daniel, as lasting for seven years, and being known as the Tribulation; Jeremiah 30:7 calls this time of Tribulation “Jacob’s distress.” The Ryrie Study Bible note on Jeremiah 30:7 discusses “the time of Jacob’s distress” in the following words: “The coming days of tribulation that will come upon all Israel.” In this article we begin a study of the time of the Great Tribulation, which will be the last half of the seven years of Tribulation. The Walvoord Commentary states the time which follows Revelation 12:6 as being the beginning point of the Great Tribulation. The Bible Knowledge Commentary describes the period of time which covers the Great Tribulation as being: “1,260 days; three and a half years; forty-two months of thirty days each; “a time, times, and half a time.” The characteristics of the Tribulation and Great Tribulation are identified in the Ryrie Study Bible, as follows.

A. Matthew 24:4-14 lists characteristics of the first half of the Tribulation period.

B. Matthew 24:15-18 deals with the second half of the Tribulation period.

II. Text. Revelation 12:7-17.

A. War In Heaven. Revelation 12:7-12.

7 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, 8 and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying,

“Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, he who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even when faced with death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”

B. War On Earth. Revelation 12:13-17.

13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. 14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, where she *was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.

II. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

III. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. DHC=David Hocking Commentary; HC=Holman Commentary; MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RLT=Robert L. Thomas Commentary; RC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary. Credentials for individual commentators can be found on my “About Sources” page.

IV. Comments. Revelation Chapter 12.

A. War In Heaven. Revelation 12:7-12.

1. 12:7. “war broke out in heaven.” The tumultuous events on earth during the Tribulation find their counterpart in heaven. A state of war has existed since the fall of Satan (cf. v. 4; cf. Dan. 10:13; Jude 9). Something will intensify that warfare—possibly the raptured saints passing through the realm of the prince of the power of the air (cf. Eph. 2:2). (MSB)

2. 12:8. The defeat of the dragon in this war results in his losing his access to Heaven. (RLT)

3. 12:9. “dragon was cast . . . to the earth.” Satan and his demons were cast out of heaven at the time of their original rebellion, but still have access to it (cf. Job 1:6; 2:1). That access will then be denied, and they will be forever barred from heaven. “Devil and Satan.” Cf. 20:2. “Devil” comes from a Gr. verb meaning “to slander” or “to falsely accuse.” He is a malignant liar (John 8:44; 1 John 3:8). His accusations against believers (v. 10) are unsuccessful because of Christ our Advocate (1 John 2:1). Satan, meaning “adversary,” or “enemy,” appears especially in Job and the gospels. “deceives the whole world.” As he has throughout human history, Satan will deceive people during the Tribulation (cf. 13:14; 20:3; John 8:44). After his temporary release from the bottomless pit at the end of the Millennium, he will briefly resume his deceitful ways (20:8, 10). (MSB)

4. 12:10. “accuser.” See note on v. 9. Satan will no longer accuse believers before the throne of God because he will no longer have access to heaven. (MSB)

5. 12:10. The Dispensation of the Kingdom (2 Samuel 7:16 refs.) begins with the return of Christ to the earth, runs through the “thousand years” of His earth-rule, and ends when He has delivered up the kingdom to the Father. (See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:24”). (SRN). Consider the question of the apostles (Jews) to Christ, immediately prior to His ascension to Heaven: Acts 1:6, “So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” Notice that it was the subject of “the Kingdom and Israel” that was pressing in the minds of the apostles (Jews). From Matthew 4:17, forward, Christ began to teach on the subject of the Kingdom; such teachings were addressed to Jews, whom were His audiences. Up until the time of Christ’s ascension, the apostles (Jews) were seeking the answer as to when the “Kingdom would come.” This Acts 1:6 question also relates to the words of Matthew 6:10, “Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.” The conditions of the Kingdom will be those of Isaiah 2:1-4. The Kingdom is a promise to saved Jews. Saved gentiles will benefit from the blessings of the Jews (Gen 12:1-3). The Kingdom will be a physical place, which will be about ten times the size of current day Israel; and will extend from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in Iraq (Gen 15:18-21). The Kingdom will have a government (2 Sam 7:8-16). The Kingdom will have human and animal occupants (Isaiah 2:1-4; 11:6-9). The Kingdom will have a physical ruler, whom will be Christ (Isaiah 9:6-7). Saved Old Testament Jews will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation, and will rule along with Christ in the Kingdom (Dan 12:1-3; Matthew 19:28). The Kingdom will last for one thousand years (Rev 20:6). We are not in the Kingdom now. The Church can not bring in the Kingdom. Only Christ can bring in the Kingdom, and not until He returns to earth at the end of the Tribulation (Zech 14:1-5, 9). The Kingdom is not “within us,” (a KJV incorrect translation of Luke 17:20-21); the NASB provides the correct translation of that passage. A discussion on the situation of saved Gentiles, during the time of the Kingdom age, will be provided at an appropriate time in the future. It is important to remember that the teaching of the Kingdom is about “a people, a place, and things,” which can not enter into anyone’s body, soul or spirit. (Mine)

