Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 10

I. Video. What does Daniel 9:27 tell us about when the Messiah would come?

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

III. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

The final three chapters of the book of Daniel record an extensive revelation of the prophetic future which is without parallel anywhere else in Scripture.  There is hardly anything in the Bible that is just like these chapters, especially like chapter 11. The word, the vision, and minute prediction are combined in a manner that is found nowhere else in the Scriptures.”The entire content of chapter 10, for instance, is introductory, indicating the extensive character of the prophecy to follow. The introduction actually extends through the first verse of chapter 11. The next section, 11:2-12:4, is divided into two major divisions. The first, 11:2-35, deals with the immediate future, from Darius to Antiochus; and the second, 11:36-12:4, with the far future, the end times just before the second advent of Christ. A final message and revelation is given to Daniel in 12:5-13. The last three chapters constitute the fourth vision of Daniel which gathers together the significant threads of prophecy, especially as they relate to the Holy Land and to the people of Israel.

IV. Scripture Text. Revelation Chapter 10. Link pasted from Bible Gateway. 

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Daniel+10&version=NASB

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.

A. 10:1. “the third year of Cyrus.” 536  B.C.

B. 10: 2. “three entire weeks.” Lit., weeks of years.

C. 10:4. Obviously Daniel was not among those who returned to build the Temple in Jerusalem in connection with Cyrys’s decree (9:25). His age (mid 80’s) and governmental duties prevented him. 

D. 10:12. Daniel’s prayer was heard on the first day of the three-week period, but the answer was delayed because of angelic warfare.

E. 10:13. “the prince of the kingdom of Persia.” A supernatural creature who tried to direct the human rulers of Persia to oppose God’s plan. Evil angels seek to influence the affairs of nations. “Michael,” which means “who is like God?” (v 21; 12:1; Jude 9; Rev 12:7), is the special guardian of the affairs of Israel (12:1) and is designated the archangel (Jude 9). “one of the chief princes” shows a hierarchy among the angels (cf Eph 1:21). “I had been left there with the kings of Persia.” The good angel (cf vv 5-6), with Michael’s help, was left in place of preeminence in influencing Persia. But the battle between good and evil angels over the control of nations continues (see v 20 and Rev 20:3).

F. 10:14. “the latter days.” Future days culminating in the events surrounding the second coming of Christ (cf 2:28; Gen 49:1).

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 9

I. Video. The Tribulation Period, or 70th Week of Daniel

II. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.); Dr. Renald Showers (Th. M., Th. D., (1935-2019).

III. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. The third vision of Daniel the prophet, following the two preceding visions of chapters 7 and 8, concerns the program of God for Israel culminating in the coming of their Messiah to the earth to reign. Although other major prophets received detailed information concerning the nations and God’s program for salvation, Daniel alone was given the comprehensive program for both the Gentiles, as revealed to Daniel in preceding chapters, and for Israel, as recorded in Daniel 9:24-27. 

B. Because of the comprehensive and structural nature of Daniel’s prophecies, both for the Gentiles and for Israel, the study of Daniel, and especially this chapter, is the key to understanding the prophetic Scriptures. Of the four major programs revealed in the Bible—for the angels, the Gentiles, Israel, and the church, Daniel had the privilege of being the channel of revelation for the second and third of these programs in the Old Testament.

C. This chapter begins with Jeremiah’s prophecy of seventy years of the desolations of Jerusalem and is advanced by the intercessory prayer of Daniel. The chapter concludes with the third vision of Daniel, given through the agency of the angel Gabriel, which provides one of the most important keys to understanding the Scriptures as a whole. In many respects, this is the high point of the book of Daniel. Although previously Gentile history and prophecy recorded in Daniel was related to the people of Israel, the ninth chapter specifically takes up prophecy as it applies to the chosen people.III. Scripture Text. 

IV. Daniel Chapter . See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 9:1. “In the first year of Darius =  538 B.C., 67 years after Daniel had been taken from the land of Israel. This is the same Darius as in chapter 6.

B. 9:2. “in the books.” Daniel understood, from his knowledge of Jer 25:11-12, that it was about time for the “desolations of Jerusalem” to be finished.

C. 9:3-19. In this remarkable prayer of confession  (see Ezra 9 and Neh 9 for similar prayers), Daniel associated himself with the sins of his people 32 times. He approaches God on the basis of His loyal love (see note on Hos 2:19) in his covenant with Israel (v 4), confesses their sins (vv 5-10), acknowledges their deserved judgment (vv 11-14), and supplicates God for His mercy (vv 15-19).

D. 9:21. “about the time of the evening offering). About 3 PM (cf. Ex 29:39).

E. 9:24. “Seventy weeks. Lit.,70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy. Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds “days.” 

This period of 490 years concerns “your people” (the Jews) “and your holy city” (Jerusalem), 

“to finish the transgression.” To end the apostasy of the Jews, 

“to make an end of sin.” May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally. 

“to make atonement for iniquity.” Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel’s future forgiveness (Zech 12:10; Rom 11:26-27). 

“to bring in everlasting righteousness.” In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer 23:5-6). 

“to seal up vision and prophecy.”  To set God’s seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the Jewish people and Jerusalem. 

“to anoint the most holy place.” This anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial Temple. 

9:25. The 70 sevens begin with “a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus given in 445 B.C. (Neh 2:5). Earlier, Cyrus had authorized the rebuilding of the Temple (in 538 B.C.; 2 Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4). “plaza and moat.” The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed. 

