I. Video. Who Is The Son Of Man In Daniel 7?
II. Video Data. Drs. John Ankerberg (M. Div., D. Min.), Darrell L. Bock (Th. M., Ph. D.), Walter C. Kaiser (B.D., M.A., Ph. D.) (Bock is a Messianic Jew).
III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.
The long introduction of chapter 10 to the fourth and final vision given to Daniel is followed in chapter 11 by the revelation of important events beginning with Darius the Mede (539 b.c.) and extending to the last Gentile ruler in the time of the end. Chapter 11 naturally divides into two major sections. The first, verses 1-35, describes the major rulers of the Persian Empire and then gives in great detail some of the major events of the third empire following Alexander the Great, concluding with Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 b.c. ). The entire period from the death of Antiochus Epiphanes to the time of the end is skipped over with no reference to events of the present church age, and the second section, verses 36-45, deals with the last Gentile ruler who will be in power when Christ comes in His second advent. This is followed in chapter 12 by further prophecy of the last 1335 days, a period including the great tribulation, the second advent, and the beginning of the millennial kingdom.
IV. Scripture Text. Daniel Chapter 11. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.
V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., Litt. D.,1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.
A. 11:2. Here begins a remarkable section of detailed prophecy, first about Persia (v 2), followed by Alexander the Great, and others in following verses.
B. 11:3-4. “a mighty king.” Alexander the Great (see note on 8:8).
C. 11:5-20. This section traces the various struggles between the kings of the S (the Ptolemies of Egypt) and the kings of the N (the Seleucids of Syria). “The king of the South” in verse 5 is Ptolemy I (323-285 B.C.), who ruled Egypt, and “one of his princes” was Seleucus I Nicator, whose kingdom eventually stretched from Israel to India.
D. 11:6. Ptolemy II (285-246 B.C.) gave his daughter in marriage to Antiochus I, a Seleucid, but Antiochus deserted her and was later murdered.
E. 11:7-8. “one of his descendants … will come.” Ptolemy III (246-221 B.C.) invaded Syria in 246.
F. 11:9-13. A description of the seesaw struggles between the Selcucids and the Ptolemies between 223 and 200 B.C.
G. 11:15-20. Antiochus III (the Great) defeated the Egyptian army in Sidon (vv 15-16). He came to terms with Ptolemy V, and gave him his daughter in marriage (v 17). He annexed the coastlands of Asia Minor and unsuccessfully tried to invade Greece (v 18). He was defeated by the Romans at Magnesia in 190 B.C., was forced to pay tribute, and soon died (v 19). He was succeeded by his son Seleucus IV (Philopator) who heavily taxed the people of Israel (v 20).
H, 11:21-35. These verses describe the career of Antiochus IV (Epiphanes, 175-164 B,C,), who came to the throne by intrigue (v 21), made several expeditions into Egypt (vv 24-27), then turned his hatred on Israel ( v 28). The “ships of Kittim” (v 30) refer to Roman power that came from the west past Kittim (Cyprus) to defeat Antiochus in Egypt. Venting his anger on the Jews, Antiochus declared Mosaic ceremonies illegal, and erected in the Holy Place a statue of Zeus (v 31). Some Jews resisted and were martyred (vv 32-33)
I. 11:36-45. This section gives details of Anti-christ’s future career. Though some refer the section entirely to Antiochus, the scope also requires reference to some details of Israel’s last days (10:14 and 12:1-2).
J. 11:37: “the gods of his fathers.” Antichrist will have no respect for religion or religious heritages. The phrase does not mean that Antichrist must be a Jew. He will be unkind, cruel and inhumane.
K. 11:38. Antichrist’s “god” will be military power and activity.
L. 11:40-45. In the tribulation period the “kings of the South” and “the king of the North” will attempt a pincer movement against Antichrist (v 40). But, with Israel as his base (v 41), he will first defeat Egypt, then Libya and Ethiopia (Sudan). “will follow” at his heels (v 43). Shall be part of his dominion. “rumors from the East and from the North (v 44). May relate to the armies of Rev 9:13-21; 16:12. The threat of these armies will cause Antichrist to return to Israel, making his headquarters between Jerusalem and the Mediterranean (v 45). But he will “come to his end” at the hands of the victorious, returning Christ (Rev 19:11-21).
VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles; you can find it in my list of Pages.
VII. My Websites To Follow:
https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep
https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come