6. 12:11. “blood of the Lamb.” No accusation can stand against those whose sins have been forgiven because of Christ’s sacrificial death (see Rom. 8:33–39) (MSB)

7. 12:12. “he has a short time.” Knowing that his time is limited, Satan will intensify his efforts against God and mankind, and specifically target Israel (v. 13, 17). (MSB)

B. War On Earth. Revelation 12:13-17.

1. 12:13. The account resumes by repeating the substance of 12:6. The reason for the woman’s flight is in 12:6. She is fleeing the pursuit of the dragon. When the dragon saw that he could not reach the woman’s Son, he turned to the mother to try to hurt the Son through her. (RLT)

2. 12:14. “wings of a great eagle.” Not actual birds’ wings, but a graphic depiction of God’s providential protection of Israel (cf. Ex. 19:4). Wings often speak of protection (cf. Deut. 32:9–12; Ps. 91:4; Is. 40:31). “a time and times and half a time.” Three and one-half years; the second half of the Tribulation (cf. v. 6; 11:2, 3; 13:5). (MSB)

3. For verses 15-16, will the flood be water, or a large army? HC, DHC, RLT are in agreement with RSB.

a. 12:15-16. In an attempt to dislodge the Jews, Satan will bring a flood. God then will cause the earth to open and swallow the water. (RSB). [Can Satan cause a literal flood? Under God’s permission and plan the answer is “yes” as it was in the days of Job. Some see a literal flood, and others view this as a symbolic act. But, there is no symbolic language here, using words like “as” or “like.” This is apparently a literal attempt by Satan to destroy the children of Israel. DHC]

b. 12:17. Satan will then attack those who did not flee to the place of asylum. (RSB).

c. 12:17. “rest of her offspring.” Satan will turn his frustrated rage against every follower of the Lamb he can find—Jew or Gentile. “commandments of God . . . testimony of Jesus.” The revealed truth from God and Christ contained in Scripture. Obedience to God’s Word always marks a genuine believer. Cf. John 8:32. (MSB)

V. Video Data.

A. What will be the outcome of the “battle in the heavenlies”?

B. John Ankerberg Show; with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung”.

1. From Our Series “Through the Book of Revelation with Dr. Jimmy DeYoung”.

2. For more information on this series, please visit: https://jashow.org/through-the-book-of-revelation/

VI. Please follow this site.

Israel In Isaiah, 2:1-4, Notes

Israel In Isaiah, 2:1-4, Notes. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.

Yeshua Ha Mashiach by Paul Wilbur. See video notes below.

The Book Of Isaiah.

Purpose of Writing: The Prophet Isaiah was primarily called to prophesy to the Kingdom of Judah. Judah was going through times of revival and times of rebellion. Judah was threatened with destruction by Assyria and Egypt, but was spared because of God’s mercy. Isaiah proclaimed a message of repentance from sin and hopeful expectation of God’s deliverance in the future. (gotquestions.org)

Dates come from Scofield Study Bible (1909).

Isaiah 2:1-4, 760 B.C., The Glory Of The Future Kingdom.