9:26. Certain important events were to happen “after” the 62 weeks (plus the 7 weeks, or a total of 69 weeks): the crucifixion of “Messiah” and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 by the Romans who are “the people of the prince who is to come.” Because these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the 70th week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the 69th week and the beginning of the 70th. 

9:27. “he.” The prince of v 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact with “many” (of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period. But “in the middle of the week” (i.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it. See notes on Matt 24:15 and 2 Thes 2:4. At Christ’s second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).

VI. The end of the 69 weeks. 

A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary., p 280; ‘The dates for the 69 weeks of Daniel 9:25 extended from the first of Nisan (March 5) 444 B.C. to the tenth of Nisan (March 30) A. D. 33… p 279, 280; culminating on the very day of Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem shortly before His crucifixion. The computation is based upon the prophetic years of 360 days totaling 173,880 days. This would be exactly 483 years according to biblical chronology. 

B. Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th. M., Th.,D., 1915-2014), The Bible Knowledge Commentary, p 1363. The first two segments of the important time period  – 7 weeks (49 years) and the 62 sevens (434 years) – ran consecutively, with no time between them. They totaled 483 years and extended from March 5, 444 B.C. to March 30 A.D. 33. Each year was 360 days. P 1364, In Jewish reckoning each month has 30 days, and each year 360 days.

C. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, Editor, C.I. Scofield. Though not month and day dated, this Scofield Study Bible shows the year of A.D. 33, as being the year of the triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem (John 12:12-19).

VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VIII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Daniel Prophecy – Chapter 8

How is God’s prophetic outline for the end times laid out in Daniel Chapters 6-12?

I. Video Data. Video Data. I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg,  (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).

II. Overview.

Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.

A. Two important factors mark Daniel 8 as the beginning of a new section. First, beginning with this chapter, the language returns to Hebrew instead of the Aramaic used by Daniel from 2:4 through 7:28. Second, the change of language is in keeping with the change in thought introduced by this chapter. From here to the end of Daniel, the prophecy, even though it concerns the Gentiles, is occupied with human history as it relates to Israel. Therefore, although many expositors divide the book of Daniel into two halves (1-6 and 7-12), there are also good reasons for dividing Daniel into three sections (1, 2-7, 8-12)

B. The first of Daniel’s own visions recorded in Daniel 7 is a broad summary of the times of the Gentiles, with emphasis on the climactic events culminating in the second coming of Christ to the earth. Beginning in chapter 8, Daniel’s second vision concerns the empires of Persia and Greece as they relate to Israel. Under the Persian government, Israelites went back to rebuild their land and their city, Jerusalem. Under Grecian domination, in particular under Antiochus Epiphanes, the city and the temple were again desolated. Daniel 9 presents Israel’s history from the time of Ezra and Nehemiah to the inauguration of the kingdom from heaven at the second coming of Christ immediately preceded by the time of great trouble for Israel. Chapters 10-11 reveal the events relating the Persian and Greek Empires to Israel, with emphasis on the Gentile oppression of Israel. The final section, 11:36—12:13, deals with the end of the age, the period of the revived Roman Empire, and the deliverance of Israel. It is fitting that the last five chapters of Daniel should be written in Hebrew, the language of Israel.

III. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 8. See the following link which was pasted from Bible Gateway.

IV. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible. 

A. 8:1. “third year.” 551. B.C., two years after the vision of chap 7, and before the fall of Babylon in 539. “a vision” concerning the second and third world empires — Medo-Persia (vv 3-4, 20) and Greece (vv 5-7, 21). 

B. 8:2. “Susa.” About 250 mi (400 km) East of Babylon.

C. 8:3. “a ram.” Medo-Persia (v 20). “the longer one coming up last.” Though Persia was the younger kingdom, under Cyrus it became the dominant one in 550 B.C.

D. 8:5. “goat.” Greece. “a conspicuous horn.” Alexander the Great, whose army swept through Asia Minor, Syria, and Mesopotamia from 334-331 B.C.

E. 8:8.  “the large horn was broken.” The death of Alexander at age 32, after which his kingdom was divided among his four generals. Cassander took Macedonia; Thrace and much of Asia Minor went to Lysimachus; Selecus took Syria; and Ptolemy claimed Egypt. 

F. 8:9. “small horn.” Not the same as the horn of 7:8, which will arise out of the restored Roman Empire. This little horn came out of Greece, and refers to Antiochus Ephiphanes, who came to the throne in 175 B.C., and plundered the Temple in Jerusalem, desecrating it by offering pig’s flesh  on the altar. “the Beautiful Land.” I.e., Israel.

G. 8:10-11. “the host of heaven.” God’s people, the Jews, who were horribly persecuted by Antiochus. The “Commander” is God. 

H. 8:14. Antiochus’s persecution of the Jews would last for 2300 days, the period from 171 B.C. (when peaceful relations between Antiochus and the Jews came to an end) to Dec 25, 165 B.C. (when Judas Maccabeus restored the Temple for the proper worship). 

I. 8:16. “Gabriel.” An angel, whose name means “hero of God,” and who often brought important messages to various individuals (9:21; Luke 1:19, 26). The only other good angel mentioned in name in the Bible is Michael 9 (see 10:13; Jude 9).

J. 8:23-25. These verses give added details concerning Antiochus and his persecution of the Jews (See 1 Macc 1-6). 

V. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VI. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

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