What are the major prophetic divisions of Daniel?
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I. Video Data. John Ankerberg Show. Dr. John Ankerberg, (M. Div., D. Min.), (Dr. Jimmy DeYoung (M. Div., Ph. D., 1940-2021).
II. Introduction. Dr. C.I. Scofield (D. D.; 1843-1921) Scofield Study Bible (1909, 1917, 1937, 1945, 1984, 1998, 2002, 2006, Editor, C.I. Scofield, Editorial Revision 1967 Committee Members: Charles L. Feinberg, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., John F. Walvoord, Th. B., Th. M., Th. D.).
VS 1-3 The King’s proclamation to all nations. VS 4-18 Nebuchadnezzar’s vision of a great tree. VS 19-27 Daniel interprets the dream. VS 28-37 The dream fulfilled; the king’s restoration.
III. Overview. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002) Daniel Commentary.
This chapter which occupies such a large portion of the book of Daniel is more than a profound story of how God can bring a proud man low. Undoubtedly, it is the climax of Nebuchadnezzar’s spiritual biography which began with his recognition of the excellence of Daniel and his companions, continued with the interpretation of the dream of the image in chapter 2, and was advanced further by his experience with Daniel’s three companions.
In the background of this account is the obvious concern of Daniel the prophet for the man whom he had served for so many years. Daniel, a man of prayer, undoubtedly prayed for Nebuchadnezzar and eagerly sought some evidence of God’s working in his heart. While the experience of Nebuchadnezzar in chapter 4 was not what Daniel had anticipated, the outcome must have approximated Daniel’s fondest hope. IV. Scripture Text. See below. Link pasted from Bible Gateway.
V. Verse Examination. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D.; 1925-2016) Ryrie Study Bible.
A. 4:1 This chapter is a public decree or state paper of Nebuchadnezzar.
B. 4:6 Notice that these wise men were still in the king’s employ, though they had miserably failed him before.
C. 4:8 Daniel did not appear immediately, perhaps of his own choosing, or perhaps Nebuchadnezzar did not summon him for fear that Daniel might tell him something that he did not want to hear. “in whom is a spirit of the holy gods.” The king may only be acknowledging his own gods’ supposed work in Daniel life, or (since gods may be properly translated by the singular, God) it may indicate his recognition of the true God or Israel.
D. 4:13 “an angelic watcher, or a holy one.” I.e., an angel (see vv 17 and 23).
E. 4:15 “a hand of iron and bronze.” Either foe restrains (as for a madman) or for preservation to prevent the stump’s being dug up.
F. 4:16 “seven periods of time.” Seven years because of the length to which his hair grew (v 33).
G. 4:19 “Daniel … was appalled.” Not because the dream was unintelligible to him but because of the reluctance to announce God’s judgment to the king, whom he apparently had grown to love.
H. 4:27 After interpreting the dream, Daniel counseled the king to abandon his despotic ways and acknowledge the rule of God.
I. 4:29 “the royal palace.” Nebuchadnezzar was admiring the great city he had helped build, possibly from the top terrace of his famous “Hanging Gardens.”
J. 4:33 “like cattle.” The king’s illness was boanthropy (imagining himself to be an animal and acting accordingly), a condition that has been observed in modern times. Probably the king was kept in one of the royal parks during his insanity.
K. 4:34-37 The king acknowledged God’s absolute sovereignty, and his kingdom was restored to him.
VI. Summary. Dr. Orville J. Nave, Nave’s Study Bible, 1978 (D.D., LL. D., 1841-1917). Orville J. Nave (Editor). Anna Seamans Nave (Editor).
In this second chapter of Daniel we have considered: 1 Nebuchadnezzar proclaims God’s dominion. 4 His dream, which the magicians could not interpret. 8 Its recital to Daniel, 19 and his interpretation thereof. 28 The fulfillment of the dream.
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