1 The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

2 Now it will come about that
In the last days
The mountain of the house of the Lord
Will be established as the chief of the mountains,
And will be raised above the hills;
And all the nations will stream to it.
3 And many peoples will come and say,
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob;
That He may teach us concerning His ways
And that we may walk in His paths.”
For the law will go forth from Zion
And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
4 And He will judge between the nations,
And will render decisions for many peoples;
And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.
Nation will not lift up sword against nation,
And never again will they learn war.

2:4. “…and they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks…” (The Millennium).

Ryrie note. 2:2-4. As in Micah 4:1-5, a description of the millennial kingdom. God’s government will be established over all of this world; Gentiles (nations) and Jews (peoples) will do the will of God; justice, and peace will reign.

Ryrie note. 2:4 plowshares. The iron tips of plows. See Joel 3:10 for the reverse.

Joel 3:10, 800 B.C., “Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears;…” The Tribulation.

Context: Joel 3:9-17.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+3%3A9-17&version=NASB

Ryrie note. 3:9-17. A description of the campaign of Armageddon (Rev 16:14). Mic 4:3, the reverse of verse 10, can not be fulfilled until Armageddon. “Your mighty ones” (v 11). The Lord’s armies (Rev 19:14). The wicked are a “harvest…ripe” (v 13) for judgment (cf. Rev 14:18-19).

Consummation: Joel 3:18.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joel+3%3A18&version=NASB

Ryrie note. 3:18. “in that day.” The day of Messiah’s reign in His earthly millennial kingdom.

Micah 4:1-5, 710 B.C., The Glories Of The Kingdom.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Micah+4%3A1-5&version=NASB

Micah 4:3, “…Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks;…” (The Millennium)

Ryrie note. 4:1-3. Almost identical to Isa 2:2-4, this passage describes the glories of the millennial Kingdom. “the mountain of the house of the Lord.” Jerusalem and the Temple on Mount Zion, which will be the center of the government of the kingdom. “as the chief.” Lit., at the head (of lesser governmental divisions). “render decisions.” Arbitrate.

Ryrie note. 4:4. “sit under his vine…fig tree.” Evidence of peace and security in the kingdom age.

Video Details.

Opening video posted by Dean Cho. Yeshua Ha Mashiach by Paul Wilbur.

Who is Yeshua HaMashiach?

Yeshua HaMashiach (Yeh-SHOO-ah Ha-Mah-SHEE-akh) is Hebrew for “Jesus the Messiah.” Yeshua is a shortened version of the name Yehoshua (Yeh-HO-shoo-ah), which means “Adonai saves.” Mashiach is the Hebrew word for Messiah and means “anointed one.”

https://www.jewishvoice.org/read/blog/yeshua-hamashiach-anointed-save

Everyone should own a Ryrie Study Bible.

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End Times 20, Revelation 12:1-6, Satan’s War Against Israel

Video Title. The Mother and Child of Revelation 12.

Article Title. End Times 20, Revelation 12:1-6, Satan’s War Against Israel

I. In this article, as we read of the battle in the heavens between the “good” angels and the “evil” angels, we will read of a prophecy of what will happen at the midway point of the seven-year Tribulation Period (Jimmy DeYoung’s video commentary). In chapter 12:1-6, we will discuss (1) the woman, representing Israel, (2) the dragon, representing Satan, (3) the man-child, referring to Christ (Walvoord Commentary). It is important to remember that the woman of Revelation Chapter 12 is Israel. Chapter 12 is broken down into three sections, as is shown immediately below. In this article, we will be discussing “War on earth, phase I.”

A. War on earth, phase I: Revelation 12:1-6.

B. War in heaven: Revelation 12:7-12.

C. War on earth:phase II. Revelation 12:13-17.

II. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

III. Study Text. War On Earth: Phase I. Revelation 12:1-6. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+12%3A1-6&version=NASB

A. The Woman, Israel

1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; 2 and she was with child; and she *cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth.

B. The Red Dragon, Satan

3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. 4 And his tail *swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

C. The Male Child, Christ

5 And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. 6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness where she *had a place prepared by God, so that there she would be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

IV. Comments. Revelation Chapter 12. MacArthur Study Bible notes.

A. 12:1. “sign.” A symbol pointing to something else. This is the first of 7 signs in the last half of Revelation. Cf. v. 3; 13:13, 14; 15:1; 16:14; 19:20. “a woman.” Not an actual woman, but a symbolic representation of Israel, pictured in the OT as the wife of God (Is. 54:5, 6; Jer. 3:6–8; 31:32; Ezek. 16:32; Hos. 2:16). Three other symbolic women appear in Revelation: 1) Jezebel, who represents paganism (2:20); 2) the scarlet woman (17:3–6), symbolizing the apostate church; and 3) the wife of the Lamb (19:7), symbolizing the true church.” That this woman does not represent the church is clear from the context. “clothed with the sun . . . moon under her feet . . . twelve stars.” Cf. Gen. 37:9–11. Being clothed with the sun speaks of the glory, dignity, and exalted status of Israel, the people of promise who will be saved and given a kingdom. The picture of the moon under her feet possibly describes God’s covenant relationship with Israel, since new moons were associated with worship (1 Chr. 23:31; 2 Chr. 2:4; 8:13; Ezra 3:5; Ps. 81:3). The 12 stars represent the 12 tribes of Israel.

B 12:2. “cried out . . . in pain.” Israel, often pictured as a mother giving birth (cf. Is. 26:17, 18; 54:1; 66:7–12; Hos. 13:13; Mic. 4:10; 5:2, 3; Matt. 24:8), had agonized and suffered for centuries, longing for the Messiah to come and destroy Satan, sin, and death, and usher in the kingdom.

C. 12:3. “great, fiery red dragon.” The woman’s mortal enemy is Satan, who appears as a dragon 13 times in this book (cf. v. 9; 20:2). Red speaks of bloodshed (cf. John 8:44). “seven heads . . . ten horns . . . seven diadems.” Figurative language depicting Satan’s domination of 7 past worldly kingdoms and 10 future kingdoms (cf. Dan. 7:7, 20, 24). See notes on 13:1; 17:9, 10. Satan has and will rule the world until the seventh trumpet blows (11:15). He has inflicted relentless pain on Israel (Dan. 8:24), desiring to kill the woman before she could bring forth the child that would destroy him (see notes on Esth. 3:6–15).

D. 12:4. “a third of the stars of heaven.” Satan’s original rebellion (cf. Is. 14:12ff.; Ezek. 28:11ff.) resulted in one-third of the angelic host joining his insurrection and becoming demons. “to devour her Child.” Unable to prevent the virgin birth of Christ, Satan tried to kill the child in a general massacre of male children commanded by Herod (Matt. 2:13–18; cf. Luke 4:28, 29).

E. 12:5. “a male Child.” Jesus Christ in His incarnation was of Jewish descent (Matt. 1:1; 2 Tim. 2:8). Despite Satan’s efforts to destroy Israel and the messianic line, Jesus’ birth took place as predicted by the prophets (cf. Is. 7:14; 9:6; Mic. 5:2). “rod of iron.” Describes Jesus’ coronation as King over the nations of the world (cf. 11:15; 19:15; Ps. 2:6–9). “her Child was caught up to God.” Christ’s ascension is in view (Acts 1:9; 2:33; Heb. 1:1–3; 12:2). (

F. 12:6. “wilderness.” God will protect Israel from Satan by hiding her in the wilderness, perhaps in the region of Moab, Ammon, and Edom, east of Israel. Interestingly, those countries will be specifically spared from the Antichrist’s attack against the Holy Land (cf. Dan. 11:41). “one thousand two hundred and sixty days.” At the midpoint of the Tribulation, the Antichrist breaks his covenant with Israel, puts a stop to temple worship, sets up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27; Matt. 24:15), and devastates Jerusalem (11:2). At that time, many Jews flee for their lives (Matt. 24:16ff.). God will preserve them during the last 1,260 days (42 months; 3 1/2 years) constituting the Great Tribulation. See notes on 3:10; 6:1, 9.

V. Quick Review of End Times 19. The Glory of the Lord was present in the Tabernacle in the Desert and in Solomon’s Temple. The Glory of the Lord will be present in the Millennial Temple and in the Temple of God in Heaven. There will be no Temple in the eternal state:

A. Revelation 21:1-2. 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.

B. Revelation 21:22. I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.

VI. God’s Promises To Israel For The Kingdom Age Of The Millennium.

A. Date 587 B.C., Scofield Study Bible, 1909.

B. Ezekiel’s Prophecy. 37:21-22. 21 Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land; 22 and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king will be king for all of them; and they will no longer be two nations and no longer be divided into two kingdoms.

VII. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

VIII. Video Data. Dr. Jimmy DeYoung, The Mother and Child of Revelation 12, Prophecy Moment. Jimmy DeYoung. You can read the credentials of Dr. DeYoung in my page, “About Sources.”

IX. As I end this article, my friends in New Zealand are entering the Sabbath, so please let me wish those special friends, and all of you, who are also special friends, “Shabbat Shalom,” which means in Hebrew, “Sabbath of peace.”

X. Please follow this site.

Israel In Isaiah, 1:1-31, Notes

Israel In Isaiah, 1:1-31, Notes. Click on the arrow to see the video and text.

Paul Wilbur – Hinei Ma Tov Umanaim

The Book Of Isaiah.

Purpose of Writing: The Prophet Isaiah was primarily called to prophesy to the Kingdom of Judah. Judah was going through times of revival and times of rebellion. Judah was threatened with destruction by Assyria and Egypt, but was spared because of God’s mercy. Isaiah proclaimed a message of repentance from sin and hopeful expectation of God’s deliverance in the future. (gotquestions.org)

Dates come from Scofield Study Bible (1909).

Israel In Isaiah, 1:1, 760 B.C. “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”

Note. The book of Isaiah was written by a Jewish prophet, to Jewish people, about Jewish things, many of them relating to the end times. When citing verses from Isaiah, it is important to remember their Jewish context.

Isaiah In Israel:1:2-9, 760 B.C. “They have despised the Holy One of Israel”

Note. (v 4).Ryrie note. “God’s Sons (Israel) have turned against the Lord.”https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+1%3A2-9&version=NASB  

Israel in Isaiah, 1:9, 760 B.C. “Unless the Lord of hosts, Had left us a few survivors, We would be like Sodom, We would be like Gomorrah. ” 

Note. Paul cited this verse in Rom 9:29. The verse relates to the Tribulation, Romans 9:27, 11:26. [Moody Bible Commentary, “God was keeping His promises to Israel, and was doing so … through the remnant of Israel, meaning God was selecting some, but not all, of the physical descendants of Abraham to be in a right covenantal standing with Him, including salvation.]

Israel In Isaiah, 1:10-15. 760 B.C. vs 14 “I hate your new moon festivals and your appointed feasts, They have become a burden to Me; I am weary of bearing them.” 

Note. v 11 Israel’ sacrifices, vs 13-14 religious festivals,  v 15 prayers were shams. God was not repudiating the sacrificial system (which He had established) but was condemning religious pretense. See Lev 23 for the feasts of God (Yahweh). https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+1%3A10-15&version=NASB  

Israel In Isaiah, 1:16-23, 760 B.C. v 18, “Though your sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow;”

Note. God continues His indictment of Israel.” [Re:scarlet ; crimson: The two colors speak of the guilt of those whose hands were “full of blood” (v 15). Fullness of blood speaks of extreme iniquity and perversity.. white as snow ;as wool. Snow and wool are substances that are naturally white, and therefore portray what is clean, the blood-guilt (v 15) having been removed. Forgiveness is not unconditional. It comes through repentance as v 19 indicates.]
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+1%3A16-23&version=NASB

Israel In Isaiah, 1:24-31, 760 BC. V26 “After that you will be called the city of righteousness, A faithful city.

Note. V27  Zion will be redeemed with justice.” Ryrie note. These prophecies will be fulfilled in the millennial kingdom.https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+1%3A23-31&version=NASB  

Video Details.

connectkevin From the album Shalom Jerusalem by Paul Wilbur

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End Times 19, Revelation 11:19, The Temple In Heaven

Video Title. A discussion of The Temple of God in Heaven.

Article Title. End Times 19, Revelation 11:19, The Temple In Heaven.

I. In this article we will discuss the Temple of God in Heaven. We will refer to the Tabernacle in the desert and Solomon’s Temple. We will consider that which the Apostle John was privileged to view of the Temple in Heaven. Notice in the video that, in the Tabernacle, the mercy seat is “above the law” (Ex 25:16, 17, 21). In this article, we will also show the illegitimacy of the Tribulation temple.

A. Study Text. Revelation 11:19, “And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.”

B. Note. Dr. John F. Walvoord’s commentary thought on the the Temple of God in heaven, in the following paragraph.

1. Though the earthly temple may have been desecrated by the beast, its counterpart in heaven reflects the righteousness and majesty of God. The heavenly ark of the covenant, which in its earthly equivalent originally contained the law, speaks of God’s righteousness. Aaron’s rod that budded typifies resurrection, and the golden pot that had manna represents Christ as the basis of the shed blood of the sacrifice.

2. My Thought. It is the tribulation temple, that is mentioned in Rev 11:1-2, which was desecrated by the antichrist. It is important to remember that the Tribulation temple was constructed under the approval and support of the antichrist, but was never a place of the Presence of God. My article, “End Times 16,” goes into great detail to show that the Tribulation temple will be a counterfeit temple.

II. Comment Providers. BKC=The Bible Knowledge Commentary. MSB=MacArthur Study Bible; NAC = New American Commentary; NKJV= New King James Study Bible; RRC=Ryrie Commentary; RSB=Ryrie Study Bible; SRN=Scofield Reference Notes; WRC= Walvoord Commentary).

III. Let us consider the chronology of the tabernacle, and following temples, whether inhabited by God, or not.

A. The following is a chronology of Jewish places of worship that precede the Tribulation temple.

1. God commissioned the construction of the tabernacle/sanctuary (Exodus 25:8-9, 1491 B.C.).
2. The tabernacle in the desert was completed (Exodus 40:33, 1490 B.C.).
3. God commissioned King Solomon to build a temple in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 28:6, 1015 B.C.).
4. Solomon finished the construction of the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 5:1, 1004 B.C.)
5. The forces of Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:19, 586 B.C.)
6. The Temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, being known as Zerubbabel’s Temple (Haggai 1:1-15, 2:1-23; Ezra 6:15, 515 B.C.)
7. Herod’s temple, which was a remodeling of Zerubbabel’s temple, was completed in 4 B.C., but was not totally completed until 63 A.D.
8. The glory of the LORD (Yahweh) was present in the Tabernacle in the desert (Ex 40:34-38), as was the case in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:10-11).
9. As will be shown below, the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departed Solomon’s Temple prior to its looting and destruction in 586 B.C. by the Babylonians, and will not return until the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yahweh) places the Millennial Temple in Jerusalem (B.3. below).
10. Of the above temples, only the Tabernacle (1) and Solomon’s Temple (3-5) were legitimate temples, having been inhabited by the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh). The Tribulation temple will not be inhabited by the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh), therefore, will not be a legitimate temple
11. Consider: LORD, Lord, God, “the glory of the Lord,” theophany, and Shekinah glory. In the Tribulation temple, none of these names, words, or terms have a place in that illegitimate temple.

a. LORD (Yah·weh) (notice capitalized letters LORD). Strong’s 3068, is the proper name of the God of Israel. Genesis 2:4, LORD (YHWH, pronounced “Yahweh).
b. Lord (Adonai). In Psalm 110:1, we see LORD and Lord. Strong’s “136, Lord” is “Messiah” (notice only “L” is capitalized).(Ryrie note).
c. Lord (Adonai). In Genesis 15:2, we see “Lord God,” (“Adonai Yahweh”) (Ryrie note). Strongs 136 Lord. Adonai means “master, lord, sovereign, and is equivalent to the Greek “kurios.” Matthew 1:20, Strongs 2962, properly, a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord). Consider Messiah/Christ in this definition.
d. God. Genesis 1:1, “God,” Strong’s 430 Elohim.” Ryrie note, “a generic term for deity, as well as a proper name for the true God; strong one, mighty leader, supreme Deity.
e. The glory of the Lord. Ezekiel saw the appearance of the likeness of the LORD. The LORD’s glory is referred to 15 times in Ezekiel. Ezekiel had seen a theophany, as God had appeared to him in a visionary form. By using the terms “appearance” and “likeness” Ezekiel was pointing out that he had not seen God directly. That would have caused immediate death (cf. Ex 33:18-23; John 1:18). (BKC)
f. Theophany. A theophany is a visible manifestation of God, usually restricted to the Old Testament. God has appeared in dreams (Gen. 20:3-7; 28:12-17), visions (Gen. 15:1-21; Is. 6:1-13), as an angel (Gen. 16:7-13; 18:1-33). https://bible.org/illustration/ot-theophanies
g. Shekinah glory. “The visible manifestation of God’s presence.” The word shekinah does not appear in the Bible, but the concept clearly does. The Jewish rabbis coined this extra-biblical expression, a form of a Hebrew word that literally means “he caused to dwell,” signifying that it was a divine visitation of the presence or dwelling of the Lord God on this earth. In the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the dwelling place of God’s glory. Colossians 2:9 tells us that “in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form.” Although His glory was also veiled, Jesus is nonetheless the presence of God on earth. When we get to heaven, we will see both the Son and the Father in all their glory, and the Shekinah will no longer be veiled (1 John 3:2).
https://www.gotquestions.org/shekinah-glory.html

B. The Departure Of God’s glory from Solomon’s Temple. The Return of God’s glory to the millennial Temple. The eternal Temple.

1. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 594 B.C. (Ezek 10:14, 18, 22) tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) departing from Solomon’s Temple. Ezekiel had a prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem (Ezek 10:1-22, 594 B.C.). Ezekiel prophesied of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Ezek 24:1-2, 593 B.C.) (Jer 39:1-10, 589 B.C.).
2. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 587 B.C., (Ezek 37:15-28), tells of God putting the Temple in the Millennium. Ezekiel 37:15 and 28, (Yahweh). Ezekiel 37:19, 21 (Adonai Yahweh). Ezekiel 37:27 (Elohim).
3. Ezekiel’s prophecy of 574 B.C. (Ezekiel 43:5), tells of the Glory of the LORD (Yahweh) returning, and entering the Temple, which will be the Millennial Temple; this will take place when Christ returns from Heaven at the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:9).

C. The earthly Godly inhabited places of God’s Presence were The Tabernacle in the desert, and Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. The future Millennial Temple will also be a place of God’s Presence.

D. The Eternal Temple. In Rev 21:22, we read, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.” (This verse refers to the Eternal State.) (“Lord God”….”kurios theos”)

IV. We will consider the ark of the covenant, which was present in the Tabernacle in the Desert and in Solomon’s Temple.

A. The Tabernacle In The Desert.

1. God ordered the construction of the Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 25:8.
2. God’s Presence was observed in the Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 40:34-38.
3. Ark details:

a. “Have them make an ark of acacia wood. Ex 25:10-11.
b. Tablets engraved with the Ten Commandments were placed inside the ark. Ex 25:20.
c. Aaron’s rod that budded. Numbers 17:8.
d. Hebrews 9:3-4, 3 Behind the second veil, there was a tabernacle which is called the Holy of Holies, 4 having a golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant, covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron’s rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant.

(1) Hebrews 9:4 states that the Ark contained “the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.” Revelation 11:19 says the prophet saw God’s Temple in heaven opened, “and the ark of his covenant was seen within His Temple.”
(2) The above picture shows a model of the Ark, where the lid has been removed so you can see the contents that fit inside the Ark:

(a) The two stone tablets of the Law; Aaron’s rod that budded; and the golden pot of ‘hidden’ manna.
(b) Together these three items form the Testimony, Exodus 16:34. “As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept.”

1a. Ryrie note, “Testimony.” “the Testimony” refers to the two tablets of the law, which, along with manna and Aaron’s rod that budded, were deposited in the ark of the covenant (Heb 9:4).
1b. Tabernacle in the desert. Exodus 25:21 ‘Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the tablets of the covenant law that I will give you.’ “hence the Ark is called the Ark of the Testimony.”

B. Solomon’s Temple

1. God ordered the construction of the Temple in Jerusalem, which is known as Solomon’s Temple (2 Samuel 7:12-13; 1 Kings 5:1-5).
2. God’s Presence was observed in Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 8:9-11; 2 Chronicles 7:1-3).
3. Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. 1 Kings 8:9, “There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
4. As previously mentioned, “Hebrews 9:4 states that the Ark contained “the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.” How do we account for the missing items of 1 Kings 8:9, (“the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded.”)? Consider the comments of Charles Ryrie, 1 Kings 8:9. “Heb 9:4 refers to the contents of the ark when it stood in the Tabernacle and contained the law. “Aaron’s rod, and manna.” Apparently the latter two items had been lost by this time.”

V. We will now consider the Temple of God in Heaven.

A. Text. Revelation 11:19: “And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.”

B. MacArthur Comment

1. 11:19 temple of God . . . heaven. See 3:12; 7:15; 14:15, 17; 15:5–8; 16:1, 17.
2. The heavenly Holy of Holies (see notes on Ex. 26:31–36), where God dwells in transcendent glory, already is identified as His throne (chaps. 4, 5). (Cf. Heb. 9:24. John had seen the throne (4:5), the altar (6:9; 8:3–5), and here the Holy of Holies.)
3. Ark of His covenant. This piece of furniture in the OT tabernacle and temple (see notes on Ex. 25:11–18) symbolized God’s presence, atonement, and covenant with His people. That earthly ark was only a picture of this heavenly one (see Heb. 9:23; 10:20). It was there God provided mercy and atonement for sin. As the earthly Holy of Holies was open when the price of sin was paid (Matt. 27:51; Heb. 10:19, 20), so the Holy of Holies in heaven is opened to speak of God’s saving New Covenant and redeeming purpose in the midst of judgment. Judgment comes out of God’s Holy of Holies (14:15, 17; 15:5–8; 16:1, 7, 17). See note on 6:1. (MSB)

VI. The Temple in the Eternal State.

A. Text. Revelation 21:22, “I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.”

B. Comment. “no temple.” Several passages affirm that there is a temple in heaven (3:12; 7:15; 11:19; 15:5). Here, it is clear there is none in eternity. How can this be? The temple is not a building; it is the Lord God Himself. Revelation 7:15 implies this when it says, “He who sits on the throne will dwell among them.” Verse 23 continues the thought of no temple, except God and the Lamb. The glory of God which illuminates all heaven defines it as His temple. There is no need for a temple in the eternal state since God Himself will be the temple in which everything exists. The presence of God literally fills the entire new heaven and new earth (cf. v. 3). Going to heaven will be entering the limitless presence of the Lord (cf. John 14:3; 1 Thes. 4:17). (MSB)

VII. God’s heavenly dwelling place. The heavenly dwelling place of Christians. Christ is the transporter of Christians.

A. John 14:2-3: 2 In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.” 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also.

B. John 14:6: Jesus *said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.”

C. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17: 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

D. The transporting of Christians, by Christ, to God’s dwelling place in heaven is equally stated in John 14:6 and 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, as well as in 1 Corinthians 15:50-54. Whether deceased, or living, born again believers in Christ of the church age, will be caught up in the air by Christ, with their bodies, souls and spirits being reunited (1 Thes 5:23). In Revelation 4:1-4, the Apostle John sees the result of this “catching up” of Christians. (4:2, “Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne;” 4:4, “Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.”). It is important to understand that John 14:6 explains more than a belief; it tells of an event, whereby Christ will take His believers to Heaven, where “they shall always be with the Lord.”

VII. Translation Considerations. “The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translation was chosen for this, and other studies, because of two main reasons. First, the NASB capitalizes the first letter of pronouns that relate to God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit); not all Bible translations show that same respect for God. Second, the NASB has a history of correctness in translation.”

VIII. Video Data. Tabernacle Tour. Paulo Santos.

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